New record and geographic distribution of Hylodes phyllodes Heyer



New record and geographic distribution of Hylodes phyllodes Heyer
Herpetology Notes, volume 6: 387-389 (2013) (published online on 23 September 2013)
New record and geographic distribution of Hylodes phyllodes
Heyer and Cocroft, 1986 (Anura: Hylodidae)
davor vrcibradic1*, Mauricio almeida-gomes2, mara cíntia kiefer3, monique van Sluys2
and Carlos Frederico D. Rocha2
The genus Hylodes Fitzinger, 1826 (Hylodidae),
comprising small, diurnal rheophilic frogs, is endemic to
eastern Brazil and associated to the Atlantic Forest biome
(including areas of Atlantic Forest-Cerrado ecotones)
(Laia and Rocha 2012). Most of the known species in
this genus occur within an area that encompasses the
southeastern portion of São Paulo State, southern Minas
Gerais State and the western half of Rio de Janeiro
State (see Laia and Rocha 2012). One of those species
is Hylodes phyllodes Heyer & Cocroft, 1986, originally
described from the Estação Biológica de Boracéia,
municipality of Salesópolis, São Paulo State (Heyer and
Cocroft, 1986). Subsequent records have extended its
distribution both to the east and to the west, including
some continental islands (Hartmann, Hartmann, and
Haddad, 2006; Canedo and Pombal 2007; Carvalhoe-Silva et al. 2008; Condez, Sawaya and Dixo, 2009;
Cicchi et al. 2009; Gründler et al., 2012). One insular
record reported by Rocha et al. (1997), however, was
based on a population that was later described as a
distinct species (Hylodes fredi) by Canedo and Pombal
(2007). Herein, we provide a new locality record for this
species, expanding its known distribution.
The Santuário de Vida Silvestre da Serra da Concórdia
(22° 22’ 18” S, 43° 47’ 23” W) is a private reserve situated
in the municipalities of Barra do Piraí and Valença, in
1 - Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Estado
do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Pasteur 458, 22240-290, Rio de
Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2 - Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio
de Janeiro, Rua São Francisco Xavier 524, 20550-011, Rio
de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
3 - Departamento de Biologia Geral, Instituto de Biologia,
Universidade Federal Fluminense. Caixa Postal 100436,
Centro, 24020-971, Niterói, RJ, Brazil
* Corresponding author; e-mail: [email protected]
the State of Rio de Janeiro. During a herpetological
inventory carried out in that area we collected five
individuals of H. phyllodes (Fig. 1) between 12 and 14
April 2005 (under collection permit 055/2005 issued
by RAN/IBAMA). The specimens (three adult males,
one subadult male, one adult female), were all found
perched on rocks in lotic forest streams at 650-750 m
elevation. They are currently deposited at the amphibian
collection of Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ
The present report represents the easternmost and
northernmost record for H. phyllodes, extending its
distribution about 75 km to the northeast of the previous
easternmost locality reported for the species (Reserva
Rio das Pedras, Mangaratiba; Carvalho-e-Silva et al.
2008) (Fig. 2). Together with the record from the Parque
Estadual do Jurupará, in São Paulo State (Condez,
Sawaya and Dixo, 2009), it also represents the most
inland record for the species, at ca. 60 km from the
coast. Furthermore, as can be seen in Fig. 2, all previous
records of H. phyllodes came from sites located at the
Figure 1. �����������
Live adult Hylodes phyllodes from the Serra da
Concórdia, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Photo: Robert
davor vrcibradic� et al.
Figure 2. Distribution
map of Hylodes phyllodes with records from the literature (blue circles) and our new record (red triangle);
the darkest-colored portions of the map represent elevations between 2000 and 3000 m. State of São Paulo (SP): 1 – Parque
Estadual do Jurupará; 2 – Cubatão; 3 – Serra de Paranapiacaba; 4 – Estação Biológica de Boracéia (type locality); 5 – São
Sebastião island (Ilhabela); 6 – Búzios island; 7 – Ubatuba; 8 – Anchieta island; 9 – Santa Virgínia; 10 – Picinguaba; State of Rio
de Janeiro (RJ): 11 – Parati; 12 – Angra dos Reis; 13 – Reserva Rio das Pedras, Mangaratiba; 14 – Serra da Concórdia.
seaward-facing slopes of the Serra do Mar mountain
range, with the present record being the first from a site
located at its inland slopes.
Acknowledgments. We thank Roberto Lamego, director of the
Grupo de Proteção Ambiental da Serra da Concórdia, who gave
permission and logistic support for us to work at the Serra da
Concórdia. Fieldwork at the area was supported by the Critical
Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) and by the Aliança para
Conservação da Mata Atlântica (Conservation International
- Brazil and SOS Mata Atlântica). The
Conselho Nacional de
Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) provided
grants to MCK (150353/2003-0), to CFDR (307653/2003-0
and 477981/2003-8), and to MVS (301401/2004-7), and the
Comissão de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior
(CAPES) granted a graduate fellowship to MAG. We
also thank
Clarissa Canedo (MNRJ/UFRJ) for identifying the frogs and for
reviewing the manuscript, Délio Baêta for giving some helpful
suggestions to improve the text, and Igor Rios do Rosário for
making the map.
Canedo, C., Pombal Jr., J.P. (2007): Two new species of torrent frog
of the genus Hylodes (Anura, Hylodidae) with nuptial thumb
tubercles. ��������������
Herpetologica 63:224–235.
Carvalho-e-Silva, A.M.T., Silva, G.R., Carvalho-e-Silva, S.P.
(2008): Anuros da Reserva Rio das Pedras, Mangaratiba, RJ,
Brasil. Biota Neotropica 8:199-209.
Cicchi, P.J.P., Serafim, H, de Sena, M.A., Centeno, F.C., Jim, J.
(2009): Herpetofauna em uma área de Floresta Atlântica na
Ilha Anchieta, município de Ubatuba, sudeste do Brasil. Biota
Neotropica 9:201-212.
New record and geographic distribution of Hylodes phyllodes
Condez, T.H., Sawaya, R.J., Dixo, M. (2009): Herpetofauna dos
remanescentes de Mata Atlântica da região de Tapiraí e Piedade,
SP, sudeste do Brasil. Biota Neotropica 9:157-185.
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between breeding habitat and elevation affects prevalence but
not infection intensity of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in
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species of Hylodes from the Atlantic forest of Brazil (Amphibia:
Leptodactylidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of
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Accepted by Mirco Sole