A Royal Malaysia Police Experience

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A Royal Malaysia Police Experience
PROGRAMME’S DETAIL
Presentation Date : 14 July 2006
Presentation Time : 11.30 am – 12.00 pm
Duration
: 30 minutes
Session
: 02
Paper No : 13
BIODATA
Name
:
DR. CHAI KHIN CHUNG
Designation
Organisation
:
:
Supt. System Operations (Technical), C4I Project Team
Royal Malaysia Police Headquarters, Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur
ACADEMIC AND PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATION :
•
•
•
•
Doctor of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Master of Science in Engineering Business Management, University of Warwick, UK
Post Graduate Diploma in Engineering Business Management, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Executive Diploma in Project Management, University of Cambridge, UK
PROFESION EXPERIENCE :
•
•
•
Administrative Clerk, Dragon Secondary School Sarawak
- 2nd Jan 1975 – 31st Jan 1976
Technical Assistant Grade II, Telecom Department Malaysia
- 1st Feb 1976 – 31st Jan 1978 (Training)
- 1st Feb 1978 – 16th Nov 1979 (served in Telecom Radio workshop Kuching, Sarawak)
Senior Police Officer, Royal Malaysia Police
- Inspector (17th Nov 1979)
- Assistant Superintendent (1st June 1992)
- Deputy Superintendent (1st Dec., 1999)
- Superintendent ( 2nd March, 2004)
OTHER EXPERIENCE :
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Radio Technician Certificate by City & Guilds London Institute – UK (self study 1976 – 1978)
Radio Design Research – AOTS, Japan (1989 / 1990)
Secured Communications – Motorola, USA (1994)
Association Member, Institute of Engineering and Technician, UK (1982)
Member, Malaysia Institute of Purchasing and Material Management (1997)
Regular guest lecturer for UTM Diploma and Master programmes in supply chain
management (Since 2003)
Regular seminar speaker in information management at PDRM training institutes and the
Health Department and international conferences (Since 2001)
Regular seminar speaker for strategic government purchasing in the Home Security Ministry
(Since 2000)
Conduct research study in purchasing practices in the Malaysian Telecommunications
industry (2004/2005)
PRESENTATION BRIEF
TITLE
:
GIS Application in Emergency Response and Combating Crime:
A Royal Malaysia Police Experience
The Royal Malaysia Police (RMP) being the main law enforcing agency in this country has
played its role well over the past 200 years. The fact that we can perform our daily routines and
allow its citizens and guests to move around freely is a clear testimony of operational effectiveness
of RMP.
In consonant with technological advancement and due to the complexities of Malaysian
society, RMP embarked on modernising its information management capability to achieve
superiority over its adversaries. One of our efforts is to utilise Geographic Information System (GIS)
strategically to improve our response time and information integrity towards enhancing
operational effectiveness.
Towards this end, RMP has employed GIS in its Command and Control, Communications
and Computer Integration (C4i) pilot project in the Klang Valley. The C4i project has incorporated
extensive use of GIS in resource management, especially in locating its Mobile Patrol Vehicles
(MPV) in the Automated Vehicle Location System (AVLS) sub-system. With this GIS, RMP
commanding officers can plan, monitor and revisit MPV patrol routes. GIS is also designed to
locate all 999 callers’ positions with dual objectives, namely, crank call management and
proactive emergency management. While pending implementation of the 999 Public Emergency
System (PERS 999) module of our C4i project, RAKANCOP plays a very prominent role in bringing
down crime rate in Kuala Lumpur city. Our home grown RAKANCOP has emerged as an important
interfacing medium between RMP and the public as it has broadened RMP data collection base.
This serves well in bridging the police/public communications gap and enhances the C4i
operational effectiveness significantly. GIS is also found to be helpful in crisis, disaster and event
management. With digital terrain modelling maps and satellite images, we can visualise, organise
and manage any search and rescue operation more objectively and effectively. With GIS, real
time monitoring of VIP entourages or special movements of people and goods for better security
coverage is made possible. GIS usage has taken RMP to a new height in modernising its operation
and we shall continue to exploit this technology even further when we expand the C4i project
national wide in the near future.
Geographic Information System
Application in Emergency Response and Combating Crime:
A Royal Malaysia Police Experience
Supt. Dr Chai Khin Chung
Royal Malaysia Police
14th July 2006
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
CONTENT
• Introduction
• GIS application in RMP
• Successes
• Lessons learnt
• Conclusion
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
GIS IN C4i PILOT PROJECT
•
GIS links PERS-999, MDCS, AVLS, RAKANCOP, CCTV and
inter and intra legacy databases operation,
•
The usage and value of GIS should not be viewed in isolation, it
plays an interfacing and synergizing role all information systems
(inter and intra agencies) involved in police operations.
•
GIS is used in crime mapping (near real time),
•
GIS is used in event panning and executing,
•
GIS allows investigator to revisit incident (audit trail),
•
GIS enables better situation awareness for decision-making,
•
GIS for visualization and situation awareness for effective
decision-making,
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
GIS for Visualization and Situation Awareness
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
ROLE OF GIS IN COMBATING CRIME
03-21159999 or
SMS 32728
C
Crime
Public report crime
GIS used in Police Response
Police units respond
Air Wing
MPV
Lain-lain unit
Traffic
• GIS enhances
planning, deployment
and monitoring of
police actions
• VHF radio contacts all
responding units
• Solicit help from Radio
Station and registered
RAKANCOP members
Apprehend
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
GIS Application
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
ROLE
-TIER POLICE
ROLEOF
OFGIS
GISIN
INMULTI
MULTI-TIER
POLICEOPERATION
OPERATION
IN
INPOLICE
POLICEKUALA
KUALALUMPUR
LUMPUR
GIS, an elements of project C4i, provides visualization and
situation awareness of incident to enhance decision-making
MCC
Monitor
Co-ordination
Monitor
Co-ordination
Reporting
Reporting
CCC
CCC
KL
(Other RMP
Contingents)
RESPONDING
UNITS
Monitor
Deployment
C0-ordination
Coordinated response
RAKANCOP
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
DCC
CCTV
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Crime Mapping Technology
Map
Map Data
Data
Demographic
Demographic Data
Data
Mapping
Mapping
Tools
Tools
Your
Your Data
Data
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Data Manipulation
• Crime Analysis
– Pin Maps, Emerging Areas
(Hot Spots), Prediction
Computer
Aided
Dispatch 999
• Planning
– Resource Deployment,
Crime Prevention, Disaster
& Special Event
Management
Crime
Analysis
• Public Information
Criminal
And Operational
Records
Royal Malaysia
Police Control
Centre (MCC,
CCC OR DCC)
Public
Information
e.g. 999 calls,
RAKANCOP,
CCTV, etc.
Planning
– RAKAN COPS, CCTV,
Community Policing, MPV,
Beat Patrol, Neighbouring
Jurisdictions
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Crime Analysis
Provide intelligence to
apprehend perpetrators
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Map existing databases
Study relevant demography
Recall deployment history
See “Hot Spots” of activity
Analyze proximity
Predict emerging areas
Plan and execute crime
prevention plans
• Plan MPV patrol routes
• Revisit historical data for
investigation and training
• Synergize and create new
data
Computer
Aided
Dispatch 999
Crime
Analysis
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Criminal
And Operational
Records
Royal Malaysia
Police Control
Centre (MCC,
CCC OR DCC)
Public
Information
e.g. 999 calls,
RAKANCOP,
CCTV, etc.
Planning
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
GIS Helps in Operation
Planning
Resource Deployment Strategy
GIS usage gains new mileage in
Police Operation – enable massing of
policing efforts not massing of
policemen (do more with less!)
• Proactive and effective resource
deployment
• Special events coverage
• Effective search & rescue
• Effective tactical operations
• Rapid emergency evacuations
• Successful crime prevention
campaigns
Computer
Aided
Dispatch 999
Crime
Analysis
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Criminal
And Operational
Records
Royal Malaysia
Police Control
Centre (MCC,
CCC OR DCC)
Public
Information
e.g. 999 calls,
RAKANCOP,
CCTV, etc.
Planning
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Automated Vehicle Location System (AVLS)
• AVLS and GIS combine provide a smooth and
consistent GIS interface for the CAD data.
• Automatic display and track Mobile resources.
AVLS and GIS to aid in the decision-making
• A
processes by identifying the best vehicle (s) to deploy.
• GIS is used in crime pattern analysis, major event
planning, disaster response deployment and crisis
management. GIS data is achieved for
investigation.
• Use RMP dedicated UHF data radio for data
transmission.
• GPS signals Reporting Rate: Configurable;
predetermined or Over-the-air-reprogramming
(OTAR)
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Location Based GIS Application
• To locate emergency callers
• To plan and execute search and rescue operations
• To monitor operation deployment and movement
• To enhance safety of workers
• To provide data for audit trail
• Synergize information for operation
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Location Based GIS Application
• Crime pattern analysis and forecasting, hot spots & etc.
• Proactive policing – web based and participation by public
• Multi agencies sharing GIS data for a common course
• Effectively collate and manage information in a database
environment that uses a map interface to make data easier to
manipulate, analyze and interpret
• Decision makers at all levels can access the right
information at the right times, wire and wireless
• Use location to make informed, insightful decisions and
improve public services
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Crime Analysis - Hot Spots
PRS, RAKAN COPS
and C4i (999) data
can be used to
generate Hot Spots
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Vertical Mapper can display shaded elevation data. It can also render it for a 3D perspective. Having
a view like this can help plan for more efficient search & rescue as well as plan for safer evacuations.
For tactical operations, line-of-sight and view sheds can be generated to check “can you see me”
scenarios.
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Satellite Image of KLCC
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Satellite Image of Dataran Merdeka
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
TEMPOH
SEMAKAN
REKOD
JENAYAH
SEMAKAN
JPJ
SEMAKAN
KENDERAAN
HILANG
SEMAKAN
SAMAN
JUMLAH
2005
779
702,478
22,427
48,817
774,501
2006
(HINGGA 11 JUN)
782
420,701
17,312
35,000
473,795
JUMLAH
1,561
1,123,179
39,739
83,817
1,248,296
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,

 The
The CCTV
CCTV will
will be
be frequently
frequently observed
observed by
by CCC
CCC KL
KL at
at all
all times
times

 To
To date,
date, 14
14 CCTVs
CCTVs (DBKL
(DBKL [9],
[9], MCA
MCA sponsored
sponsored [5])
[5])
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
GIS Works Together CCTV
TEMPOH KAJIAN
PEMERIKSAAN
JUMLAH
2005
2006
(HINGGA 11 JUN)
JPJ
23,318
19,669
42,987
KOMPOL
24,554
30,503
55,057
JUMLAH
47,872
50,172
98,044
NOMBOR PENDAFTARAN PALSU
22
3
25
KENDERAAN CURI
16
4
20
TANGKAPAN
52
13
65
SIASATAN
2
0
2
SAMAN
1
40
41
JUMPA SEMULA
4
2
6
JUMLAH
97
62
159
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
TEMPOH
HOTLINE
SMS
JUMLAH
2004
(MULAI 9 AUGUST)
702
2,435
3,137
2005
7,153
20,874
28,027
2006
(HINGGA 12 JUN)
14,419
23,131
37,550
JUMLAH
22,274
46,440
68,714
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
JENAYAH INDEKS
2003 / 2004
JENAYAH KEKERASAN
2003
2004
%
BUNUH
58
54
-6.9%
CUBA BUNUH
8
8
0.0%
SAMUN BERKAWAN BERSENJATAPI
8
3
-62.5%
SAMUN BERKAWAN T/SENJATAPI
411
226
-45.0%
SAMUN BERSENJATAPI
93
48
-48.4%
3,228
2,728
-15.5%
ROGOL
72
104
44.4%
MENDATANGKAN CEDERA (SEK 324-326)
491
385
-21.6%
4,369
3,556
-18.6%
2003
2004
%
784
720
-8.2%
1,650
1,472
-10.8%
914
837
-8.4%
CURI MOTOKAR
2,217
1,991
-10.2%
CURI MOTOSIKAL / SKUTER
6,553
6,284
-4.1%
RAGUT
4,262
2,819
-33.9%
LAIN-LAIN CURI
3,822
3,562
-6.8%
JUMLAH
20,202
17,685
-12.5%
JUMLAH BESAR
24,571
21,241
-13.6%
SAMUN TANPA SENJATAPI
JUMLAH
JENAYAH HARTA BENDA
PECAH RUMAH DAN CURI SIANG HARI
PECAH RUMAH DAN CURI MALAM HARI
CURI MOTOLORI / VAN
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
JENAYAH INDEKS
2004 / 2005
JENAYAH KEKERASAN
2004
2005
%
BUNUH
54
47
-13.0%
CUBA BUNUH
8
5
-37.5%
SAMUN BERKAWAN BERSENJATAPI
3
2
-33.3%
SAMUN BERKAWAN TANPA SENJATAPI
226
309
36.7%
SAMUN BERSENJATAPI
48
26
-45.8%
2,728
2,545
-6.7%
ROGOL
104
111
6.7%
MENDATANGKAN CEDERA (SEK 324-326)
385
412
7.0%
3,556
3,457
-2.8%
2004
2005
%
720
624
-13.3%
1,472
1,220
-17.1%
837
969
15.8%
CURI MOTOKAR
1,991
2,199
10.4%
CURI MOTOSIKAL / SKUTER
6,284
5,840
-7.1%
RAGUT
2,819
1,737
-38.4%
LAIN-LAIN CURI
3,562
3,649
2.4%
JUMLAH
17,685
16,238
-8.2%
JUMLAH BESAR
21,241
19,695
-7.3%
SAMUN TANPA SENJATAPI
JUMLAH
JENAYAH HARTA BENDA
PECAH RUMAH DAN CURI SIANG HARI
PECAH RUMAH DAN CURI MALAM HARI
CURI MOTOLORI / VAN
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Early Achievement
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Effective Emergency
Communications (NST dated 18.8.05)
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
(NST dated 18.8.05)
e
Simple and effective,
even a Grandmother
can do it!
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Successes
Crime Index in Kuala Lumpur
2003 → 2006
Total No. of Case
3000
2500
2000
2003
2004
2005
2006
1500
1000
500
0
JAN
FEB
MAC
APR
MEI
JUN
JUL
OGO
SEP
OKT
NOV
DIS
Note: 2006 crime index uses new barometers
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Response Time
Period Under Review: 15/5/06 – 22/5/06
Control Centre /
Responding Unit
Information
received
Average
Response Time (min)
1.
KL
8
10.1
2.
Dang Wangi
94
5.3
3.
Brickfields
15
8.2
4.
Cheras
9
8
5.
Sentul
3
10.3
6.
Putrajaya
3
7.7
Average:
8.2
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Our Successes
GIS contributes to a safer KL
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Crime Mapping as a Law
Enforcement Tool
“ The success of crime mapping is due to
law enforcement at all levels recognizing
the value of spatial information as an
excellent tool to drive law enforcement
decision making”
U.S. Attorney General’s Office quoted at MapInfo web site
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
Mapping Works Because Location Matters
• Policing is a geographic profession,
• Policing is a data-intensive profession,
• Mapping helps people make decisions from
geographically sensitive data,
• Controlling information about location is a
fundamental strategic advantage,
• Having strategic control of geo-data speeds
up good decision-making; response time is
always a critical success factor, more so in
21st century policing,
• The usefulness and value of GIS has been
proven beyond reasonable doubt in Kuala
Lumpur City Police,
• RMP will continue to explore and exploit
further the potential of GIS in policing.
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
LESSONS LEARNT
• GIS provides visualisation and enhances command
and control of RMP resources
• GIS provides visualisation, situation awareness of
crime scene and is fast emerging as the centre piece
in organising police response
• GIS synergises information management
• GIS speeds up police response
• GIS enhances productivity (drop in crime indexes)
“If Kedah Police is provided with the C4i system, Kedah crime
rate can also be reduced as in the case of Kuala Lumpur.”
Dato’ Zuber Bin Hj Shariff, Kedah Police Chief after witnessing a life demonstration
of project C4i during LIMA 2005 LANGKAWI on 8th Dec 2005
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,
THANK YOU
GIS APPLICATION IN EMERGENCY RESPONSE AND COMBATING CRIME: A ROYAL MALAYSIA POLICE EXPERIENCE
Supt Dr Chai Khin Chung @ PWTC Kuala Lumpur on 14th July 2006,

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