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Windowpane
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Windowpaning is the process of transferring key elements, points, or steps in
a lesson into visual images that are hand sketched into the squares or "panes"
of a matrix. Let your mind think in pictures and sketch the essential concepts
printed in each of the following windowpanes. Don't be concerned with your
artistic ability. Use lines and stick figures to depict the concepts requested for
the various conditions of the nail.
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VI
Nail Disorders, lrregularities, and Diseases
Label each of the following pictures or illustrations using the terms below.
Use your standard textbook and other references in the school's library to
assist you.
Eggshell nail
Beau's lines
Hangnail
Leukonychia spots
Melanonychia
Onychophagy
Onychorrhexis
Plicatured nail
Onychocryptosis
Onycholysis
Onychomadesis
Nail psoriasis
Paronychia
Pyogenic granuloma
Tinea pedis
Onychomycosis
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Matching Exercise-Technical Terms versus
common Terms
Match the foilowing essentiar terms with their
respective common term or
identifying phrase.
Bruised nail
Melanonychia
Leukonychia
Nail psoriasis
1.
Bitten nails.
2. Living skin
splits around nail.
3. Surface of nail plate appears rough
and
pitted.
Onychomycosis
4. Blood clot under nail plate.
Pterygium
5. White spots.
Onychophagy
Onychorrhexis
Hangnail
Eggshell
Onychosis
Tinea pedis
Paronychia
Onychia
Onychocryptosis
Pyogenic
granuloma
6. Fungal infection.
7. Darkening of fingernails or toenails.
8. Noticeably thin, white nail plates;
more
flexible than normal nails.
9. Any deformity or disease of the nails.
10. lnflammation of surrounding tissues.
77. Fungal infections of the feet.
72. lngrown nails.
13. Severe inflammation of the nail in
which a
lump of red tissue grows up from nail bed
to nail plate.
74. Skin is stretched by the nail plate.
75. Split or brittle nails.
76. lnflammation of matrix with formation
of
pus and shedding of the nail.
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Word Search
After identifying the appropriate word from the clues listed below, locate the
word in the following word search puzzle.
Word
Glue
Fungal infection of the feet.
Dark purplish spots due to injury.
Folded nail.
Run verlically down the length of natural nail.
Thin, white nail plate and more flexible than normal nails.
May cause infections of the feet and hands.
White spots in the nail.
Split or brittle nails.
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails.
Visible depressions across the width of the nail plate.
Bitten nails.
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Word Search
After identifying the appropriate word from the clues listed below, locate the
word in the following word search puzzle.
Word
Clue
Separation or falling off of a nail plate.
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Deformity or disease of the nail.
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Lifting of the nail plate.
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Severe inflammation of the nail.
lnflammation of the nail matrix.
lngrown nails.
Bacterial inflammation of surrounding tissue of the nail.
Tiny pits or severe roughness.
A fungal infection of the nail plate.
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Technical Term Mnemonics
Mnemonics are aids that can be used to assist your memory. They can be words
or phrase associations, songs, or any other method that willtrigger in your memory
key terms or information contained in a lesson. For example, if you were trying to
remember the three primary areas of haircutting, blunt, graduated, and layered,
you might make up a sentence using the first letter of each type of haircutting. ln
this case, the mnemonic might be Brenda Got Lost. Using this learning tool, try to
develop a mnemonic for each of the following technical terms in the study of the
nail' For example: Onychoptosis is the periodic shedding or falling off of the nail.
within the technicalterm is the word "chop." you might relate the word ,,chop,'to the
chopping off or falling of the nail and remember the meaning of onychoptosis. Give
it a try with the other terms. Don't limit yourself to words. You can draw pictures or
visualize circumstances that will cause you to remember the technical term.
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1. Beau's line
6. Plicatured nail
11. Onycholysis
2. Leukonychia spots
7. Pterygium
12. Onychomadesis
3. Melanonychia
8. Onychosis
13. Psoriasis
4. Onychophagy
9. Onychia
14. Paronychia
5. Onychorrhexis
10. Onychocryptosis
15. Onychomycosis
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Complete the following review of Chapter 24: Nail Diseases and Disorders, by
circling the correct answer to each question.
1. A healthy
a)
c)
nail appears slightly
yellow
blue
b)
d)
pink
purple
are caused by uneven growth of the nails.
2.
a)
c)
b)
d)
furrows
ridges
depressions
pterygium
on the nails are known as leukonychia.
3.
a)
c)
4.
in color.
b)
d)
white spots
white stripes
blue spots
vertical ridges
Bitten nails, a result of an acquired nervous habit, are known as
a)
c)
b)
d)
onychauxis
onychophagy
onychatrophia
pterygium
5. An abnormal condition that occurs when skin is stretched
a)
c)
6.
onychauxis
onychophagy
b)
d)
onychatrophia
pterygium
b)
d)
filing straight across
firm use of metal pusher
Hangnails are treated by
a)
c)
hot oil manicures
avoiding polish use
7. A parasite, which
under some circumstances may cause infections of the
feet and hands, is
a) flagella
c) mold
8.
by the nail plate.
b)
d)
fungi
fungus
Darkening of the fingernails or toenails is technically known as
a)
c)
melanonychia
onychatrophia
b) leukonychia
d) onychauxis
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9.
Onychocryptosis is the technical term for
b) bitten nails
a) split nails
d) ingrown nails
bruised nails
c)
10. A fungal infection of the nail plate is
a)
c)
onychauxis
onychophagy
b)
d)
onychatrophia
onychomycosis
11. An infectious and inflammatory condition of the tissues surrounding the nails
is known as
a) onychia
c) paronychia
b)
d)
12. The technical term for loosening of the
a)
c)
onycholysis
onychomycosis
13. A growth of horny epithelium
a)
c)
onycholysis
onychophyma
hangnail
eggshell nail
nail without shedding or falling off is
b)
d)
onychogryposis
onychophosis
in the nail bed is known as
onychogryposis
onychophosis
b)
d)
74. Acondition in which a blood clot forms
a)
c)
onychomycosis
onychocryPtosis
under the nail plate is known as
b)
d)
bruised nail
plicatured nail
75. A condition which affects the surface of the natural nail plate, causing it to
appear rough and pitted, is known as
b) plicatured nail
a) nail pterygium
d) pincer nails
c) nail psoriasis