Impact of the Internet of Things and Services on Industrial

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Impact of the Internet of Things and Services on Industrial
Impact of the Internet of Things
and Services to Industrial
Applications –
Between Vision and Reality
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Fraunhofer IOSB
Head of Department
Information Management and Production Control
1
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Josef von Fraunhofer
Scientist and Entrepreneur
1787-1826
Content
1. Fraunhofer IOSB
2. Industry 4.0

Term Interpretation

Value Chains

Architectural Changes
3. Internet of Things and Services (IoTS)
4. Use cases today and tomorrow
5. Action approaches and next steps
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
The German Research Landscape
Basic research
Applied research
Industrial
Research
Associations
(AiF)
Source: BMBF (simplified)
3
Industrial
Research
(Companies)
Max Planck
Society
Universities
Private funding
Public funding
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Fraunhofer – Association for Applied Research
22.000 employees
66 institutes
2.000 M€ Budget
> 2/3 to be gained
from the market
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Fraunhofer Institute of Optronics, System Technologies
and Image Exploitation IOSB
Lemgo
Ettlingen
Karlsruhe
Lemgo
Managing Director:
Prof. Dr.-Ing.
Jürgen Beyerer
Ilmenau
Operational costs 2013
41 Mio €
Permanent employees
440
of which scientists/
engineers
290
Ilmenau
Karlsruhe
Ettlingen
Department of Computer Sciences, Institute for
Anthropomatics, Vision and Fusion Laboratory
5
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Beijing
IOSB Business Units related to Industrial Applications
 Resource- and Energy-efficient

Automation
Dr. Michael Heizmann
Dr. Olaf Sauer
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Production
Industrial Smart Grids
Energy, Water
and
Environment
Prof. Dr. Thomas
Rauschenbach
Dr. Thomas Usländer
Demo Plant Industry 4.0
Environmental Information
Lemgo
it‘s
OWL
Smart
Control
Room
ProVis
Control
Room
Press Shop
Condition
Monitoring
Systems
Daimler AG Bremen
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Industry 4.0 – Advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution (1)
New stage of organization and control of the
whole value chain across the entire product life cycle.
Source: Getty imagaes
Source: Gozarian.com
Source: Photosearch.de
Internet
Microelectronics
FORDs assembly
belt, 1913
Source: WIKIPEDIA;
Waterframe.jpg
First PLC: Modicon
084 1968
Electricity
Steam
Engines
end 18th cent
20th cent.
1970 ff.
today
???
Source (derived): Forschungsunion Wirtschaft – Wissenschaft
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Jeremy Rifkin: „Third Industrial Revolution“ (TIR)
„Great economic transformations in history occur when
new communications technology converges with new
energy systems“
1. (19th cent.)
Book Printing
Steam Engines
2. (20th cent.)
Electrical
Communication
Fossil Fuels
3. (21st cent.)
Internet
Renewable
Energies
Centralized
Power
Lateral Power
Living Economy:
organic relationship between communication technology
(„nervous system“) und energy sources („blood circulation“)
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Value Chains
user
Engineering of Products and Product Lines
Engineering of Production Plants
After Sales Services
Set-up and Operation of Production Plants
supplier
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Industry 4.0 – Advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution (3)
Basis is availability of all relevant information in real-time
How can this ever work ?
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Industry 4.0 – Advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution (3)
Quality
Basis is availability of all relevant information in real-time
ERP
MES
Manufacturing
Execution Systems
Quantity
Manufacturing Cells
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Field Devices
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Planning
Coarse-grained
Scheduling
Information Modell
Monitoring
Fine-grained Scheduling
Manufacturing/Process
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Industry 4.0 – Advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution (4)
Interconnection of humans, objects and systems
Industrial
Applications
Internet
of
Services
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Internet
of
Things
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Internet of Services (1)
 Application of service-oriented architectural styles (SOA) to

the external functions of all entities in the value chains
Harmonization by means of SOA reference models, e.g.
OASIS standardization organization
Internet
of
Services
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
OASIS SOA Reference Model: Principal Concepts
awareness
willingness
reachability
Service is a mechanism to enable access to one or more
capabilities where the access is provided using a prescribed
interface and is exercised consistent with constraints and
policies as specified by the service description
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Internet of Services (2) – Service Broker
• signature
• classification info
• side-conditions
• semantically
annotated ?
client
3 - find
1 - publish
AutomationML
OPC-UA
service I/F
broker I/F
2 - find
service
metadata
external access
embedded
software functions
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
CyberPhysical
System
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
ontology
OASIS SOA Reference Model: Service Description
comprises the
specifics of how to
access the underlying
capabilities
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Internet of Services (3) – Orchestration
business process 1
business process 2
workflow
engine
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Internet of Services (3) – Choreography
business process
(goal)
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
TECHNOLOGY
BUSINESS MODEL
Internet of Things
Human
World
Solutions
Services
Platform
Infrastructure
Illustration taken from quantumcinema (c)
Physical World
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Virtual World
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
OpenIoT Architecture Layers
Reference architecture of the
European Research Cluster on the
Internet of Things (IERC)
Applications and
Utilities
Cloud
Database
(Extended)
Global Sensor
Network
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Get connected to the OpenIoT Community
GitHub For Developers:
https://github.com/OpenIoT
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Open Source Rookie of 2013
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Use case 1: Advanced Process Scheduling … as a service
 Planning and assessment
 Optimization algorithms synchronized with production
 Closed loop with production control
 Benefit: fast re-planning
and event response
 malfunctions
 disruptions
 high-priority orders
 energy availability
and cost
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Use case 2: Condition Monitoring … as a service
process data
faults
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014



sensor data processing
self-organizing maps (SOM)
interpretation with process
know-how

Benefit: fast and intuitive
fault recognition 
preventive maintenance
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Use case 3: Intuitive Human-Machine Interaction
Video unter
http://wsd.iosb.fraunhofer.de/~vt/videos/Gestenbasierte_Fehlermarkierung.mp4
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014

Gesture recognition
and control … as a
service

multi-display
environments

Replacement of
screen – clipboard –
mouse

Benefit: faster, higher
quality (immediate,
in-situ fault
identification)
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Use case 4: KIVA Material Handling Robot System
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
IoTS Applications - Between Vision and Reality
IoTS Capabilities
Reality
Vision
IoTS Applications
today
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Benefits
Costs
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
in future (> 10 Y ?)
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Action Approaches Today
 Which products may be enriched by which services (of

other companies) to support which business models ?
What pre-requisites have to be fulfilled ?
 on organizational/ economical / personal level
 on technical level
 Which role does the IT department in our company play ?
 just a cost factor or
 strategic unit
 Which role do ICT strategies play in our company ?
 openness: role of ICT standards
 support of value chains
 Which competences does our company have in
agile software (CPS) engineering ?
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Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Industry 4.0 – Need for a Reference Model
… and compliance rules
Requirements
Industrial
Applications
Industrial Enablers
Technologies
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Internet
of
Services
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Internet
of
Things
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Robustness
Real-time
Security
Quality of
Service
• Reliability
•
•
•
•
THANK YOU FOR
YOUR INTEREST
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer
Fraunhofer IOSB
Head of Department “Information
Management and Production Control”
Fraunhoferstr. 1
76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
[email protected]
http://www.iosb.fraunhofer.de
29
Impact of Internet of Things and Services
ARC EIF, Amsterdam, 6 March 2014
Your research partner
for industrial applications
and Industry 4.0
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Usländer

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