malaysia keluaran dalam negeri kasar suku tahunan quarterly gross

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malaysia keluaran dalam negeri kasar suku tahunan quarterly gross
MALAYSIA
KELUARAN DALAM NEGERI KASAR SUKU TAHUNAN
QUARTERLY GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
Suku Pertama
First Quarter
2013
Dikeluarkan pada:
Released on:
15
Mei
May
2013
Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
KATA PENGANTAR
Penerbitan
ini
membentangkan
anggaran
Akaun
Pengeluaran
dan
Perbelanjaan Malaysia bagi suku pertama 2013 dan anggaran suku tahunan
dari tahun 2010 hingga 2012. Anggaran disusun mengikut aktiviti pengeluaran
dan jenis perbelanjaan berdasarkan saranan daripada Sistem Akaun Negara
1993 & 2008 (1993 & 2008 SNA), Pertubuhan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu.
Statistik telah diselaraskan berdasarkan data muktamad bagi tahun 2010.
Sementara itu, data bagi tahun 2011 dan 2012 telah disemak semula selari
dengan semakan data tahunan bagi tahun-tahun tersebut.
Inti sari ekonomi Malaysia untuk suku pertama 2013 disediakan pada
bahagian pertama penerbitan ini. Nota ringkas berkenaan kaedah, konsep,
definisi, sumber data
dan
indikator-indikator ekonomi makro
terpilih
disediakan dalam penerbitan ini bagi membantu pemahaman ke atas
anggaran akaun negara.
Jabatan ingin merakamkan setinggi penghargaan atas kerjasama semua
pihak dalam membekalkan data yang diperlukan. Sebarang pandangan dan
cadangan ke arah memperbaiki lagi penerbitan ini pada masa hadapan
amatlah dihargai.
Dr. Haji Abdul Rahman bin Hasan
Ketua Perangkawan
Malaysia
Mei 2013
i
PREFACE
This publication presents the estimates of National Production and
Expenditure Accounts for the first quarter of 2013 and the quarterly
estimates from the year 2010 to 2012. The estimates are compiled by
production activity and type of expenditure based on the recommendations of
System of National Accounts 1993 and 2008 (1993 & 2008 SNA), United
Nations.
The statistics were aligned based on the finalised data for the year 2010.
Meanwhile, the data for 2011 and 2012 have been revised in line with the
revision of annual data for the respective years.
Highlights of the Malaysia’s economy for the first quarter 2013 are provided in
the first part of the publication. Brief notes on methodology, concepts,
definitions, sources of data and selected macroeconomic indicators are
available in this publication to facilitate greater understanding of the
national accounts estimates.
The Department acknowledges the co-operation of all parties in providing the
required data. All comments and suggestions towards improving future
publications would be greatly appreciated.
Dr. Haji Abdul Rahman bin Hasan
Chief Statistician
Malaysia
May 2013
ii
JADUAL TARIKH PENGELUARAN PENERBITAN
AKAUN NEGARA
KELUARAN DALAM NEGERI KASAR (KDNK)
SUKU TAHUNAN, 2013
SCHEDULE OF RELEASE DATES FOR
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS PUBLICATION
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)
QUARTERLY, 2013
Suku Tahun Rujukan
Reference Quarter
Tarikh Penerbitan
Publication Date
Suku Pertama 2013
First Quarter 2013
15 Mei 2013
15 May 2013
Suku Kedua 2013
Second Quarter 2013
21 Ogos 2013
21 August 2013
Suku Ketiga 2013
Third Quarter 2013
15 November 2013
15 November 2013
Suku Keempat 2013
Fourth Quarter 2013
12 Februari 2014
12 February 2014
Kenyataan akhbar dihantar kepada pihak media pada tarikh pengeluaran dengan masa
embargo ditetapkan bagi penyiaran. Kenyataan akhbar tersebut disiarkan selepas masa
embargo di laman sesawang Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia (http://www.statistics.gov.my).
A press statement is issued to the media on the date of release with a specified embargo time
for release. The press statement is posted after the embargo time on the web site of the
Department of Statistics, Malaysia (http://www.statistics.gov.my).
iii
iv
2
Mulai suku pertama tahun 2011, Indeks Harga Pengguna telah diasaskan semula kepada 2010=100
Mulai suku pertama tahun 2010, Indeks Harga Pengeluar telah diasaskan semula kepada 2005=100
3
Data suku pertama 2013 pada Februari 2013
Sumber: Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia
1
Nota: Perubahan % adalah tahun ke tahun
Kadar pengangguran (%)
Tenaga buruh (Juta orang)
Imbangan akaun semasa
Imbangan tidak ketara
Imbangan barangan
Imbangan pembayaran (RM bilion)
Imbangan perdagangan
Import (c.i.f.)
Eksport (f.o.b.)
Eksport, import dan imbangan barangan (RM bilion)
Elektrik
Pembuatan
Perlombongan
Semua bahagian
Indeks Pengeluaran Perindustrian (2005=100) (Perubahan %)
Import
Pengeluaran tempatan
Indeks Harga Pengeluar (2005=100)2 (Perubahan %)
Ekonomi domestik
Pengangkutan dan komunikasi
Perumahan, air, elektrik, gas dan bahan api lain
Makanan dan minuman bukan alkohol
Indeks Harga Pengguna (2005=100)1 (Perubahan %)
Semua kumpulan
Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir kerajaan
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir swasta
Permintaan domestik pada harga malar tahun 2005 (Perubahan %)
Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir kerajaan
Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir swasta
Permintaan domestik pada harga malar tahun 2005 (RM bilion)
Perkhidmatan (termasuk Perkhidmatan Kerajaan)
Pembinaan
Pembuatan
Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
Pertanian
KDNK pada harga malar tahun 2005 (Perubahan %)
Perkhidmatan (termasuk Perkhidmatan Kerajaan)
Pembinaan
Pembuatan
Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
Pertanian
KDNK pada harga malar tahun 2005 (RM bilion)
Tabungan negara kasar (% dari PNK)
Tabungan negara kasar (RM bilion)
PNK pada harga malar tahun 2005 (Perubahan %)
PNK pada harga malar tahun 2005 (RM bilion)
PNK pada harga semasa (Perubahan %)
PNK pada harga semasa (RM bilion)
MALAYSIA: DATA PENTING EKONOMI MAKRO
308.3
35.7
711.4
54.3
62.6
178.2
22.5
385.2
5.1
5.8
-5.5
4.7
4.7
7.0
272.9
35.4
676.7
51.3
66.2
170.3
21.5
359.8
7.4
2.4
-0.3
11.9
11.4
7.4
151.6
-49.1
102.4
12.7
3.1
12.3
3.3
697.9
573.6
124.2
1.2
-7.3
4.6
2.0
9.0
12.0
2.4
3.2
4.8
1.8
3.4
6.8
15.8
6.2
136.8
-49.6
87.2
638.8
528.8
110.0
7.2
-1.6
11.1
8.8
5.6
7.8
1.3
1.7
2.4
1.1
1.2
6.9
3.4
11.9
352.9
94.2
168.3
666.9
4.9
635.7
4.6
330.4
81.4
158.4
862.6
11.9
2011e
771.0
10.4
2010
13.1
3.0
125.6
-68.3
57.3
702.2
607.4
94.8
4.4
2.5
5.0
5.1
0.1
-0.2
0.7
1.6
2.7
1.6
0.4
7.7
5.1
19.9
380.0
99.1
201.7
5.6
1.0
1.4
4.8
18.1
6.4
751.5
54.8
63.4
186.7
26.5
410.0
299.9
33.1
693.1
3.9
905.2
4.9
2012p
12.1
3.6
44.9
-15.4
29.5
158.6
119.6
39.0
10.7
0.0
15.3
18.8
6.4
8.4
2.3
1.4
1.3
1.2
0.5
5.5
9.9
7.4
79.1
16.9
35.3
10.3
8.2
1.4
17.5
14.9
9.4
162.3
12.1
17.3
40.9
4.9
85.6
65.5
36.3
150.0
5.9
180.6
12.3
I
12.2
3.2
30.5
-15.7
14.7
157.0
133.5
23.4
10.6
-1.0
16.1
9.6
6.2
8.8
1.0
1.7
2.5
1.0
0.6
8.2
10.5
13.5
80.1
18.8
40.8
9.4
2.8
0.9
16.4
10.0
8.5
167.7
12.5
16.4
43.0
5.3
88.4
64.7
35.0
155.0
4.1
184.6
10.6
II
III
12.2
3.1
28.7
-8.9
19.9
158.4
136.4
22.1
4.2
-2.6
7.2
4.1
5.1
7.0
1.1
1.9
2.8
1.1
1.6
7.0
-7.1
13.2
85.7
18.4
40.0
5.5
3.4
-1.6
8.0
8.8
5.7
171.5
13.9
16.1
43.0
5.7
90.9
71.8
36.2
163.5
3.1
198.3
9.5
2010
12.3
3.1
32.7
-9.6
23.0
164.8
139.3
25.5
3.7
-3.0
6.6
4.2
4.8
6.6
1.1
2.0
2.7
1.3
2.1
6.7
3.1
13.0
85.5
27.2
42.3
5.0
-3.9
-1.9
6.8
12.4
6.3
175.2
12.7
16.3
43.4
5.6
95.0
71.0
34.2
167.2
5.3
207.5
9.3
IV
12.5
3.1
38.1
-12.7
25.4
167.2
134.8
32.5
2.2
-5.9
5.9
0.0
7.3
9.9
1.8
2.8
4.4
1.5
3.5
6.7
10.8
11.3
84.4
18.8
39.3
5.2
-0.3
-3.7
5.8
5.1
7.2
170.7
12.1
16.7
43.2
5.2
91.7
78.8
38.3
159.3
6.2
205.4
13.7
I
12.5
3.0
37.5
-12.5
25.0
172.7
143.7
29.0
-1.7
-12.2
2.2
1.3
10.2
13.6
2.8
3.3
4.7
1.8
4.5
6.3
5.7
2.9
85.1
19.9
42.0
4.3
7.6
-9.1
2.6
2.1
7.0
174.9
13.5
14.9
44.1
5.4
94.6
80.7
38.2
162.7
5.0
211.3
14.4
II
III
12.6
3.1
38.3
-10.0
28.3
177.0
146.4
30.6
2.1
-7.0
5.4
4.2
10.9
14.9
2.3
3.4
4.8
2.0
3.3
7.3
20.7
5.5
91.9
22.3
42.2
5.7
8.7
-5.6
5.3
4.0
7.2
181.4
15.1
15.2
45.3
5.9
97.5
78.8
35.7
171.7
5.0
220.9
11.4
2011
12.6
3.0
37.6
-13.8
23.8
180.9
148.7
32.2
2.2
-4.3
4.8
2.3
7.4
9.7
2.4
3.2
5.3
1.9
2.4
7.0
22.5
6.0
91.4
33.3
44.8
5.3
6.8
-3.6
5.1
7.3
6.8
184.4
13.6
15.7
45.6
6.0
101.4
70.1
31.1
173.2
3.6
225.0
8.5
IV
12.8
3.0
36.0
-19.1
16.9
173.7
143.9
29.8
4.1
2.3
4.6
6.1
3.8
4.8
1.3
2.3
3.5
1.8
1.0
7.3
9.2
14.9
90.5
20.5
45.2
5.1
2.4
0.3
4.4
15.4
5.7
179.4
12.4
16.7
45.1
6.0
96.9
77.5
35.5
165.4
3.8
218.3
6.3
I
12.9
3.0
29.8
-21.8
7.9
177.5
156.2
21.3
5.2
3.5
5.8
5.5
0.8
0.8
0.7
1.7
2.7
1.6
0.3
8.6
11.0
26.2
92.5
22.0
53.0
5.6
-4.6
2.2
5.7
21.5
6.6
184.8
12.9
15.3
46.6
6.5
100.8
74.8
33.9
166.3
2.2
220.4
4.3
II
III
13.0
3.0
25.6
-16.0
9.6
174.3
157.1
17.2
2.5
-1.0
3.5
3.7
-0.6
-1.2
0.6
1.3
2.6
1.5
0.0
8.6
2.4
22.3
99.8
22.8
51.6
5.3
0.6
-1.2
3.3
17.9
7.0
190.9
15.2
15.0
46.8
6.9
104.3
73.4
32.1
176.4
2.8
228.7
3.5
2012
12.9
3.1
34.3
-11.4
22.9
176.7
150.1
26.6
5.8
5.5
6.0
5.3
-3.7
-5.2
0.0
1.3
2.0
1.5
0.4
6.2
1.2
16.0
97.1
33.7
52.0
6.5
5.6
4.2
5.7
17.6
6.4
196.4
14.4
16.4
48.2
7.1
107.9
74.3
31.2
185.0
6.8
237.9
5.7
IV
1
2
Unemployment rate (%)
Labour force (Million persons)
Balance on current account
Balance on invisibles
Balance on merchandise
Balance of payments (RM billion)
Balance of trade
Imports (c.i.f.)
Exports (f.o.b.)
Note: % change is year on year
Exports, imports and balance of merchandise (RM billion)
Electricity
Manufacturing
Mining
All divisions
Industrial Production Index (2005=100) (% change)
Imports
Local production
Producer Price Index (2005=100) 2 (% change)
Domestic economy
Transport and communication
Housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuels
Food and non-alcoholic beverages
Consumer Price Index (2005=100) 1 (% change)
All groups
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption expenditure
Private final consumption expenditure
Domestic demand at constant 2005 prices (% change)
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption expenditure
Private final consumption expenditure
Domestic demand at constant 2005 prices (RM billion)
Services (include Government Services)
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Agriculture
GDP at constant 2005 prices (% change)
Services (include Government Services)
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Agriculture
GDP at constant 2005 prices (RM billion)
Gross national savings (% of GNI)
Gross national savings (RM billion)
GNI at constant 2005 prices (% change)
GNI at constant 2005 prices (RM billion)
GNI at current prices (% change)
GNI at current prices (RM billion)
Starting the first quarter of 2011, the Consumer Price Index has been rebased to 2010=100
Starting the first quarter of 2010, the Producer Price Index has been rebased to 2005=100
3
Data first quarter 2013 as at February 2013
Source: Department of Statistics, Malaysia
13.3
3.0 3
3
24.7
-16.0
8.7
169.5
152.9
16.6
-0.2
-2.2
0.1
4.7
-3.4
-4.6
-0.5
1.5
2.9
1.3
0.3
7.5
0.1
13.2
97.3
20.5
51.1
4.1
6.0
-1.9
0.3
14.7
5.9
186.7
13.1
16.4
45.3
6.8
102.7
74.7
33.4
172.4
4.3
223.5
2.4
2013
I
MALAYSIA: MACRO ECONOMIC KEY DATA
SINGKATAN
ABBREVIATIONS
c.i.f
COFC
COFOG
COICOP
CPI
DOSM
etc.
f.o.b
FISIM
GDP
GNI
IHP
IHPR
KDNK
MSIC
n.a
NPIs
NPISHs
PNK
PNP
PPI
RM
SUT 2005
UNSO
1993 SNA
2008 SNA
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Cost, insurance and freight
Consumption of Fixed Capital
Classification of the Functions of Government
Classification of Individual Consumption by Purpose
Consumer Price Index
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Others
Free on board
Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured
Gross Domestic Product
Gross National Income
Indeks Harga Pengguna
Indeks Harga Pengeluar
Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar
Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification
Not available
Non-Profit Institutions
Non-Profit Institutions Serving Households
Pendapatan Negara Kasar
Private Non-Profit
Producer Price Index
Ringgit Malaysia
Supply and Use Tables 2005
United Nations Statistical Office
System of National Accounts 1993
System of National Accounts 2008
SIMBOL/ SYMBOLS
..
:
tidak berkenaan/ not applicable
e
:
anggaran/ estimate
p
:
permulaan/ preliminary
NOTA/ NOTE
Jumlah angka-angka komponen mungkin tidak bersamaan dengan angka jumlah kecil atau jumlah besar
disebabkan pembulatan.
The sum of the component figures may not tally with the sub-total or total figures due to rounding.
v
KANDUNGAN
CONTENTS
Muka surat
Pages
i
Kata Pengantar
Preface
iii
Jadual Tarikh Pengeluaran Penerbitan Akaun Negara Keluaran Dalam Negeri Kasar (KDNK) Suku
Tahunan, 2013
Schedule of Release Dates for National Accounts Publication Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Quarterly, 2013
iv
Malaysia : Data Penting Ekonomi Makro
Malaysia : Macro Economic Key Data
viii
Singkatan/ Simbol
Abbreviations/ Symbols
1
Inti Sari
Highlights
9
SEKSYEN 1 – Jadual Ringkasan
SECTION 1 – Summary Tables
10
1A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - RM Million
10
2A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
11
1B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku
tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage change from corresponding
quarter of preceding year
11
2B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari
suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from
corresponding quarter of preceding year
12
1C
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku
tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage change from preceding
quarter
12
2C
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari
suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from
preceding quarter
13
1D
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada
KDNK
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
13
2D
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus
kepada KDNK
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
vi
KANDUNGAN
CONTENTS
Muka surat
Pages
14
3A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - RM Million
14
4A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
15
3B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices
- Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
15
4B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
16
3C
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices
- Percentage change from preceding quarter
16
4C
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage change from preceding quarter
17
3D
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
17
4D
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
18
5A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa
- RM Juta
GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - RM Million
18
5B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - Percentage
change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
19
5C
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - Percentage
change from preceding quarter
19
5D
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa
- Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - Percentage
share to GDP
vii
KANDUNGAN
CONTENTS
Muka surat
Pages
21
SEKSYEN 2 – Jadual Pengeluaran
SECTION 2 – Production Tables
22
6A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - RM Million
23
6B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
24
7A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices
- Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
25
7B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
26
8A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices
- Percentage change from preceding quarter
27
8B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage change from preceding quarter
28
9A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa
- Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices
- Percentage share to Sector
29
9B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005
- Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage share to Sector
30
10A KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada
KDNK
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
31
10B KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus
kepada KDNK
GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
32
11
Pendeflasi Harga Tersirat atas KDNK Mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi - Tahun Asas
2005 = 100
Implicit Price Deflators on GDP by Kind of Economic Activity - Base Year 2005 = 100
SEKSYEN 3 – Jadual Perbelanjaan
SECTION 3 – Expenditure Tables
34
12A KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - RM Million
viii
KANDUNGAN
CONTENTS
Muka surat
Pages
34
12B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
35
13A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices
- Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
35
13B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
36
14A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices
- Percentage change from preceding quarter
36
14B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage change from preceding quarter
37
15A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage share to Sector
37
15B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices
- Percentage share to Sector
38
16A
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa
- Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
38
16B
KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005
- Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
39
17
Pendeflasi Harga Tersirat atas KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan - Tahun Asas
2005 = 100
Implicit Price Deflators on GDP by Type of Expenditure - Base Year 2005 = 100
41
SEKSYEN 4 – Nota Teknikal
SECTION 4 – Technical Notes
59
SEKSYEN 5 – Glosari
SECTION 5 – Glossary
ix
Muka surat ini sengaja dibiarkan kosong.
This page is deliberately left blank.
x
INTI SARI
HIGHLIGHTS
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI
ECONOMIC GROWTH
Ekonomi Malaysia terus kekal stabil pada suku ini
The Malaysia’s economy remained on a steady path
dengan
sebanyak
in this quarter by registering a growth of 4.1 per cent
4.1 peratus seperti dalam Carta 1. Dari segi
as illustrated in Chart 1. On the supply side, all
penawaran,
mencatatkan
sectors posted positive growth except for Mining and
pertumbuhan positif kecuali Perlombongan dan
Quarrying. The main catalysts for the economy were
Pengkuarian. Pemangkin utama bagi ekonomi
the Services and Construction sectors with a growth
adalah
of 5.9 per cent and 14.7 per cent. In this quarter,
mencatatkan
14.7
semua
sektor
dengan
pertumbuhan
sektor
Perkhidmatan
pertumbuhan
peratus.
Pada
dan
5.9
suku
Pembinaan
peratus
ini,
dan
Pembuatan
mencatatkan pertumbuhan marginal 0.3 peratus.
Manufacturing
recorded
a
marginal
growth
of
0.3 per cent.
Meanwhile,
the
Private
Final
Consumption
Sementara itu, Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir
Expenditure (7.5 per cent) and Gross Fixed Capital
Swasta (7.5 peratus) dan Pembentukan Modal
Formation (13.2 per cent) continued to be the main
Tetap
drivers on the demand side.
Kasar
(13.2
peratus)
terus
menjadi
pendorong utama dari segi permintaan.
Carta 1/ Chart 1:
KDNK dan Peratus Perubahan Tahunan
GDP and Annual Percentage Change
RM Bilion
Billion
%
250
232.3
15
186.7
200
10
150
7.4
6.5
100
4.1
5.7
5.1
5
50
2.3
0
0
I
II
III
IV
I
II
2011
III
IV
2012
I
2013
Suku Tahunan
Quarter
Harga Semasa/ Current Prices
Harga Malar/ Constant Prices
Peratus Perubahan Tahunan pada Harga Semasa/ Annual Percentage Change at Current Prices
Peratus Perub ahan Tahunan p ad a Harg a Malar/ Annual Percentag e Chang e at Co nstant Prices
Carta 2/ Chart 2:
Pembahagian Peratus pada Harga Malar 2005
Percentage Share at Constant 2005 Prices
Nilai Malar/ Constant Value : RM186.7 bilion/ billion
Kaedah Pengeluaran/ Production Approach
Pertanian/
Agriculture
7.0%
Kaedah Perbelanjaan/ Expenditure Approach
Eksport Bersih/
Net Exports
6.3%
Perlombongan &
Pengkuarian/
Mining & Quarrying
8.8%
Perkhidmatan/
Services
55.0%
Penggunaan Akhir
Kerajaan/
Government Final
Consumption
11.0%
Pembentukan Modal
Tetap Kasar/
Gross Fixed Capital
Formation
27.4%
Pembuatan/
Manufacturing
24.2%
Penggunaan Akhir
Swasta/
Private Final Consumption
52.1%
Pembinaan/
Construction
3.7%
Nota: Tidak termasuk Duti Import
Note: Excludes Import Duties
Nota: Tidak termasuk Perubahan Inventori, Barangan Berharga & Perbezaan Statistik
Note: Exclude Changes in Inventories, Valuables & Statistical Discrepancy
1
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
Jadual 1/ Table 1:
Peratus Perubahan Tahunan/ Annual Percentage Change
2011
II
III
I
KDNK Harga Malar
5.2
4.3
5.7
IV
I
5.3
5.1
2012
II
III
5.6
5.3
IV
2013
I
6.5
4.1
GDP at Constant Prices
I
KDNK Harga Malar
2011
II
III
IV
I
2012
II
III
IV
2013
I
5.2
4.3
5.7
5.3
5.1
5.6
5.3
6.5
4.1
6.3
7.3
7.0
7.3
8.6
GDP at Constant Prices
Pengeluaran/ Production
Perbelanjaan/ Expenditure
Pertanian
Agriculture
-0.3
7.6
8.7
6.8
2.4
-4.6
0.6
5.6
6.0
Penggunaan Akhir Swasta
Private Final Consumption
6.7
8.6
6.2
7.5
Perlombongan & Pengkuarian
Mining & Quarrying
-3.7 -9.1 -5.6 -3.6
0.3
2.2
-1.2
4.2
-1.9
Penggunaan Akhir Kerajaan
Government Final Consumption
10.8 5.7 20.7 22.5 9.2 11.0 2.4
1.2
0.1
Pembuatan
Manufacturing
5.8
2.6
5.3
5.1
4.4
5.7
3.3
5.7
0.3
Pembentukan Modal Tetap Kasar
Gross Fixed Capital Formation
11.3 2.9
5.5
6.0 14.9 26.2 22.3 16.0 13.2
Pembinaan
Construction
5.1
2.1
4.0
7.3
15.4 21.5 17.9 17.6 14.7
Eksport
Exports
2.2
5.5
5.0
5.7
2.2
1.6
-2.5 -1.6
-0.6
Perkhidmatan
Services
7.2
7.0
7.2
6.8
5.7
6.6
7.0
6.4
5.9
Import
Imports
9.7
4.3
4.0
6.9
7.0
8.3
4.5
3.6
Campur Duti Import
Plus Import Duties
18.1 14.7 23.5 -2.2 26.8
9.6
11.6 17.2
5.5
PERKHIDMATAN
-0.6
SERVICES
kepada
The Services sector expanded to 5.9 per cent
5.9 peratus (Carta 3) disokong oleh prestasi kukuh
(Chart 3) supported by the sound performance of
subsektor Perdagangan Borong & Runcit dan
Wholesale & Retail Trade and Finance & Insurance
Kewangan & Insurans. Pertumbuhan Perdagangan
sub-sectors. The growth of Wholesale & Retail Trade
Borong & Runcit pada 5.9 peratus didorong oleh
at 5.9 per cent underpinned by the Retail activities
aktiviti Runcit yang meningkat 6.9 peratus. Di
which stepped up 6.9 per cent. In addition,
samping itu, aktiviti Kewangan & Insurans meningkat
Finance
6.2 peratus dirangsang oleh pertumbuhan dua digit
6.2 per cent boosted by a double-digit growth in
dalam aktiviti Insurans (16.8 peratus), terutamanya
Insurance activity (16.8 per cent), particularly in life
dalam insurans hayat.
insurance.
Sementara itu, Komunikasi meningkat 9.0 peratus
Meanwhile, Communication improved to 9.0 per cent
sebahagian besarnya disokong oleh perkhidmatan
largely backed by data communication services
data komunikasi menerusi kadar penembusan jalur
which was mostly fuelled by the growing broadband
lebar yang semakin meningkat.
penetration rate.
Sektor
Perkhidmatan
berkembang
&
Insurance
activities
increased
Carta 3/ Chart 3 :
Perkhidmatan - Peratus Perubahan Tahunan dan Pembahagian Peratus pada Harga Malar 2005
Services - Annual Percentage Change and Percentage Share at Constant 2005 Prices
%
14.0
Nilai Malar/ Constant Value : RM102.7 bilion/ billion
Perkhidmatan Kerajaan/
Government Services
14.4%
12.0
10.0
Utiliti & Perkhidmatanperkhidmatan Lain/
Utilities & Other Services
14.0%
8.0
6.0
5.9
6.4
5.7
4.0
Perdagangan Borong &
Runcit/
Wholesale & Retail Trade
25.5%
Penginapan & Restoran/
Accommodation &
Restaurants
4.6%
2.0
0.0
I
II
III
IV
2011
I
II
III
IV
2012
Perkhidmatan/ Services
Kewangan & Insurans/ Finance & Insurance
Perdagangan Borong & Runcit/ Wholesale & Retail Trade
Komunikasi/ Communication
I
Hartanah & Perkhidmatan
Perniagaan/
Real Estate & Business
Services
10.5%,
2013
Kewangan & Insurans/
Finance & Insurance
16.9%
2
Komunikasi, Pengangkutan
& Penyimpanan/
Communication, Transport &
Storage
14.1%
to
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
PEMBINAAN
CONSTRUCTION
Bagi tempoh lima suku tahunan berturut-turut, sektor
For five consecutive quarters, the Construction
Pembinaan terus mencatatkan pertumbuhan yang
sector continued to register impressive growth.
memberangsangkan.
mencatatkan
The sector recorded a marked expansion of
pertumbuhan kukuh 14.7 peratus pada suku ini
14.7 per cent in this quarter (Chart 4). Civil
(Carta
sebagai
Engineering remained as the main impetus with a
pemangkin utama dengan pertumbuhan 36.2 peratus
growth of 36.2 per cent reinforced by infrastructure
yang disokong oleh projek infrastruktur.
projects.
4).
Selain
itu,
Sektor
Kejuruteraan
Kediaman
ini
Awam
kekal
meningkat
9.8
peratus
Moreover, Residential rose to 9.8 per cent stimulated
dirangsang oleh projek pembangunan perumahan
by housing development projects mainly in Klang
terutamanya di Lembah Klang dan Pulau Pinang.
Valley and Pulau Pinang.
Carta 4/ Chart 4:
Pembinaan - Nilai Ditambah dan Peratus Perubahan Tahunan
Construction - Value Added and Annual Percentage Change
RM Bilion
Billion
12
%
50
9.5
10
40
8
6.8
21.7
6
4
16.9
20
14.7
10
17.6
15.4
2
30
19.9
0
0
I
II
III
IV
I
2011
II
III
IV
2012
I
2013
Suku Tahunan
Quarter
Harga Semasa/ Current Prices
Harga Malar/ Constant Prices
Peratus Perubahan Tahunan pada Harga Semasa/ Annual Percentage Change at Current Prices
Peratus Perubahan Tahunan pada Harga Malar/ Annual Percentage Change at Constant Prices
AGRICULTURE
PERTANIAN
Sektor
Pertanian
mencatatkan
pertumbuhan
The Agriculture sector recorded a growth of
6.0 peratus disokong oleh Kelapa Sawit, Pertanian
6.0 per
Lain dan Perikanan. Pengeluaran kelapa sawit yang
Agriculture and Fishing. Higher production of oil
tinggi telah menyumbang kepada pertumbuhan nilai
palm has attributed to the robust growth of value
ditambah Kelapa Sawit yang memberangsangkan
added in Oil Palm at 14.6 per cent in this quarter.
sebanyak 14.6 peratus pada suku ini. Pertumbuhan
The strong growth of vegetables and fruits has
kukuh bagi sayur-sayuran dan buah-buahan telah
bolstered the momentum in Other Agriculture, which
meningkatkan momentum Pertanian Lain, yang
accounts for 19.4 per cent to total Agriculture as
menyumbang 19.4 peratus kepada jumlah Pertanian
illustrated in Chart 5.
seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Carta 5.
3
cent supported
by
Oil Palm, Other
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
Carta 5/ Chart 5:
Pertanian - Peratus Perubahan Tahunan dan Pembahagian Peratus pada Harga Malar 2005
Agriculture - Annual Percentage Change and Percentage Share at Constant 2005 Prices
Nilai Malar/ Constant Value : RM13.1 bilion/ billion
%
25
Perikanan/
Fishing
14.5%
20
15
10
6.0
5.6
5
Perhutanan &
Pembalakan/
Forestry & Logging
10.2%
Getah/
Rubber
8.6%
2.4
0
I
II
-5
III
IV
I
II
III
2011
IV
I
2012
Kelapa Sawit/
Oil Palm
34.8%
2013
-10
Pertanian Lain/
Other Agriculture
19.4%
-15
-20
Pertanian/ Agriculture
Pertanian Lain/ Other Agriculture
Kelapa Sawit/ Oil Palm
Perikanan/ Fishing
Ternakan/
Livestock
12.5%
PEMBUATAN
MANUFACTURING
Sektor Pembuatan tumbuh pada kadar perlahan
Manufacturing sector grew at a slower pace of
0.3 peratus disebabkan oleh penurunan dalam
0.3 per cent due to the decline in the sub-sector of
subsektor produk Petroleum, Kimia, Getah & Plastik
Petroleum, Chemical, Rubber & Plastic products and
dan
the lacklustre momentum in other sub-sectors.
momentum
yang
lebih
perlahan
dalam
subsektor yang lain.
The
Petroleum,
Chemical,
plummeted
to
&
its
Plastic
Subsektor produk Petroleum, Kimia, Getah & Plastik
products
menunjukkan penurunan prestasi
performance at negative 2.3 per cent since second
kepada negatif
sub-sector
Rubber
worst
2009.
quarter of 2009. The subdued growth was due to the
Pertumbuhan lemah ini adalah disebabkan oleh
deceleration in production of refined petroleum.
penurunan dalam pengeluaran petroleum bertapis.
Nevertheless,
Walau
yang
Equipment & Other Manufactures and Non-metallic
Pengangkutan
Mineral products, Basic Metal & Fabricated Metal
& Pembuatan Lain dan produk Mineral Bukan
products supported to the positive growth of this
Logam, Logam Asas & produk Logam yang Direka
sector as shown in Chart 6.
2.3
peratus
sejak
suku
bagaimanapun,
menggalakkan
dalam
tahun
kedua
pertumbuhan
Peralatan
menyokong kepada pertumbuhan positif sektor ini
seperti ditunjukkan dalam Carta 6.
4
favourable
growth
in
Transport
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
Carta 6/ Chart 6:
Pembuatan - Peratus Perubahan Tahunan dan Pembahagian Peratus pada Harga Malar 2005
Manufacturing - Annual Percentage Change and Percentage Share at Constant 2005 Prices
Nilai Malar/ Constant Value : RM45.3 bilion/ billion
%
25
15
5
I
II
III
IV
I
II
2011
III
IV
2012
Produk Tekstil, Pakaian
& Kulit/
Textiles, Wearing
Apparel & Leather
products
1.7%
Produk Kayu, Perabot,
Keluaran Kertas,
Percetakan &
Penerbitan/
Wood products,
Furniture, Paper
products, Printing &
Publishing
6.2%
0.3
5.7
4.4
-5
Makanan, Minuman &
Tembakau/
Food, Beverages &
Tobacco
10.2%
Peralatan Pengangkutan
& Pembuatan Lain/
Transport Equipment &
Other Manufactures
12.7%
I
2013
Produk Elektrik &
Elektronik/
Electrical & Electronic
products
27.4%
-15
Produk Petroleum,
Kimia, Getah & Plastik/
Petroleum, Chemical,
Rubber & Plastic
products
28.9%
Pembuatan/ Manufacturing
Produk Petroleum, Kimia, Getah & Plastik/ Petroleum, Chemical, Rubber & Plastic Products
Produk Mineral Bukan
Logam, Logam Asas &
produk Logam yang
Direka/
Non-Metallic Mineral
products, Basic Metal &
Fabricated Metal
products
13.0%
Peralatan Pengangkutan & Pembuatan Lain/ Transport Equipment & Other Manufactures
Produk Mineral Bukan Logam, Logam Asas & Produk Logam yang Direka/ Non-Metallic Mineral Products, Basic Metal &
Fabricated Metal Products
PERLOMBONGAN DAN PENGKUARIAN
MINING AND QUARRYING
Sektor Perlombongan dan Pengkuarian menyusut
The Mining and Quarrying sector declined to
kepada 1.9 peratus (Carta 7) disebabkan oleh
1.9 per cent (Chart 7) due to lower production of
kejatuhan pengeluaran minyak mentah (-2.8 peratus)
crude
dan kondensat (-6.5 peratus). Di samping itu,
(-6.5 per cent). Moreover, the marginal positive
pertumbuhan
growth of natural gas could not mitigate the
marginal
gas
asli
tidak
dapat
mengimbangi kemerosotan prestasi sektor ini.
oil
(-2.8
per
cent)
and
condensate
downward performance in this sector.
Carta 7/ Chart 7:
Perlombongan dan Pengkuarian - Nilai Ditambah dan Peratus Perubahan Tahunan
Mining and Quarrying - Value Added and Annual Percentage Change
RM Bilion
Billion
%
30
30
25.4
25
25
20
20
16.4
15
15
14.2
10
10
4.2
5
0.3
I
-5
-10
II
III
IV
5
-1.9
0
I
II
2011
III
2012
IV
-0.3
Suku Tahunan
Quarter
Harg a Semasa/ Current Prices
Harg a Malar/ Co nstant Prices
Peratus Perub ahan Tahunan p ad a Harg a Semasa/ Annual Percentag e Chang e at Current Prices
Peratus Perub ahan Tahunan p ad a Harg a Malar/ Annual Percentag e Chang e at Co nstant Prices
5
0
I
2013
-4.0
-5
-10
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
PERBELANJAAN PENGGUNAAN AKHIR
FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
Perbelanjaan
Final
Penggunaan
Akhir
mencatatkan
Consumption
Expenditure
posted
pertumbuhan 6.1 peratus dari 4.9 peratus pada suku
a growth of 6.1 per cent from 4.9 per cent in the
lepas seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Carta 8.
previous quarter as shown in Chart 8.
Perbelanjaan
Private
Penggunaan
Akhir
Swasta
Final
Consumption
Expenditure
meningkat 7.5 peratus berbanding 6.2 peratus pada
picked up to 7.5 per cent as compared to
suku keempat 2012. Pengembangan ini didorong
6.2 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2012.
oleh prestasi yang lebih baik dalam kebanyakan
The expansion was driven by better growth in most
jenis
type of
perbelanjaan
terutamanya
pengangkutan
expenditures
mainly
in
the
transport
& komunikasi, perumahan & utiliti dan makanan
& communication, housing & utilities and food
& minuman.
& beverages.
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Kerajaan tumbuh
Government
pada kadar lebih rendah 0.1 peratus berbanding
grew at a slower pace of 0.1 per cent against
1.2 peratus pada suku sebelumnya. Pertumbuhan
1.2 per cent in the previous quarter. The milder
kecil
growth was due to the decline in expenditure
ini
disebabkan
oleh
kejatuhan
dalam
perbelanjaan ke atas bekalan dan perkhidmatan.
Final
Consumption Expenditure
of supply and services.
Carta 8/ Chart 8:
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir - Peratus Perubahan Tahunan dan Pembahagian Peratus pada Harga Malar 2005
Final Consumption Expenditure - Annual Percentage Change and Percentage Share at Constant 2005 Prices
Nilai Malar/ Constant Value : RM117.8 bilion/ billion
%
Perbelanjaan
Penggunaan Akhir
Kerajaan/
Government Final
Consumption
Expenditure
17.4%
25
20
15
10
7.6
5
4.9
6.1
0
I
II
III
2011
IV
I
II
III
IV
2012
I
2013
Perbelanjaan
Penggunaan Akhir
Swasta/
Private Final
Consumption
Expenditure
82.6%
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir/ Final Consumption Expenditure
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Swasta/ Private Final Consumption Expenditure
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Kerajaan/ Government Final Consumption Expenditure
6
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
PEMBENTUKAN MODAL TETAP KASAR
GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION
Pembentukan Modal Tetap Kasar (PMTK) kekal
The Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF)
kukuh
13.2 peratus (Carta 9) dirangsang oleh
remained sound at 13.2 per cent (Chart 9) boosted
perbelanjaan ke atas Struktur dan Jentera &
by the expenditure on Structure and Machinery
Kelengkapan. Sektor Swasta yang menyumbang
& Equipment. Private sector with a share of
62.4 peratus memacu PMTK dengan mencatatkan
62.4 per cent drove the GFCF to register a growth of
pertumbuhan 10.9 peratus. Sementara itu, sektor
10.9 per cent. Meanwhile, the Public sector grew at
Awam tumbuh 17.3 peratus.
17.3 per cent.
Carta 9/ Chart 9:
PMTK - Peratus Perubahan Tahunan dan Pembahagian Peratus pada Harga Malar 2005
GFCF - Annual Percentage Change and Percentage Share at Constant 2005 Prices
Nilai Malar/ Constant Value : RM51.1 bilion/ billion
%
35
30
Sektor Awam/
Public Sector
37.6%
25
20
16.0
14.9
15
10
13.2
5
0
I
II
-5
III
IV
I
II
2011
III
IV
2012
I
2013
Sektor Swasta/
Private Sector
62.4%
-10
PMTK/ GFCF
Struktur/ Structure
Jentera & Kelengkapan/ Machinery & Equipment
EKSPORT DAN IMPORT
EXPORTS AND IMPORTS
Eksport jatuh kepada 0.6 peratus kesan daripada
Exports declined to 0.6 per cent reflected by the
kelembapan
sluggish performance in the exports of goods.
Eksport
prestasi
barangan
dalam
eksport
menyumbang
barangan.
84.8
peratus
Exports of goods contributed 84.8 per cent towards
kepada jumlah Eksport.
total Exports.
Di samping itu, Import meningkat 3.6 peratus,
On the other hand, the Imports augmented to
didorong oleh import barangan yang lebih tinggi
3.6 per cent, impelled by higher imports of goods
terutamanya Jentera & Kelengkapan Pengangkutan,
particularly in Machinery & Transport Equipment,
Bahan Api Galian & Pelincir dan Barang-barang
Mineral Fuel & Lubricants and Manufactured Goods.
Keluaran
Chart 10 illustrates the growth of external sectors in
Kilang.
Carta
10
menunjukkan
pertumbuhan sektor luaran bagi suku ini.
this quarter.
7
INTI SARI SUKU PERTAMA 2013
HIGHLIGHTS OF FIRST QUARTER 2013
Carta 10/ Chart 10:
Eksport dan Import - Peratus Perubahan Tahunan pada Harga Malar 2005
Exports and Imports - Annual Percentage Change at Constant 2005 Prices
Nilai Malar Eksport/ Exports Constant Value : RM174.5 bilion/ billion
Nilai Malar Import/ Imports Constant Value : RM162.7 bilion/ billion
%
12
10
7.0
8
6
3.6
4
2
-0.6
2.2
0
I
-2
II
III
IV
I
II
III
2011
IV
2012
I
-0.6
2013
-1.6
-4
Peratus Perubahan Tahunan Eksport/ Exports Annual Percentage Change
Peratus Perubahan Tahunan Import/ Imports Annual Percentage Change
SEMAKAN
REVISION
Anggaran KDNK tahunan pada tahun 2010 telah
The annual GDP estimates for year 2010 have been
disemak berdasarkan kepada data daripada Banci
revised to include data from the Economic Census
Ekonomi 2011 (tahun rujukan 2010) dan sumber
2011 (reference year 2010) and other data sources.
data lain.
For the year 2011, the following data have been
Bagi tahun 2011, data berikut telah dimasukkan:
incorporated: data from the Census of Petroleum
Banci Petroleum dan Gas Asli; maklumat akaun
and Natural Gas; annual accounts information for
tahunan
Kewangan
Utilities and Finance & Insurance sub-sectors; and
& Insurans; maklumat tahunan bagi ternakan,
annual information on livestock, fisheries, forestry
perikanan,
and
bagi
subsektor
perhutanan
Utiliti
dan
dan
pertanian
lain;
other
agriculture;
Balance
of
Payments
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran bagi Eksport &
Statistics for Exports & Imports; Private Final
Import; Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Swasta; dan
Consumption Expenditure; and GFCF.
PMTK.
The annual estimates for year 2012 remain as the
Anggaran tahunan bagi tahun 2012 kekal sebagai
sum
jumlah empat suku tahunan kecuali perkhidmatan &
government services & consumption, Exports &
penggunaan
Imports and Private Final Consumption Expenditure.
kerajaan,
Eksport
&
Import
dan
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Swasta.
8
of
four
quarters
with
the
exception
of
SEKSYEN 1:
JADUAL RINGKASAN
KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS EKONOMI PADA HARGA SEMASA
PERBELANJAAN ATAS KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS PERBELANJAAN PADA HARGA SEMASA
KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS AKTIVITI EKONOMI PADA HARGA MALAR 2005
PERBELANJAAN ATAS KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS PERBELANJAAN PADA HARGA MALAR
2005
SECTION 1:
SUMMARY TABLES
GDP BY KIND OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AT CURRENT PRICES
EXPENDITURE ON GDP BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE AT CURRENT PRICES
GDP BY KIND OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AT CONSTANT 2005 PRICES
EXPENDITURE ON GDP BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE AT CONSTANT 2005 PRICES
Jadual Ringkasan
Summary Tables
10
215,125
29,648
434,315
8,711
195,533
27,112
397,768
7,672
Pembuatan
Pembinaan
178,237
22,464
385,179
8,653
170,261
21,459
359,829
7,660
Pembuatan
Pembinaan
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
campur Duti import
711,351
62,565
66,182
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
676,653
54,253
51,263
Pertanian
Perkhidmatan
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
campur Duti import
884,456
92,355
86,628
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
797,327
104,301
82,614
Pertanian
Perkhidmatan
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
751,471
10,001
409,976
26,531
186,748
63,432
54,782
2012p
941,237
10,186
473,929
36,362
228,141
97,987
94,632
2012p
162,290
1,534
85,568
4,915
40,858
17,315
12,100
I
190,409
1,591
93,871
6,208
47,558
22,608
18,573
I
201,807
1,858
101,022
7,099
49,178
20,999
21,650
III
211,175
2,250
105,725
7,202
50,486
22,058
23,454
IV
211,394
1,847
102,642
6,705
52,285
23,205
24,710
I
217,956
2,284
106,640
6,989
52,858
22,217
26,967
II
III
224,687
2,320
109,741
7,771
54,477
22,342
28,037
2011
230,419
2,260
115,293
8,183
55,505
24,591
24,587
IV
226,961
2,400
111,756
8,159
55,556
26,510
22,579
I
167,694
2,060
88,387
5,260
43,019
16,434
12,534
II
III
171,506
1,958
90,915
5,666
42,981
16,105
13,881
2010
175,163
2,107
94,959
5,617
43,403
16,328
12,748
IV
170,667
1,812
91,724
5,168
43,221
16,678
12,063
I
174,887
2,362
94,582
5,373
44,140
14,945
13,485
II
III
181,357
2,419
97,485
5,895
45,276
15,196
15,086
2011
184,440
2,060
101,388
6,028
45,599
15,746
13,619
IV
179,402
2,298
96,928
5,965
45,129
16,728
12,353
I
Jadual 2A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
Table 2A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
193,937
1,973
97,150
6,603
48,313
20,962
18,936
II
2010
Jadual 1A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
Table 1A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - RM Million
184,763
2,588
100,850
6,530
46,647
15,279
12,869
II
233,197
2,563
116,951
8,936
57,070
24,287
23,391
II
III
III
190,915
2,700
104,315
6,948
46,764
15,016
15,172
2012
237,604
2,600
119,989
9,454
57,000
22,684
25,877
2012
196,391
2,415
107,884
7,087
48,208
16,408
14,388
IV
243,475
2,623
125,233
9,813
58,516
24,506
22,786
IV
186,742
2,424
102,683
6,844
45,284
16,415
13,092
I
2013
232,294
2,522
118,769
9,539
55,033
25,449
20,982
I
2013
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
11
e
26.3
25.7
Pertanian
9.4
9.2
13.6
16.9
8.7
10.2
11.8
Pembinaan
campur Duti import
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
5.8
-5.5
4.7
4.7
7.0
13.0
2.4
-0.3
11.9
11.4
7.4
9.6
7.4
Pertanian
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
Pembuatan
Pembinaan
Perkhidmatan
campur Duti import
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
5.1
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
10.9
10.0
15.2
Pembuatan
Perkhidmatan
6.6
6.5
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
2011
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
15.2
-1.7
10.2
19.1
22.8
4.6
43.9
I
14.2
19.9
9.5
18.5
19.6
25.4
13.2
II
2010
10.4
7.7
7.4
14.6
11.9
7.8
24.5
III
8.3
13.9
7.9
16.1
8.4
-6.3
25.5
IV
11.0
16.1
9.3
8.0
9.9
2.6
33.0
I
12.4
15.8
9.8
5.9
9.4
6.0
42.4
II
2011
11.3
24.9
8.6
9.5
10.8
6.4
29.5
III
9.1
0.5
9.0
13.6
9.9
11.5
4.8
IV
7.4
30.0
8.9
21.7
6.3
14.2
-8.6
I
7.0
12.2
9.7
27.9
8.0
9.3
-13.3
II
2012
5.7
12.1
9.3
21.7
4.6
1.5
-7.7
III
5.6
15.6
6.4
18.1
4.8
1.4
1.0
2012p
10.3
-3.5
9.4
14.9
17.5
1.4
8.2
I
9.4
24.7
8.5
10.0
16.4
0.9
2.8
II
2010
5.5
12.0
5.7
8.8
8.0
-1.6
3.4
III
5.0
5.4
6.3
12.4
6.8
-1.9
-3.9
IV
5.2
18.1
7.2
5.1
5.8
-3.7
-0.3
I
4.3
14.7
7.0
2.1
2.6
-9.1
7.6
II
2011
5.7
23.5
7.2
4.0
5.3
-5.6
8.7
III
5.3
-2.2
6.8
7.3
5.1
-3.6
6.8
IV
5.1
26.8
5.7
15.4
4.4
0.3
2.4
I
5.6
9.6
6.6
21.5
5.7
2.2
-4.6
II
2012
5.3
11.6
7.0
17.9
3.3
-1.2
0.6
III
Jadual 2B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 2B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
6.4
16.9
9.1
22.6
6.1
6.1
-9.3
p
2012
Jadual 1B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 1B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
6.5
17.2
6.4
17.6
5.7
4.2
5.6
IV
5.7
16.0
8.6
19.9
5.4
-0.3
-7.3
IV
4.1
5.5
5.9
14.7
0.3
-1.9
6.0
I
2013
2.3
5.1
6.3
16.9
-0.9
-4.0
-7.1
I
2013
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
12
26.3
25.7
Pertanian
9.4
9.2
13.6
16.9
8.7
10.2
11.8
Pembinaan
campur Duti import
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
5.8
-5.5
4.7
4.7
7.0
13.0
2.4
-0.3
11.9
11.4
7.4
9.6
7.4
Pertanian
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
Pembuatan
Pembinaan
Perkhidmatan
campur Duti import
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
5.1
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
10.9
10.0
15.2
Pembuatan
Perkhidmatan
6.6
6.5
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
-2.3
-19.4
-4.2
0.0
2.1
-3.9
-0.6
I
1.9
24.0
3.5
6.4
1.6
-7.3
2.0
II
2010
4.1
-5.8
4.0
7.5
1.8
0.2
14.3
III
4.6
21.1
4.7
1.4
2.7
5.0
8.3
IV
0.1
-17.9
-2.9
-6.9
3.6
5.2
5.4
I
3.1
23.7
3.9
4.2
1.1
-4.3
9.1
II
2011
3.1
1.5
2.9
11.2
3.1
0.6
4.0
III
2.6
-2.6
5.1
5.3
1.9
10.1
-12.3
IV
-1.5
6.2
-3.1
-0.3
0.1
7.8
-8.2
I
2.7
6.8
4.6
9.5
2.7
-8.4
3.6
II
2012
5.6
15.6
6.4
18.1
4.8
1.4
1.0
2012p
-2.7
-23.3
-4.2
-1.7
0.6
4.0
-8.8
I
3.3
34.3
3.3
7.0
5.3
-5.1
3.6
II
2010
2.3
-5.0
2.9
7.7
-0.1
-2.0
10.8
III
2.1
7.6
4.4
-0.9
1.0
1.4
-8.2
IV
-2.6
-14.0
-3.4
-8.0
-0.4
2.1
-5.4
I
2.5
30.3
3.1
4.0
2.1
-10.4
11.8
II
2011
3.7
2.4
3.1
9.7
2.6
1.7
11.9
III
1.7
-14.8
4.0
2.3
0.7
3.6
-9.7
IV
-2.7
11.6
-4.4
-1.0
-1.0
6.2
-9.3
I
3.0
12.6
4.0
9.5
3.4
-8.7
4.2
II
2012
III
3.3
4.3
3.4
6.4
0.2
-1.7
17.9
III
1.9
1.5
2.6
5.8
-0.1
-6.6
10.6
Jadual 2C: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 2C: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
6.4
16.9
9.1
22.6
6.1
6.1
-9.3
2012p
Jadual 1C: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 1C: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
2.9
-10.5
3.4
2.0
3.1
9.3
-5.2
IV
2.5
0.9
4.4
3.8
2.7
8.0
-11.9
IV
-4.9
0.4
-4.8
-3.4
-6.1
0.0
-9.0
I
2013
-4.6
-3.9
-5.2
-2.8
-6.0
3.8
-7.9
I
2013
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
13
24.3
3.4
49.1
1.0
24.5
3.4
49.9
1.0
Pembuatan
Pembinaan
25.1
3.2
54.1
1.2
25.2
3.2
53.2
1.1
Pembuatan
Pembinaan
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
campur Duti import
100.0
8.8
9.8
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
100.0
7.6
7.6
Pertanian
Perkhidmatan
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
KDNK pada harga
pembeli
campur Duti import
100.0
10.4
10.9
Perlombongan dan
pengkuarian
100.0
11.8
10.4
Pertanian
Perkhidmatan
2011e
2010
Jenis aktiviti
ekonomi
100.0
1.3
54.6
3.5
24.9
8.4
7.3
2012p
100.0
1.1
50.4
3.9
24.2
10.4
10.1
2012p
100.0
1.0
50.1
3.4
24.9
10.8
9.8
II
2010
100.0
0.9
50.1
3.5
24.4
10.4
10.7
III
100.0
1.1
50.1
3.4
23.9
10.4
11.1
IV
100.0
0.9
48.6
3.2
24.7
11.0
11.7
I
100.0
1.0
48.9
3.2
24.3
10.2
12.4
II
2011
100.0
1.0
48.8
3.5
24.2
9.9
12.5
III
100.0
1.0
50.0
3.6
24.1
10.7
10.7
IV
100.0
1.1
49.2
3.6
24.5
11.7
9.9
I
100.0
1.1
50.2
3.8
24.5
10.4
10.0
II
2012
100.0
0.9
52.7
3.0
25.2
10.7
7.5
I
100.0
1.2
52.7
3.1
25.7
9.8
7.5
II
2010
100.0
1.1
53.0
3.3
25.1
9.4
8.1
III
100.0
1.2
54.2
3.2
24.8
9.3
7.3
IV
100.0
1.1
53.7
3.0
25.3
9.8
7.1
I
100.0
1.4
54.1
3.1
25.2
8.5
7.7
II
2011
100.0
1.3
53.8
3.3
25.0
8.4
8.3
III
100.0
1.1
55.0
3.3
24.7
8.5
7.4
IV
100.0
1.3
54.0
3.3
25.2
9.3
6.9
I
100.0
1.4
54.6
3.5
25.2
8.3
7.0
II
2012
Jadual 2D: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 2D: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
0.8
49.3
3.3
25.0
11.9
9.8
I
Jadual 1D: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 1D: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
1.4
54.6
3.6
24.5
7.9
7.9
III
100.0
1.1
50.5
4.0
24.0
9.5
10.9
III
100.0
1.2
54.9
3.6
24.5
8.4
7.3
IV
100.0
1.1
51.4
4.0
24.0
10.1
9.4
IV
100.0
1.3
55.0
3.7
24.2
8.8
7.0
I
2013
100.0
1.1
51.1
4.1
23.7
11.0
9.0
I
2013
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
GDP at purchasers'
prices
plus Import duties
Services
Construction
Manufacturing
Mining and
quarrying
Agriculture
Kind of economic
activity
14
179,793
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
797,327
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
158,397
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
585,031
676,653
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
683,391
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
8,129
330,385
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
81,383
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
2010
608,728
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Jenis perbelanjaan
744,034
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
5,955
378,791
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
97,482
2010
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
Jenis perbelanjaan
711,351
620,955
714,793
2,124
168,281
352,872
94,236
e
2011
884,456
664,928
810,221
8,656
197,181
418,258
115,067
2011e
751,471
650,007
714,070
6,639
201,717
379,990
99,061
p
2012
941,237
708,548
820,159
828
241,733
459,862
127,203
2012p
162,290
133,734
168,012
-3,345
35,308
79,109
16,940
I
190,409
138,344
183,079
-4,385
40,336
89,359
20,364
I
III
201,807
157,517
186,142
6,714
45,213
99,163
22,092
2010
211,175
159,943
192,157
-55
47,978
98,383
32,654
IV
211,394
155,945
192,399
7,789
45,590
98,621
22,940
I
217,956
164,259
201,223
6,396
49,329
101,175
24,091
II
III
224,687
168,702
206,001
842
49,639
109,697
27,209
2011
230,419
176,022
210,599
-6,371
52,622
108,764
40,828
IV
226,961
169,907
200,816
6,509
54,123
108,823
26,597
I
167,694
146,781
168,480
6,240
40,839
80,121
18,795
II
III
171,506
151,218
172,838
5,782
39,980
85,691
18,434
2010
175,163
153,298
174,061
-548
42,270
85,464
27,214
IV
170,667
146,730
171,658
3,307
39,293
84,371
18,767
I
174,887
153,032
177,685
3,222
42,004
85,146
19,864
II
III
181,357
157,289
181,454
846
42,183
91,906
22,255
2011
184,440
163,905
183,996
-5,251
44,801
91,448
33,350
IV
179,402
156,976
175,452
4,747
45,152
90,538
20,489
I
Jadual 4A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
Table 4A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
193,937
152,924
182,656
3,680
46,266
91,886
22,372
II
Jadual 3A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
Table 3A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - RM Million
184,763
165,804
180,499
2,530
52,989
92,509
22,039
II
233,197
181,319
206,675
3,120
63,752
112,609
28,360
II
III
III
190,915
164,311
176,983
4,020
51,609
99,825
22,788
2012
237,604
181,115
204,407
1,878
61,827
121,214
29,393
2012
196,391
162,916
181,136
-4,658
51,966
97,118
33,744
IV
243,475
176,207
208,261
-10,679
62,031
117,216
42,853
IV
186,742
162,696
174,454
6,012
51,124
97,347
20,500
I
2013
232,294
177,972
199,269
4,205
61,806
119,093
25,893
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
15
14.8
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
11.8
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
11.9
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
7.4
15.6
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
11.1
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
..
6.9
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
3.4
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
2010
20.0
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Jenis perbelanjaan
14.2
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
..
8.8
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
4.8
2010
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
Jenis perbelanjaan
6.4
6.6
1.2
..
22.6
9.9
10.5
2012p
15.2
31.1
29.2
..
11.7
6.3
11.7
I
14.2
28.4
18.7
..
17.0
9.5
11.7
II
2010
10.4
16.8
9.2
..
15.7
9.7
-6.4
III
8.3
8.3
3.5
..
14.4
9.6
4.8
IV
11.0
12.7
5.1
..
13.0
10.4
12.6
I
12.4
7.4
10.2
..
6.6
10.1
7.7
II
2011
11.3
7.1
10.7
..
9.8
10.6
23.2
III
9.1
10.1
9.6
..
9.7
10.6
25.0
IV
7.4
9.0
4.4
..
18.7
10.3
15.9
I
7.0
10.4
2.7
..
29.2
11.3
17.7
II
2012
5.7
7.4
-0.8
..
24.6
10.5
8.0
III
5.1
6.1
4.6
..
6.2
6.8
15.8
2011
e
5.6
4.7
-0.1
..
19.9
7.7
5.1
p
2012
10.3
28.2
21.0
..
7.4
5.5
9.9
I
9.4
23.1
15.5
..
13.5
8.2
10.5
II
2010
5.5
11.7
7.9
..
13.2
7.0
-7.1
III
5.0
4.3
2.4
..
13.0
6.7
3.1
IV
5.2
9.7
2.2
..
11.3
6.7
10.8
I
4.3
4.3
5.5
..
2.9
6.3
5.7
II
2011
5.7
4.0
5.0
..
5.5
7.3
20.7
III
5.3
6.9
5.7
..
6.0
7.0
22.5
IV
5.1
7.0
2.2
..
14.9
7.3
9.2
I
5.6
8.3
1.6
..
26.2
8.6
11.0
II
2012
5.3
4.5
-2.5
..
22.3
8.6
2.4
III
Jadual 4B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 4B: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
10.9
9.2
8.9
..
9.7
10.4
18.0
2011e
Jadual 3B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 3B: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
6.5
-0.6
-1.6
..
16.0
6.2
1.2
IV
5.7
0.1
-1.1
..
17.9
7.8
5.0
IV
4.1
3.6
-0.6
..
13.2
7.5
0.1
I
2013
2.3
4.7
-0.8
..
14.2
9.4
-2.6
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
16
14.8
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
11.8
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
11.9
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
7.4
15.6
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
11.1
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
..
6.9
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
3.4
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
2010
20.0
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Jenis perbelanjaan
14.2
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
..
8.8
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
4.8
2010
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
Jenis perbelanjaan
5.1
6.1
4.6
..
6.2
6.8
15.8
e
2011
10.9
9.2
8.9
..
9.7
10.4
18.0
2011e
-2.3
-6.3
-1.4
..
-3.8
-0.5
-34.6
I
1.9
10.5
-0.2
..
14.7
2.8
9.9
II
2010
4.1
3.0
1.9
..
-2.3
7.9
-1.3
III
4.6
1.5
3.2
..
6.1
-0.8
47.8
IV
0.1
-2.5
0.1
..
-5.0
0.2
-29.7
I
3.1
5.3
4.6
..
8.2
2.6
5.0
II
2011
3.1
2.7
2.4
..
0.6
8.4
12.9
III
2.6
4.3
2.2
..
6.0
-0.9
50.1
IV
-1.5
-3.5
-4.6
..
2.9
0.1
-34.9
I
2.7
6.7
2.9
..
17.8
3.5
6.6
II
2012
1.9
-0.1
-1.1
5.6
4.7
-0.1
..
19.9
7.7
5.1
p
2012
-2.7
-9.0
-1.2
..
-5.6
-1.2
-35.8
I
3.3
9.8
0.3
..
15.7
1.3
10.9
II
2010
2.3
3.0
2.6
..
-2.1
7.0
-1.9
III
2.1
1.4
0.7
..
5.7
-0.3
47.6
IV
-2.6
-4.3
-1.4
..
-7.0
-1.3
-31.0
I
2.5
4.3
3.5
..
6.9
0.9
5.8
II
2011
3.7
2.8
2.1
..
0.4
7.9
12.0
III
1.7
4.2
1.4
..
6.2
-0.5
49.9
IV
-2.7
-4.2
-4.6
..
0.8
-1.0
-38.6
I
3.0
5.6
2.9
..
17.4
2.2
7.6
II
2012
..
-3.0
7.6
3.6
III
3.3
-0.9
-1.9
..
-2.6
7.9
3.4
III
Jadual 4C: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 4C: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
6.4
6.6
1.2
..
22.6
9.9
10.5
2012p
Jadual 3C: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 3C: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
2.9
-0.8
2.3
..
0.7
-2.7
48.1
IV
2.5
-2.7
1.9
..
0.3
-3.3
45.8
IV
-4.9
-0.1
-3.7
..
-1.6
0.2
-39.2
I
2013
-4.6
1.0
-4.3
..
-0.4
1.6
-39.6
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
17
47.5
22.5
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
48.8
23.4
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir swasta
Pembentukan modal tetap
kasar
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
100.0
86.5
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
101.0
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
..
12.0
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
2010
Jenis perbelanjaan
100.0
76.3
Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK
pada harga pembeli
93.3
Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
..
12.2
Perbelanjaan penggunaan
akhir kerajaan
Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
2010
Jenis perbelanjaan
100.0
87.3
100.5
..
23.7
49.6
13.2
e
2011
100.0
75.2
91.6
..
22.3
47.3
13.0
2011e
100.0
86.5
95.0
..
26.8
50.6
13.2
p
2012
100.0
75.3
87.1
..
25.7
48.9
13.5
2012p
100.0
78.9
94.2
..
23.9
47.4
11.5
II
2010
100.0
78.1
92.2
..
22.4
49.1
10.9
III
100.0
75.7
91.0
..
22.7
46.6
15.5
IV
100.0
73.8
91.0
..
21.6
46.7
10.9
I
100.0
75.4
92.3
..
22.6
46.4
11.1
II
2011
100.0
75.1
91.7
..
22.1
48.8
12.1
III
100.0
76.4
91.4
..
22.8
47.2
17.7
IV
100.0
74.9
88.5
..
23.8
47.9
11.7
I
100.0
77.8
88.6
..
27.3
48.3
12.2
II
2012
100.0
82.4
103.5
..
21.8
48.7
10.4
I
100.0
87.5
100.5
..
24.4
47.8
11.2
II
2010
100.0
88.2
100.8
..
23.3
50.0
10.7
III
100.0
87.5
99.4
..
24.1
48.8
15.5
IV
100.0
86.0
100.6
..
23.0
49.4
11.0
I
100.0
87.5
101.6
..
24.0
48.7
11.4
II
2011
100.0
86.7
100.1
..
23.3
50.7
12.3
III
100.0
88.9
99.8
..
24.3
49.6
18.1
IV
100.0
87.5
97.8
..
25.2
50.5
11.4
I
100.0
89.7
97.7
..
28.7
50.1
11.9
II
2012
Jadual 4D: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 4D: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
72.7
96.2
..
21.2
46.9
10.7
I
Jadual 3D: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 3D: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
86.1
92.7
..
27.0
52.3
11.9
III
100.0
76.2
86.0
..
26.0
51.0
12.4
III
100.0
83.0
92.2
..
26.5
49.5
17.2
IV
100.0
72.4
85.5
..
25.5
48.1
17.6
IV
100.0
87.1
93.4
..
27.4
52.1
11.0
I
2013
100.0
76.6
85.8
..
26.6
51.3
11.1
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and
services
Changes in inventories
and valuables*
Gross fixed capital
formation
Private final consumption
expenditure
Government final
consumption expenditure
Type of expenditure
18
e
739,162
533,325
-21,806
862,650
28,964
662,020
476,273
185,748
135,306
-26,333
770,993
28,589
26,969
Penggunaan domestik
Penggunaan akhir
Pembentukan modal
kasar*
Imbangan barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Imbangan pendapatan
primer
Pendapatan negara kasar
Penduduk ('000)
Pendapatan negara kasar
per kapita (RM)
11.7
12.0
16.5
8.0
Penggunaan domestik
11.9
1.3
85.3
10.4
1.8
8.4
Imbangan pendapatan
primer
Pendapatan negara kasar
Penduduk ('000)
Pendapatan negara kasar
per kapita (RM)
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
-17.2
-6.4
Imbangan barangan dan
perkhidmatan
10.4
7.4
46.1
Pembentukan modal
kasar*
10.8
2011e
2010
Jenis perbelanjaan
Penggunaan akhir
30,856
29,337
905,213
-36,024
111,611
242,561
587,065
829,626
p
2012
25,388
28,462
180,644
-9,764
44,735
35,950
109,723
145,673
I
25,831
28,589
184,617
-9,320
29,732
49,947
114,258
164,205
II
III
27,651
28,683
198,276
-3,530
28,625
51,927
121,255
173,182
2010
28,837
28,777
207,456
-3,719
32,214
47,924
131,037
178,960
IV
28,463
28,870
205,432
-5,962
36,454
53,380
121,561
174,940
I
29,177
28,964
211,274
-6,682
36,964
55,725
125,266
180,991
II
III
30,413
29,057
220,931
-3,756
37,299
50,481
136,907
187,388
2011
30,876
29,151
225,013
-5,406
34,576
46,251
149,592
195,843
IV
29,860
29,244
218,300
-8,661
30,909
60,632
135,420
196,052
I
30,050
29,337
220,396
-12,801
25,356
66,872
140,969
207,841
II
III
31,077
29,431
228,658
-8,946
23,293
63,705
150,607
214,311
2012
32,224
29,526
237,859
-5,617
32,054
51,353
160,069
211,422
IV
30,180
29,620
223,488
-8,807
21,297
66,011
144,986
210,997
I
2013
3.6
1.3
4.9
65.2
-23.2
17.8
10.1
12.2
2012p
10.3
1.8
12.3
121.9
23.7
33.7
7.3
12.8
I
8.6
1.8
10.6
229.8
-14.5
60.7
9.9
21.6
II
2010
7.7
1.7
9.5
102.9
-19.6
56.8
6.3
17.7
III
7.7
1.6
9.3
-29.1
-15.2
32.9
8.3
14.0
IV
12.1
1.4
13.7
-38.9
-18.5
48.5
10.8
20.1
I
13.0
1.3
14.4
-28.3
24.3
11.6
9.6
10.2
II
2011
10.0
1.3
11.4
6.4
30.3
-2.8
12.9
8.2
III
7.1
1.3
8.5
45.4
7.3
-3.5
14.2
9.4
IV
4.9
1.3
6.3
45.3
-15.2
13.6
11.4
12.1
I
3.0
1.3
4.3
91.6
-31.4
20.0
12.5
14.8
II
2012
2.2
1.3
3.5
138.2
-37.6
26.2
10.0
14.4
III
4.4
1.3
5.7
3.9
-7.3
11.0
7.0
8.0
IV
1.1
1.3
2.4
1.7
-31.1
8.9
7.1
7.6
I
2013
Jadual 5B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 5B: GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
29,783
145,293
205,837
2011
2010
Jenis perbelanjaan
Jadual 5A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
Table 5A: GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - RM Million
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Gross national income per
capita (RM)
Population ('000)
Gross national income
Balance of primary income
Balance of goods and
services
Gross capital formation*
Final consumption
Domestic consumption
Type of expenditure
Gross national income per
capita (RM)
Population ('000)
Gross national income
Balance of primary income
Balance of goods and
services
Gross capital formation*
Final consumption
Domestic consumption
Type of expenditure
19
11.7
12.0
16.5
8.0
Penggunaan domestik
-17.2
11.9
1.3
-6.4
85.3
10.4
1.8
8.4
Imbangan barangan dan
perkhidmatan
Imbangan pendapatan
primer
Pendapatan negara kasar
Penduduk ('000)
Pendapatan negara kasar
per kapita (RM)
83.6
60.3
83.0
59.7
23.3
Penggunaan domestik
Penggunaan akhir
Pembentukan modal
kasar*
..
..
..
..
..
Pendapatan negara kasar
Penduduk ('000)
Pendapatan negara kasar
per kapita (RM)
..
..
..
Imbangan pendapatan
primer
..
..
Imbangan barangan dan
perkhidmatan
23.3
2011e
2010
Jenis perbelanjaan
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
3.6
1.3
4.9
65.2
-23.2
17.8
10.1
12.2
p
2012
-5.2
0.4
-4.8
86.1
17.8
-0.3
-9.3
-7.2
I
1.7
0.4
2.2
-4.5
-33.5
38.9
4.1
12.7
II
2010
7.0
0.3
7.4
-62.1
-3.7
4.0
6.1
5.5
III
4.3
0.3
4.6
5.3
12.5
-7.7
8.1
3.3
IV
-1.3
0.3
-1.0
60.3
13.2
11.4
-7.2
-2.2
I
2.5
0.3
2.8
12.1
1.4
4.4
3.0
3.5
II
2011
4.2
0.3
4.6
-43.8
0.9
-9.4
9.3
3.5
III
1.5
0.3
1.8
43.9
-7.3
-8.4
9.3
4.5
IV
-3.3
0.3
-3.0
60.2
-10.6
31.1
-9.5
0.1
I
0.6
0.3
1.0
47.8
-18.0
10.3
4.1
6.0
II
2012
3.4
0.3
3.7
-30.1
-8.1
-4.7
6.8
3.1
III
..
..
..
..
..
25.8
62.4
88.1
2012p
..
..
..
..
..
18.9
57.6
76.5
I
..
..
..
..
..
25.8
58.9
84.7
II
2010
..
..
..
..
..
25.7
60.1
85.8
III
..
..
..
..
..
22.7
62.1
84.7
IV
..
..
..
..
..
25.3
57.5
82.8
I
..
..
..
..
..
25.6
57.5
83.0
II
2011
..
..
..
..
..
22.5
60.9
83.4
III
..
..
..
..
..
20.1
64.9
85.0
IV
..
..
..
..
..
26.7
59.7
86.4
I
..
..
..
..
..
28.7
60.5
89.1
II
2012
..
..
..
..
..
26.8
63.4
90.2
III
..
..
..
..
..
21.1
65.7
86.8
IV
3.7
0.3
4.0
-37.2
37.6
-19.4
6.3
-1.3
IV
Jadual 5D: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 5D: GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
10.4
7.4
46.1
Pembentukan modal
kasar*
10.8
e
Penggunaan akhir
2011
2010
Jenis perbelanjaan
Jadual 5C: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan dan Data Penting Ekonomi Makro pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 5C: GDP by Type of Expenditure and Macro Economic Key Data at Current Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
..
..
..
..
..
28.4
62.4
90.8
I
2013
-6.3
0.3
-6.0
56.8
-33.6
28.5
-9.4
-0.2
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Gross national income per
capita (RM)
Population ('000)
Gross national income
Balance of primary income
Balance of goods and
services
Gross capital formation*
Final consumption
Domestic consumption
Type of expenditure
Gross national income per
capita (RM)
Population ('000)
Gross national income
Balance of primary income
Balance of goods and
services
Gross capital formation*
Final consumption
Domestic consumption
Type of expenditure
Muka surat ini sengaja dibiarkan kosong.
This page is deliberately left blank.
20
SEKSYEN 2:
JADUAL PENGELUARAN


KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS EKONOMI PADA HARGA SEMASA
KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS AKTIVITI EKONOMI PADA HARGA MALAR 2005
SECTION 2:
PRODUCTION TABLES


GDP BY KIND OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AT CURRENT PRICES
GDP BY KIND OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY AT CONSTANT 2005 PRICES
Jadual Pengeluaran
Production Tables
22
Kelapa sawit
Ternakan
Pertanian lain
Perhutanan dan pembalakan
Perikanan laut
Akuakultur
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
Produk elektrik dan elektronik
Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.7
47,973
13,751
40,178
37,204
60,119
Perdagangan runcit
Kenderaan bermotor
Restoran
Penginapan
Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
Komunikasi
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10 Kewangan
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
6. campur Duti import
24,820
Perdagangan borong
5.3
797,327
7,672
26,537
5,387
16,051
13,765
45,706
47,163
3,306
Air
5.2
15,809
Elektrik dan gas
397,768
27,112
23,863
47,324
23,552
60,571
12,400
3,247
24,576
195,533
86,628
3,141
5,730
8,521
11,307
6,810
37,365
9,741
82,614
2010
5.1
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.6
3.5
Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
3.1
3. Pembuatan
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
Getah
1.1
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
884,456
8,711
67,908
39,597
15,125
43,044
49,318
26,993
28,343
5,653
17,841
14,212
50,294
55,662
3,515
16,811
434,315
29,648
23,162
45,111
28,002
73,095
13,117
3,652
28,986
215,125
92,355
3,355
6,155
9,335
13,051
9,001
50,624
12,779
104,301
2011e
941,237
10,186
79,837
41,723
17,689
47,007
52,660
29,527
30,160
5,924
19,511
15,074
54,168
58,672
3,690
18,286
473,929
36,362
25,316
47,171
29,791
79,544
13,915
3,347
29,056
228,141
97,987
3,879
6,844
9,598
13,804
9,218
42,728
8,561
94,632
2012p
190,409
1,591
13,989
8,933
3,256
9,799
11,270
5,938
6,561
1,268
3,809
3,234
10,580
10,580
808
3,846
93,871
6,208
5,591
13,323
5,367
13,980
3,062
738
5,496
47,558
22,608
688
1,255
2,088
2,703
1,483
7,740
2,616
18,573
I
193,937
1,973
14,408
9,238
3,424
10,025
12,013
6,133
6,466
1,300
3,885
3,239
10,739
11,413
828
4,039
97,150
6,603
6,273
11,697
6,411
13,798
3,177
780
6,176
48,313
20,962
816
1,489
2,272
2,747
1,671
8,163
1,778
7,099
5,784
11,196
5,840
16,048
3,094
851
6,365
49,178
20,999
898
1,638
2,131
3,103
1,924
9,823
2,132
21,650
III
201,807
1,858
14,916
9,408
3,770
10,000
12,297
6,309
6,659
1,408
4,020
3,692
11,611
12,163
828
3,942
101,022
2010
18,936
II
211,175
2,250
16,807
9,625
3,301
10,354
12,394
6,439
6,851
1,411
4,337
3,600
12,776
13,006
842
3,982
105,725
7,202
6,214
11,108
5,935
16,745
3,067
877
6,539
50,486
22,058
738
1,347
2,029
2,754
1,732
11,640
3,214
23,454
IV
211,394
1,847
16,100
9,588
3,662
10,499
12,119
6,410
6,862
1,317
4,188
3,345
11,653
12,132
841
3,926
102,642
6,705
5,245
12,635
6,713
17,231
3,175
956
6,329
52,285
23,205
781
1,433
1,816
3,160
1,936
11,593
3,991
24,710
I
217,956
2,284
16,450
9,845
3,677
10,849
13,002
6,657
6,905
1,368
4,304
3,196
11,751
13,599
881
4,157
106,640
6,989
5,361
10,857
7,565
17,201
3,370
900
7,605
52,858
22,217
794
1,457
2,143
3,113
2,254
14,282
2,924
7,771
5,747
10,884
7,004
19,133
3,324
919
7,467
54,477
22,342
988
1,813
2,777
3,482
2,496
13,049
3,432
28,037
III
224,687
2,320
16,712
10,027
3,844
10,672
11,791
6,883
7,185
1,487
4,478
3,925
12,792
14,711
899
4,335
109,741
2011
26,967
II
230,419
2,260
18,645
10,137
3,943
11,025
12,406
7,043
7,391
1,482
4,871
3,745
14,098
15,219
895
4,393
115,293
8,183
6,809
10,736
6,720
19,529
3,249
877
7,585
55,505
24,591
792
1,453
2,600
3,296
2,315
11,701
2,432
24,587
IV
I
226,961
2,400
18,504
10,146
3,900
11,421
12,352
7,029
7,387
1,400
4,633
3,423
12,843
13,436
899
4,384
111,756
8,159
5,592
12,850
7,012
19,311
3,333
855
6,601
55,556
26,510
822
1,451
2,534
3,270
2,102
9,979
2,423
22,579
Jadual 6A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
Table 6A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - RM Million
233,197
2,563
19,135
10,427
4,344
11,881
13,679
7,313
7,399
1,459
4,779
3,491
12,864
14,651
926
4,605
116,951
8,936
6,004
11,597
7,795
19,694
3,650
859
7,472
57,070
24,287
921
1,625
2,612
3,316
2,130
10,703
2,085
9,454
6,134
11,398
7,586
20,035
3,489
835
7,523
57,000
22,684
1,203
2,123
2,410
3,713
2,487
11,867
2,074
25,877
III
237,604
2,600
19,905
10,481
4,552
11,711
13,138
7,525
7,540
1,530
4,835
4,235
13,613
15,386
928
4,610
119,989
2012
23,391
II
243,475
2,623
22,294
10,669
4,893
11,994
13,492
7,661
7,833
1,535
5,265
3,925
14,848
15,198
938
4,687
125,233
9,813
7,585
11,327
7,399
20,504
3,443
798
7,461
58,516
24,506
933
1,646
2,043
3,506
2,499
10,180
1,980
22,786
IV
232,294
2,522
18,937
10,774
4,602
12,355
12,881
7,688
7,768
1,443
5,133
3,625
13,945
14,011
927
4,681
118,769
9,539
5,806
12,871
7,265
18,455
3,414
796
6,427
55,033
25,449
941
1,624
2,097
3,844
2,367
8,083
2,026
20,982
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
23
6,923
4,885
2,779
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
1.7 Akuakultur
21,459
13,301
11,907
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
5.6 Restoran
48,269
13,099
36,601
34,413
48,868
5.10 Kewangan
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
676,653
7,660
24,550
5.9 Komunikasi
6. campur Duti import
24,736
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
4,609
41,451
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.7 Penginapan
40,529
3,126
14,370
359,829
5.3 Perdagangan borong
5.2 Air
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
711,351
8,653
54,870
36,103
14,253
38,556
51,302
26,417
26,069
4,778
12,732
13,617
44,254
44,144
3,214
14,871
385,179
22,464
23,316
44,784
45,973
23,496
23,182
19,628
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
52,813
48,910
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
10,972
3,477
19,693
178,237
10,863
3,121
18,270
170,261
62,565
2,770
5,006
6,451
9,316
5,876
20,069
4,765
54,253
2011e
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
3. Pembuatan
66,182
8,736
1.4 Pertanian lain
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
5,333
18,111
4,496
51,263
2010
1.3 Ternakan
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
751,471
10,001
60,064
37,516
16,508
41,325
54,185
28,835
27,355
4,917
13,545
14,272
46,943
45,649
3,345
15,519
409,976
26,531
25,134
45,781
24,976
55,800
11,397
3,221
20,439
186,748
63,432
2,863
5,049
6,030
9,962
6,406
20,006
4,466
54,782
2012p
162,290
1,534
11,407
8,337
3,081
8,982
11,752
5,925
6,085
1,094
2,874
3,065
9,658
9,043
763
3,502
85,568
4,915
5,391
12,532
4,287
11,197
2,681
726
4,045
40,858
17,315
625
1,098
1,679
2,066
1,263
4,137
1,232
12,100
I
167,694
2,060
11,708
8,551
3,263
9,167
12,060
6,141
6,057
1,111
2,888
3,147
9,916
9,930
780
3,670
88,387
5,260
6,164
11,478
5,391
11,673
2,771
764
4,778
43,019
16,434
709
1,246
1,835
2,143
1,325
4,365
911
1,958
12,104
8,675
3,584
9,091
11,885
6,189
6,214
1,191
2,963
3,594
10,456
10,590
792
3,588
90,915
5,666
5,762
10,908
4,962
12,968
2,727
808
4,845
42,981
16,105
796
1,399
1,737
2,421
1,401
5,010
1,118
13,881
III
171,506
2010
12,534
II
175,163
2,107
13,649
8,851
3,172
9,362
12,573
6,295
6,379
1,213
3,182
3,495
11,421
10,966
791
3,611
94,959
5,617
6,179
11,055
4,988
13,072
2,684
823
4,602
43,403
16,328
650
1,142
1,672
2,106
1,345
4,600
1,235
12,748
IV
170,667
1,812
13,048
8,820
3,445
9,486
12,590
6,289
6,337
1,124
3,038
3,197
10,412
9,591
782
3,567
91,724
5,168
5,148
12,306
5,304
12,669
2,733
918
4,143
43,221
16,678
657
1,187
1,456
2,261
1,384
3,845
1,272
12,063
I
174,887
2,362
13,288
9,021
3,396
9,811
12,862
6,540
6,369
1,165
3,091
3,055
10,485
10,925
807
3,767
94,582
5,373
5,466
10,934
6,366
12,554
2,804
862
5,155
44,140
14,945
666
1,204
1,616
2,285
1,446
5,209
1,059
2,419
13,481
9,102
3,688
9,497
12,656
6,741
6,596
1,237
3,179
3,763
11,159
11,794
815
3,775
97,485
5,895
5,851
10,885
5,913
13,791
2,768
870
5,197
45,276
15,196
805
1,456
1,799
2,539
1,566
5,635
1,286
15,086
III
181,357
2011
13,485
II
184,440
2,060
15,053
9,159
3,725
9,762
13,195
6,847
6,767
1,252
3,423
3,600
12,199
11,834
810
3,762
101,388
6,028
6,851
10,659
5,598
13,799
2,667
827
5,198
45,599
15,746
642
1,160
1,579
2,230
1,480
5,379
1,149
13,619
IV
179,402
2,298
13,964
9,177
3,620
10,151
12,730
6,881
6,711
1,173
3,247
3,206
11,240
10,262
817
3,747
96,928
5,965
5,532
12,347
5,735
13,419
2,716
821
4,558
45,129
16,728
639
1,132
1,535
2,382
1,531
3,981
1,154
12,353
I
Jadual 6B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
Table 6B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
184,763
2,588
14,391
9,399
3,981
10,562
13,345
7,162
6,742
1,213
3,335
3,319
11,264
11,365
841
3,932
100,850
6,530
5,967
11,333
6,637
13,655
2,963
830
5,263
46,647
15,279
676
1,188
1,582
2,514
1,551
4,297
1,060
6,948
6,100
11,075
6,453
14,145
2,871
802
5,317
46,764
15,016
858
1,513
1,569
2,744
1,671
5,722
1,093
15,172
III
190,915
2,700
14,950
9,409
4,334
10,210
13,930
7,359
6,839
1,253
3,344
4,025
11,747
12,150
842
3,923
104,315
2012
12,869
II
196,391
2,415
16,758
9,531
4,573
10,401
14,180
7,433
7,063
1,278
3,619
3,722
12,692
11,873
844
3,916
107,884
7,087
7,535
11,026
6,151
14,581
2,847
767
5,302
48,208
16,408
690
1,216
1,344
2,321
1,653
6,005
1,159
14,388
IV
186,742
2,424
14,800
9,652
4,229
10,788
13,137
7,503
6,964
1,192
3,503
3,341
12,020
10,810
835
3,908
102,683
6,844
5,730
12,392
5,899
13,104
2,788
769
4,602
45,284
16,415
690
1,202
1,338
2,537
1,634
4,562
1,128
13,092
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
24
8.7
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
KDNK pada harga pembeli
6. campur Duti import
11.8
10.2
6.2
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
7.1
5.9
9.2
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
10.0
6.4
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
10.9
13.6
13.0
6.4
2.8
7.7
5.10 Kewangan
8.8
6.8
11.1
8.0
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
4.9
11.2
3.2
10.0
18.0
6.3
6.3
9.2
9.4
-2.9
5.9 Komunikasi
4.4
5.7 Penginapan
14.1
11.4
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.6 Restoran
11.3
7.2
5.2 Air
5.3 Perdagangan borong
7.0
8.7
16.9
16.6
-4.7
18.9
16.7
14.6
20.7
5.8
12.5
17.9
10.0
6.6
6.8
7.4
9.6
15.4
32.2
35.5
31.2
26.3
2011e
17.7
10.6
4.8
11.9
15.2
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
3. Pembuatan
6.5
11.7
1.7 Akuakultur
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
-2.5
16.7
1.4 Pertanian lain
14.4
15.7
1.3 Ternakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
30.4
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
97.9
25.7
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
6.4
16.9
17.6
5.4
9.2
17.0
6.8
9.4
6.4
4.8
9.4
6.1
7.7
5.4
5.0
8.8
9.1
22.6
9.3
4.6
6.4
8.8
6.1
-8.3
0.2
6.1
6.1
15.6
11.2
2.8
5.8
2.4
-15.6
-33.0
-9.3
2012p
15.2
-1.7
7.8
6.9
13.6
10.0
7.8
8.5
8.8
5.7
13.8
14.7
11.6
12.5
10.4
14.7
10.2
19.1
27.3
40.1
18.9
14.2
22.4
2.6
12.9
22.8
4.6
11.6
14.3
11.7
13.7
15.9
56.4
262.4
43.9
I
2010
14.2
19.9
8.5
5.6
10.3
18.5
6.8
9.7
9.5
6.9
14.3
11.4
11.8
10.0
9.6
8.2
9.5
18.5
25.2
24.1
22.6
20.3
15.1
-4.1
8.8
19.6
25.4
16.9
19.7
-5.8
24.3
17.6
3.9
100.6
13.2
II
10.4
7.7
2.5
5.8
5.9
7.2
10.4
12.8
7.1
3.8
15.0
4.9
11.2
8.4
2.3
2.6
7.4
14.6
7.7
2.8
8.4
23.8
5.1
4.7
14.1
11.9
7.8
9.8
12.4
-9.0
19.2
21.1
36.7
52.9
24.5
III
8.3
13.9
6.6
5.4
7.4
-7.3
6.0
13.5
6.8
1.8
13.2
5.6
11.2
14.5
7.0
3.6
7.9
16.1
9.2
-3.1
17.5
13.3
2.0
16.5
11.9
8.4
-6.3
8.7
11.3
-4.3
10.2
8.6
34.3
67.4
25.5
IV
11.0
16.1
15.1
7.3
7.1
12.5
7.5
8.0
4.6
3.8
10.0
3.4
10.1
14.7
4.0
2.1
9.3
8.0
-6.2
-5.2
25.1
23.3
3.7
29.5
15.2
9.9
2.6
13.5
14.2
-13.0
16.9
30.6
49.8
52.6
33.0
I
2011
12.4
15.8
14.2
6.6
8.2
7.4
8.2
8.5
6.8
5.2
10.8
-1.3
9.4
19.2
6.3
2.9
9.8
5.9
-14.5
-7.2
18.0
24.7
6.0
15.4
23.1
9.4
6.0
-2.7
-2.2
-5.7
13.3
35.0
75.0
64.4
42.4
II
11.3
24.9
12.0
6.6
6.7
2.0
-4.1
9.1
7.9
5.6
11.4
6.3
10.2
20.9
8.6
10.0
8.6
9.5
-0.6
-2.8
19.9
19.2
7.4
7.9
17.3
10.8
6.4
10.0
10.7
30.3
12.2
29.7
32.8
61.0
29.5
III
4.8
9.1
0.5
10.9
5.3
6.5
19.5
0.1
9.4
7.9
5.0
12.3
4.0
10.3
17.0
6.3
10.3
9.0
13.6
9.6
-3.4
13.2
16.6
5.9
-0.1
16.0
9.9
11.5
7.2
7.9
28.1
19.7
33.6
0.5
-24.3
IV
-8.6
7.4
30.0
14.9
5.8
8.8
6.5
1.9
9.6
7.7
6.3
10.6
2.3
10.2
10.8
6.9
11.6
8.9
21.7
6.6
1.7
4.5
12.1
5.0
-10.5
4.3
6.3
14.2
5.3
1.2
39.5
3.5
8.6
-13.9
-39.3
I
2012
7.0
12.2
16.3
5.9
9.5
18.2
5.2
9.9
7.2
6.7
11.0
9.2
9.5
7.7
5.1
10.8
9.7
27.9
12.0
6.8
3.0
14.5
8.3
-4.6
-1.8
8.0
9.3
16.0
11.5
21.9
6.5
-5.5
-25.1
-28.7
-13.3
II
5.7
12.1
19.1
4.5
9.7
18.4
11.4
9.3
4.9
2.9
8.0
7.9
6.4
4.6
3.2
6.4
9.3
21.7
6.7
4.7
8.3
4.7
5.0
-9.1
0.7
4.6
1.5
21.8
17.1
-13.2
6.6
-0.3
-9.1
-39.6
-7.7
III
Jadual 7A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 7A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
5.7
16.0
19.6
5.2
8.8
24.1
8.8
8.8
6.0
3.6
8.1
4.8
5.3
-0.1
4.8
6.7
8.6
19.9
11.4
5.5
10.1
5.0
6.0
-9.0
-1.6
5.4
-0.3
17.8
13.3
-21.4
6.4
8.0
-13.0
-18.6
-7.3
IV
2.3
5.1
2.3
6.2
8.2
18.0
4.3
9.4
5.1
3.1
10.8
5.9
8.6
4.3
3.1
6.8
6.3
16.9
3.8
0.2
3.6
-4.4
2.4
-7.0
-2.6
-0.9
-4.0
14.5
11.9
-17.2
17.6
12.6
-19.0
-16.4
-7.1
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
25
2.4
7.1
9.7
9.0
5.3
7.6
5.7 Penginapan
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
6. campur Duti import
7.4
9.6
5.9
8.9
5.6 Restoran
4.4
8.5
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
5.3
9.6
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
8.8
6.8
5.3 Perdagangan borong
5.1
13.0
12.3
4.9
6.3
7.6
5.4
3.7
6.9
2.4
6.8
8.9
2.8
7.0
5.2 Air
3.5
7.0
4.7
-0.8
7.8
7.4
11.4
16.9
-2.6
18.1
14.8
16.1
8.0
1.0
11.4
8.9
7.3
3.7
7.8
4.7
-5.5
-0.4
2.5
-6.8
6.6
10.2
10.8
6.0
5.8
2011e
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
5.5
11.9
3. Pembuatan
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
-0.3
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
10.4
5.0
1.6 Perikanan laut
1.7 Akuakultur
-3.0
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
10.2
1.3 Ternakan
8.2
-3.1
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.4 Pertanian lain
8.3
2.4
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
5.6
15.6
9.5
3.9
7.2
15.8
5.6
9.2
4.9
2.9
6.4
4.8
6.1
3.4
4.1
4.4
6.4
18.1
7.8
2.2
7.7
5.7
3.9
-7.4
3.8
4.8
1.4
3.4
0.9
-6.5
6.9
9.0
-0.3
-6.3
1.0
2012p
8.2
10.3
-3.5
7.7
5.5
14.5
6.3
9.0
8.1
8.7
3.6
9.1
13.8
10.6
8.3
7.9
17.6
9.4
14.9
23.9
35.5
16.2
6.4
18.4
2.7
1.0
17.5
1.4
14.1
2.3
11.8
7.3
10.4
2.1
31.7
I
2.8
2010
9.4
24.7
8.0
3.9
8.0
17.4
9.2
9.4
8.8
4.4
9.3
11.4
10.8
6.6
7.4
8.7
8.5
10.0
25.2
25.1
19.7
10.2
10.4
-3.8
7.1
16.4
0.9
14.9
7.1
-7.2
11.1
14.8
-1.4
-1.4
II
3.1
0.2
3.4
5.5
12.0
2.0
4.1
3.8
6.9
8.7
10.2
5.8
1.1
9.8
5.0
9.1
4.0
6.5
3.0
5.7
8.8
9.6
4.9
6.9
11.9
1.5
3.4
9.5
8.0
-1.6
10.3
6.8
-10.5
8.9
11.3
III
5.0
5.4
6.2
4.1
4.9
-7.0
9.1
10.9
5.4
1.1
7.6
5.4
8.1
8.7
6.3
3.4
6.3
12.4
11.0
2.6
17.0
7.2
0.7
13.1
3.8
6.8
-1.9
2.9
3.2
-2.8
5.6
4.9
-14.1
5.1
-3.9
IV
9.4
9.6
-7.0
3.2
-0.3
5.2
18.1
14.4
5.8
5.6
11.8
7.1
6.1
4.1
2.7
5.7
4.3
7.8
6.1
2.4
1.9
7.2
5.1
-4.5
-1.8
23.7
13.1
2.0
26.5
2.4
5.8
-3.7
5.1
8.1
-13.3
I
7.6
2011
4.3
14.7
13.5
5.5
7.0
4.1
6.7
6.5
5.1
4.9
7.0
-2.9
5.7
10.0
3.5
2.7
7.0
2.1
-11.3
-4.7
18.1
7.5
1.2
12.8
7.9
2.6
-9.1
-6.1
-3.4
-11.9
6.6
9.1
19.4
16.3
II
8.7
5.7
23.5
11.4
4.9
4.5
2.9
6.5
8.9
6.1
3.9
7.3
4.7
6.7
11.4
2.9
5.2
7.2
4.0
1.5
-0.2
19.2
6.3
1.5
7.7
7.3
5.3
-5.6
1.2
4.1
3.6
4.9
11.8
12.5
15.0
III
6.8
5.3
-2.2
10.3
3.5
4.3
17.4
4.9
8.8
6.1
3.2
7.6
3.0
6.8
7.9
2.4
4.2
6.8
7.3
10.9
-3.6
12.2
5.6
-0.6
0.5
13.0
5.1
-3.6
-1.2
1.6
-5.5
5.9
10.1
17.0
-7.0
IV
2.4
3.5
-9.3
5.1
26.8
7.0
4.1
7.0
5.1
1.1
9.4
5.9
4.4
6.9
0.3
8.0
7.0
4.6
5.0
5.7
15.4
7.5
0.3
8.1
5.9
-0.6
-10.6
10.0
4.4
0.3
-2.7
-4.7
5.4
5.4
10.6
I
2012
5.6
9.6
8.3
4.2
7.7
17.2
3.8
9.5
5.9
4.1
7.9
8.6
7.4
4.0
4.2
4.4
6.6
21.5
9.2
3.7
4.2
8.8
5.7
-3.7
2.1
5.7
2.2
1.6
-1.3
-2.1
10.0
7.3
-17.5
0.1
-4.6
II
0.6
5.3
11.6
10.9
3.4
7.5
17.5
10.1
9.2
3.7
1.3
5.2
6.9
5.3
3.0
3.3
3.9
7.0
17.9
4.3
1.8
9.1
2.6
3.7
-7.8
2.3
3.3
-1.2
6.5
3.9
-12.8
8.1
6.7
1.6
-14.9
III
Jadual 7B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 7B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
0.9
5.6
6.5
17.2
11.3
4.1
6.6
22.8
7.5
8.6
4.4
2.1
5.7
3.4
4.0
0.3
4.2
4.1
6.4
17.6
10.0
3.4
9.9
5.7
6.8
-7.2
2.0
5.7
4.2
7.5
4.9
-14.9
4.1
11.6
11.6
IV
4.1
5.5
6.0
5.2
6.3
16.8
3.2
9.0
3.8
1.6
7.9
4.2
6.9
5.3
2.2
4.3
5.9
14.7
3.6
0.4
2.9
-2.3
2.6
-6.3
1.0
0.3
-1.9
8.1
6.2
-12.8
6.5
6.7
14.6
-2.2
6.0
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
26
8.7
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
KDNK pada harga pembeli
11.8
10.2
6.2
6. campur Duti import
5.9
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
7.1
9.2
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
10.0
6.4
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
10.9
13.6
13.0
6.4
2.8
7.7
5.10 Kewangan
8.8
6.8
11.1
8.0
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
4.9
11.2
3.2
10.0
18.0
6.3
6.3
9.2
9.4
-2.9
5.9 Komunikasi
4.4
5.7 Penginapan
14.1
11.4
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.6 Restoran
11.3
7.2
5.2 Air
5.3 Perdagangan borong
7.0
8.7
16.9
16.6
-4.7
18.9
16.7
14.6
20.7
5.8
12.5
17.9
10.0
6.6
6.8
7.4
9.6
15.4
32.2
35.5
31.2
26.3
2011e
17.7
10.6
4.8
11.9
15.2
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
3. Pembuatan
6.5
11.7
1.7 Akuakultur
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
-2.5
16.7
1.4 Pertanian lain
14.4
15.7
1.3 Ternakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
30.4
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
97.9
25.7
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
6.4
16.9
17.6
5.4
9.2
17.0
6.8
9.4
6.4
4.8
9.4
6.1
7.7
5.4
5.0
8.8
9.1
22.6
9.3
4.6
6.4
8.8
6.1
-8.3
0.2
6.1
6.1
15.6
11.2
2.8
5.8
2.4
-15.6
-33.0
-9.3
2012p
-0.6
-2.3
-19.4
-11.3
-2.1
1.7
-8.6
-3.7
4.7
2.3
-8.6
-0.6
-5.1
-7.9
-6.9
2.7
0.1
-4.2
0.0
-1.8
16.2
6.2
-5.4
1.9
-2.0
-5.9
2.1
-3.9
1.3
3.8
-1.5
8.1
-7.0
-10.7
36.3
I
2.0
2010
1.9
24.0
3.0
3.4
2.3
5.2
6.6
3.3
-1.5
2.5
2.0
0.1
1.5
7.9
2.5
5.0
3.5
6.4
12.2
-12.2
19.4
-1.3
3.8
5.6
12.4
1.6
-7.3
18.6
18.6
8.8
1.6
12.7
5.5
-32.0
II
4.1
-5.8
3.5
1.8
-0.2
10.1
2.4
2.9
3.0
8.3
3.5
14.0
8.1
6.6
-0.1
-2.4
4.0
7.5
-7.8
-4.3
-8.9
16.3
-2.6
9.1
3.1
1.8
0.2
10.0
10.0
-6.2
13.0
15.2
20.3
19.9
14.3
III
8.3
4.6
21.1
12.7
2.3
3.5
-12.4
0.8
2.1
2.9
0.2
7.9
-2.5
10.0
6.9
1.8
1.0
4.7
1.4
7.4
-0.8
1.6
4.3
-0.9
3.1
2.7
2.7
5.0
-17.8
-17.8
-4.8
-11.2
-10.0
18.5
50.7
IV
5.4
0.1
-17.9
-4.2
-0.4
1.4
10.9
-2.2
-0.4
0.2
-6.7
-3.4
-7.1
-8.8
-6.7
-0.2
-1.4
-2.9
-6.9
-15.6
13.7
13.1
2.9
3.5
9.0
-3.2
3.6
5.2
5.8
6.4
-10.5
14.7
11.7
-0.4
24.2
I
9.1
2011
3.1
23.7
2.2
2.7
3.3
0.4
7.3
3.8
0.6
3.9
2.8
-4.5
0.8
12.1
4.8
5.9
3.9
4.2
2.2
-14.1
12.7
-0.2
6.1
-5.9
20.2
1.1
-4.3
1.6
1.6
18.0
-1.5
16.5
23.2
-26.7
II
4.0
3.1
1.5
1.6
1.8
-1.6
4.5
-9.3
3.4
4.1
8.7
4.0
22.8
8.9
8.2
2.1
4.3
2.9
11.2
7.2
0.2
-7.4
11.2
-1.4
2.1
-1.8
3.1
0.6
24.4
24.4
29.6
11.8
10.7
-8.6
17.4
III
2.6
-2.6
11.6
1.1
3.3
2.6
5.2
2.3
2.9
-0.3
8.8
-4.6
10.2
3.4
-0.4
1.3
5.1
5.3
18.5
-1.4
-4.0
2.1
-2.2
-4.6
1.6
1.9
10.1
-19.9
-19.9
-6.4
-5.3
-7.3
-10.3
-29.2
-12.3
IV
-0.4
-8.2
-1.5
6.2
-0.8
0.1
3.6
-1.1
-0.4
-0.2
-0.1
-5.5
-4.9
-8.6
-8.9
-11.7
0.4
-0.2
-3.1
-0.3
-17.9
19.7
4.3
-1.1
2.6
-2.4
-13.0
0.1
7.8
3.8
-0.1
-2.5
-0.8
-9.2
-14.7
I
3.6
2012
2.7
6.8
3.4
2.8
4.0
11.4
10.7
4.0
0.2
4.2
3.2
2.0
0.2
9.0
3.0
5.0
4.6
9.5
7.4
-9.8
11.2
2.0
9.5
0.4
13.2
2.7
-8.4
12.0
12.0
3.1
1.4
1.4
7.3
-14.0
II
Jadual 8A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 8A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
1.9
1.5
4.0
0.5
-1.4
4.8
-4.0
2.9
1.9
4.9
1.2
21.3
5.8
5.0
0.3
0.1
2.6
5.8
2.2
-1.7
-2.7
1.7
-4.4
-2.8
0.7
-0.1
-6.6
30.7
30.7
-7.7
12.0
16.8
10.9
-0.5
10.6
III
2.5
0.9
12.0
1.8
2.4
7.5
2.7
1.8
3.9
0.3
8.9
-7.3
9.1
-1.2
1.1
1.7
4.4
3.8
23.6
-0.6
-2.5
2.3
-1.3
-4.5
-0.8
2.7
8.0
-22.5
-22.5
-15.2
-5.6
0.5
-14.2
-4.5
-11.9
IV
-4.6
-3.9
-15.1
1.0
3.0
-6.0
-4.5
0.4
-0.8
-6.0
-2.5
-7.7
-6.1
-7.8
-1.2
-0.1
-5.2
-2.8
-23.5
13.6
-1.8
-10.0
-0.9
-0.2
-13.9
-6.0
3.8
0.9
-1.3
2.7
9.6
-5.3
-20.6
2.3
-7.9
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
27
2.4
7.1
9.7
9.0
5.3
7.6
5.7 Penginapan
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
6. campur Duti import
7.4
9.6
5.9
8.9
5.6 Restoran
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
5.3
8.5
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
4.4
9.6
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
8.8
6.8
5.3 Perdagangan borong
5.1
13.0
12.3
4.9
6.3
7.6
5.4
3.7
6.9
2.4
6.8
8.9
2.8
7.0
5.2 Air
3.5
7.0
4.7
-0.8
7.8
7.4
11.4
16.9
-2.6
18.1
14.8
16.1
8.0
1.0
11.4
8.9
7.3
3.7
7.8
4.7
-5.5
-0.4
2.5
-6.8
6.6
10.2
10.8
6.0
5.8
2011e
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
5.5
11.9
3. Pembuatan
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
-0.3
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
10.4
5.0
1.6 Perikanan laut
1.7 Akuakultur
-3.0
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
10.2
1.3 Ternakan
8.2
-3.1
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.4 Pertanian lain
8.3
2.4
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
5.6
15.6
9.5
3.9
7.2
15.8
5.6
9.2
4.9
2.9
6.4
4.8
6.1
3.4
4.1
4.4
6.4
18.1
7.8
2.2
7.7
5.7
3.9
-7.4
3.8
4.8
1.4
3.4
0.9
-6.5
6.9
9.0
-0.3
-6.3
1.0
2012p
4.8
-8.8
-2.7
-23.3
-11.3
-1.9
0.7
-9.7
1.9
4.4
0.5
-8.8
-2.9
-7.6
-8.5
-10.4
2.6
0.3
-4.2
-1.7
-3.2
16.3
0.6
-8.2
0.6
-0.2
-8.8
0.6
4.0
-1.0
-0.7
-2.4
3.6
-1.5
-22.8
I
3.6
2010
3.3
34.3
2.6
2.6
2.1
5.9
2.6
3.6
-0.5
1.5
0.5
2.7
2.7
9.8
2.2
4.8
3.3
7.0
14.3
-8.4
25.8
4.3
3.3
5.2
18.1
5.3
-5.1
13.6
13.6
9.2
3.7
4.9
5.5
-26.1
II
2.3
-5.0
3.4
1.5
-0.8
9.8
-1.5
0.8
2.6
7.3
2.6
14.2
5.5
6.6
1.5
-2.2
2.9
7.7
-6.5
-5.0
-7.9
11.1
-1.6
5.8
1.4
-0.1
-2.0
12.2
12.2
-5.3
13.0
5.8
14.8
22.7
10.8
III
2.1
7.6
12.8
2.0
3.0
-11.5
5.8
1.7
2.7
1.8
7.4
-2.8
9.2
3.6
-0.1
0.6
4.4
-0.9
7.2
1.4
0.5
0.8
-1.6
1.8
-5.0
1.0
1.4
-18.4
-18.4
-3.7
-13.0
-4.0
-8.2
10.5
-8.2
IV
3.0
-5.4
-2.6
-14.0
-4.4
-0.4
1.3
8.6
0.1
-0.1
-0.7
-7.3
-4.5
-8.5
-8.8
-12.5
-1.2
-1.2
-3.4
-8.0
-16.7
11.3
6.3
-3.1
1.8
11.6
-10.0
-0.4
2.1
1.1
4.0
-12.9
7.4
3.0
-16.4
I
2011
2.5
30.3
1.8
2.3
3.4
-1.4
2.2
4.0
0.5
3.7
1.7
-4.4
0.7
13.9
3.3
5.6
3.1
4.0
6.2
-11.2
20.0
-0.9
2.6
-6.1
24.4
2.1
-10.4
1.4
1.4
11.0
1.1
4.4
35.5
-16.7
11.8
II
3.7
2.4
1.5
0.9
-3.2
8.6
-1.6
3.1
3.6
6.2
2.9
23.2
6.4
7.9
1.0
0.2
3.1
9.7
7.0
-0.4
-7.1
9.9
-1.3
1.0
0.8
2.6
1.7
21.0
21.0
11.3
11.1
8.3
8.2
21.4
11.9
III
1.7
-14.8
11.7
0.6
2.8
1.0
4.3
1.6
2.6
1.2
7.7
-4.3
9.3
0.3
-0.6
-0.4
4.0
2.3
17.1
-2.1
-5.3
0.1
-3.7
-5.0
0.0
0.7
3.6
-20.3
-20.3
-12.2
-12.2
-5.5
-4.5
-10.6
-9.7
IV
0.4
-9.3
-2.7
11.6
-7.2
0.2
4.0
-2.8
-3.5
0.5
-0.8
-6.3
-5.1
-11.0
-7.9
-13.3
0.9
-0.4
-4.4
-1.0
-19.2
15.8
2.4
-2.8
1.8
-0.6
-12.3
-1.0
6.2
-0.4
-2.4
-2.8
6.9
3.4
-26.0
I
4.2
2012
3.0
12.6
3.1
2.4
4.0
10.0
4.8
4.1
0.5
3.4
2.7
3.5
0.2
10.7
2.9
4.9
4.0
9.5
7.8
-8.2
15.7
1.8
9.1
1.1
15.5
3.4
-8.7
5.9
5.0
3.1
5.5
1.3
7.9
-8.1
II
Jadual 8B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 8B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
3.3
4.3
3.9
0.1
-3.3
8.9
4.4
2.8
1.4
3.3
0.3
21.3
4.3
6.9
0.1
-0.2
3.4
6.4
2.2
-2.3
-2.8
3.6
-3.1
-3.4
1.0
0.2
-1.7
26.8
27.3
-0.8
9.2
7.8
33.2
3.1
17.9
III
2.9
-10.5
12.1
1.3
1.9
5.5
1.8
1.0
3.3
2.0
8.2
-7.5
8.0
-2.3
0.3
-0.2
3.4
2.0
23.5
-0.4
-4.7
3.1
-0.8
-4.4
-0.3
3.1
9.3
-19.6
-19.6
-14.4
-15.4
-1.1
4.9
6.0
-5.2
IV
-4.9
0.4
-11.7
1.3
3.7
-7.5
-7.4
0.9
-1.4
-6.8
-3.2
-10.2
-5.3
-9.0
-1.1
-0.2
-4.8
-3.4
-24.0
12.4
-4.1
-10.1
-2.1
0.3
-13.2
-6.1
0.0
0.1
-1.2
-0.4
9.3
-1.1
-24.0
-2.6
-9.0
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
28
6.7
6.2
12.1
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
6. campur Duti import
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
11.4
6.2
6.5
1.3
100.0
15.1
9.4
100.0
15.6
9.1
9.9
1.4
5.7 Penginapan
4.1
10.1
4.0
5.6 Restoran
3.3
3.5
3.5
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
11.6
12.8
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
10.8
3.5
11.5
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
11.9
0.8
5.2 Air
5.3 Perdagangan borong
4.0
100.0
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
100.0
5. Perkhidmatan
12.2
21.0
13.0
12.0
24.2
34.0
6.1
1.7
13.5
100.0
100.0
3.2
5.9
9.0
12.5
8.6
48.5
12.3
100.0
2011e
31.0
6.3
1.7
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
12.6
100.0
3. Pembuatan
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
100.0
3.8
1.7 Akuakultur
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
6.9
10.3
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
13.7
1.4 Pertanian lain
8.2
45.2
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.3 Ternakan
11.8
100.0
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
100.0
16.8
8.8
9.9
3.7
11.1
6.2
6.4
1.2
4.1
3.2
11.4
12.4
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
11.1
20.7
13.1
34.9
6.1
1.5
12.7
100.0
100.0
4.1
7.2
10.1
14.6
9.7
45.2
9.0
100.0
2012p
100.0
14.9
9.5
10.4
3.5
12.0
6.3
7.0
1.4
4.1
3.4
11.3
11.3
0.9
4.1
100.0
100.0
11.8
28.0
11.3
29.4
6.4
1.6
11.6
100.0
100.0
3.7
6.8
11.2
14.6
8.0
41.7
14.1
100.0
I
2010
100.0
14.8
9.5
10.3
3.5
12.4
6.3
6.7
1.3
4.0
3.3
11.1
11.7
0.9
4.2
100.0
100.0
13.0
24.2
13.3
28.6
6.6
1.6
12.8
100.0
100.0
4.3
7.9
12.0
14.5
8.8
43.1
9.4
100.0
II
100.0
14.8
9.3
9.9
3.7
12.2
6.2
6.6
1.4
4.0
3.7
11.5
12.0
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
11.8
22.8
11.9
32.6
6.3
1.7
12.9
100.0
100.0
4.1
7.6
9.8
14.3
8.9
45.4
9.8
100.0
III
100.0
15.9
9.1
9.8
3.1
11.7
6.1
6.5
1.3
4.1
3.4
12.1
12.3
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
12.3
22.0
11.8
33.2
6.1
1.7
13.0
100.0
100.0
3.1
5.7
8.7
11.7
7.4
49.6
13.7
100.0
IV
100.0
15.7
9.3
10.2
3.6
11.8
6.2
6.7
1.3
4.1
3.3
11.4
11.8
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
10.0
24.2
12.8
33.0
6.1
1.8
12.1
100.0
100.0
3.2
5.8
7.3
12.8
7.8
46.9
16.2
100.0
I
2011
100.0
15.4
9.2
10.2
3.4
12.2
6.2
6.5
1.3
4.0
3.0
11.0
12.8
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
10.1
20.5
14.3
32.5
6.4
1.7
14.4
100.0
100.0
2.9
5.4
7.9
11.5
8.4
53.0
10.8
100.0
II
100.0
15.2
9.1
9.7
3.5
10.7
6.3
6.5
1.4
4.1
3.6
11.7
13.4
0.8
4.0
100.0
100.0
10.6
20.0
12.9
35.1
6.1
1.7
13.7
100.0
100.0
3.5
6.5
9.9
12.4
8.9
46.5
12.2
100.0
III
100.0
16.2
8.8
9.6
3.4
10.8
6.1
6.4
1.3
4.2
3.2
12.2
13.2
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
12.3
19.3
12.1
35.2
5.9
1.6
13.7
100.0
100.0
3.2
5.9
10.6
13.4
9.4
47.6
9.9
100.0
IV
100.0
16.6
9.1
10.2
3.5
11.1
6.3
6.6
1.3
4.1
3.1
11.5
12.0
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
10.1
23.1
12.6
34.8
6.0
1.5
11.9
100.0
100.0
3.6
6.4
11.2
14.5
9.3
44.2
10.7
100.0
I
2012
100.0
16.4
8.9
10.2
3.7
11.7
6.3
6.3
1.2
4.1
3.0
11.0
12.5
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
10.5
20.3
13.7
34.5
6.4
1.5
13.1
100.0
100.0
3.9
6.9
11.2
14.2
9.1
45.8
8.9
100.0
II
Jadual 9A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
Table 9A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage share to Sector
100.0
16.6
8.7
9.8
3.8
10.9
6.3
6.3
1.3
4.0
3.5
11.3
12.8
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
10.8
20.0
13.3
35.1
6.1
1.5
13.2
100.0
100.0
4.6
8.2
9.3
14.3
9.6
45.9
8.0
100.0
III
100.0
17.8
8.5
9.6
3.9
10.8
6.1
6.3
1.2
4.2
3.1
11.9
12.1
0.7
3.7
100.0
100.0
13.0
19.4
12.6
35.0
5.9
1.4
12.7
100.0
100.0
4.1
7.2
9.0
15.4
11.0
44.7
8.7
100.0
IV
100.0
15.9
9.1
10.4
3.9
10.8
6.5
6.5
1.2
4.3
3.1
11.7
11.8
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
10.5
23.4
13.2
33.5
6.2
1.4
11.7
100.0
100.0
4.5
7.7
10.0
18.3
11.3
38.5
9.7
100.0
2013
I
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
29
6.9
6.8
13.4
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
6. campur Duti import
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
13.3
6.9
6.8
1.2
100.0
13.6
9.6
100.0
14.2
9.4
10.0
1.3
5.7 Penginapan
3.3
10.2
3.3
5.6 Restoran
3.5
3.7
3.7
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
11.5
11.5
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
13.1
3.6
11.5
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
11.3
0.9
5.2 Air
5.3 Perdagangan borong
4.0
100.0
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
100.0
5. Perkhidmatan
13.8
25.1
13.0
11.5
27.0
29.6
6.2
2.0
11.0
100.0
100.0
5.1
9.2
11.9
17.2
10.8
37.0
8.8
100.0
2011e
28.7
6.4
1.8
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
10.7
100.0
3. Pembuatan
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
100.0
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
5.4
13.5
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
1.7 Akuakultur
17.0
1.4 Pertanian lain
9.5
10.4
1.3 Ternakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
35.3
8.8
100.0
2010
1.2 Kelapa sawit
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
100.0
14.7
9.2
10.1
4.0
13.2
7.0
6.7
1.2
3.3
3.5
11.5
11.1
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
13.5
24.5
13.4
29.9
6.1
1.7
10.9
100.0
100.0
5.2
9.2
11.0
18.2
11.7
36.5
8.2
100.0
2012p
100.0
13.3
9.7
10.5
3.6
13.7
6.9
7.1
1.3
3.4
3.6
11.3
10.6
0.9
4.1
100.0
100.0
13.2
30.7
10.5
27.4
6.6
1.8
9.9
100.0
100.0
5.2
9.1
13.9
17.1
10.4
34.2
10.2
100.0
I
2010
100.0
13.2
9.7
10.4
3.7
13.6
6.9
6.9
1.3
3.3
3.6
11.2
11.2
0.9
4.2
100.0
100.0
14.3
26.7
12.5
27.1
6.4
1.8
11.1
100.0
100.0
5.7
9.9
14.6
17.1
10.6
34.8
7.3
100.0
II
100.0
13.3
9.5
10.0
3.9
13.1
6.8
6.8
1.3
3.3
4.0
11.5
11.6
0.9
3.9
100.0
100.0
13.4
25.4
11.5
30.2
6.3
1.9
11.3
100.0
100.0
5.7
10.1
12.5
17.4
10.1
36.1
8.1
100.0
III
100.0
14.4
9.3
9.9
3.3
13.2
6.6
6.7
1.3
3.4
3.7
12.0
11.5
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
14.2
25.5
11.5
30.1
6.2
1.9
10.6
100.0
100.0
5.1
9.0
13.1
16.5
10.5
36.1
9.7
100.0
IV
100.0
14.2
9.6
10.3
3.8
13.7
6.9
6.9
1.2
3.3
3.5
11.4
10.5
0.9
3.9
100.0
100.0
11.9
28.5
12.3
29.3
6.3
2.1
9.6
100.0
100.0
5.4
9.8
12.1
18.7
11.5
31.9
10.5
100.0
I
2011
100.0
14.0
9.5
10.4
3.6
13.6
6.9
6.7
1.2
3.3
3.2
11.1
11.6
0.9
4.0
100.0
100.0
12.4
24.8
14.4
28.4
6.4
2.0
11.7
100.0
100.0
4.9
8.9
12.0
16.9
10.7
38.6
7.9
100.0
II
100.0
13.8
9.3
9.7
3.8
13.0
6.9
6.8
1.3
3.3
3.9
11.4
12.1
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
12.9
24.0
13.1
30.5
6.1
1.9
11.5
100.0
100.0
5.3
9.7
11.9
16.8
10.4
37.4
8.5
100.0
III
100.0
14.8
9.0
9.6
3.7
13.0
6.8
6.7
1.2
3.4
3.6
12.0
11.7
0.8
3.7
100.0
100.0
15.0
23.4
12.3
30.3
5.8
1.8
11.4
100.0
100.0
4.7
8.5
11.6
16.4
10.9
39.5
8.4
100.0
IV
100.0
14.4
9.5
10.5
3.7
13.1
7.1
6.9
1.2
3.3
3.3
11.6
10.6
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
12.3
27.4
12.7
29.7
6.0
1.8
10.1
100.0
100.0
5.2
9.2
12.4
19.3
12.4
32.2
9.3
100.0
I
2012
100.0
14.3
9.3
10.5
3.9
13.2
7.1
6.7
1.2
3.3
3.3
11.2
11.3
0.8
3.9
100.0
100.0
12.8
24.3
14.2
29.3
6.4
1.8
11.3
100.0
100.0
5.3
9.2
12.3
19.5
12.1
33.4
8.2
100.0
II
Jadual 9B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
Table 9B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to Sector
100.0
14.3
9.0
9.8
4.2
13.4
7.1
6.6
1.2
3.2
3.9
11.3
11.6
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
13.0
23.7
13.8
30.2
6.1
1.7
11.4
100.0
100.0
5.7
10.0
10.3
18.1
11.0
37.7
7.2
100.0
III
100.0
15.5
8.8
9.6
4.2
13.1
6.9
6.5
1.2
3.4
3.5
11.8
11.0
0.8
3.6
100.0
100.0
15.6
22.9
12.8
30.2
5.9
1.6
11.0
100.0
100.0
4.8
8.5
9.3
16.1
11.5
41.7
8.1
100.0
IV
100.0
14.4
9.4
10.5
4.1
12.8
7.3
6.8
1.2
3.4
3.3
11.7
10.5
0.8
3.8
100.0
100.0
12.7
27.4
13.0
28.9
6.2
1.7
10.2
100.0
100.0
5.3
9.2
10.2
19.4
12.5
34.8
8.6
100.0
2013
I
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
30
1.1
0.7
0.4
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
1.7 Akuakultur
0.7
3.3
3.1
6.0
1.7
5.0
5.7 Penginapan
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
6. campur Duti import
100.0
1.0
7.5
2.0
5.6 Restoran
4.7
1.7
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
4.9
5.7
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
1.7
5.9
5.3 Perdagangan borong
100.0
1.0
7.7
4.5
5.6
3.1
3.2
0.6
2.0
1.6
5.7
6.3
0.4
0.4
5.2 Air
1.9
49.1
3.4
2.6
2.0
49.9
3.4
3.0
5.1
3.2
3.0
5.9
8.3
1.5
0.4
3.3
7.6
1.6
0.4
3.1
24.3
10.4
0.4
0.7
1.1
1.5
1.0
5.7
1.4
11.8
2011e
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
24.5
1.4
1.4 Pertanian lain
3. Pembuatan
0.9
1.3 Ternakan
10.9
4.7
1.2 Kelapa sawit
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
1.2
10.4
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
100.0
1.1
8.5
4.4
5.0
1.9
5.6
3.1
3.2
0.6
2.1
1.6
5.8
6.2
0.4
1.9
50.4
3.9
2.7
5.0
3.2
8.5
1.5
0.4
3.1
24.2
10.4
0.4
0.7
1.0
1.5
1.0
4.5
0.9
10.1
2012p
0.4
0.7
1.1
1.4
0.8
4.1
1.4
9.8
100.0
0.8
7.3
4.7
5.1
1.7
5.9
3.1
3.4
0.7
2.0
1.7
5.6
5.6
0.4
2.0
49.3
3.3
2.9
7.0
2.8
7.3
1.6
0.4
2.9
25.0
11.9
I
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.4
0.9
4.2
0.9
9.8
2010
100.0
1.0
7.4
4.8
5.2
1.8
6.2
3.2
3.3
0.7
2.0
1.7
5.5
5.9
0.4
2.1
50.1
3.4
3.2
6.0
3.3
7.1
1.6
0.4
3.2
24.9
10.8
II
100.0
0.9
7.4
4.7
5.0
1.9
6.1
3.1
3.3
0.7
2.0
1.8
5.8
6.0
0.4
2.0
50.1
3.5
2.9
5.5
2.9
8.0
1.5
0.4
3.2
24.4
10.4
0.4
0.8
1.1
1.5
1.0
4.9
1.1
10.7
III
100.0
1.1
8.0
4.6
4.9
1.6
5.9
3.0
3.2
0.7
2.1
1.7
6.0
6.2
0.4
1.9
50.1
3.4
2.9
5.3
2.8
7.9
1.5
0.4
3.1
23.9
10.4
0.3
0.6
1.0
1.3
0.8
5.5
1.5
11.1
IV
100.0
0.9
7.6
4.5
5.0
1.7
5.7
3.0
3.2
0.6
2.0
1.6
5.5
5.7
0.4
1.9
48.6
3.2
2.5
6.0
3.2
8.2
1.5
0.5
3.0
24.7
11.0
0.4
0.7
0.9
1.5
0.9
5.5
1.9
11.7
I
2011
100.0
1.0
7.5
4.5
5.0
1.7
6.0
3.1
3.2
0.6
2.0
1.5
5.4
6.2
0.4
1.9
48.9
3.2
2.5
5.0
3.5
7.9
1.5
0.4
3.5
24.3
10.2
0.4
0.7
1.0
1.4
1.0
6.6
1.3
12.4
II
100.0
1.0
7.4
4.5
4.7
1.7
5.2
3.1
3.2
0.7
2.0
1.7
5.7
6.5
0.4
1.9
48.8
3.5
2.6
4.8
3.1
8.5
1.5
0.4
3.3
24.2
9.9
0.4
0.8
1.2
1.5
1.1
5.8
1.5
12.5
III
100.0
1.0
8.1
4.4
4.8
1.7
5.4
3.1
3.2
0.6
2.1
1.6
6.1
6.6
0.4
1.9
50.0
3.6
3.0
4.7
2.9
8.5
1.4
0.4
3.3
24.1
10.7
0.3
0.6
1.1
1.4
1.0
5.1
1.1
10.7
IV
0.4
0.6
1.1
1.4
0.9
4.4
1.1
9.9
100.0
1.1
8.2
4.5
5.0
1.7
5.4
3.1
3.3
0.6
2.0
1.5
5.7
5.9
0.4
1.9
49.2
3.6
2.5
5.7
3.1
8.5
1.5
0.4
2.9
24.5
11.7
I
2012
100.0
1.1
8.2
4.5
5.1
1.9
5.9
3.1
3.2
0.6
2.0
1.5
5.5
6.3
0.4
2.0
50.2
3.8
2.6
5.0
3.3
8.4
1.6
0.4
3.2
24.5
10.4
0.4
0.7
1.1
1.4
0.9
4.6
0.9
10.0
II
Jadual 10A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 10A: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
1.1
8.4
4.4
4.9
1.9
5.5
3.2
3.2
0.6
2.0
1.8
5.7
6.5
0.4
1.9
50.5
4.0
2.6
4.8
3.2
8.4
1.5
0.4
3.2
24.0
9.5
0.5
0.9
1.0
1.6
1.0
5.0
0.9
10.9
III
0.4
0.7
0.8
1.4
1.0
4.2
0.8
9.4
100.0
1.1
9.2
4.4
4.9
2.0
5.5
3.1
3.2
0.6
2.2
1.6
6.1
6.2
0.4
1.9
51.4
4.0
3.1
4.7
3.0
8.4
1.4
0.3
3.1
24.0
10.1
IV
100.0
1.1
8.2
4.6
5.3
2.0
5.5
3.3
3.3
0.6
2.2
1.6
6.0
6.0
0.4
2.0
51.1
4.1
2.5
5.5
3.1
7.9
1.5
0.3
2.8
23.7
11.0
0.4
0.7
0.9
1.7
1.0
3.5
0.9
9.0
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
31
0.8
1.3
1.0
0.7
0.4
1.3 Ternakan
1.4 Pertanian lain
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
1.7 Akuakultur
0.7
3.7
3.6
7.1
1.9
5.4
5.7 Penginapan
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
6. campur Duti import
100.0
1.1
7.2
1.8
5.6 Restoran
5.1
2.0
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
5.4
6.1
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
2.0
6.0
5.3 Perdagangan borong
100.0
1.2
7.7
5.1
7.2
3.7
3.7
0.7
1.8
1.9
6.2
6.2
0.5
0.5
5.2 Air
2.1
54.1
3.2
3.3
2.1
53.2
3.2
3.5
6.3
3.3
2.9
6.8
7.4
1.5
0.5
2.8
25.1
7.2
1.6
0.5
2.7
25.2
8.8
0.4
0.7
0.9
1.3
0.8
2.8
0.7
7.6
2011e
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
5. Perkhidmatan
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
3. Pembuatan
9.8
2.7
1.2 Kelapa sawit
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
0.7
7.6
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
100.0
1.3
8.0
5.0
5.5
2.2
7.2
3.8
3.6
0.7
1.8
1.9
6.2
6.1
0.4
2.1
54.6
3.5
3.3
6.1
3.3
7.4
1.5
0.4
2.7
24.9
8.4
0.4
0.7
0.8
1.3
0.9
2.7
0.6
7.3
2012p
0.4
0.7
1.0
1.3
0.8
2.5
0.8
7.5
100.0
0.9
7.0
5.1
5.5
1.9
7.2
3.7
3.7
0.7
1.8
1.9
6.0
5.6
0.5
2.2
52.7
3.0
3.3
7.7
2.6
6.9
1.7
0.4
2.5
25.2
10.7
I
9.8
0.4
0.7
1.1
1.3
0.8
2.6
0.5
7.5
2010
100.0
1.2
7.0
5.1
5.5
1.9
7.2
3.7
3.6
0.7
1.7
1.9
5.9
5.9
0.5
2.2
52.7
3.1
3.7
6.8
3.2
7.0
1.7
0.5
2.8
25.7
II
9.4
0.5
0.8
1.0
1.4
0.8
2.9
0.7
8.1
100.0
1.1
7.1
5.1
5.3
2.1
6.9
3.6
3.6
0.7
1.7
2.1
6.1
6.2
0.5
2.1
53.0
3.3
3.4
6.4
2.9
7.6
1.6
0.5
2.8
25.1
III
9.3
0.4
0.7
1.0
1.2
0.8
2.6
0.7
7.3
100.0
1.2
7.8
5.1
5.3
1.8
7.2
3.6
3.6
0.7
1.8
2.0
6.5
6.3
0.5
2.1
54.2
3.2
3.5
6.3
2.8
7.5
1.5
0.5
2.6
24.8
IV
9.8
0.4
0.7
0.9
1.3
0.8
2.3
0.7
7.1
100.0
1.1
7.6
5.2
5.6
2.0
7.4
3.7
3.7
0.7
1.8
1.9
6.1
5.6
0.5
2.1
53.7
3.0
3.0
7.2
3.1
7.4
1.6
0.5
2.4
25.3
I
8.5
0.4
0.7
0.9
1.3
0.8
3.0
0.6
7.7
2011
100.0
1.4
7.6
5.2
5.6
1.9
7.4
3.7
3.6
0.7
1.8
1.7
6.0
6.2
0.5
2.2
54.1
3.1
3.1
6.3
3.6
7.2
1.6
0.5
2.9
25.2
II
8.4
0.4
0.8
1.0
1.4
0.9
3.1
0.7
8.3
100.0
1.3
7.4
5.0
5.2
2.0
7.0
3.7
3.6
0.7
1.8
2.1
6.2
6.5
0.4
2.1
53.8
3.3
3.2
6.0
3.3
7.6
1.5
0.5
2.9
25.0
III
8.5
0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
0.8
2.9
0.6
7.4
100.0
1.1
8.2
5.0
5.3
2.0
7.2
3.7
3.7
0.7
1.9
2.0
6.6
6.4
0.4
2.0
55.0
3.3
3.7
5.8
3.0
7.5
1.4
0.4
2.8
24.7
IV
9.3
0.4
0.6
0.9
1.3
0.9
2.2
0.6
6.9
100.0
1.3
7.8
5.1
5.7
2.0
7.1
3.8
3.7
0.7
1.8
1.8
6.3
5.7
0.5
2.1
54.0
3.3
3.1
6.9
3.2
7.5
1.5
0.5
2.5
25.2
I
8.3
0.4
0.6
0.9
1.4
0.8
2.3
0.6
7.0
2012
100.0
1.4
7.8
5.1
5.7
2.2
7.2
3.9
3.6
0.7
1.8
1.8
6.1
6.2
0.5
2.1
54.6
3.5
3.2
6.1
3.6
7.4
1.6
0.4
2.8
25.2
II
Jadual 10B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 10B: GDP by Kind of Economic Activity at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
7.9
0.4
0.8
0.8
1.4
0.9
3.0
0.6
7.9
100.0
1.4
7.8
4.9
5.3
2.3
7.3
3.9
3.6
0.7
1.8
2.1
6.2
6.4
0.4
2.1
54.6
3.6
3.2
5.8
3.4
7.4
1.5
0.4
2.8
24.5
III
8.4
0.4
0.6
0.7
1.2
0.8
3.1
0.6
7.3
100.0
1.2
8.5
4.9
5.3
2.3
7.2
3.8
3.6
0.7
1.8
1.9
6.5
6.0
0.4
2.0
54.9
3.6
3.8
5.6
3.1
7.4
1.4
0.4
2.7
24.5
IV
100.0
1.3
7.9
5.2
5.8
2.3
7.0
4.0
3.7
0.6
1.9
1.8
6.4
5.8
0.4
2.1
55.0
3.7
3.1
6.6
3.2
7.0
1.5
0.4
2.5
24.2
8.8
0.4
0.6
0.7
1.4
0.9
2.4
0.6
7.0
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
32
123
117
113
1.5 Perhutanan dan pembalakan
1.6 Perikanan laut
1.7 Akuakultur
135
117
107
101
99
5.6 Restoran
5.7 Penginapan
5.8 Pengangkutan dan penyimpanan
5.9 Komunikasi
5.10 Kewangan
123
5.14 Perkhidmatan kerajaan
KDNK pada harga pembeli
118
100
108
5.13 Perkhidmatan lain
6. campur Duti import
96
102
109
118
140
104
124
101
124
110
112
103
5.5 Kenderaan bermotor
114
110
110
5.4 Perdagangan runcit
126
106
116
5.3 Perdagangan borong
109
113
113
132
99
105
106
5.2 Air
5.11 Insurans
5.12 Hartanah dan perkhidmatan
perniagaan
110
111
5.1 Elektrik dan gas
126
5. Perkhidmatan
102
101
121
120
103
138
120
105
147
121
148
121
123
145
140
153
252
268
192
2011e
124
114
104
135
4. Pembinaan
3.7 Peralatan pengangkutan dan
pembuatan lain
3.4 Produk petroleum, kimia, getah
dan plastik
3.5 Produk mineral bukan logam,
logam asas dan produk logam
yang direka
3.6 Produk elektrik dan elektronik
3.3 Produk kayu, perabot, keluaran
kertas, percetakan dan penerbitan
3.2 Produk tekstil, pakaian dan kulit
3.1 Makanan, minuman dan tembakau
115
129
1.4 Pertanian lain
3. Pembuatan
128
1.3 Ternakan
131
206
1.2 Kelapa sawit
2. Perlombongan dan pengkuarian
217
161
2010
1.1 Getah
1. Pertanian
Jenis aktiviti ekonomi
125
102
133
111
114
107
97
102
110
120
144
106
115
129
110
118
116
137
101
103
119
143
122
104
142
122
154
136
136
159
139
144
214
192
173
2012p
I
117
104
123
107
109
106
96
100
108
116
133
106
110
117
106
110
110
126
104
106
125
125
114
102
136
116
131
110
114
124
131
117
187
212
154
II
116
96
123
108
109
105
100
100
107
117
135
103
108
115
106
110
110
126
102
102
119
118
115
102
129
112
128
115
119
124
128
126
187
195
151
2010
118
95
123
108
110
105
103
102
107
118
136
103
111
115
105
110
111
125
100
103
118
124
113
105
131
114
130
113
117
123
128
137
196
191
156
III
121
107
123
109
111
104
99
102
107
116
136
103
112
119
106
110
111
128
101
100
119
128
114
107
142
116
135
114
118
121
131
129
253
260
184
IV
I
124
102
123
109
111
106
96
102
108
117
138
105
112
127
108
110
112
130
102
103
127
136
116
104
153
121
139
119
121
125
140
140
301
314
205
II
125
97
124
109
111
108
101
102
108
117
139
105
112
124
109
110
113
130
98
99
119
137
120
104
148
120
149
119
121
133
136
156
274
276
200
2011
124
96
124
110
112
104
93
102
109
120
141
104
115
125
110
115
113
132
98
100
118
139
120
106
144
120
147
123
125
154
137
159
232
267
186
III
125
110
124
111
113
106
94
103
109
118
142
104
116
129
110
117
114
136
99
101
120
142
122
106
146
122
156
123
125
165
148
156
218
212
181
IV
I
127
104
133
111
113
108
97
102
110
119
143
107
114
131
110
117
115
137
101
104
122
144
123
104
145
123
158
129
128
165
137
137
251
210
183
II
Jadual 11: Pendeflasi Harga Tersirat atas KDNK Mengikut Jenis Aktiviti Ekonomi - Tahun Asas 2005=100
Table 11: Implicit Price Deflators on GDP by Kind of Economic Activity - Base Year 2005=100
126
99
133
111
112
109
102
102
110
120
143
105
114
129
110
117
116
137
101
102
117
144
123
103
142
122
159
136
137
165
132
137
249
197
182
2012
124
96
133
111
115
105
94
102
110
122
145
105
116
127
110
118
115
136
101
103
118
142
122
104
141
122
151
140
140
154
135
149
207
190
171
III
124
109
133
112
115
107
95
103
111
120
145
105
117
128
111
120
116
138
101
103
120
141
121
104
141
121
149
135
135
152
151
151
170
171
158
IV
124
104
128
112
115
109
98
102
112
121
147
108
116
130
111
120
116
139
101
104
123
141
122
103
140
122
155
136
135
157
152
145
177
180
160
2013
I
GDP at purchasers' prices
plus Import duties
Government services
Insurance
Real estate and business
services
Other services
Finance
Communication
Transport and storage
Accommodation
Restaurants
Motor vehicles
Retail trade
Wholesale trade
Water
Electricity and gas
Services
Construction
Textiles, wearing apparel and
leather products
Wood products, furniture, paper
products, printing and
publishing
Petroleum, chemical, rubber
and plastic products
Non-metallic mineral products,
basic metal and fabricated
metal products
Electrical and electronic
products
Transport equipment and other
manufactures
Food, beverages and tobacco
Manufacturing
Mining and quarrying
Aquaculture
Marine fishing
Forestry and logging
Other agriculture
Livestock
Oil palm
Rubber
Agriculture
Kind of economic activity
SEKSYEN 3:
JADUAL PERBELANJAAN


PERBELANJAAN ATAS KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS PERBELANJAAN PADA
HARGA SEMASA
PERBELANJAAN ATAS KDNK MENGIKUT JENIS PERBELANJAAN PADA
HARGA MALAR 2005
SECTION 3:
EXPENDITURE TABLES


EXPENDITURE ON GDP BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE AT CURRENT PRICES
EXPENDITURE ON GDP BY TYPE OF EXPENDITURE AT CONSTANT 2005
PRICES
Jadual Perbelanjaan
Expenditure Tables
34
75,707
15,029
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
664,928
744,034
608,728
74,044
12,510
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
620,955
683,391
585,031
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
711,351
714,793
8,129
676,653
2,124
86,699
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
95,836
71,697
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
72,445
15,634
76,950
75,697
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
71,842
168,281
352,872
330,385
158,397
94,236
2011e
81,383
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
884,456
810,221
5,955
797,327
8,656
98,555
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
112,786
81,238
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
84,395
19,400
79,436
98,345
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
89,056
197,181
418,258
378,791
179,793
115,067
2011e
97,482
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
751,471
650,007
714,070
6,639
116,850
84,867
17,056
89,970
94,691
201,717
379,990
99,061
2012p
941,237
708,548
820,159
828
140,180
101,553
21,801
92,920
127,012
241,733
459,862
127,203
2012p
162,290
133,734
168,012
-3,345
19,467
15,841
3,086
15,451
16,772
35,308
79,109
16,940
I
190,409
138,344
183,079
-4,385
22,317
18,019
3,659
15,851
20,826
40,336
89,359
20,364
I
6,714
28,074
17,139
3,472
19,389
22,351
45,213
99,163
201,807
157,517
211,175
159,943
192,157
-55
18,982
28,996
3,533
22,581
21,865
47,978
98,383
32,654
IV
211,394
155,945
192,399
7,789
28,122
17,469
4,183
19,588
21,820
45,590
98,621
22,940
I
217,956
164,259
201,223
6,396
32,273
17,056
5,084
18,475
25,771
49,329
101,175
27,209
III
224,687
168,702
206,001
842
29,999
19,640
5,075
19,495
25,069
49,639
109,697
2011
24,091
II
230,419
176,022
210,599
-6,371
22,392
30,230
5,058
21,879
25,685
52,622
108,764
40,828
IV
226,961
169,907
200,816
6,509
34,449
19,674
4,992
21,004
28,127
54,123
108,823
26,597
I
167,694
146,781
168,480
6,240
25,718
15,121
3,693
17,477
19,669
40,839
80,121
5,782
24,753
15,226
2,862
18,993
18,125
39,980
85,691
18,434
III
171,506
151,218
172,838
2010
18,795
II
175,163
153,298
174,061
-548
16,760
25,509
2,870
22,123
17,277
42,270
85,464
27,214
IV
170,667
146,730
171,658
3,307
24,219
15,074
3,365
19,015
16,913
39,293
84,371
18,767
I
174,887
153,032
177,685
3,222
27,307
14,697
4,083
17,921
20,000
42,004
85,146
846
25,252
16,932
4,059
18,873
19,252
42,183
91,906
22,255
III
181,357
157,289
181,454
2011
19,864
II
184,440
163,905
183,996
-5,251
19,059
25,742
4,127
21,142
19,532
44,801
91,448
33,350
IV
179,402
156,976
175,452
4,747
28,744
16,408
3,800
20,394
20,959
45,152
90,538
20,489
I
Jadual 12B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - RM Juta
Table 12B: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - RM Million
193,937
152,924
182,656
3,680
29,182
17,084
4,366
17,887
24,014
46,266
91,886
22,092
III
186,142
2010
22,372
II
Jadual 12A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - RM Juta
Table 12A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - RM Million
184,763
165,804
180,499
2,530
34,300
18,689
4,564
22,586
25,839
52,989
92,509
1,878
37,094
24,733
5,324
24,129
32,375
61,827
190,915
164,311
176,983
4,020
30,913
20,696
4,145
23,303
24,162
51,609
99,825
22,788
III
237,604
181,115
204,407
2012
22,039
II
233,197
181,319
206,675
3,120
41,330
22,422
5,902
23,300
34,550
63,752
112,609
29,393
III
121,214
2012
28,360
II
196,391
162,916
181,136
-4,658
22,892
29,074
4,547
23,687
23,732
51,966
97,118
33,744
IV
243,475
176,207
208,261
-10,679
27,307
34,724
5,584
24,487
31,960
62,031
117,216
42,853
IV
186,742
162,696
174,454
6,012
31,876
19,248
3,956
23,467
23,701
51,124
97,347
20,500
I
2013
232,294
177,972
199,269
4,205
38,516
23,290
5,163
24,294
32,349
61,806
119,093
25,893
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
35
18.8
10.4
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
9.2
20.0
6.1
15.6
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
5.1
4.6
11.1
7.4
..
..
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
10.5
4.9
18.4
1.0
25.0
3.9
5.4
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
4.0
18.4
7.2
6.2
6.8
6.9
11.9
15.8
2011e
3.4
2010
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
3.1.3 Aset lain
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
6.4
6.6
1.2
..
24.3
20.3
12.4
17.0
29.2
22.6
9.9
10.5
2012p
15.2
31.1
29.2
..
26.1
-2.1
17.7
8.7
13.1
11.7
6.3
11.7
I
2010
14.2
28.4
18.7
..
40.4
-8.9
19.2
14.2
18.8
17.0
9.5
11.7
II
10.4
16.8
9.2
..
29.4
-1.4
2.2
28.8
8.3
15.7
9.7
-6.4
III
9.6
4.8
8.3
8.3
3.5
..
-8.9
37.5
2.6
22.4
9.1
14.4
IV
11.0
12.7
5.1
..
26.0
-3.1
14.3
23.6
4.8
13.0
10.4
12.6
I
7.7
2011
12.4
7.4
10.2
..
10.6
-0.2
16.4
3.3
7.3
6.6
10.1
II
11.3
7.1
10.7
..
6.9
14.6
46.2
0.5
12.2
9.8
10.6
23.2
III
9.1
10.1
9.6
..
18.0
4.3
43.2
-3.1
17.5
9.7
10.6
25.0
IV
7.4
9.0
4.4
..
22.5
12.6
19.3
7.2
28.9
18.7
10.3
15.9
I
2012
7.0
10.4
2.7
..
28.1
31.5
16.1
26.1
34.1
29.2
11.3
17.7
II
8.0
5.7
7.4
-0.8
..
23.6
25.9
4.9
23.8
29.1
24.6
10.5
III
5.6
4.7
-0.1
..
21.9
17.1
9.1
16.9
25.1
19.9
7.7
5.1
2012p
7.9
6.2
7.4
5.5
9.9
10.3
28.2
21.0
..
20.8
-5.4
12.0
I
2010
9.4
23.1
15.5
..
37.6
-12.6
14.5
13.6
13.1
13.5
8.2
10.5
II
5.5
11.7
7.9
..
26.3
-3.1
-4.8
28.7
3.3
13.2
7.0
-7.1
III
6.7
3.1
5.0
4.3
2.4
..
-11.0
37.2
-5.8
22.3
6.1
13.0
IV
5.2
9.7
2.2
..
24.4
-4.8
9.0
23.1
0.8
11.3
6.7
10.8
I
2.5
1.7
2.9
6.3
5.7
2011
4.3
4.3
5.5
..
6.2
-2.8
10.6
II
5.7
4.0
5.0
..
2.0
11.2
41.8
-0.6
6.2
5.5
7.3
20.7
III
5.3
6.9
5.7
..
13.7
0.9
43.8
-4.4
13.1
6.0
7.0
22.5
IV
7.3
9.2
5.1
7.0
2.2
..
18.7
8.9
12.9
7.3
23.9
14.9
I
2012
5.6
8.3
1.6
..
25.6
27.2
11.8
26.0
29.2
26.2
8.6
11.0
II
8.6
2.4
5.3
4.5
-2.5
..
22.4
22.2
2.1
23.5
25.5
22.3
III
Jadual 13B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 13B:GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
10.9
8.9
14.2
11.8
..
..
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
14.4
7.4
21.6
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
3.9
29.1
4.9
10.4
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
12.3
9.7
10.4
8.8
14.8
18.0
2011e
4.8
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
Jadual 13A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun yang sama tahun sebelumnya
Table 13A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage change from corresponding quarter of preceding year
7.8
5.0
6.2
1.2
6.5
-0.6
-1.6
..
20.1
12.9
10.2
12.0
21.5
16.0
IV
5.7
0.1
-1.1
..
22.0
14.9
10.4
11.9
24.4
17.9
IV
9.4
-2.6
4.1
3.6
-0.6
..
10.9
17.3
4.1
15.1
13.1
13.2
7.5
0.1
2013
I
2.3
4.7
-0.8
..
11.8
18.4
3.4
15.7
15.0
14.2
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
36
18.8
10.4
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
9.2
20.0
6.1
15.6
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
5.1
4.6
11.1
7.4
..
..
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
10.5
4.9
18.4
1.0
25.0
3.9
5.4
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
4.0
18.4
7.2
6.2
6.8
6.9
11.9
15.8
2011e
3.4
2010
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
3.1.3 Aset lain
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
10.9
8.9
14.2
11.8
..
..
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
14.4
7.4
21.6
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
3.9
29.1
4.9
10.4
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
12.3
9.7
10.4
8.8
14.8
18.0
2011e
4.8
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
-2.3
-6.3
-1.4
..
7.1
-14.6
6.3
-14.1
3.9
-3.8
-0.5
-34.6
I
2.8
9.9
2010
1.9
10.5
-0.2
..
30.8
-5.2
19.3
12.8
15.3
14.7
II
4.1
3.0
1.9
..
-3.8
0.3
-20.5
8.4
-6.9
-2.3
7.9
-1.3
III
4.6
1.5
3.2
..
-32.4
69.2
1.7
16.5
-2.2
6.1
-0.8
47.8
IV
0.1
-2.5
0.1
..
48.2
-39.8
18.4
-13.3
-0.2
-5.0
0.2
-29.7
I
8.2
2.6
5.0
2011
3.1
5.3
4.6
..
14.8
-2.4
21.5
-5.7
18.1
II
3.1
2.7
2.4
..
-7.0
15.2
-0.2
5.5
-2.7
0.6
8.4
12.9
III
2.6
4.3
2.2
..
-25.4
53.9
-0.3
12.2
2.5
6.0
-0.9
50.1
IV
-1.5
-3.5
-4.6
..
53.8
-34.9
-1.3
-4.0
9.5
2.9
0.1
-34.9
I
3.5
6.6
2012
2.7
6.7
2.9
..
20.0
14.0
18.2
10.9
22.8
17.8
II
5.6
4.7
-0.1
..
21.9
17.1
9.1
16.9
25.1
19.9
7.7
5.1
2012p
-2.7
-9.0
-1.2
..
3.4
-14.8
1.3
-14.6
3.0
-5.6
-1.2
-35.8
I
2010
3.3
9.8
0.3
..
32.1
-4.5
19.7
13.1
17.3
15.7
1.3
10.9
II
2.3
3.0
2.6
..
-3.8
0.7
-22.5
8.7
-7.9
-2.1
7.0
-1.9
III
2.1
1.4
0.7
..
-32.3
67.5
0.3
16.5
-4.7
5.7
-0.3
47.6
IV
-2.6
-4.3
-1.4
..
44.5
-40.9
17.2
-14.0
-2.1
-7.0
-1.3
-31.0
I
6.9
0.9
5.8
2011
2.5
4.3
3.5
..
12.7
-2.5
21.3
-5.8
18.3
II
3.7
2.8
2.1
..
-7.5
15.2
-0.6
5.3
-3.7
0.4
7.9
12.0
III
1.7
4.2
1.4
..
-24.5
52.0
1.7
12.0
1.5
6.2
-0.5
49.9
IV
-2.7
-4.2
-4.6
..
50.8
-36.3
-7.9
-3.5
7.3
0.8
-1.0
-38.6
I
2.2
7.6
2012
3.0
5.6
2.9
..
19.3
13.9
20.1
10.8
23.3
17.4
II
Jadual 14B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 14B: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
6.4
6.6
1.2
..
24.3
20.3
12.4
17.0
29.2
22.6
9.9
10.5
2012p
Jadual 14A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Peratus perubahan dari suku tahun sebelumnya
Table 14A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage change from preceding quarter
7.6
3.6
7.9
3.4
3.3
-0.9
-1.9
..
-9.9
10.7
-9.2
3.2
-6.5
-2.6
III
1.9
-0.1
-1.1
..
-10.3
10.3
-9.8
3.6
-6.3
-3.0
III
2.9
-0.8
2.3
..
-25.9
40.5
9.7
1.7
-1.8
0.7
-2.7
48.1
IV
2.5
-2.7
1.9
..
-26.4
40.4
4.9
1.5
-1.3
0.3
-3.3
45.8
IV
-4.9
-0.1
-3.7
..
39.2
-33.8
-13.0
-0.9
-0.1
-1.6
0.2
-39.2
I
2013
-4.6
1.0
-4.3
..
41.0
-32.9
-7.5
-0.8
1.2
-0.4
1.6
-39.6
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
37
100.0
100.0
100.0
..
100.0
100.0
54.7
..
100.0
100.0
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
57.0
45.3
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
43.0
9.3
45.7
45.0
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
7.9
46.7
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
45.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
2011e
100.0
..
2010
..
54.8
Jenis perbelanjaan
57.2
45.2
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
42.8
9.8
40.3
49.9
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
8.4
42.1
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
49.5
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
2011e
100.0
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
100.0
100.0
..
55.3
44.7
9.1
39.3
51.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2010
100.0
100.0
..
63.1
36.9
9.4
38.7
51.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
II
100.0
100.0
..
62.1
37.9
7.7
42.9
49.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
III
100.0
100.0
..
39.6
60.4
7.4
47.1
45.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
IV
100.0
100.0
..
61.7
38.3
9.2
43.0
47.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2011
100.0
100.0
..
65.4
34.6
10.3
37.5
52.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
II
100.0
100.0
..
60.4
39.6
10.2
39.3
50.5
100.0
100.0
100.0
III
100.0
100.0
..
42.6
57.4
9.6
41.6
48.8
100.0
100.0
100.0
IV
100.0
100.0
..
63.6
36.4
9.2
38.8
52.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2012
100.0
100.0
..
64.8
35.2
9.3
36.5
54.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
II
100.0
100.0
..
57.9
42.1
8.5
44.6
46.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
2012p
100.0
100.0
..
55.1
44.9
8.7
43.8
47.5
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2010
100.0
100.0
..
63.0
37.0
9.0
42.8
48.2
100.0
100.0
100.0
II
100.0
100.0
..
61.9
38.1
7.2
47.5
45.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
III
100.0
100.0
..
39.7
60.3
6.8
52.3
40.9
100.0
100.0
100.0
IV
100.0
100.0
..
61.6
38.4
8.6
48.4
43.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2011
100.0
100.0
..
65.0
35.0
9.7
42.7
47.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
II
100.0
100.0
..
59.9
40.1
9.6
44.7
45.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
III
100.0
100.0
..
42.5
57.5
9.2
47.2
43.6
100.0
100.0
100.0
IV
100.0
100.0
..
63.7
36.3
8.4
45.2
46.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2012
100.0
100.0
..
64.7
35.3
8.6
42.6
48.8
100.0
100.0
100.0
II
Jadual 15B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
Table 15B: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to Sector
100.0
100.0
..
58.0
42.0
9.0
38.4
52.5
100.0
100.0
100.0
2012p
Jadual 15A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada Sektor
Table 15A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage share to Sector
100.0
100.0
..
59.9
40.1
8.0
45.2
46.8
100.0
100.0
100.0
III
100.0
100.0
..
60.0
40.0
8.6
39.0
52.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
III
100.0
100.0
..
44.1
55.9
8.7
45.6
45.7
100.0
100.0
100.0
IV
100.0
100.0
..
44.0
56.0
9.0
39.5
51.5
100.0
100.0
100.0
IV
100.0
100.0
..
62.4
37.6
7.7
45.9
46.4
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2013
100.0
100.0
..
62.3
37.7
8.4
39.3
52.3
100.0
100.0
100.0
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
38
1.9
3.1.3 Aset lain
75.2
93.3
76.3
87.3
101.0
86.5
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
100.0
100.5
1.2
100.0
0.3
12.8
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
13.5
10.6
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
10.2
2.2
10.8
10.6
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
1.8
10.9
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
10.6
23.7
49.6
48.8
23.4
13.2
2011e
12.0
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
100.0
91.6
0.7
100.0
1.0
12.4
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
12.8
10.2
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
9.5
2.2
9.0
11.1
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
9.5
11.2
22.3
47.3
47.5
22.5
13.0
2011e
12.2
2010
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
100.0
72.7
96.2
-2.3
11.7
9.5
1.9
8.3
10.9
21.2
46.9
10.7
I
2010
100.0
78.9
94.2
1.9
15.0
8.8
2.3
9.2
12.4
23.9
47.4
11.5
II
100.0
78.1
92.2
3.3
13.9
8.5
1.7
9.6
11.1
22.4
49.1
10.9
III
100.0
75.7
91.0
0.0
9.0
13.7
1.7
10.7
10.4
22.7
46.6
15.5
IV
100.0
73.8
91.0
3.7
13.3
8.3
2.0
9.3
10.3
21.6
46.7
10.9
I
2011
100.0
75.4
92.3
2.9
14.8
7.8
2.3
8.5
11.8
22.6
46.4
11.1
II
100.0
75.1
91.7
0.4
13.4
8.7
2.3
8.7
11.2
22.1
48.8
12.1
III
100.0
76.4
91.4
-2.8
9.7
13.1
2.2
9.5
11.1
22.8
47.2
17.7
IV
100.0
74.9
88.5
2.9
15.2
8.7
2.2
9.3
12.4
23.8
47.9
11.7
I
2012
100.0
77.8
88.6
1.3
17.7
9.6
2.5
10.0
14.8
27.3
48.3
12.2
II
100.0
86.5
95.0
0.9
15.5
11.3
2.3
12.0
12.6
26.8
50.6
13.2
2012p
100.0
82.4
103.5
-2.1
12.0
9.8
1.9
9.5
10.3
21.8
48.7
10.4
I
2010
100.0
87.5
100.5
3.7
15.3
9.0
2.2
10.4
11.7
24.4
47.8
11.2
II
100.0
88.2
100.8
3.4
14.4
8.9
1.7
11.1
10.6
23.3
50.0
10.7
III
100.0
87.5
99.4
-0.3
9.6
14.6
1.6
12.6
9.9
24.1
48.8
15.5
IV
100.0
86.0
100.6
1.9
14.2
8.8
2.0
11.1
9.9
23.0
49.4
11.0
I
2011
100.0
87.5
101.6
1.8
15.6
8.4
2.3
10.2
11.4
24.0
48.7
11.4
II
100.0
86.7
100.1
0.5
13.9
9.3
2.2
10.4
10.6
23.3
50.7
12.3
III
100.0
88.9
99.8
-2.8
10.3
14.0
2.2
11.5
10.6
24.3
49.6
18.1
IV
100.0
87.5
97.8
2.6
16.0
9.1
2.1
11.4
11.7
25.2
50.5
11.4
I
2012
100.0
89.7
97.7
1.4
18.6
10.1
2.5
12.2
14.0
28.7
50.1
11.9
II
Jadual 16B: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Malar 2005 - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 16B: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Constant 2005 Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
75.3
87.1
0.1
14.9
10.8
2.3
9.9
13.5
25.7
48.9
13.5
2012p
Jadual 16A: KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan pada Harga Semasa - Pembahagian peratus kepada KDNK
Table 16A: GDP by Type of Expenditure at Current Prices - Percentage share to GDP
100.0
86.1
92.7
2.1
16.2
10.8
2.2
12.2
12.7
27.0
52.3
11.9
III
100.0
76.2
86.0
0.8
15.6
10.4
2.2
10.2
13.6
26.0
51.0
12.4
III
100.0
83.0
92.2
-2.4
11.7
14.8
2.3
12.1
12.1
26.5
49.5
17.2
IV
100.0
72.4
85.5
-4.4
11.2
14.3
2.3
10.1
13.1
25.5
48.1
17.6
IV
100.0
87.1
93.4
3.2
17.1
10.3
2.1
12.6
12.7
27.4
52.1
11.0
I
2013
100.0
76.6
85.8
1.8
16.6
10.0
2.2
10.5
13.9
26.6
51.3
11.1
I
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
39
102
120
3.1.2 Jentera dan peralatan
3.1.3 Aset lain
107
109
104
* Termasuk perbezaan statistik
124
113
..
118
..
114
Perbelanjaan atas KDNK pada
harga pembeli
118
113
3.2.2 Swasta
4. Perubahan inventori dan
barangan berharga*
5. Eksport barangan dan
perkhidmatan
6. tolak Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan
116
124
103
130
3.2.1 Awam
3.2 Sektor
124
117
119
115
114
122
2011e
120
2010
3.1.1 Struktur
3.1 Jenis aset
3. Pembentukan modal tetap kasar
1. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
kerajaan
2. Perbelanjaan penggunaan akhir
swasta
Jenis perbelanjaan
125
109
115
..
120
120
128
103
134
120
121
128
2012p
I
117
103
109
..
115
114
119
103
124
114
113
120
II
116
104
108
..
113
113
118
102
122
113
115
119
2010
118
104
108
..
113
113
121
102
123
113
116
120
III
121
104
110
..
113
114
123
102
127
114
115
120
IV
I
124
106
112
..
116
116
124
103
129
116
117
122
II
125
107
113
..
118
116
125
103
129
117
119
121
2011
124
107
114
..
119
116
125
103
130
118
119
122
III
125
107
114
..
117
117
123
103
131
117
119
122
IV
I
127
108
114
..
120
120
131
103
134
120
120
130
Jadual 17: Pendeflasi Harga Tersirat atas KDNK mengikut Jenis Perbelanjaan - Tahun Asas 2005=100
Table 17: Implicit Price Deflators on GDP by Type of Expenditure - Base Year 2005=100
II
126
109
115
..
120
120
129
103
134
120
122
129
2012
124
110
115
..
120
120
128
104
134
120
121
129
III
124
108
115
..
119
119
123
103
135
119
121
127
IV
I
124
109
114
..
121
121
131
104
136
121
122
126
2013
* Inclusive statistical discrepancy
Expenditure on GDP at
purchasers' prices
less Imports of goods and
services
Exports of goods and services
Changes in inventories and
valuables*
Private
Public
Sector
Other assets
Machinery and equipment
Structure
Type of assets
Gross fixed capital formation
Government final consumption
expenditure
Private final consumption
expenditure
Type of expenditure
Muka surat ini sengaja dibiarkan kosong
This page is deliberately left blank
40
SEKSYEN 4:
NOTA TEKNIKAL
SECTION 4:
TECHNICAL NOTES
NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES
PENGENALAN
INTRODUCTION
Penerbitan ini membentangkan data Keluaran
Dalam Negeri Kasar (KDNK) bagi suku pertama
2010 hingga suku pertama 2013.
This publication presents data of Gross Domestic
Product (GDP) for the first quarter 2010 to first
quarter 2013.
Data KDNK ini diterbitkan berdasarkan tahun asas
2005. Secara konsepnya tahun asas 2005
membawa maksud semua transaksi barangan dan
perkhidmatan dinilai semula berdasarkan harga
tahun 2005.
The GDP data are published based on 2005 base
year. Conceptually, the 2005 base year refers to
transaction of all goods and services revalued
based on the prices in 2005.
Anggaran ini disusun berdasarkan garis panduan
Sistem Akaun Negara 1993 (1993 SNA).
Di samping itu, beberapa saranan 2008 SNA telah
diguna pakai iaitu penyusunan Perkhidmatan
Pengantaraan Kewangan yang Diukur Secara
Tidak Langsung (FISIM), perluasan konsep
pembentukan modal tetap kasar merangkumi
sistem persenjataan dan penyelidikan &
pembangunan (R&D).
The estimation was compiled based on the concept
of System of National Accounts 1993 (1993 SNA).
In addition, selected recommendation from 2008
SNA was adopted namely Financial Intermediation
Serv ices
Indir ectly
Measured (FISIM),
enhancement in the concept of gross fixed capital
formation inclusive of weapons system and
research & development (R&D).
Anggaran yang diterbitkan ini tidak disesuaikan
dengan faktor musim.
The estimates
adjusted.
KELUARAN DALAM NEGERI KASAR (KDNK)
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP)
KDNK adalah jumlah nilai barangan dan
perkhidmatan yang dikeluarkan dalam tempoh
tertentu selepas ditolak kos barang dan
perkhidmatan yang digunakan dalam proses
pengeluaran. Nilai ini merupakan nilai sebelum
ditolak nilai peruntukan bagi modal tetap; iaitu
jumlah nilai ditambah pada harga pengeluar bagi
pengeluar residen ditambah dengan duti import.
KDNK ini juga bersamaan dengan perbelanjaan ke
atas KDNK (pada harga pembeli) iaitu jumlah bagi
semua komponen perbelanjaan akhir ke atas
barangan dan perkhidmatan tolak dengan import
barangan dan perkhidmatan.
GDP is the total value of all goods and services
produced in a certain period after deducting the
cost of goods and services used up in the process
of production. This value is before deducting
allowances for consumption of fixed capital i.e. the
sum of value added of resident producer in
producers‟ price plus import duties. GDP is
equivalent to expenditure on the GDP (in
purchasers‟ price) i.e. the sum of all components of
final expenditure on goods and services less
imports of goods and services.
KDNK boleh diukur dengan menggunakan tiga
kaedah iaitu Kaedah Pengeluaran, Perbelanjaan
dan Pendapatan. Namun begitu, penerbitan ini
membentangkan Kaedah Pengeluaran dan
Perbelanjaan sahaja.
GDP can be measured by using three
approaches namely Production, Expenditure and
Income Approach. However, this publication only
presents Production and Expenditure Approach.
KAEDAH PENGELUARAN
PRODUCTION APPROACH
KDNK berasaskan Kaedah Pengeluaran boleh
didefinisikan sebagai jumlah nilai barangan dan
perkhidmatan yang dikeluarkan di Malaysia setelah
ditolak dengan nilai penggunaan perantaraan.
Kaedah ini turut dikenali sebagai kaedah nilai
ditambah yang mana ia menunjukkan sumbangan
setiap aktiviti ekonomi terhadap keseluruhan
KDNK.
GDP based on Production Approach is defined as
value of total production of goods and services
produced in Malaysia after deducting value of
intermediate consumption. This approach is also
known as value added approach which will be able
to show the contribution of each economic activity
on overall GDP.
41
published
are
not
seasonally
NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES
KDNK merupakan sistem perakaunan catatan
beregu dan di dalam penerbitan ini, ianya
menggunakan kaedah berikut:
GDP is an item in a double entry accounting
system and in this publication, it is presented in the
following ways:
a) Jumlah nilai ditambah kasar bagi semua
pengeluar yang terlibat dalam ekonomi;
a) The sum of the gross value added of all
producers engaged in production in the
economy;
or
atau
∑ Nilai Ditambah Kasar/
Gross Value Added
KDNK/ GDP
b) Perbezaan antara
semua pengeluar
perantaraan.
output kasar bagi
tolak penggunaan
Nilai Ditambah/
Value Added
b)
The difference between gross output of all
producers less the intermediate
consumption.
Output
Input
KAEDAH PERBELANJAAN
EXPENDITURE APPROACH
KDNK berasaskan Kaedah Perbelanjaan ialah
penjumlahan Penggunaan Akhir Swasta,
Penggunaan Akhir Kerajaan, Pembentukan Modal
Tetap Kasar, Perubahan Inventori dan Barangan
Berharga, Eksport barangan dan perkhidmatan
dan ditolak dengan Import barangan dan
perkhidmatan. Semua sektor ini dikategorikan
sebagai „permintaan akhir‟ atau „perbelanjaan
akhir‟. Kaedah ini mengira nilai barangan dan
perkhidmatan yang digunakan oleh pengguna akhir
terhadap barangan dan perkhidmatan yang
dikeluarkan oleh residen.
GDP based on Expenditure Approach is the
summation of Private Final Consumption,
Government Final Consumption, Gross Fixed
Capital Formation, Changes in Inventories and
Valuables, Exports of goods and services minus
Imports of goods and services. All these sectors
are categorised as „final demand‟ or „final
expenditure‟. This approach measures value of
goods and services used by final user on goods
and services produced by resident.
Nilai Ditambah/
Value Added
G
C
I
X—M
C - Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Swasta (Isi rumah dan Institusi Bukan Keuntungan yang
Berkhidmat kepada Isi rumah)/ Private Final Consumption Expenditure (Household and Non-profit
Institution Serving Households)
G - Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Kerajaan/ Government Final Consumption Expenditure
I - Pembentukan Modal Tetap Kasar + Perubahan Inventori dan Barangan Berharga/
Gross Fixed Capital Formation + Changes in Inventories and Valuables
X - Eksport Barangan dan Perkhidmatan/ Exports of Goods and Services
M - Import Barangan dan Perkhidmatan/ Imports of Goods and Services
42
NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES
PENGIMBANGAN
ANTARA
ANGGARAN
PENGELUARAN DAN PERBELANJAAN
BALANCING BETWEEN THE PRODUCTION
AND EXPENDITURE ESTIMATES
Secara teorinya, anggaran KDNK bagi kedua-dua
kaedah harus menghasilkan nilai yang sama.
Walau bagaimanapun, secara praktikal, anggaran
nilai bagi kedua-dua kaedah ini tidak akan sama
kerana penggunaan sumber data yang berlainan.
Perbezaan ini dikenali sebagai “Perbezaan
Statistik” dalam Sistem Akaun Negara.
Theoretically, the estimated
GDP of both
approaches should arrive at the same value.
However, in practice, the estimated value by both
approaches will not be equal due to the usage of
different data sources. These differences are
known as “Statistical Discrepancy” in National
Accounts System.
KDNK Kaedah Perbelanjaan/
GDP Expenditure Approach
Perbezaan Statistik/
Statistical Discrepancy
KDNK Kaedah Pengeluaran/
GDP Production Approach
PENILAIAN TRANSAKSI
VALUATION OF TRANSACTIONS
Anggaran dinyatakan dalam dua jenis harga iaitu
harga semasa dan harga malar (tahun asas 2005).
Pelbagai teknik digunakan dalam membuat nilai
anggaran pada harga semasa dan malar.
Estimation is expressed in two types of prices
namely current prices and constant prices (base
year 2005). Various techniques have been used to
estimate value at current and constant prices.
KDNK PADA HARGA MALAR
GDP AT CONSTANT PRICES
KDNK pada harga malar ialah nilai KDNK tanpa
kesan harga. KDNK pada harga malar ini penting
bagi membolehkan perbandingan sebenar
perubahan tingkat pengeluaran/ kuantiti barangan
dan perkhidmatan yang berlaku dalam aktiviti
ekonomi.
GDP at constant prices is the value of GDP without
price effect. GDP at constant prices enables actual
comparison to be made for changes in level of
production/ volume of goods and services occurred
in economic activity.
PENDEFLASI HARGA TERSIRAT
IMPLICIT PRICE DEFLATOR
Bagi mendapatkan siri harga malar, kaedah deflasi
langsung yang terdiri daripada deflasi tunggal dan
deflasi berganda digunakan. Kaedah deflasi
tunggal menghapuskan pengaruh harga daripada
output atau input yang telah dianggarkan manakala
kaedah deflasi berganda pula menghapuskan
pengaruh harga daripada output dan input; oleh itu
nilai ditambah diperoleh sebagai perbezaan hasil
tolak input daripada output.
To get the constant prices series, direct deflation
method which consists of single deflation and
double deflation is used. The single deflation
method removes the price effect from the
estimated output or input, while double deflation
method eliminates the price effect from both the
output and input; hence value added is obtained as
residual by subtracting input from output.
Indeks harga utama yang digunakan secara
meluas ialah Indeks Harga Pengeluar dan Indeks
Harga Pengguna. Sementara itu, bagi barangan
dan perkhidmatan yang tidak terdapat dalam
kedua-dua indeks ini, maklumat harga diperoleh
daripada pertubuhan yang terlibat. Maklumat ini
kemudiannya dijadikan indeks harga terbitan
khusus bagi barangan dan perkhidmatan tersebut.
Main price indices that are being used widely are
Producer Price Index and Consumer Price Index.
Meanwhile, for goods and services which are not in
both indices, information on prices are obtained
from establishments involved. The information is
then transformed into derived price indices
specially for those goods and services.
43
NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES
HUBUNGAN ANTARA ANGGARAN KDNK DAN
IMBANGAN PEMBAYARAN
RELATION BETWEEN GDP ESTIMATES AND
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
Siri akaun negara yang dikeluarkan dalam
penerbitan ini adalah konsisten dengan anggaran
tahunan imbangan pembayaran yang dikeluarkan
oleh Jabatan Perangkaan. Kedua-dua anggaran ini
menunjukkan penyata yang lengkap mengenai
transaksi antara Malaysia dengan negara-negara
lain pada harga semasa.
The national accounts series published in this
publication is consistent with the annual estimates
of balance of payments published by DOSM. These
two estimates show a complete statement of
Malaysia transaction with other countries at current
prices.
KLASIFIKASI
CLASSIFICATION
Penyusunan KDNK selaras dengan klasifikasi
seperti berikut;
GDP compilation corresponds with the following
classifications;
Piawaian Klasifikasi Industri Malaysia
(MSIC 2000);
Malaysia Classification of Product by Activity
(MCPA 2005);
Classification of the Functions of
Government (COFOG);
Classification of Individual Consumption by
Purposes (COICOP); dan
Standard International Trade Classification
(SITC).
Malaysia Standard Industrial Classification
(MSIC 2000);
Malaysia Classification of Product by Activity
(MCPA 2005);
Classification of the Functions of
Government (COFOG);
Classification of Individual Consumption by
Purposes (COICOP); and
Standard International Trade Classification
(SITC).
OUTPUT
OUTPUT
Output ialah nilai barangan dan perkhidmatan yang
dikeluarkan. Ini termasuk pengeluaran untuk
pasaran, pengeluaran untuk kegunaan sendiri dan
pengeluaran bukan pasaran (kerajaan dan
NPISHs). Pengeluaran barangan dan perkhidmatan
tidak semestinya untuk dijual atau perolehan oleh
pertubuhan.
Output is the value of goods and services
produced. This includes market production,
production for own final use, and non-market
production (government and NPISHs). Production
of goods and services is not necessarily for sale or
turnover of establishment.
PENGGUNAAN PERANTARAAN
INTERMEDIATE CONSUMPTION
Penggunaan perantaraan ialah nilai barangan dan
perkhidmatan yang digunakan (sebagai input)
dalam proses pengeluaran barangan dan
perkhidmatan tidak termasuk gaji dan upah, susut
nilai daripada modal dan faedah bersih yang
dibayar.
Intermediate consumption is the value of goods and
services consumed (as input) in the production
process of goods and services excluded salaries
and wages, depreciation of capital and net interest
paid.
NILAI DITAMBAH
VALUE ADDED
Nilai ditambah ialah perbezaan di antara output dan
penggunaan perantaraan. Ia merupakan nilai
ditambah barangan dan perkhidmatan dalam
aktiviti ekonomi. Oleh itu, ia hampir menyamai
dengan keuntungan perniagaan, gaji dan upah,
susut nilai dan cukai tidak langsung; campur
faedah yang dibayar dan tolak faedah yang
diterima.
Value added is the difference between output and
intermediate consumption. It represents the added
value of goods and services by economic activity.
Hence, it is approximately equivalent to commercial
profit, salaries and wages, depreciation and indirect
taxes; plus interest paid less interest received.
44
NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES
CUKAI
TAXES
Di dalam perakaunan negara, cukai dinyatakan
dalam dua bentuk iaitu:
In national accounts, taxes are expressed in two
forms:
a) INDIRECT TAXES
a) CUKAI TIDAK LANGSUNG
Indirect taxes are regarded as a cost of
production, which are part of value added
component. Hence, indirect taxes must be
added to the value of goods and services.
Indirect taxes include sales tax, value
added taxes, excise duties, quit rent and
etc.
Cukai tidak langsung dianggap sebagai kos
pengeluaran, di mana ia adalah
sebahagian daripada komponen nilai
ditambah. Oleh itu, cukai tidak langsung
perlu ditambah pada nilai barangan dan
perkhidmatan. Cukai tidak langsung
termasuk cukai jualan, cukai nilai ditambah,
duti eksais, cukai pintu dan lain-lain.
b) DIRECT TAXES
b) CUKAI LANGSUNG
Direct taxes are taxes on profits or incomes,
which constitute of a redistribution of
income from the private sector to the
government and it is not in the form of
production cost. In the Malaysia‟s context,
income tax is the most significant direct tax.
Cukai langsung ialah cukai ke atas
keuntungan atau pendapatan, di mana ia
merupakan
pengagihan
semula
pendapatan dari sektor swasta kepada
sektor kerajaan dan bukan dalam bentuk
kos pengeluaran. Dalam konteks Malaysia,
cukai pendapatan merupakan cukai
langsung yang paling utama.
KAEDAH AM DALAM PENGANGGARAN AKAUN
NEGARA SUKU TAHUNAN
GENERAL APPROACH OF QUARTERLY
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS ESTIMATION
Anggaran suku tahunan bagi aktiviti ekonomi dan
komponen perbelanjaan dibuat dengan
menggunakan maklumat bulanan/ suku tahunan
bagi kuantiti, nilai dan harga. Anggaran ini dibuat
pada harga semasa dan malar.
The quarterly estimates for economic activity and
expenditure components are derived from the
monthly/ quarterly information on quantity, value
and price. The estimates was done at current and
constant prices.
Seterusnya, anggaran suku tahunan diselaraskan
dengan anggaran tahunan menggunakan teknik
tanda aras. Teknik ini digunakan bagi anggaran
suku tahunan sehingga tahun 2010 dan bagi
beberapa aktiviti sehingga tahun 2011/2012.
Subsequently, the quarterly estimates were aligned
with the annual estimates by using the
benchmarking technique. This technique is applied
for quarterly estimates up to year 2010 and in some
instances up to 2011/2012.
Anggaran KDNK suku tahunan adalah sebahagian
rangkuman daripada anggaran tahunan. Oleh yang
demikian, sumber data dan kaedah tahunan turut
digunakan sebagai rujukan.
Estimating quarterly GDP is an integral part of
annual estimates. Hence, annual data sources and
methods has been used as well for references.
45
NOTA TEKNIKAL
TECHNICAL NOTES
PENERBITAN DAN SEMAKAN DATA
PUBLICATION AND DATA REVISION
Anggaran KDNK suku tahunan bermula dari suku
pertama 2010 hingga suku keempat 2012 telah
disemak semula berdasarkan kepada anggaran
tahunan yang telah dikemas kini.
The quarterly GDP estimates from first quarter of
2010 to fourth quarter of 2012 were revised based
on updated annual estimates.
Praktis yang diamalkan oleh Jabatan Perangkaan
bagi semakan data ialah :
The practice adopted by DOSM for data revision is:
Suku tahunan 1, 2, 3 dan 4:
Quarter 1, 2, 3 and 4:
Anggaran pertama akan dikeluarkan 7 minggu
selepas suku tahun rujukan. Anggaran semakan
akan dikeluarkan pada suku tahun berikutnya.
First estimate will be released 7 weeks after the
end of the reference quarter. Revised estimates will
be produced at the following quarter.
Anggaran tahunan awalan:
Preliminary annual estimates:
Tidak lewat daripada 7 minggu selepas berakhirnya
tahun rujukan berkenaan seiring dengan anggaran
suku tahunan keempat.
Not later than 7 weeks after the end of the
particular reference year parallel with estimates of
fourth quarter.
Anggaran tahunan disemak bagi tahun semasa dan
dua tahun ke belakang berdasarkan data terkini
banci/ penyiasatan dan sumber-sumber lain.
Anggaran bagi dua belas suku tahunan ke
belakang turut diselaraskan dengan semakan
anggaran tahunan. Anggaran semakan ini
dikeluarkan dalam tempoh lima bulan selepas
berakhirnya tahun semasa.
Revised annual estimates for the current year and
previous two years is based on the latest census/
surveys data available and other sources. The
estimates of previous twelve quarters also has
been revised to align with the revision of annual
estimates. The revision estimates is produced five
months after the end of current year.
46
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
ANGGARAN PENGELUARAN/ ESTIMATION OF PRODUCTION
SEKTOR PERTANIAN
AGRICULTURE SECTOR
Quantity of production and relevant prices
information on quarterly basis are used to obtain
output at current and constant prices as follows:
Kuantiti pengeluaran dan maklumat harga
berkaitan secara suku tahunan digunakan untuk
mendapat nilai output pada harga semasa dan
malar seperti berikut:
Rubber: production of rubber;
Oil Palm: production of crude palm oil and
palm kernel;
Livestock: relevant indicators;
Other Agriculture: relevant indicators;
Forestry and Logging: production of logs;
and
Fishing: quantity of landed marine fish
and aquaculture.
Getah: pengeluaran getah;
Kelapa Sawit: pengeluaran minyak sawit
mentah dan isi rong sawit;
Ternakan: indikator berkaitan;
Pertanian Lain: indikator berkaitan;
Perhutanan dan Pembalakan: pengeluaran
kayu balak; dan
Perikanan: kuantiti pendaratan ikan laut
dan akuakultur.
Nisbah input-output terkini pada harga malar
digunakan untuk mendapatkan penggunaan
perantaraan pada harga malar; yang
kemudiannya dinaikkan untuk mendapatkan nilai
penggunaan perantaraan pada harga semasa.
Nilai ditambah diperoleh sebagai baki hasil tolak
penggunaan perantaraan daripada output.
The latest available constant prices input-output
ratio is used to derive intermediate consumption
at constant prices; inflating this gives
intermediate consumption at current prices.
Value added are derived as residuals by
subtracting intermediate consumption from
output.
MINING AND QUARRYING
SECTOR
SEKTOR PERLOMBONGAN DAN
PENGKUARIAN
Kuantiti pengeluaran dan maklumat harga
berkaitan secara suku tahunan digunakan untuk
mendapat nilai output pada harga semasa dan
malar seperti berikut:
Quantity of production and relevant prices
information on quarterly basis are used to obtain
output at current and constant prices as follows:
Minyak Mentah dan Gas Asli: pengeluaran
minyak mentah dan gas asli; dan
Perlombongan Lain: kuantiti mengikut jenis
mineral.
Crude Oil and Natural Gas: production of
crude oil and natural gas; and
Other Mining: quantity by type of minerals.
Nisbah input-output terkini pada harga malar
digunakan untuk mendapatkan penggunaan
perantaraan pada harga malar; yang
kemudiannya dinaikkan untuk mendapatkan nilai
penggunaan perantaraan pada harga semasa.
Nilai ditambah diperoleh sebagai baki hasil tolak
penggunaan perantaraan daripada output.
The latest available constant prices input-output
ratio is used to derive intermediate consumption
at constant prices; inflating this gives
intermediate consumption at current prices.
Value added are derived as residuals by
subtracting intermediate consumption from
output.
47
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
SEKTOR PEMBUATAN
MANUFACTURING SECTOR
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan, Indeks
Pengeluaran Perindustrian dan indeks harga
berkaitan digunakan untuk membuat anggaran
output dan nilai ditambah pada harga semasa
dan malar.
The Monthly Manufacturing Survey, Industrial
Production Index and relevant price indices
are used to generate output and value added at
current and constant prices.
SEKTOR PEMBINAAN
CONSTRUCTION SECTOR
Nilai kerja binaan secara suku tahunan
digunakan untuk menganggar output pada harga
semasa.
Value of work done on quarterly basis is used to
estimate output at current prices.
Nisbah input-output terkini pada harga malar
digunakan untuk mendapatkan penggunaan
perantaraan pada harga malar; yang
kemudiannya dinaikkan untuk mendapatkan nilai
penggunaan perantaraan pada harga semasa.
Nilai ditambah diperoleh sebagai baki hasil tolak
penggunaan perantaraan daripada output.
The latest available constant prices input-output
ratio is used to derive intermediate consumption
at constant prices; inflating this gives
intermediate consumption at current prices.
Value added are derived as residuals by
subtracting intermediate consumption from
output.
SERVICES SECTOR
SEKTOR PERKHIDMATAN
PERKHIDMATAN SWASTA
PRIVATE SERVICES
Output bagi sektor Perkhidmatan Swasta
dianggarkan pada harga semasa dan malar
berdasarkan maklumat suku tahunan daripada
pelbagai sumber yang merangkumi sektor
seperti berikut:
Output for Private Services sector is estimated
at current and constant prices based on
quarterly information from various sources which
applies for the following sub-sectors:
Elektrik & Gas dan Air
Kuantiti jualan elektrik, gas dan air
digunakan untuk mengganggar output
pada harga malar.
Electricity & Gas and Water
Sales volume of electricity, gas and water
is used to derive output at constant
prices.
Perdagangan Borong & Runcit
Output pada harga semasa digerakkan
berdasarkan indikator nilai jualan yang
diper oleh
daripada
Pen yias atan
Perdagangan Edaran Bulanan dan Indeks
Perdagangan Edaran.
Wholesale & Retail Trade
The current prices of output are moved by
sales value indicators that obtained from
Monthly Distributive Trade Survey and
Index of Distributive Trade.
Penginapan, Restoran, Pengangkutan
&
Pen yi mpan an,
Komuni ka si,
Pendidikan Swasta dan Kesihatan
Swasta
Output pada harga semasa digerakkan
berdasarkan maklumat jualan dan output
yang diperoleh daripada Penyiasatan
Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan (PPST).
Accommodation,
Restaurants,
Transport & Storage, Communication,
Private Education and Private Health
The current prices of output are moved by
sales information or output obtained from
Quarterly Survey on Services (QSS).
48
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
Kewangan dan FISIM
Output utama terdiri daripada caj
perkhidmatan ketara dan FISIM (dikira
berdasarkan kaedah reference rate).
Anggaran output Kewangan pada harga
s em a s a
diperoleh
berdasarkan
pergerakan caj perkhidmatan ketara dan
FISIM. Agihan FISIM dibuat berdasarkan
komposisi stok pinjaman dan deposit
dalam sistem perbankan.
Finance and FISIM
Main output consists of explicit service
charges and FISIM (calculated based on
reference rate method). Estimation of
Finance output at current prices is based
on the movement of explicit service
charges and FISIM. Allocation of FISIM is
made based on the composition of stock
of loans and deposits in the banking
system.
Insurans
Nilai output yang meliputi pendapatan
premium, pendapatan pelaburan
(premium tambahan) dan tuntutan dibayar
digunakan untuk mendapatkan output
pada harga semasa.
Insurance
Value of output which consist of premium
income, investment income (premiums
supplement) and claims paid are used to
derive the output at current prices.
Hartanah
Pelbagai indikator seperti bilangan unit
rumah, ruang niaga diduduki dalam
kompleks perniagaan dan pejabat binaan
khas serta nilai transaksi hartanah
digunakan bagi menganggar output pada
harga malar.
Real Estate
Various indicators namely the number of
existing housing units, occupied retail
space in shopping complex and purpose
built office as well as value of property
transaction are used to estimate output at
constant prices.
Perkhidmatan Perniagaan
Maklumat suku tahunan bagi pendapatan,
hasil dan jualan digunakan untuk
menganggar output pada harga semasa.
Business Services
Quarterly information on income, revenue
and sales are used to estimate output at
current prices.
Kediaman yang Didiami oleh Pemilik
Anggaran suku tahunan pada harga
malar diekstrapolasi berdasarkan peratus
perubahan penduduk dan mengambil kira
faktor pertambahan pemilikan rumah.
Owner Occupied Dwellings
The quarterly estimates at constant prices
are extrapolated based on population
percentage change with a factor to allow
for increases in home ownership.
Perkhidmatan-perkhidmatan Lain
Industri ini meliputi aktiviti pawagam,
perjudian, sanitasi, pusat kecantikan,
gunting rambut, cucian pakaian, studio
fotografi, perkhidmatan rumah urus
mayat, rekreasi dan hiburan. Indikator
daripada penyiasatan suku tahunan, duti
perjudian, jumlah tenaga buruh dan
jumlah kematian digunakan untuk
mengekstrapolasi siri suku tahunan.
Other Services
This industry includes activities for
cinemas, gambling, sanitation, beauty
parlours, barbers, laundries, photographic
studios, funeral services, recreation and
entertainment. Indicators from quarterly
surveys, gambling duty, total labour force
and number of deaths are used to
extrapolate the quarterly series.
Bagi output yang dianggarkan pada harga
semasa, nisbah input-output terkini digunakan
untuk mendapatkan penggunaan perantaraan
pada harga semasa. Indeks harga berkaitan
digunakan untuk mendeflasi output bagi
mendapatkan output pada harga malar; dan
sebaliknya.
For output estimated at current prices, latest
input-output ratio is used to derive
intermediate consumption at current prices.
Relevant price indices are used to deflate output
to arrive at constant prices; and vice versa.
Value added are derived as residuals by
subtracting intermediate consumption from
output.
Nilai ditambah diperoleh sebagai baki hasil tolak
penggunaan perantaraan daripada output.
49
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
PERKHIDMATAN KERAJAAN
GOVERNMENT SERVICES
Nilai ditambah pada harga semasa bagi
Perkhidmatan Kerajaan bersamaan dengan hasil
tambah pampasan pekerja, pencen yang
diperuntukkan kepada pekerja yang sedang
bekerja dan penggunaan modal tetap.
Value added at current prices of Government
Services equals the sum of compensation of
employees, pension allocated to the current
employees and consumption of fixed capital.
Perkhidmatan Kerajaan pada harga semasa
diperoleh secara langsung daripada akaun
keempat-empat peringkat kerajaan iaitu
Kerajaan Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri,
Kerajaan Tempatan dan Badan-badan
Berkanun. Untuk anggaran suku tahunan, akaun
Kerajaan Persekutuan digunakan sebagai
penggerak bagi keseluruhan sektor kerajaan.
The Government Services at current prices is
compiled based on accounts of the four levels of
government namely Federal, State, Local
Government and Statutory Bodies. For quarterly
estimates, the Federal Government account is
used as surrogate movers for the whole
government sector.
Indeks harga berkaitan digunakan untuk
mendapatkan nilai ditambah pada harga malar.
Relevant price indices are used to obtain the
constant value added.
DUTI IMPORT
IMPORT DUTIES
Duti Import pada harga semasa diperoleh
daripada Kastam Diraja Malaysia yang
membekalkan data bulanan. Nilai pada harga
malar diperoleh dengan menggunakan indeks
harga berkaitan.
Import duties at current prices are obtained from
Royal Malaysian Customs Department which
provides monthly data. Value at constant prices
is derived by using relevant price indices.
50
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
ANGGARAN PERBELANJAAN / ESTIMATION OF EXPENDITURE
PERBELANJAAN PENGGUNAAN
AKHIR KERAJAAN
GOVERNMENT FINAL
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
Perbelanjaan Penggunaan Akhir Kerajaan
bersamaan dengan hasil tambah nilai ditambah,
input perantaraan dan FISIM, ditolak nilai barang
dan perkhidmatan yang dikeluarkan oleh
Kerajaan.
Government Final Consumption Expenditure is
measured with the sum of value added,
intermediate consumption and FISIM, less
revenue from sales of goods and services
produced by government
Nilai ditambah bagi perkhidmatan kerajaan
bersamaan dengan hasil tambah pampasan
pekerja, pencen yang diperuntukkan kepada
pekerja yang sedang bekerja dan penggunaan
modal tetap. Anggaran penggunaan perantaraan
diperoleh dengan mengira nilai barang dan
perkhidmatan yang digunakan dalam
perkhidmatan kerajaan.
Value added is calculated as the sum of
compensation of employees, pension allocated
to the current employees and consumption of
fixed capital. The estimate of intermediate
consumption is obtained by calculating the value
of goods and services used in the
production of government services.
Untuk siri suku tahunan, akaun Kerajaan
Persekutuan diguna sebagai penggerak
pengganti kepada keseluruhan sektor kerajaan.
Ini mengandaikan bahagian Kerajaan
Persekutuan daripada keseluruhan Kerajaan
tetap sama seperti tahun sebelumnya yang
mana anggaran tahunan telah dibuat.
For the quarterly series, the Federal
Government accounts are used as a surrogate
mover for the whole government sector. This
assumes that the proportion of Federal
Government to total Government remains the
same as the previous year for which annual
estimates have been made.
PRIVATE FINAL CONSUMPTION
EXPENDITURE
PERBELANJAAN PENGGUNAAN
AKHIR SWASTA
Harga malar bagi nilai ditambah, penggunaan
perantaraan dan nilai jualan dideflasi
menggunakan indeks harga yang bersesuaian.
The constant prices estimates of value added,
intermediate consumption and sales are
deflated by using relevant prices.
Perbelanjaan penggunaan isi rumah suku
tahunan dianalisa berdasarkan komoditi dan
kumpulan perkhidmatan mengikut COICOP.
The quarterly household consumption
expenditure is analysed by the commodity and
service group as classified in the COICOP.
S um b er
ut am a
a d al a h
P e n yi a s a t a n
Perdagangan Edaran Bulanan dan PPST.
Maklumat tambahan seperti pinjaman dan
deposit oleh isi rumah, pembayaran premium
insurans hayat dan am terpilih, maklumat bagi
bekalan elektrik untuk residen dan komponen
pengangkutan, komunikasi, perkhidmatan
persendirian dan perkhidmatan perniagaan juga
digunakan dalam proses penganggaran. FISIM
juga dimasukkan di dalam anggaran
perbelanjaan ini.
A Monthly Survey of Distributive Trade and
QSS are the main data sources. Additional
information such as loans to and deposits by
households, life and selected general insurance
premiums paid, information on utilities to
residences and components of transport,
communication, private services and business
services are also used in the estimation process.
FISIM is also included in this estimation.
Perbelanjaan residen di luar negara dan
perbelanjaan bukan residen di pasaran domestik
diperoleh daripada Perangkaan Imbangan
Pembayaran.
Expenditure by residents purchased abroad and
expenditure by non-residents in domestic market
are obtained from the Balance of Payments
Statistics.
51
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
PEMBENTUKAN MODAL
TETAP KASAR (PMTK)
GROSS FIXED CAPITAL
FORMATION (GFCF)
PMTK mengikut jenis aset terbahagi kepada
tiga jenis utama iaitu struktur, jentera dan
kelengkapan dan aset lain. Struktur dikira
berdasarkan kepada nilai output dari aktiviti
pembinaan serta maklumat pelaburan minyak
dan gas yang diperoleh dari penyiasatan BNM.
Kos pemindahan hak milik ke atas Struktur
dianggarkan dan ditambah untuk mendapatkan
nilai pada harga pembeli.
Gross Fixed Capital Formation is divided into
three major type of assets i.e. structure,
machinery and equipment, and other assets.
The structure is calculated based on the value of
output from construction activities couple with
information of Oil & Gas Investment catered
from BNMs survey. The costs of ownership
transfer for Structure are estimates and append;
to obtain the value at purchasers’ prices.
Jentera dan kelengkapan dianggarkan dengan
menggunakan nisbah PMTK yang diperolehi dari
SUT 2005.
The machinery and equipment are estimated by
applying gross fixed capital formation ratio which
obtained from SUT 2005.
Untuk aset lain seperti aset hiburan, sastera dan
salinan asal artistik, binatang ternakan untuk
pembiakan, tanaman, R&D dan sistem
persenjataan, nilai diperoleh daripada pelbagai
sumber.
For the other type of assets such as
entertainment, literary and artistic original,
breeding stock, capitalised planting, R&D
expenditure and weapons systems, the values
are obtained from various sources.
PMTK Awam diperoleh daripada perbelanjaan ke
atas aset sektor awam melalui maklumat Akaun
Kewangan Kerajaan Am dan Penyiasatan
Suku Tahunan bagi Perbadanan Awam.
Public GFCF is obtained from the expenditure
on assets by public sector from the General
Government Accounts and also Quarterly
Survey on Public Enterprises.
Perbelanjaan untuk sistem persenjataan telah
diambil kira dalam anggaran PMTK Awam.
Expenditure on weapons systems is also
included in the Public GFCF estimation.
PMTK Swasta dianggar menggunakan maklumat
dari penyiasatan ke atas pertubuhan swasta dan
pelbagai sumber data pentadbiran yang
berkaitan.
The estimates of Private GFCF are derived from
information of surveys on the private
es tablis hments
and
v ar ious
r elated
administrative data.
PMTK pada harga malar diperolehi dengan
mendeflasi/ menaikkan setiap jenis aset dengan
indeks harga yang relevan.
GFCF at the constant prices are obtained by
deflating/ inflating each type of assets with
relevant price indices.
PERUBAHAN DALAM INVENTORI
CHANGES IN INVENTORIES
Perubahan dalam inventori dikira berdasarkan
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan dan
penyiasatan suku tahunan industri lain.
Perubahan inventori bagi komoditi pertanian
utama diperoleh daripada data pentadbiran
agensi-agensi yang berkaitan.
Measures of changes in inventories have been
built up from the Monthly Manufacturing Survey
and a quarterly survey of other industries.
Changes in inventories of major agriculture
commodities have been obtained from the
administrative data of the relevant agencies.
Ukuran kuantiti bagi inventori ditukarkan kepada
nilai menggunakan harga purata tahun asas;
perbezaan antara inventori akhir dan inventori
awal dalam harga tahunan asas memberikan
perubahan inventori pada harga malar. Begitu
juga, inventori akhir dinilai pada harga purata
bagi suku tahunan rujukan tolak inventori awal
yang dinilai pada harga purata bagi suku
tahunan sebelumnya memberikan perubahan
dalam inventori pada harga semasa.
Quantity measures on inventories are
converted to values using base year average
prices; the difference between closing
inventories and opening inventories in base year
prices gives the changes in inventories at
constant prices. Similarly, closing inventories
valued at the average price of the reference
quarter less the opening inventories valued at
the average price of the previous quarter gives
changes in inventories at current prices.
52
METODOLOGI
METHODOLOGY
VALUABLES
BARANGAN BERHARGA
Barangan berharga bermaksud barangan yang
dibeli dengan tujuan untuk pelaburan di mana
pembelian tersebut dibuat dengan anggapan
bahawa nilai barang tersebut akan meningkat
pada masa akan datang. Antara contoh
barangan berharga adalah logam dan batu
berharga, barang antik, barang seni dan
sebagainya. Nilai pada harga semasa diperoleh
dari pelbagai indikator dan sumber data
termasuklah data import, penyiasatan
pembuatan dan perdagangan edaran. Data ini
kemudiannya dideflasi dengan harga yang
berkaitan untuk mendapatkan nilai pada harga
malar.
Valuables is defined as products bought for the
purpose of investment where the purchase is
made with the assumption that the value of the
products will increase in the future. Examples of
valuables are precious metals and stones,
antiques, works of art and etc. Value at current
prices is obtained from various indicators and
data sources such as imports data,
manufacturing survey and distributive trade.
These data is then deflated by the relevant price
indices to arrive the value at constant prices.
EKSPORT DAN IMPORT
EXPORTS AND IMPORTS
Siri harga semasa bagi item ini adalah
berdasarkan kepada anggaran imbangan
pembayaran. Perdagangan barangan adalah
item utama nilai untuk import dan eksport dan
perangkaan perdagangan memberikan ukuran
nilai semasa. Aliran perdagangan perkhidmatan
dianggarkan daripada penyiasatan suku tahunan
yang dijalankan oleh Jabatan Perangkaan.
The current price series for these items are
based on the balance of payments estimates.
The merchandise trade is the major item of
value for both imports and exports and the trade
statistics provides the measure of the current
value. Services trade flows are estimated from
quarterly survey conducted by DOSM.
Relatif harga daripada IHP dan IHPR, kadar
tukaran dan indeks harga antarabangsa yang
disesuaikan dengan perubahan kadar tukaran
digunakan untuk mendapatkan harga malar.
Relative prices from CPI and PPI, exchange
rates and international price indices adjusted for
exchange rate changes are used to obtain
constant price estimates.
PELARASAN
RECONCILIATION
Quarterly and annual estimates are reconciled
where necessary. In situation, whereby the
annual and quarterly accounts used the same
data sources, no reconciliation of the quarterly
need to be made to fit the annual accounts.
Anggaran suku tahunan dan tahunan akan
diselaraskan di mana yang perlu. Dalam situasi
di mana akaun tahunan dan suku tahunan
menggunakan sumber data yang sama,
pelarasan suku tahunan tidak perlu dibuat untuk
memadankan akaun tahunan.
In other case, whereby the annual and quarterly
accounts used different data sources and if the
quarterly accounts are extrapolated by using
annual benchmarks, quarterly estimates are
reconciled with the annual estimates.
Reconciliation of quarterly is made by using the
benchmarking technique. This allows the
quarterly accounts to be summed up to the
annual accounts while maintaining the quarterly
trend.
Dalam keadaan lain di mana akaun tahunan dan
suku tahunan menggunakan sumber data yang
berbeza dan apabila akaun suku tahunan
diekstrapolasi dengan menggunakan teknik
tanda aras tahunan, anggaran suku tahunan
diselaraskan dengan anggaran tahunan.
Pelarasan suku tahunan dibuat dengan
menggunakan teknik tanda aras. Ini
membolehkan akaun suku tahunan dijumlahkan
untuk mendapatkan akaun tahunan serta
mengekalkan arah aliran suku tahunan.
In this publication reconciliation between supply
and use of goods and services is based on the
best practice, make use of the best available
information and knowledge that the national
accountants have on item that contributing to the
GDP.
Dalam penerbitan ini, pelarasan antara
penawaran dan permintaan barangan dan
perkhidmatan adalah berdasarkan amalan
terbaik, menggunakan maklumat terbaik yang
ada dan pengetahuan national accountants
tentang setiap item yang menyumbang kepada
KDNK.
53
SUMBER DATA
DATA SOURCES
SEKTOR PERTANIAN/ AGRICULTURE SECTOR
GETAH/
RUBBER
Perangkaan Getah Bulanan, Malaysia/ Monthly Rubber
Statistics, Malaysia
Perangkaan Getah Tahunan, Malaysia/ Annual Rubber
Statistics, Malaysia
Lembaga Getah Malaysia/ Malaysian Rubber Board
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
KELAPA SAWIT/
OIL PALM
Lembaga Minyak Sawit Malaysia/ Malaysian Palm Oil Board
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
TERNAKAN/
LIVESTOCK
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar, S. Malaysia/ Department
of Veterinary Services, Peninsular Malaysia
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar, Sabah/ Department of
Veterinary Services, Sabah
Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar, Sarawak/ Department of
Veterinary Services, Sarawak
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara/ Quarterly
National Accounts Survey
PERTANIAN LAIN/
OTHER AGRICULTURE
Jabatan Pertanian Malaysia/ Department of Agriculture
Malaysia
Lembaga Perindustrian Nanas, Malaysia/ Malaysian
Pineapple Industry Board
Lembaga Kenaf dan Tembakau Negara, Malaysia/ National
Kenaf andTobacco Board, Malaysia
Jemaah Pemasaran Lada Hitam, Malaysia/ Pepper
Marketing Board, Malaysia
Lembaga Pemasaran Pertanian Persekutuan/ Federal
Agriculture Marketing Authority
Lembaga Koko Malaysia/ Malaysian Cocoa Board
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara/ Quarterly
National Accounts Survey
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
54
SUMBER DATA
DATA SOURCES
PERHUTANAN DAN
PEMBALAKAN/
FORESTRY AND LOGGING
Jabatan Perhutanan, Semenanjung Malaysia/ Department of
Forestry, Peninsular Malaysia
Jabatan Perhutanan, Sabah/ Department of Forestry, Sabah
Jabatan Perhutanan, Sarawak/ Department of Forestry,
Sarawak
Data Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
Dasar Perindustrian Kayu Negara (NATIP)/ National Timber
Industry Policy (NATIP)
Jabatan Perikanan Malaysia/ Department of Fisheries,
Malaysia
PERIKANAN/
FISHING
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
SEKTOR PERLOMBONGAN DAN PENGKUARIAN/ MINING AND QUARRYING SECTOR
MINYAK MENTAH DAN GAS
ASLI/
CRUDE OIL AND NATURAL
GAS
Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS)/ Petroliam
Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS)
PERLOMBONGAN LAIN/
OTHER MINING
Jabatan Mineral dan Geosains/ Department of Minerals and
Geosciences
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
Industri pembinaan/ Construction industry
SEKTOR PEMBUATAN/ MANUFACTURING SECTOR
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan/ Monthly Manufacturing
Survey
PEMBUATAN/
MANUFACTURING
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
SEKTOR PEMBINAAN/ CONSTRUCTION SECTOR
Statistik Pembinaan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly Construction
Statistics
PEMBINAAN/
CONSTRUCTION
SEKTOR PERKHIDMATAN/ SERVICES SECTOR
ELEKTRIK DAN GAS/
ELECTRICITY AND GAS
Pengeluar dan pembekal bekalan elektrik/ The producers
and distributors of electricity
Pengedar gas/ Gas distributor
55
SUMBER DATA
DATA SOURCES
AIR/
WATER
Lembaga Air, pengeluar dan pengedar air swasta/ Water
Boards, private sector producers and distributors of water
Jabatan Bekalan Air/ Water Supply Department
Perbadanan Air/ Water Corporation
PERDAGANGAN BORONG DAN
RUNCIT/
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
TRADE
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran Bulanan/ Monthly Survey
of Distributive Trade
PENGINAPAN DAN RESTORAN/
ACCOMMODATION AND
RESTAURANT
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly Survey
on Services
PENGANGKUTAN,
PENYIMPANAN DAN
KOMUNIKASI/
TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND
COMMUNICATION
KEWANGAN DAN FISIM/
FINANCE AND FISIM
Indeks Perdagangan Edaran/ Index of Distributive Trade
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly Survey
on Services
Bank Negara Malaysia/ Central Bank of Malaysia
Bursa Malaysia/ Bursa Malaysia
Suruhanjaya Sekuriti Malaysia/ Securities Commission
Malaysia
INSURANS/
INSURANCE
Bank Negara Malaysia/ Central Bank of Malaysia
HARTANAH/
REAL ESTATE
Pusat Maklumat Harta Tanah Negara (NAPIC)/ National
Property Information Centre (NAPIC)
PERKHIDMATAN
PERNIAGAAN/
BUSINESS SERVICES
KEDIAMAN YANG DIDIAMI
OLEH PEMILIK/
OWNER OCCUPIED
DWELLINGS
PERKHIDMATAN PERKHIDMATAN LAIN/
OTHER SERVICES
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara/ Quarterly
National Accounts Survey
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly Survey
on Services
Banci Penduduk dan Perumahan 2010/ Population and
Housing Census 2010
Pusat Maklumat Harta Tanah (NAPIC)/ National Property
Information Centre ( NAPIC)
Penyiasatan Tenaga Buruh/ Labour Force Survey
Jabatan Imigresen Malaysia/ Department of Immigration,
Malaysia
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara/ Quarterly
National Accounts Survey
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly Survey
on Services
56
SUMBER DATA
DATA SOURCES
PERKHIDMATAN KERAJAAN/
GOVERNMENT SERVICES
Akaun Kerajaan Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri, Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan dan Badan-badan Berkanun/ Financial
accounts of the Federal Government, State Government,
Local Authorities and Statutory Bodies
Kumpulan Wang Persaraan (Diperbadankan)/ Retirement
Fund Incorporated
DUTI IMPORT/ IMPORT DUTIES
DUTI IMPORT/
IMPORT DUTIES
Jabatan Kastam Diraja Malaysia/ Royal Malaysian Customs
Department
PERBELANJAAN PENGGUNAAN AKHIR KERAJAAN/
GOVERNMENT FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
PERBELANJAAN
PENGGUNAAN AKHIR
KERAJAAN/
GOVERNMENT FINAL
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
Jabatan Akauntan Negara Malaysia/ Accountant General
Department of Malaysia
Akaun Kerajaan Persekutuan, Kerajaan Negeri, Pihak
Berkuasa Tempatan dan Badan-badan Berkanun/ Financial
accounts of the Federal Government, State Government,
Local Authorities and Statutory Bodies
Kumpulan Wang Persaraan (Diperbadankan)/ Retirement
Fund Incorporated
PERBELANJAAN PENGGUNAAN AKHIR SWASTA/
PRIVATE FINAL CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
PERBELANJAAN
PENGGUNAAN AKHIR
SWASTA/
PRIVATE FINAL
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran Bulanan/ Monthly Survey
of Distributive Trade
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly Survey
on Services
Penyiasatan Akaun Negara Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly
National Accounts Survey
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran/ Balance of Payments
Statistics
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan/ Monthly Manufacturing
Survey
Bank Negara Malaysia/ Central Bank of Malaysia
57
SUMBER DATA
DATA SOURCES
PEMBENTUKAN MODAL TETAP KASAR (PMTK)/
GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION (GFCF)
PEMBENTUKAN MODAL TETAP
KASAR (PMTK)/
GROSS FIXED
CAPITAL FORMATION (GFCF)
Jadual SUT 2005/ SUT 2005 Table
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
Pusat Maklumat Harta Tanah (NAPIC)/ National Property
Information Centre (NAPIC)
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran/ Balance of Payment
Statistics
Akaun Kerajaan Persekutuan/ Federal Government
Accounts
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan bagi Perbadanan Awam/
Quarterly Survey on Public Enterprises
Penyiasatan Perkhidmatan Suku Tahunan/ Quarterly
Survey on Services
Bank Negara Malaysia/ Central Bank of Malaysia
Penyiasatan Perbadanan Awam Bukan Kewangan (PABK)/
Survey Non Financial Public Enterprises (NFPEs)
PERUBAHAN DALAM INVENTORI/ CHANGES IN INVENTORIES
PERUBAHAN DALAM
INVENTORI/
CHANGES IN INVENTORIES
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Bulanan/ Monthly Manufacturing
Survey
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran Bulanan/ Monthly Survey
of Distributive Trade
Agensi berkaitan/ Relevant agencies
Penyiasatan Suku Tahunan Akaun Negara/ Quarterly
National Accounts Survey
BARANGAN BERHARGA/ VALUABLES
BARANGAN BERHARGA/
VALUABLES
Penyiasatan Perdagangan Edaran Bulanan/ Monthly
Distributive Trade Annual/Monthly
Penyiasatan Pembuatan Tahunan/ Bulanan/
Annual/ Monthly Manufacturing Survey
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri Bulanan/ Monthly
External Trade Statistics
EKSPORT DAN IMPORT/ EXPORTS AND IMPORTS
EKSPORT DAN IMPORT/
EXPORTS AND IMPORTS
Perangkaan Imbangan Pembayaran/ Balance of Payments
Statistics
Perangkaan Perdagangan Luar Negeri/ External Trade
Statistics
58
SEKSYEN 5:
GLOSARI
SECTION 5:
GLOSSARY
Glossary
The following glossary of terms is drawn from 1993 & 2008 SNA
A
Account
An account is a tool which records, for a given
aspect of economic life, the uses and resources
or the changes in assets and the changes in
liabilities and/or the stock of assets and liabilities
existing at a certain time.
Accrual accounting
Accrual accounting records flows at the time
economic value is created, transformed,
exchanged, transferred or extinguished, so flows
which imply a change of ownership are entered
when ownership passes, services are recorded
when provided, output at the time products are
created and intermediate consumption when
materials and supplies are being used.
Actual final consumption of general
government
Actual final consumption of general government
is measured by the value of the collective
consumption services provided to the community,
or large sections of the community, by general
government; it is derived from their final
consumption expenditure by subtracting the
value of social transfers in kind payable.
Actual final consumption of households
Actual final consumption of households is the
value of the consumption goods acquired by
households, whether by purchase or by transfer
from government units or NPISHs, and used by
them for the satisfaction of their needs and
wants; it is derived from their final consumption
expenditure by adding the value of social
transfers in kind receivable.
Ancillary activity
An ancillary activity is a supporting activity
undertaken within an enterprise in order to create
the conditions within which the principal or
secondary activities can be carried out.
Asset
An asset is a store of value representing a
benefit or series of benefits accruing to the
economic owner by holding or using the entity
over a period of time. It is a means of carrying
forward value from one accounting period to
another.
B
Balance of payments
The balance of payments is a statistical
statement that systematically summarises, for a
specific time period, the economic transactions
of an economy with the rest of the world.
Balance of primary income
Balance of primary incomes is defined as the
total value of the primary incomes receivable by
an institutional unit or sector less the total of the
primary incomes payable.
Base period
The period that provides the weights for an index
is described as the base period.
Basic price
The basic price is the amount receivable by the
producer from the purchaser for a unit of a good
or service produced as output minus any tax
payable, and plus any subsidy receivable, on that
unit as a consequence of its production or sale; it
excludes any transport charges invoiced
separately by the producer.
C
Cash accounting
Cash accounting records only cash payments
and record them at the times these payments
occur.
Central bank
A central bank is the public financial corporation
which is a monetary authority: that is, which
issues banknotes and sometimes coins and may
hold all or part of the international reserves of the
country.
Central government
Central government is the body whose political
authority extends over the entire territory of the
country and which has the authority to impose
taxes on all resident and non-resident units
engaged in economic activities within the country.
Centre of economic interest
An institutional unit is said to have a centre of
economic interest within a country when there
exists some location within the economic territory
of the country on, or from, which it engages, and
intends to continue to engage, in economic
activities and transactions on a significant scale,
either indefinitely or over a finite but long period
of time.
Changes in inventories (including work-inprogress)
Changes in inventories are measured by the
value of the entries into inventories less the value
of withdrawals and less the value of any recurrent
losses of goods held in inventories during the
accounting period.
59
Glossary
c.i.f. price
The c.i.f. price (i.e. cost, insurance and freight
price) is the price of a good delivered at the
frontier of the importing country, or the price of a
service delivered to a resident before the
payment of any import duties or other taxes on
imports or trade and transport margins within the
country.
Collective consumption service
A collective consumption service is a service
provided by general government simultaneously
to all members of the community or to all
members of a particular section of the
community, such as all households living in a
particular region.
Compensation of employees
Compensation of employees is the total
remuneration, in cash or in kind, payable by an
enterprise to an employee in return for work done
by the latter during the accounting period.
Computer software
Computer software consists of computer
programs, program descriptions and supporting
materials for both systems and applications
software.
Constant prices
Constant prices are obtained by directly factoring
changes over time in the values of flows of
goods and services into two components
reflecting changes in the prices of the goods and
services concerned and changes in their volumes
(i.e. changes in "constant price terms").
Consumption
Consumption is an activity in which institutional
units use up goods or services; consumption can
be either intermediate or final.
Consumption of fixed capital
Consumption of fixed capital represents the
reduction in the value of the fixed assets used in
production during the accounting period resulting
from physical deterioration, normal obsolescence
or nominal accidental damage.
Cultivated assets
Cultivated assets are livestock for breeding,
dairy, draught, etc. and vineyards, orchards and
other plantations of trees yielding repeat products
that are under the direct control, responsibility
and management of institutional units.
Current account (balance of payments)
The current account (balance of payments)
shows details of goods and services, income,
and current transfers.
Current transfer
A current transfer is a transaction in which one
institutional unit provides a good, service or
asset to another unit without receiving from the
latter any good, service or asset directly in return
as counterpart and does not oblige one or both
parties to acquire, or dispose of, an asset.
D
Domestic output
Domestic output is output produced by resident
enterprises.
Double deflation
Double deflation is a method whereby gross
value added is measured at constant prices by
subtracting intermediate consumption at constant
prices from output at constant prices.
Durable goods
Durable goods are one which may be used
repeatedly or continuously over a period of more
than a year, assuming a normal or average rate
of physical usage.
Disposable income
Disposable income is the balancing item in the
secondary distribution of income account. It is
derived from the balance of primary incomes of
an institutional unit or sector by adding all current
transfers, except social transfers in kind,
receivable by that unit or sector and subtracting
all current transfers, except social transfers in
kind, payable by that unit or sector.
E
Economic territory (of a country)
The economic territory of a country consists of
the geographic territory administered by a
government within which persons, goods, and
capital circulate freely.
Economic territory (of an international
organisation)
The economic territory of an international
organisation consists of the territorial enclave, or
enclaves, over which it has jurisdiction; these
consist of clearly demarcated areas of land or
structures which the international organisation
owns or rents and which it uses for the purposes
for which the organisation was created by formal
agreement with the country, or countries, in which
the enclave or enclaves are physically located.
Economically significant prices
Prices are said to be economically significant
when they have a significant influence on the
60
Glossary
amounts the producers are willing to supply and
on the amounts purchasers wish to buy.
Establishment
An establishment is an enterprise, or part of an
enterprise, that is situated in a single location and
in which only a single (non-ancillary) productive
activity is carried out or in which the principal
productive activity accounts for most of the value
added.
Expenditures
Expenditures are the values of the amounts that
buyers pay, or agree to pay, to sellers in
exchange for goods or services that sellers
provide to them or to other institutional units
designated by the buyers.
Excise duties
Excise duties consist of special taxes levied on
specific kinds of goods, typically alcoholic
beverages, tobacco and fuels; they may be
imposed at any stage of production or distribution
and are usually assessed by reference to the
weight or strength or quantity of the product.
Export duties
Export duties consist of general or specific taxes
on goods or services that become payable when
the goods leave the economic territory or when
the services are delivered to non-residents;
profits of export monopolies and taxes resulting
from multiple exchange rates are excluded.
Export taxes
Export taxes consists of taxes on goods or
services that become payable to government
when the goods leave the economic territory or
when the services are delivered to non-residents.
Exports of goods
Exports of goods consist of exports of the
following items from residents to non- residents,
generally with a change of ownership being
involved: general merchandise, goods for
processing, repairs on goods, goods procured in
foreign ports by domestic carriers and
non-monetary gold.
Exports of services
Exports of services consist of the following
services provided by residents to non-residents:
transportation; travel; communications;
construction; insurance; financial; computer and
information; royalties and licence fees; other
business services; personal, cultural, and
recreational services; and government services
n.i.e.
F
Final consumption
Final consumption consists of goods and
services used by individual households or the
community to satisfy their individual or collective
needs or wants.
Final consumption expenditure of government
General government final consumption
expenditure consists of expenditure, including
expenditure whose value must be estimated
indirectly, incurred by general government on
both individual consumption goods and services
and collective consumption services.
Final consumption expenditure of
households
Household final consumption expenditure
consists of the expenditure, including expenditure
whose value must be estimated indirectly,
incurred by resident households on individual
consumption goods and services, including those
sold at prices that are not economically significant
and including consumption goods and services
acquired abroad.
Final consumption expenditure of NPISHs
Final consumption expenditure of NPISHs
consists of the expenditure, including expenditure
whose value must be estimated indirectly,
incurred by resident NPISHs on individual
consumption goods and services and possibly on
collective consumption services.
Financial auxiliaries
Financial auxiliaries consist of financial
corporations that are principally engaged in
activities associated with transactions in financial
assets and liabilities or with providing the
regulatory context for these transactions but in
circumstances that do not involve the auxiliary
taking ownership of the financial assets and
liabilities being transacted.
Financial intermediaries
Financial intermediaries are units which incur
liabilities on their own account on financial
markets by borrowing funds which they lend on
different terms and conditions to other
institutional units.
Financial intermediation
Financial intermediation is a productive activity in
which an institutional unit incurs liabilities on its
own account for the purpose of acquiring financial
assets by engaging in financial transactions on
the market.
61
Glossary
Financial intermediation services indirectly
measured (FISIM)
Financial intermediation services indirectly
measured (FISIM) is an indirect measure of the
value of financial intermediation services
provided but for which financial institutions do not
charge explicitly.
Financial lease
A financial lease is a contract between lessor
and lessee whereby the lessor purchases a good
that is put at the disposal of the lessee and the
lessee pays rentals that enable the lessor, over
the period of the contract to cover all or virtually
all costs, including interest.
Finished goods - inventories
Inventories of finished goods consist of goods
that are ready for sale or shipment by the
producer but which are still held by the producer.
Fixed asset - existing
An existing fixed asset is one which has already
been acquired by at least one resident user, or
produced on own account, and whose value has,
therefore, already been included in the gross
fixed capital formation of at least one user at
some earlier point in time in the current or some
previous accounting period.
f.o.b. price
The f.o.b. price (free on board price) is the c.i.f.
price less the costs of transportation, together
with insurance charges, between the customs
frontier of the exporting (importing) country and
that of the importing (exporting) country.
Functional classifications
Functional classifications provide a means of
classifying, by purpose or socio-economic
objective, certain transactions of producers and
of three institutional sectors - namely
households, general government and non-profit
institutions serving households (NPISHs).
G
General government
The general government sector consists of the
totality of institutional units which, in addition to
fulfilling their political responsibilities and their
role of economic regulation, produce principally
non-market services (possibly goods) for
individual or collective consumption and
redistribute income and wealth.
Goods
Goods are physical objects for which a demand
exists, over which ownership rights can be
established and whose ownership can be
transferred from one institutional unit to another
by engaging in transactions on markets.
Goods for resale - inventories
Inventories of goods for resale are goods
acquired by enterprises, such as wholesalers and
retailers, for the purpose of reselling them without
further processing (that is, not transformed other
than by presenting them in ways that are
attractive to the customer).
Government final consumption expenditure
Government final consumption expenditure
consists of expenditure, including imputed
expenditure, incurred by general government on
both individual consumption goods and services
and collective consumption services.
Gross
The term "gross" is a common means of referring
to values before deducting consumption of fixed
capital (generally used as in "gross capital stock"
or "gross domestic product").
Gross capital formation
Gross capital formation is measured by the total
value of the gross fixed capital formation,
changes in inventories and acquisitions less
disposals of valuables for a unit or sector.
Gross domestic product (GDP) - expenditure
based
Consumption expenditure-based gross domestic
product is total final expenditures at purchasers'
prices, less the f.o.b. value of imports of goods
and services.
Gross domestic product (GDP) - income
based
Income-based gross domestic product is
compensation of employees, plus taxes less
subsidies on production and imports, plus gross
mixed income, plus gross operating surplus.
Gross domestic product (GDP) at output
based
Output-based gross domestic product is the sum
of the gross values added of all resident
producers at basic prices, plus all taxes less
subsides on products.
Gross domestic product (GDP) - market prices
Gross domestic product at market prices is the
sum of the gross values added of all resident
producers at market prices, plus taxes less
subsidies on imports.
62
Glossary
certain types of goods and services collectively,
mainly housing and food.
Gross fixed capital formation
Gross fixed capital formation is measured by the
total value of a producer's acquisitions, less
disposals, of fixed assets during the accounting
period plus certain additions to the value of
non-produced assets (such as land or subsoil
assets) realised by the productive activity of
institutional units.
Household actual final consumption
Household actual final consumption consists of
the consumption goods or services acquired by
individual households by expenditures or through
social transfers in kind received from government
units or non-profit institutions serving households
(NPISHs).
Gross national disposable income
Gross national disposable income may be
derived from gross national income by adding all
current transfers in cash or in kind receivable by
resident
institutional
units
from
non-resident units and subtracting all current
transfers in cash or in kind payable by resident
institutional units to non-resident units.
Gross national income (GNI)
Gross national income (GNI) is the aggregate
value of the balances of gross primary incomes
for all sectors; (gross national income is identical
to gross national product (GNP) as hitherto
understood in national accounts generally).
Gross saving
Gross saving is gross disposable income less
final consumption expenditure.
Gross value added
Gross value added is the value of output less the
value of intermediate consumption; it is a
measure of the contribution to GDP made by an
individual producer, industry or sector.
Gross value added at basic prices
Gross value added at basic prices is output
valued at basic prices less intermediate
consumption valued at purchasers' prices.
Gross value added at producers' prices
Gross value added at producers' prices is output
valued at producers' prices less intermediate
consumption valued at purchasers' prices.
H
Holding gains
Positive or negative holding gains may accrue
during the accounting period to the owners of
financial and non-financial assets and liabilities
as a result of a change in their prices (holding
gains are sometimes referred to as "capital
gains").
Household
A household is a group of persons who share the
same living accommodation, who pool some, or
all, of their income and wealth and who consume
Household final consumption expenditure
Household final consumption expenditure
consists of the expenditure, including expenditure
whose value must be estimated indirectly,
incurred by resident households on individual
consumption goods and services, including those
sold at prices that are not economically significant
and including consumption goods and services
acquired abroad.
I
Illegal production
Illegal production is the production of goods or
services whose sale, distribution or possession is
forbidden by law; and production activities which
are usually legal but which become illegal when
carried out by unauthorised producers. The
scope of illegal production varies depending
on the laws in place in individual countries
(e.g. prostitution is legal in some countries but
illegal in others).
Import duties
Import duties consist of customs duties, or other
import charges, that are payable on goods of a
particular type when they enter the economic
territory.
Imports of goods
Imports of goods consist of imports of the
following items from non-residents to residents,
generally with a change of ownership being
involved; general merchandise, goods for
processing, repairs on goods, goods procured
in foreign ports by domestic carriers and
non-monetary gold.
Imports of services
Imports of services consist of the following
services purchased by residents from
non-residents:
transportation;
travel;
communications; construction; insurance;
financial; computer and information; royalties and
licence fees; other business services; personal,
cultural, and recreational services; and
government services n.i.e.
63
Glossary
Income
Income is the maximum amount that a
household, or other unit, can consume without
reducing its real net worth.
Income from abroad - net
Net income from abroad is the difference
between the total values of the primary incomes
receivable from and payable to non-residents.
Income in kind received by employees
Income in kind received by employees is
measured by the value of the goods and services
provided by employers to their employees in
remuneration for work done.
Industry
An industry consists of a group of establishments
engaged in the same, or similar, kinds of activity.
Indirect taxes
As traditionally understood, indirect taxes are
taxes that supposedly can be passed on, in
whole or in part, to other institutional units by
increasing the prices of the goods or services
sold.
Insurance
The activity of insurance is intended to provide
individual institutional units exposed to certain
risks with financial protection against the
consequences of the occurrence of specified
events; it is also a form of financial intermediation
in which funds are collected from policyholders
and invested in financial or other assets which
are held as technical reserves to meet future
claims arising from the occurrence of the events
specified in the insurance policies.
Intellectual property products
Intellectual property products are the result
of research, development, investigation or
innovation leading to knowledge that the
developers can market or use to their own benefit
in production because use of the knowledge is
restricted by means of legal or other protection.
Interest
Interest is a form of income that is receivable by
the owners of certain kinds of financial assets,
namely: deposits, debt securities, loans and
(possibly) other accounts receivable for putting
the financial asset at the disposal of another institutional unit
Intermediate consumption
Intermediate consumption consists of the value
of the goods and services consumed as inputs by
a process of production, excluding fixed assets
whose consumption is recorded as consumption
of fixed capital.
Inventories
Inventories consist of stocks of outputs that are
still held by the units that produced them prior to
their being further processed, sold, delivered
to other units or used in other ways and stocks of
products acquired from other units that are
intended to be used for intermediate consumption
or for resale without further processing.
Inventories of finished goods
Inventories of finished goods consist of goods
that are ready for sale or shipment, but held by
the producer.
Inventories of goods for resale
Inventories of goods for resale consist of goods
acquired by enterprises, such as wholesalers and
retailers, for the purpose of reselling them without
further processing (that is, not transformed other
than by presenting them in ways that are
attractive to the customer).
Inventories of materials and supplies
Inventories of materials and supplies are goods
that their owners intend to use as intermediate
inputs in their own production processes, not to
resell.
Inventories of work-in progress
Inventories of work-in progress consist of goods
and services that are partially completed but that
are not usually turned over to other units without
further processing or that are not mature and
whose production process will be continued in a
subsequent period by the same producer.
K
Kind-of-activity unit
A kind-of-activity unit is an enterprise, or a part of
an enterprise, which engages in only one kind of
(non-ancillary) productive activity or in which the
principal productive activity accounts for most of
the value added.
L
Land
Land consists of the ground, including the soil
covering and any associated surface waters, over
which ownership rights are enforced and from
which economic benefits can be derived by their
owners by holding or using them.
Land improvements
Land improvements are the result of actions that
64
Glossary
lead to major improvements in the quantity,
quality or productivity of land, or prevent its
deterioration.
distributor to replace the good at the time it is
sold or otherwise disposed of.
Land under cultivation
Land under cultivation is land on which
agricultural or horticultural production is carried
on for commercial or subsistence purposes,
including, in principle, land under plantations,
orchards and vineyards.
Market establishments
Market establishments produce mostly goods
and services for sale at prices which are
economically significant.
Laspeyres price index
A Laspeyres price index is a weighted arithmetic
average of price relatives using the values of the
earlier period as weights.
Laspeyres volume index
A Laspeyres volume index is a weighted
arithmetic average of quantity relatives using the
values of the earlier period as weights.
Legal entity
Legal entity a legal or social entity is one whose
existence is recognized by law or society
independently of the persons, or other entities,
that may own or control it.
Livestock for breeding, dairy, draught, etc.
Livestock for breeding, dairy, draught, etc consist
of livestock that are cultivated for the products
they provide year after year.
Loans
Loans are financial assets that are created when
a creditor lends funds directly to a debtor, and
are evidenced by documents that are not
negotiable.
Local government
Local government units are institutional units
whose fiscal, legislative and executive authority
extends over the smallest geographical areas
distinguished for administrative and political
purposes.
M
Machinery and equipment
Machinery and equipment cover transport
equipment, machinery for information,
communication and telecommunications (ICT)
equipment, and other machinery and equipment.
Margin (trade)
A trade margin is the difference between the
actual or imputed price realised on a good
purchased for resale (either wholesale or retail)
and the price that would have to be paid by the
Market non-profit institutions serving
businesses
Market non-profit institutions serving businesses
are created by associations of the businesses
whose interests they are designed to promote
and usually financed by contributions or
subscriptions from the group of businesses
concerned; the subscriptions are treated not as
transfers but as payments for services rendered.
Market output
Market output consists of output intended for sale
at economically significant prices.
Market prices
Market prices for transactions are the amounts of
money willing buyers pay to acquire something
from willing sellers.
Market producers
Market producers are establishments, all or most
of whose output is market production.
Market price equivalents
Market price equivalents are proxies, or
substitute measures, for market prices in those
cases for which no actual market prices have
been set; a customary approach is to construct
such prices by analogy with known market prices
established under conditions that are considered
essentially the same.
Materials and supplies inventories
Inventories of materials and supplies are goods
that their owners intend to use as intermediate
inputs in their own production processes, not to
resell.
Mineral exploration
Mineral exploration consists of the value of
expenditures on exploration for petroleum and
natural gas and for non-petroleum deposits. it
includes prelicence costs, licence and acquisition
costs, appraisal costs and the costs of actual test
drilling and boring, as well as the costs of aerial
and other surveys, transportation costs, etc,
incurred to make it possible to carry out the tests.
65
Glossary
N
National income
At the level of the total economy, national
income is the total value of the primary incomes
receivable within the economy less the total of
the primary incomes payable by resident units.
Net domestic product (NDP)
Net domestic product (NDP) is defined as gross
domestic product (GDP) less the consumption of
fixed capital.
Net value added
Net value added is the value of output less the
values of both intermediate consumption and
consumption of fixed capital.
Non-durable good
A non-durable good is one which is used up
entirely in less than a year, assuming a normal or
average rate of physical usage.
Non-life insurance claims
Non-life insurance claims are the amounts
payable in settlement of damages that result from
an event covered by a non-life insurance policy
during the current accounting period.
Non-life insurance premiums
Non-life insurance premiums comprise both the
actual premiums payable by policyholders to
obtain insurance cover during the accounting
period (premiums earned) and the premium
supplements payable out of the property income
attributed to insurance policyholders, but
excluding social contributions.
Non-market producers
Non-market producers consist of establishments
owned by government units or NPISHs that
supply goods or services free, or at prices that
are not economically significant, to households or
the community as a whole.
Non-profit institutions (NPIs)
Non-profit institutions (NPIs) are legal or social
entities created for the purpose of producing
goods and services whose status does not permit
them to be a source of income, profit or other
financial gain for the units that establish, control
or finance them.
Non-profit institutions engaged in market
production
Non-profit institutions engaged in market
production consist of those NPIs which charge
fees determined by their costs of production and
which are sufficiently high to have a significant
influence on the demand for their services, but
any surpluses such institutions make must be
retained within those institutions as their status as
"Non-profit institutions (NPIs)" prevents them
from distributing them to others.
Non-profit institutions engaged in non-market
production
Non-profit institutions engaged in non-market
production are NPIs that are incapable of
providing financial gain to the units which control
or manage them, and which must rely principally
on funds other than receipts from sales to cover
their costs of production or other activities.
Non-profit institutions serving households
(NPISHs)
Non-profit institutions serving households
(NPISHs) consist of non-market NPIs that are not
controlled by government.
Non-resident
A unit is non-resident if its centre of economic
interest is not in the domestic economic territory
(i.e. it operates from abroad).
Non-residential buildings
Non-residential buildings are buildings other than
dwellings, including fixtures, facilities and
equipment that are integral parts of the structures
and costs of site clearance and preparation.
NPISH final consumption expenditure
Final consumption expenditure of NPISHs
consists of the expenditure, including imputed
expenditure, incurred by resident NPISHs on
individual consumption goods and services.
O
Operating lease
An operating lease is one where the legal owner
is also the economic owner and accepts the
operating risks and receives the economic
benefits from the asset by using it in a productive
activity.
Operating surplus
Operating surplus is described as mixed income
because it implicitly contains an element of
remuneration for work done by the owner, or
other members of the household, that cannot be
separately identified from the return to the owner
as entrepreneur.
Output produced for own final use
Output for own final use consists of products
retained by the producer for his own use as final
consumption or capital formation
66
Glossary
Output
Output is defined as the goods and services
produced by an establishment, excluding the
value of any goods and services used in an
activity for which the establishment does not
assume the risk of using the products in
production, and excluding the value of goods and
services consumed by the same establishment
except for goods and services used for capital
formation (fixed capital or changes in inventories)
or own final consumption.
Price index
A price index is an average of the proportionate
changes in the prices of a specified set of goods
and services between two periods of time.
Own - account producers
Own - account producers consist of
establishments engaged in gross fixed capital
formation for the enterprises of which they form
part or unincorporated enterprises owned by
households all or most of whose output is
intended for final consumption or gross fixed
capital formation by those households.
Principal activity
The principal activity of a producer unit is the
activity whose value added exceeds that of any
other activity carried out within the same unit.
Own-account workers
Own-account workers are self-employed persons
without paid employees.
Primary incomes
Primary incomes are incomes that accrue to
institutional units as a consequence of their
involvement in processes of production or
ownership of assets that may be needed for
purposes of production.
Producer's price
A producer's price is the amount receivable by
the producer from the purchaser for a unit of a
good or service produced as output minus any
VAT, or similar deductible tax, invoiced to the
purchaser; it excludes any transport charges
invoiced separately by the producer.
Paasche price index
A Paasche price index is the harmonic average
of price relatives using the values of the later
period as weights.
Production
Production is an activity, carried out under the
responsibility, control and management of an
institutional unit, that uses inputs of labour,
capital, and goods and services to produce
outputs of goods and services.
Paasche volume index
A Paasche volume index is the harmonic
average of volume relatives using the values of
the later period as weights.
Production account
The production account records the activity of
producing goods and services as defined within
the SNA.
Payments in kind other than remuneration in
kind
Payments in kind other than remuneration in kind
occur when any of a wide variety of payments
are made in the form of goods and services
rather than money.
Production boundary
The production boundary includes all production
actually destined for the market, whether for sale
or barter, all goods or services provided free to
individual households or collectively to the
community by government units or NPISHs, all
goods produced for own use, own-account
production of housing services and services
produced by employing paid domestic staff.
P
Pension funds
Pension funds are units established for purposes
of providing benefits on retirement for specific
groups of employees; they have their own assets
and liabilities, and they engage in financial
transactions in the market on their own account;
these funds are organised, and directed, by
individual private or government employers,
or jointly by individual employers and their
employees.
Price
The price of a good or service is defined as the
value of one unit of that good or service.
Property income
Property income is the sum of investment income
and rent.
Purchaser’s price
The purchaser’s price is the amount paid by the
purchaser, excluding any VAT or similar tax
deductible by the purchaser, in order to take
delivery of a unit of a good or service at the time
and place required by the purchaser. The
purchaser’s price of a good includes any
transport charges paid separately by the
67
Glossary
purchaser to take delivery at the required time
and place.
Purchasing power parity (PPP)
A purchasing power parity (PPP) is defined as
the number of units of B’s currency that are
needed in B to purchase the same quantity of
individual good or service as one unit of A’s
currency will purchase in A.
Q
Quasi-corporations
Quasi - corporations are unincorporated
enterprises that function as if they were
corporations, and which have complete sets of
accounts, including balance sheets.
R
Real holding gains and losses
A real holding gain (loss) is the amount by which
the value of an asset increases (decreases) over
the neutral holding gain for the period, in the
absence of transactions and other changes in the
volume of assets.
Real interest
Real interest is the difference between an actual
payment of nominal interest and a payment equal
to the loss of purchasing power on the monetary
value of the principal during the accounting
period.
Reference rate of interest
The reference rate of interest (to be used in
allocating FISIM) is the pure cost of borrowing
funds (i.e. a rate from which the risk premium
has been eliminated to the greatest extent
possible and which does not include any
intermediation services).
Remuneration in kind
Remuneration in kind occurs when an employee
accepts payment in the form of goods and
services instead of money.
Rent
Rent is the income receivable by the owner of a
natural resource (the lessor or landlord) for
putting the natural resource at the disposal of
another institutional unit (a lessee or tenant) for
use of the natural resource in production.
Rental
The rental is the amount payable by the user of a
fixed asset to its owner, under an operating lease
or similar contract, for the right to use that asset
in production for a specified period of time.
Rents on subsoil assets
Rents on subsoil assets are a form of property
income; they consist of the payments made to the
owners of the subsoil assets by institutional units
permitting them to extract the subsoil deposits
over a specified period.
Research and development
Research and development consists of the value
of expenditures on creative work undertaken on a
systematic basis in order to increase the stock of
knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture
and society, and use of this stock of knowledge to
devise new applications. This does not extend to
including human capital as assets within the
SNA.
Residence
The residence of each institutional unit is the
economic territory with which it has the strongest
connection, in other words, its centre of
predominant economic interest.
Rest of the world
The rest of the world consists of all non-resident
institutional units that enter into transactions with
resident units, or have other economic links with
resident units.
S
Saving
Saving represents that part of disposable income
(adjusted for the change in pension entitlements)
that is not spent on final consumption goods and
services.
Services
Services are the result of a production activity that
changes the conditions of the consuming units, or
facilitates the exchange of products or financial
assets.
Single indicator method of deflation
A single indicator method of deflation is a means
of estimating the volume movements of value
added directly using only one time series instead
of double deflation.
Social security schemes
Social security schemes are schemes imposed
and controlled by government units for the
purpose of providing social benefits to members
of the community as a whole, or of particular
sections of the community.
Social transfers in kind
Social transfers in kind consist of goods and
services provided to households by government
68
Glossary
and NPISHs either free or at prices that are not
economically significant.
State government
State governments are institutional units
exercising some of the functions of government
at a level below that of central government and
above that of the governmental institutional units
existing at a local level; they are institutional units
whose fiscal, legislative and executive authority
extends only over the individual "states" (often
referred to as "provinces") into which the country
as a whole may be divided.
Subsidies
Subsidies are current unrequited payments that
government units, including non-resident
government units, make to enterprises on the
basis of the levels of their production activities or
the quantities or values of the goods or services
which they produce, sell or import.
T
Taxes on products
Taxes on products, excluding VAT, import and
export taxes, consist of taxes on goods and
services that become payable as a result of the
production, sale, transfer, leasing or delivery of
those goods or services, or as a result of their
use for own consumption or own capital
formation.
Taxes and duties on imports
Taxes and duties on imports, excluding VAT,
consist of taxes on goods and services that
become payable at the moment when the goods
cross the national or customs frontiers of the
economic territory or when the services are
delivered by non-resident producers to resident
institutional units.
Taxes on entertainment
Taxes on entertainment consist of any taxes
which are levied specifically on the entertainment
itself (such as on an entry ticket) and which are
not part of some broader tax such as a VAT.
Taxes on imports
Taxes on imports consist of taxes and duties on
imports that become payable when goods enter
the economic territory by crossing the frontier or
when services are delivered to resident units by
non-resident units.
Taxes on international transactions
Taxes on international transactions consist of
taxes on travel abroad, foreign remittances,
foreign investments, etc. except those payable by
producers (such taxes payable by producers are
part of taxes on production while those payable
by non-producers are part of other current taxes).
Taxes on land, buildings or other structures
Taxes on land, buildings or other structures
consist of taxes payable regularly, usually each
year, in respect of the use or ownership of land,
buildings or other structures utilised by
enterprises in production, whether the enterprises
own or rent such assets.
Taxes on lotteries, gambling and betting
Taxes on lotteries, gambling and betting consist
of any taxes, other than taxes on winnings, which
are levied on these types of operations; they are
typically levied as a percentage of the operator’s
turnover.
Taxes less subsidies on production
Taxes less subsidies on production consist of
taxes payable or subsidies receivable on goods
or services produced as outputs and other taxes
or subsidies on production, such as those
payable on the labour, machinery, buildings or
other assets used in production.
Taxes on specific services
Taxes on specific services consist of all taxes
assessed on the payment for specific services
such as taxes on transportation, communications,
insurance, advertising, hotels or lodging,
restaurants, entertainment, gambling and
lotteries, sporting events, etc.
Taxes on the use of fixed assets
Taxes on the use of fixed assets include taxes
levied periodically on the use of vehicles, ships,
aircraft or other machinery or equipment used by
enterprises for purposes of production, whether
such assets are owned or rented.
Time of acquisition
The times at which goods and services are
acquired are when the change of ownership
occurs or the delivery of the services is
completed.
Time of recording
Transactions between institutional units have to
be recorded when claims and obligations arise,
are transformed or are cancelled - that is, on an
accrual basis.
Total economy
The total economy is defined as the entire set of
resident institutional units.
69
Glossary
Total final consumption
Total final consumption is the total value of all
expenditures on individual and collective
consumption goods and services incurred by
resident households, resident NPISHs serving
households and general government units.
Trade margin
A trade margin is the difference between the
actual or imputed price realised on a good
purchased for resale (either wholesale or retail)
and the price that would have to be paid by the
distributor to replace the good at the time it is
sold or otherwise disposed of.
Trading gains and losses
The trading gain or loss from changes in the
terms of trade is the difference between real GDI
and GDP in volume terms.
Transfer
A transfer is a transaction in which one
institutional unit provides a good, service or asset
to another unit without receiving from the latter
any good, service or asset in return as a direct
counterpart.
Transport equipment
Transport equipment consists of equipment for
moving people and objects.
Transport margins
A transport margin consists of those transport
charges paid separately by the purchaser in
taking delivery at the required time and place.
V
Valuables
Valuables are produced goods of considerable
value that are not used primarily for production or
consumption but are held as store of value over
time.
Value added - gross
Gross value added is the value of output less the
value of intermediate consumption; it is a
measure of the contribution to GDP made by an
individual producer, industry or sector.
W
Weapons systems
Weapon Systems include vehicles and other
equipment such as warships, submarines,
military aircraft, tanks, missile carriers and
launchers, etc. are recognised as produced
assets.
Wages and salaries
Wages and salaries consist of the sum of wages
and salaries in cash and wages and salaries in
kind.
Wages and salaries in cash
Wages and salaries in cash consist of wages or
salaries payable at regular weekly, monthly or
other intervals, including payments by results and
piecework payments; plus allowances such as
those for working overtime; plus amounts paid to
employees away from work for on holiday; plus
ad hoc bonuses and similar payments; plus
commissions, gratuities and tips received by
employees.
Wages and salaries in kind
Wages and salaries in kind consist of
remuneration in the form of goods and/or
services that are not necessary for work and can
be used by employees in their own time, and at
their own discretion, for the satisfaction of their
own needs or want or those of other members of
their households.
Work-in-progress
Work-in-progress consists of output produced by
an enterprise that is not yet sufficiently processed
to be in a state in which it is normally supplied to
other institutional units.
Work-in-progress on cultivated biological
resources
Work-in-progress on cultivated biological
resources consists of output that is not yet
sufficiently mature to be in a state in which it is
normally supplied to other institutional units.
Volume index
A volume index is an average of the
proportionate changes in the quantities of a
specified set of goods or services between two
periods of time.
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DISEMAK OLEH :
TANDATANGAN :

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