L2/16-077

Comments

Transcription

L2/16-077
Title: Proposal to encode the Mandombe script
L2/16-077R
Authors: Andrij Rovenchak, Helma Pasch, Charles Riley, Nandefo Robert Wazi
Date: 14 July 2016
Preliminary proposal N3970 containing introductory information about the Mandombe script and
details of character composition was submitted in 2010:
L2/11-053 “Proposal to add the Mandombe Script”
by David Wabeladio, Robert Wazi et Adrien Fwakasumbu
The present document largely incorporates the information given in
L2/15-118 “Preliminary proposal for encoding the Mandombe script in the SMP of the UCS”
by Andrij Rovenchak, Helma Pasch, Charles Riley, Nandefo Robert Wazi
and its revised version L2/16-077
Revisions address issues raised in L2/15-312 , L2/15-310, and L2/16-156
1. Introduction. Mandombe (
), which means “for the Blacks”, is a modern African script
which was invented in 1978 by David Wabeladio Payi (*15.07.1957 – †04.04.2013). It is one of very
few scripts which were invented south of the equator. It was first designed to write Kikongo and
Lingala, the most important languages of Congo, and then developed further so that basically any
language can be written with this script.
Unlike other modern African scripts, Mandombe does not imitate the type of letters from the Roman or
Arabic alphabets, but the symbols are designed according to strong geometrical rules, on the basis of
the stylized cyphers
(2) and
(5), which give the script an outstanding appearance. These shapes
are based on the observation of the uncoated portion of the brick wall of the inventor‟s room.
From the beginning, the Mandombe script was invented as a medium to write all types of texts, and
there are documents of religious nature (see Figs. 1–4) and also secular texts, cf. Figs. 5–8, as well as in
occasional public inscriptions (Fig. 9).
The inventor, David Wabeladio Payi was a member of the Kimbanguist church. He was given a
professorship at the Kimbanguist University in Kinshasa, where he taught the script to numerous
students. On December 22, 2011 he was granted the title Doctor honoris causa at the University of
Kinshasa. Former students of Wabeladio teach the script at the Kimbanguist education centers in
Kisangani, Brazzaville and Pointe Noire. The script is also taught in the Kimbanguist centers overseas,
e.g. Brussels, Paris. There is hope among those who master the script that it will get a communicative
function at least within the Kimbanguist church. The number of active Mandombe users is five to six
thousand in Africa and a few hundred in diasporas. There are about 500 teachers who are trained by the
Centre de l‟Ecriture Négro-Africaine (CENA).
Apart from its function as a medium of writing, the Mandombe script is also the basis of graphical
design: the letters whose shapes can be combined are used to create fascinating pictures.
There are published texts in and about Mandombe, one of which carries the title, Mandombe: écriture
négro-africaine [Wabeladio Payi 1996]. It has been suggested that the copyright on at least some of
these texts be voluntarily withdrawn, in order to allow for the encoding proposal to go forward in the
UTC and with ISO, on the grounds that for implementation to proceed a script cannot be copyrighted.
Putting aside the issue of whether the copyright should be withdrawn, it is an open question as to
whether a copyright once asserted for a textual work can in fact be withdrawn. The closest that any
publisher might be able to achieve in practice is to assign the work a CC0 license.
1
With respect to statements given on p. 29 of the previous proposal L2/11-053, no requests for funding
are currently being made to facilitate future utilization of the Mandombe script.
2. Structure. Mandombe is written left to right. Structurally, the script is an abugida or an
alphasyllabary. A sign orientation is used as a distinguishing feature. For syllables having a more
complex structure than CV a special set of diacritical signs and other marks are used.
3. Collating order. Collation order is that in the code chart. It is based on the arrangement according to
letter shapes as given in the original inventor‟s book [Wabeladio Payi 1996]:
2
This is the main set of characters containing sixteen series.
3
Afterwards, additional characters follow:
That is, the order is as follows:
B-, D-, G-, F-, M-, K-, P-, L-, V-, N-, T-, S-, R-, W-, Z-, Y-,
SH-, CH-, J-, DJ-,
GB-, KP-, KT-.
The last set of characters (GB-, KP-, and KT- series) are mentioned in the original inventor‟s book
(note a typo PKA instead of KPA):
4
Additional characters are used to represent bare vowels, as well as H + <vowel> and <vowel> + H
series, in the original book they are allocated in the so-called 5th group:
As the main set of characters contains sixteen rows corresponding to sixteen initial consonants, we
suggest using this property in order to facilitate script encoding. Additional seven rows of consonants
are then complemented by one row from the 5th group shown above. Further rows from this group are
added after 16+7 rows of more complex syllables (prenasalized and containing intervening R or L).
Syllables in Mandombe are composed from a number of basic elements as demonstrated below.
a
h + a ha
e
h + e he
i
h+i
Ä
hi
o
h + o ho
u
h + u hu
ü
h+[
h[
A. Syllables consisting of a single vowel are formed by adding the basic vowel shape to < >:
B. Glyphs for syllables are obtained by joining vowel symbols to respective consonants at a certain
point only, for instance,
ba
b + a b¢
da
A + b 0D
bi
b + 1 bÀ
di
I + b 6D
bu
b + u bÊ
du
U + b 8D
le
d + l ´L
pe
l + g P3
lo
m + l ¾L
po
l + p P5
5
C. More complex syllables (containing diphthongs, pre- and post-nasalization as well as intervening R
or L) are formed in the following fashion:
lua
v + a N + l aÒL
yea
[email protected]
bea
b
pro
l + h + o Psµ
gue
f + w + =# G9$
nie
nÁî
dea
A2D
plo
l + / + o l/o
sio
{ + o N + s oÆs
kio
KÃ ÷
vai
I0V
dri
{ + H + b èHb
muo
U + =< + k O8M
tuo
T9U
kei
K¯ñ
nso
m + s + h ¼sn
bon
b + o + =û bpû
tau
T1ï
nkou
sK¹ð
mbi
H + b + 1 sbÀ
Note that the position of a combining mark is defined by the orientation of the vowel in the syllable
Some more examples of nasalized syllables, including diphthongs, are shown below:
lun dun pan simon
fin kiun feun yean
luan
Two additional marks are used to represent apostrophe and high-tone vowels (the latter is optional):
6
Note low-tone moto („man‟) versus high-tone móto („fire‟), the tonal mark is encircled in red.
As with the combining marks for diphthongs and nasalization, the position of an acute accent mark is
defined by the orientation of the vowel in the syllable:
má
fé
wí
gú
Ř0M
±
ś f
WÂŚ
G9ř
4. Character names. The usual UCS conventions are used, with SH representing /ʃ/, CH representing
/ʧ/, DJ representing /ʤ/, and UE representing the round front vowel /y/ (French <u> or German <ü>).
According to the recommendation given in L2/15-204, we have changed the encoding model with
syllable units being encoded instead of their elements. The names of such characters is
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE …
Diacritical marks used to denote diphthongs are encoded separately to reduce the total number of
proposed characters. The following are the names of these marks:
MANDOMBE COMBINING A DIPHTHONG MARK
MANDOMBE COMBINING A DIPHTHONG MARK FLIPPED
…
After Mandombe was initially used only to write Lingala and Kikongo, i.e. CVCV languages, the
“joined” addition became necessary. It provides shapes for consonants in syllable coda (as opposed to
syllable-initial consonants), which are useful for writing languages other than Kikongo or Lingala, e.g.,
for Wolof. For those syllable-final shapes the following names is suggested:
MANDOMBE CONSONANT B
MANDOMBE CONSONANT D
…
Here are the Mandombe characters for bare consonants:
They are given in the following order, used below as the collation order:
B, D, G, F; M, K, P, L; V, N, T, S; R, W, Z, Y; SH, CH, J, DJ
Note that some shapes can be used for syllable-initial foreign sounds (like the labio-velar plosives GB,
and KP).
7
The sample of text in Wolof with final consonants in some words is shown in Fig. 4.
The total number of characters in the proposal is 1050.
5. Linebreaking. Linebreak can occur after a punctuation sign, including syllable separator and word
separator. Characters forming a syllable cannot be broken.
6. Punctuation and digits. In Mandombe, script-specific punctuation is used, including a syllable
separator, which is a blank space, and a word separator, which is a dot resting on the baseline.
While certain pnnctuation marks have arrow shapes (see p. 20), it does not seem feasible to use the
existing arrows for these purposes. The proposed characters are an integral part of the writing system
and should be kept in the same block and other Mandombe characters. Due to peculiarities of character
placement in Mandombe, using a separate set of arrow symbols will facilitate the font processing.
Of ten Mandombe digits, five have the shape similar to vowels (I = 1, U = 2, E = 3, O ≈ 4, A = 5).
{NB: this order can be an alternative for ordering vowels, instead of the A-E-I-O-U one}.
However, it seems that the vowels and digits require separate codepoints as – at least in some texts –
the digits are taller than the respective vowels when resting on the baseline (see Fig. 1).
7. Additions and extensions. Possible additions include calendar characters for a recently devised
Kimbanguist calendar (7 symbols for days of week and 12 symbols for combining days of week and
months); such calendar characters can be named starting with KIMBANGUMUNA, not
MANDOMBE.
There is a potential possibility that other symbols to reflect phonology of some other African languages
will be introduced in future (tone marks, letters for click consonants, etc.), and they can be placed in the
reserved codepoints.
8. Acknowledgement. This project was partly supported by a grant from the United States National
Endowment for the Humanities (PR-50205-15), which funds the Universal Scripts Project (part of the
Script Encoding Initiative at the University of California, Berkeley). Any views, findings, conclusions
or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect those of the National
Endowment for the Humanities.
9. Bibliography
Pasch, Helma. 2010. Mandombe. Afrikanistik online, 7: Available from: < http://www.afrikanistikaegyptologie-online.de/archive/2010/2724>.
Rovenchak, Andrij & Jason Glavy. 2011. “Mandombe script”, in African Writing Systems of the
Modern Age: The Sub-Saharan Region. New Haven, Buena Park, New Rochelle, London, Lviv,
Abidjan: Athinkra, 84–86. ISBN 978-0-9818294-1-8
Wabeladio Payi, David. 1996. Mandombe
Ecriture negro-africaine: Manuel d’apprentisage
à l’usage des apprenants. Editions du C.E.N.A., Kinshasa.
8
15080
Mandombe
0
B1
D2
G3
F4
M5
K6
P7
L8
V9
NA
TB
SC
RD
WE
ZF
Y-
1549F
1508
1509
150A
150B
150C
150D
A
E
I
O
U
UE
b¢
0D
G1
§f
0M
K¥
P1
ªL
0V
n£
T1
¨s
0R
W¤
©Z
Y1
b¬
2D
G3
±f
2M
K¯
P3
´L
2V
n¿
T3
²s
2R
W®
³Z
Y3
bÀ
6D
G7
Åf
6M
KÃ
P7
ÈL
6V
nÁ
T7
Æs
6R
WÂ
ÇZ
Y7
bp
4D
G5
»f
4M
K¹
P5
¾L
4V
n·
T5
¼s
4R
W¸
½Z
Y5
bÊ
8D
G9
Ïf
8M
KÍ
P9
ÒL
8V
nË
T9
Ðs
8R
WÌ
ÑZ
Y9
bk
HD
Gh
wf
HM
Kr
Ph
zL
HV
nl
Th
xs
HR
Wm
yZ
Yh
9
15080
Mandombe
0
SH1
CH2
J3
DJ4
GB5
KP6
KT7
—
8
MB9
NDA
NGB
MFC
MMD
NKE
MPF
H-
1549F
150E
150F
1510
1511
1512
1513
A
E
I
O
U
UE
g¢
§q
B1
0F
DÒ
MÈ
Ú1
¡
sb¢
0DS
NG1
§fn
0Mt
sK¥
[P1
0
g¬
±q
B3
2F
DÓ
MÉ
Ú3
«
sb¬
2DS
NG3
±fn
2Mt
sK¯
[P3
2
gÀ
Åq
B7
6F
DÔ
MÊ
Ú7
¿
sbÀ
6DS
NG7
Åfn
6Mt
sKÃ
[P7
6
g¶p
»q
B5
4F
DÕ
MË
Ú5
µ
sbp
4DS
NG5
»fn
4Mt
sK¹
[P5
4
gÊ
Ïq
B9
8F
DÖ
MÌ
Ú9
É
sbÊ
8DS
NG9
Ïfn
8Mt
sKÍ
[P9
8
gk
wq
Bh
HF
D×
MÍ
Úh
j
sbk
HDS
NGh
wfn
HMt
sKr
[Ph
H
10
15080
Mandombe
0
MV1
NN2
NT3
NS4
-H
5
NW6
NZ7
NY8
NSH9
NCHA
NJB
NDJC
NGBD
NKPE
NKTF
NH-
1549F
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
A
E
I
O
U
UE
0VT
sn£
VT1
¨sn
1
sW¤
©Zn
]Y1
ng¢
§qs
SB1
0FN
äb¢
äK¥
CT1
0s
2VT
sn¿
VT3
²sn
3
sW®
³Zn
]Y3
ng¬
±qs
SB3
2FN
äb¬
äK¯
CT3
2s
6VT
snÁ
VT7
Æsn
7
sWÂ
ÇZn
]Y7
ngÀ
Åqs
SB7
6FN
äbÀ
äKÃ
CT7
6s
4VT
sn·
VT5
¼sn
5
sW¸
½Zn
]Y5
ng¶p
»qs
SB5
4FN
äbp
äK¹
CT5
4s
8VT
snË
VT9
Ðsn
9
sWÌ
ÑZn
]Y9
ngÊ
Ïqs
SB9
8FN
äbÊ
äKÍ
CT9
8s
HVT
snl
VTh
xsn
h
sWm
yZn
]Yh
ngk
wqs
SBh
HFN
äbk
äKr
CTh
Hs
11
15080
Mandombe
0
BR1
DR2
GR3
FR4
MR5
KR6
PR7
LR8
VR9
NRA
TRB
SRC
RRD
WRE
ZRF
YR-
1549F
151A
151B
151C
151D
151E
151F
A
E
I
O
U
UE
bNSċ
¦nD
Gs¡
ĐNSf
¦nM
KMtĎ
Ps¡
ē[tL
¦nV
nVTČ
Ts¡
đVTs
¦nR
W]cč
Ē]YZ
Ys¡
bNSĚ
°nD
Gs«
ĕNSf
°nM
KMtĝ
Ps«
Ę[tL
°nV
nVTě
Ts«
ĖVTs
°nR
W]cĜ
ė]YZ
Ys«
bNSĤ
ÄnD
Gs¿
ğNSf
ÄnM
KMtħ
Ps¿
Ģ[tL
ÄnV
nVTĥ
Ts¿
ĠVTs
ÄnR
W]cĦ
ġ]YZ
Ys¿
bNSĮ
ºnD
Gsµ
ĩNSf
ºnM
KMtı
Psµ
Ĭ[tL
ºnV
nVTį
Tsµ
ĪVTs
ºnR
W]cİ
ī]YZ
Ysµ
bNSĸ
ÎnD
GsÉ
ijNSf
ÎnM
KMtĻ
PsÉ
Ķ[tL
ÎnV
nVTĹ
TsÉ
ĴVTs
ÎnR
W]cĺ
ĵ]YZ
YsÉ
bNSł
vnD
Gsj
ĽNSf
vnM
KMtŅ
Psj
ŀ[tL
vnV
nVTŃ
Tsj
ľVTs
vnR
W]cń
Ŀ]YZ
Ysj
12
15080
Mandombe
0
SHR1
CHR2
JR3
DJR4
GBR5
KPR6
KTR7
HR8
MB9
NDRA
NGRB
MFRC
MMRD
NKRE
MPRF
NLR-
1549F
1520
1521
1522
1523
1524
1525
A
E
I
O
U
UE
gNSċ
ĐNSq
Bs¡
¦nF
DÙċ
MtĎ
Ús¡
¦n
sbNSċ
¦nDS
NGs¡
ĐNSfn
¦nMt
sKMtĎ
[Ps¡
ē[tLn
gNSĚ
ĕNSq
Bs«
°nF
DÙĚ
Mtĝ
Ús«
°n
sbNSĚ
°nDS
NGs«
ĕNSfn
°nMt
sKMtĝ
[Ps«
Ę[tLn
gNSĤ
ğNSq
Bs¿
ÄnF
DÙĤ
Mtħ
Ús¿
Än
sbNSĤ
ÄnDS
NGs¿
ğNSfn
ÄnMt
sKMtħ
[Ps¿
Ģ[tLn
gNSĮ
ĩNSq
Bsµ
ºnF
DÙĮ
Mtı
Úsµ
ºn
sbNSĮ
ºnDS
NGsµ
ĩNSfn
ºnMt
sKMtı
[Psµ
Ĭ[tLn
gNSĸ
ijNSq
BsÉ
ÎnF
DÙĸ
MtĻ
ÚsÉ
În
sbNSĸ
ÎnDS
NGsÉ
ijNSfn
ÎnMt
sKMtĻ
[PsÉ
Ķ[tLn
gNSł
ĽNSq
Bsj
vnF
DÙł
MtŅ
Úsj
vn
sbNSł
vnDS
NGsj
ĽNSfn
vnMt
sKMtŅ
[Psj
ŀ[tLn
13
15080
Mandombe
0
MVR1
NNR2
NTR3
NSR4
NRR
5
NWR6
NZR7
NYR8
NSHR9
NCHRA
NJRB
NDJRC
NGBRD
NKPRE
NKTRF
NHR-
1549F
1526
1527
1528
1529
152A
152B
A
E
I
O
U
UE
¦nVT
snVTČ
VTs¡
đVTsn
¦nRc
sW]cč
Ē]YZn
]Ys¡
ngNSċ
ĐNSqs
SBs¡
¦nFN
fbNSċ
fKMtĎ
CTs¡
¦ns
°nVT
snVTě
VTs«
ĖVTsn
°nRc
sW]cĜ
ė]YZn
]Ys«
ngNSĚ
ĕNSqs
SBs«
°nFN
fbNSĚ
fKMtĝ
CTs«
°ns
ÄnVT
snVTĥ
VTs¿
ĠVTsn
ÄnRc
sW]cĦ
ġ]YZn
]Ys¿
ngNSĤ
ğNSqs
SBs¿
ÄnFN
fbNSĤ
fKMtħ
CTs¿
Äns
ºnVT
snVTį
VTsµ
ĪVTsn
ºnRc
sW]cİ
ī]YZn
]Ysµ
ngNSĮ
ĩNSqs
SBsµ
ºnFN
fbNSĮ
fKMtı
CTsµ
ºns
ÎnVT
snVTĹ
VTsÉ
ĴVTsn
ÎnRc
sW]cĺ
ĵ]YZn
]YsÉ
ngNSĸ
ijNSqs
SBsÉ
ÎnFN
fbNSĸ
fKMtĻ
CTsÉ
Îns
vnVT
snVTŃ
VTsj
ľVTsn
vnRc
sW]cń
Ŀ]YZn
]Ysj
ngNSł
ĽNSqs
SBsj
vnFN
fbNSł
fKMtŅ
CTsj
vn
14
15080
Mandombe
0
BL1
DL2
GL3
FL4
ML5
KL6
PL7
LL8
VL9
NLA
TLB
SLC
RLD
WLE
ZLF
YL-
1549F
152C
152D
152E
152F
1530
1531
A
E
I
O
U
UE
bNāċ
ŌĀnD
Gsąņ
ĐĆSf
ŌĀnM
KMĄĎ
Psąņ
ēĉtL
ŌĀnV
nVĂČ
Tsąņ
đćTs
ŌĀnR
W]ăč
ĒĈYZ
Ysąņ
bNāĚ
ōĀnD
GsąŇ
ĕĆSf
ōĀnM
KMĄĝ
PsąŇ
ĘĉtL
ōĀnV
nVĂě
TsąŇ
ĖćTs
ōĀnR
W]ăĜ
ėĈYZ
YsąŇ
bNāĤ
ŎĀnD
Gsąň
ğĆSf
ŎĀnM
KMĄħ
Psąň
ĢĉtL
ŎĀnV
nVĂĥ
Tsąň
ĠćTs
ŎĀnR
W]ăĦ
ġĈYZ
Ysąň
bNāĮ
ŏĀnD
Gsąʼn
ĩĆSf
ŏĀnM
KMĄı
Psąʼn
ĬĉtL
ŏĀnV
nVĂį
Tsąʼn
ĪćTs
ŏĀnR
W]ăİ
īĈYZ
Ysąʼn
bNāĸ
ŐĀnD
GsąŊ
ijĆSf
ŐĀnM
KMĄĻ
PsąŊ
ĶĉtL
ŐĀnV
nVĂĹ
TsąŊ
ĴćTs
ŐĀnR
W]ăĺ
ĵĈYZ
YsąŊ
bNāł
őĀnD
Gsąŋ
ĽĆSf
őĀnM
KMĄŅ
Psąŋ
ŀĉtL
őĀnV
nVĂŃ
Tsąŋ
ľćTs
őĀnR
W]ăń
ĿĈYZ
Ysąŋ
15
15080
Mandombe
0
SHL1
CHL2
JL3
DJL4
GBL5
KPL6
KTL7
HL8
MBL9
NDLA
NGLB
MFLC
MMLD
NKLE
MPLF
NLL-
1549F
1532
1533
1534
1535
1536
1537
A
E
I
O
U
UE
gNāċ
ĐĆSq
Bsąņ
ŌĀnF
Dāċ
MĄĎ
Úsąņ
ŌĀn
sbNāċ
ŌĀnDS
NGsąņ
ĐĆSfn
ŌĀnMt
sKMĄĎ
[Psąņ
ēĉtLn
gNāĚ
ĕĆSq
BsąŇ
ōĀnF
DāĚ
MĄĝ
ÚsąŇ
ōĀn
sbNāĚ
ōĀnDS
NGsąŇ
ĕĆSfn
ōĀnMt
sKMĄĝ
[PsąŇ
ĘĉtLn
gNāĤ
ğĆSq
Bsąň
ŎĀnF
DāĤ
MĄħ
Úsąň
ŎĀn
sbNāĤ
ŎĀnDS
NGsąň
ğĆSfn
ŎĀnMt
sKMĄħ
[Psąň
ĢĉtLn
gNāĮ
ĩĆSq
Bsąʼn
ŏĀnF
DāĮ
MĄı
Úsąʼn
ŏĀn
sbNāĮ
ŏĀnDS
NGsąʼn
ĩĆSfn
ŏĀnMt
sKMĄı
[Psąʼn
ĬĉtLn
gNāĸ
ijĆSq
BsąŊ
ŐĀnF
Dāĸ
MĄĻ
ÚsąŊ
ŐĀn
sbNāĸ
ŐĀnDS
NGsąŊ
ijĆSfn
ŐĀnMt
sKMĄĻ
[PsąŊ
ĶĉtLn
gNāł
ĽĆSq
Bsąŋ
őĀnF
Dāł
MĄŅ
Úsąŋ
őĀn
sbNāł
őĀnDS
NGsąŋ
ĽĆSfn
őĀnMt
sKMĄŅ
[Psąŋ
ŀĉtLn
16
15080
Mandombe
0
MVL1
NNL2
NTL3
NSL4
NRL
5
NWL6
NZL7
NYL8
NSHL9
NCHLA
NJLB
NDJLC
NGBLD
NKPLE
NKTLF
NHL-
1549F
1538
1539
153A
153B
153C
153D
A
E
I
O
U
UE
ŌĀnVT
snVĂČ
VTsąņ
đćTsn
ŌĀnRc
sW]ăč
ĒĈYZn
]Ysąņ
ngNāċ
ĐĆSqs
SBsąņ
ŌĀnFN
fbNāċ
fKMĄĎ
CTsąņ
ŌĀns
ōĀnVT
snVĂě
VTsąŇ
ĖćTsn
ōĀnRc
sW]ăĜ
ėĈYZn
]YsąŇ
ngNāĚ
ĕĆSqs
SBsąŇ
ōĀnFN
fbNāĚ
fKMĄĝ
CTsąŇ
ōĀns
ŎĀnVT
snVĂĥ
VTsąň
ĠćTsn
ŎĀnRc
sW]ăĦ
ġĈYZn
]Ysąň
ngNāĤ
ğĆSqs
SBsąň
ŎĀnFN
fbNāĤ
fKMĄħ
CTsąň
ŎĀns
ŏĀnVT
snVĂį
VTsąʼn
ĪćTsn
ŏĀnRc
sW]ăİ
īĈYZn
]Ysąʼn
ngNāĮ
ĩĆSqs
SBsąʼn
ŏĀnFN
fbNāĮ
fKMĄı
CTsąʼn
ŏĀns
ŐĀnVT
snVĂĹ
VTsąŊ
ĴćTsn
ŐĀnRc
sW]ăĺ
ĵĈYZn
]YsąŊ
ngNāĸ
ijĆSqs
SBsąŊ
ŐĀnFN
fbNāĸ
fKMĄĻ
CTsąŊ
ŐĀns
őĀnVT
snVĂŃ
VTsąŋ
ľćTsn
őĀnRc
sW]ăń
ĿĈYZn
]Ysąŋ
ngNāł
ĽĆSqs
SBsąŋ
őĀnFN
fbNāł
fKMĄŅ
CTsąŋ
őĀns
17
15080
Mandombe
1549F
The next set of characters corresponds to consonants and consonant clusters according to the following
scheme:
153E
153F
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
0
B
SH
MV
BR
SHR
MVR
BL
SHL
MVL
1
D
CH
NN
DR
CHR
NNR
DL
CHL
NNL
2
G
J
NT
GR
JR
NTR
GL
JL
NTL
3
F
DJ
NS
FR
DJR
NSR
FL
DJL
NSL
4
M
GB
MR
GBR
NRR
ML
GBL
NRL
5
K
KP
NW
KR
KPR
NWR
KL
KPL
NWL
6
P
KT
NZ
PR
KTR
NZR
PL
KTL
NZL
7
L
NY
LR
NYR
LL
8
V
NB
NSH
VR
NBR NSHR
VL
NBL
NSHL
9
N
MD
NCH
NR
MDR NCHR
NL
MDL
NCHL
A
T
NG
NJ
TR
NGR
NJR
TL
NGL
NJL
B
S
MF
NDJ
SR
MFR
NDJR
SL
MFL
NDJL
C
R
MM
NGB
RR
MMR NGBR
RL
MML
NGBL
D
W
NK
NKP
WR
NKR
NKPR
WL
NKL
NKPL
E
Z
MP
NKT
ZR
MPR NKTR
ZL
MPL
NKTL
F
Y
H
YR
NLR
YL
NLL
NYL
18
15080
Mandombe
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F
1549F
153E
153F
1540
1541
1542
1543
1544
1545
1546
bB
qD
Gg
Ff
qM
K×
Pg
ÜL
dV
nJ
Tg
Ús
qR
WÖ
ÛZ
Yg
gB
Fq
Bg
qF
qØ
q×
Úg
dVT
snJ
VTg
Úsn
bNG
fnD
Gsb
DSf
fnM
KMÔ
Psb
ÓtL
fnV
nV>
Tsb
CTs
fnR
W]\
/YZ
Ysb
gNG
DSq
Bsb
fnF
DG
MÔ
Úsb
fnVT
snV>
VTsb
CTsn
fnRc
sW]\
/YZn
]Ysb
ngNG
DSqs
SBsb
fnFN
fbNG
fKMÔ
CTsb
bNā
ĀnD
Gsą
ĆSf
ĀnM
KMĄ
Psą
ĉtL
ĀnV
nVĂ
Tsą
ćTs
ĀnR
W]ă
ĈYZ
Ysą
gNā
ĆSq
Bsą
ĀnF
Dā
MĄ
Úsą
ĀnVT
snVĂ
VTsą
ćTsn
ĀnRc
sW]ă
ĈYZn
]Ysą
ngNā
ĆSqs
SBsą
ĀnFN
fbNā
fKMĄ
CTsą
sbB
qDS
NGg
Ffn
qMt
sK×
[Pg
n
sWÖ
ÛZn
]Yg
ngB
Fqs
SBg
qFN
äbØ
äK×
CTg
sbNG
fnDS
NGsb
DSfn
fnMt
sKMÔ
[Psb
ÓtLn
sbNā
ĀnDS
NGsą
ĆSfn
ĀnMt
sKMĄ
[Psą
ĉtLn
19
15080
Mandombe
1549F
1547
1548
1549
0
0
*
=ä
1
1
!
Nå
2
2
?
=&
3
3
Ŗ
Nï
4
4
ŕ
Ř
5
5
ŗ
Ś
6
6
ť
ř
7
9
Ť
ś
8
7
=$
9
8
Ní
A
.
=#
B
,
Nì
C
Œ
=%
D
:
Nî
E
œ
=<
F
;
N>
20
15080
15080
15081
15082
15083
15084
15085
15086
15087
15088
15089
1508A
1508B
1508C
1508D
1508E
1508F
15090
15091
15092
15093
15094
Mandombe
b¢
0D
G1
§f
0M
K¥
P1
ªL
0V
n£
T1
¨s
0R
W¤
©Z
Y1
b¬
2D
G3
±f
2M
1549F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BA
15095
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DA
15096
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GA
15097
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FA
15098
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MA
15099
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KA
1509A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PA
1509B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LA
1509C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VA
1509D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NA
1509E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TA
1509F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SA
150A0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RA
150A1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WA
150A2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZA
150A3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YA
150A4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BE
150A5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DE
150A6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GE
150A7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FE
150A8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ME
150A9
K¯
P3
´L
2V
n¿
T3
²s
2R
W®
³Z
Y3
bÀ
6D
G7
Åf
6M
KÃ
P7
ÈL
6V
nÁ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NI
21
150AA
150AB
150AC
150AD
150AE
150AF
150B0
150B1
150B2
150B3
150B4
150B5
150B6
150B7
150B8
150B9
150BA
150BB
150BC
150BD
150BE
150BF
150C0
T7
Æs
6R
WÂ
ÇZ
Y7
bp
4D
G5
»f
4M
K¹
P5
¾L
4V
n·
T5
¼s
4R
W¸
½Z
Y5
bÊ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TI
150C1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SI
150C2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RI
150C3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WI
150C4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZI
150C5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YI
150C6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BO
150C7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DO
150C8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GO
150C9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FO
150CA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MO
150CB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KO
150CC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PO
150CD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LO
150CE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VO
150CF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NO
150D0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TO
150D1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SO
150D2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RO
150D3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WO
150D4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZO
150D5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YO
150D6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BU
150D7
8D
G9
Ïf
8M
KÍ
P9
ÒL
8V
nË
T9
Ðs
8R
WÌ
ÑZ
Y9
bk
HD
Gh
wf
HM
Kr
Ph
zL
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LUE
22
150D8
150D9
150DA
150DB
150DC
150DD
150DE
150DF
150E0
150E1
150E2
150E3
150E4
150E5
150E6
150E7
150E8
150E9
150EA
150EB
150EC
150ED
150EE
HV
nl
Th
xs
HR
Wm
yZ
Yh
g¢
§q
B1
0F
DÒ
MÈ
Ú1
¡
sb¢
0DS
NG1
§fn
0Mt
sK¥
[P1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VUE
150EF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NUE
150F0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TUE
150F1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SUE
150F2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RUE
150F3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WUE
150F4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZUE
150F5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YUE
150F6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHA
150F7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHA
150F8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JA
150F9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJA
150FA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBA
150FB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPA
150FC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTA
150FD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE A
150FE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBA
150FF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDA
15100
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGA
15101
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFA
15102
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMA
15103
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKA
15104
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPA
15105
0
g¬
±q
B3
2F
DÓ
MÉ
Ú3
«
sb¬
2DS
NG3
±fn
2Mt
sK¯
[P3
2
gÀ
Åq
B7
6F
DÔ
MÊ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MME
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPI
23
15106
15107
15108
15109
1510A
1510B
1510C
1510D
1510E
1510F
15110
15111
15112
15113
15114
15115
15116
15117
15118
15119
1511A
1511B
1511C
Ú7
¿
sbÀ
6DS
NG7
Åfn
6Mt
sKÃ
[P7
6
g¶p
»q
B5
4F
DÕ
MË
Ú5
µ
sbp
4DS
NG5
»fn
4Mt
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTI
1511D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE I
1511E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBI
1511F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDI
15120
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGI
15121
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFI
15122
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMI
15123
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKI
15124
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPI
15125
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HI
15126
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHO
15127
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHO
15128
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JO
15129
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJO
1512A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBO
1512B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPO
1512C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTO
1512D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE O
1512E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBO
1512F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDO
15130
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGO
15131
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFO
15132
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMO
15133
sK¹
[P5
4
gÊ
Ïq
B9
8F
DÖ
MÌ
Ú9
É
sbÊ
8DS
NG9
Ïfn
8Mt
sKÍ
[P9
8
gk
wq
Bh
HF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE U
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJUE
24
15134
15135
15136
15137
15138
15139
1513A
1513B
1513C
1513D
1513E
1513F
15140
15141
15142
15143
15144
15145
15146
15147
15148
15149
1514A
D×
MÍ
Úh
j
sbk
HDS
NGh
wfn
HMt
sKr
[Ph
H
0VT
sn£
VT1
¨sn
1
sW¤
©Zn
]Y1
ng¢
§qs
SB1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBUE
1514B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPUE
1514C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTUE
1514D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE UE
1514E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBUE
1514F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDUE
15150
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGUE
15151
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFUE
15152
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMUE
15153
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKUE
15154
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPUE
15155
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HUE
15156
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVA
15157
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNA
15158
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTA
15159
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSA
1515A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE AH
1515B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWA
1515C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZA
1515D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYA
1515E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHA
1515F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHA
15160
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJA
15161
0FN
äb¢
äK¥
CT1
0s
2VT
sn¿
VT3
²sn
3
sW®
³Zn
]Y3
ng¬
±qs
SB3
2FN
äb¬
äK¯
CT3
2s
6VT
snÁ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE EH
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNI
25
15162
15163
15164
15165
15166
15167
15168
15169
1516A
1516B
1516C
1516D
1516E
1516F
15170
15171
15172
15173
15174
15175
15176
15177
15178
VT7
Æsn
7
sWÂ
ÇZn
]Y7
ngÀ
Åqs
SB7
6FN
äbÀ
äKÃ
CT7
6s
4VT
sn·
VT5
¼sn
5
sW¸
½Zn
]Y5
ng¶p
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTI
15179
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSI
1517A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE IH
1517B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWI
1517C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZI
1517D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYI
1517E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHI
1517F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHI
15180
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJI
15181
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJI
15182
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBI
15183
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPI
15184
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTI
15185
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHI
15186
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVO
15187
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNO
15188
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTO
15189
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSO
1518A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE OH
1518B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWO
1518C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZO
1518D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYO
1518E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHO
1518F
»qs
SB5
4FN
äbp
äK¹
CT5
4s
8VT
snË
VT9
Ðsn
9
sWÌ
ÑZn
]Y9
ngÊ
Ïqs
SB9
8FN
äbÊ
äKÍ
CT9
8s
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE UH
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHU
26
15190
15191
15192
15193
15194
15195
15196
15197
15198
15199
1519A
1519B
1519C
1519D
1519E
1519F
151A0
151A1
151A2
151A3
151A4
151A5
151A6
HVT
snl
VTh
xsn
h
sWm
yZn
]Yh
ngk
wqs
SBh
HFN
äbk
äKr
CTh
Hs
bNSċ
¦nD
Gs¡
ĐNSf
¦nM
KMtĎ
Ps¡
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVUE
151A7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNUE
151A8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTUE
151A9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSUE
151AA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE UEH
151AB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWUE
151AC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZUE
151AD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYUE
151AE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHUE
151AF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHUE
151B0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJUE
151B1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJUE
151B2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBUE
151B3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPUE
151B4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTUE
151B5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHUE
151B6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BRA
151B7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DRA
151B8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GRA
151B9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FRA
151BA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MRA
151BB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KRA
151BC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PRA
151BD
ē[tL
¦nV
nVTČ
Ts¡
đVTs
¦nR
W]cč
Ē]YZ
Ys¡
bNSĚ
°nD
Gs«
ĕNSf
°nM
KMtĝ
Ps«
Ę[tL
°nV
nVTě
Ts«
ĖVTs
°nR
W]cĜ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WRE
27
151BE
151BF
151C0
151C1
151C2
151C3
151C4
151C5
151C6
151C7
151C8
151C9
151CA
151CB
151CC
151CD
151CE
151CF
151D0
151D1
151D2
151D3
151D4
ė]YZ
Ys«
bNSĤ
ÄnD
Gs¿
ğNSf
ÄnM
KMtħ
Ps¿
Ģ[tL
ÄnV
nVTĥ
Ts¿
ĠVTs
ÄnR
W]cĦ
ġ]YZ
Ys¿
bNSĮ
ºnD
Gsµ
ĩNSf
ºnM
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZRE
151D5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YRE
151D6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BRI
151D7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DRI
151D8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GRI
151D9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FRI
151DA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MRI
151DB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KRI
151DC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PRI
151DD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LRI
151DE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VRI
151DF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRI
151E0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TRI
151E1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SRI
151E2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RRI
151E3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WRI
151E4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZRI
151E5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YRI
151E6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BRO
151E7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DRO
151E8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GRO
151E9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FRO
151EA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MRO
151EB
KMtı
Psµ
Ĭ[tL
ºnV
nVTį
Tsµ
ĪVTs
ºnR
W]cİ
ī]YZ
Ysµ
bNSĸ
ÎnD
GsÉ
ijNSf
ÎnM
KMtĻ
PsÉ
Ķ[tL
ÎnV
nVTĹ
TsÉ
ĴVTs
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SRU
28
151EC
151ED
151EE
151EF
151F0
151F1
151F2
151F3
151F4
151F5
151F6
151F7
151F8
151F9
151FA
151FB
151FC
151FD
151FE
151FF
15200
15201
15202
ÎnR
W]cĺ
ĵ]YZ
YsÉ
bNSł
vnD
Gsj
ĽNSf
vnM
KMtŅ
Psj
ŀ[tL
vnV
nVTŃ
Tsj
ľVTs
vnR
W]cń
Ŀ]YZ
Ysj
gNSċ
ĐNSq
Bs¡
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RRU
15203
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WRU
15204
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZRU
15205
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YRU
15206
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BRUE
15207
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DRUE
15208
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GRUE
15209
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FRUE
1520A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MRUE
1520B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KRUE
1520C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PRUE
1520D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LRUE
1520E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VRUE
1520F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRUE
15210
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TRUE
15211
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SRUE
15212
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RRUE
15213
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WRUE
15214
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZRUE
15215
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YRUE
15216
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHRA
15217
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHRA
15218
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JRA
15219
¦nF
DÙċ
MtĎ
Ús¡
¦n
sbNSċ
¦nDS
NGs¡
ĐNSfn
¦nMt
sKMtĎ
[Ps¡
ē[tLn
gNSĚ
ĕNSq
Bs«
°nF
DÙĚ
Mtĝ
Ús«
°n
sbNSĚ
°nDS
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDRE
29
1521A
1521B
1521C
1521D
1521E
1521F
15220
15221
15222
15223
15224
15225
15226
15227
15228
15229
1522A
1522B
1522C
1522D
1522E
1522F
15230
NGs«
ĕNSfn
°nMt
sKMtĝ
[Ps«
Ę[tLn
gNSĤ
ğNSq
Bs¿
ÄnF
DÙĤ
Mtħ
Ús¿
Än
sbNSĤ
ÄnDS
NGs¿
ğNSfn
ÄnMt
sKMtħ
[Ps¿
Ģ[tLn
gNSĮ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGRE
15231
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFRE
15232
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMRE
15233
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKRE
15234
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPRE
15235
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLRE
15236
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHRI
15237
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHRI
15238
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JRI
15239
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJRI
1523A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBRI
1523B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPRI
1523C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTRI
1523D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HRI
1523E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBRI
1523F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDRI
15240
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGRI
15241
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFRI
15242
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMRI
15243
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKRI
15244
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPRI
15245
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLRI
15246
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHRO
15247
ĩNSq
Bsµ
ºnF
DÙĮ
Mtı
Úsµ
ºn
sbNSĮ
ºnDS
NGsµ
ĩNSfn
ºnMt
sKMtı
[Psµ
Ĭ[tLn
gNSĸ
ijNSq
BsÉ
ÎnF
DÙĸ
MtĻ
ÚsÉ
În
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HRU
30
15248
15249
1524A
1524B
1524C
1524D
1524E
1524F
15250
15251
15252
15253
15254
15255
15256
15257
15258
15259
1525A
1525B
1525C
1525D
1525E
sbNSĸ
ÎnDS
NGsÉ
ijNSfn
ÎnMt
sKMtĻ
[PsÉ
Ķ[tLn
gNSł
ĽNSq
Bsj
vnF
DÙł
MtŅ
Úsj
vn
sbNSł
vnDS
NGsj
ĽNSfn
vnMt
sKMtŅ
[Psj
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBRU
1525F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDRU
15260
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGRU
15261
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFRU
15262
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMRU
15263
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKRU
15264
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPRU
15265
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLRU
15266
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHRUE
15267
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHRUE
15268
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JRUE
15269
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJRUE
1526A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBRUE
1526B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPRUE
1526C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTRUE
1526D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HRUE
1526E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBRUE
1526F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDRUE
15270
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGRUE
15271
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFRUE
15272
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMRUE
15273
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKRUE
15274
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPRUE
15275
ŀ[tLn
¦nVT
snVTČ
VTs¡
đVTsn
¦nRc
sW]cč
Ē]YZn
]Ys¡
ngNSċ
ĐNSqs
SBs¡
¦nFN
fbNSċ
fKMtĎ
CTs¡
¦ns
°nVT
snVTě
VTs«
ĖVTsn
°nRc
sW]cĜ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLRUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHRA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRRE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWRE
31
15276
15277
15278
15279
1527A
1527B
1527C
1527D
1527E
1527F
15280
15281
15282
15283
15284
15285
15286
15287
15288
15289
1528A
1528B
1528C
ė]YZn
]Ys«
ngNSĚ
ĕNSqs
SBs«
°nFN
fbNSĚ
fKMtĝ
CTs«
°ns
ÄnVT
snVTĥ
VTs¿
ĠVTsn
ÄnRc
sW]cĦ
ġ]YZn
]Ys¿
ngNSĤ
ğNSqs
SBs¿
ÄnFN
fbNSĤ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZRE
1528D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYRE
1528E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHRE
1528F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHRE
15290
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJRE
15291
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJRE
15292
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBRE
15293
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPRE
15294
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTRE
15295
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHRE
15296
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVRI
15297
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNRI
15298
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTRI
15299
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSRI
1529A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRRI
1529B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWRI
1529C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZRI
1529D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYRI
1529E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHRI
1529F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHRI
152A0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJRI
152A1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJRI
152A2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBRI
152A3
fKMtħ
CTs¿
Äns
ºnVT
snVTį
VTsµ
ĪVTsn
ºnRc
sW]cİ
ī]YZn
]Ysµ
ngNSĮ
ĩNSqs
SBsµ
ºnFN
fbNSĮ
fKMtı
CTsµ
ºns
ÎnVT
snVTĹ
VTsÉ
ĴVTsn
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPRI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTRI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHRI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHRO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTRU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSRU
32
152A4
152A5
152A6
152A7
152A8
152A9
152AA
152AB
152AC
152AD
152AE
152AF
152B0
152B1
152B2
152B3
152B4
152B5
152B6
152B7
152B8
152B9
152BA
ÎnRc
sW]cĺ
ĵ]YZn
]YsÉ
ngNSĸ
ijNSqs
SBsÉ
ÎnFN
fbNSĸ
fKMtĻ
CTsÉ
Îns
vnVT
snVTŃ
VTsj
ľVTsn
vnRc
sW]cń
Ŀ]YZn
]Ysj
ngNSł
ĽNSqs
SBsj
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRRU
152BB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWRU
152BC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZRU
152BD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYRU
152BE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHRU
152BF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHRU
152C0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJRU
152C1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJRU
152C2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBRU
152C3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPRU
152C4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTRU
152C5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHRU
152C6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVRUE
152C7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNRUE
152C8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTRUE
152C9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSRUE
152CA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRRUE
152CB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWRUE
152CC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZRUE
152CD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYRUE
152CE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHRUE
152CF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHRUE
152D0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJRUE
152D1
vnFN
fbNSł
fKMtŅ
CTsj
vn
bNāċ
ŌĀnD
Gsąņ
ĐĆSf
ŌĀnM
KMĄĎ
Psąņ
ēĉtL
ŌĀnV
nVĂČ
Tsąņ
đćTs
ŌĀnR
W]ăč
ĒĈYZ
Ysąņ
bNāĚ
ōĀnD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJRUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBRUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPRUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTRUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHRUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DLE
33
152D2
152D3
152D4
152D5
152D6
152D7
152D8
152D9
152DA
152DB
152DC
152DD
152DE
152DF
152E0
152E1
152E2
152E3
152E4
152E5
152E6
152E7
152E8
GsąŇ
ĕĆSf
ōĀnM
KMĄĝ
PsąŇ
ĘĉtL
ōĀnV
nVĂě
TsąŇ
ĖćTs
ōĀnR
W]ăĜ
ėĈYZ
YsąŇ
bNāĤ
ŎĀnD
Gsąň
ğĆSf
ŎĀnM
KMĄħ
Psąň
ĢĉtL
ŎĀnV
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GLE
152E9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FLE
152EA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MLE
152EB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KLE
152EC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PLE
152ED
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LLE
152EE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VLE
152EF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLE
152F0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TLE
152F1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SLE
152F2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RLE
152F3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WLE
152F4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZLE
152F5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YLE
152F6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BLI
152F7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DLI
152F8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GLI
152F9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FLI
152FA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MLI
152FB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KLI
152FC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PLI
152FD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LLI
152FE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VLI
152FF
nVĂĥ
Tsąň
ĠćTs
ŎĀnR
W]ăĦ
ġĈYZ
Ysąň
bNāĮ
ŏĀnD
Gsąʼn
ĩĆSf
ŏĀnM
KMĄı
Psąʼn
ĬĉtL
ŏĀnV
nVĂį
Tsąʼn
ĪćTs
ŏĀnR
W]ăİ
īĈYZ
Ysąʼn
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YLO
34
15300
15301
15302
15303
15304
15305
15306
15307
15308
15309
1530A
1530B
1530C
1530D
1530E
1530F
15310
15311
15312
15313
15314
15315
15316
bNāĸ
ŐĀnD
GsąŊ
ijĆSf
ŐĀnM
KMĄĻ
PsąŊ
ĶĉtL
ŐĀnV
nVĂĹ
TsąŊ
ĴćTs
ŐĀnR
W]ăĺ
ĵĈYZ
YsąŊ
bNāł
őĀnD
Gsąŋ
ĽĆSf
őĀnM
KMĄŅ
Psąŋ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BLU
15317
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DLU
15318
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GLU
15319
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FLU
1531A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MLU
1531B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KLU
1531C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PLU
1531D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LLU
1531E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VLU
1531F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLU
15320
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TLU
15321
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SLU
15322
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RLU
15323
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WLU
15324
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZLU
15325
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YLU
15326
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE BLUE
15327
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DLUE
15328
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GLUE
15329
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE FLUE
1532A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MLUE
1532B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KLUE
1532C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE PLUE
1532D
ŀĉtL
őĀnV
nVĂŃ
Tsąŋ
ľćTs
őĀnR
W]ăń
ĿĈYZ
Ysąŋ
gNāċ
ĐĆSq
Bsąņ
ŌĀnF
Dāċ
MĄĎ
Úsąņ
ŌĀn
sbNāċ
ŌĀnDS
NGsąņ
ĐĆSfn
ŌĀnMt
sKMĄĎ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE LLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE VLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE TLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE RLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE WLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE ZLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE YLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMLA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKLA
35
1532E
1532F
15330
15331
15332
15333
15334
15335
15336
15337
15338
15339
1533A
1533B
1533C
1533D
1533E
1533F
15340
15341
15342
15343
15344
[Psąņ
ēĉtLn
gNāĚ
ĕĆSq
BsąŇ
ōĀnF
DāĚ
MĄĝ
ÚsąŇ
ōĀn
sbNāĚ
ōĀnDS
NGsąŇ
ĕĆSfn
ōĀnMt
sKMĄĝ
[PsąŇ
ĘĉtLn
gNāĤ
ğĆSq
Bsąň
ŎĀnF
DāĤ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPLA
15345
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLLA
15346
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHLE
15347
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHLE
15348
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JLE
15349
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJLE
1534A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBLE
1534B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPLE
1534C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTLE
1534D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HLE
1534E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBLE
1534F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDLE
15350
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGLE
15351
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFLE
15352
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMLE
15353
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKLE
15354
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPLE
15355
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLLE
15356
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHLI
15357
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHLI
15358
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JLI
15359
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJLI
1535A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBLI
1535B
MĄħ
Úsąň
ŎĀn
sbNāĤ
ŎĀnDS
NGsąň
ğĆSfn
ŎĀnMt
sKMĄħ
[Psąň
ĢĉtLn
gNāĮ
ĩĆSq
Bsąʼn
ŏĀnF
DāĮ
MĄı
Úsąʼn
ŏĀn
sbNāĮ
ŏĀnDS
NGsąʼn
ĩĆSfn
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLLI
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFLO
36
1535C
1535D
1535E
1535F
15360
15361
15362
15363
15364
15365
15366
15367
15368
15369
1536A
1536B
1536C
1536D
1536E
1536F
15370
15371
15372
ŏĀnMt
sKMĄı
[Psąʼn
ĬĉtLn
gNāĸ
ijĆSq
BsąŊ
ŐĀnF
Dāĸ
MĄĻ
ÚsąŊ
ŐĀn
sbNāĸ
ŐĀnDS
NGsąŊ
ijĆSfn
ŐĀnMt
sKMĄĻ
[PsąŊ
ĶĉtLn
gNāł
ĽĆSq
Bsąŋ
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMLO
15373
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKLO
15374
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPLO
15375
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLLO
15376
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHLU
15377
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHLU
15378
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JLU
15379
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJLU
1537A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBLU
1537B
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPLU
1537C
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTLU
1537D
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HLU
1537E
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBLU
1537F
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDLU
15392
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGLU
15393
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFLU
15394
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMLU
15395
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKLU
15396
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPLU
15397
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLLU
15398
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE SHLUE
15399
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE CHLUE
1539A
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE JLUE
1539B
őĀnF
Dāł
MĄŅ
Úsąŋ
őĀn
sbNāł
őĀnDS
NGsąŋ
ĽĆSfn
őĀnMt
sKMĄŅ
[Psąŋ
ŀĉtLn
VTsąŇ
ĖćTsn
ōĀnRc
sW]ăĜ
ėĈYZn
]YsąŇ
ngNāĚ
ĕĆSqs
SBsąŇ
ōĀnFN
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE DJLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE GBLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KPLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE KTLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE HLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MBLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MFLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MMLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MPLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NLLUE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJLE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJLE
37
1539C
1539D
1539E
1539F
153A0
153A1
153A2
153A3
153A4
153A5
153A6
153A7
153A8
153A9
153AA
153AB
153AC
153AD
153AE
153AF
153B0
153B1
153B2
fbNāĚ
fKMĄĝ
CTsąŇ
ōĀns
ŎĀnVT
snVĂĥ
VTsąň
ĠćTsn
ŎĀnRc
sW]ăĦ
ġĈYZn
]Ysąň
ngNāĤ
ğĆSqs
SBsąň
ŎĀnFN
fbNāĤ
fKMĄħ
CTsąň
ŎĀns
ŏĀnVT
snVĂį
VTsąʼn
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBLE
153B3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPLE
153B4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTLE
153B5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHLE
153B6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVLI
153B7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNLI
153B8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTLI
153B9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSLI
153BA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRLI
153BB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWLI
153BC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZLI
153BD
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYLI
153BE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHLI
153BF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHLI
153C0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJLI
153C1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJLI
153C2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBLI
153C3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPLI
153C4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTLI
153C5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHLI
153C6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVLO
153C7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNLO
153C8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTLO
153C9
ĪćTsn
ŏĀnRc
sW]ăİ
īĈYZn
]Ysąʼn
ngNāĮ
ĩĆSqs
SBsąʼn
ŏĀnFN
fbNāĮ
fKMĄı
CTsąʼn
ŏĀns
ŐĀnVT
snVĂĹ
VTsąŊ
ĴćTsn
ŐĀnRc
sW]ăĺ
ĵĈYZn
]YsąŊ
ngNāĸ
ijĆSqs
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHLO
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHLU
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHLU
38
153CA
153CB
153CC
153CD
153CE
153CF
153D0
153D1
153D2
153D3
153D4
153D5
153D6
153D7
153D8
153D9
153DA
153DB
153DC
153DD
153DE
153DF
153E0
SBsąŊ
ŐĀnFN
fbNāĸ
fKMĄĻ
CTsąŊ
ŐĀns
őĀnVT
snVĂŃ
VTsąŋ
ľćTsn
őĀnRc
sW]ăń
ĿĈYZn
]Ysąŋ
ngNāł
ĽĆSqs
SBsąŋ
őĀnFN
fbNāł
fKMĄŅ
CTsąŋ
őĀns
bB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJLU
153E1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJLU
153E2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBLU
153E3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPLU
153E4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTLU
153E5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHLU
153E6
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE MVLUE
153E7
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NNLUE
153E8
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NTLUE
153E9
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSLUE
153EA
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NRLUE
153EB
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NWLUE
153EC
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NZLUE
153ED
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NYLUE
153EE
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NSHLUE
153EF
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NCHLUE
153F0
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NJLUE
153F1
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NDJLUE
153F2
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NGBLUE
153F3
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKPLUE
153F4
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NKTLUE
153F5
MANDOMBE SYLLABLE NHLUE
153F6
MANDOMBE CONSONANT B
153F7
qD
Gg
Ff
qM
K×
Pg
ÜL
dV
nJ
Tg
Ús
qR
WÖ
ÛZ
Yg
gB
Fq
Bg
qF
qØ
q×
Úg
MANDOMBE CONSONANT D
MANDOMBE CONSONANT G
MANDOMBE CONSONANT F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT M
MANDOMBE CONSONANT K
MANDOMBE CONSONANT P
MANDOMBE CONSONANT L
MANDOMBE CONSONANT V
MANDOMBE CONSONANT N
MANDOMBE CONSONANT T
MANDOMBE CONSONANT S
MANDOMBE CONSONANT R
MANDOMBE CONSONANT W
MANDOMBE CONSONANT Z
MANDOMBE CONSONANT Y
MANDOMBE CONSONANT SH
MANDOMBE CONSONANT CH
MANDOMBE CONSONANT J
MANDOMBE CONSONANT DJ
MANDOMBE CONSONANT GB
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KP
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KT
(reserved)
39
153F8
153F9
153FA
153FB
153FC
153FD
153FE
153FF
15400
15401
15402
15403
sbB
qDS
NGg
Ffn
qMt
sK×
[Pg
n
dVT
snJ
VTg
Úsn
15404
15405
15406
15407
15408
15409
1540A
1540B
1540C
1540D
1540E
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NB
1540F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MD
15410
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NG
15411
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MF
15412
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MM
15413
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NK
15414
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MP
15415
MANDOMBE CONSONANT H
15416
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MV
15417
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NN
15418
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NT
15419
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NS
1541A
(reserved)
sWÖ
ÛZn
]Yg
ngB
Fqs
SBg
qFN
äbØ
äK×
CTg
1541B
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NW
1541C
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NZ
1541D
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NY
1541E
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NSH
1541F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NCH
15420
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NJ
15421
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NDJ
15422
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NGB
15423
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKP
15424
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKT
15425
(reserved)
bNG
fnD
Gsb
DSf
fnM
KMÔ
Psb
ÓtL
fnV
nV>
Tsb
CTs
fnR
W]\
/YZ
Ysb
gNG
DSq
Bsb
fnF
DG
MÔ
MANDOMBE CONSONANT BR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT DR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT GR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT FR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT PR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT LR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT VR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT TR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT SR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT RR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT WR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT ZR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT YR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT SHR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT CHR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT JR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT DJR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT GBR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KPR
40
15426
Úsb
15427
15428
15429
1542A
1542B
1542C
1542D
1542E
1542F
15430
15431
15432
15433
15434
15435
15436
15437
15438
15439
1543A
1543B
1543C
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KTR
(reserved)
sbNG
fnDS
NGsb
DSfn
fnMt
sKMÔ
[Psb
ÓtLn
fnVT
snV>
VTsb
CTsn
fnRc
sW]\
/YZn
]Ysb
ngNG
DSqs
SBsb
fnFN
fbNG
1543D
1543E
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NBR
1543F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MDR
15440
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NGR
15441
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MFR
15442
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MMR
15443
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKR
15444
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MPR
15445
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NLR
15446
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MVR
15447
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NNR
15448
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NTR
15449
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NSR
1544A
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NRR
1544B
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NWR
1544C
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NZR
1544D
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NYR
1544E
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NSHR
1544F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NCHR
15450
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NJR
15451
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NDJR
15452
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NGBR
15453
fKMÔ
CTsb
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKPR
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKTR
(reserved)
bNā
ĀnD
Gsą
ĆSf
ĀnM
KMĄ
Psą
ĉtL
ĀnV
nVĂ
Tsą
ćTs
ĀnR
W]ă
ĈYZ
Ysą
gNā
ĆSq
Bsą
ĀnF
MANDOMBE CONSONANT BL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT DL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT GL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT FL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT ML
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT PL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT LL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT VL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT TL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT SL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT RL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT WL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT ZL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT YL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT SHL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT CHL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT JL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT DJL
41
15454
15455
15456
Dā
MĄ
Úsą
15457
15458
15459
1545A
1545B
1545C
1545D
1545E
1545F
15460
15461
15462
15463
15464
15465
15466
15467
15468
15469
1546A
MANDOMBE CONSONANT GBL
1546B
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KPL
1546C
MANDOMBE CONSONANT KTL
1546D
(reserved)
sbNā
ĀnDS
NGsą
ĆSfn
ĀnMt
sKMĄ
[Psą
ĉtLn
ĀnVT
snVĂ
VTsą
ćTsn
ĀnRc
sW]ă
ĈYZn
]Ysą
ngNā
ĆSqs
SBsą
1546E
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NBL
1546F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MDL
15470
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NGL
15471
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MFL
15472
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MML
15473
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKL
15474
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MPL
15475
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NLL
15476
MANDOMBE CONSONANT MVL
15477
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NNL
15478
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NTL
15479
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NSL
1547A
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NRL
1547B
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NWL
1547C
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NZL
1547D
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NYL
1547E
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NSHL
1547F
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NCHL
15480
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NJL
15481
ĀnFN
fbNā
fKMĄ
CTsą
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NDJL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NGBL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKPL
MANDOMBE CONSONANT NKTL
(reserved)
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
9
7
8
.
,
Œ
:
œ
;
*
!
MANDOMBE DIGIT ZERO
MANDOMBE DIGIT ONE
MANDOMBE DIGIT TWO
MANDOMBE DIGIT THREE
MANDOMBE DIGIT FOUR
MANDOMBE DIGIT FIVE
MANDOMBE DIGIT SIX
MANDOMBE DIGIT SEVEN
MANDOMBE DIGIT EIGHT
MANDOMBE DIGIT NINE
MANDOMBE DOT
MANDOMBE COMMA
MANDOMBE COMMA ROTATED
MANDOMBE COLON
MANDOMBE ALTERNATE COLON
MANDOMBE SEMICOLON
MANDOMBE EXCLAMATION
MARK
MANDOMBE EXCLAMATION
MARK MIRRORED
42
15482
?
15483
←
MANDOMBE MINUS SIGN
15484
→
MANDOMBE PLUS SIGN
15485
↔
MANDOMBE EQUAL SIGN
15486
ť
MANDOMBE NTENTIA MARK
15487
MANDOMBE QUESTION MARK
ť
 this mark touches the character below it, unlike 1548C
MANDOMBE NTENTIA MARK FLIPPED
 this mark touches the character above it, unlike 1548D
15488
=$
MANDOMBE COMBINING A DIPHTHONG MARK
15489
Ní
MANDOMBE COMBINING A DIPHTHONG MARK FLIPPED
1548A
=#
MANDOMBE COMBINING E DIPHTHONG MARK
 these are short vertical strokes, not dots as in 15490
Nì
1548B
MANDOMBE COMBINING E DIPHTHONG MARK FLIPPED
 these are short vertical strokes, not dots as in 15491
=%
1548C
MANDOMBE COMBINING I DIPHTHONG MARK
 this mark does not touch the character below it, unlike 15486
Nî
1548D
MANDOMBE COMBINING I DIPHTHONG MARK FLIPPED
 this mark does not touch the character above it, unlike 15487
1548E
=<
1548F
N>
MANDOMBE COMBINING O DIPHTHONG MARK FLIPPED
15490
=ä
MANDOMBE COMBINING U DIPHTHONG MARK
MANDOMBE COMBINING O DIPHTHONG MARK
15491
Nå
 these are dots, not short vertical strokes as in 1548A
MANDOMBE COMBINING U DIPHTHONG MARK FLIPPED
these are dots, not short vertical strokes as in 1548B
15492
=&
MANDOMBE COMBINING NASALIZATION MARK
15493
Nï
MANDOMBE COMBINING NASALIZATION MARK FLIPPED
43
Ř
15494
MANDOMBE ACUTE ACCENT-1
15495
Ś
MANDOMBE ACUTE ACCENT-2
15496
ř
MANDOMBE ACUTE ACCENT-3
15497
ś
MANDOMBE ACUTE ACCENT-4
15498
(reserved)
15499
(reserved)
1549A
(reserved)
1549B
(reserved)
1549C
(reserved)
1549D
(reserved)
1549E
(reserved)
1549F
(reserved)
44
10. Figures
Figure 1: An excerpt from the book teaching Mandombe
45
Figure 2a: Lord‟s Prayer in Kikongo written in the Mandombe script
TA E
BI
NKU
DIE
LUA
Figure 2b: Identification of characters in the Lord‟s Prayer in Kikongo written in the Mandombe script
46
Figure 3: Lord‟s Prayer in Duala written in the Mandombe script
47
L
Y
R
Figure 4: Lord‟s Prayer in Wolof written in the Mandombe script with some bare consonants shown
48
Figure 5: Book page in Kikongo written in the Mandombe script
49
Figure 6: Book page written in the Mandombe script
Figure 7: A specimen of the Mandombe handwriting
50
Figure 8: Mandombe class (source: Script Mandombe at Facebook, 30 December 2013)
51
Figure 9: Mandombe used in a public inscription (from Pasch 2010).
52

Similar documents

Die BUCHSTAVIER - Das Dosierte Leben

Die BUCHSTAVIER - Das Dosierte Leben - Dies ist Werner Rabus gewidmet, der uns frei Haus diese Buchstabenkombinationen errechnete und lieferte. - Dies ist Jochen Kunzmann gewidmet, der – inspiriert durch DDL 75 – derart intensiv diese...

More information