Diapositiva 1 - My Laureate - Laureate International Universities

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Diapositiva 1 - My Laureate - Laureate International Universities
INICIOS DE LA HISTORIETA
EN EL PERÚ
Julia Elena Ortiz Elías
Profesora a Tiempo Completo en la
Carrera de Diseño Gráfico
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
UN PRIMER PASO…
LA CARICATURA
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Cuevas de Tassili n’Ajjer (Argelia)
4000 AC.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Leonardo Da VInci
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Personajes de Oliver Twist, Harry
Turrciss
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
John Tenniel, ilustraciones para
Alicia en el país de las Maravillas
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
PROTO HISTORIA: IMÁGENES QUE YA QUERÍAN CONTAR
COSAS
NARRACIÓN Y SECUENCIA
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
CIVILIZACIÓN MOCHE
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• En la cerámica iconográfica Moche la idea
de secuencialidad se presenta alrededor
de las vasijas, en ellas se pintaba una
escena paso a paso, muchas veces
sugiriendo un movimiento gradual, lo cual
también sería una anticipación a la
animación.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• Algunos signos se repiten, lo que nos
sugiere que se trata de historias en torno
a los mismos hechos y personajes, como
diferentes episodios de un cómic.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
GUAMÁN POMA DE AYALA
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala
(1536? -1625)
• Demoró cerca de 30 años en terminar su
obra cumbre “Nueva Crónica y Buen
Gobierno” y un año más para pasarla en
limpio, para enviarla al Rey de España en
1615. Actualmente el manuscrito original
se encuentra en Dinamarca.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• La siguiente es una secuencia de cuatro
escenas donde se relata la captura del
Inca Atahualpa, éste sería uno de los
intentos previos al cómic donde se intenta
otorgar un carácter narrativo a varias
imágenes consecutivas.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Huáscar como prisionero entre los dos generales de
Atahuallpa, Quisquis y Calicuchima.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Guayna Capac, Inca:
"Cay curitacho micunqui?" -- Candia,
Español:
"Este oro comemos."
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• También las imágenes se apoyaron del
texto con intenciones descriptivas para
presentar escenas costumbristas o que
presentaban diferentes aspectos en la
vida y organización colonial peruana.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
CONTEXTO INICIAL:
COSTUMBRISMO
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• Hacia mediados del S. XIX el Perú vivía
sus primeros años como república, esta
etapa de transición es oportuna para que
una corriente sea privilegiada en el
campo de las artes y las letras
(principalmente el periodismo y el teatro),
el Costumbrismo, porque al presentar
diferentes aspectos del ambiente local
contribuía a la consolidación de una
identidad republicana aún incipiente.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
PANCHO FIERRO
(1807 – 1879)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• Dentro del panorama de las artes visuales
destaca la acuarela empírica de Pancho
Fierro, pintor autodidacta que mostraba de
manera pícara y coloquial la vida cotidiana
limeña.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
ILUSTRACIÓN PARA
ARTÍCULOS COSTUMBRISTAS
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• Una de las manifestaciones más
recurrentes del periodismo en este
contexto fue e artículo de costumbres.
Estos iban acompañados de ilustraciones
que enfatizaban su sentido pero que solas
no tenían la capacidad de narrar.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Anónimo, 1880
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
El Leguito Fray José
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Vinagrillo, 1895
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Vinagrillo, 1895
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
PANORAMA INTERNACIONAL
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
La primera
“serie”: Max
y Moritz de
Wilhelm
Busch
(1865)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Famille Fenouillard, George
Colomb (1887)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Yellow Kid, Richard Outcault
(1895)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
… y Buster Brown (1902)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Los chicos Katzenjammer,
Rudolph Dirks (1897)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Happy Hooligan, Burr Opper
(1899)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Tales of the
Jungle Imps,
Winsor Mc
Cay (1902)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
… y Little
Nemo in
Slumberland
(1905)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Los Arriba y Abajo, Verbeek
(1903)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Bécassine, Jean Pierre Pinchon
(1905)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Mutt y Jeff, Harry Conway (Mud)
(1907)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
PUBLICACIONES DE HABLA
HISPANA
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Monos 1904 - 1908
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Joan García Junceda
1881 - 1948
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Joaquín Xaudaro (1872 – 1933)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
El Tony 1928 - 2000
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
EL PERÚ ILUSTRADO
(1887 – 1892)
LA PRIMERA HISTORIETA
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Lasarte, 1887
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Ilustración de Garay y tira de Góngora, 1887
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Zenón Ramirez , 1897
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Gálvez 1887
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Perú Artístico: Aurora San
Cristóval, 1895
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
PUBLICACIONES ANTI
CLERICALES
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
El Leguito Fray José (1893 –
1895)
Avoliur, 1895
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Fray K.Bezon 1907 - 1910
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Polar, 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Polar, 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Chambón, 1908
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Anónimo, 1908
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Anónimo, 1910
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Anónimo, 1910
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Anónimo, 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Garrapato, 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Fray Simplón (1909 – 1910)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Lucifer, 1908
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Anónimo, 1908
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Primer Concurso de Historietas
1912
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
ALCÁNTARA LA TORRE
(1873 – 1978)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
JULIO MÁLAGA Y GRENET
(1886 – 1963)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Atribuido a Málaga Grenet, Revista Actualidades, 1904
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Monos y Monadas
1906 - 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Monos y Monada, 1906
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Monos y Monada, 1906
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Monos y Monada, 1906
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Monos y Monada, 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Málaga y Grenet con Abraham
Valdelomar
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Abraham Valdelomar,
Monos y Monadas 1907
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
PEDRO CHALLE
(1882 – 1959)
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Figuritas, 1912
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Figuritas, 1912
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Figuritas, 1912
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Figuritas, 1912
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Figuritas, 1912
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Historieta de un solo cuadro
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Marcóz Sarrín:
Discípulo de Challe
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Fuentes Consultadas
• ICPNA. La Historieta Peruana. Lima, Perú
2003.
• Rachitoff Infantas, Luis. Historietas de
Ayer y de Hoy. Impreso en los talleres de
gráfica Morsom. Lima, Perú 1981.
• Literatura de la Imagen. Salvat Editores.
Barcelona, España 1973.
• Winsor Mc Cay’s Little Nemo in
Slumberland. Checker Book Publishing
Group – Cammie Ledbetter Editorial.
China
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Fuentes Consultadas
• http://www.slideshare.net/AMERIAVALENCI
ABARCENA/el-costumbrismo-5845245
• http://axisarteiconografiamoche.blogspot.co
m/
• http://www.tebeosfera.com/obras/publicacio
nes/monos_el_liberal_1904.html
• http://www.ifeanet.org/publicaciones/boletine
s/32%281%29/133.pdf
• http://mundocomics2011.blogspot.com/2011
/07/recordando-al-maestro-pedro-challe.html
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
Julia Ortiz Elías
• Artista Plástica Bachiller en la Especialidad de Pintura
de la Facultad de Artes de la Pontificia Universidad
Católica del Perú y Licenciada en Educación en la
Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola.
• Actualmente laboro como profesora a tiempo completo
en la carrera de Diseño Gráfico del Instituto Superior
Tecnológico Cibertec. Artista visual y docente.
Actualmente laboro como profesora a tiempo completo
en la carrera de Diseño Gráfico del Instituto Superior
Tecnológico Cibertec.
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.
• Curadurías: “Homenaje a Alberto Tello Montalvo
(Galería Pancho Fierro, 2008), "Habitual y No Habitual
Mente (ICPNA de Lima, 2009).
• Exposiciones Individuales: “28 de Julia”, (Edith Sachs,
2003), “El Problema del Otro” (Biblioteca España,
Centro Cultural de San Marcos, 2011).
• Proyectos bipersonales: “Julita Muñeca Peruana”
(Centro Cultural España, 2008)
• Contacto:
• [email protected][email protected]
Laureate International Universities is a registered trademark of Laureate Education, Inc.