Delineation of Waters of the United States

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Delineation of Waters of the United States
(DRAFT)
Delineation of Waters of the United States
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
October 2006
Prepared for:
Mark Rychlik and Rob Martinson
Romar Homes
c/o Vicky Gibson-Eggen
Sharrah Dunlap Sawyer
3161 Bechelli, Suite 100
Redding, CA 96002
(530) 221-1792
Prepared by:
(DRAFT)
Delineation of Waters of the United States
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, California
October 2006
Prepared for:
Mark Rychlik and Rob Martinson
Romar Homes
c/o Vicky Gibson-Eggen
Sharrah Dunlap Sawyer
3161 Bechelli, Suite 100
Redding, CA 96002
(530) 221-1792
Prepared by:
Table of Contents
Page
Introduction and Project Location.............................................................
1
Site Conditions .............................................................................................
1
Survey Methodology ....................................................................................
1
Terminology.......................................................................................
Determination of Hydrophytic Vegetation ........................................
Determination of Hydric Soils ...........................................................
Determination of Wetland Hydrology ...............................................
Determination of Ordinary High Water Mark ...................................
Jurisdictional Boundary Determination and
Acreage Calculation...........................................................................
3
4
5
5
5
Results ...........................................................................................................
6
6
Jurisdictional Features .......................................................................
Vernal Pools.................................................................................
Other Waters of the United States ...............................................
Soils....................................................................................................
Vegetation ..........................................................................................
Hydrology ..........................................................................................
8
8
8
9
11
11
Site Photos.....................................................................................................
12
References.....................................................................................................
14
Appendix A – Pertinent Soil Information
Appendix B – Field Data Forms
Attachment A – Field Wetland Delineation Map
Attachment B – Electronic Copy of Document
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
i
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
List of Tables and Figures
Page
Tables
1
Jurisdictional Wetlands Acreage Calculations ..................................
6
2
Summary of Soils Map Unit Descriptions .........................................
9
Figures
1
Project Location.................................................................................
2
2
Soils Map ...........................................................................................
10
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
ii
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
DRAFT
DELINEATION OF WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
October 2006
Introduction and Project Location
As requested, Gallaway Consulting, Inc. performed a delineation of Waters of the U.S.
within a 188.6-acre survey area located within Shasta County, California (Figure 1). The
proposed survey area is located within Section 36, Township 30 North, Range 4 West, of
the “Cottonwood, CA” United States Geological Survey (USGS) 7.5-minute quadrangle.
Surveys were conducted on September 14, 2006 by biologist Brooks Taylor and botanists
Elena Alfieri and Shirley Innecken. The survey involved an examination of botanical
resources, soils, hydrological features, and determination of wetland characteristics based
on the United States Army Corps of Engineers (COE) Wetlands Delineation Manual
(1987).
This report addresses the nature, jurisdictional status, and landscape position of the
wetlands on the site; it does not provide information suitable for structural analysis of
soils for construction purposes, flood plain delineation, or other purposes not expressly
stated. Wetland acreages presented in this report should be considered preliminary, and
subject to review and modification by the COE during the wetland delineation
verification process.
Site Conditions
The project site is located within the Cascade Range Foothills Geographic Subdivision of
the greater California Floristic Province (Hickman 1993). Topography is composed of
sloping terrain with project elevation at approximately 450 to 600 feet above sea level.
The site is surrounded by mixed rural development to the south and east and open
savannah/woodland to the north and northwest. The habitat is characterized primarily by
savannah/oak woodland, which contains annual grasslands and vernal pools. Intermittent
and ephemeral drainages are found throughout the project site. A total of six soils map
unit descriptions exist within the property. The average annual precipitation is
approximately 25 inches and the average temperature ranges from 85˚ F to 35˚ F
(Weather Underground, Inc 2006).
Survey Methodology
Many of the terms used throughout this report have specific meanings relating to the
federal wetland delineation process. Term definitions are based on the COE 1987
delineation manual (Environmental Laboratory 1987). The terms defined below have
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
1
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Panorama Point Extension
Location
SISKIYOU
MODOC
LASSEN
SHASTA
TRINITY
Map Extent
TEHAMA
PLUMAS
GLENN
Locust Road
Project Site
Fe
lls
a
B
City of Cottonwood
Project Site (188.6 ac.)
Within Section 36 of
T30N, R4W Shasta County, CA.
Cottonwood USGS 7.5' Quad.
Map Date: Sept. 21, 2006.
0
0.25
0.5 Miles
Figure 1.
rry
Ro
ad
BUTTE
specific meaning relating to the delineation of Waters of the U.S. as prescribed by
Section 404 of the Clean Water Act (CWA).
Terminology
Atypical situation (significantly disturbed). In an atypical (significantly disturbed)
situation, recent human activities or natural events have created conditions where positive
indicators for hydrophytic vegetation, hydric soil, or wetland hydrology are not present or
observable.
Ephemeral Stream. An ephemeral stream has flowing water only during and for a short
duration after, precipitation events in a typical year. Ephemeral streambeds are located
above the water table year-round. Groundwater is not a source of water for the stream.
Runoff from rainfall is the primary source of water for stream flow.
Growing season. The growing season is the portion of the year when soil temperatures
are above biologic zero (41o F) as defined by soil taxonomy.
Hydric soil. Soil is hydric that is saturated, flooded, or ponded long enough during the
growing season to develop anaerobic (oxygen-depleted) conditions in its upper part (i.e.,
within the shallow rooting zone of herbaceous plants).
Intermittent Stream. An intermittent stream has flowing water during certain times of
the year, when groundwater provides water for stream flow. During dry periods,
intermittent streams may not have flowing water. Runoff from rainfall is a supplemental
source of water for stream flow.
Jurisdictional wetland. Sites that meet the definition of wetland provided below and that
fall under COE regulations pursuant to Section 404 of the CWA are considered
jurisdictional wetlands.
Man-induced Wetlands. A man-induced wetland is an area that has developed at least
some characteristics of naturally occurring wetlands due to either intentional or incidental
human activities.
Normal Circumstances. This term refers to the soil and hydrologic conditions that are
normally present, without regard to whether the vegetation has been removed.
Other Waters of the United States. Other Waters of the U.S. are seasonal or perennial
water bodies, including lakes, stream channels, drainages, ponds, and other surface water
features, that exhibit an ordinary high-water mark but lack positive indicators for one or
more of the three wetland parameters (hydrophytic vegetation, hydric soil, and wetland
hydrology) (33 CFR 328.4).
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
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Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Perennial Stream. A perennial stream has flowing water year-round during a typical
year. The water table is located above the stream bed for most of the year. Groundwater
is the primary source of water for stream flow. Runoff from rainfall is a supplemental
source of water for stream flow.
Plant indicator status categories:
Obligate wetland plants (OBL) – plants that occur almost always (estimated
probability 99%) in wetlands under normal conditions, but which may also
occur rarely (estimated probability 1%) in non-wetlands.
Facultative wetland plants (FACW) - plants that usually occur (estimated
probability 67% to 99%) in wetlands under normal conditions, but also occur
(estimated probability 1% to 33%) in non-wetlands.
Facultative plants (FAC) – Plants with a similar likelihood (estimated probability
33% to 67%) of occurring in both wetlands and non-wetlands.
Facultative upland plants (FACU) – Plants that occur sometimes (estimated
probability1% to 33%) in wetlands, but occur more often (estimated probability
67% to 99%) in non-wetlands.
Obligate upland plants (UPL) – Plants that occur rarely (estimated probability 1%)
in wetlands, but occur almost always (estimated probability 99%) in nonwetlands under natural conditions.
Ponded. Ponding is a condition in which free water covers the soil surface (e.g., in a
closed depression) and is removed only by percolation, evaporation, or transpiration.
Problem area. Problem areas are those where one or more wetland parameters may be
lacking because of normal seasonal or annual variations in environmental conditions that
result from causes other than human activities or catastrophic natural events.
Waters of the United States. This is the encompassing term for areas under federal
jurisdiction pursuant to Section 404 of the CWA. Waters of the U.S. are divided into
“wetlands” and “Other Waters of the U.S.”
Wetland. Wetlands are defined as “areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or
ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal
circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in
saturated soil conditions” (33 CFR 328.3 [b], 40 CFR 230.3). To be considered under
federal jurisdiction, a wetland must support positive indicators for hydrophytic
vegetation, hydric soil, and wetland hydrology.
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
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Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Determination of Hydrophytic Vegetation
The presence of hydrophytic vegetation was determined using the methods outlined in the
COE 1989 manual (Federal Interagency Committee for Wetland Delineation 1989), a
method approved by the COE for use in conjunction with the 1987 manual. Under this
method, areas are considered to have positive indicators of hydrophytic vegetation if
more than 50 percent of the dominant species are OBL, FACW, FAC (Reed 1988).
Plant species were identifiable by flowering parts and fruits to the lowest taxonomy
possible.
Determination of Hydric Soils
Soil survey information was reviewed for the survey area and representatives from
Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) in Chico, California were consulted on
the local soil conditions. Information regarding local soil and series descriptions is
provided in Appendix A.
Determination of Wetland Hydrology
Wetland hydrology was determined to be present if a site supported one or more of the
following characteristics:
•
•
•
Landscape position and surface topography (e.g. position of the site relative to
an up-slope water source, location within a distinct wetland drainage pattern,
and concave surface topography),
Inundation or saturation for a long duration either inferred based on field
indicators or observed during repeated site visits, and
Residual evidence of ponding or flooding resulting in field indicators such as
scour marks, sediment deposits, algal matting, and drift lines.
The presence of water or saturated soil for approximately 5 to 12.5 percent of the
growing season typically creates anaerobic conditions in the soil, and these conditions
affect the types of plants that can grow and the types of soils that develop (Environmental
Laboratory 1987).
Due to the lack of precipitation events for more than two months, intermittent streams
were differentiated from ephemeral streams using bed, bank and scour morphology as
well as vegetation presence and absence. Streams that had cobbly stream beds with a
distinct bank and sparse vegetation were determined to be intermittent, and streams that
were more overgrown with vegetation with a less distinct bank and stream bed were
determined to be ephemeral.
Determination of Ordinary High Water Mark
The lateral extent of non-tidal water bodies (i.e., intermittent streams, etc.) were based on
the ordinary high water mark (OHWM), which is “the line on the shore established by the
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
5
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
fluctuations of water” (COE 2005). The OHWM was determined based on physical
characteristics of the area, including scour, multiple observed flow events (from current
and historical aerial photos), shelving, changes in the character of soil, presence of
mature vegetation (i.e., trees with a diameter at breast height larger than 20 inches),
deposition, and topography. Due to the wide extent of some floodplains, adjacent
riparian areas characterized by hydric soils, hydrophytic vegetation, and hydrology may
be included within the OHWM of a non-tidal water body.
Jurisdictional Boundary Determination and Acreage Calculation
The wetland-upland boundary was determined based on the presence or inference of
positive indicators of all mandatory criteria. The site was traversed on foot to identify
wetlands. Standard data sheets (Appendix B) were used to describe plants, soils, and
hydrological characteristics. Gallaway Consulting, Inc. performed the field delineation,
map, and acreage calculations (Attachment A). The spatial data obtained during the
preparation of this wetland delineation was collected using a Trimble GeoXT Global
Positioning System (GPS) Receiver on September 14, 2006. The maximum position
dilution of precision (PDOP) during data collection was 7.5. No readings were taken
with fewer than 5 satellites. Point data locations were recorded for 25 seconds at a rate of
1 position per second. Area and line data was recorded at a rate of 1 position per second
while walking at a slow pace. All GPS data was differentially corrected for maximum
accuracy using the nearest National Geodetic Survey’s Continuously Operating
Reference Station (CORS).
Results
A total of 1.412 acres of pre-jurisdictional Waters of the U.S. were delineated within the
survey area. The types of Waters of the U.S. identified in the survey area are
distinguished as riparian habitat, vernal swales, seasonal wetlands, and Other Waters of
the U.S., which includes ephemeral drainages, intermittent streams, ponds, and culverts
routing flow of these features. A total of 0.062 acres of vernal pools occur on-site (Table
1). Additionally, 1.350 acres (17,197.5 linear feet) of Other Waters of the U.S. were
delineated on-site, including 0.353 acre of ephemeral drainages (8,977.9 linear feet),
0.452 acres of intermittent drainages (8,140.9 linear feet), 0.004 acres of culverts and
0.541 acre of ponds (Table 1). These features are mapped at a 1” to 200” scale and are
presented in Attachment A. Waters of the U.S. acreages presented in this report should be
considered preliminary, subject to review and modification by the COE during the
wetland delineation verification process. The wetlands, and the data of interpretation
used to delineate their jurisdictional boundaries, are described below.
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
6
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Table 1. Jurisdictional wetland totals delineated within the proposed Panorama
Point Extension Survey Area, Shasta County, CA.
Label
OW01
OW02
OW03
OW04
OW05
OW06
OW07
OW08
OW09
OW10
OW11
OW12
OW13
OW14
OW15
OW16
OW17
OW18
OW19
OW20
OW21
OW22
OW23
OW24
OW25
OW26
OW27
OW28
OW29
OW30
OW31
OW32
OW33
OW34
OW35
OW36
OW37
WF02
WF03
Type
Ephemeral
Intermittent
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Intermittent
Intermittent
Ephemeral
Intermittent
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Intermittent
Intermittent
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Intermittent
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Intermittent
Ephemeral
Ephemeral
Culvert
Pond
Intermittent
Culvert
Culvert
Ephemeral Total =
Intermittent Total =
Pond Total =
Culvert Total =
Total of All OWOTUS =
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
Average Width
(ft.)
1.5
4
1
2
1.5
4.5
2.5
2
2.5
2
1
3
1.5
1.5
1.5
2.5
1.5
2
1.5
1.5
2.5
1.5
1
1
3
1
1.5
1
2
2
1.5
1.5
3
n/a
2
1.5
3
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
7
Length
(ft.)
332.6
589.5
255.3
372.8
326.3
489.2
3463.2
273.3
390.7
324.6
160.5
349.5
151.5
127.9
486.5
573.0
252.9
875.7
144.4
492.4
317.2
386.6
488.6
345.0
180.4
828.5
633.1
297.5
805.0
1216.6
469.3
365.5
17.1
n/a
353.7
42.2
19.5
8977.9
8140.9
n/a
78.7
17197.5
n/a
n/a
Area
(ft.²)
498.9
2358.0
255.3
745.6
489.5
2201.4
8658.0
546.6
976.8
649.1
160.5
1048.5
227.3
191.9
729.7
1432.4
379.4
1751.5
216.5
738.6
792.9
579.9
488.6
345.0
541.2
828.5
949.7
297.5
1610.0
2433.2
703.9
548.3
51.3
23562.7
707.3
63.2
58.4
15386.9
19694.6
23562.7
172.9
58817.0
1112.5
358.7
Acres
0.011
0.054
0.006
0.017
0.011
0.051
0.199
0.013
0.022
0.015
0.004
0.024
0.005
0.004
0.017
0.033
0.009
0.040
0.005
0.017
0.018
0.013
0.011
0.008
0.012
0.019
0.022
0.007
0.037
0.056
0.016
0.013
0.001
0.541
0.016
0.001
0.001
0.353
0.452
0.541
0.004
1.350
0.026
0.008
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Table 1: Continued
Label
WF04
WF05
WF06
WF07
WF08
WF09
Type
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool Total =
Total of All Wetland =
Total of All Features =
Average Width
(ft.)
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
Length
(ft.)
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
n/a
Area
(ft.²)
85.5
Label
111.4
240.3
153.0
539.7
2690.6
2690.6
61507.7
Acres
0.002
0.002
0.003
0.006
0.004
0.012
0.062
0.062
1.412
Jurisdictional Features
Vernal Pools
Vernal features allow water to pond for a long enough period of time to support
hydrophytic vegetation and hydric soils. Vernal pools are defined by the positive
indication of three wetland parameters: hydrophytic vegetation specific to vernal pools,
hydric soils, and hydrology (i.e., ponding). All three parameters must be present to
satisfy the vernal pool/swale definition.
Eight vernal pools were delineated within the survey area totaling 0.062 acres
(Attachment A). Vernal pools supported positive indicators for all three wetland
parameters. Vegetation was mostly dominated by Plagiobothrys stipitatus var.
mairanthus (OBL), Deschampsia danthoniodes (FACW), Psilocarphus brevisimus
(OBL), and other unidentifiable forbs. The pools were not inundated and soils were not
saturated, but the vegetation present was hydric and there was clear evidence of drainage
patterns in the wetland and oxidized root channels in the soil. Wetland boundaries were
distinguished from upland boundaries by the presence of obligate plant species and the
presence of mottling, shallow hardpan layer, and obvious reduced conditions within the
soil layers. Field delineation data forms for the vernal pool features are provided in
Appendix B.
Other Waters of the United States
Other Waters of the U.S. are seasonal or perennial water bodies, including lakes, stream
channels, drainages, ponds, and other surface water features, that exhibit an ordinary
high-water mark but lack positive indicators for one or more of the three wetland
parameters (i.e., hydrophytic vegetation, hydric soil, and wetland hydrology) (33 CFR
328.4). The above definition was applied while delineating all Other Waters of the U.S.
on-site. Drainages exhibited an ordinary high water mark and contained bed, bank,
and/or scour morphology.
A total of 1.350 acre (17,197.5 linear feet) of Other Waters of the U.S. were delineated
on-site, including 0.353 acre of ephemeral drainages (8,977.9 linear feet), 0.452 acres of
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
8
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
intermittent drainages (8,140.9 linear feet), 0.004 acres of culverts, and 0.541 acre of
ponds.
Ephemeral and Intermittent Streams
An ephemeral stream has flowing water for a short duration after precipitation events in a
typical year. Ephemeral streambeds are located above the water table year-round.
Groundwater is not a source of water for the stream and runoff from rainfall is the
primary source of water for stream flow. An intermittent stream has flowing water
during certain times of the year, when groundwater provides water for stream flow.
During dry periods, intermittent streams may not have flowing water. Runoff from
rainfall is a supplemental source of water for stream flow.
All streams and drainages were defined by obvious channels that were characterized by a
distinct bank edge, contained obvious streambed (i.e., river rock and sediment deposits),
and contained indicators of the direction of flow (i.e., folded vegetation and observable
hydrology). Ephemeral and intermittent determinations were made on July 7, 2006
following a 5-week period of no rainfall; therefore, determinations were based on the bed
composition and topography. All intermittent streams had an obvious cobbly bed and
contained areas of isolated ponding and somewhat level terrain. Ephemeral streams
lacked a cobbly bed and were located in steeper terrain, feeding into the intermittent
drainages.
Soils
Based on information contained within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Soil
Conservation Service and Forest Service 1974 Soil Survey of the Shasta County Area,
California, six soils map unit descriptions exist within the survey area (Figure 2). The
majority of the site consists of the non-hydric soil types listed and described in Table 2.
When obligate plants and standing water were present, hydric soils were assumed. In
areas with questionable upland/wetland distinction, soil pit samples were observed to
determine the presence or absence of hydric soil indicators. Wetland boundaries were
distinguished from upland boundaries by the presence of concretions, high organic
streaking within the sandy soil layers, low-chroma color, reducing conditions, and/or
oxidized root channels within the upper 12 inches of soil. Soils map unit descriptions are
presented in Appendix A and wetland data sheets are presented in Appendix B. We
observed saturated soils at depths ranging from 0-12 inches.
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
9
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Panorama Point Extension
Soil Characterization
Project Site (188.6 ac.)
Soil Characterization
Symbol, Description
Ad, Anderson gravelly sandy loam
NeC, Newtown gravelly loam, 8 to 15 percent slopes
NeE2, Newtown gravelly loam, 30 to 50 percent slopes, eroded
RcA, Red Bluff gravelly loam, moderately deep, 0 to 3 percent slopes
RcB, Red Bluff gravelly loam, moderately deep, 3 to 8 percent slopes
RdA, Redding gravelly loam, 0 to 3 percent slopes
RcA
RdA
RcB
NeE2
NeE2
RcB
Ad
NeC
NeE2
RcB
Soil Characterization and
Aerial provided by USDA
Map Date: Sept. 29, 2006.
0
500
Figure 2.
1,000 Feet
Table 2. Summary of soils map unit descriptions occurring within the Panorama
Point Extension Survey Area, Shasta County, CA (USDA 1974).
Map
Symbol
Soils Map Unit
Description
Hydric
Soil
Hydric
Inclusions
Present
Hydric
Criteria*
Hydric
Landforms
Ad
Anderson gravelly sandy
loam
Newtown gravelly loam, 815% slopes
Newtown gravelly loam,
30-50% slopes
Red Bluff gravelly loam,
moderately deep, 0-3%
slopes
N
Y
4
Floodplains
N
N
n/a
n/a
N
N
n/a
n/a
N
Y
3
Depression
N
Y
3
Depression
N
Y
3
Depression
NeC
NeE2
RcA
Red Bluff gravelly loam,
moderately deep, 3-8%
slopes
Redding gravelly loam, 03% slopes
RcB
RdA
* Hydric Criteria Code:
3 – Soils that are frequently ponded for long or very long duration during the growing season.
4 – Soils that are frequently flooded for long or very long duration during the growing season.
Vegetation
The survey area is composed entirely of foothill grassland habitat with inclusions of
wetlands and cobble drainageways. Wetland vegetation was present within intermittent
drainages and vernal pools. Hydrophytic vegetation within vernal pools included
Plagiobothrys stipitatus var. mairanthus (OBL), Deschampsia danthoniodes (FACW),
Psilocarphus brevisimus (OBL). Upland vegetation within the survey area includes:
Centaurea solstitialis, Bromus hordeacous, Avena barbata, Taeniatherum caputmedusae, and Pinus sabiniana, Quercus douglasii. All vegetation was identified by Elena
Alfieri, and Shirley Innecken, botanists, at the time of survey or immediately following
field surveys using the Jepson Manual Higher Plants of California (Hickman 1993).
Hydrology
Hydrology on-site consists of two unnamed intermittent drainages that flow north to
south throughout the extent of the survey area as well as several smaller ephemeral and
intermittent streams that form confluences with the main drainages. These drainages
continue flowing south until they drain into the Anderson-Cottonwood Irrigation District
Canal. There is one man-made pond which collects rain water in the northern portion of
the survey area. There is no outflow from the pond.
Copies of field data sheets are presented in Appendix B. For further explanation of field
notes please contact Jody Gallaway at (530) 343-8327.
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
11
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Site Photos
OW34 Looking Northwest
Vernal Pool
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
12
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Moundswales and Vernal Pool
Vernal Pool
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
13
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
References
Environmental Laboratory. 1987. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers wetlands delineation
manual. (Technical Report Y-87-1). U.S. Army Waterways Experiment Station.
Vicksburg, MS.
Federal Interagency Committee for Wetland Delineation. 1989. Federal manual for
identifying and delineating jurisdictional wetlands. (Cooperative Technical
Publication). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and U.S. Soil Conservation Service.
Washington, DC.
Hickman, James C., editor. 1993. The Jepson Manual Higher Plants of California.
University of California Press, Berkeley.
Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2006. On-line Soil Data Mart – Shasta County
Area Soil Survey Information (Hydric Soils and Soil Descriptions). Available online at
http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gov/Report.aspx?Survey=CA607&UseState=CA.
_________. August 2005. National Hydric Soils List. Available on-line at
http://soils.usda.gov/use/hydric/.
Reed, P.B., Jr. 1988. National list of plant species that occur in wetlands: California
(Region 0). US. Fish and Wildl. Serv. Biol. Rep. 88(26.10) 135pp.
United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 2006. Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office:
Endangered Species Program, Species and Habitat Information. Sacramento, CA.
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service and Forest Service. Soil
Survey of Shasta County Area, California. August 1974.
Weather Underground, Inc. 2006. Weather data from the Town of Cottonwood weather
station available online at
http://www.wunderground.com/history/airport/KRDD/2006/3/3/MonthlyHistory.ht
ml?req_city=NA&req_state=NA&req_statename=NA.
Wetland Training Institute. 1995. Field guide for wetland delineation: 1987 Corps of
Engineers manual. (WTI 95-3). Poolsville, MD.
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
14
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Appendix A
Pertinent Soil Information for the Panorama Point
Extension Survey Area in Shasta County, CA
(Available Hard Copy Only)
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Appendix B
Field Data Forms for the Panorama Point Extension
Survey Area in Shasta County, CA
(Available Hard Copy Only)
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Attachment A
Field Delineation Map for the Panorama Point
Extension Survey Area in Shasta County, CA
(Available Hard Copy Only)
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006
Attachment B
Electronic Copy of Document on CD
Panorama Point Extension
Shasta County, CA
Delineation of Waters of the United States
October 2006