Jamey Abersold Jazz Handbook

Comments

Transcription

Jamey Abersold Jazz Handbook
ϭͲϴϬϬͲϰϱϲͲϭϯϴϴͻǁǁǁ͘ũĂnjnjŬƐ͘ĐŽŵ
Cover Photo is Jamey Aebersold
CONTENTS
GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................2
Valuable Jazz Information........................................3
SOLOING by Jamey Aebersold ...............................4
Jazz: The Natural Music ...........................................5
Suggested Listening–Jazz Artists ..........................7
+LVWRULFDOO\6LJQL¿FDQW5HFRUGLQJV ........................8
Tips For Learning A New Tune ................................9
Practice Procedures For Memorizing Scales
and Chords To Any Song ....................................9
Practice Procedures–Musical Examples ..............10
SONG LIST for Beginners ......................................11
SCALES ...................................................................12
Introduction to the SCALE SYLLABUS ................13
SCALE SYLLABUS .................................................14
NOMENCLATURE ...................................................15
The Dominant 7th Tree of Scale Choices .............16
Ten Basic Exercises–TREBLE CLEF ....................17
Ten Basic Exercises–BASS CLEF.........................18
TREBLE CLEF SCALES .........................................19
BASS CLEF SCALES..............................................20
Ear Training .............................................................21
Interval Chart ..........................................................22
Basic Keyboard and the Chromatic Scale ...........23
The Circle of Cycle of Fourths ..............................24
Scales/Modes Based on the Major Scale .............24
HOW TO PRACTICE by Jerry Coker .....................25
HOW TO PRACTICE by David Liebman................25
Things That Create Interest When Soloing ..........26
Starting A Phrase or Melody..................................26
Jazz ARTICULATIONS ............................................27
Jazz RHYTHMS .......................................................29
The BLUES SCALE and Its Use.............................30
F BLUES & Bb BLUES PROGRESSIONS:
For TREBLE CLEF C Instruments ....................31
For Bb Instruments ............................................31
For Eb Instruments ............................................32
For BASS CLEF C Instruments .........................32
PLAYING THE BLUES ............................................33
What Does “To Hear” Really Mean? .....................34
VARIATIONS ON BLUES ........................................35
Values–Plato Quote–Bill Evans Quote .................36
BEBOP CHARACTERISTICS by David Baker ......37
Short List of Bebop Players ..................................38
BEBOP SCALES .....................................................38
Transposition Chart................................................39
Two Interesting Short Stories................................39
Jamey’s JAZZ THEORY ASSIGNMENTS ..............41
II/V7/I Progression With Emphasis On The
7th Resolving To The 3rd ..................................46
PIANO VOICINGS:
Blues Voicings....................................................47
Major and Dominant 7th Voicings ....................48
II/V7/I Voicings ....................................................49
Jamey’s POINTS TO REMEMBER .........................52
This booklet is provided FREE OF CHARGE by Jamey Aebersold Jazz.
If you would like a complete catalog of the thousands of jazz educational materials available,
please call 1-800-456-1388 or visit www.jazzbooks.com
SUMMER JAZZ WORKSHOPS
)RULQIRUPDWLRQFRQFHUQLQJWKH¿QHVWLQMD]]HGXFDWLRQZULWHWR6800(5-$==:25.6+236FRWKHDGGUHVV
EHORZ2XUZHHNORQJ:RUNVKRSVDQGWKHGD\³$Q\RQH&DQ,PSURYLVH´6HPLQDUVDUHKHOGLQORFDWLRQV
DOORYHUWKH8QLWHG6WDWHVDQGDUHRSHQWRSHRSOHRIDOODJHVDOODELOLWLHVDQGDOOLQVWUXPHQWV<RXZLOOQRW¿QG
a better program DQ\ZKHUHLQWKHZRUOG!
&DOORUYLVLWRXUZHEVLWHIRUWKHPRVWXSWRGDWHLQIRwww.summerjazzworkshops.com
Published by
JAMEY AEBERSOLD JAZZ
P.O. Box 1244
New Albany, IN 47151-1244
www.jazzbooks.com
Copyright © 2000, 2010 by Jamey Aebersold Jazz®. All Rights Reserved. Printed in U.S.A.
International Copyright secured. All copyrights used by permission
No portion of this book may be reproduced in any way w/o express written permission.
1
GENERAL INFORMATION
7KLVERRNOHWLVGHVLJQHGWRJLYH\RXWKHEDVLFVZKLFK\RXZLOOQHHGLQRUGHUWROHDUQWKHDUWRILPSURYLVLQJLQ
PXVLF0DQ\IHHOWKDWSHRSOHZKRLPSURYLVHRUSOD\MD]]DUHVSHFLDO,IWKH\DUHVSHFLDOLWLVEHFDXVHWKH\KDYH
VSHQWWKHLUWLPHZLVHO\OHDUQLQJWKHWRROVRIWKHWUDGH$IHZRIWKHWRROVDUHVFDOHVFKRUGVSDWWHUQVOLFNVVRQJV
VWDQGDUGVDQGRULJLQDOVWUDLQLQJWKHHDUOLVWHQLQJWRUHFRUGVRIMD]]JUHDWVDQGDQ\RWKHUWKLQJZKLFKWKH\IHHO
ZLOOFRQWULEXWHWRWKHJURZWKRIDZHOOURXQGHGPXVLFLDQ
,IHHOLWLVJRRGWRHVWDEOLVKDSUDFWLFHURXWLQHHVSHFLDOO\IRUWKRVHRI\RXZKRDUHQHZWROHDUQLQJWKHODQJXDJH
RIMD]]7RSOD\MD]]UHTXLUHVGLVFLSOLQHDQGGLVFLSOLQHLVJRRGIRUDOORIXV
7KHODQJXDJHRIMD]]RUWKHMD]]LGLRPLVLQDFRQVWDQWVWDWHRIÀX[,QRUGHUWREHDSDUWRIWKHMD]]PRYHPHQW
RQHPXVWDFFHSWFKDQJH-D]]KDVFKDQJHGJUHDWO\RYHUWKHSDVW\HDUVDQGLVSUHVHQWO\LQWUDQVLWLRQ(DFK
JHQHUDWLRQRIMD]]PXVLFLDQVFRQWULEXWHWKHLURZQXQLTXHLGHDVIHHOLQJVDQGVRXQGWRWKHPXVLFDQGWKLVLVZKDW
FUHDWHVWKHFKDQJH,I\RXHTXLS\RXUVHOIZHOO\RXPD\EHRQHRIWKRVHSHRSOHZKRLQÀXHQFHRWKHUVDQGVHWQHZ
WUHQGVLQMD]]
,I\RXZDQWWRJHWLWDOOWRJHWKHU,VXJJHVWUHDGLQJHDFKRIWKHSDJHVLQWKLVERRNOHWYHU\FDUHIXOO\0DUNZLWKSHQ
RUSHQFLOSRLQWVWKDW\RXIHHODUHLPSRUWDQWVRZKHQ\RXÀLSWKURXJKWKHSDJHV,QWKHIXWXUH\RXUH\HZLOOFDWFK
WKHPListen, listen, listenFDUHIXOO\WRDQ\RQHSOD\LQJMD]]RULPSURYLVLQJ<RXFDQOHDUQPXFKIURPOLYHSHU
IRUPDQFHVDVZHOODVUHFRUGV6WDUWDUHFRUGFROOHFWLRQDQGOLVWHQWRZKDWKDVEHHQUHFRUGHGRYHUWKHSDVW
\HDUV<RXDUHLQIRUDWUHDW
6SHQG\RXUSUDFWLFHWLPHZLVHO\'RQ¶WSOD\WKLQJVRYHUDQGRYHUWKDW\RXFDQDOUHDG\SOD\7KLVLVJUHDWIRUWKH
HJREXWGRHVOLWWOHWRDGYDQFH\RXUPXVLFDOSURJUHVV%HSDWLHQWZLWK\RXUVHOI'RQ¶WH[SHFWHYHU\WKLQJWRFRPH
DWRQHVHWWLQJ7KH\VD\WKDWWKLQJVFRPHWRXVZKHQZHDUHUHDG\WRDFFHSWWKHP$KHDOWK\PHQWDOVWDWHLVDOVR
UHVSRQVLEOHIRUSURJUHVVZKHQSUDFWLFLQJ
*UDGXDOO\WUDLQ\RXUHDUVWRUHDOO\+($5PXVLFDQGDOORIWKHFRPSRQHQWVWKDWPDNHWKH¿QDOSURGXFW5HDGWKH
SDJHVRQ(DU7UDLQLQJFDUHIXOO\DQGLQVWLWXWHDGDLO\URXWLQHWRLPSURYH\RXUSHUFHSWLRQ7KHUHDUHDOVRRWKHU
SDJHVWKDWKHOSVSHOORXWDQH[FHOOHQWSUDFWLFHURXWLQH
6LQFHPRVWRIXVGRQRWKDYHDJRRGUK\WKPVHFWLRQDWRXUGLVSRVDO,UHFRPPHQGSUDFWLFLQJDQGVRORLQJZLWKWKH
SOD\DORQJUHFRUGV(DFKYROXPHFRQWDLQVDERRNDQGRQHRUWZR&'V0DQ\SURIHVVLRQDOVXVHWKHVHUHFRUGLQJV
WRZDUPXSNHHSLQVKDSHSUDFWLFHQHZSDWWHUQVRUOLFNVRUWROHDUQQHZVRQJVDQGLPSURYLVHRQWKHFKRUG
VFDOHSURJUHVVLRQV
'XULQJWKHSDVW\HDUVPDQ\SULYDWHWHDFKHUVDVZHOODVKLJKVFKRRODQGFROOHJHWHDFKHUVKDYHPDGHWKH
UHFRUGLQJVSDUWRIWKHLUGDLO\RUZHHNO\WHDFKLQJDVVLJQPHQWV,WLVJRRGWREHJLQSOD\LQJZLWKDUK\WKPVHFWLRQDV
VRRQDVSRVVLEOHDQGWKHEHWWHUWKH\DUHWKHPRUH\RXFDQEHQH¿WIURPWKHH[SHULHQFH,SHUVRQDOO\VWLOOSUDFWLFH
ZLWKP\3OD\$/RQJVLQRUGHUWRFRQWLQXHWRSURJUHVVPXVLFDOO\
3OD\LQJMD]]WHDFKHVVHOIHVWHHPDQGLQGHSHQGHQFH
,KLJKO\UHFRPPHQGRXUSUMMER JAZZ WORKSHOPSZKLFKDUHRIIHUHGLQWKH86HDFKVXPPHU6RPHRIWKH
¿QHVWSHUIRUPHUVDQGWHDFKHUVRIMD]]DSSHDUDWWKHVHZRUNVKRSV:ULWHWR6XPPHU-D]]:RUNVKRSV32%R[
1HZ$OEDQ\,1RUYLVLWwww.summerjazzworkshops.comIRUPRUHLQIRUPDWLRQ
/DVWO\SOD\RQWKHEHVWLQVWUXPHQWWKDW\RXFDQDIIRUGDQGVWXG\ZLWKWKH¿QHVWWHDFKHUVDYDLODEOH
0D\\RXUMRXUQH\LQPXVLFDQGMD]]LQSDUWLFXODUEHDVHQMR\DEOHDVLWKDVEHHQIRUPHLQSXWWLQJWKLVERRNOHW
WRJHWKHUIRU\RX
- Jamey Aebersold
2
VALUABLE JAZZ INFORMATION
7KHEDVLFLQJUHGLHQWVLQPXVLFDUH6&$/(6&+25'60(/2'<5+<7+0DQG+$5021<-D]]HGXFDWLRQ¶VSXUSRVHLVWRJLYH\RXWKH
EDVLFV\RXQHHGLQOHDUQLQJWRSOD\MD]]RUWRLPSURYLVH7KHMD]]PXVLFLDQLVDQLQVWDQWFRPSRVHU7KHPHORGLHVZKLFKFRPHIURPWKHLU
LQVWUXPHQWVDUHFRQFHLYHGLQWKHLUPLQGMXVWEHIRUHWKH\SOD\WKHP7KHGLIIHUHQFHEHWZHHQWKHLPSURYLVHUDQGWKHWUDGLWLRQDOFRPSRVHULV
WKLVWKDWWKH³MD]]HU´KDVQRHUDVHUWRLQVWDQWO\FRUUHFWPLVWDNHV7KH\SUDFWLFHORQJDQGKDUGWU\LQJWRPDNHWKHLUSK\VLFDOERG\DQGWKHLU
PHQWDOIUDPHRIPLQGDQDSSURSULDWHYHKLFOHWRH[HFXWHWKHLGHDVIRUPXODWHGLQWKHLUPLQG
7KH*2$/RIHYHU\MD]]PXVLFLDQLVWRSOD\RQWKHLULQVWUXPHQWRUYRFDOO\VLQJZKDWLVKHDUGLQWKHLUPLQG3UDFWLFLQJVFDOHVFKRUGV
DUSHJJLRVH[HUFLVHVLQDOONH\VZLOOKHOSJDLQIDFLOLW\ZKLFKZLOOKHOSXQORFNWKHLGHDVWKDWDUHQRZEHLQJKHOGSULVRQHULQ\RXUPLQG$V
VRRQDVSRVVLEOHWU\SOD\LQJZKDW\RX+($5PHQWDOO\LQ\RXUKHDG,QRWKHUZRUGVVLQJDVKRUWPHORG\PHQWDOO\RUVLQJZLWK\RXUPRXWK
DQGWKHQSOD\WKRVHH[DFWSLWFKHVDQGUK\WKPVRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQW7KLVLVWKHVDPHSURFHGXUHWKHMD]]SOD\HUXVHVZKHQLPSURYLVLQJ
7RSOD\UHTXLUHVGLVFLSOLQH,WLVJRRGWRHVWDEOLVKDSUDFWLFHURXWLQH,PSURYLVDWLRQVKRXOGEHDSDUWRI\RXUGDLO\SUDFWLFH3OD\ZKDWHYHU
\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDG,WFRXOGEHVRPHWKLQJIURP79UDGLRRUMXVWVRPHPHORGLHVWKDW\RXKXPWR\RXUVHOI7KLVLVDOVRDIRUPRI($5
75$,1,1*<RXDUHWUDLQLQJ\RXULQQHUHDUWRGLUHFW\RXU¿QJHUVWRWKHQRWHVLWKHDUVLQVWDQWO\*UDGXDOO\WUDLQ\RXUHDUVWRUHDOO\+($5
PXVLFDQGDOORIWKHFRPSRQHQWVWKDWPDNHWKH¿QDOSURGXFW/LVWHQFDUHIXOO\WRDQ\RQHSOD\LQJMD]]RULPSURYLVLQJ<RXFDQOHDUQPXFK
IURPOLYHSHUIRUPDQFHVDVZHOODVUHFRUGLQJV6WDUWDFROOHFWLRQDQGOLVWHQWRZKDWKDVEHHQUHFRUGHGRYHUWKHSDVW\HDUV
7KHROGP\WKWKDWVD\V³<RXHLWKHUKDYHLWRU\RXGRQ¶W´LVVWULFWO\DP\WKIRXQGHGRQLJQRUDQFHDQGWKHLQDELOLW\RUXQZLOOLQJQHVVRIWKRVH
ZKRFDQSOD\WRVKDUHZKDWWKH\GRYHUEDOO\ZLWKWKRVHZKRWKLQNWKH\FDQ¶WOHDUQ
7KHPLQGLVWKHRULJLQDWRURI$//PXVLFDOWKRXJKWV7KHPRXWKVLQJLQJXVXDOO\FDQDSSUR[LPDWHWKHSLWFKHVUK\WKPVDQGQXDQFHVRI
ZKDWWKHPLQGKHDUVEHWWHUWKDQDFWXDOLQVWUXPHQWVVD[WUXPSHWHWFFDQGR6LQFHWKHLQVWUXPHQWZHKDYHFKRVHQLVDOHDUQHGGHYLFH
LWLVWKHOHDVWDEOHWRUHSURGXFHWKHPXVLFDOWKRXJKWVRIRXUPLQG,WVWDQGVWRUHDVRQWKDWWKHSHUVRQZKRLVEHWWHUHTXLSSHGWHFKQLFDOO\
ZLOOFRPHFORVHUWRSOD\LQJRQWKHLULQVWUXPHQWWKHWKRXJKWVRIWKHLUPLQG
2QHRIWKHUHDVRQVWKHMD]]JUHDWVVRXQGGLIIHUHQWWKDQ\RXLVWKHIDFWWKH\KDYHVRPDQ\VRXQGVVFDOHVFKRUGVSDWWHUQVLGHDVDW
WKHLUGLVSRVDO7KH6&$/(6<//$%86FDQKHOS\RXXQFRYHUQHZVRXQGV3UDFWLFLQJXVLQJWKHH[HUFLVHVIRXQGLQWKLVERRNOHWRULQ9RO
³+RZ7R3OD\-D]]$QG,PSURYLVH´ZLOOJLYH\RXDJRRGIRXQGDWLRQWRSOD\$1<VW\OHRIPXVLF
³-$==,6)5(('20´7KHORQLRXV0RQNVDLGWKLV7RRRIWHQZHUHIXVHWRWDNHDGYDQWDJHRIDQRSSRUWXQLW\ZKLFKZLOODOORZXVDPHDVXUH
RIJURZWKDQGIUHHGRPLQRXUPXVLFDOH[SUHVVLRQ/LVWHQLQJWRMD]]JUHDWVLVLQVSLUDWLRQDODQGUHZDUGLQJ.HHSWKLVLQPLQGSUDFWLFLQJ
H[HUFLVHVSDWWHUQVOLFNVVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVVKRXOGOHDGWRPRUHH[SUHVVLYHFUHDWLYLW\QRWERUHGRP
+2:'2<28%(*,1,03529,6,1*"0DQ\SHRSOHEHJLQE\SOD\LQJE\HDUOHWWLQJWKHLULQQHUPXVLFDOHDUJXLGHWKHLUFKRLFHRIQRWHV
DQGUK\WKPV7KLVLVDKLWRUPLVVSURFHVVWKDWPRVWMD]]SOD\HUVEHIRUHKDGWRXVHWROHDUQWKHLUWUDGH+RZHYHUWKLVPHWKRG
VWUHQJWKHQVWKHSOD\HU¶VHDUDQGLVH[WUHPHO\YDOXDEOH(YHU\RQHVKRXOGVSHQGWLPHHDFKGD\SOD\LQJE\HDU7KHVRRQHU\RXWUDLQ\RXU
HDUVWRGLVFHUQWKHVRRQHUWKH\FDQ+(/3<28LQPDNLQJPXVLF%\XVLQJ\RXUHDUDQGNQRZOHGJHRIWKHQHHGHGVFDOHVDQGFKRUGV
\RXZLOOIHHOPXFKPRUHFRPIRUWDEOHZLWKEHJLQQLQJLPSURYLVDWLRQ
,03257$17'RQ¶WJHWKXQJXSSUDFWLFLQJH[HUFLVHVDQGPRUHH[HUFLVHVZLWKRXWHYHUDWWHPSWLQJWRLPSURYLVH$YRLGEHFRPLQJDSHUVRQ
ZKRSOD\VJUHDWH[HUFLVHVEXWGHOD\VXVLQJWKHLUFUHDWLYHHQHUJ\XQWLOWRPRUURZ'2,712:,03529,6((YHQLI\RXRQO\XVHDIHZQRWHV
RIWKHVFDOHEHJLQWKHUH67$57'RQ¶WSXWLWRIIXQWLOWRPRUURZRUXQWLO\RXKDYHWKHVFDOHXQGHUEHWWHUFRQWURO'2,712:7KHORQJHVW
MRXUQH\EHJLQVZLWKDVLQJOHVWHS7RGD\LVWKH¿UVWGD\RIWKHUHVWRI\RXUOLIH7KHORQJHVWPXVLFDOSKUDVHEHJLQVZLWKDVLQJOHQRWH
-XVWEHFDXVH\RXSUDFWLFHVFDOHVFKRUGVSDWWHUQVDQGH[HUFLVHVGRHVQ¶WPHDQ\RXZLOOVRXQGVWLIIDQGPHFKDQLFDO25WKDW\RXZLOO
EHFRPHDMD]]JUHDW%XWLW¶VDPHDQVWRDQHQG0RUHWKDQDQ\RWKHULQJUHGLHQWWKH-$==75$',7,21LVEDVHGRQ/,67(1,1*/LVWHQ
LQJWRMD]]UHFRUGVWDSHVVKRXOGEHSDUWRIHYHU\PXVLFLDQVGDLO\URXWLQH1RWRQO\LVLWIXQWROLVWHQWREXW\RXFDQDEVRUEPDQ\PXVLFDO
LGHDVDQGLQFRUSRUDWHWKHPLQWR\RXURZQVRORV5HFRUGHGPXVLFFRQWDLQVPRVWDQVZHUV\RXVHHN
+DYLQJ³JRRGHDUV´PHDQVKDYLQJWKHDELOLW\WRKHDUWKHURRWVWRWKHYDULRXVFKRUGVRUVFDOHVWKDWDUHEHLQJSOD\HGKDYLQJWKHDELOLW\WR
KHDUWKHTXDOLW\RIWKHFKRUGRUVFDOHPDMRUPLQRUZKDWNLQGRIPLQRU"SHQWDWRQLFGLPZKROHWRQHHWFLWPHDQVKDYLQJWKHDELOLW\WR
WHOOZKDWWRQHRIWKHVFDOHRUFKRUGLVEHLQJSOD\HGDWDQ\SRLQWLQWKHVROR´DKWKDWQRWHZDVDUHVROYLQJWRWKHWKDQGWKHQUHVROYLQJ
WRWKHWK´LWPHDQVKHDULQJWKHSLDQREDVVVRORLVWGUXPVHWFLQGLYLGXDOO\DVZHOODVFROOHFWLYHO\
7KHUHDUHPDQ\OHYHOVRIKHDULQJ6RPHSHRSOHKHDU2WKHUSHRSOHFDQUHDOO\+($5$QGVRPHFDQVHHPWRKHDUDQGLGHQWLI\DOPRVWDQ\
WKLQJWKDWLVEHLQJSOD\HG7KH\FDQVHHPWRVLQJRUSOD\EDFNSRUWLRQVRIVRORVULJKWDIWHUWKHSHUIRUPHUKDVSOD\HG+RZFDQWKH\+($5
DQGZHFDQ¶WVHHPWR¿QGWKHURRWVVFDOHTXDOLWLHVRUZKDWWLPHVLJQDWXUHWKHSLHFHLVLQ"7KH\KDYHZRUNHGKDUGDWLGHQWLI\LQJDOOWKH
YDULRXVVRXQGVWKH\KHDUGDLO\6LQFHWKH\ZDQWWRLPSURYLVHWKH\WDNHWKHWLPHWRDSSO\RQWKHLULQVWUXPHQWWKHWKLQJVWKH\DUHKHDULQJ
7KH\DOVRXVHWKHLUPLQGDQGWKHLUIUHHWLPHWR¿JXUHRXWWKLQJVKDUPRQLFDOO\PHORGLFDOO\DQGUK\WKPLFDOO\8VLQJDVPDOOFKURPDWLFSLWFK
SLSHLVUHDOKHOSIXOLQLGHQWLI\LQJSLWFKHVZKHQ\RXDUHQRWDWDSLDQRRUGRQ¶WKDYH\RXULQVWUXPHQW<RXFDQFDUU\LWZLWK\RXDQGWUDLQ\RXU
HDU³RQWKHJR´1RRQHNQRZVRUFRXOGWUXO\LPDJLQHWKHDPRXQWRIWKRXJKWHDFKMD]]HUKDVSXWLQWRWKHLUDUWFUDIW
PRACTICE SUGGESTIONS
3OD\ZLWKJRRGVRXQGWRQH:LQGSOD\HUVVXSSRUW\RXUVRXQG'RQ¶WSOD\VWDFFDWR
0DNHSKUDVHVÀRZQDWXUDOO\HYHQZKHQSOD\LQJVFDOHVDQGH[HUFLVHV
0HQWDOO\VLQJWKHH[HUFLVHVVFDOHVSDWWHUQVDV\RXSOD\WKHP
,IDQH[HUFLVHLVKDUGVORZLWGRZQ7KHQJUDGXDOO\LQFUHDVHWKHWHPSR
/LVWHQWRHYHU\QRWH\RXSOD\0DWFK\RXUPLQG¶VLGHDV
%HSDWLHQW<RX¶UHQRWWKH¿UVWWRPDNHPLVWDNHV
8VHMD]]DUWLFXODWLRQVRQH[HUFLVHVDQGVFDOHFKRUGSUDFWLFH
,PSURYLVHVRPHHYHU\GD\7KDW¶VWKH5($/<283OD\ZKDW\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDG
0DNHDKDELWRISUDFWLFLQJLQDOOWZHOYHNH\V9ROXPHVDQGDUHH[FHOOHQW
/HDUQWKH%OXHVLQ%E)FRQFHUWNH\V
0HPRUL]HHYHU\WKLQJ\RXFDQ.QRZZKDWLWLV\RXDUHWU\LQJWRSOD\
,IZHDOOZDLWHGXQWLOZHZHUHSHUIHFWPXVLFLDQVEHIRUHZHSOD\HGDQLQVWUXPHQWWKHUHZRXOGEHQRPXVLFLQWKHZRUOG3OD\RQWKHEHVW
LQVWUXPHQW\RXFDQDIIRUGDQGVWXG\ZLWKWKH¿QHVWWHDFKHUVDYDLODEOHZKRZLOOJLYH\RXJXLGDQFHLQMD]]DQGWUDGLWLRQDOPXVLF
Use your imagination. Experiment- take chances! You deserve to be creative! Treat yourself.
3
SOLOING
by Jamey Aebersold
1. Keep your placeGRQ¶WJHWORVW,I\RXdoJHWORVW/,67(1WRWKHUK\WKPVHFWLRQ7KHGUXPPHUZLOORIWHQJLYH
DOLWWOHFUDVKDWWKHEHJLQQLQJRIQHZVHFWLRQV,I\RXKLWDQRWHWKDWLVQRWZKDW\RXLQWHQGHGPRYHLWXSRUGRZQ
DKDOIVWHSDQG\RX¶OOSUREDEO\EHEDFNLQWKHVFDOHRUFKRUG5HPHPEHUMD]]PXVLFXVXDOO\PRYHVLQWZRIRXU
DQGHLJKWEDUSKUDVHV<RX¶UHQHYHUIDUIURPDQHZSKUDVHEHJLQQLQJ
2. Play right notes7KLVUHDOO\PHDQVSOD\WKHQRWHV\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDGWKHQRWHV\RXZRXOGVLQJZLWK\RXU
PRXWK+DYLQJWKHVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVLQIURQWRI\RXRQDSLHFHRISDSHULVPHUHO\DJXLGH7KH\GRQ¶WSURYLGHWKH
DFWXDOPXVLFWKDW¶VJRLQJWREHSOD\HG7+$7FRPHVIURP<285LPDJLQDWLRQ,I\RX¶YHJRWWKHVFDOHVFKRUGVDQG
FKRUGVFDOHSURJUHVVLRQ0(025,=('LWSURYLGHVFRXUDJHWR\RXULPDJLQDWLRQDQGDOORZV\RXWRRSHUDWHIURPD
PRUHFUHDWLYHQDWXUDOEDVLV,WDOORZV\RXWRWDNHVRPHFKDQFHV,WKHOSVUHPRYH)($5
3.8VLQJREPETITION and SEQUENCELVQDWXUDOLQPXVLF,W¶VIRXQGLQDOOW\SHVDQGVW\OHVRIPXVLF7KHQRYLFH
LPSURYLVRURIWHQIHHOVWKDWLIWKH\UHSHDWDQLGHDHYHU\RQHNQRZVWKH\DUHJRLQJWRUHSHDWLWVRZK\GRLWSOXV
LW¶VQRWRULJLQDOHQRXJKIRU\RXU(*2VR\RXGRQ¶WSOD\LW:521*7KHOLVWHQHUQHHGVWRKHDUVRPHUHSHWLWLRQ
DQGVHTXHQFHRUHOVHWKH\FDQ¶WUHPHPEHUDQ\WKLQJ\RXSOD\5HSHWLWLRQDQG6HTXHQFHDUHWKHJOXHWKDWKROGV
VRORVWRJHWKHU7KHXVXDOQXPEHURIWLPHVVRPHWKLQJLVUHSHDWHGGHSHQGVRQ\RXEXWWKHDYHUDJHLVRUDQG
WKHQ\RXUPLQGZLOOWHOO\RXZKHQWRUHSHDWDQGRUZKHQWRXVHVHTXHQFH,W¶VDSDUWRIWKHZD\ZHKHDUPXVLF
SOD\HGE\RWKHUV
4. CHORD TONESWKHRIDVFDOHDUHJUHDWQRWHVWREHJLQDQGHQGDSKUDVHZLWK-XVWVLQJDSKUDVH
DQGVHHLI\RXGRQ¶WIROORZWKLVVLPSOHUXOH2XUHDUV+($5FKRUGWRQHV¿UVWVRLW¶VQDWXUDOWREHJLQDQGHQGWKHUH
3OXVLWJLYHVXVDQGWKHOLVWHQHUZKDWZH¶UHOLVWHQLQJIRUharmonic stability.
5. SOUND:%HVXUHWKDW\RXDUHJHWWLQJDJRRGIXOOVRXQGRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWRUYRLFH'RQ¶WOHWWKHVFDOHVDQG
FKRUGVRUWKHSURJUHVVLRQRUWHPSRLQWLPLGDWH\RX6RXQGLVIRUHPRVWDQGLVWKH),567WKLQJDSHUVRQODWFKHV
RQWRZKHQ\RXVLQJRUSOD\,WOHDYHVDODVWLQJLPSUHVVLRQ6REH\RXUVHOIDQGOHW\RXUYRLFHRULQVWUXPHQWULQJ
RXW,W¶VWKHPDLQLQJUHGLHQWRI\RXUPXVLFDOSHUVRQDOLW\
6. LISTENING:7KHUH¶VQRZD\DQ\RQHLVJRLQJWRSOD\MD]]RULPSURYLVHZHOOZLWKRXWlistening to those musi
FLDQVZKRKDYHFRPHEHIRUH7KURXJKOLVWHQLQJDORQH\RXFDQ¿QG$//WKHDQVZHUV(DFKPXVLFLDQLVDUHVXOW
RIZKDWWKH\KDYHOLVWHQHGWR,W¶VHDV\WRGHWHUPLQHZKRSHRSOHKDYHOLVWHQHGWRE\OLVWHQLQJWRWKHPSOD\:H
DOOWHQGWRXVHLPLWDWLRQDQGLW¶VJRRGWRGRWKLV6RPHIHHOWKDWLIWKH\OLVWHQWRRWKHUVWKH\¶OOMXVWVRXQGOLNHWKHP
7KLVLVQRWWUXHEXW\RXUHJRZLOOWU\WRFRQYLQFH\RXLW¶VWUXH7KHHJRKDWHVFRPSHWLWLRQRUZKDWLWSUHFHLYHVWREH
FRPSHWLWLRQ'RQ¶WOHWLWIRRO\RX,IQRRQHOLVWHQHGWRDQ\RQHHOVHZK\SOD\PXVLF"0XVLFLVIRUHYHU\RQHDQG
WUXO\LVD8QLYHUVDO/DQJXDJH
7. Everyone has the ability to improviseIURPWKH\RXQJHVWFKLOGWRWKHVHQLRUFLWL]HQ<RXKDYHWRKDYHGHVLUH
DQGVHWDVLGHWLPHWRZRUNDWLWXQWLOPRYLQJ\RXU¿QJHUVEHFRPHVDXWRPDWLFDQGWKHGLVWDQFHEHWZHHQ\RXUPLQG
DQG¿QJHUVJURZVVPDOOHUDQGVPDOOHUWRZKHUH\RXWKLQNDQLGHDDQG\RXU¿QJHUVDUHDOUHDG\SOD\LQJLW,W¶VQRW
PDJLF,ILWLVWKHQPDJLFHTXDOVKDUGZRUNDQGSHUVHYHUDQFH:KHQDVNHG³:KDWLVWKHJUHDWHVWREVWDFOHWR
HQOLJKWHQPHQW"´WKH%XGGKDUHSOLHG³/D]LQHVV´I agree!
Some of Jamey’s Recommended Play-A-Long Volumes are:
1, 24, 3, 21, 116, 84, 54, 70, 47, and 120
4
JAZZ: THE NATURAL MUSIC
,PSURYLVLQJSOD\LQJMD]]LVWKHPRVWQDWXUDOZD\WRPDNHPXVLF/RQJEHIRUHWKHSULQWLQJSUHVVZDVLQYHQWHG
SHRSOHSOD\HGPXVLFRQYDULRXVLQVWUXPHQWVDQGDOOZHUHWKRXJKWWREHFUHDWLYHPXVLFLDQV7KURXJKWKHDJHVWKH
DUWRILPSURYLVLQJRQDPXVLFDOLQVWUXPHQWJUDGXDOO\ORVWIDYRUWRWKHSULQWHGSDJH,QWKHWZHQWLHWKFHQWXU\WKH
DUWRILPSURYLVLQJKDVEHHQNHSWDOLYHE\WKHMD]]PXVLFLDQ
7RGD\¶VMD]]HULVQRWWKHVDPHDVWKHPXVLFLDQRIWKHWKLUWLHVIRUWLHVRU¿IWLHV7KHLQÀXHQFHRIMD]]HGXFDWLRQ
VRXQGUHFRUGLQJVYLGHRVDQGMD]]IHVWLYDOVKDVDOORZHGWKHPXVLFWRUHDFKPDQ\PRUHSHRSOHDQGWREHH[SHUL
HQFHGE\DOPRVWDQ\RQHZKRLVZLOOLQJWRJLYHLWDWU\
)RU\HDUVWKHP\WK³\RXHLWKHUKDYHLWRU\RXGRQ¶W´ZDVSUHYDOHQWLQPXVLFFLUFOHVDURXQGWKHZRUOG,I\RXZDQWHG
WRSOD\MD]]\RXKDGEHWWHUJHWDGRSWHGLQWRDPXVLFDOIDPLO\RUE\WKH³OXFNRIWKHGUDZ´¿QGWKHULJKWHQYLURQPHQW
IRU\RXUHDUO\\HDUVVRE\RVPRVLV\RXFRXOGSLFNXSRQWKHKRWOLFNVDQGDWWKHVDPHWLPHGHYHORSDJUHDWMD]]
HDUVRWKDWZKHQ\RXSOD\HG\RXULQVWUXPHQW\RXZRXOGVRXQGOLNHDMD]]HU
7LPHKDVSURYHQWKDWWKHVHLGHDVZKLFKZHUHYHU\SRSXODUDUHQRWWUXH7KH\QHYHUZHUHWUXHEXWPDQ\PXVLFLDQV
WKRXJKWWKH\ZHUHDQGWKDW¶VZKDWJLYHVDQLGHDLW¶VORQJHYLW\2QFHSHRSOHIURPQRQPXVLFDOEDFNJURXQGVLQ
QRQMD]]\HQYLURQPHQWVEHJDQSOD\LQJWKHPXVLFDQGSOD\LQJLWZHOOHYHU\RQHKDGWRWDNHDQRWKHUORRNDWZKDW
JRHVRQZKHQVRPHRQHVWDQGVXSDQGLPSURYLVHVDJRRGVRORRYHUDVWDQGDUGFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQVXFKDVGreen
'ROSKLQ6WUHHW&RQ¿UPDWLRQRUWKHEOXHV
+HUHDUHVHYHUDOLQJUHGLHQWVWKDWJRLQWRPDNLQJDJRRGMD]]VRORLVWLPSURYLVRU
'HVLUHWRLPSURYLVH
6HULRXVOLVWHQLQJWRMD]]YLDUHFRUGLQJVDQGOLYHSHUIRUPDQFHV
$PHWKRGRISUDFWLFHZKDWDQGKRZWRSUDFWLFH
$UK\WKPVHFWLRQZLWKZKLFKWRSUDFWLFHDQGLPSURYLVHYLDOLYHJURXSRUSOD\DORQJUHFRUGLQJV
6HOIHVWHHPGLVFLSOLQHDQGGHWHUPLQDWLRQ
:KHQ,ZDVDWHHQDJHU,ZRQGHUHGLI,¶GHYHUEHDEOHWRSOD\RQP\LQVWUXPHQWWKHPHORGLHV,ZDVKHDULQJLQP\
KHDG,GLGQ¶WKDYHDMD]]WHDFKHUVR,ZRXOGOLVWHQWRWKHUDGLRRUUHFRUGVDQGWU\WRWDNHRIIWKHLGHDVRIWKHMD]]
JUHDWVVXFKDV&ROHPDQ+DZNLQV&KDUOLH3DUNHU'L]]\*LOOHVSLH6RQQ\6WLWW&KHW%DNHU6RQQ\5ROOLQVDQG
PDQ\RWKHUV,I,ZHUHWRVWDUWDJDLQKHUH¶VKRZ,ZRXOGGRLW
,ZRXOGEHJLQE\SOD\LQJRQP\LQVWUXPHQWVLPSOHOLWWOHPHORGLHVVXFKDV+DSS\%LUWKGD\7ZLQNOH7ZLQNOH/LWWOH
StarDQGRow, Row, Row Your Boat,ZRXOGSLFNDQRWHLQP\PLGGOHUHJLVWHUVD\*DQGEHJLQSOD\LQJRQHRI
WKHVHVRQJV:KHQ,¿QDOO\SOD\HGLWFRUUHFWO\21(WLPH,ZRXOGSLFNDQHZVWDUWLQJQRWHVD\(EDQGSOD\WKH
VDPHVRQJEHJLQQLQJRQWKDWQRWH'RWKLVRYHUDQGRYHUEHJLQQLQJRQGLIIHUHQWWRQHVXQWLO\RXFDQSOD\WKHVRQJ
VWDUWLQJRQGLIIHUHQWQRWHVZLWKRXWPLVWDNHV7KHQWU\DGLIIHUHQWVRQJDQGJHWVR\RXFDQSOD\LWVWDUWLQJRQDQ\
RIWKHWZHOYHQRWHVRIWKHFKURPDWLFVFDOH7KLVLVDQH[FHOOHQWZD\RIFRQGLWLRQLQJ\RXU¿QJHUVDQGPLQGWRZRUN
WRJHWKHUWRSURGXFHWKHVRXQGV\RXDUHKHDULQJLQ\RXUKHDG,WVKRUWHQVWKHGLVWDQFHIURPPLQGWR¿QJHUV
-D]]PXVLFLDQVKDYHDOZD\VSOD\HGWKHPXVLFRIWKHLUPLQG²ZKDWWKH\KHDULQWKHLUKHDG7KH\DUHQ¶WVSHFLDO
JLIWHGSHRSOHZKRZHUHERUQZLWKPRUHWDOHQWWKDQRWKHUV7KH\MXVWKDGPRUHGHVLUHDQGGLVFLSOLQHWKDQRWKHUV
7KHLUDELOLW\WRPHQWDOO\KHDUDQLGHDDQGWKHQSOD\LWFRPHVIURPSUDFWLFH
:KHQ\RXUXQRXWRILGHDVWRSUDFWLFH\RXOLVWHQWRRWKHUPXVLFLDQV7KHMR\RIOLVWHQLQJWRRWKHUVFRXSOHGZLWK
\RXULPDJLQDWLRQZLOOOHDGWRIUHVKPXVLFDOLGHDV7KHDQVZHUWRHYHU\PXVLFDOTXHVWLRQPD\EHIRXQGRQUHFRUG
LQJV7KDWLVZK\OLVWHQLQJLVVRLPSRUWDQWIRUWKHEHJLQQLQJLPSURYLVRU
8VXDOO\ZHEHJLQLPSURYLVLQJRQVRQJVOLNHEOXHVLQ%ERU)6DWLQ'ROO0DLGHQ9R\DJHRUSummertime6RQJV
OLNHWKHVHGRQ¶WFRQWDLQWULFN\UK\WKPVRUGLI¿FXOWKDUPRQ\VFDOHVDQGFKRUGV7KLVPDNHVLWHDVLHUWRPDNH
VHQVHRIWKHVRQJDQGIHHOUHODWLYHO\JRRGDERXWLPSURYLVLQJRYHUWKHKDUPRQ\7KHVHVRQJVDQGPDQ\PRUH
DUHRQWKH9RO³0DLGHQ9R\DJH´SOD\DORQJ
+HUHDUHVHYHUDOH[HUFLVHVHYHU\SURIHVVLRQDOMD]]PXVLFLDQKDVSUREDEO\SOD\HGDWRQHWLPHRUDQRWKHU3OD\
WKHVHRYHUWKHKDUPRQ\FKDQJHVFKRUGVFDOHVWRZKDWHYHUVRQJ\RXDUHZRUNLQJRQ'RWKLVEHIRUH\RXWU\
WRLPSURYLVH
3OD\WKH¿UVW¿YHQRWHVWRHDFKFKRUGVFDOH
3OD\WKHWULDGQRWHVDQGRIWKHVFDOH
3OD\WKHHQWLUHVFDOHIURPWKHURRW¿UVWQRWHWRWKHWKDQGEDFNGRZQ
3OD\WKHWKFKRUGXSDQGGRZQ
3OD\WKHWKFKRUGXSDQGGRZQ
3OD\WKHVFDOHXSWRWKHWKDQGWKHQFRPHEDFNGRZQWKHchord
3OD\WKHFKRUGXSWRWKHWKDQGWKHQFRPHEDFNGRZQWKHscale
3OD\WKHVFDOHLQWKLUGVXSDQGGRZQ
5
,I\RXZHUHWRWDNHQXPEHUVDQGIURPDERYHDQGDSSO\WKHPWRWKH¿UVWIRXUEDUVRIDQ)EOXHVLWZRXOG
ORRNOLNHWKLV
1.
2.
3.
,RQFHKHDUGWUXPSHWHU:RRG\6KDZZDUPLQJXSEHIRUHDFRQFHUWLQWKHDERYHPDQQHU,WLPSUHVVHGPHEHFDXVH
,WKRXJKWRQO\EHJLQQHUVXVHGWKLVW\SHZDUPXS$IWHUWKLQNLQJDERXWLW,UHDOL]HGLWZDVWKHPRVWSUDFWLFDOZD\WR
DSSURDFKDQ\QHZVRQJ:KHQ\RXGRWKLV\RXDUHFRQGLWLRQLQJ\RXUPLQGDQG¿QJHUVWRWKHVFDOHVDQGFKRUGV
ZKLFK\RXZLOOLQWXUQLPSURYLVHRYHU,WPDNHVJRRGVHQVH
<RXVKRXOGEHDEOHWRGRWKLVWRWKHFKRUGVFDOHSURJUHVVLRQWRanyVRQJ\RXDUHJRLQJWRLPSURYLVHRYHU7KLVLV
VWDQGDUGSUDFWLFHDQGKDVEHHQIRUVRPHWLPHNQRZ\RXUVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVEHIRUH\RXSOD\0HPRUL]HWKHP
WRR0HPRUL]LQJPHORGLHVVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVJLYHVFRXUDJHWR\RXULPDJLQDWLRQ
1RZVRPHZLOOIHHOWKDWWRSOD\MD]]\RXGRQ¶WVWXG\RUSUDFWLFHVFDOHVDQGH[HUFLVHVMXVWSOD\´,DVNZKDWGRHV
WKDWPHDQ":KRFDQ³MXVWSOD\´RYHU*LDQW6WHSV7XQH8S&RQ¿UPDWLRQ6WDU(\HVWKHEOXHVRUDWKRXVDQG
RWKHUWXQHVZLWKLQWHUHVWLQJFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQV"7KHIDPRXVDOWRVD[RSKRQLVW&KDUOLH3DUNHULQKLVRZQZRUGV
VDLGWKHUHZDVDSHULRGRIWR\HDUVZKHUHKHSUDFWLFHGWRKRXUVDGD\,I&KDUOLH3DUNHUZDVDVPDQ\
VD\DJHQLXVKHJRWWKDWZD\E\SUDFWLFLQJ,KDYHDUHFRUGLQJRIKLPVD\LQJWKLVLQDQLQWHUYLHZZLWK3DXO'HV
PRQG,DOVRKDYHDUHFRUGLQJRIKLPVD\LQJDWDJHDIWHUKDYLQJJRWWHQODXJKHGRIIWKHEDQGVWDQGIRUQRW
NQRZLQJ\RX¶UHVXSSRVHWRSOD\WKHVDPHVRQJWKHEDQGLVSOD\LQJ³,QHYHUVWRSSHGWRWKLQNDERXWWKHUHEHLQJ
RWKHUNH\VRUQRWKLQ¶OLNHWKDW´6RKHEHJDQOLNHPRVWRIXVEXWHYHQWXDOO\GLVFRYHUHGWKDW+(ZDVPDVWHURIKLV
RZQVKLS+HWRRNWKHEXOOE\WKHKRUQVDQGGRYHLQWRWKHPDUYHORXVZRUOGRIMD]]²WKHZRUOGRILPSURYLVDWLRQ
KDUPRQ\UK\WKPPHORG\FUHDWLYLW\LPDJLQDWLRQDQGOLIH
,I\RX¶YHHYHUZRQGHUHGZK\WHDFKHUVEHJLQVWXGHQWVZLWK¿QJHULQJVWRQHSURGXFWLRQZLQGLQVWUXPHQWVDQG
VFDOHV,IHHOLW¶VWRIRUPDVWURQJIRXQGDWLRQIRUWKHVWXGHQWV¶FUHDWLYLW\<RXULQVWUXPHQWUHÀHFWV\RXUPXVLFDO
SHUVRQDOLW\
7UDQVFULELQJVRORVRUSRUWLRQVRIVRORVRIIUHFRUGLQJVLVRQHRIWKHEHVWZD\VWR¿QGRXWZKDWWKHSURIHVVLRQDOLV
GRLQJWRPDNHWKLQJVVRXQGVRJRRG%\DQDO\]LQJDVROR\RXFDQ¿QGLPSRUWDQWIDFWV
:KDWQRWHRIWKHVFDOHGRWKH\EHJLQSKUDVHVZLWK"
:KDWQRWHRIWKHVFDOHGRWKH\HQGWKHLUSKUDVHVZLWK"
'RWKH\XVHDZLGHRUQDUURZUDQJHWHVVLWXUD"
'RWKH\XVHFKRUGWRQHVLQWKHLUSKUDVHV"
'RWKH\XVHVFDOHVRUELWVDQGSLHFHVRIVFDOHV"
'RWKH\KDYHIDYRULWHOLFNVWKDWSRSXSRYHUDQGRYHU"
'RWKH\XVHFKURPDWLFVQRWHVRXWVLGHWKHEDVLFFKRUGVFDOH"
'RWKH\XVHSDVVLQJWRQHV"
5HSHWLWLRQGRWKH\XVHLWDQGKRZUK\WKPLFDOO\PHORGLFDOO\KDUPRQLFDOO\"
'RWKH\XVHVSDFHUHVWVVLOHQFH"+RZRIWHQ",VWKHUHDSDWWHUQ"
'RWKH\EXLOGWKHLUVROR"'RHVWKHVRORVHHPWRWHOODVWRU\RUJRVRPHZKHUH"
'RWKH\WHQGWRSODFHFKRUGWRQHVRQEHDWVDQGLQWLPH
'RWKH\LQFRUSRUDWHVXEVWLWXWHVFDOHVRYHUWKHEDVLFFKRUGVFDOHV"
'RWKH\GRXEOHWLPHDQ\SKUDVHVWKLVXVXDOO\PHDQVSOD\LQJLQWKQRWHV"
'RWKH\XVHWKHEOXHVVFDOH"+RZRIWHQ"
'RWKH\XVHVHTXHQFHVLQWKHLUSOD\LQJ"
+DYLQJVSHQWRYHU\HDUVZRUNLQJZLWKPXVLFLDQVRIDOOOHYHOV,¿QGWKDWRQHRIWKHIXQGDPHQWDOQHHGVLVWR
H[SUHVVWKHPVHOYHVLQDQLPSURYLVDWRU\PDQQHURQWKHLULQVWUXPHQW3OD\LQJMD]]KDVEHHQWKHURXWHWKRVHPXVL
FLDQVKDYHWDNHQ
&UHDWLYLW\DQGXVHRILPDJLQDWLRQLVHVVHQWLDOWRRXUZHOOEHLQJDVKXPDQVRQWKHSODQHW(DUWK:HDUHFUHDWLYH
EHLQJV:LWKDOLWWOHJXLGDQFHHYHU\RQHFDQOHDUQWRLPSURYLVHDQGHQMR\WKHIUXLWVRIVHOIH[SUHVVLRQLQPXVLF
7KHUH¶VUHDOO\QRWKLQJWREHDIUDLGRI/LIHLVH[DFWO\ZKDW\RXPDNHLWWREH
6
SUGGESTED LISTENING - JAZZ ARTISTS
1. TRUMPET1DW$GGHUOH\/RXLV$UPVWURQJ&KHW%DNHU7HUUDQFH%ODQFKDUG/HVWHU%RZLH5DQG\%UHFNHU&OLIIRUG%URZQ'RQ&KHUU\%XFN&OD\WRQ
-RKQQ\&ROHV0LOHV'DYLV.HYLQ'HDQ.HQQ\'RUKDP'DYH'RXJODV+DUU\(GLVRQ5R\(OGULGJH$UW)DUPHU'L]]\*LOOHVSLH%REE\+DFNHWW7LP+DJDQV
5R\+DUJURYH3KLOOLS+DUSHU7RP+DUUHOO(GGLH+HQGHUVRQ7HUXPDVR+LQR)UHGGLH+XEEDUG,QJULG-HQVHQ7KDG-RQHV%RRNHU/LWWOH-RH0DJQDUHOOL
-RKQ0F1HLO:\QWRQ0DUVDOLV-RKQ0DUVKDOO%OXH0LWFKHOO/HH0RUJDQ)DWV1DYDUUR1LFKRODV3D\WRQ%DUU\5LHV:DOODFH5RQH\-LP5RWRQGL&DUO
6DXQGHUV:RRG\6KDZ%REE\6KHZ-RKQ6ZDQD&ODUN7HUU\6FRWW:HQGKROW.HQQ\:KHHOHU
2. SOPRANO SAX6LGQH\%HFKHW-DQH,UD%ORRP-RKQ&ROWUDQH-RH)DUUHOO6WHYH*URVVPDQ&KULVWLQH-HQVHQ'DYLG/LHEPDQ6WHYH/DF\&KULV
3RWWHU:D\QH6KRUWHU
3. ALTO SAX&DQQRQEDOO$GGHUOH\&UDLJ%DLOH\*DU\%DUW]$UWKXU%O\WKH5LFKLH&ROH2UQHWWH&ROHPDQ6WHYH&ROHPDQ3DXO'HVPRQG(ULF'ROSK\
/RX'RQDOGVRQ3DTXLWR'¶5LYHUD.HQQ\*DUUHWW+HUE*HOOHU%XQN\*UHHQ-LPP\*UHHQH$QWRQLR+DUW-RKQ-HQNLQV&KULVWLQH-HQVHQ(ULF.ORVV
/HH.RQLW]&KDUOLH0DULDQR-DFNLH0F/HDQ5RVFRH0LWFKHOO)UDQN0RUJDQ/DQQ\0RUJDQ/HQQLH1LHKDXV*UHJ2VE\&KDUOLH3DUNHU$UW3HSSHU%XG
6KDQN6WHYH6ODJHO-LP6QLGHUR-DPHV6SDXOGLQJ6RQQ\6WLWW%REE\:DWVRQ6WHYH:LOVRQ3KLO:RRGV-RKQ=RUQ
4. TENOR SAX*HRUJH$GDPV(ULF$OH[DQGHU*HQH$PPRQV%RE%HUJ-HUU\%HUJRQ]L'RQ%UDGHQ0LFKDHO%UHFNHU*DU\&DPSEHOO*HRUJH&ROH
PDQ-RKQ&ROWUDQH-XQLRU&RRN(GGLH³/RFNMDZ´'DYLV%LOO(YDQV-RH)DUUHOO%XG)UHHPDQ&KLFR)UHHPDQ9RQ)UHHPDQ*HRUJH*DU]RQH6WDQ
*HW]%HQQ\*ROVRQ3DXO*RQVDOYHV'H[WHU*RUGRQ-RKQQ\*ULI¿Q6WHYH*URVVPDQ(GGLH+DUULV&ROHPDQ+DZNLQV-RH+HQGHUVRQ,OOLQRLV-DFTXHW
&OLIIRUG-RUGRQ-RKQ.OHPPHU5DOSK/DODPD+DUROG/DQG3DW/D%DUEHUD$]DU/DZUHQFH'DYH/LHEPDQ&KDUOHV/OR\G-RH/RYDQR5LFN0DUJLW]D
%UDQIRUG0DUVDOLV:D\QH0DUVK%RE0LQW]HU+DQN0REOH\-DPHV0RRG\5LFK3HUU\%LOO\3LHUFH&KULV3RWWHU'HZH\5HGPDQ-RVKXD5HGPDQ6RQQ\
5ROOLQV3KDURDK6DQGHUV/DUU\6FKQHLGHU$UFKLH6KHSS:D\QH6KRUWHU=RRW6LPV6RQQ\6WLWW6WDQOH\7XUUHQWLQH%HQQ\:DOODFH%HQ:HEVWHU:DOW
:HLVNRSI/HVWHU<RXQJ
5. BARITONE SAX3HSSHU$GDPV1LFN%ULJQROD+DUU\&DUQH\6HUJH&KDORII5RQQLH&XEHU&KDUOHV'DYLV*HUU\0XOOLJDQ/HR3DUNHU3DW3DWULFN
&HFLO3D\QH6DKLE6KLKDE*DU\6PXO\DQ
6. TROMBONE5D\$QGHUVRQ0LOW%HUQKDUGW*DUQHWW%URZQ-LPP\&OHYHODQG+DO&URRN6WHYH'DYLV5RELQ(XEDQNV-RKQ)HGFKRFN&DUO)RQWDQD
&XUWLV)XOOHU8UELH*UHHQ6OLGH+DPSWRQ%LOO+DUULV&RQUDG+HUZLJ---RKQVRQ'HOIHD\R0DUVDOLV*UDFKDQ0RQFXU)UDQN5RVROLQR5RVZHOO5XGG
-DFN7HDJDUGHQ6WHYH7XUUH%LOO:DWURXV3KLO:LOVRQ.DL:LQGLQJ
7. FLUTE(ULF'ROSK\-RH)DUUHOO5RODQG.LUN<XVHI/DWHHI+XEHUW/DZV'DYLG/LHEPDQ&KDUOHV/OR\G+HUELH0DQQ-DPHV0RRG\-HUHP\6WHLJ
)UDQN:HVV
8. CLARINET'RQ%\URQ-RKQ&DUWHU(GGLH'DQLHOV%XGG\'H)UDQFR(ULF'ROSK\EDVVFODULQHW3DTXLWR'¶5LYHUD)UDQN*ORYHU%HQQ\*RRGPDQ
-LPP\*XLIIUH:RRG\+HUPDQ%RE0LQW]HUEDVVFODULQHW$UW3HSSHU&KULV3RWWHUEDVVFODULQHW5XVVHOO3URFRSH3HH:HH5XVVHOO7RQ\6FRWW$UWLH
6KDZ3KLO:RRGV
9. GUITAR+RZDUG$OGHQ*HRUJH%HQVRQ3HWHU%HUQVWHLQ-RVKXD%UHDNVWRQH.HQQ\%XUUHOO&KDUOLH&KULVWLDQ'DYH&OLII-RH&RKQ/DUU\&RU\HOO
+HUE(OOLV6WHYH(UTXLDJD7DO)DUORZ&KULV)ORU\%LOO)ULVHOO0LFN*RRGULFN*UDQW*UHHQ-HUU\+DKQ-LP+DOO6FRWW+HQGHUVRQ&KDUOLH+XQWHU9LF
-XULV%DUQH\.HVVHO(DUO.OXJK3HWHU/HLFK3DW0DUWLQR-RKQ0F/DXJKOLQ3DW0HWKHQ\%HQ0RQGHU:HV0RQWJRPHU\-RH3DVV'RXJ5DQH\-LPP\
5DQH\'MDQJR5HLQKDUGW(PLO\5HPOHU.XUW5RVHQZLQNHO-RKQ6FR¿HOG0LNH6WHUQ'DYH6WU\NHU$WWLOD=ROOHU
10. PIANO*HUL$OOHQ/\QQH$UULDOH.HQQ\%DUURQ%UXFH%DUWK3DXO%OH\'DYH%UXEHFN5D\%U\DQW*HRUJH&DEOHV-RH\&DOGHUD]]R0LFKHO&DPLOR
&KLFN&RUHD.HQQ\'UHZ*HRUJH'XNH%LOO(YDQV9LFWRU)HOGPDQ7RPP\)ODQDJDQ+DO*DOSHU5HG*DUODQG(UUROO*DUQHU/DUU\*ROGLQJV%HQQ\
*UHHQ'DQ+DHUOH$O+DLJ+HUELH+DQFRFN5RODQG+DQQD+DPSWRQ+DZHV)UHG+HUVFK$QGUHZ+LOO$KPDG-DPDO.HLWK-DUUHWW+DQN-RQHV*HRII
.HH]HU:\QWRQ.HOO\$QG\/D9HUQH0LNH/H'RQQH0DUN/HYLQH-RKQ/HZLV+DUROG0DEHUQ5RQQLH0DWKHZV%UDG0HOGKDX0XOJUHZ0LOOHU7KHOR
QLXV0RQN0LFKHO3HWUXFFLDQL+DUU\3LFNHQV3KLQHDV1HZERUQ-U0DNRWR2]RQH'DQLOR3HUH]2VFDU3HWHUVRQ%XG3RZHOO5HQHH5RVQHV*RQ]DOR
5XEDOFDED+RUDFH6LOYHU$UW7DWXP-DFN\7HUUDVVRQ%REE\7LPPRQV/HQQLH7ULVWDQR0F&R\7\QHU&HGDU:DOWRQ.HQQ\:HUQHU-DPHV:LOOLDPV
0DU\/RX:LOOLDPV-RH=DZLQXO'HQQ\=HLWOLQ
11. BASS-LPP\%ODQWRQ5D\%URZQ5RQ&DUWHU3DXO&KDPEHUV6WDQOH\&ODUNH7RGG&RROPDQ%RE&UDQVKDZ,VUDHO&URVE\5LFKDUG'DYLV*HRUJH
'XYLYLHU&KDUOHV)DPEURXJK'DYLG)ULHVHQ-LPP\*DUULVRQ-RKQ*ROGVE\(GGLH*RPH]/DUU\*UHQDGLHU3HUF\+HDWK0LOW+LQWRQ%RE+XUVW'HQLV
,UZLQ6DP-RQHV6FRWW/D)DUR&HFLO0F%HH&KULVWLDQ0F%ULGH&KDUOLH0LQJXV5HG0LWFKHOO0RQN0RQWJRPHU\0LNH0RRUH%LOO0RULQJ*HRUJH0UD]
-DFR3DVWRULXV-RKQ3DWLWXFFL2VFDU3HWWLIRUG&KXFN5DLQH\5XIXV5HLG/\QQ6HDWRQ6ODP6WHZDUW6WHYH6ZDOORZ0LURVODY9LWRXV3HWHU:DVKLQJWRQ
%XVWHU:LOOLDPV
12. DRUMS-RH\%DURQ/RXLV%HOOVRQ(G%ODFNZHOO%ULDQ%ODGH$UW%ODNH\5R\%URRNV7HUUL/\QH&DUULQJWRQ-RH&KDPEHUV.HQQ\&ODUNH-LPP\
&REE%LOO\&REKDP6WHYH'DYLV%LOO\'UXPPRQG3HWHU(UVNLQH-RH)DUQVZRUWK$O)RVWHU%LOO\+DUW5R\+D\QHV7RRWLH+HDWK%LOO\+LJJLQV5RJHU
+XPSKULHV-DFN'H-RKQHWWH(OYLQ-RQHV3KLOO\-RH-RQHV&RQQLH.D\6WDQ/HY\6KHOO\0DQQH%REE\0RVHV3DXO0RWLDQ$OSKRQVH0RX]RQ,GULV
0XKDPPHG$GDP1XVVEDXP5DOSK3HWHUVRQ7RQ\5HHGXV%XGG\5LFK'DQQ\5LFKPRQG0D[5RDFK0LFN\5RNHU0DUYLQ³6PLWW\´6PLWK(G6RSK
%LOO6WHZDUW*UDG\7DWH$UW7D\ORU.HQQ\:DVKLQJWRQ3HWHU:DVKLQJWRQ-HII³7DLQ´:DWWV'DYH:HFNO/HQQ\:KLWH7RQ\:LOOLDPV
13. VIBES5R\$\HUV*DU\%XUWRQ'DYH)ULHGPDQ7HUU\*LEEV/LRQHO+DPSWRQ6WHIRQ+DUULV-D\+RJJDUG%REE\+XWFKHUVRQ0LOW-DFNVRQ-RH
/RFNH6WHYH1HOVRQ5HG1RUYR'DYH3LNH'DYLG6DPXHOV&DO7MDGHU
14. ORGAN-RH\'H)UDQFHVFR%DUEDUD'HQQHUOHLQ&KDUOHV(DUODQG/DUU\*ROGLQJV5LFKDUG³*URRYH´+ROPHV0LNH/H'RQQH+DQN0DUU-DFN0F'XII
-LPP\0F*ULII-RKQ3DWWRQ-LPP\6PLWK'DQ:DOO6DP<DKHO/DUU\<RXQJ
15. BIG BANDS$LUPHQ2I1RWH7RVKLNR$NL\RVKL&RXQW%DVLH/RXLV%HOOVRQ&DUOD%OH\)UDQF\%RODQG'XNH(OOLQJWRQ'RQ(OOLV*LO(YDQV0D\QDUG
)HUJXVRQ%RE)ORUHQFH'L]]\*LOOHVSLH:RRG\+HUPDQ&RQUDG+HUZLJ¶V/DWLQ%LJ%DQG%LOO+ROPDQ7KDG-RQHV/HZLV6WDQ.HQWRQ0HO/HZLV-RQHV
:\QWRQ0DUVDOLV5RE0F&RQQHOO&KDUOHV0LQJXV0LQJXV'\QDVW\%LJ%DQG%RE0LQW]HU0RQGD\1LJKW9DQJXDUG2UFKHVWUD(GGLH3DOPLHUL7LWR3XHQWH
6XQ5D%XGG\5LFK*HRUJH5XVVHOO0DULD6FKQHLGHU/HZ7DEDFNLQ%LOO:DWURXV5DQG\:HVWRQ*HUDOG:LOVRQ
16. VOCALISTS0RVH$OOLVRQ&KHW%DNHU7RQ\%HQQHWW-DFNLH&DLQ%HWW\&DUWHU5D\&KDUOHV-XQH&KULVW\5RVHPDU\&ORRQH\+DUU\&RQQLFN&KULV
&RQQRU%LOO\(FNVWLQH(OOD)LW]JHUDOG-RKQQ\+DUWPDQ%LOOLH+ROLGD\(GGLH-HIIHUVRQ5R\.UDO'LDQD.UDOO3HJJ\/HH-RQ/XFLHQ.HYLQ0DKRJDQ\
&DUPHQ0F&UDH$QLWD2¶'D\/RX5DZOHV)UDQN6LQDWUD'DNRWD6WDWRQ*UDG\7DWH/HRQ7KRPDV0HO7RUPH6DUDK9DXJKQ'LQDK:DVKLQJWRQ-RH
:LOOLDPV1RUPD:LQVWRQH
17. SCAT SINGERS/RXLV$UPVWURQJ&KHW%DNHU'HQLV'L%ODVLR.XUW(OOLQJ(OOD)LW]JHUDOG'L]]\*LOOHVSLH-RKQ+HQGULFNV%REE\0F)HUULQ-HQQLIHU
%DUQHV&ODUN7HUU\
18. VIOLIN'DURO$QJHU-RKQ%ODNH5HJLQD&DUWHU6DUD&DVZHOO-HUU\*RRGPDQ6WHSKDQH*UDSSHOOL-RH.HQQHG\-U5D\1DQFH-HDQ/XF3RQW\
5DQG\6DELHQ6WXII6PLWK-RH9HQXWL0LFKDHO:KLWH)LGGOHU:LOOLDPV
19. CELLO'DYLG%DNHU
18. HARMONICA7RRWV7KLHOHPDQV
7
HISTORICALLY SIGNIFICANT RECORDINGS
,I\RXZDQWWROHDUQWRSOD\MD]]\RXKDYHWROLVWHQOLVWHQOLVWHQ%XWPDQ\WLPHVVWXGHQWVGRQ¶WKDYHDQ\LGHDZKDWUHFRUG
LQJVWREX\6RZHKDYHFUHDWHGWKLVOLVWRIPDQ\RIWKHPRVWLPSRUWDQWUHFRUGLQJVLQMD]]
0RVWRIWKHUHFRUGLQJVOLVWHGDUHIURPWKH¶V¶V¶V%HERSHUD7KLVLVGXHWRWKHVWURQJLQÀXHQFHWKLVSDUWLFXODU
SHULRGRIPXVLFKDVKDGRQRXUFXUUHQWMD]]´VFHQHWRGD\:HKDYHSXUSRVHO\RPLWWHGDQXPEHURIYHU\HDUO\UHFRUGLQJV
EHFDXVHPDQ\RIWKRVHHDUO\UHFRUGLQJVKDGYHU\SRRUVRXQGTXDOLW\WKHDUWLVWVUHFRUGHGORWVRIPDWHULDODQGVRWKH\
DUHUHSUHVHQWHGE\ODWHUUHFRUGLQJVHOVHZKHUHRQWKLVOLVWDQGRUWKHHDUO\UHFRUGLQJVDUHQRWFXUUHQWO\DYDLODEOHRQ&'
,I\RXKDYHDWXUQWDEOH\RXVKRXOGVWDUWFKHFNLQJRXW\DUGVDOHVDQGWKULIWVWRUHV²RIWHQ\RXFDQ¿QGFODVVLFMD]]UHFRUGLQJV
RQYLQ\OIRUQH[WWRQRWKLQJ
)RUHDFKUHFRUGOLVWHG\RXFDQVHHWKHDUWLVWQDPHIROORZHGE\WKHQDPHRIWKHDOEXP
‡&$1121%$//$''(5/(<620(7+,1¶(/6(
‡+(5%,(+$1&2&.0$,'(192<$*(
‡&/,))25'%52:1678'<,1%52:1
‡-2+1&2/75$1(%/8(75$,1
‡&$1121%$//$''(5/(<&2/75$1(
‡:$<1(6+257(563($.12(9,/
‡+25$&(6,/9(5621*)250<)$7+(5
‡',==<*,//(63,(6211<6,'(83
‡0,/(6'$9,6.,1'2)%/8(
‡-2+1&2/75$1(*,$1767(36
‡---2+16217+((0,1(1792/80(
‡(5,&'2/3+<28772/81&+
‡2/,9(51(/621%/8(67+($%675$&77587+
‡/((025*$17+(6,'(:,1'(5
‡+$1.02%/(<628/67$7,21
‡0,/(6'$9,60,/(6721(6
‡:(60217*20(5<602.,1$77+(+$/)127(
‡/((025*$1&251%5($'
‡/$55<<281*81,7<
‡6211<52//,166$;23+21(&2/26686
‡-2+1&2/75$1(0$,1675($0
‡0&&2<7<1(57+(5($/0&&2<
‡-2+1&2/75$1($/29(6835(0(
‡',==<*,//(63,(-$==$70$66(<+$//
‡$57%/$.(<$1,*+7$7%,5'/$1'92/
‡%,//(9$1681'(5&855(17
‡*(1($00216%2667(1256
‡0,/(6'$9,6µ5281'$%2870,'1,*+7
‡(552//*$51(5&21&(57%<7+(6($
‡0,/(6'$9,65(/$;,1¶:,7+0,/(6
‡:(60217*20(5<,1&5(',%/(-$==*8,7$5
‡-2(+(1'(56213$*(21(
‡)5$1.5262/,12)5(()25$//
‡:(60217*20(5<)8//+286(
‡$57)$50(502'(51$57
‡6211<52//,167(1250$'1(66
‡$57%/$.(<02$1,1¶
‡0,/(6'$9,6,1$6,/(17:$<
‡7+(/21,286021.:,7+-2+1&2/75$1(
‡&+,&.&25($12:+(6,1*612:+(62%6
‡%,//(9$16681'$<$79,//$*(9$1*8$5'
‡&+$5/,(3$5.(512:¶67+(7,0(
‡67$1*(7=)25086,&,$1¶621/<
‡&+$5/,(3$5.(5%,5'',=
‡-2(+(1'(5621/86+/,)(675$<+251086,&
‡%,//(9$16:$/7=)25'(%%<
‡.(11<'25+$081$0$6
‡/(67(5<281*7+(35(6,'(173/$<6
:7+(26&$53(7(562175,2
‡-2(+(1'(5621,1µ1287
‡-2+1&2/75$1(-2+11<+$570$1
‡1$1&<:,/621:,7+&$''(5/(<
‡0,/(6'$9,6&22.,1¶
‡5('*$5/$1'*5229<
‡0,/(6'$9,667($0,1¶:,7+0,/(6'$9,6
‡-2+11<*5,)),1$%/2:,1¶6(66,21
‡-2+1&2/75$1(%$//$'6
‡&$5/)217$1$7+(*5($7)217$1$
‡$57%/$.(<8*(768
‡$57%/$.(<$1,*+7$7%,5'/$1'92/
‡)5('',(+8%%$5'+8%721(6
‡%8'32:(//7+(*(1,862)
‡0,/(6'$9,6%,7&+(6%5(:
‡-2+1&2/75$1(&203/(7(9$1*8$5'
‡/((.21,7=68%&216&,286/((
‡67$1*(7=67$1*(7=%,//(9$16
‡0,/7-$&.621%$*60((76:(6
‡-,00<60,7+%$&.$77+(&+,&.(16+$&.
‡6211<52//,163/86)285
‡-2(+(1'(5621,11(585*(
‡:22'<+(50$1.((3(52)7+()/$0(
‡%8'32:(//7+($0$=,1*92/
‡&/,))25'%52:1%52:152$&+,1&
‡-2(+(1'(562102'()25-2(
‡+25$&(6,/9(5%/2:,1¶7+(%/8(6$:$<
‡&/,))25'%52:1025(678'<,1%52:1
‡6211<&/$5./($3,1¶$1'/23,1¶
‡0,/(6'$9,60<)811<9$/(17,1(
‡&+,&.&25($/,*+7$6$)($7+(5
‡+(5%,(+$1&2&.(03<5($1,6/(6
‡6211<52//,161(:.¶67,0(
‡+25$&(6,/9(5&$3(9(5'($1%/8(6
‡+(5%,(+$1&2&.7+(35,621(5
‡0,/(6'$9,66(9(167(3672+($9(1
‡%,//,(+2/,'$</$'<'$<%(672)9(59(<56
‡&+$5/(60,1*860,1*86$+80
‡'(;7(5*25'21+20(&20,1*/,9($799
‡$57%/$.(<7+(%,*%($7
‡&$1121%$//$''(5/(<,16$1)5$1&,6&2
‡0,/(6'$9,60,/(660,/(6
‡-2+1&2/75$1(/,9($7%,5'/$1'
‡0,/7-$&.621%$*60((76:(6
‡)5('',(+8%%$5'675$,*+7/,)(
‡0,/(6'$9,6%$*¶6*5229(
‡251(77(&2/(0$16+$3(2)-$==72&20(
‡67$1/(<7855(17,1(83$70,1721¶6
‡-2+1&2/75$1(0<)$925,7(7+,1*6
‡0,/(6'$9,61()(57,7,
‡:22'<6+$:/,77/(5('¶6)$17$6<
‡(//,1*7210,1*8652$&+021(<-81*/(
‡',==<*,//(63,(52<$1'',=
‡%(11<&$57(5)857+(5'(),1,7,216
‡-2+11<*5,)),1728*+7(125)$925,7(6
‡&2817%$6,(7+(&203/(7($720,&%$6,(
8
TIPS FOR LEARNING A NEW TUNE
/LVWHQWRWKHVRQJRYHUDQGRYHU
0HPRUL]HWKHPHORG\LQ\RXUPLQG%HDEOHWRVLQJLW
/LVWHQFDUHIXOO\WRWKHEDVVOLQHDQGWKHKDUPRQ\LQJHQHUDO*HWDQRYHUDOOVHQVHRIKRZ
WKHVRQJLVSXWWRJHWKHU
7U\SOD\LQJWKHPHORG\IURPPHPRU\VORZO\DW¿UVW
7KHQSOD\WKHPHORG\DORQJZLWKWKHUHFRUGLQJ&RS\LQÀHFWLRQVDUWLFXODWLRQVVOXUV
SKUDVLQJG\QDPLFVHWF
/HDUQWKHVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVLQWKHRUGHUDVWKH\DSSHDULQWKHVRQJ0DNHVXUH\RX¶YH
JRWWKHULJKWFKDQJHVFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQ*HWWKHPIURPDUHOLDEOHVRXUFHVXFKDVWKH
SOD\DORQJERRNV
,PSURYLVHRYHUWKHKDUPRQ\NHHSLQJLQPLQGWKHRULJLQDOPHORG\DVDIUDPHRI
UHIHUHQFH
(PSKDVL]HWKHWKLUGVDQGVHYHQWKVRIVFDOHVLQ\RXUVRORLQJ
0HPRUL]HERWKPHORG\andFKRUGVFDOHVLI\RXKDYHQ¶WDOUHDG\.QRZZKHUHWKHFKRUG
WRQHVDUH21<285,167580(17
,PSURYLVH\RXURULJLQDOPHORGLHVEDVHGRQZKDW\RXUPLQG+($56/HW\RXUPLQGJXLGH
\RXUFKRLFHRIQRWHVSKUDVLQJUK\WKPVDUWLFXODWLRQVHWF
/LVWHQFRQVWDQWO\WRWKHRULJLQDOUHFRUGLQJRIWKHVRQJWRIXUWKHUVWLU\RXULPDJLQDWLRQ
,QFRUSRUDWHLGHDVRIWKHUHFRUGLQJLQWR\RXUVRORV
/HDUQWKHO\ULFVLIWKHVRQJKDVDQ\0HQWDOO\VLQJWKHO\ULFVZKLOHSOD\LQJWKHPHORG\
)DOOLQORYHZLWKWKHPHORGLHVWRVRQJV3OD\WKHPOLNH<28ZURWHWKHP
³,¶YHDOZD\VWULHGWRUHFUHDWHPHORGLHVHYHQEHWWHUWKDQWKHFRPSRVHUVZKRZURWHWKHP,¶YHDOZD\VWULHGWRFRPH
XSZLWKVRPHWKLQJWKDWQHYHUHYHQRFFXUUHGWRWKHP7KLVLVWKHFKDOOHQJHQRWWRUHDUUDQJHWKHLQWHQWLRQVRIWKH
FRPSRVHUVEXWWRVWD\ZLWKLQWKHSDUDPHWHUVRUZKDWWKHFRPSRVHUVKDYHLQPLQGDQGEHFUHDWLYHDQGLPDJLQDWLYH
DQGPHDQLQJIXO´-- tenor saxophonist Joe Henderson
(Taken from Jamey’s volume 1 book: “How to Play and Improvise”)
PRACTICE PROCEDURES FOR MEMORIZING
SCALES AND CHORDS TO ANY SONG
3OD\URRWWRQLFQRWHRIHDFKFKRUGVFDOH
3OD\¿UVWQRWHVRIHDFKVFDOH
3OD\¿UVWQRWHVRIHDFKVFDOH
3OD\WKH¿UVW¿YHQRWHVRIHDFKVFDOH
3OD\WULDGRIWKHVFDOHDQGRIWKHVFDOH
3OD\WKFKRUGVDQGWKWRQHVRIWKHVFDOH
3OD\WKFKRUGVDQGWKWRQHVRIWKHVFDOH
3OD\WKHHQWLUHVFDOHXSDQGGRZQ
3OD\WKFKRUGVDQGWKWRQHVRIWKHVFDOH
3OD\XSWKHVFDOHWRWKHWKDQGEDFNGRZQWKHFKRUGWRQHV
3OD\XSWKHWKFKRUGDQGWKHQFRPHEDFNGRZQWKHVFDOH
3OD\WKHVFDOHLQEURNHQWKLUGVXSDQGGRZQHWFXSGRZQ
7KHDERYHDSSURDFKFDQEHXVHGZKHQOHDUQLQJWKHVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVWR$1<VRQJRUZKHQOHDUQLQJDQ\QHZ
VFDOH<RXPD\ZDQWWRXVHDPHWURQRPHZKHQWKHWHPSRRQWKHUHFRUGLQJLVWRRIDVWIRU\RX<RX¶OOZDQWWRSOD\
WKHVHH[HUFLVHV83DQG'2:1,I\RXIHHO\RXQHHGIXUWKHUSUDFWLFHZLWKDQ\SDUWLFXODUVFDOHFKRUGWKHUHDUHPDQ\
PRUHSDWWHUQVDQGH[HUFLVHVDYDLODEOHIURPYDULRXVSUDFWLFHERRNV
2QFH\RXEHFRPHIDPLOLDUZLWKWKHYDULRXVVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVDQGJDLQDGHTXDWHIDFLOLW\\RXZRQ¶WKDYHWRSUDFWLFH
WKHVHW\SHH[HUFLVHVDQ\PRUH5HPHPEHUWKHH[HUFLVHVDUHPHUHO\WRKHOS\RX0$.(086,&
9
10
PRACTICE PROCEDURE FOR MEMORIZING SCALES AND CHORDS TO ANY SONG
Think of the blues progression as being three four-bar sections. It has a beginning (4-bars), a
middle section (4-bars), and an ending (4-bars). After you become familiar with various scales
and chords, you won’t need to go through ths practice procedure when working on a new tune.
You’ll already have the needed scales and chords memorized. This is what the professional jazz
musician has done. Commit to memory and enjoy making music. Remember, the purpose of
any exercise is to help you truly MAKE MUSIC. Your OWN music.
As you play, memorize the chord/scale progression as well as the chord and scale tones. After
playing through these eight choruses, I think you’ll be surprised how easy it is to memorize.
Concentrate on the SOUND of each note.
The eight exercises listed below represent the typical jazz approach to learning the basic harmony for the blues in Bb. You’ll want to vary the rhythms to add variety and make them sound
more improvised. You can use this approach for learning ANY scale or chord to ANY song. The
Bb blues progression is taken from the Volume 42 “Blues In All Keys.”
SONG LIST FOR BEGINNERS
+HUHDUHVRQJVZKLFKHYHU\RQHVKRXOGHYHQWXDOO\NQRZ±WKH\DUHJRRGMDPVHVVLRQVRQJV,DPOLVWLQJWKHNH\V
WKH\DUHPRVWRIWHQSOD\HGLQIROORZHGLQSDUHQWKHVLVE\WKHSOD\DORQJYROXPHQXPEHUVZKHUH\RXFDQ¿QG
WKHP0RVWRIWKHEHJLQQLQJVRQJVDUHRQWKH9ROXPH³0DLGHQ9R\DJH´SOD\DORQJERRNUHFRUGLQJVHW,W¶V
H[FHOOHQWIRUOHDUQLQJMDPVHVVLRQWXQHV
Beginning Songs
Intermediate Songs
WURXEOHVRPHVSRWV >@
_
)RXU(E>) %@
3HUGLGR%E>[email protected]
$OO%OXHV*>'(E'@
*URRYLQ+LJK(E>$'@
<DUGELUG6XLWH&>[email protected]
_
6RIWO\$V,Q$0RUQLQJ6XQULVH& >[email protected]
2Q*UHHQ'ROSKLQ6WUHHW(E
_
_
0LVW\(E>$ '& )[email protected]
_
-XVW)ULHQGV)>$RRU$E @
.LOOHU-RH&>[email protected]
6ZHHW*HRUJLD%URZQ
,QGLDQD%DFN+RPH$JDLQ,Q
*LUO)URP,SDQHPD)
%OXHVLQ%E)
_
)RRWSULQWV& 6DWLQ'ROO&
'R[\%E
_
$XWXPQ/HDYHV* _
,PSUHVVLRQVRU6R:KDW' _
6XPPHUWLPH' _
6RQJ)RU0\)DWKHU) _
0DLGHQ9R\DJH$ _
6LOYHUV6HUHQDGH( _
&DQWDORXSH,VODQG) _
6XJDU& FDOOHG*URRYLWLV
:DWHUPHORQ0DQ)
Advanced Songs
6WHOODE\6WDUOLJKW%ERU*>[email protected]
6WDU(\HV(E>[email protected]
_
,QYLWDWLRQ& >[email protected]
+DYH<RX0HW0LVV-RQHV")>[email protected]
,*RW5K\WKP%E)
*LDQW6WHSV(E>[email protected]
$OO7KH7KLQJV<RX$UH$E>[email protected]
0RVWEDOODGV
:D\QH6KRUWHUWXQHV+RUDFH6LOYHUWXQHV-RKQ&ROWUDQHWXQHV%HQQ\*ROVRQWXQHV
DQGWKRXVDQGVRIRWKHUVRQJV
Memorize the melody
Memorize the chord progression
Memorize the various scales/chords
%HGLVFULPLQDWHLQ\RXUOLVWHQLQJ5HPHPEHU\RX¶UHWUDLQLQJ\RXU0,1'
&KRRVH\RXUPXVLFOLNH\RXZRXOG\RXUIULHQGV
7KLQNRIKRZPDQ\IULHQGV¶YRLFHV\RXFDQUHFRJQL]HRYHUWKHWHOHSKRQHDIWHUWKH\VD\RQO\
RQHZRUG7KHTXDOLWLHVRIVFDOHVPDMRUPLQRUGRPWKGLPHWFZLOOEHFRPHMXVWDVIDPLOLDU
DQGHDV\WRUHFRJQL]HZLWKSUDFWLFH
11
SCALES
= ¼ = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
= 7 = 1 2 3 4 5 6 °7 8
= Ç= 1 2 °3 4 5 6 °7 8
Major
Dom. 7th
Minor
(Dorian)
These are the three most-used scales and chords.
Half-dim. = Ø = 1 °2 °3 4 °5 °6 °7 8
BØ = C¼ = B C D E F G A B
Half-diminished scales are the same as a major scale 1/2 step above.
B؝2 = B C D E F G A B
Blues scale
= 1 °3 4 4 5 °7 8
2 =“Half-dim.2”, like:
Major pentatonic = 1 2 3
°3
Minor pentatonic = 1
Minor pent. (J. Coltrane) = 1 2 °3
5 6
8
°7 8
4 5
5 6
8
Scales are your best friends—get to know them inside out.
They’ll do whatever you ask them to do. Make sure you know them well.
CHORDS
0DMRU
7ULDGV
0LQRU
'LPLQLVKHG
$XJPHQWHG
°
°
°

7th CHORDS 0DMRU
'RPLQDQW
0LQRU
'LPLQLVKHG
'RPWK
0LQRU0DMRUWK
+DOIGLPLQLVKHG
°
°
°
°
°

°
°
°
°°WK
°
°
&¼
&
&
&°
&"
&¼
&Ø
1) ¼ = Major 7th, it can mean a major scale (C¼)
or it can mean a major 7th note (C¼)
2) 7 = Lowered 7th
3) – = Minor (usually Dorian Minor)
4) O = Diminished scale or chord
5) Ø = Half-diminished scale or chord
6) + or  = Raise the note 1/2 step
7) or ° = Lower the note 1/2 step
8) 3 = Minor third interval (= 3 half-steps)
9) °9 after a letter (dom.7th chord) means there
are 3 altered tones:
b 9, 9 & 4
10) 9 after a letter (dom.7th chord) means there
are 4 altered tones: °9, 9, 4 & 5
12
INTRODUCTION TO THE SCALE SYLLABUS
(DFKFKRUGVFDOHV\PERO&&Ç&¼"HWFUHSUHVHQWVDVHULHVRIWRQHVZKLFKWKHLPSURYLVRUFDQXVHZKHQ
LPSURYLVLQJRUVRORLQJ7KHVHVHULHVRIWRQHVKDYHWUDGLWLRQDOO\EHHQFDOOHGVFDOHV7KHVFDOHVOLVWHGKHUHDUHWKH
RQHV,PRVWRIWHQKHDUPXVLFLDQVSOD\,KDYHOLVWHGWKH6FDOH6\OODEXVLQWKHNH\RI&&RQFHUWVR\RXFDQKDYH
DIUDPHRIUHIHUHQFHDQGFDQFRPSDUHWKHVLPLODULWLHVDQGGLIIHUHQFHVEHWZHHQWKHYDULRXVFKRUGVVFDOHV
7KLV6&$/(6<//$%86LVLQWHQGHGWRJLYHWKHLPSURYLVRUDYDULHW\RIVFDOHFKRLFHVZKLFKPD\EHXVHGRYHU
DQ\FKRUGPDMRUPLQRUGRPLQDQWWKKDOIGLPLQLVKHGGLPLQLVKHGDQGVXVSHQGHG:HVWHUQPXVLFHVSHFLDOO\
MD]]DQGSRSXVHVPDMRUGRPLQDQWWK'RULDQPLQRUDQG%OXHVVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVPRUHWKDQDQ\RWKHU6FDOHV
DQGFKRUGVXVHGOHVVRIWHQDUHWKHKDOIGLPLQLVKHGGLPLQLVKHGDQGVXVSHQGHG,IZHDJUHHRQWKHVH¿YHFKRUG
VFDOHIDPLOLHVDVEHLQJWKHPRVWSUHGRPLQDQWWKHQZHFDQVHWXSFDWHJRULHVDQGOLVWVXEVWLWXWHVFDOHVEHQHDWK
HDFKKHDGLQJVHHWKHScale SyllabusSDJH<RXVKRXOGDOVRFKHFNRXWVolume 26 "The Scale Syllabus" for
PRUHKHOSZLWKVFDOHV
(DFKFDWHJRU\EHJLQVZLWKWKHVFDOHPRVWFORVHO\UHVHPEOLQJWKHFKRUGVFDOHV\PEROJLYHQWRWKHOHIW7KHVFDOHV
DUHDUUDQJHGDFFRUGLQJWRWKHGHJUHHRIGLVVRQDQFHWKH\SURGXFHLQUHODWLRQWRWKHEDVLFFKRUGVFDOHVRXQG
6FDOHVQHDUWKHWRSRIHDFKFDWHJRU\ZLOOVRXQGPLOGRUFRQVRQDQW6FDOHFKRLFHVIXUWKHUGRZQWKHOLVWZLOOEH
FRPHLQFUHDVLQJO\WHQVHRUGLVVRQDQW(DFKSOD\HULVXUJHGWRVWDUWZLWKWKHVFDOHVDWWKHWRSDQGZLWKSUDFWLFH
DQGH[SHULPHQWDWLRQJUDGXDOO\ZRUNKLVZD\GRZQWKHOLVWWRWKHPRUHGLVVRQDQWRUWHQVLRQSURGXFLQJVFDOHV<RX
VKRXOGZRUNZLWKDQHZVFDOHVRXQGRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWXQWLO\RXUHDUVDQG¿QJHUVEHFRPHFRPIRUWDEOHZLWKDOO
WKHWRQHVLQWKHVFDOH$OVRWU\VLQJLQJWKHVFDOHZLWK\RXUYRLFH,PSURYLVHZLWK\RXUYRLFHRYHUWKHVFDOH\RXDUH
OHDUQLQJDQGWKHQUHSURGXFHRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWZKDW\RXUYRLFHKDVFUHDWHG
0XVLFLVPDGHRIWHQVLRQDQGUHOHDVH6FDOHWRQHVSURGXFHHLWKHUWHQVLRQRUUHOD[DWLRQ7KHLPSURYLVRU
VDELOLW\
WRFRQWUROWKHDPRXQWDQGIUHTXHQF\RIWHQVLRQDQGUHOHDVHZLOOLQODUJHPHDVXUHGHWHUPLQHZKHWKHUKHLVVXF
FHVVIXOLQFRPPXQLFDWLQJWRWKHOLVWHQHURemember\RXWKHSOD\HUDUHalso a listener5HDGVolume 1 JAZZ:
How To Play And Improvise IRUDPRUHGHWDLOHGH[SODQDWLRQRIWHQVLRQDQGUHOHDVHLQPHORGLFGHYHORSPHQW
$Q\RIWKHYDULRXVSUDFWLFHSURFHGXUHVDQGSDWWHUQVOLVWHGLQVolumes 1, 2, 3, 21, 24 or 84FDQEHDSSOLHGWRDQ\RI
WKHVFDOHFKRLFHVOLVWHGLQWKLV6FDOH6\OODEXV1HHGOHVVWRVD\DQ\VFDOH\RXZDQWWROHDUQVKRXOGEHWUDQVSRVHG
DQGSUDFWLFHGLQDOOWZHOYHNH\V7KHFROXPQRQZKROHDQGKDOIVWHSFRQVWUXFWLRQ,KDYHOLVWHGIRUHDFKVFDOHRQ
WKHV\OODEXVVKRXOGSURYHKHOSIXOZKHQWUDQVSRVLQJDVFDOHWRDQ\RIWKHWZHOYHNH\V
)RUDGGLWLRQDOLQIRUPDWLRQRQVFDOHVXEVWLWXWLRQ,UHFRPPHQGScales for Jazz ImprovisationE\'DQ+DHUOH
Jazz ImprovisationE\'DYLG%DNHUPatterns for Jazz 7UHEOH&OHIRU%DVV&OHIDQGComplete Method for
Jazz ImprovisationE\-HUU\&RNHUDQGRepository of Scales & Melodic PatternsE\<XVHI/DWHHI7KHVH
ERRNVDUHDYDLODEOHIURP\RXUIDYRULWHPXVLFVRXUFHRUYLVLWZZZMD]]ERRNVFRPIRUPRUHLQIRUPDWLRQ
6HYHUDO3OD\$/RQJVHWVRIIHU\RXDQRSSRUWXQLW\WRSUDFWLFHWKHYDULRXVVFDOHVLQDOOWZHOYHNH\V7KH\DUH
Vol. 24 Major & Minor; Vol. 84 Dominant 7th Workout; Vol.21 Gettin’ It Together; and Vol.16 Turnarounds,
Cycles & II/V7’s.<RXPLJKWDOVRFKHFNRXWWKH3OD\$/RQJVZKLFKKDYHWXQHVLQDOONH\VVol. 42 Blues In All
Keys; Vol. 47 Rhythm In All Keys; Vol. 57 Minor Blues In All Keys;DQGWZRPRUHYROXPHVVol. 67 Tune Up
DQGVol. 68 Giant StepsHDFKKDVVHYHUDOFODVVLFWXQHVLQDOOWZHOYHNH\V
6FDOHVDQGFKRUGVDUHWKHEDFNERQHRIRXUPXVLFDQGWKHEHWWHU\RXHTXLS\RXUVHOIWKHPRUHIXQ\RXZLOOKDYH
SOD\LQJPXVLF
13
THE SCALE SYLLABUS
LEGEND:+ +DOI6WHS: :KROH6WHS¼ 0DMRUWKRU UDLVH+°RU ORZHU+ Ø +DOIGLPLQLVKHGÇ +0LQRU7KLUG
CHORD/SCALE SYMBOL
SCALE NAME
C
C7
FIVE BASIC
CÇ
CATEGORIES
CØ
C
1. MAJOR SCALE
CHOICES
C¼ (Can be written C)
C
C¼+4
C¼
C¼°6
C¼+5, +4
C
C
C
C
2. DOMINANT 7th
SCALE CHOICES
C7
C7
C7
C7°9
C7+4
C7°6
C7+ (has 4 & 5)
C7°9 (also has 9 & 4)
C7+9 (also has °9, 4, 5)
C7
DOMINANT 7th
SUSPENDED 4th
MAY BE
C7 sus 4
WRITTEN
C7 sus 4
G-/C
C7 sus 4
3. MINOR SCALE
CHOICES*
CÇ or CÇ7
CÇ or CÇ7
CÇ or CÇ7
CǼ (maj. 7th)
CÇ or CÇ6 or CÇ
CÇ or CÇ7
CǼ (°6 & maj. 7th)
CÇ or CÇ7
CÇ or CÇ°9°6
CÇ or CÇ°6
4. HALF DIMINISHED
SCALE CHOICES
CØ
C؝2 (CØ9)
CØ (with or without 2)
5. DIMINISHED SCALE
CHOICES
C
°
°
Major
Dominant 7th (Mixolydian)
Minor (Dorian)
Half Diminished (Locrian)
Diminished (8 tone scale)
SCALE NAME
WHOLE & HALF STEP
CONSTRUCTION
WWHWWWH
WWHWWHW
WHWWWHW
HWWHWWW
WHWHWHWH
W & H CONSTRUCTION
CDEFGABC
C D E F G A B° C
C D E° F G A B° C
C D° E° F G° A° B° C
C D E° F G° A° A B C
SCALE IN KEY OF C
Major (don’t emphasize the 4th)
Major Pentatonic
Lydian (major scale with +4)
Bebop (Major)
Harmonic Major
Lydian Augmented
Augmented
6th Mode of Harmonic Minor
Diminished (begin with H step)
Blues Scale
SCALE NAME
WWHWWWH
W W Ç3 W Ç3
WWWHWWH
WWHWHHWH
W W H W H Ç3 H
WWWWHWH
Ç3 H Ç3 H Ç3 H
Ç3 H W H W W H
HWHWHWHW
Ç3 W H H Ç3 W
W & H CONSTRUCTION
CDEFGABC
CDEGAC
C D E F G A B C
C D E F G G A B C
C D E F G A° B C
C D E F  G A B C
C D E G A° B C
C D E F G A B C
C D° D E F G A B° C
C E° F F G B° C
SCALE IN KEY OF C
Dominant 7th
Major Pentatonic
Bebop (Dominant)
Spanish or Jewish scale
Lydian Dominant
Hindu
Whole Tone (6 tone scale)
Diminished (begin with H step)
Diminished Whole Tone
Blues Scale
WWHWWHW
W W Ç3 W Ç3
WWHWWHHH
H Ç3 H W H W W
WWWHWHW
WWHWHWW
WWWWWW
HWHWHWHW
HWHWWWW
Ç3 W H H Ç3 W
C D E F G A B° C
CDEGAC
C D E F G A B° B C
C D° E F G A° B° C
C D E F G A B° C
C D E F G A° B° C
C D E F G B° C
C D° D E F G A B° C
C D° D E F G B° C
C E° F F G B° C
Dom. 7th scale but don’t emphasize the third
Major Pentatonic built on °7
Bebop Scale
SCALE NAME
WWHWWHW
W W Ç3 W Ç3
WWHWWHHH
W & H CONSTRUCTION
C D E F G A B° C
B° C D F G B°
C D E F G A B° B C
SCALE IN KEY OF C
Minor (Dorian)
Pentatonic (Minor Pentatonic)
Bebop (Minor)
Melodic Minor (ascending)
Bebop Minor No. 2
Blues Scale
Harmonic Minor
Diminished (begin with W step)
Phrygian
Pure or Natural Minor, Aeolian
SCALE NAME
WHWWWHW
WHHHWWHW
WHWWWWH
WHWWHHWH
Ç3 W H H Ç3 W
W H W W H Ç3 H
WHWHWHWH
HWWWHWW
WHWWHWW
W & H CONSTRUCTION
Half Diminished (Locrian)
Half Diminished #2 (Locrian #2)
Bebop Scale
SCALE NAME
HWWHWWW
WHWHWWW
HWWHHHWW
W & H CONSTRUCTION
Diminished (8 tone scale)
WHWHWHWH
Ç3 W W Ç3 W
SCALE IN KEY OF C
BASIC CHORD
IN KEY OF C
CEGBD
C E G B° D
C E° G B° D
C E° G° B°
C E° G° A (B°°)
BASIC CHORD
IN KEY OF C
CEGBD
CEGB
CEGBD
CEGBD
CEGBD
C E G B D
CEGBD
CEGBD
CEGBD
CEGBD
BASIC CHORD
IN KEY OF C
C E G B° D
C E G B° D
C E G B° D
C E G B° (D°)
C E G B° D
C E G B° D
C E G B° D
C E G B° D° (D)
C E G B° D (D°)
C E G B° D (D)
C F G B° D
C F G B° D
C F G B° D
BASIC CHORD
IN KEY Of C
C D E° F G A B° C
C E° G B° D
C E° F G B° C
C E° G B° D
C D E° E F G A B° C
C E° G B° D
C D E° F G A B C
C E° G B D
C D E° F G G A B C
C E° G B D
C E° F F G B° C
C E° G B° D
C D E° F G A° B C
C E° G B D
C D E° F F G A B C
C E° G B D
C D° E° F G A° B° C
C E° G B°
C D E° F G A° B° C
C E° G B° D
SCALE IN KEY OF C BASIC CHORD
IN KEY OF C
C D° E° F G° A° B° C C E° G° B°
C D E° F G° A° B° C
C E° G° B° D
C D° E° F G° G A° B° C C E° G° B°
SCALE IN KEY OF C BASIC CHORD
IN KEY OF C
C D E° F G° A° A B C C E° G° A
NOTES: 1) The above chord symbol guide is my system of notation. I feel it best represents the sounds I hear in jazz.
3OD\HUVVKRXOGEHDZDUHWKDWHDFKFKRUGV\PEROUHSUHVHQWVDVHULHVRIWRQHVFDOOHGDVFDOH2)(YHQWKRXJKD&ZRXOGDSSHDU
WRKDYHRQO\DUDLVHGWKLWDOVRKDVD°DQG7KHHQWLUH&VFDOHORRNVOLNH5RRW°UG°URRW&'°
'()*%°&0\FKRUGV\PERO&LVWKHUHIRUHDQDEEUHYLDWLRQZKLOHWKHFRPSOHWHQDPHRIWKLVVFDOHLV'LPLQLVKHG
:KROH7RQHVRPHWLPHVFDOOHG6XSHU/RFULDQRU$OWHUHG6FDOH6LPLODUO\&°DOVRDSSHDUVWRKDYHRQO\RQHDOWHUHGWRQH°EXW
LWDFWXDOO\KDVWKUHH°DQG7KHHQWLUHVFDOHORRNVOLNH5RRW°UGWKWK°URRW&'°'()*$%°
&7KLVLVFDOOHGD'LPLQLVKHGVFDOHDQGP\FKRUGV\PERODEEUHYLDWLRQLV&°3) $OOVFDOHVXQGHUWKH'RPLQDQWWKFDWHJRU\DUH
VFDOHVWKDWHPEHOOLVKWKHEDVLF'RPLQDQWWKVRXQG6RPHVFDOHVSURYLGHPXFKPRUHWHQVLRQWKDQWKHEDVLFGRPLQDQWWKVRXQG
DQGUHTXLUHSUDFWLFHDQGSDWLHQFHWRJUDVSWKHHVVHQFHRIWKHLUPHDQLQJ,HQFRXUDJH\RXWRZRUNZLWKVolume 3 “The 11-V7-1
Progression”VLQFHLWHPSKDVL]HV'LPLQLVKHGDQG'LPLQLVKHG:KROH7RQHVFDOHVDQGFKRUGV4) ,QFDWHJRU\0,1256&$/(
&+2,&(6WKH385(0,125VFDOHFKRLFHLVQRWXVHGYHU\RIWHQ,KDYHIRXQGWKHRUGHURISUHIHUHQFHWREH'RULDQ%HERS0HORGLF
%OXHV3HQWDWRQLFDQGWKHQDQ\RIWKHUHPDLQLQJ0LQRUVFDOHFKRLFHV
14
NOMENCLATURE
LEGEND: " or  = raise 1/2 step; Ç or ° = lower 1/2 step; H = Half Step; W = Whole Step
%HFDXVHMD]]SOD\HUVFRPSRVHUVHGXFDWRUVDQGDXWKRUVKDYHQ¶WDJUHHGRQDFRPPRQQRPHQFODWXUHIRUZULWLQJFKRUGDQGVFDOH
V\PEROVWKHQRYLFHZLOOKDYHWREHFRPHIDPLOLDUZLWKVHYHUDOGLIIHUHQWZD\VRIZULWLQJWKHVDPHVFDOHVRXQG
/LVWHGEHORZDUHWKHPRVWFRPPRQV\PEROVLQRUGHURIXVDJHPRVWXVHGWROHDVWXVHG7KHV\PEROWKDWLVEROGIDFHLVWKHRQH
,XVHPRVWRIWHQ1RWLFHWKDWWKURXJKRXWWKLVERRN\RXZLOOVHH&¼DQG&WRGHVLJQDWHDPDMRUFKRUGVFDOHVRXQG,DPGRLQJ
WKLVVR\RXFDQEHJLQWRJHWEHWWHUDFTXDLQWHGZLWKYDULRXVQRPHQFODWXUH
¼ 0DMRUVFDOHFKRUGRUPDMRUVHYHQWK&¼$DIWHUDOHWWHUPHDQVWRORZHUWKHWKQRWHRIWKHVFDOHPDNLQJLWD'RPLQDQW
WKTXDOLW\&$GDVKÇZKHQORFDWHGEHVLGHDOHWWHUPHDQVWRORZHUWKHWKLUGDQGVHYHQWKRIWKHVFDOHVWHSWKXVPDNLQJ
LWDPLQRUWRQDOLW\'RULDQPLQRU&ÇØPHDQVKDOIGLPLQLVKHG&Ø&ǼPHDQVDPLQRUVFDOHFKRUGZLWKDPDMRUWK Ç
PHDQVKDOIVWHSVDPLQRUUG$ EHVLGHDOHWWHUPHDQVGLPLQLVKHG& GLPLQLVKHGVFDOHFKRUG
°
°
CHORD/SCALE TYPE
*
*
*
*
0$-25,RQLDQ::+:::+&'()*$%&
'20,1$176(9(17+0L[RO\GLDQ::+::+:
WK0RGHRI0DMRU&'()*$%° C
0,1256(9(17+'RULDQ:+:::+:
QG0RGHRI0DMRU&'(°)*$%° C
C C¼&PDM&PD&PD&PDM&0&0&PDM&PDM
C7&&&
CÇ
CÇ&PL&PL&P&PLQ&PLQ&P&P&P
/<',$10DMRU6FDOHZLWK:::+::+
WK0RGHRI0DMRU&'()*$%&
+$/)',0,1,6+('/RFULDQ+::+:::
WK0RGHRI0DMRU&'°(° F G° A°%° C
+$/)',0,1,6+('/RFULDQ:+:+:::
WK0RGHRI0HORGLF0LQRU&'(° F G° A°%° C
CØ&PL°&Ç°
',0,1,6+(':+:+:+:+&'(° F G° A°$%&
C° &GLP&°&GLP&°
/<',$1'20,1$17'RPWKZLWK:::+:+:
WK0RGHRI0HORGLF0LQRU&'()*$%° C
*
ABBREVIATED CHORD/SCALE SYMBOL
C¼"4&PDM"&0"&¼"&¼°&PDM°
C؝2
CØ"&Ø
C7"4&"&°&"&"11
:+2/(721(:::::::&'()*%E&
"
C7"&DXJ&"&"
'20,1$176(9(17+8VLQJD'LP6FDOH+:+:+:+:
&'°(°()*$%° C
""
C7°9&°"&°"11
',0,1,6+(':+2/(721($OWHUHG6FDOH+:+::::
WK0RGHRI0HORGLF0LQRU&'°(°() G%° C
"""°
C7"9&DOW&°"&°"11
/<',$1$8*0(17('0DMRUZLWK::::+:+
UG0RGHRI0HORGLF0LQRU&'() G$%&
0(/2',&0,125$VFHQGLQJ2QO\:+::::+
&'(°)*$%&
"5
C¼"4
+$5021,&0,125:+::+Ç+&'(° F G A°%&
CǼ
6863(1'('WK:Ç::+:RU::+::+:
&')*$%°&RU&'()*$%° C
%/8(66&$/(8VHDWSOD\HU¶VGLVFUHWLRQ
Ç:++Ç:°°&(° F F*%° C
GÇ GÇ&VXV&VXV&&
C
C
7KHUHLVQRFKRUGV\PEROIRUWKH%OXHV6FDOH
8VHGPRVWO\ZLWKGRPLQDQWDQGPLQRUFKRUGV
C¼"
CǼ&PLQPDM&PL¼&Ǽ0HORGLF&P
Cmi¼&Ǽ+DU&Ǽ°
* These are the most common chord/scales in Western Music.
,EHOLHYHLQDUHGXFHGFKRUGVFDOHQRWDWLRQWKDWDOORZVRXUFUHDWLYHVLGHRXUQDWXUDOVLGHULJKWEUDLQIXQFWLRQWRKDYHGLUHFWLRQ
DQGJXLGDQFHZLWKRXWIHHOLQJLQKLELWHGRUOLPLWHG When we speak of “quality” we mean whether it is Major, Minor, Dim., or
whatever. ,KDYHWULHGWRVWDQGDUGL]HWKHFKRUGVFDOHV\PEROQRWDWLRQLQP\ERRNV6LQFHVRPHKDYHEHHQRXWPDQ\\HDUVWKHUH
DUHLQVWDQFHVZKHUH,PD\KDYHXVHGDGLIIHUHQWFKRUGV\PEROLQRQHERRNWKDQ,XVHGLQWKLVRQH
,IHHOWKHLPSURYLVRUQHHGVDVOLWWOHQRWDWLRQDVSRVVLEOHLQRUGHUWRWUDQVFHQGWKHDFWXDOQRPHQFODWXUHRQWKHSDJH7KHPRUH
QXPEHUVOHWWHUVDQGDOWHUDWLRQVWKDWDSSHDURQWKHSDJHWKHOHVVFKDQFHWKH\ZLOOKDYHWRUHPRYHWKHLUWKRXJKWVIURPWKH
ZULWWHQSDJHDQGH[SUHVVZKDWLVEHLQJKHDUGLQWKHLUPLQG7KDWLVZK\,SUHIHUC, C7, CÇ, CØ, C7"9, C7°9.5HPHPEHUZHDUH
SOD\LQJDPXVLFFDOOHGMD]]DQGLWFRQWDLQVPDQ\DOWHUHGWRQHV2QFHZHOHDUQWKHYDULRXVDOWHUDWLRQVDQGWKHLUFRUUHVSRQGLQJ
DEEUHYLDWHGFKRUGV\PEROZK\NHHSZULWLQJDOOWKHDOWHUDWLRQVEHVLGHWKHFKRUGV\PERO"&KHFNRXWFDUHIXOO\WKH6FDOH6\OODEXV
/LVWHQWR9ROXPH³7KH6FDOH6\OODEXV´
5HPHPEHUQG¶VDUHWKHVDPHDVWK¶VWK¶VDUHWKHVDPHDVWK¶VWK¶VDUHWKHVDPHDVWK¶V([DPSOH.H\RI&WKH
QG'LVWKHVDPHDVWKHWK'2IWHQDFRPSRVHUZLOOVLPSO\ZULWHWKHLUSUHIHUUHGQDPHRIWKHVFDOHEHVLGHWKHFKRUGV\PERO
VXFKDV(°Ç¼PHORGLFPLQRU)ÇSKU\JLDQ)ÇSKU\
15
THE DOMINANT 7th TREE of SCALE CHOICES
7KHWZRPRVWLPSRUWDQWQRWHVLQDQ\VFDOHDUHWKHUGDQGWK7KH\WHOOWKHOLVWHQHUZKDWWKHTXDOLW\LVDQGLQGLFDWH
WKHKDUPRQLFPRWLRQ7KH3rdWHOOVXVLILW¶VPDMRURUPLQRU7KH7thWHOOVZKHWKHUWKHVRXQGLVVWDEOHGRHVQ¶WZDQW
WRPRYHWRDQRWKHUFKRUGRULILWZDQWVWRPRYHRQWRDFKRUGRIUHVROXWLRQ'RPLQDQWVW\SLFDOO\ZDQWWRUHVROYHWR
DFKRUGXSDSHUIHFWWK&ZDQWVWRUHVROYHWR)))HWF7KHrootRUWRQLFLVWDNHQIRUJUDQWHG,ILWZDVQ¶W
WKHUHZHZRXOGQ¶WEHDEOHWRLGHQWLI\WKHVRXQG
$Q\RIWKHVHVFDOHVTXDOLWLHVVRXQGVVRQRULWLHVPD\EHSOD\HGZKHQDGRPLQDQWWKFKRUGVFDOH5(62/9(6WR
DFKRUGVFDOHZKRVH5227OLHVDSHUIHFWWKKDOIVWHSVDERYHWKHURRWRIWKHGRPLQDQWWKFKRUG
EXAMPLE: ||&|&| F | F |$E|$E|'E|'E||
(PEHOOLVKWKHPHDVXUHVZLWKWKHVHFKRUGV&DQG$E
The altered tones are in bold type7KRVHWRQHVXVXDOO\UHVROYHE\half-stepWRDVFDOHRUFKRUGWRQH7KLVDPRXQWV
to tension then release,W¶VDQDWXUDORFFXUUHQFHLQPXVLF7KHUG¶VDQGWK¶VDUHXQGHUOLQHG
SCALES
1. DOM.7th & &'( F G A %E&
7KLV LV WKH EDVLF GRPLQDQW WK VRXQG %H
FDUHIXOKRZ\RXWUHDWWKHWKWRQH8VHLWDV
DSDVVLQJWRQH
2. BEBOP & &'( F G A %E B&
3OD\ % QDWXUDO DV D SDVVLQJ WRQH ,W VKRXOG
DOZD\V DSSHDU RQ DQ XSEHDW never on the
GRZQEHDW
3. LYDIAN DOM. & &'( F# G A %E&
7KHZDVLVDIDYRULWHQRWH,WXVHGWREH
FDOOHGDE
4. WHOLE-TONE & &'( F# G# %E&
7KLVVFDOHRQO\KDVWRQHV,WLVDV\PPHWULFDO
scale used often in cartoon music and by
'H%XVV\DQG5DYHO[Has a #4 and #5]
5. DIMINISHED = &E &Db D# ( F# G A %E&
7KLVVFDOHKDVGLIIHUHQWWRQHV,WLVV\PPHWULFDO
DQG LV DOVR XVHG LQ FDUWRRQ PXVLF 0LFKDHO
%UHFNHULVDPDVWHURIWKLVVFDOHVRXQG[Has
a b9, #9 and #4]
6. DIM. WHOLE-TONE & &Db D# ( F# G# %E&
7KLVVFDOHKDVIRXUDOWHUHGWRQHVZKLFKKHOS
FUHDWHWHQVLRQ [Has a b9, #9, #4 and #5]
7. SPANISH or JEWISH SCALE &E &Db ( F G Ab %E& 7KLV VFDOH LV XVHG RIWHQ ZKHQ SOD\LQJ LQ D
PLQRUNH\,W¶VWKHVDPHDV)KDUPRQLFPLQRU
[Has a b9 and b6]
8. CHROMATIC SCALE & &C#'D# ( F F# G G# A A#%&
WKH0XVLFDO$OSKDEHW
&Db'Eb ( F Gb G Ab A Bb%&
$Q\WLPHWKHUHLVDGRPLQDQWWK\RXPD\ZDQWWRH[SHULPHQWZLWKWKHVHVFDOHV7KHSURSHUXVHRIWKHVHYDULRXV
VFDOHVLVSDUWRIZKDWPDNHVMD]]VRDSSHDOLQJ(QGOHVVYDULHW\LQWKHKDQGVRIDPDVWHUPDNHVEHDXWLIXOPXVLF
'RQ¶WEHDIUDLGWRWU\WKHVHVRXQGV,WPD\WDNHVRPHWLPHIRU\RXUHDUVWREHFRPHDFFXVWRPHGWRWKHVRXQGDQG
WKH¿QJHULQJV7KHERRNFDOOHGPatterns For Jazz$HEHUVROGSURGXFWFRGH³P-T´IRUWUHEOHFOHILQVWUXPHQWV³P-B´
IRUEDVVFOHIOLVWVMD]]SKUDVHVEDVHGRQPDQ\RIWKHVFDOHVDERYH
16
PREPARATORY EXERCISES - TREBLE CLEF
TEN BASIC EXERCISES
TREBLE CLEF
17
³$GXOWVRIWHQKDYHWR¿JKWWKHLUZD\EDFNWRLQWXLWLRQ´*HRUJH%RXFKDUG
Author of “Intermediate Jazz Improvisation”
Below are several exercises every musician should memorize and be able to play in all MAJOR, MINOR (Dorian Minor),
and DOMINANT 7th keys. These are basic exercises which will help you gain speed and dexterity. Begin by practicing
slowly, then gradually increase speed. Strive for smoothness and slur each exercise. Keyboard and string players should
play legato. After you get the feel of several, consult the ARTICULATIONS chapter. These exercises are great for warming
up each day. You can apply these to ANY scale or chord, regardless of quality. Due to space considerations, I have only
listed three qualities.
Below are several exercises every musician should memorize and be able to play in all MAJOR, MINOR (Dorian Minor), and
DOMINANT 7th keys. These are basic exercises which will help you gain speed and dexterity. Begin by practicing slowly,
then gradually increase speed. Strive for smoothness and slur each exercise. Keyboard and string players should play legato. After you get the feel of several, consult the ARTICULATIONS chapter. These exercises are great for warming up each
day. You can apply these to ANY scale or chord, regardless of quality. Due to space considerations, I have only listed three
qualities.
PREPARATORY EXERCISES - BASS CLEF
TEN BASIC EXERCISES
BASS CLEF
Jazz is creative. Creation involves change. How much are you willing to change?
18
TREBLE CLEF
TREBLE CLEF SCALES
Your voice has been with you much longer than your instrument.
Use it to sing with; then transfer the music to your instrument.
19
BASS CLEF
BASS CLEF SCALES
It doesn’t hurt to think or to use your mind. Of course, your ego will tell you otherwise.
20
EAR TRAINING
:KHQDSHUVRQWULHVWRGHYHORSKLVFDSDFLW\WREHWWHUKHDUWKHVRXQGVJRLQJRQDURXQGKLPKH,VIDFHGZLWKVHYHUDO
SUREOHPVZKLFKDUHQ¶WQHFHVVDULO\SUHVHQWZKHQUHDGLQJPXVLFRUFKRUGV\PEROVIURPWKHZULWWHQSDJH
+DYLQJ³JRRGHDUV´PHDQVKDYLQJWKHDELOLW\WRKHDUWKHURRWVWRWKHYDULRXVFKRUGVRUVFDOHVWKDWDUHEHLQJSOD\HG
KDYLQJWKHDELOLW\WRKHDUWKHTXDOLW\RIWKHFKRUGRUVFDOHPDMRUPLQRUZKDWNLQGRIPLQRU"SHQWDWRQLFGLPZKROH
WRQHHWFLWPHDQVKDYLQJWKHDELOLW\WRWHOOZKDWWRQHRIWKHVFDOHRUFKRUGLVEHLQJSOD\HGDWDQ\SRLQWLQWKHVROR
³DKWKDWQRWHZDVWKHUHVROYLQJWRWKHWKUHVROYLQJWRWKHWK´LWPHDQVKHDULQJWKHSLDQREDVVVRORLVWGUXPV
HWFLQGLYLGXDOO\DVZHOODVFROOHFWLYHO\
,KDYHIRXQGWKDWWKHUHDUHPDQ\OHYHOVRIKHDULQJ6RPHSHRSOHKHDU6RPHSHRSOHFDQUHDOO\KHDU$QGVRPHSHRSOH
FDQVHHPWRKHDUDQG,GHQWLI\DOPRVWDQ\WKLQJWKDWLVEHLQJSOD\HG7KH\FDQVHHPWRVLQJRUSOD\EDFNSRUWLRQVRI
VRORVULJKWDIWHUWKHSHUIRUPHUKDVSOD\HG+RZFDQWKH\+($5DQGZHFDQ¶WVHHPWR¿QGWKHURRWVVFDOHTXDOLWLHV
RUZKDWWLPHVLJQDWXUHWKHSLHFHLVLQ"
,¶P¿UPO\FRQYLQFHGWKDWLIDOOVWXGHQWVIURPWKH¿UVWJUDGHHYHQNLQGHUJDUWHQWKURXJKWKHLUODVW\HDULQFROOHJHZHUH
H[SRVHGWRVLPSOHHDUWUDLQLQJH[HUFLVHVWKDWDOORZHGWKHPWKHRSSRUWXQLW\WRLGHQWLI\ZKDWWKH\ZHUHKHDULQJRQWKH
UDGLR79UHFRUGVMD]]RSHUDRUFKHVWUDFKRUXVEDQGHWFRXUPXVLFVFHQHLQJHQHUDOZRXOGEHPXFKGLIIHUHQW,QP\
RSLQLRQLIVLPSOHHDUWUDLQLQJH[HUFLVHVFRXSOHGZLWKVLPSOHPXVLFWKHRU\ZHUHFDUULHGRXWLQSXEOLFVFKRROWKHSXEOLF
ZRXOGGHPDQGPXVLFRIDPXFKKLJKHUFDOLEUHWKDQWKH\DUHSUHVHQWO\FRQVXPLQJ:K\ZRXOGWKH\GHPDQG³EHWWHU´
PXVLF"%HFDXVHWKH\ZRXOG+($5WKDWWKHPXVLFWKH\DUHEHLQJIHGLVWRRUHSHWLWLRXVWULWHDQGEDQDOWRZDUUDQWRXU
DWWHQWLRQPXFKOHVVRXUPRQH\RQWKHVDOHVRIUHFRUGVRUFRQFHUWDWWHQGDQFH
2QHRIWKHUHDVRQVMD]]PXVLFHVSHFLDOO\WKHPXVLFIURP%HERSWRWKHSUHVHQWKDVQHYHUKDGDELJDXGLHQFHLVGXH
WRWKHDPRXQWRIWKLQNLQJUHTXLUHGWRDFWXDOO\JHWWRWKHHVVHQFHRIWKHPXVLF7KHDYHUDJHSHUVRQWRGD\GRHVQ¶WZDQW
WRWKLQNDERXWPXVLFKHMXVWZDQWVWRHQMR\LW$QGKHXVXDOO\ZLOOVHWWOHIRUWKHVDPHWKLQJGD\DIWHUGD\+HIHHOVOLIH
LVWRRGLI¿FXOWWRKDYHWRWKLQNDERXWWKHPXVLFKHLVOLVWHQLQJWR+HQFHWKHJDSEHWZHHQWKHSHUIRUPHUDQGWKHOLVWHQHU
LQWKHZRUOGWRGD\,GRQRWPHDQWRLPSO\WKDWOLVWHQLQJWRPXVLFLQWHOOHFWXDOO\LVQRWHQMR\DEOH
7KLVZRXOGEHDQH[FHOOHQWWLPHWRUHDG-HUU\&RNHU¶V/LVWHQLQJWR-D]]SXEOLVKHGE\3UHQWLFH+DOO7KLVLVDJUHDW
ERRNRQKRZWROLVWHQWRMD]]DQGLVDFFHVVLEOHWRWKHOD\PDQ
)RUHDUWUDLQLQJSXUSRVHV9ROXPH³*HWWLQ¶,W7RJHWKHU´&'V%NRIWKH$HEHUVROG3OD\DORQJVHULHVZLOOJLYH\RX
PXFKWRZRUNZLWK
,VXJJHVWEHJLQQLQJE\VLPSO\SXWWLQJWKH¿UVWWUDFNRQDQGVLQJWKHURRWV$IWHUVLQJLQJWKHURRWVVLQJWKH¿UVW¿YHQRWHV
RIWKHVFDOH7KHQWU\VLQJLQJWKHWULDGDQGRIWKHVFDOHV%\WKLVWLPH\RXFDQSUREDEO\VLQJWKHHQWLUHVFDOH
'RQ¶WIRUJHWWRVLQJWKHWKFKRUGDQGWKHWKFKRUGMXVWOLNH\RXDUHGRLQJZLWK\RXULQVWUXPHQW$OVRGRQ¶WIRUJHWWR
LVRODWHLQGLYLGXDOSLWFKHVDQGVLQJWKHPVXFKDVWKHWKRUWKHWKRUWKHUGHWF
7U\VWDUWLQJLQWKHPLGGOHRIDQ\RIWKHWUDFNVEHJLQZLWKPDMRUDQGVHHKRZORQJLWWDNHV\RXWR¿QGWKHURRW<RX
PD\ZDQWWRVLWDWWKHSLDQRZKLOHGRLQJWKLVLQRUGHUWRRFFDVLRQDOO\FKHFN\RXUVHOI$IWHU\RX¿QGWKHURRWFDQ\RX
VLQJWKHVFDOHRUHYHQLPSURYLVH"
$OOWKHWLPH\RXDUHVLQJLQJEHDZDUHWKDWHDFKWRQHLQWKHVFDOHRUFKRUGKDVDQXPEHUDVVLJQHGWRLW%HWKLQNLQJ
WKHVHYDULRXVQXPEHUVZKHQHYHUSRVVLEOH
3OD\WKHPLQ\RXUFDU6LQJH[HUFLVHVSDWWHUQVDQGLPSURYLVH:KLOHGRLQJVREHDZDUHRIWKHSLWFK\RXDUHVLQJLQJ
<RXPD\ZDQWWREX\DSLWFKSLSHDQGNHHSLWLQ\RXUFDUWRKHOSLGHQWLI\WKHURRWVUG¶VWK¶VHWF36NHHS\RXUH\HV
RQWKHURDG
%HLQJDEOHWRVLQJDQGLGHQWLI\LQWHUYDOVLVDNH\SDUWRIHDUWUDLQLQJ ([SHULPHQWZLWKVLQJLQJRUSOD\LQJZLWKWKHOHIW
FKDQQHORIWKHUHFRUGLQJRQO\/LVWHQFDUHIXOO\WRWKHEDVV
,KDYHIRXQGLWKHOSIXOWRPHPRUL]HDVRQJWLWOHWKDWEHJLQVZLWKDFHUWDLQLQWHUYDO)RULQVWDQFHWKHLQWHUYDORIDSHUIHFW
WKDVFHQGLQJLVWKH¿UVWWZRQRWHVRI+HUH&RPHVWKH%ULGH%\VLQJLQJWKH¿UVWWZRQRWHVRI+HUH&RPHVWKH%ULGH
DQGUHDOL]LQJLWRXWOLQHVDSHUIHFWWKLQWHUYDO\RXFDQEHJLQWRFHQWHULQRQSHUIHFWWK¶VZKHQHYHUWKH\DUHVRXQGHG
2ULWPD\KHOS\RXWRDFWXDOO\VLQJRUSOD\RQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWLQWXQHWKHLQWHUYDORIDSHUIHFWWK
,OLNHWRXVHWKHIROORZLQJWDEOHDVDJXLGHWRLGHQWLI\FRUUHFWO\ZKDWHYHULQWHUYDOLVEHLQJSOD\HG,ZLOOOLVWLQWHUYDOVDQG
VRPHVRQJVWKDWEHJLQZLWKWKDWSDUWLFXODULQWHUYDO5HPHPEHULQWHUYDOVDVFHQGDQGGHVFHQGVHHQH[WSDJH
21
!"#$%&'()*+'%#
/ŚĂǀĞĨŽƵŶĚŝƚŚĞůƉĨƵůƚŽŵĞŵŽƌŝnjĞĂƐŽŶŐƟƚůĞƚŚĂƚďĞŐŝŶƐǁŝƚŚĂĐĞƌƚĂŝŶŝŶƚĞƌǀĂů͘&ŽƌŝŶƐƚĂŶĐĞ͕ƚŚĞŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůŽĨĂƉĞƌĨĞĐƚϰƚŚŝƐƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƚǁŽŶŽƚĞƐŽĨ
!"#"$%&'"($)*"$+#,-"͘LJƐŝŶŐŝŶŐƚŚĞĮƌƐƚƚǁŽŶŽƚĞƐŽĨ!"#"$%&'"($)*"$+#,-"ĂŶĚƌĞĂůŝnjŝŶŐŝƚŽƵƚůŝŶĞƐĂƉĞƌĨĞĐƚϰƚŚŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůLJŽƵĐĂŶďĞŐŝŶƚŽĐĞŶƚĞƌŝŶ
ŽŶƉĞƌĨĞĐƚϰƚŚΖƐǁŚĞŶĞǀĞƌƚŚĞLJĂƌĞƐŽƵŶĚĞĚ͘Kƌ͕ŝƚŵĂLJŚĞůƉLJŽƵƚŽĂĐƚƵĂůůLJƐŝŶŐ͕ŽƌƉůĂLJŽŶLJŽƵƌŝŶƐƚƌƵŵĞŶƚ͕ŝŶƚƵŶĞ͕ƚŚĞŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůŽĨĂƉĞƌĨĞĐƚϰƚŚ͘
ĂĐŚŽĨƚŚĞƐĞƐŽŶŐƐďĞŐŝŶƐǁŝƚŚƚŚĞ
ŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůůŝƐƚĞĚdKd,>&d͘
/ůŝŬĞƚŽƵƐĞƚŚĞĨŽůůŽǁŝŶŐƚĂďůĞĂƐĂŐƵŝĚĞƚŽŝĚĞŶƟĨLJ
ĐŽƌƌĞĐƚůLJǁŚĂƚĞǀĞƌŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůŝƐďĞŝŶŐƉůĂLJĞĚ͗
',*$"-!".)!"#$%&'(,
-$,*$"-!".)!"#$%&'(,
/0
ͻE/tKZ</&zKhE'd/d
ͻ^E&ZE/^K;>&dDz,ZdͿ
ͻ/ZDDZzKh
ͻ/ΖD'dd/E'^Ed/DEd>KsZzKh
ͻzz></Z
ͻt,dΖ^Et
ͻ:t^
ͻD:KZ^>;^E/E'Ϳ
ͻK>/dd>dKtEK&d,>,D
ͻ:KzdKd,tKZ>
ͻd,d,D;D͘s/^Ϳ
ͻ^KW,/^d/d>z
ͻ^d>>z^dZ>/',d
ͻd,>z/^dZDW
ͻ^K>Z;D͘s/^Ϳ
10
ͻD:KZ^>;^E/E'Ϳ
ͻ,WWz/Zd,z
ͻZhK>&͕ZEK^͘͘͘
ͻ^/>EdE/',d
ͻd,Zt/>>EsZEKd,ZzKh
ͻdEE^^t>d
ͻDz&hEEzs>Ed/E
ͻKzE^Kh>
ͻDZz,>/dd>>D
ͻ<d,,>>^
ͻtz/EDE'Z
ͻz^dZz;d,d>^Ϳ
ͻKEd,^hEEz^/K&d,^dZd
ͻ&Z/&Z>KZ
ͻD͘͘^͘,͘
ͻ>hDKKE
ͻ^d/EK>>
ͻdhEhW
ͻDz'/Z>
ͻd,&/Z^dEK>
/2
ͻtKZ<^KE'
ͻD/EKZ,KZ
ͻKE&/ZDd/KE
ͻ&K''zz
ͻ'KZ'/KEDzD/E
ͻDKKEdZE
ͻd,/DWK^^/>ZD
ͻ^KDt,ZDz>Ks
ͻ&ZK^dzd,^EKtDE
ͻt,d/^d,/^d,/E'>>>Ks
ͻϱϬϬD/>^,/',;͘KZͿ
ͻd,^dZ^WE'>EEZ
ͻ,z:h
ͻWdZ'hEE
ͻD/^dz
ͻ^^D^dZd
12
ͻD:KZdZ/
ͻK,t,Ed,^/Ed^
ͻ/EΖd'd^dZd
ͻ^hDDZd/D
ͻKDZ/EKZKD^,/E
ͻ^t/E'>Kt͕^td,Z/Kd
ͻ^^/Ζ^>h^
ͻ'/Ed^dW^
34
ͻ,ZKD^d,Z/
ͻ,Z<d,,Z>E'>^
ͻK,,Z/^dD^dZ
ͻΖZKhED/E/',d
ͻD/EsKz'
ͻtt/^,zKhDZZz,Z/^dD^
ͻKZE/d,K>K'z
54)67
89
39
59)67
8:
ͻK,KD͕>>z&/d,&h>
ͻs>^,Kd;EKd/EdZK͊Ϳ
ͻzZ/Z^h/d
ͻ^K&d>z͕^/EDKZE/E'^hEZ/^
ͻ//EΖd<EKtt,dd/D/dt^
ͻDZ/;t^d^/^dKZzͿ
ͻdt/E<>dt/E<>>/dd>^dZ
ͻd,D&ZKDϮϬϬϭ
ͻt,/^WZEKd;EEz'K>^KEͿ
ͻ>h^sE;^KEEzZK>>/E^Ϳ
ͻ'^'ZKKs
ͻ&>/E'^
ͻϳ^dW^dK,sE;D͘s/^Ϳ
ͻ,szKhDdD/^^:KE^͍
ͻ/dDhWKED/E/',d>Z
ͻz^K&t/EEZK^^
ͻd<d,ΗΗdZ/E
8;
ͻ^KDt,Z;t^d^/^dKZzͿ
ͻd,DĨƌŽŵ^dZdZ<
ͻ/Ζ>>>K^Dzz^
1;
ͻ^dzKhZ&ddKd,t/E
ͻd,D&ZKD&Ed^z/^>E
ͻ,Z/^dD^^KE';,^dEhd^͘͘͘Ϳ
ͻ^KDt,ZKsZd,Z/EKt
[email protected]>=BC ͻDĐKE>Ζ^KDDZ/>
ͻd,&>/Ed^dKE^
ͻϭ^ddKϯZdKEK&D/^dz
ͻ>Ks^dKZz
ͻzKhΖZsZzd,/E';͘KZͿ
ͻW>^KEΖdd><KhdDt,E/ΖD'KE
ͻDKZE/E'K&d,ZE/s>
1:
<=>
ͻ^KE'&KZDz&d,Z
ͻ>KsDdEZ
ͻh>>E'^zE
ͻKyz
ͻ>>d,d,/E'^
ͻE
ͻ/E,tKZD
ͻ^W<>Kt
ͻzKhΖZtsZK&ZD^
ͻEKKz<EKt^d,dZKh>/Ζs^E
ͻtdZD>KEDE;,͘,EK<Ϳ
ͻ>/dd>ZΖ^&Ed^z;tKKz^,tͿ
ͻϭ^ddKϯZdKEK&,KEz^h<>ZK^
ͻKZ
ͻ/>KszKh
ͻ>d/d^EKt
ͻ>^^^Z
ͻ>hK^^
ͻ/>KszKh;d,Kd,ZKE͊Ϳ
;d,ZZdtK/&&ZEd^KE'^d/d>͞/>KszKh͟Ϳ
ͻt/>>KttW&KZD
/ĂŵůŝƐƟŶŐŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůƐƚŚĂƚĐŽƌƌĞƐƉŽŶĚǁŝƚŚƐƚĂŶĚĂƌĚƐŽƌŬŝĚĚŝĞƚƵŶĞƐŽĨƚŚĞƉĂƐƚϳϬLJĞĂƌƐ͘/ĨLJŽƵĂƌĞŶŽƚĨĂŵŝůŝĂƌǁŝƚŚƚŚĞƐĞƐŽŶŐƐ͕ƚŚĞLJƉƌŽďĂďůLJ
ǁŽŶΖƚŚĞůƉLJŽƵŝŶŝĚĞŶƟĨLJŝŶŐŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůƐ͘/ŶƚŚĂƚĐĂƐĞ͕/ƐƵŐŐĞƐƚLJŽƵǁƌŝƚĞĚŽǁŶƐŽŶŐƟƚůĞƐƚŚĂƚLJŽƵĂƌĞĨĂŵŝůŝĂƌǁŝƚŚ͕ƐƵĐŚĂƐĐƵƌƌĞŶƚĐŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂůƐŽŶ
dsŽƌƌĂĚŝŽ͕ƉŽƉƐŽŶŐƐ͕ƌĞůŝŐŝŽƵƐƐŽŶŐƐ͕ŽƌĂŶLJƚŚŝŶŐƚŚĂƚďĞŐŝŶƐǁŝƚŚĂŶŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůLJŽƵŶĞĞĚƚŽǁŽƌŬŽŶ͘/ƚŝƐƵƐƵĂůůLJŚĂƌĚĞƌƚŽĮŶĚƐŽŶŐƐƚŚĂƚďĞŐŝŶǁŝƚŚ
ĚĞƐĐĞŶĚŝŶŐŝŶƚĞƌǀĂůƐ͘
22
23
24
HOW TO PRACTICE IMPROVISATION
by JERRY COKER
*LYHQEHORZLVDQH[DPSOHRIDVFKHGXOHWKDWPD\KHOS\RXWRRUJDQL]H\RXUSUDFWLFHWLPH7KLVVFKHGXOHLVEDVHGRQ
DVHYHQW\¿YHPLQXWHSHULRGKUPLQEXWLWFRXOGEHFKDQJHGSURSRUWLRQDWHO\WR¿WDVKRUWHURUORQJHUSHULRGRU
PRGL¿HGWRDOORZWLPHWRWDNHXSLQVWUXPHQWDOVWXGLHVORQJWRQHVGH[WHULW\H[HUFLVHVIRUWKH¿QJHUVUDQJHVWXGLHV
UHDGLQJHWF
A DAILY PRACTICE SCHEDULE:
7RSLF6HTXHQFH0LQXWHV6SHQW
$6/2:0(/2'<WXQH
6&$/(6$1'3$77(516
3$77(51$33/,&$7,21
,03529,6$7,21(;(5&,6(
75$16&5,%('62/2
63(&,$/',6&,3/,1(6
/($51$781(
727$/
$QHZVHWRIPHORGLHVSDWWHUQVH[HUFLVHVWUDQVFULEHGVRORVGLVFLSOLQHVDQGWXQHVVKRXOGEHWDNHQXSHDFKZHHN
6XFKDWXUQRYHULQPDWHULDOVZLOOKHOSLQVXUHDVWHDG\UDWHRISURJUHVV,WHPVWKURXJKVKRXOGEHSOD\HGZLWKUHFRUGHG
DFFRPSDQLPHQW³63(&,$/',6&,3/,1(6´UHIHUVWRVWXGLHVDLPHGDWUHVROYLQJZHDNQHVVLQDUHDVVXFKDVSOD\LQJIDVW
WHPSRVWLPHIHHOLQJXVHRIDOOUK\WKPLFOHYHOVEXLOGLQJLQWHQVLW\RUFXOWLYDWLQJDPHORGLFVHQVH7KHOHDUQLQJRIDWXQH
VKRXOGHQFRPSDVVPHORG\FKRUGSURJUHVVLRQDSSURSULDWHLQJUHGLHQWVDQGIDPLOLDUL]DWLRQZLWKWKHPRVWVLJQL¿FDQW
UHFRUGLQJVRIWKHWXQHWKHOLVWHQLQJLVGRQHDWDQRWKHUWLPHKRZHYHU
%HVXUHWRFKHFNRXWWKHVHERRNVE\-HUU\&RNHU
‡ ,03529,6,1*-$==2UGHU&RGH,-
‡ /,67(1,1*72-$==2UGHU&RGH/-
‡ 3$77(516)25-$==2UGHU&RGH377UHEOHRU3%%DVV
‡ 7+(&203/(7(0(7+2')25,03529,6$7,212UGHU&RGH&
‡ +2:7235$&7,&(-$==2UGHU&RGH3-
‡ &/($562/87,216)257+(-$==,03529,6(52UGHU&RGH&6,
‡ 7+(7($&+,1*2)-$==2UGHU&RGH7-
‡ .(<681/2&.('2UGHU&RGH.8
$OORIWKHVHERRNVDUHDYDLODEOHIURP-DPH\$HEHUVROG-D]]YLVLWRXUZHEVLWHDWwww.jazzbooks.com
HOW TO PRACTICE
by DAVID LIEBMAN
2QHPDMRUSRLQWWRUHPHPEHUFRQFHUQVWKHDYRLGDQFHRIDWWHPSWLQJWRDFFRPSOLVKWRRPDQ\JRDOVZKLOHSUDFWLFLQJ
7KHPLQGFDQQRWHDVLO\GLJHVWPRUHWKDQRQHRUWZRPDMRUSRLQWVDWWKHVDPHWLPHDQGVWLOOEHHIIHFWLYH$OZD\VEH
YHU\FOHDUDVWRZKDW\RXDUHSUDFWLFLQJDSDUWLFXODUH[HUFLVHIRU([DPSOH/RQJWRQHVRQVD[RSKRQHDUHIRUEUHDWKLQJ
DQGHYHQQHVVRIVRXQG²QRLQÀHFWLRQVYLEUDWRHWF6FDOHVDUHIRUVSHHGDQG¿QJHULQJGLI¿FXOWLHVHWF
%HVXUHWRFKHFNRXWWKHVHPDWHULDOVE\'DYLG/LHEPDQ
‡ 9ROXPH³'DYLG/LHEPDQ´2UGHU&RGH9'6
‡ 9ROXPH³7KH6FDOH6\OODEXV´2UGHU&RGH9'6
‡ 9ROXPH³&RQWHPSRUDU\6WDQGDUGVDQG2ULJLQDOVZLWKWKH'DYLG/LHEPDQ*URXS´2UGHU&RGH9'6
‡ &KURPDWLFLVP1RQ'LDWRQLF6FDOHV2UGHU&RGH&+520'
‡ +RZ7R$SSURDFK6WDQGDUGV&KURPDWLFDOO\2UGHU&RGH$6&
‡ 'DYLG/LHEPDQ7HDFKHV3OD\VDWWKH6XPPHU-D]]:RUNVKRSV'9'2UGHU&RGH'/7
‡ 7HQ&RPSRVLWLRQV,Q$&KURPDWLF6W\OH2UGHU&RGH7&&
‡ &RQYHUVDWLRQV:LWK/LHE&'2UGHU&RGH&:/
$OORIWKHVHERRNVDUHDYDLODEOHIURP-DPH\$HEHUVROG-D]]YLVLWRXUZHEVLWHDWwww.jazzbooks.com
9LVLW'DYLG/LHEPDQRQOLQHDW www.davidliebman.com
25
THINGS THAT CREATE INTEREST WHEN SOLOING
5(3(7,7,21
6(48(1&(
'<1$0,&6/RXG6RIW
5$1*(7(66,785$+LJK/RZ0LGGOHUHJLVWHU
$&&(176
+(/'127(6
5(676,/(1&(
5+<7+0,&9$5,$7,21
9$5,(7<%XWQRWWRRPXFK
%/8(66&$/(86$*(
7(16,215(/($6(
027,)6
.12::+(5(&+25'721(6$5(7RQHVDQG
:,1'3/$<(566833257<2856281'721(
&+25'256&$/(3$66$*(6
75,//6*/,66$1'266:22369,%5$7267$&&$72HWF
(03+$6,=(35(77<127(6WKVWKVDQGWKV
$/:$<675<72%8,/'<28562/20$.(,7*2620(:+(5(
NOTE:'RQ¶WWU\WRSOD\HYHU\WKLQJ\RXNQRZLQRQHVROR7DNH\RXUWLPHDQGSODQDKHDG7U\WRYLVXDO
L]H\RXUVRORZLWKXSVDQGGRZQVIDVWVHFWLRQVDQGVORZVHFWLRQVORXGDQGVRIWSDVVDJHVWHQVLRQDQG
UHOHDVHVHFWLRQV$LPDWRYHUDOO7HQVLRQ5HOHDVHWR\RXUVROR8WLOL]HUHSHWLWLRQDQGVHTXHQFH/LVWHQWR
MD]]PDVWHUVRQUHFRUGLQJVWRJHWLGHDVDQGWRZHW\RXULPDJLQDWLRQ0XVLFLVIRUHDUV
STARTING A PHRASE OR MELODY
$WZKDWSDUWRI\RXULQVWUXPHQWZLOO\RXEHJLQ\RXULGHD"0LGGOHUHJLVWHUKLJKORZ"
+RZGR\RXZDQWWREHJLQ"6ORZO\ZLWKKHOGQRWHVDQGXVHRIVSDFHUHVW"4XLFNO\ZLWK
ORWVRIDWWHQWLRQPRWLRQYLVLELOLW\"0RGHUDWHO\VRDVWRVXJJHVWDVHDUFKLQJPRRG"
:KDWQRWHRIVFDOHRUFKRUGGR\RXZDQWWREHJLQZLWK"
2QFH\RXEHJLQGR\RXZDQWWRDVFHQGGHVFHQGRUVWD\LQRQHDUHDUHJLVWHU"
'R\RXZDQWWRXVHSLFNXSVRQHRUPRUH",IVRPDNHVXUHWKH\OHDGWRWKH¿UVW
VWURQJEHDW
2QFH\RX¶YHEHJXQ\RXUSKUDVHKRZORQJDUH\RXSUHSDUHGWRPDLQWDLQ\RXUFRQWLQX
LW\WKRXJKWVLGHDV"2QHPHDVXUHWZRIRXUHLJKW"+DYH\RXWKRXJKWRILW"
:KDW UK\WKP DUH \RX JRLQJ WR LQLWLDOO\ SOD\" 'RHV \RXU PLQG DOUHDG\ ³+($5´ WKH
QRWHVSLWFKHVLQUK\WKP"&DQ\RXDFWXDOO\SOD\WKHP"5HPHPEHU\RXU¿UVWSKUDVH
UHSUHVHQWVWKH¿UVWVHYHUDOZRUGVRULGHDRIDVHQWHQFH7KLQNEHIRUH\RXEHJLQ
&KRUGWRQHVDUHJRRGQRWHVWREHJLQDSKUDVHVZLWK.QRZZKHUHWKH\
DUHRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQW
,V\RXULQLWLDOLGHDFRPLQJIURP\RXUPLQGRULVLWVRPHWKLQJWKDW\RXU¿QJHUVKDYH
SLFNHGRXW"
:LQGSOD\HUVEHVXUH\RX¶YHWDNHQDJRRGEUHDWK%()25(\RXVWDUWHDFKSKUDVH
<RXQHHGWR6833257WKHWRQHLQRUGHUWKDWLWPD\HIIHFWLYHO\FDUU\\RXUPXVLFDO
WKRXJKWVWRWKHPLQGRIDQRWKHU
PICK-UPS:7KHPRVWXVHGSLFNXSVDUHKDOIVWHSOHDGLQJWRQHSLFNXSVVXFKDVWR
WRWRWR6RPHZKROHVWHSOHDGLQJWRQHVDUHWRWR,QD0,125.(<
ZHXVHWREWRWREWRRU,WREWRWRPDMWK,WR<RXFDQDOVR
XVHRQHFKRUGWRQHWRDQRWKHUVXFKDVWRWRWRWRWRRUWR<RX
FDQDOVRXVHSKUDVHVVXFKDVWRWREWR7KHUK\WKPWKDW
\RXFKRRVHLVDOVRYHU\LPSRUWDQWLQPDNLQJWKHSLFNXSVVRXQGOLNHWKH\DUH/($',1*
72WKH¿UVW'2:1%($7
26
ARTICULATIONS:
How To Better Express Yourself
2QHRIWKHVSHFLDOIHDWXUHVRIMD]]PXVLFLVWKHDUWLFXODWLRQWKDWWKHYDULRXVSOD\HUVXVHLQH[SUHVVLQJWKHPVHOYHV
WKURXJKWKHLUPXVLF6RPHSOD\HUVHQMR\XVLQJWKHVWDQGDUGVZLQJVW\OHDUWLFXODWLRQYHU\FRPPRQWRWKH6ZLQJ
DQG%HERSHUDVRWKHUVXVHOLWWOHDUWLFXODWLRQUHO\LQJRQOHJDWRRUVOXUUHGSKUDVHVVRPHXVHVWDFFDWRLQWKHLU
SOD\LQJWRDGGLQWHUHVWRUHPSKDVL]HFHUWDLQQRWHVRUSKUDVHV
0RVWDOOSOD\HUVHYHQWXDOO\DUULYHDWDVW\OHRIDUWLFXODWLRQWKDWLVVXLWDEOHIRUH[SUHVVLQJWKHPVHOYHV<RXQJSOD\
HUVRIWHQVWUXJJOHZLWKJHWWLQJWKHYDULRXVPXVFOHVWRUHVSRQGDWWKHSUHFLVHWLPHWKH¿QJHUVWRXFKWKHNH\VEHLW
VD[RSKRQHWUXPSHWSLDQRJXLWDURUZKDWHYHU7KLQNRIDUWLFXODWLRQDVSURSHUHQXQFLDWLRQ1RRQHHQMR\VOLVWHQLQJ
WRDVSHDNHURUDPXVLFLDQZKRFDQQRWSURSHUO\RUHIIHFWLYHO\JHWKLVPHVVDJHDFURVVEHFDXVHKLVPLQGLVQRW
FRRUGLQDWHGZLWKKLVYRLFHOLSV¿QJHUVEUHDWKHWF
6RPHSOD\HUVVHHPWRKDYHDQDWXUDODELOLW\WRDUWLFXODWHLQWKHMD]]LGLRP7KHVHSOD\HUVXVXDOO\KDYHOLVWHQHGWR
UHFRUGVDQGKDYHHWFKHGLQWRWKHLUPLQGVWKHFRPPRQPRVWXVHGVW\OHVRIDUWLFXODWLRQRIWKH0$-25MD]]PXVL
FLDQV,QLQFRUSRUDWLQJWKHVHSDVWVW\OHVRIDUWLFXODWLRQLQWRKLVRZQFRQFHSWRISOD\LQJPXVLFKHRIWHQZLOOERUURZ
DOLWWOHKHUHDOLWWOHWKHUHDQGVRPHRIKLVRZQDQGLQWKHHQGEHDEOHWRSOD\RXWRIVHYHUDOEDJVDVLWZHUH
2QHPDMRUVWXPEOLQJEORFNWKDWPD\EHWXUQHGLQWRDVWHSSLQJVWRQHLVWKHSOD\HU¶VXVHRIWRRPXFKWRQJXLQJWDW
WDWWDWWDWRUWXWWXWWXWWXW1RWH)RUNH\ERDUGEDVVJXLWDUDQGRWKHUV³WRQJXLQJ´LQWKLVDUWLFOHFDQPHDQ$WWDFN
RU(PSKDVLV:KHQ\RXSOD\VHYHUDOWRQJXHGQRWHVLQDURZRQHULJKWDIWHUWKHRWKHUWKHHIIHFWLVDFKRSS\
IHHO7KHPXVLFRIWKHSDVWIRUW\WR¿IW\\HDUVKDVEHHQOHDQLQJWRZDUGDPRUHUHOD[HGOHJDWRVPRRWKVRXQGDQG
ÀRZ:KHQ,KHDUDSOD\HUSOD\SKUDVHVZLWKWKHWDWWDWRUWXWWXWDUWLFXODWLRQ,LPPHGLDWHO\IHHOWKLVSHUVRQKDV
QRWKDGDFKDQFHRUKDVQRWWDNHQWKHWLPHWRKHDUMD]]PXVLFDVLWKDVEHHQSOD\HGRYHUWKHSDVWIRUW\\HDUVE\
WKHPDMRUMD]]SOD\HUV+HVKRXOGEHWRQJXLQJOHJDWRVW\OHWDKWDKWDKWDKRUWXWXWXWX-D]]LVVWLOOEDVLFDOO\DQ
DXUDODUWIRUPDQGWKHFKDQFHVIRU\RXWREHDMD]]SOD\HUZLWKRXWOLVWHQLQJWRWKHPXVLFWKDWKDVFRPHEHIRUH\RX
DUHYHU\VOLP:LWKDOOWKHUHFRUGVRQWKHPDUNHWWRGD\WKHUHLVQRH[FXVHWRQRWEHDZDUHRIWKHYDULRXVVFKRROV
RIDUWLFXODWLRQDQGWKHPDLQH[SRQHQWV
:KHQDQRWHLVWRQJXHGLWQDWXUDOO\HPSKDVL]HVWKDWWRQH,WPDNHVLWVWDQGRXWIURPWKHQRWHVSUHFHGLQJLWDQG
WKHQRWHVIROORZLQJLW%\SUDFWLFLQJWKHIROORZLQJH[HUFLVHVOLVWHQLQJWRMD]]PXVLFLDQVRQUHFRUGDQGLQOLYHSHU
IRUPDQFHZKRSOD\WKHVDPHLQVWUXPHQWWKDW\RXGRH[SHULPHQWLQJZLWKDUWLFXODWLRQLQJHQHUDODQGNHHSLQJDQ
RSHQPLQG,IHHO\RXFDQLPSURYH\RXUSOD\LQJDQGLQWKHSURFHVVEHKDSSLHUZLWKWKHPXVLF\RXDUHSOD\LQJ
*RRGDUWLFXODWLRQGH¿QLWHO\LPSURYHVFRPPXQLFDWLRQEHWZHHQSHUIRUPHUDQGOLVWHQHU
$OORIWKHVHH[HUFLVHVVKRXOGEHSOD\HGZLWKDPHWURQRPH%HJLQVORZO\DQGJUDGXDOO\LQFUHDVHWKHWHPSR'RQ¶W
LQFUHDVHWKHWHPSRWRRUDSLGO\0DNHVXUH\RXDUHOLVWHQLQJWR\RXUVHOIDV\RXSOD\7KHDUWLFXODWLRQKDVWREH
FRPH$8720$7,&EHIRUHLWZLOOEHJLQWRVRXQGQDWXUDO'RQ¶WUXVKRUIRUFHWKHH[HUFLVHV(YHQWXDOO\PDNHXS
\RXURZQH[HUFLVHVDQGPRYHWKHDFFHQWHGQRWHVDURXQGLQWKHVFDOH*UDGXDOO\EURDGHQWKHVFDOHWRLQFOXGH
WZRRFWDYHVDQGWKHQPRYHRQWRLQFOXGH\RXUHQWLUHLQVWUXPHQW¶VUDQJH,IHHOLWLVDJRRGLGHDWREHJLQZLWKD
IDLUO\KHDY\DFFHQWWKHQPHGLXPWKHQOLJKW)RUWKRVHZKRKDYHQ¶WGRQHWKLVEHIRUHWKH\QHHGWRKHDUZKDWDQ
DFFHQWVRXQGVOLNHDQGE\SOD\LQJKHDY\DW¿UVWWKHLGHDVHHPVWRFRPHLQIRFXVTXLFNHU
6HYHUDOSOD\HUVZKR,UHDOO\PDGHVLJQL¿FDQWFRQWULEXWLRQVLQWKHÀRZRIMD]]DUWLFXODWLRQDUH&DQQRQEDOO$G
GHUOH\6RQQ\5ROOLQV3KLO:RRGV)UHGGLH+XEEDUG&OLIIRUG%URZQ0LOHV'DYLV-RKQ&ROWUDQH'DYH/LHEPDQ
:HV0RQWJRPHU\+HUELH+DQFRFN/HH0RUJDQ5RQ&DUWHU$UW)DUPHU/HH.RQLW]&KDUOLH3DUNHU&ODUN7HUU\
---RKQVRQ6OLGH+DPSWRQ:RRG\6KDZ.HQQ\'RUKDP0F&R\7\QHU2UQHWW&ROHPDQ+RUDFH6LOYHUDQG
-RH+HQGHUVRQ7KHOLVWJRHVRQEXWZKHQ,WKLQNRIWKHVHSOD\HUVDQGRWKHUV,KDYHQ¶WPHQWLRQHGRQHRIWKH
RXWVWDQGLQJIHDWXUHVLVWKHLUDUWLFXODWLRQDQGKRZLWUHODWHVWRWKHMD]]WUDGLWLRQ7U\WRJHWWKHVRXQG6RXQG
6281'LQ\RXUHDU<RXOHDUQPRUHDERXWDUWLFXODWLRQIURPOLVWHQLQJWRPXVLFWKDQIURPUHDGLQJDERXWLWRUHYHQ
YHUEDOL]LQJ2SHQLQJ\RXUHDUVLVRQHRIWKHNH\LQJUHGLHQWVLQEHFRPLQJDMD]]PXVLFLDQ3UDFWLFHZLWK\RXUH\HV
FORVHGDQGOLVWHQWRHDFKQRWHV¶DUWLFXODWLRQ
27
28
29
THE BLUES SCALE AND ITS USE
The blues scale consists of the following: Root, b3rd, 4th, #4th, 5th and b7th.
EXAMPLE: F blues Scale = F, Ab, Bb, B, C, Eb, F
:KHQSOD\LQJDWZHOYHEDUEOXHVLQWKHNH\RI%EXVHWKH%EEOXHVVFDOH%E'E(E()$E%E
7KHEOXHVVFDOHFDQDOVREHXVHGRYHUPLQRUFKRUGVZKHQWKHPLQRUFKRUGLVVRXQGHGIRURUPHD
VXUHVRUORQJHU(;$03/(,I'PLQRULVVRXQGHGIRUHLJKWPHDVXUHV\RXPD\XVHWKH'EOXHVVFDOH')*
$E$&'
:KHQSOD\LQJLQPLQRUWRQDOLWLHV\RXPD\FKRRVHWRDOWHUQDWHEHWZHHQWKHGRULDQPLQRUDQGWKHEOXHVVFDOH
ERWKKDYLQJWKHVDPHURRWWRQH(;$03/(,I'PLQRULVVRXQGHGIRUHLJKWPHDVXUHVSOD\'PLQRUGRULDQRU
SOD\'EOXHVVFDOHRUDOWHUQDWHEHWZHHQWKHWZRVFDOHVRXQGV
7KHEOXHVVFDOHLVXVHGWRFRQYH\D³)XQN\´³'RZQ+RPH´³(DUWK\´RU³%OXHV\´VRXQGIHHO5K\WKPDQGEOXHV
SOD\HUVXVHWKLVVFDOHH[WHQVLYHO\'RQ¶WUXQLWLQWRWKHJURXQGE\RYHUXVH([SHULPHQWZLWKWKHEOXHVVFDOHV
OLVWHGEHORZDQGDSSO\WKHPWRUHFRUGHGWUDFNVRQ\RXUSOD\DORQJUHFRUGLQJV
$IWHU\RXEHFRPHIDPLOLDUZLWKWKHEOXHVVFDOHDV,KDYHLWOLVWHG\RXPD\ZDQWWRDGGWRQHVWRWKHVFDOHZKLFK
JLYHWKHVFDOHVRXQGPRUHYDULHW\$GGHGWRQHVDUHXQGHUOLQHG(;$03/()EOXHVVFDOH )G$EA%E%
&D(E)
7KLVVFDOHVRXQGVVWUDQJHZKHQSOD\HGVWUDLJKWXSRUGRZQ-D]]SOD\HUVXVXDOO\SOD\ELWVDQGSLHFHVRIWKH
VFDOHRUPDNHXSOLFNVXWLOL]LQJFHUWDLQQRWHVRIWKHVFDOH<RXZLOOHYHQWXDOO\ZDQWWRWUDQVSRVHWKLVVFDOHWRDOO
WZHOYHNH\VIRUSUDFWLFH)RUQRZOHDUQLWLQ%EDQG)FRQFHUW
30
31
from Volume 21 “Gettin’ It Together” of the Aebersold Play-a-long Series
Blues Progressions
32
from Volume 21 “Gettin’ It Together” of the Aebersold Play-a-long Series
Blues Progressions
IMPROVISATION: PLAYING THE BLUES
7KH%OXHVLVDPXVLFDOIRUPWKDWMD]]PXVLFLDQVKDYHDOZD\VHPEUDFHGEHFDXVHLWDOORZVWKHPWKHRSSRUWXQLW\WRH[SUHVV
HPRWLRQDQGHYHU\GD\IHHOLQJDQGLQWHOOHFWXDOFRQFHSWVZKLFKDUHRIWHQOHDUQHGE\VWXG\LQJDQRWKHUSOD\HU¶VVW\OHDQGFRQ
FHSWLRQ0RVWEHJLQQLQJLPSURYLVHUVXVHWKH%OXHVDVDVSULQJERDUGWRRWKHUMD]]IRUPV0DQ\EDQGGLUHFWRUVDQGSULYDWH
WHDFKHUVIHHOWKHUHLVQRWWRRPXFKWRSOD\LQJDGHFHQWEOXHVVROR7KH\IHHOWKDW\RXOHDUQWKHEOXHVVFDOHVRIWKHNH\WKH
EOXHVLVLQDQGMXVWVRUWD¶LPSURYLVHZKDW\RXIHHORYHUWKDWVFDOHVRXQG7KH\SUREDEO\WKLQNWKLVLVZKDWWKH\DUHKHDULQJ
ZKHQWKH\OLVWHQWRMD]]SOD\HUVRQUDGLRRUUHFRUGV,DGPLWWKH\GRKHDUVRPHRIWKDWEXWLI\RXFKHFNRXWWKHPDMRUMD]]
LQÀXHQFHV\RXZLOOEHJLQWRKHDUPXFKPRUHWKDQMXVWWKHEOXHVVFDOH
,QWKLVDUWLFOH,ZRXOGOLNHWRSRLQWRXWWKLQJVWRZDWFKIRULQWKHEOXHVWKDWZLOOPDNH\RXUSOD\LQJPRUHUHZDUGLQJFRQYLQF
LQJDQGPXVLFDO:HVKRXOGEHJLQE\DVNLQJ\RXWRVLQJZLWK\RXUYRLFHVHYHUDOFKRUXVHVRIEOXHVDORQJZLWKDUHFRUG$
SOD\DORQJUHFRUGHGYHUVLRQRIEOXHVZRXOGEHH[FHOOHQWEHFDXVH\RXGRQ¶WKDYHWROLVWHQWRDVRORLVW\RXDUHWKHVRORLVW
,VXJJHVWWDSLQJ\RXUVHOIVR\RXFDQOLVWHQWR\RXUVHOIEDFNDQGWKHQZLWK\RXULQVWUXPHQWLQKDQGWU\SOD\LQJWKHSKUDVHV
WKDW\RXMXVWVDQJ,FRQWHQGWKDWZKDWZHVLQJLVRIWHQFORVHUWRWKH5($/<28WKDQZKDWFRPHVRXWRIRXULQVWUXPHQWV2Q
RXULQVWUXPHQWVZHDUHLQKLELWHGDQGOLPLWHGE\RXUODFNRINQRZOHGJHRIWKHLQVWUXPHQW,IWKLVLVVRDQG,WUXO\EHOLHYHLWWR
EHVRWKHPXVLFLDQZKRNQRZVKLVLQVWUXPHQWZHOOZLOOKDYHDPXFKEHWWHUFKDQFHRIFRQYH\LQJWKHPXVLFWKDWLVFRQWDLQHG
ZLWKLQKLVEUDLQWR\RXWKHOLVWHQHU:KHQ\RXDUHWU\LQJWRSOD\RQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWZKDW\RXMXVWVXQJEHVXUHWRSOD\ZLWK
WKHVDPHLQÀHFWLRQVDUWLFXODWLRQG\QDPLFVHWF,I\RXDUHXVHGWROLVWHQLQJWRMD]]PXVLF\RXUYRFDOVRORZLOOSUREDEO\EH
IDLUO\UHFRJQL]DEOHWRRQHZKROLVWHQVWRWKLVNLQGRIPXVLFHYHQWKRXJK\RXUYRLFHPD\FUDFNDQGVSXWWHUDWWLPHV3UDFWLFH
VLQJLQJZKHQ\RXDUHGULYLQJE\\RXUVHOIRUZDONLQJWRVFKRRORUWRWKHRI¿FH3UDFWLFHVLQJLQJZLWKLQ\RXUPLQGZKLOHO\LQJLQ
EHGRUZDLWLQJIRUDEXV3XW\RXUPLQGWRXVHDQGLWZLOOLQVWDQWO\VWDUWSD\LQJ\RXGLYLGHQGVLQWKDW\RXZLOOEHDEOHWRUHFRJ
QL]HSKUDVHVRWKHUVSOD\DQGWKLVZLOOHQDEOH\RXWRSXWWKRVHLGHDVLQPRWLRQRQ\RXUFKRVHQLQVWUXPHQW,KDYHKHDUGPDQ\
¿QHMD]]PXVLFLDQVVD\WKH\KDYHGRQHPXFKSUDFWLFLQJDZD\IURPWKHLULQVWUXPHQW7KH\PHQWDOO\SUDFWLFHDQGZKHQWKH\
¿QDOO\SXWWKHLULQVWUXPHQWLQWKHLUKDQGVLWLVDVWKRXJKWKH\KDYHDOUHDG\SOD\HGWKHPXVLFDOLGHD,QFORVLQJWKLVSDUDJUDSK
RQVLQJLQJ,ZRXOGOLNHWRSRLQWRXWWKDWPDQ\PXVLFLDQVUHIHUWRDSDUWLFXODUO\EHDXWLIXOPXVLFDOSKUDVHRUVRORDVVLQJLQJ
HYHQWKRXJKWKHPXVLFLDQLVSOD\LQJDQLQVWUXPHQW)RUH[DPSOH³&ROWUDQHZDVUHDOO\VLQJLQJ´
7KHEOXHVFDQKDYHPDQ\GLIIHUHQWFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQV)RULQVWDQFHURFNJRVSHOVRXOFRXQWU\DQGRWKHUVLPSOHUIRUPVRI
EOXHVPXVLFGRQ¶WXVHWKHVDPHFKRUGVDVVD\D:D\QH6KRUWHUEOXHVDOWKRXJKWKH\FDQLIWKH\ZDQWWR8VXDOO\ZKHQ\RX
VWDUWEHH¿QJXSWKHFKRUGVKDUPRQ\RQHIHHOVWKHVRQJEHFRPLQJPRUHDQGPRUHMD]]LQÀXHQFHG:KHQ\RXVWDUWFKDQJ
LQJWKHFKRUGVWRDJRVSHOWXQHLWMXVWZRQ¶WVRXQGWKHVDPHDQGWKHSHRSOHZKROLVWHQWRWKDWW\SHRIPXVLFZLOOSUREDEO\
QRWEHVDWLV¿HGEHFDXVHWKHPXVLFLVQRORQJHUZKDWLWXVHGWREH6LQFHMD]]LVDQHYROXWLRQDU\DUWIRUPWKHYDULRXVFKRUG
PRGL¿FDWLRQVDQGDOWHUDWLRQVDUHZHOFRPHGDQGKDYHEHFRPHDSDUWRIWKHHQHUJ\WKDWKDVNHSWLWDOLYH
7KHEDVLFEDUEOXHVRULJLQDOO\XVHGZKDWZHFDOOWKUHHFKRUGV7KH\DUHDGRPLQDQWWKEXLOWRQWKHURRWDGRPLQDQWWK
EXLOWRQWKHIRXUWKDQGDGRPLQDQWWKEXLOWRQWKH¿IWKRIWKHNH\\RXDUHLQ([DPSOHDEOXHVLQWKHNH\RI)XVHVWKHVH
WKUHHFKRUGV)%EDQG&7KHRUGHURIRFFXUUHQFHLVLQDWZHOYHEDUVHTXHQFHDQGFDQORRNOLNHWKLV
__)_)_)_)_%E_%E_)_)_&_%E_)_&__
7KHUHDUHYDULDWLRQVDGLQ¿QLWXPWRWKHFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQVZKLFKFDQEHXVHGRYHUDEOXHV$IHZRIWKHPRUHSRSXODUDUH
DVIROORZVNH\RI)127(:KHQWZRFKRUGV\PEROVDSSHDULQWKHVDPHPHDVXUHHDFKFKRUGJHWVWZREHDWV
$ __)
% __)
& __)
_%E
_%E
_%E
_)
_)
_)
_&PL)_%E _%E
_&PL)_%E _%2
_&PL)_%E _%2
_)
_)
_)
_'
_*P _&
_)
_*PL& __
_$PL' _*P _&
_$PL' _*PL& __
_$PL' _*P&_'EPL*E_)' _*& __
2QHWKDW&KDUOLH3DUNHUXVHGRQ³%OXHVIRU$OLFH´XVHVGHVFHQGLQJURRWPRYHPHQWFRXSOHGZLWKDF\FOHRIIRXUWKVXSZDUG
7KLVLVVRPHWLPHVFDOOHG%LUG%OXHV
__)_(PL$_'PL*_&PL)_%E_%EPL_$PL_$EPL_*PL_&_$PL'_*PL&__
(QRXJKIRUWKHYDULRXVFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQVWKDWFDQEHXVHG,I\RXQHHGPRUHLQIRFKHFNRXW'DQ+DHUOH¶VERRN-D]]5RFN
9RLFLQJVIRUWKH&RQWHPSRUDU\.H\ERDUG3OD\HUDYDLODEOHIURP$HEHUVROG-D]]+HOLVWVGLIIHUHQWSURJUHVVLRQVUDQJLQJ
IURPYHU\VLPSOHWRYHU\FRPSOH[
:KHQEHJLQQLQJWRSUDFWLFHWKHEOXHV,IHHOLWQHFHVVDU\WRJHWWKHIHHORIWKHURRWVWKHQWKH¿UVW¿YHQRWHVRIHDFKVFDOH
WKHQWKHWULDGURRWUGWKDQG¿QDOO\WKHHQWLUHVFDOH+HUHLVZKDWWKDWZRXOGVRXQGOLNH
:KHQWZRFKRUGVDSSHDULQRQHPHDVXUH\RXKDYHWRDOWHUWKHUK\WKPRIWKHSDWWHUQRUFRQGHQVHWKHQXPEHURIQRWHVLQ
\RXUSDWWHUQ1RPDWWHUZKDWVRQJ\RXDUHZRUNLQJRQXVHWKHDERYHPHWKRGIRUJHWWLQJDFTXDLQWHGZLWKWKHKDUPRQLF
33
PRYHPHQWRIWKHWXQH,KDYHKHDUGWZRRIWKHWRSMD]]WUXPSHWSOD\HUVLQWKHFRXQWU\VD\WKLVLVWKH¿UVWWKLQJWKH\GRZKHQ
ORRNLQJRYHUDQHZSLHFHRIPXVLFWKDWWKH\DUHJRLQJWRVRORRYHU,WPDNHVJRRGVHQVHEHFDXVHLWJHWV\RXUHDUDFFXVWRPHG
WRWKHYDULRXVVFDOHDQGFKRUGVRXQGVLQDGYDQFHRIWKHDFWXDOVRORLQJ,VWURQJO\DGYLVHXVLQJWKLVPHWKRGRISUDFWLFHZKHQ
DSSURDFKLQJ$1<QHZVRQJ7KHPRVWLPSRUWDQWSRLQWVLQWKHEOXHVSURJUHVVLRQDQGWKHVHDUHRIWHQWRWDOO\QHJOHFWHGE\
\RXQJLPSURYLVHUVDUHWKHPHDVXUHVFLUFOHGEHORZ
,WPLJKWEHJRRGWRLPSURYLVHRQWKHUGRUWKRIHDFKFKRUGLQRUGHUWRJHWWKHVRXQGDQGIHHORIWKHKDUPRQ\LQ\RXUPLQG
8VLQJMXVWWKHUGDQGWKZLOOVRXQGOLNHWKLVQRWLFHWKHKDOIVWHSPHORGLFPRWLRQIURPWKH¿UVWFKRUGWRWKHVHFRQG
,XUJH\RXQRQSLDQRSOD\HUVWRSUDFWLFHWKHH[DPSOHDERYHZLWK\RXUOHIWKDQGRQHRFWDYHORZHUWKDQZULWWHQDQGWU\SOD\LQJ
VFDODUH[HUFLVHVZLWKWKHULJKWKDQGVR\RXFDQKHDUWKHEDVLFKDUPRQ\UGWKLQWKHOHIWKDQGZKLOHUXQQLQJSDWWHUQVRU
VRORLQJLQWKHULJKWKDQG0RVWDOOJRRGZLQGSOD\HUVKDYHDNQRZOHGJHRIWKHNH\ERDUGDQGFDQSOD\EOXHVLQVHYHUDONH\V
,WLVPXFKHDVLHUWRVROYHKDUPRQLFSUREOHPVZKLOH/22.,1*DWWKHSLDQRNH\VWKDQLWLVWRVHHLWRQDVD[¿QJHUWDEOHRU
WUXPSHWYDOYHV,WLVDJRRGLGHDWROHDGLQWRWKHUGRUWKE\KDOIVWHS7KLVVWUHQJWKHQVWKHKDUPRQ\1RWHVWKDWDUHJRRG
FKRLFHVDWWKHEHJLQQLQJRIPHDVXUHVDUHOLVWHGEHORZ
7KH%OXHVVFDOHFDQRIFRXUVHEHSOD\HGDWDQ\WLPHGXULQJWKHFKRUXV7KHQRWHVRIWKHEOXHVVFDOHRIWHQFODVKZLWKWKH
JLYHQKDUPRQ\EXWWKDWLVZKDWPDNHVLWVRXQGOLNHWKHEOXHV,ILWGLGQ¶WFODVKLQWKHEHDXWLIXOZD\LWGRHVZHZRXOGQ¶WFDOOLWD
EOXHV%HFDUHIXOQRWWRFRQ¿QH\RXUVRORLQJWRMXVWWKHVRXQGRIWKHEOXHVVFDOHDQGLQVRGRLQJRYHUORRNSRVVLELOLWLHVRIYDULHW\
E\HPSOR\LQJWKHRWKHUVFDOHVVXFKDVPLQRUDQGGRPLQDQW7KHEOXHVVFDOHLQWKHNH\RI)LV F Ab Bb B C Eb F
CONCLUSIONS:
3OD\ZKDW\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDG5HFRUG\RXUYRLFHDQGWUDQVFULEHLWRQ\RXUJLYHQLQVWUXPHQW
6LQJZLWK\RXUYRLFHZKLOHGULYLQJVKRZHULQJZDONLQJHWF7KLQNDERXWWKHLQWHUYDOV\RXDUHVLQJLQJ$UH\RXVLQJLQJ
ELWVDQGSLHFHVRIVFDOHVRUFKRUGV"
/LVWHQWRMD]]SOD\HUVSOD\WKHEOXHV
&KHFNRXW9ROXPH³1RWKLQJ%XWWKH%OXHV´SOD\DORQJERRNDQG&'VHW,I\RXDOUHDG\KDYHWKLVYROXPHKDYH\RX
WULHGSOD\LQJZLWKDOOWKHWUDFNVRUKDYH\RXMXVWSOD\HGWKHEOXHVLQ%EDQG)"7LPHWRPRYHRQ
5HPHPEHUOHDGLQJWRQHVDUHWKHUGDQGWKXVXDOO\7KHVHWRQHVVKRXOGEHHPSKDVL]HGLQRUGHUWREULQJRXWWKH
KDUPRQLFPRYHPHQWIURPFKRUGWRFKRUG
8VHHYHU\WKLQJ\RXKDYHOHDUQHGDERXWPHORGLFFRQVWUXFWLRQZKHQSOD\LQJRQDEOXHV'RQ¶WMXVWSOD\RQWKHEOXHVVFDOH
7KDWVRXQGFDQZHDUSUHWW\WKLQLQWKHKDQGVRIDQRYLFHEXWFDQVRXQG¿QHZKHQLQWHUVSHUVHGZLWKSKUDVHVIURPWKH
RULJLQDOKDUPRQ\
7UDQVFULEHDVRORRUDSRUWLRQRIDIDYRULWHVRORDQGSOD\LWRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWZLWKWKHVDPHLQÀHFWLRQVDVWKHUHFRUGHG
YHUVLRQ7KHMD]]WUDGLWLRQKDVEHHQSDVVHGGRZQE\LPLWDWLRQDQG\RXFDQEHQH¿WJUHDWO\E\WUDQVFULSWLRQV
WHAT DOES “TO HEAR” REALLY MEAN?
³7R+HDU´JLYHVFRQ¿GHQFHLQSHUIRUPDQFHSUDFWLFLQJWHDFKLQJFRPSRVLQJDQGOLIHLQJHQHUDO
³7R+HDU´JLYHVPRUHHQMR\PHQWDVDOLVWHQHU+HVKHKHDUVDWDGHHSHUOHYHORIDSSUHFLDWLRQDQGXQGHUVWDQGLQJDQGWKLVOHYHO
JURZVDVWKH\HDUVSDVV
³7R+HDU´ZLOOHDUQ\RXDSSUHFLDWLRQDVWHDFKHUSHUIRUPHUEHFDXVH\RXUSOD\LQJDQG\RXUWHDFKLQJFRDFKLQJZLOOUHÀHFW\RXU($5¶6
NQRZOHGJH<RX¶OOVD\DQGSOD\WKLQJVZKLFKUHÀHFW\RXUNQRZOHGJHDQGWKLVFDQEHH[WUHPHO\KHOSIXOWRRWKHUVLQWKHLUPXVLFDO
TXHVW
³7R+HDU´LQVWLOOVLQGHSHQGHQFHLQDJRRGVHQVH,WKHOSVGLVSHOWKH³P\WKV´RIMD]]DQGRSHQRQH¶VFUHDWLYHFKDQQHOV³7R+HDU´
UHPRYHVEXUGHQVDQGEDUULHUV
³7R+HDU´PDNHVRQHIHHOZRUWK\RIEHFRPLQJSDUWRIWKHZKROH,WSURYLGHVDFHUWDLQDPRXQWRIVHFXULW\DQGFRQ¿GHQFHZKLFK
DOORZVXVWRDSSURDFKZLWKDVVXUDQFHWKHVSULQJERDUGRIRQH¶V³LQQHUPXVLF´³7R+HDU´UHPRYHVLQVHFXULW\ZKLFKDOORZVWKHPLQG
WRIXQFWLRQSURSHUO\LQLWVQDWXUDOVWDWH
³7R+HDU´XOWLPDWHO\PHDQVIUHHGRP
34
S
T
U
D
I
O
V
Improvisation / by Jamey Aebersold
ariations on Blues
My last article dealt with the Blues (12 bar blues), so I would like to follow up with variations on the blues progressions that have been in
common use in the jazz idiom. The term “three chord songs” are usually referring to the simplest of blues progressions. If you are in the
key of F, the three chords which form the basis of the blues in that key are F7, Bb7, and C7. F7 is called a roman numeral I (one) chord.
7KH%ELVFDOOHGWKH,9IRXUEHFDXVHLWLVEXLOWRQWKHIRUWKVFDOHVWHSRIWKH)VFDOHDQGWKH&LVFDOOHGWKH9¿YHFKRUGXVXDOO\FDOOHG
D9FKRUGEHFDXVHLWLVIRXQGRQWKH¿IWKVFDOHVWHSRIWKH)VFDOH$WKUHHFKRUGWXQHFRXOGDOVREHFDOOHGDVRQJWKDWXVHVRQO\,,9
and V chords.
As blues evolved in the hands of the jazz musicians across the country by way of the radio and home stereos, more and more musicians
played blues and naturally some would take liberties with the chord structure and alter the chords to match what they were hearing in their
mind’s ear. As the various alterations were passed from musician to musician, they became part of the blues structure.
I have listed 17 different blues progressions found in Dan Haerle’s book “Jazz/Rock Voicings for the Contemporary Keyboard Player”, published by Studio P/R, Inc. The progressions read from left to right! The ones at the top are the easier, simpler progressions. As you move
down the page they become more altered and present more of a challenge to the up anc coming jazz player. It is best to practice with one
complete progression until you feel comfortable with it, then move on to the next one. You may also want to substitute a measure in one
blues with the same measure in another blues below or above. Number 14 is one that Charlie Parker used on a blues called Blues For Alice
and another called Laird Bird. Number 16 uses a steady stream of minor chords (ii) moving to dominant 7th chords (V7) usually called ii/
V7’s or a series of ii/V’s. Experiment with the various progressions.
Begin slowly so you can hear the root progression clearly. In time, your mind will remember it and you can move more rapidly. Try to
memorize each progression as you are working on it. Memory is a key process in improvising! Listen to jazz players on records and see
if you can hear when they are substituting chords or scales or licks or patterns over the basic three chord progression. The masters do
it all the time and with such ease that often our ears don’t even realize they have deviated from the basic progression being played by the
rhythm section. You may want to check out Volume 2 “Nothin’ But Blues” in my play-a-long book/cd series. It contains eleven different
blues progressions played by the rhythm section and you can play and practice along with them. Bass players and piano players can even
turn off one channel of their stereo and substitute themselves for the player on the recording. It is a great way to practice with a professional rhythm section.
,QRUGHUWRSOD\EOXHV\RXKDYHWROLVWHQWRSHRSOHZKRSOD\EOXHV/LVWHQWRWKH¿QHVWSOD\HUVDOZD\V
Read from left to right!
Measure
1
No.
2
EXAMPLES OF BLUES PROGRESSIONS
(In the Key of F)
3
4
5
6
7
by Dan Haerle
8
9
10
11
12
1.
F7
F7
F7
F7
Bb7
Bb7
F7
F7
C7
C7
F7
F7
2.
F7
F7
F7
F7
Bb7
Bb7
F7
F7
C7
Bb7
F7
C7
3.
F7
Bb7
F7
F7
Bb7
Bb7
F7
F7
G7
C7
F7
C7
4.
F7
Bb7
F7
F7
Bb7
Bb7
F7
D7
G7
C7
F7
C7
5.
F7
Bb7
F7
F7
Bb7
Bb7
F7
D7
Gmi7
C7
F7
Gmi7
C7
6.
F7
Bb7
F7
F7
Bb7
Eb7
F7
D7
Db7
C7
F7
Db7
C7
7.
F7
Bb7
F7
Cmi7 F7
Bb7
Eb7
F7 Ami7
_
A 7
D7
Gmi7
C7
Ami7
D7
Gmi7
C7
Gmi7
C7
Ami7
D7
Gmi7
C7
Ami7
D7
Gmi7
C7
F7
C7
8.
F7
Bb7
F7
Cmi7 F7
Bb7
Eb7
9.
F7
Bb7
F7
Cmi7 F7
Bb7
10.
FM7
Emi7 A7
11.
FM7
12.
FM7
13.
FM7
Dmi7 G7 Cmi7
_
_
Emi7 Eb 7 Dmi7 Db 7 Cmi7
_
_
_
BbM7
A 7 G 7 Gb 7
_
_
_
BbM7
A 7 G 7 Gb 7
Bmi7 E7 F7 E7
_
Bo7
A 7 D7
14.
FM7
Emi7 A7
15.
FM7
Emi7 A7 Dmi7 G7 Gbmi7 Cb7 BbM7
#
F mi7 B7 Emi7 A7 Dmi7 G7 Cmi7 F7 BbM7
FM7
F#mi7 B7 EM7 EbM7 DbM7 BM7 BbM7
16.
17.
Dmi7 G7
F7
Bb7
Cb7 BbM7
Bbmi7
Ami7
Cb7 BbM7
Bbmi7
Ami7
Cb7 BbM7
Bbmi7 Eb7 AbM7
Cmi7 F7
BbM7
Bbmi7 Eb7 Ami7
Bmi7
E7 Ami7
Bbmi7 Eb7 AbM7
Bmi7
E7 AM7
D7
Eb7
_
Ab 7
_
Ab 7
_
Ab 7
_
Ab 7
_
Ab 7
_
Ab 7
_
Ab 7
D7
Gmi7
Db7 Gmi7
C7
Bb7
_
C7 Db 7 Gb7
Gb7
FM7
D7 Gmi7
_
Ao 7 Gmi7
_
Ab 7 Gmi7
Gmi7 C7
Ami7
D7
Dbmi7 Gb
Db7 Gmi7
C7
Ami7
D7
Gmi7 C7
Db7 Gmi7
C7
Bb7 Ami7
D7
Gmi7 C7
Gmi7
C7
Ami7
D7
Gmi7 C7
FM7
AbM7 GM7 Gb
Gmi7
Gmi7
Db7 GbM7
Db7 GbM7
Ami7 D7
GM7
C7
GbM7
Ami7
Gb
Gb
NOTE: Portions of these progression could be combined with each other to create hundreds of slight variations of the above. Notice that
SUDFWLFDOO\DOOEOXHVSURJUHVVLRQVIROORZDVLPLODUEDVLFIRUPZKLFKLVDVIROORZV)LQDOPHDVXUHV9¿YHFKRUGRULL9VXEVWLWXWH
returning to a I (one) chord.
35
5HSULQWHGIURP-,03,(5&(¶6³%LJ*ROGHQ7UXPSHW(QF\FORSHGLD´
3XEOLVKHGE\&KDUOHV+DQVHQ0XVLF%RRNV
VALUES
THE GREATEST HANDICAP --- FEAR
THE BEST DAY --- TODAY
EASIEST THING TO DO --- FIND FAULT
MOST USELESS ASSET --- PRIDE
THE GREATEST MISTAKE --- GIVING UP
THE GREATEST STUMBLING BLOCK --- EGOTISM
THE GREATEST COMFORT --- WORK WELL DONE
MOST DISAGREEABLE PERSON --- THE COMPLAINER
WORST BANKRUPTCY --- LOSS OF ENTHUSIASM
BEST TEACHER --- ONE WHO MAKES YOU WANT TO LEARN
GREATEST NEED --- COMMON SENSE
MEANEST FEELING --- REGRET AT ANOTHER’S SUCCESS
BEST GIFT --- FORGIVENESS
GREATEST KNOWLEDGE --- GOD
GREATEST THING IN THE WORLD --- LOVE
SUGGESTION: Put these values as a pin-up in your practice room.
Musical Training
is a more potent instrument than any other,
because rhythm and harmony
ÀQGWKHLUZD\
into the inner places of the soul.
-- Plato
BILL EVANS - piano player
(YDQVIRUJHGDZKROO\RULJLQDODQGFRPSOHWHO\SHUVRQDODSSURDFKWRMD]]SLDQR(YDQVRQFHVDLG
³0XVLFVKRXOGHQULFKWKHVRXOLWVKRXOGWHDFKVSLULWXDOLW\E\VKRZLQJDSHUVRQDSRUWLRQRIKLPVHOI
WKDWKHZRXOGQRWGLVFRYHURWKHUZLVH,W¶VHDV\WRUHGLVFRYHUSDUWRI\RXUVHOIEXWWKURXJKDUW\RXFDQ
EHVKRZQSDUWRI\RXUVHOI\RXQHYHUNQHZH[LVWHG7KDW¶VWKHUHDOPLVVLRQRIDUW7KHDUWLVWKDVWR¿QG
VRPHWKLQJZLWKLQKLPVHOIWKDW¶VXQLYHUVDODQGZKLFKKHFDQSXWLQWRWHUPVWKDWDUHFRPPXQLFDEOHWR
RWKHUSHRSOH7KHPDJLFRILWLVWKDWDUWFDQFRPPXQLFDWHWRDSHUVRQZLWKRXWKLVUHDOL]LQJLWHQULFK
PHQWWKDW¶VWKHIXQFWLRQRIPXVLF´
36
BEBOP CHARACTERISTICS
Compiled by David Baker
&203/(;+$5021,&,'($6
/21*(5 0(/2',& 3+5$6(6 86,1* 2'' ,17(59$/6 %8,/7 217+( (;7(16,21 2) &+25'6
WKVWKVWKVHWF
+$5021<*$,1('(48$/)227,1*:,7+0(/2'<$1'5+<7+0:(67(51,1)/8(1&(
$6281',167580(17$/7(&+1,48(:$60$1'$725<
$*22'($5$1'$48,&.0,1':(5(,1',63(16$%/(
(,*+7+127(6$1'6,;7((17+127(6%(&$0(7+(%$6,&81,762)7,0(
+2516$,0(')25&/($13,$12/,.((;(&87,21
3/$<(56)2//2:('7+(75(1'72:$5'7+(9,%5$72/(666281'5('8&,1*7+(/$7,78'(
$1')/(;,%,/,7<2)6281'352'8&7,21,6$127+(5:(67(51&21&(37$6$35$&7,&$/
&216,'(5$7,219,57826,7<'(0$1'6$181(1&80%(5('6281'
7+((03+$6,6:$6025(21&217(177+$1216281'
&203/(;&+25'63529,'('62/2,676:,7+$%52$'(5+$5021,&%$6(0$.,1*3266,%/(
$*5($7(59$5,(7<2)127(&+2,&(6$1'$+,*+(5,1&,'(1&(2)&+520$7,&,60
&+25'66(59('$67+(,03529,6$7,21$/5()(5(17,$/5$7+(57+$17+(0(/2'<
+27,03529,6$7,21)$67,17(16(,03$66,21(':$67+(58/(
&2//(&7,9( ,03529,6$7,21 :$6 (;&/86,9(/< %(7:((1 7+( 62/2,67$1' 7+( 5+<7+0
6(&7,21
%(%23:$635,0$5,/<$60$//%$1'086,&%87)281'620((;35(66,21,1$)(:6(/(&7
%,*%$1'6
$%52$'(1('&21&(372)&+25'68%67,787,21&$0(,172%(,1*7+,6+(/3('72352
9,'($%52$'(5+$5021,&%$6(
7+(086,&029('(9(5&/26(572:(67(51(8523($1086,&%(&$86(2),76(03+$6,6
21+$5021<$1',167580(17$/)$&,/,7<$1',76,1&5($6,1*86(2)27+(5:(67(51
086,&$/'(9,&(6
7+((17,5(/$1*8$*(2)-$==:$648(67,21('68%75$&7(')520$''('72385*('
$1'5($)),50('
32/<5+<7+0%(&$0($1,03257$17)$&725$*$,1
%(%237(1'('72 &2',)<$//7+$7 +$' *21( %()25( ,7 ,6 &216,'(5('7+( &20021
35$&7,&(3(5,2',1-$==
81,6210(/2'<67$7(0(176:(5(7+(58/(2)7+80%%(&$86(7+(,1&5($6,1*+$5
021,&&203/(;,7,(60$'(&2817(532,17$1'6(&21'$5</,1(6/(66)($6,%/(
7+(%5($.$6$6758&785$/'(9,&(5(*$,1('3238/$5,7<
%(%23 3/$<(56 0$'( /,%(5$/ 86( 2) ³4827(6´ 25 ,17(532/$7,216 )520 27+(5
781(6
%(%235('8&('0(/2'<72,76(66(17,$/67+(5(:(5()(:%$&.*5281'6620(%5,()
,1752'8&7,216$1'(1',1*6$1'620(81,621,17(5/8'(6
0(/2',&/,1(6:(5(6&$/$55$7+(57+$1&+25'$/
025( 623+,67,&$7(' 6&$/(6 :(5( ,1752'8&(' ,1727+( /$1*8$*( 21( (;$03/( ,6
7+(',0,1,6+('6&$/(EEE
7+(5(:$6025(())257720$.(7+(62/2/,1(6&2+(6,9(%</,1.,1*7+(072*(7+(5
:,7+7851%$&.6&<&/(6$1'27+(5086,&$/$'+(6,9('(9,&(6
3,$12%(&$0(7+(&(17(52)7+(1(:(;35(66,21
$6<00(75,&$/62/2&216758&7,21%(&$0($)$&7
37
A SHORT LIST OF BEBOP PLAYERS
&KDUOLH3DUNHUDOWRVD[
'L]]\*LOOHVSLHWUXPSHW
%XG3RZHOOSLDQR
&KDUOLH0LQJXVEDVV
0D[5RDFKGUXPV
7KHORQLXV0RQNSLDQR
6RQQ\6WLWWDOWRWHQRUVD[
&OLIIRUG%URZQWUXPSHW
:DUGHOO*UD\WHQRUVD[
$O+DLJSLDQR
+RZDUG0F*KHHWUXPSHW
)DWV1DYDUURWUXPSHW
5HG5RGQH\WUXPSHW
---RKQVRQWURPERQH
6RQQ\5ROOLQVWHQRUVD[
-DFNLH0F/HDQDOWRVD[
'H[WHU*RUGRQWHQRUVD[
0LWW-DFNVRQYLEHV
:\QWRQ.HOO\SLDQR
+RUDFH6LOYHUSLDQR
$UW%ODNH\GUXPV
-LPP\5DQH\JXLWDU
:HV0RQWJRPHU\JXLWDU
&KDUOHV0F3KHUVRQDOWRVD[
-DPHV0RRG\WHQRUDOWRVD[ÀXWH
3KLO:RRGVDOWRVD[
&DQQRQEDOO$GGHUOH\DOWRVD[
0LOHV'DYLVWUXPSHW
/HH.RQLW]DOWRVD[
*HUU\0XOOLJDQEDULVD[
5D\%URZQEDVV
BEBOP SCALES
7KH³%(%23´VFDOHFDQEHXVHGRYHUDQ\TXDOLW\PDMRUPLQRUGRPWKRUKDOIGLP,W
LVSUREDEO\XVHGPRVWRIWHQRYHU'RPWKDQG'RULDQPLQRUFKRUGVFDOHV
C7 Bebop scale = C D E F G A Bb B C -- (This is also called the 7th scale.)
'RQ¶WDOORZWKH%WRIDOORQDGRZQEHDW,W0867IDOORQWKHXSEHDW%HDWVDQG
DUHGRZQEHDWV*RRGEHJLQQLQJVWDUWLQJQRWHVIRUDVFHQGLQJHLJKWQRWHVOLQHVDUH
E)RUGHVFHQGLQJHLJKWKQRWHOLQHVWKHVDPHDVDVFHQGLQJE7KHVHDUH
$//FKRUGWRQHV:KHQ\RXEHJLQDSKUDVHRQWKHQGWKRUWKQRWHRIWKHVFDOH\RX
PXVWXVHDSDVVLQJWRQHRUFKURPDWLFLVPVRPHZKHUHLQWKHSKUDVHLQRUGHUWRPDNHWKH
%IDOORQDQXSEHDW%HFDUHIXOWRXVHSURSHUMD]]DUWLFXODWLRQRU\RXPD\QHJDWHWKHHI
IHFWLYHQHVVRIWKH%HERSVFDOHVRXQG
Doing the above will make your phrases sound natural and more like what you hear
on records.
The circled note is the extra, added tone.
BEBOP SCALES: MAJOR = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7, 1 -- C D E F G G A B C
DOM.7th = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, °7, 7, 1 -- C D E F G A B° B C
MINOR = 1, 2, °3, 3, 4, 5, 6, °7, 1 -- C D E° E F G A B° C
HALF-DIM = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7, 1 -- C D° E° F F G G B°C
PROPER USE OF THE BEBOP SCALE WILL INSTANTLY MAKE YOUR MUSICAL LINES MORE MATURE AND ALIVE.
CHECK OUT JOE RIPOSO'S BOOKS ON BEBOP SCALES:
‡
‡
BEBOP SCALES AND PATTERNS - (Order Code: BEBOP (Treble) or BEBOP-BC (Bass Clef)
TARGET AND APPROACH TONES (Order Code: TAT)
$OORIWKHVHERRNVDUHDYDLODEOHIURP-DPH\$HEHUVROG-D]]YLVLWRXUZHEVLWHDWwww.jazzbooks.com
38
TRANSPOSITION CHART
C Concert Instruments: Trombone, Piano, Flute, Guitar, Oboe, Organ, Violin, Cello, Viola, Harp, C
Melody Sax, C Trumpet, Bass Guitar, Bass Violin,
Bb Instruments: Trumpet, Cornet, Clarinet, Tenor Sax, Soprano Sax
Eb Instruments: Alto and Baritone Sax, Eb Clarinet,
NOTE:&&RQFHUW,QVWUXPHQWVDUHQRQWUDQVSRVLQJ7KH\UHDGWKHLUPXVLFDVLV%ELQVWUXPHQWVPXVWSOD\
WKHLUQRWHV83D:+2/(67(37KLVLVFDOOHGWUDQVSRVLQJXSDVWHS(ELQVWUXPHQWVPXVWSOD\WKHLUQRWHV
'2:1WKUHHKDOIVWHSV0LQRUWKLUG7KLVLVFDOOHGWUDQVSRVLQJDPLQRUWKLUG
If we had a musical phrase comprised of these notes, here is how they would be transposed;
C Concert Instruments play: C E° G
Bb A
G
F
D
D°
G° B
E
Bb Instruments play:
D
F
A
C
B
A
G
E
E°
Ab
C
F B°
Eb Instruments play:
A
C
E
G
F E
D
B
B°
E°
A°
C F
A°
TWO INTERESTING SHORT STORIES
7KHIROORZLQJWZRVWRULHVDUHWUXH7KH&KDUOLH3DUNHUVWRU\LVIURPDUHFRUGHGLQWHUYLHZ
ZLWK/HRQDUG)HDWKHU,WLVDYDLODEOHLQWZRYHUVLRQVDVKRUWPLQXWHYHUVLRQDQGDORQJHU
PLQXWHYHUVLRQ7KHORQJYHUVLRQLVIURPDUHFRUGWLWOHG³5DSSLQZLWK%LUG´7KHODEHOLV
0((;$',6&2;DQGWKHUHFRUGDOVRFRQWDLQVHLJKWVRQJVE\%LUG
7KHVWRU\DERXWP\IULHQG-RKQ:HOFKZDVWROGWRPHE\KLPVHOILQ$IWHUUHDGLQJ
ERWKVWRULHV,¶PVXUH\RX¶OOVHH%LUG¶VORYHRIPDQNLQGDQGKLVZLOOLQJQHVVWREHRIKHOS
Charlie Parker:³,NQHZKRZWRSOD\WZRWXQHVLQDFHUWDLQNH\WKHNH\RI'IRUVD[RSKRQH
DOWRVD[)FRQFHUW,OHDUQHGKRZWRSOD\WKH¿UVWHLJKWEDUVRI/D]\5LYHUDQG,NQHZWKH
FRPSOHWHWXQHWR+RQH\VXFNOH5RVH,QHYHUVWRSSHGWRWKLQNDERXWWKHUHEHLQJRWKHUNH\V
RUQRWKLQ¶OLNHWKDW6R,WRRNP\KRUQRXWWRWKLVMRLQWZKHUHDEXQFKRIIHOORZV,¶GVHHQ
DURXQGZHUHDQGWKH¿UVWWKLQJWKH\VWDUWHGSOD\LQJZDV%RG\DQG6RXOORQJPHWHU\RX
NQRZ6R,JRWRSOD\LQJP\+RQH\VXFNOH5RVHDQGWKHUHDLQ¶WQRIRUPRIFRQJORPHUD
WLRQ\RXNQRZVRWKH\ODXJKHGPHRIIWKHEDQGVWDQGWKH\ODXJKHGDWPHVRKDUG
,ZDVDERXWRUDWWKHWLPH,QHYHUWKRXJKWDERXWWKHUHEHLQJDQ\PRUHNH\V
\RXNQRZ´
Jamey Aebersold:,WLVREYLRXVIURPWKHDERYHVWDWHPHQWVWKDW&KDUOLH3DUNHUGLGQ¶WNQRZ
WRRPXFKZKHQKHVWDUWHGRXW3UHWW\PXFKWKHVDPHDVPRVWRIXV,VXVSHFW,WLVFOHDUWKDW
&KDUOLH3DUNHUPXVWKDYHVSHQWVRPHWLPHSUDFWLFLQJWKHULJKWWKLQJVOLVWHQLQJWRWKHULJKW
SHRSOHDQGLQJHQHUDOJDWKHULQJDVPXFKNQRZOHGJHDERXWPXVLFDVSRVVLEOHEHFDXVH
KHYHU\VKRUWO\EHFDPHDOHJHQGLQKLVRZQWLPH,UHFRPPHQGUHDGLQJWKHIROORZLQJERRN
IRUPRUHLQIRRQ&KDUOLH3DUNHU¶VOLIHDOODUHDYDLODEOHIURPwww.jazzbooks.com
³%LUG/LYHV´E\5RVV5XVVHOO
39
John Welch:³,ZDVHLJKWHHQ\HDUVROGDQGYHU\QDLYH,KDGVWXGLHGDUUDQJLQJZLWK%LOO5XVVR,ZHQW
RXWWR6RXWK'DNRWDWRWKH8QLYHUVLW\WKHUHWRVWXG\PXVLFDQGIRXQGP\VHOIUHDOO\XQKDSS\ZLWKWKH
VLWXDWLRQ,ZURWHEDFNDQGIRUWKWR%LOO5XVVRDQGKHJRWPHLQZLWK/HQQLH7ULVWDQRLQ1HZ<RUN&LW\IRU
OHVVRQV6R,WRRNWKHEXVWR1HZ<RUNDQGP\¿UVWZHHNHQGLQ1HZ<RUN,ZHQWGRZQWRWKH9LOODJH
ZLWKP\KRUQWURPERQHWRDFOXEFDOOHGWKH2SHQ'RRU7KHUHZDVDELJVLJQRQWKHZLQGRZVD\LQJ
³-DP6HVVLRQ6XQGD\$IWHUQRRQ´7KLVZDV6XQGD\DIWHUQRRQVR,ZHQWLQZLWKP\KRUQDQGDJURXS
ZDVSOD\LQJD%OXHVLQ)6R,WKRXJKWZHOOJUHDW,HQMR\SOD\LQJ%OXHVLQ),SXWP\FDVHRQWKHWDEOH
WRRNP\WURPERQHRXWDQGMXVWZDONHGULJKWXSDQGVWDUWHGWRVLWLQZLWKWKHP0\SOD\LQJDWWKDWSRLQW
LQP\OLIHZDVLQÀXHQFHGE\*HRUJH%UXQLHVD'L[LHODQGWURPERQLVWVR,VWDUWHGSOD\LQJWDLOJDWHWURP
ERQHZLWKWKLVJURXS7KH\LPPHGLDWHO\EURXJKW%OXHVLQ)WRDVFUHHFKLQJKDOWDQGWKHSLDQRSOD\HU
VDLGµ&KHURNHHLQ(¶DQGWRRNLWDWDWHPSR\RXZRXOGQ¶WEHOLHYH,WKRXJKWZHOOWKDW¶VFRRO,GRQ¶WNQRZ
&KHURNHHDQG,GRQ¶WSOD\YHU\ZHOOLQWKDWNH\DQG,VXUHFDQ¶WSOD\WKDWIDVWRQWURPERQHVR,¶OOVLWWKLV
RQHRXW6R,ZHQWEDFNWRWKHWDEOHDQGODLGWKHKRUQLQWKHFDVHRQWKHWDEOHDQGVDWWKHUH(YHU\RQH
ZDVORRNLQJDWPHDVWKRXJKFDQFHUKDGDUULYHG)LQDOO\DJX\LQWKHDXGLHQFHFDPHRYHUDQGVWDUWHG
XQVFUHZLQJP\KRUQWDNLQJLWDSDUWDQGSXWWLQJLWDZD\LQWKHFDVH$QGKHMXVWORRNHGGRZQDWPHDQG
VDLGµ.LG\RX¶UHREQR[LRXV¶
³7KHEDQGWKDWGD\DWWKH2SHQ'RRUZDV%XG3RZHOO0D[5RDFK&KDUOHV0LQJXV0LOHV'DYLVDQG
QRQHRWKHUWKDQ&KDUOLH3DUNHUKLPVHOI
³*HRUJH:DOOLQJWRQZDVWKHIHOORZZKRFDPHRYHUWRP\WDEOHDQGGLVPDQWOHGP\KRUQ$QGDIWHUKH
VDLGWKDW,JRWWKHPHVVDJH
³,UHDOL]HG,KDGUHDOO\GRQHVRPHWKLQJWHUULEOH6RWKH\EURNHWKHVHWDQG%LUGFDPHRYHUFDPHULJKW
VWUDLJKWRYHUWRP\WDEOH,UHPHPEHUKLPWXUQLQJWKHFKDLUDURXQGVRKHZDVOHDQLQJRQWKHEDFNDVKH
IDFHGPH7KHQKHVWDUWHGWDONLQJWRPH+HVDLGµ/RRNNLGZKDW\RXZHUHGRLQJGLGQ¶WUHDOO\¿WLQZLWK
WKLVJURXSEXW\RXZHUHGRLQJLWZHOO<RXUHDOO\ZHUHOD\LQJLWGRZQ7KDW¶VJUHDW$QG\RXMXVWNHHS
JRLQJ¶
³%LUGZDVVRFRPSDVVLRQDWHLQWKDWPRPHQWZLWKPHZKHQHYHU\RQHHOVHZDVUHDG\WRNLOOPH$QG
WKLVVWUXFNPHYHU\PXFK$VDPDWWHURIIDFWZKHQ,WKLQNRI&KDUOLH3DUNHU,ZRXOGKDYHWRVD\KH
affected me much more as a human being in my reaction to other human beings at that moment than
PXVLFDOO\´
Jamey Aebersold:,IHHOWKDWWKHVHWZRVWRULHVJLYHXVDQH[FHOOHQWH[DPSOHRIVRPHRQHZKRVHHP
LQJO\LQMD]]KDVPDGHLWWRWKHWRSEXWFDQVWLOOOHDQRYHUDQGKHOSWKHEHJLQQHUDQGJLYHHQFRXUDJH
PHQWZKHQDOOHOVHVHHPVWRIDLO,ZRXOGOLNHWRWKLQNRQHRIWKH¿QHVWWKLQJVMD]]HGXFDWLRQFDQRIIHU
LVWKHGLVVHPLQDWLRQRIYDOXDEOHLQIRUPDWLRQWRHDFKFRUQHURIWKHPXVLFDOZRUOGZLWKRXWDQ\WKRXJKWRI
UHWXUQ
...The music of Charlie Parker has certainly done this...
PLAY-A-LONGS FROM JAMEY AEBERSOLD FEATURING CHARLIE PARKER
VOL. 6 - CHARLIE PARKER - “ALL BIRD”
VOL. 69 - “BIRD” GOES LATIN
,1&/8'(6 1RZ¶V 7KH 7LPH ‡ 'RQQD /HH ‡ %LOOLH¶V
Bounce ‡Dewey Square ‡<DUGELUG6XLWH ‡2UQLWKRORJ\
‡ 6FUDSSOH )URP 7KH $SSOH ‡ &RQ¿UPDWLRQ ‡ 7KULYLQJ
From A Riff ‡0\/LWWOH6XHGH6KRHV
,1&/8'(6 %DUEDGRV‡0DUPDGXNH‡%X]]\‡'HZH\
6TXDUH ‡ <DUGELUG 6XLWH ‡ 2UQLWKRORJ\ ‡ /DLUG %DLUG ‡
0RRVH7KH0RRFKH‡0\/LWWOH6XHGH6KRHV‡%LUG*HWV
7KH:RUP‡6FUDSSOH)URP7KH$SSOH‡'RQQD/HH‡
&RQ¿UPDWLRQ
2UGHU&RGH9'6
2UGHU&RGH9'6
40
USE PENCIL
THEORY ASSIGNMENTS
&RQVXOW WKH 6&$/( 6<//$%86 RU
120(1&/$785(SDJHVIRUIXUWKHULQIR
FRQFHUQLQJEXLOGLQJVFDOHV
7KHQH[WIHZSDJHVDUHXVHGIRUVWXG\DQGSUDFWLFHDWWKH6XPPHU-D]]:RUNVKRSV/HWPHHQFRXUDJH\RXWRWU\
WKHPRQ\RXURZQ,I\RXGRQRWKDYHDWHDFKHURUEDQGGLUHFWRUZKRFDQKHOS\RXFRUUHFW\RXUH[HUFLVHVZKHQ
\RX¶UHGRQHIHHOIUHHWRPDLOWKHPWRXVDQGZHZLOOFRUUHFWWKHPDQGPDLOWKHPEDFNWR\RX
Jamey Aebersold
H = Half Step, W = Whole Step, -3 = Minor Third (3 half steps)
0DMRU6FDOH ::+:::+
0LQRU6FDOH :+:::+:
'RPLQDQWWK6FDOHV ::+::+: +DOI'LPLQLVKHG6FDOHV +::+::: +DOI'LPLQLVKHG6FDOHV :+:+:::
/\GLDQ :::+::+0DMRUZLWK :KROH7RQH6FDOHV ::::::
'LP6FDOH :+:+:+:+EHJLQZLWK:
'LP6FDOHV +:+:+:+:EHJLQZLWK+
'LP:KROH7RQH6FDOHV +:+::::
_
_
%OXHV6FDOHV :++ :
/\GLDQ'RPLQDQW :::+:+:
_
[ # and + means to raise 1/2 step. b or - means to lower 1/2 step. 3 means 3 half steps ]
For additional study, I highly recommend Dan Haerle’s book, “The Jazz Language.”
WRITE THE NOTES TO THE FOLLOWING SCALES
(use the above whole and half-step sequences as a guide)
1. B°
2. A°7
_
3. B 7
4. BØ
_
5. D
6. C7
_
7. F 7
8. EØ
_
9. F 7
10. D7
_
11. G
12. C7
13. F
14. A؝2
15. Bb Major 4
_
16. A°
17. E°7
18. E
_
19. B7
20. C74
41
USE PENCIL
THEORY ASSIGNMENTS
WRITE THE NOTES TO THE FOLLOWING CHORD SYMBOLS
WRITE THE NAME OF THE SCALE TO THE LEFT, ALSO
1. A74
_
2. B ¼
3. C7+9
4. B°¼4
5. DØ
6. A°¼4
7. C؝2
8. F¼4, 5
_
9. B° ¼
10. E74
11. F7+5
12. E°7 4, 5
13. A¼4
14. D°7°9
15. B7°9
_
16. G ¼
17. C7°9
18. GØ
_
19. D ¼
20. A79
42
USE PENCIL
THEORY ASSIGNMENTS
7KHUGWRQHRIWKH(°PDMRUVFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH$ scale is
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH%°VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH$° VFDOHLV
_
7KHUGWRQHRI( VFDOHLV
________
________
7KHWKWRQHRI$°PDMRUVFDOHLV
________
7KHQGWRQHRI)VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRI(VFDOHLV
________
7KHQGWRQHRI)VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRI) VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRI(° VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRI' VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRI'°VFDOHLV
________
7KHUGWRQHRI%VFDOHLV
________
7KHQGWRQHRI*°PDMRUVFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRI% VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH%° VFDOHLV
________
7KHVWWRQHRIWKH)VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH(VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH) VFDOHLV
________
7KHUGWRQHRIWKH*VFDOHLV
_
7KHUGWRQHRIWKH) VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH'VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH(°VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH'°VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH(PDMRUVFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH$VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH'° VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH%VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH%° VFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH(° VFDOHLV
________
7KHQGWRQHRIWKH%PDMRUVFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH& VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH*°VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH$°PDMRUVFDOHLV
_
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH( VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH%VFDOHLV
________
7KHWKWRQHRIWKH)VFDOHLV
_
7KHUGWRQHRIWKH$° VFDOHLV
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
________
43
ii V7 I
USE PENCIL
ii - V7 - I sequences in major keys / ii - V7 - I sequences in minor keys
,KDYHOLVWHGRQHRIWKHWKUHHFKRUGV\PEROVDQG\RXDUHWR¿OOLQWKHRWKHUWZRFKRUGV\PEROV7KHH[HUFLVHUHDGVIURPOHIW
WRULJKW:KHQLQDPLQRUNH\WKHLLFKRUGEHFRPHVKDOIGLPLQLVKHGDQGWKH9FKRUGLVXVXDOO\DOWHUHGZLWK°DQG
MAJOR KEYS
MINOR KEYS
ii
1
2
V7
1
D_
B°7
4
A°
5
A7+9
3
D7+9
A°_
8
CØ
9
10
E7
10
F_7
17
20
CØ
G_7
F7+9
A_7
14
C_
C7+9
15
16
F7
B_
AØ
E°_7
17
18
19
G7°9
13
G
16
B°_7
12
B7
14
15
11
C¼
C7°9
FØ
D°7
13
A°_
7
9
12
EØ
6
G°
18
A¼
E°_
19
D7
20
I
DØ
5
C7
11
V7
2
4
G7
7
8
ii
A7
3
6
I
B7°9
BØ
D°_
7KHGLVWDQFHIURPWKHURRWRIWKHLLFKRUGWRWKHURRWRIWKH9FKRUGLVD3HUIHFWWK$3HUIHFWWKLQWHUYDOLVHTXDOWRKDOIVWHSV7KH
GLVWDQFHIURPWKHURRWRIWKH9FKRUGWRWKHURRWRIWKH,FKRUGLVD3HUIHFWWKDOVR7U\WRPHPRUL]HWKHVHTXHQFHVLQWDFWLL9,7KLQN
RIHDFKFKRUGDVEHLQJUHODWHGWRWKHFKRUGRQHLWKHUVLGHRILW5HPHPEHUWKHVFDOHVZKLFKFRPSULVHLL9,LQPDMRUNH\VFRQWDLQWKH
VDPHNH\VLJQDWXUH
EXAMPLE: ii
V7 I
D*&DOOFRQWDLQQRVKDUSVDQGQRÀDWV
44
USE PENCIL
THEORY ASSIGNMENTS
ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE
7KHRI%LVBBBBBBBBBBB
7KHGLPLQLVKHGVFDOHKDVKRZPDQ\GLIIHUHQWWRQHV"BBBBBBBBBBB
+RZPDQ\QRWHVDUHLQDZKROHWRQHVFDOH"BBBBBBBBBBB
:KHQ\RXVHHWKHFKRUGV\PERO&LVWKHWKDOVRUDLVHG"BBBBBBBBBBB
+RZPDQ\KDOIVWHSVHTXDODSHUIHFWWK"BBBBBBBBBBB
:ULWHWKHF\FOHRIIRXUWKVEHJLQQLQJZLWK'*&BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB
:KHUHGRHVD9FKRUGXVXDOO\UHVROYHWR"BBBBBBBBBBB
&DQD,,FKRUGVRPHWLPHVEHDGRPLQDQWWKLQVWHDGRIPLQRU"<HVBBBB1RBBBB
:ULWHD%°%OXHVSURJUHVVLRQ%HVXUHWRXVHD,,9,LQWKHODVWIRXUEDUV
1DPHWKH°DQGWKHLQWKHNH\RI%°BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB
)LVWKHUDLVHGWKRIZKDWVFDOH"BBBBBBBBBBB
,I'°LV,ZKDWLV,,"BBBBBBBBBBB
:ULWHWKHFKRUGV\PEROVIRU,,9,LQ(°BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB
+RZPDQ\GLIIHUHQWPDMRUVFDOHVDUHWKHUH"BBBBBBBBBBB
+RZPDQ\GLIIHUHQWWRQHVDUHLQWKHFKURPDWLFVFDOH"BBBBBBBBBBB
:KDWWZRWRQHVLQWKHGRPLQDQWWKFKRUGIRUPWKH7ULWRQH"7KHBBBBBBBBBBBBB
:KDWW\SHTXDOLW\FKRUGVDUHIRXQGLQWKHUHJXODU%OXHVSURJUHVVLRQ
___________
___________
+RZPDQ\EDUVLQDW\SLFDO%OXHV"BBBBBBBBBBB
:KDWWZRNH\VLVWKH%OXHVPRVWRIWHQSOD\HGLQ"BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB
:KDWSDUWRI\RXUERG\GR\RXQHHGWRXVHPRUHRIWHQLQRUGHUWREHFRPHDEHWWHUPXVLFLDQ"
___________
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
Jamey Aebersold’s
POINTS TO REMEMBER
Taken from his “Anyone Can Improvise!” Seminars
‡7ZRIDFWRUVWKDWVWRSSHRSOHIURPLPSURYLVLQJDUHIHDURIJHWWLQJORVWDQGIHDURISOD\LQJDZURQJQRWH
‡7DSH\RXURZQSOD\LQJDQGOLVWHQWR\RXUVHOI'RQ¶WEHFULWLFDO-XVW/LVWHQ
‡+XPRULVDQLPSRUWDQWSDUWRIFUHDWLYLW\
‡79NLOOVLPDJLQDWLRQ
‡,JQRUDQFHNLOOV6RGRHVVPRNLQJ
‡&DQ\RXSUDFWLFHIRURQHKRXUZLWKRXWLQWHUUXSWLRQ"
‡,I\RXGRQ¶WWKLQNEHIRUH\RXSOD\DSKUDVHLWLVQRWLPSURYLVDWLRQMXVWDQH[HUFLVH
‡6LQJ6LQJ6LQJ
‡,WLVHDVLHUWRVLQJZKDW\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDGWKDQLWLVWRSOD\LWRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQW\RXUREMHFWLYHLVWREH
DEOHWRSOD\ZKDW\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDG
‡7KLQNHDFKQRWHEHIRUH\RXSOD\LW
‡'LGDQ\RQHHYHUGLHIURPWKLQNLQJWRRPXFK"
‡7KH%OXHVLVPRVWFRPPRQO\SOD\HGLQWKHNH\VRI)DQG%ÀDWE\-D]]PXVLFLDQV
‡'RQ¶WSUDFWLFHWKHVDPHWKLQJIRUHYHUEUHDNQHZJURXQG
‡6FDOHVDUH5($//<,03257$17
‡0RVWPXVLFLVJURXSHGLQDQGEDUSKUDVHV
‡0RVWGUXPPHUVVLQJWKHPHORG\WRWKHPVHOYHVWRNHHSWKHLUSODFHEXWWKH\FDQOHDUQWRKHDULQSKUDVHV
‡7KHFKURPDWLFVFDOHLV\RXUPXVLFDODOSKDEHWNQRZLWIURPWKHORZHVWSOD\DEOHQRWHRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQWWR
WKHKLJKHVW
‡7KHUHDUHRQO\WZRZKROHWRQHVFDOHVDQGRQO\WKUHHGLPLQLVKHGVFDOHV
‡-D]]SOD\HUVXVXDOO\SOD\HLJKWKQRWHVSOD\VFDOHVDQGH[HUFLVHVWKLVZD\
‡8VH-D]]DUWLFXODWLRQZKHQSOD\LQJFKRUGVDQGVFDOHVQRWWRQJXLQJHYHU\QRWHRUVOXUULQJHYHU\QRWHEXW
VRPHWKLQJLQEHWZHHQ$UWLFXODWLRQLVDNH\LQJUHGLHQWRI\RXUPXVLFDOSHUVRQDOLW\
‡3UDFWLFHDUWLFXODWLRQLQWRZHHNV\RXFDQWUDQVIRUP\RXUPXVLFDOSHUVRQDOLW\/LVWHQWRWKHSURV:KHQ
GRLQJDUWLFXODWLRQH[HUFLVHVSOD\LQDFRPIRUWDEOHUDQJHZKHUHLWLVHDV\WR¿QJHU,QWKLVZD\\RXFDQFRQ
FHQWUDWHRQWKHDUWLFXODWLRQ
‡2QHRIWKHUHDVRQV\RXGRQ¶WVRXQGOLNHWKHJX\VRQUHFRUGLVEHFDXVH\RXKDYHQ¶WSUDFWLFHDUWLFXODWLRQ
‡3OD\DVRORDORQJZLWKDUHFRUGLQRUGHUWRSUDFWLFHDUWLFXODWLRQLPLWDWHWKH-D]]JUHDWV
‡,QVSLUHUHIHUVWRWKHVSLULWZLWKLQ\RXLQVSLULW
‡/LVWHQDQGOLIWLGHDVRIIUHFRUGV
‡/,67(12YHUDQGRYHUDQGRYHU$OOWKHDQVZHUVWR\RXUTXHVWLRQVDUHRQWKHUHFRUGV
‡/LVWHQWR-D]]HYHU\GD\
‡,I\RXDUHZHOOHTXLSSHGWHFKQLFDOO\\RXFDQWDNHFKDQFHV
‡'RQ¶WMXVWXVHWKHSOD\DORQJ&'¶VWRNHHSWLPHXVHWKHPWROHDUQWRKHDUWKH721$/,7<RIHDFKNH\WKDWLV
SOD\HG
‡,QOLYH-D]]WKHUHLVLQWHUDFWLRQEHWZHHQSOD\HUV
‡7KHEHVWWKLQJVLQOLIHDUHIUHHDQGWKLVIUHH-D]]+DQGERRNLVRQHRIWKHP
‡,WLVJUHDWWRSOD\ZLWKSHRSOHZKRDUHDOLWWOHRUDORWEHWWHUWKDQ\RXWKH\ZLOOSXVK\RXWRLPSURYH
‡1RRQHLVDERUQSOD\HU*RRGLQVWUXPHQWVDQGWHDFKHUVDUHLPSRUWDQWEXWWKHSOD\HUPDNHVKLPVHOI
‡<RXFDQ¶WLPDJLQHKRZPXFKWLPHDQGHQHUJ\DQGWKRXJKW-D]]PXVLFLDQVSXWLQWRWKHLUFUDIW
‡&RQMXUHXS\RXURZQKDUPRQ\6LWDWDNH\ERDUGDQGH[SORUH
‡3OD\DQDUSHJJLRDQGNHHSLWJRLQJLQ\RXUKHDGPHQWDOO\ZKLOH\RXVLQJDPHORG\EDVHGRQWKDWFKRUG
‡6LQJDEDUEOXHVLW¶VQRWWKDWKDUGMXVWWKLQNDQGVLQJZKLOHGULYLQJRUZDLWLQJIRUDEXV
‡0RYHDEOXHVXSDKDOIVWHSDQGEDFNGRZQMXVWWKLQNRIH[HUFLVHVLWZLOOPDNHLWHDVLHUZKHQ\RXJHWWRWKH
SUDFWLFHURRP
‡'RQ¶WVSHQGSUDFWLFHWLPHRQHDUWUDLQLQJFKRUGVSHOOLQJDQGRWKHUH[HUFLVHVWKDW\RXFDQGRZKLOHFRPPXW
LQJRULQWKHVKRZHU,QWKLVZD\\RXZLOOJHWWKHPRVWPXVLFDOWUDLQLQJRXWRI\RXUGD\
‡&KDUOLH3DUNHUSUDFWLFHGWRKRXUVSHUGD\IRUWKUHH\HDUVWRIRXU\HDUV
‡(DU7UDLQLQJRQFH\RXFDQKHDUZKDW\RXDUHWU\LQJWRSOD\WKLQJVJHWDORWHDVLHU
‡/HDUQWKHGLVWDQFHEHWZHHQQRWHVLQWHUYDOV
‡6FDOHVDUHEDVHGRQWKHLQWHUYDOVRIKDOIDQGZKROHVWHSVFKRUGVDUHEDVHGRQPLQRUWKLUGVKDOIVWHSV
DQGPDMRUWKLUGVKDOIVWHSV/HDUQWRKHDUWKHVHLQWHUYDOVZLWKRXWEDWWLQJDQH\H
52
POINTS TO REMEMBER -- cont’d
‡:KHQ\RXVLQJYLVXDOL]HWKHNH\ERDUG,I\RXGRQ¶WNQRZZKDWNH\\RXDUHLQMXVWWKLQNLQ&'RWKHVHLP
SRUWDQWWKLQJVDZD\IURPWKHSUDFWLFHURRPGRQ¶WZDVWHSUDFWLFHWLPH
‡:KHQHYHU\RXVHHDFKRUGV\PEROEHDZDUHWKDWLWLPSOLHVDKRUL]RQWDOVFDOHDQGD
YHUWLFDOFKRUGPRVWFKRUGVDUHEXLOWIURPHYHU\RWKHUQRWHRIWKHVFDOHEXWQRWDOO
‡$NH\ERDUGLVYHU\LPSRUWDQWIRUOHDUQLQJKDUPRQ\DQGIRUKHDULQJFKRUGTXDOLWLHV2QDNH\ERDUGHYHU\WKLQJ
LVODLGRXWVLPSO\IRU\RX<RXFDQJHWDQHOHFWULFNH\ERDUGIRUXQGHU7KH\DUHYHU\YLVXDO
‡3OD\³0DU\+DG$/LWWOH/DPE´³+DSS\%LUWKGD\´DQG³7ZLQNOH7ZLQNOH´LQWZHOYHNH\VWRJHWWKHPXVLFIURP
\RXUPLQGWR\RXULQVWUXPHQW
‡,I\RXVWDUWRUHQGDSKUDVHRQDFKRUGWRQHURRWUGRUWK\RXFDQ¶WJRZURQJ
‡3UDFWLFHDVFDOHIRUWZRPLQXWHVVROLGIDVWWKQRWHVXQWLOLWEHFRPHVDXWRPDWLF&ORVH\RXUH\HVWRR
‡,KDYHWKHQRWLRQWKDWSHRSOHOHDUQLQVWUXPHQWVDVDQH[HUFLVHLQSDWLHQFHWRJHWWRNQRZWKHPVHOYHV
‡0RYLQJGRZQZDUGE\KDOIVWHSVLVHDV\WRGRZLWK\RXUYRLFHEXWPRUHGLI¿FXOWRQ\RXULQVWUXPHQW
‡,-DPH\NQRZDORWDQG,FDQGRDORWEXW,FDQ¶WGRLWIRU\RX
‡,I\RX7+,1.DORWDERXWZKDW\RXDUHGRLQJ\RXZLOOUHPHPEHUDORW
‡7ROHDUQDWXQHPHPRUL]HWKHFKDQJHVRQHPHDVXUHDWDWLPH3OD\WKHVFDOHIRUHDFKFKRUGWKHQDUSHJJLDWH
HDFKFKRUGQH[WLPSURYLVH0HPRUL]HPHPRUL]HPHPRUL]H
‡,I\RXKDYHDGRXEWDERXWDQ\WKLQJLQPXVLF¿QGDSLDQRDQGSOD\LW'RHVLWVRXQGOLNHZKDW\RXKHDURQ
UHFRUG"
‡,I\RXZDQWWRSXWDWKLQDPDMRUFKRUG\RXPXVWUDLVHLW)&/\GLDQRUSOD\WKHUHJXODUWKDVDSDVVLQJ
WRQH
‡3HUKDSVWKHPDMRUVFDOHVKRXOGKDYHEHHQFRQVWUXFWHGWKLVZD\&'()*$%&/\GLDQ7KLQNVKDUSQRWÀDW
‡2Q3LDQR/HDUQWZRQRWHYRLFLQJVZLWKWKHULJKWKDQGUGDQGWKFDQWHOO\RXHYHU\WKLQJWKDWLVJRLQJRQ
‡,I\RXDUHDQRQNH\ERDUGSOD\HUMXVWSOD\WKHURRWVZLWK\RXUOHIWKDQGPHPRUL]HWKHURRWVWRVRQJV
‡III VI II V I7XUQDURXQG7XUQDURXQGVJHW\RXEDFNWRWKHWRSRIWKHWXQH
‡$SLDQRSOD\HUZKHQSOD\LQJIRUUK\WKPVHFWLRQVKRXOGSOD\LQWKHUHJLVWHUIURPDQRFWDYHEHORZPLGGOH&WR
DQRFWDYHDQGDKDOIDERYHPLGGOH&VRDVQRWWRFURZGWKHKRUQSOD\HUVLQWKHXSSHUUHJLVWHU
‡-D]]KLVWRU\KDVDSURWRFROGRQ¶WRYHUSOD\
‡:DWFKKRZLQGHSHQGHQWDSLDQRSOD\HU¶VOHIWKDQGLVZKLOHWKH\VRORZLWKWKHULJKWKDQG
‡%\XVLQJGLIIHUHQWYRLFLQJV\RXFDQSOD\FKRUGVZLWKRXWPRYLQJXSDQGGRZQWKHNH\ERDUG
‡3UDFWLFHVFDOHVDQGH[HUFLVHVLQWLPHDQGZLWKRXWVWRSSLQJWKLVLVKRZZHSOD\PXVLFDIWHUDOO
‡:KHQ\RXYRLFHDFKRUGRQJXLWDURUNH\ERDUG\RXGRQ¶WKDYHWRSOD\DORWRIQRWHVWRVRXQGJRRG
‡%KDOIGLPLQLVKHG%&'()*$%7KH&QDWXUDOGRHVQRWDOZD\VVRXQGVRJUHDWVRXVHLWDVDSDVVLQJWRQHRQ
DQXSEHDW<RXFDQSOD\VKDUSDQ\WLPH&
‡6(48(1&(PHDQVWRUHSHDWDFKRUGDFKRUGSDWWHUQRUDPHORGLFSKUDVHLQDGLIIHUHQWNH\
‡6SHQGRUPLQXWHVSHUGD\ZLWKDNH\ERDUGHYHQLI\RXDUHDKRUQSOD\HU
‡-D]]XVHVDIHZWKLQJVRYHUDQGRYHULWLVDJUHDWUHOLHIWRUHDOL]HWKLVWKLQJVGRQRWVHHPVRYDVW
‡7KHUHDUHRQO\WZHOYHNH\VZHSOD\PRVWO\LQVL[RIWKHP&%E(E$E)DQG*QRWVRRIWHQLQ%()
&(DQG$EXWMD]]WXQHVPRGXODWHOLNHFUD]\ZHHQGXSLQDOONH\VDWRQHSRLQWRUDQRWKHU
‡$NH\VLJQDWXUHLVIRUWKHPHORG\QRWDWLRQDOFRQYHQLHQFHLWFDQKDYHYHU\OLWWOHWRGRZLWKWKHKDUPRQ\
NH\
‡/RRNDWWKHODVWFKRUGLQDWXQHRUWKHQH[WWRWKHODVWPHDVXUHLILWLVPDMRUDQGODVWVIRUDIXOOEDUWKDWLV
SUREDEO\WKHNH\WKHWXQHLVLQ(VSHFLDOO\LIWKH¿UVWFKRUGLVVLPLODU
‡7KLVLVP\FROOHJHHGXFDWLRQP\SLWFKSLSH
‡$FKURPDWLFSLWFKSLSHJLYHV\RXLQGHSHQGHQFH\RXFDQOHDUQWKHPXVLFDOXQLYHUVHRQ\RXURZQ
‡8VHDSLWFKSLSHWROHDUQDOOWKHLQWHUYDOVZLWKLQDQRFWDYHGRQ¶WXVHSUDFWLFHURRPWLPHIRUHDUWUDLQLQJGRLW
RQWKHÀ\KXVWOHZKLOH\RXZDLW
‡3RLQWWRWKH³SDSHUNH\ERDUG´DQGVLQJWKHQRWHVDV\RXSRLQWWRGLIIHUHQWNH\VDIWHUDIHZEDUVFKHFN\RXU
DFFXUDF\ZLWKDSLWFKSLSH
‡*UDEDWXQHDQGMXVWVLQJWKHURRWV
‡'RQ¶WMXVWVLQJDVFDOHYLVXDOL]HWKHNH\ERDUGRU\RXULQVWUXPHQWNHHSFKHFNLQJ\RXUVHOIZLWKWKHSLWFKSLSH
1H[WFKDQJHNH\DQGGRLWDJDLQ
‡:ULWHDWXQH
‡,W¶VQRWKDUGWRZULWHDWXQH6WHYH$OOHQZURWHWXQHVZLWKO\ULFVLQMXVWRQHVLWWLQJRQHGD\
‡:ULWWHQPXVLFLVDFUXWFK0HPRUL]HLQVWHDG
‡7UDQVSRVHGSDUWVDUHDFUXWFK,QWKHROGGD\VWKHUHZHUHQRIDNHERRNVZHWUDQVFULEHGHYHU\WKLQJIURP
UHFRUGVDQGOHDUQHGWRWUDQVSRVHLQWKHSURFHVV:HXVHGRXUHDUVDQGPHPRU\
53
POINTS TO REMEMBER -- cont’d
‡$JRRGPXVLFLDQKDVDODUJHUHSHUWRLUHLQKLVKHDGKHGRHVQ¶WUHO\KHDYLO\RQERRNV
‡0XVLFGRHVQ¶WFDUHZKRSOD\VLW
‡³3OD\ZKDWLVWKHUHZHGRQ¶WQHHGWRKHDU\RXO\LQJ´$UW%ODNH\
‡:KHQ\RX¿QDOO\SOD\ZKDWLVLQ\RXUKHDG\RXZLOOPHHW\RXUVHOIIRUWKH¿UVWWLPH
‡³,WWDNHVDORQJWLPHWRSOD\OLNH\RXUVHOI¶0LOHV
‡<RXFDQDQVZHUDOO\RXUTXHVWLRQVDERXWMD]]E\OLVWHQLQJ/,67(1/,67(1/,67(1
‡:KHQ\RXVRORXVHUHSHWLWLRQDQGVHTXHQFHGRQ¶WUDPEOH7KLVDOORZVWKHOLVWHQHUWRDQWLFLSDWHZKDW\RXDUH
GRLQJ7KLVLVNQRZQDVWKHPDWLFLPSURYLVDWLRQ6RQQ\5ROOLQV¶VRORVDUHDJUHDWH[DPSOHRIWKLV
‡7KHLQWHUYDOIURP%ÀDWWR(FRQWDLQVWKUHHWRQHV%ÀDW&'(KHQFHWKHQDPHWULWRQH
‡9HU\IHZDGXOWVWDNHWKHWLPHUHTXLUHGWROHDUQWRSOD\MD]]RUHYHQVLPSO\WROLVWHQWRLW
‡,I\RXZDQWWRNHHSWKHKDUPRQ\RXWOLQHGSOD\FKRUGWRQHVRQEHDWVRQHDQGWKUHH
‡7KHURRWWKLUG¿IWKDQGVHYHQWKRXWOLQHWKHKDUPRQ\
‡$FKDUDFWHULVWLFRI%HERSVRORVLVWKDWWKH\RXWOLQHKDUPRQ\YHU\H[SOLFLWO\
‡'R\RXKDYHDGR]HQWXQHVPHPRUL]HG".QRZWKHPHORG\DQGWKHIRUPEHDEOHWRZULWHRXWWKHFKRUGSUR
JUHVVLRQV-DPH\KDVWXQHVPHPRUL]HG
‡/HDUQVRPHWXQHVDQGOLVWHQWRPXVLFWKURXJKRXWWKHGD\WRNHHSWKHPLQ\RXUKHDG
‡3XW\RXUWXQHUHSHUWRLUHLQDQRWHERRNVR\RXFDQUHYLHZLW
‡$VDQH[HUFLVHLQJHWWLQJ\RXUVRORVWRVRXQGOLNHZKDW\RXKHDULQ\RXUKHDGSXWDSOD\DORQJ&'RQDQG
SOD\IRXUEDUVWKHQVLQJIRXUEDUVWKHQSOD\IRXUEDUVWKHQVLQJHWF
‡7RH[HFXWH\RXUREMHFWLYH7KLQNLW6D\LW'RLW
‡7KHDYHUDJHSHUVRQKDVWROHDUQWRSOD\LQWLPHLWGRHVQRWFRPHQDWXUDOO\<RXFDQXVHDPHWURQRPH
‡,QMD]]WLPHLVYHU\LPSRUWDQWXVHDPHWURQRPHIRUSUDFWLFH:KHQ\RXSUDFWLFHVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVDOZD\V
SUDFWLFHLQWLPHDQGXVHSURSHUDUWLFXODWLRQ
‡6WDUWWRLPSURYLVHHDUO\LQ\RXUPXVLFDOHGXFDWLRQ
‡,¶PLQWHUHVWHGLQVHHLQJSHRSOHSOD\PXVLFWKURXJKRXWWKHLUHQWLUHOLIH
‡,I\RXGRQ¶WLPSURYLVHHYHU\GD\ZKDWLVWKHSRLQWRISUDFWLFLQJVFDOHVDQGFKRUGV"
‡0XVLFLVVXSSRVHGWREHIXQKDYHIXQZKHQ\RXSUDFWLFH
‡:KHQ,DVNHGVRPHPXVLFLDQVKRZPXFKRIWKHGD\WKH\VSHQGWKLQNLQJPXVLFWKH\UHVSRQGHGKRXUVSHU
GD\
‡:KHQ\RXVRORORRNIRUFRPPRQWRQHVEHWZHHQFKDQJHVDQWLFLSDWHWKLQNDKHDG7KLQNDERXWWKHVXEVH
TXHQWFKRUGVFDOHZKLOH\RXDUHLPSURYLVLQJRQWKHFXUUHQWRQH,WLVQRWWKDWKDUGGRLWVRRQWRSURYHWKLVWR
\RXUVHOI7KLVLVFDOOHG³SOD\LQJDFURVVWKHEDUOLQHV´
‡7KHPHORG\WRDVRQJLVFDOOHGWKHKHDG
‡2EVWDFOHVDUHRSSRUWXQLWLHV7XUQVWXPEOLQJEORFNVLQWRVWHSSLQJVWRQHV
‡'RQ¶WDSSURDFK\RXUSUDFWLFHDVLI\RXKDYHWROHDUQDJUHDWGHDORILQIRUPDWLRQDQGDFTXLUHDJUHDWGHDORI
VNLOOVR\RXWKHQFDQSOD\LQVWHDGVWDUWSOD\LQJ12:
‡,I\RXSOD\VWUDLJKWWKQRWHV\RXFDQSOD\WKHEHERSVFDOHIRUDPHDVXUHDQGHQGRQWKHGHJUHHRIWKHVFDOH
WKDW\RXVWDUWHGRQPRVWRIRXUVFDOHVKDYHVHYHQQRWHVDQGGRQ¶WZRUNRXWWKLVZD\7KH%HERSVFDOH
JLYHV\RXQRWHVSHUPHDVXUHLQVWHDGRIVHYHQZKHQSOD\HGLQWKQRWHV
‡7KHHIIHFWLYHXVHRIWKH%HERSVFDOHRIWHQVHSDUDWHVWKRVHZKRFDQSOD\IURPWKRVHZKRDUHWU\LQJWRSOD\
‡'RQ¶WIRUJHWWKDWDFKRUGV\PEROLPSOLHVDVFDOHKRUL]RQWDOandDFKRUGYHUWLFDO
‡<RXFDQ¶WOLVWHQWRUHFRUGVHQRXJKLWLVVRYHU\LPSRUWDQW
‡,I\RXGRQ¶WKDYHDJRRGVRXQGZKRLVJRLQJWRFDUHDERXWZKDW\RXKDYHWRVD\HYHQLI\RXKDYHJUHDW
LGHDV
‡7R¿QGDORZHUHGWKMXVWJRGRZQDZKROHVWHSIURPWKHURRW
‡7R¿QGDVKDUSJRXSDPLQRUWKLUGIURPWKHURRW
‡7KHUGDQGWKDUHWKHPRVWLPSRUWDQWQRWHVLQRXWOLQLQJFKRUGTXDOLW\7KHURRWLVDOZD\VDVVXPHG
‡7DSH\RXUVHOIDQGOLVWHQEDFNREMHFWLYHO\'RQ¶WEHDIUDLGWRKHDU\RXUVHOIDVRWKHUVKHDU\RX
‡,QWLPHLI\RXZDQWWRJLYHKDUPRQLFVWDELOLW\SOD\FKRUGWRQHVDQGRQEHDWVRQHDQGWKUHH
‡'DYH%UXEHFN¶V³7DNH)LYH´LQLVUHDOO\EDUVRIIROORZHGE\EDUVRI
‡/\GLDQLVDIDYRULWHVXEVWLWXWHIRUPDMRUHVSHFLDOO\LQWXQHHQGLQJV
‡&KXFN6KHU¶V1HZ5HDO%RRNVDUHDFFXUDWH
‡7KHWXQHVWKDWMD]]SOD\HUVOLNHDQGWKDWDUHFKDOOHQJLQJRIWHQKDYHSUHWW\FKRUGWRQHVLQWKHRULJLQDOPHORG\
3UHWW\QRWHVFDQEHWKHPDMRUWKWKRULQ0$-25EDQGLQ0,125
‡6WULYHWRVRORRQDWXQHZLWKRXWSOD\LQJWKHPHORG\DQGZLWKRXWDUK\WKPVHFWLRQLQVXFKDZD\WKDWDOLV
WHQHUFRXOGQDPHWKHWXQHWKLVPHDQV\RXDUHGRLQJDJRRGMRERIRXWOLQLQJWKHKDUPRQ\
‡The music is between your ears...
54
MORE GREAT JAZZ PLAY-A-LONG SETS
:(
5(&+$1*,1*7+(:$<3(23/(35$&7,&(
HOW TO USE:(DFKYROXPHFRQWDLQVDTXDOLW\VWHUHRUHFRUGLQJVDQGDFRRUGLQDWHGERRNOHWZLWKSDUWV)25$//,16758
0(1767KHYROXPHVGRQRWQHFHVVDULO\JHWSURJUHVVLYHO\PRUHGLI¿FXOW7KHVSHFLDOVWHUHRVHSDUDWLRQWHFKQLTXHLVLGHDO
IRUXVHE\UK\WKPSOD\HUVThe left channel includes bass and drums, while the right channel contains piano or guitar
and drums.3RSXODUO\WHUPHG³7KH0RVW:LGHO\8VHG,PSURYLVDWLRQ7RROV2Q7KH0DUNHW´
6XJJHVWHGRUGHURIVWXG\9ROXPHV-$'HWF9RODQGZRUNWRIRUPDVWURQJIRXQGDWLRQ
‡3ULFHVDQGDYDLODELOLW\VXEMHFWWRFKDQJHZLWKRXWQRWLFH
TO ORDER:$YDLODEOHIURP\RXUIDYRULWHPXVLFVRXUFHRUFDOO
RUIRU)5((&$7$/2*‡ZZZMD]]ERRNVFRP
VOL. 1 JAZZ: HOW TO PLAY AND IMPROVISE. 5HYLVHG WK
(GLWLRQ1HZH[SDQGHG&'ZLWKQHZWUDFNV%HJ,QWOHYHO&KDSWHUV
RQ PHORG\ PRGHV %OXHV VFDOH 3HQWDWRQLF VFDOH XVH HDU WUDLQLQJ
DUWLFXODWLRQ%OXHVPHORGLHVFKURPDWLFLVPHWF6FDOHVDQGFKRUGWRQHV
ZULWWHQLQHDFKPHDVXUH&RQWDLQV%OXHVLQ)%E'RULDQPLQRUWUDFNV
FDGHQFHVF\FOHV,,9
VDQGPRUH)RU$//LQVWUXPHQWV7KH0RVW
:LGHO\8VHG,PSURY0HWKRG2Q7KH0DUNHW$YDLOLQ(QJOLVK*HUPDQ
)UHQFK-DSDQHVH6SDQLVKDQG3RUWXJXHVH%N&'$15.95
VOL. 2 NOTHIN' BUT BLUES.%HJ,QWOHYHOGLIIHUHQW%OXHVLQ
YDULRXV NH\V DQG WHPSRV ZLWK JUHDW PHORGLHV ± VRPH KDUPRQL]HG
7KLVYROXPHLVWUXO\IXQWRSOD\ZLWK5K\WKPVHFWLRQUHDOO\JURRYHV
$OOVFDOHVDQGFKRUGWRQHVZULWWHQLQ%N&'$15.90
VOL. 3 THE II/V7/I PROGRESSION.,QWOHYHONew, expanded CDZLWK
UHYHDOLQJGHPRQVWUDWLRQWUDFNV7KHPRVWLPSRUWDQWPXVLFDOVHTXHQFHLQ
MD]]$0867IRUMD]]SOD\HUV,I\RXKDYHEHHQZRUNLQJRQVFDOHVDQG
FKRUGVWKLVVHWLVIRU\RX%N&'$15.90
VOL. 4 MOVIN' ON.3RVW%RS,QW$GYOHYHO%N&'$14.90
VOL. 5 TIME TO PLAY MUSIC.,QWOHYHO$JUHDWVHWWRXVHZKHQPDNLQJ
WKHWUDQVLWLRQIURPOHDUQLQJVFDOHVDQGFKRUGVWRDFWXDOO\LPSURYLVLQJRQ
JLYHQPHORGLHVDQGFKRUGSURJUHVVLRQV%N&'$15.90
VOL. 6 "ALL BIRD".,QW$GYOHYHOVRQJVZULWWHQE\&KDUOLH3DUNHU
([FHOOHQWZD\WROHDUQ%HERS
%N&'$15.90
VOL. 7 MILES DAVIS. ,QW$GY OHYHO New, expanded CD Four,
0LOHVWRQHV7XQH8S7KH7KHPHDQGPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 8 SONNY ROLLINS.,QW$GYOHYHO&RQVLGHUHGMD]]VWDQGDUGV
'R[\6W7KRPDV2OHRHWF%N&' $14.90
VOL. 9 WOODY SHAW.,QW$GYOHYHO2ULJLQDOVE\:RRG\6KDZ
0RRQWUDQH/LWWOH5HG
V)DQWDV\%N&'$14.90
VOL. 10 DAVID BAKER.,QW$GYOHYHO$ZLGHYDULHW\RIVW\OHVDQG
WHPSRV
%N&'$15.90
VOL. 11 HERBIE HANCOCK.%HJ,QWOHYHO7KLVVHWFRQWDLQVDORW
RIYDULHW\²VZLQJURFNPRGDOIXQN\ %N&'$15.90
VOL. 12 DUKE ELLINGTON.,QWOHYHODOOWLPHFODVVLFVHYHU\RQH
VKRXOG OHDUQ LQFOXGLQJ 6DWLQ 'ROO 3HUGLGR $ 7UDLQ 6ROLWXGH
,Q$6HQWLPHQWDO0RRGDQG0RUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 13 CANNONBALL ADDERLEY. ,QW OHYHO %OXHV\ RULHQWHG
VRQJVE\&DQQRQEDOO
V4XLQWHW5K\WKPVHFWLRQLV6DP-RQHV5RQQLH
0DWKHZV/RXLV+D\HV%N&'$14.90
VOL. 14 BENNY GOLSON.,QW$GYOHYHOMD]]FODVVLFV%HQQ\LV
RQHRIWKHPRVWSRSXODUMD]]FRPSRVHUVDOLYH%N&'$15.90
VOL. 15 PAYIN' DUES.,QW$GYOHYHO1LQHVRQJV%N&' $14.90
VOL. 16 TURNAROUNDS, CYCLES & II/V7s.,QW$GYOHYHO,I\RX
KDYHEHHQZRUNLQJRQSOD\LQJVFDOHVFKRUGVDQGKDUPRQ\LQJHQHUDO
WKLVLVWKHQH[WVWHSWRZDUGVJHWWLQJ\RXUHDUVDQG¿QJHUVFRRUGLQDWHG
$FRQWLQXDWLRQRI9ROEXWPXFKPRUHLQGHSWK%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 17 HORACE SILVER.%HJ,QW/HYHO5RQ&DUWHU.HQQ\%DUURQ
DQG$O)RVWHUPDNHWKHVHHLJKWVRQJVUHDOO\FRPHWROLIH&RQWDLQVSong
)RU0\)DWKHU7KH3UHDFKHUHWF%N&'$15.90
VOL. 18 HORACE SILVER.,QW$GYOHYHO7KLVVHWLVDFKDOOHQJH
6DPHUK\WKPVHFWLRQDV9RO)DVWHUWKDQ9RO%N&' $15.90
VOL.19 DAVID LIEBMAN. ,QW$GY OHYHO $ QHZ GLUHFWLRQ 5LFKLH
%LHUDFK)UDQN7XVD$O)RVWHU
%N&'$15.90
VOL. 20 JIMMY RANEY.,QWOHYHO$JUHDWZD\WRUHDOO\VWXG\%HERS
7KLVRXWVWDQGLQJVHWLQFOXGHVWUDQVFULEHGVRORVZULWWHQDQGSOD\HGE\
-LPP\A new concept%DVHGRQVWDQGDUGV%N&'$14.90
VOL. 21 GETTIN' IT TOGETHER.$OOOHYHOV±YRFDOLVWDQGLQVWUXPHQWDOLVW
UHJDUGOHVV RI DELOLW\ (DFK WUDFN FRYHUV DOO NH\V 9HU\ WKRURXJK
VHWZLWKGLIIHUHQWWUDFNVNew, expanded CD%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 22 FAVORITE STANDARDS.$OOOHYHOV6WHOOD%\6WDUOLJKW0\2OG
)ODPH0\,GHDO(DV\/LYLQJPRUH%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 23 ONE DOZEN STANDARDS.$OOOHYHOV0XVLFDQGO\ULFVWR
VWDQGDUGV$QJHO(\HV%XW%HDXWLIXO(YHU\WKLQJ+DSSHQV7R0H
+HUH
V7KDW5DLQ\'D\PRUH%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 24 MAJOR AND MINOR.$OOOHYHOV±$OO,QVWUXPHQWV7KLVVHW
FRYHUVDOOPDMRUDQGPLQRUVFDOHVLQDOONH\V7UDFNVDUHDERXWPLQXWHV
ORQJDQGVWD\LQRQHNH\IRUGXUDWLRQRIWUDFN%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 25 ALL-TIME STANDARDS. DOOWLPHIDYRULWHVSummertime,
0\)RROLVK+HDUW+DYH<RX0HW0LVV-RQHVHWF5K\WKPVHFWLRQLV+DO
*DOSHU6WHYH*LOPRUH%LOO*RRGZLQ%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 26 THE "SCALE SYLLABUS". :LWK'DYLG/LHEPDQVRSUDQR
VD[DQG-DPH\$HEHUVROGSLDQR$OOOHYHOVYRFDOLVWDQGLQVWUXPHQWDOLVW
+HDUVRORVRQHDFKVFDOHOLVWHGRQ6FDOH6\OODEXVSOD\HGVLPSOHWKHQ
FRPSOH[3UDFWLFHDQGLPSURYLVH
%N&'V$15.00
VOL. 27 JOHN COLTRANE.,QW$GYOHYHO*UHDWFROOHFWLRQRI&ROWUDQH
IDYRULWHVLQFOXGLQJ1DLPD0U3&6RPH2WKHU%OXHV/LNH6RQQ\
PRUH5K\WKVHFWLRQLV5&DUWHUEDVV+DUROG0DEHUQSLDQR$GDP
1XVVEDXPGUXPV
%N&'$14.90
VOL. 28 JOHN COLTRANE.,QW$GYOHYHO,QFOXGHV,PSUHVVLRQVand
Giant StepsYHUVLRQVHDFK'HDU/RUGDQGPRUH%N&' $14.90
VOL. 29 PLAY DUETS WITH JIMMY RANEY.-LPP\FRPSVRQOHIW
FKDQQHODQGVRORVRQULJKW(VSHFLDOO\KHOSIXOIRUJXLWDULVWVDQGUK\WKP
VHFWLRQSOD\HUV
%N&' $14.90
VOL. 30 RHYTHM SECTION "WORK-OUT".3OD\ZLWKWKHSURVVROR
RUFRPS'+DHUOH7&RROPDQ(G6RSKDQG-3HWHUVHQ6SHFLI\
$RU%6HHEHORZ %N&' $14.90
VOL. 30A.'HVLJQHGIRUNH\ERDUGVDQGJXLWDU
VOL. 30B.'HVLJQHGIRUEDVVDQGGUXPV
VOL. 31 BOSSA NOVAS.$OOOHYHOV4XLHW1LJKWV:DYH*LUO)URP
,SDQHPD2QFH,/RYHGHWF
%N&'$15.90
VOL. 32 BALLADS.,QFOXGHV/RYHU0DQ6N\ODUN/XVK/LIH<RX
YH
&KDQJHGHWF5K\VHFWLRQVDPHDV9RO%N&'$15.90
VOL. 33 WAYNE SHORTER.VRQJV)RRWSULQWV,QIDQW(\HV:LWFK
+XQW%ODFN1LOH(63HWF
%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 34 JAM SESSION.MD]]VWDQGDUGVVXFKDV*UHHQ'ROSKLQ6W
-XVW)ULHQGV,QYLWDWLRQ/DXUD6WDU(\HV6HFUHW/RYHHWF5K\WKP
VHFWLRQVDPHDV9RO %N&'V$19.95
VOL. 35 CEDAR WALTON. %ROLYLD0DHVWUR2MRV'H5RMRDQGPRUH
&HGDUS5&DUWHUE%+LJJLQVG%N&' $15.90
VOL. 36 BEBOP AND BEYOND.-D]]*UHDWV/DG\ELUG,0HDQ<RX
5D\
V,GHDDQGPRUH %N&' $14.90
VOL. 37 SAMMY NESTICO. +D\%XUQHU%DVLH±6WUDLJKW$KHDG:LQG
Machine, %DVLH6WUHHW6ZLWFK,Q7LPH$:DUP%UHH]H6DPDQWKD
<D*RWWD7U\and/RQHO\6WUHHW%N&'$14.90
VOL. 38 BLUE NOTE. IDYRULWHVIURP%OXH1RWH5HFRUGV/D]\%LUG
%OXH7UDLQ0RPHQWV1RWLFH5HFRUGD0H,VRWRSH&HRUD(O7RURand
PRUH%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 39 SWING, SWING, SWING. $YDORQ %\H %\H %ODFNELUG 7RR
0DUYHORXV)RU:RUGV%OXH5RRP6ZHHW*HRUJLD%URZQ2K/DG\%H
*RRG,QGLDQ6XPPHUPRUH%N&'$15.90
VOL. 40 'ROUND MIDNIGHT. ,.QRZ7KDW<RX.QRZ,I,/RYH$JDLQ
6HSWHPEHU ,Q 7KH 5DLQ /RYH )RU 6DOH /XOODE\H RI %LUGODQG 5RXQG
0LLGQLJKWPDQ\PRUH%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 41 BODY AND SOUL. $ORQH7RJHWKHU7HDFK0H7RQLJKW7LPH
$IWHU7LPH<RX
UH0\(YHU\WKLQJ7KH9HU\7KRXJKWRI<RX0LVW\%RG\
$QG6RXOPRUH%N&'V$19.95
VOL. 42 "BLUES".%OXHVLQallNH\V6ORZWHPSRV)XQWRSOD\ZLWK)RU
DOOOHYHOVDQGDOOLQVWUXPHQWV%N&'$15.90
VOL. 43 'GROOVIN' HIGH'. JUHDW VWDQGDUGV *URRYLQ
+LJK ,
OO
5HPHPEHU$SULO$IWHUQRRQ,Q3DULVDQGPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 44 AUTUMN LEAVES.1LQHVWDQGDUGVLQFOXGLQJ$XWXPQ/HDYHV
0\6KLQLQJ+RXU:LWFKFUDIWPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 45 BILL EVANS.1LQHRI%LOO
VIDYRULWHVLQFOXGLQJ:DOW])RU'HEELH
9HU\(DUO\7LPH5HPHPEHUHGPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 46 OUT OF THIS WORLD. ,
P*ODG7KHUH,V<RX)RXU%URWKHUV
0LVWHU6DQGPDQPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 47 "RHYTHM". ,*RW5K\WKPFKDQJHVLQDOONH\VFRPIRUWDEOH
WHPSRV&KDUOLH3DUNHUSUDFWLFHGWKHVHFKRUGVWRR%N&'$15.90
VOL. 48 DUKE ELLINGTON "In A Mellow Tone". 0HOORZ7RQH,*RW
,W%DG'R1RWKLQJ
7LO<RX+HDU)URP0H'RQ
W*HW$URXQG0XFK
Anymore, Cottontail, more!
%N&'$15.90
VOL. 49 SUGAR. 0LVW\*HRUJLD2Q0\0LQG:KHQ6XQQ\*HWV%OXH
2Q7KH6XQQ\6LGH2I7KH6WUHHW and %DFN$W7KH&KLFNHQ6KDFNHWF
+DQN0DUU%+DPPRQGRUJDQ-LP5XSSGUXPV%N&'$15.90
VOL. 50 MAGIC OF MILES DAVIS.&ODVVLF0LOHV'DYLVLQFOXGLQJAll
%OXHV6R:KDW0LOHVWRQHVQHZ1DUGLV6HYHQ6WHSV7R+HDYHQ(LJKW\
2QH-RVKXDPRUH%N&'$15.90
VOL. 51 NIGHT AND DAY. Fine standards including 1LJKW$QG'D\
(PEUDFHDEOH<RX,*RW5K\WKP0\2QH$QG2QO\/RYH:LWK$6RQJ
,Q0\+HDUWPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 52 COLLECTOR'S ITEMS. ,
P*HWWLQJ6HQWLPHQWDO2YHU<RX,
'RQ
W6WDQG$*KRVW2I$&KDQFH:LWK<RX6WDUGXVW(DV\/LYLQJ6WDUV
)HOO2Q$ODEDPDPRUH%N&'$14.90
VOL. 54 MAIDEN VOYAGE.)RUQHZHULPSURYLVRUVZLWKVORZHUWHPSRV
HWF,QFOXGHV6XPPHUWLPH0DLGHQ9R\DJH'R[\)RRWSULQWV&DQWDORXSH
,VODQG:DWHUPHORQ0DQ$XWXPQ/HDYHVPRUH%N&'$15.90
VOL. 55 YESTERDAYS.(VVHQWLDOVWDQGDUGVE\-HURPH.HUQ$OO7KH
7KLQJV<RX$UH7KH6RQJ,V<RX<HVWHUGD\VPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 56 THELONIUS MONK.,QFOXGHV,Q:DONHG%XG5XE\0\'HDU
(SLVWURSK\0RQN
V0RRGPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 57 MINOR BLUES IN ALL KEYS.$W\SLFDOPLQRUEOXHVLQDOO
NH\VJUHDWIRUSUDFWLFLQJWKLVIRUP%.&'$15.90
VOL. 58 UNFORGETTABLE.,QFOXGHV*RQH:LWK7KH:LQG,
OO7DNH
5RPDQFH,PDJLQDWLRQ3RONDGRWV0RRQEHDPV6RPHGD\0\3ULQFH
:LOO&RPH8QIRUJHWWDEOH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 59 INVITATION.5HOD[HGWHPSRV&HRUD6WDU(\HV&DUDYDQ2Q
Green Dolphin Street, more! %.&'V$19.95
VOL. 60 FREDDIE HUBBARD JAZZ FAVORITES.,QFOXGHV%LUGOLNH
&RUDO.H\V&ULVLVPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 61 BURNIN'!!! Up-Tempo Jazz Standards. 2QO\IRUWKH%UDYH
,QFOXGHV6HFUHW/RYH&KHURNHHDOONH\V,QGLDQD/RYHUDQGPRUH
&RRNLQ
UK\WKPLV'DQ+DHUOHRU0DUN/HYLQHSLDQR7RGG&RROPDQRU
-RKQ*ROGVE\(G6RSKRU%DUU\5LHV %.&'$15.90
VOL. 62 WES MONTGOMERY JAZZ STANDARDS. :HVW&RDVW%OXHV
)DU:HV)XOO+RXVH-LQJOHVPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 63 TOM HARRELL JAZZ ORIGINALS.KDQGSLFNHGIDYRULWHV
IURP RQH RI 1HZ <RUN
V ¿QHVW MD]]PHQ /LWWOH 'DQFHU %XIIDOR :LQJV
Scene, April MistPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 64 SALSA/LATIN JAZZ CLASSICS. Authentic favorites by Tito
3XHQWHDQGRWKHUV%.&'$14.90
VOL. 65 "FOUR" AND MORE. %2UJDQDQGGUXPVMoment's Notice,
6SHDN/RZ3HUGLGR*LDQW6WHSV6WDEOHPDWHV1LFD
V'UHDP7XQH8S
7DNH7KH
$
7UDLQPRUH%.&'V$19.95
VOL.66 BILLY STRAYHORN. 6WUD\KRUQ
VRZQLQLPLWDEOHVW\OH,QFOXGHV
/XVK/LIH7DNH7KH
$
7UDLQDQGPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 67 TUNE UP. HDV\WRPHGLXPGLI¿FXOW\WXQHVin all 12 keys! A
IDQWDVWLFZRUNRXW\RXFDQGR%.&'$14.90
VOL. 68 GIANT STEPS.6OLJKWO\GLI¿FXOWWXQHVin all 12 keys! 0RGHUDWH
WHPSRV&RQ¿UPDWLRQ*LDQW6WHSVPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 69 BIRD GOES LATIN.&KDUOLH3DUNHURULJLQDOVLQDQ6DOVD
/DWLQ-D]]VW\OH<DUGELUG6XLWH2UQLWKRORJ\6FUDSSOH)URP7KH$SSOH
&RQ¿UPDWLRQDQGPRUH%.&'$14.90
VOL. 70 KILLER JOE. (DV\ WXQHV IRU %HJ,QW 6XJDU .LOOHU -RH
,SDQHPD%OXH0RRQPRUH%N&'$15.90
VOL. 71 EAST OF THE SUN.,QFOXGHVWLWOHWUDFN7KH%R\1H[W'RRU
)DOOLQJ,Q/RYH:LWK/RYH+RQH\VXFNOH5RVH,:LVK,.QHZ0HODQFKRO\
Baby, more!
%N&'$15.90
VOL. 72 STREET OF DREAMS. 6WUHHW2I'UHDPV,I<RX&RXOG6HH
0H1RZ,
P,Q7KH0RRG)RU/RYH,
P7KUX:LWK/RYH-LWWHUEXJ:DOW]
Poinciana,%N&'$15.90
VOL. 73 STOLEN MOMENTS.MD]]IDYRULWHVE\2OLYHU1HOVRQStolen
0RPHQWV$OWRLWLV(OHJ\)RU$'XFN,Q3DVVLQJ%ODFN%URZQ%HDXWLIXO
/DWLQR,5HPHPEHU%LUGDQGPRUH%N&'$15.90
VOL. 74 LATIN JAZZ. 6PRRWKFRRNLQJ/DWLQVW\OH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 75 COUNTDOWN TO GIANT STEPS. 6XEVWLWXWH WKRVH HOXVLYH
FKDQJHVLQVWDQGDUGVQG&'EUHDNVGRZQGiant StepsF\FOHLQWRVLPSOH
VHJPHQWVDWFRPIRUWDEOHWHPSRV%.&'V$19.95
VOL. 76 HOW TO LEARN TUNES.%DNHU¶VLQFUHGLEOHZRUNLVTXLFNDQG
HDV\IRUOHDUQLQJWXQHVPHPRUL]LQJPHORGLHVDQGFKRUGFKDQJHVIRUDQ\
WXQHLQDQ\NH\%.&'$19.95
VOL. 77 PAQUITO D’RIVERA 5HIUHVKLQJ FKDQJH RI SDFH ZLWK
3DTXLWR¶V RZQ EDQG ([FLWLQJ /DWLQ FODVVLFV DQG ODLGEDFN %UD]LOLDQ
IDYRULWHV%.&'$15.90
VOL. 78 HOLIDAY CLASSICS. +DYH<RXUVHOI$0HUU\:H7KUHH.LQJV
/HW,W6QRZ:LQWHU:RQGHUODQGPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 79 AVALON.$PHULFDQ6RQJVLQFO%LOO%DLOH\6W/RXLV%OXHV
Rose Room, more!
%.&'$15.90
VOL. 80 INDIANA. VRQJV:KHQ7KH6DLQWV3RRU%XWWHUÀ\,+HDU$
5KDSVRG\and %LOO\%R\%.&'$15.90
VOL. 81 CONTEMPORARY STANDARDS. DQG RULJLQDOV E\ 'DYH
/LHEPDQ*URXS,QFO$OO%OXHV0DLGHQ9R\DJH1LFD¶V'UHDP2Q*UHHQ
'ROSKLQ6WUHHW%.&'$15.90
VOL. 82 DEXTER GORDON. 5RDULQ¶ MD]] IDYRULWHV IURP WKH WHQRU
PDVWHU%.&'$15.90
VOL. 83 THE BRECKER BROTHERS.-$==)81.IURPWKHLQIDPRXV
EDQG6NXQN)XQNDQGPRUH%.&'$16.90
VOL. 84 DOMINANT 7th WORKOUT.,PSRUWDQWVHTXHQFHVVRQJVDQG
DOWHUDWLRQV8QGHUVWDQGKRZ'RPLQDQWWKVZRUN%.&'¶V$19.95
VOL. 85 TUNES YOU THOUGHT YOU KNEW. 5HKDUPRQL]HG
VWDQGDUGVPDNHWKHPIHHODQGVRXQGQHZDJDLQ&DQWDORXSH,VODQG
Song For Father,Green Dolphin StreetPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 86 “SHOUTIN’ OUT” - HORACE SILVER.9DULHW\RIVRQJVIURP
WKLVPDVWHUFRPSRVHUDQGLPSURYLVRU3HQQ\6KRXWLQ¶2XW-XQJOH-XLFH
0DU\/RX6HQRU%OXHV0RRQ5D\VPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 87 “WHEN LIGHTS ARE LOW” - BENNY CARTER. Try your
VNLOOVRQWKLVJUHDWPXVLFIURP%HQQ\,QFOXGHVWLWOHWUDFN<RX2QO\<RX
3HRSOH7LPH6XPPHU6HUHQDGHPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 88 MILLENNIUM BLUES.7KH%/8(6DUHEDFN,QFOXGHVDYDULHW\
RI IHHOV JURRYHV DQG WHPSRV IRU D EOXHV ZRUNRXW %.&' $15.90
VOL. 89 DARN THAT DREAM.7ZHOYHRIWSOD\HGVWDQGDUGVOLNHGentle
5DLQ7KLV&DQ¶W%H/RYH7KLQJV:H'LG/DVW6XPPHU0\6KLS'DUQ
7KDW'UHDP:KR&DQ,7XUQ7RPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 90 “ODD TIMES” - UNUSUAL TIME SIGNATURES.:RUNRXWLQ
RGGWLPHVLJQDWXUHVLQFOXGLQJHWF%.&'$15.90
VOL. 91 “PLAYER’S CHOICE” - MASTERS OF THE CRAFT.:ULWWHQ
%<MD]]PXVLFLDQV)25MD]]PXVLFLDQV<RX.QRZ,&DUH%OXH'DQLHO
%HUQLH¶V7XQH2Q$6ORZ%RDW7R&KLQDPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 92 LENNIE NIEHAUS.)URPLPSRUWDQWDQGWDOHQWHG¿OPFRPSRVHU
DQGMD]]PXVLFLDQ%.&'$15.90
VOL. 93 WHAT’S NEW.7KHJXLWDUXVHGRQWKLVVHWPDNHVLWIUHVKDQG
DZHOFRPHDGGLWLRQ%.&'$15.90
VOL. 94 HOT HOUSE.-DPHV:LOOLDPVSLDQR&KULVWLDQ0F%ULGHEDVV
DQG-HII³7DLQ´:DWWVGUXPV%.&'$15.90
VOL. 95 “500 MILES HIGH”.,QFOXGHVWKHWLWOHFXW$OO2I0H2QO\7UXVW
<RXU+HDUW:LQGRZV7HDQHFNDQGRWKHUV%.&'$15.90
VOL. 96 “LATIN QUARTER” - DAVE SAMUELS.0XVLFRI6DPXHOV¶RZQ
&DULEEHDQ-D]]3URMHFW6RXQGVDZHVRPH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 97 STANDARDS WITH STRINGS. EHDXWLIXO VWDQGDUGV
DUUDQJHGE\/HQQLH1LHKDXV%.&'$16.90
VOL. 98 “JOBIM” - BOSSA NOVAS.1\ORQVWULQJJXLWDUIRUDQ%UD]LOLDQ
VRXQG:DYH7KH*LUO)URP,SDQHPDPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 99 TADD DAMERON - “SOULTRANE.” Soultrane, Hot House,
/DG\ELUGPRUH
%.&' $15.90
VOL. 100 ST. LOUIS BLUES - DIXIELAND CLASSICS. Tributes the
52276RIMD]]LQDQDXWKHQWLFGL[LHODQGVW\OH%.&' $15.90
VOL. 101 “SECRET OF THE ANDES” - ANDY LAVERNE. 11 Tunes
E\$QG\/D9HUQH6KDQLD%LOEDR*RQH)RUHYHUPRUH%.&' $15.90
VOL. 102 JERRY BERGONZI. 7XQHV E\ WKH 0RGHUQ 7HQRU *UHDW
:LJJ\ 7KH 5D\ &RQ %ULR ,QVLGH 2XW :LQG 3ULQW 6RXQG $GYLFH
'LIIHUHQW3ODFHV7RJHWKHUPRUH%.&'$15.90
VOL. 103 DAVID SANBORN. 6PRRWKIXVLRQEOHQGE\WKHDOWRLQQRYDWRU
$UUDQJHPHQWVE\NH\ERDUGLVW*HRUJH:KLWWH%.&'$16.90
VOL. 104 KENNY WERNER - “FREEPLAY”. %UHDNVGRZQERXQGULHV
RIUK\WKPPHORG\KDUPRQ\,QFOXGHVSHUFHSWLYHWH[W%.&'$15.90
VOL. 105 DAVE BRUBECK. 3OD\HGE\KLVWULR%.&'$16.90
VOL. 106 LEE MORGAN. SRVWERS KLWV%.&' $15.90
VOL. 107 IT HAD TO BE YOU - STANDARDS IN SINGER'S KEYS.
ZHOONQRZQVWDQGDUGVLQNH\VFRPIRUWDEOHIRUPRVWVLQJHUV,QWURVKHOS
RULHQWVLQJHUVWRWKHPHORG\ %.&'V $19.95
VOL. 108 JOE HENDERSON. RIWKHEHVWMD]]IURPWKHVDQGV
E\WKHOHJHQGDU\JLDQW%.&' $15.90
VOL. 109 FUSION JAZZ BY DAN HAERLE. H[FLWLQJHOHFWURQLF
WUDFNVFRYHULQJIXVLRQIXQNODWLQDQGVPRRWK%.&' $15.90
VOL. 110 ROMANTIC BALLADS. VWDQGDUGEDOODGVLQFOXGLQJ:KHQ,)DOO
,QORYH(PEUDFHDEOH<RX6RPHRQH7R:DWFK2YHU0H%.&' $15.90
VOL. 111 J.J. JOHNSON. RULJLQDOV E\ WKH OHJHQGDU\ ERS
WURPERQLVW %.&' $15.90
VOL. 112 COLE PORTER. VWDQGDUGV IURP RQH RI WKH JUHDWHVW
FRQWULEXWHUVWRWKH*UHDW$PHULFDQ6RQJERRN%.&'V $19.95
VOL. 113 VOCAL STANDARDS VWDQGDUGV ZLWK VROR SLDQR
DFFRPSDQLPHQWHDFKUHFRUGHGIRUKLDQGORZYRLFHV%.&'V $15.90
VOL.114 GOOD TIME. &'V ZLWK GLIIHUHQW PL[HV RYHU WKH FKRUG
FKDQJHVWRZHOONQRZQVWDQGDUGV(%.&'V$19.95
VOL.115 RON CARTER. 5RQ SHUIRUPV KLV EHVW RULJLQDOV ZLWK KLV
TXDUWHW7KLVLVDWLJKWJURXS5HFRUGHGLQ1<(%.&'V$16.90
VOL.116 MILES OF MODES.,Q'HSWKVWXG\LQFOXGHVVWDQGDUGPRGDO
IRUPVDQGFRQWHPSRUDU\SUDFWLFHWUDFNV(%.&'V$19.95
VOL.117 COLE PORTER FOR SINGERS.JUHDWVWDQGDUGVHVSHFLDOO\
GHVLJQHGIRUERWKKLJKDQGORZYRLFHV(%.&'V$19.95
VOL.118 JOEY DEFRANCESCO.)HDWXULQJRQHRIMD]]
VJUHDWHVW%
SOD\HUV5HFRUGHGZLWKWKLVZRUNLQJWULR(%.&'$15.90
VOL.119 BOBBY WATSON. 2QH RI WRGD\
V PRVW FUHDWLYH DOWRLVWV
)HDWXULQJRULJLQDOWXQHVSOD\HGE\KLVZRUNLQJJURXS(%.&'$15.90
VOL.120 FEELIN' GOOD!.%OXHVLQ%JURRY\IXQWRSOD\WUDFNV
ZLWKDJUHDWVRXQGLQJ2UJDQ7ULR(%.&'$15.90
VOL.122 JIMMY HEATH
(%.&'$15.90
VOL.123 NOW'S THE TIME-RH\'HIUDQFHVFRDQGKLVWULR(QMR\WKLV
DPD]LQJ%2UJDQ3OD\$/RQJ(%.&'$15.90
VOL.124 BRAZILIAN JAZZ. 5HFRUGHG LQ %UD]LO (%.&'$15.90
VOL.125 CHRISTMAS CAROL CLASSICS. 6ZLQJ ZLWK WKLV RQH
GXULQJ\RXUQH[WKROLGD\VHDVRQ(%.&'$15.90
VOL.126 RANDY BRECKER. 'HPRVE\5DQG\%.&'V$15.90
VOL.127 EDDIE HARRIS
(%.&'$15.90
ANYONE CAN
IMPROVISE!
DVD Video
Jamey explains and demonstrates
fundamental techniques used by all
great jazz improvisers.
Product Code JAD - $19.95

Similar documents

jadis da88s integrated amp

jadis da88s integrated amp \RX·OO NQRZ GDUQ ZHOO H[DFWO\ ZKHUH WKDW WUXPSHW LV ORFDWHG:KDW·VPRUH\RX·OOEHDEOHWRKHDUWKHUHODWLYH SRVLWLRQVRI DOOWKHLQVWUXPHQWVYLVjYLVHDFKRWKHU 1R DPRXQW RI  KXIÀ...

More information

Fontana New Releases - 02/28/2012

Fontana New Releases - 02/28/2012 'DUOLQJ'ROO)DFH+RQH\@ZDVTXLWHDQLQWLPDWHOLWWOHUHFRUG´VD\VVLQJHUJXLWDULVW5XVVHOO0DUVGHQIURPEHKLQGKLVWUDGHPDUNEXJH\HVKDGHV³%XWLW WXUQHGLQWRWKLVKXJHURFNWKLQJLQYHQXHVDFU...

More information