How has the evolution of cinema buildings

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How has the evolution of cinema buildings
How has the evolution of cinema buildings affected what
people expect when ‘going to the cinema’?
?
At first, films were shown mainly in variety theatres, and in
fairgrounds. Then came nickelodeons: converted shops c.1908
What did the inside of a nickelodeon look like? Thanks
to Griffith we know (Those Awful Hats, 1908)
The first super-cinemas seating 1000+ were built from
1913, like the Kilburn Grange in London, for big films
The influence of theatre on early cinema layout: Cine Atlas
Belgrano, Buenos Aires,1912, 110 seats
Then cinemas became exotic –
like the Tuschinski in Amsterdam
(1921)
Cinemas as palaces, with foyer and
mezzanine space to match their vast
capacity – the Chicago Uptown (1925),
seating 4,300
The Modernist cinema: Amsterdam
Cineac, 1934, part of a chain that
Featured striking architecture.
Modernism reathe High Street: the Odeon Burnley,
1937, seating 2,100
1960s: the new ‘stadium/oyster’ designed for Cinemascope,
70mm and stereo sound – like the Cine Diana, Mexico City
(1962)
Widescreen ‘roadshow’ films of the 60s
exploited the new generation of cinemas
with 70mm and stereo sound
The ABC Doncaster, seating 1400 , which opened in 1967,
with Doctor Zhivago
ABC Sidcup,
‘twinned’ in 1977,
to create two
screens. Below:
1920s Australian
theatre, converted
into a multiplex in
1988, as part of a
shopping mall
Multiplexes offered something new and modern – like Britain’s
first multiplex, The Point., Milton Keynes , 1986 by American
Multi Cinema
Age of the
multiplex: fantasy
space in 8-screen
Multikino,
Cracow, Poland
Refurbishing historic interio9: the Phoenix (built 1912) in North
London, a Europa Cinemas member (and my local cinema)
Europa Cinemas: new-build, like Le Sauvenière in Liege,
Belgium and heritage, like Watershed in Bristol, UK

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