Labrie – Expert 2000 Operators Manual

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Labrie – Expert 2000 Operators Manual
OPERATORS
MANUAL
Labrie Expert 2000™™
Manual, semi-automated & automated versions
With Cool Hand™™ &
Helping Hand™™
Supplement
RELEASE: March 2007
Part #90344 REV. 0
FOREWORD
Here is the new Labrie™™ Operators Manual for the
Expert 2000™™ side loading unit. We sincerely hope that
you will find it easy to use.
We have designed it in a way that will allow you to easily
make it available to drivers, mechanics, and parts
department personnel.
Should you experience any problem with a Labrie™™ unit,
please contact your distributor first. He should be able to
provide you with the proper support (parts or technical
advice).
FIRST THINGS FIRST:
DO NOT FORGET TO COMPLETE THE OWNER
REGISTRATION FORM AND TO SEND IT TO
LABRIE ENVIRONMENTAL GROUP, MAKING
SURE TO INDICATE THE ““IN SERVICE”” DATE.
THIS DATE WILL BE USED TO START THE
WARRANTY PERIOD. OTHERWISE, THE DATE
OF DELIVERY FROM THE FACTORY WILL BE
USED.
LABRIE EXPERT 2000™™
OPERATORS MANUAL
Table of contents
1.0
INTRODUCTION .................................................................................................. 7
1.1
1.2
2.0
OBJECTIVE .......................................................................................................... 7
USEFUL ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBERS ..................................................... 7
SAFETY AND OPERATIONAL PRECAUTIONS ................................................. 9
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS .................................................................................. 9
GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE EMPLOYER ...................................... 11
GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE EMPLOYEE ...................................... 12
(Ref. ANSI Z 245.1 1999 Standards) ................................................................... 12
LOCKOUT / TAGOUT PROCEDURE ................................................................. 12
LOCATION OF LABELS AND LOGOS ............................................................... 13
2.5.1
2.5.2
2.5.3
3.0
LOCATION OF LABELS ON BODY ................................................................... 13
LOCATION OF LABELS AND LOGOS ON TAILGATE ...................................... 16
LOCATION OF LABELS INSIDE CAB ............................................................... 17
OPERATION....................................................................................................... 38
3.1
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS ................................................................................ 38
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
3.1.8
3.2
PRIOR TO START UP .......................................................................................
FIRE PROTECTION ..........................................................................................
CLEANLINESS ..................................................................................................
SHUTDOWN .....................................................................................................
DRIVING THE VEHICLE ....................................................................................
DRIVING SPEED ...............................................................................................
BRAKE SYSTEM ...............................................................................................
AUTO-NEUTRAL (optional) ...............................................................................
38
38
38
39
39
39
40
41
CONTROLS DESCRIPTION ............................................................................... 42
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.5
3.2.6
3.2.7
3.2.8
3.2.9
3.2.10
3.2.11
3.2.12
3.2.13
3.2.14
3.2.15
3.2.16
3.2.17
ENGAGING THE PUMP ....................................................................................
PACKER CONTROL STATIONS ........................................................................
EMERGENCY STOP CONTROLS ....................................................................
START CYCLE CONTROL ................................................................................
RETRACTION CONTROL .................................................................................
ENGINE SPEED UP CONTROL ........................................................................
MULTI-CYCLE ...................................................................................................
CONSOLE SELECTOR CONTROL ...................................................................
SPEED UP INHIBITOR CONTROL ...................................................................
HOIST CONTROL .............................................................................................
TAILGATE CONTROL (SINGLE AND DUAL) ....................................................
OPTIONAL CONTROLS ....................................................................................
CRUSHER PANEL CONTROL ..........................................................................
CART TIPPER CONTROL .................................................................................
PANIC BAR CONTROLS ...................................................................................
CHUTE CONTROL ............................................................................................
TAG AXLE CONTROL .......................................................................................
42
44
44
44
44
44
44
46
46
46
47
47
48
48
48
48
50
LABRIE EXPERT 2000™™
OPERATORS MANUAL
Table of contents
3.3
DAILY INSPECTION ........................................................................................... 51
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
3.4
PLANNING YOUR ROUTE ................................................................................
SAFETY WHEN USING THE PACKING SYSTEM ............................................
HOPPER DESCRIPTION ..................................................................................
PACKING RAM DESCRIPTION .........................................................................
CRUSHER PANEL .............................................................................................
BAGS .................................................................................................................
RECYCLING BOXES .........................................................................................
ROLLER CARTS ...............................................................................................
BREAKING THE LOAD .....................................................................................
MANUAL AND SEMI-AUTOMATED COLLECTION PROCEDURE ...................
STANDARD AUTOMATED COLLECTION PROCEDURE .................................
CAB FOLDING DOOR .......................................................................................
LOADING CORRECTIVE ACTIONS ..................................................................
EMERGENCY ACTIONS ...................................................................................
PACK ON THE GO ............................................................................................
STANDARD UNLOADING PROCEDURE .........................................................
UNLOADING CORRECTIVE ACTIONS ............................................................
UNLOADING EMERGENCY ACTIONS .............................................................
HOPPER DAILY CLEANING ..............................................................................
CHASSIS DAILY CLEANING .............................................................................
54
54
55
55
56
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
64
64
65
65
68
69
70
71
COOL HAND™™ AUTOMATED UNIT OPERATION ............................................. 72
3.5.1
3.5.2
3.6.7
3.6.8
3.6.9
3.5.3
3.6
51
51
52
52
53
LOADING, PACKING AND UNLOADING ............................................................ 54
3.4.1
3.4.2
3.4.3
3.4.4
3.4.5
3.4.6
3.4.7
3.4.8
3.4.9
3.4.10
3.4.11
3.4.12
3.4.13
3.4.14
3.4.15
3.4.16
3.4.17
3.4.18
3.4.19
3.4.20
3.5
APPROACHING THE VEHICLE ........................................................................
TRUCK STARTING PROCEDURE ....................................................................
BODY INSPECTION PROCEDURE ..................................................................
CAB DRIVING CONTROLS INSPECTION PROCEDURE ................................
INSPECTION SHEET EXAMPLE .....................................................................
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTION ...................................................................
LOADING PROCEDURE ...................................................................................
SPLIT-CART ......................................................................................................
DUAL CHUTE OPERATION ..............................................................................
SEPARATING THE CHUTE ...............................................................................
TROUBLESHOOTING QUICK REFERENCE ....................................................
72
73
76
76
77
78
HELPING HAND™™ AUTOMATED ARM OPERATION ........................................ 79
3.6.1
3.6.2
3.6.3
3.6.4
3.6.5
DESCRIPTION ..................................................................................................
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ................................................................
START UP .........................................................................................................
LOADING ROLLER CART .................................................................................
TROUBLESHOOTING QUICK REFERENCE ....................................................
79
79
80
80
83
7
1.0
INTRODUCTION
1.1
OBJECTIVE
The objective of this manual is to provide
the end user with essential information on
the operations and maintenance
requirements of an Expert 2000™™.
The Expert 2000™™ is a side loading
garbage truck operated by only one person,
which will achieve excellent performance
and reliability with a simple but rugged
construction.
The operators manual and general safety
instructions introduce the operator to the
different operating methods of the vehicle
as well as the safety precautions to be
taken. When finished reading this manual,
the operator should be able to perform all
necessary tasks required to be done with
the company’’s equipment.
THIS MANUAL IS TO BE COMPLETELY
UNDERSTOOD BY THE OPERATOR
BEFORE HE STARTS WORKING WITH
THE EXPERT 2000™™ SIDE LOADING
GARBAGE TRUCK. MAKE SURE THE
SAFETY
REQUIREMENTS
ARE
STRONGLY EMPHASIZED.
1.2
USEFUL ADDRESS AND PHONE
NUMBERS
LabriePlus
Parts, Service and Warranty
(during business hours)
Technical Support Service
(24 hours)
1-800-231-2771
3630 Stearns Drive
Oshkosh, WI 54904
Web Sites:
E-mail:
www.labrieplus.com
www.labriegroup.com
[email protected]
All information provided in this manual was up to date at the time of publication. Labrie Environmental Group reserves the right
to change text and illustrations without notice. This manual should be kept inside the cab for further references.
INTRODUCTION
8
EXPERT 2000™™
9
2.0
SAFETY AND OPERATIONAL
PRECAUTIONS
DANGER, WARNING, CAUTION
notations appear throughout this manual
and on labels on and inside of the vehicle.
DANGER
The word DANGER precedes information
which indicates an imminently hazardous
situation, which if not avoided, WILL result
in death or serious injury of the user or
others.
2.1
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
It is the employer’’s responsibility to make
sure their employees are qualified and
capable of operating this equipment.
THE FOLLOWING IS GENERAL SAFETY
AND OPERATIONAL PRECAUTIONS
WHICH SHOULD BE ADHERED TO BY
OPERATORS (AND/OR MAINTENANCE
PERSONNEL) AT ALL TIMES.
••
Do not operate this vehicle before
having read and completely
understood this manual and the
safety labels on the vehicle.
Maintenance personnel must also
read and understand the
Maintenance Manual for this
vehicle (and the maintenance
related information in this
manual). In case of any doubt,
see your supervisor for
clarification.
The word CAUTION precedes information
which indicates a potentially hazardous
situation or unsafe practice, which if not
avoided, MAY result in minor to moderate
injury to user or damage to the equipment.
••
Labrie™™ Expert 2000™™ units
equipped with a Cool Hand™™ or
Helping Hand™™ lifting arm are
primarily designed to be operated
by only one person.
The word NOTE also appears in this
manual and precedes information which
is vital to the proper operation and
maintenance of the vehicle equipment.
••
The operator of the Cool Hand™™
or Helping Hand™™ must be in full
and clear view of the operation of
the lifting arm at all times. The
operator must be able to stop the
motion of the arm at any time, in
order to prevent injury to
surrounding people, damage to
property or to the lifting arm itself.
••
The operator of the Cool Hand™™
or Helping Hand™™ lifting arms
shall make sure that any people
or obstructions are far away from
WARNING
The word WARNING precedes information
which indicates a potentially hazardous
situation, which if not avoided, COULD
result in personal injury or death of the
user or others.
CAUTION
In spite of our efforts to build a vehicle that
is as safe as possible, the operator’’s safety
certainly depends on the precautionary
measures taken while operating the
vehicle. If in doubt, question your
supervisor. Supervisors or Maintenance
Department personnel with questions
should contact LabriePlus.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
10
the automated arm before moving
it. Failure to do so may result in
unit and / or property damages,
personal injury or even death.
If, however, Labrie’’s customer elects
to operate the unit with more than
one worker, the following safety items
shall be installed to protect the coworker from hazardous situations.
(For example, an additional set of
sustained manual pressure controls
for each additional worker shall be
provided. The actuation of the
controls shall take place concurrently
in order to operate the Cool Hand™™
or Helping Hand™™ lifting arm. The
sustained manual pressure control
shall be located so that the co-worker
pressing it is not in the path of the
arm and has a clear and full view of
the point of operation.
In
such
case,
Labrie
Environmental Group must be
informed of every and all units
with a Cool Hand™™ or Helping
Hand™™ operated by more than
one worker. Labrie Environmental
Group will then determine and
supply, at the customer’’s
expense, the required safety
items.
For additional information, please
contact LabriePlus at 1-800-2312771.
Failure to do so may result in unit
and/or property damages and/or
personal injury or death.
••
At the beginning of every working
day, inspect the body, the packing
system and any system that might
EXPERT 2000™™
endanger the safety of the public
and/or the operator.
••
Verify that the mirrors, brakes,
accelerator pedal, steering wheel
and turn signals are in good
working order.
••
Do not operate this equipment if there
are any signs of damage or
incomplete repairs.
••
Report any doubts and any equipment
DANGER
DO NOT GET INTO THE HOPPER
COMPARTMENT OR TRY TO
REPAIR ANYTHING BEHIND
THE PACKER WHEN IT IS
WORKING OR WHEN THE
HYDRAULIC PUMP IS STILL
RUNNING.
PERSONNEL
AUTHORIZED TO GET INTO THE
HOPPER
MUST
FIRST
COMPLETE THE LOCKOUT/
TAGOUT
PROCEDURES
REQUIRED BY THE EMPLOYER.
WARNING
WHILE
COLLECTING
GARBAGE,
WATCH
FOR
EXPLOSIVE OBJECTS, SUCH
AS
TELEVISION
TUBES,
FLUORESCENT TUBES, CANS
UNDER PRESSURE, ETC. THE
OPERATOR MUST WEAR
SAFETY EQUIPMENT, SUCH AS
SAFETY GLASSES, GLOVES
AND PROTECTIVE FOOTWEAR,
AT ALL TIMES.
11
safety service requirements to your
supervisor.
••
Maximum speed, if permitted, while
right-hand side driving is 20 Mph
(32 kph).
••
Keep both hands on the steering
wheel at all times for better control.
••
Supply adequate instructions and
training for the safe use of the
vehicle before assigning the
employee to such equipment.
••
The employer must keep the
vehicle maintained and properly
adjusted
to
meet
the
manufacturer’’s standards and
recommendations. If in doubt,
contact the manufacturer or any
authorized representative.
••
The employer must keep a record
of
any
breakdowns
or
malfunctions of the vehicle, and
also keep records of inspection
and maintenance.
••
Watch and be absolutely sure that
there nobbody stands behind the
vehicle when opening and closing
the tailgate(s) and/or when raising
the body.
Any breaks or malfunctions that
can affect the safe usage of the
vehicle must be repaired before
the vehicle is to be used again.
••
GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
OF THE EMPLOYER
(Ref. ANSI Z 245.1 1999 Standards)
Meet the appropriate lighting
requirements for working at night
(if permitted).
••
Regularly accompany the
operator of the vehicle and take
measures to ensure the smooth
and safe operation of the vehicle.
Respect all safety measures.
••
Make sure that the backup alarm
works properly while vehicle is in
reverse, while body is rising or
while the tailgate is opening.
••
Do not leave the driving position until
the vehicle is completely stopped and
the parking brake is applied.
••
When the vehicle is parked, the
parking brake must be applied.
••
For any work, cleaning or inspecting
being done between the body and
the chassis, the body safety prop
MUST be used. The vehicle must
also be on level ground.
••
2.2
standards. The employer also has the
following responsibilities:
It is the employer’’s responsibility to be
familiar with and ensure that operation is
in accordance with safety requirements
and codes including all applicable
regulations, including the Occupational
Safety and Health Act (OSHA) and the
American National Standards Institute
(ANSI).
It is also the employer’’s responsibility to
properly maintain all mobile equipment to
meet provincial/state and federal safety
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
12
2.3
GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
OF THE EMPLOYEE
(Ref. ANSI Z 245.1 1999
Standards)
••
The employee must enforce all of
the safety requirements for mobile
equipment supplied by the
employer.
••
Equipment is to be operated only
after having received instructions
and training in accordance to
chapter 3.0.
••
The
employee
has
the
responsibility to report any
damages or malfunctions of the
vehicle to his employer or his
supervisor without any delay. The
employer will then take the
necessary measures prior to the
re-operation of the vehicle to
ensure its safe operation.
••
The employee must make sure
that there is nobody near the
vehicle before activating any of
the controls and must be prepared
to stop anything in case of danger.
EXPERT 2000™™
2.4
LOCKOUT / TAGOUT
PROCEDURE
It is the employer’’s responsibility to
establish and apply a ““lockout/tagout
procedure”” for any inspection, repairs or
maintenance being done on the vehicle,
whether it is on the road or at the shop.
SUGGESTED LOCKOUT/TAGOUT
PROCEDURE
1.
Apply the parking brake
(Figure #1.2);
2. Turn off the pump switch on the
console (PTO switch);
3. Shut off the engine;
4. Remove the key from the ignition
switch;
5. Put the key in a safe controlled
area;
6. Put adhesive tape on the ignition
switch keyhole;
7. If installed, turn off the master
switch (Figure #1.3);
8. Put an ““Off Service”” tag on all
steering wheels;
9. Put an ““Off service”” sign in the
windshield;
10. Block any system that could move
by gravity with a proper and visible
safety prop (open tailgate, raised
body, etc.);
11. Move (back and forth) all control
handles to release any residual
pressure in the hydraulic and
pneumatic systems;
12. Chock wheels on both sides to
prevent movement of vehicle.
13
2.5
LOCATION OF LABELS AND
LOGOS
2.5.1
LOCATION OF LABELS ON BODY
DANGER, WARNING, AND CAUTION
LABELS
See the accompanying illustrations for the
location and label content of all safety
labels. Labels on the vehicle may change
depending on what special features was
installed on the vehicle and also the type
of body and cab configuration. Refer to
LabriePlus for replacement.
1) Notes and warnings on these labels
must be obeyed at all times.
2) These labels must be in place at all
times. Report any damaged or missing
labels to the proper authority at once.
3) Replacement of safety labels can be
ordered, free of charge, from Labrie
Environmental Group for the duration
of the warranty.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
14
2.5.1
LOCATION OF LABELS ON BODY
15492 1
47316 2
323081
47288 2
47562
11271
47268 1
47422
1
47304
14898 2
47314
or
47424 2
43817 1
1: LOCATED ON BOTH SIDES OF THE BODY
2: OPTIONAL ONLY
EXPERT 2000™™
43800
47310 2 47306 2
15
2.5.1
LOCATION OF LABELS AND LOGOS ON BODY
47260 1
47262 1
47288 1
47280 1
47572 1
47270
47272
47352 1
247532
47350 1
47270
1: LOCATED ON BOTH SIDES OF THE BODY
2: OPTIONAL ONLY
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
16
2.5.2
LOCATION OF LABELS AND LOGOS ON TAILGATE
32307
47266
EXPERT 2000™™
47274
17
2.5.3
LOCATION OF LABELS INSIDE CAB
47276
43790
43892
43856
47440
43798
47284
43796
DASH VIEW
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
18
2.5.3
LOCATION OF LABELS INSIDE CAB
NOTE:
THE LOCATION OF LABELS INSIDE CAB
MAY CHANGE DEPENDING ON WHAT TYPE
OF CHASSIS AND/OR SPECIAL FEATURES
ARE INSTALLED ON THE VEHICLE.
43850
43786
43982
43946
43794
43972
RIGHT-HAND SIDE DASH VIEW
EXPERT 2000™™
19
2.5.3
LOCATION OF LABELS ON CONSOLE
43888
43874
43900²
43750
47384
47622²
43880
43878
43862
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
20
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
11271 2
15492
21111 2
LUBRICATION CHART FOR
“COOL HAND” AUTOMATED ARM OF EXPERT 2000
LUBRICATION SCHEDULE
NO.
DESCRIPTION
FREQUENCY
GREASE
1
2
3
SPHERICAL ROD END ON HYD. CYL.
BUSHING
LEVELLING ROD END
WEEKLY
WEEKLY
WEEKLY
SKF-LGEM2 OR EQUIVALENT
ESSO UNIREX LOTEMP EP OR EQUIVALENT
SKF-LGEM2 OR EQUIVALENT
4
TAPER ROLLER BEARING
YEARLY
SKF-LGEM2 OR EQUIVALENT
21111 rev. 1
EXPERT 2000™™
21
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
24753
29745
32272
32306 2
32306
32307
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
22
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
32308
437962
43798
43800 2
EXPERT 2000™™
23
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
43816
43817
43852
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
24
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
43856
43862
43874 2
43876
43878
43880
43882
43888
EXPERT 2000™™
25
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
43892
43910
43912
43934 2
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
26
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
43946 2
43980 2
47260
EXPERT 2000™™
27
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47262
47266
47268
47270
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
28
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47272
47274
47280
47282
EXPERT 2000™™
29
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47284
47286
47304
47308
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
30
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47312 2
47314 2
47316 2
EXPERT 2000™™
31
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47348 2
47350
47352
47362 2
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
32
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47422
47424 2
47440
47451
BODY RAISE
ALLOWED
REV. 1
EXPERT 2000™™
LABRIE
47451
33
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47452
47526 2
47554
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
34
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47561
47562 2
47570 2
EXPERT 2000™™
35
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47572
47592 2
AUTOMATED ARM JOYSTICK
Auto-Dump
(Optional)
Dead man
(Optional)
INNER BOOM
DOWN
OUTER BOOM
RETRACT
OUTER BOOM
EXTEND
INNER BOOM
UP
GRABBER CONTROL
CLOSE
REV. 0
OPEN
LABRIE
47592
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
36
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47698 2
47732 2
EXPERT 2000™™
37
2.5.4
ILLUSTRATIONS OF LABELS
47843 2
47860
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
38
3.0
OPERATION
3.1
GENERAL PRECAUTIONS
First, read chapter 2.0.
Never operate machinery while wearing
jewelry or loose clothing which may catch
on moving parts. Always wear safety
equipment as specified by your employer.
Never operate machinery while under the
influence of ALCOHOL NOR DRUGS.
When in doubt about the function of a
control, refer to section 3.2 ““Controls
Description””.
It is the employer’’s responsibility to ensure
that the employees are qualified on the
equipment’’s operations and safety
measures before working with this
equipment.
disengaged. The valve on the hydraulic
tank should be open. (See section 3.2.1
““Engaging Hydraulic System””).
Once the engine is started, wait for the air
pressure to reach 70 PSI, you can then
operate the equipment.
3.1.2
It is suggested that at least one ABC type
fire extinguisher (5LB., 10LB or 20LB.)
should be easily accessible from each
side of the truck, inside or outside the cab.
FIRE
EXTINGUISHER
It is the employee’’s responsibility to apply
proper procedures and safety measures
at all times.
Nobody should operate the Expert 2000™™
without having read and completely
understood the operation manual.
Never start, move or operate the
equipment when stepping into it, even
after a short time away, without ensuring
that the surrounding area is clear of any
person or object preventing safe
movement or operation.
3.1.1
PRIOR TO START UP
Before starting the vehicle ensure that no
system will engage and start to operate as
you are starting the engine. All electrical
should be off and the hydraulic pump
EXPERT 2000™™
FIRE PROTECTION
FIGURE #3.1
3.1.3
CLEANLINESS
Cleanliness is part of safety. Ensure that
the equipment works properly by removing
any packed garbage in the packer area.
Clean all the truck lights, and safety
stickers so you and the surrounding
pedestrians and vehicles will be safe
around the truck at all times.
WARNING
KEEP THE RIGHT AND LEFTHAND SIDE FLOOR BOARD DRY
AND CLEAN TO PREVENT ANY
RISK OF SLIPPING OR
ACCIDENTS.
39
3.1.4
SHUTDOWN
3.1.6
When you park the truck for an extended
period of time, follow the truck
manufacturer requirements as well as the
maintenance requirements and ensure the
following procedure:
SHUTDOWN PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
3.1.5
Park on a hard level surface;
Put the parking brake ““On””;
Ensure all moving parts are in the
stored position (tailgate, body,
crusher panel, packer, etc.);
Turn hydraulics off;
Turn the engine off;
Turn off master switch;
DRIVING SPEED
The vehicle is driven on the right-hand
side for door to door waste collection, and
the maximum speed limit by law is 20Mph
(32 km/h). Therefore, it is recommended
to drive on the left-hand side for any long
distance driving.
WARNING
RIGHT-HAND SIDE
DRIVING
THE
MAXIMUM
SPEED
PERMITTED IS 20 M.P.H.
(32 KM/H).
DRIVING THE VEHICLE
The Expert 2000TM side loader may be
equipped with two (2) steering wheels,
one on the left and the other one on the
right. The right-hand side steering wheel
is to make waste collection easier by a
single person. It is provided along with an
accelerator pedal, a foot brake pedal, turn
signal control and a horn. Before using the
right-hand side driving position make sure
that all controls are properly set.
OPERATORS MANUAL
40
3.1.7
BRAKE SYSTEM
If the cab conversion was performed by
Labrie Environmental Group, the
temporary handbrake is located near the
right-hand side door and operates the
service braking system of the truck
(Figure #3.4).
Always stop the unit using the foot brake,
then apply the temporary handbrake (for
short stops) or the parking brake system
(for longer stops) before leaving the unit.
A medium application of the foot brake is
normally sufficient to stop the truck. If the
brake is always used to full capacity, there
will be premature wear to the brake
components rear axle, and wheels.
Therefore, only use the brake to full
capacity if the traffic conditions require so.
BEFORE USING THE
RIGHT-HAND SIDE STEERING
WHEEL:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Drive to waste collection district
and stop the vehicle;
Push the red button on the
console;
Apply the parking brake (located
on dashboard);
Stop the engine;
Change sides (from left to right);
Flip switches to position of driving
side (left or right, wipers, lights);
Adjust mirrors as illustrated
(Figure #3.2);
Check the accelerator pedal and
the temporary handbrake;
Release parking brake.
You are now set for waste collection.
WARNING
CHECK THE AIR BRAKE
PRESSURE, ALWAYS APPLY
THE PARKING BRAKE WHEN
THE VEHICLE HAS TO BE
PARKED AND NO ONE NEARBY.
MIRRORS ADJUSTMENT
LEFT-HAND SIDE
DRIVING
RIGHT-HAND SIDE
DRIVING
WARNING
DO NOT LEAVE THE VEHICLE
BEFORE IT IS COMPLETELY
STOPPED
AND
THE
TEMPORARY HANDBRAKE OR
PARKING BRAKE HAS BEEN
APPLIED.
EXPERT 2000™™
FIGURE #3.2
41
3.1.8
AUTO-NEUTRAL (optional)
The auto-neutral system is available on
units equipped with an Allison electronic
transmission (3000 or 4000). The autoneutral allows the driver to shift, using the
temporary handbrake, from ““drive”” to
““neutral”” automatically, without touching
the shifter lever.
Auto-neutral Switch OFF:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
PTO will engage only if RPM is lower
than 900 RPM.
Shifting transmission from neutral to
drive is possible only if RPM is lower
than 900 RPM.
Hi idle is possible if transmission is in
neutral.
Manually neutral position by shifter
lever.
Manually drive position by shifter
lever.
Note 1:
The PTO will be engaged if RPM is lower
than 900. This configuration allows the
operator to pack at any given RPM while
the truck is moving. A protection for the
pump is provided by a flow regulator
mounted on the pump for high engine
RPM.
Note 2:
If transmission does not shift to neutral
when releasing temporary handbrake:
apply foot brake, reengage temporary
handbrake, then follow auto-neutral
releasing procedures again.
PULL TO
APPLY
Auto-neutral Switch ON:
PARKING
BRAKE
PARKING BRAKE
PUSH TO
RELEASE
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
PTO will engage only if RPM is lower
than 900 RPM.
Shifting transmission from ““neutral””
to ““drive”” is possible only if RPM is
lower than 900 RPM.
Hi idle is possible if transmission is in
neutral.
Automatic neutral if: temporary
handbrake is ON, and PTO switch is
ON.
Automatic shift from neutral to drive
if, simultaneously, the temporary
handbrake is turned OFF, and the
foot brake is firmly applied.
FIGURE #3.3
TEMPORARY
HANDBRAKE
FIGURE #3.4
OPERATORS MANUAL
42
3.2
CONTROLS DESCRIPTION
3.2.1
ENGAGING THE PUMP
The pump system is engaged by the rocker
switch located on the console. A red pilot
light comes on to indicate that the hydraulic
system is engaged (Figure #3.5).
P.T.O.
SWITCH
CAUTION
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT NOT
TO LET THE PUMP RUN DRY
(WITHOUT OIL) OR TO TURN
THE BALL VALVE (FIGURE #3.6)
ON THE TANK EVEN IF THE
P.T.O. SWITCH IS TURNED OFF.
OTHERWISE THE PUMP WILL
BE SERIOUSLY DAMAGED OR
EVEN DESTROYED.
RED LIGHT
Vane Pump Systems
FIGURE #3.5
In the case of a leak in the hydraulic
system, remove the drive shaft between
the pump and the engine, if the vehicle
has to be driven somewhere else.
Since 2001, the Expert 2000™™ side loader
is offered with a new vane type hydraulic
pump (unless otherwise specified: gear
pumps are still available as an option).
This new pump has greater efficiency
therefore can be used at only 1200 RPM
compared to 1500 RPM with the gear
pump. This results in more fuel economy
and less noise, which increases operator
safety. It also can achieve higher pressure
settings (3000 PSI).
BALL VALVE
VANE PUMP
(SINCE YEAR 2001)
FIGURE #3.6
FIGURE #1.104
EXPERT 2000™™
43
The new vane pump (Figure #1.104) is a
constant drive pump linked with the engine
crank shaft. It uses an electric solenoid
dump valve (Figure #1.105) to send the
hydraulic flow either to the system or back
to the tank when not in use. The dump
valve limits the flow to 45 gallons per
minute. The pump switch (PTO) found on
the console (Figure #1.106) controls this
dump valve.
When the ““dry valve”” is open (wet mode),
the flow going through that special return
line is limited to 2 GPM by the pressure
compensated flow control. This is so that
the oil does not use this path and goes
through the system.
At the outlet of the pump, a flow regulator
(Figure #1.117) is mounted to limit the
main flow to a maximum of 60 GPM.
It is recommended to remove and clean
this regulator once a year to ensure that it
moves freely or when noisy or generating
heat.
DUMP VALVE
(LOCATED BETWEEN THE
DROPPED FRAME RAILS)
FIGURE #1.105
Gear Pump Systems
Expert 2000™™ side-loading units
manufactured in 2001 and before are
offered with a gear type hydraulic pump.
This type of system requires the engine to
run at 1500 RPM for the packing operation.
The main pressure setting is 2000 PSI.
CAUTION
THIS PUMP SYSTEM IS A DRY
VALVE TYPE; CONSEQUENTLY
THE
PUMP
RUNS
CONTINUALLY.
GEAR PUMP
(Prior to year 2001)
The gear pump is a constant drive pump
linked with the engine crank shaft. It uses
an air operated ““dry valve”” which cuts the
flow of oil going to the pump; allowing only
a sufficient amount of oil to keep the pump
lubricated (Figure #1.116).
When the pump is not being used (dry
mode), to permit the circulation of the oil,
a special return line on which a pressure
compensated flow control is installed
allows the oil to go back to the tank without
having to go through the entire system.
FIGURE #1.116
OPERATORS MANUAL
44
3.2.2
PACKER CONTROL STATIONS
There could be as many as three control
stations (figure #3.7) for the packer system.
The right-hand side station, which is
standard, the cab and the left-hand side
stations, which are optional: See selector
switch.
3.2.3
3.2.5
The yellow button will retract the packing
ram (when the selector switch is in the
proper position). This control is useful
when the body is almost full and manual
retraction is necessary because the ram
will not move forward and cannot complete
a normal cycle.
EMERGENCY STOP CONTROLS
3.2.6
The emergency stop buttons (figure #3.7)
will stop the packing ram from moving in
any direction. Hitting any of these switches
(there is one per station) will have the
same effect. The ram will stop and all
control joysticks will be inoperable. The
red buttons have to be manually pulled
back to reactivate the packing system.
3.2.4
RETRACTION CONTROL
ENGINE SPEED UP CONTROL
This function allows the operator to
manually engage the engine speed up.
This can be useful when operating the
hoist. There is one switch per packer
control station. You must select the proper
control station to enable desire fast idle
switch. The fast idle switch will engage
when:
START CYCLE CONTROL
The green buttons activate the packing
ram for one complete cycle (when the
selector switch is in proper position). A
complete cycle takes about 14 seconds
with the speed up system engaged
(1200 RPM). The speed up system is
automatically activated when using that
function (transmission has to be in neutral
an speed up inhibitor ““ON””).
EXPERT 2000™™
––
––
––
––
Control station properly selected
Transmission to ““NEUTRAL””
Fast idle switch ““ON””
Speed up inhibitor switch ““ON””
3.2.7
MULTI-CYCLE
This function allows the packing ram to
cycle until the preset amount of cycles (2
to 8, 3 is the standard) is reached or until
a red button is pushed or the multi-cycle
switch is turned off.
45
PACKER CONTROL STATION
FIGURE #3.7
OPERATORS MANUAL
46
3.2.8
CONSOLE SELECTOR CONTROL
3.2.10 HOIST CONTROL
This selects the proper packer control
station. Only one station is in operation at
a given time, however, the red buttons are
always operational whatever the position
set on the selector switch (Figure #3.8).
3.2.9
SPEED UP INHIBITOR CONTROL
This control will cut the fast idle (speed up)
system on the engine (Figure #3.8). This
control is useful when it’’s time to adjust
limit switches.
The body hoist control lever is located on
the cab console (Figure #3.8). The lever
has a spring activated sleeve which locks
the handle to prevent any accidental body
hoist. This lever has to be pulled towards
left or right in order to raise or to lower the
body.
If the main valve of the truck is electrical,
a 3-position switch (instead of a joystick)
allows the operator to control the body.
The switch is covered with a plastic cap in
order to prevent any accidental body hoist
(Figure #3.9).
TAILGATE
CONTROL
BODY HOIST
CONTROL
OPTIONAL
CONTROLS
SPEED-UP INHIBITOR
AUTO-NEUTRAL
SWITCH
SELECTOR CONTROL
FIGURE #3.8
EXPERT 2000™™
47
3.2.11 TAILGATE CONTROL
(SINGLE AND DUAL)
3.2.12 OPTIONAL CONTROLS
Also on the console, the tailgate control
lever has a spring activated sleeve which
locks the handle to prevent any accidental
opening of the tailgate (Figure #3.7). The
sleeve needs to be pulled up before moving
the lever to the proper side, no matter if it
is to open or close the tailgate.
When the truck is equipped with two tailgates,
an electrical switch allows the operator to
choose between the right or the left tailgate.
The same lever, with a lock, is used for both
tailgates.
Different optional controls could be
installed on the Expert 2000™™. They are
usually located on the cab console and
are identified with labels.
These optional controls could be one or
several of the following: Hopper lights,
Strobe lights, Flasher lights and Working
lights.
If the main valve of the truck is electrical,
a 3-position switch (instead of a lever)
allows the operator to control the tailgate.
The switch is covered with a plastic cap in
order to prevent any accidental opening of
the tailgate (see the illustration).
3-POSITION SWITCHES FOR
BODY AND TAILGATE
FIGURE #3.9
OPERATORS MANUAL
48
3.2.13 CRUSHER PANEL CONTROL
3.2.15 PANIC BAR CONTROLS
(if installed)
The control for the crusher panel is fully
manual (standard unit) and it is located
directly on the main valve on the righthand side of the unit. Optional remote air
joysticks can be installed. They are
installed inside the cab (right-hand side)
and on the left-hand side of the body when
a crusher panel control is required on the
left-hand side (Figure #3.11).
(if installed)
The panic bar option is located on the side
(could be both sides) of the hopper. This
safety device will cut the power to the
pump stopping all mechanisms. The
system has to be rearmed manually by
pulling the switch back to the ““ON”” position
(Figure #3.12).
PANIC BAR
IMPORTANT: The packer must be fully
retracted to allow the crusher panel to
moves down.
3.2.14 CART TIPPER CONTROL
(if installed)
There could be one or two cart tippers
installed on the Expert 2000™™. The control
valves are manually operated and located
on the sides of the body (Figure #3.12).
CART TIPPER
CONTROL
FIGURE #3.12
STANDARD CRUSHER
PANEL CONTROL
3.2.16 CHUTE CONTROL
(comingle units only)
Installed on comingle units, the chute
directs material to one side of the hopper
or the other.
On manual-collection and semiautomated-collection (tipper-equipped)
units, the chute is controlled with a lever
located on the hopper walls (Figure #3.13).
••
FIGURE #3.11
EXPERT 2000™™
Left lever: Choose between
street-side loading and curb-side
loading.
49
••
Right control station push
buttons: Choose between streetside loading and curb-side loading
(Figure #3.15)
CART TIPPER CONTROL
CHUTE CONTROL
PANIC BAR
FIGURE #3.13
••
Right lever: Choose to raise or
lower the cart tipper.
TILTS THE
CHUTE OVER
THE CURB-SIDE
HOPPER
COMPARTMENT
TILTS THE
CHUTE OVER
THE STREETSIDE HOPPER
COMPARTMENT
On units equipped with a Helping Hand™™
automated arm, the chute is controlled
from two places:
••
In-cab arm joystick: Press the
appropriate button on top of the
joystick to tilt the chute on either
sides of the hopper (Figure #3.14).
FIGURE #3.15
CAUTION
IF THE UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH
A CRUSHER PANEL AND A
CHUTE, MAKE SURE THE
CHUTE IS FULLY TILTED TO
T H E C R U S H E R P A N E L ’’ S
OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE
HOPPER BEFORE USING THE
CRUSHER PANEL. FAILURE TO
DO SO COULD DAMAGE THE
CHUTE AND/OR THE CRUSHER
PANEL.
FIGURE #3.14
OPERATORS MANUAL
50
IMPORTANT
IF THE UNIT IS EQUIPPED WITH
A
HELPING
H A N D ™™
AUTOMATED ARM AND A
CHUTE BUT THE CHUTE IS NOT
FULLY TILTED TO EITHER
SIDES OF THE HOPPER, THE
HELPING HAND™™ AUTOMATED
ARM WILL STOP HALF-WAY UP
TO PREVENT THE CHUTE
FROM BEING DAMAGED BY
THE ARM. IF THE AUTOMATED
ARM STOPS HALF-WAY UP,
PRESS AND HOLD THE ARM
OVERRIDE BUTTON AND
LOWER THE ARM. RELEASE
THE OVERRIDE BUTTON,
FULLY TILT THE CHUTE TO
EITHER SIDES OF THE HOPPER
THEN RAISE THE ARM AGAIN.
3.2.17 TAG AXLE CONTROL
(if equipped)
Tag axles distribute the vehicle’’s weight
more evenly on the ground, helping to
prevent the vehicle from getting stuck at
the landfill or from exceeding the weight
allowed by local transportation laws and
regulations.
NOTE: IN ORDER TO SAVE TIRES,
LOWER THE TAG AXLE ONLY
WHEN REQUIRED.
If the vehicle is equipped with a tag axle
installed by Labrie Environmental Group,
the tag axle control is installed in the
center console with the appropriate decals
(Figure #3.17). In such case, refer to the
tag axle supplement provided with the
current manual.
DANGER
ARM OVERRIDE BUTTON
FIGURE #3.16
EXPERT 2000™™
IF THE VEHICLE IS EQUIPPED
WITH A TAG AXLE THAT HAS
NOT BEEN INSTALLED BY
LABRIE ENVIRONMENTAL
GROUP,
APPLY
THE
PROCEDURE DETAILED IN THE
MANUALS PROVIDED BY THE
TAG AXLE MANUFACTURER.
FAILURE TO DO SO WILL
CAUSE PROPERTY DAMAGES
AND/OR SEVERE PERSONAL
INJURIES OR DEATH.
51
TAG AXLE CONTROL
TAG AXLE INSTRUCTIONS
EXAMPLE
3.3
DAILY INSPECTION
3.3.1
APPROACHING THE VEHICLE
As you approach the vehicle, look for any
object that the wind could have pushed
under or against it. Examine the
surroundings for people, other vehicles,
under and overhead obstructions. Ensure
that the truck is in an area where you will
have all the clearance required to perform
the complete start of the day inspection.
During the following inspection look out
for any structural damage.
FIGURE #3.17
3.3.2
TRUCK STARTING PROCEDURE
Enter the cab and proceed as per the
chassis manufacturer’’s start up
procedures.
TRUCK STARTING PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Put transmission shifter to
““neutral””;
Parking brake is ““On””;
Hydraulic system is ““Off””;
Start the engine;
Engage the hydraulic system
using the PTO switch on the
console(the air pressure has to
be at a minimum of 70 PSI);
Turn on all lights (marker lights,
headlights and work lights);
If required, move the truck to an
appropriate area to perform the
start of the day inspection. Use
the driver’’s side;
Report any defective system to
maintenance personnel.
OPERATORS MANUAL
52
3.3.3
BODY INSPECTION PROCEDURE
Exit the cab to continue your inspection.
Bring a rag along to clean all accessible
lights, stickers, camera lens etc. Check
for mechanical problems: rollers, hinges,
door lock mechanisms, wear items etc.
Report any defective system to
maintenance personnel.
DAILY INSPECTION
PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Operate the packer for a full cycle;
Check crusher panel operation;
Check cart tipper operation(if
installed);
Check the side hopper door for
proper latching at the front and
rear;
Put the tailgate safety pins in place
As you walk along the side, clean
all safety labels;
Check the frame area, fuel tank,
air tanks (air tanks must be drained
every day), cleaning traps and
wheels for leaks, cracks or other
types of problems;
Go around the front, check lights,
mirrors, and pump;
Go around the rear, check lights,
clean camera, labels, lights etc.
EXPERT 2000™™
3.3.4
CAB DRIVING CONTROLS INSPECTION
PROCEDURE
Enter the right-hand side extension and
operate the right-hand side driving
controls. Report any defective system to
maintenance personnel.
RIGHT-HAND CAB DRIVING
CONTROLS INSPECTION
PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Test the driving wheel by turning
it left and right as you are moving
slowly the truck forward;
Move forward and stop the vehicle
by applying the foot brake;
Apply the parking brake and try to
get the vehicle moving by throttling
up with the right-hand side
accelerator pedal. Throttle down
to idle, apply foot brake and
remove parking brake;
Apply the temporary handbrake
(if installed) and test it the same
way you tested the parking brake;
Apply the parking brake.
53
3.3.5
INSPECTION SHEET EXAMPLE
The following is an example of an
inspection sheet. The operator MUST
follow the inspection sheet provided by his
employer. If the employer does not have
any, ask his permission before using this
example.
OPERATORS MANUAL
54
3.4
LOADING, PACKING AND
UNLOADING
3.4.1
PLANNING YOUR ROUTE
With a side loading refuse unit it is
important to plan your pick ups properly.
You have to know your route and what
type of refuse and/or recyclable you will
have to pick up. It is even more important
when you are working with a comingle
type side loading garbage truck because
some of the refuse has to be thrown close
to you, and some of it in the farthest part
of the hopper. A pre-planning of your routes
reduces the amount of walking by the
operator, which will drastically increase
your one man operation efficiency. It will
also reduce the danger of having the
operator to walk to the opposite side of the
vehicle and maybe even across the street.
3.4.2
SAFETY WHEN USING THE PACKING
SYSTEM
WARNING
ABIDE TO THE FOLLOWING
RULES AT ALL TIMES:
ALWAYS KEEP THE WARNING
LIGHTS ON, OR THE FOUR WAY
FLASHERS
WHEN
COLLECTING REFUSE AND/OR
RECYCLABLE.
IF YOU HAVE A COMINGLETYPE REFUSE TRUCK, BE
AWARE
OF
PROBABLE
UNBALANCED LOADS AS THE
DAY PROGRESSES AND
ADJUST
YOUR
SPEED
ACCORDINGLY.
EXPERT 2000™™
DANGER
NEVER ATTEMPT TO REACH
INSIDE THE HOPPER AREA
WHEN EITHER THE PACKING
BLADE OR THE CRUSHER
PANEL IS IN MOVEMENT.
SEVERE INJURY OR DEATH
MAY OCCUR.
WARNING
WEAR PROTECTIVE SAFETY
EQUIPMENT, LIKE SAFETY
GLASSES AND GLOVES WHEN
YOU ARE WORKING CLOSE TO
THE HOPPER AREA, AT ALL
TIMES.
IF YOU HAVE TO ENTER THE
HOPPER AREA, COMPLETE
THE
LOCKOUT/TAGOUT
PROCEDURE BEFORE DOING
SO (SEE SECTION 2.4).
55
3.4.3
HOPPER DESCRIPTION
FLOATING PANEL
FOLLOWER PANEL
The Expert 2000™™ side loader refuse truck
has a standard hopper with a swept volume
of 1.44 cubic yards. That swept volume is
achieved by an 18-inch-high packing blade
sliding on a 52-inch stroke.
You have access to the hopper area for
loading through a 60-inch-wide side
opening. That allows you to drop in the
hopper up to a 290-gallon roller cart. The
loading height of the hopper measured at
the top of the sill is 5½ inches above the
original truck frame.
Fill up the hopper area as high as the
packing ram, then press the green button
to get a complete cycle. You can continue
loading on top of the packing ram as it is
cycling, though, you have to be careful for
explosive projectile objects and watch for
over-spill.
When using roller carts you should start a
cycle of the packing ram every time you
have finished emptying one cart in the
hopper.
If the hopper is of the comingle type, you
will have to cycle the packing ram more
often, the swept volume being
approximately divided in two.
One side is for the garbage and the other
side is for the recyclable, as it would have
been specified by your company.
CRUSHER PANEL
PACKING RAM
FIGURE #3.18
3.4.4
PACKING RAM DESCRIPTION
The packing ram is made of high strength
steel and sweeps the hopper to push the
refuse into the body. If any piece of garbage
protrudes above the ram it will be crushed
or bent against the crusher bar, situated
just above the opening of the body.
Whatever is not pushed in the body on a
given stroke of the ram will fall back in the
hopper as the ram will retract in the store
position. As another cycle is activated by
the operator, what was left in the hopper in
the precedent stroke of the ram, will be
pushed into the body.
OPERATORS MANUAL
56
3.4.5
CRUSHER PANEL
The crusher panel is an option that may be
installed on the vehicle. If it is installed we
suggest you to use it only for bulky items
and breaking the load. In many cases,
unnecessary use will slow down the
operation. Bulky items can be maintained
in place with the crusher panel while the
packing ram crushes them.
The crusher panel can be lowered upon
the refuse to prevent the refuse from
popping up in front of the packing ram,
increasing compaction at any time and
also during the load breaking sequence
To help during the unloading sequence,
you should leave a good amount of
garbage in front of the packing ram and
under the lowered crusher panel, as you
finish your route. Once you are at the
landfill and the body is in the air, you can
activate the packing ram to help clear
whatever could be jammed in the slope.
This procedure can also be done without
the crusher panel (Figure #3.16).
3.4.6
BAGS
Any refuse in bags can be thrown directly
in the hopper and are suggested for the
comingle type hopper where garbage has
to be thrown to the farthest side of the
hopper. Piles of bags can easily be thrown
in the hopper given its wide side opening
of 60 inches.
EXPERT 2000™™
COMINGLE
SIDE
GARBAGE OR
PAPER SIDE
RETAINING
TEETH
SEPARATING
BLADE
FIGURE #3.19
57
3.4.7
RECYCLING BOXES
When your district has a recycling program
(with the blue recycling boxes, and you
are using our comingle side loader, it is
suggested that you use the closest side of
the hopper to the boxes to unload them, or
else it could probably overwork the
operator in a shorter period of time. With
a side loading refuse unit, it is important to
plan your pick ups properly. You have to
know your route and what type of refuse
and recyclable you will have to pick up. It
is even more important when you are
working with a comingle-type side loading
garbage truck because some of the
garbage has to be thrown close to you and
some of it in the farthest part of the hopper.
In the case of blue boxes, it should always
be planned to empty them in the closest
part of the hopper (curb side most of the
time).
CRUSHER PANEL OPERATION
BODY
BULKY ITEMS
PACKING RAM
CRUSHER PANEL
EXTENDED
FIGURE #3.20
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
58
3.4.8
ROLLER CARTS
CART TIPPER OPERATION
Roller carts are generally used for garbage
and unload themselves in the center of the
hopper to prevent spillage on either side
of the hopper. They are provided with a
hook up system opposite to the wheels
and cover’’s hinge. This hook up system
should engage the cart tipper adequately,
if it is the appropriate type to fit the roller
cart. The roller cart will be held, dumped
and returned to the ground safely by the
semiautomatic cart tipper system.
HOPPER
If a roller cart is used in a comingle type
environment, it can easily be fitted to dump
to the far side of the hopper by the
installation of a chute system. That should
be thought of, when you plan to use it in
such a comingling program (Figure #3.18).
Some cart tipper systems are stored along
the side and below the hopper, in that
position the cart tipper is not ready to
work. You have to lift the cart tipper partially
so the lowest part becomes parallel to the
side of the roller cart.
CART TIPPER IN REST
POSITION
FIGURE #3.21
CHUTE SYSTEM ON
COMINGLE UNIT
CHUTE
Once the cart tipper is ready to receive a
roller cart, approach the cart so the hook
up system is aligned with the cart tipper
attachment. As you will activate the cart
tipper system it will catch the roller cart
and lock it in place adequately to lift it,
dump it and return it to the ground
(Figure #3.17).
CAUTION
ALWAYS BE CAUTIOUS AND
WATCH FOR AN IMPROPERLY
ATTACHED CART THAT COULD
FALL OFF.
EXPERT 2000™™
FIGURE #3.22
59
3.4.9
BREAKING THE LOAD
At a certain point during the standard
loading, it will seem like no more refuse
can get inside the body. You may think
that the body is full but it is not the case
most of the time. What you are facing at
that point is a compressed line of garbage
between the tailgate and the packing ram
itself. To get rid of that compressed line of
refuse is what we call ““Breaking the load””.
To break the load, cycle the packing ram
repeatedly, try to put hard garbage in front
of the ram as much as possible. (You may
use the crusher panel, if installed, to
prevent the garbage from popping up,
increasing the pressure applied on the
compressed line of refuse.) The ram will
stop before it hits the rearmost limit switch
so you will have to return the packing ram
by pressing on the yellow button to retract
it and press again on the green button to
get the packing ram to go forward again,
repeat that sequence until you break the
load (Figure #3.19).
EARLY JAMMING OF
PACKING RAM
BROKEN LOAD
FIGURE #3.23
In some cases the garbage may have set
in the right way, which means there was
no compressed garbage between the
packing ram and the tailgate, thus trying to
break the load will not work because the
body is already full. At this point you should
be able to see the load behind the
observation window (Figure # 3.20).
WARNING
BE
AWARE
OF
THE
SURROUNDINGS AT ALL
TIMES. PEDESTRIANS AND
VEHICLES AROUND THE
EQUIPMENT DO NOT KNOW
HOW IT FUNCTIONS: YOU DO.
OPERATORS MANUAL
60
3.4.10 MANUAL AND SEMI-AUTOMATED
COLLECTION PROCEDURE
To collect refuse manually or using the
cart tipper (if equipped), follow this
procedure:
OBSERVATION WINDOW
FIGURE #3.23
WARNING
NEVER EXIT
VEHICLE.
EXPERT 2000™™
A
MOVING
STANDARD MANUAL AND SEMIAUTOMATED COLLECTION
PROCEDURE
1.
Stop the truck by applying the foot
brake;
2. Wait for the truck to be completely
stopped;
3. Apply the temporary handbrake
(if equipped) or parking brake
(Figure #3.3);
4. Apply the auto-neutral feature (if
equipped) or put the transmission
to neutral;
5. Make sure all work and safety
lights are on;
6. Exit the vehicle (To step out: keep
a good hold on the vehicle until
you have assured yourself of a
good stand on solid ground);
7. Proceed to load the hopper as
discussed in the above
paragraphs, either:
••
by placing refuse manually
in the hopper; or
••
by rolling the roller cart to
the truck, hooking it to the
cart tipper, dumping the
cart content and putting
back the roller cart back in
place;
8. Re-enter the cab;
9. Apply foot brake;
10. Release temporary handbrake or
parking brake;
11. If the unit is not equipped with the
Auto-Neutral feature, engage the
transmission to drive;
12. Drive to the next pick up point.
61
3.4.11 STANDARD AUTOMATED
COLLECTION PROCEDURE
To collect refuse using the automated arm
(if equipped), follow this procedure:
STANDARD AUTOMATED
COLLECTION PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Stop the truck by applying the foot
brake;
Wait for the truck to be completely
stopped;
Make sure all work and safety
lights are on;
Proceed to load the hopper as
discussed in the above
paragraphs, using the automated
arm to unload the cart roller
content and to put it back in place;
Release the foot brake pedal;
Drive to the next pick up point.
OPERATORS MANUAL
62
3.4.12 CAB FOLDING DOOR
If your Labrie unit is equipped with a cab
extension made by Labrie, apply the
following procedure to fold and lock the
fold-up door.
6.
Lock the folded door behind the
cab (Figure #3.28);
To release: use the inside cab
release mechanism (Figure
#3.29).
7.
DOOR OPENING PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Unlock and open right-hand side
door (Figure #3.24);
Inside folding door, locate the
sliding lock (Figure #3.25);
Follow steps i to iii (Figure #3.26);
Fold the door by pushing on the
center of the door;
Lock door in the open position
(figure #3.27);
SLIDING LOCK
FIGURE #3.25
i. Pull up the lever
ii. Slide toward R-H side
iii. Pull down the lever
i
ii
iii
FIGURE #3.26
FIGURE #3.24
EXPERT 2000™™
63
FIGURE #3.27
DOOR LATCH
RELEASE HANDLE
FIGURE #3.29
LATCH
FIGURE #3.28
Lock the door using the latch behind the
cab (figure #3.29).
OPERATORS MANUAL
64
3.4.13 LOADING CORRECTIVE ACTIONS
3.4.14 EMERGENCY ACTIONS
HYDRAULIC OIL SPILL
PACKING RAM DOES NOT CYCLE:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Ensure the hydraulic system is
engaged;
Check selector switch;
Check all red buttons (3);
Check the fuses.
Press the yellow button to ensure
the ram is completely retracted;
Try from another control station
(in cab);
Verify around packing ram for any
obstruction preventing it to move
freely;
Report your findings to the
maintenance facility;
Check the panic bar (if installed).
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
DANGER
IF SOMEONE IS TRAPPED IN
THE PACKER SYSTEM
1. Hit the nearest emergency control;
2. Call for help;
3. Proceed with first aid.
EXPERT 2000™™
8.
Disengage the hydraulic system
and stop the truck engine;
Close all the valves on the
hydraulic tank;
Carefully inspect the cause of the
leak;
Call the maintenance facility and
report your findings;
Before you restart the engine be
sure that the pump will not turn on
and pump any hydraulic oil;
In case of a vane pump (or dry
valve ) system, you have to get
the driving shaft of the pump
removed before restarting the
engine;
The same thing applies for a
transmission-mounted pump. Do
not engage it until you have tagged
out the control appropriately;
When it will be time to start the
pump again, make sure all valves
on the hydraulic tank are fully
open.
65
3.4.15 PACK ON THE GO
It may be useful to expedite your work and
be more efficient to ““pack on the go””. As
you are finished with loading the hopper
and instead of standing beside the truck
as you are cycling the ram, you can get in
the cab and activate the ram cycle from
there. The hydraulic pump will turn at the
engine RPM depending on the truck speed,
and will allow the ram to cycle even when
you are moving to your next pick up. This
procedure is quite practical when it is time
to ““break the load””, allowing you to get
more cycle on the refuse, as you go along.
3.4.16 STANDARD UNLOADING PROCEDURE
Once you have finished your route lower
the crusher panel (if the option is installed)
and close the hopper doors on both sides.
Make sure some unpacked garbage
remains in front of the packing blade to
help you in the ““unloading procedure””.
WARNING
NEVER RAISE THE BODY IF THE
TAILGATE IS NOT OPEN (THE
ICC BUMPER WILL NOT CLEAR
THE GROUND).
1. If the truck is equipped with a comingle body, repeat
the procedure for the second compartment.
STANDARD UNLOADING
PROCEDURE
1.
2.
Drive the vehicle to the landfill.
Ensure the vehicle is on safe,
stable and level ground.
3. Check the overhead clearance (22
feet) before opening the tailgate
and raising the body. MAKE SURE
THAT THE AIR SUSPENSION IS
DROPPED OR THE TAG AXLE
IS DOWN (IF EQUIPPED).
4. Remove tailgate safety pins;
5. Fully raise the tailgate;
6. Raise the body, the material
should slide out. (As you raise the
body you can accelerate the
engine to get it completely up
faster. Do not accelerate the
engine for the last section of the
hoist to prevent a sharp stop at
the end of the cylinder extension.);
7. Slowly move the vehicle forward
to prevent the garbage from piling
up under the tailgate. This is the
only time you can move the truck
with body raised. Do it very
cautiously and cover the shortest
distance possible. Always be
aware of the overhead clearance.
8. Cycle the packer blade to help
eject the garbage that could be
caught in the slope. (It may help
to have some garbage in the
hopper to enhance the effect of
the packer blade cycle);
9. Lower the body and close the
tailgate if the body has been
adequately emptied;
10. Put the safety pin back in place
(Figure #3.28);
11. Drive away from the unloading
site (See section 3.4.18 about
daily cleaning of hopper).
OPERATORS MANUAL
66
WARNING
NEVER BACKUP THE TRUCK
WITH THE BODY IN THE RAISED
POSITION.
NEVER RAISE
THE
BODY
I F
T H E
TAILGATE IS
NOT OPEN.
The comingle versions of the Expert
2000™™ have a different unloading
procedure because two rear doors have to
be opened in the right sequence.
NOTE: ON
COMINGLE
UNITS
EQUIPPED WITH ONLY ONE
ICC BUMPER, THE LEFT-HAND
SIDE COMPARTMENT HAS TO
BE OPENED FIRST.
••
STANDARD UNIT: 264 INCHES
SHORT BODY:
234 INCHES
LONG BODY :
275 INCHES
••
DUMPING HEIGHT
If your vehicle is equipped with
one ICC bumper, follow the
unloading procedure detailed on
next page.
If your vehicle is equipped with
two ICC bumpers, select the
appropriate tailgate door and
apply the standard unloading
procedure detailed on page 62.
WARNING
NEVER RAISE THE BODY IF THE
LEFT TAILGATE IS NOT OPEN
(THE ICC BUMPER WILL NOT
CLEAR THE GROUND).
FIGURE #3.30
OPEN TAILGATE:
PIN STORAGE HOLE
REAR TAILGATE
REAR TAILGATE
SAFETY PINS
ICC BUMPER
FIGURE #3.31
EXPERT 2000™™
67
UNLOADING PROCEDURE WITH
DUAL TAILGATES (CONTINUES)
UNLOADING PROCEDURE
(WITH DUAL TAILGATES)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Drive the vehicle to the desired
site;
Ensure the vehicle is on safe
stable and level ground;
Check for overhead clearance
before opening tailgates and
raising body;
Remove rear left tailgate safety
pins.
Fully raise the rear left tailgate
(Figure #3.30);
Follow the standard unloading
procedure to empty the left side
of the body (refer to previous
section);
Once the left side is empty, bring
the body down THEN lower the
left tailgate;
WARNING
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Drive the unit to the next dump
site;
At the next dump site, remove the
right-hand side safety pin. Do not
install the left pin;
Watching for overhead clearance,
raise the left tailgate again;
Raise the right door (See sections
3.3.12,
3.3.13
““controls
description””);
Follow again the standard
unloading procedure;
Once both compartments are
empty, lower the body;
Lower right door;
Lower left door;
Put back both safety pins then
leave the dump site. See section
3.4.18 about daily cleaning of
hopper.
LEFT-HAND SIDE
TAILGATE
DO NOT DRIVE WITH BODY OR
TAILGATE
IN
RAISED
POSITION.
WARNING
YOU ARE NOW DRIVING AN
UNBALANCED
VEHICLE:
REDUCE SPEED AND COVER
ONLY SHORT DISTANCES.
ICC BUMPER
RIGHT-HAND
SIDE TAILGATE
FIGURE #3.32
WARNING
YOU ARE NOW DRIVING AN
UNBALANCED
VEHICLE:
REDUCE SPEED AND COVER
ONLY SHORT DISTANCES.
OPERATORS MANUAL
68
3.4.17 UNLOADING CORRECTIVE ACTIONS
As you are unloading the refuse unit some
garbage can fall or be blown between the
frame and the body. To remove this
garbage, that would prevent a proper
lowering of the body on the chassis, use
safety prop (Figure #3.33 and
Figure #3.34).
DANGER
ALWAYS USE THE BODY
SAFETY
PROP
WHEN
WORKING UNDER A RAISED
BODY.
SAFETY
PROP
FIGURE #3.34
THE BODY DOES NOT RAISE
1.
SAFETY PROP
HANDLE
2.
3.
4.
5.
FIGURE #3.33
6.
7.
EXPERT 2000™™
Ensure the hydraulic system is
engaged.
Make sure the tailgate is fully
open.
Make sure the air pressure is
above 70 PSI.
Check all fuses in the console.
If equipped with air suspension, it
needs to be dropped.
If equipped with a tag axle, it must
be lowered.
Contact the maintenance facility
if there is no change.
69
3.4.18 UNLOADING EMERGENCY ACTIONS
GARBAGE BETWEEN CHASSIS
FRAME AND BODY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Lift the body until the safety prop
is clear to tilt under the body.
Release the safety prop by pulling
the handle (Figure #3.33).
Then pull down the safety prop
(towards the body).
Slowly lower the body so it rests
on the prop (Figure #3.34).
Proceed with the necessary
cleaning of the chassis.
Once finished, slightly raise the
body; return the safety prop to its
vertical position.
Lock the safety prop.
Lower the body onto the chassis
before moving the vehicle.
If the truck starts to sink on one side as
you unload:
DANGER
UNLOADING EMERGENCY
ACTIONS
1.
2.
3.
Stop all movement of the
equipment
Start or continue lowering the body
If the equipment does not stop
sinking, stay inside and protect
yourself.
DANGER
DO NOT USE PROPS WITH A
LOADED BODY.
NEVER STAND UNDER
RAISED LOADED BODY.
A
OPERATORS MANUAL
70
3.4.19 HOPPER DAILY CLEANING
Cleanliness is part of safety, ensure the
equipment works properly by removing
any packed garbage in the packer area,
and clean all the truck lights, warning
lights and safety stickers so you and the
surrounding pedestrians and vehicles, will
be safe around the vehicle at all times. To
clean out the packer area you will have to
do the following procedure:
CLEANING BEHIND
PACKER BLADE
HOPPER CLEANING PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Leave the packer blade extended
(Figure #3.34);
If equipped with a crusher panel
and a chute, place the chute on
the appropriate side of the hopper
so the crusher panel can be raised;
Raise the crusher panel (if
equipped) all the way.
Proceed with the appropriate tag
out procedure;
Open the cleaning trap on boths
sides on the rear hopper area
(Figure #3.35);
Pull the floating panel giving
access to the rear area of the
packer blade. (Figure #3.36);
Remove any bulky piece of
garbage in the area;
Rake small pieces of garbage
towards the cleaning traps (Figure
#3.37);
Finish cleaning the area with
pressurized water.
WARNING
NEVER SPRAY PRESSURIZED
WATER
DIRECTLY
ON
ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS.
EXPERT 2000™™
FIGURE #3.34
FLOATING PANEL
FIGURE #3.35
71
3.4.20 CHASSIS DAILY CLEANING
CHASSIS DAILY CLEANING
PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Tag out;
Set safety prop (Figure #3.38);
Clean with pressurized water
between body and frame;
Clean rear of cab;
Start truck, lift body, set off safety
prop (Figure #3.38);
Lower the body;
Clean all outside with water and
soap;
Rinse.
SAFETY PROP
RELEASE HANDLE
FIGURE #3.37
SAFETY PROP
FIGURE #3.38
CLEANING TRAPS
FIGURE #3.36
OPERATORS MANUAL
72
3.5
COOL HAND™™ AUTOMATED
UNIT OPERATION
3.5.1
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTION
For general safety precautions refer to
chapter 2.0 of the operator manual.
The Cool Hand™™ automated arm is
efficient. However, if operated incorrectly,
it may result in serious damage to property,
equipment or even cause injury or death.
WARNING
MAKE SURE THERE IS ENOUGH
CLEARANCE
BETWEEN
RAISED CONTAINER AND
OVERHEAD POWER LINES. IF
THE UNIT COMES IN CONTACT
WITH A POWER LINE, STAY IN
THE CAB AND KEEP AWAY
FROM ANY METAL PARTS.
The Cool Hand™™ automated arm is
designed to grab roller carts only. Do not
attempt to grab or lift up anything else
except roller carts.
WARNING
DO NOT OPERATE OR SERVICE
THE LIFTING ARM UNTIL YOU
HAVE BEEN FULLY TRAINED,
AND
HAVE
READ
AND
UNDERSTOOD THE ENTIRE
OPERATION
AND
MAINTENANCE
MANUAL
SUPPLIED
WITH
THIS
EQUIPMENT.
WARNING
ALWAYS
PUSH
THE
EMERGENCY STOP BUTTON
BEFORE LEAVING THE UNIT
OR BEFORE MOVING THE
CONTROL JOYSTICK (FOR
RIGHT-HAND SIDE OR LEFTHAND SIDE OPERATION). THIS
ENSURES
THAT
THE
AUTOMATED
ARM
IS
COMPLETELY INOPERATIVE.
GRABBER PUSH
BUTTONS
HANDLE
WARNING
MAKE SURE THAT ALL PEOPLE
OR ANY OBSTRUCTIONS ARE
FAR
AWAY
FROM
THE
AUTOMATED ARM BEFORE
MOVING IT. FAILURE TO DO SO
MAY RESULT IN UNIT AND/OR
PROPERTY
DAMAGES,
PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
AUTODUMP™™
PUSH
BUTTONS
DEADMAN
SWITCH
FIGURE #3.51
EXPERT 2000™™
73
3.5.2
LOADING PROCEDURE
INITIAL POSITION
IN THE HOPPER SECTION
LOADING PROCEDURE
1.
Stop the vehicle so that the arm is
lined up with the roller cart;
NOTE: THE DISTANCE BETWEEN
THE VEHICLE AND THE
ROLLER CART HAS TO BE
4 TO 9 FEET (1.25M TO
2.75M);
Using the joystick, control the
inner boom to go down from its
initial position (Figure #3.39);
4. Start opening the grabber halfway
down before it hits the roller cart;
5. Extend the outer boom to reach
the roller cart and close the
grabber by pushing the trigger on
top of the joystick (Figure #3.39);
6. Raise the roller cart about 2 feet
above the ground;
7. Retract the outer boom to the end
of its stroke;
8. Pull the joystick to raise the inner
boom to the armrest inside the
hopper. The garbage then should
fall down;
9. Ensure that the roller cart is empty
before putting it back in place;
10. Retract both the inner and outer
booms to storage position.
INNER BOOM DOWN
(12 O'CLOCK)
OUTER BOOM
RETRACT
(9 O'CLOCK)
OUTER BOOM
EXTEND
(3 O'CLOCK)
3.
WARNING
DO NOT OPEN THE GRABBER
WHILE LIFTING UP A ROLLER
CART; IT WILL FALL DOWN.
THIS MAY RESULT IN DAMAGE
TO THE ROLLER CART, THE
EQUIPMENT AND/OR CAUSE
INJURY.
INNER BOOM UP
(6 O'CLOCK)
GRABBER CONTROL
CLOSE
PUSH LEFT
(GRABBER CLOSE)
OPEN
JOYSTICK
TRIGGER
PUSH RIGHT
(GRABBER OPEN)
FIGURE #3.39
NOTE: TO INDUCE MOVEMENT TO
THE ARM, HOLD THE
DEADMAN SWITCH LOCATED
ON THE FRONT
THE
JOYSTICK (FIGURE #3.51).
WARNING
OPEN
THE
GRABBER
HALFWAY DOWN BEFORE IT
HITS THE ROLLER CART.
NOTE: CROSS ACTION OF THE
JOYSTICK WILL ENABLE TWO
MOVEMENTS AT A TIME.
OPERATORS MANUAL
74
Open the grabber
halfway down before it
hits the roller cart.
PUSH RIGHT
TO OPEN GRAB
FIGURE #3.39
EXPERT 2000™™
75
3.6.6
SINGLE CHUTE OPERATION
The chute located in the middle of the
hopper diverts material to the left or the
right side of the hopper (Figure #3.40).
Before collecting material, the operator
must know exactly what type of material to
load in, and to change the position of the
chute accordingly. Loading material on
the wrong side of the hopper can
contaminate recycling material with
unwanted substance.
Chute control buttons
(left or right)
FIGURE #3.41
Single chute
FIGURE #3.40
Before dumping a cart, change the position
of the chute to the proper side of the
hopper using one of the two red buttons on
top of the joystick (Figure #3.41).
If that happens, it will NOT be possible to
bring back the chute to the other side
unless overriding the chute. Refer to
section 3.6.2 ““Chute Override””.
Note that if the chute is not positioned
properly, the arm is no longer capable of
reaching the hopper. An interlock system
prevents the grabber from colliding with
the chute inside the hopper. Refer to
section 3.6.4 ““Safety System””.
Chute position
indicators
Push the button once and wait until the
warning light on the dashboard lights up
(Figure #3.42). There is no need to hold
the button until the chute comes into
position.
The time required by the chute to change
from on side to another is about 3 to 4
seconds. Afterwards the warning light on
the dashboard lights up indicating the chute
has reached its position. If the warning
light did not light up after that delay, this
will indicate that the chute is stuck
somewhere along piled material in the
hopper and cannot reach the desired
position.
FIGURE #3.42
OPERATORS MANUAL
76
3.6.7
SPLIT-CART
The split cart has a center divider that
allows collection of waste on one side,
and mix recyclables on the other side
(could be mixed recyclables on both sides).
SPLIT-CART
FIGURE #3.43
For that purpose, the vehicle is equipped
with a dual chute system (Figure #3.44)
that enables the operator to collect splitcart and put different types of recyclable
material simultaneously in both sides of
the hopper without moving the chute (Refer
to section 3.6.6 ““Dual Chute Operation””).
3.6.8
DUAL CHUTE OPERATION
When recycling material requires being
loaded in both side of the hopper at the
same time (when dumping split-cart), an
air locking mechanism is used to release
the rear section of the chute allowing the
operator to move front section of the chute
to the opposite side of the hopper
(Figure #3.45).
FIGURE #3.45
One half of the chute will divert material
curbside and the other section to the street
side. The lock mechanism is controlled
from inside the cab, using the rocker switch
located on the console (Figure #3.46).
CAB CONSOLE
DUAL CHUTE
Chute lock
mechanism control
FIGURE #3.44
EXPERT 2000™™
FIGURE #3.46
77
3.6.8
DUAL CHUTE OPERATION (cont’’d)
Note that the chute can be unlocked
whether it is positioned on the left or the
right side of the hopper.
properly, the arm is no longer capable of
reaching the hopper. An interlock system
prevents the grabber from colliding with
the chute inside the hopper. Refer to
section 3.6.4 ““Safety System””.
The dual chute is operated using two red
buttons on top of the joystick (Figure
#3.47). Before dumping a cart, change the
position of the chute to the proper side of
the hopper. Push the button once and wait
until the warning light on the dashboard
lights up. There is no need to hold the
button until the chute comes into position.
Chute position
indicators
FIGURE #3.48
3.6.9
Chute control
buttons
FIGURE #3.47
The time required by the chute to change
from one side to the other is about 3
seconds. Afterwards the warning light on
the dashboard lights up, indicating that
the chute has reached its position (Figure
#3.48). If the warning light did not light up
after that delay, this indicates that the
chute is stuck somewhere with piled
material in the hopper and cannot reach
the desired position.
SEPARATING THE CHUTE
To separate the chute, bring it to the
proper side of the hopper (either street
side or curbside), flip the rocker switch on
the console (Figure #3.46). Move back the
front part of the chute to the other side.
Releasing the rear part of the chute
enables the operator to load split-cart
simultaneously into both sides of the
hopper. When the chute is separated, the
warning light on the dashboard will indicate
only the position of the forward part of the
chute. Make sure to align the front part of
the chute with the rear part before locking
both sections.
SPLIT-CART
If that happens, it will NOT be possible to
bring back the chute to the other side
unless overriding the chute. Refer to
section 3.6.2 ““Chute Override””.
Note that if the chute is not positioned
FIGURE #3.49
OPERATORS MANUAL
78
3.5.3
TROUBLESHOOTING QUICK
REFERENCE
When an electrical failure occurs and
prevents the operator from retracting the
arm, the following procedure can be
applied.
a) Apply the parking brake and put the
transmission in neutral.
b) Use the manual control handles (Figure
# 3.50) to retract the outer boom and
then the inner boom. Bring back the
arm into the hopper section.
Contact the service center and refer to the
automated arm parts and maintenance
manual section 14.1.26.
DANGER
STAY OUT OF THE PATH OF
THE ARM OPERATION RANGE
WHILE MANUALLY MOVING
THE ARM. SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH MAY RESULT.
PROPORTIONAL VALVE
CONTROL LEVERS
Outer boom
Grabber
Inner boom
FIGURE #3.50
EXPERT 2000™™
WARNING
NEVER DRIVE THIS VEHICLE IF
THE AUTOMATED ARM IS NOT
FULLY RETRACTED TO ITS
RESTING POSITION. (THE RED
LIGHT COMES ON IF THE
AUTOMATED
ARM
IS
EXTENDED.) SINCE THE UNIT
MAY BE TOO HIGH AND/OR
WIDE, FAILURE TO DO SO MAY
RESULT IN UNIT AND/OR
PROPERTY
DAMAGE,
PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
WARNING
REMOVE
ALL
CONTROL
LEVERS
FROM
THE
PROPORTIONAL AUTOMATED
ARM VALVE. THESE CONTROL
LEVERS SHOULD ONLY BEEN
USED FOR MAINTENANCE
PURPOSES.
79
3.6
HELPING HAND™™ AUTOMATED
ARM OPERATION
3.6.1
DESCRIPTION
The Helping Hand™™ automated arm is
designed to be used on narrow streets
where roller carts have to be picked up
close to the vehicle.
The following section will provide all the
necessary informations for the safe use
and operation of the Helping Hand™™
automated arm. At the end of this section
the operator will be able to use the arm
safely and efficiently without extensive
training.
The Helping Hand™™ unit is equipped with
a telescopic arm which makes it possible
for the operator to grab roller carts within
less than a foot (30 cm) and at a maximum
distance of 6 feet”” (1.83 m.) from the
vehicle. Also, a movable joystick can be
used from both left or right-hand side
driving positions.
3.6.2
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Refer to section 2.0 of the current Expert
2000™™ Operators Manual for general
safety precautions for the use of the Expert
2000™™ common body features such as
packer control, body unloading procedure,
tailgate operation, cart tipper etc.
Verify the mirrors, brakes (emergency and
the temporary handbrake), accelerator
pedal, steering wheel and turn signals to
make sure they are in good working order.
WARNING
DO NOT OPERATE NOR SERVICE
THE ARM UNTIL YOU HAVE BEEN
FULLY TRAINED, AND HAVE
READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE
ENTIRE OPERATION AND
MAINTENANCE
MANUAL
SUPPLIED
WITH
THIS
EQUIPMENT.
WARNING
NEVER DRIVE THIS VEHICLE IF
THE AUTOMATED ARM IS NOT
FULLY RETRACTED IN ITS
RESTING POSITION. (RED
LIGHTS ON DASH BOARD
COME ON IF THE ARM IS
EXTENDED). THE UNIT WILL BE
TOO WIDE AND FAILURE TO
RETRACT THE ARM MAY
RESULT IN UNIT AND/OR
PROPERTY
DAMAGES,
PERSONAL INJURY OR EVEN
DEATH.
WARNING
MAKE SURE THAT ALL PEOPLE
OR ANY OBSTRUCTIONS ARE
FAR
AWAY
FROM
THE
AUTOMATED ARM BEFORE
MOVING IT. FAILURE TO DO SO
MAY RESULT IN UNIT AND/OR
PROPERTY
DAMAGES,
PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
OPERATORS MANUAL
80
Refer to section 3.3.2 ““Truck starting
procedure””.
the automated arm. The deadman switch
has to be held during any arm operation.
Releasing the deadman switch will stop
the arm where it is.
Prior to beginning waste collection, make
sure the crusher panel is fully raised and
the right-hand side hopper door is open
and locked in place. An interlock system
(limit switches) prevents the arm from
working if the door is not open or if the
crusher panel is not up (See chapter 15 of
the Expert 2000™™ Maintenance Manual).
Figure #3.52 shows basic movements of
the Helping Hand™™ automated arm while
moving the joystick. The joystick is also
provided with a push button which is
located on top of the joystick. This push
button controls the opening and the closing
of the grabber. Refer to the loading
procedure next page.
3.6.3
3.6.4
START UP
LOADING ROLLER CART
The Helping Hand™™ automated arm is
operated from inside the cab using a
joystick (figure #3.51), which is located
near the driving position. The deadman
switch located at the front of the handle
enables all hydraulic functions of the arm
and prevents involuntary movements of
JOYSTICK MOVEMENTS
GRABBER DOWN
(12 O’’CLOCK)
ARM
RETRACT
(9 O’’CLOCK)
ARM EXTEND
(3 O’’CLOCK)
GRABBER PUSH
BUTTONS
HANDLE
GRABBER UP
(6 O’’CLOCK)
HOME POSITION
IN THE HOPPER SECTION
JOYSTICK PUSH
BUTTON
GRABBER CONTROL
AUTODUMP™™
PUSH
BUTTONS
CLOSE
OPEN
PUSH LEFT
(GRABBER CLOSE)
FIGURE #3.52
DEADMAN
SWITCH
NOTE: CROSS ACTION OF THE
JOYSTICK WILL ENABLE TWO
MOVEMENTS AT A TIME.
FIGURE #3.51
EXPERT 2000™™
PUSH RIGHT
(GRABBER OPEN)
81
LOADING PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Stop the vehicle so that the arm is
lined up with the roller cart. The
distance between the roller cart
and the truck has to be from less
than a foot (30cm) to a maximum
of 6 feet (1.83m.);
Using the joystick, tip the chute (if
equipped) completely over the
appropriate side of the hopper;
Press the trigger button on the
joystick lever to enable the
hydraulic power to the arm;
Move the joystick towards the right
to extend the arm and reach the
roller cart (Figure #3.53);
To pick up the roller cart, push the
button on top of the joystick
(Figure #3.52) to close the
grabber.
Pull the joystick towards you and
lift up the roller cart about
18 inches (45cm).
Pull the joystick towards the left to
continue retracting the arm to the
end of its stroke and inside the
hopper;
Pull the joystick towards you again
to unload the roller cart inside the
hopper (figure #3.56);
9.
Make sure the roller cart is empty
before bringing it back in place;
10. Bring the cart back in place, then
open the grabber to release the
cart;
11. Retract the arm on the side of the
truck until the next stop.
LIFT-UP
FIGURE #3.54
RETRACT
FIGURE #3.55
EXTEND
UNLOAD
FIGURE #3.53
FIGURE #3.56
OPERATORS MANUAL
82
HELPING HAND™™
MIN. / MAX. REACH
MIN. REACH:
LESS THAN A FOOT
MAX. REACH:
72 INCHES (1,83m)
72”” INCHES (1,83m)
FIGURE #3.57
EXPERT 2000™™
83
3.6.5
TROUBLESHOOTING QUICK
REFERENCE
If an electrical failure occurs and prevents
the operator from retracting the arm, the
following procedure can be applied.
1. Apply the parking brake and put the
transmission in neutral.
2. Contact the service center.
3. The following procedure may be
applied by the maintenance personnel
to manually retract the arm. The
operator alone must not try to apply
this procedure.
FLOW DIVIDER
MANUAL OVERRIDE
1.
Remove the solenoid valve
connector on the flow divider
(figure #3.58).
2.
With a power supply or battery,
feed the coil with 12 volts DC on
pin 1 and 2 (figure #3.59). At this
time the flow divider SHOULD
engage and give hydraulic power
to the proportional valve. The arm
can now work manually with the
levers on the proportional valve
(figure #3.60).
3.
In the case when a roller cart is
stuck in the grabber, bring down
the cart to release it. Retract the
arm and the grabber inside the
hopper.
4.
Close the hopper door and drive
the vehicle to the maintenance
facility for repair.
WARNING
NEVER DRIVE THE VEHICLE IF
THE AUTOMATED ARM IS NOT
FULLY RETRACTED IN ITS
RESTING POSITION. (THE RED
LIGHT
COMES
ON
IF
AUTOMATED
ARM
IS
EXTENDED.) SINCE THE UNIT
MAY BE TOO HIGH AND/OR
WIDE, FAILURE TO DO SO MAY
RESULT IN UNIT AND/OR
PROPERTY
DAMAGES,
PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH.
CONNECTOR
FLOW
DIVIDER
FIGURE #3.58
DANGER
STAY OUT OF THE PATH OF
THE ARM OPERATING RANGE
WHILE MANUALLY MOVING
THE ARM. SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH MAY RESULT.
OPERATORS MANUAL
84
FEED THE SOLENOID COIL
WITH DC 12 VOLTS
WARNING
CONNECTOR
FLOW
DIVIDER
FIGURE #3.59
PROPORTIONAL VALVE LEVERS
1
2
FIGURE #3.60
1- GRABBER (OPEN / CLOSE)
2- ARM (EXTEND / RETRACT)
3- GRABBER (UP / DOWN)
EXPERT 2000™™
3
REMOVE
ALL
CONTROL
LEVERS
FROM
THE
PROPORTIONAL AUTOMATED
ARM VALVE. THESE CONTROL
LEVERS SHOULD BE USED
FOR
MAINTENANCE
PURPOSES ONLY.
85
NOTES
OPERATORS MANUAL

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