Circumvent (sur-kuhm-vent) to avoid by
going around; to encircle; to outwit
From Latin circum (around) and
venire (to come)
Many different things can be
To circumvent an enemy (to encircle)
To circumvent a lake (go around it
instead of sailing over it)
To circumvent the rules (avoid them or
find ways around them)
Citadel (sit-uh-del) a fortress
From Middle Latin civitas (city)
Related to citizen
In earlier days, “city” came to mean
“fort” because cities were small and
each had a fortress to protect it
Cogitate (koj-i-teyt) to ponder or
From Latin co plus agitare (to
move, to drive)
Noun form: cogitation (deep
Adjective form: cogitative
Synonyms: plan, ponder, plot,
comatose (kom-uh-tohs )
from Greek koma (sleep)
when one is in a coma, they are
totally unconscious; when one is
comatose, one may be unconscious
or in a state that resembles
synonyms: catatonic, vegetative,
fewer vs. less
Use “fewer” when you can reasonably count what
you’re referring to:
I have fewer friends now than I had when I was younger.
You can reasonably count friends.
Use “less” when you can’t reasonably count what
you’re referring to:
My boyfriend has less hair on his back now that he’s
gotten his back waxed.
You can’t reasonably count hair.
Which ones are correct?
I have less ice cream in my bowl than she does.
I have less complaints about this class than that one.
I ran fewer miles tonight than I did last night.
I ran less miles tonight than I did last night.
conflagration (kon-fluh-grey-shuhn )
a large, destructive fire
from Latin com (up) plus flagrare
may also refer to a burning fever
or a violent conflict
a conflagrator may be someone
who sets a fire, but also someone
who stirs up a crowd with
from French contre (against) plus temps (time)
is singular despite the “s” at the end
originated in the sport of fencing; an inopportune move was
considered a move “out of time”
conveyance (kuhn-vey-uhns) a means
of transporting; a vehicle
from Latin com plus via (road)
may refer to anything that transports or to
something that transfers, such as a deed that
transfers property from one person to another
verb- convey (to carry)
a halo of light around the sun or
from Latin corona (crown)
related to coroner (a public officer who
investigates deaths) because it was
originally an office of the crown
related to coronary (related to the
heart) and corolla (a circle of leaves
surrounding a flower)
cryptic (krip-tik) secret; mysterious
from Greek kryptos
related to crypt (burial place or vault)
sometimes involves a code or a cipher
10th word! Quiz is tomorrow!