Key Stage 3 Geography

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Key Stage 3 Geography
Key Stage 3 Geography
Unit Questions & Answers Reference Guide
16/10/2009
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INDEX
KS3 Geography
Contents
KS3 Geography 01: Making connections ................................................................................................ 3
KS3 Geography 02: The restless earth - earthquakes and volcanoes ................................................... 8
KS3 Geography 03: People everywhere............................................................................................... 13
KS3 Geography 04: Flood disaster - how do people cope? ................................................................. 18
KS3 Geography 05: Exploring England ................................................................................................ 23
KS3 Geography 06: World sport ........................................................................................................... 28
KS3 Geography 07: Rivers - a fieldwork approach ............................................................................... 33
KS3 Geography 08: Coastal environments........................................................................................... 38
KS3 Geography 09: Shopping - past, present and future ..................................................................... 43
KS3 Geography 10: Weather patterns over Europe ............................................................................. 48
KS3 Geography 11: Investigating Brazil ............................................................................................... 53
KS3 Geography 12: Images of a country .............................................................................................. 58
KS3 Geography 13: Limestone landscapes of England ....................................................................... 63
KS3 Geography 14: Can the earth cope? Ecosystems, population and resources.............................. 68
KS3 Geography 15: Crime and the local community ............................................................................ 73
KS3 Geography 16: What is development? .......................................................................................... 78
KS3 Geography 17: The changing economic geography of France ..................................................... 83
KS3 Geography 18: The global fashion industry .................................................................................. 88
KS3 Geography 19: Tourism - good or bad? ........................................................................................ 93
KS3 Geography 20: Comparing countries ............................................................................................ 98
KS3 Geography 21: Virtual volcanoes and internet earthquakes ....................................................... 103
KS3 Geography 22: Mining on the internet ......................................................................................... 108
KS3 Geography 23: Local action, global effects ................................................................................. 113
KS3 Geography 24: Passport to the world.......................................................................................... 118
KS3 Geography 01: Making
connections
Exercise No: 1
Name: Geographical skills
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Direction
Question
Answers
In which direction is the Temple of Zeus from the Acropolis?
Correct Answer
South east.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
South west.
North east.
North west.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Field sketch
Question
What makes a good field sketch?
Answers
Correct Answer
It should be simple, clear and fully labelled.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It should be exceptionally detailed.
It should be a quick and rough drawing.
It should use no shading or colour.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: Patterns on maps
Question
How populated is the USA?
Answers
Correct Answer
Moderately.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Densely.
With many different people.
Sparsely.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: Distance
Question
Answers
What is the approximate distance between Sheffield and Chesterfield?
Correct Answer
About 18 kilometres.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
About 10 kilometres.
About 37 kilometres.
About 4 kilometres.
KS3 Geography 01: Making connections
Exercise No: 2
Name: The local scale
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: A map of Gloucester
Question
Which river runs through the city of Gloucester?
Answers
Correct Answer
River Severn
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
River Wye
River Thames
River Avon
Question Type: Ranking
No.6: Gloucester Docks
Question
Answers
Put these events in the order they happened to the Docks:
Correct Order
B-E-D-C-A
Statement A
Statement B
Warehouses were added to the dockland area.
During medieval times wool, cloth, corn and iron were shipped out of
Gloucester.
Work began to build a canal between Sharpness and Gloucester,
Over 600 vessels were recorded as using the River Severn at Gloucester.
Queen Elizabeth granted Gloucester the status of a port.
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.7: A popular Cotswold village
Question
Which TWO of the following does the village NOT have?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
A huge range of shops.
A children's adventure playground.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Birdland.
Model railway.
A trout farm.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: London Underground
Question
Which line of London's Underground goes through the middle from west to east?
Answers
Correct Answer
The Central line.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The Piccadilly line.
The Victoria line.
The Northern line.
KS3 Geography 01: Making connections
Exercise No: 3
Name: The regional scale
Question Type: Missing Part
No.9: Snowdonia, Wales
Question
Cwm Idwal was formed _______ and is now filled with Llyn Idwal.
Answers
Correct Answer
by glaciers during the last Ice Age
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
by the lake
by human activity
by the sea
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: Scotland
Question
In the photograph, the course of the River Spey could be described as 'winding from side to side'.
What is the geographical term for a 'bend' in a river?
Answers
Correct Answer
A meander.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
An oxbow lake.
A gorge.
An interlocking spur.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.11: London (2)
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are true?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The Tate Modern is housed in an old power station.
The Science Museum has over 2000 hands on exhibits.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The Tower of London has a 600 year history.
The famous Rosetta Stone is found in the National Gallery.
From the London Eye you can see 65 of London's most famous
landmarks
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.12: GIS
Question
Answers
What does GIS stand for?
Correct Answer
Geographical Information Systems.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Geographical Interrogation Systems.
Geographical Inquisition Systems.
Geographical Information Suppliers.
KS3 Geography 01: Making connections
Exercise No: 4
Name: The global scale
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.13: Cairo
Question
Which TWO of the following are problems that Cairo has?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Cairo's water distribution system is inadequate.
Cairo has a serious air pollution problem because of cars and
industry.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Cairo is a new city so it has all the problems of a new city.
Cairo has too much land given over to farming, meaning it cannot be
built upon.
Cairo has too much road space per person (per capita).
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.14: Australia (2)
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The Great Barrier Reef is over 2,500 kilometres long.
Much of the Great Barrier Reef is ideal for cruising or sailing.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
There are 754 islands in the Great Barrier Reef.
You can scuba dive on the Great Barrier Reef only in the summer
months.
The Great Barrier Reef is not suited to cruising.
Incorrect Answer 3
No.15: Sri Lanka
Question
Answers
Question Type: Missing Part
The Pinnawela Elephant Orphanage _______ a conservation and educational centre.
Correct Answer
originally opened in 1975 for tourist reasons but is now also
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
was only ever intended as
originally had 27 elephants and is now
originally opened in 1985 for tourist reasons but is now also
No.16: Similarities and differences
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
How and why are traditional Malaysian houses different to our homes in the UK?
Answers
Correct Answer
They are built on stilts so that they do not flood in the rainy
season.
Incorrect Answer 1
They are glass-fronted so that the sun's rays can penetrate through
and warm the inside of the house.
They are mostly high-rise as there is a shortage of space.
They are built using makeshift materials as they cannot afford to buy
bricks and mortar.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 01: Making connections
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Why are maps useful?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
They help us to identify the main physical and human features of an area. They help us to
calculate the distance between two places. They help us to explain the links that may exist
between different places. They help us to plan a route from one place to another. They show us
how the land in a place is used, the population density or the political boundaries that exist
between regions, states and nations. They give us an indication of the height of the land and what
shape it is.
KS3 Geography 02: The restless earth earthquakes and volcanoes
Exercise No: 1
Name: Active earth
No.1: What do we know about volcanoes and earthquakes
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which makes the slowest changes in the earth’s crust?
Correct Answer
Erosion.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Volcanoes.
Lava.
Earthquakes.
No.2: What creates the areas known as 'active zones'?
Question
Which TWO of the following are layers of the earth?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Mantle.
Crust.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Plates.
Magma.
Lithosphere.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: Where are volcanoes found?
Question
The 'Ring of Fire' is a chain of volcanoes which surrounds which ocean?
Answers
Correct Answer
Pacific
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Atlantic
Arctic
Indian
Question Type: Missing Part
No.4: Where are earthquakes found?
Question
Earthquakes commonly occur in narrow belts _______ where pressures build and are released as
quakes.
Answers
Correct Answer
near to the edges of tectonic plates
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
down the middle of the oceans
along the edges of the continents
in the middle of tectonic plates
KS3 Geography 02: The restless earth - earthquakes and volcanoes
Exercise No: 2
Name: Volcanoes
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.5: What do volcanoes look like?
Question
Volcanoes occur when molten rock and gases escape from inside the Earth onto the surface.
What are the TWO names for this molten rock?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
magma
lava
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
geysers
solfatara
ash
No.6: What happens when a volcano erupts?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Some types of magma are more likely to result in explosive eruptions than others. Which types of
magma are the most explosive?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of these
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Magmas which are sticky
Magmas with a high silica content
Magmas with a high gas content
No.7: Mount St Helens, 1980. Volcanoes in MECDs.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following statements are correct about the eruption that took place at Mount St.
Helen's?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Winds blew millions of tons of ash across the United States
turning blue skies grey.
Avalanches of hot ash, pumice and gas known as pyroclastic
flows poured out of the crater.
An estimated 97 people were killed during the eruption.
The weather was severely affected by the eruption.
The ash that fell close to Mount St. Helen's was of a very fine
consistency.
No.8: The Pinatubo eruption of 1991. Volcanoes in LED
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What were the most damaging effects of the volcanic eruption?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of these
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Ash fall
Lahars
Pyroclastic flows
KS3 Geography 02: The restless earth - earthquakes and volcanoes
Exercise No: 3
Name: Earthquakes
No.9: The causes and effects of earthquakes.
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
The strongest earthquakes are created at _______ plate boundary
Answers
Correct Answer
a subduction
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
a strike-slip fault
a constructive
a mountain building
No.10: What are the effects of an earthquake?
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
Earthquake damage may be 'primary' - caused by the quake itself _______ or 'secondary' caused as a side-effect from the primary cause, like a tsunami or firestorm.
Answers
Correct Answer
such as the danger of falling building materials
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
such as floods from burst water mains
such as disease caused by broken sewers
such as hunger from loss of food supplies
No.11: Kobe 1995, Earthquakes in Japan
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
In the Kobe earthquake of 1995, fire caused by _______ destroyed at least 7,500 wooden homes.
Answers
Correct Answer
broken gas pipes and sparks from severed electrical cables
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
arsonists
a tsunami
faulty electric wiring
No.12: Can earthquakes be predicted?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Chinese earthquake scientists were confident that they could predict earthquakes. Which
earthquake disaster shook their faith in earthquake prediction?
Answers
Correct Answer
Tangshan, 1976
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Jiashi, 2003
Kobe, 1995
Haicheng-Yingkow, 1975
KS3 Geography 02: The restless earth - earthquakes and volcanoes
Exercise No: 4
Name: Living with hazards
No.13: How does it feel to be in an earthquake or volcano
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
The wife of Controller Beyerinck from the Sumatra very vividly. She stated that 'The last thing I
saw was the ash being pushed up through the cracks in the floorboards,
Answers
Correct Answer
'like a fountain.'
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
'like a waterfall.'
'like a jet of water.'
'like a river.'
No.14: Why do people live in active zones?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
In what type of climate does volcanic ash weather fastest to form fertile soils?
Correct Answer
Hot and wet
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Hot and dry
Cold and wet
Cold and dry
No.15: How do aid agencies help in LEDCs
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following statements are correct about the earthquake that struck Bam?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The city continues to be rocked by regular tremors.
400 people are now in the camps.
Incorrect Answer 1
Thankfully, people are still able to wash themselves and have access
to proper toilets.
No further tremors have since been felt in the city.
3000 people are now in the camps.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.16: Boxing Day 2004. How did the world help?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
How much money did the British public donate to the Tsunami Appeal in the one month after the
disaster?
Answers
Correct Answer
Over £250million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
£50 million
£100 million
£200 million
KS3 Geography 02: The restless earth - earthquakes and volcanoes
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Describe and explain the global distribution of volcanoes and earthquakes.
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Most volcanoes and earthquakes occur in narrow belts around the world. These belts are found at
the edges of the huge slabs of rock, known as tectonic plates, which make up the Earth's crust.
These plates are moving slowing because of convention currents within the Earth's mantle. When
the edges of the plates rub against each other immense pressures can build up. These pressures
can be released suddenly as an earthquake. At constructive and destructive plate margins molten
rock rises to the surface of the earth through vents forming volcanoes. A ring of volcanoes
surrounds the edge of the Pacific plate called the 'Ring of Fire'.
KS3 Geography 03: People everywhere
Exercise No: 1
Name: The world's population.
No.1: What is the world's population now?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Approximately how many people are there in the world?
Correct Answer
6 billion
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
6 million
600,000
5 billion
No.2: What do we know about the UK's population?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Which of the following statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
The UK's population is older than it was in 1951.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The total population of the UK grew by 27% between 1951 and 2001.
There are more men than women in the UK.
0.2% of the population were over the age of 85 in 2001.
No.3: Population pyramids: Afghanistan
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
In Afghanistan, the number of people in the 0-4 age group _______ by the year 2050.
Answers
Correct Answer
will increase from just over 4 million to about 9 million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
will increase from 2 million to 4 million
will decrease
will be less than the number of people who are 80+
No.4: Population pyramids: Japan.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Missing Part
In Japan, the number of people in the 0-4 age group _______ by the year 2050.
Correct Answer
will decrease from about 6 million to 4 million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
will increase rapidly
will be more than the number of people who are 80+
will decrease from 10 million to about 1 and a half million
KS3 Geography 03: People everywhere
Exercise No: 2
Name: A changing population.
No.5: How has the world's population changed?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Use the map on this page to identify which statement is correct.
Answers
Correct Answer
In 2000, Asia had the biggest share of the world's population.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
In 2000, Oceania had the biggest share of the world's population.
Europe's share of world population will have increased between 1800
and 2050.
Africa's share of the world's population will have decreased between
1800 and 2050.
Incorrect Answer 3
No.6: How do birth and death rates differ?
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
The term 'death rate' means _______ each year.
Answers
Correct Answer
the number of deaths per 1000 of the population
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the total number of people who die
the number of deaths per 100 of the population
how fast people die
No.7: Will we experience problems in the future?
Question
Answers
According to this web page, why might the UK experience drought in the future?
Correct Answer
Because of an incorrect use of natural resources.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Because it will rain less in the future.
Because all the water on earth will be used up.
Because global temperatures will remain constant.
No.8: Issues surrounding population growth
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of the following statements is correct?
Correct Answer
Rapid population growth relates to virtually all of the major
problems that confront the world today.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Rapid population growth encourages economic growth.
Rapid population growth has a positive impact on literacy rates.
Rapid population growth has no impact on the environment.
KS3 Geography 03: People everywhere
Exercise No: 3
Name: Where do we live?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: Where do we live?
Question
Which of the following statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
The majority of places with high population densities are found in
the northern hemisphere.
Incorrect Answer 1
Areas of high and low population density are evenly spread across the
world.
There are no areas of high population density in Europe.
The majority of places with high population densities are found in the
southern hemisphere.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.10: Why do we live in certain places?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which TWO of the following factors tend to give rise to low population densities?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Extreme climate - too cold, hot, wet or dry.
Infertile land - need to have extensive (very large) farms.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Low land - with gentle slopes or flat ground.
Moderate climate.
Mineral resources - mines produce jobs and provide raw materials for
other industries.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.11: What is a settlement?
Question
A settlement may be permanent or temporary. An example of a temporary settlement would be
_______ However, a temporary settlement may become permanent over time.
Answers
Correct Answer
a refugee camp.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
a new town.
a village.
a mega city.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.12: Different types of settlements
Question
Which of the following settlements is an example of a port?
Answers
Correct Answer
Liverpool.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Birmingham.
Leeds.
York.
KS3 Geography 03: People everywhere
Exercise No: 4
Name: City life
No.13: Why do we need more houses in this country?
Question
Where is there a shortage of homes in England?
Answers
Correct Answer
In the south
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
In the north
In the east
In the west
No.14: Where should we build new houses?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question Type: Statement Choice
In 1996 how many new homes did the government suggest should be built by 2016?
Correct Answer
4.4 million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
44 million
100,000
Half a million
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Land use models
Question
Which of these statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
The CBD (Central Business District) is in the centre of the town
on both models.
Incorrect Answer 1
The CBD (Central Business District) is the outer ring on the Burgess
model.
The Transitional Zone is the outer zone on the Burgess model.
Only the Hoyt model has high class residential housing.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.16: What are the different land use zones like?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following characteristics does the CBD have?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
It has the worst traffic congestion.
It has departmental shops, large offices, main railway and bus
stations, many churches, pubs, clubs, cinemas and the town hall.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It is often the newest part of the city.
Land is cheapest here.
Buildings are built horizontally rather than vertically.
KS3 Geography 03: People everywhere
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
What will happen to the world's total population in the future and what problems could this
cause?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
It is very much dependent on what happens to the birth rate and death rate over time. If the birth
rate remains higher than the death rate, then the world' s population will continue to increase. If
the birth rate is lower than the death rate, then the world's population will decrease. If birth rates
and death rate are the same, then the world's population is likely to stabilise. The world's
population has been growing at an ever-increasing rate and it is now over 6 billion. The population
is likely to keep increasing and this could cause some serious problems. However, there could be
a chance that population will stabilise or decrease due to factors, such as war, famine, starvation,
infertility issues, greater independence for women, loss of traditional values, etc.
KS3 Geography 04: Flood disaster how do people cope?
Exercise No: 1
Name: Rivers and Floods
Question Type: Missing Part
No.1: Types of Flood
Question
Answers
Slow-moving, heavy rainfall _______ flood
Correct Answer
can cause a flash
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
never happens in the UK so can't cause a
will always cause a
will never cause a
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.2: The hydrological cycle.
Question
Which two of the following are stores of water?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Ocean.
Clouds.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Transpiration.
Precipitation.
Percolation.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.3: The river system.
Question
As the river reaches its lower stage _______ on the river bed.
Answers
Correct Answer
the flow is slower, so material is deposited
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the flow is faster, so nothing is deposited
erosion takes place
large boulders are found
Question Type: Ranking
No.4: Floods in the UK
Question
Put the following statements in the order they happen when a flood occurs:
Answers
Correct Order
A-C-B-E-D
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Rain starts to fall.
Saturated ground means water cannot be absorbed.
Rain drains into rivers.
The water flows over the banks and floods.
Excess water flows downstream quickly.
KS3 Geography 04: Flood disaster - how do people cope?
Exercise No: 2
Name: Floods and the UK
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: 1953 Floods
Question
What are the main dangers of a flood?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of these.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Being swept away by the water.
Drowning.
Being trapped inside by the water.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: Year 2000 Floods
Question
Answers
Why was this a flash flood?
Correct Answer
Because the equivalent of a month's rain fell in just one day.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Because homes were flooded with raw sewage.
Because streets were left under five feet of water.
Because Portsmouth is on the coast.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.7: Year 2004 Boscastle
Question
Which two of the following were effects of the recent flooding in Boscastle?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Cars were swept into the harbour.
People had to be rescued by helicopter.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Hundreds of people drowned.
The leisure centre had to be demolished.
Many bridges collapsed due to the force of the water.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: Clearing Up
Question
What was set up at Camelford in response to the devastating floods in Boscastle in August 2004?
Answers
Correct Answer
A respite centre.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A library, with ICT facilities.
A sports centre.
A school for local children.
KS3 Geography 04: Flood disaster - how do people cope?
Exercise No: 3
Name: Floods and Bangladesh
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: Bangladesh
Question
Which of these statements describes Bangladesh?
Answers
Correct Answer
Bangladesh is a poor country that is overpopulated, has mostly
flat land and is prone to floods.
Incorrect Answer 1
Bangladesh does not have floods, Bangladesh does not have floods,
but it is a poor country that is mostly flat.
Bangladesh is a hilly country that is overpopulated and poor, and is
prone to floods.
Not many people live in Bangladesh, but it is a poor country that has
mostly flat land and is prone to floods.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.10: Flooding in Bangladesh
Question
Answers
Which two of the following statements help to explain why flooding is worsening in Bangladesh?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Pollution from rich countries is contributing to global warming.
Trees are being cut down in the Himalayas.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Afforestation is taking place in the foothills of the Himalayas.
Desertification is becoming extensive.
Large areas of land are being given over to rice production.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Severe Flooding
Question
Answers
How many people across Bangladesh have reportedly been displaced by the flooding?
Correct Answer
About 20 million.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
About 200 million.
About 2 million.
About 12 million.
No.12: Flood Action Plan (FAP), Bangladesh
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
The extent to which Bangladesh's rivers should be or can be controlled is _______ Current work
on flood mitigation looks at ways of managing the water, which balance the need for protecting
populations with the need to allow annual flooding.
Answers
Correct Answer
controversial.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
minimal.
accepted.
agreed.
KS3 Geography 04: Flood disaster - how do people cope?
Exercise No: 4
Name: Coping with natural disasters
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Coping with Floods
Question
Which of these can be built to help control floods?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of these.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Dams.
Flood barriers.
Floodways.
No.14: Coping with a volcanic eruption.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of these statements about the way people were helped is correct?
Correct Answer
People helped each other, dams kept the lava away from people,
and the Government gave financial assistance.
Incorrect Answer 1
People helped each other, dams kept the lava away from people, and
international relief organisations gave assistance.
People helped each other, bridges were built over the lava, and the
Government gave financial assistance.
People were evacuated, dams kept the lava away from people, and
the Government gave financial assistance.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.15: Coping with an earthquake
Question
Which TWO of the following were Government and Red Cross disaster teams taking to the
Solomon islands after the tsunami of 2007?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Tents and medical supplies.
Food and water.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Technology.
Cars and bicycles.
Money.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.16: Coping with a hurricane
Question
The Mayor ordered _______ New Orleans
Answers
Correct Answer
the mandatory evacuation of
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
everyone to party in
the use of shotguns in
people to stay in
KS3 Geography 04: Flood disaster - how do people cope?
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Why does urbanisation increase the risk of flooding?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
In urban areas, e.g. towns and cities, there are lots of hard surfaces like tarmac, roofs and
gutters. These are impermeable, which means that water cannot pass through them. When there
is a very heavy rainstorm or a long period of rainfall, the water is c
KS3 Geography 05: Exploring England
Exercise No: 1
Name: What do we mean by England?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: What is England?
Question
Answers
What is the percentage of the population that lives in towns or cities?
Correct Answer
About 85%.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
About 67%.
About 91%.
About 79%.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: British Isles
Question
What is the main difference between the British Isles and the United Kingdom?
Answers
Correct Answer
The British Isles includes Ireland.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The British Isles includes France.
The British Isles includes Spain.
The British Isles includes Portugal.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.3: Tourism in England
Question
Which TWO of the following are National Parks in England?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Peak District National Park.
Dartmoor National Park.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Brecon Beacons National Park.
Cairngorms National Park.
Snowdonia National Park.
No.4: Administrative divisions of England
Question
How many political counties exist in England?
Answers
Correct Answer
Forty six.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Forty seven.
Fifty four.
Forty one.
Question Type: Statement Choice
KS3 Geography 05: Exploring England
Exercise No: 2
Name: What images do we have of England?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: Images of England
Question
What words could you use to describe this English city street?
Answers
Correct Answer
Clean, quiet, attractive and interesting.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Ugly, old, unappealing and dull.
Well-spaced, no roads, medieval buildings and shops.
Dirty, noisy, ugly and dull.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: Is it England?
Question
There are many places around the world that are known to have been connected to England as
colonies. What is the easiest way to identify English influence in foreign countries?
Answers
Correct Answer
The design of buildings.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The scenery.
The language spoken.
The design of clothes worn.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.7: England's physical features
Question
The longest river in the UK is the River Severn which flows through _______ to the Bristol
Channel.
Answers
Correct Answer
Shrewsbury, Worcester and Gloucester in England
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Worcester and Bristol
Gloucester and Hull
Shrewsbury and Stratford
No.8: Can England be divided in to opposites?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Different colours are used to show the variation in average temperature for January. What do you
notice in particular?
Answers
Correct Answer
We can see it has been colder in the North and warmer in the
South of England.
Incorrect Answer 1
We can see it has been warmer in the North and colder in the South of
England.
We can see that it has been the same cold temperature through all of
England.
We can see that it has been the same warm temperature through all of
England.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 05: Exploring England
Exercise No: 3
Name: Where did the English come from?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.9: Roman Invaders
Question
Julius Caesar made two attempts to invade Britain, first in 55 B.C. and then again in 54 B.C. Both
times the British warriors and _______ made his army give up and return to Gallia.
Answers
Correct Answer
the awful British weather
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
a lack of boats
a lack of food
a lack of weapons
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.10: Saxon Invaders
Question
Answers
Apart from Scotland, which other TWO places did the Anglo–Saxons not conquer?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Wales.
Cornwall.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Mercia.
London.
Northumbria.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.11: Norse Invaders
Question
Answers
The Vikings conquered all of northern, central and eastern England and which TWO other areas?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
North-west Scotland.
Wales.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Cornwall.
Wessex.
The south coast of England.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.12: Norman Invaders
Question
Answers
The Normans were successful _______ but they still felt the need to raid other lands.
Correct Answer
farmers,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
warriors,
craftsmen,
fishermen,
KS3 Geography 05: Exploring England
Exercise No: 4
Name: What links England with the rest of the world?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: The European Union
Question
The EU is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace
and prosperity. How many countries make up the European Union?
Answers
Correct Answer
Twenty-seven.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Twenty-four.
Twenty-three.
Twenty-five.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: The Commonwealth
Question
Answers
How many people are in the Commonwealth?
Correct Answer
1.7 billion or 29.8% of the world's population.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
1.5 billion or 30.2% of the world's population.
1.2 billion or 14.5% of the world's population.
9.6 billion or 45.7% of the world's population.
Question Type: Ranking
No.15: Holiday Destinations
Question
Put these countries in order starting with the most popular tourist destination for UK travellers:
Answers
Correct Order
A-B-E-D-C
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Spain.
France.
Italy.
USA.
Greece.
No.16: Global Community
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
The WTO attempts to make trading between countries fair. It has negotiated to _______ The
WTO also settles arguments between countries.
Answers
Correct Answer
reduce trade barriers such as tariffs, subsidies and quotas.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
abolish trade barriers such as tariffs, subsidies and quotas.
increase trade incentives.
reduce imports and exports.
KS3 Geography 05: Exploring England
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
We have seen that England is made up of counties and is part of the British Isles, UK and
Great Britain. What links England with the rest of the world?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
England is linked to the rest of the world through the European Union and the Commonwealth.
England uses trade to link with other countries, enabling foreign goods to be brought into the
country. People also choose to go to other countries on holiday. In the past, England had strong
colonial links with many countries, including India.
KS3 Geography 06: World sport
Exercise No: 1
Name: What do we know about Premiership Teams?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.1: The Premier League
Question
The FA Premier League was formed in _______ and took over as the top professional league
from season 1992-93.
Answers
Correct Answer
1992
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
1993
1990
1991
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Who is in the Premiership?
Question
How many teams currently make up the Premiership League?
Answers
Correct Answer
20
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
21
22
18.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.3: The League Table
Question
The three teams promoted from the Football League Championship will increase revenue by
_______ by joining the elite English Premier League.
Answers
Correct Answer
£35 million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
£20 million
£3 billion
£65 million
Question Type: Missing Part
No.4: Where do players come from?
Question
Answers
The _______ international signed for the club in January 2007.
Correct Answer
Chinese
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Brazilian
Spanish
French
KS3 Geography 06: World sport
Exercise No: 2
Name: How do I get to the match?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: Travelling by train
Question
The information shown is constantly updated. Why is this information so important to someone
travelling to a football match using this station?
Answers
Correct Answer
It shows them up to date information when their train will arrive
and depart.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It shows them which company is running the train from the station.
It shows them what platform to go to to catch the train.
It shows them where to buy food on the train if they get hungry.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: Travelling by coach
Question
The shortest journey shown was 5 hours and the longest was over 8 hours. How will this affect
someone who wants to use this service to plan their travel itinerary directly to the match?
Answers
Correct Answer
They will need to know the exact time it will take in order to arrive
on time for the match.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They will need this information to buy a book to read on the journey.
They will use this information to buy enough food for the journey.
They will use this information to decide how many people can get on
the coach.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Travelling to Anfield
Question
The Internet has made it easier to calculate the distance and time it would take to travel. What
would be the time and distance for this person to travel to Anfield?
Answers
Correct Answer
23 minutes and 13.3 miles.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
16 minutes and 13.4 miles.
31 minutes and 12.5 miles.
23 minutes and 16.4 miles.
No.8: Travelling to Europe
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What effect does the introduction of low cost European flights mean to supporters of teams in the
European Champions League?
Answers
Correct Answer
It means they can travel to countries where games may be
played, at a lower cost and shorter time.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They can travel to other European countries for the their holidays.
They can learn a new language by visiting other European countries.
They can avoid flying and travel by coach instead.
KS3 Geography 06: World sport
Exercise No: 3
Name: What jobs are there in football?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.9: Careers in Football
Question
Which two of the following are jobs performed by staff at football clubs?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Club Masseur.
Scout.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Nurse.
Sports correspondent.
Kit maker.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: Indirect careers in Football
Question
Sports news presenting is linked to football on a daily basis as well as many other worldwide
sports. What type of employment is this career?
Answers
Correct Answer
A tertiary activity.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A secondary activity.
A primary activity.
A quaternary activity.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Football Souvenirs
Question
When souvenirs can be bought over the Internet it means that they can be sold not only in this
country, but across the world. What is the most likely thing that the revenue from the sale of
souvenirs is used for?
Answers
Correct Answer
The money is invested into the club, for example, in order to buy
new players.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The money is given to the Board of Directors, so they can spend it.
The money goes to charity, so others can benefit.
The money is used to buy more stock for the football stadium food
shops.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.12: Fair Trade
Question
Maketradefair.com gives a voice to _______ who are being cheated by the blatantly unfair rules
of world trade.
Answers
Correct Answer
the farmers, labourers, and factory workers
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the farmers and labourers
the farmers and factory workers
the retailers
KS3 Geography 06: World sport
Exercise No: 4
Name: Where is the stadium located?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Finding the stadium
Question
Stamford Bridge is in one of the most populated areas of London. What could be a possible
problem to the community around Stamford Bridge on match days?
Answers
Correct Answer
Road congestion would mean people may have difficulty getting
to or from the homes.
Incorrect Answer 1
They could get players autographs when the players leave Stamford
Bridge.
They would get free tickets for the match.
They could listen to the match for free because the stadium is nearby.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.14: Positive Issues on the Impact of a Stadium
Question
Which TWO of the following are main components of the scheme?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
A community sports centre.
A park and ride pick up/drop off.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
An underground station.
A cinema.
A velodrome.
No.15: Negative Issues on the Impact of a Stadium
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
In a 1994 study of 48 cities over a 30-year period, Lake Forest College economist Robert Baade
concluded that sports facilities divert economic development toward labour-intensive, _______
jobs.
Answers
Correct Answer
relatively unskilled and low-wage, part-time
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
relatively skilled and high-wage, full-time
relatively unskilled and low-wage, full-time
relatively skilled and high-wage, part-time
No.16: Relocating a stadium
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What has been the main reason behind relocating to a new stadium?
Answers
Correct Answer
The chance to attract more supporters and increase revenue from
tickets sales.
Incorrect Answer 1
To create a bigger car parking space for the players and management
to park their cars.
To increase the size of the football pitch to give the players more room
during a match.
To improve the souvenir shop, so they can hold more stock.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 06: World sport
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Football is said to have both direct and indirect effects on society. What does this mean
exactly?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Football has a great affect upon economics as it employs people who work directly and indirectly.
For example, both players and managers are directly employed for the football team. However,
cleaners and people who make replica shirts are employed indirectly by companies who are
employed by the football team.
KS3 Geography 07: Rivers - a fieldwork
approach
Exercise No: 1
Name: Hydrological patterns and processes
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: The hydrological cycle
Question
Answers
What term is used to describe any form of moisture that falls from the sky?
Correct Answer
Precipitation.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Evaporation.
Condensation.
Transpiration.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Weathering
Question
What is weathering?
Answers
Correct Answer
The breaking up of rock into small pieces.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The movement of small pieces of rock.
The shaping of the land by the weather
The accumulation of small pieces of rock to form larger boulders.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.3: Erosion 2
Question
Attrition is _______ The rock particles are broken into smaller pieces and become smoother the
longer the process continues.
Answers
Correct Answer
the collision of rock fragments in the water against one another.
Incorrect Answer 1
the grinding of rock fragments carried by the river against its bed and
banks.
the process by which river water reacts chemically with soluble
minerals in the rocks and dissolves them.
when rocks are dragged away from the bed and banks by the force of
the running water.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: A river's long profile
Question
Answers
What is the section of a river nearest to its source known as?
Correct Answer
The upper course.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The middle course.
The lower course.
The transitional course.
KS3 Geography 07: Rivers - a fieldwork approach
Exercise No: 2
Name: Features along a river's course
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.5: Meanders 2
Question
Choose TWO correct endings for this sentence: Meanders form due to
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
erosion.
deposition.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
traction.
solution.
weathering.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.6: River Severn
Question
Answers
Which TWO of the following statements about the River Severn are true?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The source of the River Severn is in the Cambrian Mountains in
Wales.
The river forms an estuary as it enters the Bristol Channel.
People all along the river are safe from flooding as the Severn never
floods.
Pollution used to be a problem in this river but it isn't a problem any
more
The River Severn has no tributaries.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.7: The Tees Barrage
Question
Answers
The Tees Barrage was built _______ which would benefit many people in the area.
Correct Answer
to improve the river's watersports facilities.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
to trap the fish in one section of the river
to stop flooding
to improve the amount of water available for industry
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: Deltas
Question
What is an arcuate delta like?
Answers
Correct Answer
The river splits many times on the way to the sea, creating a fan
effect.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The land around the mouth of the river juts out arrow-like into the sea.
The river splits on the way to the sea, rather like a bird's foot.
The land around the mouth of the river juts out like the trunk of an
elephant into the sea.
KS3 Geography 07: Rivers - a fieldwork approach
Exercise No: 3
Name: The Los Angeles River
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: Los Angeles River 1
Question
What is causing less rainwater to sink into the soil in the upper course of the Los Angeles River ?
Answers
Correct Answer
Increasing urbanisation.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Extensive agriculture.
Large scale mining.
High-tech irrigation systems.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: Los Angeles River 2
Question
Answers
The Los Angeles river has been channelled in concrete banks to _______ San Pedro Harbour.
Correct Answer
move excess water quickly downstream to
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
bypass
enable boats to reach
make a walkway to
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Los Angeles River 3
Question
What is the river bed like at the Los Feliz area of the Los Angeles River?
Answers
Correct Answer
It consists of arundo, willow and grasses, which thrive in the
sandy bottom.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It has a concrete floor.
It has a clay base.
It is exceptionally rocky.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.12: Los Angeles River 4
Question
Which two of the following statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Flood waters at this point can be travelling at 35mph.
It is virtually impossible to get out of the channel if you are
caught in it during heavy rain.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Cyclists are banned from using the river bank in case they fall in.
There is no complete map of the flood control system in this area.
The shape of the man-made channel has made it easier for people to
climb in and out.
KS3 Geography 07: Rivers - a fieldwork approach
Exercise No: 4
Name: Data collection and interpretation
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Using maps
Question
The drainage basin of the River Darent covers an area of
Answers
Correct Answer
400 square kilometres.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
40 square kilometres.
4 square kilometres.
4000 square kilometres.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Using photographs
Question
Answers
What has happened to the river's channel with distance downstream?
Correct Answer
It has become wider.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It has become narrower and shallower.
It has become wider and deeper.
It has become narrower.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Data collection
Question
What has happened to the size of bedload between sites two and three?
Answers
Correct Answer
It has generally become smaller
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It has generally become bigger.
It has disappeared completely.
It has remained the same.
No.16: Measuring river cross sections
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
What measurements are needed in order to draw the cross-section of a river at a particular point?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The depth of the river at equi-distant intervals.
The width of the river.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The velocity.
The wetted perimeter.
The gradient.
KS3 Geography 07: Rivers - a fieldwork approach
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
What changes can be seen in both a river and its valley as you progress from source to
mouth?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
In its upper course, the river carves out a V-shaped valley due to downward or vertical erosion. As
you move further downstream, the valley sides become less steep and the valley bottom gets
wider due to sideways or lateral erosion. Landforms created by the river in its upper course
include waterfalls and gorges. Landforms created by the river in its middle course include
meanders and oxbow lakes. Landforms created by a river in its lower course include deltas,
estuaries and a wide, flat flood plain.
KS3 Geography 08: Coastal
environments
Exercise No: 1
Name: Processes acting at the coast
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: An introduction to coasts
Question
Answers
Which of the following has a part to play in changing the shape of the coastline?
Correct Answer
All of these.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Geology.
Human activity and land use.
Weather and climate.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.2: Different types of rock
Question
Choose TWO correct endings for this sentence: Metamorphic rocks are
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
made up of igneous and sedimentary rocks of all ages
rocks which have been subjected to intense pressure.
Incorrect Answer 1
rocks that have solidified directly from molten silicates, which
geologists call magma.
formed when igneous rocks are eroded as a sediment under the sea.
made up of compressed fossils.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Missing Part
No.3: What is weathering?
Question
Weathering is the breaking up of rock into small pieces. The wind, the sea and glaciers are types
of _______ weathering.
Answers
Correct Answer
mechanical
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
natural
chemical
erosional
Question Type: Ranking
No.4: Coastal erosion 2
Question
Put these statements in order to show the process of abrasion/corrasion
Answers
Correct Order
C-E-A-B-D
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
The wave retreats.
The air rushes out of the gap.
A wave hits the base of a cliff.
In time, part of the cliff can collapse.
Air is compressed into cracks in the rock.
KS3 Geography 08: Coastal environments
Exercise No: 2
Name: The shape of the coast
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: Wave action
Question
When a wave breaks, _______ This is when water is washed up the beach.
Answers
Correct Answer
the swash follows.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the backwash follows.
destructive waves follow.
constructive waves follow.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.6: Headlands and bays
Question
Answers
Which two of the following statements are correct?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The softer rock is eroded faster than the harder rock.
The softer rock forms bays.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The softer rock forms headlands.
The softer rock is slower to erode.
The rock is eroded at the same rate as it is exposed to the elements.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.7: Longshore drift
Question
Answers
Which two of the following statements are correct?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
When the sea loses energy it deposits the material it is carrying.
Waves approach the coast at an angle because of the direction of
the prevailing wind.
Incorrect Answer 1
The backwash flows back to the sea at an oblique angle to the
coastline.
Deposition happens when the backwash is stronger than the swash.
Waves always hit the coast at right angles to the beach.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.8: Depositional landforms
Question
Choose TWO of the following to complete this sentence: Spurn Head
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
is composed of sand and shingle.
is a spit.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
is 2.5km long.
is formed solely by the process of erosion.
completely covers the Humber estuary.
KS3 Geography 08: Coastal environments
Exercise No: 3
Name: Coastal landforms
Question Type: Ranking
No.9: Coastal arches
Question
Put these statements in the order they happen when a headland is eroded.
Answers
Correct Order
C-E-A-B-D
Statement A
Statement B
Continued erosion leads to an arch being formed.
A stack is formed when further erosion widens the base and there is
nothing to support the top of the arch, so it collapses.
Waves attack a crack in the headland.
A stack will eventually collapse and leave a stump.
The waves erode the weakness and a cave is formed.
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
No.10: Reculver, Kent, South East England
Question
Which coastal landform is evident in photograph 'b'?
Answers
Correct Answer
A small cave.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
An arch.
A wave-cut platform.
A stack.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: The Twelve Apostles, Australia
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
The stacks of the Apostles were created _______ Port Campbell.
Answers
Correct Answer
by the sea gradually eroding the soft limestone cliffs of
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
as they have been exposed due to a recent fall in sea level at
by the sea gradually eroding the chalk cliffs of
as they were pushed upwards from the ocean floor at
No.12: Land use and land use changes
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
The flags were put up on 15th January 2005. All the flags were lost due to cliff erosion in just 8
months. _______ of land were eroded into the sea in this time.
Answers
Correct Answer
14 metres
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
18 metres
4 metres
34 metres
KS3 Geography 08: Coastal environments
Exercise No: 4
Name: Is the coastal zone sustainable?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.13: Coastal management - gabion
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are false?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A gabion is a method that can be used to protect the coastline for
a long period of time.
Breakwaters are relatively cheap to build.
Modern sea walls have a slope and curved top.
Groynes are designed to slow down longshore drift and build up the
beach.
Beach nourishment is when lorry loads of sand and shingle are added
to the beach.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.14: Ocean pollution
Question
Answers
Around the world's coastline, researchers identified _______ 'dead zones' in 2004.
Correct Answer
146
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
46
1146
100
Question Type: Missing Part
No.15: The fragile coast
Question
Most of the threats to coral reefs _______ and are causing irreversible damage.
Answers
Correct Answer
are caused by mankind
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
are caused by tourists, not local people
are long term, natural changes
are natural processes
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.16: Global warming
Question
Global warming will cause the sea level to rise. Why is this? There are TWO correct answers
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Due to melting ice.
Due to a thermal expansion of the oceans.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Due to a lowering of the land.
Due to evaporation of the sea.
Due to local uplift of land.
KS3 Geography 08: Coastal environments
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
How can coastal areas be managed?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
There are a number of different strategies towards coastal management. For example, there are
'hard' approaches, which include the building of sea walls and groynes or 'soft' approaches, such
as beach replenishment and managed retreat. The other option is to do nothing and let nature
take its course. There are many different viewpoints about what should or should not be done to
protect the fragile coastal environment, hence the conflict that is frequently cited in reports in local
newspapers.
KS3 Geography 09: Shopping - past,
present and future
Exercise No: 1
Name: Shopping in the Past
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.1: Shopping in the Early Days
Question
Answers
Which TWO of the following statements are true?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Before 1775 prices in shops were not fixed: you were expected to
haggle!
Until around the mid 18th century people usually bought on
credit.
Local produce was never sold at market.
Elaborate window displays have always been an important part of the
shopping experience.
People were never taken to court or put in prison for failing to pay their
bills in the 18th century.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Shopping During World War II
Question
Answers
Why was the rationing of goods introduced during World War II?
Correct Answer
Because Britain was dependant upon imported goods, which
could run out during a war.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Because Britain was spending too much money on shopping.
Because Britain needed to stop importing so to help local producers
sell their goods.
Because Britain was exporting too much and needed to sell goods at
home.
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: Shopping During the 1960/70's
Question
During the 1960/70's what was the most popular type of shop?
Answers
Correct Answer
Corner Shops.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Suburban Parades.
Secondary Centres.
Central Business District (CBD).
Question Type: Missing Part
No.4: Shopping in Rural Areas
Question
Answers
In the early 1960s there were _______ today.
Correct Answer
nine shops in this village but there is only one
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
fewer shops in this village than there are
five bakeries in the village, more than there are
only three shops in this village, but the number has increased
KS3 Geography 09: Shopping - past, present and future
Exercise No: 2
Name: Shopping and You
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: Shopping with Disabilities
Question
The Shopmobility scheme _______ more easily.
Answers
Correct Answer
rents out wheelchairs and has specially designed buses to allow
the disabled to shop in the town centre
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
provides people to do the shopping so disabled people can visit town
is a good idea but is only found in one town so far, where people can
shop
is for people who own a wheelchair to allow them to visit family
Incorrect Answer 3
No.6: What Makes a Successful Shop?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following have contributed to Oxfam's retail success in recent years?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The rapid expansion of its Bridge programme and sale of fairly
traded products.
The starting up of a mail-order catalogue.
Expensive marketing campaigns.
The provision of free parking facilities next to each of its shops..
The location of shops outside the CBD, where there are larger
premises and rental costs are lower.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.7: Out of Town Shopping
Question
Shoppers at Bluewater spend, on average, _______ it has a wide range of shops and also has
leisure facilities.
Answers
Correct Answer
3 hours at the centre because
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
5.5 hours at the centre because
98% of their shopping time at the centre because
£124 at the centre because
No.8: Shopping and the Elderly
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of the Internet for the elderly?
Answers
Correct Answer
The elderly can join online forums so that they remain physically
active.
Incorrect Answer 1
The elderly can research for information and book holidays using the
Internet.
The elderly are able to order shopping and have it delivered to their
home without leaving the house.
The elderly can talk to relatives and friends across the globe, so they
can stay in contact.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 09: Shopping - past, present and future
Exercise No: 3
Name: Shopping in the Present
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: The Supermarket
Question
Which of the following has NOT led to different shopping habits?
Answers
Correct Answer
People having less money to spend on non-essential items.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The development of the Internet.
The development of fridges and freezers.
Increasing car ownership.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: The High Street
Question
Answers
A 'clone town' means _______ and many town centres now look the same.
Correct Answer
independent stores are being forced out by chain stores
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
global and national chain stores are not allowed
people always buy the same things
towns are being designed to be identical
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.11: The Local Shop
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are true?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The number of independent shops fell by 7% in the last year.
Sales at convenience stores run by chains such as Tesco rose in
the last year.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
75% of all shoppers visit corner shops at least twice a week.
Independents account for less than a quarter of all 'corner shops'.
The UK convenience store sector is worth less than £10 million a year.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.12: The Hypermarket
Question
Answers
Choose TWO correct statements from the following.
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
A hypermarket is a supermarket and a department store in one.
The American firm Wal-Mart is a good example of a hypermarket.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A hypermarket sells food and clothing but not electrical goods .
A hypermarket does not sell clothing.
A hypermarket will always be built in a city centre.
KS3 Geography 09: Shopping - past, present and future
Exercise No: 4
Name: Shopping in the Future
No.13: The Development of the Internet
Question
When did shopping first become available over the Internet?
Answers
Correct Answer
In the middle of the 1990's.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
In the middle of the 1970's.
In the middle of the 1960's.
In the middle of the 1980's.
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.14: Shopping on the Internet
Question
Answers
Which TWO of the following statements are true about shopping on the Internet?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Most shop websites have an online catalogue.
Some people worry about the security of paying for goods with
credit cards over the Internet.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Internet shopping facilities are not currently available 24 hours a day.
It costs the companies more in terms of staffing.
You can guarantee goods will arrive.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.15: Impact of the Internet
Question
Answers
Which TWO of the following statements are true?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Digital TV is allowing more people access to the Internet.
WAP mobile phones allow Internet access.
Incorrect Answer 1
Less desktop computers are being used today than were being used
10 years ago.
Digital TV doesn't allow Internet access.
It is not yet possible for drivers to use technology to pinpoint their
location.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.16: Internet Shopping Questionnaires
Question
Which two of the following are advantages of online surveys?
Answers
Correct Answer
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Correct Answer
Data collection can be flexible, researchers can even tailor each
questionnaire to individual respondents.
You can draw responses from all over the world.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A fixed data collection tool.
More lengthy fieldwork periods.
Set questionnaire design.
KS3 Geography 09: Shopping - past, present and future
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
How has shopping changed from the past to the present and for the future?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Shopping began as stalls in a market in the past, then developed to local shops around the
country. Local shops have begun to decline in favour of city shopping and, more recently, they
have declined because of the growth of out-of-city shopping. The future of shopping may be
based around the Internet as by using the Internet people can buy goods without leaving the
home. This benefits people such as the elderly or disabled, but also benefits people who do not
have the time to shop.
KS3 Geography 10: Weather patterns
over Europe
Exercise No: 1
Name: What is Europe like?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Physical Relief of Europe
Question
Answers
What is the darker shading (Brown) on the map meant to represent?
Correct Answer
It shows areas that are higher such as mountain ranges.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It shows areas that are heavily populated like a city.
It shows areas that are flat like a desert.
It shows areas that are lower such as lakes.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.2: Rainfall in Europe
Question
The darker blue colours mean _______ yellow.
Answers
Correct Answer
there is more rainfall than the areas coloured green and
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
there is only rain in winter, summer rain is shown by areas that are
there is less rainfall than the areas that are
they didn't want to colour everything the same shade of
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.3: Temperature in Europe
Question
Which two statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Inland areas are colder than coastal areas.
Northern Europe is colder than southern Europe.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The south west of Europe has the coldest temperatures shown.
The Southern Europe is colder than northern Europe.
The coastal areas are colder than inland areas.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.4: Satellite Images of Weather
Question
Which two statements about the satellite image are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
There is cloud cover over England
Southern Spain has no cloud cover and will be warmer.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
There is no information about the Atlantic Ocean shown on this image.
No part of Italy has cloud cover.
The skies over France are clear, with no cloud cover.
KS3 Geography 10: Weather patterns over Europe
Exercise No: 2
Name: What is the difference between weather & climate?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: Weather 2
Question
Climate graphs show _______ graph.
Answers
Correct Answer
rainfall as a bar graph and temperature as a line
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the weather for the last 12 months only on a
how many hours of sunshine there are per month on a
rainfall as a line graph and temperature as a bar
Question Type: Missing Part
No.6: Climate
Question
Answers
Climate is the average weather conditions including _______ expected for a certain place.
Correct Answer
temperature, pressure, precipitation and humidity
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the exact number of hours of sunshine
temperature, height of the land and the amount of humidity
the cloud formations, temperature and air pressure
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Cloud Types
Question
What type of cloud would be described as heaped or piled up?
Answers
Correct Answer
Cumulus.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Cirro.
Stratus.
Cirrus.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.8: Different types of rainfall
Question
Rainfall caused by the sun heating the ground and heated air rising is called _______ rainfall.
Answers
Correct Answer
convectional
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
temporary
frontal
relief
KS3 Geography 10: Weather patterns over Europe
Exercise No: 3
Name: How does the Weather Change?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: The Hydrological Cycle 2
Question
The correct name for water falling from the clouds (as snow, rain, sleet etc) is what?
Answers
Correct Answer
precipitation
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
evaporation
percolation
waterfall
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: Weather in Britain
Question
Answers
What are the four regional climates in the UK?
Correct Answer
Northwest, Northeast, Southeast and Southwest.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
North, South, East and West.
Edinburgh, London, Cardiff and Belfast.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.11: Weather in Italy
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Average summer temperatures in Italy are 24 degrees.
Northern Italy can have temperatures of -8 degrees in winter.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Southern coasts have cold winters.
In winter the south of Italy is colder than the north.
Average summer temperatures are less than 20 degrees in Italy.
No.12: Weather in Norway
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What is one difference between coastal areas and lowland areas during Winter in Norway?
Answers
Correct Answer
Coastal areas are warmer during Winter.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Coastal areas are colder during Winter.
Inland areas are warmer during Winter.
Coastal areas are wetter during Summer.
KS3 Geography 10: Weather patterns over Europe
Exercise No: 4
Name: What affects Europe's climate?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Holidays in colder climates
Question
On this particular date the weather in England was 6 degrees and dry. Which of the following
statements is true?
Answers
Correct Answer
In Oetz it was -12 degrees and the upper slopes had 150cm of
snow, plenty to ski on!
Incorrect Answer 1
Although it was colder in Oetz than England, there wasn't any snow so
it was impossible to ski there.
In Oetz it was warmer than England on this particular day.
In Oetz it was -12 degrees and all the slopes had at least 50cm of
snow, enough to ski on!
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Land Relief
Question
Which side of the UK has the most rain and why?
Answers
Correct Answer
The West - as air rises to pass over the Pennines hills, it cools,
condenses and then it rains.
Incorrect Answer 1
The East - as air rises to pass over the Pennines hills, it cools,
condenses and then it rains.
The North - as air rises to pass over the Pennines hills, it cools,
condenses and then it rains.
The South because as air rises to pass over the hills, like the
Pennines, it cools, condenses and, as a result, it rains.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Farming 3
Question
Why is it important for a livestock farmer to know about the weather and climate of an area?
Answers
Correct Answer
Livestock farmers have to bring young cattle or sheep inside if
the weather turns bad.
Incorrect Answer 1
Livestock farmers need to know whether to bring a coat for if the
weather turns bad.
Livestock farmers will watch anxiously to avoid mature crops being
spoiled by heavy rain.
Livestock farmers need to know when to get coats for their animals for
when the weather turns bad.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: Beach holidays
Question
Answers
Why do people from the UK go to Spain for their holidays?
Correct Answer
Because the climate offers less rain, higher temperatures and
more sunlight than England.
Incorrect Answer 1
Because people in the UK like to travel as far as possible for their
holidays.
Because people in the UK prefer to eat foreign food when on holiday.
Because people in the UK want to practise their Spanish language
skills.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 10: Weather patterns over Europe
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Weather and climate vary greatly over Europe. What effect does this have upon humans?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
It affects our lives and work patterns. For example, farmers need to know what the climate of area
is like before they plant their crops in case the crops will not grow in such conditions. Another
example is holidays as most people want to spend their holiday in a nice sunny climate.
Therefore, weather and climate have a very strong influence on out lives.
KS3 Geography 11: Investigating Brazil
Exercise No: 1
Name: Background on Brazil
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Where is Brazil?
Question
Answers
What is the capital city of Brazil?
Correct Answer
Brasilia
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Rio de Janeiro
Sao Paulo
Belo Horizonte
Question Type: Ranking
No.2: The History of Brazil
Question
Put the following events in the order that they happened, with the earliest first.
Answers
Correct Order
D-C-B-E-A
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Brasilia became the capital city.
Rio became the capital city.
Rio became the main shipping port for gold and diamonds.
Portuguese navigators discovered Rio de Janeiro.
Building work in Rio meant mountains were removed to make more
space.
No.3: How are our lives in the UK linked to Brazil?
Question
Answers
Correct Answer
All of them
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Peanuts
Mahogany
Chemicals to treat malaria
No.4: How does Brazil compare with the UK?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of the following do we get from the rainforest?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of the following statements is correct?
Correct Answer
The UK is much wealthier than Brazil and it has a longer life
expectancy.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Brazil has a longer life expectancy than the UK but it is poorer.
Brazil is much wealthier than the UK.
The life expectancy and GNP for Brazil and the UK are the same.
KS3 Geography 11: Investigating Brazil
Exercise No: 2
Name: Areas of Brazil
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: How developed is Brazil?
Question
Which of the following statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
13% of people do not have access to safe drinking water.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
99% of people can read and write in Brazil.
On average, men live longer than women in Brazil.
87% of people do not have access to clean drinking water.
No.6: Are all Brazil's regions the same?
Question
Answers
Choose the correct statement.
Correct Answer
Annual rainfall is higher in the North than the South East.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Annual rainfall is higher in the South East than the North.
The North and the South East get the same amount of rainfall in a
year.
The South East receives less than 500mm of rain a year.
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Brazil's human geography
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of these statements is correct?
Correct Answer
Brazil is a racially mixed county.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Most people live inland rather than near to the coast.
Most Brazilians are over 45 years old.
There are no Japanese or Chinese living in Brazil.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: Migration within Brazil
Question
Which of the following is a push factor?
Answers
Correct Answer
Drought.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Low birth rates.
Long life expectancy.
Plenty of job opportunities.
KS3 Geography 11: Investigating Brazil
Exercise No: 3
Name: Rich or poor?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.9: Are parts of Brazil wealthy?
Question
Sao Paulo has _______ living in the city.
Answers
Correct Answer
over 1 million Japanese
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
20,000 people
over 1 million Chinese
only Brazilians
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: Life in the Favelas
Question
Answers
Where are favelas found?
Correct Answer
On steep hillsides and along the outer fringes of urban
expansion.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
In the city centre.
Away from the cities.
On gentle slopes outside the city.
No.11: How are the favelas in Brazil changing?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following are improvements that have taken place within Villa Canoas?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
A subsidised electricity supply.
A day care centre.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A library.
A doctor's surgery.
A subsidised gas supply.
No.12: How is the Brazilian economy changing?
Question Type: Ranking
Question
These products have all been important exports for Brazil. Put them in the order they were
exported, with the earliest first.
Answers
Correct Order
D-C-A-E-B
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Gold and silver
Coffee
Sugar cane
Brazilwood
Rubber
KS3 Geography 11: Investigating Brazil
Exercise No: 4
Name: The rainforest
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Brazil's physical features
Question
Which of the following statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Brazil has rainforests, swampland and dry plains.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The whole of Brazil is covered by rainforest.
The north of Brazil is an area of fertile farmland.
There are no mountains or plateaus in Brazil.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.14: Rainforests in Brazil
Question
Answers
Rainforests are important because _______ patterns
Correct Answer
they help to maintain global weather
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the trees make nice
the rivers are formed in distinctive
they can quickly adapt to different weather
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Using the Rainforest
Question
What pressure are the villagers under?
Answers
Correct Answer
To sell their trees for less money than they are worth.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To help build the new roads through the rainforest.
To move out of the area.
To grow more trees in a space that is too small.
No.16: What steps has Brazil taken to conserve the rainfo
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
According to the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment (MMA), deforestation rates in the Amazon
region have decreased _______ between 2003-2004 and 04-05.
Answers
Correct Answer
by 31%
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
by 41%
by 11%
by 21%
KS3 Geography 11: Investigating Brazil
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Should we continue to use the rainforest or simply conserve it? Justify your answer.
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Using the rainforest has both advantages and disadvantages. The rainforest is a huge natural
resource. It provides wood for building beautiful pieces of furniture, as well as houses for the local
people. Firewood is needed for cooking and heating. The rainforest acts as a source of food, in
addition to giving important drugs to treat diseases. However, the rainforest is being cleared at an
ever increasing rate. It is being cut down for several reasons, e.g. mining, building new roads,
clearing space for people to live and by logging companies. This cannot continue as many
species of plants and animals are being lost and threatened with extinction. It is also contributing
to global warming and worsening the Greenhouse Effect. The Brazilian government has put some
measures in place to try to control the use of the rainforest.
KS3 Geography 12: Images of a
country
Exercise No: 1
Name: What are places like?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.1: What is a Development Compass Rose?
Question
The Development Compass Rose can be used to examine a photo by raising questions about
development and its relationship to which TWO of the following?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Environmental and social issues.
Economic and political issues.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Environmental and summer issues.
Economic and pastoral issues.
Educational and service issues.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.2: 2. Physical features in an image
Question
Answers
Striations are formed _______ the bedrock.
Correct Answer
when rocks in the glacier scratch grooves into
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
when clay and small pieces of rock are pulverized and
when snowfall exceeds snowmelt on
when a glacier first forms a cirque in
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: Human features in an image
Question
What are the human features shown in the photograph?
Answers
Correct Answer
Tall buildings and urbanised area.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Mediterranean vegetation.
River inlet.
Scree slopes with exposed bedrock.
No.4: Describe an image for someone else
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What statement would you use to best describe the image?
Answers
Correct Answer
An erupting volcano with a large volcanic plume of pyroclastic
material.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Two dormant volcanoes that form an island.
Three erupting volcanoes with lava flowing in to fields.
One volcano with lava flowing in to the sea.
KS3 Geography 12: Images of a country
Exercise No: 2
Name: What feeling does the observer have?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: Positive images
Question
Why could this image be described as postive?
Answers
Correct Answer
The people appear to be enjoying themselves on a sunny and
clean beach.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The beach has pollution and the weather is cold.
The image is dark in colour and does not look attractive.
The beach is in Cuba and people do not want to go on holiday there.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: Negative images
Question
A negative image is something we do not want to see. What is it about this image that makes it so
negative?
Answers
Correct Answer
It shows a people searching a rubbish tip for items to sell, which
means they could catch diseases.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
The rubbish looks nice and the people must like what they are doing.
The picture is very bright and the location is somewhere I would like to
go.
The steam rising from the rubbish must be nice for people to want to
be there.
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Emotional images
Question
Why could this image be described as emotional?
Answers
Correct Answer
We can see that this boy is suffering from famine and may need
our help just to survive.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The image is somewhere I would like to go to on holiday.
The image is dark in colour and looks attractive.
The image is bright and shows a healthy animal in a field.
No.8: Commercial images
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
How does this image appeal to people whom may be considering buying a car?
Answers
Correct Answer
The image is bright and shows a brand new car. It is placed on a
slope to show it can go 'off road'.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The image is dark and it is of an old car with rust stuck on a slope.
The image is out of focus to make it look like the car is small.
The image is of car that is no longer made and costs a lot more to
purchase.
KS3 Geography 12: Images of a country
Exercise No: 3
Name: What messages are given?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.9: Brazilian Charity
Question
The image and the story of Daiana are giving the message that _______ in Brazil.
Answers
Correct Answer
with the donations given to the charity there has been success
Incorrect Answer 1
there is no longer a need to give to this charity because they have
been successful
the charity is not successful in its aims
Daiana will no longer need our help
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.10: Brazilian Favela
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following features are correct about favelas?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Small buildings made with any available materials.
Narrow unkept streets with poor water supplies.
Incorrect Answer 1
Skyscrapers with wide paved streets with an excellent supply of water
and electricity.
A housing estate with 2 storey buildings made of brick.
High rise apartments with narrow paved streets opening on to fields.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.11: Holiday in Brazil
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What makes this image appealing to people who are planning to go on holiday?
Answers
Correct Answer
The image shows a beautiful secluded beach with blue water.
There is no pollution evident.
Incorrect Answer 1
The image shows a poorly constructed holiday resort with with a low
quality of life.
The image shows a poor quality of life with ruined buildings inhabited
by local people.
The image shows a polluted beach with bad weather.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.12: Putting yourself in the scene
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following statements are correct about rainforests?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
It would feel hot and humid in the rainforest.
We use many products from the rainforest in our homes.
Incorrect Answer 1
Rainforests are very quiet areas because there are so few animals
living there.
It would be very dry in the rainforest.
Rainforests cover 23% of the earth's surface.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 12: Images of a country
Exercise No: 4
Name: Who has chosen these views and why?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: What is bias?
Question
News on TV is often referred to as biased. Why might this be?
Answers
Correct Answer
Because legitimate or true news is less likely to get an audience
than a sensational biased story.
Incorrect Answer 1
The news reporter has to decide what story is true so that no-one is
offended, and sometimes they get it wrong.
Because the owner of the TV station does not want the truth to be told
in any news programme.
Because news has always been biased and they are keeping up a
tradition.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Who provides information?
Question
Modern news can be transmitted across the world using satellites, and we can hear about it within
minutes. Does this make the news more or less reliable?
Answers
Correct Answer
Less reliable as in a few minutes time the news may have
changed, but not everyone may have seen it.
Incorrect Answer 1
This makes is more reliable because up to date information must be
reliable.
More reliable as news reporters would never falsify information to sell
news.
The news must be reliable as it can be illegal to broadcast false news.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Images for events
Question
Who do you think has put together this information and why?
Answers
Correct Answer
Greenwich council because they want to inform people about
their scheme and its success.
Incorrect Answer 1
Hopthorne council to show where money from rent is spent on
improving housing stock.
Nantwich council to show a scheme they hope to run in the future to
improve housing.
Northwich council to show them applying for national lottery funds.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.16: Do photographs tell the true story?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
How can images be used to mislead people about a place?
Correct Answer
They can be selected to support a particular issue.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They can be selected to inform the reader of a true story.
They can't because images cannot lie.
They can be selected to show all aspects of a place.
KS3 Geography 12: Images of a country
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
When we look at an image we have feeling towards what is shown. How can an image have
a certain amount of power?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Images can be used to imply the truth as well as lies and target our emotions to get us to take
action. For example, a picture of people suffering from a famine may make us give donations to
charity. Another example may be an image of a new sports car driving very fast may make us go
and buy that car. Therefore, images are powerful because the effect our emotions.
KS3 Geography 13: Limestone
landscapes of England
Exercise No: 1
Name: Upland areas of the UK
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Relief/Topographic Maps
Question
Maps use many colours to illustrate features of a landscape. Brown lines, called contour lines, are
used to show elevation or height. If the contour lines are close to together what does this mean?
Answers
Correct Answer
The area on the map is very steep.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The area on the map is underground.
The area on the map is made of sand.
The area on the map is flat.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.2: Upland areas of the UK
Question
Which two statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The Pennines rise to between 600 and 900 metres.
In the south and west, the coastline can be rocky, with steep
cliffs.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No place in England is more than 55 miles from the sea.
The landscape of England is more rugged in the north and the east.
In the south, granite has produced the gently rolling hills of the Downs.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.3: Yorkshire Dales
Question
Answers
Early farmers _______ fields.
Correct Answer
cleared woodlands and developed the
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
took care never to clear woodlands to create
only used the open
did not know how to best use the
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: Tourism in the Yorkshire Dales
Question
As you travel through the Yorkshire Dales, how should you leave any gates or property?
Answers
Correct Answer
Exactly as you found it.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Make sure all gates are left open.
Make sure all property is left unlocked.
Make sure all gates and property are closed.
KS3 Geography 13: Limestone landscapes of England
Exercise No: 2
Name: Limestone Quarry
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.5: Limestone Quarry
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Most of the stone from the quarry (85%) is transported by heavy
goods vehicles on roads.
The quarrying industry employs seven per cent of the working
population of the Dales.
Tree-planting at quarry sites is actively discouraged.
Millstone grit is used in building houses.
It is safe to mine because limestone and the grits are renewable
resources.
No.6: Issues Surrounding the Quarrying of Limestone
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Not everyone is against quarries. What might be a reason for a local person to want a quarry near
to where they live?
Answers
Correct Answer
Quarrying can provide work in areas where there may be no jobs
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Quarrying creates dust which can get in to your eyes.
Quarrying can create a scarred environment which will spoil the view.
Quarrying can increase road traffic through small villages which cannot
handle large trucks.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Where is Limestone used?
Question
Cement is used in the construction of most houses in England. What natural resource is used in
making cement?
Answers
Correct Answer
Limestone.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Slate.
Granite.
Marble.
No.8: Quarry Regeneration
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which TWO statements could correctly complete this sentence: Thorpe Park was created from a
disused quarry
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
because filling it in would have taken 20 years.
because ready Mix Concrete would have gone bankrupt if they
had spend the money filling it in.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
and was opened in 1989.
and is still owned by Ready Mix Concrete.
because there is no other amusement parks in this area of the country.
KS3 Geography 13: Limestone landscapes of England
Exercise No: 3
Name: Features of Massive Limestone Areas
Question Type: Ranking
No.9: Limestone Pavements
Question
Put the following statements in order to show how a limestone pavement is formed:
Answers
Correct Order
B-A-C-D-A
Statement A
The clints and grikes were formed by water in the soil exploiting cracks
and fissures in the rock such as bedding planes and joints.
During the last ice age the weight of the ice removed the soil that lay over
the limestone.
Limestone is laid down in layers or beds separated by bedding planes.
Fractured rocks were stripped away leaving level platforms of limestone.
Boulder clay and wind blown material was deposited on top of the
limestone.
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: Sinkholes
Question
Answers
What is another name for a Sink Hole?
Correct Answer
Swallow Hole
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Deep Hole
Shallow Hole
Limestone Hole
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Dry Valleys
Question
Answers
When were dry valleys formed in England?
Correct Answer
During Ice Ages.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
When it was really hot like in the Summer.
Last year.
When it rained a lot like in Autumn.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.12: Gorge
Question
A gorge is the remains of what?
Answers
Correct Answer
An underground cavern.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A stalactite.
A stalagmite.
A limestone pavement.
KS3 Geography 13: Limestone landscapes of England
Exercise No: 4
Name: Underground Limestone
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Limestone Caves
Question
Why do caves occur in limestone areas?
Answers
Correct Answer
Because limestone is soluble in acidic water.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Because limestone is impermeable.
Because limestone is soluble in alkaline water.
Because limestone has holes in it.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Stalactites
Question
Answers
How do stalactites grow in a limestone cave?
Correct Answer
They grow down from the ceiling of the cave.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They grow up from the floor of the cave.
They grow out of the side of the cave.
They grow on limestone pavements.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Stalagmites
Question
What process makes stalagmites thicker than stalactites?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of them.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Drip rate and ceiling height.
Cave atmosphere conditions.
The carbonate chemistry of the drip water solution.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: Limestone Column
Question
What two features of underground Limestone meet to form a Limestone Column?
Answers
Correct Answer
Stalactites and stalagmites.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Stalactites and rimstone pools.
Stalactites and gypsum flower.
Stalagmites and cave pearls.
KS3 Geography 13: Limestone landscapes of England
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
How is the landscape of areas containing limestone being changed and how does this
affect local people?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
The landscape is being changed by people through the quarrying of limestone for industries such
as cement works. It affects local people through noise, visual and traffic pollution, but it can also
provide employment to local people for as long as the quarry lasts. Limestone landscapes are
constantly being changed by natural processes as erosion and deposition forms features such as
limestone pavements and caves.
KS3 Geography 14: Can the earth
cope? Ecosystems, population and
resources
Exercise No: 1
Name: Ecosystems
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Ecosystems (2)
Question
Answers
What is an ecosystem?
Correct Answer
A community of living and non-living things that work together
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Just the living things in the environment
The soil, climate and water that we find in an environment
The nutrients in the soil that help things to grow
Question Type: Missing Part
No.2: Food chains and food webs
Question
A food web is _______ that maintain a community of plant and animal.
Answers
Correct Answer
an interconnected set of food chains
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
a collection of plants and animals
a collection of organisms trapped by spiders
producers and consumers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.3: Ecosystems and plants
Question
Which of these statements about ecosystems is correct? There are TWO correct answers.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The natural plant cover of an ecosystem is called natural
vegetation.
People have destroyed ecosystems, clearing the land for different
purposes.
Plants vary so much in shape and size, because they cannot adapt to
changes.
Local climate and soil type has no effect on the type of plants that
grow in an ecosystem.
There is one ecosystem to each continent.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: World Ecosystems
Question
What biome is an area of grassland found between tropical rainforests and desert areas ?
Answers
Correct Answer
Savanna
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Taiga
Alpine
Tundra
KS3 Geography 14: Can the earth cope? Ecosystems, population and resources
Exercise No: 2
Name: Population and Resources
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: World Population change
Question
If an area is experiencing falling birth rate and low death rate, what effect will this have on
population growth?
Answers
Correct Answer
High natural increase.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Low natural increase.
Population will stay the same.
Low total population.
Question Type: Ranking
No.6: Where in the world
Question
Using the information from the map place these continents in order of the population in 2000
starting with the largest.
Answers
Correct Order
C-D-A-B-E
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Europe
Latin America
Asia
Africa
North America
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.7: Resources - Food
Question
Answers
Which TWO of these statements are correct ?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Food production has more than kept up with the increase in world
population
Technology is the main reason for more food being produced
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Life expectancy, how long on average people live for, has gone down
Poverty has no effect on whether people get enough food to eat
Poor food production is the reason that people go hungry
No.8: What growing more food can mean
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Which of the following statements is incorrect?
Answers
Correct Answer
In the tropics the forest is cleared because people choose to farm
the fertile land.
Incorrect Answer 1
An area of forest equal to 20 football or rugby fields is lost every
minute.
Deforestation affects local and global climates.
The development of cash crops and cattle ranching brings about
deforestation.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 14: Can the earth cope? Ecosystems, population and resources
Exercise No: 3
Name: Rainforests
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.9: Rainforests - where are they ?
Question
Which of the statements are true about the location of tropical rainforests? There are TWO correct
answers.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The three largest areas of them are in South America, Africa and
South-East Asia
One third of them are found in just one country
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They stretch from Oregon to Alaska in the USA
They occur only in coastal zones
57% of them are found in Brazil
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: The rainforest Ecosytem
Question
The soils in the tropical rainforest _______ due to the rapid recycling of nutrients.
Answers
Correct Answer
generally have a low fertility
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
are all extremely fertile
contain living organisms
are often waterlogged
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: The value of rainforests
Question
Answers
Which of these statements about rainforests is incorrect?
Correct Answer
About 40% of the world's carbon dioxide is produced in them
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Over 1000 plants found in them are thought to offer cures for cancer
They cover only 2% of the planet but contain over half of the earth's
animal, insect, and flora species
That a quarter of our pharmaceuticals come from them
Incorrect Answer 3
No.12: Why are rainforests being destroyed ?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which of the following statements are correct? There are TWO correct answers.
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Nobody knows exactly how much of the world's rainforests have
already been destroyed
Mining and cattle ranching are important reasons for rainforest
destruction
Tourism only protects rainforests
Storing water in large man made reservoirs helps the rainforest grow
Only a few people worldwide now rely on wood for fuel
KS3 Geography 14: Can the earth cope? Ecosystems, population and resources
Exercise No: 4
Name: Issues and Sustainability
Question Type: Missing Part
No.13: Population and power
Question
As the number of people in the world increases there is more demand for power from burnt fossil
fuels and wood but this also _______ causing global warming and ozone layer destruction.
Answers
Correct Answer
changes the make up of the outer layers of the atmosphere
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
makes the level of the seas change
means that power cuts are more likely
makes the amount of sunlight reflected by the surface of the earth
change
Question Type: Missing Part
No.14: Desertification and soil ersosion
Question
The combination of climate change and poor farm management means that _______ of the
world's population is affected by desertification
Answers
Correct Answer
about 17%
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
about 35%
about 12%
about 6%
No.15: Meat production and the environment
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of the following facts is false ?
Correct Answer
As Earth becomes more crowded, poor populations are
responsible for the creation of over 200 wildlife parks
Incorrect Answer 1
Global meat consumption has increased five-fold in the past half
century
Producing 8 ounces of beef requires 25,000 litres of water
In America 40 per cent of all the rainforests have been cleared or
burned down in the last 40 years.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.16: Sustainable Development (2)
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Which of the following farming methods is thought of as being a sustainable farming technique?
Answers
Correct Answer
Recycling of crop residues and manure
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Using deforestation
Using petroleum powered machinery
Using chemical fertilisers
KS3 Geography 14: Can the earth cope? Ecosystems, population and
resources
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
How does the changing population of planet earth place ecosystems and resources under
pressure ?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
The rapid recent rise in the earth's population to over 6 billion has only been possible because
global death rates have fallen especially in the developing world. This has meant that more food
has had to be produced often at the expense of the environment. Ecosystems such as the tropical
rainforests and the savannah grasslands have been used to create more food but in some places
this has resulted in their destruction through clearing and desertification. Globally, the clearing
and burning of rainforests coupled with the burning of fossil fuels for energy has led to other
environmental problems such as global warming or ozone layer destruction. We need to search
for sustainable development that will not harm development in the long term.
KS3 Geography 15: Crime and the local
community
Exercise No: 1
Name: What do we know and feel about crime?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: What is crime?
Question
Answers
Give a true definition of crime.
Correct Answer
A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A crime is an act that violates laws I have made.
A crime is an act that violates laws made by my parents.
A crime is an act that violates laws made by my teachers.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.2: Types of crime
Question
Vehicle crime has _______ but there are still over two million vehicle-related thefts each year.
Answers
Correct Answer
dropped by 57% since 1995,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
dropped by 37% since 1990,
dropped by 57% since 1990,
dropped by 17% since 1995,
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: How is crime recorded?
Question
In Britain, how are crimes recorded?
Answers
Correct Answer
Crimes reported to the police are separated in to categories and
this information is passed on to the Home Office.
Incorrect Answer 1
The police receive the information on crime from victims and store it at
central headquarters.
Information about crime is recorded by police and then passed on to
the Foreign Office.
Police make up what they think are crimes happening in an area and
make charts to show this information.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.4: Is there a fear of crime?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following can make it difficult to measure the fear of crime?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
There are a variety of different questions to ask.
Fear of crime can often be confused with other personal safety
issues, such as terrorist attacks or a natural disaster.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
People are never honest when answering these sorts of questions.
You can’t ask every group of people the same questions so the
answers are not consistent.
It isn’t difficult to measure the fear of crime.
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 15: Crime and the local community
Exercise No: 2
Name: More or less crime here?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: What does 'urban' mean?
Question
An urban area is _______ which can be found in both MEDCs and LEDCs.
Answers
Correct Answer
a built-up area such as a town or city,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
an area on the rural fringe,
a built-up area such as a village,
an area of countryside,
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: Urban Crime
Question
Answers
Which of the following statements is correct?
Correct Answer
The number of offences per 1000 of the population in Manchester
is significantly higher than the national average.
Incorrect Answer 1
The number of offences per 1000 of the population in Manchester has
remained constant over time.
The number of offences per 1000 of the population in Manchester is
significantly lower than the national average.
The number of offences per 1000 of the population in Manchester has
declined over time.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Missing Part
No.7: Mapping Crime
Question
Geographical information systems (GIS) are used to capture, analyse and visually interpret crime
patterns. _______ which helps to generate a real understanding of criminal activity and the
direction in tackling it.
Answers
Correct Answer
Crime mapping allows people to analyse crime and where it
happens
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Crime mapping shows where people have admitted to crimes
Crime mapping shows where the criminals live
Crime mapping will provide attractive maps for the wall
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: Liking or disliking an area
Question
Answers
Which of these statements shows a dislike for the image?
Correct Answer
The buildings are run down, dirty and old.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The buildings were once the adminstration hub of the city.
The buildings show late Edwardian style features.
The buildings would be an opportunity for redevelopment.
KS3 Geography 15: Crime and the local community
Exercise No: 3
Name: Are there patterns of crime nationwide?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.9: What is Rural crime?
Question
Which TWO of the following are correct statements?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Rural areas have lower crime rates than urban areas.
Rural residents report lower levels of fear of crime than people
living in urban areas.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Rural areas have higher crime rates than urban areas.
There are more opportunities for crime in rural areas.
Rural residents report higher levels of fear of crime than those living in
urban areas.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: Is there a difference between urban and rural
Question
Recorded crime figures covering the period 1983 to 2001 show rural areas have consistently
experienced lower levels of crime _______ lower than in non-rural areas.
Answers
Correct Answer
with levels of burglary, vehicle-related thefts and violence all
consistently
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
with only burglary
with violence and drunkeness
with only vehicle-related thefts
No.11: Crime Prevention
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following are ways in which you can make your community safer?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
By setting up Neighbourhood Watch.
By establishing a Youth Action Group.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
By setting up a community centre.
By appointing Special Inspectors.
By establishing an Adult Action Group.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.12: CCTV
Question
If we look at the fear of crime given in the table did CCTV reduce the fear of crime and make
people feel safer overall?
Answers
Correct Answer
There are the same number of people who think it helped and
who think CCTV did not help reduce the fear of crime.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No it did not reduce the fear of crime.
Yes it did reduce the fear of crime.
It may have reduced the fear of crime if more examples were taken.
KS3 Geography 15: Crime and the local community
Exercise No: 4
Name: International comparison of crime
No.13: Crime in the United States of America
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Which region in the USA had the highest rates of property and violent crime in 2005?
Answers
Correct Answer
South.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Northeast.
Midwest.
West.
No.14: Crime in New Zealand compared to England
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Looking at the information presented in the tables which part of the world has the highest crime
rate?
Answers
Correct Answer
England with Wales.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
New Zealand.
England.
Wales.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Crime in Japan
Question
Having read through the information on crime in Japan, what statement would be correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Japan has a low crime rate, but the crime that exists can be split
into six main categories.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Crime in Japan is just above English crime rates.
Crime in Japan is quite high especially in robbery.
Crime in Japan is highest in the world and is split into six main
categories.
No.16: Changing people's values and attitudes
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
After reading about TCC, what do you think is their mission or aim?
Correct Answer
To reduce the effect of crime upon teenagers.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To create future police officers by training teenagers.
To make it easier for adults to live in a community.
To make sure that teenagers know what the rules are in a community.
KS3 Geography 15: Crime and the local community
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
We will all come into contact with crime at some part in our lives. What are the government
and police trying to do to reduce the effect of crime in the community?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Both the government and police are establishing projects to identify the causes and origins of
crime in the community and offer solutions to this problem, e.g. the installation of CCTV,
establishment of Neighbourhood Watch Schemes. They have also involved community leaders to
ensure a change in urban planning to create safer environments. There are studies that focus on
the fear of crime and mapping (such as GIS mapping) which helps people analyse the areas most
at risk of crime.
KS3 Geography 16: What is
development?
Exercise No: 1
Name: What is development?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.1: What is development? (2)
Question
Development means that all people have an acceptable _______ and this happens by improving
economic and social conditions.
Answers
Correct Answer
standard of living
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
house
amount of money
job
No.2: Differing development standards: An MEDC.
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Where in the world are the rich countries?
Answers
Correct Answer
Mostly in the Northern Hemisphere but includes Australia and
New Zealand.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
In the Southern Hemisphere.
North America and Europe.
Around the equator.
No.3: Differing development standards: An LEDC
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Choose TWO correct endings to complete this information: Kenya shows the characteristics of an
LEDC. These are a lack of education and health care,
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
little or no access to clean water or sanitation
unemployment
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
secondary and tertiary industries
free access to health and education services
low unemployment
No.4: Differing development within an LEDC.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
20% of Rio's population live in its 600 favelas. Which TWO of the following statements describe
where the favelas are typically found?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
On steep ravines.
On waste ground.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
At the foot of Sugar Loaf Mountain.
Clustered within the CBD (Central Business District).
Along the front of Copacabana Beach.
KS3 Geography 16: What is development?
Exercise No: 2
Name: Development and differences
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: Economic development.
Question
GNP measures _______ which are not included in GDP.
Answers
Correct Answer
the total economic output of a country, including earnings from
foreign investments
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year
the annual increase in GDP
how much the prices of goods, services and wages are increasing
each year
Question Type: Ranking
No.6: Using GDP to determine a countries developmen
Question
Rank these countries in order of wealth from highest to lowest.
Answers
Correct Order
B-A-D-E-C
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Switzerland.
Luxembourg.
Denmark.
Norway.
Ireland.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Human development factors
Question
What do human development indicators measure?
Answers
Correct Answer
A population's access to basic health care, education and
housing.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The amount of money a country has.
The amount of money made from imports and exports.
The amount of debt a country has.
No.8: Comparing GDP and HDI
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Vietnam and Pakistan have a similar GDP. So why is Vietnam seen to be a more developed
country than Pakistan?
Answers
Correct Answer
Vietnam has a higher life expectancy and literacy rate.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Pakistan has more debt.
Vietnam has a smaller population.
Vietnam exports more goods that Pakistan.
KS3 Geography 16: What is development?
Exercise No: 3
Name: Different perspectives of development.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.9: LEDC or MEDC?
Question
Why is it difficult to decide if a country is a MEDC or LEDC by simply looking at photographs?
There are TWO correct answers.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Because there are different levels of development within
countries.
Because we need to use figures from the HDI and GDP to assess
the level of development properly.
Because the image is not clear enough.
It is not difficult to work out.
Because the photograph could be of a different place.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: Newly Industrialised Countries (NIC)
Question
MEDCs such as the UK have experienced a decline in manufacturing industries over the last 30
years partly due to _______ in NICs.
Answers
Correct Answer
cheaper wage and production costs
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
people wanting to buy from companies
old equipment
a decline in manufacturing
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Millennium development goals
Question
What is the main aim of the millennium development goals?
Answers
Correct Answer
To halve the number of people living in poverty by 2015.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To make people in MEDCs feel less guilty about being wealthy.
To increase each country's GDP.
To hand out loans to poorer countries.
No.12: Implementing the Millennium Development Goals
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
What does NePAD want from MEDCs in order for these countries to develop? There are TWO
correct answers.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Debt cancelled for the poorest countries.
An end to international trade barriers against African goods,
especially textiles and farm products.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
More loans from MEDCs.
NePAD doesn't want any help from MEDCs.
Food aid.
KS3 Geography 16: What is development?
Exercise No: 4
Name: Achieving equal levels of development
Question Type: Missing Part
No.13: Aid (2)
Question
Aid can prevent a country developing properly if it is _______ as it comes with strings attached.
Answers
Correct Answer
conditional or tied aid,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
charitable aid,
emergency aid,
short term aid,
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Trade
Question
Globalisation can mean that one product can be made in more than one country. Which countries
contributed to the production of the bike?
Answers
Correct Answer
Japan, Taiwan, Malaysia and Holland.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
USA, UK, France and Germany.
Holland, Japan, Australia and Canada.
India, Mexico, Russia and Poland.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.15: Fair Trade (2)
Question
What does the 'Make Trade Fair' campaign hope to achieve? There are TWO correct answers.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To enable developing countries to benefit from trading with the
rich world.
To help people in LEDCs receive a fairer price for their products.
To increase trade barriers around the world.
To ensure that people in MEDCs continue to get the cheapest price for
the goods that they buy.
To increase the production of goods in LEDCs.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.16: Education
Question
Tanzanian children don't go to school because _______ Now, aid helps more children go to
school.
Answers
Correct Answer
parents cannot pay for education.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
they do not want to go.
they do not have any teachers.
it gets too hot to learn.
KS3 Geography 16: What is development?
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
How can equal levels of development be achieved around the world?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
There are many ways that equal levels of development can be achieved around the world. It is a
complex issue and each factor is linked to another. One way would be to increase trade between
MEDCs and LEDCs. At the moment, trade between developed and developing countries is
unequal. A way to overcome this problem is to make trade fair. The fair trade campaign calls for
workers in LEDCs to receive a fairer price for the things they make and grow. Aid is given to many
LEDCs and comes in different forms. The best types of aid are those which come from NonGovernmental Organisations (NGOs). NGOs are charities and, therefore, countries would not
have to pay back any loans and get further into debt. Aid from NGOs is usually long term, which
means that the money is spent on projects that really help the people, rather than the
government. An increase in trade and development aid could lead to an improvement in the basic
services which millions of people desperately need. In Tanzania, education is seen by children as
the only way they will get themselves out of living in poverty. Education is seen by many as the
best way to get equal levels of development around the world.
KS3 Geography 17: The changing
economic geography of France
Exercise No: 1
Name: The French Economy (2)
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Where is France?
Question
Answers
Which of the following statements is correct?
Correct Answer
France has a Mediterranean and an Atlantic coastline.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
France is north of the United Kingdom.
France shares a border with just 5 other countries.
France is completely land-locked.
No.2: What is meant by 'economic structure'?
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
In the richest countries, for example, there will usually be more people working in the _______
sectors.
Answers
Correct Answer
tertiary/quaternary sector than the secondary and primary
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
primary and secondary sectors than the tertiary/quaternary
secondary sector than the tertiary/quaternary and primary
primary sector than the tertiary/quaternary and secondary
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.3: Facts and Figures (3).
Question
Which TWO of the following is the current government attempting to do?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Lower income taxes.
Introduce measures to boost employment.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Encourage more rigorous administrative procedures.
Abolish pensions altogether.
Offer more benefits to the unemployed.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.4: The French Economy
Question
One of the principal aims of the Jospin government, which took office in 1997, was to create new
jobs. By 2001, helped by a booming world economy, the jobless rate had fallen to _______ the
lowest since 1991.
Answers
Correct Answer
9.4%,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
8.4%,
7.4%,
10.4%,
KS3 Geography 17: The changing economic geography of France
Exercise No: 2
Name: What affects the French economy?
No.5: How does the physical landscape affect France's
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
How would you describe the physical landscape of the Nord region of France?
Answers
Correct Answer
It is dominated by uplands and traversed by many rivers.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It is dominated by lowlands and traversed by few rivers.
It consists mostly of marshland.
It is a huge plateau.
No.6: What are the top 10 French companies?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
What does Alcatel do?
Correct Answer
It provides communication solutions.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It manufactures cars.
It is responsible for a number of tourist attractions.
It generates power.
No.7: Peugeot - A French car manufacturer
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What does this article say about Peugeot?
Answers
Correct Answer
The company is doing very well and will be expanding.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
It will be building a new factory in China.
It doesn't do as well as Renault, the other major French car
manufacturer.
The company has been struggling as global car sales have fallen.
Incorrect Answer 3
No.8: What changes have there been in the French econ
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What was the main reason a 35-hour working week was introduced in 1998?
Answers
Correct Answer
To reduce unemployment.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To increase the amount of time people were working.
So the government would be more popular.
To make French firms more competitive.
KS3 Geography 17: The changing economic geography of France
Exercise No: 3
Name: The economy in four regions
No.9: Where are the wine-growing regions in France?
Question
Where are there very few vineyards in France?
Answers
Correct Answer
In the north-west.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Along the south coast.
In the east.
In the west.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: France's industrial region.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
The Nord-Pas-De-Calais region is known as 'France's number one factory' since it is
Correct Answer
the main iron and steel and glass region.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the main bread-making region.
the main cheese-processing region.
the main car manufacturing region.
No.11: Tourism on France's south coast
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
Monte-Carlo, created in 1866, named in honour of Prince Charles III, hosts an internationally
famous _______ Larvotto beach, the Monte Carlo Sporting Club and the Boulingrins Gardens.
Answers
Correct Answer
casino,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
chateau, luxury hotels and leisure facilities, some created recently:
shopping centre,
Stock Exchange,
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.12: Visiting Paris
Question
Which TWO of the following landmarks can be found in Paris?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The Louvre Museum.
The Pantheon.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The Chateau Royal de Blois.
Nantes Cathedral.
Mont St. Michael Castle.
KS3 Geography 17: The changing economic geography of France
Exercise No: 4
Name: The wider picture
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Nuclear power in France
Question
Which of the following statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
77% of France's electricity comes from the country's 58 nuclear
reactors
Incorrect Answer 1
58% of France's electricity comes from the country's 77 nuclear
reactors
80% of France's electricity comes from the country's 58 nuclear
reactors
100% of France's electricity comes from the country's 58 nuclear
reactors
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.14: Farming subsidies in the European Union.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which EU country receives the most farm subsidies?
Correct Answer
France
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The Netherlands
Germany
Spain
No.15: Environmental damage in France.
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Which of the following have suffered in France?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of these.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Water quality.
Air quality because of emissions of greenhouse gases.
The sea because of slicks from imported oil.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: France and trade.
Question
Which of the following countries is NOT a top export partner of France?
Answers
Correct Answer
USA.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Italy.
Spain.
Germany.
KS3 Geography 17: The changing economic geography of France
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Why are economic activities important to the French and what are these activities?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Without economic activities, there would be no work, trade or money in France. France has
several different types of economic activity. There are primary industries, including farming, with
vineyards that produce wine. These are found virtually all ove
KS3 Geography 18: The global fashion
industry
Exercise No: 1
Name: What is meant by the global fashion industry?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: What is globalisation?
Question
Answers
What is globalisation?
Correct Answer
Globalisation is the movement of people, goods, money and
ideas, around the world.
Incorrect Answer 1
Globalisation is the way in which people travel from one place to
another.
Globalisation is the way in which money moves across national
boundaries.
Globalisation is the improvement of transport, communications and
technology.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.2: What is the global fashion industry?
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
Manufacturing of The Gap clothing is sometimes carried out in _______ These industrial areas
offer transnational companies the advantage of low or no taxes, and cheap labour to put together
the finished items ready for export.
Answers
Correct Answer
'export processing zones' in developing countries.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
'import substitution zones' in developed countries.
'export processing zones' in developed countries.
'import substitution zones' in developing countries.
No.3: Where do our clothes come from?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What do all the countries in the list have in common?
Answers
Correct Answer
They are all LEDCs.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They are all MEDCs.
They are all found in the Northern Hemisphere.
They are all found in Asia.
No.4: How has the cotton trade changed in India?
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
In India in 1995, textiles made up _______ Approximately 17 million hand-loom weavers usually
work at home or in small production units.
Answers
Correct Answer
34% of India's total exports, compared to 27% in 1970.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
20% of India's total exports, compared to 30% in 1970.
27% of India's total exports, compared to 34% in 1970.
34% of India's total exports, compared to 27% in 1980.
KS3 Geography 18: The global fashion industry
Exercise No: 2
Name: Winners and losers in the fashion industry
No.5: How does the fashion industry connect people
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are true?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Textile workers in Bangladesh earn more per hour than those in
Indonesia.
Textile workers in the USA earn more per hour than those in the
UK.
Textile workers in Tunisia earn less than those in Turkey.
Textile workers in Indonesia earn more per hour than those in
Bangladesh.
Textile workers in the UK earn more per hour than those in the USA.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: Who is the fashion victim?
Question
Answers
Which of the following statements is true about the price make-up of a 100 Euro pair of trainers?
Correct Answer
The cost of paying the workers is 0.50 Euros for each pair of
trainers
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Selling costs are the least amount of money.
The material costs the least amount of money.
The workers earn the most money.
No.7: Is the global fashion industry fair?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following are principles of fair trade?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Producers receive a fair price, a wage they are able to live on.
Sustainable production techniques are encouraged.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
There are no equal employment opportunities.
Working conditions are unhealthy and unsafe.
Forced labour and child labour are allowed.
No.8: The winners in the global fashion industry.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question Type: Missing Part
The president and chief executive of Nike earnt _______ per year.
Correct Answer
US$ 1.4 million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
US$ 150 000
US$ 18.8 million
US$ 10.5 million
KS3 Geography 18: The global fashion industry
Exercise No: 3
Name: Multinationals in the global fashion industry
No.9: What is a multinational company?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What is a multinational?
Answers
Correct Answer
A company which trades or manufactures in more than one
country in the world.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A country which trades with many different companies.
A company which trades or manufactures in only one country.
A country which has many different companies within it.
No.10: How large were the largest TNC's in the world
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which transnational corporation (TNC) ranks highest in the world?
Correct Answer
General Electric.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Ford Motor Company.
Toyota.
Exxon Corporation.
No.11: Which industries have the most powerful Transn
Question Type: Ranking
Question
The top 20 TNCs can all be put into one of the following categories. Put the industries into order
with the type of industry with the most companies at the top.
Answers
Correct Order
E-D-C-A-B
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Electronics
Others
Petroleum
Trading/Diversified
Automotive
No.12: What are the advantages and disadvantages of M
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
The following are advantages and disadvantages of multinational companies (MNCs). Choose
two of the impacts which are advantages.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They act as growth poles for other similar companies by
encouraging them to locate in the country once they see the
benefits.
They create jobs for the local population.
They have poor records on pollution and worker safety, cutting corners
to keep costs down.
Local workers are not always trained in the new technologies.
Wages paid to local workers are often low.
KS3 Geography 18: The global fashion industry
Exercise No: 4
Name: How globalisation affect people at a local scale?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: What is a sweatshop?
Question
Which of the following describe how workers are treated in sweat shops?
Answers
Correct Answer
They work in poor conditions and are abused and exploited.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They work to strict health and safety rules.
They are paid good wages and are given extra benefits.
They work in pleasant conditions and are treated well.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: What is sub-contracting?
Question
Answers
Nike is said to engage in sub-contracting. What is sub-contracting exactly?
Correct Answer
This is when a company uses another firm from outside to carry
out manufacturing.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
This is when a company has markets in many different countries.
This is when a company carries out its own manufacturing.
This is another word for a sweatshop.
No.15: Where are the headquarters of TNC's located?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Where are the headquarters of Nike found?
Correct Answer
Oregon.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Washington.
New York.
Chicago.
No.16: Where do TNC's carry out most of their manufac
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
In which TWO countries have Nike trainers been manufactured?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Vietnam
Taiwan
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Australia
Italy
UK
KS3 Geography 18: The global fashion industry
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Why do multinational companies in the fashion industry choose to manufacture their
products in LEDCs?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Multinational companies involved in the fashion industry, such as Nike, locate their headquarters
in MEDCs but choose to manufacture their products in LEDCs. This is because they are able to
take advantage of the situation in poorer countries in order to increase their profits. There are few
labour laws and so they are able to pay low wages to workers, who will work long hours, with few
benefits.
KS3 Geography 19: Tourism - good or
bad?
Exercise No: 1
Name: An introduction to tourism.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.1: What is Tourism?
Question
Tourism is _______ The tourist industry can be an important part of a country's economy: in
Britain, it employs more than two million people.
Answers
Correct Answer
the business of providing tours and services for people travelling
for pleasure or recreation.
Incorrect Answer 1
the means of providing conference facilities for people travelling for
business purposes.
the business of providing entertainment for people travelling for
pleasure or recreation.
the means of providing links for people travelling for business
purposes.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Holidays abroad.
Question
After Spain, which were the second and third favoured destinations for holidays abroad by UK
residents in 2003?
Answers
Correct Answer
France and Greece.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
France and Italy.
Portugal and Italy.
Greece and the USA.
Question Type: Ranking
No.3: Different holiday destinations.
Question
You are a 20 year old, single male, who lives at home and earns £15000. Put the following
holidays in the order that you would choose to go on them during your lifetime.
Answers
Correct Order
B-C-D-A-E
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
A weekend in Blackpool to celebrate your retirement.
A two week holiday in Benidorm with a group of young adults.
A weekend break in London with your family to celebrate your 21st
birthday.
A mini-break in Paris to celebrate your 25th wedding anniversary.
A sightseeing tour of the French Alps with a group of 75 year olds.
Statement D
Statement E
No.4: Facts and figures about tourism in the UK.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following statements relate to tourism in the UK?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Tourism in the UK is one of the most important parts of the
economy.
Domestic tourism makes up 86% of the money made by the UK
tourist industry.
Most of the money made from tourism in the UK comes from visitors
abroad.
The most popular form of transport for all tourists was aeroplane.
The most popular destination is the north of Britain.
KS3 Geography 19: Tourism - good or bad?
Exercise No: 2
Name: How important is tourism as an economic activity?
No.5: Tourism's impact on LEDCs' economies.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following statements highlight the advantages of tourism for LEDCs?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Tourism creates many jobs in hotels, entertainment venues and
transport.
Amenities like airports, roads and leisure facilities are improved.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
LEDCs have to spend money on the country's infrastructure.
Local cultures are exploited commercially to entertain tourists.
There is increased air and noise pollution.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.6: Tourism in Kenya.
Question
Answers
How has tourism affected the Maasai tribe? There are TWO correct answers.
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
They can no longer use the protected land to graze their animals.
They need to supplement their income by selling jewellery and
cloth.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They take part in safaris to show their animals to tourists.
They enjoy showing their culture to tourists.
They have made money in compensation for losing the use of the
land.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.7: Tourism in the Lake District 1.
Question
The Lake District receives _______ visitors a year.
Answers
Correct Answer
12 million
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
1.2 million
12000
1200
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: Tourism problems in Sri Lanka.
Question
Prior to the tsunami, Sri Lanka's famous beach resorts were filled with upmarket clients from the
United States, Britain and Germany. However, at what capacity are they now running?
Answers
Correct Answer
20%.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
30%.
70%.
40%.
KS3 Geography 19: Tourism - good or bad?
Exercise No: 3
Name: How and why is the tourist industry changing?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: Geotourism.
Question
Geotourism is
Answers
Correct Answer
tourism that sustains or enhances the geographical character of
a place; its environment, culture, aesthetics, heritage and the
well-being of its residents.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
tourism that celebrates the earth's natural landscape.
tourism that destroys the earth's natural equilibrium.
tourism that uses the natural resources deep inside the earth to attract
people to a particular place.
Question Type: Ranking
No.10: Amazon Interactive Part 1
Question
Put the first steps of an ecotourism project in the correct order.
Answers
Correct Order
E-D-C-B-A
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Tourists pay only $40 a day, but the money has a big impact.
Tourists are starting to arrive.
There has been little change land use.
There has been little change in income.
You now spend most of the day in the fields growing crops to sell at the
market.
Question Type: Ranking
No.11: Amazon Interactive Part 2
Question
Put the events that lead to the successful conclusion of an ecotourism project in the Amazon in
the correct order.
Answers
Correct Order
D-B-C-A-E
Statement A
Though tourism is profitable, most Quichua continue to tend to their
crops.
The money coming in has paid off all the debts.
The cultural program has become a polished performance.
Tourists pay only $40 a day, but the money has a big impact.
Some Quichua regret the way that the community now is focused on
tourist services
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
No.12: Changing patterns of tourism.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following statements help to explain why people in MEDCs now tend to take
longer, more expensive and more frequent holidays?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Their lifestyles and interests have changed.
The Internet has made it easier for people to gather information.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
People have less annual holiday allowance from work.
Nowadays, the range of package holidays is poor.
Fewer, cheap flights from budget airlines are available.
KS3 Geography 19: Tourism - good or bad?
Exercise No: 4
Name: The impact of the tourist industry - good or bad?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: Tourism in the Serengeti
Question
Who often benefits most from the profits of tourism?
Answers
Correct Answer
The wealthy landowners and hotel and travel companies in
MEDCs.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The local people.
Multi-national corporations.
The wealthy landowners and hotel and travel companies in Kenya.
No.14: The cultural impact of tourism in Kenya.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which TWO of the following are causing conflict between tourism and the Maasai tribe?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The Maasai are not allowed to kill wildlife which threatens their
families or animals.
The money made from tourism is not used to help the Maasai
tribe and other local communities.
If a member of their family is killed by wildlife they do not receive any
compensation.
The Maasai are not used to living alongside wild animals.
The Maasai have wildlife ownership and rights to management, legal
hunting and culling.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.15: Tourism in the Lake District 2.
Question
Which two of the following have been achieved during the first phase of the 'Fix the Fells'
scheme?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
70 seriously eroded upland footpaths have been restored.
Over 20 people have been trained in the skill of upland path
repair.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
140 seriously eroded upland footpaths have been restored.
Picnic tables and benches have been placed along popular walking
routes.
15 people have been trained in the skill of upland path repair.
Incorrect Answer 3
No.16: Sea, sun, sand and sweatshops.
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
What was the main issue for almost all the workers interviewed?
Answers
Correct Answer
Stress, due to poor working conditions, including abusive
behaviour by management.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The pressure encountered from trade union representatives.
The lack of holiday entitlement, maternity leave and sick pay.
The number of long-term contracts.
KS3 Geography 19: Tourism - good or bad?
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
What impact does tourism have on LEDCs? (Think in terms of the economic, social,
cultural and environmental aspects).
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Tourism has both positive and negative impacts on LEDCs. For instance, there are many
economic benefits to be had, such as creating jobs, attracting foreign investment and generating
foreign exchange. Nevertheless, there may be financial costs, e.g. exploitation of the local people
- they often receive very low wages for working long hours in restaurants and hotels. In addition,
tourism may bring social benefits, including a reduction in poverty, the creation of youth
employment and greater equality of opportunity between men and women. Unfortunately, social
costs may arise, e.g. small communities (villages) may die out as young people move out to find
work and a better quality of life in towns and tourist resorts. There may also be a degree of
cultural tension between the indigenous population and tourists. Tourism can have a positive
impact on the environment by promoting the valuing of environmental resources and encouraging
the preservation of both physical and cultural sites. However, the environment is frequently
polluted with waste from tourists and animals are endangered as a result. Furthermore, there may
be water shortages for local farmers as such a vital resource is being used to fill swimming pools
and irrigate golf courses.
KS3 Geography 20: Comparing
countries
Exercise No: 1
Name: India 2
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Where are India and Italy?
Question
Answers
Within which continent is India found?
Correct Answer
Asia
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Oceania
Africa
Europe
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: India - the basics!
Question
In which year did India gain independence from Britain?
Answers
Correct Answer
1947
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
1847
1971
1954
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: What is India's climate like?
Question
How many climatic regions does India have?
Answers
Correct Answer
7
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
10
6
4
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: India's physical geography
Question
Answers
Which islands are part of India?
Correct Answer
Andaman and Nicobar islands
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Sri Lanka and the Andaman islands
The Maldives
The Nicobar islands and Sumatra
KS3 Geography 20: Comparing countries
Exercise No: 2
Name: Italy
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: Italy - the basics!
Question
Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the city-states of the peninsula, _______ were united
under King Victor Emmanuel II.
Answers
Correct Answer
along with Sardinia and Sicily,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
along with Corsica and Malta,
along with Malta and Sicily,
along with Sardinia and Corsica,
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: What is Italy's climate like?
Question
Answers
Complete this sentence. Peninsular Italy has
Correct Answer
mild winters and hot, dry summers.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
mild winters but cold summers.
snow in winter and heatwaves in summer.
cold winters and cool summers.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.7: Italy's physical geography
Question
Which mountains are found in the north of Italy?
Answers
Correct Answer
The Alps
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The Dolomites
The Himalayas
The Apennines
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: The European Union 2
Question
What is the EU's motto?
Answers
Correct Answer
United in diversity.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
United in peace.
United in wealth.
Success breeds success.
KS3 Geography 20: Comparing countries
Exercise No: 3
Name: Comparing India and Italy
Question Type: Missing Part
No.9: Regional differences in Italy
Question
Italy is subdivided into _______ regions (regioni, singular regione). Five of these regions enjoy a
special autonomous status that enables them to enact legislation on some of their specific local
matters.
Answers
Correct Answer
20
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
27
25
22
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.10: Life in the Indian countryside
Question
Answers
Which statement is correct?
Correct Answer
In rural areas in India they tend to use basic tools and machinery.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Nobody in rural areas has to collect water by hand any more.
There is no machinery used in the Indian countryside.
Even the villages in India have the most up-to-date machinery.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Earthquake in India.
Question
Answers
One of the biggest problems in Bhuj was?
Correct Answer
The hospital was destroyed in the earthquake.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It was an area with very few people living in it.
The local police didn't help.
There was no-one to dig out the survivors.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.12: Earthquake in Italy
Question
What was the strength of the first earthquake?
Answers
Correct Answer
5.6 on the Richter scale.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
6.5 on the Richter scale.
7.2 on the Richter scale.
5.7 on the Richter scale.
KS3 Geography 20: Comparing countries
Exercise No: 4
Name: Is the coastal zone sustainable? 2
Question Type: Missing Part
No.13: How is India changing?
Question
India has added about _______ to its population between 1991-2001, more than the estimated
population of Brazil, the fifth most populous country in the world.
Answers
Correct Answer
181 million people
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
18 million people
118 million people
81 million people
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: How is Italy changing?
Question
Answers
What is the Italian government doing to try to reverse the country's population decline?
Correct Answer
Offering a cash bonus for the birth of a second child.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Putting up taxes for those that have another baby.
Giving free childcare.
Offering free contraception advice.
No.15: How is India connected to the UK?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Why are companies moving their call businesses to India?
Answers
Correct Answer
Primarily to save money.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No-one in the UK will do this kind of work.
These businesses have always had call centres in India.
A law has recently been passed which says companies in the UK have
to do this.
No.16: How is Italy connected to the UK?
Question
Which of the following can tourists do in Italy?
Answers
Correct Answer
All of them
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Skiing
sightseeing
Sunbathing on the Amalfi coast
Question Type: Statement Choice
KS3 Geography 20: Comparing countries
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
What similarities and differences exist between India and Italy?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
India is an LEDC, whilst Italy is an MEDC. In terms of similarities, both countries have mountains
and coastal areas, as well as different climatic zones. They also both experience natural hazards,
such as earthquakes and floods. Furthermore, both have textile and engineering products
amongst their main exports. Both India and Italy also have links withe the UK. There are,
however, many differences. India is located within Asia, whereas Italy is a member of the EU and
found in Europe. India covers a much larger area than Italy. India is diamond-shaped, whilst Italy
is shaped like a boot. India has a much greater population than Italy. In addition, India' s
population is increasing rapidly, largely due to high birth rates and falling death rates, whereas
Italy's population is declining and, as a result, the government has offered cash incentives to
couples who are willing to have more children.
KS3 Geography 21: Virtual volcanoes
and internet earthquakes
Exercise No: 1
Name: Plates and volcanoes
Question Type: Missing Part
No.1: What is a volcano like inside?
Question
Answers
A volcano has a _______ and cone.
Correct Answer
vent, pipe, crater
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
funnel, rod, cavity
funnel, pipe, crater
vent, rod, crater
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Are all volcanoes the same?
Question
How have volcanologists classified volcanoes?
Answers
Correct Answer
According to their shape, the materials they are built of and the
way they erupt.
Incorrect Answer 1
According to their shape, the materials they are built of and the length
of time between eruptions.
According to their height, the materials they are built of and the way
they erupt.
According to their shape, colour and the way they erupt.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Ranking
No.3: What are plates?
Question
Answers
Put these parts of the earth into order, starting with the one found at the centre of the earth.
Correct Order
B-E-D-A-C
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
upper mantle
inner core
crust
lower mantle
outer core
No.4: Where do earthquakes and volcanoes occur?
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Where do most earthquakes and volcanoes occur?
Answers
Correct Answer
Along the edges of plates, where two plates meet.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Only in Asia.
Always in the centre of a tectonic plate.
Anywhere at all in the world; there is simply no pattern.
KS3 Geography 21: Virtual volcanoes and internet earthquakes
Exercise No: 2
Name: Dealing with eruptions
Question Type: Missing Part
No.5: What are the effects of a volcanic eruption?
Question
After the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in 2002, the UN estimated _______ had been destroyed about 40% of the town of Goma.
Answers
Correct Answer
at least 300 buildings
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
at least 30 buildings
at least 3000 buildings
at least 30000 buildings
No.6: How else are volcanoes dangerous?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
What caused the deaths in Armero?
Correct Answer
Mudflow, when the eruption melted the volcano's icecap
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
An earthquake
Thin, runny lava
Volcanic bombs
No.7: Dealing with a volcanic eruption.
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Who finally agreed to fund a crisis programme of action to support development in the north of the
island of Montserrat?
Answers
Correct Answer
The British Government.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The World Health Organisation.
The US Government.
The International Red Cross.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.8: What causes earthquakes?
Question
Which of the following statements is true?
Answers
Correct Answer
There are earthquakes in Britain.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
There are never earthquakes in Britain.
The outer layer of the earth is called the core.
Plates move very quickly.
KS3 Geography 21: Virtual volcanoes and internet earthquakes
Exercise No: 3
Name: Earthquakes 2
No.9: The Asian earthquake and tsunami
Question Type: Ranking
Question
Put the following countries in the order they were hit by the tsunami (Clue: slide three of the
animated guide)
Answers
Correct Order
E-A-D-B-C
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
Statement D
Statement E
Andaman Islands
Sri Lanka
Maldives
Thailand
Sumatra
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: Comparing earthquakes.
Question
In the future, a new kind of concrete called 'simcon', _______ could even make buildings virtually
quake proof.
Answers
Correct Answer
which is reinforced with mats of stainless steel fibre
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
which is made without steel
might be invented and it
must be used by law as it
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Earthquake in Kobe, Japan
Question
Answers
Which of the following statements is true?
Correct Answer
Fires caused a lot of the damage as older buildings were made of
wood.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Japan is earthquake proof so only 600 people died.
None of the newer buildings or roads collapsed.
The earthquake measured 8.3 on the Richter scale.
No.12: Why do the effects of earthquakes differ?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of the following statements is correct?
Correct Answer
There are likely to be fewer deaths from an earthquake in an
MEDC.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
There are less deaths from an earthquake in an LEDC.
Earthquakes have less effect in densely populated areas.
Earthquakes that strike in summer are likely to kill more people.
KS3 Geography 21: Virtual volcanoes and internet earthquakes
Exercise No: 4
Name: How do people live with volcanoes?
Question Type: Missing Part
No.13: How do we know if there will be an eruption?
Question
Tiltmeters can measure _______ bulge.
Answers
Correct Answer
when magma causes the earth to
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the size of a
the amount of ash in a
the speed of growth of a
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: The role of aid agencies.
Question
Which of the following would survivors start to receive from the Red Cross 48 hours after an
earthquake has struck?
Answers
Correct Answer
Blankets, food and water.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Building materials.
Books and games for the children.
Cooking utensils.
No.15: What are the advantages of volcanic activity?
Question
Which of the following is an advantage of volcanic areas?
Answers
Correct Answer
Geothermal power.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Coal.
It is easy to build on.
Fresh, filtered water.
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: Tourism in volcanic areas
Question
Which of the following statements is correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Insurance companies won't insure businesses on Etna.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It isn't possible to rebuild after the most recent eruption of Etna.
All businesses on Etna have to have double insurance.
There haven't been any new eruptions from Mount Etna in 30 years.
KS3 Geography 21: Virtual volcanoes and internet earthquakes
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Why are volcanoes and earthquakes so dangerous?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Earthquakes and volcanoes are dangerous for several reasons. Although we know earthquakes
and volcanoes happen at the edges of plates, there are many places in the world that can be
affected by them. Scientists can monitor plate movement and volcanoes, but they still cannot tell
exactly when an eruption or an earthquake will occur. Apart from the damage caused by the initial
eruption or earthquake, there are other consequences too, such as a lack of food, water, shelter
and heath care for people. In the long term, people have to rebuild their homes and businesses
and they may not feel safe there any more.
KS3 Geography 22: Mining on the
internet
Exercise No: 1
Name: Introduction to coal mining in the UK
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Economic activity
Question
Answers
To which industrial sector does mining belong?
Correct Answer
Primary.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Secondary.
Tertiary.
Quaternary.
Question Type: Ranking
No.2: Coal
Question
Put these statements in the correct order to explain how coal was formed.
Answers
Correct Order
B-D-A-E-C
Statement A
Statement B
Statement C
The peat was covered by sand and clay and other minerals.
Dead trees and plants sank to the bottom of oceans.
The rock was squeezed and squeezed by the weight of rock above and
eventually it turned into coal.
They formed layers of a spongy material call peat.
The peat turned into a type of rock called sedimentary rock.
Statement D
Statement E
No.3: National Coal Mining Museum for England
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
When did nationalisation take place?
Correct Answer
1947.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
1791.
1827.
1917.
No.4: Working down the mines
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
Life as a miner was dangerous, _______ and there were some high points such as the miners'
galas, which were great social occasions.
Answers
Correct Answer
with hazards such as explosions, fires, roof falls, suffocating
gases and flooding
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
and very few people wanted to do the job
but there was health and safety legislation that was adhered to
but they were well compensated if anything went wrong
KS3 Geography 22: Mining on the internet
Exercise No: 2
Name: Coal mining in North East England
No.5: Coal mining in North East England 1
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Why were most of the early mines situated along the banks of the River Tyne?
Answers
Correct Answer
Because the coal seams were shallow here and so could easily
be mined.
Incorrect Answer 1
Because there was increasing demand from the merchants of
Newcastle.
Because there were many men in the vicinity who could work in the
mines.
Because the coal seams were very deep here and so there was plenty
of coal available to mine.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
No.6: Coal mining in North East England 2
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
Mineworkers and their supporters achieved a key piece of legislation, _______ which made it
illegal for mine owners to employ below ground women or boys under the age of ten.
Answers
Correct Answer
the Coal Mines Act,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the Employment Act
the Women and Children Act
the Coal Miners Act
No.7: Coal mining in North East England 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Wearmouth Colliery in Sunderland, the last remaining colliery in the Durham coalfield, finally
closed in 1994. What is the site like now?
Answers
Correct Answer
The area is marked by Sunderland football club's Stadium of
Light.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
There are a number of pit waste heaps scarring the landscape.
The land has been cleared and planted with trees.
It lies derelict.
No.8: Coal mining in North East England 4
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are correct?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
The number of mines dropped by 156 in a 20 year period.
In 1984 there were 250,000 people employed in mining. This
dropped to less than 10,000 twenty years later.
Incorrect Answer 1
Although the number of miners has decreased in the UK, the amount
of coal exported has stayed more-or-less the same.
There are now well over 10,000 people employed in mining in the UK.
The number of mines dropped by 169 in a 20 year period.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
KS3 Geography 22: Mining on the internet
Exercise No: 3
Name: Coal mining on a global scale
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: The global coal market
Question
In how many countries is coal commercially mined?
Answers
Correct Answer
In over 50 countries.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
In over 25 countries.
In over 100 countries.
In over 70 countries.
No.10: Coal production and consumption
Question
Answers
Which of the following statements best sums up coal production and consumption worldwide?
Correct Answer
China is both the top coal producing and consuming country in
the world.
Incorrect Answer 1
The USA is both the top coal producing and consuming country in the
world.
Whilst China produces the most coal, the USA consumes the most.
Whilst the USA produces the most coal, China consumes the most.
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: Coal trade
Question
Answers
Which country imports the most coal?
Correct Answer
Japan.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The UK.
The USA.
Germany.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.12: Energy security
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which fuel do we have the longest-lasting reserves of?
Correct Answer
Coal.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Water.
Natural gas.
Oil.
KS3 Geography 22: Mining on the internet
Exercise No: 4
Name: Coal mining throughout the world
No.13: Brazil - geography and environment
Question
Which TWO of the following statements are true?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Mismanagement of natural resources has led to water and air
pollution.
Using natural resources in Brazil has led to unfair distribution of
land and wealth.
The forest is only cut down to allow access to mines.
Forest fires affect 10 million people every year.
If the forest continues to be destroyed at the same rate it will have
disappeared by 2025.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Disaster strikes in China
Question
What has recently been done to try to reduce the number of deaths within the coal mining industry
in China?
Answers
Correct Answer
The Chinese government has set up a new department to
specifically look at this.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
A number of poorly supervised mines have been closed.
Coal production has been slowed down.
Coal is now being imported from elsewhere in the world.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.15: Coal Mining in Pennsylvania
Question
Answers
Laws regarding the _______ have been put in place to regulate coal mining.
Correct Answer
environment
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
use of coal
economy
use of workers
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: Coal production in India
Question
What happened to coal production in India during the late 1960s and early 1970s?
Answers
Correct Answer
It stagnated.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It grew steadily.
It declined rapidly.
It increased rapidly.
KS3 Geography 22: Mining on the internet
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Within the UK, the coal mining industry has experienced decline. What problems has this
brought to those areas once heavily dependent upon it?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
The decline of the coal mining industry has brought many problems to those areas once heavily
dependent upon it. These include unemployment, poverty, above average levels of heart disease
and infant mortality, crime, many people in low-paid jobs, poor exam results, few people going on
to higher education, a shortage of skills and land still scarred from previous mining activities.
KS3 Geography 23: Local action,
global effects
Exercise No: 1
Name: Leisure activities located on and by the river.
No.1: How is a stretch of the local river used?
Question
Answers
Which two of the following activities might you pursue along the course of the River Wye?
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Rafting.
Cruising.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Jet ski-ing.
Wind-surfing.
Fly-fishing.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.2: Calendar of events.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Which sport is not represented in any of the major events hosted on the River Wye?
Correct Answer
Water ski-ing.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Boating.
Angling.
Rowing.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: Conflicts amongst users.
Question
What is the current speed record on Windermere?
Answers
Correct Answer
154 mph
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
6 mph
98 mph
10 mph
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: Decision time!
Question
Why was the Woolhope Dome Project established?
Answers
Correct Answer
To conserve the landscape the area's wealth of important wildlife
and wild flowers.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To encourage the local community to work together.
To encourage diversification amongst farmers.
To promote the area to tourists.
KS3 Geography 23: Local action, global effects
Exercise No: 2
Name: How are rivers used and misused by people?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.5: How is the River Rhine used?
Question
Which two of the following might be transported by barges along the Rhine-Rhone and RhineDanube canals?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Iron ore.
Coal.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Wood.
Machinery.
Wheat.
No.6: Coping with pollution in the Rhine.
Question
Answers
What does RAP stand for?
Correct Answer
Rhine Action Programme.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
River Action Programme.
Rare Action Problem.
Rhine Awareness Programme.
No.7: How else has the River Rhine been controlled?
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question Type: Statement Choice
Which of the following has NOT been tried on the River Rhine?
Correct Answer
Increasing the height of the levees.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Building dams.
Straightening the river.
Planting trees.
No.8: The North Sea
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
There are several international treaties to protect the North Sea, e.g. The London Dumping
Convention has _______ and the Oslo Treaty has blacklisted chemicals that cannot be
discharged into the North Sea.
Answers
Correct Answer
banned the dumping of heavy metal and cancer producing waste
into the sea
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
banned the dumping of nuclear waste into the sea
banned the dumping of rubbish into the sea
banned the dumping of sewage into the sea
KS3 Geography 23: Local action, global effects
Exercise No: 3
Name: What is a national park?
No.9: How do people use national parks in the UK?
Question Type: Multiple Choice
Question
Which two of the following activities take place within the Peak District National Park?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Limestone quarrying.
Farming.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Coal mining.
Oil extraction.
Slate quarrying.
No.10: What problems are there in national parks?
Question
Answers
Walkers are damaging the paths so _______ to minimise the damage.
Correct Answer
new, hard paths have been constructed
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
people are only allowed in the Peak District twice a year
they have been banned
people must pay an entrance fee
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.11: What is a honeypot site?
Question
Answers
What characteristics do 'honeypot' sites display?
Correct Answer
They have several attractions, which encourages many people to
visit the area.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They have special honey-producing bees, which are protected.
They ban tourists from visiting the area.
They have no attractions, hence some have to be built.
No.12: Dealing with problems in national parks.
Question
Answers
Question Type: Missing Part
Question Type: Statement Choice
If you live on Dartmoor or visit it regularly, what may you have noticed?
Correct Answer
More and more tracks are visible in the landscape.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Many moorland footpaths and bridlepaths are now beyond repair.
There are fewer vehicles.
Less people are coming to visit.
KS3 Geography 23: Local action, global effects
Exercise No: 4
Name: Why is Antarctica a fragile environment?
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.13: What is a world park?
Question
Antarctica is now hailed by many as a World Park. What does this imply?
Answers
Correct Answer
It is a continent of environmental protection and for science.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
It is a haven for research and development.
It is a place to be visited by many tourists.
It is a continent to be exploited.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.14: Why is Antarctica important and how is it used
Question
Why has a great effort been made to collect ice cores from some of the oldest and deepest parts
of the ice sheet? There are TWO correct answers.
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
To better understand the relationship between atmospheric
carbon dioxide and temperature.
To learn more about the influence of the West Antarctic ice sheet
on sea level and the likelihood for unexpected rapid changes in
sea level.
To provide data on the composition of water.
To learn more about the influence of the West Antarctic ice sheet on
biodiversity.
To observe and record the influence of southern ocean and
atmospheric circulation patterns on future climates.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.15: Why is Antarctica under threat?
Question
Answers
Antarctica is under threat because _______ has caused part of the ice shelf to break away.
Correct Answer
a rise in temperature
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
people using the area
too many breeding penguins
scientists using new machinery
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: Conserving Antarctica.
Question
Answers
What is no longer allowed in Antarctica?
Correct Answer
Mining and mineral exploitation.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Environmentally-friendly tourists.
Any scientist from Japan.
Any ship that doesn't have a scientist on board.
KS3 Geography 23: Local action, global effects
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Why is it important to conserve and manage Antarctica?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
Antarctica is a continent that has not been damaged by humans yet. Although it has mineral and
coal reserves, mining is not allowed, so that the environment is preserved. Antarctica has been
named a 'world park' in order to try to protect it. It is important for scientists studying aspects such
as climate, the hole in the ozone layer and marine biology. The research findings are available to
every country, so all people throughout the world can benefit from the results. If the ice at
Antarctica melts, it will cause a rise in the global sea level. We need to monitor what is happening,
so that we are well-prepared for the consequences of this, e.g. inundation of low-lying regions,
loss of wetlands, drowning of coral reefs, loss of species diversity, food shortages, human deaths.
KS3 Geography 24: Passport to the
world
Exercise No: 1
Name: Places Linked to Events
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.1: Chernobyl Ukraine
Question
Answers
What were the causes of the Chernobyl explosion in 1986?
Correct Answer
Poor reactor design and poorly trained personnel.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Poor computer systems.
A bad choice of location for a nuclear reactor.
Poor weather conditions.
No.2: Liverpool Capital of Culture 2008
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
Liverpool is a city that is known throughout the globe. Which of the following is a reason as to why
it is so famous?
Answers
Correct Answer
Sport.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Steel products.
Clothing industry.
Fine glassware.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.3: The World Cup and Germany
Question
How many stadiums are hosting the FIFA World Cup 2006 in Germany?
Answers
Correct Answer
Twelve stadiums.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Eleven stadiums.
Ten stadiums.
Nine stadiums.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.4: Infamous History
Question
Whilst at Dachau large numbers of people of different religions (mainly Jewish) were murdered or
starved to death. Who was responsible for the liberation of Dachau?
Answers
Correct Answer
The American Army.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
The British Army.
The Russian Army.
The Free French Army.
KS3 Geography 24: Passport to the world
Exercise No: 2
Name: World News
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.5: News in the UK
Question
Does the BBC News website provide local, national or international news?
Answers
Correct Answer
All three.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
National.
International.
Local.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.6: American News
Question
Answers
Which country do you think is the biggest audience for CNN?
Correct Answer
USA.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
France.
UK.
Germany.
Question Type: Multiple Choice
No.7: News and Intelligence
Question
Which TWO of the following categories of information does the CIA have in relation to the UK?
Answers
Correct Answer
Correct Answer
Government
Economy
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Leisure and recreation
Food and drink
The Arts and culture
No.8: Internet Vs. Newspaper
Question Type: Missing Part
Question
Newspaper readership is already in decline because of _______ The easy access to real-time
news and information offered by the Internet only adds to increasing distractions to newspaper
reading.
Answers
Correct Answer
declining literacy and increasing media choice.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
the circulation of a vast number of magazines.
the introduction of more television channels.
increasing literacy and declining media choice.
KS3 Geography 24: Passport to the world
Exercise No: 3
Name: The World in my Life
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.9: Global Food
Question
Many people consider Italy to be the 'home' of pizza. However, this might not be the case. Where
might pizza have actually come from?
Answers
Correct Answer
From around the Mediterranean.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
From around the Pacific.
From around the Atlantic.
From around the Indian Ocean.
Question Type: Missing Part
No.10: Global Clothes
Question
Together, the apparel and textile industries are the largest industrial employer in the world. The
apparel sector represents _______ More than 23.6 million workers are employed in the garment
industry worldwide. Close to 75% are women.
Answers
Correct Answer
about half of that global industry.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
about an eighth of that global industry.
about a quarter of that global industry.
about a third of that global industry.
No.11: A person's perception of a place
Question
Answers
Question Type: Statement Choice
According to the image and poem, which of the following cannot be found in Wales?
Correct Answer
Scrubland.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Heather-filled rolling dales.
Mist-topped mountains.
Rocky shorelines.
No.12: Global Holidays
Question Type: Statement Choice
Question
From looking at this website, what do you think is one of the main reasons people will buy a
holiday?
Answers
Correct Answer
They are attracted by photographs.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
They are attracted by all the text on holidays.
They want to pay for a holiday.
They are attracted by nice colours
KS3 Geography 24: Passport to the world
Exercise No: 4
Name: World Disasters
Question Type: Missing Part
No.13: Pompeii & Vesuvius
Question
Through measuring _______ these scientists (volcanologists) expect to predict an approaching
eruption months in advance.
Answers
Correct Answer
seismic activity,
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
chemical reactions that take place in the soil,
the air pressure,
the temperature of rocks,
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.14: Floods in the UK 2
Question
Answers
What is one of the major causes of a flood in the UK?
Correct Answer
A river bursting its banks.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Someone leaving the tap on in the bath.
A leaking water pipe.
A dry Summer.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.15: Hurricanes in the USA
Question
What causes a hurricane to form?
Answers
Correct Answer
Air above warm tropical water rising quickly as it is heated by the
sea.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
Cold polar air travelling over arctic seas.
Temperate air travelling over arctic seas.
Air above cold tropical water falling slowly as it is cooled by the sea.
Question Type: Statement Choice
No.16: The Asian Tsunami
Question
What was the cause of the Asian tsunami disaster?
Answers
Correct Answer
An underwater earthquake off the coast of Sumatra.
Incorrect Answer 1
Incorrect Answer 2
Incorrect Answer 3
An earthquake in Thailand.
A flood in India.
A hurricane in the Bay of Bengal.
KS3 Geography 24: Passport to the world
Peer Assessment Question and Expert Answer
Question
Events that take place in other countries are affecting us more and more. How might we
find out about such events?
Expert
Teacher
Answer
We might find out about these events through various forms of media. For example, major events
are often reported as front page news in national broadsheets and daily tabloids. Furthermore,
many national broadsheets include colour supplements at the weekend, which frequently focus on
such events in greater detail. In addition, major events usually make the headlines on national
news bulletins, both on the TV and radio. The Internet is increasingly being used to report on such
events. As more and more people have access to ICT, they are able to communicate cheaply and
easily with other people throughout the world via e-mail and video-conferencing. Webcams and
satellites may also provide us with clear images of such events.