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Throughout our national history
there has always been an ethnic
and cultural diversity.
in the four geographic regions of
Romania: Transylvania, Moldova,
Walachia and Dobrudgea .
The foreign travelers, particularly
Catholic missionaries and
especially the Franciscans,
mentions the co-existence in
these geographic regions, apart
from the Romanian majority, of
Saxons, Polish, Italians, Greeks,
Hungarian, Armenian, Hebrew
and later of Russian Lipovan and
We can find this information in the testimonies of the
Christian missionaries and travelers present the
characteristic aspects of daily life of towns cities and of
people, their occupations, religion, traditions and customs.
For example the words of Giovanni Maria Angioleti (1470)
which accompanied the Sultan Mohammed II in Moldavian
campaign against Stephen the Great or of scholar travellers
such as Antonio Bonfini, Enea Silvio Picolorini , Sebastian
Munzer, Johann Sommer, Marco Bandini.
N. Iorga , the most famous Romanian historian, in his
book: "Passengers, ambassadors and missionaries in our
countries" mentions that "many apostles of the Roman
Rite" (such as:Franciscan monks, Querini (Catholic
Bishop of Arges county ), Rémond, Bakich and especially
Bandini, bishop of Marcianopol, Gasparo de Nota,
Francesca Maria Spera) arrived on our territory to increase
the number of believers. They wrote reports to the
Congregation of Propaganda Fide and to the Pope
himself, pages about Moldovian and Romanian tolerance.
Also, the openess of the local
rulers can be understood from
the foundation of a famous
school called: “Scola Latina”
founded by the protestants who
were specially brought by the
voivode Despot Voda” (1561). The
school was later taken under the
guidance of the Jesuit