The Outcome of the Project TCP/MYA/3204

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The Outcome of the Project TCP/MYA/3204
The Outcome of the Project
TCP/MYA/3204
Zin Myo Thu
Programme Coordinator
FAO Myanmar
Outline
 Introduction
 Achievements
 Outputs
 Outcome
 Conclusion
Introduction
Project title:
Sustainable Community-based Mangrove
Management in Wunbaik Forest Reserve
Type of Project:
Technical Cooperation Project
Funded by:
FAO – USD 340,000
Duration:
26 months (May 2009 to Dec. 2011)
Government Counterpart Ministry of Environmental Conservation and
Institution responsible for Forestry
project execution:
 Location:
Wunbaik Reserved Forest,Yambye
Township,
Kyauk Phyu District,
Rakhine State.
(lies 19° 08´ 10“ & 19° 23´ 40“ N and
93°54´ 35“ & 94° 02´ 10“ E)
 Area: 22,928 ha (56656 acres)
 Declared as Reserved Forest on
15 Dec. 1930
 Problem statements
- Encroachment for Agricultural Lands
- Encroachment for Aquaculture Pounds
- Extraction of trees for Fuelwood, timber, bark
Photos: Deiva Oswin Stanley
 Objectives:
1. To conserve the mangroves of Wunbaik Reserved Forest,
2. To strengthen the sustainability of local livelihoods,
3. To develop a widely applicable community-based
sustainable mangrove management model.
 Activities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Scientific studies - vegetation and fish diversity identification,
inventory, analyse satellite images for land cover and land used
change, assess demographics, social economic survey, etc.
Trainings - forest survey, mapping, remote sensing and GIS,
fisheries management, nursery management, tree grafting and
hybridization, triple rack home gardening practices, etc.
Workshops & meetings
Community based organizations
Public awareness
Permanent nursery & demonstration site
Achievements
Baseline Data Assessment
• Forest Structure
• Fishery Resources
• Biodiversity
• Mangrove Forest Utility Pattern
• Change detection in mangrove cover
70 - Plants
34 - mangrove species
36 - salt tolerant mangrove associates
62 species of fin fish
5 species of crustacean
5 species of mollusk
Crocodylus porosus (Crocodile)
are extinct in the reserved area
Land use change in Wunbaik Reserved Forest
50000
45000
43628
1990
acres
40000
35000
2000
2009
30670
30000
2011
25000
20000
15000
12314
10000
5000
858
650
1633
3010
2105
0
Mangroves
Agriculture
Aquaculture
Water
in 1990
in 2000
Fig - Mangrove forest area converted for agriculture
in 2009
in 2011
Fig - Mangrove forest area converted for agriculture
in 2000
in 2009
in 2011
Fig - Mangrove forest area converted for aquaculture
Land Cover in 2011
Mangrove Forest 54%
Degraded Mangrove Forest 17 %
Agriculture Land 22%
Shrimp Pound 3%
Awareness, Trainings and Skill Development
• Scientific Skill Development
• Participatory Management Skill development
• Entrepreneurship Skill development
Photos: Deiva Oswin Stanley
Livelihood Support Options
• Community Based Business
• Market linkages
Photos: Deiva Oswin Stanley
Mangrove Utility Mitigation
• Alterative Fuel and timber options
• Baseline for alternative energy option
Photos: Deiva Oswin Stanley
 Mangrove Management Modules
• Integrated Mangrove Management Plan for Wunbaik Reserved
Forest
• Wunbaik User Register – A Model Format
• Community-based Mangrove Management: A Pilot
Demonstration
• Mangrove Ecosystem Rehabilitation-EMR A Pilot
Demonstration
Outputs
 A key output – Integrated Mangrove Management Plan
Output 1: Establish baseline data on the mangrove forests of Wunbaik
Reserved Forest and adjacent areas and assess socio-economic
conditions and livelihoods of communities in and around Wunbaik
Reserved Forest.
Output 2: Establish a permanent nursery to provide mangrove and cash-crop
seedling for mangrove rehabilitation and livelihoods development.
Output 3: Compile a mangrove tree species identification manual for
Rakhine State.
Output 4: Raise local awareness of project activities, assess options for
improving the livelihoods of community members living in and
around Wunbaik Reserved Forest and provide appropriate
support.
Output 5: Formulate and disseminate an Integrated Mangrove
Management Plan for Wunbaik Reserved Forest and adjacent
areas.
Output 6: Establish pilot and demonstration sites for community-based
management of mangrove forests.
 Additional outputs:
Output 7: Assess the status of Wunbaik fisheries and disseminate related
information.
Output 8: Assess energy usage and development of sustainable energy
production systems.
Output 9: Establish a Wunbaik User Register.
Outcome
 Local people aware of the role of mangroves and improve their
capacity.
 Forest Department have greater capacity to manage forest
resources effectively and sustainably
 Partially reduce pressure on mangrove resources (conserve
mangrove of Wunbaik).
 Sustainability of local livelihoods ?
Conclusion
 The project achieved its stated objectives .
 Sustainability of livelihood of target communities and of





Wunbaik Reserved Forest need to assess after the project.
Government agencies at village level have little power to act.
Without local people livelihood support and participation
(enthusiasm), it is impossible to conserve the mangrove.
Need to strengthen human resources and infrastructure of
the Forest Department.
Law enforcement is still weak.
Project duration should be at least 3 years.
References
 Project concept note
 Project terminal statement (Draft)
 Integrated Mangrove Management Plan, December 2011
 The atlas and guidelines for mangrove management in
Wunbaik Reserved Forest, 2011.