LV-MaxSonar-EZ Datasheet

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LV-MaxSonar-EZ Datasheet
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
LV-MaxSonar®-EZ™ Series
High Performance Sonar Range Finder
MB1000, MB1010, MB1020, MB1030, MB1040
With 2.5V - 5.5V power the LV-MaxSonar-EZ provides very short to long-range
detection and ranging in a very small package. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ detects
objects from 0-inches to 254-inches (6.45-meters) and provides sonar range
information from 6-inches out to 254-inches with 1-inch resolution. Objects from 0-inches to 6-inches typically
range as 6-inches1. The interface output formats included are pulse width output, analog voltage output, and
RS232 serial output. Factory calibration and testing is completed with a flat object. 1See Close Range Operation
 Learns ringdown pattern when
Features
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commanded to start ranging
Continuously variable gain for
 Designed for protected indoor
control and side lobe suppression
environments
Object detection to zero range objects  Sensor operates at 42KHz
2.5V to 5.5V supply with 2mA
 High output square wave sensor drive
typical current draw
(double Vcc)
Readings can occur up to every
Benefits
50mS, (20-Hz rate)
 Very low cost ultrasonic rangefinder
Free run operation can continually
 Reliable and stable range data
measure and output range
 Quality beam characteristics
information
 Mounting holes provided on the
Triggered operation provides the
circuit board
range reading as desired
Interfaces are active simultaneously  Very low power ranger, excellent for
multiple sensor or battery-based
Serial, 0 to Vcc, 9600 Baud, 81N
systems
Analog, (Vcc/512) / inch
 Fast measurement cycles
Pulse width, (147uS/inch)
 Sensor reports the range reading
directly and frees up user processor
 Choose one of three sensor outputs
 Triggered externally or internally
Applications and Uses
 UAV blimps, micro planes and some

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helicopters
Bin level measurement
Proximity zone detection
People detection
Robot ranging sensor
Autonomous navigation
Multi-sensor arrays
Distance measuring
Long range object detection
Wide beam sensitivity
LV-MaxSonar-EZ Mechanical Dimensions
K
Paint Dot Location
Part NumMB1000 MB1010 MB1020 MB1030 MB1040
ber
Paint
Black
Brown
Red
Orange Yellow
Dot Color
J
Close Range Operation
Applications requiring 100% reading-to-reading reliability should not use MaxSonar sensors at a distance closer than
6 inches. Although most users find MaxSonar sensors to work reliably from 0 to 6 inches for detecting objects in many
applications, MaxBotix® Inc. does not guarantee operational reliability for objects closer than the minimum reported
distance. Because of ultrasonic physics, these sensors are unable to achieve 100% reliability at close distances.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Warning: Personal Safety Applications
We do not recommend or endorse this product be used as a component in any personal safety applications. This product is
not designed, intended or authorized for such use. These sensors and controls do not include the self-checking redundant
circuitry needed for such use. Such unauthorized use may create a failure of the MaxBotix® Inc. product which may result
in personal injury or death. MaxBotix® Inc. will not be held liable for unauthorized use of this component.
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 1
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
About Ultrasonic Sensors
Our ultrasonic sensors are in air, non-contact object detection and ranging sensors that detect objects within an area. These
sensors are not affected by the color or other visual characteristics of the detected object. Ultrasonic sensors use high
frequency sound to detect and localize objects in a variety of environments. Ultrasonic sensors measure the time of flight
for sound that has been transmitted to and reflected back from nearby objects. Based upon the time of flight, the sensor
then outputs a range reading.
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Pin Out Description
Pin 1-BW-*Leave open or hold low for serial output on the TX output. When BW pin is held high the TX output sends a
pulse (instead of serial data), suitable for low noise chaining.
Pin 2-PW- This pin outputs a pulse width representation of range. The distance can be calculated using the scale factor of
147uS per inch.
Pin 3-AN- Outputs analog voltage with a scaling factor of (Vcc/512) per inch. A supply of 5V yields ~9.8mV/in. and
3.3V yields ~6.4mV/in. The output is buffered and corresponds to the most recent range data.
Pin 4-RX– This pin is internally pulled high. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ will continually measure range and output if RX
data is left unconnected or held high. If held low the sensor will stop ranging. Bring high for 20uS or more to
command a range reading.
Pin 5-TX- When the *BW is open or held low, the TX output delivers asynchronous serial with an RS232 format, except
voltages are 0-Vcc. The output is an ASCII capital “R”, followed by three ASCII character digits representing the
range in inches up to a maximum of 255, followed by a carriage return (ASCII 13). The baud rate is 9600, 8 bits, no
parity, with one stop bit. Although the voltage of 0-Vcc is outside the RS232 standard, most RS232 devices have
sufficient margin to read 0-Vcc serial data. If standard voltage level RS232 is desired, invert, and connect an RS232
converter such as a MAX232. When BW pin is held high the TX output sends a single pulse, suitable for low noise
chaining. (no serial data)
Pin 6-+5V- Vcc – Operates on 2.5V - 5.5V. Recommended current capability of 3mA for 5V, and 2mA for 3V.
Pin 7-GND- Return for the DC power supply. GND (& Vcc) must be ripple and noise free for best operation.
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Range “0” Location
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ reports the range to distant targets starting from the front of the sensor as shown in the diagram
below.
Range Zero
The range is measured from the front of the transducer.
In general, the LV-MaxSonar-EZ will report the range to the leading edge of the closest detectable object. Target
detection has been characterized in the sensor beam patterns.
Sensor Minimum Distance
The sensor minimum reported distance is 6-inches (15.2 cm). However, the LV-MaxSonar-EZ will range and report
targets to the front sensor face. Large targets closer than 6-inches will typically range as 6-inches.
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Sensor Operation from 6-inches to 20-inches
Because of acoustic phase effects in the near field, objects between 6-inches and 20-inches may experience acoustic phase
cancellation of the returning waveform resulting in inaccuracies of up to 2-inches. These effects become less prevalent as
the target distance increases, and has not been observed past 20-inches.
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 2
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
General Power-Up Instruction
Each time the LV-MaxSonar-EZ is powered up, it will calibrate during its first read cycle. The sensor uses this stored
information to range a close object. It is important that objects not be close to the sensor during this calibration cycle. The
best sensitivity is obtained when the detection area is clear for fourteen inches, but good results are common when clear
for at least seven inches. If an object is too close during the calibration cycle, the sensor may ignore objects at that
distance.
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ does not use the calibration data to temperature compensate for range, but instead to compensate
for the sensor ringdown pattern. If the temperature, humidity, or applied voltage changes during operation, the sensor may
require recalibration to reacquire the ringdown pattern. Unless recalibrated, if the temperature increases, the sensor is
more likely to have false close readings. If the temperature decreases, the sensor is more likely to have reduced up close
sensitivity. To recalibrate the LV-MaxSonar-EZ, cycle power, then command a read cycle.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Timing Diagram
Timing Description
250mS after power-up, the LV-MaxSonar-EZ is ready to accept the RX command. If the RX pin is left open or held high,
the sensor will first run a calibration cycle (49mS), and then it will take a range reading (49mS). After the power up delay,
the first reading will take an additional ~100mS. Subsequent readings will take 49mS. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ checks the
RX pin at the end of every cycle. Range data can be acquired once every 49mS.
Each 49mS period starts by the RX being high or open, after which the LV-MaxSonar-EZ sends the transmit burst, after
which the pulse width pin (PW) is set high. When a target is detected the PW pin is pulled low. The PW pin is high for up
to 37.5mS if no target is detected. The remainder of the 49mS time (less 4.7mS) is spent adjusting the analog voltage to
the correct level. When a long distance is measured immediately after a short distance reading, the analog voltage may not
reach the exact level within one read cycle. During the last 4.7mS, the serial data is sent.
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ timing is factory calibrated to one percent at five volts, and in use is better than two percent. In
addition, operation at 3.3V typically causes the objects range, to be reported, one to two percent further than actual.
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 3
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
Using Multiple Sensors in a single system
When using multiple ultrasonic sensors in a single system, there can be interference (cross-talk) from the other sensors.
MaxBotix Inc., has engineered and supplied a solution to this problem for the LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensors. The solution is
referred to as chaining. We have 3 methods of chaining that work well to avoid the issue of cross-talk.
The first method is AN Output Commanded Loop. The first sensor will range, then trigger the next sensor to range and so
on for all the sensor in the array. Once the last sensor has ranged, the array stops until the first sensor is triggered to range
again. Below is a diagram on how to set this up.
The next method is AN Output Constantly Looping. The first sensor will range, then trigger the next sensor to range and
so on for all the sensor in the array. Once the last sensor has ranged, it will trigger the first sensor in the array to range
again and will continue this loop indefinitely. Below is a diagram on how to set this up.
The final method is AN Output Simultaneous Operation. This method does not work in all applications and is sensitive to
how the other sensors in the array are positioned in comparison to each other. Testing is recommend to verify this method
will work for your application. All the sensors RX pins are conned together and triggered at the same time causing all the
sensor to take a range reading at the same time. Once the range reading is complete, the sensors stop ranging until
triggered next time. Below is a diagram on how to set this up.
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 4
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
Independent Sensor Operation
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensors have the capability to operate independently when the user desires. When using the
LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensors in single or independent sensor operation, it is easiest to allow the sensor to free-run. Free-run
is the default mode of operation for all of the MaxBotix Inc., sensors. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensors have three separate
outputs that update the range data simultaneously: Analog Voltage, Pulse Width, and RS232 Serial. Below are diagrams
on how to connect the sensor for each of the three outputs when operating in a single or independent sensor operating
environment.
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Selecting an LV-MaxSonar-EZ
Different applications require different sensors. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ product line offers varied sensitivity to allow you
to select the best sensor to meet your needs.
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ Sensors At a Glance
People Detection
Wide Beam
High Sensitivity
MB1000
Large Targets
Narrow Beam
Noise Tolerance
Best Balance
MB1010
MB1020
MB1030
MB1040
The diagram above shows how each product balances sensitivity and noise tolerance. This does not effect the maximum
range, pin outputs, or other operations of the sensor. To view how each sensor will function to different sized targets
reference the LV-MaxSonar-EZ Beam Patterns.
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Background Information Regarding our Beam Patterns
Each LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensor has a calibrated beam pattern. Each sensor is matched to provide the
approximate detection pattern shown in this datasheet. This allows end users to select the part
number that matches their given sensing application. Each part number has a consistent field of
detection so additional units of the same part number will have similar beam patterns. The beam
plots are provided to help identify an estimated detection zone for an application based on the
acoustic properties of a target versus the plotted beam patterns.
People Sensing:
For users that
desire to detect
people, the
detection area to
the 1-inch
diameter dowel, in
Each beam pattern is a 2D representation of the detection area of the sensor. The beam pattern is
actually shaped like a 3D cone (having the same detection pattern both vertically and horizontally). general, represents
the area that the
Detection patterns for dowels are used to show the beam pattern of each sensor. Dowels are long
cylindered targets of a given diameter. The dowels provide consistent target detection characteristics sensor will
for a given size target which allows easy comparison of one MaxSonar sensor to another MaxSonar reliably detect
people.
sensor.
For each part number, the four patterns (A, B, C, and D) represent the detection zone for a given target size. Each beam
pattern shown is determined by the sensor’s part number and target size.
The actual beam angle changes over the full range. Use the beam pattern for a specific target at any given distance to
calculate the beam angle for that target at the specific distance. Generally, smaller targets are detected over a narrower
beam angle and a shorter distance. Larger targets are detected over a wider beam angle and a longer range.
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 5
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
MB1000 LV-MaxSonar-EZ0
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ0 is the highest sensitivity and widest beam sensor of the LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensor series. The
wide beam makes this sensor ideal for a variety of applications including people detection, autonomous navigation, and
wide beam applications.
MB1000 Features and
Benefits
 Widest and most sensitive beam
pattern in LV-MaxSonar-EZ line
 Low power consumption
 Easy to use interface
 Will pick up the most noise clutter
when compared to other sensors in
the LV-MaxSonar-EZ line
 Detects smaller objects
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
 Best sensor to detect soft object in
LV-MaxSonar-EZ line
 Requires use of less sensors to
cover a given area
 Can be powered by many different
types of power sources
MB1000 Applications and
Uses
 Great for people detection
 Security
 Motion detection
 Can detect people up to
 Used with battery power
approximately 10 feet
 Autonomous navigation
 Educational and hobby robotics
 Collision avoidance
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 6
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
MB1010 LV-MaxSonar-EZ1
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ1 is the original MaxSonar product. This is our most popular indoor ultrasonic sensor and is a
great low-cost general-purpose sensor for a customer not sure of which LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensor to use.
MB1010 Features and
Benefits
 Most popular ultrasonic sensor
 Low power consumption
 Easy to use interface
 Can detect people to 8 feet
 Great balance between sensitivity
and object rejection
 Can be powered by many different
types of power sources
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MB1010 Applications and
Uses
 Great for people detection
 Security
 Motion detection
 Used with battery power
 Autonomous navigation
 Educational and hobby robotics
 Collision avoidance
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 7
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
MB1020 LV-MaxSonar-EZ2
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ2 is a good compromise between sensitivity and side object rejection. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ2 is an
excellent choice for applications that require slightly less side object detection and sensitivity than the MB1010
LV-MaxSonar-EZ1.
MB1020 Features and
Benefits
 Great for applications where the
MB1010 is too sensitive.
 Excellent side object rejection
 Can be powered by many different
types of power sources
 Can detect people up to
MB1020 Applications and
Uses
 Landing flying objects
 Used with battery power
 Autonomous navigation
 Educational and hobby robotics
 Large object detection
approximately 6 feet
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 8
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
MB1030 LV-MaxSonar-EZ3
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ3 is a narrow beam sensor with good side object rejection. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ3 has slightly
wider beam width than theMB1040 LV-MaxSonar-EZ4 which makes it a good choice for when the LV-MaxSonar-EZ4
does not have enough sensitivity for the application.
MB1030 Features and
Benefits
 Can detect people up to
approximately 5 feet
MB1030 Applications and
Uses
 Excellent side object rejection
 Landing flying objects
 Low power consumption
 Used with battery power
 Easy to use interface
 Autonomous navigation
 Great for when MB1040 is not
 Educational and hobby robotics
sensitive enough
 Large object detection
 Can be powered by many different
types of power sources
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 9
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
MB1040 LV-MaxSonar-EZ4
The LV-MaxSonar-EZ4 is the narrowest beam width sensor that is also the least sensitive to side objects offered in
the LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensor line. The LV-MaxSonar-EZ4 is an excellent choice when only larger objects need to be
detected.
MB1040 Features and
Benefits
MB1040 Applications and
Uses
 Best side object rejection in the
 Landing flying objects
LV-MaxSonar-EZ sensor line
 Used with battery power
 Low power consumption
 Autonomous navigation
 Easy to use interface
 Educational and hobby robotics
 Best for large object detection
 Collision avoidance
 Can be powered by many different
types of power sources
 Can detect people up to
approximately 4 feet
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 10
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c
LV-MaxSonar® - EZ™ Series
Have the right sensor for your application?
Select from this product list for Protected and Non-Protected Environments.
Protected Environments
1 mm Resolution
HRLV-MaxSonar-EZ
1 cm Resolution
XL-MaxSonar-EZ
XL-MaxSonar-AE
XL-MaxSonar-EZL
XL-MaxSonar-AEL
1 in Resolution
LV-MaxSonar-EZ
LV-ProxSonar-EZ
1 mm Resolution
HRUSB-MaxSonar-EZ
1 in Resolution
USB-ProxSonar-EZ
Non-Protected Environments
1 mm Resolution
1 mm Resolution
HRXL-MaxSonar-WR
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRS
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRT
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRM
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRMT
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRL
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRLT
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRLS
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRLST
SCXL-MaxSonar-WR
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRS
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRT
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRM
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRMT
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRL
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRLT
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRLS
SCXL-MaxSonar-WRLST
4-20HR-MaxSonar-WR
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRC
HRXL-MaxSonar-WRCT
1 cm Resolution
UCXL-MaxSonar-WR
UCXL-MaxSonar-WRC
I2C-UCXL-MaxSonar-WR
1 cm Resolution
XL-MaxSonar-WRC
XL-MaxSonar-WRCA
I2CXL-MaxSonar-WRC
1 cm Resolution
Accessories — More information is online.
MB7954 — Shielded Cable
The MaxSonar Connection Wire is used to reduce
interference caused by electrical noise on the lines.
This cable is a great solution to use when running the
sensors at a long distance or in an area with a lot of
EMI and electrical noise.
XL-MaxSonar-WR
XL-MaxSonar-WRL
XL-MaxSonar-WRA
XL-MaxSonar-WRLA
I2CXL-MaxSonar-WR
F-Option. Available for WR models except UCXL.
For additional protection when necessary in
hazardous chemical environments.
MB7950 — XL-MaxSonar-WR Mounting Hardware
The MB7950 Mounting Hardware is selected for use with our outdoor ultrasonic sensors. The mounting hardware includes
a steel lock nut and two O-ring (Buna-N and Neoprene) each optimal for different applications.
MB7955 / MB7956 / MB7957 / MB7958 / MB7972 — HR-MaxTemp
The HR-MaxTemp is an optional accessory for the HR-MaxSonar. The HR-MaxTemp connects to the HR-MaxSonar
for automatic temperature compensation without self heating.
MB7961 — Power Supply Filter
The power supply filter is recommended for applications with unclean power or electrical noise.
MB7962 / MB7963 / MB7964 / MB7965 — Micro-B USB Connection Cable
The MB7962, MB7963, MB7964 and MB7965 Micro-B USB cables are USB 2.0 compliant and backwards compatible
with USB 1.0 standards. Varying lengths.
MB7973 — CE Lightning/Surge Protector
The MB7973 adds protection required to meet the Lightning/Surge IEC61000-4-5 specification.
Product / specifications subject to change without notice. The names MaxBotix®, MaxSonar®, EZ, EZ0, EZ1, EZ2, EZ3, EZ4, HR, AE0, AE1, AE2, AE3, AE4, WR1, and WRC1 are trademarks of MaxBotix Inc.
MaxBotix® Inc.
Copyright 2005 - 2015 MaxBotix Incorporated
Patent 7,679,996
MaxBotix Inc., products are engineered and assembled in the USA.
Page 11
Web: www.maxbotix.com
PD11832c

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