November2013 - Signpost Magazine



November2013 - Signpost Magazine
Local Stories...
...Local Business
Working together to manage weeds
SPRING is here and the WEEDS are going CRAZY
What will YOU do about it?
Living within 1km of the Puffing Billy line between Emerald and Gembrook? Neighbourhood weed problems?
Then this program is for you.
Alison Livermore
Weed Facilitator
Johns Hill Landcare Group
0455 250 012
Alison is available to support people keen to work together in groups on joint weed
issues, also offering funding, weed identification and control advice.
[email protected]
Alison Livermore
The joy of jogging
ot having been a “sporty” kid
at all, Lucinda Nelson comments
that a few years ago, if
someone had said, “Lou, you are going
to run a marathon,” she would have
fallen about laughing. Furthermore, “I
couldn’t walk up the nearest hill without
having a heart attack!” However,
recently she has not only raced Puffing
Billy, but completed one of the most
physically and emotionally challenging
runs currently on offer; the Tough
Mudder, and is currently training for the
Melbourne Marathon.
According to its website, Tough
Mudder is ‘not a race but a challenge,
a hardcore 20km long obstacle course
designed by British Special Forces to test
your all around strength, stamina, mental
grit and camaraderie.’ It involves mud,
fire, icy water, 10 000 volts of electricity,
3m obstacle walls and underground mud
tunnels. Lucinda explains that her Personal
Trainer, Emma, commenced training her,
along with 7 other team mates, for Tough
Muddder at the beginning of the year.
“We first did the Lake Mountain Warrior
Challenge, which is 14km, in March this
year. It was so much fun that it sparked
our interest in doing Mudder, which is the
next level.”
The defining moment for Lucinda’s
decision to launch into a full-scale exercise
blitz came when her youngest son became
ill. “A few years ago my son, James, was
diagnosed with bone tumours in his right
leg and had 80% of his tibia removed.
He was almost two years old (and I was
pregnant) at the time and the look of fear
on his face
g o i n g
into, and
out of his
g o i n g
me. It was
the true
weight of
By Jackie Pinkster
parenthood hitting home. I
realised that we, as parents,
are everything in our kid’s
lives. I realised that I had to
be as healthy as I could to be
around for as long as possible
for my children. That no one
else was ever going to love
them or care for them like my
husband and I do.”
Lucinda and Keith have
six children together. Their
eldest is 12 and their youngest
is 2. “Six babies in 10 years.
We’ve been through a lot to
have the 6 children that we
have, she reflects.” When her
youngest child was 10 weeks
old she had a health check
and discovered that all her
metabolic markers were high,
a scenario that could easily
lead to type-2 diabetes. She
then began exercising, firstly
twice a week in group-training
sessions with a local personal
trainer, Emma.
then discovered that jogging could fit
easily into her timetable between her
various responsibilities of housework, 3
days a week employment (as a marketing
manager), and six children (including their
activities), it proved more accommodating
than joining a sports team or a gym.
“Two mornings a week I workout with
Emma, starting well before the family is
awake, and one night a week once the
kids are in bed. I do a 10km run a few
times midweek, and on Sunday’s I run
longer, about 20kms but at the moment
I’m training for the Melbourne Marathon
so I run about 30-35km on Sundays.
The running tracks are my friends, she
explains, and I hunger to get to them. I
like running here in the hills, as it’s just you
and nature. You lose yourself in it, like
some people do when they’re painting or
playing music. It’s soothing and healing,
I can process things in my mind and the
repetitive nature of it makes it like a form
of meditation for me. I find myself in
another world appreciating the changing
scenery; the mists, the smells, the animals
and the changing light on the hills.”
“When I come in from my run, filled
with all the positive endorphins it releases,
Lucinda Nelson
I feel able to take control of my day and to
face the things I need to deal with. My son,
James, has to go to Monash for tumour
screening every few months. Of course,
our anxiety spikes before each visit, and I
find running really helps me to cope.”
The tough mudder course is completed
in teams and Lucinda participated in
a team of nine. “Fortunately we had 3
members well over 6 foot, which really
helped when it came to trying to get over
the high wall obstacles” laughs Lucinda.
“The experience was more emotionally
exhausting than anything. Between each
obstacle (often wet) we would have to run
a couple of kilometres through a Philip
Island wind. Often we would be facing
challenging obstacles violently shaking
with cold and still emotionally recovering
from the last one. The obstacles are
intended to face all your deep-seated
childhood fears; claustrophobia, heights,
water, darkness etc. There are 18 obstacles
and the course takes around 3-4 hours. It
took me a week to recover, but well worth
Her next challenge is the Melbourne
Marathon, and her first Half Iron Man
competition in Mandurah Perth WA, with
her two brothers. Their team is called
“Sibling Rivalry.”
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
DIAL 000
9429 1833
9764 6111
5968 4460
1800 060 757
13 11 14
13 11 26
13 25 00
9594 2289
8792 2330
5968 4046
1300 651 251
1800 819 817
1800 240 667
1800 015 188
Cover: Large local Eucalypt
courtesy Jean Hayne
Layout Ash Jamieson.
Signpost Inc. Office:
1-3 Church Street, Emerald VIC 3782
P: 5968 2855 F: 5968 2854
E: [email protected]
Signpost Inc. Production Team:
Editor in Chief Peter Crawford; Editor/Writer Jean
Hayne; Desktop Publishing Ash Jamieson; Proof
Readers Jeanette Bunn, Dianna McMahon.
Carey Williams, Graeme Legge, Yesha McKenzie,
Ian Ash, Paul Yandle, Sandra Smith, Annie O'Riley,
Helen Steiner Rice, Jackie Pinkster, Chris Britton, Phil
Sheppard, Jan Cheshire, Fiona Sewell, Kevin Teasdale,
Arthur Wintle, Ted Horton
Published by:
Signpost Inc., Emerald
a ministry of St. Mark's Church
Printed by:
North East Publishing,
P.O. Box 120, Kinglake 3763.
P: 03 5786 2178 M: 0411 231 302
E: [email protected]
Signpost is distributed to:
Clematis, Emerald, Avonsleigh, Macclesfield,
Cockatoo, Beaconsfield Upper and Gembrook. And
on-line -
Contact Jean Hayne, Dianna McMahon
on 5968 2855
Views and comments expressed in this magazine
are not necessarily those of any members of
Signpost Inc. unless acknowledged as such.
Products or services listed in the magazine should
not be considered endorsements. While every effort
is made to ensure accuracy of editorial content,
Signpost Inc. takes no responsibility for errors.
Signpost Inc. reserves the right to abreviate articles
without reference to author.
Peter's Pen
am often impressed by
the courage that many of
our locals show.
Courage is seen in how
they respond to a crisis. Sometimes it is cancer,
loneliness or grief, and the bravery of people
is huge and ongoing as they face each day
determined to keep on going. And then there
are those who battle addiction or mental illness,
anxiety or depression. They deserve praise and
rewards for their courage.
People take heart from different things. For
example, deep inner reserves are discovered and
strength is gained from stubborn resistance. I
love the character shown by the person who says
with gritted teeth “I am not going to let it beat
Others are inspired by seeing people who are
a step ahead of them in the journey; “if they can
do it, I can do it”.
Group support as in AA, or Weightwatchers
can make a huge difference.
There are others who have courage because
The Rev. Dr Peter Crawford
they know that what they are doing is worthwhile,
it is a good cause. Serving in the armed forces,
the police or emergency services are worthwhile
causes that often require courage. And then
there are people whose spirit is empowered
because of hope, they know they can get through
this because they are sure that the best is yet to
come. They can put up with temporary suffering
because they are convinced that the end result is
The opposite of courage is escapism,
preferring to go for comfort rather than pain.
This plays into self-pity which can be a very
destructive emotion.
You may need courage now to face changing
circumstances so that you can cope with your
world being altered. Or you may need massive
courage to change yourself; getting control of our
own attitudes and behaviours can be the hardest
thing. Either way, keep going and be courageous
because you do matter and it is worth winning
the battle.
Thoughts from the Dungeon
ost of us, at some
time or other, get
the travel bug. After all,
the world is huge and
wonderful and there
destinations to explore.
The thing I sometimes
tend to forget is that we actually live in one those
amazing destinations.
Look around. Right on our doorstep there
is Emerald Lake Park, Puffing Billy, quaint
townships and many interesting walks to explore,
just to name a few of the incredible attractions;
with Jean Hayne
attractions that others travel the world to see.
Yet it can be all so easy to take where we live
for granted; not really appreciate the beauty and
privileged lifestyle.
As I write I am preparing for an overseas
trip and although it will be exciting and the
countries visited very different to ours, I know
that at journey’s end I will be more than happy
to be back home; the mass of colour that is our
garden, views to Wright Forest and our brilliantly
coloured Aussie birds.
Travel may help to broaden the mind, but
there really is no place like home!!
Ten (10) good reasons why Signpost could be your
businesses ‘Best Friend’
• The magazine has a wide
distribution across the hills
and is mailed into every home
in the 3782 postcode (unless
there is a ‘No Junk Mail’ sign)
• Stacks are left at a variety
of pick-up points (shops,
community houses, post
offices) along the ridge
from Gembrook to Upper
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
• It is on the internet at www.
• It is personal to this district,
building local social capital
• Its readers regard it highly
and keep the magazine – it is
not a throw away newspaper
but has ongoing value
• Each month Signpost is read
by approximately 12,000
• Advertising is cost effective
• Businesses tell us that Signpost
has given them a significant
sales boost.
• People read the ads because
they are part of the local
content; they are not
passed over like newspaper
• Readers use it as their first
reference when they are looking
for a local business.
This article is from my grandfather
George Walter A’Vard’s memoirs.
From Chris Britton, Emerald Museum
eorge A’Vard tells of a
time in 1920 when he was
working at Menzies Creek
with his bullock team of eight, when
two men drove up in a motor car, it
was a rare thing in those days.
“They asked me if I would bring
the bullocks to Melbourne to advertise
the ’Back to Bendigo Fete’ for the St.
John’s Ambulance Association. I was
to travel the main streets of Melbourne
and North Melbourne with placards each
side of the wagon. Fred Hall (a bullocky
friend) from Menzies Creek offered to go
with me. I had to lace Fred’s boots on
each day as he had a very bad back and
couldn’t work.
“We set off and got to the Wheelers
Hill pub the first night. The publican
treated us like royalty, dinner and drinks
on the house, we camped at the back of
the pub in our swags.
Fred had a
Just as you enjoy reading
people's stories and experie
in Signpost, there is a whole
readership out there that will
enjoy yours.
Don't be shy!
email, post or drop in
a story today.
few schnapps and sodas and his back got
“Next day we went as far as
Murrumbeena, and dropped off the
timber we were carrying, we were given a
paddock and chaff for the bullocks.
“Next day, Sunday, we made for the city
via Chapel Street, Church Street and Swan
Street. A big crowd followed us down
Chapel Street; they had not seen bullocks
before. The bullocks walked quietly; a few
trams passed, they didn’t seem to mind.
They saw themselves in the plate glass
windows of the shops and stopped to look
at themselves.
“We went up Swanston Street to
A’Beckett Street where they had a vacant
allotment for me to keep the bullocks.
A room at Mac’s Hotel booked for us.
The place was full of bed bugs, it was not
like home. I had to walk the bullocks up
and down Bourke, Collins and Elizabeth
Streets the following day. Every pub we
passed, they rushed out with beer for me
– I wouldn’t have gone far if I’d drunk it,
people were so generous and thrilled to
see a bullock team.
“The traffic was thick in Melbourne, all
horse drawn carts and buggys. I was always
given the right of way at intersections.
Some of the horses were frightened of the
bullocks. The only place the bullocks were
frightened was in King Street, where they
could smell the drying hides in the skin
stores at the nearby abattoirs.
“This trip was an eye opener for me
when I saw where people slept and lived,
I did not believe such conditions existed,
people were so poor. One poor fellow was
sleeping on bags where I got the chaff, he
showed me a cancer on his tongue; I gave
him a few bob I couldn’t get him out of
my mind.
“We had a difficult time getting out of
Melbourne with the bullocks. As soon as we
turned into Dandenong Road, the bullocks
hauled faster, they knew they were on their
way home.” November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Odd Australian History
have two lovely little stories about man’s best friend and
both occurred at Gembook and the ranges.
From The Northern Star (Lismore NSW) dated Saturday
25 August 1900. ‘A lad named Bert Barnett, while looking for
cattle at Gembrook (Vic) was struck on the head by a falling limb,
and rendered insensible. After 24 hours, during which time snow
fell heavily, he was found on the ground, with a little dog lying on
his breast, and the warmth of its body, it is believed saved his life.’
From The Argus (Melbourne, Vic) Saturday 19 August,
1950. ‘Jerry was a dog who spent his life on the
railway track between Upper Ferntree Gully and
Gembrook, following the little mountain train
5968 6855
Shop 2, 361 Main Street
Beach Blanket Tempest
By Dennis Watkins (book and lyrics) and Chris Harriott (music).
Director: Rachel LeRossignol.
8pm: 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23; 2pm: 17
Beach Blanket Tempest is a surf rock musical.
It takes Shakespeare's The Tempest, blends it with
the 1960's beach party movie genre and adds a
huge serve of catchy ballads, duets, pop and
rock songs. It is a high energy, fun show with
some great characters.
Tickets $26; $24 conc. On-line bookings via website.
Light supper included.
Enquiries: 0411 723 530.
The Gem Community Theatre,
19 Kilvington Drive, Emerald
Written and researched by Annie O’Riley
its entire distance three or four times each week.
‘He was a small black and white dog of doubtful origin and
no home ties, radiating the Joy of Living. The trip was 18 miles
of wandering 2ft 6in track. Although he often rode on the engine,
for a good part of the trip he ran behind, cunningly taking short
cuts through the bush when the train got ahead of him.
‘At Gembrook he would often go to sleep before the evening
trip back. He possibly did a bit of rabbiting on the side. Then, full
of enthusiasm, he would be ready for the return journey.
‘Perhaps fame turned his head, for becoming too venturesome;
he was one day run over by the engine and killed. He was buried
near Cockatoo Creek beside the line he had raced over so long
and joyously.”
‘Another mention of Jerry was in the Launceston
Examiner on Wed 9 May 1934. Jerry was said to be
a stray that was adopted by Dick Down, the engine
driver. After Jerry’s death a white cross was placed
on his grave near Cockatoo Creek. The marker was
burnt in the Ash Wednesday bushfires of 1983.
In 2007 the grave was identified and a secure
marker was put in place.’
from Gembrook By Carey Williams
he strong winds recently had
us searching for candles and
torches when the power went
off. It reminded me of moving to
Gembrook from Wangaratta thirty
two years ago.
Friends had a farewell get together
and one lady gave us a present, a box
of candles, saying, “You’ll need them,
there are blackouts regularly.”
As it turned out when we moved
into our house, the electricity was not
yet connected due to bungling of some
sort, and our first two weeks were spent
huddled around an open fire fed with
dry wood we scrounged from our site,
cooking with a gas bottle camping stove,
in a house with no floor coverings or
curtains, and bathing with a bucket and
sponge. It was fun really, and the lady’s
gift was so helpful. Being July we didn’t
miss the fridge, room temperature being
about the same.
Blackouts were commonplace for
many years; all it took was a bit of a
wind. Things gradually improved to a
point where losing power was unusual.
In recent years it’s going back the
other way, probably because storms
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
seem to be more frequent and stronger.
There have been many changes in
our thirty-two years in Gembrook. It
used to snow. There was an operating
pub, a butcher’s shop, and an ANZ bank
for a time. It was robbed once. The post
office has moved twice, the supermarket
came, Puffing Billy came back, and
there have been various pizza shops,
cafes and small businesses come and
go. The school has grown, traffic has
increased and farming has decreased.
More and more people travel away for
employment and commerce. You can’t
buy a pair of boots in Gembrook, and
the range of underwear is zero.
We still have blackouts, yes.
Subdivision is a constant, as it is
everywhere. Fortunately the view to the
north from the town is still magnificent,
and Gembrook Bushland Park retains
its unique quality. Community spirit is
still strong.
Gembrook is a good place to live.
Date; Sunday 24th November Location; Macclesfield Primary
School Oval Times; 9.30 am Start for 9.4km walk/run
12.30 Start for picnic lunch (byo) followed by picnic
races and games.
This is a fun day to dress as you like in bright costume or fun
gear and catch up with the hills people you know and love as well
as those you have not yet met.
ROTARY CLUB of Emerald & District
McLeod Murphy Memorial Fund
SCHOLARSHIP(S) up to $2000
Applications are now being accepted from students residing in
Emerald and surrounding districts who are studying Medicine,
Medical Science or in related fields.
Dr Mcleod Murphy practiced in Emerald for 30 years prior to
his death in 1981. The fund established in his memory supports
and encourages local students in their quest for tertiary
qualifications in medical or related fields.
The Fund is administered by the
Rotary Club of Emerald and District
Applications will close on the 15th of November
Applications should be submitted to:
The Vocational Chair ,
Rotary Club of Emerald and District
P.O.Box 46 Emerald 3782
For further information see our Website
Meg Fallon on 0439 310 892
or contact
Skin Renaissance Quarter Ad 1013_Layout 1 18/10/13 7:04 AM Page 1
beauty therapy & day spa
The new walking track
9.30am Walk/run starts. This will take place around the new
9.4km track starting from the Macclesfield Primary School to
Mulhalls Road, Paton Road and the Macclesfield Road back to
the Primary School.
12.30 Picnic lunch on the school oval. Followed by lots of
fun, family interactive games of sack races, egg and spoon,
wheelbarrow race etc.
To register yourself or your team (can be a team of 5 -6 for a
tag team effort of 1.5km sections) contact 0419338264 or email
[email protected]
A sponsorship kit will be sent out. Money raised will be put
towards drinking fountains/troughs and/or picnic tables and
seats around this walking track.
Come and mingle, picnic or walk/run the loop and have some
fun! Skin Renaissance is proud of its combined 44 years experience, high
quality of work and passion to constantly grow.
We have a friendly nurturing, quiet atmosphere, while also providing a
beautiful private couples cottage for treatments. Set in our beautiful
cottage gardens you'll feel relaxed just entering. Surrounded with
candles and relaxing music, you won’t ever want to leave.
• Antiwrinkle treatments • Infrared Sauna
and dermal fillers
• Tanning
• Skin Care Specialists • Waxing
• Manicures/Pedicures
• Body Treatments
- Weight Loss • IPL
- Body Wraps • Acrylic & Bio Gels
• Massage Therapy
• Vani-T Mineral Make up
394 Main Street, Emerald 3782 Phone 5968 2913
Email: [email protected]
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Equestrian Strategy
ouncil is calling on community members to provide
feedback on its draft Equestrian Strategy for Cardinia
The draft strategy is available for public comment from now
until Tuesday 19 November.
The document directs Council’s provision and maintenance
of equestrian facilities and trails throughout the municipality for
the next 10 years.
For the full version of this media release, visit Council’s
Local Business a Winner
am delighted to announce that one of our very own
members, Emerald Stockfeed has been awarded a Gold
Award for 2013 in the Australian Business Quality Awards.
This is a prestigious award and is made after the Australian
Business Quality Award Board follows up directly with
candidates’ customers.
We are naturally very proud to have Emerald Stockfeed
included within our membership as we are to have other Cardinia
Shire Business Award winners past and present. Please join me
in congratulating Chris and the team at Emerald Stockfeed.
Ian Ash, President Emerald Business Group
Riff Raff #3
By Phil Sheppard
MONDAY 18 NOVEMBER 2013, 1.30pm
3 CR Presenter and Sovereignty Advocate
Community Strengthening Officer
At Cardinia Shire Council
Fingerfood and drinks provided.
Phone: 59 689 031
E-mail: [email protected]
23 Bailey Road, corner Station Street (Kinder Building)
Cockatoo 3781
Please R.S.V.P. by Thursday 15 November 2012.
Come and stock up on holiday
reading at the next book sale
Saturday November 9th from
10.00am to 2.30pm at the Emerald
Lots of books for children and young
adults (50c) plus a general selection
of other literature ($1-$2).
No Entrance Fee
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
Friends of Emerald
Library Book SALE
he life and times of a community radio presenter at
3MDR has as much variety as the notes on a harmonica
blues solo. Preparation for the next edition begins
as soon as the last one finishes. It involves organising play
lists, finding out where artists are gigging, new releases,
arranging interviews or live appearances and researching
special segments.
In the short time I’ve been on air, highlights have been many.
One is being in contact with artists I admired in my youth,
legends like Matt Taylor (Chain), Ross Wilson (Daddy Cool),
Mike Rudd (Spectrum) and Kevin Borich (La De Das). Kevin was
kind enough to send me material he recorded with Ross Wilson
playing harmonica. Recently I received some tracks from a young
local artist, Daniel Reeves. They had blistering blues harp by
Chris Langford. Chris was the guitarist for Dear Enemy, a band
my friends and I religiously followed at the London Tavern in
Caulfield in the early eighties before they appeared on Countdown.
Christian harmonica player, Steve Messer (Tamworth Golden
Harmonica winner) sent me many of his recorded works.
My first on air interview was with Glyn Dowding, local
resident and a founding member and drummer of country rock
band ‘Stars”. Glyn recalled his Ash Wednesday experience. With
his wife and newborn down the mountain and the fire quickly
approaching. Glyn grabbed his beloved pets and bunkered down
in the car. A non believer at the time, he prayed that if there
was a God would he save him. Miraculously the fire split in two,
burning either side of his house and property border. To this day
Glyn serves the Lord with fervour.
Another highlight is when my regular listeners ring in; one
in particular is Josh, a long time harmonica player, who jammed
with legendary Australian blues man Dutch Tilders.
3MDR is a close knit family with a wide range of programs
covering all genres. All presenters are volunteers who have a
passion for the program they present. Visit the website www.3mdr.
com to view the program guide.
God Bless and ‘Keep on Chooglin’
Phil ‘harmonica’ Sheppard
Harmonica Riff Raff now on Saturdays between 2 and 4pm
Echo Youth and Family Services will be
commemorating 30 years of life-changing
engagement with local young people and
their families in 2014
cho Youth and Family Services
(Echo) is a grass roots not for profit
organisation operating in the Hills
region of Cardinia Shire. Adopting a
transformative approach to addressing
regional disadvantage, Echo seeks to
engage and empower young people
with the skills and support to achieve
their potential.
Echo is currently gearing up to
celebrate 30 years of positive life change in
2014. The 30 year celebration will be held
on Saturday 5th July 2014 at St Mark’s, 1-3
Church St Emerald. This event will be a
great opportunity for all those who have
been involved with Echo over the years to
reconnect, reminisce, and see what Echo is
doing today.
comprehensive range of children’s, youth
and family programs, including Friday night
youth outreach events, youth outreach
camps, youth leadership programs, and
a youth run training café, children’s
afterschool and school holiday programs,
the Hills Community Strengthening
Initiative (including youth and family
mentoring), the Cardinia Hills Youth Fire
Readiness Project, Impact mentoring
program, four playgroups, chaplaincy
in four local schools, a breakfast club in
Emerald Secondary College, and Family
night events.
This is a long way from where Echo
begun in 1984, with a single volunteer
engaging six local
young people. By the
early 1990’s, Echo had
Community Bible
Study In The Hills
grown to one paid staff member. Today,
there is a vibrant staff team of youth and
children’s specialists and contractors.
Wayne Collins, Director of Echo
Youth and Family Services, says the
principal highlight from the last 30 years
has been seeing lives changed. Echo now
has the privilege of working with young
people whose parents once attended Echo
Echo extends a warm invitation to
anyone who has been involved with
Echo in the past, is presently engaged in
Echo programs, or is interested in getting
involved, to join in the celebrations on the
5th July 2014. For more information about
this event or the services Echo offers, please
contact Echo Youth and Family Services
on (03)5968 4460 or visit our website
Paul’s Letter to the Romans
St. Mark’s Church
February 14 2014 each Thursday
Diane Hadwen - 5968
[email protected]
10:30 - 12:00 during school terms.
Ladies, Gentlemen, Preschoolers and Babies are
all welcome.
Inspiration for
Helen Steiner Rice
God bless our nation
And keep us safe and free,
Safe from all our enemies
Wherever they may be.
Blessed is the nation whose
God is the Lord.
Psalm 33:12
Today pray for solutions to
National and international
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Knowing Your Eggs
he humble chook egg is quite facinating - here's some
interesting information.
The shape of an egg resembles a prolate spheroid with
one end larger than the other, with cylindrical symmetry along
the long axis.
An egg is surrounded by a thin, hard shell. Inside, the egg
yolk is suspended in the egg white by one or two spiral bands of
tissue called the chalazae (from the Greek word χάλαζα, meaning
hailstone or hard lump).
Air cell
1. Eggshell
2. Outer membrane
3. Inner membrane
4. Chalaza
5. Exterior albumen
6. Middle albumen
7. Vitelline membrane
8. Nucleus of pander
The larger end of the egg contains the air cell that forms
when the contents of the egg cool down and contract after it is
laid. Chicken eggs are graded according to the size of this air cell,
measured during candling. A very fresh egg has a small air cell
and receives a grade of AA. As the size of the air cell increases,
and the quality of the egg decreases, the grade moves from AA
to A to B. This provides a way of testing the age of an egg: as the
air cell increases in size, the egg becomes less dense and the larger
end of the egg will rise to increasingly shallower depths when the
egg is placed in a bowl of water. A very old egg will actually float
in the water and should not be eaten.
9. Germinal disc (nucleus)
10. Yellow yolk
11. White yolk
12. Internal albumen
13. Chalaza
14. Air cell
15. Cuticula
Egg shell color is caused by pigment deposition during egg
formation in the oviduct and can vary according to species
and breed, from the more common white or brown to pink or
speckled blue-green. In general, chicken breeds with white ear
lobes lay white eggs, whereas chickens with red ear lobes lay
brown eggs. Although there is no significant link between shell
color and nutritional value, there is often a cultural preference for
one color over another (see ‘Color of eggshell’, below).
24 Hour Animal Care
Grooming Services with J. Ray
For appointments call 5968
3957 (24 hours)
Dr J. A. Hamilton and Associates
441 Belgrave-Gembrook Road Avonsleigh Vic 3782
White is the common name for the clear liquid (also called the
albumen or the glair/glaire) contained within an egg. In chickens
it is formed from the layers of secretions of the anterior section
of the hen’s oviduct during the passage of the egg. It forms
around either fertilized or unfertilized yolks. The primary natural
purpose of egg white is to protect the yolk and provide additional
nutrition for the growth of the embryo.
Egg white consists primarily of about 90% water into which
is dissolved 10% proteins (including albumins, mucoproteins,
and globulins). Unlike the yolk, which is high in lipids (fats), egg
white contains almost no fat, and the carbohydrate content is less
than 1%. Egg white has many uses in food, and many others,
including the preparation of vaccines such as those for influenza.
The yolk in a newly laid egg is round and firm. As the yolk
ages, it absorbs water from the albumen, which increases its size
and causes it to stretch and weaken the vitelline membrane (the
clear casing enclosing the yolk). The resulting effect is a flattened
and enlarged yolk shape.
Yolk color is dependent on the diet of the hen; if the diet
contains yellow/orange plant pigments known as xanthophylls,
then they are deposited in the yolk, coloring it. Lutein is the most
abundant pigment in egg yolk. A colorless diet can produce an
almost colorless yolk. Yolk color is, for example, enhanced if the
diet includes products such as yellow corn and marigold petals.
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
he first postal service for Emerald
Gembrook and Pakenham. A
‘loose bag’ was left at Hultgren’s
Bridge which is located at the corner
of Avon Road and Woori Yallock Road,
Avonsleigh (or Cockatoo?). Horseback
was the method of travel. The first
Emerald School (Emerald State School,
No. 2110, 1879-1909) was situated
higher up on Avon Road near the top
of the hill and near the intersection with
Stillwell Deviation.
Many a school child having walked to
the school walked a further two kilometres
to the Bridge to collect mail before
walking all the way home again. Edgar
Charman and members of the Wright
family were all known to walk the extra
distance. The Wright family boys had
to walk back from that Emerald School
(now known as Avonsleigh to the present
Emerald township and further south
again to Rawhiti Road - an eight kilometre
walk each way).
By the time World War I came three
Wright brothers enlisted and only one
survived to return to Emerald. Two of
the blackwood trees planted in Heroes
Avenue, Emerald were planted in their
memories. In fact, the first two of the
trees planted (near the intersection with
Kilvington Drive were so designated.
In the 1890s there were few businesses
within the boundaries of Emerald
Township. There were the Mann Brothers
(blacksmiths), Smethurst and Couper
(butchers), David Andrews (general
storekeeper) on the corner of BelgraveGembrook Road and Monbulk-Emerald
Road (now Woolworths) and FT Le Juge
(combined store and adjoining bakery).
A Post Office was opened in Emerald
on 22 December, 1899 under, it seems, the
control of David Andrews (storekeeper,
His name is mentioned as
Postmaster on 8 February, 1900 when
the mail was coming to Emerald per the
newly opened ‘Puffing Billy’ narrow-gauge
The Postal Office improved its service
from 24 July, 1901 the Post Office when it
became able to send and receive telegrams.
It is noted that a similar service had been
available at railway stations with their
telegraph facilities.
In 1902 Charles H Cooke was
contracted to carry the mail from
Emerald Railway Station to Macclesfield
via Emerald Post Office and Koenig’s
six days a week. The contract required
the contractor to remain at Macclesfield
variously from two to four hours for the
return mail trip in order to accommodate
‘Puffing Billy’s’ timetable. Charles Cooke
performed this service for three years for
the amount of forty pounds per annum.
Following Charles Cooke the contract was
taken up by Anne M Wright.
By 1906 Emerald Post Office was
handling more than 15,000 mail items a
year. Just four years later in 1910 the total
reached almost 25,000 items. At this time
the Post Office offered money orders and
postal notes for the transfer of money,
besides providing savings bank facilities.
In 1908 a telephone service was
available and the first subscriber was CM
Cooke, Land Agent.
From about 1910 Miss Treeby
conducted the Emerald Post Office at
first in from the home of Mrs Fisher
in Emerald-Monbulk Road.
Then in
1913 the business was relocated in the
weatherboard building standing close
to the footpath in Belgrave-Gembrook
Road, and near the intersection with
Beaconsfield-Emerald Road, Emerald.
(This is beside the veterinary clinic and
nearly opposite a service-station. When
the house was used as a post office there
was a postal ‘slot’ in the front wall into
which letters were ‘posted’ instead of
their being taken inside
There was yet another relocation
in 1927 when the Post Office moved to
the ‘other end’ of Emerald beside the
then Church of Christ (now Emerald
Community House Hall). In December
1928 PJ Cowper became Postmaster and
he retained that position for nineteen
years until 29 July, 1947. Mr Cowper was
held in such high regard for his personal
interest in customers. This was particularly
evident through his ready assistance for
residents newly arriving from overseas (eg
Italy) and for whom the English language
was difficult - especially when it came to
filling out forms. Mr Cowper was given
a public send off in recognition for his
By Graeme Legge
It was in those days that the manual
telephone exchange operated from the
Post Office.
And haven’t postal services changed
with modern technology! I appreciate the
benefits and improvements but I wonder
about the element of trust . . . after using
the local post office for more than sixty
years I recently had to prove my identity to
claim a parcel! A GENTLE REMINDER
It’s taken flight, it’s white, it’s light
sailing down the street.
Wind abates and slowly down,
it lands right at my feet.
I look at it and it waves back,
where has it flown in from?
In perfect shape, no sign of wear,
it must be very strong.
I’m distracted then look back again,
its left me now I see.
Looking up I hear a rustle
…it’s landed in a tree!
And then I note, it again flies off,
to another destination.
It might get tangled with some errant bird
who might suffer strangulation.
Yes, they are so strong, don’t get me
when they fly out over the ocean.
To bird life and all fishes too
they’re a deadly toxic potion.
They should be deleted from your
shopping list
because they never do break down.
The damage they’re doing to our world
would surely make you frown.
It’s inevitable at the check out
our ways we must replace,
…a future without the plastic bag
we ultimately face. November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Remembering our local Diggers - World War 1
ollowing on from those listed in the October edition,
Emerald RSL is appealing for more information on these
local diggers who lost their lives in WW1.
of Wounds on 7th April, 1917, in France. Aged 28 years. Member
of the 12th Field Artillery Brigade. Usual occupation: Engraver.
Eldest son of Mr and Mrs C H S Ladd, Upper Beaconsfield.
Recommended for Mention in Despatches on 7th March, 1917.
- Killed in Action on 3rd May, 1917, in France. Aged 22 years.
Member of the 22nd Battalion. Usual occupation: Orchardist.
Son of John and Mary Shanks of Upper Beaconsfield.
LAMBORN, BRUCE ROBISON (Corporal) - Killed
in Action on 5th September, 1917, in Belgium. Aged 27 years.
Member of the 2nd Division Trench Mortars. Usual occupation:
Farmer. Brother of William Lamborn of Cockatoo.
MOFFATT, FRANCIS ANGUS (Private) - Killed in Action
on 23rd September, 1917 in Belgium. Aged 27 years. Member of
the 23rd Battalion. Usual occupation: Telegraph operator. Son of
James and Mary Moffatt of Drysdale.
PARKER, HAROLD HILLl (Private) – Killed in Action on
26th September, 1917, in France. Aged 24 years. Member of the
59th Battalion. Usual occupation: Farmer. Son of John and Mary
Parker of Avonsleigh.
CLARK, WILLIAM THOMAS (Private) - Killed in Action
on 4th October, 1917, in Belgium. Aged 32 years. Member of
the 38th Battalion. Usual occupation: Labourer (Blacksmith).
Husband of Amy Clark of Emerald.
FOREMAN, LISTER BERYL (Private) - Killed in Action
on 4th October, 1917, in Belgium. Aged 26 years. Member of the
37th Battalion. Usual Occupation: Nurseryman’s labourer. Son
of Clare Foreman of South Melbourne.
FELL, FRANK RUPERT (Private) - Killed in Action on
12th October, 1917, in Belgium. Aged 22 years. Member of the
37th Battalion. Usual occupation: Pastry cook. Son of Frances
and Alfred Fell, Cockatoo.
CULLEN, FREDERICK WHITEHEAD (Driver) Killed in action on 19th October, 1917, in Belgium. Aged 28
years. Member of the 26th Company, A.A.S.C. Usual occupation:
Saw mill hand. Son of Francis and Jane Cullen, Cockatoo Creek.
Action on 3rd December, 1917. Aged 32 years. Member of the
38th Battalion. Usual occupation: Farmer. Son of Rev. Frederic
and Mrs. Grace Boyling of Kew.
HOLLIDAY, FRANCIS BEWLEY (Private) - Killed in
action on 6th April, 1918, in Belgium. Aged 37 years. Member of
the 21st Battalion. Usual occupation: Labourer.
Husband of Ethel Lillian of Paradise (now Clematis).
RUSSELL, JAMES HAROLD (Lance Corporal) – Died of
Wounds on 29th April, 1918, in France. Aged 22 years. Member
of the 59th Battalion. Usual occupation: Labourer. Son of John
and Annie Russell, of Emerald.
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
COULSON, HAROLD (Private) – Killed in Action on
4th July, 1918, in France. Aged 21 years. Member of the 59th
Battalion. Usual occupation: Orchardist. Son of George and Ada
Coulson, Hull, England. Resident of Emerald on enlistment.
HEPPNER, WALTER GORDON (L/Corporal) – Killed
in Action on 9th August,1918, in France. Aged 21 years.
Member of the 5th Battalion. Usual occupation: Gardener. Son
of Gustave and Jessie Heppner of Upper Beaconsfield.
TSCHAMPION, LOUIS (Trooper) - Died of wounds in
France on 30th August, 1918, in France. Aged 22 years. Member
of the 13th Australian Light Horse. Usual occupation: Butcher.
Son of Adolphe and Annie Tschampion of Cockatoo Creek.
in Action on 18th September, 1918, in France. Aged 22 years.
Member of the 46th Battalion. Usual Occupation: Orchardist.
Son of the late William Evans. and Mrs. Rose Evans of
COLLISS, MALCOM JOHN (Private) - Died of Tubercular
Peritonitis in 1918, in Melbourne. Aged 34 years. Former member
of the 7th Battalion. Usual occupation: Labourer. Brother of J
Colliss of Yallock.
ANDREASSEN, ANDREW (Private) - Died from
Concussion on 17th March, 1919, in France. Aged 32 years.
Member of the 2nd Machine Gun Battalion. Usual occupation:
Seaman. A naturalised British subject of Norwegian birth.
Resident of Emerald on enlistment.
Further research to be conducted on:
t 11.00am on the 11th day of
November all Emerald will stop as
a sign of respect for all those who
fought and died for Australia.
The Emerald CFA will sound the siren at
11.00am for one minutes silence.
The RSL has organised for all shopkeepers
and businesses in Emerald and district to
remind their customers of the silent period
when the siren sounds.
Learning through
play at Council’s
Road Safety and
What an exciting month!
WHO: Council’s Family Connections Officer Elissa Sewell
Council’s Maternal and Child Health Administration Support
Officer Narelle Campion
hildren from Council’s ‘Playgroups in the Park’ program
at Pakenham Consolidated Primary School
‘Hungry’ the caterpillar character
WHAT: Council’s Road Safety and Children’s Expo is
happening on Saturday 26 October from 10am to 2pm at Cardinia
Cultural Centre, Lakeside Boulevard, Pakenham.
This fun, free community event will feature fantastic children’s
activities including camel rides, an animal petting farm, bike
obstacle course, scooter and skater lessons, come and try sports,
mini golf, sports shoot out, chair-o-plane, car and truck displays
and lots more.
Important information about children’s services, health and
support services, emergency services, road safety, sport and
recreation will be on offer, too.
The event will also showcase some excellent, affordable
play-based activities for children that can be easily reproduced
at home. These include art and craft sessions, book bag making,
celery stamping, fun with water, origami, natural play dough and
caterpillar making.
These activities will demonstrate the importance of playbased experiences for children in helping to develop their
language, literacy and numeracy skills.
Council’s ‘Playgroups in the Park’ groups are another great
way for local parents, carers and grandparents to give young
children the chance to learn as they play. These free playgroups
for under-fives are held regularly in Pakenham, Gembrook and
Visit Council’s website for further
information about our playgroups.
WHERE: Pakenham Consolidated Primary School
2 Rundell Way, Pakenham (parking in gravel car park opposite
school entry)
WHEN: Monday 21 October at 10am
e have had a very exciting month at the Emerald Vet
Clinic! Our nurse, Melissa, gave birth to a gorgeous
baby girl! Congratulations to Melissa and her family!
We have also purchased a new digital x-ray unit. This unit is the
same as the one at the University of Melbourne Veterinary Hospital.
The crystal clear images are visible on a computer immediately! We
can even change the brightness or zoom in on the problem area.
Long gone are the days of chemicals, dark rooms and having to
retake x-rays when the image was just 'not quite right'. It is truly
amazing! We have also just purchased a new ultrasound unit. The
images are so clear it makes diagnosis much easier! Combining these
with our existing diagnostic equipment such as our in-house blood
machines, keeps our practice both progressive and efficient.
On top of these fantastic additions, we are proud to announce
that we are stocking a new pet food range, Artemis. This is a fantastic
food for all of your cats and dogs (and ours!). It can be so hard
to find a healthy and nutritious pet food these days. All Artemis
foods are naturally preserved with no nasty chemicals or unnatural
preservatives in them. They contain fresh meat and vegetables being
the major ingredients (rather than wheat, rice or corn as in many pet
foods) and contain
no meat by-products.
It is also not gammairradiated.
in for your pet's a
FREE sample!
E m e r a l d
Veterinary Clinic, 400
Belgrave Gembrook
Road, Emerald.
5968 66000
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
By Jan Cheshire
always seem to have a lot of my homemade marmalade
in the pantry at this time of the year; some of it has been
given away of course, but I always have some left over.
Recently, I have been looking for interesting ways to use up
the excess marmalade lurking in my cupboards!. Here are
a couple of ideas for using up all that beautiful marmalade.
Keren Roma
A New Legal Practice in
KLR Legal Services will open its doors in Emerald on 1st
Director and lawyer, Keren Roma, believes the time has
come to step out on her own. “I have enjoyed working parttime for a local firm for the past ten years, which has enabled
me to balance family life and legal practice. Our children have
now reached a stage where I feel I can devote more time to
serving the community through practising law, and I am excited
at the prospect of starting my own firm.”
More than 12 years ago Keren and her husband Jeff
moved to Emerald from the inner suburbs, seeking a better
environment in which to raise their young family.
Keren is an active member of St Marks Church, Emerald
and is a current director on the Emerald Co-op board. You
might also come across her running at Emerald Lake Park,
or watching her kids take part in Gemco theatre productions
and the local Junior Football Club. “We love being part of the
community and consider ourselves blessed to live in such a
wonderful place.”
KLR Legal Services offers a wide range of legal services
including Wills, Powers of Attorney, Deceased Estates,
Property Law, Conveyancing, Family Law, Commercial Law,
Trusts and the review and drafting of all types of Agreements.
“I spend a lot of my day working with words, helping others to
communicate clearly in writing.”
Keren has a particular interest in Wills and Estates and
intends to pursue specialist accreditation in that area in the
future. “With the complexity of modern families there is a need
for careful consideration when it comes to Estate Planning.
There has also been a significant increase in the number of
claims made against Deceased Estates by people who have
been left out of Wills or who believe that they have not been
adequately provided for. It is important to obtain good advice.”
For professional advice and efficient legal service at
competitive rates please give us a call.
Book and pay before Christmas
Offer applies to standard Wills, per person.
Complex Wills will be charged at a higher rate, please call for a quote.
398 Belgrave-Gembrook Road, Emerald
5968 4126
email: [email protected]
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
This loaf is delicious and very tangy, perfect for an afternoon
tea with friends.
• 250 grams of Self raising flour
• ½ teaspoon of baking powder
• 1 teaspoon of ground cinnamon
• 1 teaspoon of ground ginger
• 175 grams of brown sugar
• 50 grams of walnuts or pecans chopped
• 3 eggs
• 120 grams of marmalade (any variety)
• 175 grams of butter
• Preheat the oven to 170 degrees
• Grease and line an 21x11cm loaf tin
• Cream the butter and the sugar
• Sift the flour and baking powder and spices into a
separate bowl
• Add the flour and egg alternately to the butter mixture
and mix well
• Mix in the nuts
• Pour into the loaf pan
• Bake for 1 to 1 ¼ hours
• Cool in the tin for 10 minutes before removing to a
cooling rack
*I sometimes add about 1 cup of chopped crystallized ginger
for extra zing!
This is lovely on its own or served warm with butter.
• 1 tub of vanilla ice cream
• 1 jar of marmalade
• Take the ice cream from the freezer and let it soften until
you can stir it
• Add the amount of marmalade to your own taste and
stir in well
• Re-freeze.
This makes a very quick and
interesting dessert!!
A Brooker from Way Back
By Carey Williams
came home on the
school bus one
day towards the end of
his time at Upwey High
in the late 1940s, to find
there was a fire in the
garage in Gembrook’s
main street.
He recalls, “It started
in the back somewhere
and you could hear the
batteries exploding. The
fire station was across the
road on the corner in what
is now JAC Russell Park.
The fire truck was in the
garage getting some work
done on it. They managed
to push it out and save it,
but not the garage or the
butcher’s shop next to it.”
When the garage and store was being
rebuilt Harold managed to pick up some
work which kindled an interest in building
and an offer of a carpentry apprenticeship
from an uncle in Melbourne.
He’d also worked digging spuds for the
Ures and felling timber with Bill Ashford.
The potatoes were dug by hand with a
fork, trees were cut with a cross cut saw
and logs snigged with horses.
Harold’s family moved from Upper
Pakenham to Gembrook in 1936 when
Harold was three, initially living in a house
where the supermarket is now before
moving across the road to one which is
still there but has had a second story added
in recent times. He went to Gembrook
primary school where his teacher was Mrs
“Mrs Parker was terrific. She organised
concerts and plays in the old hall where
she played the piano. The headmaster was
Mr Russell. He gave me the cuts once. It
didn’t hurt much.”
Harold’s dad worked for the Pakenham
Shire as head ganger on road maintenance.
Harold went to work with him sometimes.
“He had a Bedford truck and I
remember going to the sandpits at Nar
Nar Goon where they’d dig and load with
pick and shovel. The tray was wound
up by hand winch for tipping. There
weren’t many motor vehicles around. Dad
sometimes took people to hospital in the
council truck, expectant mothers or sick
Harol and Kath Ramage
Harold’s apprenticeship took him to
Melbourne, coming home on weekends.
He was called up for National Service,
training three months at Puckapunyal, then
another month three times subsequently.
He built his first house in 1951 while
still an apprentice. His parents lived in it at
first, but Harold lives there still with Kath
his wife of 55 years.
Harold branched out on his own as a
builder in 1956 in the Gembrook area. He
accompanied his friend Dave Marriot to
dances and functions. Dave was a friend
of a band member.
Kath and Harold met at a badminton
tournament at Mt Eliza in 1957 and
married the next year. Harold said it took
him a while to propose and I asked him
was it shyness.
“No,” he said, “I had a brand new
Peugot and I thought she might have been
after my car.”
Following laughter Kath said, “Actually
the family joke is that I threatened to let
the handbrake off and roll his car down
Oliver’s Hill unless he married me.”
Harold and Kath raised four children.
Dave and Geoff live in Gembrook, Tim is
in Queensland and Janice lives in Drouin.
Harold has been involved in the
Gembrook community with the fire
brigade, the tennis and cricket clubs, the
preschool, the cemetery trust, the sports
ground committee and the football club.
He started at the football club as
boundary umpire, then a player when
he was aged 15. He played 385 games,
mostly in the seniors but continuing on
in the reserves when they were short into
the 1970s. He played in the 1962 and ’65
premiership teams, was a long serving
president, and became President of the
League after being Vice President for a
number of years.
“One of my proudest moments was
in 1986, as president of the YMDFL,
presenting the premiership cup to
Gembrook’s president, my friend Terry
Harold joined the Pakenham Shire
in 1984 as a builder handyman where
he worked ‘till retirement in 1997. His
grandfather and father worked for the
shire, as did his brother for 40 years, and
now his son Dave.
The world has changed mightily over
Harold’s life span. In the early days Harold’s
family got around in horse and jinker. The
best entertainment for he and his mates in
the town, pre television or even electricity,
was when the hotel closed at six o’clock,
there was always a few fights between the
potato diggers and sawmillers.
In his retirement Harold has continued
to grow vegies, cut firewood, and maintain
his house and garden. He has worked with
his friend Len Ure and son Dave training
and racing trotting horses with some
success, and he still follows the local footy.
Harold and Kath have travelled
Australia extensively often with friends
Terry and Evelyn Atkinson. They have
nine grandchildren aged 13 to 24.
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
CFA’s Bushfire
Awareness Expo
is Back
Sunday, November 24…mark it in your diary
ollowing on from the enormous success of
the Bushfire Awareness Expo run by local
brigades in 2011 the standard was set
with several brigades in nearby areas following
in our footsteps. This year promises to be even
better with the Emerald, Macclesfield, Menzies
Creek and Clematis brigades being joined by
the Cockatoo brigade to bring this fantastic
event to our local communities.
This year’s expo will be held on Sunday
November 24 from 10am-3pm at the Emerald
Mechanics Hall, nearby the library and Worrell
reserve. The expo is kindly supported by the
Bendigo Community Bank and run by local
volunteer fire brigades from across the area
This year’s theme ‘Living with Bushfire. What
have you got to lose?’ encourages residents to
understand and act on the need for us all to have a
bushfire safety plan, to know how to enact it and to
understand how to live and survive in an extreme
fire danger area such as ours.
The ‘Living with Bushfire expo
one stop event for residents to at
safety planning workshops, choose fr
selection of bushfire safety sol
connection with your local support
groups and pick up what you and yo
to stay safe this summer.
Lots to See and Learn…
This year boasts even more stalls
up to be a major event.
With the exciting addition of
brigade we are looking forward to r
across the district joining us to mak
this wonderful opportunity with m
each brigade on hand to give val
preparing for the bushfire season.
Come along and learn from the e
to date on the latest community sup
and c
in tec
fire sa
for ev
s o l
Justice of
the Peace
in attendance at
Emerald Library
1.00pm 3.00pm
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
iary ‘NOW’
re expo’ is a brilliant
ts to attend bushfire
hoose from a fantastic
ety solutions, make
support services and
and your family need
re stalls and is shaping
on of the Cockatoo
ard to residents from
to make the most of
with members from
give valuable tips on
m the experts, stay up
nity support strategies
and check out the
latest development
in technology and
fire safety solutions.
include something
for everyone from
pets and livestock
s o l u t i o n s ,
options to assist
early, to building
By Fiona Sewell
equipment and advice.
Make a Day of it…
A wide range of activities will
be held throughout the day with
great fun for the kids, interactive
demonstrations and emergency
services displays to be held on the
oval. Residents can speak with wide range of experts
and specialists from emergency services, local
pharmacy, local relief and recovery representatives
and council officers.
Come and join us for a few hours or make a day
of it with sausage sizzle, workshops for the adults
and lots of fun for the kids with the show stopping
‘Captain Koala and April Road Show’ face painting,
badge making and the miniature fire truck.
Bushfire planning workshops will be held
throughout the day in the library and may include;
Preparing your Property, Making a Plan, Fire
Behaviour and Introduction to Community Fire
These workshops were very popular and well
attended in the past and we encourage residents to
make the most of these informative and engaging
The expo is considered to be the largest of its
kind in the local area so whether you have recently
moved to our beautiful district or are a long time
local, come and see what the buzz is all about.
Further information on this event can be found
on our Facebook page:
The Kids Fun
Run with
Sunday November 24th, at the Gembrook Station
If you haven’t already witnessed the Kids Fun Run with
“Thomas” you’ve missed a fantastic event and a great family day
Join with those who attend every year for the 12th annual
running of the event where - between 400 and 600 eager runners
– between the ages of 3 and 12 Run against their favourite
engine - “Thomas”.
There’s lots of other things to do as well, jumping castle,
donuts, animals to feed, show bags, Karaoke and the wonderful
Gembrook Market - were a variety of homemade and grown
goods can be purchased. It gets bigger and better every year and this year is no exception.
Organised by the Rotary Club of Emerald and District Inc,
in partnership with Puffing Billy Rail - this event has raised in
excess of $250, 000 for the benefit of Kids in the Community.
This year the proceeds will go to the children’s section at the
Local hospital, the Angliss
The Organisers gratefully acknowledge Barry Plant, Mitre
10, Emerald, Ferntree Gully Nissan, and many local businesses,
whose support will be acknowledged on the day.
Come Along and enjoy the only fun run with “Thomas” IN
THE WORLD, and lend your support to a very worthy - “Kids
Cause” - Kids running for the benefit of Kids.
To Join us - go to for
your application form, or keep your eye on what’s happening via
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Puffing Billy Park
By Kevin Teasdale
arly in the 1900s, weekly livestock
and general auctions took place
on ‘Puffing Billy Park’.
Many other small businesses operated
on this railway land, during throughout
most of the 1900s.
The first grocery shop at this end of
town was located where the toilet block
now stands. Over time, it also boasted
a Hardware business, a watchmaker, a
hairdresser and a cycle repair shop, as well
as being the home of blacksmith Charles
Stapleton and the Agnello family.
Auctioneer Butcher lived on the
corner of ‘Kilvington Drive’ and ‘Puffing
Billy Place’ until wheelchair-bound Ted
Teasdale moved in and ran his boot and
shoe repair business through
the 1940s until near his death
in 1960, aged 60. Ted’s only
mobility was to pull himself
around, using his legs, on
home-made wheelchair, which
was on strong caster wheels.
Because of his handicap, I learned the
shoe repair skills and helped out during
high school years.
During Ted’s time, a room was sub-let
to Ernie Swendson for an electric motor
re-winding business. Elaine Morris (ne
Nobelius) worked for him.
After Butcher’s time, as an auctioneer
on the vacant block, a couple of ladies,
based in Melbourne, came to this site to
sell haberdashery in a small, open fronted
tin shed at the bottom end of the block.
Indian hawkers occasionally came,
vending goods from their horse-drawn
covered wagon.
The same site, just above the open
shed, entertained Emerald people on Guy
Fawkes Night. A large bonfire, crackers,
(Penny Bungers, Double Bungers, Tom
Thumbs and Jumping Jacks), Flower Pots,
Catherine Wheels and Sky Rockets were
enjoyed by all.
Somewhat larger stockyards were
located where the present remnants now
stand. They were the holding yards for
cattle and sheep, often for Jim Madigan,
the butcher. Jim and his daughter were
common sights droving their cattle up
Heroes Avenue to Sunnyside where they
were spelled before being taken to the
paddock behind the butcher shop on
the corner of Main Road, Emerald and
Monbulk Road.
Charles Stapleton operated his
blacksmith business in a tin shed opposite
the police residence and between the cattle
yards and the boot-shop on the corner
of Beaconsfield Road (now Kilvington
Drive) and Railway Street (now Puffing
Billy Place).
Student wellbeing is integral to
the learning process at BUPS.
Our wellbeing program is a
holistic one, so we support and
encourage students to develop
physically, emotionally, socially
and intellectually. Our goal is for
the students at BUPS to graduate
as healthy, secure, resilient and
academically sound people. The
You Can Do It Program is a platform
for introducing and learning the
school values and harbouring
student wellbeing. Our values guide
the decisions and behaviours of all
members of our school community.
The five underlying principles of our
You Can Do It program are:
Getting Along – working together,
learning cooperatively and helping
one another.
Organisation – being well prepared
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
and ready and able to start tasks.
Persistence – trying to do your best
especially when things are difficult.
Confidence – attempting new
challenges and being prepared to
have a go.
Resilience – maintaining a positive
To book a school tour, please call
5944 3591
E: [email protected]
Esther and Stanley Field
By Arthur Wintle
sther and Stanley Field celebrated
their 65th wedding anniversary on
September 24, 2012. Esther, at
96 the oldest member of the Cockatoo
branch of the RSL, passed away on July
17, 2013.
Esther Jean McKay was born on
December 17, 1916, at Woodford in
Queensland, and raised in Ballarat and
Nyah West in Victoria. She was a teacher’s
aide and taught Sunday school at the
Presbyterian Church. After completing
Year 10 at Swan Hill High School, she
worked for a draper. Esther was a regular
at local dances and was crowned ‘belle of
the ball’ more than once.
On August 10, 1943, Esther enlisted in
the Australian Women’s Army Service as
a private, service number VF512232. She
trained as a signaller at Bonegilla and at
Albury learnt to drive and maintain threeton Army trucks.
While posted to Brisbane as a signaller,
Esther became sick and was sent to
Melbourne for brain surgery. She was
discharged as medically unfit on May 1,
1945, and returned to Nyah West on a part
Stanley George Field was born at
75 Rounton Road, Bow, London, on
December 11, 1921. He lived there until
he was seven, when his father died of
stomach cancer and Stan was placed in the
Alexandra Orphanage in Hampstead. His
mother died of rheumatic fever when he
was 12. Leaving the orphanage at 14, Stan
worked as an office boy in the West End
of London.
Stan went to a Salvation Army
farm in Essex to learn farming and
at 16 immigrated to Australia to be a
farmhand, arriving in Sydney aboard the
‘Themistocles’ in August 1938.
Stan worked for some two years on
dairy farms before taking a job at ‘Fernlee’
station, about 50 kilometres from Bollon
in outback Queensland. He was called up
for military service in July 1943.
Stanley Field,
selected to be
trained in wireless
posted to Bonegilla
for basic training,
with other postings
telegraph operator
in the Solomon
Islands for about
18 months, and
then after Japan
August 1945 helped
to look after the
tens of thousands
prisoners held at
Rabaul on New
was promoted to
Sergeant and posted
to Balcombe Army
base in charge of
training new recruits for the occupation
forces in Japan. He did this for about six
months. He refused officer training and
chose to be discharged from B CORPS
SIGNALS on January 8, 1947.
Stan obtained a position with
the Defence Signals Division doing
communications for ASIO and did this
work for 31 years until he retired at the age
of 57.
Esther and Stan met at Bonegilla in
1943. Stan was operating an important
exchange with 10 lines and playfully put
through a call to the AWAS, which was
answered by Esther. They met face to face
at a dance, but Stan did not get a dance as
Esther’s card was full. They lost touch. At
Christmas 1946 Stan sent a card to Esther’s
last known address in Nyah West. Esther
replied, they met in Melbourne early in the
New Year, romance blossomed, and they
married in Scots’ Church in Collins Street
in September 1947.
Stan and Esther lived in only three
houses during their long life together. In
1950 they moved into the family home
Stan had built in Glen Waverley. In 2001,
in their 80s, they moved to Cockatoo to
live next to their son Geoff, helping to
build a unit to live in.
Esther and Stan had three sons: James
born in 1948, Kevin born in 1950, and
Geoff born in 1953.
Esther and Stan both loved gardening.
While he was the breadwinner, she was
the consummate homemaker. She liked
to keep the home neat and tidy and bright
with fresh flowers, tapestries and family
photos. She was an avid baker and there
was always a plentiful supply of cakes and
biscuits for visitors. She volunteered at the
school canteen.
Esther was caring and compassionate.
She kept in touch with family and friends
through letters and sent around 100 cards
at Christmas time.
A beautiful memorial service for
Esther was held at the Cockatoo
Community Complex on July 25, 2013.
Esther is survived by Stan, two sons and
five grandchildren.
Thanks to the family for information.
Information from different sources was sometimes
slightly different. I hope I have got the basic story
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Emerald CFA Report
Paul Yandle – Captain, Emerald Fire Brigade
The brigade responded to a total of 13
Tree fire x 3
False alarms x 2
Explosions heard x 1
Child locked in car x 1
Non structure fire x 2
Car fire x 1
Trees and power lines x 2
Grass & Scrub fire x 1
Recently the brigade was responded
to a petrol can on fire in an Emerald
resident's backyard. The resident had been
trying to light a fire in an open topped 44
gallon drum to burn off some branches.
The crew on scene were shocked to find
that after being unable to get the fire
started the resident decided to tip petrol
out of a plastic jerry can, straight into the
drum. At this point the petrol ignited
due to some still burning material in the
drum and rapidly flashed back to the jerry
can, which was thrown to the ground and
continued to burn.
The resident in this case was VERY
lucky not to have suffered severe and life
changing burns as a result of his actions.
The obvious reminder here is that petrol
and other flammable liquids should
NEVER be used to start a fire EVER.
Imagine these scenarios:
Its 3am on a dark foggy night in the
hills and you have been woken suddenly
to discover that your house is on fire or a
family member has a serious medical issue
and requires an Ambulance urgently…….
Both these scenarios can be life
threatening and require immediate action
from the emergency services. Imagine
the feeling of relief when you hear the
siren of the approaching emergency
responders, knowing help is on the
way…….Now think of the gut wrenching
feeling when that emergency vehicle keeps
going straight passed your house, unable
to locate you……….
Do you have
your house number
displayed where it
can be seen easily,
even in the middle
of the night or in
bad weather?
these can mean
P & L Rural Fencing
• Treated Pine Posts
• I-Stay & Heavy Duty
Weldmesh Gates - most
sizes available
• Steel Pickets
• Plain & Barbed Wire
• Gate Fittings
This month’s SPECIAL
• Wire Strainer HIRE for all
types of wire, Clamps for
Hingejoint & Chickenwire
• Wire Spinners for HIRE
loaded with wire on a pay
only for what you use basis
- 12 ft I-Stay Gate with Fittings $110.00
Post & Wire, Hingejoint, Mesh etc.
Post & Rail, Horse Arenas, Cattle Yards
Old Fences Removed, Post Ramming
Recommended contractor by Port Phillip & Westernport
Phone Peter
0400 639 875
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
the difference between life and death in
serious situations, particularly when large
fire trucks cannot easily turn around on
many of our narrow roads. Next time
you’re driving home think about these
scenarios and assess how easily your street
number can be seen (from either direction)
It could just make all the difference!
Are you ready for the fire season?
Indications are that we look like
having an above average fire risk this
fire season. Now is a good time to start
your preparations and review your fire
plan with the family.
Check our brigade website for further
details and lots more at:
Or on Facebook
A Wonderful Sound of Spring
The Cicada
icadas live in temperate-totropical climates where they
are among the most-widely
recognized of all insects, mainly due
to their large size and unique sound.
They are often colloquially called
locusts, although they are unrelated to
true locusts, which are various species
of swarming grasshopper. Cicadas are
related to leafhoppers and spittlebugs.
Cicadas are benign to humans under
normal circumstances and do not bite or
sting in a true sense, but may mistake a
person’s arm or other part of their body
for a tree or plant limb and attempt to feed
with a long proboscis located under their
head, which they insert into plant stems in
order to feed on sap. It can be painful if
they attempt to pierce a person’s skin with
it, but it is unlikely to cause other harm. It
is unlikely to be a defensive reaction and is
a rare occurrence. It usually only happens
when they are allowed to rest on a person’s
body for an extended amount of time.
Cicadas can cause damage to several
cultivated crops, shrubs, and trees, mainly
in the form of scarring left on tree
branches while the females lay their eggs
deep in branches.
Many people around the world
regularly eat cicadas. They are known to
have been eaten in Ancient Greece as well
as China, Malaysia, Burma, Latin America,
and the Congo. Female cicadas are prized
for being meatier. Shells of cicadas are
employed in the traditional medicines of
There are some 200 species in 38
genera in Australia which differ from
many other countries’ types because of
our continent’s diversity of climate and
terrain. In Australia, cicadas are found on
tropical islands and cold coastal beaches
around Tasmania; in tropical wetlands;
high and low deserts; alpine areas of New
South Wales and Victoria; large cities like
Sydney, Melbourne, and Brisbane; and
Tasmanian highlands and snowfields.
Cicada song
The male cicada has loud noisemakers
called “tymbals” on the sides of the
abdominal base. Its “singing” is not
the stridulation (where one structure is
rubbed against another) that characterizes
many other familiar sound-producing
insects, such as crickets. Rather, the
tymbals are regions of the exoskeleton
that form a complex membrane with thin,
membranous portions and thickened ribs;
contracting the internal tymbal muscles
produces a clicking sound as the tymbals
buckle inwards, and the relaxing of the
muscles causes the tymbals to return to
their original position, producing another
click. The interior of the male abdomen is
mostly hollow, which amplifies the sound.
A cicada rapidly vibrates these membranes,
and enlarged chambers derived from
the tracheae make its body serve as a
resonance chamber, further amplifying the
sound. The cicada modulates the sound by
positioning its abdomen toward or away
from the substrate. Additionally, each
species has its own distinctive song.
Some cicadas produce sounds up to
120 dB (SPL), among the loudest of all
insect-produced sounds. This is notable
because the song is loud enough to cause
permanent hearing loss in humans should
the cicada sing just outside the listener’s
Conversely, some small species have
songs so high in pitch that the noise
is inaudible to humans. Species have
different mating songs, ensuring that
the appropriate mate is attracted. It can
be difficult to determine from which
direction(s) a cicada song is coming
because the low pitch carries well.
Life cycle
Cicadas live underground as nymphs
for most of their lives, at depths ranging
from about 30 centimetres (0.98 ft) down
to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). The nymphs feed on
root juice and have strong front legs for
In the final nymphal stage, they
construct an exit tunnel to the surface
and emerge. They then molt (shed their
skins) on a nearby plant for the last time
and emerge as adults. The abandoned
exoskeleton, remains, still clinging to the
bark of trees.
After mating, the female cuts slits into
the bark of a twig, and into these she
deposits her eggs. She may do so repeatedly,
until she has laid several hundred eggs.
When the eggs hatch, the newly hatched
nymphs drop to the ground, where they
burrow. Most cicadas go through a life
cycle that lasts from two to five years.
Some species have much longer life
cycles, such as the North American genus,
Magicicada, which has a number of distinct
“broods” that go through either a 17-year
or, in some parts of the world, a 13-year
life cycle.
Cicadas are commonly eaten by
birds, and in eastern Australia, the native
freshwater fish Australian bass are keen
predators of cicadas that crash-land on the
surface of streams.
The 220 cicada species identified in
Australia, go by common names such as:
cherry nose, brown baker, red eye (Psaltoda
moerens), green grocer/green Monday,
yellow Monday, whisky drinker, double
drummer (Thopha saccata), and black prince.
The Australian green grocer, Cyclochila
australasiae, is among the loudest insects in
the world.
Being principally tropical insects,
most Australian species are found in the
northern states. However, cicadas occur
in almost every part of Australia: the hot
wet tropical north; Tasmanian snowfields;
Victorian beaches and sand dunes such as
Torquay and deserts. Some species, such
as the Green Grocer, are not restricted to
coastal or desert zones in Victoria.
Each year for a period of a few weeks,
an astonishing number of newly mature
Green Grocer Cicadas emerge from the
ground. Their numbers, combined with the
ear shattering noise produced by a single
adult male, are sufficient to make their
entrance throughout suburbia absolutely
unmistakable and ‘Cicada Season’ as some
Victorian residents know this time, is
clearly noticeable even in central business
district areas of major cities such as
Bendigo and Melbourne where this species
flourish. According to Max Moulds of the
Australian Museum in Sydney, “the ‘green
grocer’ is unusual in its ability to adapt
perfectly to the urbanized environment.”
Cicada sounds are a defining quality of
Melbourne, Sydney, and Canberra during
late spring and the summer months.
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
‘Business as Usual’
By Ian Ash, AInstIB, President of the Emerald Business
Sales for the NonSalesperson
For fast and efficient help with...
Company Returns Business Returns
Individual Returns
GST/BAS Statements
Alexander Neil & Associates
Registered Tax Agents
329 Main Road, Emerald
Ph: 5968 6062 Fax: 5968 6247
Email: [email protected]
hen I started my own
business, I had serious
reservations about my
ability to sell. In corporate life, I
had managed sales teams and been
responsible for sales results, but never
actually had to sell myself so although
I believed I could help businesses improve their performance,
I was not at all sure of being able to persuade owners that
I could!
Inevitably, this meant that many of my early attempts to
acquire clients were less than successful and of course I placed
much of the blame on my lack of sales technique. However, what
I have come to find over time is that the best sales ‘technique’
is simply to demonstrate a sincere and genuine desire to help
prospective customers overcome their problems.
The fact is that customers today are better informed than ever
before, they know they have a choice and they don’t like being
“sold” to. A colleague of mine in the IIB describes the (effective)
sales process today as ‘helping customers to buy’ which I think
is a great way to define it. So how is this done? In one word,
simply listening.
Contrary to my earlier belief that customers needed to know
more about me so that they could determine whether to engage
me or not, I found that it has been much more valuable that they
know I care to help. Real empathetic listening is the best way to
achieve this. Emerald Business Rewards Winner
he Emerald Business group was thrilled to have received
over 10,000 entries in its Emerald Business Rewards
promotion that was conducted in October.
The support from the customers was wonderful, who loved
the opportunity to not only shop locally but also to have the
chance to win $500 to spend in Emerald. The businesses that
participated loved the level of interest that this promotion
generated throughout the town and the opportunity to give back
to the community that supports them.
We are proud to announce the winner as Greg Carey of
Congratulations to our winner and we hope you enjoy
spending your dollars before Christmas!
The Emerald Business Group now has over 60 members. The
group runs quarterly business breakfasts, networking events, retail
promotions and has strong relationships with many community
groups as well as Cardinia Shire Council.
The participating traders
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
If you would like to know more about our ongoing initiatives,
contact Lynne Trensky at Emerald Community House on 5968
Try to fill in the missing numbers.
Use the numbers 1 through 9 to complete the equations.
Each number is only used once.
Each row is a math equation. Work from left to right.
Each column is a math equation. Work from top to bottom.
Gate & Fence
ph:5968 3872 / 0448 050 841
[email protected]
And for
the more
Use the numbers 1 through 25 to complete
the equations.
Each number is only used once.
Each row is a math equation. Each column
is a math equation.
Remember that multiplication and division
are performed before addition and subtraction.
Solutions on Page 26
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
C a r d i n i a
Walking guide
t Cannibal walk
Council has developed a walking guide to encourage residents
to be active in their community and aim for the recommended 30
minutes of physical activity per day. Download a print friendly
version (4kb) of the walk guide (print A4 landscape, double-sided).
Information includes distances, the approximate time to complete
the walks, an average number of steps for each walk and even how
many kilojoules will be burned by doing them.
The walk guide is aimed at residents with all levels of fitness
with a variation of short walks and longer, more challenging walks.
Residents will have the opportunity to share the details of their own
personal favourite trails to be included in the next edition of the guide.
There is no closing date and Council will review the walks regularly.
You can email your comments to Council's Health Promotion team.
For information of other parks, reserves and trails within the
Shire, visit the Parks, reserves and trails web page.
ardinia Aqueduct Recreation Trail
Cardinia Aqueduct Recreation Trail, set among eucalypt
forests in the Dandenong Ranges foothills, is available for walkers
and joggers, and horse and bike riders. Beginning in Thewlis Road,
Pakenham, the trail follows a disused section of Bunyip main race
aqueduct and maintenance track, and ends near Dickie Road, Officer.
The area has a unique diversity of grassy woodlands, wet gully
forests and tall eucalypt forests, containing 28 national and regionally
significant plant species, and supporting a wide diversity of native
animals. Studies have found 148 native birds, 21 native mammals,
13 reptile and 10 frog species in the reserve, including the rare
powerful owl.
Constructed in 1919, the main race was part of a major water
storage and supply project undertaken by the State Rivers and
Water Supply Commission in Gippsland. It played a major role
in providing for the expansion of rural and urban development
in the Mornington Peninsula and has historical significance in the
creation of Flinders Naval Base. As a major feat of engineering,
with many kilometres of aqueducts, the main race provided
Available Tuesdays & Thursdays
many jobs for unemployed people during the 1930s depression.
Visitors are reminded to bring water and food as there are no
shops in the vicinity. Until a connection is built from the western
end of the trail to Dickie Road, visitors will need to return to
66 Colours Available
their starting point or make arrangements for pick up.
merald-Cockatoo recreational trail
Emerald-Cockatoo recreational trail is ideal for walkers
For all Ages
and cyclists and offers access to a range of family fun and
recreational activities.
The trail is a comfortable 2.5-hour walk from Kilvington
Group Training $1 0. 00
Road (south-east of Puffing Billy station), Emerald to Cockatoo;
wandering through natural settings including Nobelius Heritage
30 minutes
30 minutes
Park, Emerald Lake Park and Wright Forest.
1 hr full body
45 minutes
Some sections near Nobelius Heritage Park and in Wright
Forest are more challenging and may not suit all visitors, but the
30 minutes
Training, Massage & Sauna
very fit can warm up with a vigorous cycle through the forest to
1 hour
30 mins each
Barbecue and picnic facilities are provided at Emerald Lake
Fingers Nails
Removal Fingers or Toes$5.00
French Nails
Hand or Foot Massage $5.00
Toe Nails
Dogs are permitted on the trail but must be on a leash at all
Only guide dogs are permitted on Puffing Billy.
Loyalty Bonus - 1 FREE session after every 10 sessions
Ride on Puffing Billy from Belgrave to Emerald station
Great Upfront payment offers
and walk to Emerald Lake Park as a leisurely start to a family
10 Sessions - 2 FREE, 20 sessions - 4 FREE
picnic or a visit to the cafe. Emerald Lake Park also offers fun
on paddleboats, the largest model railway display in the southern
Enquries & Bookings
Michelle Bakewell – 0419118805
hemisphere, and a free outdoor wading pool open during the
10 Ambrose Street, Emerald
summer season.
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
e no
n to
st to
t all
David W Bull
Health &
Funeral Director
. . .the little things make a difference
since 1979
190 Princes Highway, Pakenham
Ph 5941 4888
6 Brunt Street, Cranbourne
Ph 5996 6822
Ph 9707 5755
d 30
Email: [email protected]
Typical Edible Oils and their essential fat content
Type of oil or fat
Smoke point Lard
138–201 °C (280–394 °F)
221 °C (430 °F)
Coconut oil, (virgin)
177 °C (351 °F)
Sesame oil (Unrefined)
177 °C (351 °F)
Sunflower oil (high oleic)
160 °C (320 °F)
Margarine, hard
150 °C (302 °F)
Margarine, soft
150–160 °C (302–320 °F)
150 °C (302 °F)
Sesame oil (semi-refined)
232 °C (450 °F)
Palm oil
230 °C (446 °F)
Macadamia oil
210 °C (410 °F)
Rice bran oil
254 °C (489 °F)
Mustard oil
254 °C (489 °F)
Hemp oil
165 °C (329 °F)
Grape seed oil
204 °C (399 °F)
Safflower oil
265 °C (509 °F)
Sunflower oil (linoleic)
246 °C (475 °F)
Tea seed oil
252 °C (486 °F)
Soybean oil
241 °C (466 °F)
Olive oil (extra virgin)
190 °C (374 °F)
Olive oil (virgin)
215 °C (419 °F)
Ghee, clarified butter
190–250 °C (374–482 °F)
Canola oil
204 °C (399 °F)
Corn oil
236 °C (457 °F)
Diacylglycerol (DAG) oil
215 °C (419 °F)
Peanut oil / groundnut oil
231 °C (448 °F)
Avocado oil
271 °C (520 °F)
Cottonseed oil
216 °C (421 °F)
Walnut oil (Semi-refined)
204 °C (399 °F)
Flaxseed oil (Linseed oil)
225 °F (107 °C)
Pumpkin seed oil
121 °C (250 °F)
Olive oil (refined)
225 °C (437 °F)
Olive oil (extra light)
242 °C (468 °F)
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Composting and worm
farming in Cardinia
omposting and worm farming have a range of
benefits for our health, our environment, and our
We offer a $30 rebate when you purchase a new compost
or worm farm bin.
Over 40 per cent of the average bin in Australia is food
waste. That food waste, if put in your garbage bin is buried in
landfill making strong greenhouse gases.
It easy to set up your own compost at home or school, with
are a variety of options to suit different households and lifestyles.
Composting will save you money by not buying garden
fertilisers while adding moisture and nutrients to your soil.
Growing your own veggies with your compost will also save on
'food miles'.
Further information about the compost bin rebate
For more information about the compost bin rebate contact
Council on 1300 787 624
Solution to Maths Puzzles
400 Belgrave Gembrook Rd
Emerald VIC 3782
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
RN Ceilings
Local Builder
Builders and
Lot 1 Hamilton Road
[email protected]
Matt Hames-Megarry
Services Pty Ltd
(DBU 21866)
Metal Studs
Partition Walls
All Types of
0433 066 922
5968 3587
All Aspects of Carpentry
[email protected]
Call Ross
• Extensions
• Decks
• Renovations
• Pergolas
• RetainingWalls
• Excavations
• BobCat&ExcavatorHire
0417 322 412
Phone Michael
0419 130 613
Call Tim
0425 486 640
5968 3875
Allister McMahon
5968 2855
0448 801 626
REC: 23141
[email protected]
Call Now
Spectrum Furnishings Pty Ltd
All work
All Stone
incorporating 059 Curtains
Beautifully made to measure curtains and blinds
Our interior decorators will come to you for an
obligation free measure and quote with our full
range of fabrics and samples
5968 2855 59684446
0407 529 902
November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
www. antennatom .com
TV points TV tuning
Home Theatre
0412 236 592
Licensed Telco Technician FAULTS ADSL DATA VOIP
• 4WD Tractor & Slasher
• Weed Spraying & Removal
• Landscaping and Paving
• Firewood, Log Splitting
• Small Lawn Mowing
• Brush Cutting
• Hedge Pruning
• Saw Work
• Approved Workcover
Complete maintenance & design.
Serving the hills since 1995.
5968 8575
or 0429 137 662
Free quotes and advice
Call Chris
5 968 98 0 0
For Local Work - Buy and Sell
Positions Vacant - Public Notices
Something to Sell
Dandenong Ranges
17 Lawsons Road, Emerald, 3782
NEW 6897
.Bobcat, Tipper & Back Hoe
.3 ton & 20 ton Excavator
.Dams Cleared & Formed
.Retaining Walls .Drainage
General Property Maintenance
“Friendly, Local, Reliable Service”
4 Wheel Drive, Front End Loader, Compact Tractor.
Paddocks /Grass Slashing, Rotary Hoeing, Landscaping.
Post Hole Digging for Fence Posts, Retaining Walls and Mature Tree Planting,
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Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
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November 2013 Volume 114 - Signpost Community Magazine Inc.
Odd Australian History
Written and researched by Annie O’Riley
ake a group of eminent men including businessmen,
agriculturists and horticulturalists in colonial Victoria, put Society and a driving force behind the Melbourne Zoological
them together and leave them to form a society worthy Gardens. He had selected 320 acres
of their knowledge.
(130 hectares) of land on the Gembrook Road just about opposite
This was the beginnings of The Zoological Society later known Bessie Creek and Mt. Irene Roads.
as the Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, a society dedicated to
I would assume he was responsible for the grant of land in
introducing pest species into the virgin Australian bush.
Gembrook to the ASV. Le Souef is also credited with naming
To many white settlers in Victoria the local bush environment the area after fossickers who had found emeralds, sapphires and
was both frightening and inhospitable. A common belief was that garnets in the creek which he named Gem Brook. Unfortunately
if European plants and animals were introduced, the food sources the gems are not of a high enough quality to be used in jewellery.
for settlers would be increased and the environment would seem
With hindsight, we can look back on the Acclimatisation
more familiar. This would in turn increase the number of settlers Society and shake our heads. It is important to keep in mind that
and be good for the economy.
these men donated their time and their money to provide what
With this in mind, the ASV started work to breed, distribute they felt was a public service. Thankfully the ASV moved back into
and acclimatise European and non-indigenous flora and fauna the area of zoological specimens and devoted their time to making
into the Victorian bush. Today we understand the horrible the Melbourne Zoological Gardens a world class facility. repercussions of introducing these pests but in 1860, the members
honestly believed that they were providing a great public service.
One of the members of the society was Baron
Ferdinand von Mueller, the government botanist.
With his help the Acclimatisation Society‘s first home
By Ted Horton
was at the Botanic Gardens. Later they received an
area in Royal Park where they set up the Zoological
Puffing Billy’s day begins, first morning
whistle blows - fireman shovels coal on, his ruddy
In 1873 they also obtained a 600 Acre (259
face it glows!
hectare) parcel of land at Gembrook. Today a small
portion of it remains as the Gembrook Park, just to
Puffing Billy’s puffing, distant whistle heard,
the south of the township.
excited expectations, children’s hearts are stirred!
The Gembrook property was dedicated to
breeding ‘game’ birds such as pheasants and
Puffing Billy’s chuffing, chuffing up the hill,
Californian quail. By 1875 it was increased to breed
motorists at road crossings hear his whistle shrill!
and distribute large flocks of European songbirds
such as sparrows, thrush and blackbirds. In the
Puffing Billy whistles twice, Clematis station nears,
1880s the land was fenced and deer and hares were
drinkers up in ‘Paradise’ sipping on their beers!
bred and released.
Many of the members of the ASV were wealthy
Puffing Billy’s shuffling past Emerald’s railway shed,
agriculturalists who possessed large country estates
boys and girls are waving, Billy whistling up ahead!
and these properties were put into play to breed
animals such as goats and ostriches. Fish were bred
Puffing Billy’s rattling as he clatters down the hill,
at a number of locations and the brown trout we
approaches Lakeside Station with another whistle trill!
find in our streams are the offspring of those that
were released by the society in the 1870s. The society
Puffing Billy’s shunting, driver’s whistle warns
was also responsible for the introduction of carp and
passengers from crossing railway track in swarms!
all those blackberries lining the sides of our roads.
It wasn’t until the 1860s when Janet Bowman
Puffing Billy’s dining at Nobelius Packing Shed,
paid two men to cut a track to the Jordan Goldfields
stops to wet his whistle,with coal he does get fed!
(Woods Point area) that the land in Gembrook was
selected by farmers. Bowman’s track opened up large
Puffing Billy’s steaming…. revellers board ‘LAST TRAIN’.
areas of the Beaconsfield ranges including Upper
Final whistle blowing, each carriage full again!
Beaconsfield and Gembrook.
By 1874 the Le Souef and the Ure families had
Puffing Billy’s long day ends into Belgrave tired he steams,
taken up land in the vicinity. Albert Le Souef was a
rolls off to sleep back in his shed and whistles in his dreams!
well-educated and interesting gentleman who went
on to become the secretary of the Acclimatisation
The Whistle Blower
Signpost Community Magazine Inc. - November 2013 Volume 114
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