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ROYAL DANISH EMBASSY
Jakarta
REGIONAL (ACEH AND NORTH SUMATRA) WORKSHOP
ON
APPROPRIATE RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES
FOR APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES
MEDAN,
DECEMBER 16-17, 2010
FINAL REPORT
Prepared by:
Per Rasmussen (Workshop Advisor)
Marlina Pandin (Workshop Technical Facilitator)
JANUARY 2011
PREFACE
The third workshop in a series of four, the Regional Workshop on Appropriate Renewable
Energy (RE) Technologies for Application by Rural Communities was successfully conducted
during December 16-17, 2010 in Medan, North Sumatra. The workshop which covered two
Green PNPM target provinces in Sumatra, namely Aceh and North Sumatra was organized
after the National Workshop in Jakarta and the Regional Workshop in Makassar.
Subsequently, the fourth and last regional workshop covering West Sumatra and Bengkulu
provinces will be conducted in Bukit Tinggi in early 2011.
The workshop organisers would like express their sincere thanks to each and every
contributor who made the workshop a success: organiser, presenters, participants, and
exhibitors. It is expected that this workshop has achieved its objective in introducing Green
PNPM and appropriate renewable energy technologies for rural communities in the region.
Following each workshop, a final report is prepared to document all materials presented in
the seminar and the results of the working group discussions. In addition,, the report lists all
facts and figures about the workshop such as participants, presenters, workshop program,
etc. The report also discusses findings, recommendations, and comments from participants,
and evaluates the workshop planning and implementation with the intention to draw
lessons for improvement of the remaining workshop. The workshop organiser welcomes
comments and inputs on the workshop and report for future improvements.
Jakarta, January 2011
PNPM Rural/Green Workshop Organiser Team
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE .................................................................................................................................................. 2
TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................................................................... 3
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ............................................................................................................................ 4
INTRODUCTION ....................................................................................................................................... 5
1.1. BACKGROUND ......................................................................................................................... 5
1.2
OBJECTIVE ............................................................................................................................... 6
II. WORKSHOP IMPLEMENTATION ...................................................................................................... 8
2.1
TIME AND VENUE .................................................................................................................... 8
2.2
PARTICIPANTS AND PRESENTERS............................................................................................ 8
2.3
WORKSHOP PROGRAMME...................................................................................................... 8
2.4
WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS ................................................................................................... 10
III. WORKSHOP RESULT ...................................................................................................................... 11
3.1
PLENARY SEMINAR (Day 1: December 16, 2010) .................................................................. 11
3.3
GROUP WORK (Day 2: 17 December 2010) .......................................................................... 18
3.4
EXHIBITION (16 - 17 December, 2010).................................................................................. 19
3.5
WORKSHOP FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS .............................................................. 20
IV. EVALUATION ................................................................................................................................. 23
4.1
EVALUATION ......................................................................................................................... 23
4.2
LESSONS LEARNED ................................................................................................................ 28
V. CONCLUSIONS ............................................................................................................................... 30
APPENDIX 1 :
APPENDIX 2 :
APPENDIX 3 :
APPENDIX 4 :
APPENDIX 5 :
APPENDIX 6 :
APPENDIX 7 :
APPENDIX 8 :
APPENDIX 9 :
APPENDIX 10
APPENDIX 11
APPENDIX 12
APPENDIX 13
:
:
:
:
Workhop Participants ......................................................................................
31
Presentation 1 ‘Renewable Energy Policies, Plans, and Programmes
in Indonesia’ ............................................................................................................ 34
Presentation 2 ‘Introduction to Green PNPM as a Pilot Programme of
PNPM Rural’ ....................................................................................................
40
Presentation 3 ‘Green PNPM Experiences and Results with
Renewable Energy (in Sulawesi)’ .......................................................................
43
Presentation 4 ‘Renewable Energy Service Provider Survey and Database’ .........47
Presentation 5 ‘Introduction to Wind Energy Technologies Relevant
for Application by Rural Communities in Indonesia’ ........................................... 54
Presentation 6 ‘Introduction to Solar Energy Technologies Relevant
for Application by Rural Communities in Indonesia’ ........................................... 59
Presentation 7 ‘Introduction to Biomass Energy Technologies Relevant
for Application by Rural Communities in Indonesia’ ........................................... 66
Presentation 8 ‘Introduction to Hydro Energy Technologies Relevant
for Application by Rural Communities in Indonesia’ ........................................... 71
Group Work Result ..........................................................................................
77
Minutes of Meeting .........................................................................................
80
Questionnaire Form..........................................................................................
87
Workshop in Photos ................................................................................................ 90
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
A Regional Workshop covering Aceh and North Sumatra Provinces titled ‘Appropriate
Renewable Energy (RE) Technologies for Application by Rural Communities’ was conducted
during December 16-17, 2010 in Medan, North Sumatra. This workshop is the third in a
series of four workshops, following the National Workshop in Jakarta and the Regional
(Sulawesi) Workshop in Makassar during October and November 2010. The workshops are
all organised by Green PNPM with financial support by the Royal Danish Embassy, Jakarta.
The purpose of the regional (Aceh and Sumatra) workshop was similar to that of the two
previous workshops, namely to raise the awareness of both the demand and the supply side
particularly in the two provinces concerning the potential for renewable energy solutions
for rural energy needs, in the framework of the PNPM Rural/Green. This regional workshop
brought together important local stakeholders from local Government, PNPM Support
Office and PNPM Task Teams, NGO/CSO, research bodies and universities, private sector,
donor agencies/programmes, and media.
Like the two previous workshops, this regional workshop lasted one and a half day with
activities arranged into 3 main categories: plenary seminar, group work, and service
provider exhibitions. On the first day, 90 participants attended the workshop, and on the
second day 64 participants participated in the group work.
During Plenary seminar on day one, 8 (eight) presenters delivered presentations on 8
different renewable energy topics, including RE policy, introduction to PNPM Rural/Green,
RE Database, and RE technology for 4 RE types (wind, solar, biomass, and hydro). The group
work on day two discussed relevant RE technologies for rural communities in Aceh and
North Sumatra, the challenges faced and recommendations on how to succesfully
implement such RE technologies. During the 1.5 day workshop, 12 (twelve) RE service
providers from Sumatra, Jakarta, Bandung, and Sulawesi exhibited their products and
services.
An immediate result of the workshop is the identification of appropriate RE technologies
that can potentially be implemented in the region’s rural communities within the
Rural/Green PNPM , and problems in implementing these technologies. The workshop also
formulated recommendations on how to overcome the barriers and ensure sustainable RE
projects, which in the longer term are expected to increase rural community investments in
RE technologies in the framework of Rural/Green PNPM.
An evaluation of the workshop by participants shows that the workshop aspects such as
theme, venue, and exhibiton have met participants’ expectations except for the time
allocated for each presentation and exhibition. In addition, the organiser’s own evaluation
confirmed that improvements have been made compared to previous workshops but that
there are still certain aspects that need further improvement.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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INTRODUCTION
A regional workshop on Appropriate Renewable Energy Technologies for Application by
Rural Communities was held on December 16-17, 2010 in Medan, North Sumatra by Green
PNPM with financial support by the Royal Danish Embassy in Jakarta. The workshop covered
two Green PNPM targeted provinces in Sumatra, namely Aceh and North Sumatra.
This Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop was the second regional workshop held
after a National Workshop held in Jakarta and a Regional (Sulawesi) workshop held in
Makassar during October and November 2010, respectively. A fourth and final regional
workshop covering West Sumatra and Bengkulu will be held in January 2011. The four
workshops are organised with the intention to reach all relevant stakeholders at the
national level and in the Green PNPM target provinces.
1.1. BACKGROUND
A National Program for Community Empowerment (Program Nasional Pemberdayaan
Masyarakat Mandiri – PNPM Mandiri) was initiated in 2007 by the Government of Indonesia
(GOI) through the Ministry of Home Affairs. Building on the Kecamatan Development
Programme (KDP), which began in 1998, this community-driven development program aims
at accelerating poverty reduction through empowerment of communities both rural (PNPM
Rural) and urban (PNPM Urban) across Indonesia.
KDP was seen as effective and had clear impact on the communities’ welfare and household
incomes, but community investments in renewable energy and natural resources
management (NRM) projects were negligible. In order to promote the integration of NRM
and renewable energy (RE) solutions into the livelihood priorities of rural communities, a
‘Green’ PNPM pilot programme (PNPM Lingkungan Mandiri Perdesaan – PNPM LMP), with
funding specifically earmarked for NRM and RE projects, was initiated in 2007 and is now
supported by five donors - The Netherlands, Denmark, Canada, Australia, and the UK.
The pilot program started operating in 4 provinces in Sulawesi i.e. North, South, West and
South East Sulawesi. Subsequently, the Government expanded Green PNPM to four
provinces in Sumatra (Aceh, North and West Sumatra, and Bengkulu) and may possibly
extend the programme to Papua.
Over the last 10 years, nationwide energy demand grew at approximately 7% per year, but
the electrification rate remains low at 67% in 2009 with un-electrified households mainly
found in poor and remote rural areas. Still, within the next decade, the Government’s
current plans for expanding Indonesia’s national power grid do not include the connection
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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of many rural communities. In Sumatra, Aceh has the highest rate at 89.81% followed by
North Sumatra at 76,92%; and lowest is Lampung at 53,36%.
With abundant renewable energy sources, it is reasonable to explore renewable energy to
meet the demand of the communities, by adopting appropriate renewable energy
technologies, both for income generating activities and for off-grid power generation.
Through Green PNPM, participating communities may receive funding and necessary
technical support to develop functional and sustainable RE projects.
Nevertheless, utilizing renewable energy in rural areas is having several barriers such as the
gap between the demand and the supply side as well as limited information and proper
knowledge possessed by rural people. In order to overcome these problems, in the
framework of the PNPM Rural and Green, there is a need for bringing together renewable
energy service providers and relevant PNPM Rural/Green actors, with the aim of breaking
down barriers to the application of, and promoting RE technologies particularly that of solar,
wind, biomass and hydro energy in rural communities within the PNPM framework.
With financial support from the Royal Danish Embassy, Green PNPM conducted the third RE
workshop: a Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop in Medan, on December 16-17,
2010 to explore available RE technologies relevant for rural communities in the region and
various RE service providers in Indonesia, as well as to discuss Green PNPM experiences in
RE so far.
1.2
OBJECTIVE
The objective of this regional workshop was similar to that of the two previous workshop,
namely: to raise the awareness of both the demand and the supply side of the potential for
renewable energy solutions for rural energy needs, in the framework of the PNPM Rural and
Green. The focus of this regional workshop was on selected stakeholders from Aceh and
West Sumatra.
The regional workshop was designed to reach the main PNPM stakeholders down to
kabupaten level in the two Green PNPM target provinces in Sumatra and was expected to
result in the following:
1.
Enhanced understanding and interest among major stakeholders in renewable energy
technologies for application by rural communities;
2.
Increased knowledge by the different stakeholders and service providers in renewable
energy, of the potentials and constraints to application of RE technologies by rural
communities in the framework of PNPM Rural and Green;
3.
Linkages and networking between main RE stakeholders from demand and supply side;
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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4.
Experience for application in connection with implementation of future regional
workshops.
The workshop was meant to contribute to improving the knowledge and understanding by
major Rural/Green PNPM stakeholders of, and the interest in, the potential application of
solar, wind, and biomass based renewable energy in rural communities, for electricity
generation and other rural energy requirements.
It is expected in long term that this regional workshop will encourage an increasing
proportion of block grants being allocated by rural communities in Aceh and North Sumatra
for investments in renewable energy projects, particularly in solar, wind, biomass and hydro
based renewable energy solutions for rural energy needs.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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II.
2.1
WORKSHOP IMPLEMENTATION
TIME AND VENUE
This Regional Workshop on Appropriate Renewable Energy Technologies for Application by
Rural Communities was held on December 16 – 17, 2010 at Grand Angkasa Hotel, Medan,
North Sumatra.
2.2
PARTICIPANTS AND PRESENTERS
A total of 90 participants on the first day and 64 participants on the second day attended
the workshop. Participants consisted of representatives from Ministry of Home Affairs,
Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, and the following PNPM stakeholders from Aceh
and North Sumatra:
- Local Government Officials;
- PNPM Support Office and PNPM Task Team (Province and Kabupaten);
- PNPM Consultant;
- NGO/CSO;
- Research body and University;
- Private sector;
- Donor Agency/Programme;
- and Media.
The List of Participant can be found in Appendix 1.
Eight Presenters from Government, PNPM consultant, research body and universities
presented views, knowledge and practical experience related to 8 (eight) different topics in
Green PNPM planning and implementation and RE policy, implementation, and technology.
The list of speakers is presented in Table 1, section 2.3.
2.3
WORKSHOP PROGRAMME
The 1.5 day workshop was arranged as a combination of a plenary seminar and group work
discussions, as well as an exhibition by renewable energy service providers during breaks.
The final workshop programme is exhibited in Table 1. below:
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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Table 1: Workshop Programme
No
Time
Programme
Comments/Speaker
DAY 1 (December 16, 2010)
1
2
08.30 - 09.00
09.00 - 09.20
Registration of participants
Key Note address and workshop opening
ceremony
3
09.20 - 09.30
Introduction to workshop programme and
logistical arrangements
4
5
09.30 - 10.00
10.00 - 10.30
Visit to Service Provider exhibitions
Presentation 1: Renewable Energy Policies,
Plans, and Programmes in Indonesia
6
10.30 - 11.00
Presentation 2: Introduction to Green PNPM
as a Pilot Programme of PNPM Rural
7
11.00 - 11.30
Presentation 3: Green PNPM Experiences and
Results with Renewable Energy (in Sulawesi)
8
11.30 - 12.00
Presentation 4: Renewable Energy Service
Provider Survey and Database
9
12.00 - 12.30
10
12.30 - 14.00
Questions and Answers session re:
presentations 1 - 4
Lunch break
11
14.00 - 14.30
Presentation 5: Introduction to Wind Energy
Technologies Relevant for Application by
Rural Communities in Indonesia
12
14.30 - 15.00
Presentation 6: Introduction to Solar Energy
Technologies Relevant for Application by
Rural Communities in Indonesia
13
15.00 - 15.30
Coffee/tea break
14
15.30 - 16.00
Presentation 7: Introduction to Biomass
Energy Technologies Relevant for Application
by Rural Communities in Indonesia
15
16.00 - 16.30
Presentation 8: Introduction to Hydro Energy
Technologies Relevant for Application by
Rural Communities in Indonesia
Secretariat
Key Note speaker
Drs. H. Johan Susmono, MSi
Director of Natural Resources &
Appropriate Technology
Directorate General of Rural
Empowerment (PMD)
Workshop Moderator
Dr. Rislima Sitompul
Researcher LIPI (Indonesian
Institute of Science)
Coffee/tea break
Ir. M. Sjahdirin
Directorate of New Renewable
Energy and Energy Conservation,
MEMR
Drs. Adi Suseno
Secretariat of Village Community
Empowerment
Directorate General of Village
Empowerment (PMD)
Warintoko
Green PNPM National
Management Consultant
Dr. Rislima Sitompul
Centre for Appropriate Technology
Development,
Indonesian Institute of Sciences
(LIPI)
Moderator
Visit to Renewable Energy Service
Provider exhibitions
Drs. Soeripno Martosaputro
Researcher of LAPAN, Chairman of
MEAI (Indonesian Wind Energy
Society)
Dr. Ahmad Agus Setiawan, ST, MSc
Vice Head, Department of
Engineering Physics, Faculty of
Engineering, Gadjah Mada
University
Visit to Renewable Energy Service
Provider exhibitions
Yoel Pasae, ST. MT.
Lecturer of Universitas Kristen
Indonesia Paulus Head of Research
& Development Institute - UKIP
Ardi Nugraha
Entec Indonesia
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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No
Time
16
16.30 - 16.45
17
16.45 - 17.00
Programme
Questions and answers session re:
presentations 5 - 8
Workshop conclusion, day 1
Comments/Speaker
Moderator
Moderator
DAY 2 (December 17, 2010)
1
08.00 - 08.30
Workshop registration, Day 2
2
08.30 - 09.00
Presentation of a summary of conclusions
and recommendations from the National
Workshop on Renewable Energy (6 - 7
October, 2010)
3
09.00 - 10.00
Group 1
Solar and Wind
Energy
Group 2
Biomass Energy
4
5
6
7
8
2.4
Introduction to Day 2 Group Work
Group Work: Appropriate renewable energy
technologies for rural communities in Aceh
and North Sumatra in the framework of
Rural/Green PNPM:
1. What are the different uses of
renewable energy for rural
communities in the region?
2. Which renewable energy solutions and
technologies are most relevant to rural
communities in the region?
3. What are the potential benefits and
limitations of using renewable energy
at community level?
Discuss the Group Work theme with regard
to Solar and Wind Energy
Moderator
Dr. Rislima Sitompul
Moderator
Overall theme of Group Work
Facilitator
Discuss the Group Work theme with regard
to Biomass Energy
Facilitator
Group 3
Hydro Energy
Discuss the Group Work theme with regard
to Hydro Energy
Facilitator
10.00 - 11.00
Presentations from Group Work
Coffee/tea will be available from
10.00 - 11.00
11.00 - 11.30
11.30 - 11.45
11.45 – 12.00
12.00 -
Presentation Group 1
Presentation Group 2
Presentation Group 3
Questions and Answers
Workshop results and conclusions
Workshop closure
Lunch
Moderator
Moderator
PMD/MOHA
Workshop participants leave after
lunch
WORKSHOP PROCEEDINGS
All presentation materials are documented in Appendices No. 2 - 10 of this report.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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III.
WORKSHOP RESULT
The workshop was arranged with the intention to raise awareness and increase knowledge
of major PNPM Rural/Green stakeholders in RE technology particularly for rural application,
identify problems associated with RE implementation within PNPM Rural Green and provide
recommendations for future action, and to establish links and networks between the
stakeholders. Additionally, the exhibition was meant to introduce some of the RE service
providers operating in Indonesia, particularly in Aceh and North Sumatra.
3.1
PLENARY SEMINAR (Day 1: December 16, 2010)
The plenary seminar was conducted on the first day. It began with an opening ceremony,
followed by eight presentations divided into two sessions.
The first four presentations covered various topics: RE policy, Green PNPM programmes and
experiences, and an introduction to RE service providers in Indonesia. The remaining four
topics described technological aspects of different renewable energy resources, including
wind, solar, biomass and hydro energy. After each session, participants were given an
opportunity to comment on the presentations and address questions to the presenters.
3.1.1 Opening Ceremony (09.00 - 09.30)
The workshop started with an introduction from the moderator who explained the
workshop programme, activities, and arrangement. The moderator then invited Drs.
Johan Susmono, M.Si, Director of Natural Resources and Appropriate Technology,
Directorate General of Community Empowerment, Ministry of Home Affairs to deliver
a speech and officially open the workshop. In his speech, Mr. Susmono emphasized
the importance of Green PNPM as a pilot programme within PNPM Rural. It is
intended that Green PNPM could increase rural community awareness on NRM and
RE, therefore, the Green PNPM stakeholders need to constantly improve their
knowledge in these subjects. Through this workshop, he expected that all workshop
participants could gain more knowledge related to Green PNPM and RE, which later
could be transferred to the target communities.
3.1.2 Break/Visit to Exhibitions (09.00 - 09.30)
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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3.1.3 Presentation 1 (10.00 - 10.30)
‘Renewable Energy Policies, Plans, and Programmes in Indonesia’
Ir. Helmi P. Nainggolan, M.T.
Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation
The Presentation is available as Appendix 2.
Facts
The government of Indonesia has introduced a number of RE policies including
Undang-Undang Energy (Law of Energy) No. 30 year 2007 regarding the obligation to
utilize new and renewable energy to support the national energy security. Also, plans
and programmes have been put in place in order to achieve the targets set.
Challenges
Below are challenges identified by the presenter in implementing RE in Indonesia:
• Optimizing multifunctional renewable energy: improving energy security,
providing energy access for remote/poor, economic activity generation, local
competency;
• Sustainability issues on economic, social and environmental aspects;
• Standard PPA;
• Smart grid for small/medium scale renewable energy;
• Diversification feedstock/raw materials for biofuels.
3.1.4 Presentation 2 (10.30 - 11.00)
‘Introduction to Green PNPM as a pilot programme of PNPM Rural’
Drs. Adi Suseno
Directorate of Natural Resources & Appropriate Technology
Directorate General of Rural Empowerment
The Presentation is available as Appendix 3.
Facts
• The Green PNPM was initiated in 2007 focusing on NRM and RE, and covering
the following activities:
1. Natural Resources Management Program
 Natural Resources Management
 Nature conservation
 Capacity building in NRM
 Renewable Energy
2. Special Program for Micro-hydro
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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• In 2008 and 2009, Green PNPM successfully implemented NRM and RE activities
such as training in RE, Biogas Pilot Projects, SHS installation, and Micro-hydro
design and construction in North, South, West, and South East Sulawesi.
3.1.5 Presentation 3 (11.00 - 11.30)
‘Green PNPM Experiences and Results with Renewable Energy (in Sulawesi)’
Mr. Warintoko
Green PNPM National Management Consultant
The Presentation is available as Appendix 4.
• Green PNPM is a supporting program to PNPM Mandiri that is integrated into
PNPM Rural, with funding granted from donor countries, to promote a greater
emphasis on natural resource management (NRM) and renewable energy (RE)
through the community participative planning mechanism applied in PNPM
Rural.
• Green PNPM has implemented 4 RE activities namely micro hydro, PV, Biogas
installation, and other biomass types (briquette and Jatropha curcas).
• In Sulawesi, since Green PNPM was launched in 2008, number of RE projects has
reached 93 in total, with 90.9% of the budget having been allocated for micro
hydro power.
Barriers and Challenges
It has been identified that each type of RE faced different barriers in implementation
stage:
• Micro hydro: limited number of local turbine manufacturers, inadequate
number of Green PNPM facilitators for micro hydro, and micro hydro location is
generally difficult to be accessed;
• PV: local suppliers show little interest in participating in PNPM activities and do
not provide training in PV system maintenance;
• Biogas: Current biogas demo plants are designed for one household only and are
facing obstacles in relation to group implementation.
3.1.6 Presentation 4 (11.30 - 12.00)
‘Renewable Energy Service Provider Survey and Database’
Dr. Rislima Sitompul
Centre for Appropriate Technology Development, Indonesian Institute of Sciences
(LIPI)
The presentation is available as Appendix 5
Facts
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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• A survey of the Existing Renewable Energy Service Providers (RESP) in Indonesia
was carried out under the Green PNPM program from September 2009 to
January 2010.
• The results of the Survey have been compiled into a stand-alone Database of
RESP in Indonesia, available as a CD-Rom.
• The information gathered from the survey was classified and documented using
My SQL database application in a portable and stand-alone server format,
mounted on a CD ROM. The final result is the Renewable Energy Service
Provider (RESP) Database.
• The database basically consists of two directories: (1) directory of renewable
energy technology service providers and (2) directory of the renewable energy
projects, which gives details on the implementation and the operating
mechanisms of selected projects.
• The survey was completed for three types of renewable energy technology:
solar, wind, and biomass.
• The final number of verified survey entries included in the database: 112 private
companies, 26 NGOs and associations, and 40 government and academic
institutions, giving a total of 178 entries.
• There are 15 RE projects considered as good examples in generating
electrification or other productive end-uses presented in the database: 3 solar
energy projects; 2 wind energy projects; and 10 biomass energy projects.
• All information has been presented as it was received from respondents or as
presented in promotional materials and technical documents.
Challenges
The presenter identified the following challenges during the survey:
• There are relatively few RE business players in Indonesia so there were not many
respondents that could be contacted to participate in the survey;
• A relatively short period of time available for the survey, a relatively long period
for respondents to answer the survey;
• These respondents could not see the potential benefits of survey as a ‘free’
marketing method for them, as they were not sure who would buy their
products after all;
• Some respondents even believed that by being involved in the survey, they
would get more competitors.
3.1.7 Discussion (12.00 - 12.30)
3.1.8 Lunch Break/Visit to Exhibitions (12.30 - 14.00)
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
14
3.1.9 Presentation 5 (14.00 – 14.30)
‘Introduction to Wind Energy Technologies Relevant for Application by Rural
Communities in Indonesia’
Drs. Soeripno Martosaputro
The National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN)
Chairman of Indonesian Wind Energy Society (MEAI)
The presentation is available as Appendix 6.
Facts
 Wind resources in Indonesia can be found along the west coast of Sumatra and
the southern part of Java Island and, with the highest potential, in Nusa
Tenggara Timur and Barat, Yogyakarta, and South and North Sulawesi.
 LAPAN has been conducting wind measurements in 17 locations in Sumatra.
Some results show that wind resources vary from 2.32-4.83 m/second.
 The capacity of Wind Energy Conversion Systems (WECS) installed in Indonesia
is only around 2 MW, very small compared to USA, Germany, Spain, China, and
India with none of those less than 9,000 MW of WECS installed;
 Local contents are identified for certain WECS types: rotor blades, generator,
control, monitoring panels, electric components and materials
Recommendations from Presenter
I. Technology selection for rural community
• Small scale WECS products from 50 W to 10 kW (economical in small scale);
• High local content;
• Easy installation, operation and maintenance;
• Simple construction;
• Available in local market;
• Long life time;
• Affordable investment/price.
II.
Several possibilities to utilize wind energy in rural areas of Aceh and North
Sumatra:
• Small wind turbine up to 10 kW for small community, used for house lighting,
TV, radio, Mobile Phone charging, public lighting etc;
• Ice production for fishing communities by using wind turbine;
• Small hybrid system (Wind-PV) for street / beach lighting;
• Small wind turbine for battery charging for fishing boats, fishing platforms, etc;
• Direct use: Windmill for water pumping for salt fields, fish ponds,
fresh/drinking water and irrigation, etc.
3.1.10 Presentation 6 (14.30 - 15.00)
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
15
‘Introduction to Solar Energy Technologies Relevant for Application by Rural
Communities in Indonesia’
Dr. Ahmad Agus Setiawan, ST, MSc
Vice Head, Department of Engineering Physics, Faculty of Engineering,
Gadjah Mada University
The presentation is available as Appendix 7.
Facts
• Solar energy resources in Indonesia: 4,5 kWh/m2/day with a monthly variation
of 9%;
• Typical application of Solar Energy in Indonesia:
- Solar PV: Lighting, Solar Home System, Centralized Power System ~ Minigrid Power System, and Solar Water Pumping System;
- Solar Thermal: cooking (solar stove), drying for agricultural products
(plantation, fishery, forestry, food crops), and water heater.
Barriers identified in implementing Solar Energy in Indonesia
I. Solar PV
• High investment costs as the photovoltaic cell/module is imported;
• The price of photovoltaic energy cannot compete commercially due to high
investment cost and the subsidy of fossil fuels;
• The market for photovoltaic in Indonesia is still limited;
• The absorption of photovoltaic technology is still low;
• Less support of infrastructure, for example: no service centre in the village or
isolated area. The user has to go to the city area to buy/repair the components,
which costs them a lot of money and time;
• Less support on capability of service;
• No sense of urgency and synergy among government institutions in application
of regulation concerning renewable energy;
• No standard for PV system installation.
II. Solar Thermal
• Lack of socialization to the community;
• The purchasing power of rural society is low, even if the price of solar thermal
devices is relatively cheap;
• Flexibility and simplicity of the system is inadequate for community;
• The human resources capacity in solar thermal energy field is limited. Currently,
skilled human resources are available on Java Island and only in the
universities/academia.
3.1.11 Presentation 7 (15.30 – 16.00)
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
16
‘Introduction to Biomass Energy Technologies Relevant for Application by Rural
Communities in Indonesia
Yoel Pasae, ST. MT.
Lecturer of Universitas Kristen Indonesia Paulus (UKIP)
Head of Research & Development Institute - UKIP
The presentation is available as Appendix 8.
Facts
• Biomass energy is stored in any form of biomass and can be used directly or
converted into other forms such as biogas, bioethanol, or biofuel/bio-oil.
• Several examples of biomass energy implementation in South Sulawesi:
- Small Jatropha curcas plantation and Biodiesel production plant capacity
50 liter/batch in Kabupaten Barru. Biodiesel is utilised for agricultural
machinery;
- Small Jatropha curcas plantation and Biodiesel production plant capacity
150 liter/batch in Kabupaten Luwu. Biodiesel is used for fishing boats;
- Biodiesel production plant capacity 1 ton/batch in Kabupaten Gowa to
supply biodiesel for industry.
• Examples of biogas utilisation in South Sulawesi:
- Biogas from animal waste at live animal market in kabupaten Tana Toraja;
- Biogas from animal waste at cattle abattoir in Makassar.
3.1.12 Presentation 8 (16.00-16.30)
‘Introduction to Hydro Energy Technologies Relevant for Application by Rural
Communities in Indonesia’
Mr. Ardi Nugraha
Entec Indonesia
The presentation is available as Appendix 9.
Facts
• GTZ is implementing three projects on behalf of Germany and the Netherlands:
1. Technical Support Unit (TSU): Assisting the Green PNPM with Mini/Micro
Hydro Projects (MHPs);
2. MHPP2: Capacity building concerning MHP in the MEMR;
3. Renewable Energy Programme for ASEAN (ASEAN-RESP) in partnership with
ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE): Promotion of renewable energy including
MHP.
• TSU in Sumatra has a Project office in Padang;
• MHP Activities under Green PNPM: 39 proposals (5 in Aceh, 8 in North Sumatra,
17 in West Sumatra, and 9 in Bengkulu), financed under the 2010 budget, all in
DED phase.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
17
• Two approaches in MHP:
 Top Down: more efficient;
 Bottom Up: process approach resulting in community ownership.
• Approach applied in PNPM Rural and Green, is Bottom Up with following
process:
Identification,
Preparation,
Proposal,
Pre-implementation,
Implementation, and Sustainable operation.
Challenges
Maximizing local content: standardizing designs for local manufacturers is critical to
improving the quality and sustainability of MHP schemes.
Recommendations from Presenter
•
•
•
•
•
3.3
Appropriate technology is critical to the success of projects and to the establishment
of a sustainable institutional set-up;
Implementation procedures must be sufficiently flexible to accommodate the
complexities of MHP implementation (time frames, contracting, etc);
Standard approaches to building infrastructure cannot necessarily be applied for
MHP schemes due to the specific nature of projects (social and environmental
aspects);
The sector requires special incentives and assistance to facilitate a wider scale
application and dissemination;
Productive use requires assistance as it does not materialize by itself.
GROUP WORK (Day 2: 17 December 2010)
Participants were divided into 3 groups representing different types of renewable energy:
• Group I: Wind and Solar Energy
• Group II: Biomass Energy
• Group III: Micro Hydro
Group facilitators, Mr. Jonathan Tarigan (SPL North Sumatra), Mr. Binajakub Sitepu (SPL
Aceh), and Mr. Warintoko (NMC) were responsible for facilitating each group discussion.
The groups discussed appropriate renewable energy technologies for rural communities in
Aceh and North Sumatra in the framework of PNPM MP and LMP, with specific issues to be
addressed related to each type of RE as follows:
• Different uses of renewable energy for rural communities in the region;
• Renewable energy solutions and technologies most relevant to rural communities in
the region;
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
18
• Potential benefits and limitations of using renewable energy at community level.
Following the group discussions, each group presented the result of the group’s work to the
plenary session, followed by a questions and answer session.
3.3.1 Wind and Solar Energy Group
The group discussed wind and solar energy technology which can (and has) been
used and the barriers in implementing the technology in Aceh and North Sumatra.
The group also provided recommendations to overcome the barriers.
The results of the group discussion are included in Appendix 10.
3.3.2 Biomass Energy Group
The group discussed biomass energy in Aceh and North Sumatra: types of biomass
resources, potential use of each type, technology available, benefits, barriers,
challenges, and recommendations on how to succesfully implement biomass energy.
The results of the group discussion are included in Appendix 10.
3.3.3 Hydro Energy Group
The group identified appropriate small scale hydro energy technology for rural Aceh
and North Sumatra areas and benefits of using the technology. However the group
acknowledged that there are problems in implementing the tecnology, as such the
group also provided suggestions on how to solve the problems. The results of the
group discussion are included in Appendix 10.
3.4
EXHIBITION (16 - 17 December, 2010)
During the workshop, an exhibiton by Renewable Energy Service Providers in Indonesia took
place, in which 13 RESPs exhibited their products and services as follows:
1. Alpen Steel, PT (Bandung);
2. Ceba Power, PT (Aceh);
3. Contained Energy, PT (Jakarta);
4. Kandiyasa Energy, PT (Jakarta);
5. LPPM of Christian Paulus University (UKIP) (Makassar);
6. Medan Institute of Technology (Medan);
7. Office of Mineral and Energy Services, Aceh Province (Aceh);
8. Office of Mineral and Energy Services, North Sumatra Province (Medan);
9. Operation Wallacea Trust (OWT) (Bau-Bau Office, SE Sulawesi);
10. Pekat Foundation (Medan)
11. Petramas Langkat (Medan);
12. Wildife Conservation Society (WCS) (Medan Office);
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
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The exhibition was arranged on demonstration tables, where exhibitors provided brochures,
pamphlets, flyers, video films, and scale models with information about their
company/organisations. Two local exhibitors checked the venue and delivered their
exhibiton materials one day prior to the workshop day. Service provider staff was available
during the exhibition to help visitors with information and demonstrations.
The purpose of the exhibition as part of the workshop was to allow the RE service providers
to present their activities and available services and products. In this way, supply and
demand sides could meet and exchange information and views and possibly establish future
mutual cooperation.
In accordance with the workshop programme, visits to the exhibition took place during
coffe/tea breaks and lunch time. However, the exhibition was open throughout the
workshop.
3.5
WORKSHOP FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
During the 1.5 day workshop, the participants learned and dicussed about Green PNPM and
RE technology development and implementation in Indonesia specifically in northern
Sumatra (Aceh and North Sumatra). Findings and recommendations drawn from the
workshop are presented below, based on energy type:
Wind Energy
I. Findings
Utilisation of wind energy in Aceh and North Sumatra is still very limited due to lack of wind
energy potential data as well as poor knowledge on wind energy technology and its
potential application. Wind energy applications remains at wind energy measurement stage
by government institutions from outside the region such as LAPAN.
II. Recommendations
To increase the utilisation of wind energy in rural communities of Aceh and North Sumatra,
the following can be done:
• Conducting Wind energy survey;
• Conducting feasibility studies;
• Providing demo plant;
• Dissemination of information on wind energy pilot projects.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
20
Solar Energy
Solar energy use is also limited, both solar thermal and PV. The typical applications of solar
energy that can be found in rural Aceh and North Sumatra are:
• Solar thermal: water and solar cooker in Aceh
• PV: Solar Home System, centralised PV, street lighting, and charging
telecommunication devices.
I. Barriers
The implementation of solar energy is constrained by several barriers:
• The solar cooker is not practical and efficient: not flexible, only for boiling water;
• Solar PV: expensive, lack of maintenance.
II. Recommendations
The following actions are recommended (the list is not exhaustive):
• Identify community needs;
• Improve awareness to utilize solar energy;
• Disseminate Technology;
• Train on maintenance;
• Provide technical assistance.
Biomass Energy
I. Findings
Similar to the case in Sulawesi, biomass is abundantly available in Aceh and North Sumatra
such as coconut shell, sorgum, sugar cane, plantation waste, animal waste, etc. The biomass
can potentially be utilized for various applications such as: bioethanol, biogas, biodiesel, and
others.
II. Barriers
Implementing biomass based energy is constrained byseveral barriers:
• Bio ethanol: inadequate resources of sorghum;
• Biogas: communities are reluctant to use biogas from (animal) waste, shortage of
information;
• Bio diesel: inadequate raw materials, insufficient infrastructure, lack of skilled
human resources, etc.
III. Recommendations
Increasing the use of biomass energy in Aceh and North Sumatra needs to consider and act
upon:
• Dissemination of information and technology;
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
21
•
•
•
Conducting workshops at Kabupaten (Regency) and Kecamatan level;
Training on biomass technology and resources;
Survey on Biomass potential.
Hydro Energy
I. Findings
Examples of hydro technologies typically applied in rural community in Aceh and North
Sumatra:
• Pico hydro (500 w – 1 kW) for lighting;
• Micro hydro (1 - 100 kW) for lighting and productive use;
• Water mill.
II. Barriers
• Pico hydro: fees collected from beneficiaries can not fully cover the operational
costs, low efficiency of turbine, limited power generaion;
• Lack of maintenance mainly for turbine, control panel and distribution lines;
• Inadequate management.
III. Recommendations
In order to increase implementation of sustainable pico/micro hydro power, the following
actions are suggested:
• Dissemination of information;
• Increase the awareness of the need to conserve the environment, particularly the
catchment areas for MHP; Increase synergy with related institutions;
• Establish local organisations to manage the MHP.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
22
IV.
4.1
EVALUATION
EVALUATION
The regional workshop in Medan was planned and organized along the lines of two
previous workshops – the national workshop in Jakarta and a regional workshop in
Makassar – with some improvements considering inputs from participants and evaluations
from organiser. However, some aspects were not improved due to limitations particularly in
the workshop duration.
For this reason, it remains important to put in place the same evaluation method. The
results shall be used as a reference for the fourth workshop in West Sumatra that will be
held in early January 2011.
A. Participant Evaluation
Receiving an evaluation on the workshop implementation from participants is essential to
understand how the workshop has been perceived by the participants. The comments,
suggestions and recommendations provided by participants can serve as a lesson learned
and be used as a reference for future workshops.
The evaluation was carried out by a questionnaire consisting of 11 questions, each with
scoring criteria from 5 to 1, defined as (5) Very Good/most Relevant, (4) Good, (3) Average,
(2) Bad/irrelevant, and (1) Very Bad/very irrelevant. Aspects evaluated included the
workshop topic, the objective, materials presented, time allocation, participant
composition, venue and exhibition. The questionnaire is included in Appendix 12
‘Questionnaire Form’.
The questionnaire was distributed to all participants on the first day, and 34 filled forms
were returned. From the questionnaire it appears that most participants were satisfied with
the workshop; the overall workshop score is 4.0 (Good) and the overall exhibition score is
3.9 (Good). The summary of the results is presented in the following table:
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
23
Table 2: Questionnaire Result
WORKSHOP
EXHIBITION
No
Questions
A.1
How relevant is the workshop topic to the need of
improving the development of renewable energy
in Indonesia?
4.4
B.1
A.2
Do you think the workshop has contributed to
improving the knowledge and understanding by
major Rural/Green PNPM stakeholders of the
potential application of solar, wind, and biomass
for electricity generation and other energy
requirements in rural communities?
Has the seminar covered most aspects of
renewable energy technology relevant for
application by rural communities?
Are materials presented relevant to the
workshop’s theme and objective?
Is allocated time for each speaker adequate?
4.3
B.2
4.0
How optimal is the number and composition of
the audience?
Has the venue properly arranged and
accommodated the workshops?
3.7
A.3
A.4
A.5
A.6
A.7
WORKSHOP’S AVERAGE
Score No
Questions
Score
Did you obtain necessary information
from the companies participating in the
exhibition regarding their activities and
services provided?
Has the exhibition utilized proper
mode?
4.1
B.3
Is allocated time for exhibition
adequate?
3.7
4.0
B.4
Has the venue properly accommodated
the exhibitions?
3.9
3.3
EXHIBITION’S AVERAGE
4.0
3.9
4.4
4.0
From the questionaires returned by the respondent, it was clear that the majority of
respondents (around 91%) agreed that the workshop theme was either relevant or very
relevant to the need of improving the development of renewable energy in Indonesia [A.1].
For A.2 question, most participants (91%) also indicated that the workshop has contributed
to improving the knowledge and understanding by major Rural/Green PNPM stakeholders
of the potential application. They also suggested that follow up action such as
implementation is crucial [A.2].
In addition, a majority of respondents (71%) indicated that the seminar had covered most
aspects of renewable energy technologies relevant for application by rural communities.
However, some suggested that more relevant technologies should be covered, and
recommended that a field trip should be arranged in conjuction with the workshop as it will
help participants to get a better understanding of the technologies [A.3].
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
24
[1]
[2]
8.82%
5.88%
[3]
2.94%
23.53%
44.12%
Very Irrelevant
58.82%
Irrelevant
47.06%
Average
Relevant
47.06%
Relevancy of the works hop's theme
to the need of imroving the
development of renewable energy
in Indones ia
35.29%
Contribution of works hop to
improving the knowledge and
unders tanding by major
Rural/Green PNPM s takeholders of
the potential application of s olar,
wind, and biomas s for electricity
generation and other energy
requirements in rural communities
Very Relevant
26.47%
Seminar's ability to covered mos t
as pects of renewable energy
technology relevant for application
by rural communities
More than half of the respondents (62%) indicated that the materials presented were
relevant to the workshop’s theme and objective [A.4]. However, with regard to allocated
time for each speaker, more than one third of the respondents rated allocated time
“average”; only one fifth of respondents felt that allocated time had been sufficient [A.5].
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
25
With regard to the composition of participants, half of the respondents (51%) rated the
composition optimal and almost half of respondents (42%) rated composition as “average”.
Most of them recommended that more community groups and government representatives
be invited [A.6].
Concerning the exhibition, a majority of respondents (72%) were satisfied with the
information and materials provided [B.1]. However, respondents’ rate on the mode of
exhibition as “very good” and “good” were relatively equal to “average”. Some participants
suggested that the exhibition should be opened to outside workshop participants [B.2]. A
similar response was given with regard to the time allocated for visiting the exhibitions; the
number of respondents who rated the time allocated as “sufficient” were relatively equal to
those of “average” [B.3].
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
26
With regard to the exhibition venue, almost half of the respondents (45%) rated the venue
as either “very good” or “good”, while around 37% of respondents rated the venue as
“average” [B.4].
In general, participants found that the workshop and exhibition weres well implemented
and addressed the proper theme.
B. Organiser’s Evaluation
Conducting an internal evaluation by the workshop organiser is important in order to review
both planning and implementation for future reference.
Planning
1. Prior to deciding the number of workshop days, the organiser had carefully considered
the PNPM’s local and national agenda and other impacting factors. Since the workshop
was planned for December, which is the end of the Indonesian fiscal year and a period
generally full of Government activities both locally and nationally, the organiser had
checked with PNPM and PSF to ensure there would be no agenda conflict.
2. A draft invitation was sent to workshop participants as soon as the workshop date had
been decided. The same also applied to presenters and exhibitors, which were directly
invited and confirmed. The purpose was to inform the participants early and to secure
participation from both presenters and exhibitors.
3. Several potential workshop venues were immediately booked in Medan, and these
were later checked and the best option was chosen.
Implementation
1. Participant
- The number of participants attending the first day was 90, while on second day this
number decreased to 64. This affected the arrangement of the group work on the
second day, which was originally intended to be done in 4 groups representing 4
different types of RE, but was subsequently reduced to 3 groups only (wind + solar,
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
27
2.
3.
4.
5.
4.2
biomass, and hydro energy). The same group work arrangement was also applied in
the previous regional workshop in Makassar;
- Fastekab and Astal from Aceh Province could not get permission to attend the
workshop from PMD Aceh as it was claimed that there was no official letter issued
from the Directorate General PMD.
Presenter
- Presenters came from various backgrounds in terms of organisation/institution,
and knowledge and experience. This is expected to present significant benefits for
participants; however, the limited time allocated for each presentation prevented
presenters from further elaborating their presentations;
- Some presenters had difficulties in keeping their presentation within the time limit
set by the Organiser. In general, presenters need to improve the planning and
delivery of their presentations so that they do not exceed the time set for them.
Exhibition
The time allocated for the exhibition was not enough; most of the respondents
suggested that either the exhibitors present their products/services as part of the
seminar or that more time is set aside for visiting the exhibitions. The same input was
received at the two previous workshops.
Venue
The workshop venue was quite spacious and well arranged to accomodate both the
seminar/group work and the exhibitions within the same space.
Miscellaneous:
- Workshop participants were impressed with the workshop arrangement and
highly interested in the materials presented, as demonstrated by a number of
questions and comments addressed to the presenters during the question and
answer session. But, participants pointed out that that the time allocated was not
enough. Thirty four participants also provided inputs on the workshop
arrangement through the questionaire by giving score, criticism, ideas, as well as
suggestions;
- To assist participants from outside Medan to get their official travel documents
signed by the local PMD officer, the workshop organiser arranged with the local
office so the participants did not need to leave the workshop venue to go to the
local PMD office.
LESSONS LEARNED
Generally, the regional (Aceh and Sumatra) workshop had improved compared to the two
previous workshops. Nevertheless, some aspects can not be changed due to limitations such
as time allocated for each workshop activity as this is determined by the workshop duration
which has been carefully defined within the time frame and budget available. Some aspects
highlighted that can still be further improved are:
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
28
1.
2.
3.
The workshop programme has been put together to maximise participant benefits
during the allocated time. For this reason, the organiser shall ensure that the workshop
implementation is kept on schedule, and the moderator shall firmly direct the
presenters and participants during the seminar.
All presentation materials shall be written in Bahasa Indonesia as most participants
have limited proficiency in English and have difficulties understanding technical terms in
subjects that are new to them.
The organiser shall ensure that a formal invitation letter is issued to the Directorate
General PMD and that the Directorate General forwards the letter to the Provincial
offices of the provinces covered by the workshop.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
29
V.
CONCLUSIONS
The Green PNPM, with financial support from the Royal Danish Embassy in Jakarta,
conducted a Renewable Energy (Aceh and North Sumatra) workshop at Grand Angkasa
Hotel, Medan, North Sumatra during December 16-17, 2010. The workshop was the third
out of four planned Green PNPM Workshops on Appropriate Renewable Energy
Technologies for Application by Rural Communities. It was a success and received a
favourable response from the workshop participants.
1. The Director of Natural Resources and Appropriate Technology, Ministry of Home
Affairs, Mr. Johan Susmono attended and officially opened the workshop;
2. There were 90 workshop participants on day 1 and 62 participants on day 2.
Participants comprised of relevant stakeholders from PNPM Rural/Green in Aceh, North
Sumatra and Jakarta;
3. The workshop was divided into three inter-related activities: plenary seminar, group
work and exhibition:
• Plenary seminar: 8 presentations covering PNPM and RE topics: RE policy, PNPM,
and 4 types of renewable energy technology (wind, solar, biomass, and hydro)
applicable for rural communities;
• Group dicussion: three working groups i.e wind + solar, biomass, and hydro
energy group were formed to address the issue of appropriate renewable energy
technologies for rural communities in Aceh and North Sumatra in the framework
of Rural/Green PNPM;
• Exhibition: twelve Renewable Energy Service Providers from Aceh, North Sumatra,
Jakarta, Bandung, and Makassar exhibited their services and products.
4. A main recommendation emerging from the seminar was that implementation of
appropriate renewable energy technologies in rural communities requires close
cooperation between all stakeholders to ensure sustainable RE projects;
5. A major recommendation drawn from working group discussions is that dissemination
and training of RE technologies appropriate for rural communities shall take place and
involve RESPs. The purpose is to increase RE awareness and knowledge, and the
experience with available technology.
6. The evaluation by respondents pointed out that:
• The workshop was relevant to the needs of improving the development of
renewable energy in Indonesia and had contributed to improving the knowledge
and understanding by major Rural/Green PNPM stakeholders;
• The RESP exhibition was informative and properly arranged.
7. The workshop was well planned and implemented, but still requires minor
improvement on certain aspects:
• The workshop programme shall be kept on time due to the tight schedule;
• All presentation materials shall be written in Bahasa Indonesia to enhance
participants understanding on the subject presented.
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
30
APPENDIX 1: WORKSHOP PARTICIPANTS
No.
Name
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
M. Sjachdirin
Adi Suseno
Warintoko
Rislima Sitompul
Soeripno
Ahmad Agus Setiawan
Yoel Pasae
Ardi Nugraha
Johan Susmono
Masfar
Parlindungan Purba
Timbul, SH
Surya Dharma
Rismawati, ST, M.Si
Hidayat
Rosita DS
Hotuan
Lies Handayani
19
20
M. Roem S.
Yahya Pulungan
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
Yennie
Suprapto
Asril
Syafrizal
Gustian Yudha
M. Roem S.
Syaiful Harry
Bambang Prihadi S
Riswan Z.
Ilyas
Jonatan Tarigan
Jono
Subhan Azhar NST
Ricardo Srg
Organization
DJEBTKE
PMD
NMC Green
LIPI
LAPAN
UGM
UKIP Makassar
TSU
PMD
PJO Prov. Sumatera Utara
DPD RI
BAPEMMAS Prov. Sumut
Korprov Sumut
BLH Sumatera Utara
BLH Sumatera Utara
BLH Pemko Medan
BLH Pemko Medan
Dinas Perkebunan Prov.
Sumatera Utara
Dinas Pertanian Prov. Sumut
Dinas Pertambangan dan
Energi Prov. Sumatera Utara
Dinas PE Prov. Sumut
Dinas PE Prov. Sumut
Dinas PE Prov. Sumut
Dinas PE Prov. Sumut
Dinas PE Prov. Sumut
Dinas PE Prov. Sumut
Dinas PE Kab. Langkat
Dinas PE Kab. Langkat
Dinas PE Aceh
Dinas PE Aceh
SPL Sumatera Utara
MIS Sumut
Astal
Astal Pakpak
Category
Presenter
Presenter
Presenter
Presenter
Presenter
Presenter
Presenter
Presenter
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
31
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
Gopas S
Juda Victory S.
Robert Situmorang
Syahdin
M. Yusuf
Lazuardi
Rusli Mahdi
Anthony R. Bancin
Habibuddin
Binajakub Sitepu
Hasanuddin
Khalis
Yanalul Khair
Darusman
Zulkarnain
Ishak Simon
Abdul Hadi
Sylvie Iriyani
Rudianto S
John Natal
Irsan Simanjuntak
Hasby Hasbullah
Deffian Syaiful
Mila Nuh
Ir. Zainuddin, MT
Lambok Sirait
Tibul Tua Sinaga
Hendrawan
Ilmi Abdullah
Nelia Latief
Corvis L.R
Asri
Rosida Farianti
Ir. Halim Fathoni
Mark Conners
Unggung Widhiantoro
Sidik Widardo, S.Si
Suheri, SE
Kurniadi, ST
Astal Tapsel
Astal Madina
Fastekab Pabhar
Fastekab Madina
PJO Kab Tapsel
PJOKB
PNPM MP
Fastekab Tapsel
BPMD & Pemdes Prov. Sumut
SPL Aceh
BPM Aceh
BPM Aceh
RMC-I SUMUT
BPM/PJOKAB
FMS-LMP
PJOK
BPMKS A. Timur
WCS Sumatera Utara
WCS Aceh
LAS
CSO PETRA
YAPEKA
PEKAT
RECOFTC
ITM
ITM
ITM
ITM
Growth Centre
Ethichal Tea Partnership
LPPM UKI PAULUS
CEBA POWER
CEBA POWER
Kandiyasa Energi, PT
Contained Energy, PT
Contained Energy, PT
PETRAMAS
PETRAMAS
Alpen Steel, PT
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Green PNPM Regional (Aceh and North Sumatra) Workshop on Renewable Energy, 16-17 December 2010
32
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
Antonius
Abd. Hadedi
Tohap P.S
Andisyahputra
M. Helmi Fais
Anggi
Silfa H
Zulnaidi
Jelia Amelida
Yuni Naibaho
Terry Lacey
Afni Hidayanti
Prianto Wibowo
Saut Silalahi
Per Rasmussen
Marlina
Ida Lestari
Alpen Steel, PT
OWT
Rakom Langjiung/CRI
LAS
KOMPAS
Waspada
Waspada
Analisa
Seputar Indonesia
Medan Bisnis
RESPECT Magazine
Royal Danish Consultant
Worldbank
Worldbank
DANIDA
DANIDA
DANIDA
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Participant
Organiser
Organiser
Organiser
Organiser
Organiser
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APPENDIX 2
PRESENTATION 1
RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES, PLANS AND PROGRAMME IN INDONESIA
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APPENDIX 3
PRESENTATION 2
‘INTRODUCTION TO GREEN PNPM AS A PILOT PROGRAMME OF PNPM RURAL’
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APPENDIX 4
PRESENTATION 3
‘‘GREEN PNPM EXPERIENCES AND RESULTS WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY (IN SULAWESI)’
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APPENDIX 5
PRESENTATION 4 ‘RENEWABLE ENERGY SERVICE PROVIDER
SURVEY AND DATABASE’
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TERIMA KASIH
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APPENDIX 6
PRESENTATION 5 ‘INTRODUCTION TO WIND ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA’
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APPENDIX 7
PRESENTATION 6 ‘INTRODUCTION TO SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA’
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TERIMA KASIH
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APPENDIX 8
PRESENTATION 7 ‘INTRODUCTION TO BIOMASS ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA’
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APPENDIX 9
PRESENTATION 8 ‘INTRODUCTION TO HYDRO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA’
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TERIMA KASIH
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APPENDIX 10
GROUP WORK RESULT
Group Work Theme
Appropriate renewable energy technologies for rural communities in Aceh and North Sumatra in the
framework of Rural/Green PNPM:
1. What are the different uses of renewable energy for rural communities in Aceh and North Sumatra?
2. Which renewable energy solutions and technologies are most relevant to rural communities in Aceh and
North Sumatra?
3. What are the potential benefits and limitations of using renewable energy at community level?
I. Wind and Solar Energy Group
Task: Discuss the Group Work theme with regard to Solar and Wind Energy
Facilitator: Binajakub Sitepu (SPL Aceh)
Wind Energy
Utilisation of wind energy in Aceh and North Sumatra is still very limited due to lack of wind energy potential
data as well as poor knowledge on wind energy technology and its potential application
Recommendations
To increase the utilisation of wind energy in rural communities of Aceh and North Sumatra, the following can
be done:
• Conducting Wind energy survey;
• Conducting feasibility studies;
• Providing demo plant;
• Dissemination of information on wind energy pilot projects.
Solar Energy
Solar energy use is also limited, both solar thermal and PV. The typical applications of solar energy that can be
found in rural Aceh and North Sumatra are:
• Solar thermal: water and solar cooker in Aceh
• PV: Solar Home System, centralised PV, street lighting, and charging telecommunication devices.
Barriers
The implementation of solar energy is having several barriers:
• The solar cooker is not practical and efficient: not flexible
• Solar PV: expensive, Lack of maintenance for PV System (battery, PV panel, etc).
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Recommendations
The following actions are recommended (the list is not exhaustive):
• Identify community needs;
• Improve awareness to utilize solar energy;
• Disseminate Technology;
• Train on maintenance;
• Provide technical assistance.
II. Biomass Energy Group
Task: Discuss the Group Work theme with regard to Biomass Energy
Facilitator: Mr. Jonathan Tarigan (SPL North Sumatra)
Aceh and North Sumatra have good potential of biomass such as coconut shell, sorgum, sugar cane, plantation
waste, animal waste, etc. The biomass can potentially be utilized for energy resources such as biogas for
cooking, bioethanol for cooking and fuel, and biodiesel for cooking and fuel for diesel machineries.
Biomass energy technologies that can be adopted in the region are:
• Plastic or concrete/permanent biogas digester;
• Distillatina dn fermetation process for bioethanol production;
• Small-scale biodiesel production.
Barriers
Implementing biomass based energy in Aceh and North Sumatra is constrained by several barriers:
• Bio ethanol: inadequate resources of sorghum;
• Biogas: communities are reluctant to use biogas from (animal) waste, insufficient information;
• Bio diesel: inadequate raw materials, insufficient infrastructure, lack of skilled human resources, etc.
Recommendations
Increasing the use of biomass energy in Aceh and North Sumatra needs to consider and act upon:
• Dissemination of information and technology;
• Conducting workshops at Kabupaten (Regency) and Kecamatan level;
• Training on biomass technology and resources;
• Survey on Biomass potential.
Hydro Energy
Examples of hydro technologies typically applied in rural community in Aceh and North Sumatra:
• Pico hydro (500 w – 1 kW) for lighting;
• Micro hydro (1 - 100 kW) for lighting and productive use;
• Water mill.
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Barriers
• Pico hydro: fees collected from beneficiaries can not fully cover the operational costs, low efficiency of
turbine, limited power generaion;
• Lack of maintenance mainly for turbine, control panel and distribution lines;
• Inadequate management.
Recommendations
In order to increase implementation of sustainable pico/micro hydro power, the following actions are
suggested:
• Dissemination of information;
• Increase the awareness of the need to conserve the environment, particularly the catchment areas for
MHP; Increase synergy with related institutions;
• Establish local organisations to manage the MHP.
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APPENDIX 11: MINUTES OF MEETING
THE REGIONAL (ACEH AND NORTH SUMATRA) WORKSHOP ON APPROPRIATE RENEWABLES
ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES FOR APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES
GRAND ANGKASA HOTEL - MEDAN
DECEMBER 16-17, 2010
AGENDA
NOTES
The workshop was conducted for 1.5 days.
DAY 1 AGENDA :
PARTICIPANTS
90 attendees
Attendees represent the ministries of home affairs, Ministry of Energy and Mineral
Resources, local Government, research institute/universities, NGOs, private
sectors, and mass medias.
1. Registration
2. Introduction to Workshop Programme by Workshop Moderator.
3. Workshop opening by Director of Natural Resources and Appropriate
Technology, Directorate General of Community Empowerement, Ministry of
Home Affairs.
PRESENTATION 1-4
4. Presentation 1, by Ir. Sjahdirin, MCE , Directorate General of New Energy,
Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (EBTKE)
“RENEWABLE ENERGY POLICIES, PLANS AND PROGRAMMES IN
INDONESIA”
5. Presentation 2, by Drs Adi Suseno, Secretariat of Community Empowerement,
Directorate General of Community Empowerement (PMD)
“INTRODUCTION TO GREEN PNPM AS A PILOT PROGRAMME OF PNPM
RURAL”
6. Presentation 3, by Adi Irianto, Green PNPM National Management Consultant
“EXPERIENCES AND RESULTS WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY SO FAR IN
GREEN PNPM”
7. Presentation 4, by Dr.Rislima Sitompul, Centre for Appropriate Technology
Development (B2PTTG), Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI)
“RENEWABLE ENERGY SERVICE PROVIDER SURVEY AND DATABASE”
QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION I (FOR PRESENTATION 1 – 4)
Questions:
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1. Prof. Ilmi Abdullah (Institut Teknologi Medan / Growth Center, Kopertis
Wilayah I, Medan)
a. ITM and Growth Center is currently developing waste to energy
processing equipment and biomass (hull of rice or others) stove.
b. As PNPM is community based involvement activities, our organisation is
interested to be involved in PNPM activities. How can we be involved in?
2. M. Yusuf, PJO Kabupaten Astal Tapanuli Selatan
a. In last PNPM Rural regional meeting, it was highligted that PNPM Rural
budgest will be transferred from National to local Government budget. Will
the same be applied to Green PNPM?
b. In Kabupaten Tapsel, there will be 2 micro hydro projects located remotely
with poor road access. As presented, MH projects in similar condition
finish in 6-9 months, as such, I am worried that the project will not be
completed until March 2011, which can cause the budget to be returned
back to the Government (with reference to Green PNPM rules in which
budet can only be used up to March 2011).
c. It was mentioned in presentation that facilitator of PNPM Rural shall be
involved in Green PNPM. We expect it has been formalised through a
formal policy so facilitators from both can easily coordinate each other.
d. Green PNPM is part of PNPM Rural, hence apply the same mechanism.
In PNPM Rural, for project value above Rp 15 M shall undergo bidding
process, but it was mentioned that in Green PNPM there is no such
mechanism. So, for provision of sand, etc value above 15M for MH
project, is bidding process applied?
e. When a project is completed with some amount of budget left due to
saving from bidding, community involvement,etc; what shall be done?
f. Green PNPM program particularly provision of electricity through micro
hydro project has been very valuable for rural villages that has never had
electricity. For this reason, as in Kabupaten Astal there are still a lot of
villages without electricity, we request that Green PNPM shall not be
finished in year 2011 but shall be extended with more budget allocated.
3. Halim Fathoni, PT. Kandiyasa Energi.
a. PT.Kandiyasa Energi is a renewable energy company including solar
energy, micro hidro and biomass. I am responsible for biodiesel and its
products derivative development particluarly from Jatropha curcas;
b. With new Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Energy
Conservation, does the Self Sufficient Energy Village now under one
ministry or remain a multi minitries program?
c. In Muko-muko – Bengkulu, there is integrated biodiesel production (from
Jatropha curcas) program, financed by Ministry of Agriculture. There is
also one program called Forestry for Energy, which is expected to provide
energy from forest for Indonesia.
d. Can database be updated for data about RE project implementation?
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4. Tohap Simamora, Radio Komunitas Lanjiung FM - Simalungun.
a. Radio Komunitas has witnessed that PNPM implementation is different
from what was informed in this seminar. For example, altough materials
such as sand, stones, etc are available locally, but then we found that in
certain areas the materials were provided from outside due to prevailing
regulation that provision of materials must be supplied by formal
companies that can issue purchase receipt.
b. I do not agree with a statement that a failure of PNPM program means a
failure of NGO as well. Based on my observation, NGOs involved in
PNPM are new NGOs that were established following Green PNPM
implementation in North Sumatra. Furthermore, I know backgroud of
people in those NGOs, who had problematic NGOs. I suggest that NGOs
involved in PNPM shall have good track record.
c. In Hamparan Perak, there have been 7 families is using biogas from
animal manure (non PNPM). Are there any regulations in place that
biogas digester installation require permit from local Government ?
d. Until now, PNPM budget has not paid the communities who have been
involed in PNPM program.
Response/Answers :
1. By Adi Suseno, Ministry of Home Affairs
- Green PNPM is a program from, by and for community itself. Program
proposal must initially come from community, can not be directed by
Government.
- Next, budget for PNPM will indeed be transfereed to local Government per
Jan 1, 2011.
- Project imlementators must work toward community empowerment, they
must work smart to overcome problems to complete projects within set
time frame 16 months.
- In Green PNPM, as long as the project can me managed by local
community, then the project must be done by the community in a
transparent and accountable way. Except when it can not be provided or
produced locally. For example, if sand is available locally, then must be
purchased from local community at competitive price.
- The letter about facilitator of PNPM Rural in Green PNPM has been
formally issued and distributed.
- One of Green PNPM target is to help local community to reduce
dependance on kerosene, not to produce biodiesel in a large scale.
- For DDOP is not central Government authority. It must be coordinated
with Korprov.
- NGOs partner for Green PNPM are only WCS, OW and Care. All are well
established NGOs, which later develop partnership with local NGOs for
program implementation. If identified ‘bad/problematic’ NGOs, it shall be
reported.
- In Green PNPM Jatropha curcas is only planted at critical land in small
scale
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2. By Ir. Sjachdirin, MCE., Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM):
- DME (Self Sufficient Energy Village) was initially implemented by
Directorate General of Electricity and Energy Utilisation and now by
Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Energy Utilisation,
MEMR. DME is a cross ministries program coordinated by MEMR such as
Jatropha program (with ministry of Agriculture), Nyamplung (with Ministry
of Forestry), etc.
- Permit licence for biogas digester installation is not in place.
3. By Warintoko, NMC Green PNPM
- Regulation about provision of materials for projects in Green PNPM is very
clear: A) when local community is able to supply the material, it must be
purchased locally; B) when the local can not provide the material, it must
be taken/purchased from outside. For more than Rp 15 M, then shall
follow bidding process.
4. By Rislima, LIPI, Database Consultant
The RESP database has been finalised, can not be revised. Later in the future,
it can be updated when it is available on the internet, as there is plan to put teh
database online.
5. By Adi Suseno, Ministry of Home Affairs
- The MoHA plans to extend Green PNPM in Sumatra.
- Budget left means poor planning, hence, budget must be carefully planned
and implemented. The remaining budget will not be returned to
Government but shall be used for the project, for example, additional
distribution lines, improvement of water cathchment ares, etc.
PRESENTATION 5-6
8. Presentation 5, by Drs. Soeripno Martosaputro, National Institue of
Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) / Wind Energy Society, Jakarta.
“INTRODUCTION TO WIND ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA”
9. Presentation 6, by Dr. Ahmad Agus Setiawan, Vice Head, Dept. Of Eng
Physics, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta.
“INTRODUCTION TO SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA”.
QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION I (FOR PRESENTATION 5 – 6)
Questions:
1. Halim Fathoni, PT. Kandiyasa Energi.
- How to obtain data of wind energi potential? How potential is wind energy in
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Indonesia?
- PT Kandiyasa is also providing service in solar energy system. When
having PV project, the PV equipment is all purchased from China,
assembled in Indonesia.
2. Prof. Ilmi Abdullah (Institut Teknologi Medan / Growth Center - Kopertis
Wilayah I, North Sumatera)
- I am interested to implement wind energy conversion system in west coast
part of West Sumatra.
3. Suyuti, Petramas Langkat
- Are there any price different when using PV system with or without
battery?
- Is it possible for a high school graduate to be able to assemble PV
system?
Response/ Answers:
1.
By Soeripno, LAPAN
- Generally, wind energy potential is low in Indonesia as located along
equator lines. This is in reverse with solar energy. However, based on
measurement on 153 locations, result shows that aroun 60% has good
potential with wind speed above 4m/det, which is feasible for WECS.
In sumatra, west coast part has good potential for example Bengkulu,
Mentawai, and Enggano. While result in 3 locations in Nias shows wind
velocity at only 3,2 m/det.
LAPAN has limited data on wind potential for Westen part of Indonesia as
initially focused on Eastern Indonesia.
Further investigation on wind potential is important. Initial/rough
assesment can be obtained from Meterology Institution such as WMO. If
any body needs general wind potential data, you can access the data
through www.3tiers.com. Data availbale is wind speed at three different
height 0, 50, and 80m. This data can only serve as reference that an area
has wind potential.
Solar energy potential data is also availabel ast this site.
- Hybrid system is more realiable as complemented each other. For
example, solar energy is only available during the day, while wind for
certain locations is stonger in the evening.
- LAPAN is able to produce small scale WECS prototype 50 watt price at
less than Rp 2 M for mass production. WECS price is not liniear to its
capacity, the larger the capacity, the cheaper the price for each watt.
In Indonesia, cost for 1 kW WECS is Rp 20-25 M.
2.
By Warintoko, NMC Green PNPM
Block grants allocated in Green PNPM is to fund projects proposed from
community who defined their needs, activities and budget required. In PNPM
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Green project valued is limited up to 350 M and in Green PNPM is 500M. So
far, there has no proposal for wind energy, while solar energy project has
been proposed.
3.
By Ahmad Agus Setiawan, Gadjah Mada University
- Yes, solar energy equipment in Indonesia is mainly supplied from
China.
- To accelerate solar energy implementation in Indonesia, the
Government need to adopt credit selling mechanism for mobile phone
as it is available in almost every corner. Repair support for PV shall be
made available down to village level. To support this, the government
shall train/educate people at high school level.
PRESENTATION 7-8
10. Presentation 7, by Yoel Pasae, ST, MT, Christian Indonesia Paulus
University (UKIP), Makassar.
“INTRODUCTION TO BIOMASS ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT
FOR APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA”
11. Presentation 8, Ardi Nugraha, ST, Entec Indonesia, Bandung.
“INTODUCTION TO HYDRO ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RELEVANT FOR
APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES IN INDONESIA”
QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION I (FOR PRESENTATION 7 – 8)
Questions:
4. Syaiful Harry, Mines and Energy Office of Kabupaten Langkat
a. As Langkat is an oil palm plantation area, it has good biomass resources,
but biomass based energy is not well developed and implemented. As long
as fossil fuels remains subsidized by Government, biomass based energy
will not be well developed. How to solve the problem?
b. There are several companies planning to install biomass based power
plant, however, there are disagreement over price with PLN. PLN has set
the price for biomass based energy from IPP is Rp 900, while production
cost is Rp 1000.
5. Anthony Raymod Bancin, Fastekab Tapanuli Selatan
- We have not received yet DED from TSU.
- Prior to provision of materials for micro hydro project, there must be final
field check based on final design. TSU present in MAD III is critical to
explain the DED.
Response/ Answers:
4.
By Yoel Pasae, Indonesia Christian University - Makassar
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Biomass utilisation is having similar issues in implementation across
Indonesia as it competes with subsidised fossil fuels. In Indonesian Energy
Blue Print, it has been defined that biomass energy will have a bigger share
in energy mix.
5.
By Ardi Nugraha, ENTEC Indonesia – Bandung
- Suggestion regarding TSU to be presented in MAD II will be forwarded to
TSU Padang office.
- Letter from TSU Padang office regarding time frame for micro hydro
project has been issued. When found unrealistic, Fastekab may reply
explaining their concerns.
QUESTION AND ANSWER SESSION II (FOR PRESENTATION 7 – 8)
Questions:
1.
Saut Ricardo Siregar, Astal Pakpak Barat
- Astal pakpak barat will immediately provide response to letter from TSU
regarding tiem frame for micro hydro project that seems unrealistic. On
Dec 10, fund has been transferred to UPK. Accroding to policy, fund shall
be used up within 3 months period.
- We suggest that TSU is available in every provincial capital so that TSU
can attend MAD II and III.
2.
--Regarding proposal for micro hydro project, it is expected that TSU can help
facilitators in calculating budget for next year.
Response/ Answers :
1.
By Ardi Nugraha, ENTEC Indonesia
- Suggestion will be forwarded to TSU Padang Office. As TSU experience
in Sulawesi, it was initially planned there would be only one TSU office in
Makassar, but later field office is presented in Mamasa, and now
representatvie office is available in Kabupaten Toraja Utara and Luwu
Utara. It is expected that communication between TSU and facilitators can
be more intense in Aceh and North Sumatra.
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APPENDIX 12: QUESTIONNAIRE FORM
EVALUATION ON REGIONAL (ACEH AND NORTH SUMATRA) WORKSHOP
APPROPRIATE RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES FOR APPLICATION BY RURAL COMMUNITIES
GRAND ANGKASA HOTEL, MEDAN, NORTH SUMATRA
DECEMBER 16-17, 2010
In order to assess the effectiveness of the workshop and exhibition, you are kindly requested to complete questions
below based on given marking criteria:
-
5 = very good (or most relevant)
4 = good
3 = average
2 = bad
1 = very bad (most irrelevant)
A. WORKSHOP
No
A.1
Questions
5
4
3
2
How relevant is the workshop’s theme to the need of improving the
development of renewable energy in Indonesia?
Suggestion and recommendation:
………………………………………………………………………............................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........
A.2
Do you think the workshop can contribute to improving the knowledge and
understanding by major Rural/Green PNPM stakeholders of the potential
application of solar, wind, and biomass for electricity generation and other
energy requirements in rural communities?
Suggestion and recommendation:
………………………………………………………………………............................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........
A.3
Has the seminar covered most aspects of renewable energy technology relevant
for application by rural communities?
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1
No
Questions
5
4
3
2
Suggestion and recommendation:
………………………………………………………………………............................................
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………........
A.4
Are materials presented relevant to the workshop’s theme and objective?
A.5
Is allocated time for each speakers adequate?
A.6
How optimum is the number and composition of the audience?
Suggestion and recommendation:
………………………………………………………………………............................................
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….........
A.7
Has the venue properly arranged and accomodated the workshops?
Suggestions and recommendation:
……………………………………………………………………….....................................………………………………………….…..…...
…………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…….
......................................................................................................................................................................
…………...........................................................................................................................................................
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1
B. EXHIBITION
Note: - Question B.1-.3 only for exhibition’s visitors
- Question B.4 for all
No
Questions
B.1
Do you obtain necessary information from the companies participating in the
exhibition regarding their activities and services provided?
B.2
Has the exhibition utilized proper mode?
5
4
3
2
Suggestion and recommendation:
………………………………………………………………………............................................
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B.3
Is allocated time for exhibition adequate?
Suggestion and recommendation:
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B.4
Has the venue properly accomodated the exhibitions?
Suggestion and recommendation:
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Suggestion and recommendation:
……………………………………………………………………….....................................………………………………………….…..…...
…………………………………………………….……………………………………………………………………………………………….…..…….
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1
APPENDIX 13 : WORKSHOP IN PHOTOS
Workshop Introduction by Ms Rislima
Moderator
Presentation 1_RE Policies_Mr. Sjachdirin
Opening Speech_Mr Johan Susmono
Director of Natural Resources
Presentation 1_PNPM Intoduction_Mr. Adi Suseno
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Presentation 3_Green PNPM Exp_Mr. Warintoko
Presentation 5_Wind Energy_Mr. Soeripno
Presentation 7_Biomass Energy_Mr. Yoel Pasae
Presentation 4_RESP Database_Ms. Rislima
Presentation 6_Solar Energy_Mr. Ahmad Agus
Presentation 8_Hydro Energy_Mr. Ardi Nugraha
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Workshop Participants
Exhibitor_PT. Contained Energy
Exhibitor_Petramas Langkat
Q & A session
Exhibitor_OperationWallacea Trust
Exhibitor_Ceba Power
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Group Discussion
Closing Speech_Head of BPM Office
Group Discussion_Presentation of Result
Picture Taking After Closing
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