standard industri pembinaan

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standard industri pembinaan
STANDARD
INDUSTRI
PEMBINAAN (LAPORAN DERAF –
Pindaan 2)
(CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY STANDARD – Draft Report –Rev. 2)
QUALITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FOR
COMPLETED ROAD WORKS
Descriptors:
quality of workmanship, road surface, slope & retaining structure, bridge & other
structures, traffic / road furniture, sampling, weightage
© Copyright
LEMBAGA PEMBANGUNAN INDUSTRI PEMBINAAN MALAYSIA
Standard Writing Organization
Lembaga Pembangunan
Industri Pembinaan Malaysia
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT BOARD MALAYSIA
Ibu Pejabat CIDB, Tingkat 7, Grand Season Avenue, No 72, Jalan Pahang, 53000 Kuala Lumpur.
P.O Box. 12278, 50772 Kuala Lumpur, Tel : 603 – 26170200 Fax: 603 – 40451808
http://www.cidb.gov.my
CONTENTS
Page
Committee representation
Foreword
iv
v
SECTION 1 : GENERAL
1.1
1.2
Introduction
Normative references
1
1
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
1.3.6
1.3.7
1.3.8
1.3.9
Definition
QLASSIC
Component
Newly Completed Road
Road Category
Elements
QLASSIC Assessor
Qualified Person
Approved Standards
Tolerance
1
1
2
2
2
3
4
4
4
4
1.4
Objective of Quality Assessment System for
Completed Road Works
5
1.5
Use of Quality Assessment System for
Completed Road Works
5
1.6
Scope of Quality Assessment System for
Completed Road Works
6
1.7
Assessment Approach
6
SECTION 2 : QUALITY STANDARD
2.1
Components
7
2.2
Elements
9
2.3
Defect Group
10
SECTION 3 : ASSESSMENT
3.1
Road Weightage
14
3.2
Sampling
15
i
CONTENTS
Page
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
Weightage Guideline for Assessment
Road Surface
Slope and Retaining Structure
Drainage
Bridge and Other Structure
Traffic / Road Furniture
16
16
17
17
18
19
3.4
Assessment Scoring
26
Table 1.1
Road Category and Description
2
Table 1.2
Road Elements by Component
3
Table 2.1
Elements and its Examples
9
Table 2.2
Defect Groups for Assessment
10
Table 3.1
Road Weightage for All Components
14
Table 3.2
Weightage for Road Surface Elements
16
Table 3.3
Weightage for Drainage
17
Table 3.4
Weightage Guideline for Bridge & Other Structure
18
Table 3.5
Weightage for Traffic /Road Furniture Element
19
Table
Annexes
A
Quality Standards for Road Surface Works
B
Quality Standards for Slope and Retaining Structure Works
C
Quality Standards for Drainage Works
D
Quality Standards for Bridge and Other Structure Works
E
Quality Standards for Traffic / Roadside Furniture Works
F
QLASSIC Assessment Form
Component 1: Road Surface
ii
CONTENTS
G
QLASSIC Assessment Form
Component 2: Slope and Retaining Structures
H
QLASSIC Assessment Form
Component 3: Drainage
I1
QLASSIC Assessment Form
Component 4: Above Ground Structures:
Road/Pedestrian/Motorcycle Bridge
I2
QLASSIC Assessment Form
Component 4: Underpass/Vehicular Box Culvert and Tunnel
J
QLASSIC Assessment Form
Component 5: Traffic / Roadside Furniture
iii
QUALITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM FOR COMPLETED ROAD WORKS
SECTION 1: GENERAL
1.1
Introduction
Quality Assessment System for Completed Road Works is an independent
method to assess and evaluate the quality of workmanship of newly
completed road works based on this standard.
1.2
Normative Reference
The following normative reference is indispensable for the application of this
construction industry standard. For dated reference, only the edition cited
applies. For undated reference, the latest edition of the normative reference
(including any amendments) applies.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.3
Specification for Roadworks (JKR/SPJ/2008-S4: Flexible Pavement),
Published by JKR Malaysia
JKR/SPJ/1988 – Standard Specification for Road Works
LLM / PLUS Specifications
Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2D/85, Manual on Traffic Control Devices: Road
Marking And Delineation, Public Work Department Malaysia
Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85, Manual on Traffic Control Device: Traffic
Sign Application
Draft on Malaysia Route Numbering and Guide Signs, Published by
REAM
Guidelines for Road Drainage Design, Published by REAM
Guideline for Malaysia Toll Expressway System – Design Standard, by
Malaysia Highway Authority (LLM)
Annual Bridge Inspection Manual – Quick Inspection Guideline, by JKR
A Guide for Bridge Inspection , Published by REAM
MS 881: Pt1 : 1991 Specification for Precast Concrete, SIRIM
MS 1303 Specification for Thermoplastic Road Marking Materials, SIRIM
MS 164: Specification for Road Marking Paints, SIRIM
AS 4058: 1992 Precast Concrete Pipes (pressure and non-pressure)
Highway and Rail Transit Tunnel Inspection Manual,by U.S. Department
of Transportation
Definition
For the purpose on this Construction Industry Standard the following definitions
apply.
1.3.1
QLASSIC
QLASSIC is the acronym for quality assessment system in construction.
1
1.3.2
Component
A component refers to the physical part which can be found in a road
construction project. For the purpose of this standard the following
components are applicable:
i.
Road Surface;
ii.
Slope & Retaining Structure;
iii.
Drainage;
iv.
Bridges & Other Structures; and
v.
Traffic / Road Furniture
1.3.3
Newly Completed Roads
Newly completed roads are roads which are new, not opened to traffic and
as deemed fit by the Consultant. Ideally, this road has already been assessed
in terms of its adherence to design specifications. The Consultant shall mean
the Main Design & Supervision Consultant for the road project.
Newly completed roads exclude additional and/or upgrading works carried
out on to an already completed road.
1.3.4
Road Category
For the purpose of this standard, the roads are divided into five (5) categories
as defined below:
Table 1.1 : Road Category and Description
Road
Category
A
B
Description
JKR Standard
Include inter-urban expressways and highways JKR R6/U6 and
where tolls are collected. Normally these roads equivalent
are under the jurisdiction of the Lembaga
Lebuhraya Malaysia (LLM).
Include national highways, primary state roads JKR R5/U5 and
and roads within Federal Territories. These are equivalent
inter-urban highways linking Federal Capitals,
State Capitals, points of entry/exit (i.e. seaports
and airports), primary roads forming the basic
network linking State Capitals & major towns
and roads within Federal Territories of Kuala
Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya. Normally these
roads are under the jurisdiction of the Federal
JKR, State JKR or Municipal Councils.
2
Table 1.1 : Road Category and Description(cont’d)
Road
Category
C
Description
JKR Standard
Include Regional Development Scheme Roads JKR R4/U4 and
and Secondary State Roads. These are roads equivalent
forming
the
network
within
regional
development areas and secondary roads within
districts. These roads are under the jurisdiction of
the Federal or State JKR.
D
Include urban collector roads and urban local Municipal
streets. These roads serve as collectors and Roads
distributors offering direct access to abutting
land.
E
Include minor Federal Roads and roads within Rural and
the village and rural inhabited area. These roads other Federal
are under the jurisdiction of the Federal JKR, Roads
local authorities and District Offices.
1.3.5
Elements
Elements are the physical parts of a component as specified below:
Table 1.2 : Road Elements by Components
Component
Elements
1. Road Surface
ƒ Carriageway
ƒ Shoulder & Verge
ƒ Median
2. Slope & Retaining
Structure
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Slope
Retaining Structure
Slope Drainage
Above Ground Services
Slope Furniture
3. Drainage
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Drain
Drain cover
Sump
Box/pipe culvert
3
Table 1.2 : Road Elements by Components (cont’d)
Component
1.3.6
Elements
4. Bridge & Other
Structures
ƒ Above Ground Structures
- Road Bridge & Pedestrian
/Motorcycle bridge
ƒ Special Structures
- Underpass/Vehicular Box
Culvert (VBC) & Tunnel
5. Traffic/Road Furniture
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Markings
Traffic Calming devices
Traffic Sign
Electrical devices
Pedestrian facilities
Kerb
Traffic Barrier
Delineators
QLASSIC Assessor
The QLASSIC assessor must have attended and is certified by the QLASSIC
Assessors Certification Training before carrying out the assessment.
The QLASSIC assessor shall be continuously updated to ensure consistency
and effective implementation of this standard.
1.3.7
Qualified Person
A qualified person is defined as the Superintending Officer (S.O.) or as defined
by the project contract.
1.3.8
Approved Standard
Approved standard shall mean this CIS standard specified by the qualified
person for the project.
1.3.9
Tolerance
Tolerance shall mean acceptable deviations or permissible values that do not
compromise the quality of workmanship. Where applicable, the tolerances
are adopted from the normative references.
4
1.4
Objectives of Quality Assessment System for Completed Road Works.
Quality Assessment System for Completed Road Works was designed and
developed to enable the user to achieve all/any of the following objectives:
1.5
a)
to benchmark the level of quality of the road construction industry
in Malaysia;
b)
to have a standard quality assessment system for workmanship
quality of completed road works;
c)
to assess the workmanship quality of a completed road works
based on the approved standards;
d)
to evaluate the performance of contractors based on the
workmanship quality;
e)
to encourage continual improvements for contractors; and
f)
to compile data for statistical analysis.
Use of Quality Assessment System for Completed Road Works
The Quality Assessment System for Completed Road Works is intended to
complement the best engineering practices, contractual drawings and
specifications in a project. It is not intended to be used independently as
working specifications.
The qualified person shall not use the Quality Assessment System for
Completed Road Works as a design standard and/or to decide if the road or
parts of the road works are in accordance with the relevant Specifications
and by-laws.
It is still the responsibility of the qualified person to ensure that the quality of
the Completed Road Works conform to approved standards, best practices,
specifications and drawings.
Where accessible and practical, all elements identified in this standard shall
be assessed.
5
1.6
Scope of Quality Assessment System for Completed Road Works
The standard sets out the quality of workmanship for the various aspects of
the construction elements for the general road works. The Quality Assessment
System for Completed Road Works covers five main components: Road
Surface, Slope & Retaining Structure, Drainage, Bridge & Other Structures and
Traffic/Road Furniture.
Assessments on the workmanship are carried out based on this standard and
marks are awarded if the workmanship complies with the standards. These
marks are then summed up to give a total score (%) for the road works.
However, the assessment excludes works and tests carried out in pre
construction and during construction works. The road is assessed primarily on
workmanship standard achieved through site inspection and field nondestructive testing.
1.7
Assessment Approach
Assessment of the quality of workmanship is carried out upon completion of
the road project and preferably, before the road is opened to traffic. This is to
ensure that any non-compliance to specific standards is purely based on
quality of construction and not from wear and tear of the completed road.
The assessor shall inspect and assess the identified samples against the
standard and tolerance using the tools specified.
Prior to conducting each assessment, the assessor determines the number of
samples and locations to be assessed. The number of samples and locations
are selected from drawings and plans. The selected samples shall be
distributed as uniformly as possible throughout the project length. All locations
shall be made available for sample determination.
The assessment shall only be limited to this pre-determined sample size and
location and is done on the work that is inspected for the first time.
Rectification and correction carried out after the quality assessment will not
be re-scored. The objective of this practice is to encourage contractors
towards “doing things right the first time and every time”.
The assessment shall be recorded using the site assessment forms as shown in
Annex F to Annex I. An objective ‘yes’ (√) or ‘no’ (x) assessment approach is
adopted to indicate compliance or non compliance of the assessed
component and its respective elements. A ‘-‘ is given to indicate if the
element is not available for assessment. The quality score is computed based
on the number of ‘√’ over the total number of elements assessed.
6
SECTION 2: QUALITY STANDARD
2.1
Components
The Quality Standards for Completed Road Works are divided into five main
components:1)
Road Surface
The ultimate function of a road is to transport people and goods
from one place to another efficiently with a desirable comfort and
level of safety.
A road can only serve its function and achieve its designed life if
the actual construction is properly done, all the paving materials
are of the required standards and meet the required design
specifications.
Because the road surface is in direct contact with road users, it is
considered the most important component in assessing the quality
of a completed road works. The road surface component is further
divided into three elements namely carriageway, shoulder & verge
and median.
The carriageway is the part of the road where most vehicles are
travelling on. The shoulder & verge is the part of the road which is
adjacent to the carriageway. Vehicle would not normally use this
part of the road as the shoulder act as the emergency lane. Thus
the road shoulder is given less importance than the road
carriageway. The median is the center part which serves as
separator between carriageways.
The elements are assessed in terms of its riding quality, safety and
aesthetics as detailed in Annex A.
2)
Slope & Retaining Structure
The slope & retaining structure component considered in this
standard is only applicable to the structure that is visible after
construction.
The functional performance of the slope & retaining structure
component has an influence on the safety as well as the comfort of
the road user. This component is divided into five (5) main elements:
slope (rigid, soft surface cover, rock), retaining structure, slope
drainage (surface and subsurface), above ground services and
slope furniture.
These elements are assessed in terms of its defect groups such as
crack & damage, joint, fillers and gaps, functionality, finishing and
installations as detailed in Annex B.
7
3)
Drainage
The functional performance of the drainage system of a
completed road works is evaluated to ensure no flooding occurs
which may affect the operations of the road.
For the purpose of this standard, this component is further divided
into four (4) elements: drain (not included under the Slope and
Retaining Structure component), drain cover, sump and pipe/box
culverts.
These elements are assessed in terms of its crack & damage, joints
& gaps, functionality and finishing as detailed in Annex C.
4)
Bridges and Other Structures
The bridge and other structures should be constructed according
to approved standards to ensure structural integrity. Repair and
rectification works should be avoided as this tends to be very costly,
not to mention the inconvenience to the road users.
The bridges and other structures component are grouped into the
different bridge/structure types: above ground structures (such as
road bridges, pedestrian/motorcycle bridges) and special
structures (such as underpass/vehicular box culverts and tunnels).
Each of these bridges/structures is further assessed in terms of its
respective elements as detailed in Annex D.
For special structures such as tunnels, where practical and
accessible, the assessment shall include all visible elements such as
structural, mechanical, electrical, emergency response and fire
protection system. Assessment of these elements shall be by visual
inspection of its physical conditions and system operational.
5)
Traffic / Road Furniture
The Traffic / Road Furniture ideally cover a wide range of physical
fixtures and markings of a road. For the purpose of this standard
and for practicality of implementation, this component has been
streamlined to only cover elements that will have a direct impact to
the traffic operations and flow of a completed road.
The elements covered in this standard are: pavement markings,
traffic calming devices, traffic signs, electrical devices, pedestrian
facilities, kerbs, traffic barriers and delineators.
These elements are assessed in term of crack & damage,
functionality, visibility, finishings and installation as detailed in Annex
E.
8
2.2
Elements
For each of the components identified, the elements to be assessed
are identified accordingly to facilitate practical assessment and
scoring system. The elements and some examples of the type of
elements are summarized in Table 2.1.
Table 2.1: Elements and its Examples
Component
Road Surface
Element
Carriageway
Asphaltic concrete
Shoulder & Verge
Paved or unpaved
Median
Paved or unpaved
Slope
Rigid, soft, rock surface
Retaining Structure
Facing wall
Slope & Retaining Drainage
Structure
Above ground
service furniture
Drainage
Bridge & Other
Structures
Example of elements
Surface & Subsurface Drainage
Water pipes,
telecommunication tower
Slope Furniture
Handrail and fencing
Drain
Roadside, median, shoulder
drain
Drain Cover
R.C. Slab, M.S Grating
Sump
Concrete Sump, Brickwall sump
Pipe / Box Culverts
Culvert Body (steel &
Concrete), Headwall &
Wingwall, R.C., C.M.P. Culvert
Above ground
structures (bridges)
Road bridge, Pedestrian /
Motorcycle bridge
Special structures
Box culvert, tunnels
9
Table 2.1: Elements and its Examples (cont’d)
Component
Element
Markings
Traffic / Road
Furniture
2.3
Example of elements
Pavement markings,
pedestrian Crossing, traffic
Ghost Island
Traffic Calming
devices
speed hump/table
Traffic Sign
Warning, information signs
Electrical devices
Traffic Signal, Pedestrian Push
Button Signal, Variable Sign
(VMS), street lighting
Pedestrian facilities
Sidewalk, bus stop,
Kerb
Roadside, median, traffic
island kerb
Traffic Barrier
Guardrail, concrete & noise
barrier, crash cushion
Delineators
Road studs, flexible pole
Defect Groups
Defect groups represent the parameter to benchmark the quality of
workmanship. The defect groups for all components are summarized in
Table 2.2.
Table 2.2: Defect Groups for Assessment
Component
Road Surface
Element
Carriageway,
Shoulder & Verge,
Median
Defect Groups
1. Riding Quality
2. Safety
3. Aesthetic
Slope & Retaining Slope, Retaining
Structure
structure, Slope
drainage, Above
ground services,
Slope furniture
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Crack and damage
Joint, filler and gaps
Functionality
Finishing
Installation
Drainage
1.
2.
3.
4.
Crack and Damage
Joint and Gap
Functionality
Finishing
Drain, Drain Cover,
sump, pipe / box
culvert
10
Table 2.2: Defect Groups for Assessment (cont’d)
Component
Bridge & Other
Structures
Element
Above Ground
bridge (Road
bridge, Pedestrian /
Motorcycle bridge),
Special Structures
(Underpass /
vehicular box
culverts, Tunnel)
Traffic / Road
Furniture
Markings, Traffic
Calming devices,
Traffic Sign,
Electrical devices,
Pedestrian facilities,
Kerb, Traffic Barrier,
Delineators
Defect Groups
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Crack and Damage
Joint and Gap
Functionality
Visibility
Finishing
Installation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Crack and Damage
Functionality
Visibility
Finishing
Installation
11
Figure 2.1: Typical Road Cross Section
12
Figure 2.2 : Typical Bridge Cross Section
13
SECTION 3: ASSESSMENT
The assessment for the completed road work is carried out through a
statistical and sampling approach.
3.1
Road Weightage
The road weightage for all components are allocated in accordance to
the five road categories. The weightage system is aimed to provide an
objective score corresponding to workmanship quality.
This weightage is developed based on the drivers’ visual perception and
the component’ ability to provide comfort, safety, and assistance (i.e.
control) to the driver. It is deemed that each component will have
different level of relevance for the different road categories, hence the
different weightage as shown in Table 3.1.
Table 3.1: Road Weightage for All Components
Weightage by Road Categories (%)
Components
A
B
C
D
E
Road Surface
40
40
40
40
50
Slope & Retaining
Structure
15
15
10
10
5
Drainage
10
10
20
20
20
15
15
10
10
5
20
20
20
20
20
100
100
100
100
100
Bridge & Other
Structures
Traffic/Road
Furniture
Total Road
Weightage (%)
14
3.2
Sampling
As it may be impractical to assess the whole length of the road projects, a
sampling approach is recommended. The sample size is developed from
the Statistical formula1 of:
n
=
N
1 + N (e)²
Where,
n =
Sample Size
N =
Total Length of Road in meters / Total Numbers of
Elements
e =
Margin of error, the risk/error the assessor is willing to
accept,
generally this is ± 5%
To determine an economical and practical sample size, a range of e
value was tested as follows:
Low
Option
Medium
High
N (m)
1000
1000
1000
e
10%
6.5%
2.5%
n
9%
19%
62%
From the above range, it is reasonable to adopt a minimum sample size
of 20% or a minimum of one (1) complete sample. The maximum sample
limit shall be determined by the assessor based on economic and
practical considerations.
As a further guideline, the assessor may adopt a minimum or a maximum
sample size as follows:
•
•
•
1
For roads < 1 km in length , the whole section shall be assessed.
For roads where most elements are available, a minimum sample
size of 20% is sufficient
For roads with limited elements, the following practical sample size
is recommended:
Elementary Sampling Theory, by Yamane 1967
15
Sample size
Road
Category
Mainline
Intersection*
(%)
Min
Max
Length per
sample (km)
A
50%
20%
5 km
1
B1
25%
B2
50%
20%
5 km
1
C1
25%
C2
50%
20%
5 km
1
D
25%
E
50%
20%
3 km
0.5
Note: * % of the total number of intersections on the project road.
The sample shall be selected based on the road chainage and each sample
shall, as much as possible, cover all the 5 components to be assessed.
3.3
Weightage Guideline for Assessment
3.3.1
Road Surface
The weightage for Road Surface elements are allocated as per Table 3.2.
Table 3.2: Weightage for Road Surface Elements
Road Surface Elements
1. Carriageway
Total
Weightage %
Breakdown
70
Riding Quality
50
Safety
15
Aesthetic
5
2. Shoulder & Verge
20
3. Median
10
Total
100
Note :
The highest weightage is given to the carriageway element as traffic travels on
the road carriageway. Therefore, it is imperative that the carriageway is of the
highest quality for functionality and safety reasons. The road shoulder acts as the
emergency lane and is given a lower weightage. The lowest is given to the
median which do not carry any traffic.
16
3.3.2
Slope & Retaining Structure
A weightage for the Slope & Retaining Structure component is not applicable
as each of the elements is equally relevant in determining the functionality of
the slope. The Quality Score will be based on the number of compliance over
the total number of elements assessed.
3.3.3
Drainage
The surface and underground drainage are equally relevant in its functionality
and are given equal weightage. However, each drainage elements are
weighted based on its functionality.
For the purpose of the assessment, pipe/box culvert of less than 1.2m in
diameter will only be visually inspected at the inlet and outlet of the culvert.
Whereas pipe/box culvert of 1.2m or bigger in diameter shall be assessed on
all the practical and accessible elements.
The weightage for the drainage elements are shown as per Table 3.3.
Table 3.3: Weightage for Drainage
Drainage Elements
1. Surface Drain
Weightage %
Breakdown
50
Drain
30
Drain Cover
5
Sump
15
2. Pipe/Box Culvert (Underground)
Total
Total
50
d<1.2m
d>1.2m
Culvert Body
-
40
Headwall & Wingwall
50
10
100
Note :
The highest weightage value is given to the drainage element that is most affected
in terms of its functionality to carry off water should quality is compromised. The
lowest weightage is allocated to drain cover as its function is for safety purposes
17
3.3.4
Bridge & Other Structure
The two (2) elements of this component (i.e.: bridges and special structures)
are equally weightaged as each is equally important in its functionality.
However, each of the bridge and other structural elements are weighted
based on its functionality.
Table 3.4: Weightage Guideline for Bridge & Other Structures
Bridge & Other Structures Elements
1.
Bridge :
Road /
Pedestrian /
Motorcycle
Bridge
Pier
Abutment
Bearing Pad
Beam
Deck Slab
Surfacing
Expansion Joint
Parapet / Handrail
Drain Pipe
Staircase / ramp
Roof
2. Special Structure :
Structure
Underpass /
Road Surface
vehicular box
Drainage
culverts, Tunnel
Road Markings
Traffic Signs / VMS
Exhaust Fan / Ventilation
Fire Protection
Lighting
Plumbing
Fire Detection System
Communication System
Emergency Power System
Power Distribution System
Control Panel (control room)
TOTAL
Weightage %
Total
Breakdown
50
6
6
5
6
6
5
5
4
4
2
1
50
9
2
2
2
5
5
5
5
2
5
2
2
2
2
100
Note :
The highest weightage value is given to the structural element that is most affected
interms of its functionality should quality be compromised. Accessories of the bridge
(i.e.: roof, hand rail, road markings) are given lower weightage as its effect is less
severe.
18
3.3.5
Traffic/Road Furniture
The weightage for Traffic/Road Furniture elements are shown in Table 3.5
Table 3.5: Weightage for Traffic/Road Furniture Element
Traffic/Road Furniture Elements
Marking
Traffic Calming
Speed table
Traffic Sign
Electrical Devices
Traffic Signal
Pedestrian Signal
Variable Sign
Street Lighting
Pedestrian Facilities
Sidewalk
Bus stop
Kerb
Roadside / Median Kerb
Traffic Island
Traffic Barrier
Guardrail
Concrete / Noise Barrier
Crash Cushion
Delineator
Flexible Pole
Road Studs
TOTAL
Weightage %
Total
Breakdown
15
10
10
20
15
6
3
3
3
10
5
5
10
5
5
10
5
3
2
10
6
4
100
Note:
The higher weightage are allocated to the elements that controls traffic flow and
gives vital information to traffic. Thus, the lower the effect to the road user, the lower
the weightage.
19
1. Examples of Road Surface Conditions:
Riding Quality:
9 Joint smoothness ensures good riding
quality
8
Poor riding quality caused by undulations
8
Improper crossfall causing water to pool
8
Surface colour inconsistencies
Safety:
9 Carriageway with sufficient crossfall and
superelevation
Aesthetic:
9 Consistence surface colour
20
2. Different types of road surface defects:
8
Cracking
8
Rutting
8
Shoving
8
Bleeding
8
Patching
8
Pothole
21
3. Examples of Slope & Retaining Structure Conditions:
Crack and Damaged:
9 Proper turfing – soft surface cover
8
Visible Cracks at Rigid Surface
8
Signs of distress
8
Poor furniture fixtures
Stabilisation:
9 Anchorage points firmly fixed
Above Ground Furniture:
9 Slope furniture securely fixed
22
4. Examples of Drainage Conditions
Crack & Damaged:
9 Good Condition of roadside drain
8
Vertical crack at drain wall
8
Poor workmanship of grating cover
and sump
8
Siltation at culvert inlet/outlet
Safety:
9 Grating cover painted and level to
frame
Functionality:
9 Clean culvert inlet/outlet
23
5. Examples of Bridge & Other Structures Conditions
Crack & Damaged:
9 Smooth finishing at parapet
8
Sign of crack at parapet
8
Cracked joint
8
Sign of distress
Joints & Gaps:
9 Smooth transition at joint
Finishings:
9 Smooth finishing
24
6. Examples of Traffic/Road Furniture
Crack & Damaged:
9 Road kerbs in good and clean
conditions
8
Road kerbs cracked and damaged
8
Road markings not distinct
8
Wiring not covered
Visibility:
9 Road markings distinct and clean
Finishings:
9 Proper coverings of electrical wiring
25
3.4
Assessment Scoring
The quality score of the completed road project is computed based on the
number of compliance over the total number of elements assessed and is
recorded in the Quality scoring form as shown in Annex J.
The total number of compliance and total number of item assessed as
recorded in the site assessment form are summarised in the quality scoring
form. The Quality Score for each component is calculated as follow:
Quality
=
Score
Where,
Σ
Total Compliance
n
Total Assessed
X 100%
n = Component
In the event that each element of a component is weightaged, the Quality
Score is calculated as follow:
Quality
=
Score
Where,
Σ
Total Compliance
n
Total Assessed
X
Allocated Weightage
TOTAL Actual Weightage
X 100%
n = Component
The actual weightage is recalculated to take into account items that are not
applicable for the specific project.
The quality score of each component are further weightage according to the
respective road categories to derive the QLASSIC Score as follow:
QLASSIC
Score
Where,
=
Σ
n
Quality Score
X
Road
Weightage
n = Component
An example is shown in Figure 3.1:
26
Figure 3.1: Example of Quality Score Form
27
ANNEX A
(Information)
QUALITY STANDARDS FOR ROAD SURFACE WORKS
Item
Element
Standards*
1.
1a
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
CARRIAGEWAY
General Requirements
i) Riding Qualtiy
a) Joint smoothness
• Construction joints are smooth and
flushed with the pavement surface
b) Surface Regularity
• Transverse irregularities do not exceed
the allowable limit:
¾ Road Category A
¾ Road Category B
¾ Road Category C
¾ Road Category D
¾ Road Category E
• Roughness (measured in lane IRI) is not
more than the specified value
• Maximum permissible number of
longitudinal irregularities depth
exceeding 4mm over a section length
of 75m:
¾ Road Category A
¾ Road Category B
¾ Road Category C
¾ Road Category D
¾ Road Category E
• Maximum permissible number of
longitudinal irregularities depth
exceeding 7mm over a section length
of 75m:
¾ Road Category A
¾ Road Category B
¾ Road Category C
¾ Road Category D
As per
const. spec
3 metre
straight-edge
3 metre
straight-edge
≤4mm
≤4mm
≤8mm
≤8mm
≤12mm
≤2.0m/km
Walking
Profiler or
equivalent
Rolling
Straight Edge
≤9 nos.
≤9 nos.
≤18 nos.
≤18 nos.
≤27 nos.
Rolling
Straight Edge
≤1 nos.
≤1 nos.
≤2 nos.
≤2 nos.
≤3 nos.
¾ Road Category E
*Note:This standard is primarily for new roads of flexible pavements. For other types of pavements, specific
requirements/standards in terms of surface regularity and surface texture shall be as per contractual
agreement.
‐ A 1 ‐ QUALITY STANDARDS FOR ROAD SURFACE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
1.
1a
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
CARRIAGEWAY (cont’d)
General Requirements (cont’d)
i) Riding Quality
b) Surface Regularity (cont’d)
• For longitudinal direction, the maximum
surface irregularities depth must not
exceed:
¾ Road Category A
¾ Road Category B
¾ Road Category C
¾ Road Category D
¾ Road Category E
ii) Safety
a) Surface Texture
• Surface has sufficient microtexture
• Surface has sufficient macrotexture
b) Gradient
• The surface grades, crossfall, and
superelevation are functional with no
waterponding
iii) Aesthetics
≤10 mm
≤10 mm
≤15 mm
≤15 mm
≤15 mm
As per
construction
spec
Portable Skid
resistance
Tester or
equivalant
As per
construction
spec
Sand patch
or equivalent
Visual/Inclino
meter
a) Surface Appearance, Defects, and
Cleanliness
•
No visible cracks
•
No dragging marks
•
No obstacles, wastes, loose materials
•
Has consistent color
•
The road surface has no improper
patching
•
•
The road surface has no visible
potholes
The road has no excessive rutting
•
The road has no visible shovings
Visual
•
No visible bleeding of the pavement
Visual
•
For concrete pavement, no exposed
reinforcements
Visual
‐ A 2 ‐ Visual
≤5mm
3 metre
straight-edge
QUALITY STANDARDS FOR ROAD SURFACE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
1.
1a
General Requirements (cont’d)
b) Joints Appearance
•
There are no visible cracking on
construction joints
•
Construction joints are not constructed
on wheelpath
2.
Visual
Visual
SHOULDERS AND VERGE
General Requirements
i) Safety
a) Gradient
•
•
ii) Aesthetics
The surface grades and crossfall do
not cause waterponding or pose
safety hazard
Height of shoulder should not be
higher than road surface or too low
Not lower
than 50mm
Inclinometer/
Visual / Steel
measuring
tape
a) Turfing & Edge Defects
•
Appropriate turfing.
Visual
•
No edge damage
Visual
b) Surface Appearance, Defects, and
Cleanliness
Visual
•
No dragging marks
Visual
•
No obstacles, wastes, loose materials
Visual
•
•
•
Has consistent color
No visible shovings
No undesirable disposal of waste
construction material
Visual
Visual
Visual
3.
3a
Assessment
Tool
CARRIAGEWAY (cont’d)
iii) Aesthetics
2a
Tolerance
MEDIAN
General Requirements
a) Turfing & Edge Defects
a) Aesthetics
•
Appropriate turfing.
Visual
•
No edge damage
Visual
b) Surface Appearance, Defects, and
Cleanliness
•
No undesirable disposal of waste
construction material
‐ A 3 ‐ Visual
ANNEX B
(Information)
QUALITY STANDARD FOR SLOPE & RETAINING STRUCTURE WORKS
Item
Element
1
1a.
Assessment
Tool
SLOPES: ROCK, RIGID & SOFT SURFACE COVER
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible crack, damage and spalling
Visual
ii) Joint, Filler
and gaps
• No open joints
Visual
• No loose rock debris
Visual
• No missing or deteriorated joint filler and
sealant
Visual
• No eroded area/erosion scar
Visual
• No bare slope surface
Visual
• No undesirable vegetation growth
Visual
• No dead, decaying or unstable trees
Visual
• Contact with soil underneath
Visual
• No severely corroded anchorage points
Visual
• No damaged wire mesh or rock netting
Visual
• No signs of cracking and any defects at rock
bolt and concrete cover
Visual
• Anchorage points must remain intact and
firmly fixed to the rock slope
Visual
iv) Finishing
v) Installation
Rock Slope
i) Crack and
Damage
ii) Installation
2
2a
Tolerance
General Requirements
iii) Functionality
1b.
Standards
RETAINING STRUCTURE
General Requirements
i) Crack and
Damage
• No crack, damage and spalling of concrete
surface
Visual
ii) Joint, Filler
and gaps
• No missing, deteriorated joint filler and
sealant
Visual
• Gaps between facing panels are free from
any undesirable vegetation growth
‐B 1‐ Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR SLOPE & RETAINING STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
2
2a
RETAINING STRUCTURE (CONT’D)
iii) Functionality
• No sign of distress, settlement and tension
crack, deformation, tilting and bulging of the
retaining structure
Visual
iv) Finishing
• Should not have visual exposure of groups of
coarse aggregates resulting from grout
leakage
Visual
• No debris from defense measures
• No exposed rebar
• No dislocation of masonry blocks
3
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
SLOPE DRAINAGE
General Requirements
i) Functionality
3b
Assessment
Tool
General Requirements (cont’d)
• No undesirable vegetation growth
3a
Tolerance
• Free flowing and no ponding of water
Visual
• No accumulated debris, undesirable
vegetation and other obstructions in
drainage channel
Visual
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible crack, damage, and spalling
Visual
ii) Joint, Filler
and gaps
• No missing or deteriorated joint filler and
sealant
Visual
Surface Drain
Visual
• No gaps between drainage and soil
3c
Subsurface Drain
i) Crack and
Damage
• No crack, damage and spalling of concrete
surface
Visual
ii) Functionality
• No traces of seepage
Visual
• No obstruction in weepholes and pipe ends
Visual
‐B 2‐ QUALITY STANDARD FOR SLOPE & RETAINING STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
4
4a
4b
Assessment
Tool
ABOVE GROUND SERVICES
Surface water carrying services
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage
Visual
ii) Functionality
• No leaks at exposed water carrying services
Visual
iii) Installation
• Pipes properly supported and bent without
damage
Visual
Buried water services
i) Functionality
• No signs of water leakage from services
5
5a
Tolerance
Visual and
Leak
Detection
Equipment
SLOPE FURNITURE
General Requirements
• No stain mark
Visual
• No visible damage / defect
Visual
• No sign of corrosion
Visual
ii) Finishing
• Level and in alignment
Visual
iii) Installation
• Secured and safe
Visual
i) Crack and
Damage
‐B 3‐ ANNEX C
(Information)
QUALITY STANDARD FOR DRAINAGE WORKS
Item
Element
Standards
1.
1a.
General Requirements
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage e.g cracks,
leaks
Visual
(1.2m distance
from structure)
ii) Joints and
Gap
• Consistent joint width and neat
joint
Visual
iii) Functionality
• Clear and free from silt, debris
and vegetation growth
• Flowing with no obstruction or
ponding water
• No erosion or scour in earth
channel
2.
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
DRAIN COVER
General Requirements
i) Joints and
Gap
• No gaps between drain covers
Visual
• No gaps between side of drain
Visual
ii) Finishing
• Covers to be leveled with
frames
Visual
• Grating cover to be properly
painted
3.
3a.
Assessment
Tool
DRAIN
• Consistent gap
2a.
Tolerance
Visual
SUMP
General Requirements
i) Functionality
• Clear and free from silt, debris
and vegetation growth
Visual
• Invert level at drain inlet is
higher than drain outlet
Visual
• Sitting below invert level of
incoming drains or culverts
• Free flowing with no obstruction
ii) Finishing
• Exposed brickwork to be
finished with neat joint
‐ C 1‐ Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR DRAINAGE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
4.
4a
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
CULVERT
General Requirement
i) Functionality
• Clear and free from silt, debris
and vegetation growth
Visual
(Use torchlight)
• Recent high water mark at up
stream not higher than culvert
internal diameter
Visual
• No sign of erosion/siltation
Visual
• No visible water ponding (For dry
Visual
culvert)
• Free flowing with consistent
gradient (for waterway crossing)
ii) Finishing
• End of pipe to be normal to the
Visual
(use ping pong
ball)
Visual
headwall and centerline of the
pipe
4b
Box / Pipe Culvert Body (Steel)
i) Crack and
Damage
ii) Joint and
Gap
• No erosion or rusting of steel
Visual
• Steel member not fractured
Visual
• No permanent deformation
Visual
• No paint deterioration
Visual
• No loose or missing fastener at
Visual
connection
‐ C 2‐ QUALITY STANDARD FOR DRAINAGE WORKS (continued)
Item
4c.
Element
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
Box / Pipe Culvert Body (Concrete)
i) Crack and
Damage
ii) Joint and
Gap
4d.
Standards
• No visible damage e.g large or
deep cracks, leaks etc
Visual
• Free from rust stain due to
corrosion of reinforcement
Visual
• Assembled and jointed to line
and level
Visual
Headwall and Wingwall
i) Crack and
Damage
• No crack through the full
thickness of the wall
• No honey combing or open
texture
• Free from rust stain due to
corrosion of reinforcement
• No sign of erosion, undermining
and settlement
‐ C 3‐ Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
ANNEX D
(Information)
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS
Item
Element
Standards
I.
A.
B.
Assessment
Tool
ROAD/PEDESTRIAN/MOTORCYCLE BRIDGE
GENERAL
REQUIREMENT
PIERS
(pile cap& end,
pier wall and
column)
1)
1)
2)
C.
Tolerance
ABUTMENTS
(Including
headwall and
wingwall)
1)
2)
3)
Crack and Damage
• No horizontal or vertical
crack at concrete structure
• No crack or fracture at
steel member
Crack and Damage
• No rust stain/marine growth
at exposed surface
• No tilt or settlement
Finishing
• No material deterioration
or honey combing
• No concrete discoloration
• Formwork joint not visible
Crack and Damage
• no deteriorating concrete
in areas that exposed to
roadway drainage
• construction joints at
backwalls not crack or
move
Finishing
• No rust stain in the exposed
concrete
• No stain or patching
• No left over foreign
material on finish surface
• Formwork joint not visible
Functionality
• Drains and weepholes are
clear and functioning
properly
•
4)
No sign of erosion around
the abutment
Installation
• Interlocking abutment (if
any) properly install
‐D 1‐ Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
D.
Element
BEARING PADS
Standards
1)
Crack and Damage
• No splitting or tearing,
either vertically or
horizontally
•
2)
E.
STEEL
BEAM/GIRDER
F.
CONCRETE
BEAM/
GIRDER
(Beam, Cross
beam)
Crack and Damage
• Steel members show
neither corrosion nor rusting
2)
Joints and Gap
• No loose or missing
fastener
Finishing
• No deformation of steel
members
1)
Visual
Visual
No variable thickness other
than due to normal
rotation of the bearing
1)
3)
Visual
No bulging on the sides of
the pads caused by
excessive compression
Functionality
• No abnormal flattening
due to overloading
• No displacement
Finishing
• No spalling concrete,
especially at point of
bearing
Assessment
Tool
Visual
Finishing
• No debris/vegetation or
ponding water
•
3)
Tolerance
Visual
Less than 3mm
Steel
measuring
tape
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
•
Expose concrete surface
free from rust stains due to
corrosion of reinforcement
Visual
•
Disintegrated concrete at
area exposed to roadway
drainage
Visual
•
Debris and standing water
not appear at the top of
cross beams
Visual
‐D 2‐ QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
G.
Element
STEEL DECK
SLAB
Standards
1)
Crack and Damage
• Steel members are not
corroded
•
No deformation of steel
members
Slab free from water
leaking
Joints and Gap
• No loose or missing
fastener at connection
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
Visual
Visual
•
H.
CONCRETE
DECK SLAB
1)
2)
Crack and Damage
• No surface defect
especially near the
expansion joint
Finishing
• No map cracking of
wearing surface which
develop by reflection
cracking of concrete deck
•
I.
SURFACING
1)
Smooth riding transition
from one pavement
segment to the next
Finishing
• Pavement in good
condition with no potholes
or cracks
• Proper crossfall
• For pedestrian bridge, finish
materials are properly
install
•
•
•
No loss of bond and
delamination
No wheel track rutting
No settlement/depression
at approach slab to
abutment
‐D 3‐ Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
J.
Element
EXPANSION
JOINT
Standards
1)
2)
K.
DRAIN PIPES
PARAPET/HAND
RAIL
Finishing
• Securely fixed/using
appropriate material
1)
Crack and Damage
• Pipes not damage
2)
Functionality
• Drain opening and outlet
provided and no clogging
• Evenness of scupper drain
• No entrapped water which
cause deterioration
• No sand and debris at
drain opening
• No sign of leaking
3)
L.
Crack and Damage
• No water leaking
• No difference in level
• No abnormal spacing
1)
2)
3)
4)
Installation
• Proper drain direction
• Hanger properly located
and spacing.
Crack and Damage
• No impact damage or
spalling at concrete
Joints and Gap
• Concrete expansion joint
to be neat
Installation
• Handrail joint provided at
correct location
• Bridge parapet consistently
align to road carriageway
• Hand railing properly fixed
• No loose or missing
fasteners at every joints of
steel member
Finishing
• Consistent painting for steel
railing
• Neat concrete finishing at
all jointing
‐D 4‐ Tolerance
≤ 10mm
Assessment
Tool
Visual
steel
measuring
tape
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
M.
RAMP/STAIRCASE
(PEDESTRIAN/RAMP
BRIDGE)
1)
2)
N.
ROOF
(PEDESTRIAN/RAMP
BRIDGE)
II.
A.
Tolerance
Finishing
• Consistent friction between
ramp surface and
motorbike tyre
• Staircase with consistent
step height and landing
width
• Ramp with safe gradient
for motorbike
Installation
• Ramp/staircase aligned
with pedestrian walkway
1)
Crack and Damage
• No crack or damage
2)
Finishing
• Roof properly fixed with no
loose jointing
Assessment
Tool
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
UNDERPASS/VEHICULAR BOX CULVERT AND TUNNEL
GENERAL
REQUIREMENT
1)
Crack and Damage
• No water leakage or water
penetration through
concrete/steel surface
•
2)
Joints and Gap
• No loose or missing
connection bolt of
fabricated concrete, steel
and cast iron liners.
•
3)
No settlement occur in
transition area
Visual
Visual
Visual
Gasket between
segmental tunnel liners not
dislodged from the joint.
Visual
Finishing
• Colour of wall to be bright
and clean
Visual
‐D 5‐ QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
B.
CONCRETE
STRUCTURE
1)
Crack and Damage
• No crack or scaling on
structure
Visual
C.
STEEL STRUCTURE
1)
Crack and Damage
• Steel members are not
corrosion and crack
Visual
•
D.
E.
F.
G.
ROAD SURFACE
TRAFFIC SIGN
MARKINGS
DRAINAGE
1)
1)
No buckles and kinks
Finishing
• Pavement in good
condition with no potholes, cracks or wheel
track rutting
Visual
Visual
•
Proper crossfall
Visual
•
No loss of bond and
delimitation
Visual
Crack & Damage
• No visible damage (not
bend, broken or dented)
Visual
2)
Visibility
• Distinctly visible
Visual
1)
Visibility
• Marking is distinct and clean
Visual
•
Visual
Recto reflective of road
marking
1)
Crack and Damage
• No visible damage e.g
cracks, leaks
2)
Functionality
• Capable of handling
water flow
• Sump pumps are clear of
debris to permit free flow
through the drain
‐D 6‐ Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
H.
Element
VENTILATION
SYSTEM
(Fan, airway,
louver, motor
operated and
dampers)
I.
CONTROL PANEL
J.
PLUMBING
SYSTEM
Standards
1)
Finishing
• All equipment in good
condition
2)
Functionality
• Fan and associated
motor –operated
dampers are operational
• Airways (where
accessible) are free of
obstruction and debris
1)
Functionality
• Control panel indicators
are functioning
Crack and Damage
• Piping is free of leakage
Functionality
• Plumbing fixtures are
properly install and
function
K.
FIRE PROTECTION
(Fire
extinguishers,
hose
connections,
piping, pumping
system,
circulation
pumps and hose
reels)
1)
Installation
• All equipments are
properly fixed.
2)
Finishing
• Fire protection storage
tanks, alarm and level
switches in good
condition
3)
Functionality
• Fire control panel is
functioning
‐D 7‐ Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
L.
Element
POWER
DISTRIBUTION
SYSTEM
Standards
1)
Crack and Damage
• No sign of damage and
overheating equipment
• No damage or corrosion
of wiring system
2)
Installation
• Enclosure box covers and
conduit are in place and
secure
3)
Functionality
• Motor controller properly
operate
M.
EMERGENCY
POWER SYSTEM
1)
Functionality
• System is functioning
when the normal power
fails
N.
LIGHTING SYSTEM
1)
Crack and Damage
• No visible damage of all
lightings
• Bulb not burnt out
2)
3)
O.
FIRE DETECTION
SYSTEM
Installation
• Lighting is properly fixed
and clean
Functionality
• Sufficient lighting
provided
• Lighting with different
ranges of nighttime and
daytime illumination
1)
Crack and damage
• Drill switch in good
condition
2)
Functionality
• Annunciators and
notification appliances
are functioning
‐D 8‐ Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR BRIDGE AND OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
P.
COMMUNICATION
SYSTEM
(SCADA, CCTV
Cameras,
telephone and
radio)
Standards
1)
Functionality
• Communication devices
are functioning
• Traffic signals properly
operate
‐D 9‐ Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
Visual
Visual
ANNEX E
(Information)
QUALITY STANDARD FOR TRAFFIC / ROADSIDE FURNITURE WORKS
Item
Element
Standards
1.
1a
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
PAVEMENT MARKINGS
General Requirements
i) Visibility
Visual
• Marking is distinct and clean
• Recto reflective of road marking
White=
90mcd/lx.m²
Yellow=65mcd/lx.
m²
ii) Finishing
• No other patches and spray and crack
on the painting
Drive on road
(night) and
Rectro
reflectivemeter
Visual
• Markings is align to the edge line of the
road
2.
2a
TRAFFIC CALMING DEVICES
Speed Hump / Speed Table
i) Visibility
• Painting is distinct and clean
Visual
ii) Finishing
• Interlocking pavers are properly
interlocked with no missing pavers
Visual
3.
3a
TRAFFIC SIGN
General Requirement
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken, dented,
rusty)
Visual
ii) Functionality
• Mounted facing the direction of the
traffic that is being served
Visual
iii) Visibility
• Sign face and painting is distinct, no
paint peeling and no debris on the
signs
Visual
iv) Installation
v) Finishing
Visual
• Sign face is not obstructed by any
object
Visual (Flash
with Torch light)
• Night time visibility
• Pole is sturdy, straight and secure
Visual
Physical/Plumb
Bob/Spirit level
Visual
• Proper joint and no visible gap of the
sign face
• Paint of the sign pole is clean & no
patches
‐E 1‐ Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR TRAFFIC / ROADSIDE FURNITURE WORKS (continued)
Item
4
4a
Element
Standards
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
ELECTRICAL DEVICES : TRAFFIC/PEDESTRIAN SIGNAL, STREET LIGHTING, MESSAGE
SIGNS
General Requirements
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken, dented,
rusty)
Visual
ii) Functionality
• All light bulb / LED are lighted
Visual
• Push button facility is operational when
pressed
Visual
iii) Visibility
• Lighting covers the traffic lane
continuously i.e. no zebra effect/
blackspot
Visual
• Distinct and clear
Visual
• Facing the traffic lane served
iv) Finishing
• Paint is clean i.e. no bleeds or patches
• Reflective border is clear and not
peeling
Visual
• Made good for the footing & its
surrounding
v) Installation
• Pole is sturdy and vertically straight
• Wire is hidden and wire casing is closed
• No displaced grass/landscape at
foundation
• All components must securely installed
5
5a
Physical/Visual
/Plumb
Bob/Spirit level
Visual
Visual
PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES
Sidewalk and railing
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken, dented,
rusty)
Visual
ii) Finishing
• Surface is even and flat
Visual
• Paint is clean and distinct
Visual
• No overgrown grass
Visual
iii) Installation
• Railing is sturdy
Physical/Visual
‐E 2‐ QUALITY STANDARD FOR TRAFFIC / ROADSIDE FURNITURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
5
5b
PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES (Cont’d)
i) Crack and
Damage
• No sign of leaking
Visual
• Fixtures are not damaged
Visual
ii) Finishing
• No overgrown grass or trees
• All components must properly painted
Visual
iii) Installation
• Fixtures are sturdy
Physical/Visual
KERB : ROAD SIDE, MEDIAN, TRAFFIC ISLAND
General Requirements
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken, dented,
rusty)
Visual
ii) Finishing
• No overgrown grass
Visual
• Paint is clean and distinct (no patches
or bleeding )
Visual
• Joint is not too wide
iii) Installation
7
7a
Assessment
Tool
Bus Stop (includes seats and railings)
6
6a
Tolerance
25mm
(desirable)
Steel ruler
• Kerbs are installed consistently align to
the alignment
TRAFFIC BARRIER
Guardrail
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken, dented,
rusty)
Visual
ii) Visibility
• Distinct and clean
Visual
• Reflective strips are clearly to be seen
Visual
• No displaced grass/pavement at
foundation / made good to the
foundation
Visual
iii) Finishing
• Consistently aligned to the
carriageway
iv) Installation
• Guardrail post is secure
Physical/Visual
• W-beam is securely bolted to the splice
and post
Visual
• Guardrail joint is not against the traffic
flow
Visual
‐E 3‐ Visual
QUALITY STANDARD FOR TRAFFIC / ROADSIDE FURNITURE WORKS (continued)
Item
Element
Standards
7
7b
Tolerance
Assessment
Tool
TRAFFIC BARRIER (CONT’D)
Concrete & Noise Barrier
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken,
cracked or chipped)
Visual
ii) Visibility
• Paints are distinct & clean, no
debris and no patches
Visual
• Reflective strips / sheets are clean
and not bend
Visual
• No overgrown grass
Visual
• No discolouration
Visual
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken,
dented, cracked)
Visual
ii) Visibility
• Reflective strips are clean
Visual
iii) Finishing
• No overgrown grass
Visual
iv) Installation
• Cartridge is inflated
iii) Finishing
7c
Crash Cushion
• Crash cushion is facing on-coming
traffic flow
8
8a
Visual
DELINEATOR: ROAD STUDS, FLEXIBLE POLE
General Requirements
i) Crack and
Damage
• No visible damage (broken,
dented, cracked)
Visual
• Reflective sheet not peeling
ii) Visibility
• Reflective and clearly seen
• Seen during night time
iii) Installation
• Securely installed
• Consistently aligned to the road
carriageway
‐E 4‐ Visual
Visual (night
time drive)
Visual /
Physical
Visual
Annex F
QLASSIC ASSESSMENT FORM
Component 1: Road Surface
Project Name:
Project ID:
Assessor 1:
Assessor 2:
Road Category:
Carriageway Type: Single/Dual
Type of Surfacing :
Date:
Element
Carriageway
Defect
Group
Riding Quality
Safety
Shoulder and Verge
Median
Aesthetics
Safety
Aesthetics
Aesthetics
General
Category A & B
Category C & D
Category E
≤ 4 mm
≤ 8 mm
≤ 12 mm
- Longitudinal irregularities (depth >4mm over 75m)
≤ 9 nos
≤ 18 nos
≤ 27 nos
- Longitudinal irregularities (depth >7mm over 75m)
≤ 1 nos
≤ 2 nos
≤ 3 nos
≤ 10 mm
≤ 15 mm
≤ 15 mm
Sample
Sample ___ (km
From ____ to
____)
Sample ______
(km From ____ to
____)
Sample ______
(km From ____ to
____)
Sample ______
(km From ____ to
____)
Sample ______
(km From ____ to
____)
Left
Right
Left
Right
Left
Right
Left
Right
Left
Right
Total Compliance
Total Assessment
* Tolerance Table
Riding Quality
i) Joint Smoothness
≤ 3 mm
ii) Surface regularity
- Traverse irregularities
- Lane IRI
≤ 2.0m/km
- Maximum surface irregularities
Safety
i) Microtexture
As per Construction Specifications
ii) Macrotexture
As per Construction Specifications
Aesthetic
i) Rutting
≤ 5 mm
Annex G
QLASSIC ASSESSMENT FORM
Component 2: Slope and Retaining Structures
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Sample ______ Left
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Total Compliance
Total Assessment
Note:
* = included rock slope, rigid and soft surface cover
Slope Furniture
Installation
General
Requirements
Finishing
Functionality
Subsurface Surface Water Buried
Drain
Carrying
Water
Crack & Damages
Joint, Filler & Gaps
Surface
Drain
Crack & Damages
General
Requirements
Above Ground Service
Crack & Damages
Slope Drainange
Functionality
Finishing
Functionality
Joint, Filler & Gaps
Installation
Crack & Damages
Rock
Slope
Installation
Finishing
Functionality
Sample
Joint, Filler & Gaps
Defect
Group
Crack & Damages
General
Requirements
Retaining
Structure
General
Requirements
Crack & Damages
Slopes *
Elements
Functionality
Date:
Installation
Road Category:
Carriageway Type: Single/Dual
Functionality
Assessor 1:
Assessor 2:
Crack & Damages
Project Name:
Project ID:
Annex H
QLASSIC ASSESSMENT FORM
Component 3: Drainage
Project Name:
Assessor 1:
Project ID:
Assessor 2:
Road Category:
Date:
Carriageway Type: Single/Dual
Left
Sample
_____ (KM
From ___ to
____)
Median
Right
Left
Sample
______ (KM
Median
From ____ to
____)
Right
Left
Sample
______ (KM
Median
From ____ to
____)
Right
Left
Sample
______ (KM
Median
From ____ to
____)
Right
Left
Sample
______ (KM
Median
From ____ to
____)
Right
Left
Sample
______ (KM
Median
From ____ to
____)
Right
Total of Compliance
Total of Assessed
HEADWALL &
WINGWALL
Finishing
Finishing
Functionality
Joint & Gap
Crack & Damage
CULVERT BODY (RC/STEEL)
Functionality
Finishing
Crack & Damage
SUMP
Finishing
Joint & Gap
Crack & Damage
Functionality
Joint & Gap
Sample
Crack & Damage
Defect
Group
CULVERTS (BOX/PIPE)
DRAIN COVER
Crack & Damage
SURFACE DRAIN
DRAIN
Anex I1
QLASSIC ASSESSMENT FORM
Component 4: Above Ground Structures : Road/Pedestrian/motorcycle Bridge
Project Name:
Assessor 1:
Project ID:
Assessor 2:
Road Category:
Date:
Carriageway Type: Single/Dual
Left
Sample ____
(km ______
Right
Sample
_____ (km
______
Sample
_____ (km
______
Sample
_____ (km
______
Sample
_____ (km
______
Sample
_____ (km
______
Left
Right
Left
Right
Left
Right
Left
Right
Left
Right
Total Compliance
Total Assessed
Note : Sampling guide for Girder/beam, Pier and Bearing Pad at each bridge. Random sample selected and marked on As Built Drawing before inspection.
1. Less than 50 numbers = 5 numbers sample
2. 51 to 100 numbers = 10 numbers sample
3. More than 100 numbers = 15 numbers samples
Finishing
Roof
Crack & Damage
Installation
Finishing
Ramp /
Staircase
installation
Finishing
Joint & Gaps
Parapet / Handrail
Crack & Damage
Installation
Crack & Damage
Functionality
Drain Pipe/Drain
Opening
Finishing
Expansion
Joint
Crack & Damage
Finishing
Surfacing
Crack & Damage
Concrete
Deck Slab
Finishing
Steel Deck
Slab
Joint & Gap
Finishing
Concrete
Beam / Girder
Crack & Damage
Finishing
Joint & Gap
Crack & Damage
Finishing
Functionality
Crack & Damage
installation
Finishing
Functionality
Crack & Damage
Sample
Abutments
Finishing
Defect
Group
Crack & Damage
Pier
Steel Beam / Girder
Crack & Damage
Above ground Structures
Bearing Pad
Crack & Damage
Elements
Annex I2
QLASSIC ASSESSMENT FORM
Component 4: Underpass/Vehicular Box Culvert and Tunnel
Project Name:
Assessor 1:
Project ID:
Assessor 2:
Road Category:
Date:
Carriageway Type: Single/Dual
Left
Sample ______
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Left
Sample ______
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Left
Sample ______
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Left
Sample ______
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Left
Sample ______
(km From ____
to ____)
Right
Total Compliance
Total Assessed
Fire
Detection
System
Communication
System
Functionality
Functionality
Installation
Functionality
Lighting System
Crack & Damage
Installation
Functionality
Power
Distribution
System
Crack & Damage
Emergency
Power
System
Functionality
Installation
Finishing
Fire Protection
Functionality
Functionality
Plumbing
System
Crack & Damage
Functionality
Finishing
Ventilation Control Panel
System
Functionality
Functionality
Drainage
Crack & Damage
Traffic Signs Markings
Visibily
Road
Surface
Visibily
Steel
Structure
Crack & Damage
Concrete
Structure
Finishing
Finishing
Sample
Joint & Gap
Defect
Group
Crack & Damage
General
Requirements
Crack & Damage
Underpass / Vehicular Box Culverts and Tunnel
Crack & Damage
Elements
Annex J
QLASSIC ASSESSMENT FORM
Component 5: Traffic/Roadside Furniture
Left
Sample ___
(km From
________ to
_____)
Median
Right
Left
Sample ___
(km From
________ to
_____)
Median
Right
Left
Sample ___
(km From
________ to
_____)
Median
Right
Left
Sample ___
(km From
________ to
_____)
Median
Right
Left
Sample ___
(km From
________ to
_____)
Median
Right
Total Compliance
Total Assessment
Note:
* = include Traffic / Pedestrian Signal, Street Light, Massege Sign
** = include Road side, Median and Traffic island kerbs
*** = include Road Studs and Flexible Pole
Delineator***
Installation
Visibility
Crack & Demage
General Requirements
Installation
Finishing
Crack & Demage
Finishing
Crack & Demage
Visibility
Crash Cushion
Concrete & Noise Barrier
Installation
Finishing
Visibility
Guardrail
Crack & Demage
Installation
Finishing
General Requirements
Crack & Demage
Installation
Finishing
Bus stop (Seats & railing)
Crack & Demage
Sidewalk & Railing
Traffic Barrier
Kerb**
Visibility
Pedestrian Facilities
Installation
Finishing
Finishing
Visibility
Finishing
Sample
Visibility
Defect
Group
Visibility
General Requirements
Functionality
General Requirements
Crack & Demage
Electrical Devices*
Speed Hump /
Table
Installation
Traffic Sign
General
Requirements
Visibility
Traffic Calming
Devices
Functionality
Pavement
Markings
Crack & Demage
Element
Finishing
Date:
Crack & Demage
Assessor 1 :
Assessor 2:
Road Category:
Carriageway Type: Single/Dual
Installation
Project Name:
Project ID:
ANNEX K
(Informative)
DEFECT GROUP FOR ASSESSMENT OF ROAD SURFACE WORKS
ELEMENTS
Carriageway
DEFECT
GROUP
Riding
Quality
Safety
Aesthetics
DEFECT DESCRIPTION
TOLERANCE
• Joints are smooth and
flushed
• Maximum Transverse
Regularity
As per Construction Specifications
• International
Roughness Index
• Maximum number of
longitudinal
regularities exceeding
allowable limit, over a
traverse length of 75m
2 m/km
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Shoulder and
Verge
Median
Microtexture
Macrotexture
Gradient
No cracks/dragging
marks/patching
No loose
material/potholes
No excessive rutting
No shovings/
bleedings
No exposed
reinforcement
(concrete)
Joints not cracked/on
wheelpath
No waterponding
Shoulder not too low
Safety
•
•
Aesthetics
• No cracks/dragging
marks/patching
• No loose
material/potholes
• No overgrown turfing
• No damaged edge
of pavement
• No shovings/
bleedings
• No undesirable
construction waste
• No overgrown turfing
• No damaged edge
of pavement
• No undesirable
construction waste
Aesthetics
‐K 1‐ A
B
C
D
E
4mm
4mm
8mm
8mm
12mm
>4mm
>7mm
>10mm >15mm
A 9 nos.
1 nos.
0
0
B 9 nos.
1 nos.
0
0
C 18 nos.
2 nos.
2 nos.
0
D 18 nos.
2 nos.
2 nos.
0
E 27 nos.
3 nos.
3 nos.
0
As per Construction Specifications
As per Construction Specifications
Water drainable (No water ponding)
≤5mm
Not lower than 50mm
ANNEX L
(Informative)
DEFECT GROUP FOR ASSESSMENT OF SLOPE & RETAINING STRUCTURES WORKS
ELEMENTS
Slope
DEFECT GROUP
Crack &
Damages
Joints, filler & gaps
Functionality
Finishing
Installation
Retaining
Structure
Crack and
Damage
Joint, fillers & gap
Functionality
Finishing
Slope
Drainage
Crack & Damage
Joint, fillers & gaps
Functionality
Above ground
services
Slope Furniture
Crack & Damage
Functionality
Installation
Crack & Damage
Finishing
Installation
DEFECT DESCRIPTION
• No visible crack, damages and spalling
• No corroded anchorage points (rock
slope)
• No damaged wire mesh/rock netting
• No open joints/loose debris
• No missing/deteriorated fillers/sealant
• No eroded area/bare surface
• No undesirable vegetation/dead
/unstable trees
• Contact with soil underneath
• Anchorage is intact & firmly fixed (rock
slope)
• No visible crack, damages and spalling
• No missing/deteriorated fillers/sealant
• No undesirable vegetation at panel gaps
• No signs of distress, settlement,
deformation, tilting, bulging
• No exposed aggregates/rebar
• No undesirable vegetation
• No dislocation of masonry blocks
• Crack, damage and spalling
• No missing and deteriorated joint
fillers/sealant
• No gaps between drainage & soil (surface
drain)
• No seepage
• No obstruction in weepholes/pipe ends
• No visible damage/
• No leaks
• Pipes properly supported, not damaged
• No stain marks/visible damage/corrosion
• Level and in alignment
• Secured/sturdy
‐L 1‐ TOLERANCE
ANNEX M
(Informative)
DEFECT GROUP FOR DRAINAGE WORKS
ELEMENTS
Drain
Drain Cover
DEFECT GROUP
Crack and
Damage
• No visible damages/cracks
Joint and Gap
• Consistent joint width and neat
• Consistent gap
Functionality
• Clear and free from
silt/debris/vegetation
• Free flowing with no ponding water
• No visible erosion or scouring in earth
channel
• No gaps between drain covers, side of
drain
• Covers level with frame
• Gratings painted properly
Joint and Gap
Finishing
Sump
Functionality
Finishing
Culvert
DEFECT DESCRIPTION
Crack and
Damage
Functionality
Jointing and
Gap
Crack and
Damage
Finishing
• Clear and free from
silt/debris/vegetation
• Free flowing with no ponding water
• Inlet invert level is higher than outlet
• Sitting below invert level of incoming
drain
• Neat joints
• No erosion/rusting/deformation (steel
culvert)
• No honey combed/open texture
(headwall/wingwall)
• Clear and free from
silt/debris/vegetation
• Water mark level at up stream not higher
than culvert internal diameter
• Free flowing with consistent gradient and
no ponding (dry culvert)
• Assembled and jointed to line and level
(concrete culvert)
• No loose or missing fastener (steel
culvert)
• No visible damage/defect
• End pipe normal to headwall and centre
• Surface smooth and even
• Free from rust stain
‐M 1‐ TOLERANCE
ANNEX N
(Informative)
DEFECT GROUP FOR ASSESSMENT OF BRIDGE & OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS
ELEMENTS
Above ground
structure /
bridge
DEFECT GROUP
Crack and
Damage
DEFECT DESCRIPTION
•
•
•
•
•
Jointing and Gap
Functionality
Finishing
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Installation
•
•
•
•
No visible crack/defect/fracture
No corrosion/ fracture/deformation of
steel members
No tilt/settlement (pier, expansion joint)
No deterioration of concrete (abutment)
No splitting/tearing/bulging (bearing
pads)
No abnormal spacing (expansion joint)
No leakages (drain pipes)
No cracked joints (abutment, joint)
No loose/missing fastener (steel
beam/girder, slab, roof)
Drains/weepholes/outlets are clear
No abnormal flattening (bearing pads)
No debris / ponding water (beams, slab,
drain)
Evenness (scupper drain)
No deterioration/honey comb (pier,
beam)
No debris/vegetation/ponding (bearing
pads)
No variable thickness other than normal
rotation (bearing pads)
No deformation of steel members (steel
beam/girder)
No spalling concrete
No rust stains
No pot holes (surface)
Proper crossfall (surface)
No rutting (surface)
Consistent painting
Consistent step height & landing width
(stairs)
Safe gradient (motorcycle ramp)
Hanger properly located and spaced
(drain pipes)
Fixtures securely fixed (handrail)
Consistently aligned to road (parapet)
Ramp/staircase aligned to pedestrian
walkway
- N1 -
TOLERANCE
DEFECT GROUP FOR ASSESSMENT OF BRIDGE & OTHER STRUCTURE WORKS
(cont’d)
ELEMENTS
Underpass /
Vehicle Box
Culvert,
Tunnel
DEFECT GROUP
Crack and
Damage
Jointing and Gap
Functionality
Finishing
Visibility
Installation
DEFECT DESCRIPTION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
No water leakages
No settlement
No crack/spalling
No corrosion/buckle/kinks
No visible damage/cracks
No overheating (equipments)
No loose/missing connection bolt
No dislodged gasket
• No ponding
• Clear of debris/obstruction (drain, airways)
• Equipments are operational (dampers,
control panel, fire control, communication)
• Equipments are operational when power
failure (emergency power system)
• No burnt bulbs
• Consistent lighting (no blackspots/zebra
effects)
• Clean wall
• No potholes/cracks/wheel track rutting
(surface)
• Proper crossfall
• No loss of bond/delimination (surface)
• Equipments in good condition/clean
• Markings is distinct (pavement marking)
• Recto reflective of road markings
• Equipments are securely installed (lightings,
electrical equipments)
• Box covers are in place & secure
- N2 -
TOLERANCE
ANNEX O
(Informative)
DEFECT GROUP FOR ASSESSMENT OF TRAFFIC & ROADSIDE FURNITURE WORKS
ELEMENTS
Pavement
Markings
Traffic
Calming
Device
Traffic Sign
DEFECT GROUP
DEFECT DESCRIPTION
Visibility
• Marking is clearly seen
• Night time visibility
Finishing
•
•
•
•
No other patches / crack
Properly / uniformly align
Marking is clearly seen
No missing pavers
•
•
•
•
•
•
No visible damage (broken, dented, rusty)
Sign is facing on-coming traffic
Marking is clearly seen
Night time visibility
Sturdy & straight
No visible gap & proper joint of the signage
face
Paint of the signage pole is clean & no
patches
No visible damage (broken, dented, rusty)
All bulb & LED is lighted
Push button is functional when pressed
No blackspot and zebra effect
Message/Symbol is clearly seen
Paint/reflective border is clean/not peeling
Made good at foundation
Sturdy & straight
Wiring is hidden & covered
No displace turfing at foundation
No visible damage (broken, dented, rusty)
No leakage (bus stop)
Surface is flat & even
Paint is clean
No overgrown grass
Fixtures are sturdy
No visible damage (crack, broken)
No overgrown grass
Painting is clean
Kerb joints not too wide
Consistently aligned to road
No visible damage (crack, broken, dented)
Clearly seen (day & night)
No displaced grass at foundation
No discolouration (concrete/noise barrier)
Consistently aligned to road
Post is secure/securely bolted
Joint is not against traffic flow
Cartridge is inflated (crash cushion)
No visible damage (crack, broken)
Clearly seen (day & night)
Securely installed
Consistently aligned to road
Visibility
Aesthetic
Crack & Damage
Functionality
Visibility
Installation
Finishing
•
Electrical
Devices
Crack & Damage
Functionality
Visibility
Finishing
Installation
Pedestrian
Facilities
Crack & Damage
Finishing
Kerb
Traffic Barrier
Installation
Crack & Damage
Finishing
Installation
Crack & Damage
Visibility
Finishing
Installation
Delineator
Crack & Damage
Visibility
Installation
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
‐O 1‐ TOLERANCE

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