3 OR MORE PEOPLE
AT LEAST 3 MEMBERS CONVICTED
OF A SERIOUS OFFENSE
(INVOLVING 10 YEARS
IMPRISONMENT AND SOME LESSER
OFFENSES INCLUDING WOUNDING
WITH INTENT, INJURING WITH
INTENT, THEFT AND RECEIVING.)
DRUG DEALING AND USING FIREARM TO
RESIST ARREST OR CARELESSLY ARE
THE 3 SERIOUS OFFENSES MUST BE
AT LEAST 1 OF THE SERIOUS OFFENSES
WAS COMMITTED WITHIN 3 YEARS OF
THE OFFENSE UNDER s.98A
BEFORE A PROSECUTION CAN BE
BROUGHT UNDER THIS SECTION, AN
ACCUSED MUST BE WARNED ON 2
OCCASIONS THEY ARE INVOLVED IN A
T.C.A. 39-11-106 GANG
FORMAL/ INFORMAL ONGOING
ORGANIZATION, ASSOCIATION, OR
GROUP OF 3 OR MORE PERSONS WHO:
HAVE AS ONE OF ITS PRIMARY
ACTIVITIES, THE COMMISSION OF
HAVE A COMMON NAME OR COMMON
IDENTIFYING SIGN, COLOR OR SYMBOL
HAVE MEMBERS OR ASSOCIATES
WHO COLLECTIVELY ENGAGE IN
40-35-121 GANG MEMBER
TWO OR MORE:
IDENTIFIED BY PARENT/ GUARDIAN
IDENTIFIED BY DOCUMENTED C.I.
RESIDES IN OR FREQUENTS
GANGS AREA, ADOPTS THEIR
DRESS, HAND SIGNS, TATTOOS
AND ASSOCIATES WITH GANG
IDENTIFIED BY UNTESTED C.I. BUT
CORROBORATED BY INDEPENDENT
HAS BEEN ARRESTED MORE THAN
ONCE IN COMPANY OF GANG
IDENTIFIED GANG MEMBER BY
EVIDENCE SUCH AS
Is it Illegal to Belong to a Gang?
No.. Not here.
– SCHOOLS HAVE RIGHT TO
PROHIBIT STUDENTS GRADES 6
– 12 FROM WEARING CLOTHING
OR ACCESSORIES THAT DENOTE
GANG MEMBERSHIP OR
IF A GANG MEMBER AT TIME – ONE
FOR INITIATION – ONE
LEADER OR ORGANIZER – TWO
EMERGENCE OF CRACK CHANGED
LARGE PROFITS FUELED VIOLENCE
“FOR PROFITS” STREET GANGS
INCREASED IN NUMBERS
NATIONWIDE MEDIA EXPLOSION
WHY JOIN A GANG?
SINGLE PARENT HOMES
LATCH KEY KIDS
GANGS AT SCHOOL
MONEY & STATUS
PRIDE IN NEIGHBORHOOD
ALL MEMBERS FROM
PROTECT THE HOOD.
LACK OF EMPLOYMENT
WHY GANGS MIGRATE
NEW CUSTOMERS - MORE
EASIER TO INTIMIDATE
LESS GANG RIVALRY
FIRST GANGS IN AREA HAVE LITTLE
NO ONE KNOWS THEM
DEPENDS ON GANG
LIST OF QUESTIONS
SEXED IN (MALE/ FEMALE)
FEMALES MUST HAVE SEX WITH
LEADER(S) OR WHOLE GANG.
MALES MUST HAVE ORAL SEX WITH
MALE BEFORE WITNESS.
OLDER FAMILY MEMBER BRINGS
YOUNGER MEMBER IN.
–MUCH MORE VIOLENT THAN
MOST ALL GANGS/ MEMBERS
ARE INVOLVED WITH DRUGS
EITHER SELLING OR USING.
HAVE YOU USED IT?
IN WHAT CONTEXT?
THROW AWAY TERM
HAVE MOST TO PROVE
EACH INDIVIDUAL GANG CAN HAVE
IT’S OWN UNIQUE LANGUAGE,
TO EFFECTIVELY UNDERSTAND A
GANG YOU MUST BE ABLE TO BREAK
ORIENTS TO THE RIGHT
– PANTS LEGS
– COLORS – BLUE/ BLACK
USE THE NUMBER 6
PREDOMINATE SYMBOLS ARE 6
POINTED STARS AND CROWNS.
USE THE “UPRIGHT” PITCHFORK
CRIPS, BGD’S, GD’S
ORIENTS TO LEFT
USES NUMBER 5
USES 5 PT. CROWN AND STAR
COLORS – RED, YELLOW, BLACK
BLOOD, VICE LORD, LATIN KINGS
DOG OR DAWG
READING THE WRITING ON THE WALL
TYPES OF GRAFFITI
– GRAFFITI ARTIST
– GANG GRAFFITI
USUALLY A SINGLE TAG NAME OR
CAN BE USED TO:
– PRESENT A MESSAGE ABOUT SOCIETY
– GET NOTICED
TAGGERS CAN FORM GROUPS
ELABORATE WORKS ON WALLS,
TRAINS, BUSES, ETC….
ARE SOMETIMES CONTRACTED TO
DO THEIR WORK.
VANDALISM THAT SERVES AS AN
UNDERGROUND NEWSPAPER FOR GANGS.
IT IS USED TO:
– MARK TERRITORY
– CLAIM RESPONSIBILITY FOR VIOLENCE
– SHOW GANG ASSOCIATION AND
– SHOW MEMBERSHIP
– SHOW HIERARCHY OF GANG
– COMMUNICATE INSULTS AND CHALLENGES
– CHALLENGE AUTHORITY AND COMMUNITY
MEANS OF COMMUNICATING GANG
MEANS OF CHALLENGING RIVAL
ACKNOWLEDGE FELLOW GANG
SHOW DISRESPECT FOR RIVALS
ISSUE COMMANDS/ VIDEO
WHAT DO THEY MEAN?
STRONGEST EVIDENCE THAT A PERSON
CAN DISPLAY THAT INDICATES HE/SHE
IS A GANG MEMBER.
CAN BE USED TO IDENTIFY THE
MEMBER, GANG, SET OR MONIKER
NOT ALL GANGS OR MEMBERS USE
WHAT IS IT?
ANYTHING AND EVERYTHING THAT IS USED
TO REPRESENT GANG AFFILIATION.
THE DOCUMENTATION AND
PHOTOGRAPHING OF SUSPECTS
DISPLAYING GANG COLORS, CLOTHING
AND PARAPHERNALIA IS ESSENTIAL IN
PROVING GANG AFFILIATION.
MOST GANGS USE COLORS TO
IDENTIFY THEMSELVES AND
DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN OTHER
sneak my crip
SHOW CONCERN (LIFE, GRADES)
COMMUNICATE (BOTH WAYS)
DEVELOP POSITIVE ATTITUDES
GET INVOLVED (SCHOOL,
TALK WITH OTHER PARENTS
DO NOT ALLOW/ BUY GANG
DO NOT ALLOW EXTENDED
UNSUPERVISED TIME ( IF
UNPLEASANT TO GANGS
WORK WITH AUTHORITIES
DO NOT TOLERATE/ ACCEPT
DEVELOP/ ENFORCE ANTI-GANG
DOCUMENT ALL SUSPECTED
WORK WITH POLICE
DO NOT HEADLINE GANG
TRY TO AVOID USING GANG
NAMES OR GANG NICKNAMES
– TALKS (COMMUNITY)
– EDUCATING L.E. AND PUBLIC
– EDUCATING SCHOOL
Who is the gang member
Hispanic and African-American youth
Elementary school children
Caucasian children from affluent families
95 counties in Tennessee reported.
Thirty-five of the 95 counties (36.8%)
reported there was no significant gang
presence in their jurisdictions.
Sixty Tennessee counties, or 63.2%,
advised there was a gang presence or
gang activity in their jurisdictions
SOME of our gangs
Gang or a set/click?
What crimes do gangs commit?
So lets look at some of
“The youngest gang member I’ve ever seen was a 3rd
Grade Gangster Disciple. He was about 8 or 9 years
Sgt. C. Gensemer
Murfreesboro Police Department
Chairman of the Board
Board of Directors Board of Directors
First Seat Governor
Second seat Governor
Boss of Town
“According to High School students, they (the Athens
Park Bloods) actively recruit in the Schools. “
- Sgt. Todd Royval
Chattanooga Police Department
At this time there is no known national
leader, although some sets have leaders
called “shot callers”
“Although there is a strong suggestion that this gang
holds meetings and has leadership, they are not very well
organized within the county.“
-Gibson County Sheriff’s Dept.
No known national leader or charter.
Local sets will have a leader, lieutenants,
drug coordinators, soldiers and drug
Some sets will have a leadership core
consisting of 4-5 individuals
“After a successful prosecution of the Imperial Insane
Vice Lords, the membership declined greatly.”
Inv. Jim Quick,
Knoxville Police Department
Chairman of the Board
Board of Directors-Leaders of the
Conservative Vice Lords, etc…
Lieutenants and Sergeants
“While some Juggalos are simply fans of the music,
others may commit crimes under the Juggalo name.”
- Anderson County
Echo Side - A fate worse then hell. Juggalo Hell
Esham The Boogie Man(the Unholy) - Member of Psychopathic,
inspiration for ICP, and considered to be the veteran of Underground
and Horrorcore music. Otherwise known as the godfather of Acid
Rap and Horrorcore.(EshamtheBoogieman.com)
Facepaint - The make-up used by ICP and other Psychopathic
Faygo - A cheap soda drink with mad fresh flavors that Shaggy and
J used to drink back in the day and still do. Now they throw Faygos
to the crowd of juggalos at shows.
“(Carroll Co. Latin Kings) were unlike other known Latin
King groups in that they were White, Non-Hispanic males
who wore light blue as a symbol of their affiliation.”
- Inv. Meggs
Carroll County Sheriff’s Office
Articles of the Latin
1) Organize the members nationwide into a central
nucleus of communication
2) Create a news organ perhaps a newsletter or
newspaper so that the United ALKQN voice can
be heard and where we can hear the voices of
the masses we serve lead us to where the
struggle should be.
4) Create a central treasury program that the
brothaz and the sistaz can feel confident is not
“MS-13 worked on intimidation and fear
of the Hispanic community. Their whole
M.O. is fear.“
- Sgt. Gary Kemper
Metropolitan Nashville Police Department
Q. So what do you call the person in charge?
A. We say “el corre las palabras” or “conduce la ranfla”(this translates
to “he runs the words” and “he drives the car”- a ranfla is a
very old junk type car that may be fixed up somewhat, either to
make it driveable or in the lowrider style).
Q. Did you have other codes or signals?
A. You know, the hand signs we all throw up.
Q. What about other codes?
A. Yeah, “la niña” (the girl) would be a gun, “la niña grande” (the big
girl) would be a bigger gun, like an AK (AK-47) or AR-15 or
According to a former MS-13 member turned
Confidential Informant, members of Mara Salvatrucha
are no longer allowed to get any tattoos.
In Loudon County, “Many of the members
of this gang carry medallions or have
shrines dedicated to Santisima Muerte.”
-Inv. Adam Yokley
Loudon County Sheriff’s Office
One more Tattoo
Diversity within races
….More than just Mexico
But remember language
Translation by country
In Spain saying that
someone is Chabacano
means he is vulgar
Others: beba and bebe (no accent)
Cuba, Dominican Republic
and Puerto Rico a guagua
is a bus.
In most Caribbean
countries, bicho is a
reference to male genitalia
Direct eye contact is a sign of disrespect to authority. Guilt
cannot be assumed due to lack of eye contact.
View Law Enforcement as corrupt. Do not trust police, bribery
is considered normal, even expected.
Family is close knit, not trusting of others. Godparents
“comadres”, “compadres” are family. Relation by blood is not
necessary to be included as family.
Decisions are made as a family
mami and papi- no sexual connotation
The last thing I want to do is hurt you, but it’s still on the list……….
There is a list of procedures I will follow, the last thing written
on that list is to inflict bodily harm on you.
Nice shirt literally
Of course, go ahead and finish up that cigarette………………….
Go ahead and finish smoking, I will wait patiently until you are
Feel safe at night, sleep with a cop………………………………
If you feel unsafe, maybe you should have a police officer
stay with you this evening.
The subject was throwing up gang signs.
The subject vomited the gang the signs.
Subject was arrested for disorderly conduct.
The subject was person under arrest for the alteration of the law
The verbal agreement escalated and subject #1 went to his
vehicle to get hedge clippers.
The it aggravated of the verbal agreement and subject #1 went to
its vehicle to obtain the scissors of the shearing machine.
Haidy Grigsby-Middle Tennessee
Larry Anthony-West Tennessee
Shawnda Havard-East Tennessee