The Hieroglyphic Print Machine

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The Hieroglyphic Print Machine
The Hieroglyphic Print Machine
Version 2
By Mark Millmore 2009
http://shop.discoveringegypt.com/printmachine2.html
Hieroglyphs
Hieroglyphs are written in rows or columns and can be read from left to
right or from right to left. You can distinguish the direction in which the
text is to be read because the human or animal figures always face towards the beginning of the line. Also the upper symbols are read before
lower.
1. There are twenty-four alphabet signs each one representing a single
sound. The Egyptians did not include vowels E, U or V in their writing
although these sounds were present in the spoken language. (nither did
they have a letter for X). For example, Sobek is the name of the crocodile
god but the Egyptians would have written it ‘Sbk’.
It is possible to write a whole word using only symbols from the ancient
Egyptian alphabet. For example the Fourth Dynasty pharaoh, Khufu,
wrote his name in this way.
2. Syllabic signs represent a combination of two or three letter sounds.
Such as in English ‘buy’ and ‘pie’ or in ancient Egyptian ‘Sha’ and ‘Ka’
It is possible to write the English word ‘THANKS’
(right) with a combination of alphabet and syllabic
signs. Note the three strokes - this is the sign for a
plural. (this is a determinative sign)
3. Determinative signs - Some hieroglyphs work like road
signs for example when we see the road sign showing a car with
skidmarks we know it means there is a slippery road ahead.
Determinative signs are pictures of objects that helps the reader understand the meaning of a word. Written words did not represent all of the
sounds of spoken words. For instance the word ‘boat’ was expressed
in hieroglyphs as ”dpt” (it might have been pronounced ‘depet’), but
Depet is also a person’s name. To prevent the
reader from mistaking it for another word, the
writer included a picture of a boat to clarify the
word’s meaning.
If a word expressed an abstract idea, such as
“happy,” a picture of a sealed papyrus scroll was
included to show that the meaning of the word could be expressed in
writing but not pictorially.
4. Word signs are pictures of objects used as the words for those objects.
Each word sign is followed by an upright stroke to indicate that the word
is complete in one sign. For example, if there wasn’t
enough space to write ”boat” in hieroglyphs, the ancient writer just used the picture of a boat followed by
an upright stroke to indicate that the sign should be
read as ”boat.”
= 12,427
A list of the ancient Egyptian words used in the program with their English translations.
A
AS-- - L i ke
ABIILITY
ABOVE
ASSISTA N T
B ECO M E
BEER
ASC E N D
A C C O R D I N G LY
ADVANCE
B
BA C K
B E FO R E
B EG
BREAK
DA R K N E S S
CHIEF
DA U G H TE R
B R E ATH E
CHILD
BRING
C H O OS E
DAY
D E AT H
B ROT H E R
CITY
AFFECTION
AFTER
BA D
BEHIND
BAR L EY
B E LO V E D
CLEAN
AGAIN
ALONE
BAS K ET
BEAU T I F U L
CO L D
DESCEND
C A LC U L ATE
CAREFUL
CO M E
D E S E RT
CO M P L A I N
DESIRE
ANCECTOR
BEA U T Y
B OAT 2
C AT
C ATC H
BE
BORN
CRAFSMAN
BEAT L E
BLACK
C H AT TE R
DISOBEDIENT
D
D I S O B EY
CHARMING
ARM
AS-Far-As
C
D E PA RT
BE-Abundant
B OAT 1
ARMY
C LOT H E
BY
BIRD
AMONG
DEED
B U TC H E R
B ET W E E N
B I TE
AMONG
D ECO R ATE
BUILD
DA N C E
DO
F
DO
END
FO L LO W
G I FTS
G R E AT
GIVE
G R E ET I N G S
FA C E
DONE
DRINK
ENDURI N G
FA L L
FO L LO W I N G
FO O D
ENEM Y
FA R
G U I DA N C E
GIVE LIFE
H
FO O L
ENRIC H
FO OT
DUTY
E
HAD
FAT H E R
ENTER
FEAR
FO R
ETERNIT Y
EVERY
FO RG ET
G O -A ST R AY
FREE
G O -AWAY
F EW
FRIEND
EASTERN
EVERYTHING
EVIL
F RO M
GO-UP
F RO N T
GOD
FINGER
EFFECTIVE
EXPLAIN
EYE
HAPPEN
FIRM
G
GODS
H E _ H I M _ HI S
GENTLE
GOOD
G I FT
G O O D BY
FIRST
FLY
HAPP Y
H ATE
FULL
EXIST
HAND
FIND
EDUCATE
EXCELLENT
GO-DOWN
HALF
FIGHT_Fighting
EAT
EMPTY
GO
F ETC H
EAST
ELDER
HAIR
HAIRDRESSER
EAR
EGYPT
GIVEN
HEAD
H E A LT H
J
HEAR
LO N G
IF
Joined With
HEART
LAND
IGNOR A N T
LO O K
J OY
IMMEDIATELY
K
LO R D
KILL
L ATE R
IMPORTA N T
KIND
IMPRO V E
LAUGH
KING
HERSELF
L AW
HIGH
HOUSE
IN
King-UpperLower
INDE E D
HOW
INSP ECT
KISS
M A D E- BY
KNEE
KNIFE
MOON
MORNING
M OT H E R
M O U N TA I N
Le a r n
L EG
MANY
MOUTH
MEAL
L E N GT H
HUNGER
M E M O RY
MUCH
MINE
I
IS
I or ME
M
MONUMENT
LEAP
HOUSES
I
LO V E
MAN
IN-FRONT-OF
MONTH
L A RG E
HEAVEN
HER
MOMENT
KNOW
LIFE
M U L I T P LY
LIMIT
M I RRO R
K N O W - N OT
IT
L
LITTLE
m i s e ra b l e
MY
IT I S
L a ke
LIVE
MISS
MYSELF
N
O
P
NAKED
OBEY
Pa i n
NAM E
OBSERV E
PEACE
R
RIVER
RAGE
RAIN
REBEL
NEAR
ODOUR
P E A SA N T
OF
P EO P L E
NEVER
OFFER
NEVER
NIGHT
NO
P E R F ECT
OFFERIN G S
OFFICIA L
OFFSPRIN G
ROA D
RUN
S
REEDS
REJOICE
RELAX
SA C R E D
SA I L
SA LT
PERISH
PERPETUATE
REMEMBER
R E PA I R
S H E- H E R- I T
SHINE
SHIP
SIBLINGS
SINCE
SING
SINGER
SA N D
S I STE R
SAT I S F I E D
Sistrum
OLD
PLAN
N O B L E LADY
NOD
NOSE
ON
PLANT
OPEN
PO O R- M A N
ORDER
R E P E AT
SAY
SMALL
RESCUE
PRAISE
RESENT
SCRIBE
S EC R ET
Our-Us- We
NOT-KNOW
PRINCE
R E ST
Q
OVERSEE R
OVERTHROW
SOLDIER
SON
SEE
SON OF RA
R EV E R E D
Q U I ET
S KY
SLEEP
R E PO RT
NOT
NUMBER
SAT I S F Y
RISE
SEIZE
SEND
SOUL
SUN in the SKY
SPIRIT
T
TAKE-Pleasure
Stable
TARD I LY
THINGS
U PO N
THIS
US
THOROUGHLY
WHICH
WHY
V
TEA C H
VA R I O U S
WING
T H OS E
STAND
TEM P L E
TERRO R
V E RY
T H RO W
STAR
TH AT
TO G ET H E R
STEP
STO REHOUSE
STORM
V I EW
WA K E
THE B E S
WA L K
TO OT H
TheirTheyThem
TREE
WA S H
WATE R
THE S E
STRIKE
TH EY
TRUE
SUN
THI G H
WORK
W R I TE
WE
U
W E A LT H
They-Th em-Their
WOMAN
Y
SUFFER
SUMMER
WITH
WA RR I O R
THEREFORE
STRIDE
WISH
TO M B
T R AV E L
STRENGTH
W I N TE R
W
UNDER
UNDERWORLD
YO U N G
YO U R
WIFE
STAIRWAY
YO U
YEAR
WEEP
YES
WELL
Y E STE R DAY
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The special edition is signed and comes with a free CD ROM containing
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Discovering Ancient Egypt has over 240 pages
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There are 16 videos and animations showing the pyramids and temples together with reconstructions of how they
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The Ancient Egyptian Game of Senet
Play the ancient game of the Pharaohs.
Board games were a favorite pastime in ancient Egypt, and Senet
was the most popular of these. It
was played by two people, either
on elaborate carved and inlaid
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simply scratched into the earth.
You can now play this ancient game ether against the computer or another person. http://shop.discoveringegypt.com/senet.html
Discovering Ancient Egypt by Mark Millmore
On this site you will find lots of
Egyptian stuff -. There are stories
of the great kings & queens. In the
pyramid & temple section you can
explore the ancient monuments;
using interactive maps, photos,
drawings, and paintings. Also check
out Rebuilding Temples and see
how these shrines, to the gods, may
have appeared to ancient eyes.
There is a basic description of hieroglyphic writing. And for a bit of fun
you can send a friend their name as an eCard using the hieroglyphic
translator. There are also images of hieroglyphs you can use in your own
projects. Learn about Egyptian numerals and test your knowledge with
some mathematical problems set out using the ancient numbers.
And there are lots of free things you can download.
www.eyelid.co.uk