Levante de Mallorca - Red Iberoamericana de Reservas Marinas

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Levante de Mallorca - Red Iberoamericana de Reservas Marinas
GOBIERNO
DE ESPAÑA
MINISTERIO
DE MEDIO AMBIENTE, Y
MEDIO RURAL Y MARINO
LEVANTE DE MALLORCA
C A L A
R A J A D A
SECRETARÍA GENERAL
DEL MAR
RED IBEROAMERICANA DE RESERVAS MARINAS
RESERVAS MARINAS DE ESPAÑA
Sandra Mallol
UNIÓN EUROPEA
LEYENDA
Straight baseline
Línea de base recta
No-take reserve of Cabo Farrutx
· Any kind of activities are prohibited with the exception
of scientific studies with prior authorization
Reserva integral de Cabo Farrutx
· Prohibida cualquier actividad salvo con fines científicos,
previa autorización del MARM
Marine reserve of Cala Rajada
· Professional fishing
· Recreational underwater activities in the form of scuba diving
· Recreational onboard marine fishing
· Scientific activities
Reserva marina de interés pesquero de Cala Rajada
· Pesca marítima profesional
· Actividades subacuáticas de recreo en la modalidad de buceo autónomo
· Pesca marítima de recreo desde embarcación
· Actividades científicas
Special use area of Cala Agulla
Zona de usos restringidos de Cala Agulla
Marine reserves website: www.reservasmarinas.net
Marine reserves of the Islas Baleares:
www.caib.es/sacmicrofront/contenido.do?idsite=69&cont=850&lang=es&campa=yes
Contact: [email protected]
NIPO 770-09-004-9
CONVENTIONAL SIGNS
USEFUL ADDRESSES
Secretaría General del Mar
Velázquez, 144
28006 Madrid (Spain)
Phone: +34 913 476 000
Fax: +34 913 476 046
Oficina de atención al público
Fluviá, 1-1º, Polígono de Son Fuster
07009 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
Phone: +34 971 706 921 Ext. 172
Fax: +34 971 706 923
Área Funcional de Agricultura y Pesca
Delegación del Gobierno en Islas Baleares
Ciudad de Querétaro s/n
07071 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
Phone: +34 971 989 420/425
Fax: +34 971 989 414
Dirección General de Pesca de las Islas Baleares
Foners, 10
07006 Palma de Mallorca (Spain)
Phone: +34 971 176 100
Fax: +34 971 176 157
David Díaz
Sandra Mallol / IEO
CONAIMA
CONAIMA
DESIGNATION
BOUNDARIES AND AREAS
Activities subject to authorization
The east coast of Mallorca (Majorca) is characterised by fishing
resources which permit high quality artisanal fisheries to be practised
in an extended manner throughout the year.
The marine reserve of fishing interest of Levante de Mallorca-Cala Rajada
comprises external waters in the area marked off by the following Datum
WGS–84 coordinates:
In the marine reserve
The following activities may be practised outside the marine reserve
boundaries with the prior authorization of the competent Authority:
Directorate General of Fisheries Resources and Aquaculture of the General
Secretariat of the Sea (Dirección General de Recursos Pesqueros y
Acuicultura de la Secretaría General del Mar).
The ecological and fisheries wealth of Levante de Mallorca-Cala
Rajada enables fishermen from the fishermen’s guilds of Cala Rajada
and Alcudia to carry out their activities successfully. The sector is
characterised by its youth and by the high rotation or annual turnover
of different methods of artisanal fishing.
The fisheries sector requested the designation of a marine reserve
from the fisheries authorities, having been favourably informed by
the Spanish Institute of Oceanography (IEO- Instituto Español de
Oceanografía).
The current Order is issued according to the provisions of articles 13
and 14 of Act 3/2001, of 26th March, on National Maritime Fisheries.
The actual zoning and permitted uses of the marine reserve of fishing
interest of Levante de Mallorca-Cala Rajada are reflected in the
Management Plan, (Ministerial Order ARM/3535/2008 of 24
November of the Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine
Affairs).
a. 39o 45,500’ N; 003o 19,200’ E (Cala Mata)
b. 39o 52,150’ N; 003o 19,200’ E
c. 39o 49,000’ N; 003o 26,500’ E
d. 39o 42,150’ N; 003o 30,000’ E
e. 39o 42,150’ N; 003o 27,450’ E (Cala Pedruscada)
Special areas
The special areas below have been established inside the marine reserve.
Its coordinates refer to the Datum WGS - 84:
a) No-take reserve of Cabo Farrutx
Portion of waters between the meridian 003o 23,850’ E, and the
parallel 39o 49,000’ N, and the straight base line that connects
Cabo del Freu with Cabo Formentor
b) Cala Agulla restricted use area
Zone between the coastline, the parallels 39o 44,310’ N and 39o
43,220’ N and the limit outside of the marine reserve
ACTIVITIES IN THE MARINE RESERVE
The marine reserve of Levante de Mallorca-Cala Rajada also belongs
to the Natura 2000 Network.
AIMS OF THE MARINE RESERVE: ARTISANAL FISHERIES
The purpose of the marine reserve is to protect, regenerate and
develop resources of fishing interest to maintain sustainable fisheries,
enabling artisanal fishermen in the area to preserve their traditional
way of life.
The reserve allows other activities of low environmental impact to
take place: free navigation, scuba diving, snorkelling, traditional
artisanal fisheries, boat trips, environmental education, etc., which
contribute to the economic development of the local community.
a) Artisanal fishing using methods described in the Annex to the Order
ARM/3535/2008 of 24th November
b) Underwater activities such as scuba diving
c) Recreational fishing onboard described in the Annex to the Order
ARM/3535/2008 of 24th November
d) Scientific or didactic experimental character activities
In the no-take reserve
Only scientific activities with prior authorization by the General Secretariat
of the Sea may be practised depending on its relevance for monitoring
and evolution of species, waters and bottoms.
MARINE ENVIRONMENT
The coast is formed by numerous calcareous cliffs characterised by the
formation of underwater caves. The littoral combines rocky areas with
beaches of fine sand, some of which are considered virgin beaches.
Photo base of Spanish marine reserves
Other well represented communities in the hard rocky beds are dusky
grouper (Epinephelus marginatus), largescaled scorpionfish (Scorpaena
scrofa) and brown meagre (Sciaena umbra) as ictic species. Crustaceans
like the common spiny lobster (Palinurus elephas), the Mediterranean
slipper lobster (Scyllarides latus) and the European lobster (Homarus
gammarus) are also found there. There is a notable presence of
coraligenous beds represented by a variety of free-living calcareous red
algae (maerl) like Phymatolithon sp., Lithothamnion sp. and Peyssonnelia
sp., where the knobbed triton (Charonia rubicunda) seeks shelter. The
penumbra community of Cabo del Freu is unique in the archipelago.
Moreover soft beds host symbolic species such as the pen shell (Pinna
nobilis) and the pearly razorfish (Xyrichthys novacula).
Certain species use this area as temporarily in summer/autumn, such
as the common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) and the squid
(Loligo vulgaris), and these are both highly prized species in commercial
terms.
RESOURCES
To preserve all of this biological and fishing wealth, the General
Secretariat of the Sea has assigned a ranger service for surveillance.
To this aim, the marine reserve has a rigid 11.06 m long vessel, the
“Luz Murube”, a terrestrial vehicle and a customer service office.
PRACTICAL ADVICE
Prohibited activities
Unless expressly authorised by the Directorate General of Fisheries
Resources and Aquaculture, the following professional fisheries are
expressly banned: trawling, seining, bottom longline, surface longline,
underwater fishing, coral extraction and flora and fauna removal.
Anchoring of vessels within the marine reserve is allowed only outside
the bathing areas of beaches and access channels marked in these beaches
in places called Cala Moltó or Es Guyó, Cala Agulla and Son Moll. Anchoring
is not permitted in the reserve but for safety reasons relating to marine
security or safety of live at sea.
The sea bed in the reserve area is diverse and has a high ecological and
fishing value. The northwestern area is characterised by the uniform
presence of an extensive and dense Posidonia oceanica meadow over
the rocky bed, next to coraligenous and maerl beds which are highly
structured and well-conserved. The northeastern area presents more
fragmented beds alternating between soft beds with disperse patches
of Posidonia oceanica meadows, highly developed sandy beds in front
of the beaches and coastal detritic and precoraligenous beds.
BIOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES
Many biological communities grow around the Posidonia oceanica beds.
These meadows of high biological production are considered as refuges
and hatching areas for many species of importance to fishing.
A marine reserve is a protected area. Its conservation depends on
everyone:
- Find out about its restrictions
- Cooperate in its protection and maintenance and do remember
that it is prohibited to:
· Practice underwater fishing
· Practice any activity in the no-take reserves
· Possess any device used by divers or fishermen which could be
used for fishing or harvesting marine species
- For requesting applications for recreational activities, contact the
reserve’s coordinator. Phone: +34 606 226 601