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americanlegionvo1214amer.
.
Reg. Mfg's. Suggested Retail:
$
25
per pair
95
JoU
SAVE
£ ^\ m4^
Haband, the mail order people from Paterson, N.J., /
are famous nationwide for finest executive trousers /
I
at such amazing low prices that some folks won't
/_^_^^"lt
believe the quality. So this time we reveal the maker:
~^^^J
McGREGOR®! America's favorite brand-name men's wear! Each
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5
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o
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McGREGOR FABRIC:
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30 to 54
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Use Easy, No-Risk Order Form
M c GREG0RS! Now
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4 for 58.90
All 5:
$73
Waists: 30-32-34-35-36-37-38-39-40-41-42-43-44
*Big Men's: 46-48-50-52-54 - add $1.75 per pair
Inseams: SI27-28) M(29-30) 1.(31 -32) XLI33-34)
Tab and
031
COLOR
A
Cadet Blue
B
Suede Tan
265 N. 9th Street
Paterson, N.J.
07530
Please send
pairs of slacks.
PRICE
POSTAGE & HANDLING
2.40
c
Black
D
Forest Green
E
Charcoal Grey
Check
TOTAL
GUARANTEE:
If
for
any reason
I
MasterCard
Visa
do not choose to wear the slacks,
penny paid you.
for a full refund of every
I
7B6-031
domestic,
"some imported. And
expressly
made
ALL
Ship To
for
,
HABAND
265
IM.
9th St., Paterson,
NJ
WHAT
INSEAM?
Exp. Date: _
them within 30 days
Some
WHAT
WAIST?
enclosed
or Charge:
Acct. *
Black!
HOW
MANY?
Street
Apt. *
City.
State.
Zip_
I
may
return
[
LEGION
The Magazine
Vol. 121,
for
a Strong America
October 1986
No. 4
A R T
C L
I
TROUBLE IN PANAMA
Drugs, corruption and anti-Americanism threaten the canal.
10
By
Georgie Anne Geyer
'WHAT TO DO WHEN THE RUSSIANS COME'
A
survivor's guide for
12
members of the "worker's paradise" of America.
AFGHANISTAN'S IMPORTANCE TO THE SOVIET UNION
By Rep.
What do the Soviets hope to gain in Afghanistan?
CHANGING DIRECTIONS
14
Robert J. Lagomarsino
CENTRAL AMERICA
IN
War or peace? The fortunes of the Contras
will
20
determine
By Roger Fontaine
that.
NICARAGUA: FANNING THE FLAMES
The Sandinistas are convinced
Bruce Weinrod
By
that the Soviet
Union
is
the
wave of the future.
W
TURNING THE TIDE FOR DEMOCRACY
DoD's Nestor D. Sanchez says
the
24
hunger for freedom
is
strong in Nicaragua.
WHY MILLIONS CAN'T READ
Why our cities
are filled with a
26
new breed of urban
By Rudolf Flesch
illiterates.
UNDER THE BIG TOP
Go
28
and
to the circus for chills, spills
By Gary Turbak
thrills.
THE HIGH COST OF DYING
At today's prices, planning your own funeral now makes good
30
business sense.
By
Vernon Pizer
WORKING FOR FULL VETERANS EMPLOYMENT
The Secretary of Labor describes whatDoL
is
doing
32
to help vets find jobs.
WHAT'S RIGHT WITH AMERICA
A
20
22
34
naturalized citizen can't stop singing
"God Bless America. "
By Joe Rangel
SPEAKING OUT FOR DEMOCRACY
The Legion's Oratorical Contest
celebrates
40
50 years of educating young citizens.
DEPARTMENTS
BIG ISSUES Should Drug
Tests
~
Be Made Mandatory For Employees?
LETTERS
4
VETERANS ADVISER
44
VETERANS ALERT
DATELINE WASHINGTON
6
POST OF THE MONTH
49
ORBAN'S WORLD
_64
LEGION NEWS BRIEFS
50
PARTING SHOTS
76
VETERANS UPDATE
LEGIONNAIRES
THE COVER
IN
36
52
ACTION 42
Nicaragua's Contras on maneuvers.
Photo by Charles BonnaylJB
Pictures.
The American Legion Magazine, a leader among national general-interest publications, is published
monthly by The American Legion for its 2.6 million members. These military-service veterans, working through 16,000 community-level posts, dedicate themselves to God and country and traditional
American values; a strong national security; adequate and compassionate care for veterans, their
widows and orphans; community service; and the wholesome development of our nation's youth.
OCTOBER 1986
1
COM
Authorized
THE AMERICAN
LEGION
MAGAZINE
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Unit is Tipped or Jolted.
Heavy Steel. Fuel Tank Is ZincCoated to Prevent Corrosion.
Sturdy. Difficult to Tip. Size: 26" H
x 18%" W. Weight: 28 lbs. Empty.
Daniel S. Wheeler
Publisher/Editor-in-Chief
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Editor
Raymond
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can save on these factory new units
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New York: 212-984-0729
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Mabelvale, AR; Benjamin B. Truskoski, Bristol,
CT; Nathaniel J. McKee, Consultant, Princeton, NJ; Casimir F. Sojka, Consultant, New
Rochelle, NY.
Copyright 1986 by The American Legion
Price: annual subscription, $1 2.00; single copy,
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Savannah, GA; Halbert G. Horton, Topeka, KS;
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AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
'
We Won Them All
The
"Who Won?"
letter writer in
your July issue reeks of anti-Vietnam
sentiment.
The author
is
evidently upset
about two articles in one year acclaiming our victory in Vietnam. He says that
lying to ourselves cannot change the facts
of history. He needs to read the book,
"Order of Battle."
American troops won every major
battle of the Vietnam War. When we
left Vietnam in 1973, South Vietnam
was completely pacified, which was our
original mission in that country, not the
defeat of North Vietnam.
Michael A. Melluzzo Jr.
Hartford, Conn.
practiced marching on city streets, and
hotels were turned into barracks or hospitals. It
war
was
the only city drafted for
and quickly became the
on the East Coast.
The city will be the site of Camp
Boardwalk Revisited, a reunion Nov.
2-4, 1986. For further information, write
me at 12 N. 34th Ave., Longport, N.J.
08403, or phone (609) 822-9210.
Lawrence Luterman
Longport, N.J.
the
effort
major training
facility
Self-Delusion
"Berlin Wall: A Victory in Disguise" (Aug.) must have brought smiles
to the faces of Kremlin planners. It shows
clearly the West's boundless capacity
for self-delusion in the face of ruthless
Camp Boardwalk
From 1942-46, about 200,000 members of the
armed forces passed through
Camp
Boardwalk, Atlantic City, N.J.
The city was taken over by trainees who
Soviets would have backed
Soviets.
Thomas Drake
Riverdale,
Your "Berlin Wall"
for the
West.
worth
was
I
it.
Joe
A
Searcy
.
Fayetteville,
N.C.
Magic Music Man
Your
We know for sure that the
article
III.
served with the Air Force
at Rhein-Main and Templehof air bases
in Germany during the Berlin Airlift.
Although very hard work, it was well
excellent.
Soviet expansionism.
The wall was no more a victory for
America than the Cuban missile crisis.
Kennedy's acquiescence to the wall's
construction was a moral catastrophe
down from
any direct American challenge because,
in 1961, America enjoyed overwhelming strategic nuclear superiority over the
in
in
testimonial to
Lawrence Welk
your August issue should be reprinted
every magazine and newspaper in this
country.
It
echoed the
beliefs, feelings,
convictions and heart-felt thoughts of
most Americans for
Music" maker.
this
"Champagne
Evelyn B Richter
Center Pt. Texas
.
The Legacy OfAmericanism
'
'A free nation,
live as free
men
in a free land.
said Sen. Christopher
Americanism teaches our youths about
Dodd of Connecticut,
patriotism, religious tolerance, freedom,
sum total
courage, integrity, and engenders a devout
of the people who
dwell in it, added to
love for the ideals that led our forefathers
to found this country. Americanism grad-
the inheritance of
those who have gone
uates believe in the complete and unqual-
A free
nation
as set forth in the Declaration of Indepen-
is what its people make
of it, working through the institutions that
they have inherited.
dence and the U.S. Constitution.
PNC Donald Johnson said that living
for our country means searching out
opportunities to serve and strengthen it. It
means being a doer in the community,
accepting responsibility for improving the
environment in which our children play,
study and worship. It means showing
respect for the flag of our country, displaying it proudly as the symbol of ideas
and institutions we hold dear in this free
i
'
j
!
'is
really the
before.
ified loyalty to the ideals
of government
\
'
In this issue
we
celebrate the anniver-
two special American Legion
programs: 50 years of the High School
Oratorical Contest, and 40 years of Boys
saries of
Nation.
Oratorical participants develop greater
knowledge and understanding of the U.S.
Constitution, and prepare to accept American citizenship, while Boys Nation youths
experience practical insight into the operations of national government and gain
deeper loyalty to their country.
Oratorical and Boys Nation mold and
sculpt
young Americans— tomorrow's
growth and perpetuation
of these ideals every day through the
Americanism programs of The American
Legion— itself a unique American institution dedicated to safeguarding and
foster the
leaders— into believers and practitioners
transmitting to posterity the principles of
of a vital, active living force called Americanism, a force which represents peace,
justice,
strength and the will and the courage to
Blot
On America
About your POW/MIA update in
August. North Vietnam kept French
POWs for 15 years after their war ended.
American servicemen are not considered to deserve better treatment. Some
day it will come out. Ignoring these
POWs will be the greatest blot on
America.
Edward J. Clarke
New
You Missed Us
The author of "At Home in the VetHomes" (Aug.) is a good writer,
erans
may have been incomShe didn't mention the State Veterans Homes system in Oklahoma,
which currently has the largest number
freedom and democracy. There is
no better legacy.
The Editors.
plete.
of veterans homes in the country. Also,
the state is beginning construction on a
new state veterans center in Claremore,
Okla.
C.J. Wright
Oklahoma
4
York, N.Y.
but her research
nation.
We
,
Jr.
City, Okla.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
Rough
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below for a week's FREE TRIAL. Then
send just
$29.85 plus postage and handling, or return the
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I'll
To save even more,
I've
enclosed
my payment
now so that BLAIR pays ALL postage and handling costs. All my money will be instantly refunded
I'm not pleased.
if
TO ORDER: Choose color wanted & write size in
the appropriate box:
Size-S(34-37)* M(38-41)
L(42-44)
XL(46-48) XXL(50-52)
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Mrs
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MENSWEAR FROM NEW PROCESS COMPANY SINCE 191oV^
•
f
'"I
.
DATELINE WASHINGTON
The Translation
All In
American industry stands
to learn a
few lessons from Jap-
anese technology if a bill before Congress is passed.
Legislation expected to be adopted in this session of Congress creates a $1 million fund to translate Japanese technical
literature in such areas as computers, biotechnology and
robotics. Lawmakers said the time has arrived for such action
because the Japanese have moved well ahead of America in
some industrial areas.
The Japanese have long been watching America's
nical publications to
keep up with our
scientific
advances,
Congressional discussion determined that the United States
far from being out front of the competition in producing
the next generation of scientific breakthroughs. In many cases,
is
the nation
is
oblivious to the advancements
made by
the
has failed to train sufficient Japanese
translators to explain their technological literature.
it
Plastic Pollution
Add
the plastic six-pack beverage container to the
list of
attempting to stamp out.
group of senators, led by Sen. John Chafee of Rhode
pollutants the
A
government
Island, wants a national
is
ban on the
plastic pollutant,
which
clogging up the nation's waterways and drowning
fish and animal life. The proposed legislation follows the
lead of 10 states, which have previously banned the easily
discarded item.
The problem is reaching global proportions. Plastic pollution, the senators claim, is killing off thousands of birds,
seals, turtles, sea lions and fish because ingestion of the
material can be fatal.
Chafee said estimates from the National Academy of Sciences show that 50 million pounds of the plastic packaging
is dumped into the sea each year by commercial fishing
fleets, along with an additional 300 million pounds of lost
they say
is
plastic fishing gear.
Sponsors of the
bill said the
annual leave for additional work days
by sea instead of air.
lost as a result
discarded material also poses
a hazard to divers and to boat engines.
U.S. government research is being hampered by a shortage of qualified research scientists mostly because of low
pay, according to a report from a White House review panel.
Dave Packard, head of the panel and a leading industrisaid the pay ceiling for research scientists is considerably below the salaries of their counterparts in the private
alist,
sector. Currently, the top annual wage for most leading government scientists engaged in projects such as AIDS research,
plant and animal genetics and computers is $72,300 per year.
As a result, Packard said, the government is forced to hire
scientists who are less qualified to fill the gaps in many
federal research and development programs. He said if the
problem is not corrected, the vitality of public laboratories
will continue to decline and ultimately will affect the security
of the nation.
Bills pending in both Houses would correct the wage gap
and would improve current rigid management procedures.
Defaulters' Belusion
You might want to think twice about defaulting on a government loan and if you already have, look for your next tax
refund check to be grabbed up by the IRS.
A report by the Office of Management and Budget said
that the government recovered $135 million from 248,000
defaulters between January and April of this year. An additional $30 million was received from 50,000 people who
"voluntarily" chose to pay rather than have the IRS seize
their tax refunds.
Those owing student loans accounted
for the largest
collected by the ERS, totaling $116 million.
Public Love Boat
Some foreign service officers have taken advantage of the
U.S. government's policy of paying travel expenses for leaves
and transfers by booking first-class cabins aboard luxury
cruise ships, congressional investigators said.
The House Government Operations Committee reported
that between 1982 and 1984, an estimated 260 State Department and U.S. Information Agency employees and their
dependents traveled by ship at a cost of $556,232— about
3Vi times greater than air fare. Taxpayers picked up the bill.
When traveling alone, the cost by boat for a foreign service
officer was about 10 times higher than flying.
In one instance, a USIA officer and five family members
took a 12-day cruise around the southern tip of Peru when
transferring to the United States from Buenos Aires. When
that official's 10 lost working days are added, the trip's cost
totaled $16,000— compared to a cost of $6,400 if the family
6
of going
Brain Brain
tech-
bipartisan sponsors of the legislation said.
Japanese because
had taken a direct flight, the committee said.
Responding to the committee's report, the State Department and USIA revised their travel policies to prevent similar
abuses in the future. Government employees may expect to
pay the difference for traveling by ship. They also must take
The
amount
VA recovered
$8 million; Small Business Administration, $6 million;
Department of Housing and Urban Development, $5 million;
and the Agriculture Department, $1 million.
The OMB said that in many cases the tax refund was not
enough to repay a defaulter's total debt. In those cases, the
names will be resubmitted for checkoff again next year, and
if they have not paid by that time, their refund will be withheld again.
Quote Of The Month
"Neither the Germans (in both world wars) nor the Japanese ever presented a point-blank challenge to the Monroe
Doctrine as the Kremlin now does in its barefaced subsidization
and arming of Nicaragua."
Roger W. Fontaine
Newspaper correspondent
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
—
You went
Boot
You
reached deep down
Camp a
into
boy.
inside yourself to
find the guts
to
endure. You
out a man .
came
.
.
When
the American cause is threatened, the order
goes out, "Send in the Marines!" To forge our
boys into Leathernecks the Corps uses a hammer
and anvil it calls Boot Camp. America owes much to it.
Now, to honor Boot Camp and the men who are the
"First to Fight", The American Historical Foundation and
Ka-Bar Knives are proud to bring you the Boot Camp
Commemorative Ka-Bars one for Parris Island and one
for San Diego Recruit Training. But only 2,500 of each are
being made.
If you or a family member made the grade in Boot
Camp, this is a trophy of that important passage to
guarantees its value. Being a special, Limited Edition
Ka-Bar assures its collector interest.
Only one out of every few thousand Marines who
graduated from Boot Camp and Collectors can own one,
as only 2500 of each are being made. So each will become
a valuable collectors item.
Each is issued exclusively by The American Historical Foundation, with active-duty, retired and priorservice military men as Members in 29 countries around
the world. The Foundation's serial number registry system guarantees the strict edition limit, which further
assures the collector value. Each is engraved with the
serial number on the blade and accompanied by a Certificate of Authenticity.
Marines and Collectors who reserve both Ka-Bars
will receive matching serial numbers, if they act in time.
—
manhood.
For Collectors, important qualities make these
knives valuable centerpieces of any collection. The edition limit is low only 2,500 of each, individually serially
numbered and each is a real battleworthy Ka-Bar made
by the original maker of America's most famous fighting/
—
—
Serial No. 1 to Parris Island
and San Diego
of each Boot Camp Ka-Bar has been
presented by the Foundation to the Commanding General at Parris Island and San Diego Recruit Training
Depots, respectively, for permanent display to honor the
men who are forged into Marines through Boot Camp.
The custom bladesmiths at Ka-Bar Knives are handpicking only the finest blades for these commemoratives.
Serial
No.
1
Display Case Available
A furniture finished hardwood case is also available
so you can proudly display your trophy on a desk, shelf or
wall. With an acrylic glass lid, it makes each Ka-Bar a
visible symbol of your pride in the U.S. Marine Corps
and protects the knife from dust and unauthorized
handling.
How
military- history information.
Satisfaction is guaranteed,
charges.
RESERVATION
Satisfaction guaranteed or return in 30
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
you wish, we can personalize your Ka-Bar by
engraving your name, serial number and other information, such as platoon and training dates, on the blade
If
reverse.
A
Refund
I wish to reserve a custom made,
Limited Edition Commemorative Ka-Bar selectively plated with 24-karat gold and
engraved with the serial number on the blade and accompanied
by a Certificate of Authenticity.
Yes,
— In 24-Karat Gold
.
for Full
Richmond, Virginia 23220
Telephone: (804) 353-1812
24-hour toll free reservations: (800) 368-8080
San Diego Recruit Training Commemorative Ka-Bar
Everytime you glance at the blade, memories will
flood back of the 45-second haircut
P.T.
mess duty
guard duty
rifle range
hand grenades
pugil sticks. These activities, and others, are forever
captured in glistening 24-karat gold banners across the
gleaming, black blade.
The DI's "Smokey Bear" hat and the insignia of the
CO and DI are there, too, in 24-karat gold, along with
their crossed swords.
.
Days
To: The American Historical Foundation
1142 West Grace Street, Dept. B122
also quickl) reserve these museum-quality knives.
.
no shipping
Hello manhood.
Americans who proudly salute the U.S.
.
are
j
— and those who shared the challenge of
Boot Camp or Basic Training in the other services— will
.
and there
Other commemorative Ka-Bars have been quickly
sold out and have increased in value as collectibles. Take
prompt action now, while this important opportunity is
briefly available. Turn back the clock. Goodbye youth.
Marine Corps
Memories
a small
and credit cards are accepted. Use the reservation
on this page or call toll free, 1-800-368-8080. With your
reservation, you will also be made a Member of the
Foundation and periodically receive interesting,
deposit,
utility knife.
Patriotic
to Reserve;
Satisfaction Guaranteed
You may easily place your reservation with
Genuine Ka-Bar Collector's Item
Yes, each is a genuine, battleworthy Ka-Bar, made by
Ka-Bar Knives, the company that made the originals for
the Corps in World War II. Being a genuine Ka-Bar
Each battleworthy blade is mirror polished through many
steps
and finally by hand. Only after passing inspection by the Chief Knifesmith's critical eye is it ready for
selective plating with genuine 24-karat gold. From this
point, each blade is handled with gloves, as the 24-karat
gold plated, highly-collectible, straight-pattern crossguard is fitted in place.
—
San Diego Boot
inspects this special Ka-Bar in all particulars. When it
passes, it is serially numbered on the blade reverse and
matched up with its numbered Certificate of Authenticity, ready to be delivered to you.
deposit (or credit card authorization) for £45
wish
due
I
.
.
to
pay
D
(or
have charged
to
my
is
enclosed.
credit card) the balance
.
in
My
The genuine cowhide
leather grip is carefully
pressed into place, hand fitted, hand polished and hand
waxed for lasting beauty. Then the knifesmith insets the
Marine Corps scarlet-and-gold, fired-enamel medallion
into the presentation face of the grip.
Next, the Ka-Bar craftsman affixes the 24-karat gold
plated butt, a special three-rib design created just for this
edition to further enhance the beauty and collector value.
Finally, the Chief Knifesmith sights down the blade and
Camp Commemorative
Camp Commemorative
Parris Island Boot
My
two monthly payments of $75 each.
in full.
in full (or credit card authorization) for $195 per
payment
Ka-Bar is enclosed.
I wish to reserve the optional display case with sliding
acrylic
glass lid at $29.
Also, please send the Engraving Form so my
personalized, at $20 per Ka-Bar for this service.
knife can be
Name
Address
For VISA, MasterCard or American Express, please send account
number, expiration date and signature. Virginia residents add
tax.
BIS ISSUES
Should Drug Tests
Be Made Mandatory
For Employees?
Rep. Gary
Sen. Paula Hawkins, R-Fla.
Drug
testing in the
workplace must be
viewed
in the context
of
L.
Ackerman, D-N.Y.
On March 3, 1986, the President's Commission on
YES
Organized Crime touched off
the right of society at large to protect itself
a firestorm of controversy
from the threat posed by illegal drug use.
Other considerations are the rights of
employers and employees.
Opponents of drug testing neglect con-
mending
sideration of the public policy interests
of safety, health security, public trust and economic welfare.
Likewise, they shortchange or ignore the rights and interests
of employers.
Supreme Court precedent does not support the narrow civil
libertarian interpretation of the Fourth
Amendment
that an
employer must show "probable cause" to suspect drug use
before testing an employee for suspected illegal drug use.
The amendment extends
the probable cause protection only
to searches incidental to criminal prosecution, not the con-
sensual area of employer/employee relationships.
Testing has broad popular support nationwide, as dem-
March 7 USA Today poll, which found that
77 percent of all Americans would not object to being drug
tested, and that 62 percent support mandatory drug testing
for federal workers. Only 29 percent oppose it.
onstrated by a
Reliable sources place the annual costs to American busi-
More than
Fortune 500 companies conduct drug tests
already. Newspapers such as The New York Times, The Los
Angeles Times, the Chicago Tribune and the Miami Herald
already have employed drug testing for their staffs.
Experts at the National Institute on Drug Abuse said they
believe that drug testing may be the most effective means
available for significantly reducing illegal drug use. In 1980,
before drug testing was initiated in the military, the Department of Defense survey for drug use in the military found a
47 percent user rate. In 1985, after testing was employed,
the illicit drug use rate in the military dropped to 7 percent.
Surely, the best interests of the individual are not served
by providing the drug user a shield from reality, behind
which he can continue to use drugs undetected. Drug users
need help to face their problem, not hide it.
ness of drug use in the workplace at $16.4 billion.
25 percent of
Where
there
there
is
is
there
is
a way.
no
excuses.
all
8
all
federal
agencies" should implement "suitable
drug testing programs."
The commission reasoned that drug
testing would curtail drug use, which
would curtail a major source of income for organized crime.
In this effort, the
commission
felt that
federal
employees
should set an example for the rest of the nation. On March
18, the Subcommittee on Human Resources held a hearing
to consider the commission's recommendation.
Our hearing found that many drug tests are unreliable.
Urinalysis can make common foods register as illegal substances. Poppyseeds, for example, can register as opium.
Test results depend upon the ability of the testers. We
heard of instances where urine specimens had been switched,
mislabeled or contaminated. The Centers for Disease Control
recently surveyed 13 private laboratories and found that they
had error rates as high as 69 percent. One Army lab had 97
percent of its test results invalidated as "not scientifically or
legally supportable."
In addition, drug tests are expensive. The most accurate
ones cost $100. To test all federal employees just once would
cost up to $300 million. Those funds could be better spent
on drug education in our workplaces and schools, and on
interdicting drugs at our borders.
Another problem is privacy. Random drug testing
undermines our Constitutional prohibitions against selfincrimination and unreasonable search and seizure. The tests
can be humiliating. The Defense Department, for example,
requires that urine samples must be "collected under the
direct observation of a designated individual of the same
sex. " In addition, the Department's tests are conducted randomly, without any "probable cause." That, in effect, reverses
the traditional principle that everyone is presumed innocent
until proven guilty.
There may be cases where drug testing federal employees
is reasonable. For example, when their positions involve
national security or
there
testing in
money and Amer-
ican jobs.
by recom-
a will,
the workplace will save
lives,
heads of
Where
will, there are
Drug
that "the
YOUR OPINION COUNTS, TOO
Senators and congressmen are interested in constituent viewpoints. You may express your views by writing The Honorable (name),
U.S. Senate, Washington, D.C. 20510, or The Honorable (name), U.S.
House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. 20515.
is
when
probable cause to
suspect a drug problem.
But even
in those cases,
our top priority should be
the rehabilitation of the
employee.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
PICTURE
YOURSELF
with a little less gray,
a lot less, or none at all.
All over the country, there's
a group of men—actually millions of them—who have a secret
they don't share with anyone. Not
even with each other.
sarily
You can do it too. Not necesthe way this Grecian user did.
You may have more or less gray
to start with. And you may want to
end up with more—or less. You're
in control. A lot of Grecian users
Their secret? That nobody
leave a little gray on the sides.
knows they're using Grecian®
The important thing is that
Formula 16® to gradually take
away as much gray—or as little as you look perfectly natural all the
time. The return of your own natthey want to lose, without any-
body knowing. That's their secret.
They do it with a clear liquid,
as easy to use as a hair tonic.
Here on this page you can see the
undoctored photographs of the
hair taken day-by-day as one of
these Grecian users gradually
took care of that older look.
Note in the photos around
the page how the change each
day seems like no change at all.
But compare #1 (when he began)
with #18. The nearly invisible dayto-day changes have eliminated
the gray and created a younger
looking man.
ural looking color each day over
a period of weeks is so imperceptible, not even your friends can tell
you're using Grecian. Unless, of
course,
you
You'll
tell
them yourself.
know you
be glad to
won't have trouble finding Grecian.
It's available wherever men's toiletries are sold. That's because millions of
men quietly demand
it.
For a trial
package send $1.00 for postage
and handling to Grecian, Suite
0155K, Del Rio, TX 78847-0155.
Specify liquid or cream. Limit one
per family. Offer ends 12/31/86.
FVee
trial offer.
GRECIAN FORMULA 16
TROUBLE
leaders and intelligence officers were
speaking about Noriega's incredible sins
even the administration, who just
that
PANAMA
Riddled with corruption, drugs and violence,
and basking in Manual Noriega's growing alliance
with Nicaragua, Panama may be our next hotspot.
By Georgie Anne Geyer
HEN
President
Jimmy
Carter signed the Pan-
ama Canal
treaties in
1979, most Americans assumed that it
was the end of a long
and proud American
story.
The canal would
be turned over to Panama by a generous United States before
2000. Such an act by a world-powerful
nation was unprecedented in history.
Carter, the idealist,
was
particularly
proud of nobly ending the American
control of the canal, which indeed had
been a source for constant unrest in
Panama and serious threats of terrorism. His men praised it then as "an act
of statesmanship that would preserve
the vital interests of the United States
in the waterway even after Panama takes
control."
And today? That situation has changed
completely. To the north, the Marxist
Sandinistas of Nicaragua, who took over
that same year, have built a 100,000man army backed by enormous Soviet
aid. Bulgarians train Nicaraguan pilots,
East Germans sculpt their lethal intelligence system and thousands of Cubans
run everything from the television to
military training. That alone poses a
growing threat to the historic canal.
But more potentially fatal by far to
the canal is what is happening inside
Panama. It is a gruesome, bizarre and
terrifying story of total corruption, of
new-style savagery and of a new alliance of the military, communists and
drug runners.
Georgie Anne Geyer, a foreign correspondent and syndicated columnist, has
written extensively on Central America.
10
"The story" about Panama began to
emerge in October 1985, when a former
Panamanian deputy minister of health,
Dr. Hugo Spadafora, was murdered
when he
tried to cross by bus from Costa
Rica to Panama. Spadafora, who was
also a free-lance adventurer and guerrilla fighter, denounced the head of the
Panama Defense Force, Gen. Manual
Noriega, of big-time drug running.
Spadafora was taken off the bus by two
men in Defense Force uniforms; his
body, beheaded and marked in such a
way
as to identify the assassins as a
group believed to be part of
Defense Force intelligence, was found
two days later.
Nothing like this had ever happened
before in Panama. The shock was akin
to an earthquake. All through the winter and spring, revelations poured out
about Noriega, a cunning but ruthless
man who is known to be a multimilkiller
lionaire.
Finally, so
many American
wanted "no trouble" over Panama, was
forced to regard them seriously.
The charges go far beyond drugs,
although some officials say Noriega is
the biggest drug-runner in the world.
They
include, amazingly, charges that
Noriega and the military are up to their
ears in giving intelligence and even
American technology to Cuba, in sending guns to the Cuban-trained and deadly
M-19 guerrillas in Colombia, and even
in aiding the Sandinistas.
It had been long known— indeed, it
had been considered an advantage to
the United States— that Noriega's intelligence worked closely with Cuban
President Fidel Castro's. But this was
acceptable in the shadowy world of the
Caribbean so long as Noriega passed on
an appropriate amount of Cuban intelligence to Washington, and he did. But
nobody was willing to accept that the
unscrupulous Noriega should actually
supply the M-19, an ideologically
imprecise but extremely violent
Colombian group, with the arms to try
to overthrow Colombia's democracy.
American
officials
had always
assumed that any threat to the canal
would come only in communist clothing or in a direct attack by terrorists.
Today, the
is
threat
is
much
greater.
nearly total corruption in
no
real
democracy
There
Panama and
to act as a correc-
Noriega, on Sept. 28, 1985, even
removed the president he had put in,
Nicolas Ardita Barletta. With Panama's ties to Cuba and Nicaragua, the
tive.
now lies in the canuse for narcotics and gun-running,
threat to the canal
al's
anti-American atmonew and deadly
alliance. There is a threat, too, in a Panamanian government— which now con-
and the
totally
sphere developed by this
CAUSE FOR CONCERN-A///'ed to Cuba
and Nicaragua, Noriega wields the
power in Panama.
sists
of Noriega, period— that will dip
into the canal revenues
and have no
Panamanians
for
running the canal well, or at all.
What we saw before, and what
we
interest in training
assumed we could foresee for the future,
was a political pattern of communists
on one side and more-or-less democrats
and anti-communist military on the
other. Now, everything is up for grabs.
The new power structure not only
Panama Canal, but also
new era, an era shaped by
threatens the
introduces a
drugs and the nearly incomprehensible
amounts of money involved with drugs.
It is that new era that threatens an
upheaval in the entire region.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
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Guarantee
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YES! Rush me the 4-Piece Simulated Pearl Set(s) have indicated below
$9.98 each plus $1.50 shipping and handling, with FREE Pearl Earrings.
I
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that special, up-to-the-minute polish! Your 4-piece simulated Pearl
jewelry set includes: a IV? bracelet, an 18" necklace, a 22" necklace,
and an adjustable ring... PLUS a pair of matching Pearl earrings, yours
FREE just for ordering! It's a luxurious set designed with quality as well
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©ANMI, 1986
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at
—
WHAT TO DO
WHEN THE
RUSSIANS
electronic media.
By Blaine Taylor
Banks
are national-
ized and credit cards abolished, but few
money to spend or save
anyway. There are shortages of everything, even though the environment has
long ago been sacrificed in order to meet
people have
HERE are
which
several
disaster
America.
ways
might
We
in
strike
cannot
unreasonable Red Washingtonian
demands for increased "production."
exclude an all-out
nuclear war that is so
totally
"destructive that
Building contractors and business peoviewed as "enemies of the
people."
Ultimately, the American people rise
up in revolt, but it takes more than two
generations for the Soviet yoke to be
little is left
ple are
of either side; or one in
which America is largely
destroyed with far less
Soviet loss, resulting in the occupation
by Moscow's troops of a ruined and
depopulated land a scenario quite
commonly found in Soviet military literature. What seems more likely, given
the Soviet achievement of superiority,
would be the crumbling of American
thrown
—
States practically defenseless, or sim-
ply the threat of one.
This scenario, envisaged before in the
recent books of former President Rich-
ard
M. Nixon, now
bit
of the
realistic
is
the opening
gam-
and frightening new
work What To Do When The Russians
Come: A Survivor's Guide (Stein and
Day, 177 pages, $14.95). It tells readers—occupation by occupation, of every
class of society and all walks of life
what they can or should do when faced
by the immediacy of Soviet armed
invasion of the United States.
This engaging and highly-readable
book is co-authored by Dr. Robert Conquest, Senior Research Fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution, and
Dr. Jon Manchip White, Lindsay Young
Professor of English at the University
of Tennessee.
According
months of
to their scenario, the first
the actual occupation are
brutal.
Both Hawaii and Alaska are formally
annexed outright to the USSR, while
all officers of the rank of colonel and
above are shot in a sort of American
Katyn Massacre. What is left of the U.S.
armed forces becomes a new "people's
army," sent to fight far-off communist
wars of imperialist aggression in Africa
and against the still-unconquered Red
Chinese menace.
Physicians are seen as "murderers in
white coats," lawyers are viewed with
open hostility, all "affirmative action"
and "equal opportunity" programs are
cancelled and women are sent to farms
as manual laborers. Pet stores become
unnecessary, since pets themselves are
being eaten for food, and furniture stores
are closed because furniture is no longer
manufactured. Gas stations disappear,
too, since travel is restricted and few
private cars are to be seen on the roads
anymore— bicycles
The
,
is
a free-lance
military topics.
12
writer,
specializing
in
take their place.
nation's state police forces are
replaced on the highways by a
new
super-armed
with both tanks and artillery to quell
periodic urban disturbances against the
political police force that is
retaliatory attacks
by
—
takeover resist in the "forests of Colorado, Oregon and Washington ... the
mountains of Wyoming, Montana and
Idaho.
the canyons of Arizona and
.
.
New Mexico
and the marshes and
bayous of Louisiana and Florida ..."
.
.
.
In the end, there is "the eventual,
inevitable breakup of the Soviet
empire," and those old enough to
remember democracy in America begin
anew to dream of its restoration. In the
wake of continued American mass
insurrections, "The whole communist
network will have been shaken and
vir-
tually destroyed; the building of a
new
party on the discredited ruins of the old
will be
no easy business ... the Amer-
ican people once
invigorated
more
will be morally
..."
Finally, the Soviets will encounter,
U.S. national rebellion,
their grip on the rest of
their empire is being shaken, and their
internal policies have brought the Soviet
in addition to
"a time when
new regime. The Canadian and Mexi-
Union itself to catastrophe ..."
Thus, Moscow, like the Roman
can borders are rigidly patrolled to prevent escape from the new Soviet-
believe, but at what cost to humanity?
American
Blaine Taylor, a Vietnam veteran and
Legionnaire of Post 38, Dundalk, Md.
amid
and even nuclear strikes. America's
young people— aided by the nation's blue
collar workers and the more than 9 million privately owned firearms concealed by citizens at the time of the
resistance either after a limited Soviet
nuclear strike that would leave the United
off,
tanks, helicopter gunships, firing squads
state.
Extensive
lists
of people to be arrested
in the society are drawn up, and purges
and show trials are frequent news items
in the new, dreary communist press and
Empire,
is
doomed
to fall, the authors
Reading What To Do When The RusCome may be one of the sparks
we need to help delete the "American
chapter" from the Soviet march of consians
quest, so relentless since 1917.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
.
.
A must for collectors, perfect for gift-giving
.
.
.
)
.
.
The New Canadian $100 Gold Proof Coin
Commemorating the International Year of Peace
llth in the series of commemorative coins authorized by
the Government of Canada.
Now available in limited
quantities through November
30, 1986 only.
Orders of Two Coins
commemoration of the United
Nations 1986 International Year of
Government of Canada
now available
first-served basis
November 30, 1986 only.
is
on a first-come,
through
Now you can join with our
close friends in
Canada in a most
demonstration of commitment to world peace
a Commemorative Proof Coin beautifully crafted by the Royal
Canadian Mint in 22 karat gold.
fitting
Official
A Venerable Tradition.
A Memorable Gift
—
«t# Coin-of-the-realm, legal tender in
Canada.
27
silver.
mm (1.06 inches). Of
grams
total
Diameter
its
Orders must be received by November 30, 1986
.
you are a coin collector, giving this
commemorative "Peace" coin to a son,
nephew or another relative is an excel-
is
way to pass along this venerable
family tradition. The 1986 $100 Gold
Proof Coin is also an ideal gift for a
graduation, birthday, promotion or any
other special occasion worthy of this
very unique, personal gesture.
16.965
pure gold.
if* The reverse is by renowned artist
*** Dora de Pedery-HUNT and shows
olive branches (symbol of peace) intertwined with maple branches
(symbol of Canada), signifying Canada's commitment to world peace.
Superimposed over this design is the
bilmguallegend, "Peace" and
"Paix." The obverse bears Arrtold
Machin's classic effigy of Her
Majesty,
«gt llth in a
™*
JLt
Queen Elizabeth II.
series of $100 Commemora-
Gold Proof Coins issued by the
Government of Canada, including
the 1984 Jacques Carrier coin, winner
of the Krause Publications "Coin of
the Year" Award.
five
It is
a "Proof" coin, struck several
times during minting for
detail and beauty.
«|#
maximum
Comes in a luxurious leather case,
with a numbered Certificate of Authenticity signed
by the Master of the
Royal Canadian Mint.
to:
Royal Canadian Mint
P.O.
Box
445, Station
0660
A
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
KIN 9H3
Please send me
1 986 $1 00 Gold Proof
Coins at $245 (US) each $
(60621
lent
weight, 15.551 grams
(one-half ounce)
Return
If
if* Mintage restricted to 100,000 pieces
*™ worldwide the lowest mintage
ever announced for Canadian $100
Gold Proof Coins.
if, 91.7% gold and 8.3%
Order Form
Commemorative
Gold Proof Coin
1986 $100
Coin Specifications
is
—
—
$100 Gold Proof
*™
first
—
has authorized the issue of a new
limited mintage, $100 Gold Proof
Coin. This coin
More
or
2,000 customers who order two or more $100 Gold Proof
Coins will also receive
at no
additional cost
the First Day
Cover for the International Year
of Peace Commemorative Stamp,
being issued by the Government
of Canada. It is an ideal accom?animent to the International
ear of Peace Gold Proof Coin
and is certain to be of special
interest to you.
The
In
Peace, the
Day of Issue
Free First
Stamp With First 2,000
Name
Address
Gift
Apt.
.
.State.
City
#
.Zip
Orders
Please send
1 986 $1 00 Gold Proof Coins
at $245 (US) each $
to the address
indicated below: (Enclose additional sheets and
mail in envelope if ordering more than one gift.)
TOTAL US$.
Name.
Address
.
City
.
Apt.
#
.Zip
State
Method of payment
Enclosed is my check/money order payable
Canadian Mint
Place Your Order
Now
Orders for the $100 Gold Proof Coin
commemorating the United Nations International Year of Peace can only be
honored through November 30, 1986,
or until the
demand for these annual com-
memorative issues has been quite high,
and we anticipate this year's coin will be
even more desirable, due to its reduced
mintage and universally appealing
theme of world peace.
To avoid disappointment, please be
sure to order now, by returning the special
Visa
MasterCard
My credit card account number:
I
Expiration date
I
order form.
I
I
-
M
maximum of 100,000 orders
has been reached.
Past
American Express
Royal
to the
I
I
I
Y
Cardholder Signature
Application must be signed by cardholder.
Important Notice
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it
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Royal Canadian
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Monnaie royale
canadienne
AFGHANISTAN'S
IMPORTANCE TO THE SOVIET ONION
By Robert J. Lagomarsino
EVEN
years ago this
the Soviet
Union shocked an unsus-
December,
pecting world with
its
brutal invasion of
Afghan-
swift,
Victory in Afghanistan
will bring the Soviets
closer to the oil-rich
Persian Gulf. But US.
aid to the Mujahedeen
can upset Soviet plans.
istan to save an unpopular,
faltering
communist
regime. Unlike previous
Soviet invasions and occupations of Mongolia and nations in the
Baltic states and East Europe, the Red
Army met head-on with a popular, mass
resistance that has already killed or
wounded more than 30,000 Soviet
troops.
The invasion represents more than just
the "Brezhnev Doctine" of preventing
any subjugated nation from freeing itself
of communism; it seriously affects the
strategic balance of power in the region
and presents new threats to the West.
First, the occupation of Afghanistan
brings the Soviets physically closer to
the oil-rich Persian Gulf and our sea
lanes in the Indian Ocean.
Second, a strong Soviet presence in
Afghanistan gives the Soviets better
opportunities to meddle in the internal
affairs
of Pakistan, a U.S.
ally.
Third, the total conquest of Afghan-
and weakening of Pakistan would
be a victory against China and seriously
upset the balance of power and stability
Finally, the Soviets cannot afford to
let
the brave Afghani
freedom
fighters,
Mujahedeen (Holy Warriors),
win. The effect on the Soviet Union's
called
burgeoning, repressed Moslem population would be too great.
The
tactics
employed by
the Soviets
based on denying
the Mujahedeen supplies, shelter and
to achieve victory are
Afghan nation
culture and traditions; and
support; eradicating the
with
its
U.S. Representative Robert J.
Lagomar-
sino of California is co-chairman of the
Congressional Task Force on Afghanistan.
14
until the
Mujahedeen, who
represent a clear majority of Afghanis
from all the different tribes, are included
and the Soviets become serious about
an expeditious withdrawal, we must not
divert our attention or sympathies from
the heroic struggle of the Afghani
people.
A
recent unclassified report on the
military situation in Afghanistan indi-
keeping the Red Army's genocidal,
inhuman policies from receiving undue
attention. This inhumane scorched-earth
policy is designed to deny the Muja-
cates that, given the current levels of
hedeen logistical support. Instead, it has
given the Mujahedeen increased popular support from those abused Afghanis
who now have nothing to lose. Recent
Soviet and Afghan communist incursions into Pakistani terrority and support for local opposition forces are
designed to discourage Pakistani support for the freedom fighters.
Unfortunately, there has been too little attention given to the heinous crimes
committed against the Afghanis. It is
saddening when Gorbachev's offer to
withdraw 6,000 unnecessary troops from
Afghanistan receives more coverage than
the murdering of thousands of Afghanis.
Cleverly, the Soviets keep attention
focused on negotiations they are willing to support between the Democratic
Republic of Afghanistan and Pakistan.
endurance
istan
in the region.
However,
FIGHTERS— Afghani rebels
aid and attention, the tide
is
gradually
turning against the Mujahedeen. While
the resistance will fight on,
not
mean
Afghan
not unlimited. That does
they have lost. Rather, with
is
increased diplomatic, military and
humanitarian support, these brave free-
dom
fighters could turn Afghanistan into
the "Soviet
Vietnam,"
inflicting
heavy
Moscow's money and men.
losses of
Along with their other allies, China and
Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan must be
provided adequate defenses against
Soviet air power, their worst enemy.
When
I
visited Pakistan last January
and met with the Mujahedeen, they
reaffirmed to me that their commitment
and they will fight to the last
with whatever weapons are available. It is our duty to help these freedom fighters liberate their country from
Soviet occupation. With our support they
is total
man
can succeed.
tenaciously refuse to accept Soviet domination.
1
*****
MARY
t\\L
full of grace,
f
s
with thee;
mong women;
d
is
the fruit
_jmb, Jesus.
Actual
Size
Of Type
Page
Size
5x71/2 inches
Marian Prayer Pack
The MARIAN PILGRIMAGE PRAYER BOOK, organized
around rhe five famous Marian Shrines -- Our Lady of the
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five
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prayers
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those making a donation of $10* or
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Our Lady of Perpetual Help. This unique rosary, which has
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The MARIAN PILGRIMAGE ROSARY
making a donation of $1 2** or more
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those making o donation of $20*** or
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The Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculare
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'I
MUST BE AN
OPEN WINDOW
can to
By Betty Mussell Lundy
live in the
United States.
My father was a good man— a Chriscommitted to showing love
and preaching the Gospel— but the sys-
tian minister
OW
do you explain to an
American what it is like to
I live without freedom?
Daniel Coltea, who became
tem
I
I a free man about
You must have
living hell."
couldn't separate night from day.
cion, fear and hate.
You may only have a relationship with
the party. You may not develop friendships because, eventually, one of
will think,
you
"He is getting too close. What
does he want?" From then on, the
friendship
It
is
is
sword does not touch the head which
If you bend your head and your
will, you can live another day.
You cannot criticize the government. The secret police are everywhere. They will tell you what you are
thinking and punish you for wrong
thoughts. They listen in on phone conbends.
versations.
members
"Other people do not exist for me.
what I have to do to survive."
But I cannot accuse that man. The party
used him, too. It uses weak people to
do the bad things. The system teaches
you that in order to survive you must
destroy your true self, your personality.
You cannot have an opinion different
from the party's.
said,
is
Rumania,
there
is
a saying:
The
Betty Mussell Lundy, a free-lance
journalist based in
LaGrange
Park,
III.,
specializes in the social problems of
immigrants
16
in
make family
America.
because
we were
persecuted
Christians, but
Christians are not the only ones
who
suffer. After
high-level
I
escaped,
I
Rumanian Communist
met a
Party
member who had
sought political asylum in Austria. I asked him why he had
left position and wealth for the life of a
refugee. He replied, "I cannot live with
myself anymore. I am full of my lies.
I cannot stand in front of my daughters
any longer as a liar. I know it will be
difficult, but I am happy to be free."
The communists spend enormous
amounts of money on propaganda. I
asked myself, "If the United States is
so bad, how come nobody from the
United States ever comes to Rumania
asking for asylum?" Lots of Americans
come, but nobody stays. And all the
time, Rumanians leave whenever they
a license to speak in
finally
took away my father's license, so he
could no longer preach. The only work
he could find was heavy, hard labor,
200 miles from home. We saw him only
once a month.
I loved my country and my people.
I didn't want to run away, but I told my
wife, "I can't cope anymore. I cannot
talk openly. Leaving will be my answer
to this system and to my country. I will
leave or I will die."
In a daring escape Coltea crossed
the border into Yugoslavia and then into
Austria, where he received political
asylum He described his first steps into
.
freedom:
The Austria- Yugoslavia border was
moun-
a white line halfway through a
tain tunnel.
made one
When
I
reached that line, I
it and said to
step across
myself, "Now, I am half-free." Then
another step, "Now I am all free." Then
I
meek perish.
I asked a Communist Party member:
"How can you live with yourself?" He
In
try to
Y FAMILY was
crawl right over one another to get what
they want. Only the powerful survive;
This
They
report one another's "crimes.
breaking up.
the law of the jungle. People
the poor and
The
after us,
The government
public places.
HHHHl
I
like a criminal.
were constantly
detaining, questioning, following us.
years
ago, grapples with this
problem often. Today he is
happy, living with his wife
and 11 -year-old son in a
Chicago suburb, working as a mechanical engineer. But he describes his former life behind the Iron Curtain, before
his 1980 escape from Rumania, as "a
six
Everything was dark. To understand,
you have to go back to the starting point
of communism— hate. Hate between
worker and management, friends and
neighbors, father and son, husband and
wife. The party knows this is the only
way to control people— through suspi-
him
treated,
secret police
fell
From
on
my
that
knees and thanked God.
moment,
I
was
a free
man
forever.
I have never lost the feeling that
poured over me at that moment. I was
finally whole, as God made me.
You cannot get information out of
Rumania. That is why I must speak. I
must be an open window to Americans
to show them the evils of communism
and to urge them to protect our freedom. We must spend dollars in peacetime, in order not to spend dollars and
lives in wartime.
In March 1986, Daniel Coltea became a U.S. citizen.
I love what this country is about:
freedom under the law. I'm willing to
do whatever it takes to keep it that way.
If
necessary,
I
ingly, happily.
will fight for
America
is
it,
the last
will-
hope
of the world.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
.
-d
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—» — — —
Commentary
UNITED NATIONS
UNDERMINING PRIVATE ENTERPRISE?
The most imporof the Sea
April 1982, which
resources and mining.
tant
example
the
is
Treaty, adopted in
Law
the United States did not sign.
To
receive approval for sea mining,
must agree to transfer any
technology it uses to the Enterprise (a
governmental unit operating under U.N.
auspices) or to developing countries on
fair and reasonable commercial terms.
a private firm
Private firms are, therefore, forced to
subsidize and build the Enterprise, an
entity that
competes with private
enterprise.
A redistributive
one
is
Moon
scheme
similar to this
contained in the U.N.'s 1980
Treaty— another attempt by other
nations to get a free ride on Western
technological innovation. Since the
treaty declares that "the moon and its
natural resources are the
POWER PLAY— In a foray that seems beyond the limits of its charter, the U.N. is pushing
for
tough constraints on multinational companies investing
By Dr. Murray
L.
Weidenbaum
in
developing nations.
developed by a
commission of the Economic and Social
tinational corporations
MNC
the United Nations as an
Code apparently
Council. The
would cover almost any company that
tries to sell products to people in another
organization devoted to
country.
peacekeeping— the function with which it is most
the code
MERICANS still think of
explicitly charged in
charter.
There
is
its
little
awareness of the extent to
which the U.N. is be-
coming an economic regulatory body
involved in efforts to radically change
the performance and character of private economies throughout the world,
Of the proposals or actions of U.N.
agencies designed to control the dayto-day operations of private companies, the most ambitious is the
Code a draft code of conduct for mul-
—
MNC
Dr. Murray L. Weidenbaum is director
of the Center for the Study of American
Business at Washington University in
St.
18
Louis.
The vague language in sections of
is enough to make any com-
pany think twice before investing in
overseas locations, where it might run
afoul of the code. An example is the
provision that multinational corporations should "avoid practices, products
or services which cause detrimental
on
and sociocultural objectives as determined by
government." Should the U.N.
encourage the governments of its memeffects
cultural patterns
ber nations to set "socio-cultural objectives" and require private enterprise to
follow the "cultural patterns" set by
government? Those words describe a
mechanism used by totalitarian rulers
to enhance their power.
The most sweeping U.N. regulation
of private enterprise is in natural
itage of
mankind," any
common
her-
benefits accru-
ing from those resources must be shared.
Companies involved in international
marketing face a variety of U.N. regulatory measures, such as the Infant
Formula Code, adopted in 1981 by the
U.N. World Health Organization. This
code calls for a wide variety of restrictions on the marketing and distribution
of breast milk substitutes, applying not
only to advertising and distribution, but
also to labeling and even the activities
and compensation of marketing
personnel.
The Infant Formula Code
entering
wedge
for broader
ulation of private enterprise.
is
the
U.N. regThe World
Health Organization is now considering formulating a code on the marketing of pharmaceuticals that
would
create
an international drug approval program
and possibly require that international
rules appear on drug labels and in
advertisements.
Companies that sell or license hightechnology products or services to
developing countries will be affected
by the Transfer of Technology Code
being negotiated by the U.N. ConferContinued on page 60
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
—
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Miniature of the
FAMOUS & VALUABLE
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Zip_
our communist adversaries.
Secretary of State George
Marshall,
at a
National
Security Council meeting in
CHANGING
April 1948, told President
that Marshall's
attendance at an inter-
Truman
American conference
DIRECTIONS
Bogota
that
would
in
establish
Ameri-
the Organization of
can States was essential to
cement good relations with
Latin America. Otherwise,
he contended, the United
States would not be able to
MTBAl
meet
its
ments
postwar commit-
in other parts
of the
world.
It was a variation on the
theme first proposed by Secretary of State John Quincy
Adams who, in 1823, framed
what later became known as
Monroe Doctrine. The
prospect of a Soviet flag permanently planted on the
the
American mainland directly
challenges that longheld
belief of American statesmen.
America
is finally
focusing
The establishment of a
communist regime in Cuba
in 1961 was a serious and
its
national security priority on
Central America. But is it too late
to prevent a Soviet flag from waving
permanently in Nicaragua?
By Roger Fontaine
Cuba
costly setback. But
is
an island, and successive
American presidents have
managed to isolate the Castro regime within this hemisphere. But the success of the
what they have been all
along— hardened totalitari-
Sandinista revolution in 1979
ans
more serious
because Nicaragua
the Soviet
a far
is
reversal
is
situ-
ated in the heart of the Central
HAT
p e n
haps
to
Central
with the Soviet Union, the
future of South Africa, even
war or peace
in the
Middle
American isthmus.
earth.
Eastare of secondary impor-
central concern of the Presi-
dent of the United States, his
which
is
inex-
free-
are
strategists, but is the
tance compared to the fate of
this region,
and economic
doomed to disappear from the face of the
preoccupation of a few aca-
is
mount
political
doms
demic
are convinced that
Union and its allies
represent the wave of the
future while American-style
After decades of neglect,
the region no longer is the
the para-
America
who
senior officials, a prestigious
THE
tion
current administra-
also fully understands that this country
States.
of
ing the United States this
decade and quite possibly the
American presidents and
their closest advisers have
citizens.
Nevertheless, for years
has never before faced a
challenge on the mainland of
the Americas mounted by any
enemy, much less one with
the resources and tenacity of
next.
known since the United States
became a world power that
much of the media have tried
the Soviet Union. Neither the
Germans
vital interests in
dismiss the Reagan
administration's concern
about Nicaragua as some kind
lenge to-the
Western Hemisphere's
of anachronistic paranoia.
But bitter experience has
proved the administration
Arms
tricably linked to the history
bipartisan national
and security of the United
sion and a growing
confront-
control agreements
Europe,
Asia and the Middle East
could be preserved only if
our
Roger Fontaine, a former
staff officer with the National Security Council,
is
chief diplomatic correspon-
dent for The Washington
Times.
20
commisnumber
strategic
question
the
nations were on friendly
terms with this country and,
most certainly, not allied with
ordinary
American
to
The Sandinistas have
revealed themselves to be
right.
(in both world wars)
nor the Japanese ever presented a point-blank chal-
Monroe Doctrine
Kremlin now does in
its barefaced subsidization
and arming of Nicaragua.
If the Sandinista regime
as the
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
—
FIREPOWER — The Sovietarmed Sandinistas hope
to install Marxist
regimes
throughout Central America.
to handle anything in the
Soviet air inventory.
Compared
to that, the
question of advisers becomes
almost secondary. Nevertheit is sobering to realize
that while the United States
has at most several hundred
less,
military advisers in the region
(in fact, they are trainers
a
and
few support troops), the
Soviet bloc has thousands of
and advisers who
trainers
already have taken on combat roles in the Sandinista
struggle against its Contra
adversaries.
By
if
the
end of the century,
present trends continue, the
Soviet Union, not the United
States, will be the predominant military power in the
Central American region, a
fundamental reversal in the
Western Hemisphere for the
first time in more than a century.
and
trends continue,
istrations are less vigilant,
it
will be comparatively easy
Nicaragua to subvert and
suborn its neighbors— never
through outright invasion
by greatly increasing the aid
for
given to guerrilla organizations that have already
declared war on the governments of Costa Rica, El Sal-
vador,
the Soviet
Union will be
the predominant
military
in
power
the Central
American
region.'
but also to undermine friendly
in
Central America would
reduce considerably our
ability to guarantee vital sea
lanes in the Caribbean basin.
These are the lines of communication through which the
bulk of our overseas trade
passes, not to mention our
ability to resupply and reinforce our armed forces in
Europe and the Middle East
down
on the German
central plain
to an air attack
on Libya.
their
survival can be guaranteed
only if there is a necklace of
Marxist governments on the
Central American isthmus.
If the Sandinistas succeed
in
doing so, Mexico
ulti-
mately would be threatened,
OCTOBER 1986
U.S. aid to
Communism in Nicaragua?
conflict— possibilrange from a showwith the Soviet Union
have little
choice. Not only are they
convinced it is their revolutionary duty— which they take
very seriously— but also the
tas believe they
comandantes believe
GAMBLE-Can
the Contras block
ities that
end, the Sandinis-
this
governments in the Caribbean and South America.
Confronting those prospects is an American government certain of the threat, but
Continued on page 62
in case of
Guatemala and
Honduras.
To
that, the Soviets
would be in a position to
threaten Mexico and Panama
IF PRESENT
manages to survive the next
few years, and future admin-
With
their supporters not only
Sandinista efforts to install
which would pose dire consequences for the United
States. The Panama Canal,
which, by the end of the century, no longer will be
American-run or protected,
also would be up for grabs.
The
loss of uninterrupted
passage through that strategic chokepoint reminds us
that the communist regimes
Marxist dictatorships in other
Latin American countries is
not
all that is at
stake in this
deadly game. Already, the
Soviet Union is building a
massive military and intelligence presence in Nicaragua
including electronic intercept capabilities for highly
mm
sophisticated airfields that,
when completed,
will
be able
21
ANOTHER CUBA? -Equipped with Soviet
rifles, 7-55 tanks and Mi-24 Hind
gunships, the Sandinistas form an army
that is larger than the combined forces of
all other Central American nations.
AK-47
FANNING THE FLAMES
By W. Bruce Weinrod
EBATE
over U.S. policy
toward Nicaragua encompasses so many issues one
aspect is easily overlooked
and underestimated— the
threat that small, weak
Nicaragua poses
HMHI
to the
security of the United
States.
The argument has been repeated
countless times that a nation of 3 mil-
can hardly be a threat to the security interests of a great power such as the
United States. No one is arguing that
lion
Bruce Weinrod is the director of
and Defense Studies at the
Heritage Foundation, Washington, D.C.
W.
Foreign Policy
22
San Diego or any other U.S. city could
be taken over by the Nicaraguan military; nevertheless, Nicaragua does pose
a military and a geopolitical challenge
to U.S. security interests as well as a
direct threat to the pro-U.S. and anticommunist democracies of its neighbors.
From a military perspective, Nicaragua threatens U.S. security because
of the potential for the Soviets to use
the country as a base for operations. An
airstrip under construction at Punta Huete
could be used by Soviet Bear and Backfire bombers and other aircraft to conduct intelligence and reconnaissance
activities against the United States. Such
plans also would exert a psychological
influence by demonstrating to Latin
America a growing Soviet presence in
the Western hemisphere. In addition,
the deep port under construction at El
Bluff on Nicaragua's east coast could
provide Moscow another base for submarine operations like the base at Cienfuegos, Cuba.
Such Soviet presence would have
serious implications during a conflict.
Combined with Cuba, already the largest
non-U. S. military force
in the
West-
ern hemisphere, a Soviet-Cuban military
presence in Nicaragua would present a
U.S. efforts
to resupply its forces in Europe or to
shift forces from the Pacific to the
European theater. For example, in the
first five months of World War II, the
real military challenge to
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
'
United States lost 153 ships to German
submarines in the Caribbean. Soviet
submarines today are much more capable and less detectable than those German subs. U.S. defense officials have
said that the Soviet-Cuban military
Cuba already is sufficient
capability in
cause problems for the United States.
Nicaragua were added to this capability, during a crisis the United States
to
If
might have to divert significant military
resources that otherwise could be directly
employed in the protection of our
in Europe or elsewhere.
Further, should the
USSR
allies
at all possible, or
ever attack
delayed until the
last
moment. To the extent that the
United States cannot reinforce its forces,
NATO is less likely to be able to delay
or block a Soviet conventional thrust
into Western Europe. In this situation,
the United States might be forced to
consider using tactical nuclear weapons
at a significantly earlier point than would
be the case otherwise. Delays in reinforcing United States forces in Europe,
caused by Western hemisphere military
problems, could be significant. Critics
of U.S. aid to the democratic resist-
ance,
who in some cases
are critics also
of nuclear weapons, should consider
this
potential.
With a military larger than the combined forces of all its Central American
neighbors, Nicaragua, militarily, can
intimidate bordering nations, which are
developing nations with democratic
governments that could be easily destabilized. Nicaragua also could destaemerging fragile democracies
throughout Latin America, causing
bilize
polarization and
chaos— perfect
tions for small, disciplined
condi-
communist
factions to seize power.
Nicaragua could cause particular
problems for U.S. security by interfering in Panama or Mexico. One-half of
U.S. foreign trade goes through the
Panama Canal or the Gulf of Mexico;
two-thirds of oil imported by the United
States and one-half of its strategic minerals pass through the Panama Canal.
Even more than
many
of our
the United States,
allies in
Europe, Asia and
Latin America depend heavily on the
canal for their external commercial
of the
United States to resupply its forces in
Europe, or to quickly shift forces from
activities. In addition, the ability
OCTOBER 1986
Salvadoran insurgents.
Europe during a
would be hampered
substantially if the canal were
shut down.
For decades the United
the Pacific to
conflict,
States has been able to fulfill
its
security-related obligations
without worrying about its
If this were to change, the
United States might well need more
military forces in this hemisphere. A
reassessment of our military deployments in Europe, Asia and elsewhere
could result in a troop pullback to defend
to
its allies
own borders.
Western Europe, the agreed strategy of
the United States and its fellow NATO
democracies is that the employment of
nuclear weapons should be avoided if
possible
PALS— Nicaraguan President
Daniel Ortega and Cuban
President Fidel Castro are
partners in support of
our borders.
It is significant that most of those who
oppose U.S. policies toward Nicaragua
by and large acknowledge Nicaraguan
expansionism. Sen. Daniel Moynihan,
a critic of U.S. policy, has stated flatly
Nicaragua is providing aid to El
Salvador's insurgents. He said in 1984,
"It is the judgment of the Senate Intelligence Committee that Nicaragua's
involvement in the affairs of El Salvathat
dor, and to a lesser degree,
its
other
neighbors, continues." Perhaps most
decisive are the findings of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelli-
gence, which has opposed U.S. policy
toward Nicaragua. Chaired by Rep.
Edward Boland, a close friend of House
Continued on page 54
THE REAGAN DOCTRINE:
FACING THE TEST IN NICARAGUA
essence, the Reagan
IN
that communist conquests
Doctrine holds
and rev-
olutions are reversible, In a March 1986
message to Congress, President Reagan laid out his views on support for
freedom fighters: "Resistance forces
communist tyranny
deserve our support. The form and
fighting against
we provide must be
weighed in each case
must be more than simply sym-
extent of support
carefully
But
it
bolic
.
.
.
.
.
Our goal ... is to convince
Union that the policies on
embarked in the '70s cannot
.
port of active resistance forces in
Angola, Cambodia, Afghanistan and
Nicaragua.
The main test of the Reagan Doctrine is in Nicaragua because:
• Nicaragua is close to our borders.
• The Sandinistas made a written
promise to the Organization of American States to create a democratic,
peaceful society.
• The Nicaraguan freedom fighters
the Soviet
are a potentially potent force offering
which it
work."
Almost 20 years ago, during the
a democratic alternative to the Nicaraguan people.
suppression of liberalizing forces in
Czechoslovakia by Soviet might, the
Brezhnev Doctrine enunciated that
Marxist control of a country is not
subject to change. Brezhnev boldly
contended: 'Never will we consent to
allow imperialism, by peaceful or non'
peaceful means, from within or without, to make a breach in the socialist
system."
Between 1975 and 1980, Marxist
was extended to 11 Third World
nations from Vietnam to Nicaragua.
The Reagan Doctrine now challenges
control
those conquests, particularly in sup-
Nicaraguan freedom fighters
through lack of U.S. assistance,
communist totalitarian tyranny will
consolidate its deadly grip in Nicaragua. Establishment of a "New Cuba'
on the mainland of the Western Hemisphere will threaten emerging
democracy in Central America and
pose serious national security problems for the United States.
The symbolic damage to U.S. prestige would be even more catastrophic—revealing the United States
as a hapless giant unable or unwilling
If the
fail
to protect its interests close to its
own
shores.
23
.
Interview
Turning the tide for
DEMOCRACY
U.S. assistance to
Central America
is
a calculated effort to subvert the democracies in the region.
Q*
its
definitely paying
to
_
off,
says Deputy
Nestor D. Sanchez.
is
the only
nation in the area
Nestor D. Sanchez
that's not free yet.
American Legion Magazine: what
and Soviet aims
in Central
are u.s.
America?
Secretary Sanchez:
The u.s. policy
show for it?
Democracy has made
great strides in the region. Five
years ago, Costa Rica was the only democratic nation
in Central America. Today, there is only one country that is
A*
Assistant Secretary
Nicaragua
In the past five years, the United States has increased
involvement in Central America. What have we got
not free and democratic— Nicaragua.
based on
afford to turn
What has
_
A
renewal of economic development
and growth in the region is necessary to address the socioeconomic causes of turmoil and conflict and to provide
increased opportunity for all segments of society. Defense
of democratic governments of the region is essential to help
shield them from externally supported subversion and
exploitation as they develop more equitable and stable societies. Regarding diplomacy, the United States supports
peaceful dialogue and verifiable regional settlements along
the lines contained in the Contadora Document of objectives.
Soviet policy is one of expansionism. The strategic goal
of the Soviet Union is to force the United States to divert
political attention and military resources to its critical Southern flank and away from areas of the world vital to the Soviets. To achieve this goal, the Soviets and their bloc countries
with their proxies, primarily Cuba and Nicaragua, are actively
arming, training and assisting Marxist-Leninist guerrillas in
Nestor D. Sanchez, a federal employee for more than 40
years, was appointed Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense
for Inter-American Affairs in August 1981
24
More
votes have been
more countries
the threatened region."
The National Bipartisan Commission
economic development, defense and diplomacy.
Democracy seeks to give political power to the people and
their representatives.
away from
on Central America resulted
four separate, but mutually reinforcing elements: democ-
racy,
elections and in
institutions. Democratic societies take time to nurture and
develop. Democracies face problems— economic, social and
political problems and, unfortunately, today they also face
a significant external threat. As the National Bipartisan
Commission on Central America reported, "Central America is both vital and vulnerable ... the United States cannot
Q*
is
more
in the region
than in any other five-year period in the history of the area.
In Central America, the United States has a fundamental
interest in the preservation and promotion of democratic
cast in
A*
It
in the
deliberations
in 1984.
Jackson Plan
the plan achieved?
has helped improve political development, the growth
of democracy, agricultural production, educational
opportunities, health services, housing, infrastructure devel-
opment and generally broadened the benefits of growth. More
needs to be done. Congress has not fully funded the Jackson
Plan. In fact, there has been more than a half-billion dollar
shortfall over the past five years from the amounts recommended. The recent congressional action to provide $300
million more for economic support in Central America indicates a growing awareness concerning the importance of
sustaining economic development in our hemisphere.
Q*
Is there hope for a military victory by the Salvadoran government over the insurgents?
_
There
A*
pects for victory in El Salvador. President Duarte has
is
every reason for optimism concerning the pros-
to be a great statesman and a leader for all the people
of El Salvador. The military is becoming increasingly procontinficient and professional while support for the
ues to wane. Social reforms, political pluralism and dialogue
with the armed opposition all bode well for successful consolidation of government efforts and continuing attrition of
proven
FMLN
guerrilla forces.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
CENTRAL
AMERICA
G- Democracy
P- 4.4
1
-
$753
M- 22,000
Q*
G- Communist
Can
the Contras become an effective
force capable of helping to bring democracy to Nicaragua?
_ Democracy can win in Nicaragua. The
Democratic Resistance Forces do not
Dictatorship
GUATEMALA <p
HONDURAS
to defeat the Sandinistas
on the
NICARAGUA
Legend:
G- Democracy
G-
1
-
$1136
G- Democracy
M- 43,000
P1
-
some of their
on the march
units.
in
The quest
$872
P1
"Civil
IN
Sandinistas -The
Sandinista National Liberation
Front (FSLN), taking their name from Augusto Caesar
Sandino, the organizer of a radical national movement in
the 1920s, formed the core of a coalition that overthrew
the Somoza government in 1979. Shortly after the revolution, the national Directorate of the FSLN, the so-called
Comandantes, purged the proponents of democracy from
the coalition, declared themselves to be communists, and
abandoned the revolution's promise for democratic pluralism. The FSLN, a political, not national, party, now
rules Nicaragua with the help of an elaborate Cuban/Sovietadvised security system and the largest military force in
Central America.
FMLN "Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front
is
the united military organization of five leftist Salvadoran
groups, armed principally by the communist bloc through
Nicaragua. Their stated objective is to overthrow the deminstall
a communist
government. President Duarte has initiated talks with these
dissidents on three separate occasions to explore the
potential for national reconciliation.
Contras "In
all
typical fashion, the Sandinistas termed
opposition to the consolidation of their regime as counter-
Hence the name "Contras." In reality,
Democratic Resistance Forces (DRF) are fighting the
revolutionaries.
the
Sandinistas to restore the democratic goals of the revolution against
Somoza. This force
is
presently 20,000
strong, three times the size of the Sandinistas
was overthrown. The
when Somoza
DRF is the vital force for politically
galvanizing the internal opposition in Nicaragua to pressure the Sandinistas to accept democratic reforms.
Contadora Process The
Contadora GroupColombia, Venezuela, Mexico and Panama— so called
because of their meeting place on Contadora Island, Pan-
OCTOBER 1986
.0
2.7
- $1308
M- 8,000*
is
THE KEY PLAYERS
government and to
PANAMA CANAL
RICA
G- Democracy
being suppressed by a communist, totalitarian
Sandinista regime.
ocratically elected
Military forces
COSTA
M- 49,000
for
Nicaragua, but
I
M5.1
and 13-year-olds for their miland the desertion rate is more than 30
is
Type of government
P - Population (millions)
- Per capita income (annual)
P- 8.3
are drafting 12-
freedom
$1132
EL"
What they must do is to continue to
apply military pressure against the Sandinistas. These actions can galvanize opposition
among the populace and force the Sandinistas
to negotiate seriously with those opposed to
communism. The church, labor unions and the
free press are ready to take a stand. The Sandinistas have devastated the economy. They
percent in
-
SALVADOR
battle-
field.
itary,
1
M- 75,000
A*
have
P- 3.0
Rural
Guard
CENTRAL AMERICA
ama,
initiated a regional
approach to resolving conflict
in
Central America. These countries were subsequently joined
—
the Contadora Support Group Peru, Uruguay,
Argentina and Brazil— in an effort to arrive at mutually
acceptable objectives furthering the cause of peace in the
region. The United States has supported the Contadora
Process since its inception and has pledged to support an
agreement that is comprehensive, verifiable and implemented simultaneously. As of this writing, there has been
no agreement primarily because of Sandinista refusal to
accept provisions for a democratization process, which
includes free elections. Honduras, El Salvador, Costa Rica
and Guatemala insist upon inclusion of these conditions
as a necessary safeguard against continuing Sandinista
by
aggression.
Caribbean Basin
by the administration
Initiative "Launched
to aid
economic recovery
in
1982
in the
region, the Caribbean Basin Initiative offers preferential
trade arrangements to 21 countries in Central
America
and the Caribbean. Duty-free entry of certain products
into the U.S. markets is provided for 12 years. The initiative has made some progress toward creating jobs,
expanding private sector development, promoting domestic and foreign investment, and diversifying exports.
Jackson Plan "Legislation named for the late Sen.
Henry "Scoop" Jackson and based on the analysis of the
National Bipartisan Commission report on Central America. It embodies the recommendation to advance the dual
purposes of national security, and economic and human
development. Extensive support is provided for food
assistance, housing construction, education, agricultural
improvements and balance of payments. Jackson recognized the importance of bipartisan support for long-term
initiatives that improve regional self-sufficiency and
enhance security and defense.
25
In my opinion
HY MILLIONS CAN'T READ
A
recent survey
concluded that
three out of
five high school
students couldn't
read well enough
to enter college.
A
noted expert
tells
why the
"Dick and Jane"
teaching method
is
much
to
blame.
SOUNDS— Flesch
By
Dr. Rudolf Flesch
ILLIONS of Americans can't read because
they've never been
taught how. To read a
language that's written
with letters running
from left to right, you
must learn how to sound
them out from left to
right. It's called phonics.
Most of our schools don't teach
they switched to the whole-word
method, popularly called look-and-say.
trains children to
memorize
and meanings of whole words, and most
Americans today are trained that way.
They look at the outward shape of one
word after another and try to remember
what it means. If they can't, they skip
it, and also skip all short words whose
shapes are not distinct enough to
remember. Many of them have lifelong
reading trouble, variously misdiagnosed as learning disability, dyslexia, minimal brain damage or
"attention deficit disorder."
One
the shapes
no safety warnings, no signs on
buses, no restaurant menus, no want
ads, no job application forms. Their
number grows from year to year. Our
cities are filled
illiterate
with a
new
breed of urban
peasants. In the suburbs, mid-
Rudolf Flesch, author of "Why
Johnny Can't Read, " "The Art of Plain
Talk," "The Art of Readable Writing"
and some 20 other books, is a noted
dle-class parents have their children
expensively tutored in reading, because
the schools don't teach it properly.
Thirty years ago I wrote a book about
all this, titled "Why Johnny Can't Read
writing consultant.
and What You Can
Dr.
26
Do About
It
has 72 lessons with which to teach
a child to read by phonics. In 30 years
I haven't got a single complaint from a
parent saying that the method didn't
work. It normally takes a few weeks to
get through the book. If it's done at age
four or five, the child will enter school
reading.
AIVELY,
It."
I
thought the schools
would see the error of their ways
and go back to phonics. But they
in five
can't read at all— no labels on medicine
bottles,
phonics. Instead, half a century ago,
It
says schools should teach phonics instead of the look-and-say method.
I
didn't. Instead, they attacked
me
and persisted in teaching lookand-say. They added a smidgeon of
phonics to their curricula, teaching
children the sounds of a few letters "as
a help in identifying unfamiliar words."
But they go on using their "basal readbitterly
ers" that offer a small stock of carefully
selected words to memorize over a period
of nine years from kindergarten through
eighth grade. Textbooks in other sub'dumbed down' to contain
jects are all
'
'
only those words.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
A nationwide, federally funded survey of 25,000 high school graduates was
conducted in 1984-85 by the National
Assessment of Educational Progress.
More than three out of five— 61 percent—couldn't read well enough to go
to college or fill a responsible job in
business, industry or government. Their
schools had prepared them only for
menial jobs at minimum wages. For
blacks, the figure was 84 percent. This
is the downfall of American education,
the imminent loss of our place among
leading industrial nations.
For about 70 years, there have been
more than 100 scientific studies com-
words
make hundreds of
that contain the
same sound twice,
two
different
ways— words
such as
spelled in
skylight, redhead, play-
scoreboard,
newsroom, seaweed,
earthworm or powerhouse. So we have 88plus standard ways of
mate,
spelling our 44 sounds.
But that doesn't mean we
should abandon phonics. It's been used for
centuries by parents and
schools with success.
READING
£
members of
taught as a
ently
from the
rest, this
gives a child no
chance to grasp the alphabetic code. Give
children a story that starts with "Once
upon a time" and tell them that "once"
is pronounced "wuns" and you have
children
If you
who
are confused for
ciation assemble each
year for three days to
unpleasant
discuss the infinite varieties
No
A
of look-and-say.
whole pseudo-sci-
wonder the
ence of reading has
emerged, with thou-
children
sands of books, journals
and papers in a neverending flow. Remedial
reading courses have
begun in colleges and
hate
it.
J
second reason for the present
unbelievable growth
universities. Special education classes
influ-
all schools, paid for by the
government because students
have been misdiagnosed as handicapped by learning disability or dyslexia.
Commercial, nationally franchised
ential university professors preaching
tutoring services are available for mid-
was too hard for small children and should be replaced by letting
them read easy stories right away.
In the 50 years since, this false doc-
dle-class children in the suburbs.
crisis is the
of the anti-phonics establishment.
Back around 1930, when look-andsay started with the famous "Dick and
Jane"
series, there
were just two
that phonics
trine
has spread alarmingly. Fourteen
are held in
federal
And
remedial reading classes have begun for
new employees
in three out
of four major
corporations.
In short,
we have
a giant anti-edu-
mistake and system-
series of "basal readers," all with
cation empire. But I'm
a child the alphabetic code,
workbooks, flashcards and a large array
of other classroom machinery exist
today. A dozen textbook publishers
Sooner or later common sense will return
and our children will again be taught to
avoid
atically teach
life.
THE
the Inter-
national Reading Asso-
boring, highly
activity.
Seventy-thousand
this.
IS
paring the results of phonics with those
of look-and-say. Invariably they showed
the superiority of phonics.
Why? Because look-and-say insists
on letting children start by reading little
stories. Since the most frequently used
English words are often spelled differ-
mil-
lions of dollars out of all
this
your job is amazingly easy. You start
with 50 or 100 practice words containing a short a such as, jam or pat and
before you know it, the child has learned
to sound out words from left to right.
"Ddd— aa— dd" they say and then, with
a flash of recognition, they cry out,
'Dad! Four- and five-year-olds enjoy
such discoveries immensely.
None of this ever happens in our
still
optimistic.
read.
THE ABCs— Among schools
Bloomington,
Ind.,
teaching phonics is University Elementary School,
where Anne Gardner introduces her class to the long "a."
'
'
'
schools.
The children
learn to recog-
nize a tiny handful of words, one after
another, repeated endlessly in carefully
prepared, wholly unamusing "sto-
Reading is taught as a boring,
highly unpleasant activity. No wonder
the children hate it.
ries."
Look-and-say has spread through the
United States, England, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. How did the
English-speaking world get into this
mess? There are two main reasons:
One is the evolution of the English
language. Over the centuries modern
English has been built from AngloSaxon, Norman and many other sources.
The pronunciation of words has changed
enormously. But there never has been
an English spelling reform. To this day
we spell the 44 sounds of our language
in a variety of ways, usually at least two
for each sound. We even have lots of
OCTOBER 1986
poy
repay
fold
unfold
unchanged
unhappy
rejoin
untie
recook
.
The calliope plays
as elephants dance
and clowns cavort.
The circus
in town,
is
back
and kids
of all ages are
again spellbound.
.
SWINGERS— The daring
trapeze artists usually leave spectators gasping in awe.
U NDER THE
By Gary Turbak
1
ADIES
.
.
.
and
.
.
.
gentle-
men, you are about to witness death defying feats,
astounding magic, and an
extravaganza of color and
excitement beyond your
grandest dreams. You will
travel from the Wild West to
BIG TOP
the Far East to deepest
You are going to be entertained
for the next two hours by that wonder
Africa.
of wonders— the circus!"
wink in its eye, the circus takes all comon a breakneck ride into a threeringed world of fantasy. Up becomes
down, and the laws of nature stand tem-
heyday may have passed,
the big top is still on top when it comes
to thrills, chills and laughter delivered
practically to everyone's front door in
Anytown, America. Where else can you
ers
see elephants dance, clowns tumble and
Award-winning journalist Gary Turbak
specializes in travel articles for this and
At the circus, we all suspend our disbelief. We're all children under the Big
Top.
At the circus, fact fights with fancy.
Danger and comedy link arms in an
unlikely marriage. Suspense and farce
tug you in opposite directions. In adjacent rings, slender and supple acrobats
vie with ponderous pachyderms for your
other general-interest magazines.
attention.
Though
its
human cannonball sail through the air?
Where else do brave men and women
a
tease death at the jaws of lions or
on
the bars of a flying trapeze?
With exaggeration
28
in its soul
and a
Men eat fire. Bears
Women get sawed in half.
porarily suspended.
ride bicycles.
Even
the clown, the master
of timing and pause, seems always a
half step out of synchrony. You can
never be certain whether the one in baggy
pants and painted face will disrupt the
show or be the glue that holds it together.
There's a feast for the senses under
the Big Top. Here, a sequined splash
of color in a tightrope walker's costume. There, the familiar piping melody of a calliope. Smell the hay, the
hot dogs, the popcorn. Taste the cotton
candy. Feel the cushioned softness of
sawdust under your feet. Sit back with
wide-angle eyes and soak up the circus.
It is, after centuries of performances,
still
The Greatest Show on
Earth.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
PLAYFUL PETS— Although
CROWD
"big cats"
seem tame and
PLEASERS— Brightly colored, frolicking clowns perhaps are
for preserving the ageless appeal of the circus to young and old.
OCTOBER 1986
obedient, Big Top fans sense the nearness of danger.
most responsible
PARADE OF ACTS— Action in the three
rings often dazzles the eye.
29
Faced
with what
some
critics
claim are
excessively high funeral costs,
many
Americans are seeking less expensive
make
to
the caskets "comfortable"
resting places; misrepresented
embalming as legally required for every
interment; and otherwise put the squeeze
on their customers. There were, of
course,
many
conscientious undertak-
whose business
ethics were above
reproach. Yet, enough engaged in
deceptive practices to provoke public
ers
alternatives to traditional funerals.
pressure for reform.
Reacting to demands for clean-up of
the final act in life's drama, the Federal
Trade Commission in 1972 initiated a
thorough investigation of the funeral
industry. As a result, the FTC in 1979
formulated proposed regulations to
protect purchasers of funeral services.
Lobbying
THE HIGH COST
0F
DYING
in opposition, the industry
persuaded Congress to send the FTC
back to the drawing board. The FTC
returned in 1982 with revised regulations and this time Congress approved.
Reluctant to concede defeat, the industry turned to the courts, but the judi-
FTC. The sobecame effective in
ciary ruled in favor of the
called Funeral Rule
1984. In essence
it
requires undertakers
provide detailed price data upon
request and to refrain from certain unfair
to
or deceptive practices.
By Vernon
Pizer
that often
going to meet one's maker could be the
most expensive trip some have ever
go out of
taken.
final irony of one's
THE
earthly passage
it
costs
this
more
is
to
world than
it
did to
come into it. The New
Testament poses this
question:
"O
death, where
thy sting?" Many would
answer unhesitantly, "Thy
is
sting
is in
the funeral bill."
The average charge
for a traditional
about $2,500, according to
David R. Bohardt, executive director
of the National Funeral Directors Association. Other sources estimate the
average to be more than $3,000. At its
upper end, the cost rises to more than
$6,000. But even this does not tell the
whole story because it does not include
cemetery-related items such as a burial
vault, grave opening and closing, and
funeral
is
memorial marker.
When
both the
funeral home and the cemetery charges
a
are added together the bill escalates
sharply. Thus, there
is
no denying
that
Author of 15 books, Vernon Pizer has
written some 500 articles for leading
magazines throughout the world.
30
Last year the American Association
of Retired Persons and the Continental
Association of Funeral and Memorial
Societies conducted a joint nationwide
survey to determine how closely the
Funeral Rule is followed. Based on the
results of that survey, Carol A. Coile,
Whatever else it may be, death in
America is a business. It has its mergers
CAFMS
and
Funeral Rule, but generally are less
meticulous in adhering to its spirit. For
its
conglomerates,
its
trade asso-
and public relations
directors. One industry giant is an integrated complex of nearly 300 funeral
homes, more than 50 cemeteries and 40
flower shops, and rings up yearly sales
ciations, lobbyists
well beyond $200 million.
As
a
whole, the funeral industry
executive director, concluded
complying with the
that undertakers are
instance, almost
all
provide the cost
breakdowns mandated by the rule, but
because they use no standardized format 'comparison shopping is often difficult, frustrating and sometimes next'
to-impossible."
grosses about $6.5 billion annually. But
are controversial business.
said that, although required
COILE
to grant customers free choice of a
More than two decades ago Jessica
Mitford, in her classic, The American
cific item,
funerals are not only big business, they
Way of Death, portrayed the "death
care" industry in general as greedy and
deceitful, exploiting the emotional stress
of grieving families to pressure them
into buying unneeded services and
excessively lavish products. She documented her charges by recounting a
litany of horror stories about morticians
who sold bereaved customers fancy
"gravewear" for the deceased; urged
the purchase of innerspring mattresses
vendor from
"many
whom
to
buy a spe-
funeral directors are
getting around that requirement by
charging exorbitant fees, sometimes over
$1,000, for 'handling' caskets purchased from sources other than themselves, thus effectively freezing out
third-party vendors."
One finding of the survey is that the
charge for identical products and services varies from provider to provider,
often with an enormous spread between
the low and the high. For example, it
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
<
was found
one
that the charge in
state for transporting a
body from one home
to
another ranged from $90 to
$775. Coile cautions that
"now, more than ever,
it
pays
shop around."
to
Some critics charge that the
com-
industry has not been
pletely
purged of such
dis-
credited practices as 'bait and
'
switch"
— attracting
cus-
tomers with low-priced
products and then "selling
up. " One subtle ploy used to
"sell up" is to display lowcost items in unpopular col-
and finishes to make them
show up poorly beside the
ors
tastefully presented high-cost
products.
Seeking an undertaker
whose fees have not become
inflated
is
not the only
to rein in the cost
way
of a funeral.
Another method finding
increasing public favor today
is
cremation. Jack
M.
Sprin-
ger, executive director of the
Cremation Association of
North America, said
present, slightly
PAY NOW, GO LATER-One of the growing trends today is prepaying your own funeral, which
not only relieves loved ones of the emotional strain involved in making burial arrangements,
but also allows time for you to shop around for bargains.
that at
more than 13 percent
of funerals in the United States involve
cremation. He predicted that by 2000
have doubled. Cheryl
Whited of the Telophase Society— telophase is the scientific term for the final
stage of a living cell a group that conducts more than 2,000 cremations
that figure will
—
annually in California, estimated that it
already accounts for 15 percent to 18
percent of all funerals. (Nobody, how-
£
ANOTHER WAY
to
secure funeral
services at a reason-
able cost
through
membership in a
is
service that speak of "ashes to ashes
and dust
to dust."
Aside from cremation, another
growing trend today is to arrange for
and prepay one's own funeral on what
the industry euphemistically calls a "pre-
basis. Funeral homes have
received many millions of dollars in
prepaid charges from individuals who
need"
ever, appears upbeat about prospects for
have contracted for their own funerals.
One major establishment alone is holding some $83 million in prepaid charges.
a plan recently announced by a Baltimore undertaker who offers the option
many
memorial society. J
It is
of having the cremated remains launched
chamber designed
into space orbit.)
to
Rooted in antiquity, cremation dates
back to the Stone Age. Over the centuries it has claimed adherents of all
backgrounds— the rich and the poor, the
high-born and the humble. In America,
Columbaria, vaults or shelves
containing niches to receive and protect
the urns of ashes, are now common-
the
first
known formal cremation was
its
to reduce the
basic elements.
Today
some 800 crematories
remains
there are
in the
United
States.
place in cemeteries from coast to coast.
The columbaria in Arlington National
more than
of Col. Henry Laurens of South Carolina, president of the Continental Congress in 1777-78. In Great Britain, the
Archbishop of Canterbury and members of the royal family are cremated
before burial in Westminster Abbey.
Far different from the way it was in
Cemetery provide niches
75,000 urns.
antiquity when the body was simply
placed on a pyre, the modern procedure
uses heat and evaporation in a special
$500. As a spiritual matter, many see
in cremation a singularly appropriate
response to the words of the traditional
OCTOBER 1986
As
for
a practical matter, cremation offers
significant reduction of costs
by elim-
inating such items as burial casket and
vault; the outlay for a simple, dignified
funeral using cremation rarely exceeds
not difficult to perceive
find great merit in
why
so
"pre-need"
arrangements. By settling all details in
advance, people render their survivors
a paramount kindness: sparing them the
wrenching experience of making the
decisions related to burial of a loved
one. At the same time, the person is
comforted by assurance that his funeral
wishes will be carried out precisely as
he deems most fitting. Beyond that, the
economics of advance arrangement are
attractive, permitting price comparison
in a calm and deliberating atmosphere,
presenting the opportunity to reject
expensive and unwanted frills, and
granting protection from the cost-creep
of inflation.
Still another
way
to secure funeral
Continued on page 65
31
Interview
WORKING FOR FULL
VETERANS
EMPLOYMENT
The Department of Labor plays a key role in finding jobs for thousands
of veterans. In this exclusive interview, Labor Secretary William E. Brock III
answers important questions about employment programs and
tells what the Legion can do to bring employers and veterans together.
American Legion Magazine: What
of the Department of
is
the role
Labor concerning veterans?
Secretary Brock:
Our
role
is
to help veterans train
and find employment. Historically, veterans have been
provided priority services such as counseling, job referral
and job placement through the public Job Service system.
Donald Shasteen, Assistant Secretary for Veterans'
Employment and Training, is my principal adviser on all
veterans employment and training matters and administers
the Veterans' Employment and Training Service. Through
this nationwide field staff, DoL lends technical guidance and
oversight of veterans' services provided by the State-operated Job Service; administers the veterans' re-employment
rights program and the grants awarded under the Job Training
Partnership Act for veterans' programs; and ensures that the
provisions of the Veterans' Job Training Act are carried out
for
cooperation with the VA.
also administer the veterans' affirmative action obligations required of federal contractors. It is the job of the
Veterans' Employment and Training Service to help federal
contractors meet their obligations in listing job openings with
in
We
and to take affirmative action in hiring and
promoting the employment of Vietnam-era and disabled
LVER allocations between states.
by using
However, we believe
that
formula all states are treated equally and a fair
distribution of staff can be made. This redistribution also has
helped to reinforce the LVER role as the local supervisor of
services to veterans, rather than the provider of direct placement activities. Experience indicates that when there is more
than one LVER in a local office, the LVER responsibilities
are diluted and their activities resemble an Employment Service
placement interviewer, rather than the functional supervisor
of veteran services. Again, I want to emphasize that this
allocation process is fair and equitable and emphasizes the
this
role of the entire staff in providing priority services to veterans.
Q*
Many veterans complain that after they leave military service they have difficulty translating their military
experience to civilian skills. However, except for a small
special program, veterans have not had special provisions in the $3.46 billion Job Training Partnership Act.
What
are your views on new legislation that would provide preferential status to veterans in all programs under
the act?
the Job Service
Q* One
state has lost as
many
as 20 Local Veterans'
of new rules that
eliminate veteran's status as a criterion for assigning these
positions. Why were the rules changed?
_ New guidelines dictate that the number of LVERs a
state is allocated no longer be based on population, but
Employment Representatives because
A«
instead on the
number of veterans requesting
local Job Service office. This
is
services at their
a needs-based formula pred-
icated on actual workload. Fiscal Year 1986 was the first
year this formula was applied and resulted in major shifts in
32
_
At oversight hearings conducted by the Subcommittee
on Employment and Productivity of the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources, witnesses stated that
the increased autonomy and flexibility accompanying JTPA's
decentralized approach are essential to the continued
involvement of the private sector in the program. With the
possible exception of a few amendments to achieve some
fine tuning, the consensus among witnesses was that major
changes to JTPA should be avoided.
A*
veterans.
A significant portion of persons who served in the dislocated worker program for the year ending July 30, 1985,
were veterans. Of the 132,200 new enrollees, 21 percent were
veterans. Sixty-four percent of the veterans terminated from
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
program were placed at an average hourly wage of $7.12,
compared to an average hourly wage at placement of $6.20
the
as
MPLOYMENT Service
E
for all participants.
staff are required
Q»
The Emergency Veterans' Job Training Act was a
job-training program exclusively for veterans. How successful was it?
_
The DoL and
the
\to
by law
ensure that veterans are
given priority services.
VA are very proud of the accomplish-
J
A«
ments of the Emergency Veterans' Job Training Act,
which was extended and changed, and is now known as the
Veterans' Job Training Act. The VJTA reopens the period
that veterans and employers may apply for the program and
reduces the unemployment eligibility criteria from 15 of the
past 20 weeks to 10 of the past 15 weeks. The legislation also
introduced new support services to assist participants in completing their training program.
The VJTA program has helped more than 38,600 veterans
A VA report shows participants were paid an average wage of $6.41 per hour while employed in their training
into jobs.
programs. Post-program information indicated that those
participants employed at the time the survey was conducted,
earned an average of $310 per week. Nearly two-thirds of
the participants were trained in construction and machine
trades, and technical and managerial occupations. The majority
of participants and employers indicated the program was
successful in meeting its goal to help unemployed veterans
make
Q«
the transition to
permanent stable employment.
The discrepancy between the number who were ceremergency program and the number who
the counseling resources of the Job Service and the
to
VA
be made available for those participants experiencing
ficulties
during training. Also, the Veterans'
are
dif-
Employment
and Training Service has implemented a system
in
which a
assigned to every new veteran in the VJTA
program to assure early identification of problems that could
impede the completion of the training program.
case manager
is
Q» You referred to the role of the Job Service/Employment Service in providing employment services for veterans. There has been considerable discussion recently
over suggestions to relinquish the federal role in the job
service. What are your views on the DoL/Job Service role
in the future?
_
A
A,
roles
review of the Employment Service, including the
and responsibilities of federal, state and local governments, is just getting under way at the Employment and
Training Administration. When that review has been completed, toward the end of the year, I will be receiving rec-
ommendations on
this subject.
tified for the
were actually placed in training jobs indicates that there
a great need among veterans for this help. Is anything
being done about this?
_ Two new support activities have been added to the VJTA
A* program. First, contact must be maintained at least
is
monthly with each new veteran placed
in
VJTA and,
second,
Q« The need for such special programs must be balanced against the government's efforts to reduce expenditures. What do you see in the way of cuts in employment
programs for veterans?
_ The initial overall effect of the Gramm-Rudman-Holln* ings reductions on the DoL has been tolerable. While
there will be a need to curtail
expenditures such as travel funds,
there appears to have been enough
prior planning to keep hiring at a
level that will not require invol-
untary separations of staff or fur-
loughs without pay.
Q« What about funding for the
Employment
Service, where the
actual job placement for veter-
ans
is
done?
_
There will be a reduction in
ft* funding for the Disabled Veterans' Outreach Program and the
Local Veterans' Employment Representative program for Fiscal Year
1986 from about $120 million, as
previously requested, to about $115
million.
The funding
allow for 1,894
DVOP
level will
specialists
Continued on page 66
William E. Brock, a former U.S.
and senator from
Tennessee, was appointed Secretary
of Labor in April 1985.
representative
OCTOBER
1986
33
.
'
What's Right With America
Joe Rangel was deported as an illegal
alien five times before he became a
U.S. citizen and restaurateur. Now,
along with the Mexican food, he serves
up generous portions of Irving Berlin's
.
.
'GOD BLESS
AMERICA'
patron on the back and says, 'And God
bless you, too, my friend."
Just another meal at Acapulco Joe's.
anapolis. Inside, scores of
Rangel, 64, a naturalized U.S. citicustomers sip from frothy zen, came to this country from San Jose,
tumblers of brain-tingling Iturvid—a dusty hamlet located between
margaritas and watch their Mexico City and the resort coastal city
waitresses maneuver to of Acapulco. He arrived with 17V in his
tables, balancing trays of pockets and a passion to realize the
burritos,frijoles, guacamole salad and
"American Dream." But more imporenough hot sauce to thaw the snows of tant, Rangel said he wanted to be part
Kilimanjaro.
of a nation that he so long admiredfrom
A mariachi band blares out the life south of the border. In his words, he
and loves of a hapless senorita. Sud- shares with us his feelings on "What's
denly, out the kitchen shoots Joe Ran- Right With America.
dinner time at Acapulco
Joe' s Mexican Foods restaurant in downtown Indi-
£
'
because so many
in the world can
only dream of what
we have here. J
learned what
away in attics, and the strong
voice of Kate Smith build to a crescendo over the speakers. Rangel breaks
stored
a broad grin, raises his arms like
Mitch Miller and sings along with Kate:
".
from the mountains, to the
prairies, to the oceans white with foam.
"God bless A-mer-i-caaa
my
into
.
.
.
hommmme
.
.
.
sweeeet
.
.
.
.
.
hooommmme!'
By the time the song has ended, Rangel has been joined by a chorus of cus-
tomers. There's much clapping and
hooting and whistling. Rangel adjusts
the cook's cap on his head and pats a
34
I
remember
the
day
became a citiwas the proudest
I
zen of this country. It
and happiest day of my life and there
were tears in my eyes when I took the
oath.
I
put a sign up in
my
restaurant
"Hear ye, hear ye! Today, I
an American citizen and a happy
Mexican gringo. Now I can raise hell
about taxes like all other Americans."
But it was not always that way before
that said,
am
I
became a
this
citizen in 1971.
country as an
and five times
I
I
came
to
illegal alien five times,
was deported.
know about immigration laws
I
didn't
then, or
what it took to become a citizen. To
me, America was a dreamland. The last
time I was caught, I was put into a federal penitentiary for six
months.
I
then
it
would take
to
become
a
naturalized citizen.
gel,
I
CALL AMERICA
a dreamland,
nT'S
owner of the eatery. "Enough!"
he shouts. "Now, America's song!" A
scratchy tune, reminiscent of the sounds
that are generated from old 78 rpm discs
I
call
America a dreamland because
many in the world who can only dream
of what we have here: the freedoms, the
opportunities. Those who live in this
so
country and do not appreciate, or take
for granted what they have, should travel
abroad and see how others live. Children sleeping on streets, others begging
for food; poor people thrown into jail,
whose only crime is having been born
poor.
In this country, the law is fair to
everyone. Rich and poor, all men are
the same when they stand in front of the
judge or jury A person is innocent until
proven guilty in' the eyes of American
courts— not the other way. In many
countries, including Mexico, this is not
always true.
.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
something few
we have
it here. Some say, maybe we have too
much, but I don't think so. I once heard
an Air Force man say to a Mexican, "In
my country, I can say anything about
President Truman and not have to
worry." The Mexican answered him,
"That's nothing, in Mexico I can say
anything about Truman, too."
What's right with America? There are
many, many answers I could give, but
Freedom of speech
is
countries give their people. But
I
think the most important
is this:
and see a young man
going through the dumpster, looking for
something to eat. He may tell me, "I've
looked but no one will give me a job."
I give him a sandwich and a glass of
milk and tell him he will never find work
if he does not clean up, make a real
effort and show pride. I realize that many
people need help and I say, God bless
them and let us help them. But others
must learn they should first help
themselves.
rant, in the rear,
Amer-
BELIEVE Americans
ican people are what's right with Amer-
They
good people and their
generosity has been shown to me often.
You can get ahead if you are willing
to work hard. I did not always have this
ica.
are
restaurant.
country,
I
When
picked
I
first
came
to this
fruit in California
and
decided that this was not for me. So I
became a dishwasher and earned more
money. I traveled a lot and then I moved
to Indianapolis and worked as a waiter
and dishwasher in a restaurant. Finally,
I opened up a restaurant in April 1961.
It was not the size of the one now, but
it
my own.
was
It
was mine. And I was
proud of what I had done.
This is what I tell young people. I
know there are a lot of people and not
always enough jobs to go around, but
work for most.
Sometimes I'll be outside
there
is
the restau-
I
have a
responsibility to stand behind
their country
them— to
when
it
needs
an obligation and right
is like boxing, where
everybody hopes the better man will win.
When something is not right, Americans let their leaders know. This is
something you rarely see in other counis
for all of us. Voting
We
can protest if something is
wrong, but we should do it without
tries.
violence.
This is a special land. The first time
heard "God Bless America," I said
to myself, this is my song; this is America's song. That's why I play it everyday at the restaurant. At first, people
would put their hands over their ears
and say, "Joe, turn it down, it's too
I
Have I found this "American
Dream?" Why do you think I kept
coming back
times?
I
to this country so
many
learned the hard way, but the
way, to become a citizen. Yes, I
have found this dream, because I live
it every day.
There is no place else I would rather
live. This country has given me more
right
than
stand behind the peo-
ple they elect to represent them.
Voting
loud." But I can't. This is how I feel—
God Bless America. My customers sing
it with me and they usually feel good
and applaud after it is over. They feel
as I do, and I believe they are proud to
be Americans.
I'll
ever know.
America
is
the
New World,
and once
man
has experienced the things it has
to offer, there is no looking back. Only
thanks for what he has and hope for
what he can be.
a
The pace has slowed
at
Acapulco
Joe's and Rangel jumps from his seat
and
turns up the volume on the sound
system. Kate Smith's voice echoes
through the restaurant. But this is no
solo gig for the late renowned singer.
Joe Rangel matches her note for note,
wordfor word, because this is his song.
This is his country.
SALUTING THE NATION-Joe Rangel's
unabashed patriotism inspires customers at Acapulco Joe's in Indianapolis.
VETERANS UPDATE
A
2 percent
COLA
increase for disabled vet
erans has passed the House, and similar legislation is
pending in the Senate. The
originally proposed by
COLA
the administration last February
consumer
price index
showed
was 3.7 percent, but
the
that inflation rose less than
was agreed upon.
exempts several programs affecting disabled veterans from automatic cuts under the GrammRudman-Hollings balanced-budget law. Exempted are grants
to disabled veterans for adaptive equipment for their automobiles and houses, burial allowances for veterans who die
anticipated, and a 2 percent increase finally
The measure
also
of service-connected disabilities, vocational training for
service-connected veterans, and education benefits for
dependents and survivors of totally disabled veterans. Each
of these benefits was reduced March
when the first round
of automatic cuts under Gramm-Rudman-Hollings took place.
1
sight
Some reliefVAmay beon in
homes
are liable for
loans
for veterans
they
sell to
program
the Vet Center
not pay
them before
through September 1989 received full House approval
it passed legislation as an amendment to the veterans
health care bill, H.R. 4623. The proposed extension, however, faces opposition from the Senate where its Committee
on Veterans Affairs is reluctant to give its approval.
The Legion has sought an extension for the program because
Vet Centers continue to assist thousands of Vietnam veterans
who suffer from psychological readjustment problems. In
addition, a report on the effectiveness of the program is long
overdue and will not be available to Congress before the Vet
Centers are scheduled to be phased out, Sept. 30, 1988. The
Legion said the program should be extended to ensure that
Congress has access to the report to make an informed decision about the future of Vet Centers.
when
benefits, decided the
tee
when
it
to court
House Veterans
to obtain
Affairs
va
Commit-
tabled legislation giving veterans the right of
judicial review.
In a vote of 20-12, the
committee said
it
would not give
any further consideration to the judical review proposal for
the remainder of the congressional session.
An amendment to H.R. 585 would have permitted veterans to appeal VA decisions in federal court and also would
have lifted the cap on attorney fees. Under current law, vet36
more than $10
for an attorney to represent
The ceiling on fees was
from reaping large fees from
veterans, regardless of the outcome.
The Legion opposes judical review because it believes
veterans should not have to pay to obtain benefits they earned
while serving in the armed forces. Legion spokesmen said
ratings boards.
initiated to prevent attorneys
the existing system of
VA
claims adjudication provides the
number of claimants. 'Judical
review boards less sympathetic to
greatest benefit for the largest
'
review would have made
veterans' appeals," said William F. Lenker, chairman of the
Legion's Veterans Affairs and Rehabilitation Commission.
He said, however, that the Legion was not opposed to
increasing the $10 fee as long as measures were taken to
prevent attorneys from charging clients unreasonable fees.
Legion posts usually have service officers available to
assist veterans in appealing VA claims denied them.
Veterans
may
sure
suffering
from radiation expo-
get another chance at redress, courtesy of
Rep. Frederick Boucher of Virginia. By unanimous votes
amendment was added to the Department of Defense
his
Authorization for fiscal 1987. The
the rights of veterans
amendment seeks
who were exposed
to restore
to radiation to sue
federal contractors allegedly negligent during the nuclear
tests
between 1945 and 1962.
Boucher last May
The issue was
created in 1982 when an amendment added to the DoD
Authorization bill resulted in nullifying all lawsuits filed by
the exposed veterans. Since then the Legion has been fight-
The House passed
similar legislation by
but the Senate has been dragging
its
feet.
ing to restore the veterans' right to sue.
A
bill to add three conditions to the list of
presumed service-connected ailments for POWs has
passed the House. The conditions are organic residuals of
hypothermia— particularly frozen hands and feet, spastic colon
and arthritis due to trauma. Also included in the bill, H.R.
4333,
ment
is
a provision reducing the period of
to be eligible for treatment
from
Similar, but less generous, legislation
is
six
POW
months
pending
to
confine-
90 days.
in the Senate.
any Legionnaires involved
in children
and youth programs are pleased to see the children's
Justice Act become law. S. 140 cleared the House with only
minor changes and was sent to the President in August for
his signature.
Veterans cannot go
VA
who
non-vet-
eran buyers. The House Subcommittee on Housing and
Memorial Affairs is studying possible legislation that would
require buyers who assume VA loans also to assume the
liability for that loan in case of default.
Many veterans who allowed their home loans to be assumed
by non- veteran buyers, but failed to obtain a release of liability from the buyers, are being billed by the VA because
the subsequent buyers defaulted on the loans. Present law
makes the release of liability voluntary, and the Legion contends that, especially on older loans, veteran borrowers frequently are not informed of the need for the release.
Extending
may
erans
The
legislation, responding to the increase in
child sexual abuse, authorizes additional grants to states under
the Child
Abuse, Prevention and Treatment Act. The act
also calls for establishing procedures for videotaping the
young victim's statements and testimony to reduce the trauma
of facing the accused in an open court.
Other important provisions would require the National
Center on Child Abuse and Neglect to compile, evaluate and
distribute information regarding child abuse programs to each
state. Also the FBI would be required to collect and publish
data on child abuse cases.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
.
One step awayfrom heaven,
to snuff a blazing inferno, I crab-crawl,
stoop and run with my nitro remedy.
My work-year
spans 59 to 93 days.
So I have time
to relax and do
lot of thinking.
a
You, too, should think about,
and very seriously consider this
supplementary insurance
protection offered to qualified
Legionnaires under age 70.
The only officially
approvedAmerican
Here's how
to apply. Now.
Legion Life Insurance
Plan pays benefit
As a Legionnaire under age
70, able to meet the health
dollars tax-free in
requirements of the plan's
one lump sum to
your beneficiary.
One check, no hassle
upon approval of
verified claims.
And
more. Your choice of up to
12 units, up to $144,000 in
Lasting protection
plus more!
•
American Legion member and
pay your annual premium, your
underwriter, you're eligible.
Complete the enrollment
form, next page, indicating the
units you want to buy. Mail with
check or money order for the
correct
Once you're accepted, stay an
coverage won't be cancelled.
Benefits for deaths in 1986
include a 20% increase for all
ages of Legionnaires
•
Exclusions.
premium amount.
No benefit is payable for death
\MEW<iWi»ai«iOT^»wa!» i*N
,
same tax exempt
privilege under present
an act of
death occurs while
serving, or within six months
after termination of service, in
the military, naval or air force of
any country or combination of
taxation laws.
countries.
depending on
only $288 per year.
benefits,
Good values,
units with the
age,
too, in all other |
rut
114?
'j
as a result of war or
war,
if
Turn page, mail enrollmentform with premium. Now.
THE ONLY
AMERICAN
Join the
LEGION
LIFE
Select the
num-
Reducing Term Insurance (Policy Form GPC-5700-781)
20% SPECIAL INCREASE for deaths
occurring during 1986. Maximum coverage limited to 12 units.
low and enclose your check or
money order for the prorated
premium indicated to provide
coverage for the
endar year.
Age
not satisfied by the application below.
you reside
in
one
of those states,
your
application and check will be returned
to
you
that
is
to
those requirements.
fulfill
necessary, your application
at
Death
12 Units
11 Units
10 Units
$288 per
$264 per
$240 per
yr.
yr.
8 Units
6 Units
5 Units
$192 peryr. $144 per yr. $120 peryr.
yr.
4 Units
$96 peryr.
3 Units
$72 per
2 Units
$48 per yr.
yr.
1 Unit
$24 per yr.
$144,000
$132,000
$120,000
$96,000
$72,000
30-34
115,000
105,600
96,000
76,800
57,600
48,000
38,400
28,800
19,200
9,600
35-44
64,800
59,400
54,000
43,200
32,400
27,000
21,600
16,200
10,800
5,400
45-54
31,680
29,040
26.400
21,120
15,840
13,200
10,560
7,920
5,280
2,640
55-59
17,280
15,840
14,400
11,520
8,640
7,200
5,760
4,320
2,880
1,440
60-64
11,520
10,560
9.600
7,680
5,760
4,800
3,840
2,880
1,920
960
65-69
7,200
6,600
6,000
4,800
3,600
3,000
2,400
1,800
1,200
600
70-74*
4,752
4,356
3,960
3.168
2,376
1,980
1,584
1,188
792
396
75*-0ver
3.600
3,300
3,000
2,400
1,800
1,500
1,200
900
600
300
$48
$44
$40
$32
$24
$20
$16
$12
$8
$4
Through age 29
rest of the cal-
CERTAIN STATES have requirements
If
Benefit Bonus.
Benefits determined by age at death and include
out the application be-
fill
20%
BENEFITS— Yearly Renewable
ber of units from the chart at
right,
Approved Plan.
Officially
Get up to 12 Units.
INSURANCE
PLAN
APPLY TODAY
ONLY
$60,000 $48,000 $36,000 $24,000 $12,000
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will
Prorated Premiumf
not be processed until the additional
form is returned to us.
*No persons age 70 or over (including those desiring additional coverage)
will
be accepted for
new
insurance.
9 and 7 units also available. Please write for details.
tPRORATED PREMIUM TO SEND WITH YOUR APPLICATION. The
INCONTESTABILITY Your coverage
premiums shown above
been
are for the balance of 1986 for approved
applications effective Nov. 1, 1986.
Dec.
1
Premiums for applications effective
PER UNIT PER MONTH. Premiums
will
be refunded
shall
force during your lifetime for
be incontestable after
two years from
its
it
in full.
EFFECTIVE DATE Your insurance becomes effective on the first day of
month coinciding with or next following the date your application
is received, subject to Insurance Company's approval. Insurance
may be maintained in force by payment of premiums when due.
Plan insured by Transamerica Occidental Life Insurance Company.
the
Application Subject to Underwriter's Approval
ENROLLMENT CARD FOR YEARLY RENEWABLE TERM
INSURANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN LEGION
NOTICE OF DISCLOSURE
OF INFORMATION
LIFE
Information regarding your
in-
surability will be treated as con-
.Birth
Name.
Full
america Occidental Life Insurance Co. may make a brief
Bureau (M.I.B.) a non-profit
membership organization of life
insurance companies which
operates an information ex-
change on behalf
of its
Name
of Beneficiary.
Example:
another member insurance
company to which you have applied for
or health insurance,
life
Print ''Helen Louise Jones."
ted, the M.I.B. will
The following representations shall form
enrollment: Answer all questions.
1.
2.
No
State-
No
j
a basis for the
Have you been confined
3.
surers
Are you
now
actively working?
give reason.
no,
in
Insurance Company's approval or rejection of this
—
,
If
a
hospital within the
last
length of stay and cause
in its file to its rein-
and to other life insurance companies to which
you may apply for life or health
insurance, or to which a claim
Present occupation?
Yes
it
information
ZIP
apply for the number of units indicated:
I
is
company with the information
may have in its files.
The Company may also release
Year
-RelationshipNot "Mrs. H. L. Jones"
Post
Year
Membership Card No
submitsupply such
or to which a claim
State
City
Street
|
members. Upon reguest by
Day
Mo.
Permanent Residence-
report to the Medical Information
Date_
Middle
First
Last
fidential except that Trans-
No
year?
——
.
Yes
yes,
If
.
give
——
date,
five years, have you had heart disease, circulatory disease, kidney disease, liver disease,
lung disease, diabetes, or cancer, or have you had or received treatment or medication for high blood
If yes, give details
No
Yes
pressure or alcoholism?
During the last
represent that to the best of my knowledge, all statements and answers recorded on this enrollment card are true
agree that this enrollment card shall be a part of any insurance granted upon it under the policy.
and complete.
authorize any physician or other person who has attended or examined me, or who may attend or examine me, to
disclose or to testify to any knowledge thus acquired.
Signature of
Applicant
19
Dated
The American Legion offers this Insurance through Transamerica Occidental Life Insurance Company,
Home Office: Los Angeles, California
R
buab
(Univ.)
GMA 300 19 12 79
I
I
I
is
submitted.
Upon receipt of a request from
you, the M.I.B. will arrange dis-
closure
any
of
may have
it
your
file.
Medical
will
only
be
in
information
information
dis-
closed to your attending physician.
you
If
curacy
of
Bureau's
rection
question
information
ac-
in
the
you may seek coraccordance with the
file
in
procedures set forth
eral
the
Fair
in
the Fed-
Credit Reporting Act.
The address of the Bureau's information office is P.O. Box 105,
Essex Station, Boston, Mass.
02112; Phone (617) 426-3660.
—
,
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT AND AUTHORIZATION
have received and read the Notice of Disclosure of Information at left. Further, authorize any
physician, medical practitioner, hospital, clinic, or other medical or medically related facility, insurance company, the Medical Information Bureau or other organization, institution or person
having any records or knowledge of me or of my health to give Transamerica Occidental Life Insurance Company any such information.
A photographic copy of this authorization shall be as valid as the original.
I
I
Dated
I
,
19
has
effective date.
Make check payable to: The American Legion Life
Insurance Plan and mail to:
The American Legion Life Insurance Plan
P.O. Box 5609 • Chicago, IL 60680
are proportionately less, by $2
accompanying non-approved applications
in
Signature
apply for additional Legion Life Insurance.
of
My
Applicant:
present certificate
number
is
^5~^5~^B
s
drunken driving;
to prohibit the use of
military troops for drug enforcement; to
authorize
BOYS NATION
to register for the draft.
CELEBRATING 40 YEARS OF
GROOMING CITIZENS
Aug.
Aug.
Boys Nation
morning
5, 1946:
start this
.
7, 1946:
expectations
.
.
.
off to
good
.
.
Program exceeds
all
Commander
National
proud and enthusiastic
July 25, 1986: President Ronald
Reagan tells the 40th anniversary session of Boys Nation he has been long
familiar with their program and he'
'grateful to The American Legion for
is
.
.
.
'
sponsoring
it
."
.
.
ORE
than 3,900 youths
have graduated from the
Legion's Boys Nation
program in the 40 years
separating those
two
first
jubilant messages
the staff sent to National
Headquarters in 1946,
and the events recorded
last July at the White House.
Each year, 98 youths are invited to
Washington, D.C., for eight days to
learn more about national government.
They meet government
grams. Funding is provided by The
American Legion Life Insurance Trust
and covers all expenses from transpor-
democracy seems cumbersome because
it encourages differences of opinion.
"I believe as strongly as anyone that
there are no rights granted in our Constitution that should be watered down.
As a great nation, as a republic, we must
be willing to take a chance on what those
egation attended a press conference in
which only the boys were allowed
ask President Reagan questions.
to
In a written statement President Reagan told the youths, "If you want government to work smoothly, it only makes
sense that you should educate the people. The American Legion Boys Nation
serves to do just that."
The delegation, headed by 1986 Boys
Nation President Gregory Orman, of
Minnesota, and Vice President Patrick
Ungashick, of Missouri, gave Reagan
a copy of the session's legislative actions
that were approved during simulated
Senate meetings. Demonstrating a keen
awareness of the social issues facing
the nation, the youths cited their sup-
port for allowing religious worship in
public schools; for stricter penalties for
visit historical
and cultural
At
the end of the session, the youths return
to their home states with two things in
common: a greater understanding of the
mechanics of federal government and
new personal skills to help them assume
the responsibilities of citizenship.
Boys Nation is an extension of the
Boys State program that began in Illinois in 1935 and spread rapidly to other
World War n. Legion posts
sponsor delegates to Boys State where
the focus is on municipal and state
governments.
For Boys Nation the national program the focus is on the federal government and its agencies, and delegates
are the elected governor and lieutenant
governor of the individual state prostates before
OCTOBER 1986
it
rights guarantee. Otherwise,
we will
and this 200-year exercise
have gone for nothing."
suffer,
Over
the years,
many
all
will
of the dele-
gates evidently have taken to heart the
Boys Nation.
Boner of Tennessee spoke
lessons and experiences of
Rep.
for
Bill
many of the graduates when he said,
"My
attendance
Nation gave
me
at
Boys
State and
Boys
a greater appreciation
how government works on the state
and national levels. The friendships I
made and the experiences I gained from
participation in Boys State and Boys
Nation continue to have a beneficial
impact on my life."
of
Supreme Court and Pres-
attractions in the nation's capital.
—
should remember that
fect the world,
40 years, U.S. presidents
have met 17 times with Boys Nation
delegations. For example, the 1986 delIn the past
federal agencies, study the workings of
idency and
Discussions of current events have
been a mainstay of Boys Nation since
it began. Nat'l. Cmdr. John Stelle in
1946 told the first Boys Nation class he
wanted it to take home the knowledge
that government is the servant of the
people, that "you are free to think and
speak and worship as you please,
because you still are boss of all this great
machinery of government ..."
Reinforcing that sentiment, then
Nat'l. Cmdr. Dale Renaud told this
year's group that, as it set forth to per-
tation to T-shirts:
officials, tour
the Congress,
NASA appropriations for the
replacement of the space shuttle Challenger; and to require 18-year-old women
—
THE OPENING SESSION- Delegates
to the first Boys Nation met with President
Since then the White House visit is among the most
memorable moments for youths attending Boys Nation.
Harry S Truman
in 1946.
"
,
THE LEGION'S ORATORICAL CONTEST
SPEAKING OUT FOR
DEMOCRACY
1942, high school sopho-
more Albert
P.
Smith
Contestants gain
a better understanding of our
Jr.
nN
found it difficult to believe
words could shape opinions and effect change.
Today, the words of this
Kentucky journalist are doing
that
both
Constitution,
can win
in his radio-television
program focusing on state
government and politics.
Two decades ago, young James
Kay stood nervously before an
audience of strangers and talked about
the value of living under the covenants
of America's most important document. Today, this Presbyterian minister stands calmly behind his pulpit in
New York City and talks about Christendom's most cherished covenants.
and
ful
these and
persons have
in
many
other success-
common
is
that they
The American Legion
National High School Oratorical Contest, a 50-year-old annual program that
participated in
has taught countless thousands of students their rights and obligations under
the U.S. Constitution.
In the past half-century, the
Legion
has awarded more than $1 million in
scholarships to several hundred national
oratorical finalists. Scholarship funds
awarded at department,
and post contests, making it
possible for people such as Smith and
scholarships, too.
that
is
—
gave
me concrete
experience
before the public and the responsibility
it
entails."
These comments echo the very
essence of the oratorical contest, said
Robert S. Turner, chairman of the
Legion's Americanism Commission.
Turner said the program has taught
American youths how to think and speak
clearly about their obligations and privileges under the Constitution.
Like
many Legion programs
that have
prominence, the oratorical contest began at the post level.
During the 1934-35 school year in Kansas City, Mo. Legionnaire William A.
Kitchen experimented with the idea of
having high school students compete by
speaking out on some element of the
grown
to national
,
The
was
Constitution.
only a few schools, but grew to statewide competition the following year.
Kitchen, a former Missouri department
"I was a 15-year-old high school
sophomore," Smith said. "Winning the
national contest proved that anything is
possible in this country." Smith,
who
represented the Dept. of Tennessee,
became a top-notch print and broadcast
journalist in Kentucky, and served on
a number of state and federal social and
economic commissions.
contest
initiated
in
commander, convinced Legion
makers
in
to adopt
it
policy-
as a national program.
"The first national contest was in 1938
Norman, Okla., with about 4,000
students competing," Turner said.
When
the clash of the constitutional rhetoric
Kay,
was over, John Janson of Phoenix, Ariz.
was declared the winner. The oratorical
contest was a program whose time had
come, especially in light of the war
"confirmed that I had public speaking
abilities, which were readily transferable into the preaching tasks of a minister. It gave me a sense of the public—
clouds gathering across Europe.
In 1941, Frank Church Jr., of Boise
(Idaho) High School, took first-place
honors in the contest. A junior, Church
"Participation for
me,"
said
American Way of Life
.
bor.
Now
deceased, Church threw his
hat into the political arena and rose to
"In 1951, Jeanne Dickinson of Rich-
the 17-year-old entered the contest at
it
district,
to attend college.
'
mond, Va., became the first woman to
win the contest," Turner said. When
also have been
Kay
'
prominence as chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee.
college
Franklin
What
spoke on the
As fate would have it, that way of life
would be threatened in a matter of
months when Japan attacked Pearl Har-
40
the post level, she had
no previous formal public speaking experience. Yet,
she defeated a field of speakers that
included a descendant of one of America's most fiery orators, Patrick Henry.
The contest has accumulated a long
line of firsts, including Ronald T.
McCoy, an 18-year-old student from
who pulled off the
1966 when he won the
contest less than a year after serving as
president of Boys Nation; and 16-yearold Alan Keyes of San Antonio, Texas,
who in 1967 became the first black to
win also dethroning Church as the
youngest champion.
Nogales, N.M.,
improbable
in
—
from the honors of competand winning at national levels,
many orators have found other
rewards in local competition. "Partic-
ASIDE
ing
ipation
was a big confidence-building
me," said Judith Wilcher
experience for
Pickering, who won post and district
contestsinCamden,AR, in 1959. "What
I learned from these contests helped
me enjoy public speaking and everything I have ever undertaken in life."
Pickering, who later became a high
school teacher, said she
is
pleased to
see today's youths take an interest in
the program. That observation hits
home because her
won state contests in
especially close to
17-year-old son
1985 and 1986.
Although the times, the speakers and
some things remain
the speeches change,
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
I
'
constant with the oratorical contest. For
example, participants must come from
grades nine through 12, they must be
less than 20 years old on the date of the
finals, and their speeches must focus on
a specific element of the Constitution
that emphasizes their duties and obli-
WHAT THE CONTEST MEANT TO ME
at
gations as citizens.
The
oration,
which cannot be
It was a rewarding and unforgettable experience that
played a definite role in my subsequent political life.
I'm proud to have been associated with the contest."
less than
more than 10, is given
without benefit of notes, and participants must closely follow a written vereight minutes or
Robert F. Bennett, Kansas Governor (1975-79)
1945 Kansas champion.
he oratorical gave me the opportunity to grow. My
were stretched and was able to travel and meet
new people. I'm thankful to God and for the Legion's
resources to have provided me this opportunity."
I
skills
I
The Rev. David B. Marth, Lutheran Minister, (Wis.)
1964 national champion.
lit
sion of their topic. Then, they are given
about five minutes to study a topic on
the Constitution before facing the judges
It
helped
me build confidence in my ability to speak
Any
in public.
experience
I
lecture
gained
I
give today carries with
contest."
it
the
in this
with an extemporaneous three- to fiveDr. John W. Frost, Stanford University chemistry professor,
1973 national champion.
minute address.
Those who win at local and district
competitions go on to department contests where the winners receive no less
than $1 ,000 in scholarship funds. Then,
it's on to the nationals. The four national
finalists receive scholarships
of $16,000,
$14,000, $10,000 and $8,000, respecbe used at the colleges of their
tively, to
choice. For most recipients, the financial aid
(III.)
won the state oratorical on my mother's birthday,
with her sitting in the audience. She remembers it as
one of her favorite birthday presents. remember it as
one of the earliest indications that could communicate effectively with others."
I
I
Carolyn Phillips, news editor, Chicago bureau of the Wall Street Journal,
1974 Tennessee champion.
has meant the realization of a
college education.
"Having
my
education paid for has
(C
The contest provided me with a greater sense about
the role of our Constitution in the development of our
government and society."
on my
parents," said 1982 national winner
William L. Kephart, now a student at
the University of Illinois at Chamalleviated the financial strain
paign-Urbana.
to feel
more
at
"And
has allowed
ease while I pursue
it
John
P. Mullen, investment banker, (Wis.)
national runner-up.
me
my
'The most important thing gained from the contest
I
education."
Success— whether
it
sional or personal lives
be
in profes-
— appears to be
was the realization that what / thought was important—
could make a difference. This is the confidence try
I
to
I
instill in
my students."
one of the dominant manifestations of
Laura Vance Stowell, high school teacher, (Okla.)
1980 national champion.
the oratorical contest. Past winners and
participants have
become judges,
leg-
islators, ministers, scientists, corporate
magnates and teachers.
"But success cannot be measured
solely by how others perceive oratorical participants," Turner said. "Words
such as 'confidence,' 'dedication,' and
'hard work' are commonly used by orators to explain what they have absorbed
from the contest. Certainly not the least
among these is a deeper understanding
of what government under We The People really means."
OCTOBER 1986
From a journalist's viewpoint, Smith
"The themes of this contest are
woven through most of what my life
said, Legionnaires are afforded an
said,
excellent opportunity to promote the
has been about the past four decades.
It shaped a great bit of my life and gave
responsibilities to students.
me confidence and reason to believe in
myself.
'
As
the 1986-87 school year
marks
importance of freedom and civic
(The winning speech will be published in The
American Legion Magazine's Special
Constitution issued in September.)
"It's our
hope
that
Legion posts
the 50th anniversary of the contest and
everywhere become involved and
the nation celebrates the Bicentennial
emphasize both anniversaries within
their communities."
of the U.S. Constitution in 1987, Turner
41
This Year, Over 60,000
Gardeners Will Switch
To America's Tiller
.
.
.
LEGIONNAIRES
ACTION
IN
and enjoy
gardening as
never before!
Remembering
the Battle of the Coral
Sea... a huff and a puff, and the TV
is on. ..a golden effort... young
veterans honor their seniors.
Mhe
Battle of the Coral Sea was one
of the first major naval engagements
in modern warfare and it marked the
first
big victory for the U.S.
Navy
life for our disabled vets," said Post
Adjutant Fred Schindler. "For now, the
target
one
is
TV
set per
veteran."
in
rver
the past 21 years,
Chan Coul-
ter of Post 721, Coralville, Iowa, has
rolled up his sleeves and helped his fel-
Why waste money on a big
tiller if
low veterans
you
at
Iowa City
VA hospital.
only have a backyard garden? Mantis, the
wonder tiller,
Americans garden!
20-lb.
changing the way
is
The Gardener's Champion
So powerful it cuts through hard-packed
soils and tough vegetation the way a chain
sawcuts through wood
.
.
guarantee the tinesforever
.sostrongthatwe
— and give you a
Lifetime Replacement Agreement on the
engine!
Best of all, you'll love its price. Under
$300! If you charge it on any major credit
card, it's only $24 a month, plus a little
interest.
But Don't Take Our Word For It
We want you to test Mantis in your garden
for a full 3 weeks (and our trial doesn't start
until you start gardening)! Now. who else
will let you do that?
"^T Cultivating
(weeding). By simply reversing the
tilling tines.
"^"Planting, furrowing, trenching.
Special tines let you
dig furrows for
transplants, seeds,
etc.
"^"Lawn care. DeThatcher pulls up
choking thatch.
Aerator cuts slits in
the sod to give you
rich, lush green
carpet.
Tiller/Cultivator
Coulter's efforts have been recognized
emony
by VA officials who recently awarded
him the 5,000-Hour VA Gold Pin dur-
attended by
Adm. James "Ace"
Lyons, commander-in-chief of the
Pacific Fleet, and local public officials
ing the annual volunteer recognition
and dignitaries. The posts formed a
special honor guard for the occasion.
ceremony
.^or
remembered. World
it's
City
|
42
Iowa
facility.
they saw, and they were
War II veterans
who
are members of Pierce Lawton
Post 37, Bellows Falls, Vt., were hon-
to operate a television set or contact a
nurse. By blowing into a tube, a patient
can operate virtually all functions on
the special television set. "It
is
a
new
ored by the younger members of the
post with a dinner-dance dubbed "World
War
as
II:
We Remember The
Day." The
who came from as far away
Florida, renewed friendships,
vets,
inspected
war souvenirs and were issued
special T-shirts for the occasion.
decided
to
show them we had
"We
not for-
of the sacrifices they made,"
Cmdr. Ken Kinson. "It was
40 years ago this year that many of them
were returning from that war and they
decided not to let the world forget so
they joined The American Legion."
all
said Post
Address
State
at the
Mhey came,
easy to push a button
and watch images come alive on a television screen. But for the severely
disabled, it can be an impossible task.
Members of Carl Lindberry Post 1009
of Chicago have taken steps to solve
that problem for quadraplegic and spinal
disabled veterans at Hines VA hospital
by purchasing a special control board
most,
gotten
Name
I
the Mantis
and the 3-WEEK TRIAL.
I
posts paid honor to that battle in a cer-
war
Mantis Manufacturing Co.
1458 County Line Rd, Dept. 3018
Huntingdon Valley, PA 19006
more information on
II. The May 1942 battle
saved Australia from an invading Japanese force. Decades have passed, but
the memory of that battle lives on at
Australian Gold Coast Post 2 and Brisbane Post 3. The Department of Hawaii
Mantis
will work in the top
2" to 3" of the soil.
Yes. Please send
World War
Zip
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
ELECTRIC NOBILITY
Declare your independence
with the Rascal Electric
3-Wheeler. Visit friends, go down
LEGIONNAIRE
OF THE MONTH
around town or
go anywhere you want, when you
to the hall, travel
want.
This little Rascal is rugged
enough for the outdoors. Its unigue
rear differential drive gives you
traction on dirt and grass. The
Rascal's great for indoors too.
are soft so they won't
your carpets or floors.
tires
Its
harm
Think of all the fun you'll have with family and friends. You'll be able to
your leisure. Go to club meetings and social activities. You'll never
visit at
feel left out.
The Rascal 3-Wheeler is so compact and portable that you can put it in
your car's backseat or trunk. And in seconds, you can disconnect the seat,
batteries and frame by hand.
Two
Earl
J.
Rear
describe Earl
deep-cycle water-activated 12-volt bat-
teries.
Schmitt Sr.
J.
differential drive
system that you
FRIENDS
Sr. as "a quiet man" and "just
Built-in
battery charger with automatic
plugs into ordinary household current.
Transistorized variable speed control.
'
Tip-resistant lightweight
aluminum frame with
achievements by a man who's
always ready to help others.
Schmitt joined Algiers Heroes Post 218 in New Orleans, La., in
1945, and for the next 18 months devoted
every spare minute of his time to help
return the remains of U S veterans bur-
lifetime guarantee.
ied overseas.
lever that gradually stops
Soft-ride
In 1964, Schmitt led Legion teams
that found food and shelter for 550 hur-
ricane victims for six nights.
As chairman of the Louisiana Joint
Committee on Veterans
was credited with initiating
Legislative
Affairs, he
many changes
Best of
all,
Electric Mobility 3- Wheelers are
ance reimbursable and
VA
Medicare and private
insur-
approved.
With just one hand, you can operate your Rascal with the greatest of ease.
See for yourself. Call our toll-free number 1-800-662-4548 and we'll arrange a FREE NO-OBLIGATION home demonstration. An Electric Mobility
Representative will show you how one of these vehicles will give you your
Independence.
Call or Write: 1-800-662-4548
in
Commander Skip
Electric Mobility Corp. Dept. 1562
One Mobility
LJ Yes,
human
Plaza, Sewell,
I'd like
home
life
touched
FREE
no-obligation
me more
information.
Name
Address
City
being. Thousands
of lives are richer because his
a
NJ 08080
demonstration.
Lj Please rush
Barrett describes
Schmitt as "synonymous with everything that is fine, compassionate and
OCTOBER 1986
control.
Side and Rear Stabilizer Casters, help prevent
accidental tippage.
appointed director for the state's vet-
theirs."
variable speed/automatic brake
movement as soon as
you release the power
erans affairs office.
a
for
—
One hand
laws to benefit veterans, including construction of an $8million veterans home, a $70-million
addition to the New Orleans VA hospital and getting a qualified person
altruistic in
— removable
use complete dashboard
to
controls forward-reverse, indoor-outdoor
speed selection, fuel gauge for battery power,
and key switch with two keys.
Easy
he was elected to several post offices
including post commander. As a for-
to help families in distress.
tires.
transporting.
His concern for others continued as
post service officer he has helped
hundreds of veterans obtain their VA
benefits and is frequently called upon
non-marking
Adjustable swivel handlebar
.
mer
over
8-amp
shut-off,
a bluecapper' and then go on to
tell of an incredible record of
.
sit
for better traction.
Schmitt
Call 1-800-662-4548 today and we'll arrange a FREE NO-OBLIGATION home
demonstration.
Zip
State
Phone
(
)
43
a
Send my copy of
Bill Mauldin 's Army today!
ADDRESS.
CITY
STATE
VETERANS
ADVISER
Zip
/
_Deluxe hardcover
$25.00
at
.Standard Softcover
Calif, residents
at
$12.95
add 6^0
Shipping
&
Total
sales tax
TOTAL
Check/MO encl.
$1-75
Handling
5
MC
Visa
AmExp.
*
Exp. Date
Signature
Order today from PRESIDIO PRESS,
P.O. Box 1765A10, Novate, CA 94948
Do you have questions concerning your
veterans benefits? The American
Bill Mauldin's
Army
Legion Magazine answers your questions in this column. We regret that we
cannot provide a personal response
to
each query. Write to The American
Legion Magazine, Veterans Adviser
Editor, P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis,
IN 46206.
Vietnam. What can the VA do to help?
_ The VA has a network of Vet Con-
Willie
The
i
Greatest World
War
II
Cartoon
and Joe Are Back
return of Bill
Mauldin
's
Army
has been long awaited. Out of print for
over 30 years, it has commanded a hefty
price in the rare
Through a
special arrangement with
Mauldin, Presidio Press offers you
a DELUXE HARDCOVER version of
this classic book. This edition can only
be purchased direct from the publisher.
It is
not available
in stores.
ORDER
Supplies of the deluxe hardcover
edition are limited. Bill
is
ters
throughout the country staffed
by counselors who have been specially
trained to help Vietnam veterans. Vet
Centers are located in most larger metropolitan areas. To find the one nearest
you, contact a
VA facility in your state.
book market.
Bill
NOW!
Ac
Mauldin
's
Army
also available in softcover bookstore
Q»
I
receive
would
like to
VA
compensation and
know why the agency
send me a W-2 form to file
did not
with my federal tax returns.
VA
_
A*
War
*S
—
cartoons
foxhole history of the
war
all
II
in
Europe
— and
wars.
PRESIDIA PRESS
P.O. Box 176410
Novato, CA 94948
compensation payments are
W-2 forms are sent
record taxable income.
only to
Q«
Does the
VA
help veterans find
[
44
known
as means testing. Does this
income-based assessment apply to
VA programs such as the Vietnam
Veterans Outreach Centers (Vet
Centers), halfway houses and hospi-
tal-based home care?
_ Veterans receiving care from half-
Ac
way houses and
in the hospital-
based, home-care program are subject
assessment procedures.
Veterans receiving counseling at Vet
Centers are not.
to eligibility
Q«
If veterans are denied care under
the eligibility assessment procedures
may they file an appeal with the Board
of Veterans Appeals?
_ Yes. The matter
A*
office for adjudication. Further denial
own
arrangements for loans
through the usual lending channels, such
as banks, savings and loan associations
and mortgage loan companies. Real
their
estate brokers ordinarily will assist a
Q» How often are interest rates on
VA home loans raised or lowered?
Return your purchase within 15
days of receipt if not fully satisfied.
Q» I understand that a recently
passed law will subject veterans seeking care in VA facilities to new eligibility assessment procedures, better
lenders for VA-guaranteed mortgages?
_ No. Eligible veterans must make
veteran in finding a lender.
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED
Bill.
not taxable.
edition.
Here are all of the best
and most memorable of
Bill Mauldin's World
GI
Circumstances have forced me to
withdraw from school. How can I
satisfy my obligation on the remaining hours of the work study contract?
_ You must work the remaining
hours for which you have received
advance payment.
Q» My
Mauldln
attending school under the
A*
brother is having some personal problems. His wife says he often
has nightmares about his service in
Bill
0» I have been participating in the
VA work study program while
Are these rates fixed or variable?
_ The maximum interest rate estabA« lished for VA home loans may vary
due
to
changes
in
market conditions.
However, once a loan is made the interest remains the same for the life of the
loan.
A*
first
referred to the nearest
may be
should be
VA
regional
appealed with the Board of Vet-
erans Appeals.
Q» Are there any circumstances
under which a veteran may qualify
for an extension of eligibility for education benefits under the G.I. Bill?
_ If a veteran was prevented from
A*
using education benefits because
of a disability during the 1 0-year period
of eligibility, an extension may be possible. Application for benefits must be
made within a year from the date the
disability ceased to exist, or within one
year of the original ending date.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
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Delegates' Choice In Cincinnati
MISSISSIPPI'S
JAMES
COMMANDER
ELECTED NATIONAL
painfully obvious that the
mood
in
Washington
DT'S
keep chipping away
is
at
to
VA
inth, Miss.
P.
Dean before 3,000
dele-
Cincinnati.
life to
the Legion, all as a
member of Perry A. Johns
Post 6, CorThere he developed a strong
sense of the Legion's role and responsibility to the community. "I have
always felt that the Legion is a community organization and that posts
should be the focal points for commu-
"Included in this erosion is the
enactment of PL-99-272— the means
test— which forces certain veterans to
nity spirit," he said.
prove they are unable to pay for VA
medical care," Dean said. "The American Legion has consistently opposed
commitment
this
measure was
legislation, but the
passed by Congress and is now the law
of the land and we will assist veterans
to abide by its requirements.
"However, we believe
through
its
that the
regulatory process,
VA,
may have
Missis-
Dean has devoted more than 32
deprived of their earned rights
and benefits," said newly
gates attending the 68th National Conat
office,
years of his
Cmdr. James
first
sippian elected to the Legion's chief
programs until America's
veterans are ultimately
elected Nat'l
vention
Korean War, and the
the
DEAN
P.
Dean's emphasis on community
involvement
reflects three
to
decades of
community develop-
ment through personal
efforts in exec-
utive-level positions in the Corinth
March of Dimes and Red Cross, and
through service with distinction in nearly
all
local
Legion programs, including Boy
to the state
House of Representatives
Dean
also is a private attorney
Judge. His legal expertise was put to
good use in the Department of Mississippi where he served as judge advocate
for several years. In addition to
ous post,
numer-
and department offices,
Dean was elected department commander in 1972 and subsequently was
honored with life membership in Nodistrict
vember 1972.
Serving in the Legion has been a
most of
Dean's 53 years. "I grew up in a Legion
family," he said. "My father helped
get Post 6 chartered and he served three
preferential style of life for
My
Scouts, High School Oratorical Contest
years as post commander.
and American Legion Baseball.
Children and youth programs also
served as Auxiliary president."
Dean's Legion career began soon after
he reached eligibility. The ink on
are
mother
of special interest
the current provision that states certain
our country and
the intent of
down from
veterans 'shall' receive medical treat-
how
that affects
ment when they apply. However, the
VA is interpreting 'shall' to mean 'may,'
the
wholesome
Congress in
train in
and there is a world of difference."
Dean warned the convention delegates that the interpretation controversy
our young people.
The very fabric of
our nation is being
was
torn apart
just
one of the ever-increasing
to the
new
national
'THE VA MAY
commander. "I'm
vitally concerned
have violated
about the erosion
of moral fiber of
by
age drug abuse and
by an epidemic of
child abuse and missing children. The
be a daily struggle just to stay where
we are. But these obstacles can be overcome through a strong, active membership of Legionnaires who speak for
strides to reverse this assault
America's veterans
determined voice."
An Army
46
veteran
in
one clear and
who
served during
is
making
significant
on youth.
during my year of stewardship,
we're going to redouble our efforts in
this area."
A graduate of Northeast Mississippi
Junior College and University of Mississippi School of Law, Dean was elected
And
the
Corinth-
in uniform
and was handed a
membership card
by his parents.
The
tradition
continues today.
Dean's wife, the
teen-
American Legion
discharge
papers
had
scarcely dried
when he stepped
his
still
interpretation
of the means test.
We'll not allow it?
its
development of
challenges to maintain veterans rights
and benefits. "Our real battle will not
be to regain what has been lost to budget
cuts, but to hold on to what remains; it
will
and
serves as the Corinth Municipal Court
Congess in its
interpretation of this law and, if they
are incorrectly interpreting it, I can
assure you that the Legion is not going
to stand by and allow this to happen,"
Dean said. "Our opposition centers on
violated the intent of
in
1960, during his freshman year of law
school. He served in the state senate
from 1964 to 1968.
former Carolyn
Phillips,
and
his
two daughters, Ellen,
23, and Sara, 20, are members of the
Auxiliary. "Family support is impor-
job," the new commander
be traveling for the Legion
most of the year, and my family has
dedicated themselves to supporting me
fully during those 12 months." The
Continued on page 56
tant in this
said. "I'll
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
OCTOBER 1986
—
U.S Pat. 3579305
ire
Ambassador's
with
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POST OF THE MONTH
Ceredo-Kenova Post
West
93,
True Tales of
story of Post 93 unfolds like
TV
THE
a
western where the good
guys win, and the town and
everyone benefits. Fortunately
for the 6,000 residents of the
Appalachian towns of Ceredo
and Kenova, W.Va., the story
of Post 93 doesn't end as quickly as a
movie.
The story began in 1968 when the
late William Pinnegar became commander and Post 93 was little more than
a roster of 80 members. Now it has 1 ,300
members and raises more than $1 million annually to support a host of
com-
munity projects. "Post 93 is one of the
foundations of the department," said
Robert E. Vass, department adjutant.
"When Pinnegar took over, he literally, physically, turned the post
around" said Vass. "He was followed
by David McComas, a Vietnam veteran
who was commander for seven years
and who also worked to make the post
a vehicle for social good.
Vass said
that under Pinnegar and
"leadership in the post was
in the hands of people who had credibility and who generated involvement
McComas,
Virginia
Tall
Deeds
and commitment from the members.
They resolved to enhance and preserve
the basics of The American Legion—
and they sure have done that."
The post's membership comes mostly
from the residents of Ceredo and Kenova in the western-most corner of the
state. Its programs have become so
extensive that there are few residents of
the area who are not touched daily by
the Legion.
Many
of the activities are based in
Ceredo-Kenova Community Center
where the post's historian, Charles
"Rusty" Bash, works as director.
Legion activities include youth basketthe
ball for
100 youngsters each week, adult
basketball teams, bowling teams and
tournaments, boxing events, volleyball, Special Olympics and New Year's
dances. Other youth activities include
three Little League teams, high school
golf and tennis teams, cheerleading
squads and majorette groups.
American Legion baseball and the
Special Olympics are
among
the post's
major activities. In recent years, the post
hosted two state baseball tournaments.
Its work with Special Olympics pre-
dates the national Legion's recognition
of the program.
The post
initially
orga-
nized competitive sports events and
parties for the Special Olympians and
now
hosts the competitions, provides
refreshments, T-shirts and transportation for teams to the county, state and
national competitions, and pays
expenses for the chaperones.
But Post 93 isn't all sports. At
Christmas it holds an annual party and
dinner for needy families in the area.
Henry Artrip, the children and youth
officer, and his wife, Elizabeth, spend
weeks before the party obtainnames and determining needs so that
no one is forgotten by Santa. More than
200 children receive gifts especially
selected for them. The post also prepares and distributes 40 food baskets to
families and during the holidays preseveral
ing
pares a dinner for senior citizens.
The post is especially proud of its
college scholarship program, which
provides four full-time scholarships and
five grants each year to area youths. It
also sponsors four Boys State delegates
and helps send high school classes to
visit
Washington, D.C.
Among
other continuing
community
projects, the post provides a
van with a
tank of gasoline for groups to use
for short trips and, on a grander scale,
full
Day parade
with more than 90 units. The post's
sponsors an annual Veterans
informal communications network
makes it possible for the post to respond
quickly to assist its neighbors in times
of tragedy or disaster. For example, the
post received word one evening that there
had been a murder in the community.
Before noon the next day it collected
clothing and several hundred dollars to
assist the victim's family.
As the post has grown and taken on
new responsibilities, it has increased in
prestige and now is second largest in
the department, regularly sweeping
departmental awards.
'It is an example to posts in any small
town of what can be done with commitment and a resolve to excel," said
Vass. "It is an almost unbelievable story
that still is going on."
'
ALL ABOARD—Among Post
veterans in May.
OCTOBER 1986
93's special projects
was a
river excursion for disabled
49
LEGION NEWS BRIEFS!
State
Law Cadet Programs
Teach Respect For Policemen
program
The Department
Nebraska
rHROUGH
growing
sponsored by
Law
a
number of Legion departments, youths in several states
are gaining a healthy respect for, and
deeper understanding of, the role of
police officers in promoting and safeguarding American freedoms and rights.
In South Carolina, the program is
called The American Legion Law
Enforcement Academy and is held in
cooperation with the South Carolina Law
Enforcement Division at Columbia.
Young men and women about to enter
the 12th grade are eligible for the oneweek program that has been held the
past four summers. Students get an upfront look at police activities, ranging
from handgun safety
to criminal inves-
tigation procedures.
"We
offer the
has
Cadet program for the past 19 years and interest
continues to grow. Students attending
the sessions one for boys, one for
girls
are screened by panels in each of
the department's 15 districts. Applicants must submit a written statement
and answer questions posed to them by
panel members. Two boys and two girls
from each district are selected to attend
of
sponsored the Junior
a special
—
—
camps
the
at
at the state patrol
"What makes our program unique
that these
here," said Lt. Robert "Bucky"
Buchholz, an academy instructor and
member of Lincoln Post 3. "We run
the camps as if we were training
to get
first-
As in the South Carolina program,
Nebraska cadets are exposed to several
police agencies and their responsibilities. Buchholz said the most popular
interests for students tend to be "handson"
students.
ing techniques in police cars.
Participants in the
program are
intro-
South Carolina police
agencies and the scope of their duties.
to several
Students also learn about military police
work
at
the nearby
Army post,
Ft. Jack-
son, and about state wildlife regula-
tions and the duties of conservation
officers.
"It's a very comprehensive program
and one we're proud of," Black said.
"We'd like to see it expand
nationwide."
Growth is the operative word for such
programs, according to Nat'l Cmdr.
James P. Dean. "Law cadet programs
are the types of vehicles that Legionnaires can use to help youths understand the criminal justice system and
the necessity of law and order in all our
lives," he said. Dean, a municipal court
judge in Corinth, Miss., said that
although several departments have similar programs, he would like to see the
same law cadet program in all Legion
departments, much like Boys and Girls
State and the oratorical contests.
50
is
young people must compete
recruits."
program on a
activities,
such as defensive driv-
But cadets learn more than
just the
standard survival tricks-of-the-trade;
they also discover that there is a great
deal more behind the badge and the
wheel of a squad car. "If anything else,
cadets learn that police officers are people, too," Buchholz said. "This, in turn,
means cadets are going to respect the
jobs we have to do and understand that
we're there to protect and to serve."
The South Carolina and Nebraska
programs are two examples of how
Legionnaires can become involved in
teaching their youngsters to understand
their freedoms and rights as citizens,
and how the criminal justice system
works to protect those freedoms and
rights.
TAPS— Former National
James
come, first-served basis," said Department Adjutant B. L. Black, "and we
always have more applications than we
do openings." The session, which is
coeducational, can accommodate 55
duced
academy
Lincoln.
Day
Vice
Commander
passed away
Aug. 8, 1986. The longtime active Maine
Legionnaire was a member of the National
Legislative Commission at the time of his
V.
(T955-56), 70,
death. Past National Commander William
Rogers of Maine represented the National
Organization at the funeral services. Day
is survived by his widow, Delma, four sons
and two daughters.
J.
What Freedom Do
You Cherish? You
May Win $50
WANT
to exercise your
right to freedom of
expression? Some readers of The American
Legion Magazine will enjoy that
opportunity in a special September 1987
issue
commemorating
the Bicentennial
of the U.S. Constitution.
In
200 words or
less, tell us
what you
consider is your most precious freedom
and how you express that freedom. We'll
pay $50 for each response we publish.
We reserve the right to edit the material
for styler and space limitations.
Each submission should include the
author's name, address and phone
number. Entries will be neither
acknowledged nor returned, and become
the exclusive property of
The Ameri-
can Legion Magazine.
Deadline for entry
Submit
to:
is
Nov. 30, 1986.
My Most Precious Freedom,
The American Legion Magazine,
P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis, IN 46206.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
5 Wrinkly Pups
as part of a nationwide publicity campaign, a
/\leading New York firm will offer its
most expensive stuffed animal doll
the sensational best-selling wrinkly
pup
taking America by
for the astonishing
that
storm
—
is
publicity price of only
to every person
to the
$5
who writes
company
address
(below) before Midnight,
December
25, 1986.
This original
ad must
accompany your
publicity
request. No copies
or photostats.
These are the same famous
wrinkly Shar-Pei Plush
Puppies™ nationally ad-
media
across America. Modeled
vertised in leading
f
*
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after the rare
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Puppies™ are perfect "pals". Every child in
America would love to own one so don't
miss out by responding too late. These are
the fastest selling and most popular pups ever
—
sold
by
this multi-million-dollar firm.
These wrinkly Plush Puppies
full
but
1986 RBM. Ltd
.
the
if
one-year money-back guarantee.
To order, mail this original publicity ad (no
copies or photostats) together with your
name and address and $5 for each pup. Add
$2 shipping per pup. (New York residents add
sales tax.) Allow up to 6-8 weeks for ship-
Make check payable to RBMLtd.
Mail
to: RBM, Plush Puppy, Dept. 570-118,
Box 1080, Hicksville, New York 11802.
ment.
will not be sold
J
by
your request is mailed early
enough (before Dec. 17) you may request up
to 7. Each wrinkly pup is covered by the comthis price,
pany's
friends with.
cutest,
company in any store.
There is a limit of two (2) pups per address at
at this price
1200 Shames Drive. Westbury. N Y 11590
(R42200)
.
CO mm
VETERANS ALERT
PROTECTIVE COVERS
CLOSEOUT
PRICES!
Army Air Forces
OUTFIT REUNIONS
Authorized Liquidator
—
Guidelines Outfit Reunion notices are published for
Legionnaires only and must be submitted on official
forms. To obtain forms, send a self-addressed, stamped
envelope to: O.R. Form, The American Legion Magazine,
P.O. Box 1055. Indianapolis, IN 46206. Notices must be
received at least seven months before reunions are
scheduled and will be published only on a first-come,
first-served basis.
Army
These tough,
1st Engr. Spec. Brde, 531st Engr. Regt. (Oct-Orlando, FL)
Richard Ready. 84 Selwyn St., Roslindale, MA 02131
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They wrap
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• Covers are rugged nylon taffeta.
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• Stretch ends for snug, pull-tight fit
Measurements: Bumper to bumper.
Allow 10"-15" extra length for one-piece
wrapunder bumpers, wagon models or
overstock.
cars pre-1959.
SMALL
150"-165"
MEDIUM
166"-180"
LARGE
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$
Mfr. Ust: 69.95
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25
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.
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Item H-1599-4514-048 S/H: $3.50
Credit card customers can order by phone
24 hours a day, KUj^H
w^^c^a
VISA
7 days a week.
North Ave., Modesto, CA 95351 (209) 522-6107
550th AAA Bn., 3rd Army (Oct-Westfield, NY) Vince Calarco,
112 E. Main St., Westfield, NY 14787 (716) 326-2320
640th T.D. Bn. (Oct-Anaheim, CA) Bud Shulman, 6522 Fairfield, Los Angeles, CA 90022 (213) 721-6711
749th Tank Bn. WWII (Oct-Medford, OR) Jean Cline, 811
Crestbrook Rd.. Medford, OR 97502 (503) 773-3857
775th Tank Bn. (Oct-Williamsburg, VA) Tom Marum, 5940
Innisvale Dr., Fairfax Station, VA 22039 (703) 250-6433
861st HAM Ord. Co. (Oct-Bushkill, PA) Kenneth Rhodes,
2800 15th St., Altoona. PA 16601 (814) 943-0708
4025th Signal Serv. Sch. (Nov-Union City, TN) Turner Kirkland, Box 130. Union City. TN 38261 (901) 885-0700
"A" Co., 137th Regt., 35th Div. (Nov- Atchison, KS) Harold
Volk. 1022 Iowa St., Lawrence, KS 66044 (913) 843-5896
"B" Btry., 400th AAA AW Bn. WWII (Oct-Sunnyvale, CA)
Edward Rau, 1025 Prune Ct., Sunnyvale, CA 94087
(408) 739-4131
"C" Btry., 602nd F.A. Bn. WWII (Oct-Colorado Springs,
CO) Reuben Heupel, HC09, Box 43, Bismarck, ND 58501
(701) 255-3344
"D" Co., 303rd Inf., 97th Div. (Nov-Darwm, MN) Clem
1, Meadowood Apt. 2, Darwin, MN 55324
693-8860
"F" Co., 543rd E.B. & S.R. (Oct-Hyannis, MA) Jerry Beamish, 8315 Hillcrest Blvd., Westland, Ml 48185
"H" Co., 389th Inf., 98th Div. WWII (Oct-McLean, VA) Glenn
Abney, 135 Luce St., Dallzell, IL 61320
Rainbow Div. Vets (N.E. Chapter) (Nov-Sturbridge, MA)
Charles Paine, 61 Canfield Dr., Bridgewater, CT 06752
(203) 354-6393
St. Lucia Base Command, BWI (Dec-New York City) Allen
Pike, Box 696, Carmel, NY 10512 (914) 225-7084
Schlosser, Rt.
(612)
Toil-Free:
1-800-328-0609
Sales outside the 48 contiguous states are suD|ect to
special conditions. Please call or write to inquire.
CO.M.B. Direct Marketing Corp.
Item H-1599
1405 Xenium Lane No. /Minneapolis, MN 55441-4494
Send Car Cover(s) shown below. Add $3.50 each for ship,
handling. (Minnesota residents add
C O D.
Send
Send
6% sales tax.
Sorry,
no
(413) 525-7604
437th T.C. Grp. (Oct-Williamsburg, VA) Bob Maycan, 360
Walker Ave., Greenacres City, FL 33463 (305) 965-1145
376th HY Bomb Grp. (Nov-Las Vegas, NV) Wiley Golden,
1522 Oak Knoll Dr.. Cincinnati, OH 45224 (513) 522-5537
Div.
)
Item H-1 599-451 4-022 S/H: $3.50
193"-210"
Inf.
(405) 765-8609
27th T.C. Sq. (Oct-McAllen, TX) Lester Van Winkle, 126
Riojas Dr., Kerrville, TX 78028 (512) 664-3030
78th Ftr. Sq. WWII (Dec-Honolulu) Clyde Mortensen, Box
82, Hartland, Wl 53029 (414) 367-5628
96th Bomb Grp., 339th Sq. (B17-Wildfire) (Oct-Atlanta)
Arthur Siciliano, 7 Gates Ave., E. Longmeadow, MA 01 028
325-0369
(Ohio Chapter) (Nov-Marietta, OH) Elmer Klauss,
2397 Bennett Rd.. Madison, OH 44057 (216) 428-1983
118th Med. Bn., 43rd Div. (Nov-Central Falls. Rl) John
Robertson. 132 Meadow Ave., Cumberland, Rl 02864
(401) 722-0362
181st Sig. Dep. Co. (Korea) (Oct-Lebanon, PA) Ammon
Peffley, 400 S. College St., Myerstown, PA 17067 (717)
866-5549
184th QM Bn., 4608th, 3588th QM Trk. Cos. (Philippines)
(Nov-Dallas) Paul Kelley, Box 50233, Tulsa, OK 74150
225th Sta. Hosp. (Oct-Milwaukee) E.A. Buck, 5178 Hwy.
54, Plover, Wl 54467 (715) 334-8533
237th Engr. Combat Bn. WWII (Oct-Arlington, VA) Vincent
Powell, 257 Broadway, Passaic, NJ 07055 (201 777-1 545
519th MP Bn. (Korea) (Feb-Reno. NV) Emery Vlach, 3949
4th
Ftr. Cmd., HQ & HQ Sig. Co. (Nov-Tampa, FL)
Thomas Gaden, 404 N. Irving, Ponca City, OK 74601
13th
Air Force
43rd
Bomb
Grp. (Oct-San Antonio. TX) Lloyd Boren, 102
Beechwood, Universal
City,
TX 78148
(512)
658-5978
91st Sq., 439th T.C. Grp. (Oct-Ft. Worth, TX) Milton Dank,
1022 Serpentine Ln., Wyncote, PA 19095
384th
Bomb
Grp. (Nov-Kansas
City,
MO)
384th B.G., Box
1021 A, Rahway, NJ 07065
Bomb Grps. WWII (Nov-San Antonio, TX) Bud
22 Ysabel St. Redondo Beach CA 90277 (213)
461st, 484th
Markel,
1 1
.
,
316-3330
3902nd Civil Engr. Sq. (Oct-Omaha, NE) Junior Dailey,
9230 "Z" St., Omaha, NE 68127 (402) 339-3437
Allied Air Forces (US Ex-Members) (Oct-Toronto, Canada) Roy Inkster, 28 Battersea Crescent, Toronto, M6L
1G8, Canada
Griffiss AFB (Nov-Cocoa Beach, FL) Alice Lacy, 3799
S. Banana River Blvd., #702, Cocoa Beach, FL 32931
(305) 783-6441
Miscellaneous
Vietnam Veterans (So. Okla., No. Texas) (Jan-Ardmore,
OK) Tom Walker, Box 2184. Ardmore, OK 73402 (405)
223-6193
LET'S GET TOGETHER
Notice of proposed reunions will be published on a
Requests for inclusion must
the unit name, branch of service, contact name, address, including zip code and American Legion membership card number Submit your request to: "Let's Get Together," The American Legion Magazine, P.O. Box 1055,
first-come, first-served basis.
list
Indianapolis. IN
46206
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3rd Engrs. (1932-37) Charley Rutter, 213
Altoona, PA 16601
8th Inf. Div. (28th, 43rd, 45th, 56th Bns.)
Navy
L
Name
City
Box
L.C.S.L. 44 (Feb-Gambrills,
Springhill
Way, Gambrills,
MD) Maynard Nelson, 1029
MD
21054 (301) 621-7340
US Navy Armed Guard WWII (Feb-Kansas
City,
Langenderfer, 2601 Wyndale Rd., Toledo,
MO)
OH
Dick
43613
475-5400
USS Maurice J. Manuel DE-351 (Nov-Philadelphia) Ottis
Clingerman, 933 St. Agnes Ln., Baltimore, MD 21207
(301) 744-9145
USS Melvin R. Nawman DE-416 (Nov-Baltimore) Ernest
(419)
Deichgraber, 219 Kuethe Rd.. Glen Burnie,
MD
21061 (301)
766-1740
USS Toledo CA-133 (1950-55) (Dec-Long Beach, CA) John
Farris, 117 Eastview Dr., Normal, IL61761 (309) 452-5361
Sign Here
3,
Love Creek
Pk,,
Lewes,
DE 19958
E.
Cherry Ave.,
James Woolley,
(302) 645-5329
Smk. Gen. Co. George Farrell, 10124 Dolby
Ave., Glenn Dale, MD 20769 (301) 464-5535
48th Gen. Hosp. (ETO) Reg Paulson, 3436 Stebner Rd.,
46th, 501st Cml.
Duluth, MN 55811
66th Topo Engr. Co. (1951-57) Bill Eaton, 723 S. Wells St.,
Chicago, IL 60607 (312) 427-5370
142nd F.A. (936th, 937th Bns.) Gene Locklar, Box 742,
Little Rock. AR 72203
297th Gen. Hosp. Louis Rypel, 5258 Henderson St., Chicago, IL 60641 (312) 725-2727
312th Gen. Hosp. (1941-46) Dave Dalgleish, 3706 Spann
Ave.. Indianapolis, IN 46203 (317) 359-4079
463rd AAA AW Bn., 79th Inf. Div. WWII Hugh Branscome,
8300 Riverside Dr., Punta Gorda, FL 33950 (813) 639-
3604
C|0|M|B|
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Bn., 1st Regt, 1st Marines (All Cos.) (Nov-WashingHughes Jr., 933 Seasound Ave., Palermo, NJ
08223 (609) 390-3759
2nd
ton) Robert
508th MP Bn. (Munich Hwy. Patrol) C. Van Gemert, 8
Waterview Dr., Amherst, NH 03031
594th JASCO Homer Grunz, 6013 5th Ave, So., Minneapolis, MN 55419 (612) 869-6523
614th Engr. Base Equip Co. (Germany, 1945-47) Kenneth
White, Rt, 5, Box 80B, Greenfield, IN 46140 (317) 326-
3752
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
696th Engr. Pet. Dist. Co. WWII William Trethewey, 5405
Cumberland Rd., Minneapolis, MN 55410 (612) 926-0531
727th Amp. Tractor Bn. (So. Pacific) Edward Kitchens,
2035 Evergreen, Shreveport, LA 71118 (318) 687-4149
807th AVN Engr. Bn. WWII Pete Barthelemy, 1406 Cedar,
Alexandria,
MN
56308
945th F.A. Bn. George Buck, 726 50th St., Des Moines, IA
50312(515)255-4269
972nd Sig. Bn., APO 958 WWII George Strawn, Rt. 3, Box
103, Jacksonville, IL
62650
3364th Sig. Serv. Bn. Lt. (Goldsmith, Miami, Panama,
Nicaragua, Ecuador, Peru) William Emmett, 443 West
2600 South, Bountiful, LIT 84010 (801) 295-1994
3883rd QM Tk. Co. ETO Al Maloney, Schaghticoke, NY
12154
"A" Co., 730th Railway Oper. Bn. (1943-45) Julius Horney,
1308 Ashley Ave., High Point, NC 27260 (919) 889-0308
"A" Co., 1898th Engr. AVN Bn. Wallace McKissick, Box
1122, New London, CT 06320 (203) 443-8547
"A,B,HQ" Cos., 101st AVN Bn. 101st A/B Bn.(1967-68)
Eugene Van Winkle, 205 N. Washington, McLeansboro,
IL 62859 (618) 643-4203
"B" Co., 544th Amph. Engrs. WWII Clarence Neujahr,
Rt. 1, Maple Park, IL 60151 (815) 895-9413
"C" Co., 1st Bn., 19th Inf. Regt., 24th Div. (1950-52) Tom
Krill, 609 N. Metts Ave., Ossian, IN 46777
"C" Co., 347th Engrs. GS Regt. Matt Debelak, 5421 W.
Kimball PI., Oak Lawn, IL 60453 (312) 636-9155
Hill 411 Vets Bill McNamara, Box 0205, Clay, NY 13041
OCS 4 (Ft. Benning-1942) Leigh Hill, 721 E. Roosevelt St.,
Appleton, Wl 54911 (414) 734-7418
O'Reilly Gen. Hosp. Neil Wortley, 1423 N. Jefferson Ave.,
Springfield, MO 65802 (417) 836-3199
1st Bn., 8th Cav. (1965-66) Ray Poynter, Rt. 3, Box 160A,
Berryville, AR 72616
9th Tank Bn., 20th Arm'd Div. WWII Michael Econ, 4518
Country Club, Sioux City, A 51104
65th M.R.U. (Patton Barracks-Germany) Welsford Emery,
275 Huron Ave., Elkins Park, PA 19117
76th Army Band, COMZ Hqs. (Orleans, France-51-55) Ron
Jones, 250 W. Chestnut St., Frackville, PA 17931 (717)
874-3285
158th Combat Engrs., 1st Army WWII Vernon Rachel, 1 043
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206th Engr. Combat Bn., 20th Corp, 3rd Army WWII Don
Wendling, 1000 Wiggins Pass Rd., Naples, FL 33963 (813)
598-1541
210th CA AA, Btry. D Michael Morelli, 7124 Vandike St.,
Philadelphia, PA 19135 (215) 333-3830
219th Hosp. Ship Compl., Hosp. Ship Wisteria, 10th Sta.
Hosp. (Pusan, Korea) Edmond Cherry Jr., 114 Skyview
Dr., Columbia, TN 38401
292nd Med. Section WWII Paul Owens, 215 MessingerSt.,
Bangor, PA 18013 (215) 588-2697
547th Trans. Tk. Co., 29th Trans. Tk. Bn. (1950-52) William
Yopp, 6 Sackett Pt. Rd., No. Haven, CT 06473 (203) 239-
5740
551st MP (MPEG-WWII)
Sumter, SC 29150
712th TBRO (Korea) Jim Dix, Box 765, Alliance, NE 69301
806th Engr. AVN Bn., H/S Co. WWII Thomas Barron Sr.,
1941 N.W. 31st PI., Gainesville, FL 32601 (904) 372-1850
936th Ord. HAM Co. Willie Lawnizak, Rt. 3, Box 105, Berlin,
PA 15530
1058th QM Co. AVN (Waycross-1943, Clark Fid. 1945) Roy
McAlpine, 600 Nebobish, Bay City, Ml 48708 (517) 892-
E.W. Litaker, 721
Wen-Le
Dr.,
dollar
refit.
Members
take 10 percent off
prices that are already
the years lowest, with
the second person in
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Sunny ports of call.
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from
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Jan. 24
Feb.
4
Feb. 25
Feb. 14
Mar. 18
Mar. 7
Mar. 28
10 days
5059
3207th QM, Serv. Co. Harry
Collins,
Main
St.,
Cumberland,
OH 43732
3547th
MAM Ord. Co. (WWII) Ray Yost Jr., 444 Indian Creek
Cocoa Beach, FL 32931 (305) 783-5019
3573rd Truck Co. Charles Beard, 319 Bigley
Dr.,
Ave., Balti-
MD
21227 (301) 242-7485
"A" Btry., 36th AAA Gun Bn. Harvey Jones, 10281 63rd
Ave. No., Seminole, FL 33542 (813) 393-1123
"E" Btry., 74th CA AA WWII Fred Brooks, 2000 Wilhelm
Ave., Baltimore, MD 21237 (301) 866-4215
more,
HQ & HQ
Btry., 26th Div. Arty., 26th Inf. Div. WWII Paul
Hoban, 152 Union, Randolph, MA 02368
2nd Div. Ord. (Hutt Pk., Wellington, N. Zealand-WWII)
Rhea Crabtree, 2530 W. Diana St., Tampa, FL 33614
(813)932-6972
3rd Station Hosp. (Tidworth-1 942-45) Taylor Coffroth, 1957
Clover Way, Escondido, CA 92026
11th F.A., 26th AA, 24th Div. Howard Buckles, Box 267,
Keosauqua, IA 52565
14th Sig. Serv. Co. (Ft. Richardson-1 942-45) Adrian
Ingersoll, 244 Ohio Ave., E. Alton, IL 62024 (618) 254-
Baths. Take in the disco, piano bar,
and the exciting
Indoor/ Outdoor Center by day
nightclub, casino
or night.
For reservations
and informa-
Les Kertes toll-free:
(800) 645-2120. In New York, call
collect: (516) 466-0335.
tion, call Mr.
Rates per person, double occupancy, subject to availability, dependent on departure date and city; secondperson rate also dependent on departure date. Taxes
extra. Cunard Princess registered in the Bahamas.
Mr. Les Kertes, Hartford Holidays, Box 462,
277 Northern Boulevard, Great Neck, NY 1 1022.
Rush me
details
on Cunard's special
members on Panama
10- percent discount for
E40274
Canal cruises.
Sail from Fort Lauderdale or
Acapulco and enjoy the convenience
of a weekend departure or return.
Lowest prices, free
roundtrip airfare.
Ten-day
Panama Canal
at $1,999;
1
cruises begin
AREA CODE, DAYTIME PHONE
1-day cruises, at $2,199.
4665
24th Evac. Hosp. (Vietnam) Larry Horn, Box 430, Bridgton,
ME 04009
Inf. Div., 5th Mech. Bn., (1966-67) Abubakr Sadiq,
Box 691, Rahway, NJ 07065 (201) 574-8954
Continued on page 68
25th
OCTOBER 1986
Queen Elizabeth 2 Sagafjord Vistafjord Cunard Countess Cunard Princess
•
53
!
.
Hard to believe
not a diamond!
ifs
This incredible laboratory gem (now
known as CZ in the trade) has all the fire
and brillance of the finest diamond!
and you receive a printed LIFETIME
.
.
NICARAGUA
and as late as August 1985, the entire
Congress approved without dissent a
Continued from page 23
statement in the FY '85 Foreign Aid
Authorization legislation that "Nicaragua has committed, and refuses to
cease, aggression in the form of armed
subversion against its neighbors ..."
.
GUARANTEE.
• Polished
and faceted
ONLY
exactly
like a
diamond
carat
nationally
advertised at
more than twice
Speaker "Tip" O'Neill, the most
prominent critic of U.S. policy toward
Nicaragua, the committee concluded as
early as March 1982 that Nicaragua was
"thoroughly involved in the El Salvador insurgency. In its report filed May
'
'
13, 1983, the
Committee
stated that:
A major
one carat diamond of this clarity
and color would sell for $10,000
portion of the arms and
materials sent by Cuba and other communist countries to the Salvadoran
insurgents, transits Nicaragua with the
permission and assistance of the Sandinistas. The Salvadoran insurgents rely
on the use of sites in Nicaragua, some
of which are located in Managua itself,
for communications command-andcontrol and for the logistics to conduct
their financial, material and propaganda activities. The Sandinista lead-
FULL MONEY-BACK GUARANTEE
ership sanctions
the price
We're practically giving them away at this
price to introduce you to this amazing
scientific development (even made front
page of Wall St. Journal)
Yes, it looks so much like a diamond, that
the "20/20" news team was able to fool
the experts. They took these
gems
around to the New York Diamond Mart,
CZ
and jewelers appraised them as diamonds
...on nationwide TV!
A
CZ
these
gems
your friends,
amaze you and
buy them back.
don't
we'll
If
fool
Just
return within 30 days for total refund.
Gem 1
Manufacturing Jewelers
Call
Us Toll-Free
1
800 435-4361
or use the coupon below
GUAR ANTEED-M AIL TODAY
SATISFACTION
Gem
P.O.
1, Dept. A-io
Box
NV 89005
700, Boulder City,
Yes, please rush
my
CZ's, on
full
,
and directly facilitates
of the above functions Nicaragua
provides a range of other support activall
.
ities, including secure transit of insurgents to and from Cuba, and assistance
Marquis
Round
Send
Round
Send
Marquis
1
training to the Salvadoran insurgents.
These conclusions were reaffirmed
by Boland in a 1984 discussion on the
money-
HAVE YOU
SEEN THIS
Emer. Cut
Pear
CHILD?
2 carat $14 each
(Reg. $54)
Send
Emer. Cut
carat $17 each
(Reg. $54)
1
Sandinistas'
is
own
COD.
alliance with
made
clear
their actions.
On numerous occasions Sandinista
leaders have forthrightly stated their
sympathies for the Soviet bloc. As
recently as February 1986, Nicaraguan
leader Daniel Ortega attended the Third
Cuban Commu-
Party Congress of the
nist Party
and stated
relationship with
Nicaragua's
that
Cuba was
ble, non-negotiable
"unaltera-
and sealed with the
blood of Cuban internationalists fallen
on Nicaraguan soil ..." Ortega also
praised "the extraordinary effort that
the Soviet
Union
carries out in favor of
peace ..."
Nicaragua was one of the few nations
on a U.N. vote to condemn
to abstain
the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
The
welcomed
into
key sectors
"international totalitarian consolidation force" from East Germany,
Czechoslovakia, Libya and elsewhere;
and they have established links between
the Sandinista party and Communist
parties of those Eastern bloc nations most
subservient to the Soviet Union East
Germany, Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria. Nicaragua has affiliated also with
the major international
communist-
U.S. military assistance
my check or money order is enclosed
charge to my:
Master Card
VISA
American Express
Diners Club
Exp. Date
Name
.
security of developments in Nicaragua.
MISSING-Bef/i Miller, born July 27,
1969. Last seen Aug. 16, 1983, Idaho
Springs, Colo. Hair: blonde. Eyes: green.
Dee Scofield Awareness Program,
4418 Bay Court Ave., Tampa, Fla.,
(813) 839-5025 between 8 a.m. and
City
Zip
.
demogrowing
to the
understanding of the importance to U.S.
Height: 5'4". Weight: 105 lbs. Contact:
Address
World
porting the administration's request for
cratic resistance, reflects a
.
in the
Peace Council and the World Federation of Trade Unions.
Recent congressional action sup-
orders)
Manufacturing Jewelers
by the
statements as well as
front organizations, such as the
Please limit 6 stones. Free color catalog of
our 14K gold and CZ jewelry included
with each order. Add $1.60 for mailing and
handling. (Nevada residents add 5.75%
sales tax.) Only 2 — 3 weeks delivery.
54
the Soviet bloc
all
carat $17 each
(Reg. $54)
State
guan political and military
—
carat $17 each
1
Pear
Gem 1,
conduct an independent
Sandinistas also have
carat $7 each
Send
Print
to
foreign policy. However, the Nicara-
Shortly after the Sandinista takeover,
planning their
(Reg. $54)
Acct. No.
any nation
Nicaragua and Cuba have provided
(Reg. $27)
no
argued that Nicaragua
their country the
Send
(Sorry,
is
it
Over the years, Sandinista actions
have made their sympathies clear.
activities in
Hi
1
Finally,
has not joined the Soviet bloc, but rather
is merely exercising the prerogative of
El Salvador. In addition,
to the insurgents in
back guarantee.
Round
House of Representatives;
floor of the
8 p.m. EST.
A
public service provided by
The American Legion.
Fortunately, in the case of Nicaragua,
U.S. geopolitical and moral interests
converge to support a policy of assistance to the democratic resistance. With
such a policy, there is a possibility that
before too long we may see a Nicaragua
that no longer poses a threat to its
neighbors and whose people have been
liberated from oppression.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
—
2
C
q
1
PRICES!
MY LOW VITAMINVITAMINS
————^
WORLD'S FINEST
TOENAIL CLIPPER
They're probably lower than you dreamed possible
especially if you have been buying in the store.
BY MAIL FROM
But that's only half the story. Most important, you'll also
love our high quality and the personal attention you get. Send
in your order today while these low prices are in force.
LEE NUTRITION
8430
,rom Bob Lee
Qbeaia£
special OU&i
uhfrn"^"'
1
COMPARE ANYWHERE
S
i
I
'VkrTV.^
500 MG.
!
PROFESSIONAL QUALITY EXTRACTED FROM FISH BODY OILS
Since
has now been
it
mined
that
EPA
of
cteter-
we are offenng unsurquality EPA capsules
low pnces Each seated
capsule contains 1 80 Mg.
fective,
passed
ORDER
Easy-to-use, sharp but super safe, this is
the finest Toenail Clipper ever. Designed
and chrome plated like a quality surgical
instrument. This unique clipper gives a
manicure smooth pedicure every time because the special ultra-thin blades slide
under your toenails, where they
can grow inward and cause you trouble.
Best of all, it's yours FREE when you
check the box in the coupon and send it
along with your order for anything in
easily
this ad.
VITAMIN
9 Vital Minerals
A
Multi-
Minerals
100
QQC
$1I ig TABLETS
30
25,000 UNITS
100
FOR
500 FOR $4.75
500 FOR $4.50
Each tablet contains 1500 Mg. of Calcium Carbonate which supplies 600 mg ot elemental calcium
plus 125 tu
ol t'ltamin 0 to help Calcium
absorbtion Same potency as CALTRATE™' 600
plus Vitamin D selling at S6.B4 lot 60 tablets Our
FIBER TABLETS
combines the 6
highest fiber
sources in
every tablet
150 TABS 2.49
300 TABS 4.50
600 TABS 7.85
120 TABLETS 4 50
60 TABLETS 3.00
240 TABLETS 8.00
19 GR. 1200
LAXATIVE
QCC
100
TABLETS
00
500 FOR 3.49
49
TABLETS
500
1
for
$2.19
.000 for $3.69
(5000A. 400D)
100 for 49 c
500 for 1 .95
1000 for 3.50
BRAN
MG
500
100
500
Tablets
for
69C
for $2.99
ACIDOPHILUS MULTI-CAL
CAPSULES
TABLETS
100 for 1.79 100 For .950
250 for 4.45 500 For 3.75
500 for 8.75 1000 For 5.85
7V2 GRAIN
„ TABLETS
250
Tablets
7Qt
fS
1,000 for $1.99
500
mg Tablets SUPER ORGANIC
L-LYSINE
IRON
TABS
100 $2 98
300 $8 48
100—1.49
500—5.49
PAPAYA
SELENIUM
HAIR CARE
100 DAY
*075
SUPPLY *0
250 DAY JJC98
SUPPLY
*U
PAPAIN
100 MCG.
DIGESTANT
TABLETS
500
65^
500 FOR 4.95
for 2.75
500
$2 25
for
S9.95
Lb.
1
2.98
17.85
00
500
89C
for
1
MG
100
1
00
250
for 3.98
500 MG.
100
for
250
2 Lb*.
4 Lbs.
9.99
500
for
MG.
TABS
500 for $14.75
DOLOMITE
&
BONE MEAL
CQC
OS?
100
500 Caps $3.99
TABLETS
500 For $2.49
1.000 For $4.59
Therapeutic
with Minerals
OYSTER
CALCIUM
same
formula
TABLETS
500
for
$H98
FOR
100
I
with Vit
500
$9.49
100
CENTRO
1.50
mg
FOR
2.75
VITES
with minerals
130 Tablets 2.99
"Natural 12"
Brewer's Yeast. Lecithin, Alfalfa.
Hips.
Whey. Papaya. Apple
Pectin,
Kelp.
Rose
Wheat Germ,
Dolomite. Desiccated Liver. Bone Meal.
Supplements
ONE
tablet
in
250
500
for 1.65
for 2.98
1.000 for 5.49
KELP
Tablets
C
Tablets
With Rose Hips
500
MG
100 mg
50 mg
50 mg
100 mg.
VITAMIN B1
VITAMIN B2
NIACIN
NIACINAMIDE
400 meg FOLIC ACID
100 meg 812
300 meg BI0TIN
250 mg CHOLINE
250 mg. INOSITOL
100 mg. PANTO. ACID
100 mg. PABA
LIVER Tablets
100 FOR 69° 1,000 FOR 3.50
Desiccated
7V2 GRAIN
100
MCG.
500 MCG.
VITAMIN VITAMIN
B-1
100 FOR 65«
500 FOR 2.50
B-12
100
500
FOR
FOR
1.95
7.50
000
1
1.39
MG
1.95
2.98
4.49
6.59
9.39
5.49
7.99
12.49
17.95
3.35
MONEY BACK GUARANTEE— HIGHEST QUALITY
SIZE
400
100 U
500 u
I
1
1
98C
100
1.89
U
I
1
OOO
I
u
2.99
7.89
5.49
500
4.85
8.99
14.69
37.98
4" TABS
"KEY
LECITHIN
VITAMIN
1000
9.49
17.59
28.49
69.85
50 TABS
100 TABS
KELP,
B6,
& CIDER VINEGAR
PRICES
for 79«
500
POTASSIUM
GLUCONATE
T
MAIL YOUR
for 2.99
Z«!&
95
C
THIS AD GOOD UNTIL OCT. 31, 1986
MASTER CARD and VISA
ORDER TO
IN
accepted on orders over $10 00
Please pnnt card number
Lee
Nutrition
290 MAIN ST.
and expiration date on separate piece of paper We reserve
CAMBRIDGE, MASS. 02142
the right to
quantities.
limit
TOTAL
PRICE
S
QUANTITY
NAME OF PRODUCT
SIZE
1.000 for $7.99
BALANCED
50 MG.
B-COMPLEX
HI-POTENCY
"LEE-PLEX 50 MG."
In
1
cap
B2.
daily;
50
mg each
Niacinamide,
B6.
of Vit. B1.
Pantothenic
50 mg. ParaAminooenzotc Acid. 50 meg. each of
B12. d-Biotin, 100 meg. Folic Actd.
Acid. Choline. Inositol.
4 7Q
l' 3
50
CAPS
500
for
100
ACQ
Shipping charge (disregard
CAPS
if
order exceeds $10 00)
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED
$10.59
B430
STRESS FORMULA
High Potency B Complex
100
TABS
-4
Q5
250
TABS
I
^
FREE
WORLD'S FINEST
TOENAIL CLIPPER
500
CAPS
<
Just check this box and mail your orde?
by Oct. 31, 1986. We'll include your
FREE Clipper with your order
NAME
ADDRESS
APT
8
50
c a p°s13
1
<
,
J
PRINT
6 95
I
389
GLUCOMANNAN
MG.
90
$1 00
TOTAL AMOUNT
HI-POTENCY
100 lor 500 lor 1.000 lor
$1.25
$5.50
$9.85
$1.25
$5.50
$9.85
85'
$3.49
$5.50
$1.00
$3.85
$6.50
65'
$2.85
$4.95
65'
$2.50
$4.35
$1.45
$6.50
$10.95
$1.65
$6.95
$12.00
$3.75 $16.89
$29.75
$1.69
$5.75
$9.75
$1.00
$4.50
$7.85
35 C
1.000 lor S1.50
VITAMIN E CAPSULES
COMPLEX
100-E3
595 MG.
PRO-VITAMIN A
100 FOR 2.95
250 FOR 6.75
500 FOR 12.75
one third
!
95C
*TO
100TA8S
S5.99
for
|
|
$3.00 250 FOR $6.00
100 MG- EACH OF B-1, B-2, B-6 NIACINAMIDE. CHOLINE. INOSITOL. PANTOTHENIC ACID & PABA, 100 MCG
EACH OF B-1 2. BI0TIN & FOLIC ACID.
25.000 IU
the price.
500
1000
CAPSULES
CENTRUM ™
500
69c
100
Equal to 1132 MG. of cranberry juice.
Has been found to favor uhnary trad
BETA
CAROTENE
comparable to
Tablets
1
Of 13.95
TABLETS
$-|49
*
1
NATURAL VITAMIN
CRANBERRYcapsules
100
0
O
f
1,000 for $1.79
$3.19
AT FANTASTICALLY LOW PRICES
QUANTITY
100 MG
250 MG
60-8.00
0SCAL-*
mg
250
Q7«£
1.000 for $3.49
500-16.50
30-4.75
100
Ul
TABLETS
DIURETIC
MG TABLETS
TABLETS
MG TABLETS
COMPARABLE TO
Squibos
as
Theragran— M®
10
«
£j
O.SS
I
too
HERBAL
Chelated
1451
for
Laboratory tested
°,
for
j
DOLOMITE
OIL
10
7Q«
r
Capsules
f U
500
I
3.99
for 7.59
for
|
CAPSULES
ZINC
tor
100
OUU
1 000
GARLIC
500 FOR $1.55
000 FOR $2.89
87 c
for
MAIL COUPON WITH ORDER ?
10/31/86
«3QC
TABLETS OO
Highest Quality
Only the low price is different
TABLETS
same
potency,
one of
to a family
Tablets
MG TABLETS
500
100 FOR
4 25
$7.50
QQC
OO
100
100
tor
EXPIRES
a'ny size
1
1
100
500
000
MAIL COUPON WITH ORDER
r
LJ
CAPSULES
100
5.49
E
l&
UNIT"
400
ALFALFA
$2.75 $4.95
100-3.49
.49
100
COD LIVER
OIL CAPS
50
tor
100
2 19
for
10/31/86
too
BEE
POLLEN
BEE
POLLEN
expires
to a family
CAPSULES 500 MG. CAPSULES
100 for
for 3.65
1,000
onecVa'nW
VITAMIN
I
5.49
TABS 1 25 500 FOR
100
Tablets
1
I
I
L-TRYPTOPHAN
for
WITH ROSE HIPS
I
|
CHILDREN'S NATURAL
CHEWABLE VITAMINS
VITAMIN B6
50 MG. Tablets
A dozen
INDIVIDUAL B-VITAMIN Tablets
for
$2.89 $6.25
HIGH POTENCY
TABLETS
TA°BS
400
granules
109
100 caps
GINSENG
at
VITAMINS FOR
for
4.95
9.50
Lecithin
250 MG.
100
BREWER'S
YEAST
for
THE MOST WANTED POTENCY
CAPS
HIGH FIBER
100
200
C
7^
VITAMIN
Pure
mg HI-POTENCY
EPITUIM
LEU
Inim
I
TABS
BONE VITAMIN
ATABLETS
&D
MEAL
TABLETS
HERBAL
filling
pnces—
J
hTgh-hber
DHA
of
CALCIUM
SOO
PLUS VITAMIN D
WITH EVERY
This offer expires Oct. 31, 1986
May never be repeated!
Mg
orders
from individuals, doctors and
hosprtals Others charge up to
$19 00 lor 100 capsules of this
potency
at very
FREE
plus 120
are currently
We
very ef-
is
EPA
^^^.
1
CITY
STATE
ZIP
COMMANDER
Extra Tall,
Extra Big Men
Tall,
&
Big
THE KING-SIZE
GUARANTEE:
doesn't
fit
right
Deans are members of the First United
Methodist Church in Corinth, where
Dean has served on the board of
Yes! Send
CO."
me
any item you order
If
Continued from page 46
—
your free
administrators.
ican Legion Magazine,
Catalog of
views on topics of concern to the Legion.
great-looking
The following
clothes
to
me
your
new Catalog so
• DRESS SHIRTS TO 24 NECK
• SLACKS TO 66 WAIST
• JACKETS TO 5XL
I
can shop conveniently by
my own home!
DMS
Name
(Please
print)
Address
State
City
My
telephone number
Zip
(_
5lflns*Slzei
King-Size Bldg.,
5876
Brockton,
MA 02402
Sensational
Price Break!
Great
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_
*7
A PROFESSIONAL
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.
.
SWEDISH
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«f
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all
FULLY GUARANTEED—
Great for the whole family! Try
Fantastic Value!
Toenails
Surgical Chromeplate Steel
it
for 30
• Extra-Long, Easy To Maneuver
Save $$ on salon
not completely delighted, simply return for
refund of purchase price (except ship.
Our policy is to process all orders
promptly. We charge your credit card only when
order is shipped. Delays notified promptly.
Shipment guaranteed within 60 days.
visits
& doctor
bills'
hdlg.).
p"
BEST TOENAIL CLIPPER EVER!
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Fast
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Gives your feet an attractive, well-groomed look.
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.
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DURABLE CHROMEPLATE STEELLONG HANDLES FOR BEST LEVERAGE
res.
(Minimum $5.00)
Visa
add sales
Q
feel
tax).
military growth.
Diners Club
MasterCard
"Soviet expansion in the Pacific
Ocean and Indian Ocean has created
_(please print:)
the threat of global isolation for many
freedom-loving countries. It's part of
Acct. No. _
.
Exp. Date
NAME
ADDRESS
-
STATE
Hanover, PA 17333
l_
56
IT:
American Express
can cause infection-Why put up with them! Order your
Precision Toenail Clipper today-At the incredible low price
of only $2.99!
Old Village Shop,
(PA&NV
Enclosed is$
CHARGE
Why
"I
MX
guarantee.
One Professional Toenail Clipper for only
$2.99 plus $1.25 ship. & hdlg.
SAVE EVEN MORE! 2 for just $4.88 plus
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.
didn't someone think of this before ... A Clipper
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SATISFACTION GUARANTEED — MAIL TODAY!
OLD VILLAGE SHOP, Dept. VZ-4723
Bldg. #9, Hanover, PA 17333
Yes, Please rush my Swed/'sh-Sfy/e Toenail
Clipper(s) (Z555508), on full money-back
Swedish design— No
mem-
improving. Our regular active-duty
forces and Reserve units are getting more
technically advanced battlefield hardware, and your local Guard and Reserve
units also are receiving updated equipment. For example, the Air Force has
begun to use the B-l bomber, and the
missile soon will be deployed. But
the job is not done. We must continue
to beef up our national defenses, especially in light of the overwhelming Soviet
days-
If
&
are eligible for
strongly that our overall defenses are
full
Tapered Side-Angle Blades
Curved Comfort-Grip Handles
who
NATIONAL DEFENSE:
vour own
\oenails
1
YOUR OWN HOME
Top Quality—
Helps Prevent
Painful Ingrown
10
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of them
bership to join us.
it's
Smoothly
.
is the kind of salesmanship we need.
"The Legion will follow the national
theme— "Catch The Spirit'— that targets our own members and eligible nonmembers. In our recruiting drives we
must keep in mind that 28 million veterans live in this country and we want
This
PROFESSIONAL
TOENAIL CLIPPER
Nails Fast
that
our number-one priority. Although we
achieved 2.7 million several months ago,
2.8 million members have been pledged
by our departments— and that does not
include members we expect to recruit
from our Direct Mail Solicitation program. While the continuous efforts
of
are crucial in reaching our
3-million-member goal, we still need
that individual blue cap member out
there, pounding the pavement and
knocking on doors to get new members.
"Although the National Membership and Post Activities Committee is
constantly seeking new and exciting
ways to attract and retain Legionnaires,
the best recruiting tool we have is the
individual Legionnaire. For example,
Samuel D. Butler Jr., of Alice, Texas,
signed up 342 new members last year.
fit!
mail, in
from
MEMBERSHIP: "Membership will be
• OUTERWEAR TO 5XL
• SHOES TO 16EEE
• CASUAL SHIRTS TO 5XL
• JEANS TO 66 WAIST
are excerpts
session:
guaranteed
Please send
The AmerDean shared his
In a recent interview with
100 page color
even after wearing,
washing or dry
cleaning — you can
return it for a
complete refund or
exchange.
-ZIP
©
H.H.I.,
1985
I
an overall strategy by the Soviet Union
for total world domination. We cannot
let this happen."
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
FOREIGN RELATIONS:
"Although
democracy is dawning in Central
America, communism still threatens that
~
^
part of the world because of the Sandinista
'For the past eight years, the Legion
has been in the forefront of those trying
pro,
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"Resolution of this issue
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national priority. Several meetings have
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freedom for their brothers
and sisters enslaved by the Sandinistas.
We are very pleased by the progress
achieved in Central America, but much
more remains to be done."
be
in
men
for labor.
Completely Assembled
fighting for
to
help
the way.
off
... as a small
for qualified
ica's fastest
dial)
OR
security assistance to help Central
Americans achieve democracy, prosperity and justice. We will continue to
who
1300
movement and
(including
it
you can cash
mand
Under
Americans about the crisis in
Central America. The Legion will continue to support humanitarian and
to alert
Vietnamese leaders appear
you every step
No doubt about
Starting
in
home — we
right at
Kits
Prices
'
resolve this sensitive issue.
Clock
Do-It- Yourself
regime of Nicaragua.
support the Contras— those
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the past four years.
Street.
"This heartbreaking issue still weighs
heavily in the hearts and minds of
Americans, and the Legion backs government-to-government efforts to
inquire, probe and negotiate with
Southeast Asian countries where
American servicemen reportedly have
City
unfleistand
call
Name.
mere
is
No Obligation and
that
No Salesman w
V
u*^TA
on me
Stnd
lot
your copy
today
I
NAME
ADDRESS
-Zip-
State(please print)
|_STATE_
been seen. Our organization from the
beginning demanded a full accounting
of our people— a position from which
we will never waver."
VETERANS: "Much progress has been made to serve women veterans, but so much more remains to be
done. A woman seeking treatment at
VA medical facilities today is assured
discreet and immediate care, or she is
directed to a private agency where such
treatment can be provided."
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I
the
immediate horizon, we're faced with a
dilemma. America has a growing, aging
veterans population. There are more
older veterans than ever before, and there
are not now, and never will be, enough
VA nursing homes to care for their longterm medical needs. Many private
facilities don't want these veterans
because caring for them is not profitable at the rates of per diem that the VA
offers. So, we're faced with a dilemma
of dollars versus the nation's commitment to care for its needy and sick veterans. In many ways the dilemma
already confronts us. According to the
most recent
OCTOBER 1986
37,000 veterans
Continued on page 58
statistics,
me
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Enclosed
Charge
sets of Glassware at $14.95 set ladd $3 shp.
is
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a
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Continued from page 57
IURBO
TM
CORDLESS
per
ELECTRIC
'The American Legion has enjoyed a
long-standing relationship of mutual
respect and understanding with Congress, primarily because as an organization of wartime veterans, the Legion
is uniquely capable of advising Congress of the numerous needs of those
who served the nation in times of emergency. Members of Congress respect
the counsel provided by the Legion.
month
are being turned
away from
VA health-care facilities."
RELATIONS WITH CONGRESS:
'
SHAVER
With
Accessories
They understand that veterans are a class
of people whose identification as a class
is a by-product of federal decisionmaking in defense of the nation's vital
security interests.
"This special relationship between
veterans and Congress in the past has
led to increased federal spending for
UNBELIEVABLE
BUT TBUEI
NO
As part
DEALERS
PLEASE!
the
shavers
for the
million
persons
who
write to the
—
campaign,
the
importing firm
Connection
million (1,000,000) of its
Turbo 550Ztm
astonishing low price of only
company address
nationwide
New York
of the Direct
one
of a
publicity
will offer
most expensive
with accessories
$5 each
to the first
one
(below) before midnight, Dec. 30, 1986.
These shavers are not copies. These are genuine famous Turbo 550Ztm cordless electric shavers — the same shavers that have been nationally advertised in leading media
throughout the country. This innovative shaver combines the proven rotary method
with our exclusive ultra-thin flexible shaving head — scientifically designed to caress the
unique shape and contour of your face for a smooth, clean, gentle shave.
The latest Tri-rotaryrM shaving head includes three high speed, razor sharp, cutting
edges that have been precision crafted of the highest quality stainless steel and whisk
off unwanted hair and stubble at an incredible 10,000 rpm's! You get a shave that's so
close and smooth — without those unsightly nicks and cuts that often occur when you
shave with an ordinary razor. The unique shaving head makes this shaver ideal for use
by both
men and women.
veterans programs. To this end, the
Legion was able to protect veterans
medical care and disability compensation cost-of-living adjustments from
across-the-board budget cuts under the
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings balancedbudget law. The Legion also has helped
the Veterans Job Training Act gain reauthorization, helping 38,000 veterans
find jobs."
As he takes the reins of national leadership and crisscrosses 300,000 miles
of highways and skyways this year, Nat'l
Cmdr. James P. Dean will guide America's premier veterans' organization
through the uncharted seas of unprecedented growth as Legionnaires reach
for their goal of 3 million members But
there's another goal, too.
.
"We
name
need The American Legion
we do," Dean
tied to everything
"If we're going to succeed and
remain a strong representative of the
nation's veterans, we must get our
organization and its programs into every
said.
Not only the most expensive, but also the fastest selling cordless electric shaver ever
sold by this huge New York firm. Sleekly designed of the newest space-age materials
make this shaver rugged yet light weight to make shaving a breeze! Complete accessories include a leatherette carrying case, protective shaver head cover, and cleaning brush.
Its
cordless feature
practical
makes
and impressive
it
ideal for traveling or a
quick touch up anywhere.
Makes a
gift!
These famous brand name cordless electric shavers will not be sold at this price by the
company in any store. To obtain one at this promotional price, you must write to the
company address below before midnight, Dec. 30, 1986.
covered by a full one-year money back guarantee and will be replaced,
free of charge, if it ever fails to function. There is a limit of two (2) shavers per address at
this price, but requests which are mailed early enough (before Dec. 1 7) may request up
Each shaver
is
to five.
obtain your famous Turbo 550Ztm Shaver with accessories, mail your name and
address along with $5 for each shaver requested. Add only $2 shipping and handling no
matter how many shavers you are requesting. Mail to: The Direct Connection,
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To
58
American home."
As he embarks on this new era of
expansion, imbued with the spirit of
optimistic challenge, Dean will join 2.7
million fellow Legionnaires in a deter-
mined
effort:
to hoist
The American
Legion high into America's collective
consciousness as a household name—
name that will engender in all Americans the feelings of warmth, pride and
unabashed patriotism for this nation's
largest and fastest growing organization of volunteers: The American
Legion.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
Drug
"Prescription
Kills
(Atlanta,
A
GA)
Atlanta area medical
doctor died from a freak drug reaction on a trip overseas. An infection he had didn't clear up after
taking a drug; so he took a
different drug, too. The two drugs
reacted with each other and cryslocal
talized in his kidneys.
He died from
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later.
What Your Doctor Doesn't Tell
You About The Side Effects of
Prescription
Drugs
This tragedy points to the fact
that most doctors don't tell their
patients about the side effects of
the drugs they prescribe. This was
revealed recently in a U.S. Govern-
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The reaction
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names,
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When your
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analgesic means
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warnings
busy doctor gives
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even your doctor- know about it?
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in
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MAIL
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Continued from page 18
ence on Trade and Development.
For example, the technologysupplying country— upon request of the
receiving party provides specific
information on various elements of the
technology as required for technical and
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The veteran
dampens
develop and utilize new technology.
Other regulations which would restrict
development and flow of technology are
measures to redesign the current international system of patent rights. U.N.
agencies are attempting to implement a
new patent system allowing Third World
nations to reap the benefits of Western
technological advances without paying
any of the costs.
The value of information in the world
today is apparent from the increasing
to
discomfort.
pain, stiffness
would
flow of technology. In more
is to correct the "imbalance" of
information flow between developed and
developing nations.
In December 1983, the U.N. General Assembly adopted a resolution
promoting the development of a New
World Information Order. The United
States strongly opposes the order. Protesting U.N. actions to limit freedom of
the press, the United States has withdrawn from UNESCO and taken with
it the U.S. funding which represented
25 percent of the agency's budget.
The examples presented here are a
small sample of a large rapidly growing
phenomenon. The proposals of the various units of the U.N. are alien to consumers, businesses and Western nations
that thrive on private markets and the
principle of competition. Large private
companies— the so-called multinational corporations— are penalized in the
various U.N. codes and guidelines
because private enterprise, in the eyes
of many U.N. officials, is a threat to
the further expansion of their power and
jurisdiction.
60
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
What can be done? The public should
be made aware of the wide variety of
regulations being developed by international agencies. But the supporters of
this new style of regulation must themselves be put on guard so that they
understand the implications of these
measures. After all, how could anyone
oppose guidelines labeled as protecting
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Regardless of the motivation of their
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—
—
—
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by the U.N. merely cloak fundamental
political issues.
On the surface, the pro-
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• Single wide community from $16,900
• Clubhouses with planned activities
"^p00
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jacuzzis
!?
•
Shuffleboard courts
•
Homestead Exemption
•
Tennis courts
Void where prohibited by law
OCTOBER 1986
1
Busch Gardens
Lakeland 30 mins.
30 mins.
Disney World&
Circus World 45 mins.
Epcot Center 60 mins.
Clearwater
&
Beaches 60 mins.
MAIL THIS
Cypress Gardens
60 mins.
Orlando 75 mins.
COUPON TODAY
West Florida Communities
P.O. Box 580
Zephyrhills, Florida 34248
•
•
wa-
Tampa 30 mins.
call toll-free
-800-331 -8605
Name
1
o7
CALL COLLECT
oh 3.7flft«7671
VlV ' WW I w # I
Address
City
Phone
State-
Zip-
(_
61
::
.
CENTRAL
AMERICA
Keep Your
Continued from page 21
Winning Smile
less certain about the appropriate
response.
Rightly, the United States has placed
professional
little
DENTU-PIK
hope
in the prospects for negoti-
ating a peace
between Nicaragua and
neighbors. The current administration understands that the Sandinistas
never will negotiate away their hold on
power or their right to subvert other
its
removes harmful dental plaq
before plaque removes
governments because
your teeth
that right is linked
to their survival in the
minds of Nica-
ragua's comandantes
At the same time, the administration
said it hopes that the Sandinistas under
growing military pressure from the
resistance forces eventually will negotiate
with the U.S. -supported rebels. But
that is as unlikely as the Sandinistas
Gummy
dental plaque build-up
hardens into crusty tartar, causing
bone erosion, and eventual tooth
loss.
UNCONDITIONAL MONEY-BACK GUARANTEE
ROYAL HOUSE, Dept. RDE 2802 137 Walsh
Box 4305, New Windsor, NY 12550
—
below the gum-line
where disease starts, and floss
can't reach.
Precision crafted of stainless steel.
Simple instructions included.
(Order a Dentu-Pik™ now, and we'll
give you a Dental Mirror
Free.)
—
©
1985 Royal House,
Box 4305,
Windsor,
NY
One
Two
for $4.95
+ 95c ship/hand
(Total $5.90)
+
$1.25 ship/hand (Total $10.74)
Three for $13.49 + $1.55 ship/hand (Total $15.04)
NY
for $9.49
State res. add sales tax. Enclosed
CHARGE
is
Long
MASTERCARD or VISA #
Print
Cit
iity
before the Central
Amer-
ican crisis reached America's front
Name
pages.
Address
State
12550
SUPPORTING DEMOCRACY
IN CENTRAL AMERICA
$
Exp.
_Apt._
The American Legion took
a strong stand in support of de-
mocracy
_
RDE,
Div. Beljalyn, Inc. Dept.
New
Ave.
Dentu-Pik(s)™ plus a FREE
Please send
Dental Mirror with each one ordered. Order one for
each family member.
Dentu-Pik™ helps keep teeth
plaque-free
negotiating in good faith with their
neighbors. Here the Reagan Doctrine
as it applies to Nicaragua is unclear.
While it does support anti-Marxist rebels in the field, it does not clearly and
consistently call for the removal from
power of the whole Sandinista apparatus.
-Zip-
.
.-J
in that vital region.
Following are key provisions of our
resolutions:
Res.
200— We
fully support the
Jackson
Plan.
Res.
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Guatemala defeat the insurgency
and develop its economy.
Res. 283-The United States should
encourage development of a free, democratic
and more prosperous Honduras.
Res. 363-The United States should
provide economic aid to help Costa Rica
regain economic prosperity and any type of
security assistance requested.
*
'
U.S. government should
aid to help
FLATTENER
Chokes
5.
let
282— The
increase economic aid and provide military
CAN
automatic operation.
oil,
panded.
Res. 68— The U.S. government should
take whatever action is necessary to redeem
its pledge to defeat communist insurgency
Res.
design
it's
system.
urge the Caribbean Basin
be fully implemented and ex-
in El Salvador.
load
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all
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wood
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1.
79— We
Initiative
Res. 102— The U.S. government should
seek to isolate the Sandinista government of
Nicaragua and aid the Nicaraguan freedom
fighters
in
their struggle
against tyranny,
without directly committing U.S. personnel
to combat.
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
The expectation of the anti-Sandiis more forthright. They
believe that with the $100 million in
new support from Washington, the
resistance forces will grow in numbers
Quilt insulated
nista leaders
and fighting ability— a trend
BODY VEST
*gS
that even-
"Thermo-Seal" Hidden Storm Cuffs
tually will cause a collapse or revolt
within the Sandinista military. That,
combined with low civilian morale, will
95
27? 10
I
spark an uprising in Nicaragua's principal cities, terminating Sandinista rule.
There is no serious expectation on
their part that there will be a negotiated
end
WAYS BETTER:
7
Thermo-Seal©" Action Sleeve
•
to their rebellion. That, at least, is
openings have hidden
enough time
the coming
a plausible scenario, given
and American support in
But the consensus within the U.S.
Congress is a very fragile one and could
be shattered at any time in the course
of a few weeks.
If that were to happen, the prospects
facing the United States would be stark,
indeed. Either the United States would
have to acquiesce to continued Sandinista rule in Nicaragua and mount an
incredibly expensive effort to contain
•
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is
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•
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done
with the best of motives, earned us only
hostility in Latin America. The hostility would be no less in intensity or
means
fail to
of the Sandinista government, direct and far more costly
efforts will have to be considered. In a
very real sense, then, the fortunes of
the Contra forces will determine whether
there will be outright war in the region
by the end of the decade. The chances
of this happening are not remote.
alter the nature
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PAST 40
The American Legion Magazine
when ordering from our
advertisers
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The other alternative, merely acceptnumber of anti-American
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another, even higher cost to this nation's
well-being and that of its friends and
allies around the world. The price to be
paid in that eventuality, however, would
be quite literally beyond our means.
shovellers, all
to
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fiends
shortlived this time.
In brief, the choices facing us in Nicaragua are not good ones. They may
involve years of effort and great expense.
for truckers, football fans,
dog walkers, snow
U.S. forces
in the region which, although often
OCTOBER 1986
•
cargo, protection for cold hands.
well
America would revive memof earlier American interventions
If indirect
polyester
warmth without bulk.
for
to that
in Central
ories
storm
•
could include not only the conventional
"landing of the Marines," but also a
naval and air blockade.
These choices are not happy ones.
Not only do they carry the risk of a
superpower confrontation, but also
would involve a substantial number of
aware
elastic
heat.
100%
Quilt-Insulated with
fill
country— a prospect the Kissinger Commission, which
drew up the Jackson Plan, thought
remote— or it would have to use its own
forces directly against Managua. Force
casualties.
body
cuffs to seal-in
years.
communism
^
Only
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FORT DODGE, IOWA 5050)
103
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63
ORBEN'S WORLD
Deficits are government's
ing,
way of
say-
"Oops!"
Statesmen are the strong medicine we
need in times like these. Politicians are
the placebos.
There is something you can do about
junk mail: Write to your congressman
and tell him to stop sending it.
Did you ever have one of those days
when your astrological forecast said,
CHICAGO CUTLERY
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•
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don't want to complain, but I didn't
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even ask if there was a vacancy.
I
V
Slicer.
Chicago Cutlery was founded in 1930 as a
knife sharpening service for the giant
Chicago meat packing industry. The company developed into a highly renowned
God created the world in six days.
Optimists call that a miracle. Pessimists call
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A pessimist never looks back. An optimist might be gaining on him.
Our system of government has imperfections, but I'd
mercy of
^^R
like if it
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Do you
still
rather be at the
the paper shufflers in
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My check
money
order is enclosed (No delays in
processing orders paid by check
VISA "
MasterCard American Express"
Charge
or
D
D
Acct No
)
D
Exp
A
strong dollar
is
creating
some interAmer-
esting problems for the average
ican family. For the
Europe
market
is
within
first
time
reach— and
in years,
the super-
isn't.
J.
PLEASE PRINT CLEARLY
Name
City
.
Phone
—
L_
Sign Here
When the music ended, I bowed and said
"I will
remember
that dance until the
end of time." She said,
phants never forget!"
64
"I
know. Ele-
/ don't want to ruin your day, but have
you checked out the tuition at colleges?
Sometimes I think it would be cheaper
to have six professors live in.
©
1986 Robert Orben
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
"
DYING
is
How
Here's
Continued from page 31
services at a reasonable cost
"
through
membership in a memorial society. (Also
sometimes called a funeral society, in
some cities they are listed in the Yellow
Pages under "Social Service Organizations.") More than 500,000 Americans belong to these non-profit groups
located in cities from coast to coast.
With 80,000 members, People's
Memorial Association of Seattle is
probably the nation's largest; what it
provides, in return for a one-time $7
fee, illustrates the potential of such
organizations.
to
Stop Foot Pain
INSTANTLY!
There's really no mys-
what causes
tery about
foot pain
Each of your feet has
26 different bones held in
balance and position by
ENJOY
BLESSED
RELIEF
FROM:
Sore
Ankles
tendons, muscles and
Fallen or
ligaments.
sore Arches
Once something hap-
HE TOTAL
COST REMAINS
REASONABLE
BECAUSE IT
BUILDS FROM A
MODEST BASE. 9
According to Lyle Mercer, president
of People's Memorial, "There are 27
funeral homes in the Seattle area and
we have investigated them all, gathering information on facilities and pricwords, we relieve members
of the burden of comparison shopping
because we have done it for them. But
we also have gone well beyond that by
ing. In other
negotiating agreement from a selected
mortuary to offer members three different funeral options at a fixed, deeply
discounted price: a cremation for $340,
a simple traditional funeral for $440, or
a more elaborate one for $540. Whichever service he may choose, a member
is free to substitute any higher-cost items
he wishes and the total cost still remains
reasonable because it builds from such
a modest base."
What emerges from all this is that
although some of the dubious practices
pens to destroy this balance, (no matter what
your age) you experience
painful feet, unless you
do something about it.
There's really no mystery
about finding
Sore
Heels
Corns,
Calluses,
Pain
relief
thought possible
.
unlike costly special
shoes, mass-produced arch preserves, or ready-made, drug store
remedies, custom-formed Flexible
Feathersprings actually restore and
maintain the elastic support your
feet had when you were a youth.
No matter how long you've had
foot problems
be it 3 months or
30 years the instant you slip a
pair of Feathersprings in your
shoes (one pair is all you'll ever
need) you'll be able to stand all
day, walk, dance, even jog or run
in total comfort.
Feathersprings act as a shockabsorbing, pain-relieving system
which structurally realigns your
feet. Not only do they restore the
lief? Well,
There's really
no risk involved
finding out
whether Feathersprings can rein
lieve your foot pain.
We're so certain that Featherspring Foot Supports will end your
foot problems that if you're not
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we'll refund
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with no questions asked.
—
.
.
—
Write us for
in
unsolicited
testimonials, about Feathersprings:
.
.
I have thoroughly enjoyed the comfort
Feathersprings have provided me. You would
not believe the difference they have made my
before I had such pain when walking
feet feel
because I have severe callus' on both of
—
.
.
.
full
information,
no obligation and no salesman will call. Just fill out and mail
the coupon below.
I
"
SEND NO MONEY!
—
FEATHERSPRING INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
712
I
AL106
Washington 98103
N. 34th Street, Dept.,
Seattle,
".
.
there's
w-
What people say
fl
YES! I want to learn more about Flexible Featherspring Foot Supports. Please rush me your free
packet. I will watch for a
PINK ENVELOPE. I understand that there is no obligation
and that no salesman will call.
LARGE
my feet.
M.W.R./Richmond, VA
course around them. With proper planning and sound decision-making, life's
At the present time I still wear the Feathersprings and indeed they perform well after seven
OCTOBER 1986
allow your feet to flex normally in all
types of shoes. Thanks to Feathersprings, your aching feet get the continuous, moving support which
brings that relief.
.
thank you for refunding to me the
full amount of what I ordered. I admire your
company for this with no strings or red tape.
can be lowered the way it
ought to be— with respect, with dignity, and without floating a loan.
natural balance of your feet, they
thanks to Flexible Featherspring® Foot Supports
which are made in West Germany.
How do Feathersprings bring re.
of the funeral industry that Jessica Mitford identified in 1963 may not have
disappeared, it is possible to steer a
final curtain
your feet
Since 1948, over 3,000,000 people
are enjoying blessed relief they never
—
Bunions
Toe Cramps
the
in
balls of
"/
want
to
G.K.M./Warwick, Rhode Island
"...
years of use.
©1986
712
"
City
G.M.G., Dallas, Texas
Featherspring International Corp.
N. 34th Street, Seattle,
Washington 98103
Zip
State
When
in
Seattle
visit
the Featherspring building.
65
Planer Molder
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INTERVIEW
Continued from page 33
and 1,379 LVER staff. We do not projany significant change in the capa-
ect
of the state employment service
bility
system to provide services to veterans
because of this funding reduction. All
Delivered!
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TODAY ^^^F^
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.
gift list
Q* What's the first thing veterans
should do if they want to take advantage of the employment programs
offered by DoL?
_
They should contact or
nearest office of the State Job
Service, which also may be identified
as State Employment Services.
on a separate paper.)
For Major Credit Card Orders
I
and Fastest
details about 30-day trial offer.
Delivery, Call
1-800-323-9754
JLhe local
staff wlll
help flnd
ACE PECAN CO., Dept. 340
Address.
9th
City
& Harris, Cordele, GA 31015
Offer Expires 12/31/86
State_
WORK.*
AFFORDABLE
SINGLE WIDE LIFESTYLES FROM
staff of their veterans status
PADDOCK PARK SOUTH
know
SUGAR MILL
»
Carport and
side-
6? drives.
landscape area.
pools, jacuzzi/whirlpool, lighted shuffleboard
and picnic
THE MARION COMMUNITIES ADVANTAGE:
SHADY ROAD
VILLAS
PADDOCK PARK
SOUTH
SUGAR MILL
The local staff
work or training
Job servcan be found in the
telephone book
Government."
under
"State
• P.O.
BOX 3278
•
areas.
Live year-round or be a
OCALA, FL 32678
•
904/732-5536
NAME
to help veterans find jobs?
A*
Legionnaires, particularly the
posts' employment chairmen, can
provide information to veterans look-
work or
training by directing
Job Service, by distributing
information about the programs available, by making sure there are employment chairmen at every level, and by
participating in or sponsoring job fairs
ing for
them
to the
to bring
ADDRESS
CITY
Q* What can The American Legion
_
together.
ST.
employers and veterans
Our Veteran's Employment
and Training Service
ZIP.
field staff usually
American
Legion staff to coordinate these kinds
of working relationships.
are in regular contact with
PHONE
A.L.
66
ice offices usually
skirting.
winter guest. Lease back, rental, finance and insurance programs available.
WOULD LIKE TO HAVE
INFORMATION ON
it
for the veterans. Locations of
do
DEVELOPED FOR YOU: Elegant clubhouses, private entrances, swimming
I
will help find suitable
• Split brick
posts.
MARION COMMUNITIES
let
• Decorative brick
rooms.
Front yard
lamp
Concrete
walks
sites.
and
that they are looking for a job, or
are interested in training.
ORLANDO/ST. CLOUD
OCALA
Large landscaped
utility
local offices
Islands. Veterans should inform the local
Marion Communities Presents
3 New Central Florida Communities
OGALA
Approximately 2,400 such
exist in all the states, the District of
Columbia, Puerto Rico and the Virgin
$16,900
SHADY ROAD VILLAS
visit the
A*
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
Send me Burpee's free
1987
garden catalog!
want your color garden catalog describing more than
1,600 vegetable seeds, flower seeds, trees, shrubs, bulbs,
and garden aids. (If you ordered from Burpee in 1986, your
new catalog will be sent to you automatically in January.)
I
Since 1876, Burpee has been developing new vegetable
and flower varieties that are easier to grow and more productive. All backed by Burpee's famous guarantee: your money
back or a replacement if you are not completely satisfied.
Burpee
Gardens
Burpee
30171 Burpee Building, Warminster,
PA 18974
Name.
(Please print)
Address-
City.
-State.
We will start sending out Burpee's
© W. Atlee Burpee Co.
1987 Catalog
-Zip_
in January 1987.
1986
GET RID OF ROACHES
6 MICE FOREVER!!
FAMOUS NATIONALLY ADVERTISED
ULTRASONIC
only
LIMINATOR $g9S
UNBELIEVABLE BUT TRUE!
part of an enormous publicity campaign to increase the awareness of the
convenience of using Ultrasonic Pest Control in the average home, the gigantic
New York firm of the Direct Connection will offer one million (1 ,000,000) of the
famous Eliminator™ Ultrasonic Pest Control System for the unbelievable publicity
price of only $9.95 each only to those who write to the company address (below)
As
before Midnight,
December
30, 1986.
NO
These Ultrasonic Eliminators are NOT copies. These are the same famous
Pest Eliminators that have been nationally advertised in leading publications throughout America, the same type that have been selling in this
country's most prestigious catalogs for up to ten times the price and Just
recently advertised on television for much, much more. These are by far
the fastest selling and most effective rodent and insect eliminators ever
sold by this multi-mHIIon dollar
New York
Firm.
The Eliminator tm is the latest in Ultrasonic Pest Control technology.
These electronic units put out an incredible 130 decibels of ultrasonic
sound pressure that actually attack the nervous systems of most common
these high
pests forcing them to leave your home for good Don't worry
intensity sound waves are out of the range of hearing of humans and most
These
farm
animals.
household pets such as dogs, cats, fish, birds, and
remarkable units have been proven to be 100% enviromentally safe and
cause absolutely no Interference to televisions, radios, pacemakers, hearI
—
ing aids or other electronic equipment.
stop wasting your money on can after can of those
costly bug sprays. Avoid keeping toxic, dangerous chemicals, sprays, and
Now you
can
OCTOBER 1986
finally
DEALERS
PLEASE!
—
especially if you have young children around. No
powders in the house
more dirty roach or mouse traps. No more mess or cleanup ... because the
Eliminator drives them away and keeps them awayl All you have to do is
turn It on to rid your beautiful home of those irritating pests forever!
Each Eliminator is covered by the company's standard money-back
guarantee and has a full 2 year consumer warranty. There is a limit of two
units per address at this price, but If your order is mailed early enough
(before Dec. 25) you may request up to five. These Famous ElimlnatorTM
Ultrasonic Pest Control Systems will not be sold at this price by the company in any store.
I
order, mall your name and address and $9.95 for each unit you are requesting. Add just $2 shipping and handling no matter how many units
you are requesting. Allow up to 4 - 8 weeks for shipment. Mail to:
The Direct Connection, Dept. 6531, 37 West 26th St., N.Y., N.Y. 10010.
To
67
A3
.
VET ALERT
The Metropolitan Guild For
Issues
An
Continued from page 53
Collectible Art
Original Masterwork
86th Station Hosp. (Darwin, Australia) Joseph Fratereiii,
2711 4th Ave., Pueblo, CO 81003 (303) 542-6809
196th R.C.T. Hv. Mtr. (Camp Carson-1 950-51) Merlyn
Landmark, 1 17 W. Lawrence, Mt. Vernon, WA 98273 (206)
336-5595
227th Ord. Detach., 579th Ord. Co., Nike P1. Bernard Case,
1 09 S. Haley St., E. Camden, AR 71 701 (501 ) 574-1 347
349th QM Trk. Co. (1945) John Bloom, 200 Birchwood Dr.,
Fremont, NE 68025
380th MPEG Co. (Windsor, NC-WWII) Paul Coffinberger,
Rt. 2, Box 196, Millville, PA 17846 (717) 458-6406
401st Engr. LP Co. (1947) Ronald Cornell, 6708 Walker
Ct„ Longmont, CO 80501
409th AAA Gun Bn. Charlie Milton, Rt. 3, Box 227, Wagoner,
OK 74467 (918) 485-8931
604th QM Graves Regist., 1st Ptn. (Iwo Jima) Dennis
Broussard, Rt. 2, Box 387, Kaplan, LA 70548 (318) 6438205
716th MP Bn. (Vietnam) Duane Hursey, Rt. 1, Shelby,
51570
727th MP Bn„ (Persian Gulf-WWII) Sid Levin, 935 Disstor
I
St.,
Philadelphia,
PA 19111
WWII
David Kenney, 109A Morningside Ave.,
Yonkers, NY 10703 (914) 963-6511
Ord.
301 1th
BaSe Dpt. WWII John Lamp, 5751 Larkhall Dr.,
802nd
I
titirch id
The
GOLDEN EAGLE
• Strict
•
•
WING SPAN OVER 6"
(
Limited Edition
OFFICIAL
ISSUE PRICE
OVER
1,000 FEATHERS
each layered in PURE 24K
GOLD
Navy
The Metropolitan Guild
for Collectible Art has commissioned nationally renowned sculptor Carver
Tripp to create a sculpture that captures the raw power and winged majesty of the American Eagle
The artist has meticulously carved over 1000 feathers onto the body of "The Golden Eagle". The wings
open gracefully to a span of 6 inches and each feather is layered in pure 24K Gold.
.
"The Golden Eagle"
.
engraved with the artist's authentic signature and each piece is individually
accompanied by an OFFICIAL CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION.
is
numbered. Each statue
Toledo, OH 43614 (419) 866-4735
3611th QM Trk. Co. WWII Cecil Valentine, 810 Cherry St.,
Genoa, OH 43430 (419) 855-3465
"C" Co., 598th Signal AW Bn. WWII William Bentley, 421
Bonnie Dr., Columbus, GA 31907 (404) 561-6114
"E" Co., 8th Cav. Regt., 2nd Bn., 1st Cav. Div. (1949-50)
Richard Benedict, Rt. 1, Box 227, Endicott, NY 13760
(607) 785-5066
HQ Btry., 26th F.A. (Java-1942) Clay Brumbaugh, Bradshaw, NE 68319 (402) 362-2324
HQ Co., 124th Arm'd Engrs., 13th Div. George Winters,
2820 Chillon Way, Laguna Beach, CA 92651
Army Signal Corps Instructors (Camp Crowder) Walter
Fialkowski, 5155 N. Lotus Ave. Chicago, IL 60630
Station Hosp. (Ft. McPherson-1 946-50) Samuel South,
4112 W. Johnson Cir„ Chamblee, GA 30341 (404) 458-
4012
19 95
Collectors Item
F.A. Bn.
is
NAAS Rodd
trobono,
EDWARD
TRIPP
Carver Tripp
developed a
STRICT LIMITED EDITION*
On JULY 4, 1987, the original
He
and
destroyed
world's finest teachers.
many
molds
will
be
will
be
created.
first;
is
life.
nurtured
some of
He
Tripp
sculptures
important to reserve your statue now. Each
statue comes with an unconditional money back guarantee.
it
THE METROPOLITAN GUILD
this special
by studying with
more
no
tertown,
Collectors Note: the lower serial numbers will ship
therefore
love of art
talent
the
has created
beautiful pieces, but even he ad-
mits the Golden Eagle " ... has
its
own
magic!"
The Metropolitan Guild
for Collectible Art
now
offers
you a unique
works of art. We have commissioned renowned artists from around the world to create these one
of a kind masterpieces. Our works of art are individually numbered,
engraved with the artist's signature and produced in strictly limitopportunity to
own
limited edition
ed editions; thereby ensuring their continued value.
THE METROPOLITAN GUILD
DEPT. GF 207
535 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017
"GOLDEN EAGLE"(S)
Please send me
Each only $19.95 plus $2.00 shipping & handling
N.Y. Resident Add Sales Tax
I
CALL
7
HOURS A DAY
DAYS A WEEK
24
CREDIT CARD ORDERS
CALL TOLL FREE
1
800-551-6300
Golden Eagle Offer
68
TX
Fredericksburg,
Box
4,
Ext. 330
enclose
Please Charge my:
tt
Money Order
Check
Mastercard
Visa
Exp. Dale
Name
Address
City/State
Zip
Am
Ex
(1945-46) Ronald Cullin, 536 Fagan
VA 22405
Laurelton Rd., Mt. Kisco,
US Acorn 39 Thomas
CARVER
early in
Field,
(703) 373-8012
Skipper's YO, YOG, YW (1950-85) Jimmie Huffman, 8311
San Marino Dr., Buena Park, CA 90620 (714) 527-8026
Spec. Recon. Patrol Naval Support Activity Dennis Argyrakis, 8646 N. Ozark Ave., Niles, IL 60648 (312) 965-8684
US Nav. Trng. Sta. (Newport, RI-1940, Co. 84) Pete PieDr.,
MD
Veitenheimer,
USN Argus #22 (Eniwetok) Ken
MN
55303
Rt. 4,
NY 10549
Box 550, Ches-
21620
Haugen, Box 864, Anoka,
(612) 421-3395
VAH-10 (NAS Whidbey
lsland-1961-71) Harry Rodriguez,
Box 8238, Woodside, NY 11377
VF-141 (1959-64) David Dube, Rt.
1, Box 197, McDade, TX
78650
VPB-151 (1944-45) Robert Gill, 511 Northern Hills Dr. N.E.,
Rochester, MN 55904 (507) 288-2619
USS Dauphin APA-97 WWII Donald Fox, Rt. 1, Box 76,
Enon Valley, PA 16120 (412) 336-5655
USS Karnes APA-175 Edward Quinn, 2412 Woodcraft Rd.,
Baltimore. MD 21234
USS LCI (R) 73 WWII Bill DeFries, 3 Pellinore Dr., Joliet, IL
60436
USS LCI (G) 442 Arthur Dillon, 1887 Morin Dr., Bay City, Ml
48708
USS LCI (L) 553 WWII Robert Burke, 701 S. Norton St.,
Corunna. Ml 48817 (517) 743-2231
USS LSM 321 (Pacific-WWII) Emery DeWitt, 413 1st, Box
72, Elliott, IA 51532
USS LSM 451 (Hogan's Goat-WWII) Edward Tilton, 8306
N.W. 59th St., Tamarac, FL 33321 (305) 722-7127
USS LST 173 Larry Mulvey, Rt. 1, Box 170, Whitney Point,
NY 13862 (607) 692-4273
USS LST 279 Hy Wayne, 180 Bobwhite Rd., Royal Palm
Beach, FL 33411 (305) 793-1503
USS LST 573 (1944-45) Paul Moyemont, 320 Old Rt. 66,
Dwight, IL 60420 (815) 584-3079
USS LST 986 WWII Elwood Throndrud, 521 N.W. 2nd,
Ortonville, MN 56278
USS PC 1174 WWII A.D Laird Box 264, Decatur. TX 76234
USS Peiffer DE-588 George Magera, Box 622, Mullins, SC
29574 (803) 464-8858
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
1
USS Princeton LPH-5, R Div. (1964-67) William Thompson,
EXCLUSIVE FORMULATION USED BY AIRLINES— NOW AVAILABLE TO CAR
116A Wert Ave., Trenton, NJ 08610 (609) 888-3289
Bill Walsh, 205 S: 16th St., Denison,
A 51442(712) 263-2737
USS Shannon DM-25 WWII Robert Martin, 7008 Cresthaven Dr., Glen Burnie, MD 21061 (301) 761-4625
USS Slater DE-766 Marvin Cash, Box 481 Eden, NC 27288
(919) 627-8490
USS Winston KA-94, Radarmen Blaine Sowers, 6517
Schlatter Rd„ Leo, IN 46765 (219) 627-2565
USS Woolsey DD-437 Tony Torres, Box 9291 Whittier, CA
90608
USN Trng. Center, Unit C, Co. 122 (Sampson, NY-1944)
LCT 1317 (1945-46) Richard Meyers, 43 Maple Ln., Monroe, NY 10950 (914) 783-2139
USN Trng. Station, (Great Lakes), Co. 1300 (Camp Moffit1942) Merle Slight, Rt. 2, Box 384A9, Ft. Smith, AR 72916
VPB-115, PB4Y-2 (1943-44) Jack Guttman, 9D-595 Hicks
Rd„ Nashville, TN 37221
USS DeHaven DD-469 Samuel Bowers, 1700 Etruria St., E.
Liverpool, OH 43920
USS Floyd's Bay (1952-56) Feirell Cagle, 7910 Bradley Dr.,
Little Rock, AR 72209 (501) 565-2917
USS Hopping DE-155/APD-51, USS Chilula ATF-153 Charles
Buice, 1401 Leleigh Ct„ Winston-Salem, NC 27103
USS Hunley AS-31 (1961-68) Phillip Moore, 240 W. Boston
Ave., Ridgecrest, CA 93555 (619) 375-2091
OWNERS
USS Santee CVE-29
Glass Shield" KEEPS ALL CAR WINDOWS
I
PERFECTLY CLEAR AT ALL TIMES...
ABSOLUTELY NOTHING CAN STICK TO THEM...
,
,
-
Haven, Tulsa, OK 74112
USS LSM 215 Floy Meyer, 2229 Dymond
91505 (818) 842-1930
GLASS SHIELD
Burbank,
WORKS
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IMPROVED FOR CAR &
BOAT OWNERS
The plane formulation was enhanced by
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also grime, dirt, bugs, tars and salt spray
from adhering to your windshield and all
glass areas, including side mirrors. You can
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assurance that you'll enjoy even clearer visibility at all times without even using your
wipers. AND, because GLASS SHIELD
protects the entire glass area of your car,
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depending on your windshield wipers.
Clearer and wider visibility insures elimination of "blind spots" and provides greater
protection against road accidents for you
and your family. GLASS SHIELD is made
by the manufacturers of famous
GLO-SHIELD, America's finest car finish.
Willowmere Ln., Cam228-8999
USS LST 812 Thomas Buis, 1357 W. Los Lagos Ave., Mesa,
AZ 85202
USS LST 860, USS Doyle C. Barnes DE 353 Bill Dickey,
3700 Herring, 3E, Wichita Falls, TX 76302
USS LST 993 George Hines, 6 Judson, Bemis, TN 38314
USS PC 476 Frank Carlin, 3410 Kingsbridge Ave., Bronx,
NY 10463
USS PC 574 Ralph Piercy, Rt 3, Box 315, Carthage, MO
64836
USS Petrof Bay CVE-80 Ambrose Ruchotzke, 441 15th Ave.,
Camanche, IA 52730
USS Snyder DE-745 (1950-53) Ed Mollach, Box 11, Maplewood, NJ 07040 (201) 763-4017
USS Towner AKA-77 (1944-45), PC 462 (1943-44) Dominick Daraio, 4313 81st St. West, Bradenton, FL 33529
(813) 792-7848
USS Warrington DD-383 Larry Eichman, 3419 Albemarle
Ave., Drexel Hill, PA 19026
USS John W. Weeks DD-701 (1943-46) Hal Gross, 29 Shoreview Dr., Yonkers, NY 10710 (914) 779-4879
Carrier Air Serv. Unit 7G Doane Mortenson, Rt. 2, Box 223,
Howard, SD 57349 (605) 772-5235
Farragut Naval Trng. Ctr. (1941-50) Harold Bean, 616 W.
Lafayette St., Staunton, IL 62088 (618) 635-5638
Platoon 33-1938, NTC, (Norfolk, VA) Pierson Shelton Jr.,
1429 S.E. 30th Terr., Cape Coral, FL 33904 (813) 5498444
Roosevelt Roads Navy Base (PR-1944-46) William Russell, 3916 Idumea Rd., Corryton, TN 37721 (615) 9330031
Torpedo Shop, NAS 28 (Kaneohe Bay-1 943-46) Wayne,
Kauppila, 21 Lake Breeze Dr., Conneaut, OH 44030 (21 6)
599-7044
MD 21613
Price, 1001
(301)
Months!
to Six
SNOW AND SLEET
FORMING ON WINDSHIELD. ETC.
« ROAD TARS, GRIME SALT SPRAY DAT
AND BUGS ROLL RIGHT OFF.
• FULL WfNDSHtEtD, SSDE AND REAR
WINDOW VTSteaJTY PERFECTLY CLEAR
AT ALL TIMES (not fust wiper are*).
• GREATER PROTECTION AGAINST ACCIDENTS FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY
• ONE APPLICATION LASTS FOR UP TO
6 MONTHS.
• ONE BOTTLE PROTECTS SEVERAL CARS,
• SAFE FOR ALL CAR FINISHES,
• EXCELLENT FOR HOME WINDOWS.
ELIMINATES CONSTANT WASHING
• PERFECT FOR BOATS, TOO.
KEEPS SALT SPRAY OFF WWPOWS ^-gjfc^j^
be amazed as you watch the elements hit your windshield and actually roll
and bounce off every area of glass. It's not
magic, .it's GLASS SHIELD!
CA
up
• STOPS ICE,
You'll
St.,
fasts for
-Glass Shield—
FROM
private
planes to insure a perfectly clear windshield
regardless of how foul the weather.
MA 01537
bridge,
utilizes the formulation
now used by most commercial and
USS LSM 429 Arnold Stotfel, Box 224, Creighton, PA 15030
USS LSMR 403 (Korea) Joseph Kokosenski, 829 Perdew
St., Ridgecrest, CA 93555
USS LSMR 525 (1950-53) Ray Melnik, 992 Westwood Ave.,
Staten Island, NY 10314
USS LST 388 Roger Goddard, 8 Turner Rd., No. Oxford,
USS LST 465 Edward
—
One Application
WOT SOLD IN STORES
USS LCT 271 Gerald Chapman, 104 Valley Dr., Winnsboro,
SC 29180 (803) 635-4867
USS LSM 42 (Ormoc Bay) C.R. Johnston, 1232 S. New
• NOT SNOW • NOT SLEET
• NOT ICE • NOT GRIME
• NOT DIRT • NOT RAIN
• NOT BUGS • NOT TAR
• NOT SALT SPRAY
30 DAY
Howe
Co.,
MONEY BACK GUARANTEE
Dept510
10-10 44th Ave.,
Please rush
LLC, NY
me
11 101
bottles of
GLASS SHIELD
$7.95 (2 for $13.90, 4 for $25.95) Add $1 00 per
order for postage & handling. N Y residents add sales
fa
Enclosed
charge to my
tax.
is
check
or
M O.
for
$
or
MASTER CARD
VISA
AS SEEN ON NBC-TV
Consumer Report Show
David Horowitz'
IT
Address
REALLY WORKS!
.
City
©1986 NC CORP
Please be sure to mention The American Legion
Magazine when ordering from our advertisers.
USN Amphibious Force
(Rosneath, Scotland-1942)
Theodore Humes, 2602 N. 20th Ave., Phoenix, AZ 85009
(602) 253-0514
USS Comfort AH-6
MO 64504
Ralph Alvarez,
Rt. 6,
Box 267,
St.
Viminns sola!
Joseph,
(816) 238-3629
I Models In
2 ft. 20
.
USS Denebola AD-12,
tie
Park
USS LCS
Dr., Annville,
1st,
2nd
Div. Karl Brandt,
PA 17003
328
Quit-
(717) 867-4182
95, Flotilla 4 (1944-46) William Christman, Rt. 2,
TN 3731
USS LCT 1389 WWII Tom Foxwell, Rt. 2, Elgin, IA 52141
USS LSM 203 R.J. Schnadelbach, 232 Alida St., Clarksdale,
Box
78, Cleveland,
Roy Oberto, 2717 Geneva,
Dearborn, Ml 48124 (313) 561-3017
USS LST 908
JSVa
ft. MO
9.93
ft. 22rj 10.93
11.93
6 ft. 35(T 1 2.95
"3. piece "4-ln-1"Gun»
1 6 ft. 350" 17.93
8 ft. 450- 22.95 ft
9 ft. 55C 24.95 ~^t fl
'4%
w
5Vaft. 30C
|
Add $1.95
I
1
MS 38614(601)627-5550
USS LSMR 515 (1950-55) Lee
postage'
Rd. S.W., Roanoke,
VA 24014
(703) 342-7520
f:!tei§i
*
1
-
EACH
paid
gun.
.
J*
"*sr^
12-211.
.12-3Vjf|.
uc/iLtn*572,00
79.00
00
I
(Pacific-WWII) William Kelly, 2956 Roberts
Be
$8.93',
i
un
t
r
i
12-5WH.
It.
102.00
12.EH.3-pC. 120.00
12-6
'
sEWr.TOWBmiL.ACCURATE.bullpt
impacllKills
gam!
^_
Astound friends! Compressed breath gives
'ritle po wer* I-'htm-s ,y wood! NO TOY! Rugged aluminum. Ideal gi ft! 135 steel
darts, instruc EI3ilEfifii3tOO''$3 .50, 2QQ/S5.95, 5 0Q/S14.00, K S25.0Q. roillJJMJM
100/S8.8B, 2TO/$16.8B,50(rS39.88.lil/.MilifJ il|||l ll2/$5.gO, 224ftl0.95, 560 ^4.90
|
pests! Target, plinking. thrilling spurt!
'
USS Oswald DE-767 WWII Roney Leitner, 215 Glasgow
St., Portsmouth, VA 23704 (804) 399-5487
USS Steamer Bay CVE-87 Edward Uecker, 430 Fish
Hatchery Rd., Goldendale,
USS Whitemarsh, LSD-8
Washington
St.,
^
rry case!
WA 98620 (509) 774-4809
(1950) Maurice Gast, 809 N.
50627 (515) 858-2165
Eldora, IA
Continued on page 70
OCTOBER 1986
!
USA Made
THE OFFICIAL MEDAL STRUCK BYTHE US MINT HONORING JOHN WAYNE
IS PRESENTED TO YOU EMBRACED IN A BEAUTIFULLY CAST BUCKLE. AVAILABLE IN RICHLY PLATED 24K GOLD, SOLID BRASS, OR STERLING SILVER
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Use 30-Davs No Rlskl
NOW FOR CHRISTMAS
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-
24K GP
BRASS
STERLING
Add $2 P
/
H
$5995
S29 95
$195 00
per buckle
6
UT 84125
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1-800-654-8308
69
1
.
Guard Your Family Against Old
VET ALERT
Man Winter With Chill Buster
Window Insulating Systems
Buster
Chill
Continued from page 69
System
I
Creates insulating air pocket that protects you and your family
from drafts and chills. Available in white or brown.
Chill Buster uses interlocking inside fastener strips that
give windows a "finished" look. Simply snap film in place
between interlocks and shrink with hair dryer to form tight seal.
Air Force
I
Complete Handy Kits Let You Do The Job
40
25
long
Ft.
75
50
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150
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long
75
200
Ft
IN.
WIDE BY
60
IN.
ttlF-100
$19.95
ttlF-200
$22.95
ttlF-300
$24.95
Fastener
ttlf-101
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ttlF-201
$38.95
ttlF-301
$44.91
Fastener
ttlF-302
$67.95
$49.95
ttlF-102
Window
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—
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$52.95
ttlF-202
x 9
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& 35
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25
50
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150
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&
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Cost: $9.95
Contains Everything You Need!
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50
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225
1
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ttHW-301
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ttHW-102
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ttHW-202
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8HW-302
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ttHW-103
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ttHW-203
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BPF-801 $14.95
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ttPF-502 $17.95
ttPF-602 $19.95
ttPF-802 $26.95
DVISA
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ttPF-403 $19.95
KPF-503 $24.95
ttPF-603 $28.96
ttPF-803 $35.05
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SHIPPING RATES AND PRICES - PLEASE NO C.Q.D.'S
Total for
up to 1001 1501 20 01 30 01 35 01 45 01 OVER
Merchandise
10 00 15 00 20 00 30 00 35 00 45 00 99 00 100 00
2 50
2 75
300
Rt. 1,
Air Dpt. Grp.
Box
119,
(New
Goodhue,
MN
Marines
PA 18974
325
350
375
COLOR
S
PRICE
Comm. Sect., MWSG-17, 1st MAW (1966-67) Larry Larsen,
62225 54th
DMZ
DM.O.
J
Del.
47470
$1 5.00)
Check
Ft
Shpq &
IN
QTY I
STOCK
Ft
$ 9.95
is
Dept. AL-10
Industrial Dr., Ivyland,
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Recon. Co., Hq. Bn., 2nd Mar. Div. (1950-52) Darrel Estes,
11244 Chandler
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COMRADES IN DISTRESS
Readers who can help these veterans are urged to do
an eyewitness statement is needed in support
a VA claim.
so. Usually
of
Notices are run only at the request of American Legion
Service Officers representing claimants, using Search for
Witness Forms available only from State Legion Service
Please contact CID (number). The American
Legion Magazine, P.O. Box 1055, Indianapolis, IN 46206
Officers.
25th QM Corps. Clarence F. Buntin needs witnesses to
a claim that while stationed at Kanocka Barracks, Japan
verify
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
.
.
Aug. or Sept. 1946, he injured
in
truck accident. Contact
knees and back
his
in
a
CID 1066
146th MP Platoon. James M. D'Espinosa is seeking witnesses to verify a claim that while stationed at Tamky, Vietnam in Apr. or May 1969, he injured his right ankle when he
fell from a bunk ladder. Contact CID 1067
USS Arapaho, USS Ajax. Jesse L McCarroll needs witnesses to verify a claim that while aboard ships between
June 1943 and Sept. 1945, he suffered and was treated for
psychoneurosis. Contact CID 1068
Weapons Co., 2nd Bn.. 2nd Marines. James A. Przewoznik needs witnesses to verify a claim that while stationed
at Camp Lejeune, NC in 1953, he went into shock, passed
out and was hospitalized and then was discharged. Contact
CID 1069
USS Catamount LSD-17. Earl M. O'Brien is seeking witnesses to verify a claim that while stationed at San Diego in
Sept. 1963, he suffered a nervous condition from chemical
used to clean boiler tubes. Contact CID 1070
258th RC QMC. Joseph Addison is seeking witnesses to
verify a claim that while stationed at Osaka, Japan in Mar.
1946, he was hospitalized after a shooting incident. Contact
CID 1071
"A" Co., 65th
pitalized.
is
Contact CID 1072
TAPS
Make
Taps Notices mention, whenever possible, those
who have held high national or department
office in the Legion or the U.S. government, or who have
MT
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Hundreds of FOLEV-BELSAW trained men
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John J. O'Connell,
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Daniel B. Noble,
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Edward Roguske
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Department Vice Commander (1978-
81).
Albert T. Marcoux, NH Department Commander
Commander (1 982-83)
), Department Vice
Rev. Harvey T. Goodling, National Chaplain (1974-75),
OR Department Chaplain (1968-77)
Edmund G. Lyons, NJ National Executive Committeeman (1967-73), Alternate National Executive Committeeman (1961-67), Department Commander (1951-52).
John Raymond Campbell Sr., VT Department Commander (1 970-71 ), Department Vice Commander (1 967-68).
John Morrissey, VT National Executive Committeeman
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^Retire the Smart
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LIFE
MEMBERSHIPS
The award of a life membership to a Legionnaire by a
is a testimonial by those who know best that such a
member has served The American Legion well.
Below are listed some of the previously unlisted life
post
membership post awards that have been reported
American Legion Magazine.
Lee
L.
Mossbarger
to
(1986), Post 121, Watsonville,
The
CA
Raymond G. Correia, Keith D. Truax (1980), Augustine
J. Graban, George A. Mack Jr. (1986), Post 292, Albany,
CA
E. Pospichal (1985), George H. Doe, Franklin
Walton, Robert H. Reed (1986), Post 2, Dover, DE
Jordan Jenkins, James E. Johnston (1986), Post 40,
Ronald
J.
Ft.
Pierce,
FL
Garland LeRoy (1986), Post 308, Hollywood, FL
Paul H. Ennis (1986), Post 124, Greensburg, KY
Frank A. Young (1986), Post 217, College Park, MD
John J. Boyle (1986), Post 220, Wareham, MA
Chalmer Trapp (1986), Post 150, Ste. Genevieve, MO
James F. Berhalter, Frederick E. Bittner, Frank M. Bryzinski, Eugene
A. Carroll, Charles A. Clark, Norris W. Clark, Harold A.
George J. Baker, William
H. Belford Jr.,
Dautch, Dominic DeFasio, George Drmacich, Donald R.
Graf, Irving P. Grawe, Frederick D. Holtz, William T.
Jacobs, Jerome J. Krantz, Duane C. Leaderstorf, John
A. Lizon, Lloyd J. Long, Lyle L. Luther (1986), Post 264,
Tonawanda,
NY
Walter Duncan (1985), Post 454, Dover Plains,
William B. Scully (1986), Post 4, Deming, NM
Alfred Rutz (1986), Post 118, Rio Rancho, NM
OCTOBER 1986
NY
Most everyone dreams of retiring to a Florida
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include a generous sampling of Honduras handmades
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plus a nice selection of vintage-leaf,
long-filler and cut filler cigars, all perfectly
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Classified Advertising Dept.
These superb smokes are made with expertly blended Cubanseed-leaf tobaccos grown and cured the old Cuban way in Honduras
from seed smuggled out of Cuba. They're mild, flavorful and extremely satisfying
to the cigar smoker who's looking for something new, something better, something
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Check for $10.90 enclosed (Fla. residents add 5% sales tax)
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OFFER GOOD IN U.S. ONLY
CREDIT CARD USERS
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IN FLORIDA,
All classified
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mark as one character). GUARANTEED
CIRCULATION: 2,600,000 per month.
DEADLINE: Advertising copy must be
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CLASSIFIED ADVERTISING
is
GUIDELINES:
Available upon request.
Please send stamped, self-addressed
envelope to: "Classified Guidelines"
above address.
CENTURY
The A ffordable
A ward- Winning
MOBILE HOME COMMUNITIES
heavy embossed "Be American-Buy
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belts to 1W. Send $8.95 to: American Buckle. Dept 71834, Box
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EYEGLASSES BY MAIL.
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Century Communities offer you a wide range of Fun-in-the-Sun choices in new
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Some are double-wide communities with prices from $29,900 and some are singlewide communities with prices from $16,900.
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LIVING
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ASC, Box 1049, Northbrook. IL
repair.
by E E Okins, USN (Ret.) $7.95 Postpaid. Pateo Pub Co., 480
Naples St. W. Chula Vista. CA 9201
LIVING
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in
advance by check or money order.
Please make remittance payable to "The
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back guarantee for only $10.90.
pected, return the unsmoked
ones by United Parcel or Parcel
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refund your money. No questions asked. Your delivered cost
is only $10.90 for 42 factoryfresh, Cuban-seed-leaf cigars.
46207
them now.
THOMPSON CIGAR CO.
CIGAR LOVERS
I'll
P.O. Box 7068
Indianapolis, IN
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ARE YOU CARING FOR A MENTALLY IMPAIRED PERSON? Here
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FOR A MENTALLY IMPAIRED PERSON
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W
Patio
Pub
,
SCHOLARSHIP INFORMATION.
Send $2.50
to
Need A
Lift?,
P.O. Box 1050. Indpls., IN 46206
IN
MEMORY OF OUR
burg,
who
FRIEND
and comrade, Don Brandenrecently passed away. Leo F. Welch Post 495, Indi-
anapolis. Ind.
18 x 24 full-color famous WWI
P.O. Box 1050, Indpls. IN 46206
UNCLE SAM WANTS YOU.
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WE
L
POKER PLAYING CARDS,
deck.
State.
(
.
BUY JOKES. Legion Magazine seeks clean humor for Parting Shots page. Pays $15 for each joke used. Submissions cannot
be returned or acknowledged. No verse. Send to: M. BradburyCl. P.O. Box 7068, Indpls.. IN 46257
FL 33803
Address
City
to Poster,
.
Name
Street
Send $4.95
"UP FRONT KOREA" IN PAPERBACK. A true story of war
and romance 440 pages of solid action A must for every veteran
You won't be able to put it down. Send check or money order for
$5.50 to Pilot Books, 103 Cooper St.. Babylon, N.Y. 11702.
Includes mailing, shipping and handling.
MAIL TOi
—CENTUR —
Choice locations include
Ocala, Leesburg, Wildwood,
Tampa-Plant City, Winter
Haven, Lakeland, Haines
City, Sebring and Eustis.
Poster.
CARDS. #73790.
American Legion Emblem. $3 per
P.O. Box 1050. Indpls.. IN 46206
DO YOU HAVE A PRODUCT OR SERVICE TO SELL? Why
Zip-
AL-10
•SDAII7SS
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not try a cost-effective ad in your Legion Magazine. Write for
your free copy of our classified advertising guidelines. Address
your inquiry to Classified Dept. American Legion Magazine, P.O.
Box 7068, Indianapolis. IN 46207
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
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pamper yourself. Recommended for circulatory, back, breathing
and heart problems. Designed to bring you the ultimate in comfort by adjusting to almost any position you desire, making the
Vi of your life you spend in bed, more luxurious. Select a size
for your personal use and take a health break. Twin $899 (Reg
$1299), Full $1099 (Reg. $1599). Queen $1299 (Reg. $1899),
Dual King $1798 (Reg. $2598). Order direct from our Factory.
Call toll tree at 1-800-551-2010 or 1-800-237-7534. MONEY
NOWI
.
.
like
.
BACK GUARANTEE. SINCE
TOLL-FREE
RICHLEE SHOE COMPANY, DEPT. AL60
P.O. BOX 3566, FREDERICK, MD 21701
Includes staircase, plastic window panes, 2-story front
porch, entry doors, bay window, detailed trim ana more.
Step-by-step instructions. Only need glue, paint,
shingles, and minor door hardware. 'Made in U.S.A.
MAIL SIGNAL
Eliminates unnecessary
trips to the mailbox.
Easy to
install.
$29.95
,*
CUSTOM MADE • HEAT RESISTANT
r/YTABLEPADS
50%
(J
mfi
^
Box 17790
1
(800) 828-8263
MODELS
.
Hubp
Enter. P.O.
OCTOBER 1986
Box I177,
Willis,
postage included
TX 77378
Extra width for
men who need
quality. Send
FREE CATALOG.
and
for
JTi
it.
^W*^
Excellent variety, styling
_^m?*
'
-
HISTORIC
NON-FIRING
...
I Safe! Full size. Zinc alloy. Realistic.
- Over 30 parts. Cannot be made to fire
I real ammo. Comes assembled. Quality.
I
Box 1061. Dept. XL
Alexandria. Va. 223 13
HITCHCOCK SHOES.
Dept. 5K, Hingham,
INC.
MA 02043
AZ (602) 345-7474
PERFECT GIFT IDEA
PERSONALIZED
PIECE OF HISTORY
On March 15, 1969 the U.S. Gov't
honored members of the American
Legion with a commemorative stamp.
On that "First Day of Issue" a
limited no, were affixed to specially designed envelopes 4 cancelled in Uash. D.C. with a unique
postmark. Mounted 4 framed B"xl0"
these "cachets" will be personalized with YOUR NAME, POST NO.
hand-colored SERV. EMBLEM 4 wartime SERV. STAMP.
- Supply is limited- 3 wk.s delivery
,
MODEL GUNS
COLLECTOR'S ARMOURY
.800 Slaters Lane
1
ANYWHERE!
off
Reg $8995
American Table Pad Co.
Mesa. AZ 85212
On^MJ^J*^
^CJJjJ
54495
[replIca
^ ax ant^
^
EE-EEEEEE, SIZES 5-13
^^SfeSSM^I
•
Middlefield, Mass. 01243
$9.95
LTD.
THE WIDEST
4
SELECTION OF THE ^WIDEST SHOES
HALE HEEL CO.
Money Back Guarantiee
add tax
MEN'S WIDE SHOES
FOLCO, R.R. 5, BOX 41
BRYAN, OHIO 43506
high carbon, stainless steel w/leather sheath
res.
\\
$3.50 each, Postpaid
~
Pumps up
technique. Real masmassaging air.
saging comfort,
and pulsing air keeps feet odor-free.
$5.95 ppd. (2 pairs, $10.50) Specify
shoe size when ordering. Money-back
guarantee.
440C
NY
\,
patented
3 oz.
P&H
[
tools required.
For standard
rural mailbox.
Jm
QUALITY GIFT KNIFE
$3.50
R0. Box 20295, London Terrace Sta., NY, NY10011
vacuum
•
+
CAROL BROWN OF CHELSEA,
,
|
No
g
sole refills instantly with a
8 Chip Rd.
little girl in your life by assembling a beautiful
pre-cut— no
screws or tools required. The dollhouse has 5
rooms, 2 stories and measures 22"W x 13"D x 25"H.
Delight the
Victorian dollhouse.* All plywood parts are
nails,
AIR-JET INSOLE
aching soles. You feel jets
pulsing with every step!
Step down, air blasts
up. Step up, in-
WOODEN
DOLLHOUSE
1-800-343-3810
ELEVATORS® Q
1964.
Five soothing jets focus on
the classic trouble zones of
DADS...
ASSEMBLE
,„
FREE
Caulog
Please PRINT name 4 Post No., indicate branch of service,
Send
1
95
check or money order to^-L^"
B+B Graphics, P.O. Box 416
t$2.50
Denville, N.J. 07834
P.4H.
-Satisfaction Guaranteed-
4 service period.
Q
73
THE LEGION SHOPPER
UNIQUE
BELT
Burke /VaEi^f
WCKLES!
Lift
The easy way to make
«
BIG PROFITS!
COLOR
M
Chair.*
Write or
FULL
big,
belt
tacs
Handsome
styles
buckles, belts,
and jewelry.
call
FREE
information on:
wholesale catalog.
more than 1,000
Sell
of
this
Styles
hat
little farmers are warming hearts in rural homes
across the country! Thousands of large (14" x 18"), fullcolor posters of this picture have been ordered across the
U.S. Now you, too. can order one of the posters for just
$3.00 plus $1 .25 shpg. WALL PLAQUE gives our fullcolor poster picture a gleaming, quality finish that'll last a
lifetime. Full-color picture of our "Two Famous Farmers"
is mounted on 14' x 18" wood base, then sealed with
acrylic for lacquered effect. Only $12.95 plus $2.85 shpg.
Beautiful
The
These
Fabrics
beautifully crafted items sell
Custom
themselves.
Fitting
SEND
$1.00 for THIS
FREE
COLOR MONEY
FULL
Home
MAKING CATALOG
Trial
Send Check
Longest
TODAY!
HANDY
I
Toll-Free:
BU2KE
Anchor Specialties Co.
Dept. AL3R P. O. Box 3958
1
North Providence,
T800-255-4147
I
DEPT. AL-1086
N
PO BOX
C.
G.I.
1064
MISSION. KS 66222
1.02911
R.
RUSH
your full color catalog and
Dealer's Wholesale Price List. enclose
$1.00 (refunded with my 1st order)
WORLD YOU SERVED!
TELL THE
I
From $98
PRECIOUSmetal
in
City
clearly
.
.
ARMY-NAVY
AIR FORCE-MARINES
.Zip.
PRESTIGE RINGS
you'll
MasterCard
NON-METAL TAPS
lor lull color catalog
with
Fantastic Gift Kits
N 0-NOISE
heels perfect for
KICK SHOE REPAIR COSTS TODAY!
Money-back guarantee.
(Can save you $14
in
Designs),
1
Pretty
KIT NO. K-PP3
pr.
Retail
• 1985
heels)
-
Pak
Patterns (7 Designs), 15
$3.95 ea.
HERNIA
4"x5"
2 for $7.
Medicare Pays
Missouri
in
FISH SEEKER
Pre-set trolling depth with
any depth from
bait at
80%
when
AWARD CASES
Hardwood, walnut finish.
Full 1" between glass and
velvety mounting board.
Money-back guar.
plain wrapper
5"x7"-$18.45. 8"xlO"-S23.45
(24 hrs./7 days)
(Fla. call collect 305-235-7736)
H.RH. C0RR (Ortho/Med. Mfg.) Dept. H4-R
1939-C Del Prado Blvd., Cape Coral FL. 33904
irxl4".$28.45 Includes
US ARMY
(*,
- Wyoming, PA 18644
PROMPT SERVICE
add 6ye 0/o Sales Tax
Operation not necessary
FREE brochure
Box 1b
1126 E. Missouri Ave, Dept AL
Kansas City, MO 64106
-
FREE 1-800-325-0007
CADA. LTD
$19.95 Each
Send To:
3 for $9.25
plus $.75 postage
Plus $1.95 shipping
BRAND NEW No truss, belts or hard pads Wash and
wear 88% cotton Wear 24 hrs Looks like regular
74
(15
Value $25.00 Each
FLORENCE ANNA
call tor
$3.95
Enables you to accurately count pennies, nickles
dimes & quarters In standard amounts and easily
place them Into standard tubular coin wrappers.
Plastic and pocket size
SALE PRICE
48 Chip Rd., Middlefield, Mass. 01243
undertone!
Saves You
Hours Of
Tedium, But
Costs Only
M»l-
Yarns
$5.
HALE HEEL COMPANY
BRIEFS
Makes Your Job Easy!
Each kit contains: 1-8" Hoop, 1-Dial-ALoop Needle (Unconditionally Guaranteed),
15"x15" (Plus tree catalog)
KIT NO. K-886 - 886 Pattern
«pO
Kershaw, SC 29067
125-A4
ANYONE CAN PUNCH ,fl
2-Threaders, 1-Dial-A-Loop Instruction Book,
1-Yarn Caddy (Hand Spooler), 1 -Fabric
pair
THREE FOR
RICHCRAFT. Box
today
months. Attach in seconds to any heel, and no one
can tell you're wearing taps. Men or ladies size.
only
CAN OPENER
"P-38"
key ring, a can opener, a screw driver
$1.50 plus 50c P & H
Moneymaking Hobby r-*
Exciting,
St©el _ TOUgh
S25
Fits
JEWELRY CO.
T-J
No-Scuff,
aq
THE
largest
Visa or
Coin Counter/Roller
Quiet,
Amazing polyurethane taps keep
Worlds
Box Y-L10, Apache Junction. AZ 85217
HEEL$
Run-down
in3months
pride
Over 1000 combinations
Money Back Guarantee'
Send SI
SAVE
cto
wear with
selection of military rings
what you want.
Clear plastic covers for tags and
neck chain are $1.50 a set
Silencers 2 for $1.00
,
State
Toll
DOG TAGS
2 for $6.95
Neck chains included
Need to replace yours?
or use as excellent emergency identification- when we emboss them for
you with name, address, phone, allergies, etc. Six lines of 16 spaces. Print
Name
Add ress
Write or
20 day money back guarantee.
Dept. KLP-1086 1118 W.Lake
Box 370, Tawas City, Ml 48764
COUPON...
USfa,
If*
C
or M.O.
uniOT
HULol, IMP
ML.
Warranty
USE THIS
Farmers!
/^f«e;
Seat
for
show
Just
Two Famous
Andrei Fuller
UPS
Co.
Box 2071-L, Paul. Rl 02861
Brochure $1.00 (refundable)
proper
3'-80'
FISH SEEKER.
and FISH
trolling level.
Pre-select
SEEKER
will
keep
Automatically surfaces
Bass and
drop-off fishing.
Fish Strikes. Great for
Comes with full instructions.
Special Offer Only $4.50 ea. Postage Paid.
California residents add 6% Sales Tax.
Money back guarantee.
For Sm.-Med. Lures or Bait Order #DF 005.
For Large Lures or Bait Order #DF 010.
Red O or Clear
Yellow
Specify Color Blue
Send Check or Money Order
PACIFIC OCTOPUS
P.O. Box 8962, Dept.
to:
ALL Newport Bch, CA 92660
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
NEW yEAPS EVE
900 fine
silver
party asst rtmentt
We
offer a complete assortment of party
for 100 people. It contains: 50 fullsized foil party hats • 50 sparkling tinseled
•
tiaras
60 beautiful 9-inch foil horns • 40
large metal noisemakers • 50 colorful poly
makers
leis • 50 assorted balloons • 400 flameproof
serpentine throws* a large 19 x 25 inch New
Years poster and a 6-foot flameproof Happy New Year banner. Packed in a party box.
• DISCOUNTED PRICES: For 100 people
Three kits for 300 people $275
$95
Five kits for 500 people $448 ... add $3
per kit shipping.
• Party kits for 25-50 people available. Mail
$1.00 today for New Years Eve catalog of
party assortments at discount prices.
Receive $3 back on your first $50 order.
• Satisfaction guaranteed Order now and beat
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
money orders.
the holiday rush! Checks,
CA
1 6" x 20" color, glossy print. Royalties go to WMF. Fact
sheet and autographed poem "Cold, Stone Man" included.
$14.95 or 2 orders $25.
Memorial
Box 3412,
Print, Dept. A, P.O.
Frederick,
residents
add
6%
PARTY IN A BOX
CA
San Mateo,
- 220
94401
(AM)
3rd Ave.
(415) 342-1464
AUSTRALIAN TEA TREE OIL
KNOCKOUT
JUNGLE
ROT
BOOT
KNIFE
S
A
NEW
30 years
In 1982, the Mint issued an official
U.S. Commemorative Coin for the
first time since 1954! This Silver Half
Dollar honors the 250th anniversary
George Washington's
Though no
MD 21701
LEGIONNAIRES
SURVIVAL
Commemorative Coin
in nearly
of
sales tax.
E.
-
First U.S.
birth.
longer available from
the U.S. Mint, you can purchase this
historic coin from Littleton in preferred top quality Proof form for just a
small premium over the original Mint
price of $12 (limit 3).
With your limited-issued Proof (s),
you'll receive free price lists of other
in-demand coins, along with other of-
on
fers
approval.
Satisfaction
guaranteed.
Antiseptic and Fungicide! Proven in lab tests to be
1982 Washington Commemorative
Proof
$14.95 each (limit 3)
ONLY
several times
Oil fights
Send name, address and payment
12 95
fungus and other skin problems. Effective against athlete's foot
(check, money order or credit card
number and expiration date) to:
Add
more
and Jungle Rot. Tea Tree
$1.05 Hndl.
wounds, insect
bites,
Oil
also prevents infection
from the leaves of
piece construction. Leather
sheath with quick release
snap and metal boot/belt
2-ounce bottle
7.8%
FREE
sample
a $1.00
cream
sales tax).
of
tree.
grown and
distilled
Used by Australians
for
ORDER NOW and
money order
TEA TREE
for
New
NH
in
also receive
Oil." Full
for
money back
$7.95
MINNOW MAGIC
to:
CATCH HP TO SIX TIMES MORE
COLORED MINNOWS.
OIL, INC.
P.O. Box 18508. Dept. AL-0
Nothing
Spokane, Washington 99208
work.-, better ihar
:
Sail
t
FISH
WITH
LIVE.
eptl
EACH PACKAGE WILL COLOR HUNDREDS OF
LIVE MINNOWS.
MINNOW MAGIC tin
CO., Dept. BK-10-AL
373 Maple Avenue, Westbury,
Littleton Coin Company
LWL101, Littleton,
03561
Serving collectors nationwide since 1945
Dept.
$7.95 (Washington State
pure "Tea Tree
guarantee. Send check or
Not Fully Sat/shed"
WESTBURY SALES
cuts,
pure natural "Tea Tree Oil" now comes
of skin
residents add
Money Back Guaranteed
clip.
If
100%
years, this
a
Double edge 440 stainless
steel blade. Full tang one
naturally
is
Melaleuca
a
in
and helps with minor burns and scalds.
AUSTRALIAN TEA TREE OIL
Model
K-99A
Tea Tree
effective than aloe vera.
YorK 11590
I
again lo color your
live
rr,
and your live bait
colored up lo lour days
live baitl
NOW! HERNIA RELIEF
GEsrSUPPORTO/ TRUSS"
Red. Yellow. Blue or Green
2 Colors Only $5.00
Send cash, check or money onl
fai melting
Elasto
ONLY
s 16*-5
Band 7 '
L^i^:
two pads
MINNOW MAGIC
1Um4...
P.O. Box 6917
MS 39506
Orders shipped within 48 hours
Money hack guarantee • Patent Pending
Culfporl,
fits left, right
and double
plus $l 75
postage & handling
All-ln-0ne garment
is
a pair of shorts, an abdominal
and scrotal support, as well as an unsurpassed truss
for reducible inguinal hernia. "Elasto-Band" wraps
around body at point of hernia for secure and comfortable protection. Washable. Buy two for
$33.00
$2.50 postage. Send hip measure and check
plus
to:
Piper Brace Co., 81 1 Wyandotte, P.O.Box 807
Dept. AL106ST, Kansas City, Mo. 64141
wi
FOUR BRILLIANT FISH
CATCHING COLORS:
Book about Aluminum
Molds with prices and
production trade secrets
direct from world's largest mold manufacturer.
CONCRETE MACHINERY COMPANY,
P. 0.
BOX T99
-
HICKORY, N.
C.
INC.
28603
are OK. Give No. & Exp. Date
HAVE AIM IDEA?
We
Ext.
Kit
#LEGI
1
6060
Invention Submission Corp.
c
ISC 1984
OCTOBER 1986
903
Liberty
$10,000
to industry.
-800-528-6050
831. Canada. 1-800-528-
Call Toll Free
Or Write
$200
submit ideas, inventions,
new products
Avenue. Pittsburgh, PA 15222
TOLL FREE
800-435-5119
CASH
PAID
Japanese Milium Decorations and Oriental Porcelains
Also Wanted.
David E
Dept.
J
Pepin— Memcer nbthk Tokyo Japan
Box 354, Grant Park, il 60940
BE AMERICAN BUY AMERICAN Bronze
Buckle. Display your patriotism with this
Belt
NEW
American Legion buckle. $8.95 ea. postpaid.
Order from: National Emblem Sales, The
American Legion, Dept. SHOP, P.O. Box 1050,
Indianapolis, IN 46206.
AMP O
75
PARTING SHOTS
Turkeys, Too
It's not the ups and downs of life that
bother the average man. More often it's
the jerks.
—Kris Lee
A
Well-fed
At an
art exhibit in
was a
painting
Red
Moscow, one
great success.
It
depicted
pound of
a loaf of bread and
butter.
Everyone wanted to know the artist's
name and address.
—Marjorie Brooks
—
Telling Blows
Husband
ment:
to wife after a family argu-
"Would you
kindly
tell
difference between your saying,
you so. and T'm not going
you so.'?"
'
me
'I
to say
I
the
told
told
—Lottie Austin
Negative Returns
Definite Rings
Can you
After the telephone rang several times,
husband called to his wife, "Answer
it! I can tell by the impatient ring that
it's your mother."
the
figure out
how we
get pic-
back from Saturn faster than we
do from the local drug store?
—Edw ard Otto
tures
—Homer Phillips
Con(gress)
Sign
in the rear
window of
Washington, D.C.: "If
opposite of
of
PRO, what
is
a car in
CON
is
the
the opposite
PROGRESS?"
—Gil Stern
who
Pills
studied them briefly, cleared
and inquired:
do you want to arrange
One With A Hose?
his throat,
A man called the fire department and
told them his house was on fire. "How
financing?"
"How
—Bobbie Mae Coole\
do we get there?" the fireman asked.
'Don't you have your red truck any'
the
man
replied.
—Martha Beckman
Middle age is when you feel good but
your mirror doesn't believe it.
For
A man went to his doctor and was
given a batch of prescriptions. The fellow toted the prescriptions to his pharmacist
more?"
Mirror Technicalities
Bills
—Oliver Frailer
Stork Benefits
A son who had
just
become
a
new
father sent this telegram to his mother:
"Congratulations!
You have just become
a babysitter."
Rent-A-Friend
Money may not buy
will rent
you some
—Oscar Thornbuckle
friends but
it
interesting people.
—George Bergman
A
Penalty If
Teeing
The Land Of Nod
a
tion, but finding
isn't it?"
—Fred Norwood
76
off, the golfer
swung
three
times at the ball before he finally connected, and then the ball just bounced
You know you are getting older when
your problem isn't resisting temptait.
He Smirks
few
to his
feet
away on
the grass. Turning
caddy, he said, "Difficult course,
"No, no, sweety
to
—Harold Heifer
say
'trick
candy or I'll
.
.
.
you're supposed
not 'gimme some
wet my pants' ..."
or
treat'
AMERICAN LEGION MAGAZINE
WAREHOUSE CLEARANCE
DENIM
JACKETS
100%
COTTON
NEW 1986
OVERSTOCK
Closeout Price
ONLY
$1295
XXL please add $1.50 per coat)
(XL,
DENIM
ONLY
2 JACKETS
SAVE
EVEN
$2435
MORE
An outstanding BEST BUY for 1986!
100% Cotton Denim Jackets with the
and features of similar jackets that sell
for twice the price. Buy direct from our factory
warehouse for unmistakable Savings! First come,
First quality
same
quality
serve.
first
10 Quality Facts (besides our Price)
why You'll Love our Jackets
and wear" in cold water, no
no expensive dry cleaning bills.
• Easy care "wash
ironing,
100% Cotton Flannel
trim
on
collar, placket,
and
cuffs for chill stopping warmth.
Easy fitting "comfort minded" Raglan sleeves,
you bend, stretch, and move.
let
Extra double snap pocket on sleeve.
Four front pockets - two deep slash pockets inset
into two patch style double snap security pockets.
Adjustable
triple
snap comfort
cuffs.
Sturdy reinforced double stitched seams
throughout!
Front has six snaps
in all for
Necessary drawstring
from creeping in.
at the
top to bottom security.
bottom keeps the wind
Ladies model even has fashionable
Mail
warm
hood.
TODAY to: The VALLEY COMPANIES
3507 N. Central Ave., Suite 402, Phoenix, AZ 85012
Attn: Warehouse Direct Order Dept. - RUSH
*X denim Jackets
Please rush me my Denim Jacket(s)
\/EO|
T COi once as specified on the order form beat
low.
understand
I
my
order
will
be shipped
at
once,
100% Guaranteed.
We have
Add
Add
S
M
L
8-10
12-14
16-18
20-22
24
34-36
38-40
42-44
46-48
50-52
Your Size
WOMEN'S
How Many
MEN'S
mfi
XL
1.50
XXL
1.50
How Many
Denim lifetime style, looks, and durability!
Check Enclosed
cotton comfort, plus the added warmth
of flannel trim. And, easy care machine wash and
wear. Buy direct from our warehouse for a value
Beautiful
that can't
all
be
BONUS
GIFT
beat.
100% GUARANTEE:
If
at
any
time, for
delighted with this sensational value, just return
merchandise for a
/?
prompt refund of l^/f/j
(jf> £•»
every penny you^*-"/
paid for
tjhe
j
Ufa
PRESIDENT
THE VALLEY COMPANIES
it.
;
at
BELT BUCKLE with
MasterCard
Bill
Visa
$
Shipping/
Handling
$
Total Paid
once and we will
include a Western style
Order
any reason, you are not 100%,
Bill
Total for
Jackets
AZ Residents Add Sales Tax
Credit Card No. (Print All Digits)
or
Charged
turn the merchandise.
Signature
Name
Street
City
© 1986 THE VALLEY
COMPANIES
State
$
Card Expires
every
FREE, yours to keep
even if you decide to recoat,
Z°o
.Zip.
i
3 LAYER COAT
/was
34.95)
LOOKS
WARM
because IT IS
<
WARM.
THREE LAYERS WARM!
'Storm-Stop Nylon
QUILTED
(2J polyester
fiberfill
INSULATED
(3J Broadplush Acrylic
FLEECE LINED
Ms
You are looking at one handsome
and powerful Winter Coat! Big
warm no-nonsense Winter Collar,
you can draw up around your neck.
Roomy Fit. Deep Useful
Handwarmer Side Pockets. Giant
Full,
Inside
Cargo Pocket. Full SeatLength. Two- Way Zipper.
Warmer
No-Draft Knit Cuffs. And 100%
machine Wash & Wear, of course!
Why suffer through the long cold
winter with anything less than
"The Best?" TAKE
CARE
of YOURSELF with Haband's fully!
insulated 3-Layer Coat. Only34r§9
and WARM! Order yours today.
GOOD
3LAYERM
**2995
1
SAVE EVEN MORE:
Extra.
^aer^T
j
Small
HABAND COMPANY
Small
265 N. 9th Street
Paterson, N.J. 07530
Yes! Send me the
3 Layer Coat(s) as specified
m
Price
W
See
it
AT HOME, NO
Handling
RISK!
to us within
30 days
42-44
46-48
150-52)
$2.50
(54-56)
33H
TOTAL
$
Payment enclosed
for full refund of every
penny you paid us.
But don't spend $90 or $100 for a coat when
J3*r85will do the trick. 534s95£for true stateof-the-art Winter Protection.
HURRY!
X-Large
Big Men's
Size Charge
We are ready right now with a huge
supply to Stop Winter Cold. Order yours
today to see & try on. Then if for any reason
you do not want to keep & wear the coat, return
Yes!
it
38-40
Large
BIG MEM'S DEPT.
Please add $3.50 each for
2XL
3XL
$
Postage/
Medium
34-36
or
CHARGE:
Visa
MC
Acct. #
7B5-33H
Mail today!
265
Exp. Date
NAME.
N. 9th St.,
Paterson N.J.
STREET
07530
CITY/
STATE
.
_ZIP
.