Public health profiles for the community hubs in Newham

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Public health profiles for the community hubs in Newham
Public health profiles for the community
hubs in Newham
Compiled by Katy Cooper, Flo Smith and Phil Veasey
February 2014
Director: Christine Hancock
First Floor, 28 Margaret Street, London W1W 8RZ, United Kingdom; Tel +44 (0) 20 7637 4330; Fax +44 (0) 20 7637 4336;
www.c3health.org; Twitter @c3health
C3 Collaborating for Health is a registered charity (no. 1135930)
and a company limited by guarantee (no. 6941278), registered in England and Wales.
Table of Contents
Executive summary
Newham community hub profile guidance
Beckton community hub profile
Custom House and Canning Town community hub profile
East Ham community hub profile
Forest Gate community hub profile
Green Street community hub profile
Manor Park community hub profile
Plaistow community hub profile
Royal Docks community hub profile
Stratford and West Ham community hub profile
28 February 2014
Executive summary
Causes of the causes
local profiles of the main causes of poor
health
Best hub
Worst hub
Newham average
All-cause mortality
Life expectancy (age)
Child obesity (Year 6)
5 A*–C GCSEs (2013)
Jobseekers Allowance
claimants
Children in singleparent families
Comparisons between community hubs should be treated cautiously, however
Ibid.,
www.c3health.org
London average
Beckton summary
Beckton
Health
Causes of the causes
Custom House and Canning Town summary
Custom House and Canning Town
Health
Causes of the causes:
East Ham summary
East Ham
Ibid.,
Ibid.,
www.c3health.org
Health
Causes of the causes:
Forest Gate summary
Forest Gate
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Green Street summary
Green Street
Health:
Causes of the causes
Manor Park summary
Manor Park
Health:
Causes of the causes:
www.c3health.org
Plaistow summary
Plaistow
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Royal Docks summary
Royal Docks
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Stratford and West Ham summary
Stratford and West Ham
Health:
Causes of the causes:
www.c3health.org
London Borough of Newham community hub profile
guidance
Overview
General health
www.c3health.org
Figure 1: General health of London, self-reported 2011
Premature mortality
Life expectancy
lower than the national
average,
Diabetes
Mental health
an impact on economic output and employment status as well as their
children and wider family
difficult number to estimate
mental-health incapacity-benefit claimants
www.c3health.org
Risk factors
Tobacco
Newham 6
mortality figures than the rest of England, including London
deaths per 100,000 people
significantly higher smoking-related
249
smoking rate in Newham is similar to
that of the national average
no figures available at ward-level
Physical activity
Sport England Active People Survey 8
from 2011 to 2013 found that 17.9 per cent of people aged 16 and over in Newham participated in
moderately intensive sport or active recreation
lower than the average for London, which in 2011–2013 was 24.1 per cent
Newham
Household Panel Survey 9
35 per cent of the Newham
population had completed physically active housework in the previous four weeks
no data available for ward-level physical activity
Diet and nutrition
Newham Household Panel Survey
per cent of people eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables at least 5 days a week
self-reported
Overweight and obesity
Childhood obesity is related to obesity in later life
www.c3health.org
40
BMI of 30 or over 1,
National Child Measurement
Programme
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
Binge drinking
The ‘causes of the causes’
structure of the life cycle
Demographics
Population size and density
Age
age structure
Ethnicity
certain ethnic minorities are more likely to
suffer from poorer health outcomes
ethnic diversity
Religion
www.c3health.org
Births
Teenage pregnancies
Newham has the second lowest conception rate for under 16s in inner London, with a rate of 4.7
conceptions per 1,000 girls in 2011
Children
Education
deprivation is intrinsically linked with
health
Key Stage 2 results
minor
disparities
GCSE results
numbers achieving this baseline
have increased dramatically over a five-year period, although regional disparities do still exist
Unauthorised absences from school
Children in disadvantaged families
number living in families with one parent and families with parents who are unemployed
Free school meals
at community hub level
is unavailable
Newham has a relatively high claimant rate
www.c3health.org
Figure 2: Percentage of pupils known to be eligible for or claiming free
school meals (Jan 2013)
Working adults
Employment figures
Economic inactivity
Jobseekers allowance (JSA)
considerably more 16–24-year-olds claiming than other age groups
Occupations
Number of hours worked
Income support
High levels of income support points to higher levels of deprivation and disadvantage
Methods of transport to work
scope
the physical activity of the population
active travel
Crime rate
disadvantage within a neighbourhood
www.c3health.org
expanding
crime rate 2 for the whole of
crime rate for Newham was higher
London was 6.81
at 7.58
Assets within the community hub
Open space (This measures the percentage of open space within a community hub. It includes parks,
gardens, private and public woodland, rivers, canals, recreation grounds, cemeteries, hospital grounds,
school grounds, sewage/water works, etc.) 16
Parks
Leisure centres (if applicable)
Studios (e.g. Pilates, yoga, fitness)
Playgrounds (children’s playgrounds and adventure playgrounds)
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
Secondary schools (if applicable)
Further Education Colleges (if applicable)
University (if applicable)
Sports-specific space (e.g. a sports club such as a cricket club, tennis club)
Community centres
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Journal of
Epidemiological Community Health
63
www.c3health.org
Beckton
Executive summary
Beckton
Health
Causes of the causes
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Beckton, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
both Newham and London
lower than the average for
no statistics on the cardiovascular-related deaths
Standardised mortality rate (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
Both Beckton’s male and female life expectancies are higher than the average figures for Newham and
London as a whole
overall average life expectancy is 81.2 years
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Beckton, 2008 2012
Mental health
highest percentage of mental-health incapacitybenefit claimants of the working-age population of all the community hubs
www.c3health.org
Percentage of working age
population
Figure 4: Incapacity benefit claimants for mental health, 2013
Obesity
highest percentage of obese children in Year 6 of all the community hubs
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011 2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Population size and density
population of 18,873 in 2014
second smallest of the hubs in Newham
by population
6.3 square kilometres
2,996 people per square kilometre
least densely populated community hub
5,779 residences
Age
smaller
proportion of the over 65s
Figure 7: Population age structure in Beckton, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Beckton has a considerably higher proportion of white residents than Newham does, but a lower
proportion when compared with London
smaller proportion of Asian residents than
Newham
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Beckton, 2011
Beckton
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
45.8%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
4.9%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Asian/Asian British; All
25.5%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
20.8%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.2%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
1.7%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
higher proportion of Christians than Newham and London
lower proportion of Muslims in Beckton as compared with Newham
Figure 11: Percentage of religions by different area, 2011
Main language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2 results
lower percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 in English than Newham, London and England
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 in
English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Beckton interestingly had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving 5 A* to C grades at GCSE of all
community hubs in 2007, but by 2012 they had the highest percentage
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A* C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences from school
Beckton has the highest rate of unauthorised absences of all the community hubs in Newham
www.c3health.org
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Children in disadvantaged families
Beckton
Newham
London
Working adults
Employment figures
Figure 15: Economic activity in Beckton, 2011
www.c3health.org
England and
Wales
Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA)
number claiming JSA in Beckton is relatively low compared with the Newham figures
Percentage
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
lower proportion of residents in ‘elementary’ occupations than Newham
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Beckton, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Numbers of hours worked
70 per cent of the employed residents of Beckton work full-time
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Beckton
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Percentage
Figure 23: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Methods of transport to work
Beckton
Newham
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
11.10
second highest crime rate of all the community hubs
168 crimes
www.c3health.org
London
England
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Studios
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Universities
Community centres
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Custom House and Canning Town
Executive summary
Custom House and Canning Town
Health
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Custom House and Canning Town,
self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
higher than the average for both Newham and London
Custom House
and Canning Town has the highest SMR for all causes of death in the under 75s of all the community
hubs.
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
Custom House and Canning Town has average life-expectancy figures that are lower than the averages
for Newham, London and England and Wales
overall average life expectancy is 78.1 years of age
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Custom House and Canning Town,
2008 2012
Mental health
second-highest percentage (after Beckton) of
claimants of all community hubs
www.c3health.org
Percentage of working-age
population
claiming mental-health
benfits
Figure 4: Incapacity-benefit claimants for mental-health, 2013
Obesity
higher percentage of obese children than Newham, London and
highest percentage of obese children of reception age
England
of all hubs
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
lower in Custom House and Canning Town
than it is in Newham
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011-2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population size and density
(projected) population of 49,539 in 2014 7
populated community hub in Newham
6.4 square kilometres
(projected) population density of 7,741 people per square kilometre
populated hubs in Newham
most highly
least densely
17,316 homes
Age
Figure 7: Population age structure in Custom House and Canning Town,
2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Custom House and Canning Town has a considerably higher proportion of black people and white
residents than Newham, and a considerably smaller proportion of Asian people
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Custom House and Canning Town, 2011
CH and CT
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
44.2%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
5.7%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Asian/Asian British; All
19.2%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
27.5%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.1%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.2%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
higher proportion of Christians than Newham and London
Figure 11: Percentage of different religions, 2011
Main language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2 results
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2
in English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
second-lowest percentages of GCSE achievements of all the hubs
in Newham
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences from school
second-highest rate of unauthorised absences in the borough of
Newham, after Beckton
www.c3health.org
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Children in disadvantaged families
highest percentage of children living in out-of-work families of
all the community hubs
Custom House
and Canning
Town
Newham
London
Working adults
Employment figures
Figure 15: Economic activity in Custom House and Canning Town, 2011
www.c3health.org
England and
Wales
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
the highest percentage of
all community hubs
Percentage
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
higher proportion of people in ‘elementary’ occupations and
other lower paid roles than the whole of London
Proportions appear similar to the Newham distribution.
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Custom House and Canning Town, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Number of hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Custom House and Canning Town
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Figure 23: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Methods of transport to work
CH and CT
Newham
London
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
8.2
third highest crime rate of the community hubs
357 crimes
www.c3health.org
England
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Leisure centres
Studios
Playgrounds
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
www.c3health.org
Secondary schools
Community centres
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
East Ham
East Ham
Health
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of East Ham, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
East Ham has the lowest
SMR for CVD-related deaths of all the community hubs
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
East Ham has life-expectancy figures that are higher than the average for Newham, but lower than that
of London and England and Wales
overall average life expectancy is 80.8 years of age
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for East Ham, 2008 2012
Mental health
www.c3health.org
Percentage of workingage population claiming
MH benefits
Figure 4: Incapacity benefit claimants for mental-health, 2013
Obesity
percentage of obese children, in both age groups, in East Ham is s the average percentage of obese
children in Newham
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
fourth-highest percentage of all the community hubs
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011-2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population size and density
(projected) population of 42,535 in 2014
second largest of the community hubs
in Newham by population
is 4.2 square kilometres in size
population density of 10,127 people per square kilometre
14,100 homes
Age
higher proportion of under 19-year-olds than Newham
Figure 7: Population age structure in East Ham, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
East Ham has a higher proportion of Asian residents than Newham, London and nationally, with 54.6 per
cent of the population being Asian
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in East Ham, 2011
East Ham
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
22.7%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
4.0%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Asian/Asian British; All
54.6%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
14.9%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.2%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.6%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
East Ham has a higher percentage of Hindus (15.6 per cent) and Muslims (34.8 per cent) living in the
community than Newham and London
Figure 11: Percentage of religions by different area, 2011
Main language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key stage 2 results
higher percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 in English than across Newham
lower numbers than the Newham and London figure achieving
the Level 4 grade in maths
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 in
English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences from school
joint third-highest percentage of unauthorised absences of all community hubs
www.c3health.org
Figure 14: Unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011 (%)
Children in disadvantaged families
East Ham has the lowest percentage of children living in out-of-work families
all of the community hubs.
East Ham
Newham
London
England and
Wales
Working adults
Employment figures
second-lowest percentage of adults in full-time work of all the community hubs
Figure 15: Economic activity in East Ham, 2011
www.c3health.org
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
Percent
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
higher percentage of people working in sales and customer-service occupations than
Newham and London
Figure 17: Occupations of people in East Ham, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Number of hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in East
Ham
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Percentage
Figure 23: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Method of transport to work
East Ham
Newham
London
England
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
third-lowest crime rate of all the community hubs
279 crimes
www.c3health.org
6.0
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Leisure centres
Studios
Playgrounds
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Further Education Colleges
www.c3health.org
Community centres
Youth clubs
GP surgeries in East Ham
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Forest Gate
Executive summary
Forest Gate
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Forest Gate, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
CVD-related deaths are very high compared to the
borough levels, and are the highest of all the community hubs
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
female life expectancy is the second lowest of all the community hubs
overall average life expectancy is 78.8 years of age
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Forest Gate, 2008 2012
Mental Health
total percentage of mental-health incapacity-benefit claimants for Forest Gate is higher than the
average for Newham
www.c3health.org
Percentage
Figure 4: Incapacity-benefit claimants for mental-health, 2013
Obesity in children
The Forest Gate percentage of obesity in
Year 6 children is the second lowest of all the community hubs.
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011-2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population
(projected) population of 32,592 in 2014, 7
2.4 square kilometres in size, 8
density of 13,580 people per square kilometre
(projected) population
most densely populated hub in Newham
11,635 homes
Age
Figure 7: Population age structure in East Ham, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Forest Gate, 2011
Forest Gate
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
33.8%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
5.0%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Asian/Asian British; All
35.1%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
22.2%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.3%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.6%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
Figure 11: Percentage of religions by different area, 2011
Main language
13
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2 results
Forest Gate has a lower percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 in both English and maths than in
Newham, London and England
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 in English
and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Forest Gate has a lower percentage of pupils achieving five or more A* to C grades at GCSE than
Newham, London and England
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A* C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences from schools
www.c3health.org
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Disadvantaged children
The percentage of children in out-of-work families is the
second lowest in Forest Gate of all community hubs.
Forest Gate
Newham
London
Working Adults
Employment
Figure 15: Economic activity in Forest Gate, 2011
www.c3health.org
England and
Wales
Jobseeker’s allowance
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012 (%)
Occupations
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Forest Gate, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Number of hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in Forest Gate
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Figure 23: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Method of transport to work
Forest Gate
Newham
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
6.2
209 crimes
www.c3health.org
London
England
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Leisure centres
Studios
Playgrounds
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Community centres
Youth clubs
www.c3health.org
GP surgeries
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Green Street
Executive summary
Green Street
Health:
Causes of the causes
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Green Street, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
Green Street has the lowest SMR of all the hubs for cancer-related premature deaths at 75.9.
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
female life expectancy in Green Street is higher than that of Newham, London and England and
Wales
overall life expectancy for Green Street is 82 years, which is the highest of all community hubs
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Green Street, 2008 2012
Mental health
the joint second-lowest percentage of incapacity-benefit claimants
of all the community hubs.
www.c3health.org
Figure 4: Incapacity benefit claimants for mental health, 2013 (%)
Obesity in children
Green Street has the lowest percentage of obese Year 6
children of all the community hubs.
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs
third-lowest rate of all community hubs in Newham
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011 2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demography
Population
(projected) population of 29,904 in 2014 7
.4 square kilometres in size 8
(projected)
population density of 12,460 people per square kilometre.
second most densely populated hub
in Newham.
13,403 homes
Age
Figure 7: Population age structure in East Ham, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure
in London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Green Street has a considerably higher proportion of Asians than the average for Newham, London and
England: 67.4 per cent of the population
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Green Street, 2011
Forest Gate
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
14.3%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
3.0%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Asian/Asian British; All
67.4%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
12.3%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
0.8%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.2%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
Figure 11: Percentage of religions by area, 2011
Main language
This is the lowest percentage of residents with English as their first language of the community hubs
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2 results
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2
in English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences from school
www.c3health.org
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Disadvantaged children
Green Street has the lowest percentage of children living in single-parent families of all the community
hubs, with a figure lower than even the national average
Green Street
Newham
London
Working adults
Employment figures
Figure 15: Economic activity in Green Street, 2011
www.c3health.org
England and
Wales
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
percentage of JSA claimants aged between 16 and 24 in Green Street is higher than the averages for
Newham, London and England and Wales
Percent
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Green Street, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Green Street
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Figure 23: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Method of transport to work
Green Street
Newham
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
6.2
290 crimes
www.c3health.org
London
England
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Studios
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Youth clubs
GP surgeries in Green Street
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Manor Park
Executive summary
Manor Park
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Manor Park, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
SMRs for cancers, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and all causes of death in Manor
Park are higher than the average for both Newham and London
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
Manor Park has average life expectancy figures that are lower than the averages for Newham, London
and England and Wales
the lowest out of all the community
hubs
overall
average life expectancy is 78.9 years of age
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Manor Park, 2008 2012
Mental health
www.c3health.org
Figure 4: Incapacity-benefit claimants for mental-health, 2013 (%)
Obesity
Manor Park has the lowest percentage of obese children of
reception age of all community hubs
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011 2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population size and density
(projected) population of 42,457 in 2014 7
second largest of the community hubs
in Newham by population
4.1 square kilometres
(projected) population density of 10,355 people per square kilometre
13,529 homes
Age
considerably larger proportion of 20 to 29-year-olds than Newham as a whole
Figure 7: Population age structure Manor Park, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Manor Park has a larger percentage of Asian residents than Newham, London and England, and a smaller
percentage of black, white and multiple ethnic group residents.
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Manor Park, 2011
Manor Park
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
15.5%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
3.5%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Asian/Asian British; All
62.6%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
15.3%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.0%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.2%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
higher proportion of Muslims than Newham and London
Figure 11: Percentage of different religions, 2011
Main language
52.2 per cent of the population of Manor Park have English as their first language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2
second-poorest results of all the community hubs
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 in
English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences in schools
lowest rate of unauthorised absences of all the community
hubs
www.c3health.org
Percent
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Children in disadvantaged families
Manor Park
Newham
London
England and
Wales
Working adults
Employment figures
Manor Park has the lowest percentage of the working-age
population in full-time work of all the community hubs.
Figure 15: Economic activity in Manor Park, 2011
www.c3health.org
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Manor Park, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Number of hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Manor Park
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Figure 19: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Methods of transport to work
Manor Park
Newham
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
5.7
second-lowest crime rate of all the community hubs
263 crimes
www.c3health.org
London
England
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Studios
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Community centres
www.c3health.org
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Plaistow
Executive summary
Plaistow
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Plaistow, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
higher than the average for London, but not Newham
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
slightly higher than the average for
Newham, and lower than those for London and England and Wales
overall life expectancy in Plaistow is 80.1 years.
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Plaistow, 2008 2012
Mental health
www.c3health.org
Percentage of working-age
population
claiming mental health
benfits
Figure 4: Incapacity-benefit claimants for mental-health, 2013
Obesity
similar percentage of obese children as Newham
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011-2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population size and density
(projected) population of 28,938 in 2014
third smallest of the community hubs in
Newham by population
2.4 square kilometres
(projected) population density of 12,058 people per square kilometre
10,695 homes
Age
Figure 7: Population age structure in Plaistow, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Plaistow has a similar ethnic structure to Newham as a whole, with similar proportions of white, black
and Asian residents
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Plaistow, 2011
Plaistow
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
29.8%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
4.9%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Asian/Asian British; All
38.6%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
23.1%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.0%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.7%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
higher proportion of Christians than Newham, with a 46 per cent Christian population.
Figure 11: Percentage of different religions, 2011
Main language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2
Plaistow has the highest percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 of all the community hubs
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 in
English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
percentage of pupils
achieving these grades is lower in Plaistow than it is in Newham, London and England
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences
higher rate of unauthorised absences in 2011 than Newham, London and England and
Wales
www.c3health.org
Percent
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Children in disadvantaged families
higher percentage of children living in single-parent and out-of-work families
Plaistow
Newham
London
England and
Wales
Working adults
Employment figures
number of working-age residents in full-time work is significantly lower in
Plaistow (37 per cent) than it is in London (47.9 per cent).
Figure 15: Economic activity in Plaistow, 2011
www.c3health.org
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
highest percentage of residents aged 16 to 24 years claiming JSA of all the community hubs
Percentage
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
significantly higher proportion of people in ‘elementary’ occupations (21 per cent) than the
whole of London (10 per cent)
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Plaistow, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Number of hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Plaistow
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Figure 21: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Methods of transport to work
Plaistow
Newham
London
England
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
6.6, which is lower than the Newham average of 7.6
crimes
www.c3health.org
189
Assets within the community
Open space
Parks
Leisure centres
Studios
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Further education colleges
Community centres
www.c3health.org
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid
www.c3health.org
Royal Docks
Executive summary
Royal Docks
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Royal Docks, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
lowest all-cause-SMR of the community hubs
no statistics on the cardiovascular-related deaths as
there was an (reported) incidence of fewer than 20 deaths in Royal Docks attributable to such disorders
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75s, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
average female life expectancy in Royal Docks is the highest of all the community hubs
average male life
expectancy, however, is over 10 years below that for women – the second lowest of all the community
hubs, and lower than the averages for the other geographical areas
overall life expectancy in Royal Docks is 81.3 years.
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Royal Docks, 2008 2012
Mental health
This is the lowest claimant rate of all the community hubs.
www.c3health.org
Percentage of working-age
ppopulation claiming mentalhealth incapacity-benefits
Figure 4: Incapacity-benefit claimants for mental-health, 2013
Obesity
Royal Docks has higher obesity rates in children than Newham, London and England
Figure 5: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
lowest average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking of all the hubs
Figure 6: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011-2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population size and density
(projected) population of 15,996 in 2014
smallest of the community hubs in
Newham by population
4.8 square kilometres
(projected) population density of 3,333 people per square kilometre
4,473 homes
Age
larger proportion of 30 to 44-year-olds
Figure 7: Population age structure in Royal Docks, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure in
London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Royal Docks has a considerably higher proportion of white people than the whole of Newham, and a
considerably smaller proportion of Asian people
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Royal Docks, 2011
Royal Docks
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
45.9%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
5.9%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Asian/Asian British; All
20.4%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
24.3%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.1%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.3%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
higher proportion of Christians in Royal Docks (53.9 per cent) compared to
Newham as a whole (40 per cent)
Figure 11: Percentage of different religions, 2011
Main language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2
Percentages for both maths and English are the lowest of all the
community hubs.
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2 in
English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Unauthorised absences
Percent
Figure 13: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Children in disadvantaged families
Royal Docks has the highest percentage of children living in single-parent families of all the community
hubs, a percentage that is far higher than those for Newham, London and England and Wales
www.c3health.org
Royal Docks
Newham
London
Working adults
Employment figures
Figure 14: Economic activity in Royal Docks, 2011
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
this is the lowest of all the community hubs.
www.c3health.org
England and
Wales
Percent
Figure 15: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
Figure 16: Occupations of people in Royal Docks, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 17: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Number of hours worked
highest proportion of employed residents who work fulltime of all the community hubs.
Figure 19: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Royal Docks
Figure 20: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Percent
Figure 22: Income support claimant rate, 2011
Methods of transport to work
Royal Docks
Newham
London
England
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
, which is lower than the Newham average of 7.6 and in fact the lowest
of all community hubs
60 crimes
Royal Docks
has the highest percentage of anti-social behaviour crimes of all community hubs
www.c3health.org
Assets within the community
Open space
Parks
Studios
Playgrounds
Primary schools
Community centres
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Neighbourhood Statistics – Office for National Statistics.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Stratford and West Ham
Executive summary
Stratford and West Ham
Health:
Causes of the causes:
Overview
General health
Figure 1: General health of Stratford and West Ham, self-reported 2011
www.c3health.org
Premature mortality
SMR for cardiovascular diseases
lower on
average than for Newham, but higher than London
Stratford and West Ham has the second-lowest SMR for CVD-related deaths of all the
community hubs.
Standardised mortality ratio (SMR)
Figure 2: Standardised mortality ratios for all deaths under 75, 2004 2008
Life expectancy
The male life expectancy in Stratford and West Ham is higher than the male life expectancy of Newham,
. The female life expectancy is on par with that of
Newham,
overall life expectancy of 80.1 years
Years
Figure 3: Average life expectancy for Stratford and West Ham, 2008 2012
Mental health
www.c3health.org
Percentage of working-age
population
claiming mental health benfits
Figure 4: Incapacity benefit claimants for mental health, 2013
Obesity
the percentage of obese children is almost the same as the average for
Newham
Figure 6: Percentage of obese children
(2009/10 to 2011/12)
Ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
This is the highest average number of binge drinking-related
ambulance call-outs of all the community hubs, by 5.8 incidents a month.
Figure 5: Average number of ambulance call-outs for binge drinking
each month, 2011 2013
www.c3health.org
The ‘causes of the causes’
Demographics
Population size and density
(projected) population of 40,530 in 2014 7
third largest of the
community hubs in Newham by population
5.5 square kilometres
(projected) population density of 7,369 people per square kilometre
13,023 homes
Age
Figure 7: Population age structure in Stratford and West Ham, 2011
Figure 8: Population age structure in
Newham, 2011
Figure 9: Population age structure
in London, 2011
www.c3health.org
Ethnicity
Stratford and West Ham has a larger proportion of white, black and multiple-ethnic-group residents to
Newham, and proportionally fewer Asian residents.
Figure 10: Ethnic groups in Stratford and West Ham, 2011
S and WH
(%)
Newham
(%)
London
(%)
England
(%)
White; All
37.8%
29.0%
59.8%
85.4%
Mixed/Multiple Ethnic Groups; All
6.0%
4.5%
5.0%
2.3%
Asian/Asian British; All
28.8%
43.5%
18.5%
7.8%
Ethnic group
www.c3health.org
Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; All
23.5%
19.6%
13.3%
3.5%
Other Ethnic Group; Arab
1.7%
1.1%
1.3%
0.4%
Other Ethnic Group; Any Other Ethnic Group
2.1%
2.3%
2.1%
0.6%
Religion
higher proportion of Christians than Newham and less than London
Figure 11: Percentage of different religions, 2011
Main language
www.c3health.org
Children
Key Stage 2 results
lower percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 in English
than Newham and London
Figure 12: Percentage of pupils achieving Level 4 or above at Key Stage 2
in English and maths in 2012
GCSE results
Figure 13: Percentage of pupils achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSEs
Unauthorised absences
www.c3health.org
Percent
Figure 14: Percentage of unauthorised absences in all schools in 2011
Children in disadvantaged families
Stratford and
West Ham
Newham
London
England and
Wales
Working adults
Employment figures
The percentage of adults working full-time (45 per cent) is lower than the London
average of 47.9 per cent.
Figure 15: Economic activity in Stratford and West Ham, 2011
www.c3health.org
Jobseeker’s allowance (JSA)
Percent
Figure 16: Rate of JSA claimants in April 2012
Occupations
Figure 17: Occupations of people in Stratford and West Ham, 2011
www.c3health.org
Figure 19: Occupations of people in
London, 2011
Figure 18: Occupations of people in
Newham, 2011
Number of hours worked
Figure 20: Average hours worked per week of all employed residents in
Stratford and West Ham
Figure 21: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
Newham
Figure 22: Average hours worked per
week of all employed residents in
London
www.c3health.org
Income support
Figure 23: Income-support claimant rate, 2011
Methods of transport to work
Stratford and
West Ham
Newham
London
Work Mainly at or From Home
Underground, Metro, Light Rail, Tram
Train
Bus, Minibus or Coach
Taxi
Motorcycle, Scooter or Moped
Driving a Car or Van
Passenger in a Car or Van
Bicycle
On Foot
Other Method of Travel to Work
Not in Employment
Crime rate
13.5
highest crime rate of all the community hubs
488 crimes
www.c3health.org
England
Assets within the community hub
Open space
Parks
Studios
Playgrounds
Nurseries and infant schools
Primary schools
Secondary schools
Further education colleges
www.c3health.org
Universities
Community centres
Youth clubs
GP surgeries
www.c3health.org
Endnotes
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
Ibid.
www.c3health.org
Glossary

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