The Nightmare, John Henry Fuseli, oil on canvas, 1781, 39” x 49

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The Nightmare, John Henry Fuseli, oil on canvas, 1781, 39” x 49
The Nightmare, John Henry Fuseli, oil on canvas, 1781, 39” x 49”.
Preceded surrealism and Freudian studies by a century
Elohim Creating Adam, William Blake, writer/poet who illustrated his own work.
Rejected rationalism of ________________….
Erotic theme; horse as male symbol, woman in tortured sleep, incubus suffocating
her. Sensation of terror… reaction to jilted romance? Figueal style from where?
Napoleon in the Plague House at Jaffa, 1804, Antoine Gros (Student of David)
Gran Odalisque… fill in what you know about this painting!! Very famous by Ingres!
Shows Napoleon visiting sick & dying during Turkish campaign, shallow stage with
classical references, exotic locale- Christlike figure of Napoleon helping the sick.
(2 months after this was painted, Napoleon ordered all the plague victims poisoned)
Massacre at Chios,
Delacroix, 1824, oil on
canvas, 14’ x 12’
How did this reflect the
ORIENTALIZING or
Turkish theme popular at
the time?
What did Lord Byron do
about the Greek
revolution?
What event is depicted
here?
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What color themes are
echoed throughout?
Who painted this?
How did this painting
symbolize the destiny
of France?
What philosophies(s)
of art would be shown
here?
What does the child
with pistols symbolize?
Who is the woman
carrying the flag?
Is this a literal
narrative painting?
The Sleep of Reason Produces
Monsters, Goya, 1799, Etching.
Los Caprichos
How could this be a political
statement?
Is it just literally about the Romantic
idea of the subconsious and
nightmares?
Or is there a parallel Goya is trying to
tell us?
Departures of Volunteers of 1792
(Marseillaise), 1835, Arc de Triomphe,
Paris
Popularly known as Marseillaise, the
French national anthem
Volunteers who protected France from
invasion by Austria-Prussia
Winged figure of Victory or
France…tangled volunteers surging
forward
None really looks ready for war, some
old, some young
Scene to mythic proportions
Typical Romantic in departure from fact
Family of Charles
Iv, Goya, 1800
(huge 10’ x 11’)
Compare w/ las
Meninas
Triptych figures
Goya in shadow
in background
Queen in center
w/youngest kids
2 canvases in rear
like Las M.
Trappings of
Royalty
Wanderer above a Sea of Fog
Caspar David Friedrich, German Romanticism, 1918, oil on canvas
Man contemplating grandeur of
nature
Romantic vision of nature different
than Enlightenment.. Nature more
powerful, unpredictable, than
people.. Also AWESOME
Inspired by the poet Goethe
Third of May, 1808, Francisco Goya. Oil on canvas, 9’ x 13’, 1814.
Massacre of Spanish rebels after failed uprising against French
SUBLIME: :any cathartic
experience from the catastrophic to
the intellectual that causes the
viewer to marvel in awe, wonder, or
passion
How are the French soldiers portrayed? Is this more than just a narrative painting?
Central figure reminds us of whom?
2
Snowstorm: Hannibal & His Army Crossing the Alps, Oil on canvas, 4’9” x 7’9”, 1812, oil
on canvas. Extremes in nature, concept of vortex in his work
The Oxbow, Thomas Cole, 1836 (4’ x 6’) - actual view of river in Mass.
The White Horse, John Constable, oil on canvas, 1819,
Vibrant shimmering paint w/careful atmospheric perspective
Sense of momentary clouds
Harmony with nature, oneness w/nature, reaction against WHAT?????????
Founder of Hudson River School
In response to British book accused Americans of polluting the New World
Romanticism on left, Claude on right
Cole’s self portrait on left foreground.. Man’s touch on fields on right
Houses of Parliament, 1836-60, England… fill-in blanks
Hint: this building used the IRON technology in an ironic way.. What FIRSTS were done
by this building?
3
Grand Staircase, the Opera, 186174, Paris
Paris opera house designed by
Charles Garnier
Historicism style-different periods
combined
Part of urban redevelopment plan
for Paris under Napoleon III
Based mostly on Baroque style
Temple of pleasure.. Opulent
Garnier: “to hear, to see, and
above all, to be seen”
Mirrors on columns for ladies to
check their hair
Labrouste (architect) trained at Ecole des-Beaux Artes, suggest both learning and
technology in this innovative library Bibliotheque St. Genevieve.. Slender Corinthian
columns of IRON support barrel vaults.. Cut stone exterior “noble” .. Building was open
at night and gas lit, had to be fireproof! Exterior has iron arches symbolizing print lines,
2 barrel vaults represent 2 columns of newspaper. Main door 2 columns surmounted by
lamps that show open at night, look like bookmarks.
Iron under structure
The Artist’s Studio, Louis-Daguerre, daguerrotype, 6.5” x 8.5”, 1837, still life photo
inspired by vanitas still life paintings.. Textures, new art form capturing older art form
This photographer invented daguerrotypes (sharp focus, clear details)
Portrait of Charles Baudelaire, Nadar,
1863
Portrait of Thomas Carlyle, 1867
Forehead often highlighted
Controlled camera angles, often left
one eye or side of face in shadow (as
did Baroque painters!)
Calotype: early photograph that
produced both a positive and negative
image, negatives allowed multiple
reprints
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