H+Line – Clinos y KNX

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H+Line – Clinos y KNX
Victor Moraga M, Abril 2015
H+Line – Clinos y KNX
Jornadas Tecnicas 2015
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 1
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Introducción personal
Victor Moraga M.
Product Manager para
Productos a Riel DIN
Gama H+Line para
recintos médicos grupo 2
/ Clinos 3000
Accesorios a Riel DIN
Medidores de Energía,
Analizadores de Red,
SPD
Productos de Wiring
Accesories
KNX
En ABB desde 2014
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 2
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Agenda
Introducción
Definiciones
Instalaciones
Gama de Producto
Building Automation y KNX
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 3
Victor Moraga, Abril 2015
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Introducción
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 4
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Es un recinto médico?
depende…
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 5
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Es un recinto médico?
En lo absoluto…
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 6
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Es un recinto médico?
Por supuesto!
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 7
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Es un recinto médico?
También! Veamos…
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 8
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Es un recinto médico?
Por qué ambos están
definidos como recintos
médicos?
Qué cambio hay entre las
dos premisas?
Quién da estas
definiciones?
Qué refieren ellas?
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 9
Equipamiento Hospitalario
El estandar “sagrado”
La instalación eléctrica dentro de los hospitals esta regulada por el
estandar IEC 60364-7-710. Esta es una aplicacion, no un
estandar de producto.
Siendo que un estandar IEC es aceptado y aplicado en casi todo
el mundo, cada país puede tener el suyo propio lo que es una
traduccion local y puede implementarse con algunas desviaciones
de “menor Atencion”
A veces podría haber también guías técnicas que son
herramientas de apoyo, pero no son leyes, solo sugerencias!
IEC 60364 - 7 - 710
Recintos Médicos
Requerimientos para
instalaciones o recintos
especiales
Instalaciones Electricas para
edificios
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 10
Equipamiento Hospitalario
El estandar “sagrado”
Tips
Es crucial tener
todos los detalles
y una completa
referencia al
estandar para
relizar una
correcta
comparacíon
“peras con peras”
Por qué los números no son los mismos? Diferentes
números, diferentes requerimientos!
IEC 60364 - 7 - 7XX
Part 701: Recintos que tienen baños o duchas
Part 702: Piscinas o fuentes
Part 708: Campings o recintos similares
Part 709: Recintos marinos o similares
Part 710: Recintos Médicos
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 11
Equipamiento Hospitalario
El estandar “sagrado”
Diferentes numeros, diferentes requerimientos!
Si no encuentro ninguna referencia al estandar en las
EETT? Si la referencia al estandar no es completo o
inapropiado?
Preguntar para aclarar!
Hacer dar cuenta el cliente de lo que pide
ABB puede proveer de todo, y solo es cuestión de elección
y de interés que se especifique correctamente para
obtener la mejor oferta
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 12
Victor Moraga, Abril 2015
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Definiciones
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 13
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Recintos médicos
Recintos utilizados para
propositos como diagnostico,
tratamiento, monitoreo y
cuidado de pacientes.
Los recintos Medicos son mas
riesgosos que los recintos
communes porque los
pacientes pueden estar bajo
tratamiento medico que puede
implicar el uso de partes vivas
de equipamiento electrico
Pasillos, entradas, salas de
espera no son consideradas
como recintos medicos,
incluso si están dentro de un
hospital!
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 14
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Recintos médicos
Tipo Sala
Volt Max contacto
Recintos Medicos
25 V
Salas Comunes
50 V
Los recintos Medicos son mas
riesgosos que las salas
communes porque los
pacientes pueden estar bajo
tratamientos que implican el
uso de partes vivas de equipos
eléctricos
Dado que el límite de
electrocución ha sido definida
en 30 mA en condiciones
normales, la tension de
contacto máxima dentro de los
recintos medicos es reducida
donde los pacientes pueden
estar debiles o enfermos.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 15
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Partes vivas
Partes del equipamiento medico electric que en uso normal:
Necesariamente entrea en contacto fisico con el paciente
para que el equipo realice su funcion, o
Se puede poner en contacto con el paciente, o
Necesita ser tocado por el paciente
Equipamiento
Medico electrico
con partes vivas
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 16
Equipamiento
Medico electrico
sin partes vivas
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Una cuestión de responsabilidad
Definiciones, definiciones, definiciones aburridas!
Puedo saber si un dispositivo medico se utiliza con piezas
aplicadas?
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 17
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Clasificación de recintos médicos
Es un recinto medico o es
una sala común?
no
si
Sala comun
Hay algun equipo
electrico?
no
Grupo 0
si
Hay algun riesgo por microshock o
paciente bajao tratamiento vital o
anestesia general?
no
Grupo 1
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 18
si
Gropo 2
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Clasificacion de recintos medicos, ejemplos
Tratamiento
Masaje
Examinacion
Revisión ciclo Cardiaco
Ambulatorio
Fisioterapia
Anestesia
Cirugía
Recuperación
Cuidado Intensivo
Resonancia Magnetica
Medicina Nuclear
Neonatología
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 19
Grupo 0
Grupo 1
Grupo 2
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Entorno de paciente
Any volume in
which intentional
or unintentional
contact can occur
between patient
and parts of the
system or
between patient
and other persons
touching parts of
the system
Often the patient
environment is
the whole surgery
room or medical
location
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 20
Recintos Medicos
Grupo 0
No es
entorno de
paciente
Grupo 1
Grupo 2
Esta predeterminada la posicion del paciente?
no
si
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Unión equipotencial
La union equipotencial
interconecta galvánicamente
todas las partes conductoras
que podrían entrar en contacto
con el entorno del paciente.
De esta manera todas las
partes conductpras tendran el
mismo potencial y el paciente
que pueda tener contacto con
dos o mas partes conductoras,
no esta sujeto a Corrientes
peligrosas.
La barra equipotencial es
mandatorio en los recintos
medicos 1 y 2.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 21
En el grupo 0 la barra es
requerida solo para baños y
duchas.
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Unión equipotencial
El nodo puede ser implementado con una
barra de cobre de multiples orificios (uno por
cada conductor conectado) y localizada
dentro de una pared o inmediatamente fuera
de la sala..
Elementos para ser conectados a PE:
Partes conductoras
Lamparas cialiticas
Conductores de Proteccion
El contacto de tierra de todos los enchufes en IT-M
Los componenetes de acero en concreto
reforazado de las instalaciones
Pantallas de metal ubicadas entre el devanado del
transformador de asilacion.
Mallas conductoras situadas bajo el suelo, mesas
de operación.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 22
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Unión equipotencial
Sub-nodos
La conexión en cascada no es
permitida
Solo un sub-nodo puede ser
ubicado en la conexión
equipotencial.
Es posible tener varios nodos
intermedios en las mismas
instalaciones siempre y
cuando la regla antes
mencionada sea cumplida.
La conexion de entrada y
salida entre enchufes deben
ser consideradas como un
sub-nodo, por lo tanto no
pueden ser considerados mas
de dos enchufes.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 23
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Unión equipotencial
Identificatcion de los conductores
Las barras equipotenciales deben ser de
facil acceso y de inspeccionar
Debe ser posible la desconexión de cada
conductor individualmente
Ellos deben ser claramente identificables en
terminos de funcion y origen con el objeto de
facilitar pruebas.
Esta identificacion puede ser implementada
con marcas en ambos extremos que
especifiquen lo mencionado arriba indicando
informacion o con numeros que tienen que
ser especificacos en una lista siempre
disponible. (por ejemplo en la parte interior
de la caja envolvente).
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 24
Victor Moraga, Abril 2015
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Instalaciones
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 25
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Sistema IT-M
El mas alto riesgo, la mas alta seguridad!
Recintos Médicos
Grupo 0
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 26
Grupo 1
Grupo 2
Ambiente estandar
Ambiente de Paciente
Sistema TT/TN-S
Sistema IT-M
Protección
Esquemas de conexión a tierra
Sistema TT: Tiene un punto de conexión directamente a tierra, con las
masas de la instalación conectadas al electrodo(s) de tierra
eléctricamente separadas del electrodo de conexión a tierra de la
alimentación.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 27
Protección
Esquemas de conexión a tierra
Sistema TN: Tiene un punto de conexión directamente
conectado a tierra, estando las masas conectadas a ese
punto a través de conductores de protección. Son
consideradas 3 variantes de acuerdo a la disposición del
conductor neutro y el conductor de protección:
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 28
a.
TN-S
b.
TN-C-S
c.
TN-C
Protección
Esquemas de conexión a tierra
a)
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 29
Sistema TN-S, el conductor de neutro y el conductor de protección
son distitnos.
Protección
Esquemas de conexión a tierra
Sistema TN-C-S el conductor de neutro y el conductor de protección se
combinana en un unico conductor por partes.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 30
Protección
Esquemas de conexión a tierra
Sistema TN-C , las funciones de neutro y protección son combinadas en
un unico conductor, en la totalidad del sistema.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 31
Protección
Introducción al Sistema IT
Sistema IT: Este sistema no tiene un punto de conexión directamente a tierra,
estando aterrizadas solo las masas de la instalación. En este sistema, la corriente
resultante de la falla fase-masa no debe tener intensidad suficiente para provocar
aparición de tensiones de contacto peligrosas.
Debido a la alta impedancia entre fases y tierra la corriente residual es muy baja
para hacer actuar a un diferencial. Pero si hay una fuga de otra fase en relación a
la tierra, ahí será considerado un corto circuito haciendo que el dispositivo de
protección actúe.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 32
Protección
Introducción al Sistema IT
Este sistema es utilizado en instalaciones donde la continuidad de
servicio es fundamental, como por ejemplo salas quirúrgicas de
hospitales. En este sistema el interruptor diferencial no se utiliza.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 33
Protección
Transformador de Aislamiento IT Médico
El sistema IT-Médico se obtiene por un Transformador de
separación monofásico.
El transformador de Aislamiento garantiza que en caso de una
primera falla a tierra o incluso un corto circuito entre fase y tierra
el sistema continuará operando normalmente.
Trafo de Separación
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 34
RED
Sala Quirúrgica
TT/TN-S
IT
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Sistema IT-M
Red Electrica en una sala de cirugía
Sistema
TT/TN-S
Sistema
IT-M
Circuitos de iluminación
Enchufes RX
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 35
Equipamiento Medico
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Por qué el sistema IT-M es la solución?
Proteccion en apaatos electrodomesticos
Usualmente en aplicaciones domesticas se utilizan dos metodos
de protección:
Doble aislacion
Desconexión de alimentación (MCBs, RCDs)
La desconexión de la alimentación previene daños a las personas,
pero las cargas no funcionan.
L
N
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 36
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Por qué el sistema IT-M es la solución?
Proteccion en salas quirúgicas
Las fallas son amenzas a la vida delos pacientes porque las
partes vivas son utilizadas durante las operaciones.
La continuidad operacional es mandatorio porque la seguridad del
paciente depende del equipamiento electrico destinado a
tratamientos vitales.
El disparo de un diferencial no permite la continuidad de servicio.
El Sistema IT-M es la unica solucion que entrega protección y
continuidad de servicio.
Requisitos de Proteccion
IEC 60364-1
Para contactos
directos e indirectos
Para contactos indirectos
Para contactos
directos
Interupcion de
alimentación
Continuidad Operacional
no requerida
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 37
TT, TN
IT
Continuidad Operacional
requerida
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Sistema IT-M, requerimientos
An IT-M system, provided by the mean of an insulating transformer
for medical use, must supply all the devices belonging to patient
environment
Insulating transformer for medical use: it provides separation
between upstream and downstream circuits and supplies
loads inside the surgery room
Insulation monitoring device: it monitors when a first fault to
earth occurs
The IT system assure continuity of service: in case of first fault to
earth medical personnel is able to complete medical treatments
An insulation monitoring device is required in order to constantly
measure the insulation to earth and signaling when a fault to earth
occurs
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 38
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Sistema IT-M. Cómo funciona
Veamos que pasa en condiciones normales…
TI are ungrounded
Loads and extraneous masses are earthed to equipotential
bonding. This way all masses have the same potential which is
given, thus there are no risks while touching two contuctive
elements at the same time
Loads are working correctly
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 39
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Sistema IT-M. Cómo funciona
Let’s see what happens during first fault…
Having a very high leakage resistance IT-M system may be
considered as an open circuit in parallel to the system
capacitance.
There is no current flowing through PE because neutral is
insulated from ground, thus both loads are working
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 40
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Sistema IT-M. Cómo funciona
Let’s see what happens in case of second fault…
The fault is like a phase to phase short circuit
Current is flowing through PE so protection can not be assured.
Patients are exposed to risk of electrocution in the time frame the
overcurrent devices take to trip
MCB must disconnect the network.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 41
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Escogiendo el Dispositivo Diferencial
Tips
Some examples
are uninterruptible
power supplies
(UPS), personal
computers,
printers,
electromedical
equipment etc
Algunas cargas incorporan circuitos electrónicos que, en caso de
falla a tierra causa Corrientes con componente continua que
pueden comprometer la operacion normal de un diferencial tiupo
AC.
Es por esto que las salas del grupo 1 y grupo 2 están obligadas,
dependiendo del tipo de corriente de fuga el uso de diferenciales
tipo A, que también puede intervenir con Corrientes yulsantes de
fuga o diferenciales tipo B también capaces de intervenir en caso
de Corrientes pulsantes uniderecioneles y continuas de fuga.
En el caso de una UPS de tres fases es obligatorio utilizar
diferenciales tipo B.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 42
Victor Moraga, Abril 2015
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Gama de productos
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 43
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Los mas altos riesgos, la mas alta seguridad
La línea de equipamiento hospitalario H+Line de ABB
System pro M compact® es una solución complete y de
altas prestaciones para asegurar seguridad y
continuidad de servicio en los recintos medicos del
grupo 2.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 44
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Productos
ISOLTESTER
Monitores de fuga a tierra en
circuitos IT-M de 230V
SELVTESTER
Monitores de fuga a tierra en
circuitos SELV de 24V que
alimentan lamparas cialiticas
QSD
Entrega una indicación acústica
y luminoso dentro de los recintos
medicos en caso de una primera
falla a tierra.
TI
QSO
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 45
Entrega una separación entre la
red de distribución y las cargas
aguas abajo.
Tableros autosoportados y de
pared para el suministro y
protección de recintos medicos.
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Productos: Isoltester
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 46
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Productos: Isoltester
La finalidad del Isoltester es monitorear la red de las salas
quirúrgicas y las salas de UTIs que en caso de alguna falla
tanto por Aislación, como por elevación de temperatura en
el transformador de separación, o incluso en caso de una
sobre corriente; señalizar al equipo médico y al equipo de
mantención (a través de una señal sonora y una señal
visual) , para que ambos puedan tomar las devidas
precauciones antes de que ocurra una segunda falla en la
red.
Estas señales son emitidas a través de un anunciador de
alarma (QSD), que en caso de Salas Quirugicas deben ser
utilizados un QSD dentro de la sala y otro en la Enfermeria
y en caso de sala UTIs la norma exige solamente uno en la
Enfermeria.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 47
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Cómo funciona
Tips.
Insulation monitoring devices
measure the insulation resistance to
earth injecting a low direct current
signal into the IT-M network
V is the voltage
applied in direct
current
I is the measured
signal
The direct current signal overlaps
with the sinus value of the
alternated current, without changing
the electrical parameters of the IT-M
network
Measuring constantly the direct
current signal it is possible to obtain
the value of insulation resistance as
follows:
R
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 48
V
I
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Detección de falla
Procedimiento de prueba de rutina
Una fuga a tierra es detectada por el monitor de aislación
ISOLTESTER
La deteccion de falla es activada por medio de un botón en el
teclado del dispositivo. Esto ayuda a prevenir el funcionamiento no
intencionado.
El relé logico hace que todas las lineas de alimentación sean
abiertas por medio del mando motor instalado en cada MCB
S200.
El relé logico hace que cada mando motor reconecte uno por uno.
Luego de la operacion de reconexión el ISOLTESTER mide el
nivel de aislacion.
Tan pronto como la linea de falla se reconecta, ISOLTESTER
detecta la fuga a tierra.
La informacion de la falla de la linea es llevado al al relé logico por
medio de los relés de salida del dispositivo de monitereo de
aislacion.
Finalmente el display grafico indica que la linea de falla tiene que
ser mantenida.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 49
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Beneficios
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 50
Sistema de Llamada Enfermera
Clinos 3000
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 51
Sistema Llamada Enfermera
Productos…
Clinos Plus (opt 99)
Sistema Llamada Enfermera basico
Clinos phon 99
Sistema Llamada Enfermera con
intercomunicacion
Sistema Llamada Enfermera…
Clinos Plus (opt 99)
sistema de llamada de enfermera con señalizacion
óptico-acústica
Clinos phon 99
sistema de llamada enfermera controlado por voz halfduplex
Sistema Llamada Enfermera
Terminales para pacientes & residentes…
... Facil de usar
pera / multiples botones
funcion llamada, luz de orientacion,
iluminacion de seguridad, pulsadores
iluminados,
cable de conexión enrollado
comunicador
radio- y control TV,
control de volumen,
enchufe liberacion automatica
conversacion privada opcional
terminales
telefono, cobros
Sistema Llamada Enfermera
Terminales para pacientes & residentes …
...multiples opciones
baño & WC
•
boton pulsador de llamada neumatico
•
tirante
Salas pediatricas
•
sensor nivel ruido
Sala cuidados intensivos
•
boton pulsador de pera neumatico
casas de retiro
•
inalambrica
Sistema Llamada Enfermera
equipamiento para el personal…
... informacion, especifica e integral
residencias & hospitalizados
•
modulo display
•
terminal de habitación
pasillos
•
lampara de pasillo
•
display de informacion
Sala de guardia
•
estacion maestra
•
computador
Sistema Llamada Enfermera
equipamiento para el personal …
Indicacion acustica de llamada
•
zumbador y altavoz
Indicacion optica de llamada
señales luminosas de acuerdo a DIN
0834
•
tipo de llamadas & identificacion de
habitacion
•
•
vista superior
ABB LPED Division, Victor Moraga
ABB i-bus KNX
Solucion para Building Automation
Building Automation
El estandar KNX
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 59
ABB i-bus® KNX
Control inteligente para edificios
Solución para la eficiencia energética en edificios modernos
ABB i-bus® KNX es el sistema de instalación inteligente que cumple
con altos requisitos de aplicaciones en automatización de sistemas de
control residenciales y edificios modernos . La tecnología flexible y
fiable permite la realización de soluciones excepcionales para todo tipo
de aplicaciones presentes actualmente:
Control y regulación de iluminación
Control cortinas y persianas
Control de cargas
Control de seguridad
Control, Reporte, Display
Supervisión y control remoto
Control y regulación temperatura
Inter funcionamiento e interconexión con otros sistemas del edificio
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 60
La ventaja de KNX
Estandar internacional (CENELEC, CEN, ISO/IEC, SAC,
ANSI/ASHRAE)
Interoperabiliad e interconexion de producto con diversos fabricantes
(certificación KNX)
Garantia de un producto de alta calidad (ISO 9001)
Unico software de programacion: ETS®. Independiente del fabricante
Uso en todas las aplicaciones para el control residencial y edificios
KNX es adecuado para el uso en distintos tipos de edificio
KNX soporta distintos modos de configuracion
KNX soporta distintos medios de comuniacion (TP, PL, RF e IP)
KNX puede ser conectado a otros sistemas (BACNET, DALI)
KNX es independiente de cualquier tecnologia hardware o software
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 61
Smart Solutions for Buildings
ABB i-bus® KNX Technology
CENELEC
EN 50090 – the only European Standard for Home and Building
Electronic Systems (HBES) based on KNX.
CEN
EN 13321-1 – the European Standard for Building Automation
based on KNX.
ISO / IEC
ISO/IEC 14543-3 – the World`s only Standard for Home
Electronic Systems (HES) based on KNX.
GB/Z
GB/Z 20965 – Chinese Standard für Home and Building Control
based on KNX
US Standard
ANSI/ASHRAE 135
KNX: The worldwide STANDARD
for home and building control!
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 62
Smart Solutions for Buildings
ABB i-bus® KNX Applications
Lighting Control / Constant Light
Control
Heating, Air-conditioning and
Ventilation
Roller Shutter, Window and Blind
Control
Building Surveilance and personal
Protection
Visualisation, Display and Signalling
Central Automation
Remote Control / Remote Access
Interfacing to other Systems
Energy- and Loadmanagement
STO/G – Slide 63
Smart Solutions for Buildings
ABB i-bus® KNX Projects
Office Buildings
Apartments/Villas/Flats
Hotels/Restaurants/Hospitals
Exhibition Centers
Sport stadiums
Museums / Churches
Schools / Universities
Banks
Airports
Industrial Facilities
Shopping centers
Miles de proyectos en mas de 60 países!
STO/G – Slide 64
Descripcion del sistema ABB i-bus® KNX
Generalidades
Inicios de ABB en el control inteligente de edificios
1983
La primera instalacion del sistema bus
SIGMA® i-BUS
1990
1992
Miembro fundador de la EIBA
Association in Bruselas
KNX Association
1999
Miembro fundador de KNX
primer estandar abierto del mundo
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 65
Today
Participacion de ABB
en el KNX actual
ABB i-bus® EIB
introducido en Alemania
Instalacion electrica con KNX
Todas las lineas requeridas para la transmicsion de energia son
sustituidas con una linea BUS del Sistema ABB i-bus® KNX
La linea bus esta conectada a un alimentador y a los otros dispositivos
La linea 230/400V no es requerida para los dispositivos de comando
Solo es requerida para el suministro a las cargas
En consecuencia hay dos Sistemas de alimentación: transmision de
energía y otro para la transmission de información.
Ingreso/comando
BUS
Salida/Actuador
230V
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 66
Alimentador
Instalacion
Tradicional vs KNX
Instalacion
electrica
tradicional
L1
PE
N
S1
Instalacion
electrica con
KNX
L1
PE
N
KNX
© ABB Group
Mo
|
S2
La oferta ABB
Building Management System
ABB productos y
soluciones
Tableros
Electricos
Sub
medición
(KNX)
Detección de
Incendios
Video
Vigilancia
Partners
Externos
BMS
HVAC
(Calefacción,
Ventilación y
AC)
Anti intrusión
Control de
Acceso
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 68
Building
Control
System
(KNX)
ABB i-bus KNX
Una gama completa para Building Automation
© ABB Group
Mo
|
Arquitectura del sistema KNX
Sistema con mas AREAS
Linea 1
Accoplador de Linea
Area 1
Area 2
Area n
Acoplador
Accoplador
de Area
de Area
Algunas reglas
ABB KNX: resumen
Ahora…
Tambien Mylos
HOME
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 74
BUILDING
Sistema integrado Mylos
Building Automation
Una gamma completa di dispositivi KNX da incasso a standard
italiano:
Attuatori KNX di commutazione, dimmer e attuatori per
tapparelle che integrano già i comandi
Perfettamente integrabili con la serie civile Mylos per
installazione a standard italiano (scatola di incasso)
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 75
Mylos KNX
La gama
Modulo di ingresso 2 canali
Dimmer con interruttore, 1 canale
-
-
Cieco
Con 1 interruttore
Con 2 interruttori
-
350W
1..10v
-
Attuatore d’uscita 16A, 1 canale
-
Cieco
Con 1 interruttore
Con 2 interruttori
Ricevitore IR per Telecomandi
Attuatore d’uscita 8A, 2
canali
-
Con 2 interruttori
Attuatore Tapparella 230V, 1 canale
-
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 76
Cieco
Con 1 Comando
-
Termostato con display
Cronotermostato con display
Comprendiendo el negocio KNX
Nuestra Mision ... Nuestro desafio
We ship products,
...
we provide solutions, ...
... but we are selling
a CONCEPT!
STO/XG – Slide 77
BMS
Building Management System
Segmentos
ABB i-bus KNX
Segmenti di mercato
Alberghi
Uffici
Centri commerciali
Industrie
Residenziale
Edifici pubblici
Banche
Hospitales
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 80
ABB i-bus KNX
Ospedali: funzionalità principali
Spegnimento luci e stand-by termoregolazione in assenza
di persone negli ambienti comuni (sale visita, laboratori)
Commutazione automatica modalità diurna/notturna nelle
camere di degenza (livello di luminosità e set-point
temperatura)
Possibilità da parte del degente di controllare illuminazione
e tapparelle/tende direttamente a letto per mezzo di un
telecomando ad infrarossi
Controllo da remoto dell’impianto e invio segnalazioni di
allarmi via telefono o SMS alla manutenzione in reperibilità
Interfacciamento con sensori (digitali e/o analogici) per
tenere sotto controllo tutto l’impianto
Controllo accessi per gestione accesso ad uffici ed aree
riservate (laboratori, locali tecnici, sale esami diagnostici…)
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 81
ABB i-bus KNX
Ospedali: applicazioni
Gateway telefonico per l’invio istantaneo di messaggi
(configurabili) in caso di differenti eventi, ad una sequenza definita
di destinatari, via SMS, e-mail o chiamata vocale. Possibilità di
controllo da remoto dello stato dispositivi dell’impianto e invio
comando, usando tastiera telefonica via toni DTMF, PC,
smartphone, tablet
Telecomando a infrarossi per l’invio di segnali di comando,
attraverso 6 canali differenti, al ricevitore IR. Con una portata fino
a 15 metri permette al degente di regolare l’illuminazione della
stanza e controllare tapparelle e tende senza bisogno di alzarsi dal
letto
Gli ingressi analogici AE/S e AE/A permettono di interfacciare
sensori analogici di diverso tipo, per il controllo e monitoraggio
costante di tutto l’impianto (per es. portata dell’aria delle valvole di
impianti di condizionamento, livello e pressione dei serbatoi di
liquidi e gas per uso medico, …)
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 82
Hospital equipment
Fault detection
Operational continuity it’s a key issue in operating theatres.
If a ground fault happens, the surgeon is able to bring to an
end the medical treatments thanks to the continuity of
supply granted by the IT-M system; but when the surgery is
finished the fault has to be located and recovered as soon
as possible.
Operating theatres have nowadays more and more medical
equipments that are supplied by different feeder lines. In
case of fault thus, it’s not trival to locate quickly which line
out of the many is involved.
Thanks to ABB command devices it is possible to automate
a fault detection system without any specific infrastructure.
The fault detection routine test is managed by a logic relay
with graphic display which allows total customization
according to the specific needs of each environment
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 83
Hospital equipment
Fault detection
Fault detection
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 84
IT-M ciruit
Hospital equipment
Fault detection
System architecture
Hardware connection
Software connection
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 85
Hospital equipment
Some doubts about products
Which is the maximum distance between ISOLTESTER
and QSD??
The signal can cover a distance of 300 m with a common
wire of 0,35 mm2 cross section. We suggest UTP wires,
which includes 8 different conductors in a small section.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 86
Hospital equipment
Some doubts about products
Which wire shall I use to connect QSD to ISOLTESTER?
There are not strict prescription on wiring; nevertheless
ABB suggest UTP cables, because it embeds eight
conductors. This way the installation will be easier and
faster!
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 87
Hospital equipment
Electrical separation…
Description
Rated output
TI are specifically
intended for
medical use. Single
phase transformers
shall be used to
form the medical IT
system, providing
electrical
separation between
distribution network
and loads in
compliance with
IEC EN 61558-215.
Tips
kVA
IT-M systems must
be separated from
each other
Power output is
between 3 and 10
kVA in compliance
with the Standards
A medical room
shall be supplied
with more TI in
parallel if needed
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 88
PT100
Type
Code
3
TI 3
2CSM110000R1541
5
TI 5
2CSM120000R1541
7,5
TI 7,5
2CSM130000R1541
10
TI 10
2CSM140000R1541
3
TI 3-S
2CSM210000R1541
5
TI 5-S
2CSM220000R1541
7,5
TI 7,5-S
2CSM230000R1541
10
TI 10-S
2CSM240000R1541
TI 3 - S
Temperature sensors PT100
Rated output
Isolating transformers
Hospital equipment
The ‘holy’ Standard
Different numbers, different requirements!
Are all the insulating transformers all the same?
TM-I range complies to IEC 61558-2-4: Particular
requirements for isolating transformers for general use
TI range complies to IEC 61558-2-15: Particular
requirements for isolating transformers for the supply of
medical locations
That means extra copper and iron to fulfill stricter
requirements
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 89
Hospital equipment
Electrical separation…
Tips
TI-S are provided
with PT100
probes on primary
and secondary
winding for a
wider control of
transformer
overload
TI are designed to
guarantee the
best electrical
performances in
very compact
dimensions.
No-load input
current: < 3% of
the input current
Inrush current: <
12 times the peak
of the input
current
Current between
windings: < 3,5
mA
Current to earth:
< 0,5 mA
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 90
Technical features
Rated output
[KVA]
3
5
7,5
10
Thermal insulation class
[C °]
B 130
B 130
F 155
F 155
Environment max temperature
[C °]
40
40
40
40
Rated input voltage
[V]
230
230
230
230
Rated output voltage
[V]
230
230
230
230
Secondary winding current
[A]
13
21,7
32,6
42,5
Fuse
[A]
T12,5
T20
T32
T40
[mm]
205x340x150
240x380x150
240x380x160
277x380x260
[kg]
29,5
44
50,5
73
Dimensions
Weight
Functional screening
Shielding
Double insulation
yes
Hospital equipment
The ‘holy’ Standard
It’s all about safety!
Must TI be protected? On the primary or on the secondary
winding or both?
Yes, of course. The manufacturer of the TI has to declare
the proper protection
It’s enough to protect the secondary with a fuse as follows:
TI Rated output
Fuse
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 91
[KVA]
3
5
7,5
10
[A]
T12,5
T20
T32
T40
Hospital equipment
How to install
PT100 connection (if any)
TI connection
Terminal
Identification
Connection
Terminal
Identification
Connection to
ISOLTESTER
1-3
Primary winding
Upstream
A-B
Probe 1
28
2
Metal shield
PE
C
Probe 1
30
4-6
Secondary winding
Downstream
D-E
Probe 2
25
5
Central socket
PE
F
Probe 2
27
Primary
winding
PT100
1
2
3
4
5
6 AB CD E F
Secondary
winding
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 92
Hospital equipment
Plenty of advantages
Specific! developed only for the supply of medical locations
Compact! overall dimensions of ABB TI are one of the thicker on
the whole market
Reliable! thanks to a special windings insulation manufactured with
an exclusive technology, ABB TI performs the highest thermal
dissipation
Complete! available also with PT100 sensors for all the sizes
Certified! Each item is provided with a test report which prevent
installer to carry out commissioning of the insulating transformers
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 93
Hospital equipment
Plug&Play IT-M systems…
“Plug&Play” switchboards for
group 2 medical locations
Two different versions for
different applications:
Floor standing: intensive care
units, surgery rooms, intracardiac
treatments…
Wall mounted: dental clinics, day
hospital rooms, ambulatory,
nursing home…
Certified according to the
Standards
Assembled with the most up to
date ABB products, ArTu panels,
MCBs and MDRCs
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 94
Hospital equipment
Plug&Play IT-M systems…
QSO 3KVA - S - PV + 24Vca
24V SELV supply
Floor (PV) / Wall ()
PT100 probes
Rated output
Wall Mounted:
Floor Standing:
Type
Code
Power kVA PT100 Type
Code
3
QSO 3KVA
2CSM110000R1551
3
QSO 3KVA-S-PV
2CSM310000R1551
5
QSO 5KVA
2CSM120000R1551
5
QSO 5KVA-S-PV
2CSM320000R1551
7,5
QSO 7,5KVA
2CSM130000R1511
7,5
QSO 7,5KVA-S-PV
2CSM330000R1551
3
QSO 3KVA-S
2CSM210000R1551
10
QSO 10KVA-S-PV
2CSM340000R1551
5
QSO 5KVA-S
2CSM220000R1551
3
QSO 3KVA-S-PV+24Vca
2CSM410000R1551
7,5
QSO 7,5KVA-S
2CSM230000R1551
5
QSO 5KVA-S-PV+24Vca
2CSM420000R1551
7,5
QSO 7,5KVA-S-PV+24Vca 2CSM430000R1551
10
QSO 10KVA-S-PV +24Vca 2CSM440000R1551
Power kVA
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 95
PT100
Hospital equipment
How it works
Documentation
For further
information and
technical features
see marketing
tools.
Wall Mounted:
Main in
Output 1
Output 2
Fuse holder
Empty modules
Miniature circuit breakers
ISOLTESTER-DIG-RZ
Terminals
Isolating transformer
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 96
Hospital equipment
How it works
Documentation
For further
information and
technical features
see marketing
tools.
Floor Standing:
Main in
Isolating transformer
Line 24 a.c
OVR
Output 1
Residual current circuit breaker
Output 2
ISOLTESTER-DIG-RZ
Output…
Miniature circuit breakers
Empty modules
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 97
Output 10
Hospital equipment
Plenty of advantages
Faster installation! up to 20 hours of time saving
Safety! certified insulating transformer, no certification
needed
Flexibility! Several extendable configurations, suitable for
all applications
Reliability! the quality of ABB technology in each
component
Compactness! narrow overall dimensions
Completeness! control of 24 V supply, PT100 sensors
embedded
Effectiveness! supply line monitoring at 360°
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 98
Hospital equipment
Applications
Specifically intended for..
Intensive care units, surgery rooms,
intracardiac treatments…
Dental clinics, day hospital rooms,
ambulatory, nursing home…
Further applications…
Chemical laboratories
Railway services
Server farms and data warehouses
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 99
Hospital equipment
QSO, a brand new range
The new QSO range is
available in four different
product families or sizes
QSO S
QSO M
QSO L
QSO XL
Moreover each family can
be customized with two
configurations, Classic or
Premium
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 100
Hospital equipment
QSO, a brand new range
CLASSIC: it’s the basic configuration which includes all the
mandatory devices for protection against indirect contacts
PREMIUM: it’s the full optional configuration which may include,
depending on product family, further devices for:
RCDs for protection of the feeder lines which are not in the
patient environment
SELV 24 V line supplying the scialitic lamp
Surge protection
Fast coupling system Unifix L
I/O KNX module for alarm monitoring and management
QSO XL have two separated insulating transformers which assure
a double redundancy in IT-M circuits supply
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 101
Hospital equipment
Application example
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 102
Hospital equipment
Application example
Application
Ambulatory
Post-operative waking room
Dental clinics
Analysis Lab
Veterinary clinics
Day hospital
Operating theatres
Intensive care room
Cardiology
Confinement
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 103
QSO S
QSO M
QSO L QSO XL
Hospital equipment
QSO S
Main features:
Available in 3 and 5 kVA power output, always with two
PT100 temperature probes
Wall mounting also in narrow spaces, ArTu M
1000x600x250 mm
Main breaker S 702 E Sel, 25 A, 25 kA
Up to 8 IT-M feeder lines and 3 TN-S lines
E219-D, green luminous indicator for voltage presence
CT ammetric transformer for overcurrent monitoring
MeMo4, USB 4 GB memory with all the technical
documentation stored inside.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 104
Hospital equipment
QSO S
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 105
Power
[kVA]
IT-M feeder
lines
3
2x10A+3x16A
5
SELV
24V
Type
ABB code
-
QSO 3S Classic
2CSM261122R1551
2x10A+3x16A
-
QSO 5S Classic
2CSM273692R1551
3
2x10A+5x16A
1x25A
QSO 3S Premium
2CSM273602R1551
5
2x10A+5x16A
1x25A
QSO 5S Premium
2CSM273682R1551
Hospital equipment
QSO M
Main features:
Available in 3, 5 and 7.5 kVA power output, always with
two PT100 temperature probes
Floor standing also in narrow spaces, ArTu M
1600x800x250 mm
Main breaker S 702 E Sel, 25-35 A, 25 kA
Up to 15 IT-M feeder lines and 3 TN-S lines
Compartment for cables distribution under the floor or
inside the false ceiling
E219-D, green luminous indicator for voltage presence
CT ammetric transformer for overcurrent monitoring
MeMo4, USB 4 GB memory with all the technical
documentation stored inside.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 106
Hospital equipment
QSO M
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 107
Power
[kVA]
IT-M feeder
lines
3
3x10A+7x16A
5
SELV
24V
Type
ABB code
-
QSO 3M Classic
2CSM273592R1551
3x10A+7x16A
-
QSO 5M Classic
2CSM273672R1551
7,5
3x10A+7x16A
-
QSO 7,5M Classic
2CSM273582R1551
3
6x10A+8x16A
1x25A QSO 3M Premium
2CSM273662R1551
5
6x10A+8x16A
1x25A QSO 5M Premium
2CSM273572R1551
7,5
6x10A+8x16A
1x25A QSO 7,5M
Premium
2CSM273652R1551
Hospital equipment
QSO L
Main features:
Available in 7.5 and 10 kVA power output, always with two
PT100 temperature probes
Floor standing also in narrow spaces, ArTu K 1800x800x350
mm
Main breaker S 702 E Sel, 35-50 A, 25 kA
I/O KNX modules for event management
Up to 20 IT-M feeder lines and 3 TN-S lines
Compartment for cables distribution under the floor or inside
the false ceiling
E219-D, green luminous indicator for voltage presence
CT ammetric transformer for overcurrent monitoring
MeMo4, USB 4 GB memory with all the technical
documentation stored inside.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 108
Hospital equipment
QSO L
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 109
Power
[kVA]
IT-M feeder lines
SELV
24V
10
6x10A+9x16A
7,5
6x10A+11x16A+1x32A
2x25A QSO 7,5L Premium
2CSM273642R1551
10
6x10A+11x16A+1x32A
2x25A QSO 10L Premium
2CSM273552R1551
-
Type
ABB code
QSO 10L Classic
2CSM273562R1551
Hospital equipment
QSO XL
Main features:
Available in 7.5 and 10 kVA power output, always with two
PT100 temperature probes3
Only “Premium” versions
Floor standing in two columns, ArTu K 1800x800x350 mm
Main breaker S 702 E Sel, 35-50 A, 25 kA with aux contact
Up to 40 IT-M feeder lines and 6 TN-S lines
Fast coupling system Unifix L for maintenance effectiveness
Compartment for cables distribution under the floor or inside
the false ceiling
E219-D, green luminous indicator for voltage presence
CT ammetric transformer for overcurrent monitoring
MeMo4, USB 4 GB memory with all the technical
documentation stored inside..
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 110
Hospital equipment
QSO XL
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 111
Power
[kVA]
IT-M feeder lines
SELV
24V
Type
ABB code
7,5+7,5
12x10A+22x16A+
2x32A
4x25A
QSO 7,5XL Premium 2CSM273632R1551
10+10
12x10A+22x16A+
2x32A
4x25A
QSO 10XL Premium
2CSM273542R1551
Hospital equipment
The main differences vs the former ones…
Wall mounted QSO embeds plenty of devices
Floor standing QSO with more devices in order to grant an higher service
level to the modern operating theatres
Total selectivity up to 10 kA thanks to S702 E sel
Better attention to comfort features and operational continuity, from the
beginning to the end of the whole product life-cycle; especially on
maintenance side
Opportunity to manage from remote the trip of the main MCB, the OVRs and
all the parameters controlled by ISOLTESTER
Over-temperature monitoring as it is strongly recommended by the Standrds
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 112
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 113
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
Main breaker S700 E
The main breaker is installed upstream the
insulating transformer. It grants the total
selectivity with the S202 Curve C
downstream, up to 10 kA. On some panels
they are assembled with aux contact to
control from remote if the breaker has
tripped.
Reduced depth
The panel can be installed and “hidden” in
nooks or niches thanks to the 250 mm depth
of ArTu M panels.
Transparent door
The front door is split in two, thus it is
possible to handle safely the devices
because the access to the terminals and the
transformers is bounded by a different door.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 114
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
MeMo4
Operating instructions, manuals,
electrical drawings and al the
documentation is provided and stored
inside the switchboard. Thanks to the
modular USB memory MeMo4 it is
possible to store additional documents
like certificates, periodical inspections
reports avoiding the risk to loose paper.
Terminals
Terminals of IT-M and TN-S section are
mechanically separated according to the
Standards.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 115
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 116
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
Insulating transformers TI-S
Specifically intended and designed for medical
applications according to IEC EN 61558-2-15, it
assures protection against indirect contacts without
supply interruption in case of first fault to earth.
Thank to the two PT100 temperature probes it is
possible to control the overheating to the primary
and secondary winding, preventing possible
breakdowns which can make the main breaker trip.
Insulating transformer is placed in the very bottom
of the panel to ease handling and installing
operations
Shuko socket outlet M1175-FL
The socket outlet is useful during maintenance to
plug tools or instruments.
The socket is protected by a fuse and it has a
luminous indicator: this way it is possible to
recognize in a blink, also in the dark, whether the
auxiliary circuit is supplied or not.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 117
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
ISOLTESTER-DIG-RZ insulation monitoring
device
Specifically intended for medical location
according to IEC 60364-7-710
It controls overtemperatures and overcurrent,
not only the resistance to earth of the main
circuit.
It’s protected from short circuit with a E
91hN/32 fuseholder with 2 A gG fuse.
Error – Link Fail system
SELVTESTER-24 Insulation monitoring device
I QSO “Premium” versions mount a 25°
SELV line 24 V supplying the scialit lamp.
The 24V insulation monitoring device it’s
recommended even for extremely low
voltage circuits
Sometimes the scialitic lamp circuit shall be
embedded in the lamp itself
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 118
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
S200 breakers
They protect IT-M circuits against
overloads and short circuit, assuring
reliability and operational continuity to
the operating theatres.
OVR Surge protection
Designed for surge protections of
electronic devices
They are installed upstream the IT-M
circuit and TN-S circuit
They have an S202 C10 as a back-up
protection
They all mount pluggable cartridge that
can be easily replaced and remote
signaling contact
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 119
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
Alarms monitoring
On QSO L and QSO XL “Premium”
version an I/O module is installed to
manage via KNX the alarms due to:
Main breaker trip
OVR trip
ISOLTESTER trip
The alarms are in series
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 120
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
RCBO DS200
They protect TN-S circuits from direct and indirect
contacts. Those circuits are for:
Lights system
RX machineries
General purpose socket outlets, outside patient
environment
Compartment for cable distribution
Floor standing QSO are provided of compartment
for cable distribution. This way it’s easy to distribute
the cables via false ceiling or under the floor
indifferently
It’s also more comfortable to work on the terminals
It hosts a long equipotential bonding busbar with
several empty connections that can be used to
earth masses from the operating theatre.
This way it’s possible to avoid additional subnodes,
reminding that the Standards allow only one
subnode level.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 121
Hospital equipment
Plenty of benefits
Safety lock
It prevents accidental operations of unskilled people
Free modules
Even though the panels come with plenty of
devices, they also assure the flexibility to customize
somehow the panel adding further devices.
This can be useful especially in case of room
enlargements or renewals
E210 luminous indicator
In a blink it’s possible to recognize whether the
switchboard is supplied or not
The luminous indicator is placed both in the IT-M
section, upstream the insulating transformers, and
in the TN-S section
ArTu panels
Floor standing QSO are assembled with ArTu K
panels. They have venting grooves on their side in
order to dissipate the overheating without electrical
fans that can break.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 122
Hospital equipment
Some doubts about products
Does ABB provide also custom QSOs? Is it possible to
have a QSO made with Striebel panels or Smissline
devices
Yes, yes, yes. ABB supports its customers thanks to local
partners. This way is possible to have a tailored solution
with shorter lead times
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 123
Hospital equipment
Fault monitoring system
Operating theatres have nowadays more and more medical
equipments that are supplied by different feeder lines. In
case of fault it’s not trivial to locate quickly which line out of
the many is involved.
Thanks to ABB command devices it is possible to automate
a fault detection system without any specific infrastructure.
The fault detection routine test is managed by a logic relay
with graphic display which allows total customization
according to the specific needs of each environment.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 124
Hospital equipment
Fault monitoring system
System architecture
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 125
Hospital equipment
Fault monitoring system
Routine test procedure
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 126
1.
A leakage to earth is detected by insulation monitoring device
ISOLTESTER-DIG.
2.
The fault detection is activated by the means of a pushbutton of
the logic
3.
relay keyboard. This helps preventing unintentional operations.
4.
The logic relay makes all the feeder lines opening by the means of
motor operator installed beside each S202 breaker.
5.
The logic relay makes each motor operator reclose, one by one.
After each reclosing operation. ISOLTESTER-DIG measure the
insulation level.
6.
As soon as the faulted line is reclosed, ISOLTESTER-DIG detects
the leakage to earth.
7.
The information of the faulted line is brought to logic relay by the
means of the output relay embedded in the insulation monitoring
device.
8.
Finally the graphic display indicates the faulted line to be
maintained.
Hospital equipment
Fault monitoring system
Benefits
It reduces downtimes and fault detection operations
It is made up with standard devices: maximum flexibility
and integration
Can be customized simply by any system integrator
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 127
Victor Moraga, Abril 2015
Equipamiento Hospitalario
Inspecciones y mantención
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 128
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
The electrical systems in medical locations must be inspected:
Initial inspections: before commissioning and also after any
modifications or repairs
Periodic inspection: at intervals pre-established by a
technical expert
Tests and checks to be carried out
1.
Functional tests on the insulation monitoring device and the optical and acoustic
alarm system
2. Measurement of the leakage currents of the transformers for medical use
3. Measurement of the resistance of the supplementary equipotential connections
4. Check of the continuity of the protection and equipotential conductors
5. Visual inspection to ensure that the other prescriptions have been respected
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 129
Group 1
Group 2
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Functional testing of the Medical IT system
The functional test of the insulation monitoring device is carried
out through a series of assessments followed by a number of
tests.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 130
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Procedure
Measurement of
the current in the
alarm circuit can
be carried out in
conditions of dead
short earth fault
by inserting the
milliammeter in
series with the
conductor that
connects the
device to the
equipotential
node and
connecting one of
the conductors of
the isolated circuit
directly to earth
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 131
Measurement of the current in the alarm circuit
Purpose of the test: the circuit does not exceed the value of 1 mA
d.c. even in the case of a malfunction
Instrument: milliammeter
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Procedure
After
disconnecting the
loads, each
conductor of the
circuit is
connected - one
at a time - with
the equipotential
node using the
rheostat
Fault simulation is
implemented by
reducing the
resistance of the
rheostat to a
value R < 50 k .
This must cause
the optical and
acoustic alarm
system to trip.
By increasing R
up to values
higher than 50
, the alarm can
be deactivated
automatically.
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 132
Trip test
Purpose of the test: to check that the insulation monitoring device
is functioning correctly, in other words, that the alarm signal is
activated when the insulation resistance value drops below 50 k .
Instrument: rheostat.
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Functional test of signaling systems
Purpose of the test: to check that the optical and acoustic alarm
systems are functioning.
The test is performed by assessing, by means of a visual
inspection, that the following prescriptions have been respected:
Presence of the signaling indicator light, lit up green, indicating
normal operation
Presence of the signaling indicator light, lit up yellow, which comes on
when the alarm device intervenes
Impossibility of switching off the yellow indicator light; it must switch
off only after the signaled fault has been eliminated
Presence of an acoustic signal that starts to function when the alarm
device is tripped; the signal must be audible in the rooms of the
department where medical personnel are expected to be present
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 133
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Procedure
Earth leakage of
the secondary
winding is
measured with
the transformer
powered with no
load at the rated
voltage, with the
insulation
monitoring device
deactivated and
by connecting the
milliammeter
between the
equipotential
node and each
pole of the
transformer one
at a time
The earth leakage
on the casing is
measured on the
accessible metal
parts that are not
connected to
earth, and on the
insulating parts by
applying a metal
sheet on these
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 134
Measurement of the leakage currents of the TI
Purpose of the test: To check that the earth leakage current of the
secondary winding and the casing of the insulation transformer is
not higher than 0,5 mA
Instrument: milliammeter
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Procedure
The terminals of
the instrument are
connected on one
side to the
equipotential
bonding bus bar
and on the other
to the conductive
part or extraneous
conductive part.
The pins must be
located both on
the equipotential
bonding bus bar
and on the
conductive part.
In the presence of
a subnode, the
measurement
must be
performed
between the
equipotential
bonding bus bar
and the
conductive part or
extraneous
conductive part
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 135
Measurement of the supplementary equipotential
connections
Purpose of the test: to check that each connection between the
equipotential node and the earth of the plug sockets, the earth
terminal of fixed user devices and any extraneous conductive part
has a resistance no higher than 0,2
Instrument: four terminal switchgear, with a no-load voltage
between 4 and 24 V a.c. or d.c. providing a current of at least 10 A
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Procedure
The measurement
is taken by
connecting one of
the pins of the
instrument to the
equipotential
bonding bus bar
and the other on
the metallic
structure in
question
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 136
Identification of extraneous conductive parts
Purpose of the test: to assess whether a metal part is an
extraneous conductive part by measuring resistance to earth. It is
considered to be an extraneous conductive part if the resistance
value measured is less than 0,5 M in group 2 medical locations
Instrument: ohmmeter or appropriate tool equipped with a plug
socket to be inserted in a socket of the system and with a sensor
to be placed in contact with the possible extraneous conductive
part.
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Visual inspections
Coordination of protection devices in TN and TT systems
Calibration of the protection devices
Characteristics of SELV and PELV systems
Fire safety devices
Circuit configurations for supplying power to plug sockets in group
2 medical locations
Identification of the plug sockets supplied by safety sources
Performance of the sources and devices for safety power supply
and lighting
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 137
Hospital equipment
Inspections and maintenance
Periodic inspections
The purpose of the periodic checks is to ensure that the conditions
of acceptability and standards compliance that were found during
the initial checks are maintained, as well as to make sure of the
correct operation of the safety devices and systems.
Tests and checks to be carried out
1.
Functional test of the insulation monitoring devices
2. Visual inspection of the calibration of adjustable protection devices
3. Measurements of the resistance of supplementary equipotential connections
4. Test that the RCDs intervene at the value of Idn
5. Functional test of the power supply to safety services with combustion engines:
- no-load test
- test with load (for at least 30 minutes)
6. Functional test of the power supply of battery-powered safety services, in accordance with
the manufacturer’s instructions
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 138
Frequency
6 months
1 year
3 years
1 year
1 month
4 months
6 months
Hospital equipment
Hospital supply chain: the fear drives it all!
Patients
High quality
products
Surgeons
Technical
support
Know how and
expertise
Technicians
Training
References
Compliance
Main
contractor
Designers
© ABB Group
May 14, 2015 | Slide 139