3- Canada East: Nova Scotia`s Mainland and Cape Breton Island

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3- Canada East: Nova Scotia`s Mainland and Cape Breton Island
PRELIMINARY DESCRIPTION AND ITINERARY, WITH USEFUL WEB LINKS
3- Canada East: Nova Scotia’s Mainland and Cape Breton Island
Study tour in English only
Departure date: Sunday morning, October 5th from Quebec city
Returning date: Mid-day on Friday October 10th (in Halifax)
Cost : TBA soon
General notes:
1. All travel and accommodation between Sunday 5 October 2008, 6:05 a.m., and Friday 10
October 2008, 2:00 p.m., are included in the study tour cost.
2. Almost all meals between Sunday lunch and Friday lunch are included in the study tour
cost; exceptions are noted in the itinerary below. Alcoholic beverages are not included.
3. The early departure on Sunday 5 October will allow participants to benefit from an
afternoon and evening on Cape Breton Island instead of spending the entire day
traveling. It is recommended that participants stay at a hotel close to the airport
(http://www.aeroportdequebec.com/Html/en-ca/Lodging.shtml) on the night of Saturday 4
October 2008.
4. Due to the distances covered in this tour, the time in the bus will as enjoyable as possible
thanks to introductory presentations and discussions, story-telling, and of course
opportunities to chat with other participants or to simply relax and enjoy the spectacular
and varied landscape (which should be nearing its peak in terms of autumn colours).
Time
Activity
Useful web links
SUNDAY 5 OCTOBER 2008
04:30
–
05:45
05:45
–
12:30
12:30
–
13:30
13:30
–
16:30
- Participants will receive their ticket
reservation information in advance, check in
on their own, and meet at the departure gate.
- Breakfast on Sunday morning is not
included.
Québec (YQB) - Montréal (YUL) – Sydney
(YQY):
- Depart Québec on AC 8701 at 6:05, arrive in
Montréal at 7:00;
- Depart Montréal on AC 662 at 8:15, arrive in
Halifax at 10:40;
- Depart on AC 8808 at 11:30, arrive in
Sydney at 12:23
- Pick up baggage;
- Bus to Whitney Pier Historical Society
Museum
Whitney Pier Historical Society Museum:
Whitney Pier is Sydney’s multicultural
neighbourhood and owes its existence to a
former steel plant. Like many of the former
mining towns around Sydney, it attracted
immigrants who were seeking a new life in the
th
early 20 century. The Museum of the
Whitney Pier Historical Society is housed in a
former synagogue. A light snack will be served
and an Introduction to Industrial Cape Breton,
Québec Jean Lesage International
Airport:
http://www.aeroportdequebec.com/
Html/en-ca/index.shtml
Participants pay for own breakfast
and lunch at airports or arrange for
light breakfasts and lunches?
Whitney Pier Historical Society:
http://wphm.wordpress.com/wpsport
s.htm
Sydney:
http://sydney.capebretonisland.com/
http://www.sydneynovascotia.world
web.com/
16:30
–
18:00
18:00
–
21:30
focusing on the mining heritage of the island
and the impact of the closure of the coal
mines and steel plant, will be presented.
Whitney Pier neighbourhood:
A walking/bus tour will highlight the former
steel plant and its context, including places of
worship of several cultural communities.
Check into hotel and free time
A special supper featuring local fare will be
served, and this will be followed by Greetings
from Mayor’s office and a public concert by
Men of the Deeps, North America’s only coalminers’ choir.
Quality Inn Sydney:
http://www.qualityinnsydney.com/
Men of the Deeps:
www.menofthedeeps.com
MONDAY 6 OCTOBER 2008
07:00
–
08:30
08:30
–
11:00
11:00
–
13:00
13:00
–
14:00
14:00
–
21:00
Breakfast at hotel
Other former mining towns:
A bus tour of Sydney Mines, Glace Bay
(Miners’ Museum), New Waterford and
Dominion and a visit of the Glace Bay Miners’
Museum will allow continued discussion of the
mining heritage of Cape Breton and the
ongoing neighbourhood and housing
revitalization efforts that have re-shaped these
towns since the closure of their mines.
Membertou First Nation:
Representatives of the Membertou First
Nation community, recipient of an Excellence
in Community Development Award in 2007.
will discuss their successful revitalization
efforts, including a convention centre.
Bus to Louisbourg (45 min.), with box lunch
and general introduction to Fortress of
Louisbourg en route
Fortress of Louisbourg National Historic
Site:
Louisbourg, North America’s largest
reconstructed French fortified town, was
th
settled in the early 18 century, and quickly
became a thriving community and centre for
trade and cod fishing. It was attacked by New
Englanders in 1745 and 1758, and after the
latter attack, the British demolished its
fortifications. In 1961, the federal government
began the reconstruction of the original town
and fortifications to their 1740, and several
conservation initiatives, most based on
extensive interdisciplinary research, have
been underway ever since. The guided tour of
the site will focus on changing conservation
Former mining towns:
http://www.sydneymines.ca/
http://www.minersmuseum.com/
http://www.destinationns.com/common/trails/areaid.asp?A
reaID=7C
Membertou :
http://www.membertou.ca/index.asp
Fortress of Louisbourg National
Historic Site of Canada:
http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhnnhs/ns/louisbourg/index_e.asp
approaches over the last five decades, current
conservation challenges and ongoing
archeological work. It will be followed by free
time to explore other aspects of this extensive
site. Supper (on own, not included in tour cost)
will be at Louisbourg or in Sydney.
TUESDAY 7 OCTOBER 2008
07:00
–
08:00
08:00
–
11:00
Breakfast at hotel
Bus to west side of island (3 hrs.), along
southern and western sections of the Cabot
Trail (story-telling and discussion of
landscape en route)
Cabot Trail:
http://novascotia.com/en/home/plan
atrip/gettingaround/scenic_travelwa
ys/cabot_trail/default.aspx
11:00
–
15:00
Chéticamp:
An Acadian fishing village settled during the
second half of the 18th century, Chéticamp is
located on the rugged west coast of Cape
Breton Island, along the scenic Cabot Trail.
The village tour will include Les Trois Pignons
Cultural Centre, the Museum of the Hooked
Rug and Home Life, and the église SaintPierre, among other highlights. Discussions
will focus on the village landscape, Acadian
heritage and the impact of the declining fishing
industry. Lunch will be served at the
Restaurant Acadien, an artisanal co-opérative
offering traditional local fare.
Bus south along Cabot Trail to Margaree
Harbour, then along Ceilidh Trail to Glenville
(1 hr.)
Chéticamp:
http://cheticampns.com/
Check into inn and free time
Glenora Inn:
http://www.glenoradistillery.com/inn.
htm
Glenora Inn and Distillery:
http://www.glenoradistillery.com/
15:00
–
16:00
16:00
–
17:00
17:00
–
21:00
Glenora Inn and Distillery:
Participants will be treated to a tour of the
Glenora Distillery, the only North American
facility that makes single malt whisky, or
"Uisge Beatha" (“Water of Life”). The buildings
on this scenic landscape, constructed in 198890, are modeled on traditional post-and-beam
distillery buildings in Scotland. A supper
featuring Inverness County specialties at
the Glenora Inn will be followed by evening
tea and Gaelic story-telling.
WEDNESDAY 8 OCTOBER 2008
Les Trois Pignons:
http://www.lestroispignons.com/trois
pignons/en/welcome.html
Cape Breton Ceilidh Trail:
http://novascotia.com/en/home/plan
atrip/gettingaround/scenic_travelwa
ys/ceilidh_trail/default.aspx
07:00
–
08:00
08:00
–
14:00
14:00
–
17:00
17:00
–
18:00
18:00
+
Breakfast at hotel
Bus to Lunenburg (about 5 hrs. + two breaks,
including one for lunch, which is not included
in the tour cost), with brief introduction to
Lunenburg (history, urban plan and
architecture, reasons for commemoration,
etc.) and lunch en route.
Old Town Lunenburg World Heritage Site:
Old Town Lunenburg was inscribed on the
World Heritage List in 1995 because it is the
best surviving example of the British colonial
policy of imposing a pre-designed “model
town” plan on whatever tract of wilderness the
King wished to colonize. The town’s streets,
which follow a rectangular grid despite its
steep coastal slope, are lined with over 400
colourful wood buildings, mostly dating to the
th
th
18 and 19 centuries. An introductory
walking tour will involve discussion of the
history and conservation of the original plan of
the historical district, its architectural heritage,
and the waterfront.
Check into inn in Lunenburg; free time
Lunenburg :
http://www.pc.gc.ca/progs/spmwhs/itm2-/site12_E.asp
http://www.town.lunenburg.ns.ca/vie
w.php?page_id=history
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/741
Boscawen Inn:
http://www.boscawen.ca/
Old Town Lunenburg World Heritage Site:
A presentation of the management of
Lunenburg as a World Heritage Site will be
followed by a discussion of the challenges of
the double-edged sword of increased tourism
and rising property values and a decline in the
fishery and boat-building as the economic
mainstay.
- Reception with local conservation community
and supper on own (not included in tour cost)
THURSDAY 9 OCTOBER 2008
07:00
–
08:30
08:30
–
10:30
10:30
–
13:00
Breakfast at hotel
Lunenburg interiors:
Participants will be treated to a tour of the
interiors of selected churches and homes.
Bus to Annapolis Royal (2 hrs., 5 min.), with a
stop along the way for a picnic at Kejimkujik
National Park, with its extensive network of
trails and fishing camps developed by the
Mi’kmaq over thousands of years. An
introduction to Annapolis Royal, Fort Anne
and Port-Royal will be provided en route
Kejimkujik National Park:
http://www.pc.gc.ca/pnnp/ns/kejimkujik/index_E.asp
13:00
–
17:00
17:00
–
18 :00
18:00
–
21:00
between the park and Port-Royal.
Port-Royal, Fort Anne, Annapolis Royal:
th
- In the early 17 century, Port-Royal, today a
National Historic Site, was an important site of
French colonization, culture and commerce,
as well as a site for French relations with the
Mi’kmaq community of Chief Membertou. Its
“habitation,” destroyed in 1613 and
reconstructed in the 1939-40, provides a
th
forum for the discussion of both early 17 century colonial settlements and the history of
the Canadian heritage conservation
movement.
- Fort Anne, also a National Historic Site, was
the centre of changing social, political and
military relations among the Mi’kmaq, the
th
Acadians, and the British during the 17 and
th
18 centuries. Participants will be treated to a
tour of the fort that will include discussions of
its Vauban-style fortifications, the earthworks,
the Officers’ Headquarters, the Fort Anne
Heritage Tapestry, and their conservation.
- Annapolis Royal, occupied by the British in
1710 and the first capital of the colony of Nova
Scotia until 1749, is one of North America’s
oldest areas of continuous European
settlement. The walking tour of the historic
district will focus on the town plan, the
architectural heritage, and the challenges of
rising property values and seasonal
occupation, among other issues.
Check into inn and free time
Annapolis Valley traditions and rituals:
Participants will learn about the Order of
Good Cheer, a social club proposed by
Samuel de Champlain during the winter of
1606-07 for the men at the “habitation,” or the
French colony at Port-Royal. Following the
ritual of this club, they will be treated to good
food and good times aimed at improving
their health and morale for the long winter
ahead. Supper will be followed by a twilight
walk along the dykes of Annapolis Royal that
will focus on pre-deportation Acadian life and
end with a sing-song at la Maison
acadienne.
- Return to inn
FRIDAY 10 OCTOBER 2008
07:00
–
08:00
08:00
Breakfast at hotel
Fundy Shore and Annapolis Valley:
Port Royal:
http://parcscanada.pch.gc.ca/lhnnhs/ns/portroyal/natcul/histor_e.asp
Annapolis Royal:
http://www.annapolisroyal.com/histo
ry.php
Fort Anne:
http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhnnhs/ns/fortanne/index_e.asp
Hillsdale House Inn:
http://www.hillsdalehouseinn.ca/
Order of Good Cheer:
http://parcscanada.pch.gc.ca/lhnnhs/ns/portroyal/natcul/histor_e.asp
#Cheer
Candlelight Acadian Tour:
http://www.annapolisroyal.com/attra
ctionsandactivities.php
–
09:30
09:30
–
13:15
13:15
–
15:30
- Bus to Grand Pré (1.5 hrs.), with discussion
along the way about cultural landscape of the
Annapolis Valley and the issue of declining
agricultural practice and abandoned
farmsteads.
Grand Pré National Historic Site and
possible candidate for World Heritage List:
Participants will be given an introductory
presentation and a tour of Grand Pré, which
features archaeological sites from the 17th to
the 20th centuries, evolved cultural
landscapes, and commemorative sites
associated with the homeland of the Acadian
people. The National Historic Site, which
commemorates Grand-Pré as a centre of
Acadian settlement from 1682 to 1755 and the
Deportation of the Acadians between 1755
and 1762, is included in a larger area that is
on Canada’s Tentative List for World Heritage
Sites, and the suggested criteria for its
eventual nomination will be discussed. The
tour will be followed by a light Acadian lunch
and a wrap-up discussion.
Bus to Halifax (Lord Nelson Hotel) (1 hr, 15
min.), and on to airport (45 min.) if there is a
demand. Participants are invited to stay in
Halifax (see attached web links for hotel
options) and visit its many heritage sites (a list
will be provided) on their own.
(N.B. On Friday 10 October 2008, several
flights leave in late afternoon and evening;
most flights for Europe connect through
Montreal, Boston, or New York. Participants
leaving Halifax on Friday should not
reserve flights leaving before 17:30 (for
Canadian destinations) or 18:30 (other
destinations). A full array of flights leave all
day and evening on Saturday and Sunday.)
Grand Pré National Historic Site:
http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhnnhs/ns/grandpre/index_e.asp
Grand-Pré site on the Tentative List
for World Heritage :
http://www.pc.gc.ca/progs/spmwhs/itm3-/site2/page1_E.asp
Halifax Robert L. Stanfield
International Airport:
http://www.hiaa.ca;
http://www.halifaxairport.com/
Halifax:
http://www.halifax.ca/
Suggested hotel - Lord Nelson:
http://www.lordnelsonhotel.com/
Other options:
http://visitors.halifax.ca/accommoda
tions.shtml
Possible sites to visit in Halifax:
Pier 21 on Friday afternoon:
https://www.pier21.ca/
Tea at Halifax Citadel :
http://www.pc.gc.ca/voyagetravel/voyagistes-traveltrade/itm2/ns10_e.asp
TOUR LEADERS AND COLLABORATORS
We would like to thank the following individuals, who contributed to design of the
preliminary itinerary of this study tour:
Bruno Bégin, Michel Bonnette, Wayde Brown, Susan Bronson, Ian Doull, Jeannette
Hlavach, Bill Hockey, Alain Laflèche, Marie-Pier Lauzon, François LeBlanc, Gregory
McNeil, Jim Molnar, Susann Myers, William Moss, Andrew Powter, Christophe Rivet,
Blake Roberts, Pauline Thomson and colleagues, Tom Urbaniak and colleagues, and
John Ward
This study tour will be led by:
Ian Doull: Ian Doull is an historian with the National Historic Sites Directorate of Parks
Canada, based in Ottawa, Ontario. He has prepared numerous evaluation reports on
historic resources for both the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada and the
Government of Canada’s Federal Heritage Buildings Review Office (FHBRO). Much of
his research and writing has focused on 19th- and 20th-century military and naval sites
and installations, the evolution of Canadian lighthouse design, and Acadian settlement
patterns in the Annapolis Valley of Nova Scotia. He is currently the research coordinator
for FHBRO, and sits on the interdepartmental building evaluation committee. Ian holds a
master’s degree in Canadian Studies (history and geography) from Carleton University
in Ottawa.
Andrew Powter: Andrew Powter has been a member of ICOMOS since 1976. During
that time he has been Chair of the ICOMOS Canada Wood Committee and Served for
six years as Secretary-General of the ICOMOS International Wood Committee where he
coordinated Wood Committee Symposia in Vietnam and Mexico. Trained as an historian
and architect, Andrew completed his professional conservation training at the York
Institute of Advanced Architectural Studies. Throughout his career he has been active in
both the technical and philosophical aspects of conservation at the local, national and
international levels. He has worked in every province in Canada and also abroad
including Russia (Kizhi Pogost), Slovakia (Carpathian churches), Uruguay and Malta.
His major areas of interest include wood technology, environmentally sustainable
heritage conservation, and building envelope performance. He now lives in the village of
Hampton, Nova Scotia. He is on the Board of Directors of the Heritage Trust of Nova
Scotia, his local lighthouse preservation society and other conservation organizations.
Tom Urbaniak: Tom Urbaniak, an ICOMOS Canada board-member, is a political
scientist at Cape Breton University in Sydney, Nova Scotia. His research interests
include heritage policy and community economic development. He is assisting the Cape
Breton Regional Municipality in the development of a comprehensive housing
revitalization strategy, serves as chair of architectural conservation for the Old Sydney
Society, is working with a coalition of non-profit organizations to establish a community
foundation, and has worked as a pro bono consultant for La Picasse, the Acadian
community development centre on Isle Madame, Nova Scotia. Tom has served on the
board of Community Heritage Ontario and he participated in the process leading to a
strengthened Ontario Heritage Act. His doctoral thesis focused on Canadian suburban
development, and he is the author of a book on the political history of Streetsville,
Ontario, in suburban Toronto.
Biographies of additional collaborators will be added on the next version of this
document!