The Netherlands as a maritime crossroad

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The Netherlands as a maritime crossroad
The Netherlands as
a maritime crossroads
Global trade in 2016
90%
3.5%
maritime trade
growth in global trade
The Port of Rotterdam – the largest port in Europe – is a maritime crossroads between two of
the three most important trade routes by sea: the shipping route between Europe
and China and between Europe and the east coast of North America.
Dutch ports rank
among the top ports
Container ships are
increasing in size
Europe
Worldwide
1
Singapore
1
Rotterdam
2
Shanghai
2
Antwerpen
3
Tianjin
3
Hamburg
Rotterdam
5 Guangzhou
Amsterdam
5 Marseille
4
4
18.000
21.100
TEU
2.500
800
TEU
4.000
1970 - ‘80
1980 - ‘88
8.000
TEU
TEU
TEU
TEU
<1970
5.000
Containers
TEU
1988 - ‘00
2000 - ‘05
2006 - ‘15
2017 +
1 TEU
6.10m 2.44m 2.59m
l o n g wide h i g h
19.224 TEU’s
TEU designates the size
of containers and stands for
Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit.
were transported by the largest
container ship to dock in Rotterdam.
20m
Maasvlakte II
depth
Only one of its
kind in Europe
Rotterdam is the only port in Europe
that can receive the newest
generation of container ships.
These large, deep-sea maritime
vessels have been able to moor at
Maasvlakte 2 since 2013.
Port of Rotterdam
expended by
of the 1,000 hectares of
new industrial sites is
reserved for container
terminals.
20%
Gateway to Europe
The Port of Rotterdam is the gateway to Europe.
More goods are transported to trading partner
Germany from Rotterdam via the Rhine than the
Port of Hamburg transports within its own
country. Accessibility by road and rail transport
from Rotterdam is also excellent. Many shipping
companies sail their large ocean-going vessels
to Rotterdam and arrange logistics from there.
For example, containers are sent from
Rotterdam to Italy by train instead of by smaller
ships to the Port of Genoa.
Rotterdam
Germany
Rotterdam
Italy
Rotterdam
Austria
Switzerland
Cruise ships are
also increasing in size
Largest
Amsterdam cruise terminal
Today ’s
largest cruise ship
cruise ship in 1985
1.500
6.300
passengers
passengers
Today
140 cruise ships
276.000
Passengers
These increasingly larger cruise ships moor at Amsterdam.
Thanks to the new sea lock at IJmuiden – the largest in the
world – the Port of Amsterdam will be accessible to enormous
cruise ships. After all, Amsterdam is a metropolis that is
attracting increasing numbers of tourists.
Target
2030
250 cruise ships
450.000
Passengers
The Netherlands is building
the world’s largest sea lock
t
s
e
g
Lar
k
c
o
l
sea orld
w
e
h
in t
The world’s largest sea lock is being constructed at IJmuiden in
2016 and is expected to be ready for use by 2019. The larger sea
lock is necessary to provide increasingly larger container and cruise
ships access to the Port of Amsterdam.
545
metres long
18m 70m
deep wide
€500 million
investment
The Netherlands
amongthe global
elite in dredging
Two of the five largest dredging companies in
the world are Dutch (Boskalis and Van Oord).
Dutch dredging industry
6.000
people employed
€2 billion
Global dredging industry
707.857
m3 + kw
523.712
m3 + kw
370.441
m3 + kw
343.086
€1.5 billion
302.505
m3 + kw
De Nul (BE) Van Oord (NL) DEME (BE)
Chec
annual turnover
m3 + kw
Boskalis (NL)
annual exports
Coastal cities growing
while sea level rises
Around the world, we are making our way to the coast,
where urbanisation is taking form in mega cities. At the
same time, the sea level is rising, endangering these
coastal cities. These cities are also confronted with an
additional phenomenon: subsidence. This is a result of
the need for clean drinking water, as groundwater
must be pumped up on a massive scale, causing the
soil to settle.
Coastal cities with more than 1 million inhabitants
50
40
30
140cm
20
Rise in sea level in cm
10
20cm
2000
2050
2100
2025E
2000
1975
This demands creative and innovative solutions
The Netherlands as
‘global water manager’
All of the know-how in the water sector converges in
the Netherlands. In addition to our large dredgers,
we also have leading engineering firms, construction
companies, installers and knowledge institutes.
Thanks to collaboration between all of these parties,
the Netherlands will continue to be a ‘global water
manager’ well into the future.
Sources
1.) Rabobank Outlook Dredging until 2018
2.) Portofrotterdam.com
3.) KNMI.nl
4.) Wikipedia.com
1950

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