CAPERN – 001M CP – PL 51 Protection sanitaire des

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CAPERN – 001M CP – PL 51 Protection sanitaire des
CAPERN – 001M
C.P. – P.L. 51
Protection sanitaire
des animaux
23mai20I2
Mme ValdrieRoy
Secr6taire
de la Commission
de l'agriculture,
des pdcheries,
de l'6nergieet desressources
naturelles
Directiondestravauxparlementaires
edificePamphile-Le
May,3e 6tage
1A3
Qu6bec(Qu6bec)G1A
Chersmembresde la Commission
de I'agriculture,
despdcheries,
de l'6nergieet des ressources
naturelles,
queje faisde la langueanglaise
sur l'utilisation
Quelquesmots d'abordpour sollicitervotre indulgence
j'ai
au d6trimentdu frangaispour m'adresser
d vous.Voila, plusde facilit6i 6crireen anglaispuisquej'ai
plusieurs
travaille
ann6esaux Etats-Unis
et durantcette p6riodej'ai aussifond6le < Pet Foster
Network> ce qui a largementcontribu6i forgermon vocabulaire
usueltraitantparticulidrement
du
bien-dtredesanimaux.De plus,commevouspouvezle constater,la majoritdde messourcesincluses
dansce commentairesonten anglais.
Cependant
si pour 6tre recevable
mon commentaire
devait6tre
obligatoirement
ecriten frangais,
vousm'obligeriez
beaucoupen m'en avisantle plusrapidement
possible.Lecommentairequi suit exigel'insertiond'unedisposition
sp6cifique
auxanimaleries
dansle
projetde loi n" 51, Loimodifiantla Loisur la protectionsanitairedesanimauxconcernant
principalement
la s6curiteet le bien-dtredesanimaux.
I am part of a groupof activecitizensworkingtowardendingthe saleof animalsin pet storesand
pet adoptionin Quebec.Regulations
encouraging
regarding
the saleof liveanimalsin pet storesalready
existin manyAmericanjurisdictions.
In Canadian
citiessuchas Richmond,
BCand Toronto,pet shops
can no longerselldogsand catssourcedfrom commercialbreeders.
Othermunicipalities
in Canadasuch
as Vancouver8.C.,Windsor,ON,Ottawa,ON,Hamilton,ON and Gatineau,
QC,are alsoconsidering
followingsuit.We wishthat pet storessellanimalssourcedfrom registered
non-profitcharitableanimal
shelters,humanesocieties,
and rescuegroupsratherthan commercialbreeders.
TheTownof MountRoyalcity councilwhere I live,keepstellingme that suchdecisioncannotbe madeat the municipallevel
but ratherat the provinciallevel.
On behalfof this groupof citizens,I am askingthe Commission,
to requirethat dogsand catssoldin pet
storesin the provinceof Quebecbe sourcedfrom registered
shelters,humanesocieties,
and rescue
groups,ratherthan commercialbreeders,in orderto stopthe saleof puppiesthat comefrom puppy
millsand backyard breederswhereanimalsare more likelyto havephysical
ailmentsand emotional
scarsdue to lackof veterinarycareand socialization,
bad breeding,and poor conditions.
As you know,
the seizures
of 125dogsfrom a commercialbreedingoperationin the Chaudidre-Appalaches
region
recently,and of 527 dogsand puppiesfrom a large-scale
commercialbreedingfacilityin Outaouais,
Qu6becin September2011bythe HumaneSocietyInternational/Canada
and the QuebecDepartment
of Agriculture,
Fisheries
and Food,costtaxpayers
around$tS per dog,per day!Suchrescueoperations
cancost hundredsof thousandsof dollarsto the governmentof Quebec.
Regulating
the saleof animals
in petstoreswillalsohelpto reducepetoverpopulation
by stopping
purchases
impulse
of unsterilized
animals.
A B.C.Supreme
Courtreleased
a judgmentlastAprilruling
thata citycouncil's
decision
to regulate
the retailsaleof dogswasa reasonable
moveto reduce
pets.Requiring
unwanted
andabandoned
ownersto putadditional
thoughtandpreparation
intotheir
decision
petsin thecity.These
to purchase
a petis rationally
connected
to reducing
unwanted
pets
unwanted areabandoned
to animalshelters
whicharebeingsupported
with publicfunds.
According
to theAnimalAlliance
of Canada,
Montreal
boroughs
havein average
annually
LL,000
abandoned
animals
andwhich59%areeuthanized.
Theseboroughs
spentin average
annually
$63,000
for animalservices
contracts!
Petstoresandanimalshelters
in Quebec
cancollaborate
together
whileensuring
citizens
obtainhealthy
petstoreslikePJ'sPets,PetsUnlimited,
lifelong
companions.
Canadian
Petcetera,
PetSmart,
Mondou
andLaFauneDomestique
do notsellpetsfrompuppyandkittenmills.Instead,
througharrangements
groups,
madewith localanimalrescue
thesestoresareproviding
themspacewithintheirstoresto
peopleaboutparticipating
educate
organizations
andthe petstheyhaveavailable
for adoption,
andin
providekennelspacefor theshelters.
somecases,
Nousvousdemandons,
quelesanimaux
chersmembres
de la Commission,
d'exiger
vendus
dansles
proviennent
pouranimaux
animaleries
au Qu6bec
de refuges
sansbut lucratif
ou d'organismes
de
pourraitainsi6conomiser
secours
animal,plut6tqued'6leveurs
commerciaux.
Legouvernement
des
qu6b6cois
milliers
de dollars
auxcontribuables
et redistribuer
cetargenti d'autres
fins,Deplus,en
pourraitredorersonimage,
quimalheureusement,
adoptantnotreproposition,
le Qu6bec
estpergu
actuellement
comme6tantla capitale
mondiale
desusines
i chiots.
quele groupede citoyens
pourquij'air6alis6
Vouscomprendrez
cedossier
estanxieux
de savoirsi les
membres
partagent
de laCommission
notrepointdevuesurunedisposition
sp6cifique
auxanimaleries
quipourrait
pourle bien-6tre
dansle projetde loi n" 51,disposition
faireunegrandediff6rence
des
grdce
personnelle
animaux
et l'6conomie
du Qu6bec.Quantd moi
d monexp6rience
avecle < Pet
FosterNetwork>,je serais
dispos6e
i aiderau besoinpourmettreen placece nouveau
concept
au
Qu6bec.
Veuillez
accepter
Messieurs,
Mesdames,
messentiments
lesmeilleurs.
r,nLa.BarbaraLapointe
455 avenueDobie
Mont-Royal,
QC
H 3 P1 S 7
";,t
Nombred'animauxpar municipalit6s
Recueillis
2007
AdoDt6s
2008
2009
2007
Euthanasi6s
2008
2009
2007
2008
2009
Anjou-Berger
Fllrh.
tFlEll
- untens
(:hetc
- Autres
11
I
133
469
468
460
.14
60
56
4S
za
4(
67
78
4t
364
ao
51
55
321
37
279
1
299
1921
19 3 t
Mercier/Hochela
gaMaisonneuve:BB
- L;nrens
(;hrtq
549
12e
55t
260a
2648
17
14i
164
- Chiens
(;nals
224
114
38t
144
434
- Autres
zo
za
28
- Autres
ZOTL
174
138
216
4
27C
1924
9€
31
41
28
35
178
1
12
241
11
19C
300
61
38:
vi
PlateauMont- BB
Royal
1
31
z:
38
7
0
bt
31
11
Rividredes
Prairies/Pteaux
Trembles:
EI EI
(;hrens
- L;nals
- Autres
754
1
13S
171
253
19€
zot
268
17 5 8
zot
231a
191
1
t l
5
181t
1697
147
555
2372
228
19 9 t
1847
153
JZV
JOt
1461
151
163(
1186
122(
131
RosemonuPetite
-BB
Patrie:
- tousanrmaux
18
18C
1260
llllontr6alNord
.SPCA
- Chiens
(:hets
- Autres
zvo
tJa
182
117
s16
72t
14i
612
10i
488
to/
4t
91
co
z6
14
399
32t
106
78
5Z
1
21
11
5€
St Laurent:
spea
- tous antmaux
Total
449
1{ . 1 5 8
36€
10.847
Moyenneannuelled'animauxrecueillis:
Moyenneannuelled'animauxadopt6s:
651
11.323
1'1,043
1,814
Moyenneannuelled'animauxeuthanasi6s:6,527
Source:
AnimalAlliance
of Canada
Pr6par6par BarbaraLapointe.
17 awil2012.
1.533
254
302
1.906
2.003
6.527
118
6.373
10t
6.681
3
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AmendingMontrealby-lawR.B.C.M.
c. C-5:CostSavingsfor Taxpayers
Cat sourcedfrom commercialbreeder
Costfor taxpayers:
Seos
Prepared
by Barbara
Lapointe.
April17,2012
Cat sourcedfrom registerednon-profit
charitableanimalshelters,humanesocieties,
and rescuegroups
Costfor taxpayers:
$o
Montrealby-lawR.B.C.M.
c. C-6("By-lawC-6")establishes
a permitsystemfor personsoperatingpet shopsand specifies
the requirements
whichmust be met by suchfacilities.
The by-lawalsoimposescertainrestrictions
on the saleof
animalsin pet shops.By enactingan amendmentto By-lawC-6requiringpet shopsto obtaintheir dogsand cats
exclusively
from registered
non-profitcharitableanimalshelters,humanesocieties,
and rescuegroups,taxpayers
would
savemoney. Cityof Montrealboroughspossess
the legalauthorityto requirethat pet shopssellonly dogsand cats
obtainedfrom registered
shelters,humanesocieties,
and rescuegroups.t
Cat purchasedfrom Centred'AnimauxSafarivs cat adoptedfrom the Montreal SPCA:CaseStudy
Facts:
o
Dogsand catsare ableto reproduceby the time they are sixmonthsold, sometimesevenearlier.2
o
Theaveragemothercat will havea litterof threeto five kittens,with the extendedrangebeingone to eight
kittens.3
r
The provinceof Quebechasdeterminedthat the costof shelteringseizedanimalsis around$tS per dog,per
qay.
o
ln SanDiego,duringthe periodof t992 through1994,the averagecostof interning(holdingthe animalfor the
mandatorywaitingperiodat the animalshelter),andthen euthanizing
a cat wasStZt.s In OrangeCounty,
Florida,the averagecostof interningand then euthanizing
a cat was StOS.6
Notethat thisfee doesnot include
the costof sendingan officerto trap the animal,euthanizing
and disposing
of the carcass.
o
Customers
who expressan interestin an animalsourcedfrom registered
non-profitcharitable
animalshelters,
humanesocieties,
process.
and rescuegroupsmustgo throughthe adoptionscreening
Requiring
ownersto put
additionalthoughtand preparationinto their decisionto purchasea cat is rationallyconnectedto reducing
unwantedcatsin the city.Reducing
is one meansof achieving
impulsepurchasing
the purposeof reducing
unwantedcats.7
Catsourcedfrom commercial
breeder
Sterilized(spayed/neuter)
Vaccinated
Microchip
no
yes
no
Healthguarantee
lnterviewprocess
yes(1-year)
no
Costof sheltering
s6os
Catsourcedfrom registered
non-profit
charitable
animalshelters,
humane
societies,
andrescuegroups
yes
ves
yes
yes(30-days)
yes
50
tAlannaDevine,B.A.,B.C.L.,LL.B.CSPCADirectorofAnimal
A d v o c a c y" C i t y o fM o n t r e aB
l oroughs'JurisdictiontoRegulatethesale
of dogsand catsin PetShops".
'Canadian
F e d e r a t i o on f H u m a n eS o c i e t i e s
t
Dr.JamesTalbott,DVM,eHow Presenter
H u m a n eS o c i e t yl n t e r n a t i o n a l / C a n a d a
'
( C h a p p e lM
l , i c h e l l eD
, V M ," A M o d e lf o r H u m a n eR e d u c t i o o
n f F e r aC
l a t P o p u l a t i o n sC
, "a l i f o r n iV
a e t e r i n a r i a(nS e p t / O c1t 9 9 9 ) .
u (Hughes,
K.,Slater,M., Haller,1.,"TheEffectsof lmplementinga FeralCatSpay/NeuterProgramin a FloridaCountyAnimalControl
Service,"Journalof AppliedAnimalWelfareScience,
Vol. 5, No. 4 (2OO2').
'
InternationalBio Research
v. Richmond(City),2011 BCSC
471
Prepared
by Barbara
Lapointe.
April17,2012
prstrffig#Ewu$*m
2 avril 2012
Torontointerdit la vente de chienset de chats
ParLiseBergeron
Miseen ligne: 29 septembre
2011
Les animaleries ne pourront plus vendre de chiens ni de chats sur le territoire de la ville, sauf s'ils proviennent
d'un refuge pour animaux. Un exemple pour les municipalitt6sdu Qu6bec?
Les6v6nements
se bousculent
dansl'industrie
desanimaux
de compagnie.
Aprdsla chainede magasins
PJ'sPets,qui
vientd'abandonner
la ventede chienset de chatspouren
promouvoir
I'adoption,
voili queTorontoveutcouper
l'herbesousle pieddes<6leveurs
de fondde cour>>
en leur
fermantla portedesanimaleries.
parles
Lesusines
d chiots,d6nonc6es
depuisdesann6es
groupes
de d6fense
desanimaux,
sonttristement
c6l,ibres
pourltlevageintensif
qu'elles
fontde plusieurs
racesde
pitoyables
chiensdansdesconditions
et ir desfins
purement
mercantile.
Photo:Shutterstock
Lad6cision
de Torontoarriveau lendemain
de la saisiede
plusde 500chienssurunefermede l'Outaouais,
la plus
jusqu'Apr6sent.
grossei survenir
<<C'est
au Canada
une
quela Villede Montr6al
nouvelle
extraordinaire!
On aimerait
adopteun tel rdglement>>,
de
dit AlannaDevine,
directrice
la protectiondes animauxd la SPCAde Montr6al.
jouer
<LesVillespeuvent
sontaussitrAsenthousiastes:
du Qu6bec)
LesCMCQ(Centres
d'adoption
de compagnie
d'animaux
Uneinterdiction
aiderait
d mettreun termeir la reproduction
un r6leimportant
dansle bien-Gtre
desanimaux
de compagnie.
Tass6,pr6sidente
de l'organisme.
dit Johanne
industrialis6e
et A la venteau d6taildeschienset chats>,
provenant
pourrontproposer
de refuges,
dbrganismes
de secours
animal
desanimaux
A Toronto,lesanimaleries
uniquement
et de donsdu public.
quel'id6ese rendejusqu'dla
<<Nous
dansl'espoir
desvillesd6fusionn6es
demandons
la m6mechoseauxmaireset conseils
Tass6.
Le
maire
de
Gatineau,
MarcBureau,
a ddji
Johanne
dit
Villede Montr6al
et e touteslesautresvillesdu Qu6bec,
de Toronto,>>
manifest6
sonint6r6ti suivrel'exemple
<C'estun excellent
moyende couper
intensifdesanimauxde compagnie?
Cesinitiatives
suffiront-elles
ir mettrefin d l'6levage
doncMontr6al?>
dit Gabriel
lesvivresauxusinesd chiots.SurtoutqueTorontoestun trdsgrosmarch6pourelles.Qu'attends
quifaitde la sensibilisation
auprdsdu publicet des6lus.
Villeneuve,
de la SPACanada,
un organisme
Montr6al emboitera-t-elle le pas?
trainentla pattecomparativement
i plusieurs
Lesorganismes
de d6fense
desanimaux
trouventquelesvillesdu Qudbec
sonttrds bienstructur6s.
autresvillesnord-am6ricaines,
de gestionanimalidre
oir lesservices
Selontoutevraisemblance,
Montr6al
a lespiedset poingsli6s:<LaVillen'a pasle pouvoirjuridiqued'interdire
uneactivitd
expliqueMartinePainchaud,
attachdede presseau Cabinetdu
6conomique
danslescommerces>>,
commela vented'animaux
travaillons
avecun comit6d'expertspouruniformiser
Riend faire,donc?<<Nous
la
maireet du Comit6ex6cutifde Montr6al.
pratiques>>,
gestionanimalidre
dit MmePaincha'ud.
sur Montr6al.
Nousvoulonsmettreen placelesmeilleures
auxusinesi chiots,commei Toronto?<C'estQu6becqui r6glemente
le
Ainsidonc,pasmoyende serrerla vis davantage
pouvons
par
Nous
contre
nous
l'interdisent.
faire
des
recommandations
A la Ville,noschafteset lois
commerce
desanimaux.
au gouvernement
du Qu6bec,>>
prochainement
prometd'ailleurs
au sujetde la gestionanimalidre
surson
uneannonceimportante
LaVillede Montrdal
territoire.A suivre.
liJ]h|li.iii|l!|i::!$;::i|i|||!1iiii|iliNii|;i!fiilffiXiilrdftrfr$r'l:W*|df'fl#flffi{ilt$|{#sm{iFffit
1.
I Possibleau Qu6bec?
L'arrondissement
ont prislesdevantsfacei la crisequi s6vitpr6sentement.
de Verdun,par
municipalit6s
H Certaines
ii exemple,
A fairest6riliser
leursanimaux.Et il a aussimissur piedune Chafte
fait bonneflgureen obligeant
sesrdsidants
''
du bon compottementdu gardiend'un animal,
iil<Maison esttrdsloindeTorontooi
li:
:l:
sontmunicipaux.
Ld-bas,il n'ya aucunefourriAre
lesservices
de contr6leanimalier
ir but lucratif,c'estla Villequi prenden chargela population
animalesursonterritoire>,dit
AlannaDevine,directrice
de
protection
la
desanimauxA la SPCA
de Montr6al.
,11
iii
'l:
j
':il
<Ona Verdund'unc6t6et Torontode l?utre,deuxektr€mes
Desonc6t€,la SPACanada
la pression:
entendintensifier
pourendiguerle probldme.
pas
en termesde taille,Pouftant,lesdeuxont trouvddessolutions
Verdunn'a peut-Etre
I'arrondissement
a trouv€un bonmoyen
interditla vented'animaux,
maisen obligeant
la st6rilisatioh,
dissuasif>>,constate
GabrielVilleneuve.
- ainsiquelescitoyens
quiveulenten savoirplus- sontinvitdsi assister
Les6lusen malde solutions
drla conf6rence
gourou
gestion
qui
des
Seruices
animaliers
du
canadien
de
des
animaux,
Bill
Bruce,
directeur
de
la
Ville
de
Calgary,
la
li
visitezle siteWebdesCAACQ.
s-era
de passage
A Montr6al
Pourplusd'information,
les28 et 29 octobreprochains,
::l
fi
l;:
jii
En savoirplus
- Septembre
Finila ventede chiots?,Protdgez-Vous
2011
2010
Usinesir chiots:pasun cadeau!,Protdgez-VousD6cembre
Mai20tt
Cruaut6animafe:<Il faut fermerlesfourridres
A but lucratift>,Protdgez-Vous*
TouteslesNouvelles
Authority:
Licensing and StandardsCommitteeItem 4.3, adoptedas amended,
by City of Toronto Council on September2l and22,2011
Enactedby Council:September22,2011
CITY OF TORONTO
BY-LAW No. 11"63-2011
To amendCity of Toronto Municipal CodeChapter545,Licensing,respectingthe
licensingof pet shops.
WHEREAS the City of Toronto Act, 2006 grants the City of Toronto the authority to enact
by-laws for the licensing,regulating and governingof businesseswholly or partly carried on in
the City of Toronto and for the reeulatineof animalswithin the Citvl and
WHEREAS, in the interest of animal welfare, consumer protection and in aid of law
enforcement,a register is currently required to be kept by pet shops recording the details of
where and from whom their dogswere acquired;and
WHEREAS, thesesameconsiderationsapply to the acquisitionof catsas weli as dogs; and
WHEREAS, in order to halt the proliferation of puppy mills, it is necessaryto ensurethat all
animalskept for sale in licensedpet shopsand otherwiseare, in certain circumstances,acquired
only from certainreputablesources;
The Council of the City of Toronto HEREBY ENACTS as follows:
City of Toronto Municipal Code Chapter545,Licensing,is amendedby:
1.
Deleting $ 545-255and replacingit with the following:
$ 545-255. Receipt and certificate of health to be provided upon sale or disposal of
dogs and cats.
)
A.
Whenevera keepersells or otherwisedisposesof a dog or cat, he or she shall give
to the purchasera receipt showing the name and addressof the vendor and the
purchaser,the date of the sale,the sale price, and the breed or cross-breed,sex,
age and description,including colour and placing of markings,if any, of the dog
or cat, and an up-to-datecertificateof health from a veterinarianwith respectto
suchdog or cat.
B.
Every keeper who is obliged to provide a receipt showing the mattersset out in
$ 545-2554 shall post, in a conspicuous place, a notice provided by the
Municipal Licensing and StandardsDivision advising customersof the required
contentof the receipt.
Adding the following as $ 545-255C:
C.
Every keepershall provide to every purchaserof a cat or dog, a health assessment
report from a veterinarianfor all cats and dogs kept in the store that receive
veterinary care.
2
By-lawNo.1163-2011
Cityof Toronto
3.
Deleting E 545-256and replacingit with the following:
$ 545-256.Register concerning dogs and cats to be kept.
4.
A.
Every keeper shall keep a register, in a format satisfactory to the Executive
Director of Municipal Licensing Standardsin which shall be entered in the
English language,a record of each dog and cat purchasedor otherwiseobtained.
Each entry shall be made at the time each dog or cat comes into such keeper's
possession,and shall include,in addition to the dateof purchase,a full description
of the dog or cat, togetherwith the name, addressand descriptionof the person
from whom it was purchasedor otherwiseobtained. The keepershall retain the
registerin respectof eachsuchtransactionfor the period of 12'monthsthereafter.
B.
Every keepershall ensurethat the aforesaidregisteris not mutilated or destroyed
and shall keep it open to inspectionby the Municipal Licensing and Standards
Division, or any persondesignatedby the ExecutiveDirector, at all times during
business hours and shall make it available to be removed at any time for
inspection or for use in the courts, if necessary. The keeper shall not be
responsiblefor neglectingto make the necessaryentriesin the said registerwhile
it is removedfrom his or her premisesfor this reason.
Adding the following as $ 545-262:
* 545-262.Retailers to obtain animals from specifiedsources.
Every retailer, including any person or businessthat sells more than 10 dogs per year,
must obtain animalsfrom one of the following sourcesonly:
municipal animal shelters;
ll.
registeredhumanesocieties;
lll.
registeredsheltersor rescuegroups;or
iv.
from peoplewho have surrenderedtheir petsto them at no charge.
This by-law shall come into effect on its enactment.
ENACTEDAND PASSEDthis22nddayof September,
A.D. 2011.
FRANCESNUNZIATA,
Speaker
(Corporate
Seal)
ULLI S. WATKISS,
City Clerk
Petsin the City: PreventingHomelessand NeglectedPets
PageZof 4
help to write to your mayor and council to voice your support.Pleaseclick'Email Council'to sendyour
automaticmessagenow!
Bylaws being considered
Status
Contact
Pleasecheckback soon for updateson
new municipal bylaw initiatives as
they occur!
Success!
ApprovedBylaws
Around B.C., many municipalitiesare steppingup and adoptingprogressivebylaws that solve animal
problemsin their communities.
The mayor and council in thesecommunitiesdeservecredit for their proactiveapproach,so pleaseshow
them your thanks! This will go a long way towardsensuringyour council continuesto supportanimalfriendly policies.
Bylawspassed
Date
Contact
Rabbit saleregulation
Basic animal care
Victoria
requirements
Aueust2011
Tethereddogs
Dangerousdog prevention
Spay/neuterrequirementfor
rabbitssold from pet stores
Saanich
Prohibition on rabbit
March2011
abandonment
Email Council
Prohibitionson feedineferal
rabbits and deer
o Food, water & carc
requirementsfor dogs
http://www.spca.bc.calwelfare/campaign-issues/pets-inthe-city.html?printn
41212012
Petsin the City: PreventingHomelessand NeglectedPets
Page3 of4
A ban on dog tethering
Bans on unrestraineddogs in
Pemberton
pick-upsand pets left in hot
March2011
Email Council
November
2010
Email Council
July2010
EmailCouncil
M ay2010
Email Council
M ay2010
Email Council
Apr il2010
Email Council
Marchand
October2010,
respectively
Email Council
February
2010
Email Council
May 2009
EmailCouncil
November
2008
Email Council
cars
Bans on wild and exotic
animals
. New dangerousdog bylaws
that eliminatebreed-banning
Delta
o A ban on dog tethering
. Bans on unrestraineddogs in
nick-uosandoetslelt in hot
cars
Coquitlam
. Spay/neuter
requirementfor
rabbitssoldfrom pet stores
New
r Prohibition on the saleof
Westminster
District of North
Vancouver
rabbitsfrom pet stores
. Spay/neuterrequirementfor
rabbitssold from pet stores
. Provideda $5000 grant to
Courtenay
assistlow-incomeresidents
spay/neutertheir pets
o Prohibition on the saleof
Richmond
rabbitsand puppiesfrom pet
stores
Sechelt
Creston
e New animal carerequirements
for animal guardians
r Cat licensins
o Spay/neuterrequirementfor
Kelowna
rabbitssold from pet stores
and other rabbit resulations
http://www.spca.bc.calwelfare/campaign-issues/pets-in-the-city.html?print:t
4/2t2012
Frr*m: laui*e.Dion
G)mamrot
.gguv.qc.#1
$ubjeet: R6glementation
de la provenance
desanimauxen ventedanslesanimaleries
ilate: April10,201216:06
Ta : barbara(l *r al.tats.
ctsr,t
aflblrc5 m!xr|il{tpr{e5,
f,gsr0.'}' el off$p8t{aft
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Qudhecfiil[i
Bonjour
madame
Lapointe,
En r6ponsed votreinterrogation
voicilesinformations
dontnousdisposons:
pr6vuA la Loisurlescomp6tences
permettant
Enmatidre
de vented'animaux,
il n'ya pasde pouvoir
expresse
municipales
auxmunicipalites
de r6girce domaine
d'activit6s.
Lepouvoir
r6glementaire
a 6t6introduit
d la Loisurlescomp6tences
en matidre
d'activit6s
6conomiques
municipales
en
jamais6t6interpr6t6
parlestribunaux.
peut
2006.ll n'aurait
ll reviendrait
doncauxmunicipalit6s
d'6valuer
si ce pouvoir
servirde fondement
A uner6glementation
surla ventede chienset de chatset commevousle savezsansdoute,le conseil
juger
pour
a entidre
discr6tion
ou non.
de l'oppoftunit6
de 169lementer
je vouspried'accepter
Esp6rant
cesinformations
lesplusdistingu6es,
d votresatisfaction,
messalutations
LouiseDion
Conseilldre
Direction
municipales
m6tropolitaine
de I'am6nagement
et desaffaires
Ministdre
desAffairesmunicipales,
du territoire
desR6gionset de l'Occupation
514-873-6403
00ste#6200
AVISDECONFIDENTIALITE
peutcontenir
quinevoussontpasdestin5es.
Ce courriel
desinformations
confidentielles
par
d6truire
et en informer
l'exp6diteur
imm6diatement.
Si ce message
veuillez
le
vousa 6t6adress6 erreur,
Rosemont-La
Petite-Patrie
interdit
I'ouverture
de
nouveaux
commerces
de vented'animaux
Mised iourle vendredi
11 novembre
2011a 1 1 h 3 8 H N E
@iStockphoto
a d6cid6de lancerun message
L'arrondissement
Petite-Patrie
claird ses
de Rosemont-La
domestiques
en interdisant
I'ouverture
citoyensrelativement
de
d I'achatd'animaux
nouveaux
commerces
de vented'animaux.
le 8 novembre.
Lesdeux
La d6cision
a 6t6 priseau dernierconseild'arrondissement,
pourront
pr6sentes
toutefois
maintenir
leursactivit6s,
animaleries
dansI'arrondissement
puisqueI'arrondissement
commerciales.
surdesquestions
ne peut169if6rer
< NousvoulonsrendreI'achatd'animaux
et davantage
s6lectif
et inciterainsi
moinsimpulsif
plutOt
et avis6e.Nousesp6rons
lesgensd envisager
celade fagonplusresponsable
>>,
drI'euthanasie
et destin6s
a explique
le maire
favoriser
abandonn6s
I'adoption
d'animaux
de I'arrondissement,
W. Croteau.
Frangois
le maireCroteaua admisavoir6t6 hautement
En entrevue
avecRadio-Canada.ca,
qui constatait
parle reportage
en avrildernier,
desmauvais
interpell6
de l'6mission
Enqu6fe,
dans10 arrondissements
de Montr6al.
traitements
drla fourridre
Le BergerBlanc,pr6sente
propri6taire
il avaitagidanslesjourssuivants
Lui-m6me
domestiques,
en
d'animaux
pour
lesactivit6s
instaurant
de la fourridre,
desmesurescontraignantes surveiller
notamment
et I'installation
de cam6rasde surveillance.
desvisitessurprises,
des inspections
qui 169issent
les
Le maireCroteaucompteparailleursrevoirlesclausesdescontrats
appeld'offres,
en 2012,poury integrer
avantle prochain
fourridres
dansI'arrondissement
< Je ne l6sinerai
pluscontraignantes.
suraucunemesureradicale
desmesures
beaucoup
>,
pourm'assurer
quelesanimauxsontbientrait6set pourchangercettecultured'abandon
a-t-ild6cla16.
de plusde troischatsou de deux
la possession
interdisait
Dejden 2009,I'arrondissement
chiensparr6sidence.
deschiensdans
canin6taitnomm6pourv6rifierI'enregistrement
Debut2011,un inspecteur
pr6cedente.
lesparcs,unemesurepr6vuedansle budgetvot6I'ann6e
d'animaux
domestiques
sont
lespropri6taires
visantd responsabiliser
D'autres
rdglements
pourcontrerle probldme
deschatserrants.
aussid l'6tude,
ainsiquedesm6thodes
Unemesureinnovante
A Montr6al
est le premierd prendredesmesures
Petite-Patrie
L'arrondissement
de Rosemont-La
pour
pr6venir
concrdtes
d'animaux.
I'abandon
quesonequipea etecontact6e
parplusieurs
Le maireCroteaua pourtant
soulign6
qu6b6coises,
et de municipalit6s
aprdsI'annonce,
membres
d'arrondissements
montr6alais
juridiques
possibilit6
pourv6rifierlesdetails
et
6valuer
la
de
du rdglement
le faireappliquer
dansleursecteur.
de la cruaut6enverslesanimaux(SPCA)
Ailleursau Canada,la Soci6t6pourla pr6vention
en octobredernier,
d'interdire
aux
de Saskatoon
avaitdemand6au conseilmunicipal,
d'usines
d chiots,afinde
animaleries
de vendredeschienset deschatsprovenant
privi169ier
lesrefugeslocaux.
a de soncdt6etela premidre
au paysd
Lavillede Richmond,
en Colombie-Britannique,
en octobre2010.
interdire
la ventede chatset de chiensdanslesanimaleries,
d'autres
villes,commeGatineau,
dernier,inspirant
d
Torontoavaitsuivien septembre
6tudier
la possibilit6.
quede 30 000a 50 000animaux
estiment
Lesorganismes
de protection
desanimaux
sont
prds
500
000
et
de
au Qu6bec.
abandonn6s
annuellement
d Montreal,
Un articlede LailaMaalouf
€g PRTNTTHTS
Court upholds Richmond's ban on retail
sale of dogs
By Matthew Hoekstra- Richmond Review
Published:April 15, 2tr113:oo PM
Updated:April 15, 20113:43 PM
A B.C.SupremeCourt has dismisseda petition launchedby three Richmond pet storesseeking
to quash a bylaw restricting the saleof dogsin retail outlets.
In a judgement releasedyesterday,JusticeJohn Savageruled Richmond council'sdecisionto
ban the retail saleof dogswas a reasonablemoveto reduceunwanted and abandonedpets.
Last fall city council approved the bylaw, which is set to take effect later this month. That
raisedthe ire of Pet Habitat, PJ's Petsand PetsWonderland,which jointly launchedlegal
action againstthe city.
PetsWonderland sellsapproximatelyr5o dogsper year, netting the store $7oo to $z,5oo each,
while PJ'ssellsapproximately5o dogs annually.
In the lead-up to the approvalof the bylaw, the city receivedplenty of written submissians,
including two petitions: a 2,16o-signaturepetition supporting the ban, another r,r74-signature
petition opposingit.
The pet storesarguedthe bylaw wouldn't reduceunwanted and abandoneddogsand
Richmond actedin bad faith. The judge disagreed.
"In my view Richmond had a valid municipal purposein enactingthe bylaw, reducingthe
number of unwanted and abandoneddogsin Richmond,"\.rroteSavage.
Pet storesalso arguedthe bylaw discriminatedagainstthem becausebreeders,kennelsand
others are still ableto sell through the Internet. They further statedthere was no clear evidence
relating to the impulse buyrng of pets,which the city soughtto stop.
"Peopledo most things on impulse including getting married. There is no connection
establishedthat peoplewho do things on impulse changetheir minds. To the contrary
decisionsmadevery quickly canbe everybit as good as decisionsmade cautiouslyand
deliberately,"arguedthe petition.
But Justice Savageruled the bylaw would only be discriminatory if the bylaw didn't act within
the public interest.
"Here council distinguishedbetweenbusinesseswhich made it relativelyeasyto purchasea
dog and those which made it more difficult. There was some evidence
that it was easierto purchasea dog from a pet store; it was possibleto buy the dog and take it
home the sameday with little screening.Breedersand kennelshad stricter criteria and often
there was a delaybetweenchoosinga dog and taking it home."
Savageconcludedthe pet stores"overstatedtheir case."
"The decisionto prohibit the saleof dogsin pet storesfalls within a rangeof acceptable
outcomesthat are defensiblewith regardto the facts and law. There is a rational connection
betweenthe bylaw and its objective."
The bylaw, initiated by Coun. Ken Johnston,goesinto effectApril 3o.
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Find this article at:
html
http://www.
richmo
ndreview.com/news/1
19949494.
IN THESUPREME
COURTOF BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Citation:
International
Bio Researchv. Richmond(City),
2 0 1 1B C S C4 7 1
Date:20110415
Docket:5107947
Registry:
Vancouver
=
C
G
O
|--
Between:
$
U)
lnternational
Bio Researchdba Pet Habitat
and 3499481CanadaInc.dba PJ's Pets
and PetsWonderland
co
c!
Petitioners
And:
The Gorporationof the Gityof Richmond
Respondent
Mr.JusticeSavage
Before:The Honourable
Reasonsfor Judgment
ln Chambers
Counselfor the Petitioners:
J. Baker
Counselfor the Respondent:
F. Marzari
Placeand Dateof Hearing:
Placeand Dateof Judgment:
Vancouver,
B.C.
March23-24,2011
Vancouver,
B.C.
Apri1
l 5,2011
InternationalBio Researchv. Richmond(City),2011 BCSC471
Highlights
[a8] In my view the evidenceheresupportsa findingthat Councilpassedthe Bylawbasedon its
conclusion
that preventingretailpet storesfrom sellingdogswould (a) reducethe numberof unwanted
and abandoneddogsin Richmond,
and (b) improvethe conditionsof dogssoldas petsin Richmond.The
PetStoresdo not seriously
purpose.Richmond
disputethis characterization
of Council's
fundsanimal
jurisdiction
sheltersin its
that acceptreturnedand abandonedpets. In lightof the costto Richmondin
caringfor unwanteddogs,at the very leastreducingthe numberof unwantedand abandoneddogsin
R i c h m o n ids a v a l i dm u n i c i p apl u r p o s e .
[59] ln this case,the municipalpurposeis to reducethe numberof returnedor abandoneddogs.There
is a rationalconnectionbetweenthe objectiveof reducingthe numberof unwanteddogsand placing
impediments
to purchasing
a dog.
B y l a wr, e d u c i n g t h n
eumberof
[ 6 5 ] I n m y v i e wR i c h m o n hd a da v a l i dm u n i c i p a l p u r p o si nee n a c t i n g t h e
u n w a n t e d a n d a b a n d o n e d d o g s i n R i c h mRoenddu. c i n g i m p u l s e p u r c h a s i n g w a s n o t a p u r p o s e o f t h e
Bylaw,as the petitionerscontend,but one meansof achieving
the purposeof reducingunwanteddogs.
as I havefoundthat Richmondsoughtto reducethe numberof unwanteddogsandthat
[66]Therefore,
this was a validmunicipalpurpose,it is not necessary
that I considerwhetherthe municipality
might
havehad other objectives
in enactingthe Bylaw.
becauseit treatspet storesdifferently.lt is discriminatory
if the
[74]The Bylawis not discriminatory
distinctionis not madewith referenceto the publicinterest.HereCouncildistinguished
between
businesses
which madeit relativelyeasyto purchase
a dog and thosewhichmadeit moredifficult.
Therewassomeevidencethat it waseasierto purchase
a dogfrom a pet store;it was possibleto buy
the dog andtake it homethe samedaywith littlescreening.Breeders
and kennelshad strictercriteria
and often therewas a delaybetweenchoosinga dog and takingit home.
a dog is a rationalway to minimizethe numberof
[75] In my view,imposingan obstacleto purchasing
unwantedand abandoneddogsin the city.
[75] In addition,it goeswithoutsayingthat thereis a publicinterestin ensuringthat dogswhichhave
alreadybeenabandonedto animalsheltersand whichare beingsupportedwith publicfundsfind a new
home,and Richmondcannotbe faultedfor treatingthosefacilitiesdifferentlyfrom pet stores.
not to banthe saleof dogsin Richmondbut to prohibitsales
[77] Councilhasmadethe politicaldecision
from locationswhichmay encourage
impulsebuying,The Bylawwill not solvethe problementirely.
However,in tryingto crafta solution,Richmondis not requiredto completelyeradicatethe problemof
unwanteddogs. Requiring
ownersto put additionalthoughtand preparationinto their decisionto
purchasea dog is rationallyconnectedto reducingunwanteddogsin the city.
[81] Therewas anecdotalevidencefrom the operatorsof the animalsheltersincludingthe SPCAand
RAPSregarding
their own adoptionprocedures
and somestatistical
evidenceregarding
dog
abandonment
to shelters,
somewithin a veryfew monthsof purchase.
Preparedby BarbaraLapointe.Aprilt7,2OI2
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EDITION 15.07
Lesd6fendeurs
desdroitsdes
aai,m&uil
font pre$sion$ur la uiII$
MARNNC. BARRY
Dhlrantla r6union du conseil municipal de
Ville de Mont-Royal du 20 f6vrier, Barbara
Lapointe de lnavenue Dobie demanda au
conseil quand est ce que I'on pourrait
att€rrdfe voir un rdglement municipal qui
obligerait les propridtaires d'animaleries
de vendre seulement des animaux provenant de refuges i but non lucratif ou des
groupes de secours.
Le maire Philippe Roy r6pliqua que la
vitrle a effactud des recherchessur I'aspect
ldgal de cette d6rnarche,en vue du fait'que
Ia ville n'a qu'uneseuleanimaleriesur son
territoire.
< Si nous dfions pour adopter un rdglement de ce genre, ce serait l'dquivalent
d'un rbglementde spot zonage,ce qui est
ill6gal et ne peu se faire >, il a d6clar6. <<
Nous, I'avis juridique qu'on a est d I'effet
qu'on ne peut pas pour l'instant faire pa >>.
Le maire a tout de mdme insistd < que
je suis, et le conseil aussi est trbs sym-
; e$iliS
Barbaralapointewantsto knowwhentowncountilwill passa bylawforringpt *ry st,
ersto sellonlyanimalsfromnon.proftgroupsor r€sGue
shelteis.
,Fltltc: ll.{.$ars}
pathigue ir cette cause ldL.On a adoptd,
d'ailleurs, une r6solution pour encourager
les citoyens i faire cette ddmarche li, d
regarder d'od viennent les animaux avant
de les acheteret tout ga;r
'
'
.,,.
Suitedansnotresuppl6rnent
"[email protected]
ulrw.prorima-p.qG.ca
ptEDBEF|,EZ
A ['HlV**... OUUr CUEiIIOSSECH#USF
Malgr6 lbs rigueurs du mois de f6wier, 20
dldves du programmede musique de l,6co}e secondaire Pierre-Lapcrrte chauffent les
pl*nches et annoncent le retour imminent
&* robes i fleurs. Ils pr6sentent le speceek Pied de nez i I'hiver, le ler mars de
'&&
k A 19 h. Une occasion unique d'enten& m 'Fe poduisent Ies 6ldves issus du
l#
le{Tle crdafion de I'dtablissement
d'ensemble. Orchestre d cordes, harmo:
nie, guitare, piano, cr6ation, chant choral.
formation auditive, littdrafure musicale et
musique assistde par ordinateur sont au
menu. Les instruments sont fournis aux
6ldves et il en co0te entre 450 $ et 500 $
annuellement,selon I'instrument choisi.
Don i la Fondation de
l t6cole secondaire Pierre-Laporte
Pour plus d'information on peqt composer
le 514-739-631I poste6143.
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CITY OF MONTREAL BOROUGHS' JURISDICTION TO REGULATE THE SALE OF
DOGS AND CATS IN PET SHOPS
The following is a legal opinion regarding City of Montreal boroughs' authority to
require that dogs and cats sold in pet shops be sourcedfrom registerednon-profit charitable
animal shelters,humanesocieties,and rescuegroups,ratherthan from puppy or kitten mills.
We concludethat Montreal boroughshave clear authority to regulatethe types of dogs
and cats that can be sold in pet shopsthrough their power to regulateeconomic activities and
pets in general, as well as their specific power to regulate pet and researchanimal trade.
Requiring that dogs and cats sold in pet shops be sourced from registerodshelters,humane
societies,and rescuegroups,ratherthan commercialbreeders,will help stop the sale of puppies
that come from puppy mills and back yard breederswhere dogs are kept in shockingly poor
conditions. It will also help to reduce overpopulation by stopping impulse purchasesof
unsterilized animals and send the messageto citizens that companion animals are not a
commodity that can simply be purchasedon a whim like an inanimateobject.
I. Introduction
On September22 2011, Toronto City Council enacted By-law No. 1163-2011 (the
"Toronto By-law"), which modifies and supplementsthose sectionsof the Toronto Municipal
Code that regulatethe sale of dogs and cats in pet stores.'Importantly,the by-law providesthat
"every retailer, including any person or businessthat sells more than 10 dogs per year, must
obtain animals from one of the following sources only: (i) municipal animal shelters, (ii)
registeredhumane societies,(iii) registeredsheltersor rescuegroups,or (iv) from people who
have surrenderedtheir petsto them at no charge."2Toronto pet shopscan thereforeno longer sell
dogs and catssourcedfrom commercialbreeders.
Toronto is the second Municipality in Canadato adopt such a by-law, following the
Municipality of Richmond in British Columbia.Regulationsregardingthe saleof live animalsin
pet stores already exist in many American jurisdictions.' Other Municipalities in Canadaare
also consideringfollowing suit.a
The impetusfor Toronto's decisionto adopt such legislationstemsfrom the city's desire
to "halt the proliferation of puppy mills" and its recognitionthat regulatingpet shopsis a key
factor in this fight.) Pet shopsand puppy mills are inherently linked becausepet store windows
'
City of Toronto, By-law No. 1163-201l, To amendCity of TorontoMunicipal Code Chapter545, Licensing,
respecting the licensing of pet shops (22 September2011) fToronto By-lawl; City of Toronto Municipal Code,
Chapter545,5246-260.
" TorontoBy-law, ibid., S 545-262.
'
Such as HermosaBeach,SouthLake Tahoe and West Hollywood, California; Austin, Texas;and Fort Lauderdale,
Coral Gables,LauderdaleLakes,Flagler Beach,North Bay Village and Opa-Locka,Florida.
a
Including VancouverB.C., Windsor ON, Ottawa ON, Hamilton ON and GatineauQC. See
http://www.globaltvbc.com/npa+candidate*wants*sale+of+dogs+banned+in+vanssvvsl+pet*storesl6442494213lst
gU.html
t
Toronto ByJaw, supra note 1, Preamble.
provide the opportunityto showcaseadorablepuppieswithout any indication that thesedogs are
the product of unethicalcommercialbreeding.Simply put, reputablebreedersdo not sell puppies
and kittens in pet stores;puppy/kittenmills and backyardbreedersdo.o
By-laws regulating the sale of animals in pet stores are also enactedwith consumer
protectionin mind.' Puppiespurchasedin pet storesoften have or will develop geneticdefects,
health, or behaviour problems due to poor breeding practices,inbreeding,and the deplorable
conditionsinto which they were born. Health and behaviouralissuesin dogs purchasedfrom pet
storeshave become such a consumerprotection problem that certain statesin the U.S. have
enactedspecific legislationto deal preciselywith this issue,commonly known as "puppy lemon
laws."8Regulatingwhere dogs and cats sold in pet storescome from ensuresthat they are only
obtained from reputable sourcesand that there is accountabilityto consumerswho purchase
theseanimals.
Such legislationwill also help addressthe pet overpopulationproblem, which results in
the euthanasiaof thousandsof healthy and adoptabledogs and cats eachyear. There are simply
too many animalsbeing bred, bought,sold, and abandonedin the City of Montreal.Estimatesfor
the number of animals impoundedin animal control facilities or brought into sheltersfor 2011
alone is over 50,000! This by-law will help increasethe adoption of animals from shelters,
therebyreducingthe number of shelteranimalsthat are euthanized,and diminish the market for
animalsfrom substandard
breedingfacilities.e
Finally, the educationalaspectof legisiationsuch as this cannotbe overlooked.By-laws
regulatingthe sale of animals in pet storessendthe messageto the community at large that the
City is concernedabout pet overpopulation,animal welfare, and consumerprotection, and is
taking measuresto addressthese issues.By curbing the number of impulse purchasesof dogs
and cats,the City would be sendinga strong messagethat pet owners must be responsibleand
think aboutthe commitmentinvolved in taking in a new pet.
It is our position that City of Montreal boroughs are legally empowered to follow
Toronto's lead on this important issue.Firstly, boroughshavejurisdiction to regulateeconomic
activities, as well as dogs and other pets. Secondly,the amendmentssought would not in any
way ban an economicactivity, but rather regulateit by specifying from what sourcespet stores
can obtain dogs and cats.Thus, the regulationssoughtwould be no different in naturefrom what
is alreadyimposedby legislationcurrentlyin force in City of Montreal boroughs.
II. Municipal Authority to Enact ResulationsRelativeto EconomicActivities and Dogs and
Other Pets
o
In fact, the CanadianKennel Club's (CKC) breedercode of ethicsspecificallyprohibits their membersfrom selling
dogs in pet stores(The CKC is the primary registrybody for purebreddogs in Canada,incorporatedunder the
Animal PedigreeAct of Canada).Seehttp://www.ckc.calen/Default.aspx?tabid:81.
'
Seee.g. Toron.toBy-law, supra note 1, Preamble
E
Seehttp://www.humanesociety.org/assets/pdfs/pets/puppy_mills/puppy_mill_lemon_law_chart_l.pdf.
'Many
cities implementingthis type of regulation seeresults in their euthanasiaand adoptionrates.For example,
AlbuquerqueNew Mexico implementeda restrictionon the sale of dogs and cats in pet storesin 2006 and between
2006 and 2009 the euthanasiarate for adoptabledogs and cats decrease
d by 32Yo,adoptionsincreasedby 23%o,and
intakesdecreased
by 6%.
The Charter of Yille de Montreal providesthat "the borough council exerciseson behalf
of the city [...] all the powers and is subjectto all the obligationsassignedto or imposedon the
council of a local municipality by the Cities and Towns Act (chapterC-l9) or any other Act."r0
The Charter thereby grants boroughs all powers given to a local municipality by any other act.
The Municipal Powers Act provides that"a local municipality may, by by-law, regulate [...]
economicactivities."ll It further specifiesthat "in exercisingaregulatory power underthis Act, a
local municipality may, in particular, prescribeprohibitions"'' and "specify the caseswhere a
permit is required,limit the number of permits and prescribethe cost, conditions and terms of
issue and the rules governing the suspensionor revocation of a permit."" City of Montreal
boroughsthus have clear authority to enact by-laws regulatingthe sale of dogs and cats in pet
shops.In regulatingthis activity, boroughscan prescribeprohibitions,createlicensing schemes,
and imposeobligationson licensees.
In addition to grantingboroughsthe power to regulateeconomicactivitiesunderthe
Municipal PowersAct,the Charter of Ville de Montreal gives boroughsa secondsourceof
jurisdiction for regulatingthe saleof dogs and catsin pet shops.The Charter providesthat "the
boroughcouncil shall exercisethejurisdiction of the city as regardsthe passageand application
of a by-law relatingto [.. .] dogsand otherhousepets."l4
In fact, Montreal boroughsalreadyregulatethe saleof animalsis pet shops.Montreal bylaw R.B.C.M. c. C-6 ("By-law C-6"), a Crty of Montreal by-law administeredby its boroughs,
establishesa permit systemfor personsoperatingpet shopsand specifiesthe requirementswhich
must be met by such facilities.'' For example,the by-law requiresthat "each pet and research
animal must be suppliedwith drink and fed properly, and shelteredfrom drafts and blazing rays
of sunlight."l6The by-law also imposescertain restrictionson the sale of animals in pet shops.
For example,pet shopsmay not "sell, give or exchangedogs or catsthat are not 8 weeks old, or
sick animals.""
There is no reason why City of Montreal boroughs could not impose an additional
constrainton the sale of dogs and cats in pet shopsby enactingan amendmentto By-law C-6
requiring pet shopsto obtain their dogs and cats exclusively from non-profit charitableanimal
shelters,humanesocieties,and rescuegroups.
III. The Modifications Sousht Are Not a Ban and Are No Different in Nature to
RestrictionsCurrentlv in Force
The Toronto By-law does not createan outright ban on the sale of dogs and cats in pet
stores.Rather, it requires that dogs and cats sold in pet storesbe obtained only from certain
toR.S.Q.,
c C-11.4,s. 730lCharterl.
tt R.s.e.,c c-4i.1,s.1o(2).
t'Ibid.,s.6(1).
" I b i d . ,s . 6 ( 2 ) .
'.0_Supranote
1 0 ,s . 1 8 5 . 1 ( 2o) f S c h e d u l C
e.
" City of Montreal, By-law R.B.C.M. c. C-6, By-law ConcerningPet and ResearchAnimal Trade [By-latv C-6].
tu
lbid., s. 13.
t'
Ibid., s. ls(2).
sources.l8The by-law proposedby the Montreal SPCA is no different. It doesnot seekto ban an
economic activity as a whole, but merely aims to regulate it by imposing certain additional
restrictions.As discussedin the precedingsection,the power to regulatean economicactivity in
this way falls squarelywithin the scopeof Montreal boroughs'powers.
Further, the restrictions imposed by the proposed by-law are no different in nature from
the type of restrictionscurrently in force in the boroughs.By-law C-6 alreadyrestrictsthe types
of animalsthat canbe sold in pet shops.,Forexample,pet shopsare prohibited from selling dogs
''
or cats younger than eight weeks old, sick animals,'" as well as monkeys.'' Prohibiting pet
shopsfrom selling dogs and catsobtainedfrom certainsourceswould simply place an additional
restriction on the types of animals that can be sold. This is no different from the restrictions
alreadyset out in By-law C-6.
IV. Conclusion
City of Montreal boroughspossessthe legal authority to require that pet shopssell only
dogs and cats obtained from registered shelters,humane societies,and rescue groups. This
authority stemsfrom the boroughs'power to regulateeconomicactivities and pets in general,as
well as from their specificjurisdiction over the types of animalsthat can be sold in pet shopsas
evidencedby By-law C-6."
V. Appendices
(1)
(2)
(3)
City of Toronto,By-lawNo. 1163-2011
City of Montreal,By-law R.B.C.M.c. C-6
Suggestedamendment to City of Montreal, By-law R.B.C.M. c. C-6 to include
regulationson sourcingof dogs and cats
t,8
TorontoBy-law, supra note l, S 545-262.
)"i{,;:
notel7' s' r8(2)'
"'"I b i d . , s s . 1 & l 8 ( 3 ) .
Supra note 17.
May 26,1995C-6I I
R.B.C.M.
c. C-6
BY.LAW CONCERNINGPET AND RESEARCHANIMAL TRADE
PROPOSEDAMEI\DMENT
1. In this by-law, the following words mean:
"birdshop":an establishmentwherebirds, fish or reptilesreferredto in the definition of pets
are kept for trading,breeding,boarding,hygienic or esthetictreatmentor care;
"director": the directorof the Servicedespermis et inspections;
"kennel": an establishmentwhere dogs,catsor small pet mammalsare kept for trading,
breeding,boarding,hygienic or esthetictreatmentor care;
"menagerie":a placewhere researchanimalsare kept;
"nuisance":any act or omissionlikely to endangerthe life, healthor safetyof peopleor impede
the exerciseof their rights;
"pets": dogs,catsand other small pet mammalsexceptmonkeys,cagedbirds except
Gallinaceae,Columbidaeand Anatidae,fish in aquariums,and small non-venomous,harmless
reptiles;
"researchanimals":animalsusedfor educationalor experimentalpurposes.
"non-profit animal shelter":any shelter.humanesocief'. SPCA or SPA with non-profit or
charitablestatusand approvedof b)'the Municipality or its agent
"non-profit registeredrescueqroups":any aninial rescueorganizationwith non-profit or
charitablestatusand approvedof b), the Municipality or its agent
9 5 - 0 8 5a, . 1 8 .
2. Eachperson who operatesa kennel or a birdshop must securean annual permit for that
purpose.
3. A permit is requiredto build or alter a kennel or a birdshop.An applicationmust be
submittedto the director,togetherwith a copy of constructionor alterationplans,for approval
purposes.
4. Each kennel,birdshopor menageriemust meet the following requirements:
(1) have walls, floors and ceilingsbuilt of waterproofand washablematerials;
(2)be heatedin keepingwith the variousanimal specieskept there;
(3) be provided with the necessarycleaningand disinfectionmaterials;
(a) be kept clean,in good condition,and free of vermin at all times;
(5) be provided with a washroomequippedwith an individual towel dispenserand with
liquid soapor soappowder in convenientdispensers,as well as a containerfor used
towels.
5. Cagesor shopwindows wherepets are kept in kennels,birdshopsor menageriesmust have
watertightbottoms,without cracks,be easyto wash and spaciousenoughso that one or more
animals may move freely within them. Aquariums or other sheltersmust be solidly built, with
waterproof materials approvedby the director.
Wood may be usedin the constructionof cages,on conditionthat it be coveredwith a
waterproof material on all its faces.
A spaceof at least91 cm must be providedbetweeneachrow of cages.
6. Wasteand litter from a kennel,birdshopor menageriemust be placedin watertightbags
and stored,until their collection,in an isolatedplace approvedby the director.No nuisance
may be caused.
7 . Each kennel and birdshop must be at least 2.4 m high, as measuredfrom floor to finished
ceiling underthe joists.
8. Kennelsin which dogs,catsand other pet mammalsare kept togethermust be separated
from the birdshopby a wall madeof solid materials,extendingfrom floor to ceiling.
9. Kennelsor birdshopsin a departmentstoremust be physically separatedfrom premises
where foodstuffsare stored,displayed,sold or served.The premiseswhere petsare sold, given or
exchangedmust be usedexclusivelyfor that
pulpose.
L0. at the time of a transaction,the sellermust hand the purchasera certificate:
(1) providing an identificationof the dog or cat purchased,given, exchangedor sold;
(2) bearingthe signatureof a veterinarian;
(3) certifying that the animal, before entering the kennel and according to his age, was
given a serumor vaccineinjection
(i)
For does:aeainstdistemper,infectioushepatitis.parvovirus.parainfluenzaand
leptospirosis;and given a dewormeragainstinternaland externalparasites
calicivirus.panleukapenia:
andgivena de-wormer
(ii)
For cats:againstrhinotracheitis"
againstiriternalandexternalparasites
(4) specifying,as the casemay be, the durationof the prophylactictreatmentappliedand
the dateof injection of the serumor vaccine
(5) certiflringthat the dog or cat hasbeensterilizedand specifvingthe dateof sterilization
11. Each operatorof a kennelor birdshopmust keep a registertogetherwith individual files
of purchaseof eachpet dog, cat or bird.
indicatingthe origin, dateof birth, and_date
12.Eachoperator of a kennel,birdshopor menageriemust abideby all laws and regulations
concerningcontagiousanimal diseases.
13. Each pet and researchanimal must be supplied with drink and fed properly, and sheltered
from drafts and blazing rays of sunlight.
14. Animals suffering from an endoparasiticor ectoparasiticinfection must be isolated and
treatedwithout delay.Those sufferingfrom an incurablediseasemust be euthanizedwithout
delay, at the expenseof the kennel,birdshopor menagerieoperator.
15. Cagesor other sheltershaving housedsick animalsmust be washedand disinfected
immediatelyafter the isolationor deathof thoseanimals,to the satisfactionof the director.
16. Suitablepremisesprovided with the necessaryequipmentto handleand restrainanimals
must be put at the director'sdisposalfor the examinationof animalsin a kennelor birdshop.
17. Each carcassof a pet or researchanimal must be placedin a plastic bag as soonas death
occurs,then storedin a containerreservedfor that purpose.Each containermust be placedin
a location approvedby the director.
Each containermust be washedand disinfectedwhen emotv.
18. No kennel,birdshopor menagerieoperatormay:
(1) interferewith the director in the dischargeof his duties;
(2) sell, give or exchangedogs or catsthat are not 8 weeksold, or sick animals;
(3) sell, purchase,give, exchangeor keep,in a kennel or a birdshop,any animal other than
one of thosereferredto in the definition of kennelor birdshopin article 1;
19.No kennelor birdshopoperatormay:
ive or exchanseanv dos or cat not obtainedfi
sources:
i. non-profit animal shelters:
ii. non-profit registeredrescuegroups.
(2) sell. give or exchangedogsor catsthat arenot sterilized.
followin
19. (Repealed)
9 5 - 0 8 5a, . 1 9 .
20. Wherethe director finds that a kennel,birdshopor menagerieis not operatingin
compliancewith the provisionsof this by-law, he may order in writing that all operationsbe
suspendeduntil thoseprovisionsare compliedwith, and the ban hasbeenlifted.
21. The directormay:
(1) inspectat anytime kennels,birdshopsand menageries,and examineor causeto be
examinedall animalskept there;
(2) requirethat kennel,birdshopor menagerieoperatorsprovide all useful or necessary
information, including a list of suppliersand customers;
(3) order the isolation of any animal that he considerssick, and preventit from being sold,
given or exchangeduntil it has fully recovered;
(4) order the euthanasiaof any animal consideredincurable;
(5) perform autopsieson carcasses.
/
committeemay,by ordinance:
22.The executive
(1) regulatethe ventilation,airingandheatingof kennels,birdshopsandmenageries;
(2) modify the definitionof petsin article 1;
(3) regulatethe boarding,breedingandsaleof researchanimals;
(4) setadditionalhealthstandards
relatingto the boarding,breedingandsaleof petsand
researchanimals.
a.20.
95-085,
a nuisance.
23.Eachviolationof thisby-lawconstitutes
this by-law is guilty of an offenceandis liable:
24, Anypersonwho contravenes
(1) for a first offence,to a fine of $100to $300;
(2) for a secondoffence,to a fine of$300 to $500;
(3) for a subsequent
offence,to a fine of$500 to $1000.

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