Cologne-Rio Climate Partnership Project - Resilient Cities

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Cologne-Rio Climate Partnership Project - Resilient Cities
Supported by:
On behalf of:
Cologne-Rio
Climate Partnership Project
Sponsors and partners:
Engagement Process and Results
ICLEI
Resilient Cities , Bonn 29th May 2014
Tadeu Caldas
Coordinator Cologne – Rio Climate Partnership
Ecotropic Consulting GmbH, Cologne
Dr. Barbara Möhlendick
Coordination
Office for Climate Protection of the City of Cologne
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Initial engagement
Official Cologne – Rio City
Partnership
Supported by:
July/ September 2011
On behalf of:
Sponso
• Mayors Roters and Paes, Rio de Janeiro, Sept 2011.
• Climate protection, one item among many cooperation goals.
• City partnership associations founded to support the process.
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Comparison
Cologne
Rio de Janeiro
Founding
-
2000 years ago
-
450 years
Population
-
1 million
-
6 million
Area
-
405 Km2
-
1180 Km2
Density
-
2.5 p/ Km2
-
5.3 p / km2
Relative
importance
-
One of the oldest ,
4th largest
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One of the oldest, former capital,
2nd largest
GDP
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€ 50 bi
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€ 150 bi
Industries
-
Automotive, media, fairs
chemicals, tourism, logistics
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Media, financial, tourism,
shipbuilding, steel, logistics
Cultural
similarities
-
-
Carnival, footbal, UNESCO
monuments, green areas
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Carnival, footbal, UNESCO
monuments, green areas
Many Brazilians and cariocas
Business
similarities
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Media, tourism, logistics
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Media, tourism, logistics
Climate Change
Impact
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Increase of warm/hot days
Heavy rainfalls
Shift of rainfall patterns
Intense winter storms
-
Increase of tropical storms due to
warmer ocean water
Drought and floods
Coastal erosion
Landslides
-
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The engagement process started
with commitments after the Rio +20
with the participation of the main actors in the process
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The commitments experienced at the C40 were challenging and inspiring
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Climate Partnership Launching Workshop
a vital beginning
Hotel Arenal- La Fortuna- Costa Rica, 26 – 29 November 2012
Presents the first day: German Ambassador to Costa Rica, Mayor of Alfajuela, the Minister for the Enviroment CRica, the GIZ Coordinator
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First Exchange Workshop Costa Rica
Launching of the Cologne – Rio Climate Partnership, Dec 20 12
Costa Rica Launching Workshop / Cologne-Rio Working Group:
Rio team: Nelson Moreira Franco (lead), Claudia Fróes Ferreira, William Wills
Cologne team: Tadeu Caldas (lead), Marlene Willkomm
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Initial brainstorming Costa Rica
List of potential projects
PROJECTS KÖLN - RIO
1- Establishment between Cologne and Rio a common methodology for CO₂ inventories + ongoing emissions monitoring. Rio’s expertise input to Cologne.
2- SMART CITY KÖLN concepts applied in a pilot in Rio – Diversification of the energetic matrix
with establishment of thermal / photovoltaic solar panels, biogas, LED, smart meters, etc.
(Pilot project: street linking formal and informal neighborhoods Leme and Chapéu Mangueira)
Climate impact measurements and monitoring.
3- CHP and other alternatives for energy recovery from non-recycled urban waste (95%)
4- Enlarging the emergency program for the population residents in risk areas such as favelas
and areas subject to floods in Rio.
5- Improvement and extension of the program for waste segregation, collection and recycling
Methodological and technological strategies to add value to recycled waste.
6- Research program regarding the Impact of Climate Change in the health of the population of
Rio.
7- Efficient composting systems for the organic waste and green materials from parks and
gardens / Rio
Obs: Results of working group Cologne-Rio
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Establishing the climate cooperation priorities
Evolution of CO2 emissions Rio de Janeiro
Metodology:
IPCC 2006
Guidelines for
Inventories.
Gases evaluated:
CO2, CH4 e N2O
Waste
Nelson M. Franco Climate SMAC RJ
William Wills,COPPE/UFRJ11
Cologne CO2-Balance – 2008
CO2 per capita: 10,26 MT
CO2-Bilanz 2008 für Köln
Mio. t CO2/a
4,0
3,5
3,0
Kraftstoffe
2,5
Strom
Sonstiges
2,0
Kohle
Heizöl
Fern- und Nahwärme
1,5
Erdgas
1,0
0,5
0,0
Private Haushalte
private
Target: 20% reduction
Gewerbe + Sonstiges
services
Industrie
industry
Städtische Gebäude
publ. building
Verkehr
transport
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Climate issues Rio
priority based on CO2 Inventory & Mitigation Scenarios
Problems
CO2 Emissions
Transport
CO2 Emissions
Solid Waste
Reduction of
Energy Intensity
/Efficiency
Reference
Documents
CO2 emissions
inventory
CO2 emissions inventory
CO2 emissions
inventory
BRT: Transoeste
Transcarioca (2013)
Mitigation or
Transolímpico (16)
Adaptation
BRS: Copacabana,
Projects under
Pres. Vargas, Tijuca
implementation
Enlarge bicycle
path in the city
Identified
Potential Climate
Partnership
Projects
Köln-Rio
"E-mobility”
Sustainable
Mobility
networks
New
Center for the Treatment of
Urban Waste Seropédica
Increase of selective waste
collection program
Education program
for waste separation
Value addition to recycled
waste through better
processing
Focus: Coops of Waste
Sorting and Recycling
Composting Systems
CHP Waste Systems
Biofuels increases
Electric mobility
LED adoption
Integrated
technologies
Pilot Program
“Smart City"
Köln-Rio
(Leme)
Floods and
landslides
Risk mapping and
planning doc.
Flood and Slope
contention Control
Programs
Köln
Flood Protection
Program
Obs: Results of working group Cologne-Rio
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Proposed actors Cologne
Stadt Köln
FH Köln
Civil Society
NGOs
Environment
International
Climate
Klimakreis
SmartCity
Köln-Rio
Climate
SteB Water
Flood protection
KVB
RheinEnergie
KoelnerMesse
CarbonExpo
UrbanTec
ColognE-Mobile
AWB
Tadeu Caldas
AVG
KVK
Cooperation partners
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Proposed actors Rio
Civil Society
NGOs
CEG
Gas
FIRJAN
City of Rio
Energy
Environment
Secretary COPPE/ UFRJ
(SMAC) Centro Clima
Climate
Industries
Federation
CEDAE
Water & Sewage
Secr. Defesa Civil
Floods, disasters
‘Light’
Electricity
ANP
Oil
COMLURB
Urban Waste
IPP
Social
Transport
Secretary
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Framework of cooperation
Cologne
Climate
Office
Coordination
Climate Partnership
Tadeu Caldas
Rio
Climate
Office
Nelson Moreira Franco
Barbara Möhlendick
Actors Cologne
Initial Agenda
Actors Rio
Klima, Umwelt Amt
CO2 Inventory
COPPE/UFRJ
SmartCity Cologne
SmartCity
AWB/AVG
RheinEnergie, etc.
KoelMesse
CEDAE
Waste streams
Composting
E-Mobility
Ship to Grid
Carbon Expo
UrbanTec Fairs
Flood protection &
Water
SMAC, FIRJAN, etc
CDURP (Porto).
COMLURB
Secr. Transp./FIRJAN
Fundação Getúlio
Vargas
STEB WASSER
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Project identified:
Composting of urban green waste
AVG / KVK Cologne – visit of Rio partners, March 2013
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Waste management in Cologne
Composting plant
Incinerator
The incineration plant produces steam and 56 MW of electricity.
The steam is sold to the FORD plant nearby.
The electricity is partly used by the plant itself and the rest os sold to
the municipal energy company generating energy for 120‘000 residences.
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Waste management a good cooperation potential
Rio
Cologne
Half a ton of municipal waste generated per person in the EU27 in 2007.
Cologne’s figure is 670kg. Rio’s waste management profile is equivalent to that of
Romania with 1% of the waste recycled so this area has good potential for exchange.
Source: Eurostat News Release 31/2009
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Waste sorting for recycling Rio
Companhia Municipal de Limpeza Urbana – COMLURB
Technology to be used
In the composting process
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Initial result of the cooperation:
Cooperation on green waste recycling
• Partners:
– AVG Cologne
– COMLURB Rio
– EG/ BMZ: financial support € 623‘000
• Aim:
– Reduction of emissions related to green waste
transformation into methane gases.
– Potential mitigation: 20‘000 tons per year.
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Areas of on-going exchange on climate
relevant cooperation
• CO2 inventory methodology:
– on-going exchange
• Relevant Fairs:
– Cologne‘s UrbanTec will take place in Rio from 2015.
• Energy:
– Cooling technology based on solar energy.
• Smart City
– Exchange of experiences.
– Integrated Operations Centre model of Rio to Cologne.
• Waste water treatment
– Improvements in the generation of biogas from waste water.
• Urban development of former port areas.
• Ship-to-grid technologies
• Transport
– Bicycle paths, e-mobility experiences, smart intermodal
mobility infrastructures.
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Climate objectives
Rio
Cologne
•
Reducing the amount of waste going to
landfill by appropriate recycling facilities
(proportion of total CO2 emissions 16%)
•
Set Process on Climate Change and
Smart City in transition, participation
process, decision support
•
Increase recycling rates from 10% to
25%
•
Create CO2 accounting for 2010 and
2012
•
Relief of traffic by new technical means
and innovation (share of total CO2
emissions 34%)
•
Increase cycling in the area of ​mobility,
•
Raising awareness of the consequences
of climate change in Cologne
•
Cooperation with the Cologne Messe
Brazil to the fairs UrbanTec and Carbon
Expo
•
Cooperation between the universities
•
Development of the cycling network and
public transport
Measures
Rio
•
•
•
•
•
Recycling project, waste
management, composting
BRT, BRS transport for the
Olympics
Infrastructure measures to
expand cycling network and
public transport
Work shops with Cologne on
the topic of Smart City.
LED and Ship-to-grid projects
Köln
•
Work shops for exchange of climate
protection process
•
Use of CO2 accounting as a
political tool.
•
Infrastructure investments in terms
of parking facilities and bicycle
network, introduction of fast cycle
track Cologne-Frechen, from 2015
•
Citizens event in Cologne for the
Sensitization of climate change
•
UrbanTec in Brazil from 2015
•
Cooperation Carbon Expo
City Climate Partnerships
Pre-conditions for success:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Existing city partnerships are helpful,
Political will to engage in climate programs,
External support and facilitation is a help,
Engage all willing actors from public and civil society,
Engage municipal companies early in the process to
enable mitigation and adaptation action and
guarantee sustainable learnings and on-going
cooperation.
6. Meaningful expertise in the exchange process,
7. Intercultural competence is vital,
8. Financial support for projects consolidates the gains.
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Thank you !
Tadeu S. P. Caldas
Dr. Barbara Möhlendick
Coordinator
Cologne-Rio Climate Partnership
Coordinator
Climate Protection & SmartCity Cologne
Stadt Köln - Der Oberbürgermeister
Senior consultant and owner
Dezernat für Soziales Gesundheit und Umwelt
Ecotropic Consulting GmbH
[email protected]
- Corporate & Public Sustainability Consulting www.smartcitycologne.de
[email protected]
www.ecotropic-consulting.com
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