The Chord Cookbook Compendium - Swing and Jump Blues Guitar

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The Chord Cookbook Compendium - Swing and Jump Blues Guitar
The Chord Cookbook Compendium
Sample
© 2012 Matthieu Brandt
The Chord Cookbook Compendium
Reference Library of Chords,
Chord Systems
and Harmony
Matthieu Brandt
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The Chord Cookbook Compendium
Sample
© 2012 Matthieu Brandt
Index
3
Introduction
Chords
5
7
Open Position Chords – Major and Minor Triads
Open Position Chords – 4 Note Chords
Barre – Chords
Sus4 – Chords
Sus2 – Chords
Sus4 & Sus2 Chords Combinations
Add 9 – Chords
Add 11 – Chords
Min 7 – Chords
Maj 7 – Chords
MinMaj 7 – Chords
Add 6 – Chords
m 6 – Chords
m 69 – Chords
Maj 7 & Add 6 Extended Chords
Dom 7 – Chords
Dom 7 Extended Chords
Altered Dom 7 Chords
Diminished & Augmented Triad
Half Diminished Chord
Diminished 7th Chord
Powerchords
Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string
Triads on 2nd, 3rd and 4th string
Triads on 3rd, 4th and 5th string
Expanded Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string: Sus4 & Sus2
Expanded Triads on 2nd, 3rd and 4th string: Sus4 & Sus2
Expanded Triads on 3rd, 4th and 5th string: Sus4 & Sus2
Expanded Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string: Dom 7
Expanded Triads on 2nd, 3rd and 4th string: Dom 7
Expanded Triads on 3rd, 4th and 5th string: Dom 7
Expanded Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string: Maj 7
Expanded Triads on 2nd, 3rd and 4th string: Maj 7
Expanded Triads on 3rd, 4th and 5th string: Maj 7
Expanded Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string: Min 7
Expanded Triads on 2nd, 3rd and 4th string: Min 7
Expanded Triads on 3rd, 4th and 5th string: Min 7
Powerchord Based Triads
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8
10
12
13
14
16
17
18
20
21
22
23
25
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28
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32
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36
37
38
39
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Chord Systems & Tricks
Open Position Chords Moved Up The Neck
Bar Chords without A Bar
Bar Chords without A Bar (Low E)
Chords from Progressions with Pedal Notes
Inversions of Triads and 4 – Note Chords
Chords with Chimey Close Chord Voicings
Complex Slash Chord
Chords from Quartal Harmony
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57
59
60
66
69
71
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Chord Harmony
Introduction
Chord Extensions
Chord Formulas
Formulas for Chord Families
Chord Progressions
Major Chord replaced by it’s dominant chord
Adding chords from the minor key with the same root
Alternative Chords in a minor key
Replacing the Vm with a V major chord in a Minor key
Changing keys (modulation)
Modulation to the relative minor or major
How to Modulate
The V- I Modulation
Modulating one whole note up
Modulating to the Tonic Minor
Other Modulations
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77
79
81
84
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87
92
94
97
98
99
100
101
101
101
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Introduction
This chord reference library includes all open position chords, bar chords, all the important extensions a
chord can have and a number of chord tricks and systems to classify chords.
It is the companion to the TrueFire Interactive Video Course with the same name.
Among these chord tricks and systems are
- moving an open position chord up the neck to create new sounds
- using bar chords without a bar
- build chords that have so called close voicings, which is the use of two notes in a chord that are ½ step
or 1 step apart
- the use of pedal notes in a chord progression
- counterpoint, contrary motion and melodic movement within a chord
- an extensive look at inversions, triads, powerchord triads and ways to expand them
- and finally chords that are built with quartal harmony.
You can go through this library much like you can with all the other TrueFire courses; start at the
beginning, go through all the examples, the breakdown of the harmony, all the chord tricks that are
described, the ways they are categorized and at a breakneck speed enlarge your chord knowledge.
But because this subject is so vast and important, you can also use it as an encyclopedia.
You can come back to the videos and powertabs whenever you’re stuck with playing the same old
chords or when you need to find out how to create or extend certain chords.
You can print this reference manual which will give you a systematic rundown of almost all the chords
you’ll ever need, several ways they can be categorized and a set of harmonic and melodic tricks you can
use to extend chords and chord progressions.
It also includes a 30 page rundown of chord harmony theory you’ll need to place the chords into
context.
With every type of chord and approach to playing chords, standard chord progressions and chord tricks
we’ve included a list of hit songs to help you get a solid grip on chord colors and the ways they are used
by the writers of hit records.
I encourage you to check out these songs and listen for the effect these chords and chord tricks have.
It’s easier to remember what they sound like if you have heard a clear and practical example.
You’ll be able to label chords by players or situations or even certain songs, like: the Jimi Hendrix chord,
Andy Summers chord, the Wonderwall trick or the James Bond theme.
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Aside from references to these hit songs, I’ve included about 35 original compositions to illustrate how
chords can be colored, how certain effects can be achieved, which chords will work in which situations
and how to embellish a chord progression.
This reference manual does not include all the chords you can possibly play on guitar and it doesn’t
intend to.
That whole approach is senseless, because there are probably a few million and no one is going to be
able to remember them all and least of all, know how to use all of them.
This reference manual does include 98 percent of all chords you’ll ever need playing pop, rock, blues,
folk, r & b, soul, funk and other modern western music. I’ve stopped short of going into jazz and fusion
but this manual will have given you several systems to build those chords yourself or analyze them with
the extensive harmony section included. I have only included ‘playable’ chords, meaning chords for
which you don’t have to break your fingers or extend them over too many frets. This library is for guitar
players, not for guitar wizards.
This is a load of material, so take your time going through it.
I hope you enjoy this systematic approach and am convinced it will help you extend your chord
knowledge.
It will make you recognize chords and chord progressions quicker and help you find certain chord effects
when you’re composing songs. This manual will give you all the tools you need to analyze tabs and chord
progressions you find on the internet and play the ‘correct’ guitar arrangement.
Matthieu Brandt
for TrueFire
Haarlem (The Original), The Netherlands
June 2008
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us4 & Sus2 Chord Combination
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
Examples
Song
: Combination of sus4 and sus2 chords. Both suspended chords are
often combined to create melodies within a chord.
The major or minor third of the chord is also added in the melody.
: Suspended 2nd = 1-2-5, Major Triad = 1-3-5 or Minor Triad =1-b3-5 and
suspended 4th = 1-4-5
: Folk, Country, Pop, Rock, etc.
: Summer of ’69 (Brian Adams), Brass in Pocket (Pretenders), Annie’s
(John Denver), Happy Christmas (John Lennon), The Winner Takes It
All
(Abba), Vincent (Don McLean), The First Cut Is The Deepest (Cat
Stevens).
When to use
: To create melodies on top of a major or minor triad
.
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Add 9 Chords
Definition
: A Major or Minor Triads that has an added 9th.
A Minor Seventh Chord with an added 9th is called a Minor Ninth Chord.
This is the same note as the suspended 2nd (2x ½ note or 2 frets above
the
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
etc.
Examples
When to use
root), usually played 7 whole notes or 14 frets above the root.
: Add9 = 1-3-5-9, madd9 = 1-b3-5-9 and m9 = 1-b3-5-b7-9.
: Folk, Country, Pop, Rock, Singer Songwriter, Rock Ballads, Latin, Jazz,
Lover You Should’ve Come Over (Jeff Buckley),
Dust in the Wind (Kansas), I Got A Name Jim Croce),
madd9
Fade To Black (Metallica), Every Breath You Take (Police),
m9
Language (Suzanne Vega)
: Gives the minor or major chord a more mellow flavor.
: add9
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Add 11 Chords
Definition
: A Major or Minor Triads that has an added 11th.
This is the same note as the suspended 4th (5x ½ note or 5 frets above
the
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
etc.
Examples
When to use
twist.
root), usually played 8 1/2 whole notes or 17 frets above the root.
: Add11 = 1-3-5-11, madd11 = 1-b3-5-11 and m11 = 1-b3-5-b7-11.
: Folk, Country, Pop, Rock, Singer Songwriter, Rock Ballads, Latin, Jazz,
: add11
Miss You (Rolling Stones)
m11
Here, There and Everywhere (The Beatles)
m7add11
About A Girl (Nirvana), Back To You (John Mayer)
: Gives the minor or major chord a more mellow flavor, with a suspended
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m 69 – Chords
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
Examples
: A Minor Triad that has an added major 6th AND an added 9th.
: 1-b3-5-6-9
: Jazz, Pop, Singer Songwriter, Latin, etc.
: Forty Thousand Headmen (Traffic), 3x5 (John Mayer),
Theme From the Pink Panther
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Maj 7 and Add 6 Extended Chords
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
: A Major Triad that has an added major 6th and/or an added major 7th
and/or one other extension
: 1-3-5-6-7, 1-3-5-7-13, 1-3-5-7-9, 1-3-5-6-9
: Jazz, Latin, Fusion, etc.
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Powerchords
Definition
: A stack of a root with a perfect fifth. Often one of these notes is doubled
(or both). Although technically a powerchord is an interval, because it
only has
two different notes, these intervals are mostly referred to as
powerchords.
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
Examples
When to use
both.
: 1-5
: Rock, Heavy Metal, Pop, etc.
: 11 AM (Incubus), Smoke on the Water (Deep Purple), My Generation
(The Who), Knocking on Heavens Door (Guns & Roses Cover),
The Unforgiven (Metallica), Rumble (Link Wray), You Really Got Me
(The Kinks).
: Chord has no major or minor third and can be used as a replacement for
Because it has a limited ‘color’ it’s often used in rough edged songs.
Too thicken up the chord, the fifth of the chord is sometimes doubled
in the bass.
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Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
When to use
instruments.
: Major and Minor Triads on 3 adjacent strings
: 1-3-5 (major) and 1-b3-5 (Minor).
: Funk, Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: As a second guitar part or part in a band setting with other chord
Locate the root on one string and shape the chord around it.
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Triads on 2nd, 3rd and 4th string
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
When to use
instruments.
: Major and Minor Triads on 3 adjacent strings
: 1-3-5 (major) and 1-b3-5 (Minor).
: Funk, Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: As a second guitar part or part in a band setting with other chord
Locate the root on one string and shape the chord around it.
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Triads on 3rd , 4th and 5th string
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
When to use
instruments.
: Major and Minor Triads on 3 adjacent strings
: 1-3-5 (major) and 1-b3-5 (Minor).
: Funk, Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: As a second guitar part or part in a band setting with other chord
Locate the root on one string and shape the chord around it.
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Expanded Triads on 1st, 2nd and 3rd string: Sus4 and Sus2
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
When to use
instruments.
: Sus4 and Sus2 Triads on 3 adjacent strings
: 1-4-5 (sus4) and 1-2-5 (sus2).
: Funk, Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: As a second guitar part or part in a band setting with other chord
Locate the root on one string and shape the chord around it.
These can be seen as harmonic variations of the major or minor triads.
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Powerchord Based Triads
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
When to use
: Triads derived from Powerchords on 3 adjacent strings
: several.
: Rock, Heavy Metal, Pop, etc.
: As harmonic variations in a Powerchord groove.
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Open Position Chords Moved Up The Neck
Definition
Chord Formula
Styles of Music
Examples
Blues
When to use
: Open position chord shapes that are moved up the neck and in
which open strings are kept ringing.
: several.
: Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: Saturday Night (Herman Brood & His Wild Romance), Sweet Bitter
(Cephas and Wiggins), Homeward Bound and Scarborough Fair (Simon
and Garfunkel), Calling You – Theme from Bagdad Café (Jevetta Steel)
: As harmonic variations on open position chords. The open strings that
keep ringing often give the chord some extra color.
These chords can used to replace ‘regular’ open position chords or
provide
colorful substitutions for barre chords.
In some cases these chords are used on top of a pedal bass, to create
harmonic motion within a certain key. Because of their well known shape
these chords are easy to play.
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Bar Chords Without A Bar
Definition
string.
: Chords that are derived from barre chord with the tonic on the 6th or 5th
The barre played with the index finger is removed and only the root of the
chord
is played with the index finger.
The rest of the fingers remain on the fretboard and the open strings are
kept
Chord Formula
Examples
Trouble
Styles of Music
When to use
ringing.
: several.
: Daughters (John Mayer), Sacrifice (Anouk), Sail Away (David Gray),
(Oasis), This Side (Nickel Creek), Joy (Janis Ian).
: Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: As harmonic variations on open position chords or barre chords
The open strings that keep ringing often give the chord some extra color.
These chords can used to replace ‘regular’ open position chords or barre
chords.
The top open strings (E and B) create a pedal that can be heard throughout
a progression that uses several of these types of chords.
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Bar Chords Without A Bar (Open Low E)
Definition
string.
Chord Formula
Examples
Styles of Music
When to use
: Chords that are derived from barre chord with the tonic on the 6th or 5th
The barre played with the index finger is removed and the low E string
rings open, together with the high E and B strings.
The rest of the fingers remain on the fretboard.
: several
: Melissa (Allman Brothers Band)
: Rock, Pop, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: As harmonic variations on open position chords or barre chords
The open strings that keep ringing often give the chord some extra color.
These chords can used to replace ‘regular’ open position chords or
barre
chords or provide.
The top open strings (E and B) create a pedal that can be heard
throughout
a progression that uses several of these types of chords.
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Chords with Chimey Close Voicings
Definition
possible,
: Chords that have all the chord notes stacked as close together as
often within the same octave. The voicings referred to here can contain
two
notes that have an interval of ½ note or 1 whole note between them.
The tension between these adjacent notes within the chord voicing
produce
Chord Formula
Examples
Styles of Music
When to use
floating
a chimey effect or tension. Often one of these notes is an open string.
: several
: Every Breath You Take & Message In A Bottle (The Police), Night Vision
(Suzanne Vega), Fade To Black (Metallica), Masterplan (Oasis),
Old Man (Neil Young), Scarborough Fair (Simon and Garfunkel version),
Stealing Hubcaps (Larry John McNally)
: Rock, Pop, Country, Folk, Heavy Metal, Singer Songwriter, etc.
: To create a chord that has some tension and/or mesmerizing color /
feel.
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