Titanium Products

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Titanium Products
Titanium
Titanium Products
http://www.nssmc.com/
2-6-1 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku,Tokyo 100-8071 Japan
Tel: +81-3-6867-4111
Titanium Products
T001en_02_201409f
© 2012, 2014 NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
Introduction
■Characteristics of Titanium
Titanium, which was found in the 1790s, is the 4th most abundant practical metal existing in the upper crust of
the earth. It has taken a long time before an industrial refining process for titanium was reached to completion, and
not until 1946 did industrial production of this new metal, titanium begin. The metal was adopted for aerospace
applications for the beginning, owing to its specific strength. And then, the demand for titanium, which also has
outstanding corrosion resistance, began to increase markedly for such applications as Chemical industries and Electric
power generation. Today, titanium is a well-known material for its character from aesthetic and for environmental and
biological conformity. Titanium, which has excellent physical properties and is friendly to the environment, meets
contemporary needs from the world and has a great potential for an expected growth in the future.
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, which was founded in 2012, as a world top-class comprehensive
producer of titanium mill products, supplies its high-function, high-quality products and services to the customers by
utilizing the best effectiveness of the consolidated management resources of the new corporation and the specialized
expertise of the companies.
Based on the results of basic studies of titanium which has been obtained for many decades, with its more
strengthened organization and staffs of research and development, we continue R&D for various fields of titanium
application, such as Chemical industries, Electric power generation, Seawater desalination, Civil engineering,
Architecture, Automotive, Consumer appliances, and Aerospace industries, etc. We are also developing new
applications of titanium actively aiming to customers needs.
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation is to pursue the infinite potential of the contemporary metal, Titanium .
Light
weight
High
strength
Titanium is
comparable in
strength to steel.
Product Outline
1
Titanium Production Flowchart
2∼3
Hot and Cold Rolled Coils / Sheets
4∼5
5
Titanium Foils
Welded Tubes and Pipes for Heat Exchanger
8
Welded Tubes and Pipes for Plumbing
9
Wire Rods and Bars
10
Examples of Applications of Titanium
11∼15
Standards of Titanium Products
16∼19
Technical Data
Physical Properties
Corrosion Resistance
20
21∼22
Tensile Properties in High Temperature
23
Clarke Number
23
References
Sites of Manufacturing and R&D
24
Notice
While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained within this publication, the use of the information is at the reader s risk and no
warranty is implied or expressed by Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation with respect to the use of the information contained herein. The information in this
publication is subject to change or modification without notice. Please contact the Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation office for the latest information.
Please refrain from unauthorized reproduction or copying of the contents of this publication.
The names of our products and services shown in this publication are trademarks or registered trademarks of Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation,
affiliated companies, or third parties granting rights to Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation or affiliated companies. Other product or service names
shown may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Production of Titanium
Products by
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal
Good
workability
Environmental
and Biological
conformity
(non-toxicity)
Titanium elutes so few
metallic ions that it
seldom causes metallic
allergies.
Titanium is
as workable
as steel.
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal has R&D capability
and quality control systems nurtured in its steelmaking
operations. By making the most of an integrated
control system from order receipt to production and
shipment and further to technical services,
supported by the aforementioned expertise, Nippon
Steel & Sumitomo Metal meets user needs for
titanium products.
Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal supplies titanium
products conforming to such standards as JIS,
ASTM, ASME and AMS. In addition, it can produce
titanium products tailored to user’s specifications,
inquiries on which are welcomed.
6∼7
Plates
Titanium has superb
seawater corrosion
resistance and hence is
ideal for parts used in
seawater.
Titanium has
a specific weight
of 4.51, about 60%
that of steel.
CONTENTS
Characteristics of Titanium
Outstanding
corrosion
resistance
Small
thermal
expansion
Titanium is
comparable in thermal
expansion to
glass or concrete.
Nonmagnetism
Titanium is
not magnetized.
Aesthetics
Unique texture
of metal surface and
various menu of
surface finish.
1
Titanium Production Flowchart
Finishing
Rutile (raw material)
Plate
Sponge
Plate-rolling
Recycled raw
materials
Slab
Hot and Cold Rolled
Coils/ Sheets
Alloying elements
EB
VAR
Hot rolled coil
Hot rolling
Cold rolling
Cold rolled coil
Melting
Cold rolled
cut-length sheet
Ingot
Cold rolled coil
Pressing
Welded tube line
Welded tube
Slabbing/billeting
Conditioning
Forging
Bar rolling
Bar
Rolling
Wire rod
Billet
2
3
Hot and Cold Rolled Coils / Sheets
Titanium Coils / Sheets for Architecture
Applicable standards
Applicable standard
Standard
Grade
Standard
JIS H 4600
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 4, Class 11, Class 12, Class 13,
Class 17, Class 19, Class 20, Class 21, Class 22
ASTM B265
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.4, Gr.7, Gr.11, Gr.13, Gr.14, Gr.16, Gr.17, Gr.30, Gr.31
ASME SB 265
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.4, Gr.7, Gr.11, Gr.13, Gr.14, Gr.16, Gr.17, Gr.30, Gr.31
AMS
AMS4900, AMS4901, AMS4902
Company specifications
Ti-20V-4Al-1Sn(β alloy),Ti-3Al-5V(α+β alloy)
Well-formable grade, Super-TIXTM10CU, Super-TIXTM10CUNB,
Super-TIXTM800, Super-TIXTM51AF(Hot rolling, α+β alloy)
Grade
JIS H 4600
Class 1 equivalent
Surface finish
Dull finish, Blasting finish, Coloring finish
Available sizes
Surface finish
Sheet
※ Please consult us for any other surface finish.
Available sizes
2.0
Dull finish
1.2
1.0
Coloring
finish
0.3
200
8.0
Blasting
finish
650
1000
Width(㎜)
1219
Please consult us for other sizes.
7.0
2.0
Coloring finish
0.3
Dull finish
Blasting
finish
1100
Width(㎜)
1219
※ Anodised finish is applicable to sheets 2400 mm or less in length.
Please consult us for other sheet sizes.
Titanium Foils
6.0
Thickness(㎜)
Thickness(㎜)
Vacuum annealing / Annealing & pickling
Thickness(㎜)
Coil
Applicable standards
5.0
Standard
4.0
3.0
Grade
JIS H 4600
Class 1 equivalent, Class 2 equivalent
ASTM B265
Gr.1 equivalent
ASME SB 265
Gr.1 equivalent
Available sizes
2.0
1.0
:Hot-rolled
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
:Cold-rolled
1000
1250
1219
Width(㎜)
JIS Class 1 equivalent, Class 2 equivalent
200
JIS Class 1 equivalent
100
1350
1524
(Note 1)For JIS Class 3(ASTM Gr. 3)or higher grades, please consult us when placing an order.
4
Thickness(μm)
300
:Subject to
consultation
JIS Class 1 equivalent
30
20
6
200
350
400
Width(㎜)
600 630
5
Plates
Applicable standards
Available grades
● JIS TP480H ● J
IS TP480PdH
● JIS H 4600 ● ASTM B265 ● ASME SB 265
Thickness(㎜)
Surface finish
60.0≦ t
40.0≦ t<60.0
15.0≦ t<40.0
10.0≦ t<15.0
6.0≦ t<10.0
5.5≦ t< 6.0
5.0≦ t< 5.5
4.0≦ t< 5.0
Pickling, Polishing
Available grades and size range
Available grades
Thickness(㎜)
60.0≦ t
40.0≦ t<60.0
15.0≦ t<40.0
7.0≦ t<15.0
6.0≦ t< 7.0
5.5≦ t< 6.0
5.0≦ t< 5.5
4.0≦ t< 5.0
Available grades
Thickness(㎜)
60.0≦ t
40.0≦ t<60.0
15.0≦ t<40.0
7.0≦ t<15.0
6.0≦ t< 7.0
5.5≦ t< 6.0
5.0≦ t< 5.5
4.0≦ t< 5.0
● JIS TP270H
● JIS TP270PdH
● JIS TP240PdH
1000
900
1500
● ASTM Gr.1
● ASTM Gr.11
● ASTM Gr.17
● ASME Gr.1
● ASME Gr.11
● ASME Gr.17
Product width(㎜)
2000
2500
3000
2600
Available grades
3500
3300 3450 3600
1000
900
1500
Product width(㎜)
2000
2500
2800
3000
60.0≦ t
40.0≦ t<60.0
15.0≦ t<40.0
10.0≦ t<15.0
6.0≦ t<10.0
5.5≦ t< 6.0
5.0≦ t< 5.5
4.0≦ t< 5.0
Available grades
3500
3300 3450 3600
1000
:Please consult us when placing an order.
(Note)The maximum product length is 10000 mm(10 m).
Please consult us for products whose length is in the range 10000∼14000 mm.
2500
2400 2600
2800
3000
3500
3450
900
Product width(㎜)
1500
2000
4000
3900
2200
2500
2400
2700
3000
3500
3450
4000
3900
●J
IS TP550H ● ASTM Gr.4 ● ASME Gr.
4
4000
60.0≦ t
40.0≦ t<60.0
15.0≦ t<40.0
10.0≦ t<15.0
6.0≦ t<10.0
5.5≦ t< 6.0
5.0≦ t< 5.5
4.0≦ t< 5.0
2200
● ASTM Gr.3 ● ASME Gr.3
Product width(㎜)
3900
Thickness(㎜)
:Available size range
2000
4000
● ASME Gr.2
● ASME Gr.7
● ASTM Gr.2
● ASTM Gr.7
1500
3900
Thickness(㎜)
● JIS TP340H
● JIS TP340PdH
1000
900
Product width(㎜)
1000
900
1500
1800
2000
2200
2500
:Available size range
2800
3000
3200
3500
3450
4000
:Please consult us when placing an order.
(Note)The maximum product length is 10000 mm(10 m).
Please consult us for products whose length is in the range 10000∼14000 mm.
6
7
Welded Tubes and
Pipes for Plumbing
Welded Tubes and
Pipes for Heat Exchanger
Applicable standards
Applicable standards
Standard
Grade
JIS H 4631
Standard
Grade
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 11, Class12, Class 17, Class 19, Class 21, Class 22
JIS H 4631
JIS H 4635
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 11, Class12, Class 17, Class 19, Class 21, Class 22
JIS H 4635
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 11, Class12, Class 17, Class 19, Class 21, Class 22
ASTM B338,B862
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.7, Gr.11, Gr.13, Gr.14
ASTM B338,B862
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.7, Gr.11, Gr.13, Gr.14
ASME SB338,SB862
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.7, Gr.11, Gr.13, Gr.14
ASME SB338,SB862
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.7, Gr.11, Gr.13, Gr.14
Company specifications
Super-TIX 10CU, Super-TIX 10CUNB
Company specifications
Super-TIXTM10CU, Super-TIXTM10CUNB
TM
TM
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 11, Class12, Class 17, Class 19, Class 21, Class 22
Available sizes
Available sizes
Thickness(㎜)
φ12.7
φ15.0
φ15.9
φ18.0
φ19.0
φ20.0
φ22.0
φ22.2
φ24.0
φ25.4
φ27.2
φ28.58
φ31.0
φ31.75
φ31.8
φ34.0
φ34.7
φ35.0
φ38.1
φ41.5
φ42.7
φ45.0
φ47.0
φ48.6
φ50.8
φ56.2
φ60.5
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
1.0
●
●
●
●
●
●
1.2
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
1.4
●
●
1.5
●
●
1.6
2.0
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
3.0
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●:Scope of consultation
Sizes other than those shown above may be made available when requested.
For the available sizes of high-strength products of Class 3 or higher, please consult us.
1.0
Outside diameter
(㎜)
Outside diameter
(㎜)
Thickness
(㎜)
φ13.8
φ17.3
φ19.0
φ21.7
φ25.4
φ27.2
φ34.0
φ38.1
φ41.5
φ42.7
φ45.0
φ47.0
φ48.6
φ56.2
φ60.5
φ76.3
φ89.1
φ101.6
φ114.3
φ139.8
φ165.2
φ216.3
φ267.4
φ318.5
φ355.6
φ406.4
φ457.2
φ508.0
φ558.8
φ609.6
φ660.4
φ711.2
φ762.2
φ812.8
φ914.4
φ1016.0
1.2
1.5
2.0
3.0
4.0
5.0
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
6.0
8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 24.0 28.0
●:Scope of consultation
Sizes other than those shown above may be made available when requested.
For the available sizes of high-strength products of Class 3 or higher, please consult us.
8
9
Examples of Applications of Titanium
Wire Rods and Bars
Electric Power, Energy and Seawater Desalination
Applicable standards
Standard
Equivalent of
JIS H 4650・H4670
Wire Equivalent of
rods ASTM B348・B863
Bars
Grade
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 4, Class 11,
Class 12, Class 13, Class 61
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.4, Gr.7, Gr.9(Ti-3Al-2.5V),
Gr.19(Ti-3Al-8V-6Cr-4Mo-4Zr)
Company specifications
Super-TIXTM800, Super-TIXTM51AF, Super-TIXTM523AFM,
15-3-3-3 equivalent
JIS H 4650
Class 1, Class 2, Class 3, Class 4
ASTM B348
Gr.1, Gr.2, Gr.3, Gr.4, Gr.5
Ordinary
thermal power
generation
(using LNG)
ASTM F136, AMS4928
Company specifications
Super-TIXTM800, Super-TIXTM51AF, Super-TIXTM523AFM, SSATTM-2041CF
(Please consult us for any other materials to be applied to Bars.)
Bars
SF(Super Finish※), SF + Annealing, SF + Annealing + Pickling
Boiler
※Special peeling finish.
Peeling, Pickling
(Please consult us for any other surface finish.)
Carburetor
LNG
carrier
Available sizes
Wire rods
Bars
Unloading
arm
Storage
tank
Electricity
Steam
LNG
Power transmission
tower
Generator
Exciter
Gas
mix
blower
LNG
Carburetor
Forced draft fan
pump
Seawater pump
Discharge channel
(mm)
Air
Water
Turbine
Condenser
φ6.0, φ6.5, φ7.0, φ7.5, φ9.5, φ12.0, φ15.0, φ15.5
Natural gas
Seawater
Exhaust gas
Wire rods
Collective
smokestack
Pure water tank
Surface finishes
Switching
station
Transformer
Circulating
water
pump
Inlet channel
(Please consult us for any other product size.)
φ8∼φ350
(mm)
(Please consult us for any other product size.)
Seawater
Desalination
Plant
(MSF)
Bleed
Principle of operation of multi-stage flash(MSF)distillation process
Steam for heating
Brine heater
Demister
Ras Az Zawr Phase-1 Package “D”
10
Condenser room
Freshwater
Flashing room
11
Examples of Applications of Titanium
Conceptual diagram
of electrolytic tank with ion
exchange membrane
Chemical Plants and Electrolysis
PHE, Aircraft and Jet Engines
Chlorine gas
(Cl₂) Hydrogen gas
(H
H₂)
)
Titanium
Nickel
Na+
Diluted
seawater
Cl−
H₂O
Cathode
Anode
+
Caustic
soda
(NaOH)
OH−
−
OH−
Brine supply
Water
Ion-exchange membrane
General view of soda electrolytic tank
PHE plate
PHE construction
and operational
concept
PHE equipment
Multi-tube heat exchanger for chemical use
Chemical plant
(corrosion-resisting
material)
Reactor
Multi-tube heat exchanger
Condenser
Separator
Titanium
plate
Agitator
Titanium
plate
Titanium
plpe
Titanium-clad plate or
titanium plate
Titanium tube
General view of wet-type Nickel Refining Plant
Titanium valve
Titanium
plate
Titanium-clad plate or
titanium plate
Conceptual
diagram of Nickel
Refining Plant
Titanium tube
Ore slurry
Sulfuric acid/steam
Titaniumclad
Titaniumclad plate or
titanium plate
Heater
12
Autoclave
(pressure vessel)
Recovered
steam
CCD:Multi-stage cleaning
by counter current decantation
(Counter Current Decantation)
Flash vessels
(evaporators)
To neutralizing
plant
(for Ni refining)
Airbus A380
Jet engine, example
13
Examples of Applications of Titanium
Automobiles, Consumer Appliances, Sports and Medical Care
Amuse GT-R and its exhaust system
Civil Engineering and Architectural Materials
Main hall of Kinryuzan Sensoji Temple
Kyushu National Museum
Grand National Theater in Beijing, China
Grand Theater in Hangzhou
Marques de Riscal Winery Hotel
Tokyo International Airport D-runway pier
YAMAHA YZF-R1
CASIO OCEANUS
DUNLOP XXIO7
SNOWPEAK tableware made of titanium
Artificial bone made of titanium
14
Titanium flame of glasses
15
Corrosion-resistant titanium alloys
Commercially-Pure titanium
Classification
Standards of Titanium Products
【Commercially-Pure
16
Standard
Titanium/Corrosion-Resistant Titanium Alloys】
Chemical composition [mass%]
Tensile properties
Ti
0.2%proof
stress
[MPa]
Tensile strength
[MPa]
Elongation
[%]
rem.
≧120
≧250
≧40
−
rem.
≧165
270−410
≧27
−
−
rem.
≧215
340−510
≧23
≦0.30
−
−
rem.
≧345
480−620
≧18
≦0.05
≦0.50
−
−
rem.
≧485
550−750
≧15
≦0.18
≦0.03
≦0.20
−
−
rem.
138−310
≧240
≧24
≦0.015
≦0.25
≦0.03
≦0.30
−
−
rem.
275−450
≧345
≧20
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.35
≦0.05
≦0.30
−
−
rem.
380−550
≧450
≧18
ASTM/ASME Grade4
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.40
≦0.05
≦0.50
−
−
rem.
483−655
≧550
≧15
JIS Class 17
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.18
≦0.03
≦0.20
0.04−0.08
−
rem.
≧170
240−380
≧24
JIS Class 19
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.25
≦0.03
≦0.30
0.04−0.08
0.20−0.80
rem.
≧275
345−515
≧20
JIS Class 20
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.35
≦0.05
≦0.30
0.04−0.08
0.20−0.80
rem.
≧380
450−590
≧18
ASTM/ASME Gr.17
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.18
≦0.03
≦0.20
0.04−0.08
−
rem.
138−310
≧240
≧24
ASTM/ASME Gr.30
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.25
≦0.03
≦0.30
0.04−0.08
0.20−0.80
rem.
275−450
≧345
≧20
ASTM/ASME Gr.31
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.35
≦0.05
≦0.30
0.04−0.08
0.20−0.80
rem.
380−550
≧450
≧18
JIS Class 11
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.15
≦0.03
≦0.20
0.12−0.25
−
rem.
≧165
270−410
≧27
JIS Class 12
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.20
≦0.03
≦0.25
0.12−0.25
−
rem.
≧215
340−510
≧23
JIS Class 13
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.30
≦0.05
≦0.30
0.12−0.25
−
rem.
≧345
480−620
≧18
ASTM/ASME Grade11
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.18
≦0.03
≦0.20
0.12−0.25
−
rem.
138−310
≧240
≧24
ASTM/ASME Grade7
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.25
≦0.03
≦0.30
0.12−0.25
−
rem.
275−450
≧345
≧20
JIS Class 21
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.10
≦0.03
≦0.20
0.04−0.06
0.40−0.60
rem.
≧170
275−450
≧24
JIS Class 22
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.15
≦0.03
≦0.30
0.04−0.06
0.40−0.60
rem.
≧275
410−530
≧20
ASTM/ASME Grade13
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.10
≦0.03
≦0.20
0.04−0.06
0.4−0.6
rem.
≧170
≧275
≧24
ASTM/ASME Grade14
≦0.08
≦0.015
≦0.15
≦0.03
≦0.30
0.04−0.06
0.4−0.6
rem.
≧275
≧410
≧20
C
H
O
N
Fe
Pd
Well-formable grade
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.15
≦0.03
≦0.20
JIS Class 1
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.15
≦0.03
≦0.20
−
JIS Class 2
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.20
≦0.03
≦0.25
JIS Class 3
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.30
≦0.05
JIS Class 4
≦0.08
≦0.013
≦0.40
ASTM/ASME Grade1
≦0.08
≦0.015
ASTM/ASME Grade2
≦0.08
ASTM/ASME Grade3
Co
Ru
Ni
17
Alloy classification
Standards of Titanium Products
【Titanium Alloys】
Product form
Nominal composition or
company standard
Welded Bar/
Plate Sheet
tube wire rod
○*
Ti‐3Al‐2.5V
○*
○
Al
V
2.5−3.5
2.0−3.0
Mo
Cr
Zr
Sn
Si
Cu
Nb
5.50−6.75 3.50−4.50
α + β alloy
β alloy
O
N
C
≦0.25
≦0.15
≦0.03
≦0.08
Annealing
≦0.30
≦0.20
≦0.05
≦0.08
Annealing
STA
Elongation
min.
(%)
485
620
15
483
620
15
827
895
10
AMS4928
AMS6930, 6931(AMS-T-9047)
1070
1140
10
825
895
10
828
895
10
≦0.40
≦0.20
≦0.05
≦0.08
Annealing
5.5−6.5
3.5−4.5
≦0.25
≦0.13
≦0.03
≦0.08
Annealing
755
825
10
0.35−1.00
≦0.20
≦0.04
≦0.05
Annealing
965
1035
10
STA
1105
1205
8
≦0.10
≦0.15
≦0.05
≦0.05
Annealing
825
895
10
STA
860
930
10
≦0.15
≦0.15
≦0.04
≦0.04
STA
1105
1170
≦0.03
≦0.05
≦0.05
≦0.05
Ti‐6Al‐6V‐2Sn
○
5.00−6.00 5.00−6.00
Ti‐6Al‐2Sn‐4Zr‐2Mo‐0.08Si
○
5.50−6.50
1.80−2.20
3.60−4.40 1.80−2.20
Ti‐6Al‐2Sn‐4Zr‐6Mo
○
5.50−6.50
5.50−6.50
3.60−4.40 1.75−2.25
Ti‐3Al‐8V‐6Cr‐4Mo‐4Zr
○
3.0−4.0
7.5−8.5
Ti‐10V‐2Fe‐3Al
○*
2.6−3.4
9.0−11.0
1.50−2.50
3.5−4.5
5.5−6.5
0.35−1.00
0.06−0.10
3.5−4.5
≦0.30
≦0.14
≦0.12
Good cold formability
Versatility
≦0.13
Good low-temperature toughness
○*
○
Super-TIXTM800
○
○
2.5−3.5
14.0−16.0
2.5−3.5
2.5−3.5
○
Super-TIX 800N
○
Super-TIX 51AF
(Ti-5Al-1Fe)
TM
Super-TIX 523AFM(Ti-5Al-2Fe-3Mo)
®
○
4.50−5.50
○
4.50−5.50
2.5−3.5
○
Super-TIXTM05CU(Ti-0.5Cu)
ASTM Gr.23, ASTM F136
AMS4971, 6935, 6936
Good heat resistance
AMS4975, 4976
10
Good creep resistance
AMS4981, 6906
Good cold formability
AMS4957, 4958, 6920, 6921
Good age hardenability
ASTM Gr.19, β-C
ST
759
793
15
STA
1100
1170
4
STA
1103
1193
4
High fatigue strength
4986, 4987
12
STA
965
1100
7
≦0.08
Annealing
550
700
10
High strength between Class 61(Gr. 9)and Class 60(Gr. 5) Original
≦0.08
Annealing
550
700
10
High strength between Class 61(Gr. 9)and Class 60(Gr. 5) Original
≦0.08
Annealing
700
800
10
High strength comparable to Class 60(Gr. 5) Original
≦0.05
0.50−1.50
0.25−0.45
≦0.02
0.50−1.50
0.20−0.40 0.02−0.05
Good Cold formability
AMS4983, 4984,
703
≦0.05
≦0.05
JIS Class 60E
689
≦0.13
≦0.25
JIS Class 60
ST
≦0.25
0.50−1.50
ASTM Gr.9
Good hardenability
Good hardenability
Ti‐15V‐3Cr‐3Sn‐3Al
JIS Class 61
ASTM Gr.5
High strength and high toughness
1.6-2.2
Main related
standards, etc.
Tensile
strength
min.(MPa)
3.5−4.5
○
Advantageous
features
0.2%proof
stress
min.(MPa)
5.5−6.75
Ti‐6Al‐4V ELI
TM
Company standard product
Fe
Heat
treatment
*
○
Ti‐6Al‐4V
Good age hardenability
AMS4914
1.50−2.50
≦0.25
≦0.05
≦0.08
Annealing
870
950
10
Strength superior to Class 60(Gr. 5) Original
0.40−0.70
≦0.03
0.02−0.06
≦0.03
≦0.08
Annealing
165
270
27
Homogeneous structure
Original
≦0.06
0.02−0.07
≦0.01
≦0.08
Annealing
270
360
35
Good heat resistance
Original
Super-TIXTM10CU
(Ti-1Cu)
○
○
0.80−1.20
Super-TIX 10CUNB(Ti-1Cu-0.5Nb)
○
○
0.80−1.20
0.40−0.60
≦0.06
0.02−0.07
≦0.01
≦0.08
Annealing
270
360
35
Good heat resistance
Original
Super-TIX 10CSSN(Ti-1Cu-1Sn-0.35Si-0.25Nb)
○
○
0.80−1.20
0.20−0.35
≦0.06
0.02−0.07
≦0.01
≦0.08
Annealing
270
395
20
Good heat resistance
Original
Ti‐3Al‐5V
○
○
≦0.20
≦0.12
≦0.05
≦0.08
Annealing
670
810
10
Good cold formability
Original
Ti‐20V‐4Al‐1Sn
○
≦0.20
≦0.20
≦0.05
≦0.08
ST
600
630
15
STA
950
1050
10
Good cold formability
Original
TM
TM
0.25−0.45
*
2.50−3.50 4.50−5.50
○
3.0−3.6
19.0−22.5
○*:Please consult us when placing an order.
18
Examples of Tensile properties
at room temperature(minimum values)
Chemical composition(mass%) 0.80−1.20
*ST : Solution treatment STA : Solution treatment + aging
19
Technical Data
Corrosion Resistance
Physical Properties
Comparison of corrosion resistance between titanium and other metallic materials
The advantageous physical properties of pure titanium are as follows.
①Light weight
【Specific gravity】
(60% of specific gravity of steel and about 1.7 times that of aluminum)
②Low thermal expansion 【Hermal expansion coefficient]】
(ne-half that of 18-8 stainless steel and one-third that of aluminum)
③Low hear conductivity 【Heat conductivity】
(nearly the same as 18-8 stainless steel)
④Low electric conductivity【Electric conductivity】
(about 3% of copper)
⑤High flexibility
【Longitudinal elastic modulus】
(one-half of iron or stainless steel and the same as copper)
⑥6 Non-magnetism
【Magnetic permeability】
(non-magnetic material; magnetic permeability = 1.0001)
Comparison of physical properties between titanium and other metallic materials
Linear
Electric
Young s
Specific
Atomic Atomic Specific Melting expansion Specific Thermal
point
heat conductivity resistivity conductivity modulus
number weight gravity (℃) coefficient (KJ/Kg・K)(w/m・K)(μΩ·m) (% ratio (GPa)
to copper)
(/K)
Item
Titanium
22
47.90
4.51
1668
8.4×10-6
0.519
17
0.55
3.1
106.3
titanium alloy
Ti-6AI-4V
̶
̶
4.43
1650
8.8×10-6
0.610
7.5
1.71
1.1
110
Iron
26
55.85
7.9
1530
12×10-6
0.460
63
0.097
18
205.8
18‒8stainless steel
(SUS 304)
Aluminum
̶
13
̶
26.97
7.9
2.7
1400
∼1420
650
17×10-6
0.502
23×10-6
0.879
16
205
0.72
0.027
2.4
64
199.9
69.1
Aluminum alloy
(7075)
̶
̶
2.8
476
∼638
23×10-6
0.962
121
0.058
30
71.5
Magnesium
12
24.32
1.7
650
25×10-6
1.004
159
0.043
40
44.8
Nickel
28
58.69
8.9
1453
15×10-6
0.460
92
0.095
18
205.8
Hastelloy C
̶
̶
8.9
1305
11.3×10-6
0.385
13
1.3
1.3
204.4
Copper
29
63.57
8.9
1,083
17×10
-6
0.385
385
0.017
100
107.8
Note)18-8 stainless steel :Cr(18%)‒ Ni(8%)‒ Fe
(R)
Aluminum alloy 7075 :Super-super duralumin
[Cu(1.6%)-Mg(2.5%)-Cr(2.3%-Zn(5.6%)-Al(R)subjected to solution heat treatment and aging)
Hastelloy C
:54Ni ‒17Mo ‒15Cr ‒ 5Fe ‒ 4W
■ Properties other than those shown above
Crystal structure
α titanium(885°
C or lower)
:Close-packed hexagonal lattice
β titanium(above 885°
C) :Body-centered cubic lattice
Latent heat of fusion:60.7 J/g, relative magnetic permeability:1.0001 (Source: Japan Titanium Society)
20
Composition Temperature Corrosion resistance
(%) (℃) Titanium 18‒8 Hastelloy
stainless steel
C
×
24
◎
10
○
×
24
◎
30
×
Hydrochloric acid
−
80
○
10
×
−
80
△
30
×
−
24
◎
10
△
×
24
◎
50
×
Sulfuric acid
−
100
◎
10
×
−
100
◎
50
×
◎
24
◎
10
◎
◎
24
−
50
◎
Nitric acid
◎
100
△
10
◎
○
100
−
50
◎
Corroding
medium
Aqua regia
24
HCl·HNO3
100
3:1
◎
○
×
−
△
−
Composition Temperature Corrosion resistance
(%) (℃) Titanium 18‒8 Hastelloy
stainless steel
C
◎
24
◎
10
◎
◎
24
◎
30
◎
Ammonia
○
80
○
10
◎
○
80
◎
30
◎
◎
24
◎
10
◎
◎
24
−
50
◎
Caustic soda
◎
100
◎
10
◎
○
100
◎
50
○
◎
24
◎
10
◎
−
24
−
30
−
Carbonic soda
◎
100
◎
10
◎
◎
100
◎
30
◎
Corroding
medium
Hydrogen sulfide
Dry gas
Wet gas
24
24
◎
◎
△
○
◎
○
Dry gas
Wet gas
Dry gas
Wet gas
24
24
100
90
×
◎
−
◎
−
−
◎
−
◎
△
○
△
◎
◎
−
−
−
−
◎
−
−
100
◎*
−
◎
24
24
100
100
24
24
100
100
24
24
100
100
24
52
24
100
100
24
24
100
100
◎
◎
◎
◎
○
○
○
×
◎
◎
◎
◎
○
×
−
−
−
◎
◎
◎
×
◎
◎
◎
○
○
○
×
×
○
○
○
×
○
−
○
−
×
○
○
○
×
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
○
◎
○
○
○
○
○
○
○
◎
◎
◎
◎
Chromic acid
5
24
◎
−
◎
Chlorine
Hydrogen fluoride
5
30
×
×
△
Sulfur dioxide
○
△
×
×
◎
◎
◎
◎
○
○
○
○
◎
◎
◎*
◎*
◎
◎
◎*
◎*
◎
◎
◎*
◎*
◎
◎
◎*
◎*
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
○
×
×
−
−
×
×
−
−
○
○
○*
○*
◎
○
−
×
△
−
−
−
△
○
△*
−
○
○
○
−
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
×
×
○
○
−
−
○
○
○
○
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
◎
○
○
○
○
10(with aeration) 24
Phosphoric acid 50(with aeration) 24
10(with aeration) 100
50(with aeration) 100
24
10
24
30
Ferric chloride
100
10
100
30
24
10
24
30
Cupric chloride
100
10
100
30
24
10
24
40
Sodium chloride
100
10
100
40
24
10
24
50
Calcium chloride
100
10
100
50
24
10
24
40
Ammonium chloride
100
10
100
40
24
10
24
40
Magnesium chloride
100
10
100
40
24
10
24
50
Ferrous sulfate
100
10
100
50
Seawater
Acetic acid
Formic acid
Lactic acid
Oxalic acid
Citric acid
Dry gas 30∼60
Wet gas 30∼90
Rapidly flowing
water
Still water
10
60
10
60
10
50
10
30
10
50
10
50
10
20 50
10
50
10
50
10
50
24
Note)
*There are cases in which pitting or other local corrosion
occurs with the material.
Corrosion rate ◎:<0.127
○:<0.127∼0.508
△:0.508∼1.27 ×:>1.27mm/year
(Source: Japan Titanium Society)
21
Corrosion Resistance in Seawater
−0.8
240℃
Pt
Ti
Pitting/crevice corrosion
SUS304
AI Bronze
90/10 Cu-Ni
70/30 Cu-Ni
Ni
9Ni Steel
130℃
pH9
pH3.5
Crevice corrosion
80℃
Seawater
Temperature
(℃)
Naval Brass
Increase
in pH
180℃
Pb
3Cr-Mo Steel
Mild Steel
Corrosionless zone
Sn
AI
Zn
Air saturation in seawater(25℃)
Use of Sumitomo Metal s brochure:Since 2007
0
5
10
15
20
NaCl concentration(%)
Corrosionless zone
Zone where crevice corrosion can be possible
Zone where pitting/crevice corrosion can be highly possible
Use of Sumitomo Metal s brochure:Since 2007
90
900
90
800
80
800
80
700
70
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
60
●
500
●
400
50
●
40
●
300 ●
30
●
200
●
100
0
100
200
●
●
●
●
●
300
400
Temperature(℃)
20
●
10
●
500
0
600
70
●
60
50
500
●
400
300
40
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
200
●
0
100
200
300
400
Temperature(℃)
30
20
●
●
100
0
●
500
1000 ●
100
900 ●
●
700
●
10
800
●
80
●
70
●
●
600
●
●
500
60
50
●
400
40
●
300
200
●
●
●
●
30
20
100
0
●
●
700
0
0.2% proof stress
90
10
0
100
200
300
400
Temperature(℃)
Tensile strength
●
500
0
Elongation
Clarke Number(Note)
Rank
Order of practical stabilization in solution
Order of thermodynamic stabilization
22
Rhodium
Niobium
Tantalum
Gold
Iridium
Platinum
Titanium
Palladium
Mercury
Gallium
Zirconium
Silver
Tin
Copper
Beryllium
Aluminum
Chromium
Bismuth
Tungsten
Iron
Nickel
Cobalt
Arsenic
Carbon
Lead
Cadmium
Zinc
Molybdenum
Vanadium
Magnesium
Manganese
●
600
Orders of Stabilization of Metals
Gold
Iridium
Platinum
Rhodium
Palladium
Mercury
Silver
Copper
Bismuth
Arsenic
Carbon
Lead
Nickel
Cobalt
Cadmium
Iron
Tin
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Gallium
Zinc
Niobium
Tantalum
Chromium
Vanadium
Manganese
Zirconium
Aluminum
Titanium
Beryllium
Magnesium
100
1000
900
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
100
1000
Elongation/%
−0.6
Ti-6Al-4V Titanium Alloy
0.2% proof stress/tensile strength/MPa
−0.4
Commercially pure titanium Class 4
Elongation/%
−0.2
Commercially pure titanium Class 2
0.2% proof stress/tensile strength/MPa
0
Influences of temperature, concentration and pH on pitting/
crevice corrosion of commercially pure titanium in salty water
0.2% proof stress/tensile strength/MPa
+0.2
V vs. SCE
−1.0
−1.2
Elongation/%
Corrosion potential in seawater
(flowing water)
Tensile Properties in High Temperature
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Proportion of Cumulative
existence(%)
total
Element
Oxygen
Silicon
Aluminum
Iron
Calcium
Sodium
Potassium
Magnesium
Hydrogen
Titanium
Chlorine
Manganese
Phosphorus
Carbon
Sulfur
O
Si
Al
Fe
Ca
Na
K
Mg
H
Ti
Cl
Mn
P
C
S
49.50
25.80
7.56
4.70
3.39
2.63
2.40
1.93
0.87
0.46
0.19
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.06
49.5
75.3
82.9
87.6
91.0
93.6
96.0
97.9
98.8
99.2
99.4
99.5
99.6
99.7
99.7
Rank
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Proportion of Cumulative
existence(%)
total
Element
Nitrogen
Fluorine
Rubidium
Barium
Zirconium
Chromium
Strontium
Vanadium
Nickel
Copper
Tungsten
Lithium
Cerium
Cobalt
Tin
N
F
Rb
Ba
Zr
Cr
Sr
V
Ni
Cu
W
Li
Ce
Co
Sn
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.015
0.010
0.010
0.006
0.006
0.005
0.004
0.004
99.8
99.8
99.8
99.9
Note)
Clarke Number is defined as orders in composition of element to be existing in upper crust of the earth.(Source: Kagaku Daijiten
(Chemical Encyclopedia)
)
Titanium is the 4th most abundant of practical metals existing in upper crust of the earth, following Aluminum, Iron and Magnesium.
23
Sites of Manufacturing and Researching
Naoetsu Works
Naoetsu
Hirohata Works
Hikari Titanium
Production Division
Hikari
Kimitsu Works
Futtsu
Nagoya Works
Amagasaki
Osaka Steel Works
Yawata Works
(Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corp.
Yawata Works)
●Site of Manufacturing
Site of R&D
24
Memo

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