the geothermal power plant of the future - Balcke-Dürr

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the geothermal power plant of the future - Balcke-Dürr
WHERE IDEAS MEET INDUSTRY
www.spx.com
THE GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANT
OF THE FUTURE
PRODUCTS AND SOLUTIONS
brief overview
02
spx Thermal Equipment & Services
04
The Brand Family
our success factors
06
The Future of Geothermal Energy
08
Main Challenges of Geothermal
Power Plants
10
Best-in-Class Technology
12
Our Success Factors
selected references
14
Ring of Fire
16
Hellisheidi, Iceland
20
Svartsengi, Iceland
21
Nesjavellir, Iceland
22
San Jacinto, Nicaragua
23
Germencik, Turkey
SPX Geothermal Products
POWER ISLAND
A
Separator
B
Turbine
C
Generator
D
Pipelines
1
spx Waukesha Transformer
Geothermal Power
Reference Plant
– Power rating up to 1,200 MVA, 500 kV
spx products in gray
SPX THERMAL EQUIPMENT & SERVICES
IN THE WORLD
– Optimized designs for each customer
– Meets the latest IEEE, ANSI, NEMA and ISO 9001:2008
HEADQUARTERS
quality system standards
spx CORPORATION
– State-of-the-art technology
13515 Ballantyne Corporate Place
power island
COLD END
3
spx Turbine Condenser
Charlotte, NC 28277 / United States
cold end
– All-under-one-roof turnkey system solution
TEL +1 704 752 4400
2
– Limited land use per MW thanks to the optimally
configured components
5
spx Balcke-Dürr Deaerator
7
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type
– Control equipment for a fully automated mode of operation
Cooling Tower
– High level of insensitivity to fouling
Main Contacts by Region
– Minimal equipment costs by using a unique optimization method
AMERICAS
spx COOLING TECHNOLOGIES
1
7401 West 129th Street
– Maximum power output thanks to the highly effective component design
3
7
Overland Park, Kansas 66213 / United States
TEL +1 913 664 7400
2
5
spx Vacuum Pumps
A
4
6
B
C
spx Heat Transfer Inc.
2121 North 161st East Ave.
spx Condensate Pumps
4
6
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74116 / United States
TEL +1 918 234 6000
spx Cooling Water Pumps
D
APAC
spx ASIA PACIFIC CORPORATE SERVICES
2F Treasury Building, 1568 Hua-Shan Road
Shanghai, 200052 / China
TEL +86 21 2208 5888
A
Separator
D
Pipelines
3
Turbine condenser
6
Cooling water pumps
B
Turbine
1
Transformer
4
Condensate pumps
7
Cell-type cooling tower
C
Generator
2
Vacuum pumps
5
Deaerator
EMEA
spx COOLING TECHNOLOGIES/BALCKE-DÜRR
Ernst-Dietrich-Platz 2
40882 Ratingen / Germany
TEL +49 2102 1669 0
spx Cooling Technologies (Dry Cooling)
Avenue Marcel Thiry 81 B2
1200 Brussels / Belgium
TEL +32 (0)2 761 61 11
www.spx.com
www.spxft.com
www.WaukeshaElectric.com
www.balcke-duerr.com
www.spxcooling.com
IMPRINT
Publisher
Balcke-Dürr for
spx Thermal Equipment & Services
Concept and design
wirDesign Berlin Braunschweig
© 2013 spx Corporation
Mai 2013
SPX Geothermal Products
POWER ISLAND
A
Separator
B
Turbine
C
Generator
D
Pipelines
1
spx Waukesha Transformer
Geothermal Power
Reference Plant
– Power rating up to 1,200 MVA, 500 kV
spx products in gray
SPX THERMAL EQUIPMENT & SERVICES
IN THE WORLD
– Optimized designs for each customer
– Meets the latest IEEE, ANSI, NEMA and ISO 9001:2008
HEADQUARTERS
quality system standards
spx CORPORATION
– State-of-the-art technology
13515 Ballantyne Corporate Place
power island
COLD END
3
spx Turbine Condenser
Charlotte, NC 28277 / United States
cold end
– All-under-one-roof turnkey system solution
TEL +1 704 752 4400
2
– Limited land use per MW thanks to the optimally
configured components
5
spx Balcke-Dürr Deaerator
7
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type
– Control equipment for a fully automated mode of operation
Cooling Tower
– High level of insensitivity to fouling
Main Contacts by Region
– Minimal equipment costs by using a unique optimization method
AMERICAS
spx COOLING TECHNOLOGIES
1
7401 West 129th Street
– Maximum power output thanks to the highly effective component design
3
7
Overland Park, Kansas 66213 / United States
TEL +1 913 664 7400
2
5
spx Vacuum Pumps
A
4
6
B
C
spx Heat Transfer Inc.
2121 North 161st East Ave.
spx Condensate Pumps
4
6
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74116 / United States
TEL +1 918 234 6000
spx Cooling Water Pumps
D
APAC
spx ASIA PACIFIC CORPORATE SERVICES
2F Treasury Building, 1568 Hua-Shan Road
Shanghai, 200052 / China
TEL +86 21 2208 5888
A
Separator
D
Pipelines
3
Turbine Condenser
6
Cooling Water Pumps
B
Turbine
1
Transformer
4
Condensate Pumps
7
Cell-Type Cooling Tower
C
Generator
2
Vacuum Pumps
5
Deaerator
EMEA
spx COOLING TECHNOLOGIES/BALCKE-DÜRR
Ernst-Dietrich-Platz 2
40882 Ratingen / Germany
TEL +49 2102 1669 0
spx Cooling Technologies (Dry Cooling)
Avenue Marcel Thiry 81 B2
1200 Brussels / Belgium
TEL +32 (0)2 761 61 11
www.spx.com
www.spxft.com
www.WaukeshaElectric.com
www.balcke-duerr.com
www.spxcooling.com
IMPRINT
Publisher
Balcke-Dürr for
spx Thermal Equipment & Services
Concept and design
wirDesign Berlin Braunschweig
© 2013 spx Corporation
Mai 2013
WHERE IDEAS MEET INDUSTRY
www.spx.com
THE GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANT
OF THE FUTURE
PRODUCTS AND SOLUTIONS
brief overview
02
spx Thermal Equipment & Services
04
The Brand Family
our success factors
06
The Future of Geothermal Energy
08
Main Challenges of Geothermal
Power Plants
10
Best-in-Class Technology
12
Our Success Factors
selected references
14
Ring of Fire
16
Hellisheidi, Iceland
20
Svartsengi, Iceland
21
Nesjavellir, Iceland
22
San Jacinto, Nicaragua
23
Germencik, Turkey
The geothermal power plants
of tomorrow will supply an
important portion of the future
base load. SPX is working hard
to deliver high-quality, innovative products and solutions
that will make the plants more
efficient, safe and flexible.
2
Brief Overview
Global Performance
at the Highest Level
SPX Thermal Equipment & Services
One of the world’s leading
manufacturers of thermal
power plant components
Premium solutions
for more efficiency,
safety and flexibility
in power generation
A global service and
aftermarket support with
over 150 branches, offices
and partners throughout
the world
More than 100 years of
innovation experience
SPX Thermal Equipment & Services
3
SPX THERMAL EQUIPMENT & SERVICES LOCATIONS:
AMERICA 01 Overland Park USA (Evaporative Cooling Headquarters) | 02 Brea USA | 03 Olathe USA | 04 Tulsa USA | 05 Charlotte USA (spx Headquarters) | 06 Bethlehem
USA | 07 Bridgewater USA | EUROPE 08 Worcester U.K. | 09 Brussels BELGIUM (Dry Cooling Headquarters) | 10 Ratingen GERMANY (Balcke-Dürr Headquarters) | 11 Wenden
GERMANY | 12 Neubeckum GERMANY | 13 Leipzig GERMANY | 14 Warsaw POLAND | 15 Moscow RUSSIA | 16 Gallarate ITALY | 17 Perugia ITALY | 18 Budapest HUNGARY
AFRICA 19 Johannesburg SOUTH AFRICA | 20 Nigel SOUTH AFRICA | ASIA 21 Pune INDIA | 22 Ghuangzhou CHINA | 23 Zhangjiakou CHINA | 24 Beijing CHINA | 25 Tianjin
CHINA | 26 Shanghai CHINA | 27 Wuxi CHINA
13
14
23
12
10
04
24
15
11
09
07
01
08
25
06
16
02
05
26
17
27
03
21
22
18
20
19
WE SUPPLY ENERGY FOR THE FUTURE
A RELIABLE PARTNER FOR THE ENERGY SECTOR
spx Thermal Equipment & Services is the center of excellence for
spx Thermal Equipment & Services provides comprehensive so-
thermal power plant components and services within spx Corpora-
lutions for industrial installations and power plants of all designs.
tion. spx stands for high-end engineering and first-class manufac-
We are focused on the individual requirements of our customers –
turing quality. Thousands of power plants in over 60 countries use
be it increased efficiency, modernization, reconstruction or repairs.
our components and technologies. With more than 150 branches,
With over 100 years of experience, spx is a reliable partner to
offices and partners on all continents, spx ensures the global reach
energy corporations and operators of complex industrial installa-
and the necessary on-site service in order to deliver individual
tions.
complete solutions to our customers. Thanks to our global experience, we not only know the technical challenges of our customers,
We are solidly integrated in a strong corporate group:
but also their regional-specific objectives and needs.
spx Corporation. This multinational, multiline group with headquarters in the USA offers technical solutions for the energy
market, the food and beverage industry, the automotive sector and
industrial process technology.
4
Brief Overview
Combined Expertise
in Innovative Energy Technology
SPX Cooling Technologies and Marley
two of the leading manufacturers of cooling
towers and air-cooled condensers
Balcke-Dürr
the specialist for power plant components in the
water-steam cycle and in the flue gas path
All-in-one complete solutions
We bundle the know-how of our experts to create world-leading technologies
Integrated system competence
for a perfect interaction of all components
Together we have many patents worldwide
in the fields of power generation and cooling technology
The Brand Family
5
The spx Thermal Equipment & Services Family
STRONG BRANDS UNDER ONE ROOF
COMBINED SYSTEM EXPERTISE FOR FUTURE TECHNOLOGIES
An entire group of renowned brand names stands behind spx
Thanks to our comprehensive system competence, we achieve an
Thermal Equipment & Services: Marley, Balcke-Dürr, Waukesha,
optimal interplay of all thermal power plant components – for
Rothemühle, Ecolaire, Yuba and many more. All products of these
greater productivity and higher efficiency of the systems. We
brands are developed, manufactured, marketed and serviced by
follow this holistic approach from product development, through
us. The core of the brand family is formed by the specialists in
the dimensioning of our projects, up to the commissioning of the
thermal power plant components: Balcke-Dürr, spx Cooling Tech-
equipment and the maintenance of existing facilities. Our segment
nologies and Marley.
has its own engineering departments, manufacturing facilities and
installation personnel. As a result, we fulfill the individual require-
spx Cooling Technologies and Marley are two of the leading
ments of our customers down to the smallest detail.
suppliers of cooling towers and air-cooled condensers. Based on
a more than 100-year-old tradition, the companies own over
We have long been global innovators and technology leaders in
250 global patents in the power generation, industrial, refriger-
our specialty areas. The innovative strength of our international
ation and HVAC markets.
expert teams along with consistent research and development
form the foundations of our global strategy.
Balcke-Dürr manufactures power plant components for the watersteam cycle and the flue gas path. With its experience of more
than 100 years, the company offers ground-breaking solutions and
services, ranging from the standard module to complete thermal
systems.
* Yuba and Ecolaire are brands of spx Heat Transfer, LLC
6
Our Success Factors
The Future of
Geothermal Energy
Our Success Factors
Geothermal energy is environmentally friendly
and always available. Its potential to become
one of the leading energy sources is more than
promising, both from an economical and ecological point of view.
THE HEAT OF THE EARTH
The geothermal energy cycle is simple even when different tech-
The inside of the earth glows with a temperature of about
nologies are used. For example, when the hydrothermal method is
5,500 degrees Celsius. Water or steam make it possible to use
used, hot water is pumped out into reservoirs from sources that
this enormous energy potential at many places in the world.
are more than two kilometers deep, and then reaches generators
Driven by the heat of the earth itself, geothermal energy is one of
where it generates electric power. After it releases its energy, the
the most efficient and self-sustaining forms of renewable energy..
water, which has been taken from the depths, flows back into the
Compared to the other energy sources, its environmental balance
e
original reservoirs, so that a closed cycle is created. Instead of hot
is extremely positive.
water, the petrothermal method uses a rock mass in the depths
heated by the earth energy.
7
8
Our Success Factors
The average availability of geothermal energy amounts to 95 %.
This means a constant, round the clock, power generation at base load.*
* According to studies of the German Aerospace Center
Main Challenges
Main Challenges
of Geothermal Power Plants
Geothermal energy is environment-friendly
and inexhaustible.
How can the costs be reduced over the entire life cycle of the plant?
Geothermal energy is the only form of renewable
energy that is capable of carrying a base load.
But how can the production costs be reduced to a profitable level in the long term?
The emission values of a geothermal power plant are
minimal compared to the other energy forms.
But how can relatively small plants be made economically usable for the professional
energy market?
LARGE POTENTIAL AT THE RING OF FIRE
mal energy does not need additional fuels, and it uses a small
Geothermal energy offers clear chances for the future of the
land area.
world’s energy supply. Above all, North America, several Pacific
countries, South America and Iceland already generate power from
THE RIGHT TECHNOLOGY AS KEY TO EFFICIENCY
geothermal energy or have the potential to do this. Most of these
The simple functional principle of geothermal energy is at the
countries lie on the so-called “Ring of Fire,” a zone with increased
same time its greatest challenge: The development of the sources
volcanic activity that stretches worldwide around the continents.
requires large outlays, so that the construction of a power plant
The building of geothermal power plants is recommended here
takes seven years on average. We optimize the investments by
because the thermal energy of the earth is easily accessible, but
using the right technology: The intelligent modulation of our com-
facilities using other methods like deep heat are emerging, for
ponents – between optimal efficiency and life cycle of the plant –
example, in Germany and France.
permanently reduces the costs.
The enormous potential of this energy form is being increasingly
LONG-STANDING SYSTEM COMPETENCE FOR THE COLD END
exploited. Experts estimate a volume of about 170 gigawatts only
The key to greater efficiency and profitable cost-value ratio in the
for the Pacific area of the Ring of Fire; until now, however, only
long term lies in a well-determined section of the power plant –
power plants with an output of more than 10 gigawatts have been
the so-called cold end. The total performance depends essentially
installed worldwide.
on the optimal interaction among the components of this highly
complex system. The more flexibly they can be applied, the better
INEXHAUSTIBLE RESOURCE COVERS THE BASE LOAD
the entire system can be optimized.
Geothermal energy offers an important advantage because it is
the only renewable energy form that covers the base load of the
spx Thermal Equipment & Services is a technology leader just in
electric power generation. The inexhaustible sources from inside
this area. With an installed geothermal capacity of more than
the earth offer long-term investment security as geothermal plants
3.5 gigawatts, we have worldwide references: from 10 megawatts
generate reliable and cheap power in the long run. Moreover, the
for small plants to 300-megawatt plants for the utility sector.
dependence on other countries is low: As a local resource, geother-
9
10
Our Success Factors
Best-in-Class Technology
for Unlimited Energy
Maximum efficiency
20 percent more efficient condensers by optimized tube bundle design
Compact components
The spx Condensers integrate two applications in one device
Proven quality
Tests performed by the Cooling Technology Institute (CTI) have shown that the spx Cooling
Towers regularly exceed the expectations of the customers
Best-in-Class Technology
11
PRECISE ENGINEERING FOR OPTIMAL POWER OUTPUT
The more flexible to change the framework parameters for the
As a leading worldwide manufacturer, spx Thermal Equipment &
individual components are, the wider the margin for optimization
Services offers the planning, construction and commissioning of
of the entire cold end is. By means of a comprehensive calculation
thermal power plant systems all from a single provider. Our system
we ensure for our customers that all components are optimally di-
processes and components, which are adjusted in detail to each
mensioned from a technical point of view for minimum investment
other, minimize the process losses in all phases of power plant
and operating costs.
construction. In this way, we achieve maximum performance in
speed, efficiency and flexibility.
The best example for this fully developed high-end engineering
is the Balcke-Dürr Turbine Condenser: We have designed the tube
We always adapt our solutions to the individual objective condi-
bundle of the device in such a way that it integrates the fea-
tions of a given project. Because our core competence is in the
tures of the deaerator and the turbine condenser into one single
area of the water-steam cycle, our premium engineering has a
component. The pressure-drop-optimized tube bundle design of
positive effect on the efficiency of the entire plant. This is true for
the device operates up to 20 percent more efficiently than the con-
all geothermal technologies on the market.
ventional components. In addition, the configuration of the tube
bundle reduces the required floor space so that the investment
THE ELECTRIC POWER GENERATION
costs shrink.
The basis of energy generation in a geothermal power plant is
hot steam. Either the installation is supplied directly from the hot
The second important component of the cold end is the cooling
sources or the water is passed through hot rocks in order to be
tower. For the limited dimensions of geothermal plants, the cell-
heated to steam. This steam drives the turbine of the power plant
type cooling towers are particularly suitable. Above all the water
for electric power generation.
quality is decisive for the lifespan and the availability of this
component. To this purpose, the spx Wet Cooling Tower offers op-
THE ELECTRIC POWER DISTRIBUTION
tions such as a special ”dirty water” application and a high level of
The purpose of the transformer station is to distribute the gener-
corrosion protection, which permit use of source steam with high
ated energy to the power supply systems. Here, the Waukesha
sulfur content without complications.
transformer achieves an extremely wide power spectrum of up to
1,200 megavoltamperes or 500 kilovolts. In addition, we can design
the transformer so that it uses a natural, ester-based cooling
agent. Compared to mineral oil, this is not only considerably more
FOUR SUCCESS FACTORS FOR EFFICIENT USE
environment-friendly, but also has a low maintenance intensity
OF GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
and a longer life cycle.
The success of our solutions is based on four factors:
THE COLD END
Our system competence
The cold end of a geothermal power plant considerably influences
with which we adjust exactly the interplay of the power plant
the efficiency of the installation. The components of this highly
components to the individual needs of the future operators.
complex system, which includes, among other things, a condenser,
vacuum pumps, condensate pumps and a cooling tower, make sure
Our comprehensive range of services
that the hot steam expands and turns into water again. Thus, in the
with which we cover in detail the entire thermal equipment
final analysis, they determine essentially the power plant per-
technology of the geothermal power plant.
formance and efficiency. For example, the slightest change in the
specifications of the condenser has a considerable effect on the
Our many years of experience and innovation capacity
performance of the cooling tower and vice versa.
with which we guarantee future-oriented quality and permanent
technological leadership.
And last but not least – our global network
for our aftermarket services directly on location.
12
Our Success Factors
Our Success Factors
Our Strength
Our Contribution
Custom-made Design and Perfect
Interaction of All Components
Maximum Availability
and Long Uptime
For the economically viable operation of the geothermal power
In each geothermal power plant, availability and reliability are
plants, two factors play the main role: Maximum power output and
important factors for its economic efficiency. In order to optimally
as low costs as possible. We reach this goal on the basis of our
utilize geothermal energy, the geothermal power plants must have
many years of experience in the water-steam and cooling cycles.
reliable systems. Long maintenance times and the breakdowns
Our systems guarantee the perfect interplay of all components.
cause high costs. In order for the plants to achieve their service
On the one hand, this means best possible efficiency and minimum
life of 30 and more years, our systems, which are adjusted in detail
wear. On the other hand, it means less components and instru-
to each other, operate with an extremely low level of wear, can be
ments – thus low investment and operating costs.
replaced quickly at any time – and thus serve to meet the typical
challenges of geothermal energy. Our components also cope well
with bad water quality and other challenges.
Our Success Factors
13
Our Commitment
Our Heritage
Sustainable Quality and
Proactive Services
Certified Safety at
Any Time and Everywhere
Important for long-term efficiency are not only the design and
Safety is one of the central issues in the construction and oper-
the construction, but also the performance during later operation.
ation of power plants. We have more than 100 years of experi-
Therefore, we provide support for the geothermal power plants
ence in manufacturing thermal power plant components – a solid
during their entire life cycle: In the first instance we deliver indi-
base for knowing exactly the risks in a power plant project. Our
vidual concepts for optimal dimensioning of the thermal power
components comply not only with international standards, but are
plant systems. Our high manufacturing quality guarantees com-
also adjusted to the nationally valid norms. At all locations, just as
ponents with extremely long lifespans. In addition, with proac-
in our projects, we strive for the best possible occupational safety.
tive services we ensure their permanent trouble-free operation.
We set high standards for plant safety and risk management. We
Furthermore, we develop solutions for the existing plants with
expect the same mandatory standards from our service providers
the purpose of increasing their lifespan or raising their efficiency.
and suppliers.
Intelligent solutions require innovation: Therefore, we operate
several research and development centers worldwide.
14
Selected References
Selected References
Ring of Fire
Turkey
Germencik
Africa
Kenya
Indonesia
Mount Salak
Selected References
Iceland
Nesjavellir
Iceland
Svartsengi
Iceland
Hellisheidi
ring of fire
NIcaragua
San Jacinto
15
16
Selected References
Hellisheidi, Iceland
Hellisheidi
Geothermal energy is Iceland‘s most important energy source. Hellisheidi uses the energy of the Hengill central volcano.
Selected References
Hellisheidi
Milestone for
renewable energy
The second largest
geothermal power plant worldwide
Built on the largest
geothermal fields of Iceland
Maximum energy efficiency
thanks to the spx Cold-End System
Seven power plant units
designed with spx technology
17
18
Selected References
Hellisheidi, Iceland
Hellisheidi
The cold end: Turbine condenser, cooling tower, deaerator, vacuum, cooling water and condensate pumps as well as the pipeline system
power island
cold end
3
scope of supply
spx Balcke-Dürr Surface Condenser (3),
7
number of units
7
turbines
4 x 45 MW (2006 Mitsubishi Heavy
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type
Cooling Tower (7)
Industries), 33-MW low-pressure turbine
operator
Orkuveita Reykjavikur (OR)
commissioning
2006 to 2011
(2007 Toshiba), 2 x 45 MW (2008 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries)
sources
electric
303 MW (10/2011)
power output
district heating
133 MW (12/2010)
71
Selected References
19
ENERGY FROM THE VOLCANO
REDUCED TOTAL COSTS BY OPTIMIZED COLD END
Geothermal energy is Iceland‘s most important energy source. Until
spx has participated greatly in the step-by-step construction of
now, five geothermal power plants have been using the energy of
the power plant from 2006: In all units of the power plant, we
the volcanic sources. In general, they cover more than 25 percent
installed a performance-optimized cold end that supports the com-
of the electric power needs of the entire country. In addition, the
bined generation of heat and electric power. Our specialists de-
geothermal heat provides heating and hot water for about 90 per-
signed the thermal systems of the seven units in a way that guar-
cent of all Icelandic households.
antees the greatest possible cost efficiency from the interplay of
the components. This is valid for the turnkey construction of the
One of these power plants is HELLISHEIDI. Commissioned in 2006,
cold end as well as for the current operation of the installations.
it uses the energy of the Hengill central volcano. At different
stages, six 45-MW high-pressure turbines and one 33-MW low-
MORE FLEXIBILITY IN THE CURRENT OPERATION
pressure turbine have been put into operation. Hellisheidi supplies
Orkuveita Reykjavikur, the power plant operator, not only gained
several aluminum plants as well as parts of the capital Reykjavik
decisive cost advantages from the dimensioning of the compo-
with electric power and district heating. Currently, the installation
nents, which was tailored individually to its needs. The high-
produces a total output of 303 MW electric power and 133 MW
quality engineering provides more flexibility during operation:
thermal energy for space heating and hot water. After the com-
Depending on the season, the cold end regulates the power and
pletion of the power plant at the end of 2011, the thermal energy
heat supply according to needs.
output should reach 400 MW.
spx solutions for HELLISHEIDI:
spx Balcke-Dürr Surface Condenser
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type Cooling Tower
With its special tube bundle, the surface condenser combines the functions of deaerator and turbine condenser in one single component. As a
result, its efficiency is around 20 percent higher than the conventional
components.
The spx Cell-Type Cooling Tower is one of the important components of the cold end – a key competence of spx. Every tower is
tailored to the individual and specific requirements of the customers. The more flexibly the system specifications are designed,
the better the entire system can be optimized.
20
Selected References
Svartsengi, Iceland
Svartsengi
challenge
The first geothermal power plant for electric power generation
and hot water production for district heating
spx solution
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Surface Condenser (3),
spx Balcke-Dürr Geothermal Surface Condenser (3),
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type Cooling Tower (7)
customer benefits
scope of supply
Durable and solid design at low level of steam consumption,
high flexibility in the power and heat extraction
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Surface Con-
number of units
6
Condenser (3), spx Cooling Technologies
general
Surplus water that is rich in minerals
Cell-Type Cooling Tower (7)
information
is used in the Blue Lagoon Spa located
denser (3), spx Balcke-Dürr Surface
nearby.
operator
HS Orka
commissioning
until 2008
electric
75 MW
power output
district heating
150 MW
Selected References
21
Nesjavellir, Iceland
Nesjavellir
challenge
Combined heat and power plant where a mixture of steam and
geothermal brine is transported at up to 200 degrees Celsius
spx solution
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Surface Condenser (3),
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type Cooling Tower (7)
customer benefits
Long running times and efficient cooling cycle are combined
with high efficiency
scope of supply
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Surface Con-
number of units
4 x 30 MW
Cell-Type Cooling Tower (7)
turbines
3 x 30 MW Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Orkuveita Reykjavikur
general
25 wells with depths between 1,000 and
information
2,200 meters were drilled. One unit has
denser (3), spx Cooling Technologies
operator
commissioning
1990
a cell-type cooling tower. Three units use
cold ground water that is preheated in
electric
120 MW and 1,800 liters hot water per
the condensers and used in the heating
power output
second
power plant.
district heating
150 MW
22
Selected References
San Jacinto, Nicaragua
San Jacinto – Tizate 1+2
challenge
The most efficient power plant with state-of-the-art equipment
for maximum use of the available steam resources
spx solution
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Advanced Direct Contact Condenser (3)
customer benefits
Reduced cooling water flow at higher steam turbine exhaust
scope of supply
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Advanced
number of units
2
turbines
2 x 36 MW from Fuji Electric
general
San Jacinto – Tizate is one of the
information
highest-quality geothermal reservoirs
Direct Contact Condenser (3)
operator
RAM Power
commissioning
2011/2012
electric
38 MW
that have been developed to date.
power output
Selected References
Germencik, Turkey
Germencik
challenge
The largest geothermal power plant in Turkey with
state-of-the-art equipment
spx solution
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Advanced Direct Contact Condenser (7)
customer benefits
High efficiency and low energy consumption by
optimal dimensioning
scope of supply
spx Ecolaire Geothermal Advanced
number of units
1
turbines
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
general
The power plant comprises eight wells
information
with drilling depths between 1,000 and
Direct Contact Condenser (7)
operator
Guris Gurmat
commissioning
2008
electric
45 MW
2,400 meters.
power output
23
24
SPX Company
Where Ideas Meet Industry
SPX Corporation
We develop new ideas and powerful solutions
to help our customers overcome their
challenges and be successful in the long term
in a market that becomes more and more
complex.
With more than 15,500 employees, we operate
globally in over 35 countries from our
headquarters in Charlotte, North Carolina.
SPX STANDS FOR QUALITY AND PRECISION,
CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION.
As a multinational, multiline group and a Fortune 500 company
with headquarters in the USA, we produce highly specialized
engineered solutions for the energy market, the food and beverage
industry, the automotive sector and industrial process technology.
Our products and solutions help to cover the needs of a modern
society. They play an important role in the expansion of global
infrastructure and thus contribute to meeting the continuously
growing energy demand. spx technologies support not only traditional power generation, but also renewable energy such as biogas,
solar or geothermal energy.
SPX Geothermal Products
POWER ISLAND
A
Separator
B
Turbine
C
Generator
D
Pipelines
1
spx Waukesha Transformer
Geothermal Power
Reference Plant
– Power rating up to 1,200 MVA, 500 kV
spx products in gray
SPX THERMAL EQUIPMENT & SERVICES
IN THE WORLD
– Optimized designs for each customer
– Meets the latest IEEE, ANSI, NEMA and ISO 9001:2008
HEADQUARTERS
quality system standards
spx CORPORATION
– State-of-the-art technology
13515 Ballantyne Corporate Place
power island
COLD END
3
spx Turbine Condenser
Charlotte, NC 28277 / United States
cold end
– All-under-one-roof turnkey system solution
TEL +1 704 752 4400
2
– Limited land use per MW thanks to the optimally
configured components
5
spx Balcke-Dürr Deaerator
7
spx Cooling Technologies Cell-Type
– Control equipment for a fully automated mode of operation
Cooling Tower
– High level of insensitivity to fouling
Main Contacts by Region
– Minimal equipment costs by using a unique optimization method
AMERICAS
spx COOLING TECHNOLOGIES
1
7401 West 129th Street
– Maximum power output thanks to the highly effective component design
3
7
Overland Park, Kansas 66213 / United States
TEL +1 913 664 7400
2
5
spx Vacuum Pumps
A
4
6
B
C
spx Heat Transfer Inc.
2121 North 161st East Ave.
spx Condensate Pumps
4
6
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74116 / United States
TEL +1 918 234 6000
spx Cooling Water Pumps
D
APAC
spx ASIA PACIFIC CORPORATE SERVICES
2F Treasury Building, 1568 Hua-Shan Road
Shanghai, 200052 / China
TEL +86 21 2208 5888
A
Separator
D
Pipelines
3
Turbine condenser
6
Cooling water pumps
B
Turbine
1
Transformer
4
Condensate pumps
7
Cell-type cooling tower
C
Generator
2
Vacuum pumps
5
Deaerator
EMEA
spx COOLING TECHNOLOGIES/BALCKE-DÜRR
Ernst-Dietrich-Platz 2
40882 Ratingen / Germany
TEL +49 2102 1669 0
spx Cooling Technologies (Dry Cooling)
Avenue Marcel Thiry 81 B2
1200 Brussels / Belgium
TEL +32 (0)2 761 61 11
www.spx.com
www.spxft.com
www.WaukeshaElectric.com
www.balcke-duerr.com
www.spxcooling.com
IMPRINT
Publisher
Balcke-Dürr for
spx Thermal Equipment & Services
Concept and design
wirDesign Berlin Braunschweig
© 2013 spx Corporation
Mai 2013
WHERE IDEAS MEET INDUSTRY
www.spx.com
THE GEOTHERMAL
POWER PLANT
OF THE FUTURE
PRODUCTS AND SOLUTIONS
brief overview
02
spx Thermal Equipment & Services
04
The Brand Family
our success factors
06
The Future of Geothermal Energy
08
Main Challenges of Geothermal
Power Plants
10
Best-in-Class Technology
12
Our Success Factors
selected references
14
Ring of Fire
16
Hellisheidi, Iceland
20
Svartsengi, Iceland
21
Nesjavellir, Iceland
22
San Jacinto, Nicaragua
23
Germencik, Turkey