BIO-C3 - Bonus

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BIO-C3 - Bonus
BIO-C3
Biodiversity changes – causes, consequences and
management implications
Thorsten Reusch, GEOMAR Kiel
• >50 scientists involved
• Shared coordination DTU Aqua (Kopenhagen) and
GEOMAR Kiel
• 13 partner institutes in 7 European countries
• 3.7 Mio EUR total budget
• additional 3 Mio EUR ship time in-kind
contribution
Scientific coordinator
Jan Dierking
(follows Conny Jaspers)
• GEOMAR (since 2009)
• Evolutionary Ecologist
• Scientific contributions in WP 1.3. (genetic changes cod in
cod related to environmental/fishing drivers), 2.2. (cod
feeding ecology)
for more details see homepage
BIO-C3 – key concepts
stressful for organisms
...and hence relatively species poor
Species number
The Baltic Sea is young
marine
salinity
Dominant fishes in central Baltic ecosystem
Credit Sascha Nickels
The Baltic Sea ecosystem (still) supports
substantial ecosystem services to
humankind
Clean water
Harvestable fish
populations
Nutrient
retention &
habitat
nutrient
retention
primary
production
ecosystem functioning
Consensus: species diversity drives ecosystem functioning
Species diversity
structure
provisoning
nutrient
retention
primary
production
ecosystem functioning
General biodiversity drives ecosystem functioning
Genetic/Species/trait diversity
structure
provisoning
Ecosystem
functioning
How will Baltic biodiversity and function be
affected under future change?
Environmental
change
Will Baltic species adapt to future change?
immigrant
vs. resident species
herring
Copepod Acartia
tonsa
adaptation to
ocean acidification
& temperature stress
cod
adaptation to
harvesting &
oxygen
deficiency
adaptation to
(novel) parasites/
pathogens
temporal patterns of environmental change
– ’drivers’ – here pH (ocean acidification)
B von Dewitz, HH
Hinrichsen, unpubl
Spatio-temporal patterns of environmental change – ’drivers’
May
August
May
August
B von Dewitz, HH
Hinrichsen, unpubl
Projections into the future
Oxygen in bottom waters
Salinity conditions
Current
2070
Meier et al 2006
Re-organization and functioning of food webs
‘native’ species disappear
New invasive species
Comb jelly
Mnemiopsis leidyi
Saduria entomon
‘glacial relict’
Round goby Neogobius melanostomus
Workpackage structure
WP 1
WP 2
Genetic
adaptation
and ecophysiology
Food webs
under
changing
biodiversity
WP 3
Natural and
anthropogenic
drivers of
biodiversity
WP 4 Impact of changing biodiversity on ecosystem functioning
WP 1
WP 2
Genetic
adaptation
and ecophysiology
Food webs
under
changing
biodiversity
WP 3
Naturalindicators
and
WP5: Biodiversity
and tools
anthropogenic
for adaptive
driversmanagement
of
biodiversity
WP 4 Impact of changing biodiversity on ecosystem functioning
How do we best assess environmental
status (indicators) and manage the Baltic
ecosystem?
• Review /evaluation of GES /CORE indicators!
Involvement of BIO-C3 scientists
• Interaction of GES /CORE indicators
• Ecosystem based fisheries management
BIO-C3 Scientific advisory board
Han Lindeboom
U Wageningen
Simon Jennings
CEFAS
Herman Hummel
NIOZ
Doris Schiedek
DONG Energy
Carol E. Lee
U Wisconsin
Mogens Schou
Aquamind
BIO-C3 Synergies to other BONUS projects
• Functional biodiversity cluster?!
• INSPIRE – coordinator Henn Ojaveer
• BAMBI – coordinator Kerstin Johannesson
• Joining forces for more exhaustive
analyses
• Expanding analyses by complementarity
coordination
• Areas of exchange e.g. adaptation
questions (BAMBI)
• Integrity of food webs (INSPIRE)
• Driver (environmental variables)
projections (BAMBI, INSPIRE)
• Marine spatial planning (BAMBI)

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