The Essential Underground Handbook



The Essential Underground Handbook
The Essential
P.M.L. Publishing Inc.
The Essential Underground Handbook
The Essential
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The Essential Underground Handbook
The Essential
The Essential Underground Handbook is a guide to some of the most
essential information and techniques for those people who no longer
want to live in the grip of Big Brother.
This book was compiled by people with real insider knowledge and
experience of the living life on the fringes on normal society. We are sure
that this book will help you along the path to personal freedom.
PML Editorial Team
The Essential Underground Handbook
The Essential
Table Of Contents
Offshore Banking
01. Introduction
02. So Why Go Offshore?
03. Offshore Agents and Big Brother
04. Offshore Money Flow
05. Jurisdictions and Banks
06. Quick Start Guide
07. Merchant Services
08. Other Payment Services
09. Confidential Check Cashing Services
10. Bank Contact Details
11. Offshore Journals and Magazines
Mail Drops
01. Global Providers
02. country Specific Providers
Second Identity
01. Second Passports and Citizenship
02. Frequently Asked Questions
03. Banking Passports
04. Diplomatic Passports
05. International Drivers License
06. Fake identity Documents
07. Prestigious Titles
08. Becoming an Ordained Minister
09. Escaping the USA
10. Escaping Canada
11. Escaping the UK
12. How to Beat Big Brother and other Scammers
13. References and Contacts
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Company Formations
01. How to Set-up a Corporation or Limited Liability Company
02. UK Company Formations
03. How to Set up International Business Corporations
Private Investigation, Security and Surveillance
01. Performing Background Checks
02. How to Use Pretext to Gain Information
03. Little Known Database Searches
04. Uncovering Hidden Property
05. Sources of Security and Surveillance Equipment
01. How to set up telephone numbers in almost every worldwide city
02. How to make cheap telephone and fax calls worldwide
03. How to surf the Internet anonymously using proxy servers
Hacking and Computer Security
01. Introduction
02. A Hacking Walkthrough
03. Automated Hacking Tools
04. Underground Hacking Resources
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter One
Offshore Banking
The offshore world is often cloaked in secrecy, the price for membership
of this elite club is high, the techniques for offshore freedom, elusive, until
This chapter was written to provide you, the reader with a series of easy to
follow steps to opening and maintaining an offshore bank account, as
well as obtaining debit and credit cards, establishing merchant accounts,
and setting up online payment systems
I will describe the different types of accounts that you can open and
discuss ways of hiding your funds should anyone come looking for them.
Everything is provided, from account opening forms, schedules of fees,
benefits, and a complete analysis of each bank referenced in this book.
By the end of it you will be able to open your own offshore account,
manage and move funds in secrecy, and be part of the offshore world.
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1. Introduction
Since that fateful day – September 11 – things have changed
considerably; the offshore world and those who participate in it are now
viewed in the same regard as ‘arms dealer’.
Opening offshore accounts, setting up offshore companies, not wanting
the government to know every single detail of your life is not terrorism, it is
the right of every free person. If it were not the case then many of our
recognised politicians would be charged and incarcerated by now,
where do you think they keep their money?
Most people view this industry with scepticism and distrust and this is
largely due to the cost involved in getting started. Many offshore
consultants charge small fortunes to open an account. In fact one guy I
know, charges $2500 to open a visa account, $1000 gets deposited in the
account as its minimum opening balance and he pockets the other $1500
for sending you two forms in the post. It is this kind of behaviour that gives
the rest of us a bad name.
So, rant over, let us begin.
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2. So Why Go Offshore?
There are a myriad of reasons, from hiding money from your spouse, to
collecting profits from an on-line business. The most popular though, is
avoiding the high rate of taxation in your home country. Many of my
friendss are I.T. consultants living in Europe, they contract all over the
world, and under regular circumstances would be required to pay tax on
their income either in their place of work or back home. To get around this
they set up an offshore business and invoice the local company directly
from there. The payments are wired to their account and they have
instant access to the funds via a regular ATM card. The small service fees
for this kind of transaction are nothing compared with the high rate of tax
they would have been paying otherwise.
I am not saying this is one hundred percent legal in some countries but the
fact of the matter is, if you do it properly, carefully, then the chance that
anyone will ever find out is practically zero.
Another good reason to go offshore is to protect your assets. If they are
offshore, and you were ever divorced, made bankrupt etc. the chances
of them ever finding, let alone seizing them would be slim to none.
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3. Offshore Agents and Big Brother
As you can see the offshore world is a murky one. An alarming fact has
recently come to the attention of myself and several other consultants
that I know, and this is that some well known offshore providers have been
‘pressed’ into providing information on their clients and the services that
they have purchased from them. One guy who attends one of our regular
conferences admitted that his boss sends full reports every time an
account is opened for a client to a US based agency.
This is why opening an account yourself, or opening several and passing
the money between them reduces your risk. Only you and the bank know
about this arrangement.
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4. Offshore Money Flow
In a perfect world, offshore banks would offer one hundred percent
secrecy, one hundred percent stability, and one hundred percent
accessibility. Unfortunately this isn’t true, due to ever changing laws and
regulations, and increasing pressure on offshore havens, maintaining
secrecy whilst having instant access to your funds is a little more difficult
than you may think.
The answer though lies in the creation of several bank accounts. Each of
these created for a specific purpose, and part of the overall money flow
The Three Accounts
Below are listed the three type of accounts that should be created, and
their function.
1. The Pass-Through Account
This will be the first type of account you will create. It should be in a
jurisdiction that has total banking secrecy laws in place such as; Latvia,
Antigua, Estonia, Grenada, or Venuatu. This is your front account, the
account that you will give to your clients when they wish to pay you, this is
also the account that you will use when you want to transfer money to
someone else. This is as the name suggests, an account whose only
purpose it to send or receive money.
Typically you should rely on the smaller banking establishments as they
generally provide far better secrecy and confidentiality than the larger
ones. The stability of the jurisdiction and the bank is less important for this
type of account as their will never be any great sums of cash sitting there
for more that a few days.
2. The Stash Account
Your stash account should be opened in a stable jurisdiction with a
reputable banking establishment. This account will be used to store the
majority of your money, and receive funds from your stash account or
other offshore investments.
3. Spending Account
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Your spending account should be the most flexible of your three
accounts, you should have a cash withdrawal facility using major ATM
machines and probably a secured Visa or MasterCard. The primary
function of this account is to provide you with an untraceable means of
accessing your funds without having to do a wire transfer. Many providers
will issue you a card with minimal or even no identification requirements.
Take a look at the digram below to see how all your accounts fit together
and the flow of funds between them.
Stash Account
Spend Account
Savings Account
Now that you have seen how the money flow solution works, lets take a
look at how this can protect you.
Imagine big brother, your spouse, or a business partner wanted to shut
you down, the first step and potentially most painful would be to freeze
your bank accounts. Now given the fact that you are banking offshore,
this is going to be a considerably difficult process.
First of all the only account they know about is your Pass-Through account.
The jurisdiction where this account is located will have some of the best
banking secrecy laws in the world and it would require proof of a major
offence such as money laundering or drug dealing for them to even
consider freezing the account. Tax evasion or other similar crimes would
not warrant any kind of action from them.
But even assuming that they do manage to access this account, all they
would find is an empty account with a couple of dollars. Next they would
have to obtain records of everyone you have sent money to from that
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account. If you were clever, your stash account would be under a
corporate name, assuming that you have paid several suppliers from your
Pass-Through account, they would never know which was a legitimate
supplier and which was you masquerading as a supplier. They would have
to then attempt to freeze the accounts of all those paid from your
Even if your stash account is discovered, they would then have to pressure
the bank into freezing that account (this account would be in a different
country and the whole process would have to be restarted) by which
time you would have noticed that your Pass-Through account was frozen
and would have transferred your funds elsewhere. This way your money
will always be one step ahead, no matter what happens.
Of course, I hope that you won't ever get into such a situation, but it can
happen even if you are completely innocent - and thus it would make
sense to be prepared now rather than to be taken by surprise later.
As you can see, diversification is of extreme importance, that's why I
advise you to open at least three different accounts. There is nothing to
stop you opening five or ten accounts but always consider the difference
between secrecy, stability and accessibility, and carefully evaluate how
you can optimise your strategy by creatively taking advantage of these
three principles!
The Essential Underground Handbook
5. Jurisdictions & Banks
Below is a list of countries that you should look into setting up accounts in,
these are split into pass-though, stash, and accessibility jurisdictions, and
should give you an idea of where to start researching. In the next section
we will examine several different banks where you can easily and cost
effectively establish an account.
Secrecy Jurisdictions - For your Pass-Through Accounts
Caribbean & Central America
The Caribbean is home to some of the world's most well known offshore
banking centers. Top banking secrecy ensures your complete privacy.
Unfortunately, some of these havens are currently under considerable
pressure from the US.
Antigua: A small island but a big defender of freedom! Antigua has one of
the very strongest banking legislations in the world. Check out the
Barrington Bank which offers a variety of accounts and cards. Notarized
identification and references required.
Belize: The Provident Bank & Trust offers personal and corporate accounts
and requires a detailed bank reference, and a notarised copy of your
passport. Secured credit cards are available.
Dominica: The Banc Caribe provides personal and corporate accounts as
well as secured MasterCard's. Accounts can be opened online or by fax.
A passport copy and a bank reference or professional reference is
Grenada: The International Capital Bank offers a number of solid services
including on-line accounts, debit cards, and loans.
Eastern Europe
Many Eastern European countries are now emerging as new democracies
after having wasted decades as part of the Warsaw Pact or even the
Soviet Union. These countries like Estonia, Latvia and Slovenia have
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recognized the international need for financial privacy and are offering
some of the best banking secrecy laws in the world.
The only major drawback is that most of these countries are planning to
join the European Union. If this happens, it will result in downgraded
banking secrecy. However, I do not recommend that these accounts are
used as long-term accounts anyway, but rather as one of your initial PassThrough accounts. As soon as there is an indication that secrecy laws are
actually going to be changed (maybe 5 or 10 years from now), you would
simply establish another Pass-Through account in a different country.
Latvia: Despite some bad experiences with Latvia's largest bank (the
Parex Bank), I recommend Latvia for its excellent banking privacy laws.
The services provided by the various Latvian banks are very
comprehensive, with the exception of customer service where there's still
a lot of potential for further improvement. If you need a solid Pass-Through
account with no references required, then you might want to consider the
Rietumu Bank.
Montenegro: Due to an excellent, recently introduced offshore banking
legislation it is fairly easy for the creative entrepreneur to start an offshore
bank in this country. These banks operate outside Montenegro and offer
personal, corporate and fully anonymous accounts.
Middle East: The Middle East isn't exactly where most people would think
about opening offshore accounts. This low profile, combined with strict
banking privacy, offers excellent opportunities to operate below Big
Brother's radar screen.
Israel: Israel Discount Bank enables you to bank in privacy. Requires a
notarised signature. (Note: For maximum security, don't use this bank if you
are a US citizen or resident as they do have several branches in the US).
Stability Jurisdictions - For your Store Accounts
Western Europe
The European Union (EU) is trying hard to become Big Brother's Little
Brother (Big Brother being the US), but it is our belief that due to Europe's
unique and diversified culture these plans will fail in the long term. Despite
frequently announced "tax harmonization plans" and the like, the actual
implementation of a "United Europe" is many years away, and even then it
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will only concern EU citizens and residents. Europe is home to some of the
most stable banks in the world which won't disappear overnight - so why
not take advantage of this!
Denmark: Banking privacy in this country is not as strong as elsewhere,
however there is one reputable and stable bank, the Jyske Bank, which
has very liberal identification requirements and offers excellent investment
services. Minimum opening deposit is $15,000. Visa card available.
Ireland: This former offshore haven has cracked down on its Irish nonresident companies some time ago. Still, the new and progressive Fsharp
Bank calls Ireland its home. They offer excellent online services but don't
accept US, UK and Canadian residents as clients. References and utility
bill required.
Channel Islands
These small islands between England and France - the Isle of Man, Jersey
and Guernsey - have long been traditional offshore havens. They're part
of the UK, but not of the EU. Still, both the UK and the EU are trying to
destroy these havens by having them comply with their downgraded
banking secrecy standards. So strong is this pressure that these islands are
now seriously considering to declare independence! If you aren't an EU
citizen or resident then the Channel Islands are recommended, if not for
banking secrecy (which is under attack) - then definitely because of the
stability of their banks. Without a doubt, these are some of the most
reputable and stable offshore banks in the world!
Isle of Man & Jersey: Lloyds TSB is a major, well known offshore bank that
offers excellent services. They do want to know a lot about you and
require a notarized passport copy and a notarised utility bill. Also, if you
desire a Visa card they will even demand income statements! It's still worth
requesting an account opening package and information about their
Overseas Club. Minimum opening deposit is between $100 and $200,
depending on what currency you open your account in. (Available are
USD, GBP and Euro accounts)
The Standard Bank Offshore is a South African bank with branches on the
Isle of Man and Jersey. They offer personal and corporate accounts as
well as Visa debit cards. Notarized passport or driver's license copy and an
original utility bill (or bank statement) is required.
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Jersey: Abbey National Offshore offers the High Yield Cheque and Savings
Jersey: The Royal Bank of Canada is a major offshore bank and offers
excellent private banking services.
Accessibility Options - For your Spend Accounts
Bahamas: As long as you are not too concerned about privacy and just
need a card to spend your money, take a look at Axxess International,
they offore a range of secured Visa cards with a variety of limits. (See Next
Mexico: We can arrange a limited number of personal Mexican bank
accounts which include a prestigious MasterCard Gold debit card. The
opening fee for this is only $1,200, and the bank needs an opening
deposit of $2,000 which you can put straight on your MasterCard and
spend it immediately if you like. The account is kept in Mexican Pesos, and
the bank is Mexico's largest and most reputable one. Please email us for
Countries to Avoid - Big Brother's Little Brothers
Bahamas: In an unofficial agreement, the Bahamas have caved in to U.S.
pressure and have agreed to divulge to the IRS and to the C.C.R.A.
(former Revenue Canada) information on beneficial owners of
corporations, holders of personal bank accounts etc.
Bermuda: This UK dependency is readily cooperating with the US and the
UK, even in tax matters. They have no income tax but still made tax
evasion a crime. Shortly after giving in to Big Brother, their formerly
prosperous economy stumbled as funds were and still are leaving the
island. Beware!
Cayman Islands: They are one of the most well known offshore havens
and on every tax agency's "target list". They have also agreed to end their
tax haven status by 2005. Beware!
Cyprus, Malta, Mauritius and San Marino: Another four formerly popular
offshore havens which have decided to join the "fight" against "unfair" tax
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Switzerland: Swiss banking privacy is no longer what it used to be, the
bank are much keener to co-operate with International agencies, but if
you are only hiding money from the IRS then you should still be pretty safe.
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6. Quick Start Guide
Now that you are somewhat familiar with how you should be operating,
let’s get down to business and open a few accounts. In the section below
you will find details on some of the banks mentioned above plus a few
others to enable you to get establishing in the offshore world in under 24
hours (some in less than 5 minutes)
Account Number 1 – The Loyal Bank
Loyal Bank is a first class Internet Bank registered in St. Vincent and is a
principal member of MasterCard International Card Association. Loyal
Bank is also an accredited member of the S.W.I.F.T. banking network
ensuring ease of access to, and transference of funds.
Loyal Bank operates a full on-line banking service in eight languages as
well as an automated telephone banking service ensuring easy access to
your account twenty four hours a day, seven days a week.
You can either sign up for a personal or corporate account with the bank
and both accounts come with a Cirrus/Maestro Debit Card that can be
used at 835,000 ATM machines worldwide and is accepted by over 30
million merchants.
A basic account can be opened allowing you access to your funds via
the Debit Card, to access online banking, fund transfer services, and to
use telephone banking you will also need to purchase a DigiPass Security
For more information on the DigiPass, click here.
Opening Requirements
You need to provide a notarised copy of your passport or other identity
A copy of a utility bill or bank statement.
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For the record I don’t condone the production of fake identity documents
or other required documents but needless to say, sending a scanned or
photocopied document that has been altered in some way in Photoshop
or a similar graphics program should not present any trouble with account
opening (if you know what I mean)
Pricing Schedule
Below are the basic prices for opening and maintaining an account,
more information on the pricing schedule can be found here.
Current Account
With Bank Card
Current Account
With DigiPass and Card
Annual Interest
Opening Fee
DigiPass Fee
US $25.00
US $25.00
US $40.00
Monthly Fee
US $4.00
US $15.00
Initial Deposit
US $30.00
US $120.00
Charge for
Incoming Funds
US $3.00
US $3.00
Internal Transfer
0.1%, Min: US $5.00 – Max: US $100.00
External Transfer
0.275%, Min: US $32.50 – Max: US $300.00
Application Forms
Below you will find all the application forms required to open a personal
account, please send completed forms together with required
documentation to:
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For Europe and Asia
For America, Africa, & the Rest of the world
Loyal Bank
Representative Office
7 – 13 Hegyalja út,
Buda Center H-1016
Budapest, Hungary
Loyal Bank Limited
Nanton’s Building
Egmont Street
P.O. Box 1825
Kingstown, St. Vincent, W.I.
Also enclose a password chosen by you in a sealed envelope clearly
marked with ‘Password’. The password should contain no more than ten
characters and is used to authenticate you should you lose your DigiPass
or forget your pin to your bank card.
Clear Form
---------- Loyal Bank Limited ----------
Internet Client
/Please complete in Roman capital letters/
This contract is drawn between
LOYAL BANK LIMITED, hereinafter referred to as “the Bank”, whose registered address is
Nanton's Building Egmont Street P.O. Box 1825 Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, W.I.; of the one part
Family name:
Name: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(Registered) Address: ...………………………………………………………………………………………………………
(detailed data is provided in the enclosures)
hereinafter referred to as “the Account Holder” of the other part.
At the request of the Account Holder, and after completing its due diligence procedures, the Bank hereby agrees to open
and, subject to the following terms and conditions, to maintain, a Current Account in the name of the Account Holder,
designated in US $:
Current Account no:
Customer ID:
Note: This is your customer identification number that is to be used with all TeleBank and Internet Bank transactions! It will
be sent to you with your current account number once we have processed your contract.
The Account Holder requests the Bank to issue to cardholders listed in this contract and its integral enclosures, such
Bankcards as are detailed therein.
For its part, the Bank undertakes as follows:
1. To handle, record and hold the Account Holder’s funds, and subject to available balance, to fulfil payment orders
which are correctly prepared and submitted with authorisation through use of the electronic identification device
provided by the Bank, (Digipass). The Account Holder may obtain information of credits and debits entered on the
Current Account together with the closing balance thereof through the TeleBank and Internet Bank.
2. The standard validity of the bankcard is three years from the data of issue. Unless the cardholder gives notice in writing
requesting cancellation of the card at least sixty (60) days before expiry, the Bank will provide the Account Holder
with a new bankcard having the same parameters and facilities but with a new expiry date. Lost, damaged or stolen
cards are replaced by the Bank irrespective of their expiry date.
3. The Bank is entitled to stop the bankcard in the following cases:
if the Bank receives informations about the loss or theft of the card;
if the Account Holder or the Card Holder do not comply with the terms of the present contract;
if the current contract is terminated;
if the bankcard became invalid or unusable and the application for a supplementary card although given,
was not received by the Bank.
4. To fulfil payment orders up to the available Current Account balance, subject to blocking such proper part of the daily
account balance as is required to cover expected bank charges, as laid down in the Public Notice (minimum blocked
5. To pay interest upon the daily credit balance on the Current Account, as specified in the Public Notice. Such interest is
accounted at the end of every calendar month and is automatically credited on the 10th of the following month to the
Account Holder’s Current Account.
6. The Bank shall not be responsible for any legal dispute between the Account Holder and the additional cardholder
concerning the bankcard or the Current Account.
7. To open other accounts for handling the Account Holder’s funds (e.g. a deposit account) with the exception of accounts
which are not at the Account Holder’s disposal (e.g. security deposit account). Such accounts can only be debited by
the Bank under the instructions of the Account Holder.
8. To fulfil the Account Holder’s orders with due care and attention and in such an appropriate manner as it may at its
own discretion – at the Account Holder’s risk and expenses. The place of order fulfilment in connection with any
account held by the Bank shall be deemed to be the registered Office of the Bank.
9. To keep all data at the Bank’s disposal relating to the Account Holder or the Account Holder’s contracts with the Bank
strictly confidental, within the rules of the relevant jurisdiction.
For his/her part, the Account Holder undertakes as follows:
To provide the Bank at the time of contract signing with the name, identification data and specimen signature of all
persons authorised to act upon the bank account of the Account Holder. The Bank will treat specimen signatures as
valid such time as the Account Holder withdraws them in writing.
Responsibility for all instructions relating to the card, especially to the proper use of the bankcard, and to contiuously
maintain such balance on the Current Account as is necessary to cover the card transactions and related charges and
To forward any additional card holder(s) their bankcard(s) and other banking materials delivered to the Account
Holder; to provide such cardholder(s) with information necessary for the proper use of the bankcard and to represent
their interests and act on their behalf (if needed).
To immediatelly notify the Bank as of all changes of his/her/its name, real address, mailing address or any other
relevant data. In the event of loss or theft of the bankcard, to inform the Bank as soon as possible in order that card
stoppage may be effected. Each cardholder is entitled to stop his/her card on his/her own, without permission of the
Account Holder.
That he/he is fully aware of applicable Law and that his/her/its accounts in the Bank will be not used for money
laundering purposes.
To supply the Bank his/her password, consisting of not more than 10 Latin characters, in a sealed envelope.
Other Terms and Conditions:
1. This contract comes into force at signing by both of the Parties and at the time when the minimum deposit needed to
open a Current Account is credited to the account in the Bank’s records.
2. The Bank is entitled to remedy any possible incorrect credits or debits arising through misunderstanding without special
instruction from the Account Holder. Recording of such corrections arising from accidental mistake is free of charge.
3. The Bank is not responsible for losses or damage occuring as a result of military force, political intervention,
prescriptions of domestic or foreign authorities or events occuring as a result of catastrophe or Act of God. If the
Account Holder supplies false or erroneous data for fulfilment of his/her/its contractual liabilities (or for data
processing) then the Bank shall not be liable for any resultant damage caused.
4. By his/her signature the Account Holder acknowledges the Bank’s authority to obtain independent verification of any
information provided in this Contract and its enclosures.
5. The Account Holder acknowledges that all credits to the account are and will be beneficially owned by the regulated
institution holder.
6. By his/her signature, the Account Holder and additional card holder confirms awareness of the following information
Business Rules and Regulations
Public Notice
Web site information.
7. The Account Holder may obtain information about the fixed and variable conditions of maintaining the current and
other bank accounts including applicable rates of interest together with commissions, charges and costs debited by the
Bank in the Public Notice. The Bank reserves the right to modify the conditions specified in the Public Notice at any
8. This contract will remain in force until terminated. The contract may be terminated by either party serving 30 days
written notice upon the other and is subject to satisfactory settlement of the account.
9. All matters not regulated in this contract are subject to the provisions of the Bank’s Business Rules and Regulations,
Public Notice and the International Bank’s Act, 1996 of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Applicable law concerning
interpretation and enforcement of the contract shall be the law of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The responsible
juridical court is the High Court of Justice, Kingstown, St. Vincent.
Kingstown, St. Vincent
For and on behalf of the Bank
For and on behalf of the Account Holder
Authorised Signatory
Account Holder / Authorised Signatory
* Please remember to supply in a separate sealed envelope your password to the account (max. 10
Print Form for Signature
Enclosure S
Name: _____________________________________________________
Current Account Number
Customer ID
Please specify your preferred way of receiving your bank account statements!
1. How often do you wish to receive your account statements?
on request
2. In case of provision of account statement “on request” please specify the period that should
be covered in your account statement (in the following format: day/month/year)
From: _______________________________________
3. What is your preferred way of receiving the account statements? For applicable fees please
refer to Public Notice!
by post
via fax
as a file via e-mail
(see question 4 & 5)
4. What is your preferred file format (to be sent via email) of the account statement?
5. Please specify email address to which the account statement should be sent:
Account Holder’s / Authorized Person’s Signature
Clear Form
Internet Client
Enclosure P
/Please complete in Roman capital letters/
Telephone Number
Fax Number
Mailing Address
Postal Code - Country
Number, Street
Date of Birth
Place of Birth
ID or Passport No. Please
supply a notarized copy of the
relevant page(s) of your
Issuer of the Identification
Name of the Employer*
Purpose of the Account **
Source of Income or Wealth
OR Self-employed
Do you wish to order the Digipass device for your acсount?
Bankcard Data
UNIVERSAL bankcard
Requested limit:
For details on each particular limit please refer to Loyal Bank Public Notice.
Cardholder's name (max. 26 characters, it can be a short version of a name indicated in the
ID document):
Date: ……………………………………..
Account Holder's Signature
For Office Use Only
/Please complete in Roman capital letters/
Please cross out unnecessary fields
Proxy 1
Proxy 2
Telephone Number
Fax Number
Postal Code, Country
Number, Street
Place of Birth
Date of Birth
ID or Passport No. Please supply a
notarized copy of the relevant page(s)
of your passport
Issuer of the Identification Document
Please fill in Enclosure P/C in case you wish to order an additional bakcard for the proxy
Specimen signature of the proxy of the Account Holder, who is authorised to have an account
at their disposal:
Sign together with *
* To be filled in with appropriate person's name if any proxy is authorised to sign together with another one.
Please specify the name of the employer or in case of Self Employment mark accordingly
** e.g. 'Private funds'
Print Form for Signature
The Essential Underground Handbook
Your account will be setup within 5 days of receipt of your documents
and your account number (12 digits) and Customer ID (8 digits), together
with your Maestro / Cirrus debit card will be dispatched to your mailing
address. The PIN code for your debit card, together with your 8 digit
Internet Access Code will be mailed separately.
Account Number 2 – Virtual Visa Card
The Virtual Visa Card is similar to a regular credit card and can be used to
purchase online goods and services, the difference is that there is no
physical card. You are given a card number and expiry date together
with a virtual bank account to deposit funds for your transactions.
If you need to pay for goods or services anonymously then the Virtual Visa
card is the product for you. The Virtual Visa Card lets you shop online and
in stores, order catalogue goods, book tickets and make hotel
reservations just about anywhere VISA and MasterCard are accepted. It is
a safe and easy way to spend money over the Internet.
If you need to use a Visa card to register an anonymous domain or to pay
for a product or service that you do not wish to be directly connected to
you then the Virtual Visa Card provides a quick and easy solution for your
Opening Requirements
You need to provide a notarised copy of your passport or other identity
document. (Please see note above on identity documents) and a
signature specimen (see below)
Pricing Schedule
The cost for opening a Virtual Visa Card is $60.00
Application Procedure
To apply for the Virtual Visa Card, click this link and complete the online
application form. To receive a $10 discount on your application please
enter visacd in the referrers section of the form. You will also need to
complete the signature specimen form found below.
Document number / series
Issuing date
Country ofissue
Expiration date
First name, Last name
First name, Last name, Firm, Position
confirm the signature specimen to be true for
Name, Last Name
who signed the signature specimen in my presence. The signor of the signature specimen has been identified.
Signature, Seal
The Essential Underground Handbook
Account Number 3 – SwissNetBank.Com
OK so we all know the Swiss Privacy Laws are not the fortress of secrecy
they once were... but they are a solid banking Jurisdiction to store portions
of your offshore nest egg. What’s more you can open the account in
under five minutes online.
Although this account will not meet all your banking needs, it is a good
first step to embarking offshore. The limitations of this account are that
monies can only be paid in or taken out via wire transfers.
Accounts can be opened in US Dollars, Swiss Francs, or Euros.
Opening Requirements
You are required to have a credit card and bank account in your name
as your opening balance is deducted from your card which also serves
the purpose of verifying your identity.
You are required to deposit the equivalent of $50 or €50 into your account
on opening.
Application Procedure
Applying for this account couldn’t be easier, just complete the online
account opening form at the following site:
Account Number 4 – Axxess International
Axxess International are not the most secure of offshore banks especially
with their ties to the UK and US but can be used as a spend account as
they offer a range of secured Visa and MasterCards.
Axxess International offer both private and corporate accounts but we will
take a look at the private accounts only, which are the Liberti, infiniti,
Gold, and Platinum MasterCards.
Once you have opened one of these accounts then you can apply for
the infiniti Global CashLink card which functions similar to a debit card but
instead of being tied directly to your account is preloaded with the
amount you wish to spend.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Opening Requirements
You will need to provide a copy of your passports identification page, a
copy of a recent utility bill, and in some cases a bank reference (although
not usually required.)
Application Procedure
You will need to complete the application form and trust agreement and
also transfer the minimum opening deposit to them. This can be done by
wire, cashiers cheque, Bankers Draft, or Money Order.
The following minimum deposits apply:
Liberti Card:
infiniti Gold:
infiniti Platinum:
If you contact them via email asking about the Liberti card they will
usually let you open an account with $1500
Application Forms
Below you will find all the application forms required to open a personal
account, please send completed forms together with required
documentation to:
Regular mail:
AXXESS INTERNATIONAL, P.O. Box CB-13663, Nassau, Bahamas
By Courier:
For FAST TRACK processing you can send your forms and documentation
by Fax: +1 242 502 5600, or e-mail [email protected], and
send original forms & documents to Axxess International (via regular mail
to our P.O. Box or by Courier to your closest regional Axxess International
office which are listed below.
London Office:
Axxess International UK Ltd.
Trafalgar House, 11 Waterloo Place, St. James', London, UK, SW1Y 4AU
The Essential Underground Handbook
Bahamas Office:
Axxess International Limited
1 Montague Place, P.O. Box CB-13663, Nassau, The Bahamas
Hong Kong Office:
Axxess International (Far East) Ltd.
Suite 1601-1603 Kinwick Centre, 32 Hollywood Road, Central Hong Kong
Accounts are typically opened within 48 hours and your credit limit on the
card is 66% of the opening balance for the Liberti card, and 75% of the
opening balance for both the infiniti cards.
You can find out more information about the range of Axxess International
service by visiting
How to Apply
Acquiring an Axxess Card is easy. Simply complete the attached Application Form(s),
provide the required documentation and send all materials by mail or courier, with your
security deposit. A minimum deposit (Liberti $2,250., infiniti Gold $6,750., infiniti Platinum
$33,000.) is required, larger deposits are accepted. Typically, accounts are established
within a 48-72 hour turnaround (for most cards), notwithstanding any errors or missing
information. Bankers Drafts, Cashiers Cheques and Money Orders, in US Funds are
acceptable and should be made payable to: Leadenhall Bank & Trust Company
Limited. For more expedient processing, funds can be wire transferred. Please contact
your nearest Axxess International office for wire transfer information.
Note: Corporate applicants must complete both the application form and the corporate
information form supplied.
Along with the completed Application Form and signed Trust Agreement, we require the
following documentation:
1/ Bank letter of reference.
2/ Copy of the first four pages of your passport,
including passport photo and information page.
3/ Copy of a recent home utility bill.
4/ Source of Funds letter.
Be sure to read, complete and sign the Trust Agreement. (information will be accepted
via Fax, if legible)
If you are making an application for a Corporate Card, the attached Corporate
Information Form must be completed and supplied in addition to the Personal
Application Form and Trust Agreement. The following Corporate Documents are required:
1/ Certified copy of the Articles of Association.
2/ Certified copy of the Memorandum of Association.
3/ Certified copy of Certificate of Incorporation.
4/ Certificate of Good Standing.
5/ Summary Biography of each Officer of the Company.
Return your completed, signed Application Forms along with the requested documents
and the security deposit to: Axxess International, P.O. Box CB-13663, Nassau, The Bahamas
- or to your nearest international office for processing. A printable, electronic version of
the application form is available on our website,
Application Form
Corporate Information
Trust Agreement
To: Leadenhall Bank & Trust Company Limited (The Trustee)
Trust Holder Name (Cardholder)
I hereby give to The Trustee the sum of $__________________ (the "Trust Property") to the
intent that the same will be held by The Trustee upon the terms and conditions hereinafter
1) The Trustee will establish a Secured Credit Card Account for the Cardholder and will
issue to the Cardholder one or more Liberti (or infiniti) MasterCard cards.
2) The Trustee shall arrange for and the Cardholder will enjoy a free available balance on
the use of the Liberti MasterCard to the extent of sixty-six (66%) per centum [seventy-five
(75%) per centum in the case of infiniti cards], of the "Trust Property" held by The Trustee
subject to the terms of the Leadenhall "Conditions of Use".
3) In order to secure the credit card line of credit The Trustee is hereby instructed to
invest the "Trust Property" directly or indirectly in Short Term U.S. Government
Guaranteed Securities, and to hold said securities as collateral against funds advanced
through the use of the MasterCard.
4) Such investment will be structured to pay the Cardholder a net annual return in excess
of average savings account rates at Bahamian Banks for similar amounts and terms.
5) The Cardholder acknowledges and agrees that the "Trust Property" will be vested for a
minimum of twelve (12) months after the issuance of the Card and thereafter, upon six (6)
months written notice to The Trustee, the Card will be cancelled immediately, the "Trust
Property" will be returned and this trust terminated.
6) By using the Liberti or infiniti MasterCard the Cardholder agrees to the terms of the
Leadenhall "Conditions of Use" issued with the Card as amended from time to time, and
authorises The Trustee to carry out the above business.
Cardholder (signature)
Witness (signature)
Name of Witness (please print)
The Essential Underground Handbook
7. Merchant Services
To successfully escape offshore you need to find an alternative source of
income. Typically if you are offering products or services you will need to
take payment via Visa, MasterCard, and American Express. Below we
take a look at the different options you have to becoming a merchant.
The Merchant Account
Getting a merchant account if you are a US citizen is a relatively easy
process and usually takes less than 48 hours. The disadvantage to this is
that if you are trying to hide your funds offshore and you have a US
merchant account which is tied directly to your name then the IRS is going
to know about it, and your money wont be yours for much longer.
Also Visa have introduced a new pricing schemes to comply (in their
mind) with the Homeland Security Act, meaning you have to pay Visa
$750 for the privilege of processing a form… I don’t think so. So what other
options do you have…
The Reseller Account
This type of account is similar to a merchant account but with none of the
hassle. The reseller provides you with the ability to process cards etc, they
are the merchant and technically wholesaling your good for you and in
return charge you a percentage typically ranging from 5% - 15%.
If you are a US citizen then you still have to pay the Visa fee, but by using
an offshore credit card to open the account, together with an
anonymous offshore maildrop you can get around this… and at the same
time, hide your money from the IRS.
Merchant Account Providers
There are a large number of companies on the Internet who will get you
set up with a merchant account. Below are some links to companies
offering this service.
This company offers one of the best merchant services with free setup,
free application, a free shopping cart, free technical support, and a host
The Essential Underground Handbook
of other things. Any business type accepted. have over
75,000 existing customers and provide a quick and efficient setup.
Visit them by clicking here.
ACS Credit Card Merchant Services
Another very good merchant account provider with friendly and efficient
Reseller Account Providers
There are now a considerable number of providers in the market, some
better than others, below is a list of payment processors that we have
used and would recommend.
These are one of the few providers that don’t charge a setup fee. After
completing their application form you can be up and running and selling
products in under an hour.
For more information on and to sign up click here
Another good payment processor with variety of charge bands to suit
your business. Setup fees start at $15 and you can accept the following
cards: Visa, MasterCard, American Express, Diners Club, JCB, Carte
Blanche, and Discover.
For more information on and to sign up click here
With one of the lowest commission rates in the business and a simple setup
service, PaySystems are becoming one of the leaders in the reselling
business. Setup costs are $49.95 but you can also use their shopping cart /
catalog system to manage your store. PaySystems also has a good
backend sales monitoring system. The only disadvantage to using
PaySystems is that transactions are approved instantly but can be
revoked over a 48 period so goods should not be shipped etc until the
transaction is marked complete.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Other Providers
The Essential Underground Handbook
8. Other Payment Services
There are several other payment services out there which you can use to
receive money on your site. The three below are probably the most used
of these.
Receive payment in Gold and other precious metals, yes it seems weird
but it works remarkably well, and best of all its anonymous. Basically, users
of the service can purchase Gold using their credit cards and then the
gold can be sent to merchants as payment. Due to the anonymity of the
E-Gold transactions you will find that most companies offering offshore
services readily accept this form of payment.
Probably the most established payment facilitator on the Internet, PayPals
service is very good and provides a range of billing options for one off
sales and subscriptions and its easy account opening makes it a valuable
addition to any online store.
The Essential Underground Handbook
9. Confidential Check Cashing Services
Good anonymous check cashing services are few an far between,
currently we can only recommend one of these service, we are
constantly on the look out for new service providers and as a purchaser of
this book you will receive free updates as and when they become
The service we recommend is:
YVO Services
44 Depot Street, #5, Uxbridge, MA, 01569-1549, USA
+ 1 508 861 0550
[email protected]
Subscribe to one of their individual or business basic packages. You would
then allow them to endorse checks made payable to you over to YVO
and they would credit your escrow account by the same amount, less
applicable check cashing fees. Your options would then be to:
1. Request the return of said funds in Federal Reserve Notes ("cash")
or in totally blank U.S. postal money order(s);
2. Forward bills which you want them to pay on your behalf, or;
3. Designate specified purchases or contributions to be made for
The Essential Underground Handbook
10. Bank Contact Details
Barrington Bank
Office Address:
Office 4, Woods Center, Friars Hill Road, St. John's, Antigua, West Indies
Mail Address:
P.O. Box W-1363, St. John's, Antigua, West Indies
1(268) 481-1777
1(268) 481-1778
General Enquiries:
[email protected]
Customer Service:
[email protected]
Web Site:
3932132 BARBANK AK
Provident Bank and Trust of Belize
Office Address:
35 Barrack Road. P.O Box 1867, Belize City, Belize
Credit Card Dept. Fax:
General Enquiries:
[email protected]
Loans Department:
[email protected]
Operations Department: [email protected]
Card Department:
[email protected]
Web Site:
Capital Bank International – Greneda
The Essential Underground Handbook
Office Address:
Grenville & Deponthieu Streets, St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
3401 Capbank Int.
General Information:
[email protected]
Web Site:
Rietumu Bank (Latvia)
Web Site:
Loyal Bank
Head Office:
Nanton's Building, Egmont Street, P.O. Box 1825, Kingstown, St. Vincent,
European Representative Office:
7 - 13 Hegyalja út, Buda Center, H-1016 Budapest, Hungary
+361 457 7670,72,74
+1 784 485 6705
+361 202 3856
+1 784 451 2757
Help Desk Tel:
+361 383 0853
Help Desk Fax:
+361 469 4066
Customer Service:
+361 220 4470
+361 469 4066
Customer Service:
European Rep.:
[email protected]
[email protected]
Payment Solutions :
[email protected]
The Essential Underground Handbook
Technical Problems:
[email protected]
Israel Discount Bank
Web Site:
Jyske Bank (Denmark)
Web Site:
Fsharp Bank of Ireland
Web Site:
Lloyds TSB Offshore
Office Address:
Lloyds TSB Bank (Isle of Man) Limited, P O Box 8, Victory House,
Prospect Hill, Douglas, Isle of Man, IM99 1AH
+ 44 (0) 1624 638200
+ 44 (0) 1624 626033
Web Site:
Standard Bank Isle of Man Limited
Office Address:
Standard Bank House, One Circular Road, Douglas, Isle of Man, IM1 1SB
+ 44 (0) 1624 643643
+ 44 (0) 1624 643800
[email protected]
Web Site:
The Essential Underground Handbook
Abbey National Offshore
Web Site:
Royal Bank of Canada (Jersey) Ltd
Office Address:
P. O. Box 194, 19-21 Broad Street, St Helier, Jersey, JE4 8RR
+ 44 (0) 1534 283000
+ 44 (0) 1534 283801
Web Site:
Axxess International
London Office:
Axxess International UK Ltd.
Trafalgar House, 11 Waterloo Place, St. James', London, UK, SW1Y 4AU
+ 44 (0) 20 7930 0199
+44(0) 20 7930 4969
Bahamas Office:
Axxess International Limited
1 Montague Place, P.O. Box CB-13663, Nassau, The Bahamas
+ 1 (242) 502 5550
+ 1 (242) 502 5600
Hong Kong Office:
Axxess International (Far East) Ltd.
Suite 1601-1603 Kinwick Centre, 32 Hollywood Road, Central Hong Kong
+ 852 8542 1229
+ 852 2868 5995
Web Site:
The Essential Underground Handbook
11. Offshore and Freedom Journals and Magazines
Offshore Wire
[email protected]
Offshore Wire publishes a magazine on everything to do with the offshore
world. Subscription is free and the staff will happily point you in the
direction of anything you need. One of the best resources on the Internet.
Global Asset Protection
A monthly email newsletter that provides news and guidance on how to
effectively protect your wealth from legal predators and how to avoid
being taken by a promoter or lawyer who doesn't really know what he is
OFC Publications Inc.
+ 1 514 939 2800
+ 1 514 939 2811
[email protected]
Publish two international magazines geared towards the high net-worth
investor. Provide colorful and inquisitive interview profiles of industry
professionals; informative stories on opportunities and investment
strategies; penetrating and insightful focuses on leading offshore finance
jurisdictions with the latest developments and product innovations.
Offshore Insider
+ 1 530 678 5225
+ 1 530 678 5225
[email protected]
A membership-based offshore information provider. They have direct
access to offshore bank accounts, IBCs, Trusts, investments, information on
second passports and residencies.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Offshore Investment
Telephone: + 44 28 9032 8777
+ 44 28 9032 8555
Launched to meet the demand for information in the rapidly changing
and expanding global offshore world. It is the leading financial and
professional publication for the offshore world and its clients, providing an
in-depth analysis of current trends and developments, serving and
speaking for the offshore community.
Offshore Red
Telephone: + 44 20 7214 0500
+ 44 20 7214 0501
They monitor legislative change in over 35 individual offshore jurisdictions.
Also provide concise news, analysis and surveys covering legal, fiscal &
regulatory change offshore.
Offshore Tax Strategies
A monthly email consumer's guide to complex and controversial
international tax issues. They expose tax scams and schemes that won't
survive a challenge by the I.R.S. and they explain the legal methods of
saving taxes offshore or how to avoid hidden tax traps and pitfalls in the
U.S. tax code.
Sovereign Individual
+ 353 51 844 068
+ 353 51 304 561
[email protected]
The official publication for the Sovereign Society. Covers international
asset protection and privacy.
Aid & Abet Police Newsletter
The Essential Underground Handbook
PO Box 19300, Austin, TX 78760, USA
Newsletter & other publications particularly aimed at informing the police
& armed services of American freedoms & how they are being violated.
American Freedom Networker
Telephone: + 1 800 205 6245
Publishes the American Freedom Magazine.
Anti-Shyster News Magazine
+ 1 972 418 8993
+ 1 253 736 8703
[email protected]
Reports how - and why - ordinary Americans are: Learning America's legal
system; Recognizing government's incredible deceptions; Saving money
on attorney fees; and Resisting injustice in the arenas of family law, traffic
tickets, and IRS tax enforcement.
Capitalism Magazine
The Internet's only daily magazine providing articles from a pro-capitalist,
laissez-faire, pro-individual rights perspective. Seven days a week
Capitalism Magazine readers are treated to an intellectual feast of ideas
that help them defend the values they hold dear.
Cato Journal
1000 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20001, USA
Telephone: +1 800 767 1241
An interdisciplinary journal of public policy analysis. Edited by economist
James A. Dorn, the Journal is published three times a year. Recent
contributors have included Milton Friedman, Alan Greenspan, George
Gilder, Justin Yifu Lin, Judy Shelton, James M. Buchanan, Douglass C.
North, Allan H. Meltzer William A. Niskanen, Peter Bauer, Mancur Olson,
The Essential Underground Handbook
Robert Higgs, and Charles Murray.
Free American
Telephone: + 1 505 423 3250
+ 1 505 423 3258
A conservative, patriot magazine dedicated to defending Americans
A 20 page bi-monthly newsletter that deals in depth with all PT (Perpetual
Tourist, Past Taxpayer, Permanent Traveler) issues, and keeps you in touch
with the latest technological and legislative developments in a fast
changing world. You will become versed in all PT techniques, have access
to underground PT literature and dedicated PT products and services and
be given links to those individuals and organizations who can be of most
help to you.
Full Context
40835 Brightside Ct, Sterling Heights, MI 48310, USA
An internationally distributed newsletter that presents the politics, the
principles, and the people behind the recent explosion of interest in
Objectivist thought, and of the Renaissance of individualism surrounding it.
Regular features include revealing, personal interviews with many of the
leading personalities in the Objectivist and free-market movements-from
the academics to the artists, to the political pundits.
Humane Studies Review
An online journal that fosters interdisciplinary research and inquiry in the
classical liberal intellectual tradition of individual rights and free markets.
Ideas of Liberty
30 South Broadway, Irvington-on-Hudson, NY 10533, USA
The Essential Underground Handbook
Each month Ideas on Liberty (formerly The Freeman) applies the basic
principles of the free society to history and the issues of the day. For over
40 years, the magazine has been the unwavering champion of the free
society, offering the best in economic and political thought as well as
book reviews and inspiring profiles of liberty's heroes.
Independent Review
00 Swan Way, Oakland, CA 94621-1428, USA
Telephone: + 1 510 632 1366
+ 1 510 568 6040
Presents articles, special features, and reviews that deal with political
Intellectual Activist
+ 1 732 842 6610
+ 1 732 842 6381
[email protected]
A powerful magazine that helps readers understand how anti-reason,
anti-individualist ideas have led to the present state of the world --and to
work for the day in which the opposite ideas will form the foundation for a
new kind of culture: a rational culture centered on achieving man's
happiness on earth.
Laissez Faire City Times
[email protected]
A true laissez faire online magazine, that doesn't stand for government,
media monopolies or other bureaucratic Neanderthals. If you value your
freedom, check it out!
Lew Rockwell
[email protected]
If you're pro-free market [and let's face it if you aren't why are you reading
The Essential Underground Handbook
this book!], anti-state & anti-war, then Lew's your man for informative and
non-mainstream reporting. Drop your daily rag and hop over to feed your
mind with some proper nourishment.
Libertarian Party News Network
A one stop source for libertarian news gathered from all reaches of the
web. Worth checking out.
Liberty Unbound
Telephone: + 1 800 854 6991
[email protected]
A monthly magazine of libertarian review of thought, culture & politics.
Ludwig von Mises Institute
+ 1 334 321 2100
+ 1 334 321 2119
[email protected]
It is the mission of the Mises Institute is to restore a high place for theory in
the social sciences, encourage a revival of critical historical research,
promote the free and enterprising commonwealth, and counter the
political philosophy of statism in all its forms. In this cause, the Mises
Institute works to advance the Austrian School of economics and social
science generally in the Misesian tradition, and, in application, defends
the market economy, private property, sound money, and peaceful
international relations, while opposing government intervention as
economically and socially destructive.
New American
A valuable tool in confronting the liberal, mainstream media. Stories in the
news are often used to appeal to our emotions and convince us to
gradually surrender our freedoms. For example, another shooting occurs
in the nation. Are more gun control measures the best solution to this all49
The Essential Underground Handbook
too-common occurrence? You would think so if your only source of
information was the nightly news. But what about our Constitution? What
exactly was the Founding Fathers' intent when they recognized our right
to bear arms? Presenting truthful, well-researched answers to issues like
these is the heartbeat of The New American. With founding principles as
guides, issues are covered from a conservative, non-partisan perspective.
Objective American
+ 1 541 935 8716
+ 1 541 935 8713
[email protected]
A magazine of independent thought and a voice for positive, rational
Portland Free Press
PO Box 1327, Tualatin, OR 97062, USA
A bi-monthly newszine dedicated to speaking the truth and then running.
Telephone: + 1 310 391 2245
A magazine that promotes freedom based on rationality. A libertarian
heavy weight.
Sovereign Individual
5 Catherine Street, Waterford, Ireland
Telephone: + 353 51 844 068
+ 353 51 304 561
Published monthly, this newsletter will be of interest to international
investors, entrepreneurs, expatriates, second passport holders, privacy
seekers and citizens of the offshore world. Articles cover personal
freedom, privacy and wealth creation and asset protection.
Truth in Media
The Essential Underground Handbook
+ 1 602 956 8586
+ 1 602 952 2058
[email protected]
TiM was created to ensure accurate and complete news and editorial
coverage of domestic and world events. Their editorials attempt to
interpret complex issues in a way which is easily understandable by most
readers who do not necessarily have extensive expertise in a particular
World Net Daily
+ 1 541 597 1776
+ 1 541 597 1700
[email protected]
A free press for a free people. Superb online daily newspaper which also
publishes a monthly "paper" magazine. Ruggedly patriotic, prosovereignty and anti-NOW [New World Order]. Wake up your mind and
go visit them.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter Two
Mail Drops
Using a mail drop effectively is the key to hiding anonymously. Mail drops can be
used to set up offshore accounts, receive business post, and as a shield between
you and your customers.
The Essential Underground Handbook
1. Global Providers
Offshore Wire
[email protected]
Offshore Wire publishes a magazine on everything to do with the offshore
world and provide mail drops and other services in practically every
county in the world. Without a doubt the most trust-worthy service
provider out there. If you want something specific/unusual then these are
the people to speak to. Offshore Wire never keep your forwarding details
and retain no records so your anonymity is guaranteed. If you are looking
for a custom solution or simply a secure offshore address then contact
these guys, free advice is given.
Cronos Privacy Services
Manchester House, Bangor Street, Port Dinorwic, Gwynedd. LL56 4JD, UK
+44 7050 662 716
+44 7050 662 717
[email protected]
These can set you up with a mail drop in the following jurisdictions: UK,
USA, Australia, Bahamas, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Costa Rica,
Canada, Germany, Greece, India, Indonesia, Latvia, Malta, New
Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland,
Taiwan, Thailand.
The Essential Underground Handbook
2. Country Specific Providers
Royce Business Centers
Fischhof 3, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
+ 43 1 53195 0
+ 43 1 53195 42
[email protected]
ASAP Services Ltd
The Easy Bay Shopping Center, PO Box N-1836, Nassau, Bahamas
+1 242-394 6447 or +1 242-394 6668
+1 242-394 0992
[email protected]
A leading Caribbean mail forwarding offshore mail drop with international
mail forwarding.
L. James
P.O. Box 92058-HW, Brossard, QC J4W 3K8, Canada
Secret Street Mailing Address! Confidential Canadian mail forwarding.
Privacy guaranteed. Pseudonyms accepted. Experienced, caring,
affordable and reliable service. Secure residential address. Avoid sensitive
information leaks by using their alternate address service!
Lucas Hulsebosch
PO Box 2168, Tisdale, Saskatchewan, S0E 1T0, Canada
+1 306 873 4579
[email protected]
The Essential Underground Handbook
Offers mail & fax forwarding services that require no identification to apply
for and offer the customer absolute privacy and anonymity.
Swiss Mail Drop Services
P.O. Box 4766, Curacao, Netherland, Antilles
You may send and receive both domestic and international mail (or
register software!) using their unique mail drop service. Very privacy
New Zealand
[email protected]
Provides private, secure and confidential mail forwarding services for over
2,700 clients across the globe. Their comprehensive service allows you to
establish your own private offshore mailing address in New Zealand and to
protect your real identity and location when you do not wish certain
individuals, companies, organizations or government agencies to know
where you really are.
Nora Falalimpa
Q Plaza 207, 1900 Cainta, Rizal, Philippines
[email protected]
Nora's been around since 1987. Her service is personal and prompt. She'll
give you her cellphone number when you take out her service. Email her
for details.
Brevia Mail AB
The Essential Underground Handbook
Frejgatan 13, 114 79 Stockholm, Sweden
+ 46 8 155210
+ 46 8 159925
[email protected]
Offer mail drops in Stockholm, Sweden. Also have the possibility to
arrange maildrops in other parts of Sweden. They can supply you with a
box address or a street address and have been in business since 1984.
United Kingdom
PO Box 105, Godalming, Surrey, GU8 4FE, United Kingdom
+44-0845 367 2020
[email protected]
Angel Business Services
Dept A1, 14 Angel Hill, Tiverton, Devon EX16 6PE, United Kingdom
+ 44 1884 255 273
+ 44 1884 253 949
[email protected]
ABS is a small mail drop in the UK. They provide a nice personal service for
a very good price.
Hold Everything
Suite 401, Regent Street, London, W1R 6HH
+ 44 20 7580 4242
+ 44 20 7580 4729
[email protected]
Locate your business in one of London's most prestigious areas, without
even having to be in the country! You may use their prestigious address as
if it were your own, with full secretarial backup, fax, telephone and email
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Leyton Office Services
2 Harrington Road, Leytonstone, London, E11 4QW
+ 44 208 556 2979
+ 44 208 539 2862
A very discreet & privacy oriented mail drop. No ID, no contracts required.
Simply pay your money and away you go. Nigel the owner is very downto-earth and doesn't suffer fools gladly. If all you want is a basic service,
this ones for you. If you want to be treated like royalty I suggest you find
someone else. Aside from the usual services they provide, they have some
"interesting" sidelines you might want to check out. Ask for their "Special
Services Sheet".
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter Three
Second Identities
Creating a second identity can protect you from the aggressive and
potentially dangerous controls of your Government. In this chapter we will
look at Second Passports, Citizenships, Banking Passports, Alternative
Identity Documents and more.
The Essential Underground Handbook
1. Second Passports and Citizenship
A second passport can bring you freedom from the shackles of any one
government! The fact that you are reading this proves that you have
already realized that you are a tenant of Planet Earth and not the
property of any "government". However, as long as they can track you
and your assets and detain both with growing ease you *are* effectively
their property, whether you like it or not!
Your government does not want you to be freely shopping the planet for
a passport or citizenship program based on "features and benefits". They
would much rather have you continue producing fruits for them as "citizen
slaves" in a relationship that, by definition and implementation, always
benefits only one side - the State!
They do not want your assets out of their reach - they want to be able to
confiscate them at will. They want to be able to infiltrate any offshore
banking institution, attorney's office, and trust structure in order to "identify"
the records and funds of "their" citizens!
They do not want to allow you to freely travel wherever you want - but
rather track and restrict your travel, limit your stays, and even be able to
prevent you from traveling at all.
So it should not come as a surprise they DO NOT want you to even be
thinking about getting a second passport!
So with that in mind, lets take a look at the different types of passports
Passport Types
The types of passport programs that are available can be easily divided
into three areas:
Black Area:
Grey Area:
White Area:
Kind of legal
Fully Legal
Black Area
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The illegal passport market still exists today, in fact the majority of offerings
that you may see being promoted on bulletin boards, or on web sites
hosted on free servers, and even in the back of some economic and
business magazines fit this category.
This area is also the most dangerous for the consumer. Not only are the
programs illegal - but those selling them tend to be the least reliable, and
many (if not most) are simply rip-off artists.
Of course there could be a need in a time of crisis, and it might be
beneficial to know that this market exists, but once you understand the
abundance of legal and easily obtainable programs you will find no need
to deal in this marketplace examples of back area passports are:Stolen Passports
Years ago a market existed for stolen and altered passports. The thief stole
it to order and changed the picture. But due to the wealth of anti-tamper
and security features built into a modern passport, getting a good quality
and passable passport that has been provided in this way is almost
Fake Passports
This is another area where technology has made things virtually
impossible. Check out your passport under ultraviolet light and you will see
just how sophisticated today's passports have become. Ultraviolet checks
are now so commonplace at many border crossings that you would never
get away with using a fake passport.
Stolen Blanks
These are exactly what the name implies - stolen and unregistered blanks.
Some passport office worker, diplomat or embassy employee steals 10 or
20 blank passports and "issues" them himself, without registering them in
government computers.
These usually work fine as long as you don't enter the country of issuance,
and as long as no one realizes that this particular passport is "missing".
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Registered Passports
These passports are issued just like regular ones. The corrupt official simply
goes through a regular application process and registers everything in
government computers (usually at night). Of course, he fills out the
application form himself on behalf of his "client", and the details on the
"birth certificate", "proof of address" etc. that he enters into the computer
only exist in his imagination. This process results in a passport that is fully
Many countries have now introduced new procedures to avoid this kind
of "secret business". Applications are now checked and double-checked
and the chance of such an application not being detected is very small
in most countries.
Ghosting Passports
This is basically stealing the identity of someone else and usually involves
acquiring the birth certificate of a dead child or a mentally retarded
person, both of which are extremely unlikely to ever apply for a passport.
An application for a passport is then sent off and if you are lucky a brand
new passport arrives in the mail. Understandably this is a know method
and passport offices are now starting to cross reference birth and death
records when processing the application. Just think, if they found your
application was fake then they would have a perfect mug shot to send to
the police.
Grey Area
We are big believers in traditions and customs, particularly when they
support our privacy goals and objectives. And there exists today a
wonderful opportunity in an area we refer to as "Discretionary Programs",
this is the Grey area.
Friendly Bureaucrats
Especially in third world countries, exchanging favors for favors is still an
acceptable way of life. Bureaucrats in these countries often have the
power to grant citizenship in exchange for a favor given by the applicant.
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Naturally, this favor can consist of a cash payment. These programs often
include naturalization certificates and sometimes even birth certificates.
While some have a knee jerk reaction to the idea of giving a direct
payment to a politician in return for the granting of a discretionary favor,
you need to understand that this is not only a tolerated situation in the
countries allowing such discretionary power, but it is in fact one of the
"benefits" of holding the political position and an acceptable subsidy to
their otherwise modest government checks!
It's the "good old boys" network in full glory: Buy them a drink, a good
cigar, talk some business, and hand them an envelope! And the best part
is they can openly do it - they have the discretion and they will use it when
properly motivated.
However, this is not a "free for all" process. If these people are going to
exercise their discretion, they will only do so if it will not adversely affect
their good name. So these types of arrangements typically involve a
screening process by a trusted third party who then "lobbies" on behalf of
the applicant.
These passports work like any other legally issued passport and can even
be used to live in the country of issuance.
There is very little risk to this form of application but if the "power holder"
grossly abuses their authority or otherwise falls from political grace there is
a remote chance that their discretionary decisions could be retroactively
This risk can be minimized by focusing on programs where the power
holder is at one of the highest government levels and is very discreet in
their use of authority.
National Interest
Most countries in the world, even first world countries, are more than
willing to grant instant citizenship through fully legal means if it is in the
"national interest" that they do so.
To go through this route, just identify and influence the decision makers
and you're on your way! In first world countries they will not normally
accept cash payments, but if you can offer the country a substantial
contribution of a different nature you might have a reasonable chance to
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acquire their citizenship without spending any money at all.
We list this in the "grey" area as this power to grant instant citizenship is not
normally given to the bureaucrats through their country's constitution.
However, in this day and age it is normal practice for most countries NOT
to obey their own constitution. They will usually claim that it is in the
"national interest" not to do so. Do you see the parallel?
White Area
Official Fast-Track Citizenship Programs
There are a few countries that offer an economic citizenship program that
enables you to acquire citizenship usually within a few days or weeks if
you pay a certain amount of money to the government. Alternatively, you
will be required to invest money in a certain type of business in the country
in question.
Countries offering such official programs have a clause in their constitution
that enables bureaucrats to grant instant citizenship if certain
requirements are met. It's basically the same as "Friendly Bureaucrats" as
above, only that these programs are usually a lot more expensive and are
fully backed by the country's constitution. This ensures that once you have
citizenship there is little risk that subsequent governments might reverse the
process and kick you out again.
Diplomatic Programs
An interesting variation of the white programs is a diplomatic
appointment. Obviously, any government has the power to appoint
honorary diplomats and issue them a diplomatic passport. In some cases
they will even arrange for a naturalization certificate, but this usually falls
into the grey area (see "National Interest").
Which One To Chose
If you're on a small budget you might be tempted to go for a "black"
passport. If a country's "white" program costs $2,000,000 and a bureaucrat
offers to bend the rules and let you have it for $25,000, it's not a bad deal
even though it's not legal. Many people seem to consider this option
especially if they just need it for banking purposes, visa-free travel, or to
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hide money from the wife.
Nevertheless, we strongly recommend that you stay away from these
programs, instead, have a good look at the variety of readily available
"grey" programs first, and then ask yourself whether a "black" program is
worth the risk!
Generally, a "grey" program offers almost all of the benefits of the "white"
programs, none of the drawbacks of the "black" programs, and often
costs less than either!
If you have a very high profile and a lot of money you might want to
consider one of the "white" programs.
Grab and Run
Acquiring a black passport is basically a "grab and run" venture.
No one trusts anyone in this "business" - as both the client and the supplier
could be scamsters, or part of a government sting operation.
We strongly discourage you from going through any of the black
programs; due to the shady nature of these programs the marketplace is
penetrated by scamsters and fraudsters who take your money and run.
An estimated 85% of all offers you see for black passports are either
outright scams or sting operations, and you will never see your money
again, nor your promised passport. Even if you do eventually obtain a
black passport, it will usually not give you the freedom you expected, but
a headache for the rest of your life!
Usually only people whose life depends on it should consider these
programs - but even if you are in such an unfortunate situation there are
better (and fully legal) options available.
Greasing The Palms
Acquiring a grey "discretionary" program is much more reasonable. Unless
you are very well connected and have substantial resources, you would
normally focus on second and third world countries as they tend to make
it pretty easy to get what you're looking for.
You should consider these programs if you want a second passport for
travel, residency or banking purposes. Most programs are per
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naturalization only, but there are a few that will result in the issuance of a
birth certificate and thus give you a completely new identity.
You can get full citizenship in a good and peaceful third world country for
around $15,000. Prices for second world programs usually start at around
Squeaky Clean
White programs are protected by the issuing country's constitution and
are thus 100% legal. There are only a few countries in the world that offer
such a fast track economic citizenship program. Prices start at $30,000 for
a particular third world with reasonably good visa-free travel
opportunities. In the upper range you can expect to invest up to several
million dollars.
Watch out for scams here as well - there is a European country that
requires you to invest a million dollars before they will even consider your
application! There is no guarantee that you will be approved.
The Essential Underground Handbook
2. Frequently Asked Questions
Below are some of the questions we are frequently asked when providing
information on second passports and citizenship.
Q: Are there any particular countries that it is very advantageous to have
a second passport for, or are all second passports 'equal'?
A: Some passports are better than others! Look for the following features
before acquiring a second passport:
Visa-free travel: Does the country of your new citizenship restrict you from
traveling to certain other countries? Will the passport allow you to travel to
your favorite countries without having to obtain a visa?
Grip on non-residents: Does the country care what you do when you are
a non-resident and live outside their borders? Do they require you to
prove that you are resident somewhere else before they will no longer
require you to pay taxes? Do they require that you file an annual tax
return no matter where you are?
The following applies if you intend to live in the country:
Grip on residents: Does the country have a personal income tax or any
other excessive taxes? Do they force your children (and possibly yourself)
to serve in the military for a certain period of time? Is the general climate
in the country litigious? Is the country in the grip of Big Brother? What kind
of privacy is there in the country?
Climate & Life: Is the weather reasonable and suitable for your health? Is
the air clean? How about the water? Does the country offer a reasonable
standard of life?
Q: If I have an opportunity to have a US passport, is it wise to take it
considering the restrictions for US citizens?
A: In our opinion it is not wise at all. US passports are nowadays regarded
as a liability, not as an asset. Many people who obtain a US passport
realize that they are much worse off than before, and try to rid themselves
of it as quickly as possible! Worldwide taxation, danger of being assaulted
almost anywhere in the world due to the US government's aggressive role
as a world policeman, not being allowed to travel to certain countries
(Cuba, Lybia etc), etc. - all this has made the US passport one of the least
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attractive ones.
Q: Is it safe to obtain a second passport if someone lives in a country that
banned second citizenship?
A: It depends on your particular circumstances. Almost no country that
you acquire citizenship from notifies your original country - thus they would
never need to learn that you now also have another citizenship. Of
course, to be on the safe side, you could renounce (or simply abandon)
your old citizenship. Again, whether this is feasible or not depends on your
current country, circumstances, plans for the future etc.
Q: How can I test whether a second passport I recently received is legal
and fully registered?
A: You could use the "WG Hill Method", which consists of asking a major
company, preferably in a third world country, to send a letter along with a
copy of your passport to your passport country's local embassy, essentially
saying: "This person has applied for a job with very serious responsibilities,
please let us know whether his documents check out with your records
and whether he has anything against him". This method is often used by
major companies so it doesn't raise any attention. The disadvantage is
that with some countries, such an inquiry might result in your documents
being flagged for further investigation, income tax checks etc. If your
documents and supporting records are only 99% legal (still perfectly
usable under most circumstances), this might start the very troubles you
wanted to be safe from in the first place. There are other, more
confidential ways to check a passport which unfortunately we cannot
reveal here. If you have acquired a second passport and would like some
assistance in checking its validity then please contact us.
Q: Sometimes consultants ask for substantial amounts of money up-front what if the prepaid service is not delivered?
A: This happens fairly frequently and unless you want the authorities to get
involved, it's just a matter of bad luck. If someone asks for money up-front
and you aren't comfortable with the risk, ask them whether they will
accept an escrow arrangement, or if they can provide you with suitable
references. If they agree to an escrow service, find a reputable agent to
handle the escrow. If they don't agree, and they can't provide you with
any solid references either, don't do business with them. With most "white"
programs the government itself (or one of its attorneys) will act as escrow
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Q: In the 1950's some totalitarian governments destroyed the passports of
their citizens returning to the home country. How would you avoid such a
situation if this were ever to happen again?
A: By not returning to the home country in the first place. If you have to
return, obtain a passport from a different country in a different name, and
only then return.
Q: I heard that the German and Irish (any other?) governments will allow
second citizenship to foreign-born persons of German or Irish ancestry.
A: Partially - Germany does not allow second citizenship so you would
have to renounce your current citizenship in order to obtain your German
passport. Other than that, if some of your grandparents are/were Irish or
German you could have a good chance of acquiring citizenship.
Q: I am a US businessman who travels to a lot of potentially hostile
countries. Is it possible to get a second passport from a less "aggravating"
country than the USA and still have it known and recognized by the USA
as a legitimate passport?
A: Definitely yes. You could obtain second citizenship from a low-profile
Caribbean country and use that one to travel abroad. You could even
take both passports with you, using the US passport to leave and reenter
the US, and the Caribbean passport to travel abroad. The passports of
most countries in the world are fully recognized by the US, and the US also
"allows" their citizens to have dual citizenship, so you have a lot of choices
Q: What is truly the cheapest?
A: By far the cheapest we have heard of is a legitimate African passport
at $5,000.
Q: How long does it take to get the cheapest?
A: Four to six weeks upon receipt of photos and payment.
Q: Will a second passport have exactly the same name as your first
A: With some programs, yes. With others, it can be in a different name if
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you like. The white programs usually require that you use your name, but
even then you can sometimes legally change your name to a different
one. Most grey programs allow name change without too many
bureaucratic hassles.
Q: Will I be able to leave on the 1st passport and come back on the 2nd
A: You will most definitely be able to do so. Whether this is fully legal
depends on a number of circumstances, regulations etc. For example,
some countries have the requirement that if you are a dual citizen you
must identify yourself as a citizen when entering or leaving the country.
Q: Most of the second passport schemes come with a very high cost. Is
there any that are available through an investment program, rather than
an ex gratia payment to a government or agency. I understand some
countries will grant passports and citizenship to people who have a
certain amount invested in that country - do you know of any such cases.
A: Austria is one such case, but it rather falls into the "scam" category.
Here's how it works: First you must invest between $500k and $1M into a
certain type of business within Austria. Once you've made the investment
they will review your application and decide whether you'll be accepted
for the fast-track citizenship or not. If not, your money is tied up and you'll
have to wait the normal 5+ years until you obtain citizenship, provided of
course that you become a permanent resident!
Q: What is the best way of finding out which of the people in power would
be most likely to accept an offer for a grey area passport. In other words is
there any way of becoming connected when you are not already,
without getting involved with scammers, sting operations, or somebody
who is not actually likely to accept an offer and possibly even be a rat.
A: The best way to do it yourself is usually to travel to the country in
question and try to get acquainted with bureaucrats and politicians.
Maybe you can make friends with them and hint that a friend of yours is
looking for fast- track citizenship... would they know someone who can
help him?
Get the idea? It's more diplomatic to ask "on behalf of a friend" - and
once they are committed to assisting you, you can always say that you
too might be interested. Hey, you could even get them to help you twice
and resell the second set to a friend at twice the price, thereby effectively
getting yours for free. But be careful - we have heard of many incidents of
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"power holders" taking money and not delivering what they had
promised. You have very little recourse once you've parted with the
Q: How can one start using the new passport to leave a country if the
passport has no visa and entry stamp to that country?
A: Simple - if the passport is in a *different* name, you usually can't, unless
you walk across the border without being checked. The solution is to use
your current passport to travel to a country that does not stamp passports
from the country your second passport is from, and leave your current
passport there while starting to travel on the new one. Ideally, your first
passport wouldn't be stamped either so you can switch back and forth as
you like.
Q: Assuming I have two passports, continuing the question above, does it
mean I should/can only "switch" passports when "in- between" countries
i.e. always leave on same passport as entry passport and switch to
second passport when entering the second country?
A: If your two passports are in the *same* name (i.e. dual citizenship) then
this is the correct way to do it. If the passports are in *different* names, it is
still possible but outright dangerous! If you are checked out by
immigration or customs in any country and they find out that you have
two passports in different names on you, you will have a lot to explain
(and usually be given plenty of time to do so).
Q: What are the financial qualifications for getting Swiss citizenship? Are
there other countries that are as good or better for getting citizenship: as
far as financial freedoms (especially from the IRS)?
A: In this day and age, Swiss citizenship is hard to obtain and not
recommended at all. If you value your freedom and privacy we highly
recommend a Caribbean or Latin American country that offers good visafree travel and has no personal income tax.
Q: Is it not simply against all law or common sense to have a second
A: Not at all - as for the law, if you are a US citizen then it is fine (check
with your countries consulate). As for common sense, consider the
following *imaginary* situation: Half a year from now the US could be
declaring martial law and shooting its citizens who try to leave the
country. Only foreigners will be allowed to leave the country that has
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turned into hell on earth. Guess who will be able to create the impression
of being a foreigner? Those lucky people who were wise enough to
acquire a second passport while there was still time to do so!
Q: If you can have a second passsport, then you cannot fault the terrorist
or illegal immigrant who has come to this country under such means, can
you? Your comments?
A: Most people who have the means to acquire a *legal* second
passport want to *leave* the US, not enter it. Terrorists and illegal
immigrants most likely use *illegal* documents which they have obtained
through a fraudulent application process. Note the difference between
legal and illegal! You wouldn't outlaw all knives and rely on your hands to
cut bread, meat etc., just because criminals use knives to kill other
people, would you?
Q: How difficult is it to obtain a fully legal, legitimate EU passport?
A: It is quite easy if you are prepared to live (and pay taxes) in a EU
member country for a couple of years, learn the local language, and
then obtain a passport through naturalization.
Q: Failing this, what about for countries lobbying for membership?
A: Same thing - live there for a couple of years, learn the language and
they will usually offer you citizenship! Of course, there are fast-track
options available, but these cost a lot of money and are very
controversial, to say the least.
Q: If I acquire second citizenship, are my children eligible too?
A: Usually yes. Sometimes there might be an extra fee.
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Bonus Tip: Free Passports
In certain circumstances you can get a passport completely free of
charge. This is usually possible on ethnic or religious grounds. To determine
your likelihood of being able to obtain a free passport we suggest you list
all foreign family connections and religious possibilities over the last
hundred years. For example, if you are Jewish we can recommend a path
to gain an Israeli passport, or for dedicated Buddhists a Thai passport is a
definite possibility.
On ethnic grounds the list of possibilities is very substantial, for example
ethnic Germans from the Volga in Russia are returning to Germany and
are granted citizenship, even though their ancestors left over 200 years
ago. In the case of Ireland, more people entitled to an Irish passport live
outside Ireland than in the country itself! Plus, people born in northern
Ireland can also easily obtain an Irish passport from the South.
Another obvious possibility is marriage with someone who already holds
your desired citizenship. It should be easy to find someone who is
interested in a marriage of convenience, especially if you are wealthy or
attractive, or both.
Note: Many countries either make random checks or require you to
complete some sort of written or oral test (where you must answer
questions about your spouse's habits etc.) to make sure that you are
indeed involved with each other and aren't just married on paper. If you
cheat and they find out, your new citizenship will be renounced, and
you'll be banned from ever acquiring it again. So watch out!
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3. Banking Passports
A banking passport is simply a legal passport from a country and in a
name other than your current one. It is a passport you use for banking, i.e.
to open and operate bank accounts, and to own property. As
inexpensive banking passports typically require a visa to travel to almost
any country in the world, they are not normally used for travel.
A banking passport is cheap and most often from a poor third world
country. These countries can raise money by giving away passports to
those who are willing to pay for them. There are a few semi-official
programs; others are run by entrepreneurial bureaucrats. In these
countries, doing such favors for cash is well accepted and not necessarily
Banking passports typically cost $7,000 or less. Anything over $10,000
would normally no longer be considered a banking passport if it could
also be used for travel. It would then simply be a second passport. Of
course, every second passport can be used as a banking passport as well.
Why bother?
The answer to this question becomes obvious when you consider that a US
passport is considered to be the most dangerous in the world. Not only will
you be targeted by terrorists, but also by terrocrats (i.e. terroristic
bureaucrats)! If you open offshore bank accounts using a US passport,
sooner or later you might get into serious trouble.
Why? It's simple. The IRS and FBI are actively pressuring offshore havens to
turn over banking records of their American clients. And they are trying to
infiltrate banks in those havens they cannot openly force into submission.
There are rumors that they have even set up their own offshore bank in
the Caribbean in order to attract clients and then turn them in.
Now, the IRS is hardly interested in the finances of a citizen of some poor
third world country. Even if they manage to infiltrate a bank, or you fall for
one of their scams, then having used such a passport could mean the
difference between freedom and slavery.
We all know what happened to those unlucky clients of a former Cayman
Island Bank whose owner volunteered to turn over client records to the
IRS, in exchange for a less severe penalty for an unrelated crime.
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Thousands of Americans were investigated, hundreds were jailed.
Investigations are still ongoing. What would have happened to them if
they had used an African passport in a name other than their own, and
an African mailing address? Nothing. Think about it.
Why not to use camouflage passports
Camouflage passports are passports which look like those from countries
that no longer exist. British Honduras, the Soviet Union and Rhodesia are
just a few examples. Anyone can legally make up such passports, or buy
them for a few hundred dollars. However, banks throughout the world
have woken up to this, and they have very up-to-date lists of all countries
in the world. They are simply not going to accept account applications
from persons who use a passport from a non-existing country. What's
worse, they might flag them down for further investigation.
What's still worse than that, they might initially accept the application and
make you believe that everything is alright. Later, when you have
deposited tens of thousands of dollars, they would suddenly freeze your
account, saying that they "just" discovered that you've used an invalid
passport... "Would you please come forward to prove that the passport is
issued by a genuinely existing country!" Money gone!
The common argument for a camouflage passport is that it can be useful
when your plane is hijacked or similar. Proving that you aren't American in
such a situation (by flashing your camouflage passport) can supposedly
save your life. Actually, most bureaucrats from unpopular countries like US
and UK who travel internationally have one or several such camouflage
passports, and they know only too well why.
Unfortunately, the terrorists are catching up too! Just imagine the following
situation. Your plane is hijacked and Americans are singled out. You show
your Rhodesian camouflage passport... but the hijackers happen to know
that Rhodesia ceased existence over 20 years ago! They strip-search your
body and find your US passport. Guess who will be the very first hostage to
be shot? (To add insult to injury, they might even assume that you're a
bureaucrat or diplomat as these are the people to most likely carry
camouflage passports.)
If you find yourself in such an unpleasant situation, we recommend that
you either blend in with the crowd - if you're on a plane with several
hundred US citizens, your individual risk of being killed is rather low.
Alternatively, get a full citizenship from a non-controversial country in the
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first place... a country that actually exists and whose passport enables you
to travel wherever you want to. Then you can leave your US passport at
home - or even renounce it.
Registered or unregistered?
For banking purposes, you need to use a registered passport from an
existing country. All legal banking passports are fully registered with the
issuing country, so even in case of an official inquiry the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs would respond that the passport is indeed genuine and that the
holder is a bona fide citizen. Considering that it is possible to obtain such
legal, fully registered passports for as little as $5,000, it would be a big
mistake to obtain an unregistered passport for a few hundred dollars less,
trying to "save money".
Security precautions
Obviously, you do not want to receive or store the banking passport at
your current home. Don't even let it enter your home country! Instead, set
up an offshore mail drop address or box where you receive the passport
and other sensitive mail. After having opened the bank accounts you
need, store the passport in an offshore safe deposit box and never,
repeat never take it back home! Depending on the country where you
are at any given moment, there might be very stiff penalties for being
found in possession of two "conflicting" passports (i.e. in different names),
even if they are both legally issued.
Where to get banking passports
There are various sources on the Internet of Banking Passports, doing a
search on Google will yield numerous results but our best advice would be
to sign up for a free subscription to Offshore Wire Magazine which
regularly reviews different providers, or simply email the staff directly for
more information. Please note: we are not in anyway affiliated with this
magazine but the quality of information provided by it is excellent.
For the more adventurous, you would travel to a third world country
yourself, get acquainted with a few high level bureaucrats, and you'll find
out that they'll be more than happy to assist you!
At the end of this chapter you will also find a list of contact information for
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companies providing this service.
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4. Diplomatic Passports
Diplomatic passports are the crème de la crème of identity
documents. They offer protection from prosecution and privileges
as a consul of the country of issue.
The privileges of accredited diplomatic appointments and passports as an
honorary consul include:
• You will enjoy the privileges and immunities granted by the Vienna
Conventions of Consular and Diplomatic Relations.
• Your home and office will be officially designated as a consulate and
therefore are inviolable.
• You may display "CC" (Corps Consulaire) plates on your car so that
your status is known to the forces of control who may not detain you
in any way.
• When traveling, you may use the diplomatic channel at airports and
will not be subject to time delaying and annoying customs checks.
• You may purchase drinks, cigarettes and other supplies for your
consulate duty free.
• You will be exempt from all forms of tax on any of your income in the
host country derived from outside of that country.
• Doors which may have been previously closed will remarkably open
once you have received your diplomatic status.
• Top restaurants, hotels and clubs which may be "fully booked" will
suddenly take your reservation.
You will receive free upgrades from many airlines to First/Business
class at the check-in desks.
• You
Royal/Diplomatic and Society parties and events.
• You will meet top-ranking government officials and heads of state.
• You will boost your business success as well as your social status and
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The typical cost for diplomatic status is around $55,000 and takes up to 3
months, if you are serious about starting this process then please contact
us .
The Essential Underground Handbook
5. International Drivers License
The United Nations, in the Convention on International Road Traffic on
September 19, 1949, established the International Driving Permit to
facilitate the worldwide travel of motorists in foreign countries where
language barriers create difficulties for both motorists and police. It has
been ratified by more than 160 nations.
The Permit is a 17-page booklet about the size of a passport (4.25 x 6
inches; 10.8 x 15.25 cm). It is printed in eleven (11) languages: English,
French, German, Spanish, Arabic, Russian, Italian, Chinese, Swedish,
Japanese and Portuguese. It explains that the motorist has a driving
license from his permanent place of residence. The Permit has been so
widely used for more than fifty years that is recognized everywhere in the
The International Driving Permit cannot be assessed points, revoked or
The United Nations itself does not issue driving permits. In order to
implement this valuable document for the motorist, it was decided that it
should be issued by certain authorized travel associations.
This International Driving Permit meets every requirement of the
Convention on International Road Traffic, and covers all types of vehicles
from motorcycles to heavy trucks. Below you can specify which vehicles
you are qualified to drive.
IMPORTANT! For the International Driving Permit to be valid in your U.S.
state or country, you cannot have a drivers license issued from your state
or country, or a car registered in your name. State issued licenses
supersede an international driver license in the state or country where
they are being used. That is, if you are ever stopped, your tags and name
are run through the DMV computers. If the name on your IDP matches
that in DMV records, then you are a 'resident' and not a 'tourist'. IDP's are
intended for world traveler tourists only.
Having an International IDP does not authorize the Holder to break the
law(s) or endanger public safety. The Holder of an IDP is presumed to be
bound under the Convention of International Road Traffic of 19
September, 1949. That is, you must be qualified, and obey all the rules of
the road in every country or state it is used. The IDP is NOT a silver bullet
against traffic citations. If you happen to get a traffic citation (and
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deserved it), then pay the pay and stop doing whatever it was that got
you the citation. The Holder of an IDP is also responsible for any property
damage he or she may cause.
An International Driving Permit is valid in every country except the country
of Issue (IDP's are for international travellers and tourists only.)
A State issued Driver License nullifies an International Driving Permit in the
State of residence.
Automobile registration in your name nullifies an International Driving
Permit in the State of residence.
Carrying any government or private identification that shows a residence
address in your state will nullify an International Driving Permit.
A successful IDP holder does NOT:
Carry any ID in or out of his automobile that is in conflict with his new ID.
Have an automobile registered in his name. Rather, his automobile is
registered in another name, or to a trust, and carries a 'permission to use'
letter from the registered owner.
Drive under the influence of any substance that would impair his ability
behind the wheel.
Drive cars which draw needless attention.
Carry contraband within his automobile which would be in plain view of a
police officer (probable cause.)
Engage in needless conversation (designed to entrap), or answer
questions that are not directly related to a traffic stop.
Become confrontational or disrespectful with police officers.
Grant permissions to search his car, unless a search warrant is issued.
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Go to court and voluntarily grant jurisdiction to adjudicate the validity of
International Law or the Permit. Traffic, Municipal and State courts do NOT
have jurisdiction or venue in International Law (unless it is voluntarily
A successful IDP holder DOES:
Obey the rules of the road, and obey posted speed limits.
Conduct himself in a courteous manner at all times.
Drive a clean car in good repair.
Pay traffic citations which are deserved.
A successful IDP holder's position if ever confronted is ALWAYS:
I am an American (or, nationality printed on IDP.) I live and work abroad. I
am here on vacation. I am a non-resident. I am borrowing the car. If I
have committed a crime, then arrest me, cite me, or let me go. Then SHUT
Police officers are not trained in Law or International Law! They operate
under police procedure and have been given the power of 'discretion.'
Many officers have no knowledge and have never even seen an IDP.
Some may even tell you that an IDP is not valid. Never argue the subject
of validity, as police officers hate to appear ignorant. If anything, simply
state that the IDP was purchased in the 'country of issue', and to the best
of your knowledge and belief it is perfectly lawful. Tell the officer that (if
need be), you will save your arguments for the judge (if a citation is to be
Where to get an International Driving License
At the end of this chapter we have listed several reliable providers of
International Driving Licenses and have done business with all of these
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6. Fake Identity Documents
The first question you have to ask yourself when looking for fake ID is why
do you need it? If you are trying to open a bank account in another
name or travel anonymously then fake ID will not cut it, instead you should
be looking at a second passport / citizenship program.
Alternatively if you are trying to create a new persona and want a wellrounded set of documents then you can simply order these from a range
of suppliers on the Internet or preferably make them yourself.
Making Your Own ID
Using an average PC and a good quality Ink Jet printer you can produce
near perfect ID documents in under an hour, couple that with a range of
letters to yourself from big companies, a few bills, and a bank statement
and your new alias is starting to look like a believable character. If
someone were to go through your briefcase and found these things then
they would be pretty convinced that you are who you say you are.
Included with this eBook is a selection of ID documents that have been
scanned in for you to take a look at, these include drivers licenses, ID
cards, college and university diplomas, and other professional
Using a photo manipulation program such as Adobe Photoshop or Photo
Paint, you can edit the details on these images and change them to
whatever you want. This process does take practice and you expect to
spend a few days learning the editing program and practicing on the
sample images before you start making your own documents.
For utility bills, bank statements, and other corporate letters, simple take
an existing document and scan this into your computer. Most modern
scanners in the sub $100 range provide adequate resolution to reproduce
the original. Once this has been scanned in you may need to touch it up
slightly in your paint program and then edit the details etc.
Don’t forget that you can always hold photocopies of your documents as
these hide and slight blemishes or mistakes which are a result of the
scanning process.
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Please Note: A lot of offshore banks only require you to send a notarized
photocopy of a document. Now come on, how easy is that to fake. Once
you have an offshore account and credit card in a different name, think
how easy it would be to get an account or other services in your own
Sources of ID
Although we personally recommend creating your own documents, we
have supplied a list of on-line suppliers at the end of this chapter. We have
never used any of these ourselves and cannot give any guarantee about
their service.
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7. Prestigious Titles
Acquiring a prestigious title can and does change the way organisations,
businesses, restaurants and clients deal with you. You are instantly given
respect due to your status. Surprisingly, obtaining such a title is as simple as
filling in a form and paying a few hundred dollars.
A Title By Deed Poll
Under International and English Law: "You have the right to call yourself,
and be known as anything you like" provided there is no fraudulent
intention in the process of any such change.
What this effectively means is that you can legally change your name to
Lord Harry Davenport or Earl Davenport and use this on your passport or
driving license.
You must first check that here is not an existing person with a similar Title
granted by Royalty, Government, or Inherited by birthright, as it could be
perceived as trying to cause upset or distress to that person.
The next step in this process is applying to your local court to change you
name by deed poll. All in all this is a very simple process and can be done
by yourself with minimal cost. If you require professional assistance in this
matter then we have included a list of contact in the references section
at the end of this document.
Names to consider for this are:
Lord / Lady
Baron / Baroness
Earl / Count / Countess
Viscount / Viscountess
Marquis / Marchioness
Duke / Duchess
Seated Titles
A seated title is quite different than a simple name change. A seated title
is acquired by purchasing a parcel of land from an existing Lord or Lady of
the British Empire. The parcel of land can be legally named, for example
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‘Westminster’. Once you have purchased such land you will be legally
entitled to call your self for instance Lord Davenport of Westminster.
What’s more, seated titles can be inherited by your children.
The legal process for such a purchase is quite complicated and requires
Land Registration, Title Registration, and the preparation of all legal
documents; In the References and Contact section of this manual we
have included a list of companies that can provide a full service solution
for around $1500
The Essential Underground Handbook
8. Becoming an Ordained Minister
As with becoming a Lord, becoming a minister can add a certain air of
respect to your new persona. Surprisingly becoming a minister does not
require years of theological study and a life of chastity, just a church that
will take you on, and there are plenty of those.
Becoming a minister will allow you to perform marriage ceremonies,
baptisms, and other religious ceremonies as well as forming your very own
church, which will be tax-exempt and can own property, securities and
other financial instruments.
As I said, there are plenty of churches that will ordain you, some charge a
nominal fee so as to support the church, others offer this completely free.
So lets take a look at one of these.
Universal Ministries
The Universal Ministries is a nondenominational Ministry founded in the
truth of accepting the rights of all to follow their own personal beliefs
without their intervention. They uphold the First Amendment of the
Constitution of the United States of America, and the right of the individual
to legally worship as they please.
The Universal Ministries will ordain anyone that requests ordination for free,
online or through postal mail.
Since being originally ordained in the Universal Life Church, and as
Ministers in good standing with them, they have founded the Universal
Ministries as a truly independent nondenominational order. With members
belonging to several denominations, The Universal Ministries was created
to encompass all beliefs, and invite all members to contribute to the
weekly sermons.
Here are a few questions and answers taken from their web site.
Q: How old does one have to be to be an ordained minister?
A: Ministers are of all ages, however, in some states you cannot officiate
at a wedding unless you are at least 18 years old. The legal may vary in
different states, so check with your local Marriage Bureau for your state's
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Q: What services do I have to perform as an ordained minister?
A: There are no specific duties required, other than those needed by the
congregation. You are authorized to perform all ministerial duties such as:
baptisms, marriages, funerals, and to conduct church worship and
Q: May a minister be compelled to reveal any communications with
members of the congregation?
A: Yes, you may called upon if such communication involves confession of
a crime, or the intent to commit a crime.
Q: Is the Universal Ministries legal in all 50 states?
A: Yes it is, and in most other locations too.
Q: Does a church have to reveal the sum and substance of its religious
A: No. A church may be established on the basis of Liberty of Religion and
permit to each of its ministers the Liberty of Conscience to which they are
naturally entitled. In Everson v. Board of Education, 330 US 203, 91 L. Ed.
711, it was held that: "The establishment of religion, of the First Amendment
means at least this: Neither can pass laws which aid one religion, aid all
religions, or prefer one religion over another. Neither can force or
influence a person to go to or remain away from a church against his will
or force him to profess a belief or disbelief in any religion. No person can
be punished for entertaining or professing religious beliefs or disbeliefs, for
church attendance or nonattendance."
Q: What sections of U.S. Title 26, the Internal Revenue Code, apply to
A: Of particular importance are sections 107, 170, 501, 511, 513, 1402,
2055, 2106, 2522, 3121, 3401, 6033, 7605, and 7214. However, it is up to
each minister and each congregation to be acquainted with the
provisions of the Internal Revenue codes of the federal government and
the Revenue and Taxation codes of their own state.
Q: Is the Universal Ministries liable for excise taxes?
A: No, as a public foundation (churches are not private foundations), the
Universal Ministries is not subject to the excise taxes required by Chapter
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42 of the Internal Revenue Code, U.S. Title 26, and most states follow the
same policy.
Q: Should the Universal Ministries file a Form 990T to report unrelated
business income?
A: Perhaps, depending upon whether a particular congregation had
unrelated income, as defined in sections 511 and 513 of the Internal
Revenue Code, a congregation may wish to file a report of unrelated
business income on Form 990T.
Q: May the Internal Revenue Service, or any sate agency order my
congregation to furnish its books and records for inspection?
A: Yes, with the proper court order or warrant.
Q: What prohibits the IRS from examining our congregration's records?
A: Section 7605(c) of the IRS Code prohibits the IRS from examining the
books and records of any church.
Q: Can the IRS see our congregation's bank records?
A: Yes, but only if the first get a court order (Section 7609(c) of the IRS
Code), check with an attorney.
Q: The IRS has asked me a list of questions about the congregation and it's
internal operations. Do I have to answer them?
A: No. Section 7605(c) of the IRS Code strictly forbids this type of questing,
as it reveals a more complete disclosure than any audit could.
Q: May a congregation have a postal Bulk Rate mailing permit?
A: Yes, a congregation as a nonprofit organization is entitled to mail at a
bulk rate. This is a bulk rate that is available to all nonprofit organizations.
Ask your local postmaster about these rates and the permit required.
Q: Can I use my apartment as my church?
A: Most states allow you to use just about anything as a meeting place.
However, there are a few exceptions. so we suggest you contact the
appropriate authority in your state.
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Q: What is the minimum number of people required to organize a
A: A minimum of three people, a Minister (or Pastor), Secretary and
Treasure (who must all be of legal age).
Q: Is it necessary to keep minutes of Board Meetings?
A: Yes. Everything done by a church must be done by resolution voted on
and passed by the Board of Directors. You need only those things which
Q: Does the Universal Ministries control the money and property I donate
to my congregation?
A: All money and property will be in your congregation's name. Your
congregation has no financial obligations to the Universal Ministries.
Q: Can the real property be declared a church where there is no building,
and be exempt from tax as such?
A: Your congregation can hold meetings wherever the Board of Directors
may decide. However, any property used exclusively for church services,
and only that part, may be eligible for tax exemption. Check with your
local tax authority.
Q: Can I borrow money from my congregation?
A: Yes, provided that you repay the loan with a reasonable interest. But
you should check the IRS code.
Q: Are churches exempt from the payment of sales taxes on items used
for religious services?
A: Yes. Check with the state for all exemption requirements.
Q: How could I find out about property tax exemption for my
A: Contact the local county tax assessor for all such information. It varies
from county to county because it is local government function, as it
should be.
Q: If we need copies of the Certificate of Authority for the church to
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operate in our state, who do we contact?
A: Write to the Secretary of State's office and request specific information.
There is a basic fee charged for duplication.
Q: What types of investments and incomes may churches have?
A: It has been the policy of the Federal Government to actually promote
organized religion by granting it almost total tax immunity. All income that
accrues to a non-profit church is tax exempt (with the exception of
unrelated business income). There are about six different kinds of church
income, five of which are totally tax exempt.
1. Donation Income - All money and property donated or willed to a
church or otherwise received from it's church members is tax exempt. A
church may perform any type of service or engage in any business
activity for the benefit of its members without paying taxes on the income.
2. Fund Raising Activity Income - Whenever a church sponsors a fund
raising activity and charges admission, the income is tax exempt. All
income that is generated by various church members by donating their
services in return for contributions to their church is tax exempt.
3. Passive Church Investment Income - All income earned by a church via
its own investments in stock, bonds, rental properties, bank accounts, etc.
is tax exempt. A passive investment is any investment that does not
require day-to-day management and supervision by the directors of the
4. Capital Gains Income - Any income or profit realized by a church from
the sale of church owned assets is tax exempt.
5. Related Business Income - any income that accrues to a church from a
business venture that can be justified one the basis that the business is
related to the mission of the church is tax exempt. Several examples of
related business income can be found throughout the Catholic Church
with regard to the radio and television stations that the church owns and
operates. Churches are also engaged in publishing as well as the life
insurance business. The Lutheran Church maintains a $3 billion insurance
fund exclusively for church members.
6. Unrelated Business Income - Church can own and operate any kind of
business. If the IRS can prove in court that the income from a particular
business venture is not related to the overall mission of the church, then it
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can force the church to pay taxes on the income. The most famous and
recent example of this is when the IRS finally forced the Christian Brothers
Winery to pay income taxes on the revenue they received from the
production and sale of liquor related products.
Q: What is "self dealing"?
A: "Self dealing" includes borrowing or loaning money, buying or selling
property, and any other activity in which a profit may be made for the
Trustees or members of the Board of Directors - except that anyone may
receive compensation reasonably related to services actually performed.
Q: Can the congregation buy real estate and other items in it's own
A: Yes, any person, natural or artificial, may own real estate. An individual
is a natural person, as opposed to an organization that conducts business,
such as a church. A church, a Common Law organization, or a
corporation, are examples of artificial, or juristic, persons.
Q: Can the congregation own stocks and bonds?
A: Yes, the congregation may own stocks, bonds, and securities as passive
Get Ordained Now
You can get ordained either online or through the post. To find out more
information please visit:
We have also listed several other churches that will provide an ordination
service, these are listed in the References and Contact section at the end
of this chapter.
The Essential Underground Handbook
9. Escaping the USA
The United States of America was founded on the principles of liberty,
limited government, and the pursuit of happiness. However, the practical
application of these ideals leaves quite a lot to be desired these days.
In fact, the US Government is undoubtedly the biggest Big Brother of them
all when it comes to poking its nose into its citizen's financial affairs and
attempting to regulate personal behavior. Consequently, being a forced
contributor to the world's number one economic and military superpower
may not seem quite as exciting to you as it once was.
Furthermore, you may have decided that your personal freedom and
happiness in the "Land of the Free" is not quite up to your enlightened
personal standards.
Let's say you've visited one or more countries elsewhere on this globe, and
now find yourself considering a full-time move from US shores to live the
good life in your newfound expatriate paradise. If you're a US citizen or
resident alien, leaving your US taxes behind is not quite as simple as
leaving your US home behind.
The US is almost unique in the world in that it taxes on the basis of
citizenship, not residency. This means that you can leave the US, abandon
your US residency (thereby negating any need for costly US government
support services), and take up legal, permanent residence in a foreign
land... and still be liable for US taxes!
Regardless of where you're actually living, the IRS still considers you a
bona fide, full-liability taxpayer entitled to the fullest possible privileges(?)
of supporting your country's legislation-happy bureaucracy in all its glory.
Not only that, but also you're subject to the same income tax filing
requirements as onshore taxpaying residents.
However, you can be granted exemptions under US tax law if you follow
the rules. These exemptions can render you tax-free if you're in the right
income bracket!
But if you don't qualify, then there's another approach you could use.
Renouncing your US citizenship could be the ultimate answer for you. We'll
cover both approaches in this article.
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Sneak Under the $74,000 Wire
If you're not presently a large earner - and if you're not employed by the
US government or any of its agencies including the Armed Forces - the
foreign-earned income exemption could be an excellent opportunity for
you to avoid paying any US income tax once you're no longer living in
your home and native land.
You could qualify for a complete exclusion from income tax if your
foreign-earned income is presently less than $74,000 USD. This means you
wouldn't owe the IRS a penny! Even if you earn more, your first $74,000 of
earnings would be tax-free and only the remainder of your income will be
subject to tax. This could still result in tremendous savings to you.
As far as the IRS is concerned, "foreign-earned income" is generally
defined as money earned for services performed outside of the US.
"Outside of the US" includes not only the 50 states, but also Puerto Rico,
the Northern Marina Islands, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the
Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, and American Samoa.
Additionally, you may not claim the income exclusion for Cuba, Libya, or
Iraq, as government restrictions prohibit US citizens and residents from
engaging in transactions relating to travel to, from, or within those
An important point to note: once you've excluded your income, you may
not claim any credits or deductions related to that excluded income. This
would include IRA contributions or any other normal deductions you might
make in a normal, onshore tax return. Your money is effectively off the IRS
radar screens once it's excluded.
You Could Also Benefit From Housing Costs
Another benefit you could be eligible for is tax exclusion of allowable
housing costs in excess of the specified base amount, which is presently
$9,865 USD annually or $27.03 USD per day on a pro rata basis (if you lived
less than the full year outside the US in the previous tax year). So if your
allowable costs are $50 USD per day, for example, you could deduct
$22.97 USD for each day you qualify as having a foreign tax home (more
on this in a moment).
Allowable housing expenses include rent, utilities other than telephone
charges, and real and personal property insurance. These items could
have been paid or incurred during the tax year by you or another entity
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on your behalf; for example, you can include the rental value of housing
provided by your employer in return for your services.
Additionally, you can also include the allowable housing expenses of a
second foreign household for your spouse and dependents if they
couldn't live with you because of dangerous, unhealthy, or otherwise
adverse living conditions at your tax home.
Items that don't qualify under the housing exclusion include the cost of
home purchase or other capital items, the wages of domestic servants, or
deductible interest and taxes.
But Do I Qualify?
Now that you can see the possibilities, you must pass a simple test
imposed by the IRS. You must fall under one of the following three
categories to take advantage of the $74,000 exclusion as well as the
excess housing allowance:
If a US citizen, you must be a legal (bona-fide) resident of a foreign
country (or countries) for an uninterrupted period that includes a
complete tax year; or
A US resident alien who is a citizen or national of a country with which
the United States has an income tax treaty in effect, and who is also
a legal resident of a foreign country (or countries) for an
uninterrupted period that includes a complete tax year; or
A US citizen or a US resident alien who is physically present in a
foreign country or countries for at least 330 full days during any
period of 12 consecutive months.
Examined closely, you are trying to pass one of two tests: either you're a
bona-fide resident of one or more foreign countries for an entire year, or
you're just physically present in one or more foreign countries for nearly the
same length of time.
What either of the above categories do is establish a new "tax home" for
you that's outside the US. Generally, your tax home is your main place of
business, employment, or post of duty where you are permanently or
indefinitely engaged to work. You should not expect to spend a great
deal of time in the US if you wish to qualify for a new foreign tax home. If
you spend too much time stateside, the IRS will still consider you to have
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your abode in the US and refuse you the exemption. However, being
temporarily present in the US (or even maintaining a dwelling there) does
not necessarily mean that your tax home remains in the United States.
An additional point to consider is that even if you don't fully qualify under
time requirements in any of the three categories (due to a major crisis
such as war, civil unrest, or similar adverse conditions in your foreign
country), you could still be eligible for the exclusion. However, you must be
able to show that you could have met the minimum time requirements if
the crisis had not prevented you from conducting normal business in your
new jurisdiction.
Paying Foreign Income Tax
Should you be residing in a country where you must pay income taxes, a
limited amount of the foreign income tax you pay can either be:
Credited against your remaining US tax liability (usually to your
advantage, as it reduces your US tax liability and may be carried back
or forward to other years);
Or deducted in figuring taxable income on your US income tax return
(this only reduces your taxable income and may be taken only in the
current year);
You must treat all foreign income taxes in the same way, therefore you
can't deduct some foreign income taxes and take credits for others.
Don't Forget to File
You must always file a tax return for each year that you remain a US
citizen. You could find yourself in hot water with the IRS if you fail to do so,
even if the net result (had you filed) would have resulted in no tax
However, if your tax home is outside the US or Puerto Rico, you're
automatically granted an extension (usually to June 15) to file your return
and pay any tax due. You don't have to file a special form to receive the
extension but must attach a statement to your tax return showing that you
are eligible for it.
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Some useful forms to be aware of, and which should be filed with your tax
Form 2555-EZ (Foreign Earned Income - Easy) if you were not selfemployed, if your income was less than the exclusion amount, and if
you're not claiming business and moving expenses (or the housing
exclusion) then this is the paper you need for your $74,000 exclusion
Form 2555 (Foreign Earned Income) use this one if one or more of the
restrictions for 2555-EZ are not fulfilled. For example, you could be selfemployed, earning more than $74,000, or claiming various expenses
including the housing exclusion
Form 1116 (Foreign Tax Credit) if you wish to take advantage of the tax
credit and deduction privileges available if you are already paying
income tax in your new tax home
Getting Extreme With US Citizenship
Maybe the $74,000 exemption isn't enough for you. Or maybe just the
idea of filing a bunch of forms every year for Big Brother isn't something
you want to do. Maybe you want to be permanently tax free in the
paradise of your choice. And maybe you already have an alternate
citizenship and accompanying passport, courtesy of your birth,
parentage, religion, or other means. For whatever reason, US citizenship
isn't vital to you any more.
Then you might want to consider going all the way and renouncing that
US citizenship. This isn't for everyone, and you should think very carefully
about this. Aside from the emotional and psychological consequences of
renouncing something you may hold dear, there could be negative
financial repercussions and travel restrictions for you to worry about.
The key issue of concern with renouncing US citizenship is that the IRS may
deem you're doing so primarily for tax avoidance reasons. How do they
decide? In typical paranoid bureaucrat fashion, you are automatically
presumed to be a tax avoider if your average annual US income tax
liability for the previous five tax years is greater than $100,000 USD; or, your
net worth is greater than $500,000 USD
Nobody said the rules were fair. However, you may be able to exonerate
yourself if you can obtain (within one year of renouncing your US
citizenship) an IRS ruling certifying that tax avoidance was not one of the
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principal reasons you relinquished your citizenship status. You might even
be able to obtain an IRS ruling in advance (before you leave), although it
remains to be seen how much documented proof the tax bureaucrats
would require for this.
Why is the determination of tax avoidance so important? If the
government decides you're a tax avoider, here's what they do:
You’re still liable for income tax on all US-source income for 10 years after
shedding your US citizenship; and, during that 10-year period, you'll also
be subject to US estate and gift taxes that expose you to tax liabilities
those "normal" non US-citizens wouldn't pay in similar situations. In other
words, you're subject to a pure "expatriate tax" designed to punish you for
daring to leave the mighty US of A
Unless you are prepared to wait 10 years to unwind certain estates and
properties you may hold, this could be a serious problem.
And as if that isn't bad enough, former US citizens who are deemed to
have renounced their citizenship in order to avoid paying taxes can be
barred from entering the US. However, the language of the statute is very
broad and therefore the extent of its application remains unknown.
It Isn't Getting Better
There is new legislation on the way, which promises to make everything
even worse. The Rangel-Matsui bill (HR 3099) toughens the rules on taxmotivated expatriation and takes aim at gift and estate tax avoidance.
The legislation imposes an exit tax on the unrealized appreciation of an
expatriate’s assets - with an exemption on the first $600,000 USD ($1.2
million USD for a married couple) - just as if the expatriate had sold his or
her assets for their fair market value on the date of expatriation. An
expatriate would be defined as:
Any individual who renounces or relinquishes US citizenship;
Any 'long-term resident' of the United States who relinquishes his or
her Certificate of Lawful Permanent Residence (known as a 'green
card'); or
Any 'long-term resident' of the United States who commences to be
treated as a resident of a foreign country under the provisions of a
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double tax treaty without waiving the benefits of that treaty.
Additionally, the bill would impose a tax on the receipt (by US citizens) of
gifts or bequests from expatriates in any case where US gift or estate taxes
would normally not apply. (The tax would be reduced by the amount of
any foreign gift and estate taxes paid.) This provision is directed at
wealthy individuals who might expatriate while their families continue to
maintain US citizenship.
Other countries including Canada have departure tax laws, but it is only in
the US that renunciation of citizenship is necessary to avoid global
In Conclusion
Given the severity of existing and proposed laws, you will need expert
legal and tax advice before considering expatriating from the US.
However, it can be done if you're willing to pay the price, and once free,
you should be free forever.
If you are serious about leaving, start with the $74,000 exclusion while
exploring and living in foreign countries, and continue monitoring
expatriation legislation for pending changes. HR 3099 isn't law yet, so it's
still possible to find freedom even in an un-free world.
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10. Escaping Canada
How to Become a Non-Resident of Canada And Escape The Income Tax
So you're thinking about leaving Canada behind for the exciting world
waiting just offshore. Perhaps you plan to travel or sail around the world,
retire to an exotic locale, or just work overseas in a country with a lower
cost of living and a warmer climate.
It may come as a surprise that you (and your spouse) could still be liable
for oppressively high Canadian taxes - even if you don't plan to spend a
single day inside Canada during the next year… or more.
In this report, you'll learn how the tax department tries to keep the
taxation ball-and-chain attached to your leg, even if you're no longer
living in Canada. And you'll discover how to use the government's tax
laws against itself, allowing you to escape the Canadian tax burden if
you're out of the country.
The Government is Not Here to Help You
Never expect the CCRA (the Canadian Customs and Revenue Agency,
successor to Revenue Canada) to be particularly helpful in assisting you
to become a tax-escapee. They're not on your side and they never will
be. They want you paying taxes as early as they can get you onto the tax
rolls, and they want you to keep paying for as long as legally possible.
They are, however, obligated to provide correct information in response
to your specific questions about reducing tax. Just don't count on them to
volunteer anything you don't already know. It's up to you to know the
questions to ask.
And when you do ask, be sure to get it in writing, as you'll have little
recourse if you base your plans on telephone answers that are later found
to be incorrect. Besides having a hard copy in your possession in case of a
dispute, there's the added advantage that the CCRA's written responses
are generally quite accurate. They are well aware that a documented
mistake on their part could be quite damaging not only financially but
also reputation-wise.
If you decide to handle your non-residency planning on your own, without
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the assistance of a qualified expatriate tax advisor - this is not
recommended - be sure to avoid the following pitfalls when contacting
the CCRA:
Don't call your local CCRA office to discuss your plans and look for hints
and tips. A phone call can and will create a permanent trail straight back
to your most personal financial affairs. You don't want them to know any
more about you and your plans than they absolutely must. Needless to
say, appearing on a list as a potential tax escapee is not in your best
Don't take any information from the CCRA at face value. Always attempt
to verify its accuracy.
Don't provide your SIN if you should call. Your SIN is the magic number
they need to access anything and everything about you on every
government database in existence. Handing your personal blueprints to
an adversary is not the way to win the game!
Canadian Citizenship and Residency Are Not One And the Same
The basis on which you are taxed by the CCRA is your deemed residency
- not your citizenship. This is a much different situation than the one the
American taxpayer faces, where American citizens are taxed by the US
government regardless of their country of residence.
For clarification, let's make the distinction between citizenship and
residency right now.
Citizenship is an asset to you and potentially a liability to the government
that issues it, as the government is morally obligated to protect its citizens
should they find themselves in a difficult situation outside the country.
Citizenship also gives you the right to vote for the pork-barreling, lowlife
politician you dislike the least and (most importantly!) gifts you with a
passport to the world. Therefore a citizenship can be quite difficult to
obtain without spending significant amounts of time and/or money to
acquire one.
On the other hand, a residency works the opposite way and is an asset to
the government that decrees it. A residency is usually an albatross around
your neck thanks to its financial liabilities. As a resident, you are
considered to be a consumer of government services, regardless of how
much or how little of those services you actually consume. This gives the
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government its self-mandated authority to tax you based on your income
(unless, of course, the residency is in a tax haven). As you might expect,
non-tax haven governments love to make you a resident as quickly as
possible. Furthermore, they erect numerous barriers to prevent an easy
escape from residential obligations once they are acquired.
A Four Point Escape Route
A solid Canadian non-residency plan has four legs, making a solid
platform from which leap from the CCRA's grasping clutches and allowing
you to escape Canada as a non-resident. All the legs are equally
important. In summary, you must do the following:
Properly cut your residency ties to Canada.
Establish similar residency ties in another tax jurisdiction (ideally in a
low-tax or no-tax haven, but there are other considerations as well).
File an accurate and complete income tax return for your year of
departure from Canada.
Ensure that any Canadian-source income you will still receive after
leaving is properly taxed.
By executing these four steps correctly, you should be confident that
Canada and its confiscatory tax laws will not come back to haunt you at
a later date.
Cutting the Residency Ties That Bind
The CCRA uses four primary walls (and an assortment of speed bumps) to
box you into being a resident of Canada. In no particular order of
importance, the four walls are:
The physical location of your common-law or legally married spouse.
The physical location of any dependents you might be supporting.
Your own physical presence within the country.
Whether or not you maintain a habitable dwelling or apartment for
your future use within Canada.
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Naturally, should you wish to cease being a Canadian resident, you must
be prepared to batter down each of these four walls, and then further
navigate the speed bumps waiting just outside them.
While they're of secondary importance to the principal residency ties, you
could have difficulty declaring yourself a non-resident - even after
satisfying the primary obligations - if the CCRA deems you to have too
many of the following:
A relative or family friend is living in your former home under a rental
agreement (in other words, under a non-arm's length arrangement)
You are maintaining your former home in a vacant state, or otherwise
leaving yourself the option of easily re-using it as a dwelling
You keep furniture, furnishings, clothing, personal items, or pets within
Whether or not you maintain a habitable dwelling or apartment for
your future use within Canada.
You are storing or driving one or more Canadian-registered vehicles
inside the country
You decide to keep or renew your Canadian drivers license
You take steps to maintain your eligibility for government subsidized
health coverage even after three months outside the country
(normally your MSP coverage will expire by default if you depart for
longer than 90 days)
You maintain your social, recreational, religious, or professional
club/association memberships
You keep one or more bank accounts with Canadian financial
You continue to use Canadian-issued credit cards
You maintain investments in Canada including securities accounts,
RRSP's, or other financial investments
You own a seasonal residence such as a summer cottage or a time102
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share condominium
You maintain a Canadian based telephone service
You continue to use stationary or business cards with a Canadian
address, and/or use a P.O. box or safety deposit box in Canada
You fail to terminate any partnerships, endorsements, or other
business relationships within the country
You could have as many as five or six items the above list and still be a
non-resident, but it's best to have as few marks as possible against you in
determining your non-residency in Canada.
Non-residency is resolved by a very subjective evaluation process defined
by CCRA computer logic. The computer will flag various bits of info and
prompt further inquiry by a CCRA agent if it thinks you may have too
many remaining ties to Canada. Ideally, you want to arrange your affairs
so that you will successfully bypass the computer's algorithms, thus
avoiding any further inquiries.
Building A Bridge To Freedom
However clever and diligent you are at removing your Canadian
residency ties, you must also prove to the CCRA and its computer system
that you are in fact a legal resident of another jurisdiction. Just checking
off the two lists in the above section is not enough. If you can't establish
foreign ties you'll still be considered a de facto tax resident of Canada.
You'll be liable for Canadian income taxes just as if you still lived at home.
If you plan to never, ever return to Canada, you just might get away with
simply cutting all your ties and conveniently forgetting about a foreign
residency. But doing this will make you a potential tax evader and you'll
be punished accordingly if you're ever apprehended by the authorities. A
visit to your relatives in Canada at Christmas could be considerably less
festive than you planned if you spend the holiday season in prison due to
tax evasion charges.
The CCRA will want to see some proof that you're serious about living in
another country. And unfortunately, they're just as nosy about the
personal details of your life as when you were still a captive tax serf. In
fact, they'd like to know:
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Where your spouse or common law spouse will reside outside of
Detailed information on your dependent children, including their
ages, schools, and present educational levels
Information about any other individuals who are your dependents
outside of Canada
Description, details, and address of your new dwelling
Any possessions you have in your new country
Whether or not you have a new drivers license in the new country
Whether or not you have medical insurance and the length of
Details of social, recreational, or religious clubs in which you're now a
Details of foreign investments such as bank accounts and property
outside of Canada and why you keep them outside of Canada
Lines of credit and credit cards outside of Canada
Your new telephone number, even if it is not listed
Addresses of any foreign P.O. boxes or safety deposit boxes
Details of business partnerships or endorsements in other countries
Details regarding which countries, other than Canada, you have
visited in the past year
Whether or not you're considered a legal resident of another country,
with documented proof from that country's government
By the time you've read to the end of this list, you're probably ready to
explode with indignation at such a blatant fishing expedition into your
financial and personal privacy. However, the good news is that only
general answers are required to virtually all of these questions. As
determined by the CCRA computer logic, highly specific information does
not appear to be necessary.
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But by far the most critical of the above items is the last one on the list: do
you really have a legal residency in a foreign jurisdiction? To establish such
status, you will need a residency visa, a work permit, or similar
documentation issued by the government in question. A tourist visa is not
acceptable. You must be a legal resident.
Although most people treat it as an afterthought, a proper visa should be
a primary consideration for anyone wishing to gain non-residency status
outside of Canada.
Ideally, you will have acquired this new residency in a country where
there is no taxation on worldwide income, only on income earned within
that particular country. This has privacy as well as financial benefits.
However, taxes should not be your over-riding concern in picking a new
country in which to reside. There are many other factors such as climate,
the cost of living, the pace of life, whether or not there are lots of fellow
expatriates in the area, and the healthcare situation too.
Certain individuals, sometimes referred to as "tax junkies", will do anything
to save a tax dollar and keep it out of the authorities' hands. This isn't
always the best policy. Is saving a few hundred dollars in taxes really worth
it if you end up in a country you hate and just can't wait to leave? Your
safety and happiness should be your primary consideration, because
without it, you just won't enjoy life.
And if you're not happy, why go to all the trouble?
Picking A Departure Date
You must file a tax return for your year of departure that explicitly states
your day of departure from Canada. The actual date is important as it will
have a direct affect on the tax calculations the CCRA will make to
determine what amounts you owe them in departure taxes.
Also, your day of departure is not necessarily the day you step onto the
plane to leave the country. Factors affecting your exact date of
departure include:
The departure date of your spouse
The departure date of your children or other dependents
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The date of the sale or arm's-length rental of your dwelling, and other
asset ownership complications that could result in it being very
difficult or very expensive for you to achieve non-residency status
The date you acquire legal residency in another jurisdiction
Due to the rather personalized and complex nature of departure tax especially if you control substantial assets - you will probably need the
advice of an experienced expatriate tax advisor to deal authoritatively
with this step of the non-resident escape plan.
Handling Post-Departure Taxes On Canadian Source Income
If you won't have any financial ties whatsoever to Canada after leaving,
then you'll have little to worry about once you're successfully declared a
non-resident. However, most people will, and if you retain ownership or
possession of substantial Canadian-based assets, you'll probably be
paying some amount of withholding tax on your investments.
Canada imposes a withholding tax rate of 25% on most investmentderived income you might receive - even after affirming your nonresidency status.
This includes rental income on your dwelling, should you choose to rent it
at arm's length rather than sell it. It also includes a myriad of minor
financial details that may not be apparent while you are in the process of
leaving the country. The tax implications of asset ownership should never
be taken lightly, even when you are a non-resident. It's these details which
trip up many would-be expatriates.
However, here are a few extra issues you should be aware of to assist your
planning efforts.
When Goodbye is Not Forever
After being declared a non-resident, you should not physically reside
within Canada for more than 183 days per year, or you will automatically
be deemed a resident once more - even if you have maintained a legal
residency in a foreign jurisdiction.
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If you repatriate to Canada within two years of shedding your previous
Canadian residency, you stand a real risk of having been declared a
resident for the entire intervening time period. This could result in
substantial and unexpected tax penalties to you.
RRSP's: Should You or Shouldn't You?
In general, if your RRSP's dollar value is less than $500,000 it's not worthwhile
to cash out and take the money offshore. There are some very
incompetent and even criminal investment advisors in the world, and
offshore there is no regulation or transparency available to assist you. In
Canada, the provincial securities commissions (OSC, BCSC, etc.) and the
Investment Dealers Association (IDA) are available to help you if you feel
you have been financially wronged. Offshore you have no legal recourse
if your money is being wasted away or stolen.
The question you should always ask yourself is: who's going to be looking
after your money? If you have a Canadian advisor whom you trust and
respect, the peace of mind from this relationship will outweigh any
potential tax savings with an unknown advisor.
There is also the matter of convenience. It may be more difficult to
contact your new advisor when he or she is located in an exotic (and
inconvenient) time zone or in a hard-to-visit country where it's difficult to
maintain top-notch communications. Canada, for all its high-tax
aggravations, does maintain a very high-quality communications network
and is relatively accessible from most areas of the world.
You should seriously consider expatriating your RRSP only if it is in excess of
$500,000. In this case, the tax savings available with such offshore
structures as IBC's and trusts can be of invaluable assistance in estate
Two Choices: Sell It or Rent It
The mistake most Canadians make while attempting to leave the CCRA's
clutches is with their dwelling. To be certain that you won't be disqualified
as a non-resident, you must either sell your dwelling or rent it in such a way
that it is considered merely a real estate asset held for investment
The CCRA must not be able to build a valid claim that you could return to
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live in your former dwelling at your convenience. Therefore, don't leave
the house vacant while you're gone - this will not be good enough. And
don't rent it to family members, business partners, or other associates who
are somehow connected to you in any way other than as a tenant. The
dwelling must be held at arm's length as an investment asset only.
Helpful Links and References
The CCRA's website is not tremendously useful to anyone looking to
expatriate. After all, they don't want you to stop subsidizing the wasteful
and inefficient government programs that are causing you to leave in the
first place.
However, the website does have some useful forms and bulletins that
you'll need to inform yourself about becoming a non-resident of Canada.
You will find links to documents and other information in the Reference
and Contacts section at the end of this chapter.
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11. Escaping The UK
English culture, law, and language have been dominant forces with farreaching effects on modern life. However, all that tradition and history
may seem to be expensive anachronisms on your part as a loyal taxpayer
in England or its neighbors Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom has enjoyed a long and storied tradition marked by
numerous major events that have shaped recorded history. But you may
be feeling that the financial price of all that tradition is not nearly so
romantic and enjoyable as history would suggest. So now you're thinking
about getting out, and making your own history and tradition as a tax-free
UK expatriate.
There are two key areas that will determine your status as a former tax-serf
of Inland Revenue: the source of your income in relation to the UK, and
also which of the five possible residency categories apply to you.
We'll discuss income-source taxation further on. For now, let's give some
definitions of the ways in which the UK taxman can choose to place you
in the grand scheme of things.
The Five Possibilities for UK Tax Status
Your taxation status hinges upon whether or not Inland Revenue considers
you resident, ordinarily resident, and/or domiciled in the UK.
1. Resident: if you stay 183 or more days in the UK during a given tax year,
you're automatically deemed a resident no matter what other offshore
residency arrangements you may have made - no exceptions! Even if you
make several short UK visits, if the total number of days hits the magic 183,
you'll be an automatic UK resident taxpayer.
2. Ordinarily Resident: This is a longer-term concept where Inland Revenue
takes a three to four year view about where you habitually reside. What
jurisdiction you consider your "home" is where you're considered ordinarily
resident. The criteria: if you're customarily a UK resident year after year (or
even if you just visit more than 91 days each year), you're generally
declared to be an ordinary resident. This designation can haunt you for
three (maybe even four!) years after you permanently leave the UK,
unless you plan your affairs correctly. You're still liable for UK capital gains
tax as an ordinary resident even if you're no longer a resident.
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3. Not ordinarily resident: If you work overseas, intend to continue living
and working overseas, and won't be spending more than 91 days each
year back in the UK, you can be declared not ordinarily resident. This is a
good category to fall into in order to avoid many UK taxes. If you can
prove that your intention is to remain overseas before leaving then you
can earn this status from the day you depart the UK, not three years
farther down the road.
4. Not resident: An even more desirable status you can achieve. If you
conform to the tax department's rules for living and working overseas and
also not returning to the UK for any period of time which could throw
doubt on that intention, you can be declared not resident. If you're not
resident you're not liable to pay taxes on most UK-based income.
5. Domicile: Any UK citizen - this means you! - remains UK domiciled unless
you permanently emigrate through official channels to a foreign country.
You must provide strong evidence that you intend to live in that new
country permanently or indefinitely. Simply living in another country for a
long time (without emigrating) is not sufficient to prove you have acquired
a new domicile.
Essentially, your domicile is linked to the country where your roots are and
clings to you for life. It is where your "heart" is until proven otherwise. Usually
you acquire your domicile or origin from your father when you're born - his
domicile becomes yours. Unless you deliberately change your domicile, it
can and will catch up to you on your death when your inheritance taxes
are due.
How to Change Your Residency Status
As you might have guessed by now, Inland Revenue is none too keen
about losing a tax-serf and thus you will have to satisfy their requirements
to escape UK taxes. Arranging matters on your own and arbitrarily
deciding that you're no longer a taxpayer could have some rather nasty
repercussions should you happen to return to your homeland at a later
However, leaving UK taxes (not just the UK itself) behind can be done if
you're careful and methodical. Here's how to escape both residency and
ordinary residency:
You must leave the UK to work full-time abroad under a contract of
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employment (or in a trade, profession, or vocation), with the
following stipulations:
Your contract is for at least one full tax year (where a tax year is
defined as 12 months starting April 6 and ending April 5 in the
following year)
You may be permitted to have several simultaneous part-time jobs
and lump them together as one full-time commitment, but all such
commitments should be overseas
You should acquire accommodation outside the UK
If you keep your UK home, it must not be maintained in such a way as
to provide an abode for you (e.g. you should rent it at arm's length)
Your return visits to the UK must total less than 183 days per tax year,
and average less than 91 days per tax year over 4 years
Exemptions to the above requirement can be granted in
extraordinary circumstances beyond your control, such as the illness
of a family member in the UK
If the above conditions can be met, you will be both not resident and not
ordinarily resident on the day you depart the UK for your contract.
Furthermore, your spouse will enjoy the same benefits if he/she
accompanies you, even if he/she is not working abroad.
However, you will once more be declared a resident and ordinary
resident when you return from the contract.
Leaving Permanently
If you declare that you are leaving the UK permanently (by Inland
Revenue's definition, this means more than 3 years continuously), you must
be sure not to spend more than 91 days per year (on average) in return
visits to the region or you may find yourself declared a resident again.
Evidence required by Inland Revenue to support your claim of leaving
permanently includes:
A settled purpose for leaving (e.g. a fixed object or intention in which
you are going to be engaged for an extended period of time)
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Your return visits to the UK must total less than 183 days per tax year,
and average less than 91 days per tax year - again, exemptions can
be granted in extraordinary circumstances beyond your control, such
as the illness of a family member in the UK
Any additional evidence that shows you truly don't intend to return,
such as a foreign residency or other documentation
If you don't have a settled purpose for leaving the UK, you could still be
considered a resident and ordinary resident for up to 3 years after your
departure! The sooner you show evidence that you truly do not intend to
return to the UK as a resident, the better off you'll be.
Using Form P85
Much of the relevant information regarding your planned expatriation
can be clarified on Form P85, which covers all the technicalities regarding
your of date of departure, intention of remaining overseas, and any assets
(such as property) left behind in the UK.
If you're uncertain as to the length of time you'll be overseas, submit P85
with an accompanying letter or a copy of your contract from your
employer. This documentation should confirm that your employment
period would be for at least one full tax year so that you may be classified
as not ordinarily resident or not resident.
The vital importance of this form is that you'll receive feedback from
Inland Revenue confirming your tax status with regards to residency. This
not only ties up a possible loose end, it's also useful when communicating
with the new tax department (if any) in your new country of residence.
One final benefit is that you could be eligible for a tax rebate on tax
already remitted in your tax year of departure.
How To Change Your Domicile
Getting rid of your UK Domicile designation is a little more difficult than
changing your residency and ordinary residency status. You must take
more extensive actions to remove this final albatross from around your
neck if you truly wish to be free of UK inheritance tax on your worldwide
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You absolutely must show detailed proof that you've left the UK on a
permanent basis. The following list is an indicator of what you should be
prepared to do to change your domicile:
Leave the UK, become a UK non- resident, and acquire residency in
your new country
Survive (and hopefully thrive) in your new country for at least 3 full tax
years, preferably more
Become a citizen of your new country
Buy a house in your new country
Make a will under the laws of your new country, and
Don’t return to visit the UK any more than absolutely necessary
Acquiring a new domicile is quite important for ensuring preferential tax
treatment once you leave the UK.
Now here's a breakdown of how income- (and other revenue-) sourcing
coincides with your planned tax status in the UK.
Income Tax Treatment for Residents and Non-Residents
From Inland Revenue's taxation viewpoint, you could have three different
sources of income (letter designations are for the purposes of this section
A- income earned inside the UK
B- the offshore portion of a combined UK & offshore income (i.e. your
employment is both UK- and offshore based)
C- income earned wholly outside the UK
To determine if your income is wholly earned outside the UK (or not),
Inland Revenue decides if your UK-related job duties are considered
"incidental" to your job. If they're incidental, then your income would fall
under type C rather than a combination of type A and B. Depending on
your residency status, this distinction could render you tax-free under UK
law. Some examples of job duties that are not incidental (considered type
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A and therefore taxable):
Attendance at directors' meetings in the UK by a director of the
company who normally works abroad
Visits to the UK as a member of the crew of a ship or aircraft
Visits to the UK in the course of work by a courier
Examples of job duties that are considered incidental (rendering your
income type C):
Visits to the UK by an overseas representative of a UK employer to
report to the employer or to receive fresh instructions
Training in the UK by an overseas employee if and only if the total
time spent in the UK for training is no more than 91 days in a year,
and also no productive work is done in the UK during the training
Now that we've established the criteria for types A, B, and C, here's how
they apply to the various states of UK residency (or non-residency):
If you're still a UK resident (and ordinarily resident), you already know
that you must pay tax on any income arising under either A and B. If
you have wholly foreign earnings (C), these earnings are not
necessarily taxable unless you remit (deposit) the money into the UK.
If you're a UK resident (but not deemed ordinarily resident), your
situation is much the same, save that you're solely liable for tax on A.
The B portion of your earnings (if any) is not taxable unless remitted
into the UK. C remains untaxed unless remitted, as before.
If you're no longer a resident or ordinarily resident, you're taxed only
upon UK-based income (A). Any income earned outside the UK is
tax-free regardless of whether or not you remit it to the UK. However,
we should point out that remitting foreign income to the UK is
perhaps not the most intelligent strategy to follow if you are trying to
expatriate and prove your intentions of living elsewhere.
Pension Income for Residents and Non-Residents
If you're resident in the UK and receive a UK pension, you'll be taxed on it
regardless of your ordinary residency or domicile status. You'll obtain UK
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tax relief on your UK pension only if you're a non-resident of the UK.
On the other hand, if you receive a pension from overseas, you're liable
for UK tax on it if you're both resident and domiciled in the UK. However, if
Resident but not domiciled in the UK, or
Resident but not ordinarily resident in the UK, and either a
Commonwealth citizen (which includes a British citizen) or a citizen of
the Republic of Ireland
Then that overseas pension is tax-free unless you remit the funds into the
And of course, if you're a non-resident, your overseas pension is tax-free.
Carrying On a Trade or Profession for Residents and Non- Residents
You are liable for tax on the entire earnings of any trade or profession
(even if you're a non-resident), based wholly or partly in the UK. However,
if your professional earnings are wholly offshore, you're liable for UK tax
only if you're both resident and domiciled in the UK. See points 1 and 2 in
Pension Income (above) for the two exceptions to rendering your
overseas income tax- free until it is remitted into the UK.
Investment Income for Residents and Non-Residents
If you're a resident, you must pay tax on all investment (i.e. non-pension)
income. As before, see points 1 and 2 in Pension Income (above) for the
two exceptions to rendering your overseas income tax-free until it is
remitted into the UK.
If you're a non-resident, you'll be taxed on all UK-related investment
income, but all offshore investment income is tax-free.
Capital Gains for Residents and Non-Residents
If you're a UK resident or ordinarily resident, you'll be liable for capital gains
on all your UK-based assets.
As far as overseas assets are concerned, being resident but not ordinarily
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resident will allow you to avoid capital gains tax unless you remit the funds
to the UK. (Having both residency designations makes you liable,
It is only when you're both not resident and not ordinarily resident that you
can avoid capital gains tax. However, you'll only to avoid the tax if you
were neither resident nor ordinarily resident in the UK for at least four of the
seven tax years immediately preceding the tax year in which you leave
the UK.
Regardless of your UK residence status, there is some good news - you
generally won't be billed for capital gains tax on the following
Transferring an asset to your spouse
Disposing of private motor vehicles
Disposing of household goods and personal effects up to a value of
£6,000 per item
Disposing of a private home which has been treated as your only or
main residence throughout the time you have owned it
On gains arising from certain other assets - for example Save-As-YouEarn (SAYE) terminal bonuses, National Savings Certificates, Premium
Bonds and investments held within an Individual Savings Account or
Personal Equity Plan
Also, gains on the disposal of gilt-edged securities and qualifying
corporate bonds are exempt from capital gains tax
The Essential Underground Handbook
12. How to Beat Big Brother and other Scammers
Choosing and interacting with an offshore supplier
Choose a reputable supplier that has been recommended to you by
close friends or associates. If you are not aware of any such
recommendations, try to get hunches on your prospective supplier's real
intentions. Trust your feelings, but don't be guided by greed.
Do not discuss personal details or your personal opinions about political
matters, revolutionary plans etc. with your supplier. It's better to keep your
daydreams and secret plans to overthrow the government to yourself as
anything you write could be used against you later if it gets into the wrong
hands, and if your online communications are ever traced back to your
real identity.
Make sure that you do not get to know your supplier personally and that
they don't know anything about you - not your name, not your
occupation, not even the country where you are located. NEVER meet
your supplier!
Do not use the phone or fax machine. Use PGP to communicate with your
Scammers and Government Agents
Both scammers and government agents try to present you a "perfect
world" and their "perfect solution" in order to get you to move forward.
There is no perfect world or perfect solution. Honesty is rare in today's
business world; if you find a supplier who "tells it all" and gives you an
unbiased overview of the facts you can count yourself lucky!
Scammers are often overly aggressive in their approach and promise you
(or imply) instant & immediate freedom if you just send them the money.
Watch out for artificial enthusiasm and attempts to get you overly
Many suppliers who don't ask for any money up-front have no intentions
to make any, nor to deliver the promised services. The reason is obvious they are in bed with Big Brother, as scammers would at least take the
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Be aware that there are many crooks on the client side as well! A
responsible supplier will try to minimize the risk for all concerned. Assist
them in this approach.
Bureaucrats are sometimes very easy to identify from their style as they
are, well, bureaucrats. Watch out for inconsistencies. If you discover any,
ask for an immediate explanation. If the answer doesn't satisfy you, cut off
all contact immediately.
Check whether your supplier shows you both sides of the coin, or tries to
push a specific program from a particular country, and loses interest in
you if you suggest a different program. If this is the case you can bet that
you're communicating with an agent from the very country he is trying to
"push" - or to "invite" you to.
Ordering and Receiving "Documents", "Corporations", "Bank Accounts"
Be prepared to pay at least a partial amount up-front. Send only money
once you are completely comfortable with the supplier. Never send
money you cannot afford to lose in case something goes wrong.
If you receive your documents by mail, use an anonymous forwarding
address (mail drop) in a third party country which you have established
through a different, unrelated supplier. For additional security link several
mail drops together in a chain.
If you receive your documents by personal courier, be sure to meet this
courier in a third party country, i.e. neither the country of issuance nor the
country of your residency. Better still, send a courier yourself (who can
always say he knows nothing) to pick up your documents.
If you order an offshore bank account, insist that you will reveal your
identity only directly to the offshore bank. Don't give any of your details to
your provider (other than an anonymous email address). Pay for the
service by anonymous Western Union transfer.
Better still, always use an offshore identity (i.e. offshore mail drop plus
banking passport) when shopping for offshore services.
The Essential Underground Handbook
13. Resources and Contacts
Below are a collection of resources and contacts for some of the sections
of this chapter. This list is by no means complete and you should do a
thorough search on Google for more information.
Global Information
Offshore Wire
[email protected]
Offshore Wire publishes a magazine on everything to do with the offshore
world. Subscription is free and the staff will happily point you in the
direction of anything you need.
Second Passport Providers
BCL Immigration Services
+ 44 207 495 3999
+ 44 207 495 3991
[email protected]
A reliable company that offers programs for Belize, Dominica, Grenada
and St. Kitts & Nevis.
Henley & Partners AG
Haus zum Engel, Kirchgasse 24, 8001 Zurich, Switzerland
Telephone: + 41 1 267 60 90
+ 41 1 267 60 91
Recognized as the world's leading consulting firm for exclusive private
residence solutions. They also specialize in international tax planning for
private clients, and advise on trust and corporate structures worldwide. A
powerful combination of expertise and experience.
Apex Trust Corporation Ltd
The Essential Underground Handbook
PO Box 214, 37 Regent Street, Belize City, Belize
+501 2 72037
+501 2 74645
[email protected]
If you want a second passports from Belize, this is the company to
KPMG Corporate Services (Belize) Ltd.
+ 501 2 76629
+ 501 2 71117
[email protected]
Provider of Belize economic citizenships.
Newport Pacific Financial Group S.A.
+ 1 780 424 5700
+ 1 780 428 5100
[email protected]
One of the few immigration consultants licensed and bonded to the
Government of Belize.
Ascot Advisory
+ 1 809 334 5387
+ 1 809 293 9427
[email protected]
David S. Lesperance
84 King Street West, Suite #202, Dundas, Ontario, Canada
Telephone: + 1 905 627 3037
+ 1 905 627 9868
[email protected]
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Grenada passports.
FX Consultants Pty Ltd
Craig Alexander, GPO Box 4698, Sydney, NSW 2001, Australia
Telephone: + 61 2 8920 8900
+ 61 2 8920 8999
[email protected] or [email protected]
Grenada passports.
Law Offices of Shutts & Bowen
Marshall Langer, 43 Upper Grosvenor Street, London, W1K 2NJ, UK
Telephone: + 44 20 7493 4840
[email protected]
Grenada passports.
Life Offshore Group in Grenada
[email protected]
Grenada passports.
Barrington Group, Inc.
+ 1 507 210 0001
+ 1 507 210 0004
[email protected]
Offers legal second residency/passport programs.
Fake Identity Documents
I Hate Fake ID
A good site with links to good and bad providers.
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Fake Photo ID
High quality professionally produced identity cards. Good personal
Prestigious Titles
GVS Consult Inc.
Elite Titles
Benedictus Genty Bulu
Apt 7D, PMUC-Akwa Bldg, BP 4892, Douala, Cameroon, Republic of
Telephone: + 237 95 48 90
[email protected]
Become a prince, princess, duke, duchess, earl, countess, baron or
baroness from the Kingdom of Gobari.
British Feudal Investments
+ 44 207 419 5011
+ 44 207 831 9489
[email protected]
Provide legitimate titles of nobility from a variety of countries including
England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland, France, Germany, Hungary, Albania,
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Croatia, Serbia & Montenegro, Armenia, Republic of Georgia.
Degree Consulting
Offer the opportunity to purchase small plots of land located in the
Historic Scottish Highland County of Caithness. Each plot of land gives the
owner the legal right to bear the title "Laird".
International Solution Group
[email protected]
Get a fully legally valid British, French or German titles such as Sir, Lord,
Baron, Graf, Count etc. Can also supply you with the Scottish title of Laird
as well as British Lord of the Manor titles.
Most Noble Order of the Sword
La Fontenotte, 21120 Til Chatel, France
Become of Knight or Dame of The Most Noble Order of the Sword.
However membership is restricted to those already possessing heritable
honors and titles of nobility.
Nobilitat Regalia-CB
[email protected]
Become a Viscount, Duke / Duchess, Marquis / Marchioness, Count /
Countess. Prices start from $1000.
International Driving Licenses / Permits
Trans Global Ltd. / International Automobile Association
Tevat Doar 5809, Herzliya, ISRAEL, 46100
Trans Global Automobile Association recognized world-wide. The
international driving license is issued from European Union. Conforms to
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United Nations Convention on International Motor Traffic. Translated into
the required 9 languages. Valid for life. Price is: US$135.
Ida Vnukova I.V.A.
Digtiarni Pereulok 5, P.O. Box 64, 103050 Moscow, Russia
United Nations operations license and permit recognized worldwide,
confirms to United Nations international motor traffic convention. Valid for
10 years. Price is: US$120.
Become an Ordained Minister
Universal Ministries
Spiritual Humanism
Free Will Christian Church
Universal Life Church
Escape Offshore
Explanations of the Foreign Income Exclusion and Related Matters
Resources for Expatriates
Information on the Rangel-Matsui Expatriation Bill
For IRS Forms Relevant to Exclusion and Expatriation,,id=97817,00.html
The Essential Underground Handbook
Inland Revenue Links
The following link to Inland Revenue's Guide to Tax Liabilities for Residents
and Non-Residents is highly recommended, particularly for its helpful
tables on tax treatments:
And a General Info link you might find useful:
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter Four
Company Formations
There are a variety of reasons for forming your own corporation or Limited
Liability Company. In this chapter we explore company formations in the
US, the UK and International jurisdictions.
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1. How to set up a Corporation or LLC
Corporations and Limited Liability Companies provide a degree of
protection for you and your business. The information below is relevant to
the US. We will also take a look at forming Limited Companies in the UK a
little later on in this chapter.
The Advantage of a Limited Liability Company
A Limited Liability Company has the advantage of being a hybrid
between a partnership and a Corporation. The advantage of a Limited
Liability Company is that most states require fewer formalities be observed
in an LLC in comparison to a corporation.
Advantage: One LLC Member Required. Historically, most states require
that a Limited Liability Company be comprised of at least two LLC
members. Today most states and the IRS recognize the single-member
LLC as a legitimate business structure.
Separate Legal Entity. Like limited partnerships and corporations, the
Limited Liability Company shares a similar advantage -- it is recognized as
a separate legal entity from its "members."
Limited Liability. Ordinarily, only the LLC is responsible for the company's
debts thus shielding the members from individual liability. However, there
are some exceptions where individual members may be held liable:
Guarantor Liability: Where an LLC member has personally
guaranteed the obligations of the LLC, he or she will be liable. For
example, where an LLC is relatively new and has no credit history, a
prospective landlord about to lease office space to the LLC will most
likely require a personal guarantee from the LLC members before
executing such a lease.
Alter Ego Liability: Very similar to the judicial doctrine applied to
corporations where a court may hold the individual shareholders
liable where the business entity is merely the "Alter Ego" of its
shareholders, a member of an LLC may also be held liable for the
LLCs debts if the court imposes its "alter ego liability" doctrine.
Please note, however, that although a corporation's failure to hold
shareholder or director meetings may subject the corporation to alter
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ego liability, this is not the case for LLCs in California. An LLC's failure
to hold meetings of members or managers is not usually considered
grounds for imposing the alter ego doctrine where the LLCs Articles of
Organization or Operating Agreement do not expressly require such
LLC Management and control. Management and control of an LLC is
vested with its members unless the Limited Liability Company's articles of
organization provide otherwise.
Voting Interest. Ordinarily, voting interest in an LLC directly corresponds to
interest in profits, unless the articles of organization or operating
agreement provide otherwise
Transferability. No one can become a member of an LLC (either by
transfer of an existing membership or the issuance of a new one) without
the consent of members having a majority in interest (excluding the
person acquiring the membership interest) unless the articles of
organization provide otherwise.
Duration. An LLC does not have a reliable continuity of existence. The
articles of organization must specify the date on which the Limited Liability
Company's existence will terminate. Unless otherwise provided in the
articles of organization or a written operating agreement, an LLC is
dissolved at the death, withdrawal, resignation, expulsion, or bankruptcy
of a member (unless within 90 days a majority in both the profits and
capital interests vote to continue the LLC)
Advantage: Formalities. The existence of an LLC begins upon the filing of
the Articles of Organization with the Secretary of State. The articles must
be on the form prescribed by the Secretary of State. Among the required
information on the form is the latest date at which the LLC is to dissolve
and a statement as to whether the LLC will be managed by one
manager, more than one manager, or the members.
To validly complete the formation of the LLC, members must enter into an
Operating Agreement. This Operating Agreement may come into
existence either before or after the filing of the Articles of Organization
and may be either oral or in writing.
Forming a Corporation or LLC
To form a LLC you will need to prepare ‘Articles of Organization’ and in
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some states ‘Operating Agreements’. You will also need to decide which
state your LLC will be formed in and who and where its registered agent
and office is going to be.
Articles of Organization for an LLC
The articles of organization are the founding documents of the LLC. Once
filed, the LLC begins its existence as a limited liability company. Articles of
organization are considered to be the controlling provisions in an LLC;
therefore, conflicting provisions in other LLC forms or documents (the
operating agreement, member agreements, or corporate/llc resolutions)
would thus have no significance.
Sample LLC Articles of Organization
The provisions that are required in an LLC's Articles of Organization will vary
amongst the different states. In general, however, most states require that
a limited liability company's articles of organization contain at least the
following information:
The name of the LLC
The mailing address of the proposed entity
The name and address of a registered agent in the state of filing. this
must be a physical address.
The name and address of the LLC's organizer
The LLC's stated period of duration or date of termination
Some states may require that your articles of organization list the
name and address information for each LLC member
The signature of the Organizer or person filing the articles of
The Registered Agent listed in the LLC Articles of Organization
Most states require that an LLC have a Registered Agent who maintains a
registered office within the state of formation. This Registered Office may
be at an address that is different from the LLC's business address (as where
the LLC's business office is not located within the state).
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Most often, YOU may act as registered agent for your limited liability
company. Please note, however, that your Registered Agent Address as
stated in your Articles of Organization MUST be within the state of
formation. Furthermore, the registered agent address MAY NOT be a post
office box.
The main purpose of including the registered Agent information in your
articles of organization is to provide potential claimants against your LLC
with a designated person who is authorized to receive service of process
on behalf of the LLC. Because your articles of organization will be a
matter of public record, potential claimants can merely research public
records to retrieve your LLC's registered agent information in order to serve
your LLC with a subpoena or summons.
LLC Articles of Organization and Public Records
To prevent process servers, unsolicited sales calls, and junk mail from being
delivered to your home address by individuals marketing to "registered
agents," consider using a service such as as your
registered agent for your LLC. By using our their registered agent services,
their registered agent information will be designated in your articles of
Operating Agreement
After the Articles of Organization , the LLC operating agreement is one of
the most important documents in your LLC. While many states do not
require that this LLC operating agreement be in writing, best practice
dictates that agreements amongst Members be memorialized in writing,
especially once your LLC begins to earn profits and hold assets.
The Member-Managed LLC Operating Agreement
The typical agreement usually ranges from 12 to 16 pages in length
depending on its complexity, and contains the following information:
Company name and address information
Registered agent information
Name and address information for each LLC member
LLC management structure and operation
Items contributed by each Member
Fair market value of each item contributed
Date of company dissolution
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Accounting method
Tax treatment for your LLC
Sample LLC operating resolutions
Appointment of LLC officers
Designation of a final capital pay-in date
LLC Meetings
While many states do not require that your Limited Liability Company hold
meetings on a regularly scheduled basis it's always wise to conduct
meetings with your members to ensure the LLC is in agreement in all its
Opening a Bank Account
Most banks require only a copy of your Articles of Organization and your
federal Employer ID Number to open a bank account. Some, however,
may also require a resolution passed by the Limited Liability Company's
members and a copy of the LLC Operating Agreement before
opening an account. To better determine your bank's requirements, you
Should contact the branch manager and ask about their requirements for
New Accounts.
Where to form an LLC
Under which state’s laws should an LLC be formed? State laws governing
LLCs vary from state to state. However, if the LLC will have significant
business or member contacts (a.k.a. "presence") within a state, there is
usually not much reason to form the entity outside of that state. For
example, forming a California LLC for a business centered in California is
usually the logical choice for the following reasons:
Filing Fees: An out-of-state LLC that will be conducting business in
California must "qualify" to do business in California. This "qualifying”
requires the LLC to pay filing fees to the California Secretary of in addition
to whatever filing fees were paid in the state of LLC Formation. California's
filing fees and franchise taxes for "qualifying” to do business in California
are the same for an LLC formed in California as they are for a foreign LLC
(e.g. and LLC formed in Delaware).
State Taxes: An out-of-state LLC doing business in California will have
to pay franchise taxes to California. The corporation may also have to
pay taxes and annual fees in its state of formation (even if the LLC is
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not conducting business in that state). Thus, the LLC is potentially exposed
to taxing by more than one state.
Corporate Rules: Regardless of where the LLC is formed, many provisions
of California Law, for example, apply if the LLC has a sufficient "presence"
in California.
A Simple Solution
Filing and preparing company formation documents can be a daunting
task, especially if this is your first company. I would advise making use of
one of the many company formation agents available on the Internet.
The agents will properly prepare your Articles and submit them for you.
The next time you need to form a company you can then use these
documents as a template. Below is a list of several company formation
agents that can prepare documents according to the requirements of all
52 states.
Contact Details
A1A Corporate Services
Corporations USA
Delaware Intercorp
Business Filings Inc,
Quick Inc.
A and A Companies
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2. UK Company Formations
In comparison to the US with its varying State rules and regulations,
forming a UK Limited Liability Company (LTD) is a relatively straightforward
What type of companies are there
There are four main types of company:
Private company limited by shares: Members' liability is limited to the
amount unpaid on shares they hold.
Private Company Limited by guarantee: Members' liability is limited to the
amount they have agreed to contribute to the company's assets if it is
wound up.
Private Unlimited Company: - here is no limit to the members' liability.
Public Limited Company (PLC): - the company's shares may be offered for
sale to the general public and members' liability is limited to the amount
unpaid on shares held by them.
Who can form a company?
The Companies Act generally allows one or more persons to form a
company for any lawful purpose by subscribing to its memorandum of
association. However, a public company or an unlimited company must
have at least two subscribers.
How do I form a company?
Ready-made companies are available from company formation agents.
If you incorporate a company yourself, you will need to send the following
documents, together with the registration fee of £20 to the Registrar of
A memorandum of association
Articles of association
Form 10
Form 12
Each of these documents is explained below.
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Memorandum of Association
The Memorandum of Association is document which sets out the objects
of a company (this can be very generic)
Articles of Association
This document sets out the rules for the running of the company’s internal
affairs and also a list of subscribers to the company. (Shareholders)
Form 10
Form 10 gives details of the first director(s), secretary and the intended
address of the registered office. As well as their names and addresses, the
company's directors must give their date of birth, occupation and details
of other directorships they have held within the last five years. Each officer
appointed and each subscriber (or their agent) must sign and date the
Officers acting as both director and secretary: The same person can be
both a director and company secretary, provided there is another
director. A sole director cannot also be the company secretary.
Form 12
Form 12 is a statutory declaration of compliance with all the legal
requirements relating to the incorporation of a company. It must be
signed by a solicitor who is forming the company, or by one of the people
named as a director or company secretary on Form 10. It must be signed
in the presence of a commissioner for oaths, a notary public, a justice of
the peace or a solicitor.
Signing the declaration on Form 12: Form 12 must be signed and dated
after all the other documents are signed and dated. This is because Form
12 confirms that all other registration requirements have been completed.
The form must clearly show if a person has signed on behalf of a
corporate director. If it appears that the person who signed is not a
director, this will cause delay.
Registered Office
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It is the address of a company to which Companies House letters and
reminders will be sent. The registered office can be anywhere in England
and Wales (or Scotland if your company is registered there). The
registered office must always be an effective address for delivering
documents to the company, and to avoid delays it is important that all
correspondence sent to this address is dealt with promptly. If a company
changes its registered office address after incorporation, the new address
must be notified to Companies House on Form 287.
Valid addresses
Companies House uses the Post Office address file to verify addresses; so,
to avoid delays, please ensure that your proposed registered office
address is recognized by the Post Office and always give the correct
postcode on forms sent for registration.
What is the minimum number of officers a company requires?
Every company must have formally appointed company officers at all
A private company must have at least:
One director - but the company's articles of association may require
more than one.
One secretary - formal qualifications are not required. A company's
sole director cannot also be the company secretary.
Can anyone be a company director?
In general terms, yes, but there are some rules. You can't be a company
director if:
You are an undischarged bankrupt or disqualified by a court from holding
a directorship, unless given leave to act in respect of a particular
company or companies;
There is no minimum age limit in the Companies Act for a director to be
appointed in England and Wales. However, he or she must be able to
consent to their own appointment. You should seek legal advice if you
intend to have a very young person as a director of your company.
In Scotland the Registrar will not register for any company the
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appointment of a director under the age of 16 years old. A child below
that age does not have the legal capacity to accept a directorship - Age
of Legal Capacity (Scotland) Act 1991. If you need more information,
contact Companies House, Edinburgh.
Some people not of British nationality are restricted as to what work they
may do while in this country. If you need more information about whether
such a person can become a director of a UK-registered company,
Home Office Immigration and Nationality Department
Lunar House
Wellesley Road
CR9 2BY (Tel: 020 8686 0688)
What happens to the documents sent to the Registrar?
All company formation documents are subject to certain checks
including checks of prospective officers against the disqualified directors’
The Registrar then keeps the documents and makes them available for
public inspection.
Can I choose any name I want for my company?
No. There are some restrictions on your choice of company name. Take a
look at the following booklet on guidelines for company names:
Briefly, the restrictions are that:
You cannot register the same name as another company;
The use of certain words is restricted; and
Names likely to cause offence are not allowed.
It is also important to check whether your chosen name is similar to any
other names already on the register. If your chosen name is too like
another name, an objection could be made within the 12 months
following the incorporation of your company and you could be directed
by the Secretary of State to change the company's name.
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Required Documents
Below is a sample Memorandum and Articles of Association for you to
change to your requirements. Typically you will only need to change the
company name and the shareholders/directors details.
Form 10 and 12 can be downloaded in PDF form from the companies
house website which is given below:
You need to change Items marked in YELLOW
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Your Company Limited
1 The Company’s name is Your Company Limited.
2 The Company’s registered office is to be situated in England and Wales.
3 The Company’s objects are:
To carry on the business of a general commercial company.
(b) To carry on for profit, directly or indirectly, whether by itself or through
subsidiary, associated or allied companies or firms in the United
Kingdom or elsewhere in all or any of its branches any business,
undertaking, project or enterprise of any description whether of a
private or public character and all or any trades, processes and
activities connected therewith or ancillary or complementary
To acquire by purchase, lease, exchange, hire or otherwise and
take options over any property whatever, and any rights or
privileges of any kind over or in respect of any property of any kind
necessary or convenient for the purpose of or in connection with the
Company’s business.
To apply for, register, purchase and otherwise acquire and protect,
prolong and renew whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere
any patents, patent rights, licences, trade marks, trade names,
designs, inventions, protections, concessions, copyrights, secret
processes or any other intellectual property rights that may be
advantageous to the Company and to use and manufacture under
or grant licences or privileges in respect of the same, and to expend
money thereon.
To acquire or undertake the whole or any part of the business,
goodwill and assets of any person, firm or company carrying on or
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proposing to carry on any of the businesses which the Company is
authorised to carry on and undertake all or any of the liabilities of
such person, firm or company as part of the consideration for such
acquisition, or to acquire an interest in, amalgamate with or enter
into partnership or into any arrangement for sharing profits, or for
co-operation, or for mutual assistance with any such person, firm or
company, or for subsidising or otherwise assisting any such person,
firm or company, and to give or accept, by way of consideration for
any of the acts or things aforesaid or property acquired, any shares,
debentures, debenture stock or securities that may be agreed upon,
and to hold and retain, or sell, mortgage and deal with any shares,
debentures, debenture stock or securities so received.
To improve, manage, construct, repair, develop, exchange, let on
lease or otherwise, mortgage, charge, sell, dispose of, turn to
account, grant licences, options, rights and privileges in respect of,
or otherwise deal with all or any part of the property and rights of
the Company.
To invest and deal with the funds of the Company not immediately
required in such investments or securities and in such manner as
may from time to time be determined by the Directors.
To lend or advance money or give credit to such persons and
companies and on such terms (including as to security), as may be
thought fit and to deposit money with any bank, deposit taker or
other financial organisation.
To guarantee and/or give security for the payment of money by, or
the performance of contracts and obligations by, or the payment or
repayment of principal, interest, dividends and premiums on, and
any other monies due in respect of, securities or obligations by, the
Company or by any other person or company, including any
company which shall at the time be the holding company of the
Company or another subsidiary of such holding company or a
subsidiary of the Company and any undertaking which shall at the
time be a subsidiary undertaking of the Company or of any holding
company of the Company or of any subsidiary of the Company or
any holding company of the Company notwithstanding the fact that
the Company may not receive any consideration or benefit from
entering into any such guarantee or security.
To borrow or raise money or accept money on deposit and to
secure the payment of money or the observance of obligations in
such manner as the Directors shall think fit and for such purposes
to mortgage or otherwise charge in any manner whatsoever
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permitted in any jurisdiction in which the Company has assets or
carries on business and in particular by way of fixed charge or
floating charge over the whole or part of the undertaking and all or
any of the property and assets (both present and future) and the
uncalled capital of the Company and to create, issue and accept
To draw, make, accept, endorse, discount, negotiate, execute and
issue cheques, bills of exchange, promissory notes, warrants,
debentures and other negotiable or transferable instruments.
To issue and allot securities of the Company for cash or in payment
or part payment for any property purchased or otherwise acquired
by the Company or any services rendered to the Company or as
security for any obligation or amount or for any other purpose.
To subscribe for, underwrite, purchase or otherwise acquire,
securities of any company, fund or trust and to deal with and
dispose of the same.
To control, manage, finance, subsidise, co-ordinate or otherwise
assist any company or companies in which the Company has a
direct or indirect financial interest.
To promote any other company for the purpose of acquiring the
whole or any part of the business or property of undertaking or any
of the liabilities of the Company, or of undertaking any business or
operations which may appear likely to assist or benefit the
Company or to enhance the value of any property or business of
the Company, and to place or guarantee the placing of, underwrite,
subscribe for, or otherwise acquire all or any part of the shares or
securities of any such company as aforesaid.
To sell or otherwise dispose of the whole or any part of the
undertaking, property and assets of the Company either together or
in portions for such consideration as the Company may think fit.
To insure against losses, damages, risks and liabilities of all kinds
which may affect the Company and to purchase and maintain for
any officer of the Company or the auditors of the Company
insurance against any liability as is mentioned in section 310 of the
Companies Act 1985.
To act as agents or brokers and as trustees for any person, firm or
company, and to undertake and perform sub-contracts.
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To remunerate any person, firm or company rendering services to
the Company either by cash payment or otherwise.
To distribute among the members of the Company any property of
the Company, or any proceeds of sale or disposal of any property of
the Company, but so that no distribution amounting to a reduction of
capital be made except with the sanction (if any) for the time being
required by law.
To pay out of funds of the Company all expenses which the
Company may lawfully pay for, or incidental to, the formation and
registration of or the raising of money for the Company or the issue
of any securities, or the application to any recognised investment
exchange for listing of, or dealing in, any or all of its securities,
including brokerage and commissions for obtaining applications for
or taking, placing or underwriting or procuring the underwriting of
securities or rights of the Company.
To give or award pensions, annuities, gratuities and superannuation
or other allowances or benefits or charitable aid and generally to
provide advantages, facilities and services for any persons who are
or have been Directors or employees of the Company, or any
company which is a subsidiary of the Company or the holding
company of the Company or a fellow subsidiary of the Company or
the predecessors in business of the Company or of any such
subsidiary, holding or fellow subsidiary company and to the wives,
husbands, widows, widowers, children and other relatives and
dependants of such persons.
To compensate for loss of office any Directors or other officers of
the Company and to make payments to any persons whose office,
employment or duties may be terminated by virtue of any
transaction in which the Company is engaged.
To do all or any of the things authorised in any part of the world and
either as principals, agents, contractors or otherwise, and by or
through agents, brokers, sun-contractors or otherwise and either
alone or in conjunction with others.
To carry on any other business which may advantageously carried
on in connection with any of the objects of the Company.
To do all such things as may be deemed incidental or conducive to
the attainment of any of the objects of the Company.
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And it is hereby declared that none of the provisions set forth in any
sub-clause shall be restrictively construed but the widest
interpretation shall be given to each such provision, and none of
such provisions shall, except where the context expressly so
requires, be in any way limited or restricted by reference to or
inference from any other provisions set forth in such sub-clause, or
by reference to or inference from the terms of any other sub-clause
of this Clause, or by reference to or inference from the name of the
4 The liability of the members is limited.
5 The Company’s share capital is £2 divided into 2 shares of £1 each.
We, the subscribers to this Memorandum of Association, wish to be formed into a
Company pursuant to this Memorandum; and we agree to take the number of
shares shown opposite our respective names.
In this Clause where the context so admits, "property" means any property,
heritable or moveable, real or personal, wherever situated.
Shareholder 1 Name
Shareholder Address
Number of shares held by Shareholder 1 Name is 1.
(Shareholder signature)
Shareholder 2 Name
Shareholder 2 Address
Number of shares held by Shareholder 2 Name is 1.
(Shareholder signature)
Witness to the above signatures:
Witness Signature:
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Witness Name:
Witness Address:
The Essential Underground Handbook
Your Company Limited
The Regulations contained in Table A in the Schedule to the Companies
(Tables A to F) Regulations 1985 as amended by the Companies (Tables A
to F) (Amendment) Regulations 1985 ("Table A") shall apply to the Company
save insofar as they are varied or excluded by or are inconsistent with these
Articles. Regulations 23, 27, 64, 73, 74, 75, 80, 81, 93, 94, 95, 96, 111, 115
and 118 of Table A shall not apply to the Company and the following
Regulations thereof shall be modified:
Regulation 18 by the addition, at the end, of the words "and all reasonable
expenses that may have been incurred by the Company by reason of such
Regulation 24 by the deletion of the first sentence.
Regulation 46 by the deletion of paragraphs (a) to (d) inclusive and the
substitution of the words "by any Member present in person or by proxy."
Regulations 30 and 31 shall not apply.
Where the context requires, words importing the singular shall include the
plural and vice versa and words importing the masculine shall include the
The Directors are generally and unconditionally authorised for the
purposes of Section 80 of the Companies Act 1985 ("the Act), to exercise
any power of the Company to allot any relevant securities (within the
meaning of Section 80(2) of the Act) up to the amount of the authorised
share capital with which the Company is incorporated at any time or
times during the period of five years from the date of incorporation of the
The Essential Underground Handbook
Section 89(1) of the Act shall not apply to any allotment of shares in the
The Directors shall have power to allot, grant options over and otherwise
dispose of any un-issued shares of the Company to such persons, on
such terms and in such manner as they think fit, subject to the limitations
imposed by Article 2 hereof.
Subject to the provisions of the Act any shares of the Company may be
purchased by the Company on such terms and conditions as the
Company, before it enters into a contract or contingent contract for the
purchase of such shares, may by special resolution determine. A
payment in respect of such a purchase by the Company may with the
sanction of a special resolution be made otherwise than out of the
disposable profits of the Company (within the meaning of the Act) or the
proceeds of a fresh issue of shares made for the purpose of the
redemption, notwithstanding that such payment may constitute a
payment out of capital.
The Company may pursuant to Sections 97 and 98 of the Act pay
commission at a rate not exceeding ten per cent of the price at which the
shares in respect of which the commission is payable are issued.
The instrument of transfer of a share shall be signed by or on behalf of
the transferor, and the transferor shall be deemed to remain the holder of
the share until the name of the transferee is entered in the Register of
Members in respect thereof; provided that in the case of a partly paid
share the instrument of transfer must also be signed by the transferee.
The Directors shall refuse to register any transfer of shares made in
contravention of the provisions of Article (2) but shall not be entitled to
refuse to register any transfer of shares made pursuant to paragraph
7.1.3 of this Article or pursuant to Article (2) or any transfer to which the
consent in writing of all Members for the time being of the Company is
(a) Any Member being a corporation may transfer any shares to another
corporation resulting from a re-construction or amalgamation of such
Member or to any subsidiary or holding company (as those expressions
are defined in Section 736 of the Companies Act 1985) of such Member
or to another subsidiary of such holding company.
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(b) Any Member may during his lifetime transfer or by Will, bequeath or
otherwise dispose of on death any shares to the husband, wife, widow,
widower or any child or children of such Member.
The Directors shall register as a Member or Members the legal personal
representatives of a deceased member where under the provisions of the
Will or the laws as to intestacy the person beneficially entitled, whether
immediately or contingently, to the shares in respect of which such legal
personal representatives are intended to be registered, are persons to
whom a transfer may be made under the provisions of paragraph
7.1.3(b) of this Article.
Subject and without prejudice to paragraphs 7.1.2, 7.1.3 and 7.1.4 of
Article (1), the following provisions shall have effect in relation to the
transfer and transmission of shares, namely:
Any Member who desires to sell any legal or beneficial interest in any
shares (in this Article called "the Vendor") shall give to the Company
notice in writing (in this Article called "a transfer notice") accompanied by
the deposit of the relevant Share Certificate of such desire and stating
the number of shares which the Member desires to sell. A transfer notice
may not relate to more than one class of shares and it shall not be
revocable except with the sanction of the Directors.
A transfer notice shall constitute the necessary authority for the Directors
to be the Vendor’s agents for the sale in the manner provided by this
Article of the shares to which the transfer notice relates at a price to be
agreed between the Directors and the Vendor or, in default of agreement
within 30 days of the date of the transfer notice, at a price which the
Auditors for the time being of the Company shall certify in writing to be in
their opinion the fair selling value thereof as between a willing vendor
and a willing purchaser and in so certifying the Auditors shall be
considered to be acting as experts and not as arbitrators.
If the Auditors are asked to certify the fair selling value as aforesaid, the
Directors shall as soon as they receive the Auditors Certificate furnish a
certified copy thereof to the Vendor and the Vendor shall be entitled, by
notice in writing given to the Company within seven days of the service
upon him of the said certified copy, to cancel the Directors’ authority to
sell the said shares. The cost of obtaining the certificate shall be borne
(by the Company) (by the Purchasers) unless the Vendor shall cancel
the Director’s authority as aforesaid in which case the Vendor shall bear
such cost. On receipt from the Vendor of a notice of cancellation as
aforesaid the relevant Share Certificate shall be returned to the Vendor.
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Within seven days after the price shall have been fixed as mentioned in
paragraph 7.2.2 of this Article or after seven days referred to in
paragraph 7.2.3 have expired (as the case may be), the Directors shall
give notice to all the Members (other than the Vendor) holding shares of
the same class as the shares comprised in the transfer notice of the
number and price of those shares, and shall invite each of them to state
in writing within twenty one days, after the date of the notice whether he
is willing to purchase any and if so what maximum number of the said
If within the period of twenty one days mentioned in paragraph 7.2.4 of
this Article Members to whom the notice therein mentioned was given
have expressed their willingness to purchase all of the shares comprised
in the transfer notice the Directors shall allocate those shares among
those Members so far as may be necessary pro rata to their existing
shareholdings, subject to the limitation that no Member shall be under
any obligation to purchase more than the maximum number of shares
which he himself has notified as being willing to purchase. As soon as
such allocation has been made and provided that such allocation
comprises all the shares to which the transfer notice relates (but not
otherwise), the Vendor shall be bound, on payment of the price, to
transfer those shares to the purchaser or respective Purchasers thereof,
and if he shall make default in so doing the Directors shall receive and
give a good discharge for the purchase money on behalf of the Vendor
and shall authorise some person (who shall be deemed to be the
attorney of the Vendor for that purpose) to execute in favour of the
Purchaser or respective Purchasers a transfer or transfers of the shares
allocated to him or them and shall enter his or their names in the
Register of Members as the holder of those shares.
If within the period of twenty one days mentioned in paragraph 7.2.4 of
this Article Members to whom the notice therein mentioned was given
shall have expressed their willingness to purchase part only of the shares
comprised in the transfer notice or no such Member shall have
expressed his willingness to purchase any of those shares the Directors
shall within seven days after expiration of that period give notice to all the
Members (including the Members referred to in paragraph 7.2.4 of this
Article but excluding the Vendor) and the provisions of paragraphs 7.2.4
and 7.2.5 of this Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to every notice
given pursuant to this paragraph.
If within the period referred to in any notice pursuant to paragraph 7.2.4
of this Article the Members shall have expressed their willingness to
purchase part only of the shares comprised in the transfer notice or no
Member shall have expressed his willingness to purchase any of those
shares, then for a further period of three months from the expiration of
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the said period the Vendor shall be entitled to transfer to any person
whom he selects all but not part of the shares to which the transfer notice
relates at a price not lower than the price fixed as mentioned in
paragraph 7.2.2 of this Article and on the terms not less favourable than
those offered in the transfer notice.
(a) If any person (other than an existing shareholder or pursuant to
Article 7.1.3(b)) shall become entitled to any shares by reason of the
death or bankruptcy of any Member he shall forthwith give to the
Company notice in writing to that effect, and if that person shall fail to
give such notice the Directors may give notice on his behalf.
(b) All the foregoing provisions of this Article in relation to a transfer
notice and the procedure to be adopted following the service of such a
notice shall apply mutatis mutandis to a notice given pursuant to (a)
above which shall accordingly be deemed to be a transfer notice in
respect of all of the shares to which such a person has become entitled
provided however that there shall be no right pursuant to paragraph 7.2.2
to cancel the Directors’ authority to sell any of the shares.
If any shares to which any person has become entitled on death or
bankruptcy of any Member shall not be sold pursuant to paragraph 7.2.8,
then after the expiration of the period during which such shares might
have been purchased by the Member or Members pursuant thereto such
person shall, upon such evidence being produced as may from time to
time be required by the Directors, have the right to elect either to be
registered himself as the holder of the shares in question or to have
some person nominated by him registered as the transferee thereof, but
in either case the Directors shall have the same right to refuse or
suspend registration as they would have had in the case of a transfer of
the shares in question by the deceased or bankrupt Member before his
death or bankruptcy. Regulations 30 and 31 of Table A shall not apply.
A Director shall not be required to hold shares of the Company in order
to qualify for office as a Director but he shall be given notice of and be
entitled to attend and speak at every general meeting of the Company
and at every separate meeting of the holders of any class of shares in
the capital of the Company.
Any Director may at any time appoint any person otherwise qualified to
hold such office to be his alternate (hereinafter referred to as "the
Alternate Director") and such Director (hereinafter referred to as "the
Principal") may at any time terminate such appointment.
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The appointment of the Alternate Director shall be determined on the
happening of any event which if he were a Director would cause him to
vacate such office or if the Principal ceases to be a Director.
The Alternate Director shall be given notice of meetings of the Directors
and be entitled to attend, be counted in the quorum and vote at any such
meeting at which the Principal is not personally present and generally at
such meeting perform all functions of the Principal. If the Principal is for
the time being unable to act for any reason the signature of the Alternate
Director to any resolution in writing of the Directors shall be as effective
as the signature of the Principal.
The Alternate Director shall be entitled to be repaid expenses and to be
indemnified as if he were a Director, but he shall not be entitled to
receive any remuneration from the Company in respect of his
appointment as an alternate.
The Directors may borrow money and give security for the payment of
money by, or the performance of other obligations of, the Company or
any other person.
A Director may vote in respect of any contract or proposed contract or
arrangement notwithstanding that he is interested and if he shall so vote
his vote shall be counted; and whether voting or not he shall if present be
counted in ascertaining whether a quorum is present at any meeting at
which any such contract or proposed contract or arrangement is under
The Directors are empowered to exercise all the powers of the Company
set out in Clause 3 of the Memorandum. Any Director may vote in favour
of the exercise of any such power notwithstanding that he is or may
become interested therein and he shall be entitled to retain any benefit
received by him pursuant to the exercise of any such power.
The office of Director shall be vacated if the Director:
resigns his office by notice in writing to the Company;
becomes bankrupt or makes any arrangement or composition with his
creditors generally;
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becomes prohibited from being a Director by reason of any statutory
The Directors shall not be subject to retirement by rotation and all
references in Table A to retirement by rotation shall be disregarded.
A resolution in writing, signed or approved by letter by each Director, or
by each member of a committee, shall be as valid a resolution duly
passed at a meeting of the Directors or of such a committee.
Any notice required to be given or served by the Company shall be in
writing and may be served by personal service or by first class post or by
e-mail, to the address for the time being supplied for the purpose to the
Secretary of the Company by the person entitled to receive the same.
Any notice served by personal service shall be deemed to have been
received at the time of delivery; any notice to be sent by letter posted to
an address within the United Kingdom shall be deemed to have been
served on the expiry of twenty four hours from the time of posting and
every notice to be sent by airmail to an address outside the United
Kingdom shall be deemed to have been served on the expiry of ten days
from the time of posting; and any notice sent by e-mail shall be deemed
to have been served on the expiry of twelve hours from the time when
the notice was dispatched by or on behalf of the Company. In the case of
service by e-mail the notice will only be effectively served upon the
person entitled to receive it where that e-mail has been sent to that
person’s personal e-mail address. The person entitled to receive the
notice must confirm in writing to the Company his personal e-mail
address. Where a person no longer wishes the Company to serve e-mail
notices upon him he will give the Company seven days notice thereof.
If the Company shall be wound up any Director, agent, trustee or
Member of the Company alone or jointly with any other person may
become a purchaser of property belonging to the Company.
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Every Director or other officer of the Company shall be entitled to be
indemnified out of the assets of the Company against any loss or liability
which he may sustain or incur in or about the execution of the duties of
his office or otherwise in relation thereto, including any liability incurred
by him in defending any proceedings whether civil or criminal in which
decree is granted in his favour or in which he is acquitted or in
connection with any application under Section 727 of the Act in which he
is relieved from liability by the Court, and no Director or other officer shall
be liable for any loss, damage or misfortune which may happen to or be
incurred by the Company in the execution of the duties of his office or in
relation thereto, subject to Section 310 of the Act.
The Directors may from time to time require any person whose name is
entered in the Register of Members of the Company to furnish them with
any information which they may consider necessary for the purpose of
determining whether or not the Company is a closed company within the
meaning of Section 282 of the Income and Corporation Taxes Act 1970
as amended; and if such requirement is not complied with they may
withhold any dividend or other payment otherwise due or becoming due
in respect of the shares registered in the name of any such person.
Shareholder 1 Name
Shareholder 2 Address
(Shareholder signature)
Shareholder 2 Name
Shareholder 2 Address
(Shareholder signature)
Witness to the above signatures:
Witness Signature:
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Witness Name:
Witness Address:
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3. How to set up International Business Corporations
International Business Corporations (IBC’s) can for an effective tax barrier
or asset protector for most situations. The complexities involved in setting
these up varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction and typically requires a
registered office in the country of your choice.
There are basically two ways in which you can go about forming an
offshore corporation; 1. By contacting a lawyer in the desired country and
negotiating a rate for his services. 2. Using a standard company formation
agent that offers these services.
We have found that on the whole, contacting a lawyer in the country
and explaining your requirements then engaging them to perform the setup and act as registered agents and/or a registered address is the
cheapest and most secure way of doing this. On the other hand, using a
formation agent can be quicker and more convenient depending on the
Below is a list of formation agents that actively form International Business
Contact Details
Company Express
Offshore Corporation
Midland Services Inc.
International Business Company Formation Inc.
Offshore On Web
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter Five
Private Investigation,
Security & Surveillance
The methods and techniques that are used by Private Investigators in their
day-to-day work can be invaluable to the rest of us. In this section you will
learn some of the essential methods of the Private Investigator. You will
almost certainly find these often deceptively simple techniques to be of
great usefulness in your daily life.
The Essential Underground Handbook
1. Performing Background Checks
There are various reasons why you may want to perform background
checks on people. Maybe you want this information to check out a new
employee or to find out about a potential business partner or even
someone you are thinking of having a relationship with. Whatever you are
planning to use the information for, this section describes some types of
information that may be accessible to you and explains different ways to
access this information.
It is a common misconception that private individuals are not allowed
access to many types of government records. This is often not the case.
Currently in the US, for example, nineteen states allow private individuals
to access criminal conviction records from state repositories (a list of these
is included for reference further on in the document). It is worth finding out
exactly what records are available for public consumption in whatever
region and country you are interested. While some of the following
content has specific examples based in the US, the general principles are
applicable in many other countries.
Accessing Courthouse Records
Background investigations carried out by private investigators in the US
often lean heavily on the fact that many courthouse records are quite
readily accessible. Generally, most courthouse records are public records
and can be reviewed by just about anyone. A complete courthouse
records check can often provide a great deal of information concerning
most people who live in the county.
The different departments in the courthouse give us some indication of
the sort of data that may be available:
Circuit Civil Records
Small Claim Civil Records
Auto tag registration
Fishing And Hunting License
Real Estate Property Records
Traffic Records
County Criminal Records
Voter Registration
General Index Records
Marriage Records
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Building Permits
County Police Records
Tax Records
Business License
Probate Records
Circuit Criminal Records
Mobile Home Registration
The list could go on through a dozen or so minor records kept by the
county. The point is that a courthouse records search can be used very
effectively for a fast background investigation in the development of all
kinds of information on any one person living within the county. In fact, a
courthouse records check is a standard part of insurance claims
investigations and is often used in a skip trace.
One of the secrets in going to the courthouse to check courthouse
records is that a lot of people just do not know such an all-encompassing
investigation can be done. For example, lawyers might know to have their
clerk check auto tag registration from time to time but most have no idea
that a complete investigative profile can be worked up on someone in a
very short time checking all kinds of records. Even some investigators who
are somewhat familiar with record checks have no idea such a great
volume of information can be found at the courthouse. They tend to think
of records at the courthouse in various departments and run down one
day to check tax rolls unaware of the fact that needed information could
be pulled from several dozen or so other departments.
If you are not that familiar with your county's courthouse records it will take
you some time to get used to them. You might find several departments
that will not just give any stranger who walks in access to the records.
However, once they know who you are and what you are doing you will
generally be able to walk right in and start digging.
Indexing of records takes various forms. You will find some small county
records use old ledger systems. Other types of record indexing systems will
be kept on microfiche units. The most modern counties will have
everything on computer. You may or may not need a clerk to help you
look up the indexes. Almost all indexes are sectioned by year or month
and then list the names in alphabetical order.
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Old Telephone Directories
You can find these old directories at the public library in your city. Most
libraries keep old directories dating back fifty years. Look up the subject's
name and when you find an old address for them, go to the Henderson
Directory and locate their former neighbours. Begin calling them. If you
are patient, you are likely to find some neighbours who still remember the
subject and who can provide important historical background
Birth Records of the Subject's Children
These will show the address of the parents (your subject) at the time of the
child's birth. You must know the town or district where the child was born
to find out a former address. These records are at the Department of Vital
Statistics. The subject's birth records also can be used but are not likely to
be as helpful, since you can only learn the location of the subject's birth
and not their adult residences.
Marriage and Divorce Records
These records may be found at the Department of Vital Statistics and the
Courthouse, respectively. They are also good sources for locating a
subject's former addresses. Divorce records usually contain valuable
information about the subject's assets, real and personal property, former
associates and friends. The latter can be contacted through telephone
pretext (see below).
Bankruptcy, Civil and Criminal Records
By following search procedures previously discussed, you will find a
subject's address at the time a bankruptcy, civil or criminal action was
Criminal Records Searches
Criminal records can reveal a lot of startling information about individuals.
Typically criminal records searches are carried out at the local county
level. At the time of writing, nineteen states allow private individuals to
access criminal conviction records. These states are listed below.
The Essential Underground Handbook
State Criminal Records Repository 303-239-4680
State Criminal Records Repository 860-685-8480
State Criminal Records Repository 904-488-4931
State Criminal Records Repository 808-587-3106
State Criminal Records Repository 515-281-5138
State Criminal Records Repository 913-296-8200
State Criminal Records Repository 502-573-2350
State Criminal Records Repository 207-624-7009
State Criminal Records Repository 612-642-0670
State Criminal Records Repository 573-526-6153
State Criminal Records Repository 406-444-3625
North Dakota
State Criminal Records Repository 701-328-5500
State Criminal Records Repository 405-848-6724
State Criminal Records Repository 503-378-3070
State Criminal Records Repository 717-783-5592
The Essential Underground Handbook
South Carolina
State Criminal Records Repository 803-737-9000
State Criminal Records Repository 214-358-2840
State Criminal Records Repository 360-705-5100
State Criminal Records Repository 608-266-5764
The Essential Underground Handbook
2. Pretext
Pretext is a technique that investigators use in order to obtain information
by deception. It is much frowned upon in some circles, but it remains one
of the most useful techniques for a skilled investigator. Ethical
considerations aside, some uses of pretext are legal and others illegal and
yet others exist in a grey area somewhere between the two. If you plan on
using pretext then you need to make sure you understand which uses of
pretext could be considered illegal so that you can safely avoid them.
You may not feel comfortable with using deception to gain information.
This is an entirely personal ethical standpoint on which I will make no
comment – I am not trying to be a moral guide here. Suffice it to say that
you must make a decision for yourself whether the benefits you are
hoping to gain from using deception outweigh any negative factors that
may be involved. One important point that I hope you will come away
with after reading this section though is that if you are approached by an
inquisitive stranger asking questions about a person or situation you are or
have been acquainted with, things may not always be as they appear.
You should be on your guard in such situations and stay aware that
someone may be using pretext to gain information from you.
Telephone Pretexts
The telephone is certainly the most common tool in the use of pretext. Like
other forms of pretext, telephone pretext can be illegal, so you must be
very careful. Telephone pretext involves calling someone and pretending
to be someone else in order to get information about a third party. You
may be pretending to be an insurance agent, a friend of a third party, a
landlord and so on. The beauty of using the telephone is that the person
on the other end will never see you, so you can be sat at home or in your
office pretending to be someone totally different and be very convincing
about it. Used properly this method will enable you to get access to a
whole host of useful information about almost any subject.
A note regarding the legality of this method of information gathering;
never pretend to be a law enforcement officer, a doctor, a lawyer or a
member of any real organisation – In most areas of the US, this is illegal.
We will now go on to look at potential targets for telephone pretext.
The Essential Underground Handbook
1. Employers
Current and past employers can provide valuable information concerning
a subject. By questioning these sources over the phone in the correct
way, you can often get detailed information such as the following:
Is the subject responsible and dependable?
Did they steal anything from the company?
Do they get along well with other employees?
Do they have any problem with alcohol or drugs or any other
personal problems?
A good pretext to use when calling employers is to tell them that the
subject is applying for a job with your company and then ask the usual
sort of questions that might be expected on a pre-employment check.
Remember, the friendlier you are with the person you are talking with
(within reason), the more information you can hope to get. You should
aim to strike up a good ‘professional’ rapport with the person on the other
end of the phone. Do not be too casual as this may give away your
pretext – you are calling in a ‘professional’ capacity, so stay professional
but friendly. One good way to get the person to open up a bit more is to
use leading questions based around facts you already know of the
subject – e.g. “I heard that Mike has a penchant for gambling – did that
affect his work much?”
As an aside, if you plan on using telephone pretext much; you should
understand some basic psychology. There are various techniques that
can allow you to get more information out of people over the phone, and
there are various sources to learn these from. One good source of
information that can offer valuable assistance with this subject is to read
some of the works of the so-called ‘psychological illusionists’. People such
as Derren Brown ( have turned the ability
to persuade other people to give out information into an art form!
2. Landlords
Current and past landlords are an excellent source of information about
their tenants. They are often quite communicative. You can use a variety
of pretexts to get the information from a landlord. You could tell the
landlord you are considering hiring the subject and you need some
information, or you can pose as a loan officer. With either pretext, you
can ask about the subject's personal habits, their characteristics as a
tenant, their reliability in paying the rent and maintaining the apartment in
The Essential Underground Handbook
good condition. One thing to avoid with landlords is to pretend to be
another landlord. If the landlord you are interviewing wants to get rid of
the subject as a tenant, they will tell you that he/she is a fantastic tenant.
Conversely, if they want to keep the tenant, they are likely to give you
negative information so that you won't steal him away. These practices
are so widespread that many landlords simply don't bother calling other
landlords to verify information on new tenants.
If the subject is a property owner rather than a renter, check the records
of property transactions in which the subject has been involved. These
records will provide names of others with whom the subject has been
involved in property transactions. You can contact these other people
and tell them you are planning to buy or sell property from or to the
subject and ask about their experience with the subject.
Neighbours can reveal a lot personal information about your subject if you
know exactly what you are after. They can relate how a husband and
wife get along, if a subject smokes, drinks or uses drugs. They can tell how
the children are treated, how the subject entertains at home, whether
they are loud, quiet or secretive, and what kind of hours they keep. In
other words, neighbours can report on what they hear or observe and this
may be what you want to find out. Suppose you are preparing to phone
the neighbours of a subject and use a pretext. What should you do? First,
you must have the neighbour’s phone number. If you do not have the
neighbour’s name, correct address and phone number, use your subject's
address and then find addresses of immediate neighbours. When you
make the call you could pretend to be an insurance sales agent. You
may use a fictitious personal name, but do not mention an existing
company name. You might ask questions that are about automobile
insurance coverage, such as:
Does the subject keep his car in a garage or on the street?
Have you noticed any minor children driving the car?
Have you noticed any dents or accidents to the vehicle?
As you engage the neighbour in conversation, be casual and courteous.
Then, obtain any other personal information you must have through "chitchat" and small talk. If you are friendly, you won't have any trouble getting
that additional information. Be careful to solicit only factual information,
what the neighbour saw or heard. Personal opinions and value judgments
are not useful, although you will get those too.
The Essential Underground Handbook
4. Former Spouses
Former spouses can be good sources of information, as they know the
subject most intimately. But, they also can be very bitter and under
emotional stress. Therefore, the information you gather from former
spouses should be verified in other ways. To begin, you can get divorce
records from the Courthouse and then by using a phone book or the
Henderson Directory, get the phone number of the ex-spouse. When you
make your call, you may pretend that you are the subject's new
"boyfriend or girlfriend" and that you are having some problems with
them. You may begin by discussing these problems, and see what you
can find out. Some former spouses will be very honest and tell you about
their ex-spouse's good, as well as bad, qualities. But, some are so bitter
that they may tell you a string of horror stories. When this happens you
should check other sources and compare your notes to get a true picture
of the subject. Remember, your goal is to get good, objective information,
not simply to "dig up dirt" or damage anyone's reputation.
The Essential Underground Handbook
3. Little Known Database Searches
The Internet is a vast resource and can be put to very good use for
investigative purposes. More and more information is being put onto the
Internet every day by individuals, private organisations and government
agencies alike. While everyone knows about search engines such as
Google, knowing where to get the information you need on the Internet is
often difficult. The following links are designed to get you started. This list
includes many little known database searches and information stores that
can be of great use to you in your investigations.
Telephone Searches
InfoSpace White Pages - Includes region/metro search & several
Lycos People Finder - Search name/city for address, phone, map,
The Ultimate White Pages - Search multiple white page services at
once, including reverse searches and much more
• - Reverse lookup, Region/Metro search, some other
countries, Maps
Excite PeopleFinder
Four11 Directory Services
InfoUSA Database American People Finder
InfoSpace Reverse Phone LookUp
- Find a Person, Find a Business, Maps &
Yellow Pages - Find businesses
InfoSpace Ultimate Directory - Search by name/city (Find yellow
pages below white pages)
InfoSpace Reverse Phone Business LookUp
The Essential Underground Handbook
Zip Codes, Address Corrector, & Phone Number Decoders
Zip Codes & Address Correction (USPS)
United States Post Office - Other Zip Info
Worldwide Postal Information Service
US Navy Ship ZIP Codes
Semaphore's ZP4 Address Corrector - Corrected 180 annarbor to
180 Ann Arbor Ave. given the city and state, or zip code
Area Code Decoder - Two-way Area Code/City name decoder (US
& Canada)
Telephone Prefix Location Directory - Enter area code, then
telephone prefix; returns city name
Social Security
Social Security Death Index (SSDI) - Enter name and state and get
names, dates, SSNs, and demographics of all deceased with same
name/state. Sometimes an address, also.
The Structure of Social Security Numbers - Informative article
includes a list showing state of issuance by SSN
Tax Appraisal Districts
Find property owners, landlords, neighbours, and their phones & addresses
Texas County Tax Appraisal Districts - OnLine Links - Online Index of
TX Appraisal Districts
Various (US) Tax Appraisal District Links
City Finder - Provides county & nearby cities (Bottom of screen, after
select city)
The Essential Underground Handbook
County/City Cross Ref - Select a Texas county for a list of cities their
Texas Appraisal Districts
Harris County AD - Houston
Travis County AD - Austin
Dallas Central AD- Dallas
Tarrant County AD - Ft Worth
Bexar County AD - San Antonio
Gregg County AD - Tyler
El Paso AD - El Paso
Criminal Justice Sites
Federal & State Criminal Justice Links - Some international links, all
state governments, many other criminal justice links
Denton Couny Justice Information System
Federal Bureau of Prisons - Contact information & Inmate
information (write)
Inmate Locators
Federal Inmate Locators
Online Inmate Locators
State Inmate Locators
Web Gator - Military Search
Military Base Directory - Base Locator contact info and other data
for most military bases
The Essential Underground Handbook
Defense Finance & Accounting Svc: Money Index - Info on military
pay and garnishment; current & past pay scales; Get addresses,
phones, & FAXs for withholding orders; Other useful links
DFAS Links to Other Military Websites
National Military Personnel Records Center - Instructions for
requesting information; services explained; Information Request
form available
Federal & State Government
National Archives & Records - Military & Civilian employee
personnel records; discharged & deceased
Social Security Administration
US Post Office Zip Code Lookup
Security & Exchange Commission - Searches for public corporations
(with stock)
Federal Employee Wage Scales - Includes the General Schedule
(GS), Law Enforcement Officer Pay Schedules, and the Federal
Wage System (FWS)
State Public Records Databases - Web Index of miscellaneous
searchable databases: City to county cross reference, county
courthouse address/phone listings, corporate records, vital records,
departments of corrections, and state government listings - various
State Agency Database Search - A library of links
County & District Clerks of Court - A Texas directory
Licensing Agencies & Job-Related Listings
AMA National Physicians Finder
The Essential Underground Handbook
World Alumni Net - Searchable international college, university, and
high school alumni directories. Very limited, but good for lists of
colleges & high schools by name/city.
Vital Statistics - Death & Birth Record Contacts
All States - Vital Records Info - Contacts For Vital Records Info For
Every State
Additional References
Online Search Agency
Apartment Listings - Search by Zip & Search Other States - Find the
name of an apartment from the address and/or city name to call
the landlord
Finding Apartments and Projects
doesn't help
Finding Utility Companies - For a specific address
County Courthouse Addresses - A national directory
Local Information For U. S. Cities, Counties, & Metro Regions - Click
state, enter city, see bottom of screen for county name, nearby
metro areas, local businesses, etc.
Geographic Names Information Service - Enter city, park, or school
name to get county name (US)Example: "austin, tx" returned every
city, county, school, church, airport, park, hospital, etc., in Texas
with "Austin" in the name
City Finder - Provides county name and nearby cities & state, if that
field left blank)
Newspaper Links - Check birth & death announcements, etc.
Family & Home Information Sources Checklist - A checklist of sources
of information that might be found in the home that can help with
the Locate process
- Try this when the link above
The Essential Underground Handbook
Web Index of Free Searches - Governmental, postal, property
records, criminal justice; over 170 links to searchable databases
Direct Search - A huge Internet Index of searchable databases and
other links
Web Links for Investigations- - Another Locater link library
Find People - Try the Free Public Records links for various states
Investivative Resource Links - Another private investigators' Internet
link library
The Essential Underground Handbook
4. Uncovering Hidden Property
Unclaimed property offices currently hold several billion dollars of "lost
property" belonging to millions of people. Some of your money could be
sitting in an unclaimed property office, just waiting for you to claim it. You
can find out for free whether there is unclaimed property belonging to
you, and claim that property. There is also good money to be made in
uncovering this ‘hidden’ property and passing it on to its rightful owners –
for a fee. This section will explain how and give you links to the resources
to enable you to do this.
What is Unclaimed Property?
Unclaimed property can include the following:
Court Deposits
Customer Deposits, Overpayments, Credit Balances, and Refunds
Dormant Savings and Checking Accounts and Certificates of
HUD/FHA Refunds
Health and Accident Insurance Payments
Insurance Payments
Mineral Royalty Payments
Oil and Gas Royalty Payments
Paid Up Life Insurance Policies
Probate Court Judgments
Property Overlooked in the Probate of an Estate
Safe Deposit Box Contents
Stock Certificates
Uncashed Death Benefit Checks and Life Insurance Proceeds
Uncashed Money Orders, Cashiers Checks, and Travellers Checks
Uncashed Payroll Checks
Uncashed Stock and Mutual Fund Dividends
Unclaimed Security Deposits
United States Unclaimed Property
Unused Gift Certificates
Utility Deposits
What Happens To Unclaimed Property?
There are laws in every state of the US that govern ‘unclaimed’ property.
Money, property and other assets is deemed to be abandoned after a
The Essential Underground Handbook
period of inactivity of three to five years. During this abandonment period
the banks and other companies who have responsibility for these assets
must attempt to return the property to its owner. If this is not
accomplished, they then turn the property over to the states abandonedproperty division or unclaimed property office. The assets are returned to
the state of the property owners most recent known address. If no address
is known the assets are returned to the state in which the business holding
the funds resides. There is no time limit on claiming this property and some
states have unclaimed property dating back to the 1800s. If the owner of
the property is deceased then surviving relatives can claim the property.
In order to find this property, all you have to do is to contact the
unclaimed property offices in each state and get them to check their
database to see if there is any unclaimed money waiting for you. If any is
found, you will need to provide proof of identity, and then the property
will be passed along to you. A list of the property offices in each state
follows. Many of these offices have web searches available – to locate
these, do a search on Google with the name of the state and then
‘unclaimed property’ – e.g. ‘Alabama unclaimed property’. A good web
search that purports to search all the databases can be found on the
Missing Money site.
3. Unclaimed Property Offices by State.
State Treasury Unclaimed Property Division PO Box 302520
Montgomery, AL 36130-2520 1-334-242-9614
Department of Revenue
Unclaimed Property Unit
1111 W. Eight Street, Room 106 (99801)
PO Box 110420
Juneau, AK 99811-0420
Department of Revenue
Unclaimed Property Unit
1600 West Monroe
PO Box 29026
Phoenix, AZ 85038-9026
The Essential Underground Handbook
Auditor of State
Unclaimed Property Division
1400 West 3rd Street, Suite 100
Little Rock, AR 72201-1811
Division of Collections
Bureau of Unclaimed Property
PO Box 942850
Sacramento, CA 94250-5873
1-800-992-4647 (in CA)
Unclaimed Property Division
1560 Broadway, Suite 1225
Denver, CO 80202
Unclaimed Property Division
Department of Treasury
55 Elm Street
Hartford, CT 06106
Bureau of Abandoned Property
PO Box 8931
Wilmington, DE 19899
Office of Finance & Treasury
Unclaimed Property Unit
810 1st Street NE, Room 401
Washington, DC 20004
Department of Banking & Finance
The Essential Underground Handbook
Bureau of Unclaimed Property
101 E. Gaines Street, Fletcher Building
Tallahassee, FL 32399-0350
1-904-487-0510 or 1-904-488-0357
1-800-848-3792 (Comptroller's Hotline)
1-888-258-2253 (Unclaimed Property Office, FL only)
Dept of Revenue
Property Tax Division
Unclaimed Property
270 Washington Street, SW, Room 404
Atlanta, GA 30334
Unclaimed Property Section
PO Box 150
Honolulu, HI 96810-0150
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 36
Boise, ID 83722-2240
Unclaimed Property Division
500 Iles Park Place
PO Box 19495
Springfield, IL 62794-9495
1-217-785-6992 or 1-217-782-2832
Attorney General's Office
Unclaimed Property Division
402 West Washington, Suite C-531
Indianapolis, IN 46204
The Essential Underground Handbook
Unclaimed Property Division
State Capitol Building
Des Moines, IA 50319
See also the Great Iowa Treasure Hunt.
Unclaimed Property Division
900 Jackson, Suite 201
Topeka, KS 66612-1235
1-913-296-4165 or 1-800-432-0386
Unclaimed Property Branch
Kentucky State Treasury Department
Suite 183, Capitol Annex
Frankfort, KY 40601
Louisiana Dept of Revenue & Taxation
Unclaimed Property Section
PO Box 91010
Baton Rouge, LA 70821-9010
Treasury Department
Abandoned Property Division
39 State House Station
Augusta, ME 04333-0039
Unclaimed Property Section
301 West Preston Street
Baltimore, MD 21201-2385
Abandoned Property Division
1 Ashburton Place 12th Floor
Boston, MA 02108
The Essential Underground Handbook
The Boston Globe has also published the 1996 Unclaimed Property
Department of Treasury
Unclaimed Property Division
Lansing, MI 48922
Minnesota Commerce Department
Unclaimed Property Section
133 East 7th Street
St. Paul, MN 55101
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 138
Jackson, MS 39205-0138
Missouri State Treasurer
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 1272
Jefferson City, MO 65102-1272
Unclaimed Property Division
Department of Revenue
Mitchell Building
Helena, MT 59620
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 94788
Lincoln, NE 68509
The Essential Underground Handbook
Department of Business & Industry
Unclaimed Property Division
2501 East Sahara Avenue, Suite 304
Las Vegas, NV 89104
Abandoned Property Division
Treasury Department
25 Capitol Street - Room 205
Concord, NH 03301
Department of the Treasury
Property Administration
CN 214
Trenton, NJ 08646
Department of Revenue & Taxation
Special Tax Programs & Services
PO Box 25123
Santa Fe, NM 87504-5123
Office of Unclaimed Funds
Alfred E. Smith Building, 9th Floor
Albany, NY 12236
Department of State Treasurer
Escheat & Unclaimed Property
325 North Salisbury Street
Raleigh, NC 27603-1385
The Essential Underground Handbook
Unclaimed Property Division
State Land Department
PO Box 5523
Bismarck, ND 58506-5523
Division of Unclaimed Funds
77 South High Street
Columbus, OH 43266-0545
Oklahoma Tax Commission
Unclaimed Property Section
2501 Lincoln Boulevard
Oklahoma City, OK 73194-0010
Unclaimed Property Unit
775 Summer Street, NE
Salem, OR 97310
1-503-378-3805 x283
Pennsylvania State Treasury
Office of Unclaimed Property
PO Box 1837
Harrisburg, PA 17105-1837
1-800-222-2046 Claims inquiries
1-800-379-3999 Reporting questions and Instructions
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 1435
Providence, RI 02901-1435
Includes a copy of the money list.
Office of the State Treasurer
The Essential Underground Handbook
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 11778
Columbia, SC 29211-1778
Unclaimed Property Division
500 East Capitol Avenue
Pierre, SD 57501
Unclaimed Property Division
Andrew Jackson Building, 9th Floor
Nashville, TN 37243-0242
Unclaimed Property Division
Texas State Comptroller's Office
Box 12019
Austin, TX 78711-2019
1-800-654-3463 (in Texas)
State Treasurer s Office
Unclaimed Property Division
341 South Main Street, 5th Floor
Salt Lake City, UT 84111
Abandoned Property Division
State Treasurer s Office
133 State Street
Montepelier, VT 05633-6200
Division of Unclaimed Property
Department of Treasury
PO Box 2478
The Essential Underground Handbook
Richmond, VA 23218
Unclaimed Property Section
Department of Revenue
1101 S. Eastside Street
PO Box 448
Olympia, WA 98507
1-360-586-2736 or 1-800-435-2429
Unclaimed Property Division
Office of State Treasurer
Capitol Complex
Charleston, WV 25305
Unclaimed Property Division
State Treasurer s Office
PO Box 2114
Madison, WI 53701-2114
Unclaimed Property Division
State Treasurer s Office
1st Floor West, Herschler Building
122 West 25th Street
Cheyenne, WY 82002
The Essential Underground Handbook
5. Sources of Security and Surveillance Equipment
There is a huge array of security and surveillance equipment on the
market at the moment that can come in extremely handy for many
purposes. In this section we have compiled a list of various sources for this
!Advanced Hidden Camera Source - sells wireless hidden video
surveillance equipment.
#1 Home Security Surveillance Equipment Systems - offers security and
surveillance equipment systems like pepper sprays, stun guns, and spy
#1 Spy, Security and Surveillance
00 Security Cameras & CCTV Systems - sells wireless surveillance
devices, digital video recorders, and camera systems.
007 Hidden Spy Cameras Inc. - offers cameras and surveillance
007 Spy Store - offers telephone recorders, spy cameras, bug detectors,
keyboard loggers, discreet mics, and more.
1st Digital Video Security - offers digital video recorders and DVR
systems for CCTV and remote surveillance needs.
3R Inc. - manufactures and sells high resolution DVR enabling remote
real-time CCTV surveillance, recording, tracking, and display equipment.
4 Hidden Spy Cameras - offers wireless and CCTV security cameras as
well as counter surveillance equipment including radar jammers and
detectors, phone recorders, voice changers, and more.
A-1 Services Unlimited - offers a variety of video surveillance
A.T.S.I. - maker of video-enhanced microwave equipment, LCD
monitors, armoured video recorders, power supplies, rechargeable
batteries, and more for the military and law enforcement.
The Essential Underground Handbook
A1-Spy - offers cameras and surveillance items including covert
miniature video and audio equipment, bug detectors, and more.
Absolute Spy - offers surveillance equipment and spy tools including
wireless and wired cameras, listening devices, and complete observation
Acode - distributes a line of barcode scanners, portable terminals, and
electronic article surveillance (eas) systems.
ADC Technologies International Pte Ltd - producing building integrated
security and access control systems.
Advanced Home And Business Systems - providing video surveillance
systems, cameras and accessories, alarms systems, home theatre
components, home automation systems, and more.
Advanced Intelligence Spy Shop - sells small, wireless video cameras.
Advanced Spy Equipment - features a variety of spy gadgets, including
hidden cameras, CCTV, voice scramblers, metal detectors, and more.
Advanced Surveillance Technologies, Inc. - AST supplies equipment
and installation for retail clients, law enforcement, residential and remote
observation applications.
Aegis Micro, Inc. - manufacturer of Video Picture On Net (VPON)
remote video web camera servers and CCTV security, surveillance, and
monitoring accessories.
Alba Control Systems Ltd. - manufacturers of closed circuit television,
ccd cameras, access control equipment for industrial & residential use.
All Phase Video Security - offers security equipment including video
multiplexers, monitors, lighting, and cameras.
All Security & Video Inc. - offers security systems, spy cameras, remote
access control, and video surveillance products.
Alpha Systems Lab - designs and manufactures remote video
surveillance and digital recording products for the security industry.
AMC Sales, Inc - electronic surveillance equipment and antisurveillance equipment; free catalog.
The Essential Underground Handbook
American Excel Engineering, Inc. - features wireless color cameras and
night vision products.
Archer Video Systems - manufactures digital video surveillance systems,
integration services, product sales, and remote monitoring features. Serves
Illinois , Michigan , Wisconsin , and Indiana.
ASTEL - offers CCTV products, video amplifiers, switchers, and more.
ATV Research - specializing in CCTV, MATV and SMATV products.
Audio Video Supply - products include video and industrial vision
equipment, security and surveillance, and medical cameras.
AVCOM Wireless Security Cameras - offers wireless security cameras,
baby video monitors, and complete home surveillance systems.
Bartec - making advanced telephone surveillance products for law
Batko - manufacturer of camera housings and CCTV products.
Brewster Alexander - manufactures DVR hardware and remote
software viewing programs for the security industry.
Camera Super Store - source for security and surveillance equipment.
Canal Alarm Devices, Inc. - distributors of CCTV cameras, monitors,
recorders, lenses, and more.
Canwood Products - design and sale of electronic security equipment.
Carisa International - distributors of electronic security equipment to
Latin America and the Caribbean.
CCS International - the real world of spy versus spy, corporate
espionage, counter intelligence, surveillance, and ultra-high tech
detection systems.
CCTV Security Camera - wholesale CCTV, security, cameras, DVR,
spy/covert, Internet, wireless and remote video systems.
The Essential Underground Handbook
CitizenSAFE - sells a variety of products including surveillance systems,
survival kits, weather radios, and more.
Codex Data Systems, Inc. - privacy services and technology; includes
detection advice and equipment.
Control Electronic Security - designs and installs local and international
electronic security systems.
Corner Spy Shop - sells spy video cameras, telephone taps and
recorders, cell phone jammers, room bugging devices, bug detectors,
and more.
Covert Systems Group - offers wireless hidden video camera systems,
GPS vehicle tracking devices, night vision, telephone recording,
countersurveillance equipment, pepper spray, and more. - surveillance equipment includes, cameras,
video, night vision, airborne, antennas, custom surveillance van's, and
Crime Busters 911 - from hidden cameras to bug detectors, phonerecorders to bomb detectors. Surveillance and spy products for a variety
of needs.
CS Technologies
Culligan, Joseph - books, spy cameras, and resources.
Daiwon Optical - manufacturer of lenses for security cameras and
CCTV equipment.
Defense Shop - sells hidden cameras, surveillance equipment, and
phone recorders.
Dell-Star Technologies - manufactures broadcast quality video
transmitters and receivers, and related remote video and surveillance
Delta Scientific - high security vehicle barriers, parking lot equipment
and guard booths.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Denning Electronics - manufacturerer's rep specializing in physical
security equipment, CCTV, peripheral security, and access controls.
Diamond Traffic Products - offering traffic-counting products and
surveillance systems.
DielectroKinetic Laboratories - manufacturer of LifeGuard handheld
Digital Surveillance Solutions, Inc. - provides DVR cards, digital video
surveillance servers, digital CCTV products, and cameras to security
Digital Watchguard - wholesale distributor of video security products
including hidden cameras, night vision equipment, digital video recorders,
and more from major closed circuit television (CCTV) product
Discount Personal Security - offers personal security and surveillance
Discount Security Cameras - camera systems, closed circuit monitors,
timelapse VCRs, multiplexers, and accessories.
Discreet-Surveillance - offering miniature video products including spy,
hidden, and pinhole cameras, as well as nanny cams and video
DocuDrive, Inc. - in-vehicle video surveillance systems for your car or
DPON NetMedia Co. - offers analog security system and DPON digital
Internet system providing real time live video.
DVR - offers remote surveillance systems, digital recording,
video monitoring equipment, and security cameras.
DVR Mart - expertise in DVR systems design, integration, digital
surveillance systems and security products.
DVR Surveillance - specializes in PC based DVR surveillance systems to
remotely monitor a business over the Internet from anywhere.
The Essential Underground Handbook - offers bug detection, night vision, surveillance,
personal protection, and other spy tools.
e-Watch - enterprise wide multimedia surveillance and monitoring
system which is adapted for transmitting MPEG video streams, high
resolution images, and audio signals.
Eagle Net Solution - sells a range of products for security and
surveillance including digital video recorders, network DVRs and cameras,
video servers, and CCTV cameras.
Eagletron - makers of TrackerPod, a robotic pan/tilt mount for
webcams. Comes with TrackerCam artificial intelligence software that
allows remote pan and tilt, surveillance, person tracking, and
Electronic Countermeasures Inc - provides cellular, pager and fax
surveillance monitoring systems to law enforcement and other
investigative agencies world wide.
Electronic Security Warehouse - provider of electronic security and life
safety systems. Specializing in heavy industrial CCTV and covert video.
Elitar Electronic - manufactures CCTV surveillance equipment such as
CCD camera, PTZ dome camera, multiplexer, digital video recorder, IR
products, and more.
Erdman Video Systems - Remote computer controlled video
monitoring. Access camera thru phone lines. Pan/tilt/zoom. Automatic
Internet page update.
EverFocus Electronics Corp - manufacturer of surveillance equipments. - distributors of digital monitoring and recording
systems with remote access capabilities for the Caribbean, South, and
Central America.
Excelsior Services, Inc. - devoted to surveillance and covert (hidden)
video surveillance. Also does process service.
Eye Tech Surveillance - surveillance equipment manufacture and sales,
with world wide mail order. Specialist services and products available; free
advice line.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Federal Security Camera Inc. - offers imitation surveillance cameras
and fake shoplifting sensors.
First Witness Video Surveillance Systems - offers long range wireless
video transmitters for use in hidden camera systems and other covert
video surveillance cameras.
Flaman Security - offers a range of equipment from CCTV cameras to
high-end complete digital surveillance.
FlexWATCH - manufactures network cameras and video servers and
provides TCP/IP-based remote monitoring and surveillance solutions.
Flexwatch Direct - offers network video solutions with products to
remotely view live video using just an Internet web browser.
Formosa Industial Computing, Inc. - manufacturer of remote video web
camera servers and accessories for remote video monitoring and
surveillance applications.
G-Com Technologies - offers cellular, computer, and fax monitoring.
Garden State Fire & Security Alarm Company - provides installation,
service, and monitoring of all types of security and fire alarm products and
General Microdisplay Systems - provides microdisplay systems to
governmental and military agencies.
Get Smart Tech, Inc. - provides surveillance equipment for home,
business, and family security.
Global DVS - specializes in remote video surveillance. installs networks
and CCTVfor residential and commercial buildings.
Global Security Network - electronic security manufacturing and
distribution company field targeted towards the Latin American market.
Global Security Products - offers closed curcuit television, mirrors,
domes, access cards, and more.
Gordon Electronics - video surveillance, CCDs, and other security
system related items.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Great Southern Security - offers counter surveillance and electronic
listening devices. - sells digital video surveillance equipment including
standalone DVR systems, PC-based DVR systems, cameras, accessories,
and more.
Hanlon Security Corporation - remote video surveillance monitoring
systems, equipment, design, installation and service.
Hidden Camera Depot - offers wireless hidden cameras, surveillance
systems, and security cameras.
Hidden Camera Solutions - covert video surveillance and hidden
camera security equipment.
Hidden Video Spy Cameras - offers cameras, monitors, video recorders,
receivers, and systems.
HighCom Security, Inc. - offering CCTV, tactical robots, aviation
security, and military and law enforcement products. Includes products,
pricing, and shipping information.
Hisco-DVR Corp. - manufactures and develops surveillance equipment.
Home Security Surveillance Systems - offering home security and
surveillance systems.
Home Security Wireless Cameras - offers wireless home security
cameras and equipment including indoor/outdoor bullet cams, nanny
cams, and pinhole cameras.
IBT Video Systems - distributes a full line of digital video surveillance
systems and security cameras and hardware.
Intelynx Inc. - offers CCTV cameras, digital video recorders, stand
alone, video capture card, network and server web cameras, and more.
Inter-Pacific - manufacturer and distributor of mobile video systems and
a complete line of digital surveillance equipment.
Intercept Investigations & Spy Technologies - investigator, detective
and information agency. Also sells surveillance, counterfeit detection,
security and countermeasures equipment.
The Essential Underground Handbook
International Police Technologies, Inc. - designs and manufactures
portable in-car video camera systems for law enforcement agencies and
fire departments.
International Security Agency - specializes in selling and installing
surveillance equipment, placing security guards and bodyguards for VIPs,
running theatre screenings, and providing translation services.
International Surveillance Services, LLC - a retailer of spy cameras,
hidden nanny cameras, security, and industrial surveillance equipment.
Intertraff - manufactures webstreaming and video-over-Internet
products for surveillance applications. Also specializes in number plates
recognition and vehicles identification.
Investigators Online - services include people locator, property owner
search, skiptraceing, and background investigation services. Covert
surveillance equipment also available.
iON Digital - digital home securty system.
IQinVision - manufactures programmable megapixel network cameras
producing CMOS images for IP video with wireless ethernet and IQpoet
(power over CAT-5) available.
Isis Surveillance Systems and Equipment Company - sells hidden
cameras; security, police, and audio industrial surveillance video
James E. Fowler & Associates - offers state-of-the-art electronic
surveillance equipment to the law enforcement community.
Just Stop Crime Hidden Cameras - offers surveillance equipment,
hidden cameras, and spy accessories. - sells computer keyboard data logging
devices which can be used to monitor an employee's or child's Internet, email, and chat room activity.
Kinder Guard, LLC - sells covert, wireless, remote, and traditional cctv
equipment and accessories.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Kipp Visual Systems - specializes in commercial video and multimedia
systems and the engineering and integration of large-scale security
Lasco Electronics - sells cameras, security systems, quads, monitors, and
other surveillance equipment.
Laslink - providing telecommunications, surveillance, imaging, and
cargo services with high-altitude airship systems.
LCM Electronics - distributors of hidden cameras and surveillance
Lectrolarm Custom Systems, Inc. - surveillance cameras and
Legato Electronics, Ltd. - manufacturer of modems and digital video
surveillance systems.
Linkwise Technology - designs and manufactures industrial automation
products and video monitoring devices.
Mackman - carries surveillance and spying equipment for individual
and business use.
Marshall Electronics, Inc. - manufacturer of lenses, optics, CCD and
CMOS cameras, video transmitters, and more.
Matco Inc. - offers CCD board, hidden, and wireless cameras, quad
processors, and accessories.
Maximum Security Co. - sells stun guns, tasers, pepper spray, knives,
hidden cameras, and surveillance products.
MCQ Associates, Inc. - products including surveillance and remote
Micro Technology Services, Inc. - offers video surveillance products, as
well as hardware and software design services.
Micro Video Products - offers miniature & wireless video, pinhole video
cameras, and surveillance & spy systems for a variety of security
monitoring purposes.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Microcam Technologies - offers miniature and covert video camera
rentals, sales, and service.
MicroTek - offers micro video transmitters and wireless cameras.
MillionEye.Com - sells digital surveillance equipment, web cam servers,
Internet monitoring cameras, CCTV, network recording security, and
MITEC Special Productc - Surveillance & Security Systems - features
products, services, links, and support information.
Mobile-Vision, Inc. - manufacturer of in-car video systems and tape
management solutions.
MPEG-4 DVR for All - offers hardware compression and software
compression for the web-based or PC-based DVR board.
netZeye - offers digital management surveillance systems and CCD
Neurodynamics Ltd. - working with pattern recognition systems,
advanced digital imaging and surveillance, and biometrics.
Nevada Systems - wide range of cameras, monitors, professional
communications and security equipment.
Ningbo Seko Electronic Co. - manufacturer of video doorphones,
doorbells, and building visual intercom systems. Also offers security
monitors and camera devices.
North American Surveillance - offers wireless, hidden, and spy cameras.
Novex (Canada) Ltd. - offers a high-tech, PC-camera adapter for
remote video surveillance.
NTC Electronics, Inc. - specializes in the design, sales, installation, and
service of closed circuit television (CCTV), card access control, and video
badging systems.
Nutech Engineering - specializes in the engineering and installation of
security and communications equipment, and theater sound and lighting
The Essential Underground Handbook
Orcom - Israeli representative of American manufacturer of electronic
surveillance equipment.
OzVision - developing digital cameras for security applications. - sells hidden cameras and nanny-cams, VCRs, Internet
video, and more.
Panther's Surveillance & Police Supply - offers hidden cameras, law
enforcement batons and holsters, flashlights, and more.
PC Patrol - a hardware and software combination that converts a
home or office PC into a security and surveillance system.
PCSurveillance - specializing in remote video surveillance products,
miniature cameras, quads, multiplexers, and DVR cards.
Philips Communication, Security & Imaging - designs, manufactures,
and supports a broad range of communications and security products
and systems.
Pioneer Security Services, Inc. - authorized First Alert professional security
systems dealer.
Plescon - supplies electromagnetic, radio frequency, self issue, CCTV,
and people counter security solutions for public, academic, school, and
business libraries.
Plus Guard - provides hidden camera and audio bug detection.
Prescient Systems - video surveillance motion detection software.
Records images only when triggered by motion, providing time stamped
video files. Includes E-mail, pager, FTP, and sound notification.
Preston Video & Electronics - offering surveillance and security
equipment as well as satellite systems.
Privacy Connection, The - security and surveillance products and
services including bug detection and sweeps, hidden video cameras,
and audio equipment.
Privacy Electronics - wiretap and bug detection sweeps and
The Essential Underground Handbook
Private Eye Enterprises, Inc. - tape recorders, mini cameras, phone
security, nanny cams, investigative books and videos, and much more.
PriVID Eye Systems Corporation - makers of RemoteVision and
HiddenVision systems.
Pro Security Warehouse - supplies name brand security equipment
including CCTV cameras, surveillance systems, digital video recorders,
and access control equipment.
Pro-Max Security Systems - manufactures CCTV security cameras,
remote digital video recorders, and other products for personal and
professional security system needs.
Probe Cam - specializes in video cameras for tactical surveillance, law
enforcement, and search and rescue.
Progressive Systems LLC - designs, manufactures, and installs
customized network and Internet digital video surveillance systems
Protection One - specializes in security and alarm systems with pager
notification, medical emergency and more for homes and businesses.
Q5, Inc. - offers spy and debugging equipment including hidden
cameras, telephone recorders, night vision binoculars, covert cameras,
and investigation books.
QuikStor - offers self-storage management software, access control,
video surveillance, wireless door alarm security, and automatic rent
Relco Sales Company - manufacturers agent and distributor of covert
audio and video equipment, closed circuit video, two-way radio
equipment, tire deflation devices and more.
Reliable Chimes - offering cameras, recorders, and alarms.
Rock House Products - offering video surveillance equipment including
CCD, color, ultra miniature board, hidden smoke detector and hidden
clock cameras and time lapse VCR recording.
RuMe Corporation - distributor of refurbished EAS equipment.
The Essential Underground Handbook
S J Development - features computer video phone systems.
Safe Security, Inc.
Safety Vision - designer and manufacturer of closed circuit television
cameras (CCTV) and digital video surveillance equipment.
SafetyNet-Security - store for personal security and surveillance
Sea View - offers underwater cameras, video surveillance equipment,
and security cameras for home and commercial use.
Search Systems Incorporated - designs and manufactures technical
search, surveillance, and inspection systems. - develops hardware and software for remote
presence viewing and monitoring.
Security Haus, The - sells surveillance cameras and alarm equipment for
home and business security system needs.
Security Labs - full featured video surveillance recorder designed for
commercial and home use. Can be set to record continuously or as
events occur.
Security Products Inc. - specializing in sensor and video security
products including cameras, monitors, multiplexers, switchers, and article
theft protection. - offers a variety of video observation and
surveillance based security solutions, including cameras, monitors,
accessories, and more. - distributor of security cameras and CCTV
equipment. - offering a variety of professional security
Segutronic Int'l - video recording system for banking transactions,
electronic cash protection, CCTV, and more.
Self Defense Depot - sells stun guns, hidden cameras, spy equipment,
and other personal protection, self defense, and surveillance products.
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Sentech EAS Corporation - manufacturer and worldwide distributor of
Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) systems, tags and accessories.
Sentry Security Systems - offers video surveillance systems, digital
security cameras, and PC based CCTV. - offers a range of concealed and wireless camera and video
Shield Security Systems - offers home systems through business
Shryock Communications - manufacturer of advanced
enforcement surveillance equipment including in-car video systems.
Sitter Observation Systems - sells covert Nanny-Cam-style wired and
wireless hidden camera surveillance systems.
Skyquest Aviation - suppliers of specialist airbourne surveillance
equipment inculding Moving Map Systems, ruggedised video recorders,
microwave link equipment, and more.
Skyway Security - offers remote video surveillance systems, digital
recording, security camera equipment, and security cameras.
SmartSource Inc. - sells digital surveillance systems offering Internet
connections for remote management options, video streaming, and
Special Electronic Security Products Ltd. - design and manufacture
surveillance and counter surveillance equipment and systems.
SpectraTek Corporation - manufactures micro-electronic surveillance
equipment for law enforcement and government agencies.
Spectronic Denmark - offers electronic surveillance equipment for law
enforcement and intelligence agencies, specializing in wired and wireless
audio surveillance, fax and telephone monitoring.
Spy Base - state of the art surveillance and anti-surveillance equipment.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Spy Cam Surveillance Equipment - offering a range of items including
hidden cameras, tools, phone recording, and counter surveillance
Spy Camera Specialists, Inc - offers a variety of do-it-your-self video
surveillance systems.
Spy Cameras and Spy Equipment - sells wireless and hidden video
cameras, CCTV security equipment, and phone recorders.
Spy Centre - offering hidden cameras, tape recorders, wireless video,
nanny cameras, phone line video, and more.
Spy Chest - specializes in spy and surveillance equipment including
pinhole, nanny, and spy cameras, telephone and DVR recorders, and
parabolic microphones.
Spy Company - Spy store. Same day worldwide shipping, secure online
catalog. Surveillance equipment, pinhole video cameras, privacy theft
personal protection, bug detectors, lock picking, and more.
Spy Connection - offers competitive prices on cameras and specialty
Spy Country - supplier of spy surveillance equipment, hidden cameras,
and personal security items.
Spy Exchange - electronic products for investigation, security, privacy,
bug and wiretap detection, surveillance, and self defense.
Spy Gear - offers hidden cameras and other spy gear for home and
commercial use, including nanny cams, wireless remote cameras, and
surveillance video equipment.
Spy Guys Discount Catalog - surveillance, spy, counter-spy, crime
prevention and detection products.
Spy King - offers surveillance and security products including personal
protection, cameras/CCTVs, locksmith tools, voice changers, two way
radios, and more.
Spy Link International, Inc - offering surveillance products including
hidden cameras, video glasses, and closed circuit televisions.
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Spy Marketplace - offers hidden video cameras, nanny cameras, night
vision scopes, and audio counter-surveillance equipment.
Spy Pros, The - offers hidden cameras, nanny cams, bug detectors,
surveillance systems, spy equipment, and room and phone recorders.
Spy Shop International - sells covert video and audio spy and
surveillance equipment online.
Spy Shops International, Inc.
Spy Store, Inc., The - selection of covert wireless video and audio
surveillance, security, and loss prevention equipment.
Spy Stuff - night vision optics, audio/video surveillance equipment,
listening devices and more.
Spy Tech Agency - featuring surveillance, intelligence, TSCM, security,
and law enforcement products and publications. Global Intelligence
Technology including design, manufacturing, sales, and rentals.
Spy USA - offers high tech surveillance and counter surveillance
Spy Wholesaler - manufacturers of covert/spy video cameras. Sells to
retailers and the public.
Spy Yard - featuring pepper spray, night vision, hidden and wireless
cameras, bug and tap detection, and stun guns.
Spy-City - offers counter surveillance, bug detection equipment, and
general information.
Spy-Mall - sells hidden, pinhole, and wireless cameras as well as other
spy gear items.
Spy-Tech - surveillance equipment. - sells nanny cams, covert cameras, surveillance
equipment, spying, and wireless video security systems.
SpyLab - source for video, telephone, and general security; including
body armor, radios, and safety devices.
The Essential Underground Handbook - specializes in surveillance, hidden video, and privacy
assurance devices.
SpyShop World - sells audio and video spy and surveillance equipment
including telephone recorders, room bugs, and covert cameras.
Spysite! - American Innovations, Inc. - surveillance and security
equipment. - offers GPS vehicle tracking device systems, phone
recorders, nanny-cams, wireless hidden cameras, and more.
Spysonic, Inc. - offers a varity of security cameras including hidden
cameras, surveillance cameras, CCTV, and surveillance equipment for
home and office.
Spytronix Spy Cameras - offers video surveillance equipment including
hidden spy cameras, nanny cams, telephone recorders, and countersurveillance products. - specializing in covert and wireless security cameras and
related security products.
Spyworld - specializing in privacy, asset protection, financial privacy,
surveillance equipment, offshore banking, Swiss banking, offshore
corporations, spy equipment, telephone security, encryption.
StarTech Outlet - sells spy gadgets, security software, observation
systems, and surveillance books, cameras, and equipment.
Supercircuits - offers microvideo security and surveillance equipment.
Surveillance Equipment [] - manufactures
surveillance equipment, remote video systems, hidden cameras, audio
devices, and spy cameras.
Surveillance Solutions - offers spy camaras, security systems, and
privacy assurance devices.
Surveillance Specialties, Inc - manufacturing electronic surveillance
bugging equipment.
The Essential Underground Handbook
Surveillance Specialties, Ltd. - specializing in covert and overt CCTV
systems, access control systems, and other aspects of electronic
Surveillance Technologies - offers wireless cameras, remote surveillance
systems, digital video recorders, and more. - Dallas based company that sells and installs
custom covert, digital, or remote surveillance systems.
Sutter Companies - Sell, install, and service video camea and
surveillance systems.
SwitchDoctor, The - offers hi-tech security video/CCTV including wireless
systems, computer based surveillance, video repeater, and more. - offers security alarms, surveillance equipment,
and CCTV systems as well as installation support services.
TBO-TECH - offers stun guns, pepper sprays, tasers, spy and surveillance
equipment, as well as other self defense and personal protection
Teletron Ltd. - providing electronic surveillance solutions, particularly in
the area of voice and facsimile monitoring and recording.
TEMP-AIR - provides portable, temporary heating and cooling for
construction sites, temporary video job site surveillance security, and nonchemical pest control (thermal remediation).
ThirdEye - turns PCs into digital surveillance systems enabling the remote
monitoring of home and building with DVR and data compression
Top Secret Spy Devices - offers security, countermeasure, surveillance,
and intelligence gathering equipment for civilian and law enforcement
Tracer Technology - offers surveillance and counter-surveillance
equipment and tactical military and police gear.
Trango Systems, Inc. - manufacturer of wireless video systems and video
transmitters for remote video and remote surveillance.
The Essential Underground Handbook - offers circuit surveillance and digital video recorder
systems, rackmount computer servers, PC components, and more.
Tyco Fire & Security Video Systems - designs, manufactures, services,
and supports video based security, surveillance, and productivity solutions
under the brands of American Dynamics and Robot.
U R Busted, Inc. - offering surveillance devices including personal,
corporate, and nanny cams. Also offers digital vehicle GPS tracking
systems. - performs people-finding and background check
services. Also sells portable drug testing devices and hidden cameras.
Vellyn Store - sells stun guns, pepper spray, home protection products,
spy and surveillance equipment, and child safety products.
Verint Systems - develops intelligent digital voice, video, and data
recording and content management applications for the security,
surveillance, law enforcement, and contact center markets.
Versus Technology - designs and manufactures automated
identification and tracking systems using infrared technology.
Video Domain Technologies Ltd. - digital video and audio, CCTV and
remote surveillance products for the security market.
Video Spy Shop - sells covert, miniature video cameras for use inside
mobile phones and clocks as well as wireless video systems, security
surveillance devices, and more. - offers a guide to video surveillance
Videotronix Inc - security and image systems integrators. - offering video surveillance equipment and test and
measurement items including spectrum and network analyzers,
oscilloscopes, and more.
Viking International - provides professional telephone surveillance
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Viscom Products (AMEX:DVS) - offers electronic security and
surveillance systems.
Visionary Solutions Incorporated - customized video cameras,
components and technology licenses.
Visual Data - provides cameras systems for the industrial, security,
machine vision, Internet and general surveillance applications.
Visual Zoom - specializes in turnkey video monitoring systems.
Watchful Eye - supplier of hidden video cameras and wireless
transmitters for nanny and other surveillance requirements.
Watchnet DVR - manufacturer of surveillance equipment including
digital video recorders and closed-circuit television cameras.
Wholesale Security - offers hidden spy cameras, home
security systems, video surveillance equipment, night vision cameras,
telephone recorders, and other surveillance systems.
Wireless Security Direct To You - sells home security systems, zone
alarms, wireless alarms, and other home automation products.
X-10 - designs, develops, manufactures and markets a wide variety of
home automation, home security and home entertainment products.
Xipix - manufactures network based surveillance, archiving, and
programmable control devices.
Xlent Technology, Inc. - offers web-based embedded video network
servers and cameras for digital real-time streaming using advanced
audio/video codecs for conferencing, surveillence, security, and
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter Six
“Good communication is as stimulating as black coffee and just as hard
to sleep after” Anne Morrow Lindbergh, 'Gift From the Sea'.
Communication is the lifeblood of the modern world. We all need to
communicate with other people, whether they are next door, in the next
city or on the other side of the world. These days though, it is often difficult
to know if our communications are as private as we would want them to
be. The information in the following pages will help you to keep your
communications private.
The Essential Underground Handbook
1. How to set up telephone numbers in practically every
city in the world.
Having a phone / fax number in another city can be very useful. Whether
you are trying to hide your tracks or attempting to assert your business
presence in another country, this is a valuable tool to have up your sleeve.
There are several companies around that offer this service. We will look at
a couple of them and explain how the service works.
jConnect (formerly jFax), is a company based in Hollywood, CA. that
offers a variety of communication services. (
The useful service from our perspective here is called ‘jConnect Premier’.
At the time of writing, this service costs $15 per month. It includes the
following features –
Local or toll free number
Use a jConnect number to unify and manage your
communications: create a virtual office, receive voicemail and
faxes in your email, and establish a local presence in over 1000
cities across the world (or get a US toll-free number for nationwide
jConnect Voice Conferencing
Conference calling with all the bells and whistles you need. In a few
simple steps, you can set up your own conference call.
Access all your communications via phone, including email,
voicemail and fax headers. Reply to an email with a voice message
and forward faxes to the nearest fax machine.
Send and Receive Faxes
Receive faxes in your email inbox — easily forward faxes via email,
and store faxes on your PC. Send a fax from your email, the web, or
a Palm VII organizer — to one person or broadcast to a group.
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Send and Receive Voicemail
Receive voice messages via email — listen to them over your
computer speakers, and store them in your email. Record your
message and send it as an email attachment — to one person or
broadcast to a group.
There are hundreds of US cities covered by this service, and many cities
elsewhere in the world. The worldwide locations as at the time of writing
are listed here for your convenience (There are too many US locations to
list here!!!)
Aachen (+49 241)
Amsterdam (+31 20)
Augsburg (+49 821)
Berlin (+49 30)
Bochum (+49 234)
Braunschweig (+49 531)
Bremen (+49 421)
Brussels (+32 2)
Dortmund (+49 231)
Dresden (+49 351)
Dublin (+353 1)
Duisburg (+49 203)
Dusseldorf (+49 211)
Essen (+49 201)
Flensburg (+49 461)
Frankfurt (+49 69)
Halle (+49 345)
Hamburg (+49 40)
Hannover (+49 511)
Helsinki (+358 9)
Karlsruhe (+49 721)
Kassel (+49 561)
Kiel (+49 431)
Koln (+49 221)
Leipzig (+49 341)
London (+44 20)
Ludwigshafen (+49 621)
Magdeburg (+49 391)
The Essential Underground Handbook
Mainz (+49 6131)
Mannheim (+49 621)
Milan (+39 02)
Munich (+49 89)
Nuremberg (+49 911)
Oldenburg (+49 441)
Paris (+33 1)
Regensburg (+49 941)
Rostock (+49 381)
Saarbrucken (+49 681)
Salzgitter (+49 5341)
Schwerin (+49 385)
Stuttgart (+49 711)
Sylt (+49 4651)
UK (+44 845)
Ulm (+49 731)
Wiesbaden (+49 611)
Wolfsburg (+49 5361)
Wurzburg (+49 931)
Zurich (+41 1)
Asia / Pacific
Auckland (+64 9)
Brisbane (+61 7)
Hong Kong (+852 30)
Melbourne (+61 3)
Osaka (+81 6)
Perth (+61 8)
Sydney (+61 2)
Tokyo (+81 3)
Latin / South America
Bogota (+57 1)
Buenos Aires (+54 11)
Mexico City (+52 55)
Santiago (+56 2)
As you can see there are plenty of locations around the world that this
service can be used in. You can tell your customers / business associates
that you have an office in London, Hong Kong, Milan etc. and give them
the number to prove it! They can call the number and leave messages.
The Essential Underground Handbook
This is certainly the lowest cost way I’ve ever found to give your
organisation an international presence.
eFax offers a similar service to jConnect, except it only works with faxes
( If faxes are important to your business then the
faxing capabilities of jFax are superior to those offered by jConnect, and
they have the same sort of presence in over 1000 countries worldwide.
The service is slightly cheaper than jConnect too – at the time of writing it
was $12.95 per month. It doesn’t offer phone services though, so if you
need those you’ll need to go for jConnect.
Incidentally, if it’s still there when you read this, take a look at “A Tale of
Two Faxes” on the eFax page. This is the worst animation I’ve seen in a
long time – I can’t find the words to describe it… (Don’t let that put you off
the service though!)
The Essential Underground Handbook
2. How to Get Cheap Telephone and Fax Calls
If you regularly need to make calls or send faxes to people outside your
country, then the costs soon start to get quite high. Thanks to the latest
communication technology though, this needn’t be the case. The
increasing prevalence of high speed internet lines and standardised
compression algorithms have led to a situation where voice and fax calls
can now be routed over the internet. In case you’re interested, heres a
very basic overview of how it works. You make a call from your normal fax
or telephone and the signal goes to the phone company, off to another
specialist company who convert the signal to compressed data and route
the call over the Internet to another country. In the other country the
process happens in reverse – the data is uncompressed and fed into the
normal phone lines where the person / fax machine you are
communicating with would be completely unaware that the signal had
travelled across the internet instead of across the standard phone
company communication networks. Here’s a little diagram:
This technology is known as Voice Over IP or VOIP. So, what’s the point of
all this routing the call over the Internet malarkey then? Well basically it’s
cheap. The companies that offer VOIP services to make calls to different
countries can do so at a fraction of the cost of the telephone companies
using their standard networks.
Here are some sample rates for
communications service company:
The Essential Underground Handbook
US > China $0.089
US > Philippines $0.169
US > Australia $0.069
US > Brazil $0.149
US > Germany $0.069
US > France $0.069
US > Argentina $0.149
US > Mexico $0.190
Compared with standard international rates, I think you’ll agree, these are
So, how do you make VOIP calls?
Most companies that offer VOIP services work in the same way. You sign
up with them on the internet and then whenever you make a call you first
dial their toll free number and then when prompted just enter the
international number you want to dial. It’s as easy as that. Your call is
automatically charged at the lower VOIP rate, and you can talk to
someone on the other side of the world for as long as you like without
worrying about the cost of the call! With most providers, you don’t need a
special phone or any other equipment to make VOIP calls – just your
standard phone connected to your standard phone line. Alternatively,
you can hook specialist equipment up to your computer and in some
cases get even cheaper calls that way.
You can find VOIP providers by doing a web search on google, but here
are the best ones we’ve used – these providers are both cheap and
Phone to Phone Providers offers a reseller option as well as top notch phone to phone
and pc to phone services
The Essential Underground Handbook
Internet to Phone Providers offers visitors a great solution with their PC-to-Phone
service. I use PC-to-Phone to call friends in Europe from my computer and
have never paid more than 7 cents/minute. I've listed some example
rates to the right... The number for Italy is pretty much standard as far as
cost for their VoIP calls to continental Europe phones. (Cell phones can
be a bit more, but still cheap.). I am currently signed up for their call
Europe plan, and calling from my computer to anywhere in Europe is only
4 cents/minute! lets you "Call Any Telephone, Anywhere In The World"
Their user interface is very easy to use. You just enter a number and click
"DIAL." You can call any regular telephone, anywhere in the world, from
your PC. Net2Phone has some of the best calling rates available.
The Essential Underground Handbook
3. How to Surf the Internet Anonymously using Proxy
Proxy Servers
A proxy server is a buffer between your computer and the Internet
resources you are accessing. Proxy servers accumulate and save files that
are most often requested by Internet users in a special database, called a
cache. Therefore, proxy servers are often able to increase the perceived
speed of your connection to the Internet. The cache of a proxy server
may already contain information you need by the time of your request,
making it possible for the proxy to deliver it immediately. The overall
increase in performance may be very high. Proxy servers can also help in
cases when some owners of the Internet resources impose some
restrictions on users from certain countries or geographical regions. In
addition to that, some proxy servers are ‘anonymous proxy servers’. These
hide your IP address from the sites and servers you are connecting to,
thereby saving you from the vulnerabilities associated with giving out your
IP address.
Anonymous Proxy Servers
Anonymous proxy servers hide your IP address and thereby help prevent
unauthorized access to your computer through the Internet. They do not
provide anyone with your IP address and effectively hide any information
about you and your reading interests. Besides that, they don’t even let
anyone know that you are surfing through a proxy server. Anonymous
proxy servers can be used for all kinds of Web-services, such as Web-Mail
(MSN Hot Mail, Yahoo mail), web-chat rooms, FTP archives, etc.
There are various sources of proxies on the Internet. E.g.,
where ‘a huge list of public proxies has been compiled’.
Why Should You Use Anonymous Proxy Servers?
Any web resource you access can gather personal information about you
through your unique IP address – your ID in the Internet. They can monitor
your reading interests, spy upon you and, according to some policies of
the Internet resources, deny you access to any information you might
need. You might become a target for many marketers and advertising
agencies who, having information about your interests and knowing your
IP address as well as your e-mail, will be able to send you regularly their
spam and junk e-mails.
The Essential Underground Handbook
A web site can automatically exploit security holes in your system using
not-very-complex, ready-made, free hacking programs. Some such
programs may just hang your machine, making you reboot it, but other,
more powerful ones, can get access to the content of your hard drive or
RAM. The only thing a hacker or other malicious intruder may need in
order to mount such an attack on your system is the IP address.
The Solution
Using an anonymous proxy server you don’t give anybody chance to find
out your IP address to use it in their own interests. There are two main ways
to solve your IP problem:
1. Pay proxies – there are several of these available. A good one we
would recommend is Anonymizer - a pay proxy server with plenty of
features. Effective for personal use, when your Internet activities are not
involved in very active surfing, web site development, mass form
submitting, etc. In short, Anonymizer is the best solution for most of Internet
users. Ultimate protection of privacy - nobody can find out where you are
surfing. Blocks all methods of tracking. URL Encryption protects you from
your own ISP. Web Based - does not require any program installation or a
configuration on your computer.
2. Using free or pay proxies manually. You can simply enter the details of
a known proxy server into your internet browser. In Internet Explorer this is
entered in the connections section of the Internet Explorer settings dialog
in the following way :
The Essential Underground Handbook
You can find proxy server lists at the following sites :
Multi Proxy
Proxy Mania
All Proxies
There are several others too – as always, do a search on google to find
what you want!
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How to route your anonymous Internet connection through multiple
Why would you want to do this? Well basically it makes it much harder for
anyone to track down your Internet connection. By making sure your
Internet connection runs through a chain of proxy servers in multiple
jurisdictions, you can make it extremely difficult to track your connections
back to your computer.
How do you do it? Quite simple – we alluded to it in the sentence just
above. Basically you need to set up a ‘proxy chain’ – this is a list of proxy
servers that your internet connection is routed through before it gets to it’s
destination – think postal depots and you’ll have the general idea.
There are several pieces of software out there to set up and use proxy
One of the best of these is the ‘Anonymity 4 Proxy’ package available
from -
This has built in proxy checking and several other features to ensure your
The Essential Underground Handbook
Chapter Seven
Computer Security
Right – lets get this out of the way – hacking is bad – it’s illegal and we
don’t condone it. The tools and techniques described in this section of the
book are intended to demonstrate how easy it is for even a fairly
inexperienced person to gain access to computer systems and data that
they shouldn’t be anywhere near… We hope this information will instil in
the reader a healthy sense of paranoia concerning the computer systems
they have dealings with in their day-to-day life!
Of course, an
unscrupulous person could use the information found herein for malicious
purposes, but that is not its published intent.
The Essential Underground Handbook
1. Introduction
We decided to lay this section out in the following way. First we are going
to do a simple hacking walkthrough to throw you in at the (not too) deep
end – this is something you could do yourself right now if you were so
inclined, with any windows based computer connected to the internet
and get instant access to other users systems and data. After that, we are
going to discuss a couple of automated hacking tools that are available
for free on the Internet. Finally, we’ll give you a list of computer security
tools and resources available from various places. This is not designed to
be a complete guide to hacking / computer security. It is meant to
demonstrate some of the basics and give you the inspiration to find out
more. Often the best place to find out about the latest exploits and
system vulnerabilities is on the Internet, due to the rapidly changing nature
of the Internet and computer systems.
The Essential Underground Handbook
2. A Basic Hacking Walkthrough
Right then lets get started. I don’t know how much experience you have
with the windows operating system, but if you’ve used it much at all then
you’ve probably set up a shared folder at some point. Shared folders are
easy to set up on windows. In fact, you might say too easy to set up… To
be fair, Microsoft have tightened up security a little on their Windows XP
and 2003 Server products, but it is still easy for home users with XP to share
folders if they select a couple of options and answer yes to a couple of
warning dialog boxes without really understanding what they are getting
themselves in for.
Anyway, when you share a folder on windows, you have set up what is a
called a NETBIOS share. Anyone out there who understands how this works
may want to skip the next section. For those of you have don’t have much
experience in this sort of thing though, lets look at an example.
A network administrator has been asked to share some files on the
‘Accounts’ folder on a server. He goes into windows explorer on a
windows 2000 box, right clicks on the C drive and selects ‘Sharing’. A
window pops up as below, showing that this folder is not shared yet (NB
this is a Windows 2000 server machine, but other windows OS’s work in
pretty much the same way).
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So our hapless administrator selects the ‘Share this folder’ radio button.
Windows helpfully fills out the data as below, suggesting a name for the
share that is the same as the name for the folder – sounds reasonable.
Then our administrator clicks ‘OK’. This is what a lot of people do. I’ve
worked in IT for over 15 years and trust me people really do this.
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If our administrator had taken the time to click on the permissions button
then he would have got the window below, which shows him that
‘Everyone’ has permissions to access this share, and moreover, ‘Everyone’
has ‘Full Control’ over the share.
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Hmm. Nice one Microsoft…
So now, our administrator sends an email to everyone in Accounts telling
them that they can access the shared folder ‘Accounts’ by navigating to
the server in windows explorer, mapping the drive, or by typing the
following link in their windows explorer address bar:
What our administrator probably doesn’t realise is that if he replaces the
name of the server with the IP address of the server then that still works (in
case you don’t know, an IP address is a number that identifies a computer
on a network)
So for example if the IP address of server1 was then everyone
on the network could access this folder by typing the following into the
windows explorer address bar:
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Fine. So this isn’t really a problem – only people on the local network can
access this folder. Well that’s true, unless the network is connected to the
Internet. Then things can get a whole lot more interesting. On most
corporate networks, firewalls are in place to stop NETBIOS shares being
accessible from the Internet. For many small business networks and home
users though, this isn’t the case. Many of these types of users have shared
folders on their computers that are directly accessible from the Internet.
All a hacker needs to do is to find these open shares and then err... No,
actually, there is nothing else. That’s all he needs to do!
Right then, lets think about this from a hackers perspective. How are we
going to find open NETBIOS shares on the Internet? First, we need an IP
range that we can scan through. Finding an IP range is pretty easy. These
are often detailed on ISP sites or perhaps we can scan a range around
any IP address that we know exists (the IP address of someone’s ADSL line
etc.). If we are really desperate and can’t find an IP range to use, we
could use our own external IP if we are on broadband as a starting point,
but this is pretty desperate. (If we didn’t know our external IP address, we
could point our browser at something like this:
Which will tell us our IP address - there are loads of these on the Internet –
type ‘what’s my IP’ into google
Right then. Now we have a starting address – say for example it’s
Lets start at the next address block –
We could now go into windows explorer and type the following into the
address bar in windows explorer:
And hit enter and wait for a bit…
If we get a timeout error, then we know there is nothing at this address
and we can carry on – if we are lucky we’ll get something like this (going
back to our earlier example)
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This method would work, but it would also take ages. There must be an
easier way… Well, it just happens that there is. There are several tools out
there to automate NETBIOS scans across IP ranges. We are going to look
at a popular shareware package called Legion. Legion can be
downloaded from various places on the net (do a search on ‘legion
NetBIOS’ in google).
Once we’ve downloaded and installed the program, we can start it up
and we get an interface like this –
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Basically we just need to set our connection speed, enter a start IP and an
end IP and hit the start button – Legion will scan the IP range for us and
report back any open NETBIOS shares. There is also an option with this tool
to try to get into any password protected shares – we won’t go into that
here – it is very time consuming and typically we don’t need to do it as
there are enough open shares out there to keep us occupied. We don’t
want to make the IP range too big here otherwise it will take ages to scan.
We would probably scan the same IP range a few times on different days
and at different times of the day – a lot of people don’t leave their
machines on all the time, and we won’t pick anything up if the machine is
turned off.
When this completes, and as long as we have picked a decent IP range,
we will get a list of shares that we can open. The easiest way to open
these shares is to copy the share path from the Legion window and paste
it into the windows explorer address bar. Then we can open the share,
browse the files and copy them at will to our own machine for whatever
purpose we wish. If we have access to the C: drive then we can put files
into the start-up path to run our own programs on the users computer
when they next start it up.
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There – we could now have access to a number of remote computers on
the Internet. So what are we going to do now we have this access?
Typically hackers use ‘compromised’ machines in a number of ways –
To perform denial of service attacks on the remote computer –
making the computer unusable
To steal files and data from the remote computer – typical targets
on windows machines are outlook / outlook express data files, Word
documents, Excel files etc. Basically anything that could have useful
or lucrative information in.
To send spam emails from the remote computer
To use the computer as a base for hacking other, possibly more
lucrative, targets
Right that’s it for our simple walkthrough. I hope that proved how easy it
could be to gain access to other people’s computers – or your computer
if you’re not careful!
The Essential Underground Handbook
3. Automated Hacking Tools
In this section we are going to describe two general-purpose hacking
tools that are in fairly widespread use amongst the hacking community.
These tools are BackOrifice 2000 and SubSeven.
BackOrifice 2000
This is probably still the most well known hacking tool available for
windows, although it is now getting slightly long in the tooth. It is billed as a
remote windows administration tool, and allows a hacker to gain a high
level of control over a system, including the ability to reboot the system,
modify the registry, view passwords, start programs, transfer files and much
more besides. You can download the program files for this tool from the
Internet – see the tools and resource section later, or try typing ‘Back
Orifice 2000’ into google.
Once you have downloaded and installed BackOrifice 2000 (BO2K), there
are a few steps you need to go through to get the software working. (This
assumes you have version 1.0 of BO2K that has a configuration wizard – if
not, the steps are very similar without the wizard)
Configure the Server
In this context, ‘Server’ means the program that goes on the target
You need to customise this program. First, make a copy of the bo2k.exe
file that is installed in the program directory – call it anything you want as
long as it has an exe extension. Then run the BO2K Configuration Tool from
the start menu. This starts the BO2K configuration wizard. Click next and
choose the file you copied.
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Click next, make sure TCPIO networking is selected, type in any port
number above 1024 and below 65535
Click next; choose 3DES unless you have the non-US version in which case
you can only choose XOR, and then click next again. Enter a password,
and then finish the wizard. This will write the program file to disk in the
same folder you picked it up from.
If you want to make any more specific changes then you can load the
program into the Configuration Tool and make these changes now –
otherwise, you can exit the configuration tool.
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Install the Server
The server needs to run on the target machine. If you were really hacking,
you would have to put it there surreptitiously (over a NETBIOS share into a
start-up folder, or some other way…). For now, just to test (You’re not really
hacking are you? That would be illegal!!!), you can just copy the machine
to the server (or leave it on this machine), and run it.
Start Up The Client
Now start the client program by running ‘BO2K Client’ from the start menu.
It should open, and maximize itself. Now you need to create a new server
connection. Click on the computer icon on the left hand side of the server
list window at the bottom.
Enter a name for he server (doesn't matter what it is). Type in the IP
address and port of the server in the following format –
(replacing the IP ( with the actual IP of the machine you are
connecting to and the port (6666) with the port you entered earlier. Leave
the other settings to their defaults and hit OK.
One you've hit OK, the server command client pops up for this server. You
can minimize and restore the server command client by double-clicking
the server name in the server list box at the bottom.
Connect To The Server
Hit the 'Connect' button on the Server Command Client. It should display
the version number of the server it has connected to in the output window
at the bottom of the command client. Once connected, select
commands out of the 'Server Commands' tree control. When you choose
a command, the parameters for the command will appear in the right of
the box. Some parameters are optional, as indicated by either brackets [],
or opt). All other parameters must be entered.
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Right then, so now you’ve got pretty much complete control over this
machine… Not too difficult is it? Right, next.
Next we are going to look at a similar program called SubSeven. This is
more widely used than Back Orifice, presumably as it is more stable and
offers greater functionality. You can find this program easily enough on
the internet – see the Tools and Resources section later, or search on
google for ‘SubSeven’.
Once the zip file for this program is downloaded, you can extract the files,
and you should get the following files –
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I’m not going to go into detail on this one – you can read the tutorial,
which gives you all the information you need. In terms of the overall
system architecture it works in a broadly similar way to Back Orifice, with a
server configuration tool, server that runs on the target machine and a
client that runs on your machine. At first the interface will feel a bit weird
as it is not built to a standard windows style, but don’t let that put you off –
it has loads of features and is well worth having a look at.
The Essential Underground Handbook
4. Tools and Resources
Anti-Hacking White Papers
It papers, the White Paper Search Engine, links to papers on anti-hacking
security issues and other IT topics. Quick, logical, free searches.
AntiOnline - Computer Security
AntiOnline's mission is to educate users about computer security related
Astalavista search engine for computer security related material
Attrition is an eclectic collection of Internet and computer security
Cult of the Dead Cow
Offers team background, tools and BackOrifice downloads, and news
Def Con
The largest hacker convention in the US. This site holds past speeches,
video, archives, and updates on the next upcoming show as well as links
Hack Canada
Hack Canada: The source for Canadian hacking, phreaking, freedom,
privacy, and related information.
Hackers - teaching the world the ethics of true hackers and of
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Hackers Home Page
Huge on-line catalogue dedicated to the serious phone phreaker, casino
cheater, fruit machine beater, DSS and cable TV user, gambling hacker,
magnetic stripe hacker, and electronics enthusiast.
Hacking Exposed
The Hacking Exposed Official Companion Web Site
L0pht Heavy Industries
The L0pht is a collaborative group of white hat hackers who publish fulldisclosure advisories, usually including demonstration exploits.
Hacking, cracking and security exploits.
The Happy Hacker
Guides to (Mostly) Harmless Hacking. Focus is mainly on Windows 95 and
98. Some mention of Windows NT.

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