Orangutan Population in the Corridor between Betung Kerihun

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Orangutan Population in the Corridor between Betung Kerihun
Promoting community emporwerment at Danau Sentarum NP
on Orangutan conservation and sustainable ecotourism
By Chairul Saleh, Albertus Tjiu and Hermas Rintik Maring
WWF Indonesia
2.
PHOTO By : Jimmy BOND/WWF Indonesia
P
Presented on Asian Ramsar Regional Meeting
Mercure Hotel-Jakarta, Indonesia 14 – 18 November 2011
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Orangutan Population and Distribution in Borneo
Location /Habitat Unit
2.
Estimated
Population
Sumatra (Pongo abelii)
7.501
Sabah (P.p.morio) : 17 HU
13.614
East Kalimantan (P.p.morio)
: 9 HU
4.335
Central Kalimantan
(P.p.wurmbii) : 16 HU
32.309
West Kalimantan &
Sarawak
(P.p.pygmaeus) : 7 HU
7.542
Total Boreno
57.797
Total in the wild
65.298
IUCN Conservation red list 2000
Pongo abelii (Critically Endangered)
Pongo pygmaeus (Endangered)
CITES : Appendix I
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2.
PHOTO By : Jimmy BOND/WWF Indonesia
P
resented on :
Asian Ramsar Regional Meeting
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Orangutan Facts
•
•
Orangutan is the only great ape in Asia and in fact only resides on the island of
Borneo and Sumatra whilst the other Great Apes, the Gorilla, the Chimpanzee and
the Bonobo inhabit in Africa
2.
There are two species of orangutan: Sumatran orangutan Pongo abelii and the
Bornean orangutan Pongo pygmaeus, which divided into three sub species; Pongo
pygmaeus pygmaeus in North of Kapuas river to the Northeast of Sarawak; P. p.
Wurmbii distributed in Southwest Kalimantan, the southern part of the Kapuas River
and the western part of the Barito river; and Pongo pygmaeus morio limited
distributed in Sabah and Eastern part of Kalimantan as far as Mahakam River.
•
The estimation of current population of Sumatran orangutans is around 7500 and
Bornean orangutans is around 57.700 and mostly still live in the wild. Appoximately
75 % of Bornean orangutan live in outside protected areas, mainly logging
concessions.
•
Population of the Bornean orangutan is assumed to have decreased by more than 50
5
per cent over the past 60 years
Orangutan Threats
•
Habitat loss and fragmentation : logging
(legal and illegal); natural forest
conversion.
2.
 During the past 20 years, the habitat of
the Bornean orangutan has been reduced
by at least 55 per cent by the
transformation of rain forest into fallow
land and oil plantations and forest fires
•
Poaching and orangutan illegal trade
•
Climate change : impact on orangutan
food availability and habitat loss drive by
forest fires.
WWF Indonesia (2007) : Study on climate
change impact on orangutan population
in Kalimantan
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Orangutan Survey in Danau Sentarum NP
2.
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Orangutan population and
distribution in Danau Sentarum NP
•
The study of orangutan population and distribution conducted on March – July
2009 periods in 14 different locations within and surrounding Danau Sentarum NP.
•
Study areas divided into 10 forest blocks, included national parks, plantation,
production forest, limited production forest, other uses forest, conversion
production forest and protected forest.
•
The study used line transect methods with the total transect of 74 transects and
the total transect length was 74,62 kilometers which covered around 131, 509 Ha
areas . Between 771 – 1006 individu orangutan still survive within of 131, 509
surveyed areas in and surrounding Danau Sentarum NP with density between 0,33
– 3,48 individu/km2
•
More than half of orangutan population inhabit outside National Park, mainly in
wildlife corridor development areas between Danau Sentarum and Betung Kerihun
national parks.
•
Based on the vegetation study, 455 of trees species are identified in the surveyed
areas which is 228 species of them are Orangutan fruit trees.
2.
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Orangutan population and
distribution in Danau Sentarum NP
1. Block 1: 8.160 ha (0.33 ind./km2)
• 1. Block 1: 8.160 ha2
2. Block 2: 5.560 ha (2.58
2 ind./km )
)
(0.33
2.3:ind./km
3. Block
6.700 ha (0.95 ind./km2)
4. Block 4: 5.325 ha (0.64 ind./km2)
5. Block 5: 17.450 ha (0.38 ind./km2)
6. Block 6: 18.955 ha (0.49 ind./km2)
7. Block 7,8, & 9: 27.450 (0.45-4.08 ind./km2)
8. Block 10 & 11: (eastern side in Labian
river) 25.710 ha (0.79-3.88 ind./km2)
9. Block 13 & 14: (western side of Labian
River boundary with Embaloh River) 37.380
ha (0.52-1.07 ind./km2)
10.Block southern forest: 14.270 ha (3.48
ind./km2)
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Local community empowerment on
orangutan conservation
•
Awareness program on orangutan conservation  the
importance of orangutan conservation on ecological
aspect and potential fo income generating, e.g
sustainable tourism
•
2
1. Block 1: 8.160 ha (0.33 ind./km )
2.
Capacity building of local people on orangutan
monitoring, incl. through involvement of local people on
orangutan survey and monitoring. Orangutan monitoring
activities by the local people very useful for
development of orangutan-based ecotourism
•
.
•
Local organization structure for community based
tourism management have been developed in two
villages; Meliau dan Teluk Aur.
•
Supporting of revolving fund for Danau Sentarum Bee
Farmer Association (APDS) for development of organic
honey bee business group, including facilitate this local
group to communicate with the key stake holders at
district, national and international levels.
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Local community empowerment on
orangutan conservation
1. Block
1: 8.160 ha (0.33
• Local community planted of rubber• trees,
2
ind./km )
Shorea sp trees local fruit trees, including
orangutan fruit trees. in wildlife corridor
between Danau Sentarun and Betung Kerihun
national parks.
2.
• Facilitated for better communication and
collaboration of communities who live up
and down river of Labian-Leboyan watershed
that involved 22 villages for better
management of wetland resources
• Involvement of local community on
orangutan conservation ,enhancing
ecosystem and conservation of orangutan
habitat, mainly wetland ecosystem
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Impact of local community
empowerment activities
• 1. Block 1: 8.160 ha
2
(0.33
• Biodiversity conservation, including
2.ind./km )
orangutan
• Wildlife habitat protection :
wetland ecosystem
• Increasing local community welfare
e.g. through ecotourism, NTRP, etc.
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On going activities
•
Building orangutan research station for
orangutan ecological study
•
Involved of trained local people on orangutan
study and orangutan conservation, such as
nest decay study
•
Develop orangutan-based ecotourism,
including facilitate the villages for develop of
village regulation on tourism
•
Engage related government institution and
other stake holders to enlarge their support
ensuring protection of orangutan habitat,
especially outside protected areas.
•
Strengthening management effectiveness of
Ramsar Site
•
2
1. Block 1: 8.160 ha (0.33 ind./km )
2.
5
Thank you
2
• 1. Block 1: 8.160 ha (0.33 ind./km )
2.
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