Closing Address Marcos Pontes

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Closing Address Marcos Pontes
Closing Address
Marcos Pontes
Astronaut, Brazilian Space Agency
2
LOOKING TO THE FUTURE
Marcos Pontes, M.Sc.
Astronaut
www.marcospontes.com.br
PART I
YES! IT’S POSSIBLE!
Before looking to the future, it is necessary
to think about the past and realize that
dreams really can become reality!
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F-15
F-16
MIG-29
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F-18
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REENTRY PHASE – TOO HOT!
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PART II – PRESENT DAY…
THE EVER CHANGING SCENARIO
Evolution of
Organizations,
Technology and
Human beings.
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Past
Hard Work
Success
Opportunities
Challenges
Efficiency
Competence
Motivation
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Persistence
Goals
Adapting
Learning
Opportunities
Present
Questioning
Possibilities
Ever-changing scenario
Beliefs
Habits
Human
Problems
Analysis
Decisions
Possibilities
Present
Organization
Infrastructure
Culture
Lessons
Future
PART III – AND… THE FUTURE!
POSSIBILITIES, CHALLENGES &
OPPORTUNITIES
Looking to the Future:
What will the future
bring with it?
This is a too broad
subject!
Focus on aerospace
sector
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Past
Hard Work
Success
Opportunities
Challenges
Efficiency
Competence
Motivation
www.marcospontes.com.br
Persistence
Goals
Adapting
Learning
Opportunities
Present
Questioning
Possibilities
Ever-changing scenario
Beliefs
Habits
Human
Problems
Analysis
Decisions
Possibilities
Present
Organization
Infrastructure
Culture
Lessons
Future
Some Possibilities
•
Space Tourism
•
Space Exploration
•
High altitude/speed air transport
•
Big & Heavy air transportation
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Past
Hard Work
Success
Opportunities
Challenges
Efficiency
Competence
Motivation
www.marcospontes.com.br
Persistence
Goals
Adapting
Learning
Opportunities
Present
Questioning
Possibilities
Ever-changing scenario
Beliefs
Habits
Human
Problems
Analysis
Decisions
Possibilities
Present
Organization
Infrastructure
Culture
Lessons
Future
Some Challenges (focus on
safety and mission ops)
•
Environment
•
Legislation
•
Technology
Close Look
•
Human Factor
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“Improved” Systems:
•
•
•
Need new infrastructure
o
Airports / Spaceports
o
Air Traffic Control
o
Ground Support
o
Tools, etc.
Need innovations
o
Materials
o
Processes, etc.
Need new operations
Close Look
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New Systems Also Bring:
•
High Flight Dynamics
•
More Hostile Environment
•
Many Critical Phases of Operation
•
Lots of Automation
•
New procedures and rules
o
Training… (oops… human factors?)
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Close Look
Past
Hard Work
Success
Opportunities
Challenges
Efficiency
Competence
Motivation
www.marcospontes.com.br
Persistence
Goals
Adapting
Learning
Opportunities
Present
Questioning
Possibilities
Ever-changing scenario
Beliefs
Habits
Human
Problems
Analysis
Decisions
Possibilities
Present
Organization
Infrastructure
Culture
Lessons
Future
The Human Factor Challenges
for the Future Paradigm
•
Fragile Human Bodies
•
Bad sensors for flight
•
Beliefs and Habits
•
Organizational Culture
•
Education (changing scenario)
•
Human | Machine interface
•
Emotions x Training
Close Look
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Human – Machine Interface
Procedures
System 1
Brain
Information
Interface
Motor
Interrelation
Coordination
Body
System 2
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WHEN “CRISIS” HAPPENS…
• We are humans! We have EMOTIONS!
‣ Anxiety
‣ “Stress”
‣ Fear
‣ Performance reduction
‣ Loss of situational awareness
‣ Errors, Failures, Loses, Sadness, Frustration, etc.
‣ Training and Team Work can save your life!
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EMOTIONS AND TRAINING
Negative Expectation
Thought
Cycles to
Amplify the
Problem
• Loss of focus
• Loss of
Performance
Worsening
the Crisis
Interpretation
Identification
What
to
do?
Crisis
Problem
Training
Emotion: Fear/ Pessimist
Logic: Calm/ Optimist
Event
Tests and simulations
Cycles of
Analysis
• Facts
• Procedures
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Solution &
Possible
Opportunities!
Past
Hard Work
Success
Opportunities
Challenges
Efficiency
Competence
Motivation
www.marcospontes.com.br
Persistence
Goals
Adapting
Learning
Opportunities
Present
Questioning
Possibilities
Ever-changing scenario
Beliefs
Habits
Human
Problems
Analysis
Decisions
Possibilities
Present
Organization
Infrastructure
Culture
Lessons
Future
PART IV
THE HUMAN SPIRIT TO FACE
AND WIN THE FUTURE!
•
There is no doubt, success is
difficult. However, it belongs
to those who dare and face the
future with courage and
determination.
•
That is our job! That is our
“destiny”.
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Opportunities
• New Careers
• New Businesses
• And More…
• New ATTITUDE!!
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THANK YOU!!
OBRIGADO!
Astronaut Marcos Pontes
[email protected]
www.marcospontes.com.br

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