Color Images for Lothar Krempel: Network Visualization, In: John

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Color Images for Lothar Krempel: Network Visualization, In: John
Color Images for Lothar Krempel: Network
Visualization, In: John Scott and Peter J.
Carrington (eds.), The SAGE Handbook of
Social Network Analysis. London: Sage.
June 22, 2010
List of Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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9
10
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A schematic network drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
A spring-layout of German capital ties for 1996 . . . . . . .
3
The Munsell System differentiates between nine levels of lightness and ten hues which are organized radially on each of
the vertical levels. Colors with identical saturation (chroma)
are equidistant to the center. It is a perceptually uniform
color system. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
Color schemes for the communication of qualitative, sequential and divergent distributions. (Cynthia Brewer, www.colorbrewer.org)
Using size to different centralities makes it easy to compare
their distributions. (compare fig. 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6
A bipartite graph: Davis Southern Women . . . . . . . . . .
7
A block model: Southern Women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
Mapping external attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9
Capital ties and attributes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Visualizing the comparative static development of the German company system (1996 - 2006) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Geomi: Emails between scientists over time . . . . . . . . . 12
1
5
Figure 1: A schematic network drawing
Carol
Andre
Fernando
Diane
Beverly
Heather Ike
Jane
Garth
Ed
Pajek
2
Figure 2: A spring-layout of German capital ties for 1996
R+V Versicherung
DG Bank
Deutsche Bahn
Henkel
Victoria
Bosch
Bosch-Siemens
Degussa
Lufthansa
BayerischeLB
BMW
Bilfinger+Berger AGIV
EVS
Siemens AMB
Bayer
Schering
Beiersdorf
Vereinte
Buderus
VIAG
Bayerische Vereinsbank
Allianz
MAN
Metallgesellschaft
RWE
Bankgesellschaft Berlin
Continental
NordLB
VEW
Thyssen
Deutz
Bewag
VEBA
Daimler-Benz
Deutsche Bank
Commerzbank
Holzmann
Hamburger Gesellschaft
Colonia
VEAG
Volkswagen
Linde
Wacker-Chemie
Bayerische Hypo
Hoechst
Dresdner
Bank
Mˆ…nchener
Rˆ…ck
BASF
Preussag
RAG
WestLB
Gerling
Sˆ…dzucker
Karstadt
Krupp
Deutsche Babcock
Ruhrgas
Mannesmann
Pajek
3
Figure 3: The Munsell System differentiates between nine levels of lightness and ten hues which are organized radially on each of the vertical levels. Colors with identical saturation (chroma) are equidistant to the center.
It is a perceptually uniform color system.
4
Figure 4: Color schemes for the communication of qualitative, sequential
and divergent distributions. (Cynthia Brewer, www.colorbrewer.org)
27
158
119
217
95
2
117
112
179
231
41
138
102
166
30
230
171
2
166
118
29
102
102
102
0.448
0.475
0.474
0.426
0.517
0.667
0.48
0.4
179
226
205
253
205
172
203
213
232
244
202
228
230
245
201
255
242
174
241
226
204
204
204
204
0.821
0.846
0.831
0.852
0.924
0.934
0.894
0.8
247
251
255
222
235
247
198
219
239
158
202
225
107
174
214
66
146
198
33
113
181
8
81
156
8
48
107
0.981
0.911
0.842
0.75
0.62
0.5
0.378
0.264
0.166
255
245
235
254
230
206
253
208
162
253
174
107
253
141
60
241
105
19
217
72
1
166
54
3
127
39
4
0.968
0.919
0.848
0.746
0.649
0.534
0.422
0.321
0.241
158
1
66
213
62
79
244
109
67
253
174
97
254
224
139
255
255
191
230
245
152
171
221
164
102
194
165
50
136
189
94
79
162
0.216
0.428
0.568
0.742
0.877
0.972
0.903
0.783
0.64
0.455
0.363
103
0
31
178
24
43
214
96
77
244
165
130
253
219
199
247
247
247
209
229
240
146
197
222
67
147
195
33
102
172
5
48
97
0.134
0.283
0.507
0.724
0.89
0.968
0.879
0.723
0.503
0.349
0.158
5
Figure 5: Using size to different centralities makes it easy to compare their
distributions. (compare fig. 1)
.
(a) Degree
Andre
(b) Closeness
Degree
centrality
Carol
Andre
Heather
Ike
Fernando
Diane
Jane
Garth
Beverly
Closeness
centrality
Carol
Fernando
Diane
.
Heather
Ike
Jane
Garth
Beverly
Ed
Ed
.
.
.
.
(c) Betweenness
(d) Eigenvector centrality
Betweenness
centrality
Andre
Beverly
Andre
Fernando
Heather
Diane
Eigenvector
centrality
Carol
Fernando
Diane
Ike
Garth
Garth
Beverly
Ed
.
.
6
Heather
Ike
Jane
.
Figure 6: A bipartite graph: Davis Southern Women
(a) Layout, degrees and sets
Charlotte
E4
E1
DGG: Southern Women
spring embedding
E3
E5Brenda
Eleanor
Laura
E2
Evelyn Theresa
Frances
E7
Ruth
E6
E8
Verne
Sylvia
E13
Nora
Katherine
Pearl
E9
E14
Helen
E12
Myrna
Dorothy
E10
E11
Flora
.
Olivia
© 2009 Lothar Krempel, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne
.
(b) A two-mode blockmodel: 2 women and 3 event blocks
Charlotte
E4
E1
DGG: Southern Women
two−mode blockmodel
E3
E5Brenda
Eleanor
Laura
E2
Evelyn Theresa
Frances
E7
Ruth
E6
E8
Verne
Sylvia
E13
Nora
Katherine
Pearl
E9
E14
Helen
E12
Myrna
Dorothy
E10
E11
Flora
Olivia
© 2009 Lothar Krempel, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne
.
7
.
Figure 7: A block model: Southern Women
(a) Pie charts as node symbols
Charlotte
E4
E1
DGG: Southern Women
two−mode blockmodel
E3
E5Brenda
Eleanor
Laura
E2
Evelyn Theresa
Frances
E7
Ruth
E6
E8
Verne
Sylvia
E13
Nora
Katherine
Pearl
E9
E14
Helen
E12
Myrna
Dorothy
E10
E11
Flora
.
Olivia
© 2009 Lothar Krempel, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne
.
(b) using convex hulls
Charlotte
E4
E1
DGG: Southern Women
two−mode blockmodel
E3
E5Brenda
Eleanor
Laura
E2
Evelyn Theresa
Frances
E7
Ruth
E6
E8
Verne
Sylvia
E13
Nora
Katherine
Pearl
E9
E14
Helen
E12
Myrna
Dorothy
E10
E11
Flora
Olivia
© 2009 Lothar Krempel, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne
.
8
Figure 8: Mapping external attributes
Two sets of nodes
Color scheme for links
within and between classes
Finance
Industry
Finance
Financial volumes
Finance
A
Industry
B
C
.
9
Industry
.
Figure 9: Capital ties and attributes
(a) attributes and spring layout
Kapitalverflechtungen in Deutschland 1996
Ruhrgas
Mannesmann
Deutsche Babcock
Krupp
Karstadt
Südzucker
Gerling
WestLB
Holzmann
Deutz
Commerzbank
RAG
Thyssen
Daimler−Benz
Continental
RWE
VEAG
Allianz
Vereinte
BASF
Schering
VIAG
Münchener Rück
Colonia
Hoechst
Bayerische Hypo
Dresdner Bank
Wacker−Chemie
Hamburger Gesellschaft
AMB
AGIV
Bilfinger+Berger
EVS
BMW
Bosch−Siemens
Bosch
Bewag
Buderus
Bayer
Siemens
Bankgesellschaft Berlin
MAN
Bayerische Vereinsbank
Beiersdorf
NordLB
VEBA
Volkswagen
Metallgesellschaft
Preussag
VEW
Deutsche Bank
Linde
Victoria
Lufthansa
Degussa
BayerischeLB
Henkel
DG Bank
Deutsche Bahn
Kapitalbeteiligungen
R+V Versicherung
Finanz — Finanz
Industrie — Industrie
Finanz — Industrie
.
(b) A radial layout of status differences (Baur, Brandes & Wagner 2008)
10
Figure 10: Visualizing the comparative static development of the German
company system (1996 - 2006)
.
(a) 1966
(b) 2000
Kirch
Ruhrgas
Mannesmann
BASF
Schering
Telekom
WestLB
Wacker−Chemie
AGIV
BASF
Münchener Rück
EVS
DaimlerChrysler
BMW
BayHypoV
K+S
Bayer
Deutsche Bank
Südzucker
MAN
BayerischeLB
Lufthansa
Degussa
Victoria
Bewag
Allianz
Dresdener Bank
BMW
MG Technologies
Bosch−Siemens
Bosch
R+V Vers
EON
Hamburger Gesellschaft
AMB
Bilfinger+Berger
Schering
RWE
KarstadtQuelle
BayLB
Hoechst
Bayerische Hypo
Dresdner Bank
Siemens
DG Bank
RAG
Colonia
Lufthansa
Münchener Rück
ThyssenKrupp
Siemens
Bewag
VIAG
Buderus
Bayer
Shell D
Ruhrgas
Bankgesellschaft Berlin
VEAG
Bayerische Vereinsbank
Atecs
Deutsche Post
Preussag
Continental
MAN
Allianz
BoschSiemens
NordLB
VEBA
RWE
Vereinte
BabcockBorsig
Preussag
VEW
Deutsche Bank
Daimler−Benz
Volkswagen
Metallgesellschaft
SAP
Vodafone D
RAG
Thyssen
Beiersdorf
Spar
Bosch
WestLB
Holzmann
Commerzbank
Linde
Salzgitter
Aventis
Gerling
Deutz
NordLB
Springer
Wacker
Deutsche Babcock
Krupp
Karstadt
Südzucker
.
VW
EADS
Generali
Continental
Henkel
Kapitalbeteiligungen 1996
Finanz — Finanz
Industrie — Industrie
Finanz — Industrie
Deutsche Bahn
R+V Versicherung
Linde
Gerling
Kapitalbeteiligungen 2000
Finanz — Finanz
Industrie — Industrie
Finanz — Industrie
DG Bank
Commerzbank
.
.
.
.
(c) 2002
(d) 2006
Fraport
TUI
Generali
Hochtief
Commerzbank
Continental
Deutsche Telekom
ThyssenKrupp
Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau
RAG
RWE
BMW
ThyssenKrupp
Exxon Deutschland
RAG
BSH Bosch Siemens
Generali
E.ON
Linde
MAN
Ruhrgas
Siemens
RWE
Allianz
Commerzbank
Shell Deutschland
Siemens
MG Technologies
AXA
Münchener Rück
BASF AG
Wacker
KarstadtQuelle
Axel Springer
Bosch−Siemens
BASF
Deutsche Bank
Deutsche Telekom
Rhön−Klinikum
KfW
Fresenius
KarstadtQuelle
GEA
Deutsche Post
TUI
Hamburger Gesellschaft
UniCredit
Heidelberger Druck
Bosch
Schering
Continental
Südzucker
Allianz
Linde
K+S
Beiersdorf
DaimlerChrysler
EADS
E.ON
Deutsche Lufthansa
Münchener Rück
Deutsche Post
Aventis Deutschland
ArcelorMittal
Bayerische Landesbank
Robert Bosch
Bayerische Hypo
Bayer
Bilfinger Berger
Bayer
Deutsche Bank
K+S
MAN
Energie Baden−W
BMW
Fresenius
DaimlerChrysler
Kapitalbeteiligungen 2002
Finanz — Finanz
Industrie — Industrie
Finanz — Industrie
Metro
Haniel
Nestlé Deutschland
Kapitalbeteiligungen
Finanz − Finanz
Industrie − Industrie
Finanz − Industrie
Vattenfall
Volkswagen
EADS
Porsche
© 2008 Lothar Krempel, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Cologne
.
.
11
Figure 11: Geomi: Emails between scientists over time
12

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