Exploring Disciplinarity Conceptualizations

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Exploring Disciplinarity Conceptualizations
Exploring Disciplinarity
Exploring Disciplinarity
Talk Series on Networks and Complex Systems
Talk Series on Networks and Complex Systems
Cassidy Sugimoto
Scott Weingart & Chaoqun
Scott Weingart
& Chaoqun Ni
Bloomington, Indiana April 4, 2011
Conceptualizations
“a recognized community of researchers”
Social
established manner for communication their findings
manner for communication their findings”
“established
Communicative
“coherence of content”
Cognitive
“finite set of methods of inquiry”
Methodological
“group of institution that persist and remain stable over time”
Institutional
Educational “a system for perpetuating the discipline by training new practitioners”
Operationalizations
•Units
•Person
•Paper
•Journal
•Department
•Degree
•Institution
•Methods
"If we assume that textbooks
"The disciplinary diversity of an "the Gini coefficient can be represent the content of the core article was constructed from the considered as an indicator of di
distribution of ISI SCs in the of a discipline, we may examine f di
ib ii li f ISI SC i h i
specificity and therefore references
references of references of an in a textbook in order disciplinarity" Leydesdorff
and to describe the nature of that article." Rafols
and Meyers, 2010
Rafols, 2010
Rafols, 2010
core."
•Word co‐occurrence
•Topic modeling
•Citation/co‐citation/bibliographic coupling
•Collaboration/co‐authorship/co‐worker networks
•Hybrid
•Approaches
•Top‐down
•Top
down
•Bottom‐up
Academic
Genealogy
Academic Genealogy
Internationality in LIS
Internationality in LIS
100%
95%
90%
Oceania
Asia
85%
Africa
UK
80%
NonUKEuropean
Canada
1940s
Advvisor
Advvisor
1990s
Committtee
Advvisor
1980s
Committtee
Advvisor
1970s
Committtee
Advvisor
1960s
Committtee
Advvisor
1950s
Committtee
Committtee
Advvisor
Advvisor
1930s
Committtee
Committtee
75%
2000s
USA
Advisor Institutions
Advisor Institutions
1930s (100%)
School
Hartford Seminary
U. of Chicago
U. of North Carolina
#
2
1
1
1940s (100%)
School
U. of Chicago
Hartford Seminary
U. of North Carolina
#
4
2
1
U. of Pennsylvania
1
U. of Pennsylvania
1
1970s (52%)
School
U. of Chicago
#
19
1980s (44%)
School
U. of Michigan
U. of Michigan
18
Columbia U.
1950s (100%)
School
U. of Chicago
Columbia U.
Cornell U.
#
6
1
1
1960s (68%)
School
U. of Chicago
Columbia U.
U. of Illinois
#
9
8
4
U. of Michigan
Harvard U.
3
2
1
1
1
#
21
Hartford Seminary
U. of Illinois
U. of Michigan
1990s (30%)
School
U. of Pittsburgh
#
21
2000s (34%)
School
#
Syracuse U.
23
Case Western
17
Case Western
17
U. of Pittsburgh
23
13
U. of Illinois
17
Columbia U.
17
UC, Berkeley
19
U. of Illinois
13
U. of Pittsburgh
16
U. of Michigan
15
U. of Illinois
16
Case Western
12
Columbia U.
15
U. of Chicago
14
U. of Michigan
13
U. of Toronto
13
U. of W.Ontario
13
Committee Institutions
Committee Institutions
1930s (100%)
School
#
U. of Chicago
3
1940s (100%)
School
#
U. of Chicago
6
U. of Illinois
1
1970s (28%)
School
Columbia U.
U. of Michigan
U. of Chicago
U. of Pittsburgh
U. of Wisconsin
1980s (30%)
School
U. of Chicago
U. of Michigan
U. of Pittsburgh
Indiana U.
UC, Berkeley
#
34
28
25
24
19
#
31
31
27
25
22
1950s (100%)
School
U. of Chicago
U. of Michigan
Columbia U.
Cornell U.
Harvard U.
Indiana U.
Stanford U.
Ohio State U.
U of Illinois
U. of Illinois
U. of Pennsylvania
U. of Wisconsin
Yale U.
1990s (27%)
School
U. of Michigan
UC, Berkeley
Columbia U.
Indiana U.
U. of Illinois
U. of Pittsburgh
g
#
10
8
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
#
33
32
31
28
28
28
1960s (56%)
School
U. of Michigan
U. of Chicago
Columbia U.
U. of Illinois
UC, Berkeley
#
17
11
9
9
7
2000s (18%)
School
U. of Pittsburgh
U. of Wisconsin
Rutgers U.
Columbia U.
Stanford U.
UT, Austin
,
#
39
26
25
24
24
24
Interdisciplinarity in LIS
in LIS
Percen
ntage of adviso
orships
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
LIS
15
14
24
100
13
55
394
473
14
184
214
465
521
280 356
2
1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
12%
50%
65%
65%
68%
69%
62%
59%
NonLIS 88%
50%
35%
35%
32%
31%
38%
41%
Percentage of P
co
ommitteeship
s
100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
12
27
15
55
36
184
751
173
705
959
846
1096
934
1306
1015
4
1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s
LIS
25%
64%
40%
52%
52%
53%
46%
44%
NonLIS
75%
36%
60%
48%
48%
47%
54%
56%
Interdisciplinarity by institution
by institution
Top imported disciplines
Top imported disciplines
Advisors
Advisor trends
Advisor trends
Committee members
Committee member trends
Committee member trends
The vision
The vision
1
2
3
IImproved connections between conceptualizations d
ti
b t
t li ti
and operationalizations in science of science
Large‐scale utilization of academic genealogy as an indicator for the birth maturation and interaction
indicator for the birth, maturation, and interaction of disciplines
Mapping of doctorates and transfer of people between institutions and countries
between institutions
and countries by time
by time and and
discipline