CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba

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CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
CHUVA Project: 2010-2011
and Perspectives for
2012-2014
6
CHUVA Science Team
CHUVA Project: 2010-2011
Cloud
processes offor
tHe main precipitation
and
Perspectives
systems in Brazil: A contribUtion to cloud
2012-2014
resolVing modeling and to the GPM
CHUVA
Science Precipitation
Team
(GlobAl
Measurement)
6
CHUVA Project: Main Goals
• Improve Rainfall Estimation Using Satellites and/or Radar
• Improve the Skill of Cloud Resolving Models
• Compile a Climatology of the Main Precipitation Systems in Brazil
and their physical and microphysical characteristics
• Develop Tools for Nowcasting.
WORKING GROUP–1: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE PRECIPITATING SYSTEMS AS FUNCTION OF THE
REGION AND LIFE STAGE (Luiz Machado)
WORKING GROUP–2: PRECIPITATION ESTIMATION – DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION ALGORITHM
(Daniel Vila)
WORKING GROUP–3: ELETRIFICATION PROCESS: MOVING FROM CLOUDS TO THUNDERSTORMS
(Carlos Morales)
WORKING GROUP–4: CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BOUNDARY LAYER FOR DIFFERENT CLOUD
PROCESSES AND PRECIPITATION REGIMES (Gilberto Fisch)
WORKING GROUP–5: MODEL IMPROVEMENTS AND VALIDATION, WITH FOCUS IN CLOUD
MICROPHYSICS AND AEROSOL INTERACTIONS, FOR SATELLITE PRECIPITATION ESTIMATES IN
BRAZIL (Maria Assunção Dias)
CHUVA Field Campaign Schedule
Brasília
(CE)
Brasília
(CE)
Manaus
(NO)
Manaus
(NO)
Belém
(N)
Belém
(N)
Manaus
(NO)
Manaus
(NO)
Fortaleza
(NE)
V.Paraíba Fortaleza Alcântara
(SE)
(NE)
(NE)
Sta.Maria V.Paraíba
(SO)
(SE)
Sta.Maria V.Paraíba
(SO)
(SE)
Manaus
(NO)
OCT
Manaus
(NO)
JUN JUL AUG SEP
Manaus
(NO)
Manaus
(NO)
MAY
Manaus
(NO)
YEAR
MAR APR
Manaus
(NO)
2010
V.Paraíba
(SE)
2011
FEB
V.Paraíba
(SE)
2012
JAN
Manaus
(NO)
2013
2014
CHUVA Field Campaign Schedule
NOV DEC
Field Experiments
Instruments
Mobile Dual-Pol X-band radar
Micro-radars
Radiometers
Weather Stations (T, Td, V)
Solar Radiation
Parsivel Disdrometers
Thies Distdrometers
JW Disdrometers
Rain gauges
GPS humidity
Soil humidity
Flux Station
Air Quality measurements
CCN counter
Lidar
Field-Mills
Lightning Location Systems
High Speed Video Camera
Radiosonde stations
Aircraft (microphysics)
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
• CHUVA contribution for GOES-R GLM
and MTG LI activities (Risk Reduction,
Algorithm Working Group,
Calibration/Validation)
• First comprehensive Lighting Location
Systems intercomparisons:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Lightning Mapping Array (NASA/UAH/NOAA)
LiNET (EUMETSAT/DLR)
TLS200 (Vaisala)
ENTLN (EarthNetworks)
RINDAT (INPE)
STARNET (USP)
WWLLN (Univ. Washington)
GLD360 (Vaisala)
ATDnet (MetOffice)
????
TRMM-LIS
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
5 instrumentation sites
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
Radiosonde sites
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
Headquaters and Dual-Pol X-band radar site
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
• CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba ends 31 March 2012.
• 5 months of continuous data:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Local convection due to thermodynamics
Local convection due to topography
Cold fronts
Convection from South Atlantic Convergence Zone (SACZ)
Squall Lines
Severe Weather (20+ cases of hail storms, damaging winds, flooding):
• Severe Weather reports are being gathered from Civil Defense, Newspapers, TV
news, Internet sources (blogs, social networking, etc.), Insurance Companies
CHUVA-GLM Vale do Paraíba
• 07 January 2012:
•
Pea sized hail at
15:40LST in downtown
São Paulo
• Future goals:
•
Develop nowcasting
of severe weather
and lightning
NEXT FIELD EXPERIMENTS
Santa Maria, RS – South Brazil
Main Goal: Mesoscale Convective Systems
November - December 2012
In the region of two S Band Radar
overlapping and a mesoNet
NEXT FIELD EXPERIMENTS
Santa Maria, RS – South Brazil
Courtesy of Paola Salio
Percentage of
surface rain from
2A25 explained by
MCSs over La
Plata Basin
Courtesy of Paola Salio
Courtesy of Daniel Cecil
NEXT FIELD EXPERIMENTS
Santa Maria, RS – South Brazil
22 March 2012
22 March 2012
NEXT FIELD EXPERIMENTS
Brasília, DF – Central Brazil
Main Goal: Continental convective processes - Savanna
March 2013.
Additional Data: S Band Radar
NEXT FIELD EXPERIMENTS
Manaus, AM – North Brazil
Main Goal: Tropical Forest Continental
Convection
February- March 2014 (with a possible
extension to +9 months)
Additional Data: The ARM Climate Research
Facility in the Amazon Basin ( Havard University
and several partners) - S Band Radar (SIPAM)
NEXT FIELD EXPERIMENTS
Manaus, AM – North Brazil
CHUVA contribution to CWG
• CHUVA is collecting data from a large variety of convective
systems over Brazil:
•
Several Golden Cases from tropical convection trough large MCSs
• Brazil is observed both by GOES and MSG:
•
Great environment for GOES-R and MTG activities:
• Risk Reduction (nowcasting algorithms)
• Algorithm Working Group (proxy data)
• Calibration/Validation
• We are open to additional measurements:
•
You can bring your instruments to the field experiments
• CHUVA data is openly available for the research community:
•
Collaborations are greatly welcome!!!
CHUVA WEBhttp://chuvaproject.cptec.inpe.br/
Data Access
First step – Sign up;
Second Step – Sign In
Third Step – You must accept a Term of use.
Data Access
• Fourth Step – There are 3 options:
– FTP Access – For a ftp client;
– Winscp Software – If you have not a client ftp, you can make a
download of it;
– Data Access: Direct access by browser.
Thanks
[email protected]
6
http://chuvaproject.cptec.inpe.br/

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