The Lenbachhaus, Munich`s Municipal Art Gallery

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The Lenbachhaus, Munich`s Municipal Art Gallery
Comprehensive
Fire Protection
with
OxyReduct®
T I TA N U S ®
VisuLAN®
Reference solution
Archives and museums
The Lenbachh
h aus, Munich‘s
Municipal Art Gallery, is
protected by a combined
system solution consisting
of fire prevention and very
early smoke detection.
THE CUSTOMER
Munich‘s municipal gallery, the Lenbachhaus, relies on a
comprehensive fire protection solution using intelligent,
cutting-edge technology to protect its art collection.
The Lenbachhaus art museum in Munich after being renovated
Built between 1887 and 1890,
sold the estate to the city of Munich,
The renovation
the Lenbachpalais in Munich
leaving many of Lenbach’s pieces
It cost € 59.4 million to renovate
has served as an art museum
and much of the artwork in the
the old villa from the ground up
since 1929. Today, the ensem-
house along with it. The donation
and construct a modern new
ble of buildings houses the
laid the foundation for a new muni-
building. Today, visitors can enjoy
Städtische Galerie im Lenbach-
cipal art gallery, which moved in to
not only the 2,800 m² of exhibition
haus and presents works by
the building on Munich’s Königs-
area, they also have an auditorium,
Vassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee,
platz in 1929.
museum gift shop, café and restau-
Andy Warhol, Joseph Beuys
Much of the house was destroyed
rant at their service. However, there
and many others.
between 1944 and 1945, and was
are also many structural modifica-
rebuilt using rudimentary means
tions which are concealed from
Beginnings
during the early years of the post-
visitors’ eyes: one such alteration
The Lenbachpalais started out as
war era. The poor construction
is the comprehensive fire protection
two separate buildings: an artist’s
materials and outdated entrances
solution which was installed in the
workshop dating back to 1888 and
put the house in dire need of ex-
basement archives to protect the
the residence of painter Franz von
tensive restoration and renovation.
precious collections stored in the
Lenbach, built in 1890 in the style
The gallery closed its doors in 2009
Lenbachhaus from fire.
of a Tuscan villa. Lenbach died in
until its celebrated reopening on
1904. 20 years later, his widow
8 May 2013.
High fire risk
R I S K A N A LY S I S
The top priority was to protect the art archive’s
valuable collections from fire and its consequences.
The material damage and loss of
amount of space makes it even
Safety even in case of fire
intellectual property which even a
easier for a fire to spread quickly
Even small amounts of smoke and
small fire can cause are especially
in archives. The prestigious and
soot can permanently damage or
great in archives and museums.
historical buildings which house
even destroy the sensitive, irreplace-
Special exhibition objects made of
museums, archives and collec-
able exhibition items.
paper, cardboard, wood or textiles
tions require state-of-the-art fire
If water is used to extinguish the
are particularly vulnerable. The
protection technology. Conven-
fire, the side effects may even
great concentration of protected
tional fire alarm and detection
destroy the entire archive. In the
objects stored in a relatively small
systems are only activated once
case of museums, archives and
the fire has already started.
other historical collections, the
In such cases, the time factor is
material damage is always accom-
the only variable which determines
panied by the loss of intangible
how great the extent of the damage
artistic and intellectual value.
to the precious collections will
This makes a comprehensive and
be. This is a critical situation for
dependable fire protection solution
museum proprietors, who are
all the more important in order to
often left helpless if their theoretical
prevent the horror scenario which
emergency plan doesn’t work in
a fire entails.
practice.
THE PROTECTION OBJECTIVE
Valuable works of art demand optimum
protection against fire.
Comprehensive protection of
Since the use of conventional
even starts: oxygen reduction.
the artworks stored was the
water-based extinguishing
The valuable, irreplaceable
top priority in the planning
technology would merely put
artefacts should be kept
of an ideal fire protection
the valuable and extremely
as safely as possible while
solution. If a fire breaks out,
sensitive exhibition items
allowing everyday business
it is essential to prevent
in even greater danger, the
operations to continue nor-
damage caused by water,
mission was to find a suit-
mally.
soot and smoke, as well by
able alternative which takes
the fire itself.
action long before the fire
THE SOLUTION
Active fire prevention combined with very early
smoke detection and quick release (rapid oxygen
reduction) protects precious works of art.
O2 (vol%)
20.9
Control
range
17.0
Control
range
7.0
N2generator: ON OFF
ON OFF
ON
Open access
OFF
ON
The sensitivity and great value
Active fire prevention
of the artworks to be protected
Four depot and storage rooms
precluded using a conventional
in the art gallery’s basement (with
extinguishing system in the fire
a volume of roughly 500 m³) are
protection planning phase. The
protected by WAGNER’s fire pro-
objects on exhibition required the
tection solution since they store
most extensive fire protection
the most valuable works of art in
possible. This is what led to the
a very confined space.
decision for WAGNER’s complete
The OxyReduct® fire prevention
fire prevention concept, which
system reduces the oxygen content
consists of the OxyReduct® fire
in the protected area to a constant
prevention system, earliest pos-
17.0 vol% by adding nitrogen
sible smoke detection with the
to the rooms atmosphere. This
TITANUS® air sampling system
creates a protective atmosphere
Time [s]
Authorized access
The OxyReduct® fire prevention system
reduces the oxygen concentration in the
archive to 17.0 vol% and leaves the protected area accessible to personnel at the
same time. If the TITANUS® early smoke
detection system detects any products of
pyrolysis, it uses quick release to lower the
oxygen level to 7.0 vol%.
and a quick release unit. And the
which drastically reduces a fire’s
final touch to the concept: the
ability to sustain itself. The rooms
VisuLAN® risk management system.
remain accessible to personnel in
I N S TA L L AT I O N L AY O U T O F T H E A R C H I V E I N T H E L E N B A C H H A U S
1
2
4
5
Function
The OxyReduct® fire prevention system reduces the
oxygen content in the protected area to a constant
17.0 vol% and maintains it at this level.
If the TITANUS® air sampling smoke detection system
detects signs of fire, the control panel is notified and
nitrogen cylinders are used to initiate quick release to
an oxygen level of 7.0 vol%.
VisuLAN®
CFP
Continuously manned post
3
Fire protection solution with OxyReduct®
fire prevention system and TITANUS®
air sampling smoke detection system
The OXY·SENS® oxygen sensor 1 continuously monitors the oxygen content
in the protected area and transmits this
information to the control panel. 2
This controls the oxygen concentration
maintained by the OxyReduct® fire prevention system. 3
The TITANUS® air sampling smoke detection
system 4 detects the earliest signs of a
fire forming. Nitrogen for the quick release
process is supplied from cylinders. 5
The central fire panel (CFP) is connected
directly to the VisuLAN® risk management
system, providing a combined overview of
all information a single central location.
Munich´s Municipal Gallery - Lenbachhaus – the solution
the process. Oxygen sensors continuously monitor the concentration
of oxygen in the room and send
the information to the OxyReduct®
system’s control panel. This maintains a constant residual oxygen
level of 17.0 vol%.
Very early smoke detection
without false alarms
The TITANUS PRO·SENS® air
sampling smoke detection system
monitors the archives and utility
also able to maintain the reduced
The combination of oxygen reduc-
rooms in accordance with EN 54-20
oxygen concentration for as long
tion, earliest possible smoke
Class A to detect a fire in its very
as is desired after quick release
detection and quick release pro-
earliest stages of forming. A piping
has already been carried out.
vides the works of art stored with
system installed in the ceiling takes
WAGNER and VdS have conduc-
effective protection from fire.
continuous samples of the air and
ted special joint fire tests with the
sends them to a detection unit,
quick release unit to document
where they are analysed to register
the system’s reliability. This led
the tiniest particle of smoke.
VdS to test the system installed in
TITANUS® thus provides a crucial
the Lenbachhaus and approve it.
time advantage in smoke detection:
Two grams of material undergoing
Safety at a glance
pyrolysis are all it takes to success-
The individual security systems in
fully detect a fire in its earliest stages
the Lenbachhaus are all linked
of forming. The system reacts up
together by the VisuLAN® risk ma-
to 2,000 times more quickly than
nagement system. This efficiently
conventional smoke alarms.
combines the fire and burglar alarm
TITANUS® is exceptionally immune to
systems, escape route control,
false alarms thanks to LOGIC·SENS
building management and video
technology, which makes it extreme-
surveillance into a single system.
ly unlikely that an alarm will be raised
unless an actual fire is present.
Summary
Reducing a room’s oxygen content
Automatic quick release unit
to 17.0 vol% effectively creates a
If the TITANUS® air sampling smoke
protective atmosphere which sup-
detection system detects a fire,
presses fires without rendering
the smoke alarm system’s control
the room inaccessible to personnel.
panel immediately initiates quick
The air sampling smoke detection
release. This reduces the residual
system picks up the very earliest
oxygen level from 17.0 vol% to
signs of a fire forming so that
a maximum protection level of
quick release can be initiated im-
7.0 vol% within 240 seconds.
mediately. Reducing the oxygen
Initiating fire control measures at
concentration to the very low
this early state keeps the fire from
level of 7.0 vol% suffocates fires
spreading and minimises the dam-
while they are just beginning to
age it could cause. OxyReduct® is
form, thus minimising damage.
S 6040001
WAGNER received VdS system approval
S 6040001 for the OxyReduct® fire prevention system.
E 1905001
WAGNER is also an accredited fitter for the
OxyReduct® fire prevention system with
VdS fitter accreditation E 1905001.
LY
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FIRE PR
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HAZARD
MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
FI
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SU PPRESSI
WAGNER sets standards for innovative and comprehensive solutions in fire
protection: with TITANUS® for earliest fire detection, FirExting® for fire-extinguishing, with OxyReduct® to actively prevent fires from breaking out and
VisuLAN® for hazard management. For more information visit www.wagner.eu.
ON
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© WAGNER Group GmbH. We reserve the right to technical changes without prior notification. Art. no. 68-30-1271, issued 01/2015.
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