mapa de naturaleza_inga

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mapa de naturaleza_inga
LEGEND
Nature-Culture-History
Fauna-watching
Bird-watching
Turtle watching
Hiking
Canyoning
Horseback-riding
Canopy
Speleotourism
Naturalist navigation
Cyclotourism
Kayaking
Tour orientation
Jeep Safari
National Park
Ecological Reserve
Natural Protected Landscape
Ramsar Sites
Area of Managed Resources
Biosphere Preserve
Valle de Viñales
National Park
Cultural Landscapes
Río Canímar
Sierra del Rosario
Soroa - Las Terrazas
Biosphere Preserve
Mil Cumbres
Caguanes
Río Canímar
Sierra
National Park
Viñales
San Diego de los Baños
Hanabanilla
El Nicho
La Cañada
Guajimico
Península de Guanahacabibes
Other categories
Caguanes
Ciénaga de Zapata
Los Indios
World Heritage Site
Ramsar Sites
del Rosario
Topes de
Collantes
Jobo Rosado
Loma de Cunagua
Alturas de Banao
Jobo Rosado
Alejandro de Humboldt
Ciénaga de Zapata
National Park
Biosphere Preserve and Ramsar Sites
Guanahacabibes
National Park
World Heritage Site
Alturas de Banao
Sierra de Najasa
National Park
Biosphere Preserve
Sierra de Najasa
La Belén
Topes de Collantes
Baracoa
Alejandro de Humboldt
Mil Cumbres
Baracoa
Hanabanilla - El Nicho
Turquino
Desembarco del Granma
Desembarco del Granma
National Park
World Heritage Site
natural
attractions
www.turnatcuba.com
Cuchillas del Toa
Marea del Portillo
Turquino
National Park
Baconao
La Gran Piedra
Baconao
Biosphere Preserve
NATURAL ATTRACTIONS
The climate is tropical, sometimes humid, but with sea
breezes. The average annual temperature is 77º F. (25° C.).
Average rainfall is 55 inches (1400 millimeters) a year, with
two main seasons: the wet season from May through October
and the dry season from November through April.
Cuba's topography is heterogeneous, with mountains, rolling
hills and plains. There are four main mountain ranges: the
Guaniganico Range, composed of the Organos and Sierra
del Rosario Mountains, in the west; the Guamuhaya Range,
consisting of the Trinidad and Sancti Spíritus Mountains, in
the south-central region; the Sierra Maestra Mountains, in the
southeastern part of the country; and the Sagua-Baracoa
Mountains, in the northern part of eastern Cuba. These
mountain groups are separated from one another, which
facilitates their functioning as centers of the greatest
biodiversity on the island. Turquino Peak, in the Sierra
Maestra Mountains, which rises to 6476 feet (1974 meters)
above sea level, is the highest point in Cuba.
It has a land area of around 42,857 square miles (111,000
square kilometers). The main island, Cuba, which is on an
east-west axis, is around 744 miles (1200 kilometers) long.
Cuba has around 3720 miles (6000 kilometers) of coastline,
with many coves, bays and beautiful beaches with fine sand
and clear water. The island's coastal attractions also include
magnificent coral reefs and lush mangrove swamps.
The Cuban archipelago, in the westernmost part of the
Caribbean islands, consists of the island of Cuba; the Isle of
Youth; and more than 4000 smaller islands and cays, in four
main groups: Los Colorados, Jardines del Rey (Gardens of the
King, also known as Sabana-Camagüey), Los Canarreos and
Jardines de la Reina (Gardens of the Queen).
CUBA
A wide variety of birds and animals can be found in Cuba,
including the Bee Hummingbird (Mellisuga helenae), the
smallest bird in the world; the smallest frog in the world; the
Butterfly Bat (Natalus lepidus), that weighs less than a tenth of
an ounce (between 2 and 3 grams); and a scorpion
(Microtityius fundorai) that is only 0.4 inch (10 millimeters)
long. In addition, there are many species of mollusks, some
of which—such as the Polymita venusta—are incredibly
beautiful. There are 368 species of birds, many of which are
endemic to Cuba. Others are migratory, visiting Cuba in the
winter. Nearly all of Cuba’s reptiles and amphibians are also
endemic.
Nearly 1000 species of fish, 1400 species of
mollusks, 59 of coral, 1100 of crustaceans, 67 of sharks and
stingrays, and 5 species of sea turtles live in the water
surrounding the Cuban archipelago. The wetlands and
coastal areas contain populations of several endangered
endemic species that are of great biological value, such as
the Manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus); Cuban
crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer), one of the oldest on earth;
and Manjuarí (Atractosteus tristoechus), a veritable living
fossil.
Places of Interest
•Guajimico
•El Nicho
•Lake Hanabanilla
•Topes de Collantes
•Valle de los Ingenios
•Alturas de Banao
Twenty-two percent of Cuba’s land area has been awarded
some degree of environmental protection—which
corresponds to the high value of its biological diversity. These
areas include ten national parks, five nature preserves and 12
The central part of Cuba also has several attractions for
nature tourism. For example, Sancti Spíritus and Villa
Clara Provinces contain Caguanes National Park; the
Alturas de Banao Nature Preserve; the Jobo Rosado
Protected Area of Managed Resources; and the Topes de
Collantes, Hanabanilla and El Nicho Protected Natural
Scenic Areas.
Cuba’s rivers are short, and most of them have relatively little
Several places in Cuba are particularly outstanding for
their natural values, scenic beauty and wealth of flora and
fauna. They include the Valley of Viñales (in Pinar del Río
Province), which UNESCO has declared to be a world
heritage site—the only area in Cuba to have been
awarded this category—and Ingenios (Sugarmill) Valley
(in Sancti Spíritus Province), both of which UNESCO has
declared to be parts of world cultural heritage; the
Guanahacabibes and Sierra del Rosario Biosphere
Preserves, in Pinar del Río Province; the Ciénaga de
Zapata Biosphere Preserve, in Matanzas Province; the
Buenavista Biosphere Preserve, in Villa Clara and Sancti
Spíritus Provinces; the Baconao Biosphere Preserve, in
Santiago de Cuba Province; and the Cuchillas del Toa
Biosphere Preserve, in Guantánamo Province. Some of
these sites have already become very popular nature
THE CENTRAL REGION
Cuba is one of the islands with the most varied vegetation in
the world. Many of its plants are endemic. Moreover, Cuba is
the main center of evolution in the Antilles and one of the most
important of its islands. A little over 52 percent of all the higher
plants are endemic to Cuba.
Cuba has around 100
species of palm trees, more than 90 percent of which are
endemic. The royal palm (Roystonea regia) is its national
tree.
CUBAN NATURE
TYPES OF NATURE TOURISM
CUBAN TOURISM OFFICES
·Bird watching
·Hiking
THE EASTERN REGION
The eastern region has the most natural attractions,
including three national parks—Desembarco del Granma
(Landing of the Granma), Turquino and Alexander von
Humboldt—two biosphere preserves (Cuchillas del Toa
and Baconao) and the Gran Piedra (Big Boulder)
Protected Natural Scenic Area. UNESCO has also
declared Desembarco del Granma and Alexander von
Humboldt National Parks to be parts of world heritage.
For great scenery, we particularly recommend the Sierra
Maestra Special Region of Sustainable Development and
the Yunque (Anvil) of Baracoa.
All of these places are in Holguín, Granma, Santiago de
Cuba and Guantánamo Provinces, in eastern
Cuba—some of them, in more than one of these
provinces.
Places of Interest
•Desembarco del Granma
(Landing of the Granma) National Park
·Cyclotourism
·Horseback riding
·Nature, culture and history
·Speleotourism
THE WESTERN REGION
Pinar del Río and Matanzas Provinces, in the western part
of Cuba, have several sites with outstanding natural
attractions. Guanahacabibes National Park, Viñales
National Park, the Mil Cumbres (Thousand Peaks)
Protected Area of Managed Resources, Soroa and the
Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Preserve are all in Pinar del
Río Province. Ciénaga de Zapata National Park, which is
also a biosphere preserve and Ramsar site, is in
Matanzas Province. Comfortable accommodations are
available near all of them.
Places of Interest
•Guanahacabibes National Park
•Viñales National Park
•Mil Cumbres (Thousand Peaks)
•San Diego de los Baños
•Soroa
•Sierra del Rosario Biosphere Preserve
(Including the Las Terrazas community)
ARGENTINA
Marcelo T. de Alvear 928
(4to. piso) C.F. Buenos Aires
Tel.: (54-11) 4326-7995
Fax: 4326-3325
[email protected]
CANADA
(Montreal)
440 Boul René Levesque Quest
Bureau 1105, Montreal, Québec,
H2Z1V7
Tel.: 514-875-8004
Fax: 514-875-8006
E-mail: [email protected]
www.gocuba.ca
(Toronto)
Cuba Tourist Board 1200 Bay St.,
Suite 305 Toronto,
Ontario M5R 2A5
Tel.: 1-416-362-0700/02
Fax: 1-416-362-6799
E-mail: [email protected]
www.gocuba.ca
CHINA
Gemdale Internacional Garden.
Tower E2, 26C, Jian Guo Lu.
Nro. 91, Chao Yang, Beijing,
Tel.: 86-10-58206825
E-mail: [email protected]
FRANCE
280 Boulevard Raspail,
París 75014
Tel.: 33 (0) (1-45) 38-9010
Fax: 33 (0) (1-45) 38-9930
E-mail:[email protected]
GERMANY
Kaiserstrasse 8 Frankfurt
D-60313
Tel.: 0049(069) 288322
MEXICO
Darwin 68, Piso 11, Colonia
Anzures Delegación Miguel
Hidalgo CP11590 México D.F.
Tel.: (00 52 55) 5250-7974, 52504376
Fax: (00 52 55) 5255-0663
E-mail: [email protected]
RUSSIA
Kutuzovski Prospekt 9/2, kv. 66
Moskva 112248
Tel.: (7-095) 933 5986
Fax: (7-095) 243 0383
E-mail: [email protected]
SWEDEN
Karlsbergsvägen 26 B Stockholm
11327 P.O. Box 45 140 Stockholm
S-10430.
Tel.: (4608) 31-5360
Fax: (4608) 31-5320
E-mail: [email protected]
VENEZUELA
Ave. 1ra. de los Palos Grandes,
e/ 1ra. Transversal y Francisco
Quiroga, Apto. 81, Caracas.
Tel.: 58-212-284-558244
natural
attractions

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