ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM IN SPAIN

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ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM IN SPAIN
ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF WATER
BODIES IN SPAIN
RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PLANS AND EU IMPLEMENTATIONS
Antalya 17 -20 November - 2014
Alfredo Corrochano Codorníu
CONTENTS
 River Basin Disitricts
 Water Bodies
 Ecological status
 Reference conditions
 Design of WFD monitoring networks
 QA/QC tools
River Basin Districts
3
River Basin Districts - Competences State vs Regions
4
Surface Water Bodies – 1st RBD Management Cycle
RIVER BASIN DISTRICT
RIVERS
LAKES
NORTE
478
GALICIA COSTA
CUENCAS INTERNAS PAIS VASCO
20
ARTIFICIAL
64
5
436
30
0
34
14
0
DUERO
297
6
50
6
TAJO
183
1
85
49
GUADIANA
137
32
79
13
GUADALQUIVIR
273
4
52
0
CUENCA MEDITERRANEA ANDALUZA
82
3
37
3
CUENCA ATLÁNTICA ANDALUZA
88
4
15
10
SEGURA
64
1
23
4
JUCAR
227
10
78
1
EBRO
592
59
138
5
CUENCAS INTERNAS DE CATALUÑA
225
54
35
0
3
0
2
197
700
98
BALEARES
TOTAL
5
HMWB
3.116
Water bodies identification criteria - Rivers
• Hydrological criteria:
(average flow > 100 l/s)
100 l/s
• Geographical criteria:
(catchment area > 10 Km2)
10
• Hydrological criteria:
(>75% months with flow  0)
3.116 WB
6
Average size
21 Km
Median size
13 Km
P
km2
Water bodies identification criteria – Lakes
• Initial criteria: size > 50 ha
But some high ecological quality
ecosystems were excluded so…
Additional criteria: size > 8 ha and
depth > 3 m
New water bodies considered: i.e. La
Caldera
• Other water bodies with special
interest included
197 WB
7
Average size
0,95 Km2
Median size
0,21 Km2
RIVERS – TYPES OF WATER BODIES
Número
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Denominación
Ríos de llanuras silíceas del Tajo y Guadiana
Ríos de la depresión del Guadalquivir
Ríos de las penillanuras silíceas de la Meseta Norte
Ríos mineralizados de la Meseta Norte
Ríos manchegos
Ríos silíceos del piedemonte de Sierra Morena
Ríos mineralizados mediterráneos de baja altitud
Ríos de la baja montaña mediterránea silícea
Ríos mineralizados de baja montaña mediterránea
Ríos mediterráneos con influencia cárstica
Ríos de montaña mediterránea silícea
Ríos de montaña mediterránea calcárea
Ríos mediterráneos muy mineralizados
Ejes mediterráneos de baja altitud
Ejes mediterráneo-continentales poco mineralizados
Ejes mediterráneo-continentales mineralizados
Grandes ejes en ambiente mediterráneo
Ríos costeros mediterráneos
Ríos Tinto y Odiel
Ríos de serranías béticas húmedas
Ríos cantabro-atlánticos silíceos
Ríos cantabro-atlánticos calcáreos
Ríos vasco-pirenaicos
Gargantas de Gredos-Béjar
Ríos de montaña húmeda silícea
Ríos de montaña húmeda calcárea
Ríos de alta montaña
Ejes fluviales principales cantabro-atlánticos silíceos
Ejes fluviales principales cantabro-atlánticos calcáreos
Ríos costeros cantabro-atlánticos
Pequeños ejes cantabro-atlánticos silíceos
Pequeños ejes cantabro-atlánticos calcáreos
LAKES – TYPES OF WATER BODIES
Núm.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
Denominación
Alta montaña septentrional, dimíctico, aguas ácidas
Alta montaña septentrional, dimíctico, aguas alcalinas
Alta montaña septentrional, frío monomíctico, aguas ácidas
Alta montaña septentrional, frío monomíctico, aguas alcalinas
Alta montaña septentrional, temporal, aguas ácidas
Media montaña, cálido monomíctico, aguas ácidas
Media montaña, cálido monomíctico, aguas alcalinas
Media montaña, frío monomíctico, aguas alcalinas
Alta montaña meridional, frío monomíctico, aguas ácidas
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, de origen fluvial, tipo llanura de inundación
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, de origen fluvial, tipo meandro abandonado
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, permanente, profundo, salino
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, permanente, profundo, no salino
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, permanente, somero, salino
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, permanente, somero, no salino
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, temporal, salino
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, temporal, no salino, aguas ácidas
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, temporal, no salino, aguas alcalinas
Interior en cuenca de sedimentación, asociado a turberas alcalinas
Litoral tipo marjal
Litoral en complejo dunar, permanente
Litoral en complejo dunar, temporal
Cárstico, calcáreo, hipogénico
Cárstico, calcáreo, hipogénico, tipo ojo o ullal
Cárstico, calcáreo, mixto
Cárstico, calcáreo, temporal
Cárstico, evaporitas, hipogénico, grande
Cárstico, evaporitas, hipogénico, pequeño
ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION SCHEMA
REFERENCE CONDITIONS – SPATIALLY BASED
UNDISTURBED CONDITIONS OR MINIMALLY DISTURBED CONDITIONS
Selection criteria GIS Project: IMPRESS, CORINE, REFCON Guidance and IC
Reference conditions. RBD sharing types of WB
 Only 6 types are not shared between RBDs
 Need for coordination
Nº RBD SHARING THE TYPE
9
8
7
N RBD
6
Types
Present in 1 RBD
6
Present in 2 RBD
10
Present in 3 RBD
4
Present in 4 RBD
4
Present in 5 RBD
2
Present in 6 RBD
4
Present in 7 RBD
1
Present in 8 RBD
2
5
4
3
2
1
0
12
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33
TYPE
DISTRIBUTION OF REFERENCE SITES: Rivers
REFERENCE CONDITIONS – LEGAL FRAMEWORK
Design of monitoring networks
Environmental management
Data needs
Objectives
Information needed
Available resources
Strategy Definition
Monitoring Program
Redefine Monitoring Program
Design Type
Census
Deterministic
Probabilistic
Statistical Design Criteria
Nº of water bodies
Water Bodies
Frequency
Management Criteria
Sampling protocol
Parameters - QEs
Location of stations
Assessment of results
Decision making process
Management
Lab procedures
Information management
MONITORING PROGRAMMES (WFD)
 SURVEILLANCE Overview of water status within each RBD
and long term changes . 1.576 sites in Rivers,
125 in lakes y 412 en reservoirs.
 OPERATIONAL WBs identified at risk. 1.462 in rivers, 91 in lakes y 312 en reservoirs
 REFERENCE CONDITIONS
Establishment of the reference conditions for each water body type (267
monitoring sites in rivers)
Data for the management of water bodies based on information with enough
Quality and Comparability
SURVEILLANCE MONITORING NETWORK – RIVERS AND LAKES
QA/QC TOOLS




Sampling protocols and common aggregation rules (indicators, spatial and temporal)
TAXAGUA and ID –TAX
Common database and validation rules
Lay out of data – Managers and public
Although most data gathering disciplines treat error as an embarrassing issue to be expunged, the error
inherent in [spatial] data deserves closer attention and public understanding …because error provides a critical
component in judging fitness for use.
(Chrisman, 1991).
SAMPLING PROTOCOLS: RIVERS
 Includes sampling and lab procedures
 Invertebrates: Quantitative Sampling Protocol (20 kicks) based
on UNE EN 16150:2012 Guidance on pro-rata Multi-Habitat
sampling of benthic macro-invertebrates from wadeable rivers.
Non-wadeable rivers shore sampling (30 kicks)
 Phytobenthos: Sampling protocol based on UNE EN 13946 –
Guidance for the routine sampling and pretreatment of benthic
diatoms from rivers
 Macrophytes: Sampling protocol based on 14184:2004 –
Guidance standard for the surveying of aquatic macrophytes in
running waters.
 Fish fauna. Electrofishing based on UNE-EN 14011:2003
Sampling of fish with electricity
SAMPLING PROTOCOLS: LAKES

Phytoplankton: Integrate samples from 2,5 * SD depth based on
Draft proposal for “Water Quality - Guidance on quantitative and
qualitative sampling of phytoplankton from inland waters” (CEN
TC 230 / WG 2 / TG 3/ N118 15/04/2008).

Invertebrates: Two sampling techniques:
 ABCO: multi-habitat sampling with a hand-net of 100 µm
mesh size.
 RIC: multi-habitat sampling with a hand-net of 250 µm
mesh size.

Macrophytes: Estimation of macrophytes coverage in transects.
Based on UNE EN 15460:2008 Guidance standard for the
surveying of macrophytes in lakes
BIOLOGICAL METRICS/INDICATORS
PROTOCOLS TO ENSURE SAME PROCEDURES APPLIED TO CALCULATE
METRICS AND INDICATORS.
 IBMWP, METI, IMMiT
 IPS, MDIAT
 IBMR, IM, IVAM
 IBCAEL
 MFIT (multimetric)
 OFALAM
NEED TO STANDARISE TAXONOMY
32.000 taxa names
Duplicate
taxa
Spelling
mistakes
Taxonomic
heterogenity
Open
nomenclature
NEED TO STANDARISE
Sinonims
TAXAGUA – Common taxa lists for all the RBDs
Need to establish a common taxonomic “tree”
TAXONOMIC RESOLUTION
QUALITY ELEMENT
Invertebrates
Diatoms
Macrophytes
Fish fauna
Phytoplankton
METRICS
IBMWP-2011
IPS
IVAM
IBICAT-2010
IGA
KINGDOM PHYLUM CALSS
ORDER
FAMILY
GENUS
SPECIES
VARIETY
FORM
ID-TAX: Common identification keys
OBJETIVE:
To establish homogeneous criteria for the identification of
taxa used in ecological assessments
COVERAGE: 14.000 taxa names selected with the following
criteria:
 > 5 % occurrence
 >5 % abundance
 All the taxa used in metrics / indicators
ID TAX – ONLINE APLICATION
ID TAX – ONLINE APLICATION (2)
DESCRIPTIVE FACT SHEET FOR EACH TAXA
Photos and
illustrations
Identification data
Ecological properties
and metrics/indicators
Description and
ecology
Location
DISTRIBUTION OF TAXA
NABIA – INFORMATION SYSTEM ON THE STATUS OF WBs
 STANDARISE DATA MODEL TO STORE INFORMATION PRODUCED IN
teşekkürler
MONITORING PROGRAMMES.
 RAW DATA STORED WHICH ALLOWS OTHER LEVELS OF
AGGREGATION: Composition and abundance, indicators and status
of WBs
Estado Ecológico
8%
4%
MUY BUENO
15%
BUENO
MODERADO
DEFICIENTE
MALO
28%
45%
60 % RÍOS Y LAGOS CUMPLEN OBJETIVOS AMBIENTALES
[email protected]

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