Negociações internacionais e suas derivações em políticas públicas

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Negociações internacionais e suas derivações em políticas públicas
Embrapa
Negociações internacionais e suas
derivações em políticas públicas
frente às mudanças climáticas
globais
Gustavo Mozzer
Pesquisador da Embrapa
Secretaria de Relações Internacionais – SRI UNITED NATIONS FORUNS The Doha Round SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE ROBERTO AZEVEDO BRAULIO DIAS JOSE GRAZIANO 2014/COP12 -­‐Pyeongchang, Republic of Korea PCT e-­‐Services pcteasy.wipo.int/en Land-­‐degradaNon neutral world ChrisNanaFigueres Warsaw Climate Change Conference COP 19 / MOP 9 November 2013 COP 21 / MOP 11 Paris 2015 SEPT. 2013 -­‐ COUNTRIES AGREED TO HOLD A HIGH-­‐LEVEL SUMMIT IN SEPT. 2015 TO DECIDE ON REVISED TARGETS The Zero Hunger Challenge aims to achieve: 100 per cent access to adequate food all year round; zero stunted children less than 2 years old; all food systems are sustainable; 100 per cent increase in smallholder producNvity and income; and zero loss or waste of food. High-­‐level poli=cal forum The first inaugural meeNng of the high-­‐level poliNcal forum, held on 24 September 2013,was abended by Presidents, prime ministers, and other high-­‐ranking officials, represenNng a follow-­‐up of the commitment made at Rio+20 to conNnue to press for acNon on sustainable development at the highest levels As a result of a process of informal consultaNons co-­‐facilitated by the Permanent RepresentaNves of Brazil and Italy the General Assembly adopted resoluNon 67/290 which which defined the "Format and organizaNonal aspects of the high-­‐level poliNcal forum on sustainable development." The Global Alliance for Climate-­‐Smart Agriculture THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR FOOD AND AGRICULTURE PLAY A CRITICAL ROLE IN THE FIGHT AGAINST HUNGER, BY ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY WHILE INCREASING FOOD PRODUCTION. PROGRAMA FINANCIADO PELO EUA & HOLANDA/ MUNDIAL E FAO CARBON STORAGE BANCO IN FARM LAND QUEREM ADESÃO BRASIL NÃO INTERESSA PORQUE AFRICA ???? ABRE PORTAS PARA CARBON MARKET DESCONTO NA REDUÇÃO EMISSÕES PAISES DESENVOLVIDOS NA RENEGOCIAÇÃO DO ACORDO DE PARIS So WHY this acNviNes are been prioriNzed by the WB / FAO / USA and the Netherlands? HLTF – PRO ORGANICS AGAINST GM CROPS AGAINST BIOFUELS MDA LIDERA DG FOME -­‐ MRE What if carbon stocking could be linked to more than just MITIGATION! What if co benefits were to be taken into consideraNon… Does it make sense to support this agenda in AFRICA to make a POINT?!?! INTERGOVERNMENTAL COMMITTEE (IGC) WIPO INTERGOVERNMENTAL COMMITTEE ON INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND GENETIC RESOURCES, TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE AND FOLKLORE. DISCUSS PROPOSALS TO DEAL WITH GENETIC RESOURCES AND TRADITIONAL KNOWLEDGE . SHOULD BE IN HARMONY WITH THE NAGOYA PROTOCOL. MAIN AREAS OF NEGOTIATION AGRICULTURE NON-­‐AGRICULTURAL MARKET ACCESS SERVICES INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT TRADE FACILITATION WTO RULES DISPUTE SETTLEMENT UNDERSTANDING So… Do we smell green washing? And what is the role do we expect for the agriculture sector? NEW AGREEMENT EXPECTED 2020 • 
2015 – Paris -­‐ The mul=lateral community expect to achieve a final version of the agreement that ought to enter into force in 2020. The legal form of this instrument is not resolved, but it will take on board all countries, developed and developing. • 
2013 – Warsaw – Decisions on the opera=on and implementa=on of the financing instruments under the conven=on, including the green climate fund; REDD+ nego=a=ons have finally come to an end with the Warsaw framework on REDD+ • 
2012 -­‐ Doha governments set out a =metable to adopt a universal climate agreement by 2015, to come into effect in 2020; Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol sehng the 2nd CP from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020 • 
2011 — Durban Par=es decided to adopt a universal climate agreement by 2015; Par=es also agreed a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol from 1 January 2013 2010 — Cancun Par=es agreed to: commit to a maximum temperature rise of 2 degrees, at COP16; establish a Green Climate Fund to provide financing for ac=on in developing countries via thema=c funding windows. They also agreed on a new Cancun Adapta=on Framework. 2009 — Copenhagen Accord draned at COP15 in Copenhagen. This was taken note of by the COP. Countries later submioed emissions reduc=ons pledges or mi=ga=on ac=on pledges, all non-­‐binding. • 
• 
2007 —At COP13, Par=es agreed on the Bali Road Map, which charted the way towards a post-­‐2012 outcome in two work streams: the AWG-­‐KP, and another under the Conven=on, known as the Ad-­‐Hoc Working Group on Long-­‐Term Coopera=ve Ac=on Under the Conven=on. More about the Bali Road Map. WTO TRIPS/ DOHA TBT SPS BIODIVERSIDADE, RECURSOS GENÉTICOS, AGROBIODIV., FLORESTAS, AGRICULTURA (FÓRUNS INTERNACIONAIS E NACIONAIS) POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS & LEGISLAÇÕES CBD FAO & AGRICUTURA CLIMAT SMART AGRICULURE MMA M
R E COMISSÃO DE RG COMISSÃO FLORESTAS COMISSÃO AGRICULTURA CODEX ALIMENTARIUS COMITÊ SEGURANÇA ALIMENTAR UNFCC/ PROTOCOLO KYOTO -­‐2d.P NOVO ACORDO IPCC 2015 – 2020 HLPF / ECOSOC / SDGs ALGUMAS LEGISLAÇÕES EM DISCUSSÃO NO CONGRESSO EM 2013/2014 CÓDIGO FLORESTAL SERVIÇOS AMBIENTAIS MCT REDD+ CTNBio USO DE GURTS – OGM CIMGC ACESSO & RB – RG E CTA DEFESA CLONAGEM DE ANIMAIS (MARINHA) REV. LEI DE PATENTES REV. LEI DE CULTIVARES REV. LEI DE SEMENTES MDA (POLITICA NAC. MUDAS E INPI SEMENTES) GIPI EMBRAPATEC MDIC PEC Reservas Indígenas COMITÊ NAC. BIOTEC AUDIÊNCIAS PÚBLICAS PESCA MAPA COM.BIOSSEG. COM. DES. SUST.AG. CÂMARAS SETORIAIS MONITORAMENTO ABC SERV. PROTEÇÃO CULTIVARES REGISTRO DE SEMENTES E MUDAS DEFESA ANIMAL E VEGETAL COMÉRCIO NAC. & INTERN. PROTOCOLO DE CARTAGENA PROTOCOLO SUPLEMENTAR PROTOCOLO DE NAGOYA METAS DE AICHII OUTROS PROGRAMAS /
RELATÓRIOS TRATADO RG ALIMENTAÇÃO GEx CONAMA CONABIO
CGEN CGFLOP CONACER
CONAFLOR LEGISLAÇÕES PERTINENTES PLANO AGRÍCOLA -­‐ CRÉDITO P O CNI D CNA E R CONSEA E S P AGRONEGÓCIO U EXTENSIVO B AGRICULTURA L FAMILIAR I SILVICULTURA AQUACULTURA C O AGRICULTURA S ABC ADAPTAÇÃO???? MUDANÇAS CLIMÁTICAS (FÓRUNS INTERNACIONAIS E NACIONAIS) POLITICAS PÚBLICAS LEGISLAÇÕES IPCC MiNgação Agricultura Adaptação 2009 -­‐ PoliNca Nacional Orgão de Mudanças Aprova Gestor propostas CIM do GEX ClimáNcas Casa Civil UNFCCC MAPA
MRE Metodologias p/inventários de emissões MRV
MMA ICA Orgão Gestor da Pol. Nac. M.ClimáNcas
Fundo Clima MAPA Interministerial Mudanças Globais do Clima
CDM Metodologias padronizadas Critérios nacionais MRV REDD
ABC Mi=gação Adaptação Autoridade Nacional Designada (AND)
MCT CIMGC TT ??? Gustavo Comissão GEX Rep. INMET
Comitê CLIMA Decreto (Gestão Estratégica)
Embrapa ATORES DE,SRI,DPD,DTT,SGE,AIT
Plataforma P&D / UDs
Thank you Gustavo Mozzer Embrapa Secretariat for InternaNonal Affairs [email protected] 

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