File - Focused Learning Solutions

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File - Focused Learning Solutions
Building Blocks Model By: Dorothy P. Hall, Elaine Williams and Patricia M. Cunningham Literacy Challenges l  Notion of prerequisite skills l  Colors and shapes before books/letters l  Certain level of cognitive ability l  Testing not teaching l  Require mastery of isolated skills – repetition to boredom l  Lack of or decreased expectations Expectations l  Expectations = Access to literacy materials l  Opportunities to participate in reading and writing activities that are engaging, motivating and providing repetition with variety l  Literacy instruction incorporating research-­‐
driven best practices 1
Why Literacy? l  Means of building communication l  Provides access to understanding of language l  Can help the child make sense of the world l  Evens the playing field in the classroom l  Can provide healthy leisure activities l  Can allow an individual more complete communication through writing their own ideas Why Emergent Literacy? l  Need a place to begin that fits developmentally l  Predictable stories provide repetition to build automaticity l  Provides a proven avenue for the introduction of augmentative communication l  Is often in line with the child’s interests to begin with l  Provides essential foundation for later literacy acquisition What Are the Building Blocks? 2
Block #1 *Learn that reading is enjoyable and informative *Develop a desire to learn to read and write I can request favorites! •  Typical kiddos request same book 200 times •  Repetition builds confidence in predicting, inferring •  Repetition builds child’s ability to “memorize” read •  Start with child’s interest and move out from there •  Read their subtle cues that indicate interest or preference Repeated Readings Key! •  Child learns to predict what is next •  Child becomes more “conversational” about the story •  Child gets familiar with augmentative overlays •  Child learns the vocabulary associated with the story •  Allows for the building of concepts •  Repetition builds confidence as a “reader” 3
Pictures & Props •  Point out simple text -­‐ don’t just read pictures •  Support concepts and vocabulary with visuals •  Help build receptive language for children pointing to symbols as we speak (picture aided language stimulation •  Physical manipulation of props =engagement Adapted Playbook – EIEIO!
iPad App – incorporates scanning so helpful to teach scanning with
a switch or partner-assisted scanning
FREE SUBSCRIPTION FOR EVERYONE: SUBJECT: SUSAN TRIAL get 3 extra months This is a website where you create your own switch or touch sensi1ve apps! P.King-DeBaun,2011
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Add a talker to give voice to the communication
For Older Emergent Kiddos:
BOYS TOO!!!!
www.myownbooks2go.com
Block #2 *Learn many new concepts *Add words and meaning to their speaking vocabulary Visuals for Learning •  Contain high interest support concepts and vocabulary with visuals •  Allow for comments & high impact verbalizations •  Colored coded according to “Goosins & Crain” •  Layer in the concepts/vocabulary for grids •  Keep layouts similar-­‐supports limited motor planning •  Utilize “Big Mack” type switches for repeating line vocabulary •  * 5
Conceptual Learning •  Literacy allows for learning within a context •  Utilize books to teach specific concepts •  Utilize the computer to teach specific concepts •  Concepts can be layered in to insure mastery •  Move from floor-­‐time play to literacy and back again •  Develop concepts to support the books Build Concepts Interactively Block #3 l Learn Print Concepts l How to read from left to right l Read from top to bottom l Track print across the line l Sweep back to the left side 6
Options For Tracking Print l  Books with enlarged print to point out – wait for eyes l  Books on ipad or computer that highlight the text l  Write in front of your kiddo l  Watch for the recognition of environmental print l  Turn books upside down, backwards l  Emphasize looking at page on left then right Block #4 *Develop phonemic awareness -­‐ it is the oral before the written (phonics) *Develop the concept of rhyme From Early Literacy Pack – Becca’s Bubbles (Mayer Johnson -­‐ $4.99) 7
Clicker -­‐ Foundations for Reading I can make rhyming words Say the Sounds in Your Head
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ABC GoBots In Classroom Suite Block #5 *Children learn to read and write some words that are interesting to them! TechnologyJ Starfall.com Classroom Suite 9
Just Two Hands l Light tech l No excuses l Still Meaningful l Make it fun l Important Work l Not just cookie or juice!! Classroom Suite Writing PAS
Play with ABC + PAS
For Writing
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Invented Spelling
l  Using partner-­‐assisted scanning/eye gaze to alphabet flipbook; minimizes motor demands l  Can see the benefits a girl is getting from Word Study l  Developmental Spelling Assessment -­‐ Monster – monser l  Spelling words – younger girl – bg for bag; hg for hug; bok for book Adapted Book Books on Computer 11
Block #6 *Children learn some letter names and sounds associated with interesting words they’ve learned – Create the earprint! ABC Books iPad Alphabet-based apps
Interactive Alphabet - upper, lower, and mixed case; says
the letter sounds
Cost: $2.99
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Storybots Website and Apps
http://www.storybots.com
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You can help me write! Letter School Touch & Write 13

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