Aguila IQ Ammunition

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Aguila IQ Ammunition
Aguila IQ Ammunition
“The First Intelligent Bullet”
Aguila IQ Ammunition
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Manufactured in Mexico by Industrias Tecnos,
S.A. de C.V. (www.itecnos.com.mx)
Distributed by Centurion Ordinance, Inc.
located in Helotes, Texas
(www.aguilaammo.com)
Currently Manufactures IQ Ammunition in
9mm Luger and .40 S&W
Recently Discontinued Aguila IQ .45 ACP
Aguila IQ Ammunition
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This new line of ammunition is loaded with the first
intelligent bullet, made of an alloy (no lead) with a low
specific weight. This feature allows light bullets like
these to have a size similar to those projectiles made
from lead.
We call them intelligent bullets because they recognize
the hardness of the target at the moment the projectile
hits it, and in nanoseconds the projectile configures
accordingly. Thus, if the target is very hard, the IQ
bullet will have superior penetration while maintaining
its weight and size. If the target is ballistic gelatin, it will
not overpenetrate, transferring all the energy into the
soft target, and breaking apart into three or four sharp
fragments, each creating independent wound channels.
http://www.aguilaammo.com/iq.htm
Aguila IQ .45 ACP
Manufacturer Specifications
Primer:
Bullet Weight:
Velocity:
-Muzzle:
-100 yd:
Energy:
-Muzzle:
-100 yd:
Test Barrel Length:
2.5
117 grains
7.58 grams
442 m/sec
325 m/sec
1450 ft/sec
1068 ft/sec
75 kg-m
41 kg-m
546 ft-lb
297 ft-lb
12.7 cms
5 inches
http://www.itecnos.com.mx/ing/cata/nproduc.html
Aguila IQ .45 ACP
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Non-Lead
Bullet
Nickel Plated
Brass Cartridge
Casing
Brass Primer
Aguila IQ .45 ACP
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Deep Straight-Walled Hollow
Cavity ~0.225 inches (0.6 cm) in
Diameter and ~0.5 inch (1.3 cm)
Deep
Three Vertically Oriented
Serrations or Scores are Evenly
Distributed Around the Bullet to
Facilitate Fragmentation.
Ballistic Gelatin
Penetration Results
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Bullet Fragments into three
(3) to Four (4) Components
when Penetrating Soft
Objects.
Bullet Remains Intact when
Contacting Hard Surfaces.
Penetration Ranging from 7
to 12 inches (17.8 - 30.5 cm).
Posted by DocGKR (Member # 582) on 05-05-2003 00:5405-05-2003 00:54:
http://www.tacticalforums.com/cgi-bin/tacticalubb/ultimatebb.cgi?ubb=print_topic;f=78;t=000338
Homicide Fatality
Resulting from Aguila IQ .45 ACP
Ammunition
Aguila IQ Homicide
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April 2005 first Reported Homicide in South
Texas from Aguila IQ .45 ACP Ammunition.
Run-away 14 Year Old, 171 lbs. (77.56 kg),
Adolescent Negroid Male.
Found Dead in a Drainage Ditch by a Passerby.
Investigated by the Bexar County Sheriff’s
Office.
Aguila IQ Homicide
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The gunshot wound was located on the right cheek,
and was a punched-out 1.4 x 1.0 cm ovoid defect with a
thin dark circumferential abrasion.
The bullet passed right to left, between the left angle of
the mandible and the mastoid process.
A fragment of a large caliber silver colored metal
projectile, including the projectile base, was recovered.
Two other fragments were recovered, one from the
region of the right mandible fracture and another from
subcutaneous tissue overlying the left mandible, distal
to the base fragment.
Fragmentation Pattern
Fragmentation Results from Aguila IQ
.45 ACP Upon Penetrating Soft Tissue
Cranial X-Rays
Fragment #1
Fragment #2
Fragment #3
Aguila IQ Fragments
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Three Fragments Removed at Autopsy
Aguila IQ .45 ACP
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Fragments Separated along Scorned Areas of Bullet
Functioned as Designed by Manufacturer
Alleged Weapon
The Firearm Allegedly used to
Discharge the Fatal Shot
Hi-Point .45 Auto
Hi-Point .45 Auto
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Weapon and Aguila IQ .45 ACP Partially Used Box of
Ammunition Recovered from Suspects Attic.
Weapon and Box of Ammunition Found Soaking in Sodium
Hypochlorite, NaOCl - (Bleach).
Ammunition Was Unusable But Firearm Was Functional
Although Seriously Corroded from Bleach.
Distance
Determination
Range Test Fires to Approximate
Muzzle-to-Target Distance
Haskell Model JS .45 Auto
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Original Weapon (Hi-Point)
was Returned to Submitting
Agency.
Additional Forensic Tests
were Conducted with a
Similar Firearm Type from
the Firearm Reference
Collection.
Test Fires
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At the Medical Examiner’s Request, Distance
Determination Test Fires were Performed to
Approximate the Muzzel-to-Target Distance.
Test Fires were Conducted at 3 inches (7.6 cm),
6 inches (15.2 cm) and 1 foot (30.5 cm).
Since this was a Gross Approximation, the
Target Material used Consisted of White Cotton
Swatches.
Medical Examiner’s
Conclusion
Cause of Death Determination After
Examination of Laboratory Findings
ME Conclusions
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The Test Fire Results for 3 inches (7.6 cm), 6
inches (15.2 cm) and 1 foot (30.5 cm) were
Presented to the Medical Examiner to Review.
It was Determined that the Muzzle-to-Target
Distance was 3 inches (7.6 cm).
Cause of death was Certified as a Gunshot
Wound of the Face, with the Manner of Death
as Homicide.
Distance Determination
Vaporous Lead Residue
(Purple)
Antimony Residue
(Orange)
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Three (3) inches
Treated with Sodium
Rhodizonate, C6Na2O6
Aguila IQ .45 ACP Properties
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Classification of Gunpowder
Bullet Composition
Primer Gunshot Residue (P-GSR),
Characterization and Elemental Analysis
Velocity Tests
Gunpowder
Classification of Aguila IQ .45 ACP
Powder
Gunpowder
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Regular and Irregular Flattened Disk
Forged Bullet
Stamped on Bottom Inside Hollow
Cavity
Stamped Inside Bullet Cavity
Bullet Composition
Elemental Analysis of Aguila IQ .45 ACP Bullet
By Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) &
Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDX)
SEM/EDX
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
„ JEOL 5800
Energy Dispersive X-Ray Detector (EDX)
„ 129 Resolution SiLi Detector
Oxford ISIS Software Version 3.35
„ 1024 Channels, 20 KeV Range
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Bullet Composition
Inside Bottom
Primary Composition:
-Zinc and Aluminum
Trace Amounts:
-Copper and Silicon
Bullet Composition
Outer Upper Rim
Primary Composition:
-Zinc, Aluminum and Chlorine
Trace Amounts:
-Copper, Potassium, Silicon, Calcium and Phosphorous
Zinc Metal
Physical and Chemical Properties
Zinc Metal
General Properties of Zinc
Name origin:
German: zin (German for tin).
Description:
Hard, brittle, shiny bluish-white transition metal.
Discovered by:
Andreas Marggraf
Year:
1746
Location:
Germany
Sources:
Found in the minerals zinc blende (sphalerite) (ZnS),
calamine, franklinite, smithsonite (ZnCO3), willemite,
and zincite (ZnO).
Uses:
Used to coat other metal (galvanizing) to protect them
from rusting. Also used in alloys such as brass, bronze,
nickel. Also in solder, cosmetics and pigments.
http://www.immr.tu-clausthal.de/geoch/pse/pse.shtml
30
30
Zn
Zn
65.409(4)
65.409(4)
Zinc Metal
Physical and Chemical Properties of Zinc
Group:
Transition Metal
Melt:
419.58°C
Electrical
Conductivity:
0.166 10^6/cm ohm
Color:
White to bright blue gray
Luster:
Metallic
Transparency:
Specimens are opaque
Crystal System:
hexagonal; 6/m 2/m 2/m
Cleavage:
perfect in one direction (basal)
Hardness:
Mohs 2.5; Brinell 412 MN/m2
Specific Gravity:
6.9 - 7.2 (heavy even for a metallic mineral)
Characteristics:
Brittle at room temperature (malleable/ductile when heated to 100o C)
Ass. Minerals:
Includes native gold, native copper, native aluminum and other rare
native metals
http://www.immr.tuhttp://www.immr.tu-clausthal.de/geoch/pse/pse.shtml
http://www.galleries.com/minerals/
Primer Gunshot
Residue (P-GSR)
Elemental Analysis of Aguila IQ .45 ACP Bullet
By Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) &
Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDX)
SEM/EDX
Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM)
„ JEOL 6480
Energy Dispersive X-Ray Detector (EDX)
„ 129 Resolution SiLi Detector
Oxford ISIS Software Version 3.35
„ 1024 Channels, 20 KeV Range
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Automated SEM/EDX
Setup and Calibration
EDX Calibration
Backscatter Calibration
Cobalt
Rhodium
Backscatter Confirmation
Gold (Au)
Microscope Setup
Operator: Michael V. Martinez
Client: none
Job: AGUILA STUDY
Res: Fine
Label: (19 May 06 13:22:44)
Microscope conditions
Stage Position:
X = 27.8685 mm
Y = -17.7161 mm
Z = 10.153 mm
Magnification:
330 X
Accelerating voltage: 20 kV
Working distance: 10 mm
Beam current:
1E-09 A
P-GSR Composition
Right Hand After Four (4) Shots
Primary Composition:
-Lead, Barium, Antimony, Zinc, Nickel, Copper, Silicon and Aluminum
P-GSR Composition
Right Hand After Four (4) Shots
Primary Composition:
-Lead, Barium, Antimony, Zinc and Aluminum
P-GSR Composition
Right Hand After Four (4) Shots
Primary Composition:
-Lead, Barium, Antimony, Zinc, Silicon and Aluminum
P-GSR Composition
Right Hand After Four (4) Shots
Primary Composition:
-Lead, Zinc Silicon and Aluminum
Trace Composition
-Antimony
Primer Facts
Approximate Primer to Gunpowder
Percentage
Approximate Primer to Gunpowder
Percentage
Based on CCI manufacturer information pertaining to
percentage of gunpowder (propellant vs. dry primer
mix). With respect to Magnum type small arms
ammunition, approximately 36 mg of primer is used
in the primer cap. This primer cap is typically used
for ball type powder or large volume gunpowder small
arms ammunition.
Primer to Gunpowder Percentage
Calculations:
1 grain = 64.799 milligrams
- For .45 caliber 230 grain cartridge casing, about 7 grains of propellant
is used. 7 grains = 453.593 mg of propellant
„ 36 mg / 453.593 mg = 0.07936 or 7.936% total primer volume.
- For a 44 magnum 240 grain cartridge casing, with approximately 24
grains of gunpowder.
„ 36 mg / 1,555.176 mg = 0.02314 or 2.31% total primer volume.
-For a 9 mm 124 grain cartridge casing with about 6 grains of gunpowder
using the typical dry primer weighing at 34 mg. The calculations would
be:
„ 34 mg / 388.80 mg = 0.08744 or 8.74% total primer volume.
*Note that for 9mm ammunition, the gunpowder may vary from 10 to 4
grains.
-For a 357 magnum with 12 grains of gunpowder,
„ 36 mg / 777.588 mg = 0.0463 or 4.629% total primer volume.
Approximate Primer to Gunpowder
Percentage
Its safe to estimate that the percentage of primer
vs. gunpowder for small arms, (handguns), would
approximately be no more than 10% and no less
than 2% according to manufacturer standards.
An average of 6%.
Provided by:
Coy Getman
Technical Services Coordinator
CCI/Speer
208-750-4546
Classification of P-GSR
Unique, Characteristic or Consistent
with P-GSR?
Primer Gunshot Residue
Designation: E 1588–95 (Reapproved 2001)
ENGLISH
Standard Guide for
Gunshot Residue Analysis by Scanning Electron
Microscopy/ Energy—Dispersive Spectroscopy
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The most accurate method of identifying GSR is by its elemental
content. The following composition has been observed only in particles
which are characteristic of GSR:
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8.2.2 Other elements which may occur include silicon,
calcium, aluminum, copper, iron, sulfur, phosphorus, zinc
(only if the amount of copper is higher than the
amount of zinc), nickel in conjunction with copper and
zinc, potassium and chlorine.
Primer Gunshot Residue
Designation: E 1588–95 (Reapproved 2001)
ENGLISH
TASK GROUP WORKING DRAFT
E 1588-95(2001) Standard Guide for Gunshot Residue
Analysis by Scanning Electron Microscopy/ EnergyDispersive X-ray Spectrometry
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8.2.3 Particles with a composition characteristic of GSR will have the
following elemental profile:
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8.2.3.2 Particles with a composition described in section
8.2.3.1 may also contain one or more of only the following
other elements: silicon, calcium, aluminum, copper, iron
(trace), sulfur (trace), phosphorus, zinc, nickel (in
conjunction with copper and zinc), potassium, chlorine, tin,
and zirconium.
Velocity Aguila IQ .45
ACP
Speed of Sound
T20 is 293.15 K (= 20 °C = 68 °F), giving a value of 343.4 m·s-1
(= 1126.6 ft/s = 1236 km·h-1 = 768.2 mph = 667.1 knots)
Physical Characteristic Comparison
Manufacturer’s Listed Data
CIL Evaluation Data
Bullet weight
117 grains
116.5 grains
Bullet Composition
Zinc alloy
Zinc
Case/Primer
Nickel/brass lg. pistol
Nickel/brass lg. pistol
Powder charge
Not given
11 grains
Velocity
1450 FPS
1414 FPS (avg)/1445
max *
Hard object strike
Remains intact
Remained intact, nose
folded
Soft object strike
Breaks into 3 or 4 pieces
Breaks into 3 & 4
pieces
* Eights (8) Shots Test Fired through Chronograph
General Manufacturer Comparison
Jacketed Hollow Point (JHP) .45 Auto
Manufacturer
Brand
Weight grains
Velocity ft/sec
Energy ft/lbs
Speer
Gold Dot
185
1050
453
CCI
Blazer
200
975
422
Magsafe
Defender +P
96
1760
660
Winchester
Super-X Silvertip
185
1003
411
Glaser
Blue #12
145
1350
587
Remington
Golden Saber +P
185
1140
534
Federal
Hydroshock
165
1060
412
Aguila
IQ
117
1450
546
http://www.sportsmansguide.com
The Good, Bad and the Ugly
Claims to Aguila’s IQ Ammunition
Penetrating Power
Aguila IQ Reports
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Michigan State Police Issued a Warning that
Aguila IQ Ammunition will Penetrate BulletResistant Vests
Wise County Sheriff’s Office (Texas) Issued an
Alert December 2002
OFFICER SAFETY BULLETIN 03-001 New
Body Armor Piercing Ammunition. U.S.
Customs El Paso I.C.A.T. on December 3, 2002
Aguila IQ Media Reports
COPS' TERROR AS GANGSTERS GET
DEADLY IQ BULLETS
(Daily Mirror) - Britain's most ruthless gangsters are
carrying guns loaded with new "super intelligent bullets"
that have devastating effects.
The ultra-powerful ammo easily rips through bodyarmour making our cops' bullet-proof vests useless. But
the slugs are dubbed "IQ" bullets because they can
recognize the density of targets on the moment of
impact.
Police throughout Britain have been warned that
gangsters, including Yardies and Eastern European
Mafioso, are arming themselves with the IQ bullets.
Body Armor Study
Attempts to Validate the Penetrating
Capability of Aguila IQ Ammunition
Bullet Resistant Vest Study
Objective
„ Determine if the Aguila IQ .45 ACP
Ammunition is Capable of Penetrating Body
Armor.
„ Test Shots were Fired into a Law Enforcement
Certified Bullet-Resistant Vest.
Bullet Resistant Vest
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Safariland Ballistics
Industries (SBI)
Kevlar Vest Issued June
27, 1990
H. P. White
Laboratories, Inc.
Certified by Test Fires.
Caliber
Projectile Wt. (grains)
Description
Velocity (ft./sec)
9mm
124
FMJ
1090
.357 Mag
158
JSP
1250
SBI Vest
Range Shots
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Test Shots with Aguila IQ
.45 ACP
Weapon used: Haskell
Model JS .45 Auto
Observed Results at 9 feet
(2.74 meters) and 3 feet
(0.914 meters)
Placed Artistic Clay
Directly Behind Vest
Body Armor Study
Body Armor Study
Body Armor Study
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Back Side of Vest.
Caused Severe Buckling
and Tearing.
Projectile did not
Penetrate at Three (3)
feet (0.914 meters).
Clay Impact at 3 feet
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Clay Thickness 1.60 inches (4.1 cm)
Penetration Diameter 2.8 inches (7 cm)
Penetration Depth 1.6 inches (4 cm)
Non- Fragmentation
Bullet at Three (3) feet (0.914 meters) after Striking Vest
Kevlar Fibers
Bee’s Wax- Microscope
Mounting Material
Conclusions
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Aguila IQ .45 ACP was not able to Fully Penetrate the
SBI Bullet-Resistant Vest at Nine (9) Feet (2.74 meters)
or at Three (3) feet (0.914 meters).
At Three (3) feet (0.914 meters), the Bullet Perforated
the Vest.
Bullet Remained Intact and Did Not Fragment After
Striking Vest. Substantiating Manufactures Claim.
Based on this Study, the Velocity of the Bullet and
Penetration Depth was Determined to Cause Enough
Severe Internal Injury from Impact to Result in Death
to the Wearer.
Further Tests are Warranted.
Acknowledgements
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This Presentation Could not be Possible without the Information, and
Forensic Data Provided by:
Randall Frost-
Deputy Chief Medical Examiner
Bexar County Medical Examiner’s Office
Edard Love-
Senior Forensic Firearm Examiner
Bexar County Crime Laboratory
Dale Justice-
Forensic Scientist, Firearms Examiner
Bexar County Crime Laboratory
Crysti Vaschon-
Forensic Scientist, Trace Evidence Analyst
Bexar County Crime Laboratory