steven holl block rem koolhaas block
STEVEN HOLL BLOCK
VOID SPACE/ HINGED SPACE HOUSING
[from hinged space to the silence of void space] four active north facing voids interlock
with four quiet south facing voids to bring a sense of the sacred into direct contact
with everyday domestic life.
interiors of the 28 apartments revolve around the concept of ‘hinged space,’ a development of the multi use conceptsof traditional FUSUMA taken into an entirely modern
an experiential sense of pasasge through space is heghtened in the three types of
access, which allow apartments to have exterior front doors. on the lower passage,
views across the water court and through the north voids activate the walk spatially
from side to side. along the north passage onehas a senseof suspension with the park
in the distance. the op passage has a sky view under direct sunlight.
the apartments interlock in section like a complex chinese box. individuation fromthe
stand pointof the individuual inhabitant has an aim in making all 28 apartments different. due to the voids and interlocking section, each apartment has many exposures:
north, south, east, and west.
schematic section of passages and courts
the building, with its street-aligned shops and intentionally simple facedes, is seen as
part of a city in its effort to form space rathar than become an architectureof object.
space is its medium, from urban to private, hinged space.
source: el croquis
schematic plan of passages
section through longintudinal passage on ﬁrst
Hinged space transformation
the 28 housing units are divided into 18 variants of ﬁve types: “L” (L shpaed plan), “I” straight plan, “D” double level, “DI”,
“DL” Units interlock in plan and section, interconnecting the different court spaces
concept of hinged space gives modern application to the versitality of the traditional
japanese fusuma sliding panel. light, colorful, wooden walls turn on pivotal hinges,
maing it possible to combine or isolate spaces accarding to hour, season, and family
5 different type of residences
either I or L
two story maisonettes are D for double
5 combinations of plan and elevation (DI and DL) and 18 variations
public walkway [void]
housing units are arranged around:
four south facing courts: ﬂooded with water, medita
tive spaces held apart from day-to-day activity
four north facing courts: sheltered play areas for
by using pivoting doors, panels, and cabinets,the plan of each unit can be reconﬁgured
to accomdate diuranal and episodic changes
to suggest spatiousness while maintaining continuity, the levels of the maisonettes vary by half a story
DIURNAL hinging: allows an expansion of the living area during the day, reclaimed
for bedrooms at night
view of model facing street
1. function both pratical and visual
visual: mitigate between unit interiors and street spaces
pratical: make it possible for each unti to have openings
in several directions
2. as public zones- they are extensions of the units
3. venues for diverse experience
view of model facing interior of block
EPISODIC hinging: allows rooms to be subtracted or added to accomodate changing
needs of the family over time: rooms can be added or subrtracted to accomodate grown
up children leaving the family or elderly parents moving in.
REM KOOLHAAS BLOCK
Nexus world_nature of the site: the building is located in Fukuoka, but in a context whihc is more organized,
less chaotic than the typical japanese city. Koolhaas’ design reﬂects his interest in a composite dwelling that is
neither a cooperative nor a collection of single-family house.
He wanted to introduce a new type of housing that would be realized in the economic conditions of japan.
the project consists of 24 individual houses, each three stories hight, packed together to form two blocks. in
contrast to their compactness, each houseis penetrated by a private vertical courtyard that introduces light and
space into the center of each house.
escaping from the block walls are the ﬂoating rooﬂines of the houses
distinctive black-concrete external wallsimitate the massive stoneworks of japanese castles. they create an
enclosed plan and ensure privacy by blocking sight lines
from the twin towers.
walls are lifted to give access to the interior of the blockseach house is accessible through a concourse that runs
around and through the blocks
24 independent, 3-story dweillings [12 each]
typical unit plans [2 level terrace]
typical unit plans [3 story open zone]
ramps approach each dwelling from the north. each is completely isolated
from its neighbors by walls.
ﬁrst ﬂoor: private stone garden and entrance
second ﬂoor: bedrooms [intimate and introverted]
third ﬂoor: living, dining, extra room
screens, curtains, and other mobile elements allow
[extroverted space] connected t o outside space, to
the view and sky
each house offers a rich variety of spacial conditions and tectonic
enclosed vs. exploding
intimate vs. open
high vs. low
rough vs. reﬁned
dark vs. light
concrete vs. abstract