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The Original Sanskrit
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An English Translation
]k_k]tR^xlFWkŒDt da2_kK^xFk^hOldī
34Tdk^xFmKkWmStSSz ÿgkUS3®
Lars Martin
Fosse SnSÖ]u^tW8lYUĶkhO^
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x34lV_xlhRm6dÿRÌ^®mFnŁ2 WkT2
ÖdkÂ]k_k]tR^xlFWkŒDt da2_kK^xFk^hO
Our Books
Bhagavad Gita
Gheranda Samhita
Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Shiva Samhita
The Original Sanskrit
An English Translation
Lars Martin Fosse
An important message to our readers:
The ideas and practices in this book should not be followed or attempted. The
ideas expressed in this book should not be used to diagnose, prescribe, treat,
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Made possible in part by a grant from Norway’s Nonfiction Literature Fund.
The paper used in this book meets the requirements of the American
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ANSI/NISO Z39.48-1992.
British Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
Publisher’s Cataloging-in-Publication Data
The Kamasutra : the original Sanskrit / Vatsyayana ; an English translation
[by] Lars Martin Fosse.
Woodstock, NY : YogaVidya.com, 2012.
xvi, 449 p. : ill. ; 23 cm.
Includes index.
Includes Sanskrit and English.
ISBN 978-0-9716466-8-1 (cloth : alk. paper)
ISBN 978-0-9716466-9-8 (pbk. : alk. paper)
1. Sex instruction. 2. Sex customs. 3. Love. 4. Sex.
I. Title. II. Vātsyāyana. III. Fosse, Lars Martin, 1950–, tr.
HQ470.S3 V313 2012
Loretta stirs the drink.
To Ruth
for her patience, love and kindness
Introduction xi
Part One: General M atters 1
One: Summary of the Guide 3
Two: The Three Aims of Life 10
Three: Exposition of the Skills 18
Four: Lifestyle of the Elegant Man 25
Five: The Lover and His Companions 38
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 47
One: Sexual Unions 49
Sexual Intercourse with Regard to Size,
Endurance and Temperament The Variations of Love 49
Two: Embraces 61
Three: Ways of Kissing 77
Four: Forms of Scratching 85
Five: Biting and Behaviors 92
viii Contents
Ways of Biting Behavior Typical of Women from Different Provinces Six: Positions and Unusual Acts Different Sexual Positions Unusual Sexual Acts 92
Seven: Slapping and Moaning 130
Eight: Imitation and Techniques 138
Imitating the Sexual Role of a Man Sexual Techniques of a Man Nine: Oral Sex 151
Ten: Sex: Beginning, Ending, Types, Quarrels 165
The Beginning and Conclusion of Sexual Intercourse Different Kinds of Sex The Lovers’ Quarrel Part Three: Young Women 181
One: Choosing a Bride 183
Rules of Courtship Deciding a Match Two: Winning Her Confidence 191
Three: Approaches and Gestures 200
Approaching a Young Woman Indications through Gestures and Facial Expressions Four: Advances Advances a Man Can Make on His Own Approaching a Man One Desires Winning a Young Woman by Advances Five: Stratagems for Weddings 213
Contents ix
Part Four: The Wife 233
One: The Only Wife 235
Conduct of an Only Wife Conduct of a Wife Whose Husband is Abroad Two: The Other Wives 248
Conduct of the Senior Wife to the Co-Wives 248
Conduct of the Junior Wife 251
Conduct of the Remarried Woman Conduct of an Unloved Wife Matters Pertaining to the Harem Conduct of a Man with Several Wives Part Five: Other M en’s Wives 265
One: Seducing Successfully 267
Exposing the Nature of Men and Women Causes of Resistance Men Who Have Success with Women Women Who are Easily Won Two: Intimacy and Advances Ways to Intimacy Making Advances 279
Three: Examination of Inclinations 287
Four: Tasks of the Female Messenger 294
Five: The Erotic Desire of Rulers 309
Six: Harems and Wives 320
Life in the Harem Guarding One’s Wives x Contents
Part Six: Courtesans One: Friends and Lovers The Appraisal of a Friend, Suitable and Unsuitable Lovers,
and Reasons for Approaching a Lover How to Acquire One 333
Two: Compliance with the Lover 345
Three: Money, Indifference and Disposal Methods for Driving the Lover Away 358
Four: Restoring a Broken Relationship 368
Five: Types of Profit 378
Six: Profit, Loss, Risk and Types of Available Women 388
Ways to Make Money Signs and Recognition of Indifference Considering Profit and Loss, and their
Consequences and Risks Types of Available Women Part Seven: A dvanced M ethods One: Luck, Spellbinding and Aphrodisiacs Achieving Luck in Love Spellbinding Someone Aphrodisiacs Two: Passion, Enlargement and Techniques Recovery of Lost Passion Enlarging the Male Organ Unusual Techniques 388
Contributors 433
Index 435
Both juicy and exceedingly dry, sensitive and cynical, ahead of its
time and appallingly retrograde, the Kamasutra is the most famous
guide to sensual pleasure ever written—indeed, one of the most
notorious books in the history of the world. Its acute insights into
human nature are still relevant today.
While previous publishers typically either stole the word
“Kamasutra” and slapped it on a book of modern photographs, or
neglected to include the original Sanskrit, or reprinted an old, faulty
translation (or introduced a new, faulty translation), or included
reproductions of miniatures made more than a millennium after
the text was composed, YogaVidya.com and I have labored mightily
to create a proper edition. It includes the original Sanskrit typeset
in Devanagari, a new, accurate and readable English translation,
and illustrations using period clothing, jewelry, and settings that
actually correspond to what is described in the text.
Composed in northern India in the third or fourth century ce
at the beginning of the Gupta Empire, the apex of India’s classical
civilization, the Kamasutra is the oldest existing Indian text about
pleasure. It was a handbook for the urbane man of culture, courtesans, and upper-class women. Painting a vivid picture of life in
India, its ideas permeated classical literature. It is a digest of several
older works, which in turn were said to draw from a large work by
an attendant of the god Shiva, implying a divine origin.
xii I ntroduction
Vatsyayana does not present himself as the original author, but
rather one who reorganizes and edits the work of others. He also
offers his own arguments and views, positioning himself as the final
authority on a number of issues. Surprisingly pragmatic and mostly
amoral, Vatsyayana comes to the defense of eroticism and discreetly
pokes fun at the ascetics. We know nothing about him. Like so
many ancient authors, he vanishes in the mists of time. Only his
name remains, perhaps legendary.
A detailed summary of the book can be found in the opening
chapter, so I won’t repeat that information here. But knowing a few
things now will make this book easier to follow.
A distinctive feature of the Kamasutra is its classification of men
and women according to the size of their genitals so couples can
combine for maximum pleasure. Positions that work well for couples
of equal size may not be as good for couples of unequal size. Several
positions try to accommodate unequal sizes by achieving a tight fit
by other means, such as using the thighs to produce a good squeeze.
Small, medium, and large genitals go together in different combinations, or unions. The best unions are small with small, medium
with medium, and large with large. Union with one size larger or
smaller is high or low; union with two sizes larger or smaller is very
high or very low.
The genital sizes and their combinations are as follows:
Elephant cow
Elephant cow
Elephant cow
Very low
Very high
I ntroduction xiii
Another notable feature of the text is the “third nature,” which
includes everyone who is neither a heterosexual male nor a heterosexual female. While imposing modern categories on ancient
phenomena is fraught with difficulties, we can say in the most
general terms that, in the Kamasutra, the third nature is primarily
composed of biological males engaging in a wide variety of nonheterosexual behaviors. It gives a vivid impression of gay men’s life
in classical India.
You may be shocked at the abundance of biting, scratching, and
slapping. Slapping causes passionate moaning and screaming on the
part of the woman. The point is probably to stimulate the brain’s
production of endorphins, which increases sexual ecstasy, just as it
does in religious ecstasies.
The age of marriage throughout the ancient world, with its
short life spans, was lower than it is today. This explains why the
man is told to engage in childish pastimes to win his bride’s confidence. Kind and considerate treatment was meant to create a secure
emotional basis for the marriage and a reliable wife who would not
reject sex or prefer other men.
Prostitution was very much a part of the entertainment industry
of the day. Courtesans lived in a special quarter of the city, either
independently or financed by the king. Although roundly condemned
by the clergy, courtesans were immensely popular and admired, just
like modern celebrities. Indian kings, like their European counterparts, invested in and taxed prostitution—with excellent returns.
Since prostitutes were an economic asset, they had some legal protection, although they were otherwise regarded as beyond the pale
of respectable society. Among themselves, they lived in a world
of reversed status—the women were the most important persons,
usually supervised by a stone-hearted older woman, or “mother,”
who ran the business. Men had no status and no authority.
Lastly, you may be astonished by the vast amount of intrigue,
drama, and suspense. Penetrating another man’s harem and having
xiv I ntroduction
sex with his wives was dangerous for all involved. Nevertheless,
both harem women and other married women had many ways to
get sexual satisfaction on the sly. Thus, the urbane man—from
merchant to king—had to guard his women against the plots of
other men, as well as against the plots of the women themselves and
even of their servants. At the same time, he might engage in similar
plots, having affairs with married women himself!
As for the structure of the book, the first thing to realize is that
it is a sutra text, characterized by highly condensed, almost inaccessible technical language stripped of every unnecessary syllable to
ease memorization. (Sutra literally means “a thread” in the sense of
a clue or a guide. For a more detailed interpretation, a reader relied
on a guru, a commentary, or both.) The editors grouped the individual, numbered threads into paragraphs, but left the numbering
unchanged. We left the translation unnumbered to avoid clutter.
Some external sandhis were left unmade to help a Sanskrit reader
decipher this very difficult text and to reduce hyphenation. In
addition to the sutras, there are little groups of verses, typically at
the end of a section or chapter, distinguished typographically in
the Sanskrit as two separate lines of text. Sometimes they are introduced in the translation with a phrase like “And there are these
verses about this” and sometimes not.
Due to its ancient and layered origin, the text has two organizing structures, chapters and sections, running in parallel, which
we’ve retained and merged into a modern hierarchy with modern
nomenclature. We have followed the traditional practice of pulling
chapter and section titles from the colophons, those delightfully
flowery sentences that bring each chapter to a satisfying close.
Some chapter titles were abbreviated and/or made general enough
to describe the entire chapter—check the colophons for the original,
unabbreviated titles. The seven parts and their titles are as they
were in the original.
I worked hard to make an accurate translation of just the
Kamasutra itself. More specifically, I resisted the urge to pad the
I ntroduction xv
translation with material from Yashodhara’s commentary, which is
almost a thousand years removed from Vatsyayana’s text. I profited
from the fine translations of Richard Schmidt, Klaus Mylius, and
Wendy Doniger & Sudhir Kakar. Readers interested in the history
of the text may enjoy James McConnachie’s The Book of Love: The
Story of the Kamasutra.
In the end, what can we make of the Kamasutra?
It contains appalling practices and attitudes—literally too
numerous to mention here—that could get you injured, renounced,
imprisoned, abandoned, impoverished, or even killed. The cynicism
that permeates the text could make you Machiavellian—or worse.
Do not blindly use this book as a how-to manual.
On the plus side, it ascribes a deep, positive value to sex: it isn’t
simply for reproduction, sexual happiness matters, and it’s important
for one’s physical and mental health. The freewheeling, amoral
sexuality of the Kamasutra may go too far, but with the application
of common sense and critical intelligence lovers may still benefit
from its ancient wisdom.
The Kamasutra also gives a fascinating account of human
psychology. In his discussion of harem intrigues, seductions, and
liaisons, Vatsyayana brilliantly analyses the vulnerabilities and
frailties of the human mind. This is where the Kamasutra is truly
universal, since his analysis of human nature is still recognizable
today anywhere in the world.
Perhaps, then, our challenge is to learn what we can without
damaging who we are. Our relationships can benefit from knowing
how the body, the mind, and the emotions work. One could even
use this knowledge to find and nurture true love.
Part Two
Sexual Intercourse
Chapter One
Sexual Unions
Sexual Intercourse with Regard to Size, Endurance
and Temperament
शशो वृषोऽश्व इति लिङ्गतो नायकविशेषाः । नायिका पुनर्मृगी
वडवा हस्तिनी चेति ॥ २.१.१ ॥ तत्र सदृशसंप्रयोगे समरतानि
त्रीणि ॥ २ ॥
Lovers are differentiated as hare, bull, or stallion
according to the size of their sexual organ. As for lady
friends, they are defined as doe, mare, or elephant cow.
Thus, there are three equal sexual unions when there is
intercourse between similar partners.
विपर्ययेण विषमाणि षट् । विषमेष्वपि पुरुषाधिक्यं
चेदनन्तरसंप्रयोगे द्वे उच्चरते । व्यवहितमेकमुच्चतररतम् । विपर्यये
पुनर्द्वे नीचरते । व्यवहितमेकं नीचतररतं च । तेषु समानि श्रेष्ठानि ।
तरशब्दाङ्किते द्वे कनिष्ठे । शेषाणि मध्यमानि ॥ ३ ॥
साम्येऽप्युच्चाङ्कं नीचाङ्काज्ज्यायः । इति प्रमाणतो नवरतानि ॥ ४ ॥
50 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
With permutations, there are six unequal genital combinations. When genitals of unequal size are combined
and the man’s is larger, there are two high unions with
the combinations ordered stepwise. Noncontiguous sizes
make a very high union. In the opposite case, there are
two low unions, and noncontiguous sizes make a very low
one. Among these, the equal unions are the best. The two
unions marked by the comparative suffix -tara are the
worst. The rest are middling.
यस्य संप्रयोगकाले प्रीतिरुदासीना वीर्यमल्पं क्षतानि च न सहते स
मन्दवेगः ॥ ५ ॥ तद्विपर्ययौ मध्यमचण्डवेगौ भवतः । तथा
नायिकापि ॥ ६ ॥ तत्रापि प्रमाणवदेव नवरतानि ॥ ७ ॥
A man has dull sexual energy if he is not sexually excited
during intercourse, if he shows little virility, and if he
cannot stand wounds. The average and the fierce sexual
energies are the opposite of this. The same goes for
the lady friend. Here, too, there are nine sexual unions,
precisely as with genital size.
तद्वत्कालतोऽपि शीघ्रमध्यचिरकाला नायकाः ॥ ८ ॥ तत्र स्त्रियां
विवादः ॥ ९ ॥
In the same manner, lovers are quick, average, and
long-lasting regarding endurance, but there is a dispute
regarding the woman.
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 51
न स्त्री पुरुषवदेव भावमधिगच्छति ॥ १० ॥ सातत्यात्त्वस्याः
पुरुषेण कण्डू तिरपनुद्यते ॥ ११ ॥ सा पुनराभिमानिके न सुखने
संसृष्टा रसान्तरं जनयति तस्मिन्सुखबुद्धिरस्याः ॥ १२ ॥ पुरुषप्रतीतेश्चानभिज्ञत्वात्कथं ते सुखमिति प्रष्टुमशक्यत्वात् ॥ १३ ॥
A woman does not reach orgasm just like a man. Her
sexual itch is continually being removed by the man. But
when she is suffused with a sensation of psychological
pleasure, she produces a different feeling, and in this lies
her perception of satisfaction. Because the man’s perception of erotic joy is unknown as well, it is impossible to ask,
“How does your satisfaction come about?”
कथमेतदुपलभ्यत इति चेत्पुरुषो हि रतिमधिगम्य स्वेच्छ या
विरमति न स्त्रियमपेक्षते न त्वेवं स्त्रीत्यौद्दालकिः ॥ १४ ॥
“How is this understood?” one may object. Because a man
relaxes of his own accord when he has reached ecstasy, he
does not show any consideration for the woman. But a
woman is not like that, according to Auddalaki.
तत्रैतत्स्यात् । चिरवेगे नायके स्त्रियोऽनुरज्यन्ते शीघ्रवेगस्य
भावमनासाद्यावसानेऽभ्यसूयिन्यो भवन्ति । तत्सर्वं
भावप्राप्तेरप्राप्तेश्च लक्षणम् ॥ १५ ॥
Here one might object, “Women are fond of a lover with
sexual staying power. They are unhappy if a man’s sexual
energy runs out and they have not reached climax. All this
is a criterion for whether she has had an orgasm or not.”
52 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
तच्च न । कण्डू तिप्रतीकारोऽपि हि दीर्घकालं प्रिय इति ।
एतदुपपद्यत एव । तस्मात्संदिग्धत्वादलक्षणमिति ॥ १६ ॥
But this is not so. For even scratching an itch feels pleasant
for a long time. It is precisely the thing to do. Therefore,
this is no criterion because it is uncertain.
संयोगे योषितः पुंसा कण्डू तिरपनुद्यते ।
तच्चाभिमानसंसृष्टं सुखमित्यभिधीयते ॥ १७ ॥
During intercourse a man removes a woman’s sexual
itch, and that, suffused with psychological pleasure,
is called satisfaction.
सातत्याद्युवतिरारम्भात्प्रभृति भावमधिगच्छति । पुरुषः पुनरन्त
एव । एतदुपपन्नतरम् । नह्यसत्यां भावप्राप्तौ गर्भसंभव इति
बाभ्रवीयाः ॥ १८ ॥
A young woman reaches climax continually from the
beginning, a man, however, only at the end. This is
perfectly clear. For without an orgasm there will be no
embryo, according to the followers of Babhravya.
तत्रापि तावेवाशङ्कापरिहारौ भूयः ॥ १९ ॥
But even here there are contradicting and
supporting arguments.
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 53
तत्रैतत्स्यात्सातत्येन रसप्राप्तावारम्भकाले मध्यस्थचित्तता
नातिसहिष्णुता च । ततः क्रमेणाधिको रागयोगः शरीरे
निरपेक्षत्वमन्ते च विरामाभीप्सेत्येतदुपपन्नमिति ॥ २० ॥
Here one might object, “It is assumed that the woman
experiences sensual pleasure continually, yet it is evident
that, at the beginning, she is indifferent and has no
endurance. Then, sexual passion and indifference to the
body gradually increase, and at the end, she wants to stop.”
तच्च न । सामान्येऽपि भ्रान्तिसंस्कारे कु लालचक्रस्य भ्रमरकस्य वा
भ्रान्तावेव वर्तमानस्य प्रारम्भे मन्दवेगता ततश्च क्रमेण पूरणं वेगस्येत्यपु पद्यते । धातुक्षयाच्च विरामाभीप्सते ि । तस्मादनाक्षेपः ॥ २१ ॥
But this is not so. Even if a potter’s wheel or a spinning
top starts to spin in the same manner, when they are
spinning they are slow at the beginning, but then
gradually pick up speed. This is perfectly clear. And the
wish to stop is due to the loss of fluids. Therefore, this
is not a relevant objection.
सुरतान्ते सुखं पुंसां स्त्रीणां तु सततं सुखम् ।
धातुक्षयनिमित्ता च विरामेच्छोपजायते ॥ २२ ॥
Men’s pleasure comes at the end of the sexual act, whereas
the pleasure of women is continuous, and the wish to stop
is due to the loss of fluids.
54 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
तस्मात्पुरुषवदेव योषितोऽपि रसव्यक्तिर्द्रष्टव्या ॥ २३ ॥
कथं हि समानायामेवाकृ तावेकार्थमभिप्रपन्नयोः कार्यवैलक्षण्यं
स्यात् ॥ २४ ॥ उपायवैलक्षण्यादभिमानवैलक्षण्याच्च ॥ २५ ॥
Therefore, the manifestation of a woman’s genital fluids is
also visible, just like that of a man. For how could there be
a different result when both belong to precisely the same
species and attain the same objective? It is because of the
difference in approach and the difference in psychology.
कथमुपायवैलक्षण्यं तु सर्गात् । कर्ता हि पुरुषोऽधिकरणं युवतिः ।
अन्यथा हि कर्ता क्रियां प्रतिपद्यतेऽन्यथा चाधारः ।
तस्माच्चोपायवैलक्षण्यात्सर्गादभिमानवैलक्षण्यमपि भवति ।
अभियोक्ताहमिति पुरुषोऽनुरज्यते । अभियुक्ताहमनेनेति
युवतिरिति वात्स्यायनः ॥ २६ ॥
But why is there a difference in approach? It is due to
nature, namely, the man is the active part and the young
woman is a passive receptacle. For the active part performs
an action in one way, a receptacle in another. And because
of this difference in approach caused by nature, there
is also a difference in psychology. The man is satisfied
thinking, “I am the attacker.” The woman thinks, “I am
being attacked.” Thus according to Vatsyayana.
तत्रैतत्स्यादुपायवैलक्षण्यवदेव हि कार्यवैलक्षण्यमपि कस्मान्न
स्यादिति । तच्च न । हेतुमदुपायवैलक्षण्यम् । तत्र
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 55
कर्त्राधारयोर्भिन्नलक्षणत्वादहेतुमत्कार्यवैलक्षण्यमन्याय्यं स्यात् ।
आकृ तेरभेदादिति ॥ २७ ॥
Here one might object, “Why shouldn’t the result be different when the approach is different?” But this is not so.
The difference in approach has a cause, namely that the
characteristics of the active and passive parts are different
in this matter. A difference in result without a cause would
be illogical, because they belong to the same species.
तत्रैतत्स्यात् । संहत्य कारकै रेकोऽर्थोऽभिनिर्वर्त्यते ।
पृथक्पृथक्स्वार्थसाधकौ पुनरिमौ तदयुक्तमिति ॥ २८ ॥
Here one might object, “When combined, causal factors
accomplish one and the same goal. But these two people
reach their own goals separately. Thus, this objection
is inappropriate.”
तच्च न । युगपदनेकार्थसिद्धिरपि दृश्यते । यथा मेषयोरभिघाते
कपित्थयोर्भेदे मल्लयोर्युद्ध इति । न तत्र कारकभेद इति चेदिहापि न
वस्तुभेद इति । उपायवैलक्षण्यं तु सर्गादिति तदभिहितं पुरस्तात् ।
तेनोभयोरपि सदृशी सुखप्रतिपत्तिरिति ॥ २९ ॥
But this is not so. One sees that several other goals are
attained simultaneously. If, for instance, the objection is
that when two rams butt, or when two wood apples are
split, or when two wrestlers fight, there is no difference in
causal factors, then we reply that there is no difference in
substance here either. But it was earlier said that there is a
56 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
difference in approach caused by nature. Therefore, they
both experience a similar satisfaction.
जातेरभेदाद्दंपत्योः सदृशं सुखमिष्यते ।
तस्मात्तथोपचर्या स्त्री यथाग्रे प्राप्नुयाद्रतिम् ॥ ३० ॥
Because the couple does not belong to different
species, they achieve a similar satisfaction. Therefore,
a woman should be treated in such a way that she
reaches ecstasy first.
सदृशत्वस्य सिद्धत्वात् कालयोगीन्यपि भावतोऽपि कालतः
प्रमाणवदेव नव रतानि ॥ ३१ ॥
Now that the similarity between the partners has been
established, the sexual unions related to endurance and
temperament also number nine, just like size.
रसो रतिः प्रीतिर्भावो रागो वेगः समाप्तिरिति रतिपर्यायाः ।
संप्रयोगो रतं रहः शयनं मोहनं सुरतपर्यायाः ॥ ३२ ॥
Sensual feeling, sexual ecstasy, pleasure, orgasm, passion,
sexual energy, and satisfaction are synonyms of sexual
enjoyment. Sexual intercourse, sexual union, copulation,
bed sport, and seduction are synonyms for the sexual act.
प्रमाणकालभावजानां संप्रयोगानामेकैकस्य नवविधत्वात्तेषां
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 57
व्यतिकरे सुरतसंख्या न शक्यते कर्तुम् । अतिबहुत्वात् ॥ ३३ ॥
तेषु तर्कादुपचारान्प्रयोजयेदिति वात्स्यायनः ॥ ३४ ॥
Since there are nine different combinations of each of the
types of intercourse according to size, temperament, and
endurance, it is impossible to count the number of sexual
acts when they are combined because there are too many
of them. Among these, one should apply the practices
according to one’s judgment, says Vatsyayana.
प्रथमरते चण्डवेगता शीघ्रकालता च पुरुषस्य तद्विपरीतमुत्तरेषु ।
योषितः पुनरेतदेव विपरीतम् । आ धातुक्षयात् ॥ ३५ ॥ प्राक्च
स्त्रीधातुक्षयात्पुरुषधातुक्षय इति प्रायोवादः ॥ ३६ ॥
At the first sexual union the man has fierce energy and
is very quick, later it is the other way. With a woman, it
is the opposite, however, until the fluids are exhausted.
The male fluid is exhausted before the female fluid is
exhausted, according to a proverb.
मृदत्ु वादुपमृद्यत्वान्निसर्गाच्चैव योषितः ।
प्राप्नुवन्त्याशु ताः प्रीतिमित्याचार्या व्यवस्थिताः ॥ ३७ ॥
एतावदेव युक्तानां व्याख्यातं सांप्रयोगिकम् ।
मन्दानामवबोधार्थं विस्तरोऽतः प्रवक्ष्यते ॥ ३८ ॥
The teachers have established that women quickly achieve
gratification because they are tender by nature and susceptible to strong stimulation. This explanation of intercourse
58 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
is adequate for the experts. A more detailed account will
follow for the benefit of the inexperienced.
The Variations of Love
अभ्यासादभिमानाच्च तथा संप्रत्ययादपि ।
विषयेभ्यश्च तन्त्रज्ञाः प्रीतिमाहुश्चतुर्विधाम् ॥ ३९ ॥
The experts say that there are four kinds of love, which
are caused by habit, personal psychology, identification,
and sense objects.
शब्दादिभ्यो बहिर्भूता या कर्माभ्यासलक्षणा ।
प्रीतिः साभ्यासिकी ज्ञेया मृगयादिषु कर्मसु ॥ ४० ॥
Love that is expressed in words, etc., and marked by the
repetition of certain actions, is known as habitual love, and
may include activities such as hunting.
अनभ्यस्तेष्वपि पुरा कर्मस्वविषयात्मिका ।
संकल्पाज्जायते प्रीतिर्या सा स्यादाभिमानिकी ॥ ४१ ॥
प्रकृ तेर्या तृतीयस्याः स्त्रियाश्चैवोपरिष्टके ।
तेषु तेषु च विज्ञेया चुम्बनादिषु कर्मसु ॥ ४२ ॥
Love for activities formerly repeated, which does not have
an object, springs from the imagination. This is psychological in nature. It can be recognized in oral sex with
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 59
members of the third nature or women, and in various
acts such as kissing.
नान्योऽयमिति यत्र स्यादन्यस्मिन्प्रीतिकारणे ।
तन्त्रज्ञैः कथ्यते सापि प्रीतिः संप्रत्ययात्मिका ॥ ४३ ॥
When someone says, “This is the same person,” when
love is caused by someone else, the experts say this love is
based on identification.
प्रत्यक्षा लोकतः सिद्धा या प्रीतिर्विषयात्मिका ।
प्रधानफलवत्त्वात्सा तदर्थाश्चेतरा अपि ॥ ४४ ॥
Love which is visible and well known to the world is based
on sense objects. Because it gives the most important fruit,
it is the goal of the others, too.
प्रीतीरेताः परामृश्य शास्त्रतः शास्त्रलक्षणाः ।
यो यथा वर्तते भावस्तं तथैव प्रयोजयेत् ॥ २.१.४५ ॥
When one has examined these kinds of love according
to this manual with its definitions, one may deal with
whatever emotion arises in the relevant manner.
इति श्रीवात्स्यायनीये कामसूत्रे सांप्रयोगिके द्वितीयेऽधिकरणे
प्रमाणकालभावेभ्यो रतावस्थापनं प्रीतिविशेषा इति
प्रथमोऽध्यायः ॥
60 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Thus ends the first chapter, Sexual Intercourse with
Regard to Size, Endurance and Temperament, and
The Variations of Love, in the second part, Sexual
Intercourse, in the guide to sensual pleasure by the
glorious Vatsyayana.
Chapter Two
संप्रयोगाङ्गं चतुःषष्टिरित्याचक्षते । चतुःषष्टिप्रकरणत्वात् ॥
२.२.१ ॥ शास्त्रमेवेदं चतुःषष्टिरित्याचार्यवादः ॥ २ ॥
Some people call this part describing sexual intercourse
“the sixty-four” because it consists of sixty-four subjects.
According to scholars, this whole manual is called
“the sixty-four.”
कलानां चतुःषष्टित्वात्तासां च संप्रयोगाङ्गभूतत्वात्कलासमूहो
वा चतुःषष्टिरिति । ऋचां दशतयीनां च संज्ञितत्वात् । इहापि
तदर्थसंबन्धात् । पञ्चालसंबन्धाच्च बह्वृचैरेषा पूजार्थं संज्ञा
प्रवर्तिता इत्येके ॥ ३ ॥
Or because there are sixty-four arts, and because these
are constituents of sexual intercourse, the aggregate of
arts is called “the sixty-four.” Furthermore, since the
Rigveda is referred to as the ten-part text, there is a
semantic connection to the constituents of intercourse
here too, and some claim that Rigvedic experts have
62 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
propagated this name as an expression of honor because
both texts are connected with Panchala.
आलिङ्गनचुम्बननखच्छेद्यदशनच्छेद्यसंवेशनसीत्कृ तपुरुषायितौपरिष्टाकानामष्टानामष्टधा विकल्पभेदादष्टावष्टकाश्चतुःषष्टिरिति
बाभ्रवीयाः ॥ ४ ॥
Embracing, kissing, tearing with nails and teeth, sexual
union, moaning, imitating the sexual role of the man,
and oral sex: Because these eight each have eight variations, eight groups of eight make sixty-four, say the
followers of Babhravya.
विकल्पवर्गाणामष्टानां न्यूनाधिकत्वदर्शनात्
वर्गाणामिह प्रवेशनात्प्रायोवादोऽयम् । यथा सप्तपर्णो वृक्षः
पञ्चवर्णो बलिरिति वात्स्यायनः ॥ ५ ॥
Seeing that the eight categories of variations are either
too small or too big, and because other categories of sex
such as slapping, screaming, the man’s sexual techniques,
and unusual sexual acts are also included here, this is
simply a figure of speech, like “the seven-leaf tree” or
“the five-colored rice offering,” says Vatsyayana.
तत्रासमागतयोः प्रीतिलिङ्गद्योतनार्थमालिङ्गनचतुष्टयम् ।
स्पृष्टकं विद्धकमुद्घष्टृ कं पीडितकमिति ॥ ६ ॥ सर्वत्र संज्ञार्थेनैव
कर्मातिदेशः ॥ ७ ॥
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 63
In this connection, a couple that has not yet been together
has four kinds of embraces to indicate their love: touching,
stabbing, rubbing, and pressing. In general, the meaning
of the term precisely describes the action.
संमुखागतायां प्रयोज्यायामन्यापदेशेन गच्छतो गात्रेण गात्रस्य
स्पर्शनं स्पृष्टकम् ॥ ८ ॥
Touching is when a man approaches a woman he desires
on some pretext while she is facing him and touches a
limb with a limb.
प्रयोज्यं स्थितमुपविष्टं वा विजने किं चिद्गृह्णती पयोधरेण
विध्येत् । नायकोऽपि तामवपीड्य गृह्णीयादिति विद्धकम् ॥ ९ ॥
She should stab the man she desires with her breast
while grasping for something while he stands or sits in a
solitary place. The lover should squeeze her and hold her.
This is stabbing.
तदुभयमनतिप्रवृत्तसंभाषणयोः ॥ १० ॥
Both of these embraces take place when the two have not
been able to talk much.
तमसि जनसंबाधे विजने वाथ शनकै र्गच्छतोर्नातिह्रस्वकालमुद्घर्षणं परस्परस्य गात्राणामुद्घष्टृ कम् ॥ ११ ॥
64 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
The rubbing embrace is when two people, walking slowly
in the dark, in a crowd, or in a solitary place, rub their
limbs against each other for more than a moment.
तदेव कु ड्यसंदशं ेन स्तम्भसंदशं ेन वा स्फु टकमवपीडयेदिति
पीडितकम् ॥ १२ ॥
The same embrace is called pressing when one presses
firmly with a wall or a pillar as a counterforce.
तदुभयमवगतपरस्पराकारयोः ॥ १३ ॥
Both of these embraces are for two people who have
understood each other’s underlying intentions.
लतावेष्टितकं वृक्षाधिरूढकं तिलतण्डु लकं क्षीरनीरकमिति चत्वारि
संप्रयोगकाले ॥ १४ ॥
There are four kinds of embraces during sexual intercourse: twining like a vine, climbing the tree, mixing
sesame and rice, and mixing milk and water.
लतेव शालमावेष्टयन्ती चुम्बनार्थं मुखमवनमयेत् ।
उद्धृत्य मन्दसीत्कृ ता तमाश्रिता वा किं चिद्रामणीयकं
पश्येत्तल्लतावेष्टितकम् ॥ १५ ॥
While she twines herself around him, like a vine around
a sal tree, she should bend his face down in order to kiss
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 65
him. Raising it up while moaning gently, or leaning on
him, she should look at him lovingly for a while. This is
twining like a vine.
चरणेन चरणमाक्रम्य द्वितीयेनोरुदेशमाक्रमन्ती वेष्टयन्ती वा
तत्पृष्ठसक्तैकबाहुर्द्वितीयेनांसमवनमयन्ती ईषन्मन्दसीत्कृ तकू जिता
चुम्बनार्थमेवाधिरोढु मिच्छेदिति वृक्षाधिरूढकम् ॥ १६ ॥
Climbing the tree is when she would like to climb up and
kiss him while stepping on one of his feet with one foot
and on his thigh with the other, or twining herself around
him with one hand on his back while bending his shoulder
down with the other, moaning slightly and cooing gently.
तदुभयं स्थितकर्म ॥ १७ ॥
Both these actions are performed standing.
शयनगतावेवोरुव्यत्यासं भुजव्यत्यासं च ससंघर्षमिव घनं संस्वजेते
तत्तिलतण्डु लकम् ॥ १८ ॥
When they are in bed and holding each other tightly,
while entangling their thighs and arms as if wrestling, that
is called mixing sesame and rice.
रागान्धावनपेक्षितात्ययौ परस्परमनुविशत इवोत्सङ्गगतायामभिमुखोपविष्टायां शयने वेति क्षीरजलकम् ॥ १९ ॥
66 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Twining Like a Vine
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 67
This illustration is too explicit for unrestricted distribution.
Climbing the Tree
68 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Blinded by passion, paying no attention to pain, they seem
to enter each other while she is on his lap or sitting facing
him in bed. This is called mixing milk and water.
तदुभयं रागकाले ॥ २० ॥
Both of these embraces happen in a moment of passion.
इत्युपगूहनयोगा बाभ्रवीयाः ॥ २१ ॥ सुवर्णनाभस्य
त्वधिकमेकाङ्गोपगूहनचतुष्ट यम् ॥ २२ ॥
These are the kinds of close embrace according to the
followers of Babhravya. But Suvarnanabha adds a quartet
of close embraces, each of a single part of the body.
तत्रोरुसंदशं ने क
ै मूरुमूरुद्व यं वा सर्वप्राणं पीडयेदित्यरूू पगूहनम् ॥ २३ ॥
Among these, one may squeeze one thigh or both thighs
as hard as possible, using one’s own thighs as a clamp.
This is the close embrace of the thigh.
जघनेन जघनमवपीड्य प्रकीर्यमाणके शहस्ता नखदशनप्रहणनचुम्बनप्रयोजनाय तदुपरि लङ्घयेत्तज्जघनोपगूहनम् ॥ २४ ॥
Squeezing his sexual parts with her sexual parts, with
her hair flying loose, the woman should sit across him in
order to scratch, bite, beat, and kiss him. This is the close
embrace with the sexual parts.
Mixing Sesame and Rice
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 69
70 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Mixing Milk and Water
Close Embrace of the Thigh
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 71
72 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
स्तनाभ्यामुरः प्रविश्य तत्रैव भारमारोपयेदिति स्तनालिङ्गनम् ॥ २५ ॥
Pressing her breasts against his chest, she should
transfer their weight to let them rest there. This is
the breast embrace.
मुखे मुखमासज्याक्षिणी अक्ष्णोर्ललाटेन
ललाटमाहन्यात्साललाटिका ॥ २६ ॥
Pressing the mouth against the mouth, the eyes against
the eyes, she or he should strike the forehead against the
forehead. This is the embrace of the forehead ornament.
संवाहनमप्युपगूहनप्रकारमित्येके मन्यन्ते । संस्पर्शत्वात् ॥ २७ ॥
पृथक्कालत्वाद्भिन्नप्रयोजनत्वादसाधारणत्वान्नेति वात्स्यायनः ॥ २८ ॥
Some think that massage is also a kind of close embrace,
because of the mutual contact. Not so, says Vatsyayana,
because it has a time of its own, a different purpose, and is
not shared in the same way.
पृच्छतां शृण्वतां वापि तथा कथयतामपि ।
उपगूहविधिं कृ त्स्नं रिरंसा जायते नृणाम् ॥ २९ ॥
When men ask about, hear about, or even talk about all
the ways of embracing, they begin to desire the joys of sex.
येऽपि ह्यशास्त्रिताः के चित्संयोगा रागवर्धनाः ।
आदरेणैव तेऽप्यत्र प्रयोज्याः सांप्रयोगिकाः ॥ ३० ॥
Close Embrace with the Sexual Parts
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74 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Breast Embrace
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 75
This illustration is too explicit for unrestricted distribution.
Embrace of the Forehead Ornament
76 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
But even those embraces that have no basis in the
handbooks, yet increase passion, can be used during sexual
intercourse, but with care.
शास्त्राणां विषयस्तावद्यावन्मन्दरसा नराः ।
रतिचक्रे प्रवृत्ते तु नैव शास्त्रं न च क्रमः ॥ २.२.३१ ॥
The topics of the manuals only apply when men’s desire is
weak. But when the wheel of sexual ecstasy has begun to
roll, there is indeed no handbook—and no order.
इति श्रीवात्स्यायनीये कामसूत्रे सांप्रयोगिके द्वितीयेऽधिकरण
आलिङ्गनविचारा द्वितीयोऽध्यायः ॥
Thus ends the second chapter, Embraces, in the second
part, Sexual Intercourse, in the guide to sensual pleasure
by the glorious Vatsyayana.
Chapter Three
Ways of Kissing
चुम्बननखदशनच्छेद्यानां न पौर्वापर्यमस्ति । रागयोगात्प्राक्संयोगादेषां प्राधान्येन प्रयोगः । प्रहणसीत्कृ तयोश्च संप्रयोगे ॥ २.३.१ ॥
सर्वं सर्वत्र । रागस्यानपेक्षितत्वात् । इति वात्स्यायनः ॥ २ ॥
Kissing, scratching, and biting have no fixed order, because
they come with passion. They are mostly used before
intercourse; slapping and moaning are used during intercourse. All of them can be used anytime because passion
acts without premeditation, according to Vatsyayana.
तानि प्रथमरते नातिव्यक्तानि विश्रब्धिकायां विकल्पेन च
प्रयुञ्जीत । तथाभूतत्वाद्रागस्य । ततः परमतित्वरया
विशेषवत्समुच्चयेन रागसंधुक्षणार्थम् ॥ ३ ॥
These should not be too obtrusive at the beginning of
intercourse. They are optional if the woman is inexperienced, because this is the nature of passion. After that,
they should be used quickly with many variations in order
to enflame passion.
78 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
ललाटालककपोलनयनवक्षःस्तनोष्ठान्तर्मुखेषु चुम्बनम् ॥ ४ ॥
ऊरुसंधिबाहुनाभिमूलयोर्लाटानाम् ॥ ५ ॥ रागवशाद्देशप्रवृत्तेश्च
सन्ति तानि तानि स्थानानि न तु सर्वजनप्रयोज्यानीति
वात्स्यायनः ॥ ६ ॥
Kissing is done on the forehead, the hair, the cheek, the
chest, the breasts, the lips, and inside the mouth. The
Latas also kiss the crotch, the armpits, and the Mound
of Venus. Due to the force of passion and local practices
there are various places to kiss, but they do not apply to all
people, according to Vatsyayana.
तद्यथा निमित्तिकं स्फु रितकं घट्टितकमिति त्रीणि
कन्याचुम्बनानि ॥ ७ ॥
For instance, a young woman has three kinds of kisses: the
measured, the throbbing, and the brushing.
बलात्कारेण नियुक्ता मुखमाधत्ते न तु विचेष्टत इति
निमित्तकम् ॥ ८ ॥
When she is forcibly made to offer her mouth, but does
not move it, that is the measured kiss.
वदने प्रवेशितं चौष्ठं मनागपत्रपावग्रहीतुमिच्छन्ती स्पन्दयति
स्वमोष्ठं नोत्तरमुत्सहत इति स्फु रितकम् ॥ ९ ॥
When she, slightly bashful, wants to grasp his lip which
is inserted into her mouth, and she twitches her lower lip,
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 79
but is unable to twitch the upper, that is called
the throbbing kiss.
ईषत्परिगृह्य विनिमीलितनयना करेण च तस्य नयने
अवच्छादयन्ती जिह्वाग्रेण घट्टयतीति घट्टितकम् ॥ १० ॥
When she seizes his lip gently with her eyes shut and,
covering his eyes with her hand, brushes it with the tip of
her tongue, it is called the brushing kiss.
समं तिर्यगुद्भ्रान्तमवपीडितकमिति चतुर्विधमपरे ॥ ११ ॥
अङ्गु लिसंपुटेन पिण्डीकृ त्य निर्दशनमोष्ठपुटेनावपीडयेदित्यवपीडितकं पञ्चममपि करणम् ॥ १२ ॥
Others group kisses into four categories: the equal, the
crosswise, the roaming, and the pressing. When one
forms a circle with the thumb and fingers and presses
down with rounded lips without using the teeth, that is
another pressing kiss, a fifth way of kissing.
द्यूतं चात्र प्रवर्तयेत् ॥ १३ ॥ पूर्वमधरसंपादनेन जितमिदं
स्यात् ॥ १४ ॥ तत्र जिता सार्धरुदितं करं विधुनुयात्प्रणुदद्दे शेत्
परिवर्तयेद्बलादाहृता विवदेत्पुनरप्यस्तु पण इति ब्रूयात् । तत्रापि
जिता द्विगुणमायस्येत् ॥ १५ ॥ विश्रब्धस्य प्रमत्तस्य वाधरमवगृह्य
दशनान्तर्गतमनिर्गमं कृ त्वा हसेदत्ु क्रोशेत्तर्जयेद्वल्गेदाह्वयेत्
प्रनर्तितभ्रूणा च विचलनयनेन मुखने विहसन्ती तानि तानि च
ब्रूयात् । इति चुम्बनद्यूतकलहः ॥ १६ ॥
80 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Here one may also play a game. Victory goes to the one
who first captures the lower lip of the other. If the woman
loses, she may wave her hand, half crying, push him away,
bite, turn herself away, and being forcibly drawn back,
protest and say, “Let’s have another wager!” If she loses
again, she may exert herself twice as much. When he is
confident or careless, she may seize his lower lip, hold it
between her teeth to prevent escape, then laugh, shout,
scold, dance around, mock him while raising her brows,
and with a smile on her lips and rolling eyes, say all sorts
of things to him. This is the kissing-quarrel game.
एतेन नखदशनच्छेद्यप्रहणनद्यूतकलहा व्याख्याताः ॥ १७ ॥
चण्डवेगयोरेव त्वेषां प्रयोगः । तत्सात्म्यात् ॥ १८ ॥
This also explains the quarrel games with nails, teeth,
scratching, and slapping. Lovers with fierce sexual
energies initiate these because they share the same nature.
तस्यां चुम्बन्त्यामयमप्युत्तरं गृह्णीयात् । इत्युत्तरचुम्बितम् ॥ १९ ॥
While she is kissing, he should seize the upper lip. This is
called kissing the upper lip.
ओष्ठसंदशं ेनावगृह्यौष्ठद्व यमपि चुम्बेत । इति संपुटकं स्त्रियाः पुंसो
वाजातव्यञ्जनस्य ॥ २० ॥
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 81
One may also kiss using one’s own lips as a pincer to seize
both lips of the other. This is the enveloping kiss of a
woman or man with no signs of sexual maturity.
तस्मिन्नितरोऽपि जिह्वयास्या दशनान्घट्टयेत्तालु जिह्वां
चेति जिह्वायुद्धम् ॥ २१ ॥ एतेन बलाद्वदनरदनग्रहणं दानं च
व्याख्यातम् ॥ २२ ॥
Here, the man may also rub her teeth, palate, and tongue
with his tongue. This is called the battle of the tongues.
The forcible seizing and offering of mouth and teeth is
also explained by this.
समं पीडितमञ्चितं मृद ु शेषाङ्गेषु चुम्बनं स्थानविशेषयोगात् ।
इति चुम्बनविशेषाः ॥ २३ ॥
The equal, the squeezed, the curved, and the gentle kiss
may be applied to the other parts of the body, according
to their particular place of use. These are the different
kinds of kisses.
सुप्तस्य मुखमवलोकयन्त्या स्वाभिप्रायेण चुम्बनं रागदीपनम् ॥ २४ ॥
प्रमत्तस्य विवदमानस्य वान्यतोऽभिमुखस्य सुप्ताभिमुखस्य वा
निद्राव्याघातार्थं चलितकम् ॥ २५ ॥
When she sees the mouth of her sleeping man, she may,
for her own satisfaction, kiss him to enflame his passion.
When she kisses him while he is inattentive, quarreling,
82 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
looking elsewhere, or sleepy so as to disturb his sleep, that
kiss is called the stirring kiss.
चिररात्रावागतस्य शयनसुप्तायाः स्वाभिप्रायचुम्बनं
प्रातिबोधिकम् ॥ २६ ॥ सापि तु भावजिज्ञासार्थिनी
नायकस्यागमनकालं संलक्ष्य व्याजेन सुप्ता स्यात् ॥ २७ ॥
When the lover comes back late at night and, for his
own satisfaction, kisses her sleeping on the bed, that
kiss is called the awakening kiss. But she may pretend to
continue sleeping because she wants to discover her lover’s
mood, having noticed what time he arrived.
आदर्शे कु ड्ये सलिले वा प्रयोज्यायाश्छायाचुम्बनमाकारप्रदर्शनार्थमेव कार्यम् ॥ २८ ॥
One may kiss the reflection of the woman one
fancies in a mirror, on a wall, or in water to show one’s
underlying intention.
बालस्य चित्रकर्मणः प्रतिमायाश्च चुम्बनं
संक्रान्तकमालिङ्गनं च ॥ २९ ॥
Kissing a boy, a painting, or a statue is called the transferred kiss, and the same applies to an embrace.
तथा निशि प्रेक्षणके स्वजनसमाजे वा समीपे गतस्य प्रयोज्याया
हस्ताङ्गु लिचुम्बनं संविष्टस्य वा पादाङ्गु लिचुम्बनम् ॥ ३० ॥
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 83
Kissing Her Reflection
84 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
This also applies when the lover comes close to a woman
he desires at night, at a spectacle, or at a meeting of
relatives, and kisses her finger, or when he sits next to her
and kisses her toes.
संवाहिकायास्तु नायकमाकारयन्त्या निद्रावशादकामाया इव
तस्योर्वोर्वदनस्य निधानमूरुचुम्बनं चेत्याभियोगिकानि ॥ ३१ ॥
But when a massage girl, enticing a lover, rests her face on
his thighs as if she were reluctant because she is sleepy, and
then kisses them, this counts as one of the inviting kisses.
भवति चात्र श्लोकः
And there is a verse about this.
कृ ते प्रतिकृ तं कु र्यात्ताडिते प्रतिताडितम् ।
करणेन च तेनैव चुम्बिते प्रतिचुम्बितम् ॥ २.३.३२ ॥
For every action there should be a counteraction, for every
blow a counterblow, and by the same logic, for every
kiss a counterkiss.
इति श्रीवात्स्यायनीये कामसूत्रे सांप्रयोगिके द्वितीयेऽधिकरणे
चुम्बनविकल्पास्तृतीयोऽध्यायः ॥
Thus ends the third chapter, Ways of Kissing, in the
second part, Sexual Intercourse, in the guide to sensual
pleasure by the glorious Vatsyayana.
Chapter Four
Forms of Scratching
रागवृद्धौ संघर्षात्मकं नखविलेखनम् ॥ २.४.१ ॥
Scratching with the fingernails happens when passion
increases. It is characterized by scraping.
तस्य प्रथमसमागमे प्रवासप्रत्यागमने प्रवासगमने क्रुद्धप्रसन्नायां
मत्तायां च प्रयोगः । न नित्यमचण्डवेगयोः ॥ २ ॥ तथा
दशनच्छेद्यस्य सात्म्यवशाद्वा ॥ ३ ॥
It is used at the first sexual union, when returning from
a journey, when departing on a journey, when mollifying
an angry woman, and with a woman who is drunk. People
without fierce sexual energies should not do it all the time.
The same applies to biting, because it is of the same nature.
तदाच्छु रितकमर्धचन्द्रो मण्डलं रेखा व्याघ्रनखं मयूरपदकं
शशप्लुतकमुत्पलपत्त्रकमिति रूपतोऽष्टविकल्पम् ॥ ४ ॥
86 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Nail scratching has eight varieties based on shape: discus,
half-moon, circle, line, tiger’s claw, peacock’s foot, hare’s
leap, and lotus leaf.
कक्षौ स्तनौ गलः पृष्ठं जघनमूरू च स्थानानि ॥ ५ ॥ प्रवृत्तरतिचक्राणां न स्थानमस्थानं वा विद्यत इति सुवर्णनाभः ॥ ६ ॥
The places to put them are the armpits, breasts, throat,
back, genital region, and thighs. For those for whom
the wheel of sexual ecstasy has started to turn, there
is no such thing as a right or wrong place, according
to Suvarnanabha.
तत्र सव्यहस्तानि प्रत्यग्रशिखराणि द्वित्रिशिखराणि
चण्डवेगयोर्नखानि स्युः ॥ ७ ॥
A couple with fierce sexual energy may have the nails on
the left hand freshly sharpened into two or three points.
अनुगतराजि सममुज्ज्वलममलिनमविपाटितं विवर्धिष्णु मृद ु
स्निग्धदर्शनमिति नखगुणाः ॥ ८ ॥ दीर्घाणि हस्तशोभीन्यालोके च
योषितां चित्तग्राहीणि गौडाणां नखानि स्युः ॥ ९ ॥ ह्रस्वानि
कर्मसहिष्णूनि विकल्पयोजनासु च स्वेच्छापातीनि दाक्षिणत्यानाम्
॥ १० ॥ मध्यमान्युभयभाञ्जि महाराष्ट्रकाणामिति ॥ ११ ॥
Excellent nails are streaked, even, clear, clean, unbroken,
well grown, soft, and lustrous. For the Gaudas, nails
should be long and make the hands look beautiful,
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 87
catching the attention of women when they look at them.
For the people in the South, nails should be short, able
to endure work, and suitable to form any kind of shape.
For the people of Maharashtra, nails are of medium size,
enjoying the advantages of both.
तैः सुनियमितैर्हनुदशे े स्तनयोरधरे वा लघुकरणमनुद्गतलेखं
स्पर्शमात्रजननाद्रोमाञ्चकरमन्ते संनिपातवर्धमानशब्दमाच्छु रितकम् ॥ १२ ॥ प्रयोज्यायां च तस्याङ्गसंवाहने शिरसः
कण्डू यने पिटकभेदने व्याकु लीकरणे भीषणेन प्रयोगः ॥ १३ ॥
The discus is characterized by a light movement with
the nails pressed together in the area of the cheek, the
breasts, or the lower lip without leaving a mark, by which
the mere touch at the end creates gooseflesh accompanied
by a sound produced when the nails strike each other. It
is used when a man massages the limbs of the woman he
desires, rubs her head, pops her pimples, or gives her a
jolt to scare her.
ग्रीवायां स्तनपृष्ठे च वक्रो नखपदनिवेशोऽर्धचन्द्रः ॥ १४ ॥
The half-moon is a curved impression of the nail on the
neck or the upper part of the breast.
तावेव द्वौ परस्पराभिमुखौ मण्डलम् ॥ १५ ॥
नाभिमूलककु न्दरवंक्षणेषु तस्य प्रयोगः ॥ १६ ॥
88 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
Two of these pointing towards each other make the circle.
It is used on the Mound of Venus, in the hollows of the
loins, and in the groin.
सर्वस्थानेषु नातिदीर्घा लेखा ॥ १७ ॥
The line, not too long, can be put anywhere.
सैव वक्रा व्याघ्रनखकमास्तनमुखम् ॥ १८ ॥
When this is curved, it is called the tiger’s claw.
It reaches the nipple.
पञ्चभिरभिमुखैर्लेखा चूचुकाभिमुखी मयूरपदकम् ॥ १९ ॥
Lines made with five fingers facing inward and towards
the nipple is called the peacock’s foot.
तत्संप्रयोगश्लाघायाः स्तनचूचुके संनिकृ ष्टानि पञ्चनखपदानि
शशप्लुतकम् ॥ २० ॥
When there are contiguous marks of five nails near the
nipple of a woman praised for her lovemaking, it is called
the hare’s leap.
स्तनपृष्ठे मेखलापथे चोत्पलपत्त्राकृ तीत्युत्पलपत्त्रकम् ॥ २१ ॥
A mark put on the upper part of the breast or on the waist
in the shape of a lotus leaf is called the lotus leaf.
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 89
ऊर्वोः स्तनपृष्ठे च प्रवासं गच्छतः स्मारणीयकं संहताश्चतस्रस्तिस्रो
वा लेखाः । इति नखकर्माणि ॥ २२ ॥
A man leaving on a journey should leave three or four
contiguous lines on her thighs and the upper part of the
breast to remember him by.
Such are the uses of the nails.
आकृ तिविकारयुक्तानि चान्यान्यपि कु र्वीत ॥ २३ ॥
विकल्पानामनन्तत्वादानन्त्याच्च कौशलविधेरभ्यासस्य च
सर्वगामित्वाद्रागात्मकत्वाच्छेद्यस्य प्रकारान्
कोऽभिसमीक्षितुमर्हतीत्याचार्याः ॥ २४ ॥
One may also make other scratches with various kinds
of shapes. Because the variations are endless and skills
infinite, because practice can be had anywhere and
scratching has passion at its core, who can keep track of
the various ways, ask the teachers.
भवति हि रागेऽपि चित्रापेक्षा । वैचित्र्याच्च परस्परं रागो
जनयितव्यः । वैचक्षण्ययुक्ताश्च गणिकास्तत्कामिनश्च परस्परं
प्रार्थनीया भवन्ति । धनुर्वेदादिष्वपि हि शस्त्रकर्मशास्त्रेषु
वैचित्र्यमेवापेक्ष्यते किं पुनरिहेति वात्स्यायनः ॥२५ ॥
Even in passion one seeks diversity, and mutual passion
must be generated through variety. Furthermore, proficient courtesans and their lovers are desirable to each
other. For even in manuals on the martial arts, such as
90 Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse
the science of archery, variety is required. “Why shouldn’t
this be the case here?” asks Vatsyayana.
न तु परपरिगृहीतास्वेवं कु र्यात् । प्रच्छन्नेषु प्रदेशेषु
तासामनुस्मरणार्थं रागवर्धनाच्च विशेषान्दर्शयेत् ॥ २६ ॥
But one should not do this to married women. One should
put special marks in their secret places to make them
remember and to increase their passion.
नखक्षतानि पश्यन्त्या गूढस्थानेषु योषितः ।
चिरोत्सृष्टाप्यभिनवा प्रीतिर्भवति पेशला ॥ २७ ॥
चिरोत्सृष्टषे ु रागेषु प्रीतिर्गच्छेत्पराभवम् ।
रागायतनसंस्मारि यदि न स्यान्नखक्षतम् ॥ २८ ॥
The love of a woman who sees nail scratches in her
secret places becomes new and tender, even if it was
abandoned long ago. When passions are long gone, love
might wane if there are no scratches to remind her of
the place of passion.
पश्यतो युवतिं दूरान्नखोच्छिष्टपयोधराम् ।
बहुमानः परस्यापि रागयोगश्च जायते ॥ २९ ॥
पुरुषश्च प्रदेशेषु नखचिह्नैर्विचिह्नितः ।
चित्तं स्थिरमपि प्रायश्चलयत्येव योषितः ॥ ३० ॥
When a man sees a young woman from afar whose breasts
have been torn by nails, he feels great respect and passion,
Part Two: Sexual I ntercourse 91
even if he is a stranger. And a man who is marked by nails
in various places is likely to disturb the mind of a woman,
however steady it may be.
नान्यत्पटु तरं किं चिदस्ति रागविवर्धनम् ।
नखदन्तसमुत्थानां कर्मणां गतयो यथा ॥ २.४.३१ ॥
There is no better way of increasing passion than the art
of leaving nail and tooth marks.
इति श्रीवात्स्यायनीये कामसूत्रे सांप्रयोगिके द्वितीयेऽधिकरणे
नखरदनजातयश्चतुर्थोऽध्यायः ॥
Thus ends the fourth chapter, Forms of Scratching, in the
second part, Sexual Intercourse, in the guide to sensual
pleasure by the glorious Vatsyayana.
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Both chapter and section titles have been capitalized.
Abhira, the king of Kotta, 317
Abhira women, 96, 327
Advanced Methods, part seven
Aphrodisiacs, 413–417
chapters and sections, 8
Enlarging the Male Organ,
extraction of, 4
Lost Passion, Recovery of, 419–423
Love, Achieving Luck in, 405–410
Spellbinding Someone, 410–413
Unusual Techniques, 425–429
Approaching a Man One Desires,
a Man Can Make on His Own,
Other Men’s Wives, 279–286
Ways to Intimacy, 279–283
Winning a Young Woman by,
Ahalya, 16
Ahichatra men, 158
anal intercourse, 129f
Andhra women, 96, 106, 317
Anga women of the harem, 329
imitating, 120, 124, 126
nature of, 13
Aphrodisiacs, 413–417
armpit, biting the, 94
attacker vs. the attacked, 54
Auddalaki, 51, 300, 396
authorized messengers, 303
Avanti women, 96
awakening kisses, 82
abridgement of the guide, 4, 5
embraces according to, 68
on meeting other men’s wives, 302
on the messenger’s role, 300
on orgasm and pregnancy, 52
on remarried women, 254
on restoring passion, 420
on sexual positions, 106
sixty-four arts, 62, 177–179
on testing a wife’s virtue, 330
on two-sided relations, 396–397
on unfit women, 44
on young girls, winning their
confidence, 191
436 I ndex
Bahlika women, 96, 124
Bali, 15
bamboo splitting position, 112, 114f
battle of the tongues kisses, 81
billy-goat union, 120, 124
the coral stone, 93–94
the dot, 94, 98
garland of dots, 94, 98
hidden, 93
necklace of jewels, 94, 98
nibbling of the boar, 94
retaliation for, 98
rift in the sky, 94, 98
the swelling, 93
biting. See also teeth
Behavior Typical of Women from
Different Provinces, 95–99
locations when, 92, 94
of objects, as invitations, 95
variations of, 93
Ways of, 92–95
when to use, 77, 85
young women, 196
boar’s rubbing, 120
boar’s thrust technique, 144
The Book of Love (McConnachie), xv
boys, kissing, 82
Brahma, 188
the breast
biting, 94
marking with the nails, 87–91
slapping between, 132
stabbing with, 63
breast embrace, 72, 74f
Choosing a, 183–190
Deciding a Match, 188–190
Rules of Courtship, 183–188
Winning Her Confidence, 191–199
Brihaspati, 4
Broken-hand Naradeva, 135
brothers of young women, 229
brushing kisses, 79
buffoon, 35
bull’s thrust technique, 144
buttocks, slapping the, 133
cat’s dalliance, 120
chain armor (cuirass) sex toy, 421
Charayana, 4, 28, 43
cheeks, biting the, 93–94
childish pastimes, purpose of, xiii
Chitrasena, 135
Cholas, king of the, 135
churning technique, 143
circle scratch, 88
city women, 96
climbing the tree embrace, 65, 67f
concubines, royal, 124
coral stone bite, 93–94
counterkiss, 84
appearance, appropriate, 336, 337f,
351, 355
as celebrities, xiii
characteristics, 23
daughters of, 43, 407–409
gifts to, 350
greedy, 335, 356
group relationships, 399
lady friends, qualities of,
339–340, 345
choosing, 379–381
generous, 380, 381
gifts to, 343
multiple, 378, 379
married, 409
money, spending, 383–384
mothers of, 345–346, 353, 354, 360,
374, 399, 408
of Pataliputra, 4
requirements for receiving the
title, 23
Courtesans, part six
The Appraisal of a Friend, 335–341
I ndex 437
chapters and sections, 8
Indifference, Signs and Recognition of, 362–364
Compliance with, 345–357
How to Acquire One, 341–344
Methods for Driving Away,
Reasons for Approaching, 341
Restoring a Broken Relationship,
Suitable and Unsuitable, 335–340
Profit and Loss
Consequences and Risks, 389,
Uncertainties, 383–384, 390,
Ways to Make Money, 358–362
Types of Available Women,
Courtship, Rules of, 183–188
cow position, 120, 123f
the crab position, 112, 116f
crest sex toy, 421
crosswise kisses, 79
crow sex, 160, 163f
cuirass (chain armor) sex toy, 421
curved kisses, 81
the curve position, 106, 109f
the dagger technique, 143, 145f
Dandakya, 16
abridgement of the guide, 4, 5
on acquiring a lover, 356
on driving a lover away, 366
on the lover’s quarrel, 176
of courtesans, 43, 407–409
of stage performers, 410
death, dangerous practices and, 135
desire, levels of, 268
direct approach technique, 143
discus scratch, 87
the dish, 104, 108f, 146
doe women
imitating the sexual role of a
man, 150
sexual positions, 100–101, 102f,
103f, 104, 105f
dog position, 120
Doniger, Wendy, xv
donkey’s attack, 120
dot bite, 94, 98
Draupadi, 16
Dravidian women, 96–97
ear-ornament kisses, 93–94
East, people in the, 158
the elegant man
advisors, 35
after intercourse, 168–172,
169f, 171f
beginning intercourse,
165–166, 167f
benefits of, 36–37
daily schedule, 28, 30
entering the harem, 322–327
friendships, 45
grooming, 28
home of, 26, 27f, 29f
the instructor, 35
Lifestyle of the, 25–37
modeling the, 36
oral sex and, 158, 160
picnics, 32–34, 33f
religious processions, 31
social gatherings, 30–32, 34
unrestrained unions, 174
elephant-cow woman
imitating the sexual role of a
man, 150
sexual positions, 100, 104, 106, 108f
elephant’s crunch, 120
438 I ndex
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
to indicate love
pressing, 64
rubbing, 64
stabbing, 63
touching, 63
in a moment of passion
mixing milk and water, 66, 70f
mixing sesame and rice, 65, 69f
single body part
the breast, 72, 74f
the forehead ornament, 72, 75f
the sexual parts, 68, 73f
the thigh, 68, 71f
climbing the tree, 65, 67f
twining like a vine, 64–65, 66f
transferred, 82
endorphin production, slapping
and, xiii
endurance, 50–51
enveloping kisses, 81
equal kisses, 79, 81
existence, cause of, 4
fingernails. See also scratching with
the fingernails
excellent, described, 86–87
sharpening, 86
tearing with, 93–94
fingers, squeezing, 215
fire, weddings witnessed by, 227–228
fluids, satisfaction and the loss of,
53–54, 57
foolish messengers, 305
forehead, biting the, 94
forehead ornament, close embrace of
the, 72, 75f
friends. See also lovers’ companions
of courtesans, The Appraisal of,
men, 44–45
advances toward young women, 214
of the elegant man, 34
with harem women, 311
kissing, 80
winning a young woman’s
heart, 202
Gandharva weddings, 228–231
garland of dots (bites), 94, 98
fingernails of the, 86–87
women of, 96
women of the harem, 328
General Matters, part one
chapters and sections, 5–6
Exposition of the Skills, 18–24
extraction of, 4
Lifestyle of the Elegant Man,
The Lover and His Companions,
Summary of the Guide, 3–9
The Three Aims of Life, 10–17
genital size classification
names, xii, 49
purpose of, xii
Sexual Intercourse with Regard to,
gentle kisses, 81
gestures and facial expressions
indicating interest
in harem women, 323–324
other men’s wives, 281, 284
young women, 209–211
extraction of the part on young
women, 4
on rules of courtship, 184, 185
on seventh type of woman, 43
on the talk of young women, 194
on winning a young woman,
201, 217
I ndex 439
to courtesans, 350
to the king, 258
marked, 95, 285, 301
to other men’s wives, 285, 301
to remarried women, 254
winning a young woman’s heart,
204–207, 207f
adolescent servants, keeping and
passing on, 407
daughters of courtesans, 43,
daughters of stage performers, 410
on the conduct of wives, 235,
239, 254
eighth kind of woman, 43
extraction of the part on the wife, 4
extraction of the part on other
men’s wives, 4
on falling in love, 269
fourth kind of woman, 39
on meeting other men’s wives, 302
on the messenger’s role, 296, 300
on testing women of the harem, 330
on unfit women, 44
Gramanari, 124
greed, courtesan’s, 335, 356
grinding technique, 144, 147f
groin, biting the, 94
the elegant man, 28
the only wife, 240
group relationships, 399
habitual love, 58
half-moon scratch, 87
the half squeeze position, 112, 113f
happiness, achieving without pain, 17
Guarding One’s Wives, 329–332
Life in the, 320–329, 321f
Matters Pertaining to the Harem,
men in the, 322–329
penetration, danger in, xiii–xiv, 323
harem women
activities appropriate to, 260–261
games with, 311
hierarchy, 258, 260
illustration, 259f
imitating the sexual role of a
man, 322
the king’s conduct toward, 258, 260
seducing rural women, role in,
sexual satisfaction, xiv,
320–322, 321f
sex with rulers, 260, 317–318
hare’s leap scratch, 88
hidden bites, 93
the high squeeze position, 106, 111f
Himalaya women, of the harem, 329
Himilayas, people of the, 329
home of the elegant man, 26, 27f, 29f
hunting, 58
husbands. See also men
Abroad, Conduct of the Only Wife,
childish pastimes, purpose of, xiii
Conduct of a Man with Several
Wives, 261–263
excellent, qualities of, 222–224
quarrels, 250
identification-based love, 59
Imitating the Sexual Role of a Man,
138–140, 139f, 146, 148, 150
impalement on a stake position,
112, 115f
impure acts, 96
Indra, 15
Indra queen position, 101, 104, 105f
Indus women, 96
inner tongs technique, 154
440 I ndex
the instructor, role of, 45, 177, 374
Intimacy, Other Men’s Wives
Making Advances, 284–286
Ways to, 279–283
inviting kisses, 84
Jayasena, the king of Kashi, 317
jester, 35, 45, 177
joint intercourse, 124, 125f
Kakar, Sudhir, xv
Kalinga women of the harem, 329
Kamasutra. See also specific parts
and chapters
analysis of human nature in, xv
author of the, xii
background, xi
benefits of, xv
central subjects of, 3
distinctive features, xi–xii
parts and chapters, 5–8
dangerous, xv, 135
forbidden, 429
purpose and origin, xi, 430
purpose of, xv
structure, xiv, 9
translation(s), xi, xiv–xv
Kichaka, 16
the king
aims of, most important, 12
conduct appropriate for, 309
The Erotic Desire of Rulers,
gifts to, 258
harem women and
conduct appropriate toward,
258, 260
sexual responsibilities of, 260, 322
king of the Cholas, 135
King of the Gods, 16
awakening, 82
battle of the tongues, 81
brushing, 79
crosswise, 79
curved, 81
ear-ornament, 93–94
enveloping, 81
equal, 79, 81
gentle, 81
inviting, 84
measured, 78
pressing, 79
roaming, 79
squeezed, 81
stirring, 81–82
throbbing, 78–79
transferred, 82, 84
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
a boy, 82
games, 80
oral sex technique, 154
a painting, 82
places for, 78
psychological love and, 59
reflections, 82, 83f
a statue, 82
the upper lip, 80
Ways of, 77–84
when to use, 77
kissing-quarrel game, 80
Kosala women, 96
Kuchumara, 4
Lata women, 96
lateral dish position, 104
letter carrier messengers, 304
Life, Achievement of the Three
Aims of, 4, 10–17
limited authority messengers, 303
line scratch, 88
lips, biting the, 93
I ndex 441
lotus leaf scratch, 88
lotus position, 112, 117f
Achieving Luck in, 405–410
embraces to indicate, 63–64
enduring, biting and, 99
falling in, 268–269
habitual, 58
identification based, 59
personal psychology, 58–59
sense object based, 59
types of, 58
The Variations of, 58–60
love gifts, 254
lovers’ companions. See also friends
forbidden, 38, 44
the friend, 44–45
married women as a means to an
end, 39–42
the mendicant nun, 43
the messenger, 44–45
the remarried widow, 38–39
third nature, 43
the virgin, 38, 43
the widow, 43
lovers of courtesans
choosing, considerations when,
Compliance with, 345–357
generous, 380, 381
gifts to, 343
How to Acquire One, 341–344
Methods for Driving Away,
multiple, 378, 379
Reasons for Approaching, 341
Restoring a Broken Relationship,
Suitable and Unsuitable, 335–340
The Lover’s Quarrel, 175–179
low unions position, 104
Luck in Love, Achieving, 405–410
fingernails of the, 87
women of, 96
Malava women, 96
Malayavati, 135
mango sucking technique, 155
Manu, 4
the mare, sexual positions of, 100
the mare’s grip position, 106
gifts, 95, 285, 301
with the nails, 87–91
with the teeth, 94, 96
creating a secure emotional basis
for, xiii
plural. See also harems
polyandry, 124, 127f
reasons for, 248
marriage age, xiii
massage, 72, 84, 152–153, 290–291
McConnachie, James, xv
measured kisses, 78
measured way technique, 154
men. See also husbands; the
elegant man
charming, becoming, 406–407
classifications by genital size,
xii, 49
courting behavior, 269
Exposing the Nature of, 267–270
Exposition of the Skills, 24
generous, 380, 381
in the harems, 322–329
Imitating the Sexual Role of,
138–140, 139f, 146, 158, 160
imitating the sexual role of, 322
marking with the nails, 91
oral sex practices, 158, 160, 161f
as prostitutes, xiii
respected, 35
Sexual Techniques of, 141–150
successful, 37, 177–179, 275, 430
442 I ndex
men (continued)
third nature category, xiii
unable to practice normal sex, 322
Who Have Success with
Women, 275
menstruating women, 150
abilities of, 307–308
authorized, 303
from courtesans, 378
of the elegant man, 30
foolish, 305
letter carrier, 304
limited authority, 303
of the lover, 44–45
mute, 306
to other men’s wives, 279–280, 287,
288, 290, 292, 294–308
self-seeking, 304–305
Tasks of the Female Messenger,
types of, 302–303
wife as, 305–306
wind, 306
Midlands women, 96
mixing milk and water embrace,
66, 70f
mixing sesame and rice embrace,
65, 69f
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
in oral sex, 155
Slapping and, 130–137
money and courtesans
spending, 383–384
Ways to Make, 358–362
monk’s robe, 420
“mother” position, xiii
of courtesans, 345–346, 353, 354,
360, 374, 399, 408
senior co-wife role, 251
sex with sons of, 328
weddings and, 227, 228
of young women being courted,
185, 220
Mound of Venus
kissing the, 78
scratching the, 88
mute messengers, 306
Mylius, Klaus, xv
Nandin, 4
necklace of jewels (bites), 94, 98
new-leaf games, 214
nibbling of the boar, 94
the nipple, scratching, 88
The Only Wife
attire, 240, 244, 246
behavior, acceptable
toward her husband, 235, 238–239
toward others, 236, 242, 243–244
Conduct of, 235–244
economic responsibilities, 241, 242,
245, 246
fasting, 244, 246
grooming, 240
household responsibilities, 235–236,
237f, 239, 240–242, 244–245
social activities, 238–239
travel, acceptable, 245
Whose Husband is Abroad,
open blossom position, 101, 102f
oral sex
avoiding, reasons for, 158, 162
behavior typical from other
of men, 158–160
of women, 96
crow sex, 160, 163f
eight acts of, 153
the inner tongs, 154
intercourse and, 158
I ndex 443
kissing, 154
mango sucking, 155
the measured way, 154
by men, 158, 160, 161f
the outer tongs, 154
polishing, 155
practitioners of, 155, 156f, 157f
psychological love and, 58–59
restoring passion, 420
with servants, 160
the side pinch, 154
swallowing, 155
orgasm, women’s
hallmarks of, 142
men’s vs., 51–58
The Other Wives
Conduct of a Man with Several
Wives, 261–263
Conduct of an Unloved Wife,
Conduct of the Junior Wife,
Conduct of the Remarried Woman,
Conduct of the Senior Wife to the
Co-Wives, 248–251
Matters Pertaining to the Harem,
outer tongs technique, 154
happiness without, 17
paying no attention to, 68
slapping and, xiii
vocal sounds of, 131–133
words of, 131, 133
paintings, kissing, 82
Panchala, 23, 62
party wit, 35, 45, 177, 310
artificial, 173
excitable, 173
Lost, Recovery of, 419–423
natural, 173
restoring, techniques for, 420–429
transferred, 174
passionate embraces
mixing milk and water, 70f
mixing sesame and rice, 69f
Pataliputra, courtesans of, 4
peacock’s foot scratch, 88
the penis
enlarging, 423–425
piercing, 422
personal psychology love, 58–59
picnics, 32–34, 33f
piercing the penis, 422
polishing technique, 155
polyandry, 124, 127f
Prajapati (the Creator), 4, 188
pregnancy, achieving, 51
pregnant women, 150
pressing embraces, 64
pressing kisses, 79
pressing technique, 144
definition and acquiring
knowledge about, 11, 13
pursuit of, 14–15, 17
advisers of, 35
the instructor, role of, 35
investment in and taxation of, xiii
legal protections, xiii
“mother” position, xiii
receiving a group of men, 124
at salons, role of, 32
sex with a peasant, 174
status hierarchy, xiii. See also
types of, 400
quarrel games, 80
courtesans with their mothers,
353, 360
444 I ndex
quarrels (continued)
co-wives and husbands, 250
The Lover’s Quarrel, 175–179
Ravana, 16
reflections, kissing, 82, 83f
definition and acquiring
knowledge about, 11, 13
pursuit of, 13–14, 17
rift in the sky (bites), 94, 98
the Rigveda, 61–62
roaming kisses, 79
rotated position, 118
rubbing embraces, 64
Rulers, The Erotic Desire of,
Runaway Wife, 156f
Saketa men, 158
salons, 30, 32, 36
satisfaction, achieving
adulterous women, xiv
harem women, xiv, 320–322, 321f
nonvaginal, 322
in women vs. men, 51–58
Schmidt, Richard, xv
scissors on the head, 134
scratching with the fingernails
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
the circle, 88
the discus, 87
Forms of, 85–91
the half-moon, 87
the hare’s leap, 88
before leaving, 89
the line, 88
locations when, 86
the lotus leaf, 88
marking when, 87–91
the peacock’s foot, 88
the tiger’s claw, 88
varieties based on shape, 86
variety when, 89–90
when to use, 77, 85
young women, 195
Seducing Other Men’s Wives,
Causes of Resistance, 270–274
Exposing the Nature of Men and
Women, 267–270
Men Who Have Success with
Women, 275
Women Who are Easily Won,
self-seeking messengers, 304–305
sense object-based love, 59
sensual pleasure
definition and acquiring
knowledge about, 12–13
guide to, abridgement of, 4–5
pursuit of, 15–17
adolescent, keeping and passing
on, 407
sex with
a menial, 174
oral, 160
virgin daughters, 43
wives, 292
Sex, Different Kinds of
with a menial, 174
passion and, 172–174
between a prostitute and a
peasant, 174
with a rustic, 174
unrestrained, 174
Sex Acts, Unusual
anal intercourse, 126, 129f
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96, 124,
126, 129f
cow-herd, 124
cow position, 120, 123f
joint intercourse, 124, 125f
I ndex 445
one wife with many husbands,
124, 127f
standing intercourse, 118, 121f
suspended intercourse, 120, 122f
two women, 124, 125f
sex toys
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
a crest, 421
cuirass (chain armor), 421
harem women’s use of, 320,
321f, 322
in low unions, 101
monk’s robe, 420
restoring passion, 420–423
a single crest, 421
used without piercings, 420–422
used with piercings, 423
sexual act, synonyms for, 56
sexual ecstasy, 96
sexual energy
average, 50
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
dull, 50
fierce, 50, 57
virility, 413, 416–417
sexual enjoyment, synonyms for, 56
sexual intercourse. See also
sexual unions
forced, 192, 199, 288, 353
sixty-four arts of, 61–62
synonyms for, 56
Sexual Intercourse, part two
The Beginning, 165–166, 167f
Behavior Typical of Women from
Different Provinces, 95–99
Biting, Ways of, 92–95
chapters and sections, 6
The Conclusion, 168–172,
169f, 171f
Different Kinds of, 172–174
Embraces, 61–76
extraction of, 4
Imitating the Sexual Role of a Man,
138–140, 139f, 146, 148, 150
Kissing, Ways of, 77–84
Love, The Variations of, 58–60
The Lover’s Quarrel, 175–179
Oral Sex, 151–164
with Regard to Size, Endurance
and Temperament, 49–58
Scratching, Forms of, 85–91
Sex, Different Kinds of, 172–174
Sexual Acts, Unusual, 118–129
Sexual Positions, Different,
Sexual Techniques of a Man,
Sexual Unions, 49–60
Slapping and the Manners of
Moaning, 130–137
sexual parts, close embrace of the,
68, 73f
sexual positions
bamboo splitting, 112, 114f
the crab, 112, 116f
the curve, 106, 109f
Different Positions, 100–118
the dish, 104
equal unions, 100
genital size classification and, xii
the half squeeze, 112, 113f
the high squeeze, 106, 111f
high unions, 100, 104
impalement on a stake, 112, 115f
Indra queen, 101, 104, 105f
lateral dish, 104
lotus position, 112, 117f
low unions, 104
the mare’s grip, 106
open blossom, 101, 102f
rotated, 118
the squeeze, 104, 112
supine dish, 104, 108f
uniting in water, 118, 119f
the wrapping, 106
the yawn, 106, 110f
446 I ndex
sexual positions (continued)
yawning, 101, 103f
sexual roles, attacker vs. the
attacked, 54
Sexual Techniques of a Man
boar’s thrust, 144
bull’s thrust, 144
churning, 143
the dagger, 143, 145f
direct approach, 143
the dish, 146
foreplay, 141, 143
grinding, 144, 147f
pressing, 144
sparrow sport, 144
thrust, direction of, 143
wind blast, 144
sexual unions. See also sexual
best, genital size and, xii
classification of, 49–51
Love, The Variations of, 58–60
number of, 50
passion and danger in, 135–136
synonyms for, 56
Shakuntala, 226
Shatakarni Shatavahana, 135
Shvetaketu, 4
side pinch technique, 154
the sides, slapping the, 133
Sindh women of the harem, 328
single body part embraces
the breast, 72, 74f
the forehead ornament, 72, 75f
the sexual parts, 68, 73f
the thigh, 68, 71f
single crest sex toy, 421
Sita, 16
sitting embraces, 68
the sixty-four, 61, 177–179
Skills, Exposition of The
learning the practices, 18–20
by men, 24
naming of, 22–23
number of, 20
by women, 18–20, 23–24
back of the hand, 132
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
dangerous, 134–135
fist variety, 131
flat palm of the hand, 132
locations when, 130
Moaning and, 130–137
in oral sex, 155
to orgasm, 132, 133
outstretched hand, 132
pain with, and sounds of, xiii,
purpose of, xiii
scissors on the head, 134
stab on the cheeks, 134
tongs on the breasts and sides, 134
variations of, 130
wedge on the chest, 134, 135
the South, people of
fingernails of the, 87
slapping, types of, 134
women of, unusual sexual acts,
126, 129f
sparrow sport technique, 144
Spellbinding, 410–413
spiked swelling, 423–425
the spinning top, 146, 149f
squeezed kisses, 81
the squeeze position, 104, 112
stabbing embraces, 63
stab on the cheeks, 134
stag union, 120, 124
stallion’s mounting, 120
standing embraces, 64–65
standing intercourse, 118, 121f
statues, kissing, 82
stirring kisses, 81–82
Strirajya women, 96, 124, 328
sucking, 96
Summary of the Guide, 3–9
I ndex 447
Superintendent of Horses, 317
supine dish position, 104, 108f
Surasena men, 158–159
Surashtra women, 318
suspended intercourse, 120, 122f
sutra, defined, xiv
sutra texts, about, xiv
embraces according to, 68
extraction of the part on sexual
intercourse, 4
on localization of practices, 97
on nail scratching, 86
on secret of young women, 142
on sexual positions, 106, 118
sixth type of woman, 43
swallowing technique, 155
swelling bites, 93
the swing, 148
talk, vulgar, 96
teeth. See also biting
good vs. bad, described, 92
tearing with, 93–94
tooth marks, 94, 96
biting the, 94
close embrace of the, 68, 71f
massaging the, 290–291
third nature category
companion of the lover, 43
defined, xiii
form of a man, 152–153
form of a woman, 151–152
oral sex, 151–152
The Three Aims of Life, Achievement of, 10–17
throat, biting the, 94
throbbing kisses, 78–79
boar’s thrust, 144
bull’s thrust, 144
the dagger, 143, 145f
direct approach, 143
direction of, 142
grinding, 144
sparrow sport, 144
tiger’s claw scratch, 88
tiger’s pounce, 120
toes, touching and squeezing, 215
the tongs, 146
tongs on the breasts and sides, 134
tooth marks
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
on the breast, 94
touching embraces, 63
transferred embraces, 82
transferred kisses, 82, 84
twining like a vine embrace,
64–65, 66f
about conflict with religion,
about hatred, 393–394
about loss, 393
about loss on both sides, 397–398
about profit on both sides, 397
about sensual pleasure, 393
mixed, 394–395
moral, 393
simple, 393–394
uniting in water, 118, 119f
upper lip, kissing the, 80
Vanavasa women, 97
Vanga women of the harem, 329
Vatsagulma women of the harem,
191–199, 317, 328
Vatsyayana, xii, 5, 134
Vidarbha women, 318, 328
the virgin
daughters of courtesans, 408–409
sex with, restrictions on, 38, 43
448 I ndex
virility, 413, 416–417
the waist, marking with the nails, 88
water, uniting in, 118, 119f
water play, 124
Ways of Kissing, 77–84
Wayward Wife, 157f
Stratagems for, 225–231
witnessed by fire, 227–228
wedge on the chest, 134, 135
Conduct of the Remarried Woman,
sex with, 38–39, 43
The Wife, part four
chapters and sections, 7
Conduct of a Man with Several
Wives, 261–263
Conduct of an Unloved Wife,
Conduct of a Wife Whose
Husband is Abroad, 244–247
Conduct of the Junior Wife,
Conduct of the Remarried Woman,
Conduct of the Senior Wife to the
Co-Wives, 248–251
extraction of, 4
Matters Pertaining to the Harem,
The Only Wife, 235–247
The Other Wives, 248–263
wind blast technique, 144
wind messengers, 306
adulterous. See also Wives of Other
Men, part five
feeling shame, 142
first time, 280, 296
gestures and facial expressions
indicating interest, 281, 284
gifts to, 285, 301
meeting, 301–302
preventing, xiii
sexual satisfaction, xiv
Sexual Techniques of a Man,
approaching, reasons for, 267
desire for, 268
with many husbands, 124, 127f
marking with the nails, 90
as messengers, 305–306
multiple, reasons for, 248
reliable, creating, xiii
Runaway Wife, 156f
sex with
as a means to an end, 39–42
restrictions on, 38–39
Wayward Wife, 157f
Wives of Other Men, part five
chapters and sections, 7–8
The Erotic Desire of Rulers,
Examination of Inclinations,
Exposing the Nature of, 267–270
extraction of, 4
Intimacy, Ways to, 279–283
Making Advances, 284–286
Resistance, Causes of, 270–274
Seducing Successfully, 267–278
Tasks of the Female Messenger,
Women Who are Easily Won,
women. See also harem women; prostitutes; wives; young women
classifications by genital size,
xii, 49
easily won, 270
Exposing the Nature of, 267–270
Exposition of the Skills, 18–20, 24
falling in love, 268–269
highest caste, sex with, 38
I ndex 449
Imitating the Sexual Role of a
Man, 138–140, 139f, 146, 148,
149f, 150
knowing the conduct of, 268
Conduct of the Remarried
Woman, 253–255
sex with, restrictions on, 38–39
rural, sex with
a prostitute and a peasant, 174
rulers of, 310–319, 313f
slapping results for, xiii
unfit for sexual intercourse, 44
Who are Easily Won, 276–278
winning the heart of, 209–211
women of different provinces,
behavior typical of
Biting, 95–99
embraces, 96
kissing, 96
moaning, 96
oral sex, 96
scratching with the fingernails, 96
sex toys, 96
sexual acts, unusual, 96, 124,
126, 129f
sexual energy, 96
slapping, 96
tooth marks, 96
wounding, 96
behavior typical of women from
different provinces, 96
retaliation for, 97
the wrapping position, 106
Yashodhara’s commentary, xv
yawning position, 101, 103f
the yawn position, 106, 110f
young women. See also women
deflowering, 227–230
practicing the skills, 20
sexual intercourse with
forcing, 192, 199
persuasion techniques, 192–196
stroking technique, 196–197
timing, 217
a virgin, 38, 43, 227–230,
suitors, qualities of excellent,
teachers of, 20
winning the heart of
activities, 201, 203f
by advances, 213–218, 222–224
foster sisters for helping, 202,
208, 218, 225–227
games, 202, 212, 214
gestures and facial expressions
indicating interest, 209–211
gifts, 204–207, 207f
Young Women, part three
Advances a Man Can Make on His
Own, 213–218
Approaching, 200–212
Approaching a Man One Desires,
chapters and sections, 6–7
Choosing a Bride, 183–190
Courtship, Rules of, 183–188
Deciding a Match, 188–190
extraction of, 4
Indications through Gestures and
Facial Expressions, 209–211
Weddings, Stratagems for, 225–231
Winning a Young Woman by
Advances, 222–224
Winning Her Confidence, 191–199
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