Annual Report

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Annual Report
advancing science,
serving society
2004 Annual Report
The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is the
world’s largest general scientific society, and publisher of the journal,
Science (www.sciencemag.org). AAAS was founded in 1848, and serves
some 262 affiliated societies and academies of science, reaching 10 million
individuals. Science has the largest paid circulation of any peer-reviewed
general science journal in the world, with an estimated total readership of
one million. The non-profit AAAS (www.aaas.org) is open to all and fulfills
its mission to “advance science and serve society” through initiatives in
science policy; international programs; science education; and more.
For the latest research news, log onto EurekAlert!, www.eurekalert.org,
the premier science-news Web site, a service of AAAS.
Table of Contents
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26.
31.
Welcome Letter
Science Education and Careers
Science and Policy
AAAS Worldwide
Science Breakthroughs
A Look at the Golden Fund
A Voice for Science
Read Science Everywhere — Join AAAS
AAAS Awards
The Philip Hauge Abelson Legacy
AAAS Fellows
Acknowledgment of Contributors
Financial Statements
AAAS Board of Directors, Officers, and Information
3
Welcome
From the Chair, Mary Ellen Avery, and the CEO, Alan I. Leshner
In the early years of the 21st century, science and technology are confronted by a set of
global challenges: Solving the riddles of disease, checking the proliferation of weapons,
and addressing the threat of global warming. Even while engaged in these historic pursuits,
we are called to assure that our schools and universities prepare young people for careers
of innovation and leadership in science and engineering.
These are critical demands, but at AAAS, we see this as a time of remarkable possibility.
Throughout 2004, our staff and members rose to the challenges with energy and commitment,
making a daily impact in the cause of advancing science and serving society.
Our Annual Meeting in Seattle set the tone for the year. We saw the debut of a new format,
mary ellen avery, chair
adding the popular Family Science Days and a town hall meeting on ocean and marine issues.
And we used the Presidential Address to call for better access to health care and a sustainable
environment, urging the audience to imagine — and build — the kind of world that we want
our children to inherit.
We returned to such themes continually in 2004. Science published the world’s first
papers detailing the discovery of evidence that water was long ago plentiful on Mars.
Deputy News Editor Leslie Roberts produced a compelling feature on the effort to eradicate
polio. After a rare visit to North Korea, European News Editor Richard Stone detailed how a
country at the center of diplomatic conflict is reaching out to the world’s S&T community.
Stone’s work characterized AAAS’s engagement of national security issues. The Center
for Science, Technology, and Security Policy opened its doors under the direction of
Norman Neureiter, an accomplished scientist, businessman, and diplomat. Kei Koizumi
continued to document how defense and security concerns are shaping the federal budget
alan i. leshner, ceo
for research and development. And as the AAAS Science and Technology Policy Fellowships
program began its fourth decade, fellows Alex Dehgan and Krista Donaldson, along with
recent fellow Peter Smallwood, were dispatched by the U.S. State Department to work with
Iraqi scientists and engineers.
Indeed, our international profile continues to grow. We had a strong presence at the
first-ever EuroScience Open Forum in Stockholm and at the Science and Technology in
Society World Forum in Kyoto. In November, then-Secretary of State Colin Powell named
AAAS to help represent S&T interests on the new U.S. National Commission for UNESCO.
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Throughout the year, Science and AAAS continued to provide a stage for some of the
nation’s leading scientists and policy experts. Our forum on climate change generated
extensive news coverage. A forum on voting technology produced a framework for future
research and reform. And people are still talking about our spirited 2004 election debate
between proxies for President George W. Bush and U.S. Sen. John Kerry.
Education, of course, remains one of our chief concerns, and the year was marked by
important progress. We opened the Center for Advancing Science and Engineering Capacity
and, under the direction of Project 2061, the Center for Curriculum Materials in Science.
We assumed management of the Graduate Scholars Program, a vital effort to identify and
support the brightest young scientists and engineers to emerge from historically black
colleges and universities.
We were profoundly saddened in 2004 by the passing of Philip Hauge Abelson, the iconic
scientist and former editor of Science. Phil was a friend and mentor to many of us. In his life
and work, he embodied the AAAS ideal of advancing science and innovation throughout the
world for the benefit of all people. We will miss him, and as we confront challenges and
pursue progress in the years ahead, we will be inspired by his legacy.
Mary Ellen Avery
Alan I. Leshner
5
Science Education and Careers
Increasing science literacy and
public understanding of the importance of science and technology in
everyday life are keys to improving
human welfare. AAAS strives to
advance science education through
two program areas: Education and
Human Resources, and Project 2061.
During 2004, AAAS education
programs made strong strides in
promoting the highest possible
science standards in schools, while
also working to boost the science
and technology workforce.
After-School Science Clubs Go Kinetic
Kinetic City, the Association’s popular online science-learning game for children, turned up in
another 49 after-school clubs in 2004, thanks to an agreement with the U.S. Air Force Service
Agency. Nationwide, the AAAS game — a fun, interactive way for students in kindergarten
through sixth grade to learn basic scientific principles — is being played in some 130 clubs.
It also recently won a prestigious Codie Award, presented by the Software and Information
Industry Association. Go to www.kineticcity.com.
Inquiry Methods Engage More Students
Engineering enrollment at Itasca Community College has jumped from four to 130 students
since 1983. First-generation students, many from blue-collar Minnesota families, are
benefiting from one of many innovative, inquiry-based efforts showcased in a new report
from the National Science Foundation and AAAS, Invention and Impact: Building Excellence
in Undergraduate Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Education. The
book, based on a 2004 conference on NSF’s Course, Curriculum, and Laboratory Improvement
(CCLI) program, “is the first truly comprehensive volume on undergraduate educational reform
efforts across all the STEM fields,” said Yolanda George, deputy director of Education and
Human Resources at AAAS. See www.aaas.org/publications/books_reports/CCLI.
Standing Our Ground for Diversity
In 2004, more than a year after the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed the value of diversity in
higher education but struck down points-based approaches to undergraduate admissions,
a new report helped clear up confusion created by the dual rulings. Standing Our Ground:
A Guidebook for STEM Educators in the Post-Michigan Era, released by AAAS and NACME,
the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering, clarifies legally defensible
options for protecting diversity in science and engineering programs. The report
emerged from a conference sponsored by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
See www.aaas.org/standingourground.
Advancing Science and Engineering Capacity
The new Center for Advancing Science and Engineering Capacity, headed by
Daryl Chubin, works to boost the ranks of U.S. scientists and engineers.
Established in 2004 with a $400,000 grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation,
the Center consults with colleges and universities to increase science
and engineering participation by all students — especially women
and minorities. Chubin’s group also works with the Center for
Careers in Science and Technology (CCST), where Director
Shirley Malcom emphasizes training, mentoring, and resources.
She helps support the National Postdoctoral Association (NPA),
too. The NPA was launched under a Sloan grant with support
from AAAS and Science’s Next Wave career site. Read more at
www.aaas.org/programs/centers.
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Fixing U.S. Voter Technology
Top election-technology experts — convened by AAAS for a
high-level conference — warned that the U.S. voting system is
broadly vulnerable to error and abuse. They called for reforms to
make results more reliable and to promote better access by voters,
especially those who have experienced roadblocks to exercising
their right to vote. “Within the roots of the system, there may be
a connection to disempowerment and disenfranchisement,”
said Shirley Malcom, AAAS’s director of Education and Human
Resources, who co-organized the panel, with AAAS Science and
Policy colleagues Mark Frankel and Stephen Nelson.
See www.aaas.org/news/press_room/election.
Improving Science Curriculum
Helping all K-12 students achieve science literacy — regardless of culture,
language, gender, interests, or learning styles — is a core mission of the
Center for Curriculum Materials in Science (CCMS), part of AAAS’s Project 2061.
With collaborating institutions such as Northwestern University, Michigan State
University, and the University of Michigan, the Center helps K-12 teachers improve
science curriculum materials. In 2004, more than 60 science-curriculum experts
convened for a Knowledge Sharing Institute, sponsored by CCMS at Northwestern.
For background, go to www.sciencematerialscenter.org.
Are Benchmarks Being Met?
Set forth in 1993, Project 2061’s Benchmarks for Science Literacy continue to guide
science education in every state in the nation. But how can teachers be sure that
K-12 students are truly learning the benchmarks? With funding from the National
Science Foundation, AAAS’s Project 2061 launched a five-year effort to develop
better tools for assessing science and mathematics learning at the middle and
early high-school levels. Go to www.project2061.org/research/assessment.htm.
High Blood Pressure — Demystified
The latest free, consumer-friendly health booklet from AAAS, The Science Inside:
High Blood Pressure, explains in plain language what health professionals know
about high blood pressure, or hypertension, a leading cause of heart disease and
stroke. The booklet is part of AAAS’s Healthy People Library Project, which provides
general consumers, including minority groups, with easy access to current, reliable
information on selected health topics. Previous titles include Diabetes and Having
Healthy Babies. See www.healthlit.org.
Online Career Resources
Looking to find or fill a science and technology position? Log onto ScienceCareers
at www.sciencecareers.org. For job advice and support, go to Science’s Next Wave,
www.nextwave.org. Look for the Minority Scientists Network, too.
“It’s all back. The fact that [learning
benchmarks on evolution] are in the
standards is a very important first step,
and Georgia should be proud of that.
This is a very powerful set of
standards.”
— Jo Ellen Roseman, director of Project 2061 at
AAAS, commenting in the Atlanta Journal and
Constitution on Georgia’s decision to reinsert
evolution into state science standards
“With the U.S. facing an unprecedented
shortage of physical scientists, it’s no
longer possible to ignore what physicist
Shirley Ann Jackson of the American
Association for the Advancement of
Science (AAAS) calls the ‘underrepresented majority’: women, African
Americans and Latinos as well as
nontraditional white males. ‘Who will
be the next generation of scientists
and engineers?’ she asked. ‘How can
we even discuss preparing for human
exploration to the moon and Mars
without discussing who will do the
science to get us there?’ For now,
it’s a ‘silent crisis,’ she said.”
— K.C. Cole, reporting in the Los Angeles Times
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Science and Policy
Science and technology help shape
our world. They can enhance our
lives, our safety, and the environment. But used irresponsibly,
research can pose serious ethical
dilemmas, too. AAAS long has
promoted the responsible use of
science and technology by providing
policy-makers and others with
sound scientific information and
access to informed specialists.
Enhancing Science and Security
If policy-makers have questions about the security of liquefied natural gas, the feasibility
of the hafnium isomer bomb, vaccine production, or other technical issues, they can get
answers from the AAAS Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy. Launched with
a $2.25 million grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the Center
provides policy-makers with objective information on issues ranging from nuclear waste to
pulsed fast-neutron analysis. Directed by Norman Neureiter, former top science adviser to the
U.S. State Department, the Center has held various private and public briefings, such as a
tutorial on lasers that was requested by the office of U.S. Sen. Carl Levin (D-Mich.).
S&T Fellows Make Their Mark
In 1973, AAAS Treasurer Emeritus William T. Golden bought the Science and Technology Policy
Fellowships program its “first tank of gas” and pushed for its creation. Since then, more than
1,500 scientists and engineers have competed fiercely for the Fellowships to fill positions
throughout the U.S. government. The program’s 30th anniversary in 2004 was marked with
a symposium, “Vision 2033: Linking Science and Policy for Tomorrow’s World,” featuring the
Honorable Sam Nunn, co-chair of the Nuclear Threat Initiative. Each year, the program places
some 60 Ph.D. scientists in policy roles.
An Open Forum on S&T
Contrasting views from U.S. Sen. Tom Daschle (D-SD) and U.S. Presidential Science Adviser
John H. Marburger III enlivened the 2004 Forum on Science and Technology Policy. “We stand
at a pivotal moment,” a front-page New York Times article quoted Daschle as telling Forum
attendees. “For all our past successes, there are disturbing signs that America’s dominant
position in the scientific world is being shaken.” Daschle accused the Administration of
short-changing science. Marburger rejected the charge, citing President George W. Bush’s
science and technology accomplishments. Shirley Ann Jackson, head of Rensselaer
Polytechnic Institute and then AAAS president, warned that the aging S&T workforce,
U.S. students’ waning interest in science, and a drop in foreign students all bode poorly
for future U.S. competitiveness. See www.aaas.org/forum.
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Climate Change Qs & AAAs
Top climate-change experts convened by AAAS and Science in
2004 urged immediate, nonpartisan action to reduce global
warming caused by human activities such as fossil-fuel burning.
While some still dispute the risk, experts said the science is clear:
The world is significantly warmer today — and getting warmer.
Without action, U.K. Chief Scientific Adviser Sir David King warned in
Science, we must prepare for coastal flooding, reduced crop yields, and
more climate-related illness. In response, with support from the William
and Flora Hewlett Foundation and the Conference Board, AAAS organized
an all-star panel to participate in congressional staff briefings as well as
a free, public event at AAAS and an international news conference.
Leading the Way in Washington
The well-regarded AAAS Center for Science, Technology, and Congress (CSTC) serves
as a voice of scientific leadership on a broad range of issues — from the dangers
of genetic discrimination and visa bottlenecks affecting foreign students, to the
importance of independent peer review. Like the AAAS R&D Budget and Policy
Program, which prepares authoritative analyses to inform fiscal planning, CSTC
offers timely, nonpartisan information on current S&T issues. The Center was
established in 1994, thanks to a grant from the Burroughs-Wellcome Fund.
Science and U.S. Politics
During the campaign season, AAAS organized a nonpartisan forum where representatives of the two primary U.S. candidates for president shared views on a range of
science and technology issues. In a front-page New York Times article, AAAS Science
and Policy Director Albert Teich explained that during a U.S. presidential campaign,
“It’s essential that policy-makers and taxpayers understand the impacts of any
federal budget changes,” especially those with implications for the pace of
scientific discovery. A second, post-election event, plus a voter-technology
workshop, co-organized by AAAS’s Education and Human Resources staff,
kept the Association at the forefront of science policy issues in 2004.
See www.aaas.org/news/press_room/election.
“Perhaps the best measure of the
program’s success is the ubiquity of
former fellows inside the Beltway today.
Ten of about 50 staff members on the
House Science Committee — including
the committee’s deputy chief of staff —
are former fellows, as is one member
of Congress.”
—Rick Weiss, reporting in The Washington Post
on the 30th anniversary of the AAAS Science
and Technology Policy Fellowships
“The AAAS Forum is the gold-standard
event for anyone who needs to keep a
finger on the pulse of R&D spending
trends or political issues affecting the
scientific community.”
—Prof. Neal Lane of Rice University, former
science adviser to the Clinton Administration
9
AAAS Worldwide
Science is a global enterprise.
With members on every continent,
including Antarctica, AAAS works
to strengthen the role of scientists
and engineers worldwide. Our
International Initiatives support
three key goals, which promote
international scientific cooperation,
S&T workforce and capacity development, and science and innovation
for sustainable development.
Progress toward these goals is now
being achieved throughout AAAS as
a result of team efforts coordinated
by the Chief International Officer.
AAAS Event Marks U.S. Return to UNESCO
AAAS is playing a central role in rebuilding ties between the United States and UNESCO,
the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Former U.S. Secretary
of State Colin Powell named AAAS to help represent science and technology interests on the
new U.S. National Commission for UNESCO. His request followed a conference organized
by AAAS in UNESCO’s Paris headquarters where officials discussed how best to improve
science education worldwide. UNESCO Director General Koïchiro Matsuura — seated between
U.S. Ambassador to UNESCO Louise Oliver and then AAAS President-Elect Gilbert S. Omenn —
described the gathering as a watershed in U.S.-UNESCO relations.
Youth Science Cuts Across Boundaries
When 900 student-scientists and 350 teachers gathered in Beijing for the Asia-Pacific
Economic Cooperation Association’s Third Youth Science Festival, AAAS was there.
With support from the National Science Foundation, AAAS organized a delegation of
19 top U.S. science students and four high-school science teachers. Three of the students
won top prizes. The event was hosted by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology and
Ministry of Education, the China Association for Science and Technology, the Central
Committee of the Chinese Youth League, and the city government of Beijing. Yet another
example of AAAS efforts to build S&T workforce capacity happened in July 2004 when
outstanding U.S. high-school students spent two unforgettable weeks at South Korea’s
Pohang University of Science and Technology. “No matter where you come from,” remarked
student Jeffrey Chang of Glenview, Illinois, “a lot of people have the same interests.”
Read more: www.aaas.org/news/releases/2004/0907korea.shtm.
Euroscience Opens New Doors
More than 250 guests joined AAAS and Science staff for a gala reception at
Stockholm’s Vasa Museum during the first-ever EuroScience Open Forum. “We have
13,000 European members who play a critical role in helping AAAS to serve as a
voice for the advancement of science around the world,” the AAAS CEO explained
as he co-hosted the event with Andrew Sugden, international managing
editor for Science in Cambridge, U.K. Other AAAS highlights included
sessions on women in science and engineering, science communications, and science policy. Shirley Malcom, director of Education
and Human Resources at AAAS, offered a plenary lecture on
science literacy. “Much of what we are doing on both sides of
the Atlantic is falling short of our ambitions in terms of reaching
the public, grabbing their attention, and providing them with
quality information,” Malcom warned.
10
Protecting Science and Human Rights
When New York Times reporter Claudia Dreifus profiled forensic
anthropologist Fredy A. Peccerelli, her popular column also
highlighted the long-term results of AAAS’s Science and Human
Rights program. AAAS long ago helped train the first forensic
anthropology team to exhume and examine thousands of
Guatemalans who were killed during a bloody civil war. Since then,
scientists like Peccerelli, executive director of the Guatemalan
Forensic Anthropology Foundation, have braved death threats to
piece together the stories of victims’ lives. Through the Human
Rights Network, AAAS helps protect the human rights of scientists
worldwide, while also monitoring state compliance with international
human rights standards.
Sustaining Fragile Ecosystems
Biodiversity champion Peter Raven applauded our efforts when AAAS became an Affiliate of
the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment — one of the largest, most ambitious international
ecosystem-change studies ever undertaken. “Protecting the planet’s fragile ecosystems is
essential for human well-being and prosperity,” said Raven, director of the Missouri Botanical
Garden and a past president of AAAS. Providing input into the Assessment was one activity of
AAAS’s Center for Science, Innovation, and Sustainability. “Connecting S&T with decisions and
actions now is essential for improving future prospects as our population swells, our natural
resources shrink, and our wastes linger,” said Sherburne Abbott, the Center’s director.
Toward that end, the Center teamed up with other AAAS colleagues to host a UNESCO
meeting on the role of engineering in poverty alleviation; forged a cooperative agreement with
the U.N. Environment Program, which was inaugurated by a review of intellectual property,
trade, and the environment; and began a National Science Foundation-supported evaluation
of the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research.
Speaking Up for Science
Wherever the scientific enterprise is threatened, AAAS helps to give the scientific community
a voice. When Thamir Abdul Latif, director of Iraq’s ministry of science, and civil servant Ikhlas
Ghalib were shot to death on their way to work, AAAS prepared an op-ed on the crisis of Iraqi
science. “An attack on science is a war within the war for the future of Iraq. Since the fall of
Baghdad, scientists and engineers have been targeted by assassins with fierce regularity,”
AAAS wrote in the Boston Globe and the Daily Star of Lebanon. “With every new killing,
the chance of achieving a positive outcome in Iraq falls further into jeopardy.”
“Alan I. Leshner, chief executive of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science, said his group was
alarmed by the government’s opposition
to [medical and scientific collaboration
with Cuba], as well as by its recent ban
on the editing of papers submitted by
people in countries facing sanctions and
by restrictions on study by foreign students in the United States. ‘Their
actions to restrict open communication
in science work against our national
interest,’ he said.”
Karen W. Arenson, reporting in
The New York Times
“It is time to begin a critical worldwide
examination of the systems for teaching
science and technology. … It is the
scientists and engineers of the world
who must take the lead; scientific
societies and associations must emulate
the AAAS in seeking to find out what
works in creating a scientifically literate
society, and in making sure that
everyone, from parents to politicians,
understands what is at stake.”
Nobel laureates Leon Lederman and
Georges Charpak in an opinion piece published
by the International Herald Tribune after the
June 2004 UNESCO-AAAS conference on
improving science education worldwide
11
Science Breakthroughs
Science history happened at the
2004 AAAS Annual Meeting when
the journal Science released
South Korean researcher Woo Suk
Hwang’s startling description of
versatile human embryonic stem
cells from a cloned human blastocyst. Then again, 1 million print and
online readers expect weekly breakthroughs from Science. Published
by AAAS, the journal’s rigorous
peer-review process and awardwinning news team have established
Science as a premier source of
groundbreaking, unbiased scientific
information.
Other research highlights in 2004 included
these and many other exciting papers:
U.K. Wildlife and Mass Extinctions —
Two studies in the United Kingdom offered
some of the first comprehensive evidence
that the world is experiencing the sixth
major extinction event in the history of life.
Mars Exploration Rovers — Two special
issues of Science included dazzling images
of the Red Planet’s extraordinary landscape,
plus the most persuasive evidence yet that
Mars was once a wet, life-friendly place.
North Korean Exclusive — Science journalist
Richard Stone visited some of the premier
labs in North Korea to provide readers with
an exclusive glimpse inside this isolated
scientific community.
Great-Great Grand-Ape? — Archaeologists in
Spain described fossils from a previously
unknown ape species that may have been
close to the last common ancestor to all
living great apes, including humans.
Science in the Real World — An essay
series, “Beyond the Ivory Tower,” investigated the interactions between scientists
and society, focusing on the real-world
applications of scientific advances.
HIV Transmission — In research on
monkeys, scientists identified an experimental drug that may show promise for
blocking vaginal HIV transmission,
possibly providing an HIV prevention
strategy that women could control.
12
Enhancing Science Online
Science Online, www.scienceonline.org,
received more than 23 million article-download visits in 2004, and it’s no wonder:
Users access powerful databases for
searching Science and other journals,
enhanced citations, related Web links, and
supplementary materials. Meanwhile, the
daily online news service, ScienceNOW,
covers research breakthroughs as well as
science-policy and funding issues. News,
reviews, databases, and other tools on
specialized topics can be found at SAGE KE
(the Science of Aging Knowledge Environment) and STKE (the Signal Transduction
Knowledge Environment). And, Science’s
Next Wave site, together with ScienceCareers,
provides career-development resources and
a searchable database of job listings.
A Look at the Golden Fund
An extremely generous, historic gift
from William T. Golden, AAAS’s
treasurer emeritus, stimulates
programmatic innovation by funding
activities not normally supported by
the general budget.
“I have great respect for AAAS,
as well as great affection and
admiration for it, and I believe that
the organization can become even
more useful to society,” Mr. Golden
has explained. “With this gift, I am
encouraging AAAS to seek creativity
on the part of its staff people and
others. They will be called upon to
propose ideas and to seek approval
from the Chief Executive Officer for
new initiatives.”
Mr. Golden’s vision and gift have made
possible the following innovative
new programs:
STKE Enhancements
AAAS and Science’s Signal Transduction
Knowledge Environment (STKE) teamed up
with a technical provider to advance the
Connections Map to the next level.
Science Policy Portal
AAAS is assembling a wealth of in-depth
resources for this new science and
policy site.
Nanotechnology Talk
Moderated discussions on EurekAlert! drew
reporters, scientists, and others. Go to
www.eurekalert.org/nanotalk.
Disease in Developing World Portal
Log onto EurekAlert! for news, experts, and
other resources related to diseases that
disproportionately impact the developing
world. Go to www.eurekalert.org/disease.
Science Reporting for a
Young Audience
EurekAlert! is reaching out to reporters who
create science-news content for children.
See www.eurekalert.org/kidsnews.
Fellowships for Reporters from
Developing Regions
Outstanding young science reporters from
developing regions can win fellowships to
cover the AAAS Annual Meeting.
Symposium on Scientific
Cooperation with North Korea
Fellowships for Minority Reporters
Scientists from North Korea, Europe,
North America, and Asia will explore
whether common ground exists for launching
scientific cooperation programs.
New summer internships introduced minority
undergraduate students to Science’s awardwinning news operation.
S&T Leadership Seminar
Developing-Country Scientists at
the Annual Meeting
Participants in this course learned how
the U.S. science and technology policy
system works.
Ten women scientists from developing
countries will compete to participate
in the 2006 AAAS Annual Meeting.
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A Voice for Science
Long respected for programs to
increase public understanding of
science and technology, AAAS also
runs a powerhouse media center,
including the Science Press Package
and EurekAlert!, the premier,
editorially independent sciencenews Web site for reporters. Now,
these strengths are being leveraged
and expanded by a new AAAS Center
for Public Engagement with Science
and Technology. Through press and
public outreach involving every
programmatic and service unit at
AAAS, the Center is helping to
give the public a voice in framing
future research agendas.
AAAS Annual Meeting Draws 10,000
The world’s largest general scientific conference just got bigger: The 2004 AAAS Annual
Meeting in Seattle drew an astounding 10,235 participants — including 4,434 members of the
scientific community, 4,765 children and parents who attended free Family Science Days, and
1,036 press registrants. Three cloned mules were a main attraction on the exhibition floor,
where families took part in fun, child-friendly, educational activities. With the Pacific Science
Center and the Institute for Systems Biology, AAAS arranged for free shuttle buses to bring
families to the Meeting from key community sites. More than 225 Meeting attendees also took
part in the first AAAS town hall meeting, “Oceans for Everyone.” A similarly large group of
reporters covered the historic announcement, published in Science, by South Korean scientists
who developed human embryonic stem cells from a cloned human blastocyst.
Science. It’s Everywhere.
Ads for a national public awareness initiative — in both English and Spanish — have appeared
in magazines such as Parents and National Geographic, and on Fox News and other TV
channels in Austin, Texas, Chicago, Los Angeles, and Philadelphia. The messages behind the
campaign, “Science. It’s Everywhere,” part of AAAS’s Partnership for Science Literacy, are that
science is all around us. It’s fun; it’s for every child; and parents and other caregivers can help.
Web-based resources introduce families to easy science activities that can be enjoyed at
home. See www.ScienceEverywhere.org.
EurekAlert! Sets the Pace
Some 5,000 reporters from 50 countries receive breaking science news from EurekAlert!,
a popular online site launched by AAAS in 1996. More than 540,000 public visitors browse
the site each month, and EurekAlert!-sponsored science communications events typically
draw 200 participants. Moderated online discussions about nanotechnology have engaged
reporters from The Economist and the Washington Post, and EurekAlert!’s public portals
showcase kids’ news, marine science, multi-language news, and more. Sponsors
appreciate EurekAlert!, too: The William T. Golden Endowment Fund for Program
Innovation; the David and Lucile Packard Foundation; the Ambrose Monnell
Foundation; the New York Times Foundation and many other groups now support
the site. Go to www.eurekalert.org.
14
During AAAS’s first salon-style, public-engagement event, more than 100 guests were
spell-bound and charmed by the experiences and insights of brothers Herman Wouk,
a popular novelist once hailed by The New York Times as “a modern Charles Dickens” and
the late Victor Wouk, a visionary scientist and engineer. The evening conversation explored
the different ways that two accomplished brothers have channeled their interest in
discovery and cross-pollinated ideas for each other. For example, Herman Wouk’s
new novel, A Hole in Texas, is dedicated to Victor Wouk, a pioneer in the
development of hybrid and electric cars, in recognition of his
inspiration and technical guidance.
Press and Public Engagement
Under the AAAS’s new public-engagement mandate, the phrase
“all hands on deck” is taking on new meaning. Whether the goal is
to bring elite U.S. and U.K. reporters together for a climate-change
conference, or to publicize Standing Our Ground, a guidebook on
protecting campus diversity, experts throughout AAAS and Science
must help pull the wagon. In 2004, team efforts included press outreach
to support a successful conference on voter technologies, co-organized
by Education and Human Resources and Science and Policy Programs;
plus two nonpartisan forums on the U.S. Presidential election. A forum
featuring candidates’ representatives drew more than 200 participants to
AAAS. Web-casting made the event accessible to another 600 Web-site
watchers. Background: www.aaas.org/news/press_room/election/.
©Chris Ew
els www.
ewels.in
fo
The Wonderful Wouk Brothers
“EurekAlert! is the Swiss Army Knife of
science Web sites, offering instant
access to new research from an
impressive range of influential, peerreviewed journals. As a journalist who
covers science and technology issues,
I find EurekAlert! an indispensable aid in
ensuring the accuracy and timeliness of
my work — and the reading public
benefits immeasurably as a result.”
—Robert Lee Hotz, Los Angeles Times
15
Read Science Everywhere—Join AAAS
Where do you read your Science?
From Colorado to the Kuala Belalong Field Studies Center, AAAS members are finding
favorite reading spots in hot tubs and paddle boats, and on a rock wall 1,500 feet above
Yosemite Valley.
Why not join the international family of science and pick your own favorite spot?
Your membership dues help to strengthen the role of science throughout the world
by supporting science education, public understanding of and engagement with
science, and scientific freedom and responsibility. All this, and a great journal, too.
Go to www.aaas.org/join.
16
Brendan Curran, physics teacher and AAAS member
“
“
I am always thrilled to receive my personal edition of
Science, which I consider to be one of the best scientific magazines on Earth. I read it undisturbed and
absorbed at home. Thank you, Science, for being so
informative, knowledgeable, and abreast of times,
and for giving me the intellectual stimulation I crave.
“
“
I bring my back issues of Science to the classroom.
When students finish assignments or exams early,
I give them a copy to read. It’s interesting and
accessible, and as a recent ad campaign says,
you can’t start young enough.
Fioretta Benedetto Mattia at home in Milano, Italy
Read more member stories: http://promo.aaas.org/memberpics.shtml.
“
“
Science is essential reading on the way to the top.
It takes several days to reach the top in big wall
climbing, so you can only carry the bare essentials.
When you calculate the information content to weight
ratio, is there any more concentrated reading source
than Science?
AAAS member R. Douglas Fields, senior scientist,
developmental neuroscience
Douglas Fields’ son Dylan takes a
break on the way up
Raising the
Science Profile
From Boston, Massachusetts to Berkeley,
California, and from Washington, D.C.
to Cambridge, U.K., the iconic “baby genius”
advertisements are raising the profile of
AAAS and Science, which helps us boost the
visibility of science in society, too. As the
world’s largest general scientific organization, AAAS strives to raise public awareness
of science and the scientists who work to
advance it worldwide.
For your personal subscription to
Science and other membership benefits,
go to www.aaas.org/join.
In the United States, call (202) 326-6417,
or internationally, +44 (0) 1223-326-515.
17
AAAS Awards
The AAAS Awards celebrate the achievements of extraordinary scientists,
engineers, and journalists. We congratulate each of our distinguished
Award winners.
AAAS Awards Highlights
Philip Hauge Abelson Prize
The coveted Abelson Prize honors a public servant for exceptional contributions to advancing
science, or a scientist or engineer for a distinguished career of scientific achievement and
service to the community.
Dr. Maxine Frank Singer, president emeritus, Carnegie Institution, and scientist emeritus,
National Cancer Institute, was honored for her scientific accomplishments, leadership in the
establishment of scientific policy, substantial contributions to the improvement of math and
science education, efforts to raise awareness and understanding in matters of science globally
and to increase the presence of women and minorities in the scientific community.
Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology
The award recognizes working scientists and engineers who make outstanding contributions
to the popularization of science.
Dr. Eric S. Lander, founding director of the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard; professor
of biology at MIT; professor of systems biology at Harvard Medical School; and Whitehead
Institute member, “has helped to tell the stories of genomics research to a broad cross-section
of the general public in a consistently compelling and meaningful way,” AAAS reported.
Award for International Scientific Cooperation
The award recognizes extraordinary contributions to furthering international cooperation in
science and engineering.
Dr. Michael Jeffrey Balick, philecology curator and director of the New York Botanical
Garden’s Institute of Economic Botany and vice president for research and training, was
honored for his tireless efforts to promote scientific collaboration within the field of
ethnobotany — the study of the relationship between plants and people across cultures.
Scientific Freedom and Responsibility Award
The award honors scientists and engineers whose exemplary actions, often taken at significant
personal cost, have served to foster scientific freedom and responsibility.
The Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee (RAC) of the U.S. National Institutes of Health
was honored “for 30 years of providing leadership that has allowed society to proceed responsibly with recombinant DNA research” and gene therapy.
Mentor Award
The award honors early or mid-career members who have mentored and guided significant
numbers of underrepresented students toward a Ph.D. degree in the sciences, as well as
scholarship, activism, and community-building for underrepresented groups.
Dr. Jagannathan Sankar, professor of mechanical and chemical engineering and director
of the Center for Advanced Materials and Smart Structures and the Center for Nanoscience
and Nanomaterials at North Carolina A&T State University, was recognized for facilitating or
mentoring 46 Ph.D. students, including 22 underrepresented minorities.
18
Mentor Award for Lifetime Achievement
The award honors members who, for more than 25 years, have
mentored and guided significant numbers of underrepresented
students toward a Ph.D. degree in the sciences, as well as scholarship, activism, and community-building for underrepresented groups.
Dr. Rhonda J. Hughes, the Helen Herrmann Professor of
Mathematics at Bryn Mawr College, has helped 57 women and
minority students earn graduate degrees in mathematics, including
17 at the doctoral level.
Science Journalism Awards
The awards recognize outstanding reporting for a general audience and honor individual
reporters for their coverage of the sciences, engineering, and mathematics. The independently
judged competition is sponsored by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research &
Development, L.L.C.
•
•
•
•
•
•
Large Newspaper — Amy Ellis Nutt of The Star-Ledger
Small Newspaper — Melinda Burns of Santa Barbara News-Press
Magazine — W. Wayt Gibbs of Scientific American
Television — Mark Davis of WGBH-NOVA
Radio — Cynthia Graber, with Christopher Ballman, National Public Radio’s “Living on Earth”
Online — Carl Zimmer of Corante.com
Co-Sponsored AAAS Prizes
The Young Scientists Award Supported by GE Healthcare
The prize recognizes outstanding Ph.D. thesis work in molecular
biology worldwide.
Grand prize winner: Saba Valadkhan was honored for correctly
identifying “a relic from the RNA world” (spliceosome) and proving
its catalytic potential.
Regional winners: • North America — Benjamin P. Tu
• Europe — Christian Haering • Japan — Kunihiko Nishino
• All Other Countries — Suvendra Bhattacharyya
Newcomb Cleveland Prize Supported by Affymetrix
The prize acknowledges an outstanding paper published in the Research Articles or Reports
sections of Science.
Brian Kuhlman, Gautman Dantas, Gregory C. Ireton, Gabrielle Varani, Barry L. Stoddard,
and David Baker were acknowledged for their article, “Design of a Novel Globular Protein Fold
with Atomic-Level Accuracy,” published in Science, 21 November 2003.
Dr. Philip Hauge Abelson
Legacy
Philip Hauge
Abelson, Ph.D.,
accomplished
scientist and
former Science
editor, died on
1 August 2004
at Suburban
Hospital in
Bethesda, Maryland.
He was 91. His work and contributions
spanned more than 40 years with the
American Association for the
Advancement of Science. His positions
of leadership and his service on many
national advisory committees enabled
him to shape national science and technology policy.
“Dr. Abelson, a true icon in the scientific community, took the journal
Science to a new level of quality and
prominence during his 22-year tenure,”
AAAS said in a statement. “After he
stepped down as editor in 1984,
he remained an active contributor
to the journal and adviser to AAAS,
pursuing his passion for science and
research, often at the forefront of scientific discovery. A mentor and friend to
many of us, Dr. Abelson sought creative
ways to overcome any barrier in the
path to progress. One of his favorite
sayings was, ‘Tough times don’t last,
but tough people do’.”
Dr. Abelson’s legacy will live on
through the work of AAAS. View a
short video celebrating the life
and legacy of Dr. Abelson:
www.aaas.org/makeagift.shtml
19
AAAS Fellows
AAAS Fellows are elected annually
by the AAAS Council for meritorious
efforts to advance science
or its applications. Fellows have
made significant contributions in
areas such as research, teaching,
technology, services to professional
societies, and communicating
science to the public.
The following were elected Fellows
in 2004. AAAS would like to congratulate them and thank them for their
services to science and technology.
Agriculture, Food and
Renewable Resources
James C. Carrington
Jorge Dubcovsky
Kenneth E. Hammel
Pamela G. Marrone
Susan R. McCouch
Albert G. Medvitz
James D. Murray
Marion Nestle
Ralph L. Obendorf
Charles W. Rice
Ismail Serageldin
Catherine E. Woteki
David A. Zuberer
Anthropology
C. Owen Lovejoy
Robert D. Martin
Jane E. Phillips-Conroy
Richard Potts
Ian Tattersall
Bernard A. Wood
Patricia Chapple Wright
Astronomy
Timothy Ferris
Stamatios M. Krimigis
Carey Michael Lisse
Richard McCray
C. Matt Mountain
Atmospheric and
Hydrospheric Sciences
Paul J. Crutzen
A. Russell Flegal
Michael J. Prather
Eugene M. Rasmusson
Jorge L. Sarmiento
Gerald M. Stokes
Norbert Untersteiner
Carl Wunsch
Biological Sciences
Sankar L. Adhya
Bonnie L. Bassler
Philip N. Benfey
Joy M. Bergelson
Robert E. Blankenship
Elizabeth L. Brainerd
Ronald R. Breaker
David Ray Burgess
Joann M. Burkholder
20
Tzen-Yuh Chiang
George W. Cox
Jeffery L. Dangl
Richard H. Ebright
Elliot L. Elson
Susan L. Forsburg
Claire M. Fraser
Gayle J. Fritz
Candace E. Galen
Barry Ganetzky
Patricia A. Gowaty
Yusof Awni Hannun
Joseph Heitman
Charles Russell Hille
Tuan-Hua David Ho
Erin Irish
Steven E. Jacobsen
Robert L. Jeanne
Elizabeth A. Kellogg
Linda M. Kohn
Robert Landick
Harris A. Lewin
Emmanuel Liscum III
Curtis M. Lively
Timothy M. Lohman
William John Lucas
Paul M. MacDonald
Gregory B. Martin
Joel W. Martin
Lawrence E. Mathes
Richard L. Mayden
John F. McDonald
Lina Marie Obeid
Michael C. Ostrowski
Massimo Pigliucci
Peter H. Quail
David C. Queller
Hershel Raff
Marjorie L. Reaka-Kudla
Benjavan Rerkasem
Eric J. Richards
Amy Rossman
Steven L. Salzberg
Daniel R. Schoenberg
David W. Severson
Thomas J. Silhavy
Christopher Roland Somerville
Victoria L. Sork
Roger M. Spanswick
Steven Spiker
David B. Stern
Joan E. Strassmann
C. Richard Tracy
John T. Trumble
John Charles Walker
Linda L. Walling
Altaf A. Wani
Caroline C. Whitacre
Kenneth H. Wolfe
Chung-I Wu
Grace Wyngaard
Shozo Yokoyama
Jian-Kang Zhu
Chemistry
Vartkess Ara Apkarian
Jeffrey Aubé
Robert Bittman
Weston Thatcher Borden
Ajay K. Bose
Cynthia J. Burrows
Walter J. Chazin
Barry S. Cooperman
James K. Coward
Michael A. Duncan
Cecil R. Dybowski
Andrew G. Ewing
Anthony L. Fink
Bruce C. Garrett
Rainer E. Glaser
Robert J. Hamers
Andrew D. Hamilton
Joel M. Harris
Rigoberto Hernandez
Nancy B. Jackson
William M. Jackson
Arthur E. Johnson
Anne Myers Kelley
Bruce E. Koel
Nenad M. Kostic
Gregory J. Kubas
Branka M. Ladanyi
David S. Lawrence
Richard A. Lerner
Stephen F. Martin
Henry I. Mosberg
Gilbert M. Nathanson
James E. Penner-Hahn
Virgil Percec
Gregory A. Petsko
Douglas J. Raber
J. W. Rogers, Jr.
Eric A. Rohlfing
Gary B. Schuster
Phillip D. Szuromi
Veronica Vaida
Warren S. Warren
David R. Williams
Robert A. Wind
Curt Wittig
Chi-Huey Wong
Paul Jeffrey Fox
Patricia H. Kelley
Akhio Miyashiro
Paul Reitan
Nicholas J. Shackleton
Tjeerd H. Van Andel
Michael O. Woodburne
Dentistry and
Oral Health Sciences
History and Philosophy
of Science
Adele L. Boskey
Robert A. Burne
Brian Skyrms
Jeffrey L. Sturchio
Education
Industrial Science and
Technology
Sandra K. Abell
Dale R. Baker
Bonnie J. Brunkhorst
George E. DeBoer
Paul B. Kelter
Gregory P. Stefanich
Virginia W. Stern
Engineering
Harvey W. Blanch
Jonathan S. Dordick
Christos Georgakis
George Georgiou
Amit Goyal
Elias P. Gyftopoulos
Eugene E. Haller
Peter J. Hesketh
Ravi K. Jain
Jeffrey C. Kantor
Pradeep K. Khosla
James Underwood Lemke
Bora B. Mikic
S. Noor Mohammad
Duncan T. Moore
General Interest in
Science and Engineering
Robert M. Cushman
Donna Joyce Dean
Daniel A. Guthrie
Robert Lee Hotz
Madeleine Jacobs
Geology and Geography
Asish R. Basu
Kevin Burke
Rodney C. Ewing
Jonathan Fink
Daniel C. Fisher
W. Henry Lambright
Oliver C. Mullins
Lura J. Powell
Information, Computing,
and Communication
Carl K. Chang
Richard A. Demillo
Bernardo Huberman
Yi-Bing Lin
Panos M. Pardalos
Peter Pirolli
Andries Van Dam
Benjamin W. Wah
Linguistics and Language
Science
David W. Lightfoot
Mabel L. Rice
Mathematics
John H. Ewing
Carl Pomerance
De Witt L. Sumners
Medical Sciences
Christie M. Ballantyne
Enriqueta C. Bond
Stephen B. Calderwood
Wing-Chung Chan
Robert J. Desnick
Raymond N. Dubois, Jr.
Roselyn J. Eisenberg
David Eric Elder
David Y. Graham
Warner Craig Greene
Charles H. Halsted
J. Marie Hardwick
William H. Hartmann
Ravi V. Iyengar
James Larry Jameson
Barbara R. Jasny
Philip R. Johnson
Bruce C. Kone
Michael E. Lamm
Wayne I. Lencer
Mary Fisher Lipscomb
Yang Liu
Stephen D. Miller
Frank G. Moody
Neal Nathanson
Electra Diane Paskett
Charles M. Rice
Bernard Roizman
Raymond P. Roos
Thomas J. Rosol
Ruth M. Ruprecht
Alfred P. Sanfilippo
Mario Stevenson
Herbert W. Virgin
Bruce D. Walker
Joel V. Weinstock
Katharine Blodgett Gebbie
Dennis G. Hall
Ralph B. James
Gabrielle G. Long
Luz J. Martinez-Miranda
Robert L. McCrory
Dale M. Meade
Pierre Meystre
Stephen J. Pennycook
Herschel A. Rabitz
Thomas F. Rosenbaum
Ned Robert Sauthoff
Gerald Jay Sussman
Joe D. Thompson
John H. Weaver
Edward L. Wright
Psychology
Barbara L. Andersen
Thomas J. Coates
Mark Allen Geyer
Janet Shibley Hyde
J. A. Scott Kelso
Jay S. Rosenblatt
Jenny Saffran
Neuroscience
Constance W. Atwell
Tamas Bartfai
Gyorgy Buzsaki
Joseph T. Coyle
Bernice Grafstein
Paul Greengard
Richard L. Huganir
Miguel A. L. Nicolelis
Howard Schulman
Morgan Sheng
James G. Townsel
Social, Economic and
Political Sciences
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Catherine Jay Didion
C. K. Gunsalus
Wil Lepkowski
Claire Nader
Howard Ris
Donald R. Bennett
Ching-Shih Chen
Bruce J. Dolnick
Kenneth L. Dretchen
Joe D. Graedon
Physics
Michael J. Aziz
Ravindra N. Bhatt
S. R. J. Brueck
Donald L. Cook
Leonard C. Feldman
Joshua Frieman
James G. Fujimoto
Peter J. Burke
Jonathan R. Cole
Scott Coltrane
Gary King
Ronald D. Lee
Karl Ulrich Mayer
Joseph J. Molnar
Societal Impacts of
Science and Engineering
Statistics
Ibrahim A. Ahmad
L. Mark Berliner
James E. Gentle
Clark Glymour
21
Thank You for Your Generous Support
The AAAS Board of Directors gratefully acknowledges the philanthropic support of the following
individuals, foundations, corporations, and government agencies whose gifts, over and above
membership dues, enabled AAAS to undertake new initiatives, supplement program funding,
and address the issues and concerns of the scientific community.
We continue to be especially grateful for the support of our sustaining benefactors,
Mr. William T. Golden and the late Dr. Philip Hauge Abelson.
Individuals
Director’s Guild
($50,000 & above)
David E. Shaw & Beth Kobliner
Shaw
Director’s Guild
($10,000–$49,999)
Janet J. Asimov
Director’s Guild
($5,000–$9,999)
Alan I. & Agnes Leshner
Gordon E. Moore
Pierre R. Schwob
Director’s Guild
($2,500–$4,999)
Phillip L. Blair
Jerome L. Bleiweis
Peter F. Drucker
Rebecca Klemm
Shirley M. & Horace Malcom
Thomas Edison Alliance
($1,000 –$2,499)
Anonymous (2)
Rick E. Borchelt
Jean B. Burnett
Laura H. Colwin
William H. Danforth
Donald P. Gaver
Sarah B. Glickenhaus
Mary L. Good
Jeff Gore
Helen K. Groves
James H. Heym
Richard A. Meserve
Edith D. Neimark
Peter O’Donnell
Ginger Pinholster &
M. Otto Stahley
22
Jean Porter
John S. Reed
Bronwyn & Brian Scott
Lewis G. Smith
Anthony Thompson
Benjamin Franklin Society
($500–$999)
Heman P. Adams
L. T. Aldrich
J. Frances Allen
Thomas D. Barrow
Merton R. Barry
Floyd E. Bloom
Nathaniel Chafee
Luther Christman
Mary E. Clutter
Edmund A. Crouch
James F. Crow
Hartvig Dahl
Frank K. Edmondson
Gregory S. Ferriss
Robert C. Harriss
Hans Hasche-Kluender
Russell M. Jaffe
Elaine Kant
Joseph E. Kist
Robert H. Lawrence
James U. Lemke
Michael M. May
John P. McCullough
Linda A. More
Peter B. Myers
Steven Popok
James L. Rathmann
Edward K. Rice
Anna C. Roosevelt
Beth Rosner
Richard B. Setlow
Jean’ne M. Shreeve
Nancy R. Stevenson
H. Guyford Stever
Susan Trukawinski
Thomas E. Twitchell
Charles M. Weiss
Galileo Sphere
($250–$499)
Ernest C. Adams
Philip D. Aines
James H. Ard
Casper J. Aronson
Gladys E. Baker
Jean Beard
Dennis M. Bier
Margaret B. Binette
Herman Birch
C. John Blankley
Benjamin P. Blasingame
H. Kent Bowen
Everett F. Britz
Kenneth A. Burkholder
S. R. Burzynski
Edgar M. Chase
Nirupa Chaudhari & S. Roper
Robin L. Dennis
Paul Doty
S. Raymond Gambino
James I. Garrels
R. H. Garstang
Adam P. Geballe
Walter Gerhard
Robert N. Ginsburg
Andrew M. Gleason
Edward J. Goetzl
Marvin L. Goldberger
Albert E. Goss
William C. Graustein
Cynthia O. Harris
Kenneth J. Hood
Joan M. Hutchins
Samson A. Jenekhe
Erik D. Johnson
Michael M. Kaback
Victor W. Laurie
Charles A. Lawson
Olga F. Linares
John P. Linderman
Bill Linton
J. Howard Marshall
Walter E. Massey
Jose O. Morales
Robert A. Nilan
Joseph C. Parker
Philip Y. Paterson
John F. Pelton
Richard M. Phelan
Lawrence R. Pomeroy
Milton F. Pravda
Jacob R. Raitt
Robert W. Rasch
Barbara Rice
Juan G. Roederer
Jarrow L. Rogovin
Thomas P. Rohlen
Robert Rosenthal
Murray Senkus
Roy W. Simonson
Linda C. Smith
William G. Sprague
Peter F. Stevens
Shepard B. Stone
C. E. Sunderlin
Marian E. Swendseid
Jack Townshend
Mary C. Wetzel
James R. Whitley
Clayton A. Wiley
Charles Yanofsky
Copernicus Club
($100–$249)
John P. Abbey
Ingrid Akerblom
William F. Allen
Robert W. Allington
Gordon W. Anderson
Anonymous (6)
Rudi Ansbacher
J. David Applegate
Phipps Arabie
Robert G. Arnold
William Aron
William C. Ashby
Roger Atkinson
David Atlas
R. Clifton Bailey
N. Addison Ball
Thomas J. Bardos
William T. Battin
Laura P. Bautz
Henry F. Beechhold
Nicholas A. Begovich
Charles P. Benedict
Leslie Z. Benet
Donald R. Bennett
Leo L. Beranek
Jerome R. Berman
Jay A. Berzofsky
Hans Albrecht Bethe
Austin W. Betts
John G. Bieri
Mary L. Bird
Charles W. Bishop
Donald Blumenthal
John G. Bordie
Adele L. Boskey
Terry F. Bower
Marilyn C. Bracken
Eric Bradford
Kevin B. Brink
Arnold R. Brody
Charles S. Brown
David H. Brown
Kathleen O. Brown
Robert W. Bryant
Dennis E. Buetow
Patricia A. Buffler
Robert W. Bundtzen
Drusilla Burns
John E. Burris
Verona D. Burton
Patrick G. Butler
Michael J. Calderwood
Ronald E. Cape
Marvin Carmack
Luther J. Carter
Shaun T. Case
Boris Catz
Joseph Cerny
James F. Cherry
Don B. Chesler
Tom D. Y. Chin
Pritindra Chowdhuri
Robert W. Christy
Helen R. Churella
Donald L. Clark
Morrel H. Cohen
Morris Cohen
Otto H. Coleman
Heather L. Collins
Dale K. Colyer
James W. Conine
Fernando J. Corbato
Michael F. Coscia
Eugene E. Covert
Robert C. Cowen
Richard H. Cox
John M. Crawford
Jack E. Crow
John C. Crowley
Aldo V. Da Rosa
Robert Dahlgren
Bruce H. Dana
Herbert A. David
Diane W. Davidson
Duane G. Davis
Harold A. Davis
Jay C. Davis
Catherine D. DeAngelis
Kenneth A. DeGhetto
William P. Deiss
Victor H. Denenberg
Jeanette W. Dennis
Paul M. Densen
Robert J. Desnick
Peter J. Di Benedetto
Bruce L. Dietrich
Joseph R. DiPalma
Theodore Donaldson
Shannon Dorsey
M. W. Downey
Richard D. Drake
Horace F. Drury
Louis Duenweg
Gus Eckhardt
Frances B. Edens
William Elkins
Robert Elsner
David W. Emerson
Edward L. Erickson
Edward W. Ernst
Ronald W. Estabrook
Arthur T. Evans
Joann L. Evans
Emmanuel Farber
Alexander Farrell
Charles S. Faulkner
Robert H. Fennell
Gillian M. Fenton
Robert W. Field
Alison F. Fields
Richard Tresch Fienberg
Roman O. Filipowicz
Frank W. Fitch
Edith M. Flanigen
Margaret L. Fonda
Jared H. Ford
Richard M. Forester
Arlington A. Forist
Frank J. Fornoff
William O. Foye
William F. Fraccaro
Mark & Marlene Frankel
Gail Frazar-Mele
Stephen E. Frazier
Robert F. Furchgott
Horace W. Furumoto
Joseph G. Gall
Walter Gamble
Rajesh R. Gandhi
David M. Gates
Bernardino Ghetti
Mark L. Gilberstadt
Neal C. Gillespie
Roger Gilmont
Edward W. Glazener
James Glogowski
Erwin Goldberg
Felicitas D. Goodman
Joan W. Goodman
John S. & Deborah Greenspan
Melvin M. Grumbach
Wilfred Guerra
Helen M. Habermann
Jack L. Haley
Eugene E. Haller
William J. Hanna
George F. Hanson
Franklin M. Harold
Pembroke J. Hart
Bernard G. Harvey
Robert H. Hasek
William H. Hatheway
Michael G. Hauser
Ruth Heimann
Barbara Hemmingsen
Mary Henle
Thomas L. Henson
Davis Hershey
John R. Hess
Melvin J. Hill
James Hillier
Mahlon Hoagland
David C. Hoaglin
Donald E. Hoard
Marcus Hobbs
Norman H. Horowitz
Raymond W. Houde
Estil V. Hoversten
Larry Howard
W. W. Howells
Roy M. Huffington
Richard N. Hurd
Marion C. Hyson
Richard J. Jaeger
Bernard W. Janicki
Stephen N. Jasperson
John H. Jewell
Erling Johansen
George John
Julius Johnson
Harold S. Johnston
Irene M. Jones
Lucy W. K. Jones
Elke Jordan
Arthur C. Josephs
Marjorie M. Kade
Herbert Kaizer
Isaac R. Kaplan
Margaret Kasschau
Carl Kaysen
Robert L. & Judith Ann Kellogg
David R. Kelly
Charles F. Kennel
George B. Kent
Roger Ketcham
Robert F. Kingsbury
David L. Kirk
Beth E. Kirkhart
Agnes Kiss
Michael S. Klassen
Miles V. Klein
Maribeth King & John A. Klobuchar
Rita E. Knox
Leland S. Kollmorgen
Jerry J. Kollros
Igor L. Kosin
Ronya Kozmetsky
Stephen M. Krane
Rodney Krich
Bernard M. Kulwicki
George W. Kunkel
Michael E. Lamm
George H. Lauff
Walter R. Lawson
Cecil E. Leith
Larry F. Lemanski
Louis L. Lerner
Ann M. Lewicki
David A. Liberman
Philip Lichtenberg
William T. Lindsay, Jr.
Christopher J. Lingle
John H. Litchfield
Lars Ljungdahl
Gwilym S. Lodwick
Frederick Long
Norman W. Lord
James F. Lotspeich
Sara Elizabeth Lowe
Barbara Lozar
23
Milton Lozoff
R. Duncan Luce
Ernest L. Lundelius, Jr.
Arthur Lupia
Mark P. Mack
Gladys F. Maley
Herbert Malin
Robert W. Mann
Emanuel Margoliash
Herman H. Martens†
Donald R. Mattison
Ernst Mayr
John R. Menke
Thomas N. Metcalf
David Middleton
Orlando J. Miller
Beatrice Mintz
Daniel B. Mirel
Richard C. Mockler
Robert L. Molinari
Angelyn Moore
David W. Moreland
Robert A. Morse
J. Thomas Mortimer
Arno G. Motulsky
Patricia H. Moyer
Peter K. Mueller
George Nancollas
John J. Neal, Jr.
James W. Neel
Mary L. Nelson
Walter L. Nelson
Owen J. Newlin
Thomas W. Newton
Charles Noback
Richard C. Nolen-Hoeksema
Christer E. Nordman
Marie U. Nylen
Judith K. Nyquist
Robert A. O’Dell
William A. Oliver, Jr.
Eric Olson
Walter A. Orenstein
Carolyn L. Orthner
Robert Osserman
Thomas B. Owen
Allison R. Palmer
Raymond L. Palmer
Ara G. Paul
Chin-Tzu Peng
Frank A. Pepe
Carolyn B. Peterson
Donald G. Peterson
George F. Pieper
Joseph M. Prospero
William M. Protheroe
Dan E. Purcifull
Peter Puster
Frank W. Putnam
24
Robert P. Rafuse
Stephen C. Ragatz
Yueh-Erh Rahman
Waldo Rall
William E. Ramsden
Paul F. Randel
Edward R. Rang
Alan I. Rapoport
Donald G. Rea
James R. Redmond
Robert P. Redwine
Christopher A. Reed
Jack W. Reed
Lester J. Reed
Ernest B. Reeve
James C. Register, III
Malcolm M. Renfrew
Miles Richardson
Eugene Roberts
Frank D. Roberts
Jean Roberts
Maxine L. Rockoff
Theodore Rockwell
Elizabeth Roemer
Alan E. Rogers
Robert J. Roggie
Mark Rognstad
Hugh Rose
Kenneth L. Rose
Jo Ellen Roseman
Eugene J. Rosenbaum
Norman Rosenberg
Mark R. Rosenzweig
Donald A. Rowley
Laurens N. Ruben
Herman Rubin
James S. Ruhoff
Joyce E. Rundhaug
William B. Ryan
David T. Salant
James S. Sandberg
Norbert P. Sarnow
Howard K. Schachman
Roland W. Schmitt
John H. Schneider
G. E. Schuh
Robert C. Seamans, Jr.
Sheldon J. Segal
Walter E. Sepp
Andrew M. Sessler
Steven Shak
Alan H. Shapley
Emma Shelton
Nobumichi Shimizu
Thomas E. Shipley
Duward F. Shriver
Moras L. Shubert
Donald H. Silberberg
Donald M. Simons
H. Craig Sipe
Alan J. Smith
James C. Smith
James L. Smith
Stephanie S. Spangler
Thomas M. Spencer
D. C. Spriestersbach
Mary C. St. John
David G. Stahl
Donald Steiner
Thomas W. Stern
Reinhard Stettler
C. Ralph Stocking
James Stolzenbach
Audrey L. Stone
William W. Stoner
Carl F. Stover
John Stringer
F. William Studier
Joan C. Suit
Sigmund R. Suskind
Glenn W. Suter, II
Donald A. Swanson
Andrew G. Szent-Gyorgyi
Marc Z. Talisman
Susan H. Tam
Palmer Taylor
Harold Teague
David C. Tiemeier
Maury Tigner
David W. Tillay
John G. Topliss
John W. Townsend, Jr.
Thomas K. Toyama
M. C. Trichel
A. Forrest Troyer
Amy O. Tsui
Gerard M. Turino
M. K. Underwood
Ari van Tienhoven
Charles Varsel
Carol M. Velsko
Stanley Vickers
Alvin Volkman
Charles A. Waldren
Charles P. Wales
Frank W. Warner, III
Nancy E. Warner
F. Morgan Warzel
Marvin Wasserman
Steven F. Watanabe
Donald J. Waters
Gordon L. Watts
Harrison Wein
I. Bernard Weinstein
John H. Weitz
Irwin Welber
Milton W. Weller
Irvin L. White
Stanley A. White
Rich O. Whitten
Oscar M. Wicken
Herman S. Wigodsky
Alfred Willcox
Clinton C. Williams
Helen R. Winter
Jeanette Winter
Joseph G. Wirth
George E. Woody
Andrew Wright
William A. Wulf
Robert E. Yager
Alfred Yankauer
Charles W. Young
Mimi C. Yu
Charles Zegar
Adrienne L. Zihlman
Fernando J. Zuniga-Rivero
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Foundation
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Foundation
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Foundation
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Foundation
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Living Trust
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Foundation
Horizon Research, Inc.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
IBM
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Foundation
John Merck Fund
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John Templeton Foundation
Johnson & Johnson
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical
Research & Development, L.L.C.
Joseph and Esther Klingenstein
Fund
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Foundation
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MCI
Merck & Co., Inc.
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Foundation, Inc.
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Foundation
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Pfizer Matching Gift Center
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Washington
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AAAS applauds the following
individuals for their efforts in
initiating gifts from various
foundations and organizations:
Frank M. Berger
Philip G. Berman
Herbert D. Doan
Gerald & Thelma Estrin
Robert C. Forney
William T. Golden
Deborah Greenspan
Leo O. Harris
Albert Hirschman
Irving and Alwyn Johnson
Julius Z. Knapp
Jeffrey L. Kodosky
Donald G. Lindsay
Joseph C. Logue
John P. McGovern
Gilbert S. Omenn
Paul B. Porter
Herbert E. Spiegel
Warren B. Weisberg
Wei Young
Charlotte M. Zitrin
1848 Society
Edgar J. Saltsman†
†Deceased
This report reflects gifts received
from 1 January 2004 through
31 December 2004.
The compilers have carefully
reviewed the names that appear.
However, errors and omissions
may occasionally occur. If your
name is listed incorrectly, please
accept our apologies, and do
not hesitate to bring the mistake
to our attention by calling
+1-202-326-6636. Thank you.
Special Thank You
In addition to those who
provided charitable gifts
and grants to AAAS, over
and above membership
dues, we would also like
to recognize the generous
support of AAAS’s Patron
members. Their higher level of
investment helped underwrite
the Association’s programmatic activities.
For a complete list of Patron
members, and to learn more
about the benefits of this
special category of
membership, please visit:
www.aaas.org/membership/
m_categories/patrons.shtml.
25
Board of Directors 2004–2005
Association Officers
Association Information
Chair
Mary Ellen Avery
Children’s Hospital, Boston
Chief Executive Officer and Executive Publisher
Alan I. Leshner
Association Headquarters
American Association for
the Advancement of Science
1200 New York Avenue, NW
Washington DC 20005 USA
Tel: 202-326-6400
President
Shirley Ann Jackson
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
President – Elect
Gilbert S. Omenn
University of Michigan Health System
Treasurer
David E. Shaw
D.E. Shaw & Co., Inc.
Treasurer Emeritus
William T. Golden
AAAS Chief Executive Officer
Alan I. Leshner
Chief Financial and Administrative Officer
Phillip Blair
Science Adviser
Philip H. Abelson †
Executive Office Affairs
Gretchen Seiler, Director
Education and Human Resources
Shirley M. Malcom, Director
International Initiatives
Sherburne Abbott,
Chief International Officer
Science Editorial
Donald Kennedy, Editor-in-Chief
Monica Bradford, Executive Editor
Other members
Rosina M.Bierbaum
University of Michigan
Science News
Colin Norman, News Editor
John E. Burris
Beloit College
Office of Human Resources
Alison French, Director
John E. Dowling
Harvard University
Office of Public Programs
Ginger Pinholster, Director
Karen A. Holbrook
The Ohio State University
Office of Publishing and Member Services
Beth Rosner, Publisher
Richard A. Meserve
Carnegie Institution of Washington
Project 2061
Jo Ellen Roseman, Director
Norine E. Noonan
College of Charleston
Science and Policy
Albert H. Teich, Director
AAAS Annual Meeting
Dates: 16–20 February 2006
Location: St. Louis, MO
Web: www.aaasmeeting.org
Electronic Resources
AAAS
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information.
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Peter Stang
University of Utah
†Deceased
Kathryn D. Sullivan
COSI Columbus
Lydia Villa-Komaroff
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
31
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