k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f k|ltj]b g

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Transcription

k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f k|ltj]b g
alb{of lhNnf eP/ aUg] 8'8'jf vf]nfsf] ju/ If]qjf6 lbuf] ?kdf jfn'jfsf]
;+sng÷pTvgg\ sfo{ ;~rfngsf nflu ul/Psf]
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f k|ltj]bg
Initial Environmental Examination (IEE) Report
k]z ul/Psf] sfo{fno
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(=#= cg'udg / Go'lgs/0fsf] vr{sf] ljj/0f
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k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
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CBO
CITES
HIA
IEE
IUCN
LIA
MIA
NGO
ZoI
: Community Based Organization
: Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora
and Fauna
: High Impact Area
: Initial Environmental Examination
: International Union for Conservation of Nature
: Low Impact Area
: Medium Impact Area
: Non Governmental Organization
: Zone of Influence
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k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
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kl/ro
alb{of lhNnf eP/ aUg] 8'8'jf vf]nfaf6 lgdf{0f ;fdu|L h:t} jfn'jf pknAw x'b} cfO{/x]sf 5g\ . o;/L
;+sng ul/Psf lgdf0f{ ;fdu|Lx? :yfgLo af;LGbfx?sf] dfgjLo cfjZostf cg';f/ 3/ lgdf{0f ug{]
;fy;fy} cGo ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfo{x? h:t} k'n, af6f] 3f6f] cflbsf] lgdf{0fsf nflu klg oy]i6?kdf
k|of]u x―'b} cfO/x]sf] 5 . cJojl:yt ?kdf pTvgg sfo{x? x'―bf jftfj/0fdf ljleGg gsf/fTds c;/ kg]{
;j{ljlbt} 5 . ctM o;/L k|fs[lts ?kdf pknAw x'g] jfn'jfsf] j}1flgs 9+uaf6 jftfj/0fdf Go"gtd
k|lts'n k|efj kg]{ ul/ lbuf] ?kdf pTvgg ubf{ osflt/ :yfgLo dfu kl/k"lt{ x'g] ;fy;fy} jftfj/0fdf
klg Go"gtd gsf/fTds c;/ kg]{ x'gfn] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no, alb{ofn] 8'8'jf vf]nfsf]
ju/If]qaf6 lbuf] ?kdf jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\ ;+rfng ug{] of]hgf jgfPsf] 5 . ;f]xL cfof]hgf
;~rfngsf] nflu jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ n] lgb]{z
u/]adf]lhd pTvgg÷;+sng k"j{ k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg (IEE) tof/ ul/Psf] xf] .
cWoog ugf{sf d'Vo p2]Zox?df aif]{gL v]/ uO{/x]sf] pTkflbt ;fdu|L lgdf{0f sfo{df k|of]u u/L
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IEE
Go'lgs/0fsf pkfox? lgb]{z ug'{ xf] .
jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# / jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ sf] cg';'lr !-O_ vfgL If]q cGtu{tsf]
glb ;txjf6 b}lgs @%) 3g ld6/ ;Dd 9'+uf, lu6\6L, jfn'jf, ld:s6 cflb lgsfNg] k|:tfjsf] nflu
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f ug'{ kg{] sfg'gL k|fjwfg /x]sf] 5 . k|fs[lts >f]tx?sf] pkof]u ubf{
jftfj/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] cg's'n k|efjnfO{ j9f]lQs/0f ug]{ tyf k|lts"n k|efjx?nfO{ lg/f]wfTds, pkrf/fTds
k|efj Go"lgs/0f ljlwx? ckgfP/ x6fpg jf Go'g ug{ / pQm sfo{sf] jftfj/0fLo cg'ugd ug{ k|:tfjsf]
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f cWoog ul/Psf] xf] .
cf=j= @)&#.&$ df alb{of lhNnf eP/ jUg] 8'8'jf vf]nf ju/If]qsf ljleGg @ If]qx?jf6 jftfj/0fd}qL
tyf lbuf] ?kdf b}lgs 9'+uf, lu§L / afn'jf ;+sng tyf pTvgg\ ug{ ;Sg] kl/df0f !$(=^ 3g ld6/ /x]sf]
5,.
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dWo klZrdf~rn ljsf; If]qsf] blIf0f klZrddf kg]{ jlb{of lhNnf g]kfnsf] klZrd If]qsf] cGg
e08f/sf] ?kdf klg lrlgG5 . of] lhNnfsf] k'j{df afFs], klZrddf s}nfnL, pQ/df ;'v]{t / ;Nofg tyf
blIf0fdf ef/tsf] pQ/ k|b]z kb{5 . o; lhNnfsf] If]qkmn @)@% ju{ ls=ld= dWo] clwsf+; e'–efu^*=&^%_ t/fO{sf] ;dy/ hldgn] cf]u6]sf] 5 eg] afFls efu-#[email protected]&%_ r'/] kj{t kb{5 . alb{of lhNnfsf]
ef}uf]lns Ô]qnfO d'nt t/fO / l;jflns u/L b'O{ efudf jlu{s/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . lhNnfsf] clwstd prfO{
[email protected]&( dL r'l/of >[vnfx/m kb{5g . blÔ0f Ô]q ;dy/ e' efu /x]sf] 5 . ;+sng÷pTvgg Ô]q ;dy/ e'
efu /x]sf] 5 . o; lhNnfsf] ef}uf]lns agfj6 cg';f/ xfjfkfgL klg b'O{ k|sf/sf] kfO{G5 . r"/] If]qdf
lztf]i0f / t/fO If]qdf pi0f k|sf/sf] xfjfkfgL kfO{G5 .
k|:tfljt pTvgg If]qx? dWo] s'g} klg If]q ;+/lIft If]q leq kb}{gg\ . k|:tfljt ;+sng IF]qx?df ;fn,
l;;f} cflb jg:kltx? kfOG5g\ . k|:tfj k|efjLt If]qdf
v/fof], nf]vs]{, /t'jf d[u cflb x'g\ . k|:tfj k|efjLt If]qdf kfOg] r/fx?df 9's'/, n'O{+r], sflnh, sf]sn],
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
h'/]nL, nfDk'R5«], ;]tf] as'Nnf, sfnf] lra] cflb x'g\ . lhNnfsf] s'n If]qkmn @)@%)) x]S6/ dWo] jg If]q
[email protected]!^*@ x]S6/, s[lifof]Uo hldg &%))) dWo] ^)!)) x]S6/ hldgdf dfq v]lt ul/Psf] 5 . ;fd'bflos
jgn] !*[email protected]%=)* x]S6/ cf]u6]sf] 5 . /fli6«o lgs'~hn] *&,(#^ x]S6/ hldg cf]u6]sf] 5 . dWojtL{ If]qsf]
jgn] !!(&) x]S6/ cf]u6]sf] 5 . /fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* cg';f/ alb{of lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof [email protected]^,%&^
/x]sf] 5 . s'n *#,!&^ 3/w'/L /x]sf]df 3/w'/Lsf] cf}ift hg;+Vof %=!# tyf hg3gTj @@&=)@ k|lt ju{
ls=dL= /x]sf] tYofÍ 5 .
jftfj/0fLo k|efjx?M
;sf/fTds k|efj M k|:tfjsf] sfof{Gjogaf6 x'g] ;sf/fTds k|efjx?df hnpTkGg k|sf]k 36\g], lhlj;sf]
cfo>f]t /fh:jsf] j[l4af6 a9\g], ljsf; lgdf{0f ;fdu|Lx?sf] pknAwtf a9\g] tyf :yfgLo afl;Gbfx?df
/f]huf/Lsf] cj;/ a9\g] b]lvG5 .
gsf/fTds k|efjx? M tf]lsPsf] k/Ldf0f eGbf j9L / cJojl:yt 9'+uf, lu6[L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg sfo{n]
vf]nfn] cfkm\gf] k|fs[lts jxfj kl/jt{g u/L gbL lsgf/ s6fg / jf9L lgDTofpg] b]lvG5 h;jf6 ef}lts
;+/rgf -d'Votof s'nf]x?_ df k|efj kg{ ;Sg] b]lvG5 . To:t} 9'jfgL ub{f k|of]u ug]{ slRr af6fsf] j/k/ /
;+sng sfo{ ug]{ :yfgdf ;jf/L ;fwgsf] a[l2n] w'nf]kg Pj+ WjgL j9\g] b]lvG5 . To:t}] ;+sng÷pTvgg\
sfo{sf] ;dodf gbL lsgf/df sfdbf/sf] j[l2n] kmf]x/d}nf Pj+ v]/hfg] ;fdu|Ln] k|b'if0f j9fpg ;Sg] b]lvG5
.
k|efa j9f]QLs/0f Pa+ Go'lgs/0f ug]{ pkfox?
9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg sfo{jf6 x'g] gs/fTds k|efjx? Go"gLs/0f ug{ lg/f]wfTdspkfox?
h:t} pQm sfo{df ;+nUg sfdbf/, rfns, 7]s]bf/ / :yfgLojf;Lsf] hgr]tgf j9fpg] h;sf] nflu k|:tfj
sfof{Gjog x'g] ;Dk"0f{ If]qx?df ckgfpg'kg]{ hfgsf/Ld"ns xf]l8Ë jf]8{ /fVbf ;+sng tyf pTvgg\ sfo{
lbuf] x'g]5 . pQm af]8{ df tf]lsPsf] df}Hbft kl/df0f dfq ;+sng ug{], aflif{s ;+sng lbg [email protected]&) lbg,
c;f]h b]lv h]i7_ tyf ;do :ki6 pNn]v x'g] ul/ /fVg'kg]{ b]lvG5 . To:t} ;+sng sfo{ ubf{ gbLsf] jxfj
ljrdf s]lGb|t x'g] u/L tyf gbLnfO{ l;wf/]vfdf aUg]u/L ;+sng ug'{ kg]{ b]lvG5 . kSsL k'nsf] xsdf
tndfly slDtdf %)) ld6/ 5f]8\g], uN5Lx? aGg glbg gbLsf] kfgL au]sf] ;txeGbf d'lgaf6 ;+sng ug{
gx'g] b]lvG5 . To:t} 9'jfgL ubf{ ;+slnt >f]t a:t'x?nfO{ k"0f{ ?kn] lqkfnn] 5f]k]/ dfq 9'jfgL ug]{ tyf
kx'―rdfu{df w'nf] p8\g] ;d:of eP ;do;dodf kfgL 5s{g' kg]{ b]lvG5 .
jftfj/0fLo cg'udg
o; k|ltj]bgn] pNn]v u/]sf Go"lgs/0f tyf a9f]Q/Lsf pkfox? u/] gu/]sf] x]g{ /fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj
d'NofÍg lgb]{lzsf @)%) n] ca:yf cg';f/ cfwf/ /]vf cg'udg, lgodkfng cg'udg / k|efj cg'udg
ug]{ tyf To;sf ;'rs, ljlw, ;do tflnsf / lhDd]jf/Lsf] l;kmfl/; ul/Psf] 5 . cg'udg / Go'lgs/0fsf]
nflu ?= @,(),))) /sd 5'6\ofOPsf] 5 .
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
lgisif{
afn'jf ->f]t_ ;+sngsf] of]hgf agfO{ sfo{ ;+rfng ul/Pdf jg ;Dkbf / >f]tsf] plrt pkef]u dfq geO{
Joj:yfkg tkm{ 7"nf] ;xof]u k'Ug] 5 . ;+sng sfo{n] jftfj/0f ;+/If0f, kl/l:yltlso k|0ffnLsf] ljsf;,
hgzlQm ljsf; / ;Dkbfsf] plrt k|of]udf ;xof]u k'/\ofpg] dfq geO{ gbL s6fg, s[lif of]Uo e"ld,
d?e"lds/0f, hnfwf/ If]qs]f ljgfz h:tf kof{j/0fLo ;d:ofx?nfO{ lgoGq0f u/L /fli6«o cy{tGqdf
;sf/fTds of]ubfg k'/ofp5 . ljsNkx?sf] ljZn]if0f kZrft of] k|:tfjdf ;'emfO{Psf Go"gLs/0fsf
pkfox? cjnDag ub}{ Go"gLs/0fsf sfo{qmdx?sf] sfof{Gjog u/L tL pkfox?sf] cg'udgsf] ;'lglZrttf
u/L pk/f]St cg';f/sf 9'+uf, lu6L, jfn'jf h:tf >f]t ;+sng tyf laqmL ljt/0f ug{ lhNnfsf] of]hgf
sfo{fGjog ug{ of] k|:tfj sfof{Gjogsf nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ ;lsg] :ki6 ?kdf b]lvPsf]n] l:js[ltsf nflu
k|:tfa ul/Psf] 5 . o; ;+sng sfo{ ug{sf lgldQ k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f g} kof{Kt ePsf]n] o;sf
cltl/Qm jftfj/0fLo k|efj d"Nof+sg cWoog ug{ gkg]{ ;d]t b]lvG5 .
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo Ps
(CHAPTER 1)
!= kl/ro (Introduction):
!=!= k|:tfjsf] gfd (Name of the Proposal):
alb{of lhNnf eP/ aUg] 8'8'jf vf]nfsf] ju/If]qaf6 lbuf] ?kdf jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\ .
[email protected]= k|:tfjssf] gfd / 7]ufgf (Name and Address of the Proponent) :
>L lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no, alb{of, g]kfn
kmf]g g+M )*[email protected])!#(
ÏofS;M )*[email protected])$(*
!=#= IEE k|ltj]bg tof/ kfg]{ ;+:yf÷JolQm
(Institution/Individuals Responsible for preparing the
IEE Report):
/]8g6 OlGhlgol/Ë sG;N6 k|f=ln=
gof― afg]Zj/, sf7df08f}
kmf]g g M (*$()*&^))
Od]n M [email protected]
o; kl/of]hgfsf] k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f sfo{df ;+nUg cWoog 6f]nL lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ .
cWoog 6f]nL (Study Team)
!= jftfj/0fljb, Hof¨hL v/]n, -6f]lng]tf_
@ e"—ue{ljb, dbg Gof}kfg]
#= ;dfhzf:qL, t'nl; lu/L
$= h}ljs jftfj/0f, ;'h]z >]i7
1
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
!=$= k|:tfjsf] k[i7e"ld
(Background):
alb{of lhNnf eP/ aUg] 8'8'jf vf]nfaf6 lgdf{0f ;fdu|L h:t} jfn'jf pknAw x'b} cfO{/x]sf 5g\ . o;/L
;+sng ul/Psf lgdf0f{ ;fdu|Lx? :yfgLo af;LGbfx?sf] dfgjLo cfjZostf cg';f/ 3/ lgdf{0f ug{]
;fy;fy} cGo ljsf; lgdf{0fsf sfo{x? h:t} k'n, af6f] 3f6f] cflbsf] lgdf{0fsf nflu klg oy]i6?kdf
k|of]u x―'b} cfO/x]sf] 5 . cJojl:yt ?kdf pTvgg sfo{x? x'―bf jftfj/0fdf ljleGg gsf/fTds c;/ kg]{
;j{ljlbt} 5 . ctM o;/L k|fs[lts ?kdf pknAw x'g] jfn'jfsf] j}1flgs 9+uaf6 jftfj/0fdf Go"gtd
k|lts'n k|efj kg]{ ul/ lbuf] ?kdf pTvgg ubf{ Psflt/ :yfgLo dfu kl/k"lt{ x'g] ;fy;fy} jftfj/0fdf
klg Go"gtd gsf/fTds c;/ kg]{ x'gfn] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{no, alb{ofn] 8'8'jfvf]nf ju/If]qaf6
lbuf] ?kdf 9'¨f, lu§L tyf jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\ ;+rfng ug{] of]hgf jgfPsf] 5 . ;f]xL cfof]hgf
;~rfngsf] nflu jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ n] lgb]{z
u/]adf]lhd pTvgg÷;+sng k"j{ k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg (IEE) tof/ ul/Psf] xf] . o;
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg (IEE) :jLs[t sfo{;"rL -cg';'rL !_ sf] cfwf/df tof/ ul/Psf] xf] .
!=%=
IEE sf]
p2]Zo
(Objectives of IEE):
IEE cWoog ugf{sf d'Vo p2]Zox? lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ .
 kl/of]hgf If]qsf] jt{dfg ef}lts, h}ljs tyf ;f+:s[lts / ;fdflhs jftfj/0fLo cj:yf k|:t't
ug]{ .
 kl/of]hgf If]q jl/kl/ j;f]af; ug]{ afl;Gbfx?sf] /fo ;'´fj ;d]t ;+sng ul/ kl/of]hgfnfO{
jftfj/0f d}qL agfpg] .
 aif]{gL v]/ uO{/x]sf] pTkflbt ;fdu|L lgdf{0f sfo{df k|of]u u/L /fhZj kl/rfngsf] ;+efjgf kQf
nufpg]
 kl/of]hgf ;~rfng ubf{ pTkGg x'g ;Sg] jftfj/0fLo k|efjx?sf] klxrfg ug]{ .
 olsg ul/Psf jftfj/0fLo k|efjx?sf] Go'lgs/0fsf pkfox? lgb]{z ug]{ . k|lts"n k|efjnfO{
Go'lgs/0f ug{] / cg's"n k|efjnfO{ clwstd ug{] pkfox? canDag ug{ ;'emfj lbg] .
 pNn]lvt ;dofjlw leq} Go'lgs/0fsf pkfox? nfu' ug{ jftfj/0fLo of]hgf agfP/ ;DkGg ug]{ .
 gbL gfnfsf] axfa
pkfo klxrfg ug]{
 k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f cWoog kof{Kt eP gePsf] Plsg ug]{
!=^ k|:tfjsf] cf}lrTotf
(Relevancy):
jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# / jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ sf] cg';'lr !-O_ vfgL If]q cGtu{tsf]
glb ;txjf6 b}lgs @%) 3g ld6/ ;Dd 9'+uf, lu6\6L, jfn'jf, ld:s6 cflb lgsfNg] k|:tfjsf] nflu
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f ug'{ kg{] sfg'gL k|fjwfg /x]sf] 5 . k|fs[lts >f]tx?sf] pkof]u ubf{
jftfj/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] cg's'n k|efjnfO{ j9f]lQs/0f ug]{ tyf k|lts"n k|efjx?nfO{ lg/f]wfTds, pkrf/fTds
k|efj Go"lgs/0f ljlwx? ckgfP/ x6fpg jf Go'g ug{ / pQm sfo{sf] jftfj/0fLo cg'ugd ug{ / k|:tfjsf]
sfof{Gjog r/0fnfO{ Jojl:yt ug{ Joj:yfkg of]hgf tof/ ug{ k|:tfjsf] k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo kl/If0f
cWoog ul/Psf] xf] .
2
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo b'O{
(Chapter 2)
@= k|:tfjsf] ] ;fdfGo kl/ro (General Description of the Proposal):
@=! k|:tfjsf] k|sf/ (Type of Proposal):
of] k|:tfj alb{of lhNnfsf] 8'8'jfvf]nf ju/If]qaf6 jfn'jfsf] lbuf] Pj+ jftfj/0fd}qL ;+sng÷pTvgg
sfo{sf nfuL xf] .
@[email protected] k|:tfjsf] k|d'v ljz]iftfx?
(Salient Feature of the Proposal):
tflnsf @=!M k|:tfjsf] k|d'v ljz]iftfx?
!= k|:tfjsf] gfdM alb{of lhNnfsf] 8'8'jf vf]nfsf ju/If]qaf6
@= k|:tfjsf] cjl:yltM
ljsf; If]q M
c~rn M
lhNnf M
uf=lj=;=÷gu/kflnsf M
lbuf] ?kdf jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\
dWoklZrdf~rn
e]/L c~rn
alb{of
gu/kflnsf M af;u9L
#= ef}uf]lns÷xfjfkfgL k|s[lt Pj+ ljj/0f M
gbLsf] gfd / k|sf/M River Name and Type
8'8'jf afx|df;]
e"jgf]6M Terrain
df6f] Soil
prfO{ -;d'b| ;tx dflysf]_
t/fO{
gbLn] aufP/ NofPsf] (Alluvial)
;d'b|L ;txaf6 !^) ld b]lv !^% ld pTvgg If]q_
pi0f
gbLsf] t6Lo If]q -pTvgg If]q_, j/k/
d'Votof jg tyf v]tL of]Uo hldg
xfjfkfgL Climate
e"pkfof]u Land Use
Altitude
$= ;+sng÷pTvgg sfo{, :yn / k|s[ofM Collection Sites, Materials and Methods:
;+sng÷pTvgg If]q Collection/ Extraction Area
If]q pTvgg If]q
gbL jf vf]nf pTvgg ul/g] cjl:ylt
ef}uf]lns cjl:ylt
>f]t a:t'
3
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
If]q 8'8'jf vf]nf
!
- zflGtk'/3f6_
8'8'jf vf]nf
sf]
bfof―
lsgf/
@
8'8'jf vf]nf afn'jf
sf]
afof―
lsgf/
8'8'jf vf]nf
- zflGtk'/3f6_
k|:tfjt If]qdf hfg] kx'rdfu{
;+sng÷pTvgg ljlw
afn'jf
Access road
Collection/Extraction Method
;+sng÷pTvgg\ sfo{df k|of]u x'g] ;fdfu|L jf d]zLg/L
b}lgs÷jflif{s ;+sng÷pTvggsf] kl/df0f
af;u9L g=kf= @*) !$Ú @@=%%ÚÚ
jf8{ g+= $
cIff+z
*!)##Ú!(=!(ÚÚ b]zfGt/
af;u9L g=kf= @*) !%Ú #&=)@ÚÚ
jf8{ g+= $
cIff+z
*!)#@Ú$$=%!ÚÚ
b]zfGt/
k"j{ klZrd /fhdfu{ af6 pŒf/tkm{ slRr
af6f] kx'rdfu{sf] /mkdf k|of]u ePsf]
xft] cf}hf/ jf sfdbf/ jf AolQm ljz]ifn]
;+sng tyf pTvgg u/L lgsflng]
l6k/, 6«ofS6/ cflb
!$(=^ 3=ld= k|ltlbg
Daily/Yearly Collection/ Extraction Volume
;+sng ÷pTvgg\ u/Lg] calw
Collection/Extraction
Period:
;+sng÷pTvgg :yfgsf] ;+Vof
aiff{ofd afx]s -c;f]h b]lv h]i7 ;Dd
@&) lbg k|ltjif{_
@
Number of Collection/Extraction Sites
;+sng÷pTvgg ul/g] ;fdfu|Lx? M
(Materials to be
jfn'jf
Extracted)
k|:tfjt cGt{utsf sfo{x? M
Proposal Component
;+sng, pTvgg / 9'jfgL
Activities
k|efljt uf=lj=;=÷gu/kflnsf÷j:tL cflb
af;u9L g=kf= jf8{ g+= $ .
Affected VDCs/ Settlements
%=
IEE
k|ltj]bgsf] j}wflgstf M
Validity of the IEE Report
IEE
k|ltj]bg :jLs[lt ePsf] ldltn] @ jif{
@=#= k|:tfjsf] ljj/0f (Proposal Description):
@=#=!= k|:tfjsf] p2]Zo (Objectives of the Proposal):
 hyfefjL pTvgg ;+sngaf6 x'g;Sg] jftfj/0fLo k|efjx? h:t} gbLsf] jxfj kl/jt{g, e'Ifo sf
;fy;fy} cGo ;fdflhs ;DklQx?df x'g;Sg] xfgL gf]S;fgL gx'g] ul/ jftfj/0f d}qL?kdf 9'ËF,
lu§L / jfn'jf ;+sng, cfk"lt{ / Aoj:yfkg ug{] .
 :yfgLo :t/df cfo cfh{g j[l4 ul/ :yfgLo ljsf;sf cfjZostfnfO{ ;Djf]wg ug]{ .
 v]/ uO/x]sf] k|fs[lts ;Dkbfaf6 :yfgLo cy{tGqsf] ljsf;df of]ubfg k'¥ofpg] .
 :yfgLo afl;Gbfx?df a}slNks /f]huf/Lsf] ;[hgf ug]{ .
4
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
@=#[email protected]= k|:tfj If]qsf] cjl:ylt (Proposal Location) M
alb{of lhNnf eP/ aUg] 8'8'jf vf]nf au/ If]qaf6 lbuf]?kdf 9'Ëf, lu§L tyf jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg
ug]{ of]hgf lh=lj=;= sfof{no alb{ofsf] /x]sf] 5 . pNn]lvt gbL t6Lo If]qx?df cjl:yt ;+sng÷pTvgg
If]qx? af;u9L g=kf= leq kb{5g . lgDg tflnsfdf ;+sng÷pTvgg If]qsf] cjl:ylt k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 .
tflnsf @[email protected] pTvgg If]qx?sf] cjl:ylt
If]q
!
@
pTvgg If]q
8'8'jf vf]nf
- zflGtk'/3f6_
8'8'jf vf]nf
- zflGtk'/3f6_
gbL jf vf]nf
cjl:ylt
ef}uf]lns cjl:ylt
8'8'jf vf]nf sf] af;u9L g=kf= jf8{ g+= @*) !$Ú @@=%%ÚÚ cIff+z
bfof― lsgf/
$
*!)##Ú!(=!(ÚÚ b]zfGt/
8'8'jf vf]nf sf] af;u9L g=kf= jf8{ g+= @*) !%Ú #&=)@ÚÚ cIff+z
afof― lsgf/
$
*!)#@Ú$$=%!ÚÚ b]zfGt/
lrq g+= @=! df pTvgg If]qx?sf] cjl:ylt -uf=lj=;=, gu/kflnsf_ k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . ;fy}
cg';'rL @ df ;Dk"0f{ pTvgg If]qx?sf] 6f]kf] gSzf tyf u'un gSzf ;+nUg ul/Psf] 5 .
lrq g+= @=!M k|:tfjsf] cjl:ylt
5
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
@=#=#=k|:tfljt If]qdf oftfoftsf] kx'―r (Proposal Component Accessibility):
pTvgg If]qsf] kx'―rsf] xsdf pTvgg If]qdf ;8s lj:tf/ /x]sf] 5 . pTvgg IF]q k'Ug k"j{ klZrd
/fhdfu{ af6 pŒf/tkm{ slRr af6f] kx'rdfu{sf] /mkdf k|of]u eP/ k'Ug ;lsG5 .
@=#=$= k|:tfjsf] If]q lgwf{/0f (Delineation of Zone of Influence) (ZoI):
k|:tfljt pTvgg If]q dWo] jftfj/0fLo lx;fjdf pRr k|efj If]q (High Impact Area: HIA), dWod
k|efj IF]q (Medium Impact Area: MIA) / Go"g k|efj If]q (Low Impact Area: LIA) ul/ If]q lgwf{/0f
ul/Psf] 5 .
pRr k|efj If]q (High Impact Area: HIA): pTvgg If]q tyf To;sf] !)) ld6/ kl/lw ;Ddsf] If]qnfO{
pRr k|efj IF]qsf] ?kdf 5'6\ofOPsf] 5 . hxf― pTvgg sfo{, ;+sngsf qmddf y'kfg]{ :yfg, cflb kb{5 .
dWod k|efj If]q (Medium Impact Area: MIA): pTvgg If]q tyf To;sf] !)) ld6/ b]lv %)) ld6/
kl/lw ;Ddsf] If]qnfO{ dWod k|efj IF]qsf] ?kdf 5'6\ofOPsf] 5 . hxf― sfdbf/x?sf] c:yfoL 6x/fx?,
9'jfgLsf ;fwgx?sf] rxnkxn x'g ;Sg] .
Go"g k|efj If]q (Low Impact Area: LIA): Go'g k|efj If]qdf k|ToIf pTvgg ;+sngsf sfo{x? gx'g]
ePtfklg ;fdflhs cfly{s k|efj kg{;Sg] s'/fnfO{ dWogh/ /fv]/ If]q lgwf{/0f ul/Psf] 5 . dWod k|efj
IF]qaf6 ! ls=ld= kl/lw leq kg]{ If]q tyf a:tLx?nfO{ o; IF]q leq ;LdfÍg ul/Psf] 5 .
@=#=%= ;+sng÷pTvgg / 9'jfgL -sfo{ / ljlw_ (Collection/Extraction and Transportation
(Activities and Methods):
k|:tfljt gbL tyf vf]nfx?af6 lbuf] ?kdf 9'¨f, lu§L tyf jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\ ubf{ d'Votof lgDg
tl/sfx? cjnDag ul/g] 5 .
 o; k|ltj]bgn] tf]lsPsf] :yfgaf6 dfq 9'¨f, lu§L tyf jfn'jf / ld:s6sf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\ ug]{ .
 ;+sng ubf{ xft / dfgljo s'6f], sf]bfnf], u}+tL, j]Nrf, xtf}8f k|of]u u/L ;+sng sfo{ ug]{ .
 gbLdf kfgL e}/x]sf] jf jlu/x]sf] If]qjf6 >f]t glgsfNg] .
 gbLsf] wf/ kl/jt{g x'g] u/L >f]t ;+sng gug]{ .
 gbLsf] kfgLsf] ;txeGbf ulx/f] x'g] u/L >f]t pTvgg gug]{
 tf]lsPsf] b}lgs kl/df0f eGbf a9L pTvgg gug{] .
 ljBdfg P]g lgodsf] clwgdf /xL ;+sng ug]{ .
 9'jfgLsf] xsdf 6«ofS6/, l6k/x? k|of]u ug]{ .
pk/f]Qm >f]tx? ;+sngsfo{ ubf{ ;do, kl/df0f cflb ;a} pknAw ljifonfO{ uDeL/tfsf ;fy x]/L To;
;DaGwdf ;+sngstf{, 7]s]bf/ / sfdbf/nfO{ tflnd lbO{ ;+sng ul/g] 5 . ;+sng pTvgg sfo{df ;+nUg
x'g] sfdbf/x?sf] ;+Vof Go"g x'g] tyf ;s];Dd :yfgLo JolQmnfO{ /f]huf/L lbg] gLlt cjnDag ug]{ ePsf]n]
;+sng If]qx?df sfdbf/x?sf] nflu lzlj/ :yn agfpg cfjZos gkg]{ b]lvG5 . To:t} ;+sng ubf{
6
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
v]/hfg] a:t'x?sf] e08f/0f ;+sng If]q jl/kl/ ;s];Dd v]tLof]Uo lghL hldgdf gug]{ u/L c:yfoL?kdf
e08f/0f If]q :yfkgf ug'{ kg]{ b]lvG5 .
@=$=;+sng÷pTvgg ul/g] kl/df0fsf] cf+sng
(Estimation of Quantity of Extraction of Sediment):
lgDg tflnsfn] pTvgg If]qdf aflif{s cjlwdf y'lk|g] >f]ta:t'x?sf] kl/df0fsf] ljj/0f pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .
tflnsf @=#M pTvgg If]qdf aflif{s cjlwdf y'lk|g] >f]ta:t'x?sf] kl/df0f
IF]q
pTvgg If]q gbL jf vf]nf
!
8'8'jf vf]nf 8'8'jf vf]nf afn'jf
sf]
bfof―
lsgf/
zflGtk'/3f
6_
@
>f]t j:t' gbLsf]
pTvgg
ul/g]]
nDafO{ ld=_
8'8'jf vf]nf 8'8'jf vf]nf afn'jf
sf]
Affof―
zflGtk'/3f lsgf/
6_
au/sf]
cf}ift
rf}8fO{
ld=_*
;+sng
ePsf] >f]t
- a:t'sf]
cf}ift
aflif{s
ulx/fO{ ld=_
>f]ta:t'
sf]
aflif{s
;+sng
kl/df0f 3=ld=_
>f]ta:t'
sf lbuf]]
¿kdf
aflif{s
pTvgg
kl/df0f 3=ld=_
#))
@))
)=*
$*)))
@**))
@#)
[email protected])
)=&
!(#@)
!!%(@
a]8 :sfpl/Ë, gbLsf] kfgL ax]sf] efuaf6 >f]t a:t' ;+sng gug]{ of]hgf 5 . lgDg tflnsfn] ;+sng ug{
;lsg] >f]ta:t'sf] kl/df0f df}Hbft k|:t't ub{5 . h;df gbLsf] b'j}lt/af6 pTvgg ;+sng ug]{ cj:yfdf
gbLsf] kfgL au]sf] rf}8fO{ 36fP/ aflif{s tyf b}lgs ;+sng ug{ ;lsg] kl/df0f lx;fa ul/Psf] 5 . gbLsf]
nDafO{, ;+sng ug{ ;lsg] ju/If]qsf] rf}8fO{ / aflif{s?kdf y'lk|g] >f]tsf] ulx/fO{sf] u'0fgkmnaf6 ;+sng
ug{ ;lsg] >f]ta:t'sf] kl/df0f df}Hbftsf] lx;fa lgsflnPsf] 5 .
7
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
tflnsf @=$M ;+sng ug{ ;lsg] >f]ta:t'sf] kl/df0f df}Hbft
IF]q pTvgg If]q
gbL jf vf]nf
>f]t j:t'
If]q 8'8'jf vf]nf
! - zflGtk'/3f6_
If]q 8'8'jf vf]nf
@ - zflGtk'/3f6_
8'8'jf vf]nf sf] afn'jf
bfof― lsgf/
8'8'jf vf]nf sf]
afof― lsgf/
gbLsf]
pTvgg
ul/g]]
nDafO{
ld=_
#))
@#)
pTvgg ;+sng
>f]ta:t' >f]ta:t'sf]
ug{
ePsf] >f]t sf] aflif{s lbuf]] ¿kdf
;lsg] a:t'sf]
;+sng b}lgs
- au/ cf}ift
kl/df0f - ;+sng
If]qsf] aflif{s
3=ld=_ kl/df0f rf}8fO{ - ulx/fO{ 3=ld=_
ld=_
ld=_
@))
)=*
[email protected])
)=&
$*))) !)^=&
!(#@) [email protected]=(
!$(=^
s'n hDdf
8
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo tLg
(CHAPTER 3)
#= cWoog ljlw (Methods adopted during study):
o; k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f, jftf/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ ;+zf]wg ;lxt_ df Joa:yf ePsf k|lqmofx? cg';/0f ul/ cWoog ul/Psf] lyof] . h; cg';f/ ;j{k|yd
k|fylds tyf låtLo qmdsf hfgsf/Lsf] cWoog tyf ;+sng, pTvgg If]qsf] :ynut e|d0f tyf
cjnf]sg, :yfgLo hg;d'bfox? tyf uf=lj=;= nfO{ k|:tfjsf] hfgsf/L tyf nlIftju{ ;―u 5nkmn cflb
;DkGg ul/of] . :ynut e|d0f tyf cjnf]sgaf6 k|fylds :t/sf ef}lts tyf h}ljs jftfj/0fLo hfgsf/L
;+sng ul/of] eg] ;fdflhs cfly{s hfgsf/L /fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* af6 ;fef/ ul/Psf] lyof] .
#=!= k|sflzt÷pknAw hfgsf/L / tYofÍsf] k'g/fjnf]sg Pj+ ;+Zn]if0f
(Review and Synthesis of
Secondary Information and Data):
-s_ sfof{no cWoog tyf ;Gbe{ ;fdfu|Lx?sf] k'g/fjnf]sg
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ug{ cfjZos kg]{ låtLo qmdsf hfgsf/Lx? ljleGg pknAw k|ltj]bgx?af6
;fef/ ul/of] . ;fdflhs cfly{s hfgsf/Lx? /fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* af6 k|fKt ul/of] . ;fy} lhNnf kfZj{
lrq alb{of lh=lj=;=af6 k|fKt ul/ k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/of] . ;Gbe{ ;fdu|Lsf] xsdf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f
P]g, @)%# / jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%$, /fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj d"Nof+sg lgb]{lzsf, @)%),
jg k}bfjf/ ljs|L ljt/0f sfo{ljlw lgb]{lzsf, :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g @)%% / lgodfjnL @)%^ cflb
;+sng ul/ cWoog ul/Psf] lyof] .
-v_ gSzfx?sf] cWoog M
k|:tfj sfof{Gjog x'g] If]qsf] ef}uf]lns cj:yf, gbLsf] cal:yltsf ;fy} jg tyf jftfj/0fsf] hfgsf/L
xfl;n ug{sf nflu gfkL ljefuaf6 k|sflzt 6f]kf] gSZff / lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf] sfof{nodf pknAw
;Gbe{ ;fdu|Lx? ;d]t cWoog u/L] ljj/0fx?s]f hfgsf/L lnO{Psf] lyof] .
#[email protected]= lkmN8 ;e]{ Pj+ k|:tfj If]q lgl/If0f
(Field Survey and Site investigation):
:ynut e|d0f tyf cjnf]sgaf6 k|fKt ug'{ kg]{ hfgsf/Lx? xfl;n ug{sf nflu ef}lts, ;f+:s[lts tyf
h}ljs jftfj/0f ;DalGw cfjZos ;Dk'0f{ a+'bfx? ;dflji6 x'g] u/L cfjZostfg";f/ r]slni6x? lgdf{0f
ul/of] . :jLs[t sfo{;"rLdf lglb{i6 ul/Psf pRr k|efj If]q - pTvgg IF]qaf6 !)) ld= kl/lw_ tyf Go"g
k|efj If]q -pRr k|efj If]qaf6 % ls=ld= kl/lw_ x?df cWoog 6f]nLn] lgl/If0f ul/ ef}lts, ;f+:s[lts tyf
h}ljs jftfj/0f ;DaGwL hfgsf/L xfl;n ul/Psf] lyof] .
-s_ h}las jftfj/0f ;DjGwL tYofÍ ;+sng sfo{
jgsf] lsl;d, ca:yf, ?v tyf hLjhGt'x?sf] k|hftL cflb af/] hfgsf/L ;d]l6g'sf ;fy} :yfgLo
afl;Gbfx?sf] egfO{ adf]lhd jGohGt' tyf kz'k+IfLaf/] l6kf]6 ul/Psf] lyof] . h;af6 k|ToIf ?kdf
9
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
b]lvPsf Pad\ ck|ToIf ?kdf kfO{Psf kblrGx, KjfFv, lai6f, cfjfh cflbaf6 hLahGt' klxrfg u/L ;f] sf]
hfgsf/L xfl;n ul/Psf] lyof] . df5faf/] hfgsf/L lng vf]nf gfnf tyf b]lvPsf tfn kf]v/Ldf e]l6Psf
;fy} df5f dfg{] :yfgLo AolQmx?af6 hfgsf/L ;+sngug'{sf ;fy} ;f]sf] gfd / k|s[lt ;d]tsf] cWoog
ul/Psf] lyof] . k|:tfa sfof{Gjog x'g] jg If]qx?df kfO{g] / cfjt hfjt ug{] vf;u/L :tgwf/L r/f /
3;|g] k|hftLsf jGohGt'sf] af/]df yk hfgsf/L lng :yfgLo hgtfx?;Fu ;f]wk'5 ul/Psf] lyof] . pk/f]Qm
h}las jftfj/0faf/] hfgsf/L lng] qmddf tf]lsPsf :yfgx?df :ynut e|d0f u/L laa/0f ;+sngug{] sfo{
ul/Psf] lyof] .
-v_ ef}lts jftfj/0f ;DjGwL tYofÍ ;+sng sfo{
pk/f]Qm k|:tfa sfof{Gjog x'g] If]qx? dWo] s]lx dxTjk"0f{ :yfgx?sf] gd"gf If]qx?sf] 5gf}6 u/L tL
:yfgx?sf] ;e{]If0f ul/Psf] lyof] . o;/L cWoog ug{ e|d0f ug{] sfddf :yfgLo hgtfx? / jg pkef]Qmf
;d"xx? ;―u To; If]qsf] df6f], afn'jf, r§fg, hnfwf/ If]q, e"–Ifo x'g] If]q, vf]nfgfnfdf kfgLsf] ca:yf,
cflb af/]df ;d"xut ?kdf 5nkmn u/L k|:tfa sfof{Gjog ubf{ kg{ ;Sg] k|efa cflb af/]df hfgsf/L
;+sngug{] sfo{ ull/Psf] lyof] .
-u_ ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf ;fF:s[lts jftfj/0f ;DjGwL tYofÍ ;+sngsfo{
o;sf] nflu vf;u/L :ynut ?kdf u|fdL0f n]vfhf]vf ljlwsf] k|of]u ul/Psf] lyof] . ljleGg hftL, wd{,
k]zf, au{ cflbsf] k|ltlglwTj x'g] u/L ;d"xut 5nkmnaf6 ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf ;f―:s[lts jftfj/0f
;DaGwL hfgsf/L ;+sng ul/Psf] lyof] .
cGo hfgsf/L pknAw ug{sf nflu hfgsf/ JolQmx?;Fu e]63f6 ul/Psf] lyof] . l/tL l/jfh ;fF:s[lts
;Dkbfx? h:t} d7, dlGb/, ko{6sLo :ynx?sf] cjnf]sg e|d0f / dlGb/x?sf k'hf/L, ;Gt, dxGt
nufotsf hfgsf/ AolQmx? ;Fusf] 5nkmn ;d]t af6 hfgsf/L ;+sng ug{] sfo{ u/L ;fdflhs cfly{s
tyf ;fF:s[lts jftfj/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] k|efasf af/]df hfgsf/L xfl;n ul/Psf] lyof] . o;sf] cltl/Qm
ljleGg ;d"x ;d'bfo jf k]zfut ;d"x ;+3 ;+:yf cflb ;+usf] 5nkmn, cGt/lqmof / uf]i7Lsf] ;d]t
cfof]hgf ul/Psf] lyof] .
#=#= ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf, hgk/fdz{ Pj+ l;kmfl/; kqx?
(Public Notice, Public Consultation and
Recommendation Letters):
;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ k|:tfj ;DaGwL hfgsf/L k|bfg ug]{ x]t'n] ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf k|sflzt ul/Psf] lyof] cg';'rL #_ pQm ;fj{hlgs ;"rgf k|sflzt ug'{sf] d"Vo p2]Zo :yfgLo afl;Gbfx?sf] k|:tfj
k|ltsf] wf/0ff tyf /fo ;'´fj ;+sng ug'{ lyof] . k|sflzt pQm ;"rgf k|efljt uf=lj=;= tyf
gu/kflnsf sfof{nox?df ;d]t 6f―; ul/ ;f] sf] d"r'Nsf ;DalGwt uf=lj=;= / gu/kflnsfaf6
k|fKt ul/Psf] lyof] ;fy} ;DalGwt uf=lj=;=, gu/kflnsf tyf jg sfof{noaf6 k|:tfj sfof{Gjogsf]
nflu l;kmfl/; ;d]t k|fKt ul/of -cg';'rL $_ .
10
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
#=$= tYofÍ ljZn]if0f k|efjx?sf] klxrfg÷cg'dfg÷d'NofÍg, k|efj Go'lgs/0f ljlwx?sf] klxrfg
;'emfj Pj+ k|ltj]bg tof/L (Data Analysis, Identification/Prediction/Evaluation of Impacts,
Identification/Suggestion of Mitigation Measures and Reporting):
k|:tfljt If]qsf] ljz]if cWoog ubf{ ul/Psf] laZn]if0faf6 cfPsf k|yd / bf];|f] qmddf ePsf
tYofª\s tyf hfgsf/LnfO{ ;FlIflKts/0f u/L cfjZostf cg';f/ tflnsfdf /fvL k|lta]bgsf]
pko'Qm efudf ;dfa]z ul/Psf] 5 . t;y{ k|fKt hfgsf/Lx?af6 -;Gbe{ ;fdfu|L tyf lkmN8sf]
cg'udg k'g/fjnf]sg af6 k|fKt_ k|:tfa sfof{Gjog ubf{ x'g] ;DefAo cg's"n / k|lts"n c;/x?sf]
klxrfg u/L To;sf] h}las, ef}lts, ;fdflhs cfly{s u/L tLg lzif{s cGtu{t 5'6\ofO{ k|efj cg'dfg tyf
d"NofÍg ul/of] . o;/L k|efj d'NofÍg ubf{ /fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj d"NofÍg lgb]{lzsf @)%) cg'?k
k|efjx?nfO{ To;sf] k|s[lt, cfsf/, lj:tf/ / cjlw (Nature, Magnitude, Extent and Duration) df
juL{s/0f ul/ d"NofÍg ul/Psf] lyof] . tTkZrft k|efjx?nfO{ Go"lgs/0f ug{ ldtJooL tyf Aojxfl/s
pkfox?sf] klxrfg ul/ o; k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .
11
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo rf/
(CHAPTER 4)
$= ljBdfg P]g lgod, gLlt, lgb]{lzsf sf] k'g/fjnf]sg (Review of Legislation, Policies, Laws
and Guidelines):
9'Ëf, lu§L, afn'jf ->f]t_ ;+sngsf] jftf/0fLo cWoog k|ltj]bg tof/ ug{sf nflu tyf ;f] k|:tfj
sfof{Gojg ug{sf lgldQ ;f] ;DalGw k|rlnt P]g sfg'g tyf lgodsf jf/]df lj:t[t hfgsf/L /xg' clt
cfjZos 5 . jftfj/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] c;/sf jf/]df cToGt ;r]t /x+b} /fli6«o tyf cGt/fli6«o :t/df
;d]t ljleGg jx; tyf ;femf of]hgf / gLltx? dfly PSo]a4tf hfx]/ xF'b} cfO{ /x]sf] kl/k|]Iodf jg,
jGohGt' nufot jftf/0fsf ;a} c+ux?sf] j}1fgLs 9+un] ;+/If0f ;Daw{g tyf ;b'kof]u ug{sf nflu klg
o:tf P]g sfg'g ;DalGw hfgsf/L x'g' kg]{ / To:tf ;DalGwt gLlt lgodx?n] lgb]{z u/] adf]lhd k|:tfj
sfof{Gjog ug{ h?/L 5 .
$=! jftfj/0f ;DjGwL P]g tyf lgodfjnL
ljsf; cfof]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx? ;+rfng ubf{ jftfj/0fLo kIfnfO{ ;dfj]z ug{ jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g,
@)%# tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%$ nfu' ul/Ps]f 5 . ;f] P]gsf] bkmf # / $ df k|:tfjsn]
tf]lsP adf]lhdsf k|:tfjx?sf] k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ug'{ kg]{ / To:tf] k|:tfj ;DjlGwt lgsfoaf6
:jLs[t gu/fO{ sfo{Gjog u/fpg gx"g] Joa::yf ;d]t u/s]f 5 . jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%$ sf]
lgod # cg";"rL ! adf]lhd gbLsf] t6Lo If]qaf6 9'+uf, lu6L tyf afn'jf ;+sngug'{ k/]df b}lgs @%)
3=ld= ;Ddsf] pTvgg tyf ;+sng ug'{ k"j{ k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ug'{ kg]{ pNn]v ePsf] 5 . ;f]xL
lgodfjnLsf] kl/R5]b @ df k|f/lDes jtfj/0fLo k/LIf0f ubf{ ckgfpg' kg]{ r/0fa4 k|s[ofx?sf] pNn]v
u/]sf]5 .
[email protected] jg ;DjGwL P]g tyf lgodfjnL
jg h+unsf] ;+/If0f u/L jftfj/0fsf] k|jw{g ug{ / jg k}bfjf/sf] ;d'lrt ;b'kof]u u/L hgtfsf] cfwf/e't
cfaZostf kl/k'lt{ ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/n] jg P]g, @)$( / jg lgodfjnL, @)%! nfu' u/]sf] 5 . jg P]g,
@)$( sf] kl/R5]b # sf] bkmf @) / @! df ;/sf/4f/f Jojl:yt jgsf] lbuf] Joa:yfkgsf nflu
sfo{of]hgf tof/ u/L :jLs[t x'g' kg]{ tyf sfo{of]hgfn] lgbL{i6 u/]sf] jfx]s cGo s"g} klg sfo{ ug{
u/fpg gkfO{g] sfg'gL k|fjwfg /x]s]f 5 . ;f]xL P]gs]f bkmf @@ df ;/sf/4f/f Joal:yt jgsf] jg
k}bfjf/sf] :jfldTj tyf las|L ljt/0f ug]{ Joa:yf ePsf] kfO{G5 . jg P]g, @)$( sf] pko"Qm bkmfx?nfO{
jg lgodfjnL, @)%! sf] kl/R5]b @ sf] lgod % b]vL !^ n] k|i6 kf/]sf] 5 . h;df jgk}bfjf/ ;+sng
ubf{ ckgfpg' kg]{ tl/sf, las|L Joa:yf, lgsf;L ug]{ cjlw tyf s:tf] ca:yfdf jg k}bfjf/ ;+sng /
las|L ug{ gkfO{g] cflb pNn]v u/sf] 5 .
o;sf cltl/Qm jg P]g, @)$( sf] kl/R5]b !# sf] bkmf ^* n] s'g} /fli6«o k|fyldstf k|fKt cfof]hgf
;+rfng ubf{ jftfj/0fdf pNn]Vo k|lts'n c;/ gkg]{ ePdf g]kfn ;/sf/n] /fli6«o jg k|of]u ug{ lbg
;Sg] k|fjwfg ub}{ jg lgodfjnLsf] lgod ^% n] To:tf] cfof]hgf ;+rfng ubf{ s;}nfO{ xfgL gf]S;fgL k'Ug
12
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
uPdf ;DjGwLt cfof]hgfn] g} Ifltk'lt{ lbg' kg]{ k|fjwfg u/L hg;fwf/0fsf] df}nLs xssf] ;'/Iffs]f
k|Tofe"tL lbPsf]5 .
$=# jGohGt' tyf hnr/ ;+/If0f ;DjGwL P]g tyf lgodfjnL
b'n{e jGohGt'x?sf] ;+/If0f ug{ /fli6«o lgs'~h tyf jGohGt' ;+/If0f P]g, @)@( nfu' ePsf] 5 . o;
P]gsf] bkmf !) n] lgs'~h, cf/If, ;+/If0f If]q jf cGo jg If]qdf kfO{g] @^ lsl;dsf :tgwf/L (
lsl;dsf kIfL / # lsl;dsf ;/L;[knfO{ ;+/lIft jGohGt'sf] bhf{ lbO{ lt jGohGt'nfO{ dfGf{ ks|g jf
nv]6\g jf cGos'g} lsl;dn] xflggf]S;fgL k'¥ofpg lgif]w u/s]f 5 . o; cGtu{t nfu' ul/Ps]f sfg"g
;Dk'0f{ lsl;dsf jg If]q jf g]kfn clw/fHo e/ nfu' ePs]f 5 . hnr/ ;+/If0f -klxnf] ;+zf]wg_ P]g,
@)%%sf] d'Vo p2]Zo g]kfn clw/fHoleqsf] e"–;txdf jf e"ldut jf cGo s'g} cj:yfdf /x]sf]
hn;|f]tsf];d'lrt pkof]u, ;+/If0f, Joj:yfkg / ljsf; ug{ Pj+ hn;|f]tsf] nfebfos pkof]ux¿sf]
lgwf{/0f ug]{,To:tf] pkof]uaf6 x'g] jftfj/0fLo tyf cGo xfgLsf/s k|efjsf] /f]syfd ug]{ Pj+ hn;|f]tnfO{
k|b"if0f d'Qm /fVg] /x]sf] 5 .
$=$ e"–tyf hnfwf/ ;+/If0f ;DjGwL P]g tyf lgodfjnL
e" tyf hnfwf/ ;+/If0f P]g, @)#( tyf e" tyf hnfwf/ ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)[email protected] df hnfwf/ If]qx?df
e"–Ifo tyf af9L klx/f]sf] k|sf]knfO{ Go"lgs/0f ug{ ljleGg k|fjwfgx? ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5 .
$=% :yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g ;DjGwL P]g tyf lgodfjnL
:yfgLo :jfoQ zf;g P]g, @)%% n] uf=lj=;= tyf gu/kflnsf / lh=lj=;= nfO{ cfkm\gf] If]qflwsf/ leqsf
jftfj/0f ;+/If0f tyf k|jw{g ug{ jg, ag:klt, h}ljs ljljwtf / e"–;+/If0f ;DaGwdf of]hgf tof/ u/L
sfo{fGjog ug{ u/fpg ;Sg] clwsf/ k|bfg u/s]f 5 . ;fy} jftfj/0f ;+/If0f tyf Joj:yfkgsf] nflu
:yflgo lgsfo - lh=lj=;, uf=lj=; tyf gu/kfnLsf_ sf jftfj/0f zfvf k'0f{ ?kn] lhDd]jf/ /xg] 5g\ eGg]
;d]t o; af6 yfxf kfpg ;lsG5 .
$=^ kmf]xf]/ d}nf Joj:yfkg P]g, @)^*
kmf]xf]/d}nfnfO{ ;|f|f]tdf Go"g"gLs/0f, k'gM k|of]u, k|zf]wg jf lj;h{{g u/L kmf]xf]/d}nfsf] Jojl:yt tyf
k|efjsf/L Joj:yfkg ug{ tyf kmf]xf]/d}nfaf6 hg:jf:Yo tyf jftfj/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] k|lts"n k|efjnfO{ sd
u/L :jR5 tyf :j:y jftfj/0f sfod ug{sf nflu kmf]xf]/d}nf Joj:yfkg P]g, @)^* Joj:yfkg ul/Psf]
5 . o; P]g sf] bkmf % cg';f/ s'g} JolQm, ;+:yf jf lgsfon] s''g} sfd sf/f]af/ ubf{ pTkGg x'g'g]
kmf]xf]/d}nf oyfzSo sd ug'{ kg]{5 . cfˆgf] If]q]leq lj;h{g x''g ;Sg] kmf]x]f/d}nfsf] lj;h{g jf k'gM
k|of]usf] Joj:yf ldnfO{ afFsL kmf]xf]/d}nfdfq lgisfzg u/L kmf]x]f/d}nfsf] kl/df0fnfO{ 36fpg' k|To]s
JolQm, ;+:yf jf lgsfosf] st{Jo x'g'g]5 .
13
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
$=& lgb]{lzsf
$=&=! jftfj/0fLo k|efj d"NofÍg lgb]{lzsf
g]kfn ;/sf/n] cf7f}+ of]hgfsf] gLlt sfo{fGjogdf ;xof]u k'uf]; eGgsf] nflu jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g /
jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL Nofpg' cuf8L g} Ps /fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj d'Nof+sg lgb]{lzsf @)%)
nfu' ul/;s]sf] 5 . of] lgb]{lzsfn] cWoogs]f qmddf hg;xeflutf h'6fpg} kg]{, cfjZos ;'rgfx?sf]
;+sng ug]{, ljjfbsf ljifox?sf] ulDe/tf k"j{s d'Nof+sg ug]{ / jftfj/0fLo cWoogsf] nflu tL
ljifox?sf] k|fyldstfs|d lgwf{/0f ug]{ s'/fx?nfO{ k|i6 ?kdf hf]8 lbPsf]5 .
$=&[email protected] ;jf]{Rr cbfntsf] cfb]z / /f]8f, 9'+uf, lu§L tyf jfn'jf lgodg\ ;DaGwL k|ltj]bg
;jf]{Rr cbfntsf] cfb]z / /f]8f, 9'+uf, lu§L tyf jfn'jf lgodg\ ;DaGwL k|ltj]bg cg';f/ 9'Ëf, jfn'jf
cflb k|fs[lts ;|f]t ePsf] / k|fs[lts ;|F]t Public Trust Doctrine cg';f/ s'g} JolQmsf] Ownership df
x'g g;Sg] tyf k|fs[lt ;|f]t ;a} g]kfnLsf] Common Benefits / ;fj{hlgs lxt x'g] sfddf dfq k|of]u
x'g'kg]{ pNn]v 5 . ;fy} k|fs[lts ;|f]t ;+sng tyf pTvgg k|of]u cflb ug{ ljBdfg k|rlnt sfg"g
cg';f/ jftfj/0fdf s'g} k|sf/sf] k|lts'n k|efj gkg]{ u/L dfq ug'{ kg]{ ;d]t pNn]v 5 . 9'jfgLsf] xsdf
6«sdf /f]8f, 9'Ëf tyf cGo ;+slnt ;|f]t a:t' Overloaded u/L rnfpg] sfo{nfO{ /f]Sg k|x/L kl/rfng
ug'{ kg]{ ;d]t hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . r'/] If]qsf] xsdf r'/] If]qsf vf]nfdf ePsf 7'nf 9'Ëfsf] ;+sng ug{ lb―bf
To;n] yfd]/ /fVg] af9Lsf] k|sf]k ´g a9\g] ePsf]n] P:sfe]6/sf] k|of]uaf6 gbLsf] ;tx ulx¥ofOlbg], gbL
5]p s6fg ul/lbg] / 7'nf 9'Ëf ;+sng ubf{ klxNo} sdhf]/ :yfg ´g sdhf]/ x'g] ePsf]n] P:sfe]6/sf]
k|of]u lgif]w ug'{ kg]{ ;d]t k|ltj]bgdf pNn]v 5 .
$=* cGt/fli6«o ;lGw tyf dxf;lGwx?
dfly pNn]v u/]sf P]g lgodsf cltl/Qm s]xL cGt/f{li6«o sfg'gx?nfO{ k|:tfj sfo{fGjogsf nflu
k|f/lDes jftfj/0f k/LIf0fsf s|ddf Wofg lbg' kg]{ x'G5 . g]kfnn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf ljleGg ;lGw÷
dxf;lGwx? Pp6f b:tfj]hsf] ?kdf /x]sf 5g . o:tf cGt/f{li6«o dxf;lGwx?df h}jLs ljljwtf ;DjGwL
dxf;lGw (Convention on Biological Diversity) ;fO{l6; (CITES, Convention on International Trade
in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna) l;d;f/ ;DjGwL dxf;lGw -Convention on Wetlands
of international Importance ) cflb k|d'v /x]sf 5g\ . oL dxf;lGwx?n] k|fs[lts >f]t Joj:yfkg tyf
hLj / ag:klt ;+/If0f lglZrt ug{ cfaZos k|fjwfgsf] JofVof u/]sf5g\ .
14
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo kf―r
(CHAPTER 5)
%= j:t'ut jftfj/0fLo cj:yfsf] aofg (Description of the Existing Environmental
Conditions):
o; cWofodf k|:tfj If]qsf] j:t'ut jftfj/0fLo cj:yfsf] lrq0f ul/Psf] 5 . oL hfgsf/Lx? ;Gbe{
;fdu|L tyf k|:tfj If]qsf] e|d0faf6 k|FKt ul/Psf x'g\ . k|:tfj If]qsf] h}ljs, ef}lts tyf ;f+:s[lts,
;fdflhs cfly{s jftfj/0f ;DalGwsf j:t'ut jftfj/0fLo cj:yf lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ .
%=!=!= ef}lts jftfj/0f (Physical Environment):
s_ e"l:ylt (Topography)
dWo klZrdf~rn ljsf; If]qsf] blIf0f klZrddf kg]{ jlb{of lhNnf g]kfnsf] klZrd If]qsf] cGg
e08f/sf] ?kdf klg lrlgG5 . of] lhNnfsf] k'j{df afFs], klZrddf s}nfnL, pQ/df ;'v]{t / ;Nofg tyf
blIf0fdf ef/tsf] pQ/ k|b]z kb{5 . o; lhNnfsf] If]qkmn @)@% ju{ ls=ld= dWo] clwsf+; e'–efu^*=&^%_ t/fO{sf] ;dy/ hldgn] cf]u6]sf] 5 eg] afFls efu-#[email protected]&%_ r'/] kj{t kb{5 . klxn] cflbjf;L
yf?x?sf] jfx'Notf /x]sf] of] lhNnf kl5Nnf lbgx?df jfx\o lhNnfx?af6 a;fO{ ;/fO{ ul/ cfpg]sf] le8n]
ubf{ hflto ljljwtf /x]sf] 5 .
v_ df6f]sf] k|sf/ Pj+ e"uj{ (Geology and Soil Types)
alb{of lhNnfsf] ef}uf]lns Ô]qnfO d'nt t/fO / l;jflns u/L b'O{ efudf jlu{s/0f ug{ ;lsG5 . lhNnfsf]
clwstd prfO{ [email protected]&( dL r'l/of >[vnfx/m kb{5g . blÔ0f Ô]q ;dy/ e' efu /x]sf] 5 . ;+sng÷pTvgg
Ô]q ;dy/ e' efu /x]sf] 5 . ;+sng÷pTvgg Ô]qdf df6f]sf] xsdf d'VotofM Pn'leon k|sf/sf df6f]
kfOG5g\ . au/ If]qx?df gbL]n] aufP/ NofPsf afn'jf / df6f] -Pn'leon :jfon_ kfOG5g\ .
u_ hnjfo'÷xfjfkfgL (Climate)
o; lhNnfsf] ef}uf]lns agfj6 cg';f/ xfjfkfgL klg b'O{ k|sf/sf] kfO{G5 . r"/] If]qdf lztf]i0f / t/fO
If]qdf pi0f k|sf/sf] xfjfkfgL kfO{G5 . oxf+sf] clwstd tfkqmd $)+ ;]= / Go"gtd tfkqmd [email protected]+ ;]=;Dd
/]s8{ ePsf] kfOG5 eg] clwstd jflif{s jif{f !([email protected] ld=ld=/]s8{ ePsf] kfOG5 . o; lhNnfsf] cf};t
;fk]lIfs cfb|{tf &!=$ 5 . xfjfsf] cf};t j]u # ls=ld= k|lt 306f 5 .
15
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
3_ xfjf / kfgLsf] u'0f:t/ Pj+ Wjlgsf] dfqf (Air and Water Quality and Noise Level)
alb{of lhNnfsf] u|fdL0f–zx/L If]q cg'kft nfO{ x]bf{ u|fdL0f If]q lgSs} a9L /x]sf] tyf hg;+Vofsf] cg'kft
klg pn]Vo ?kdf u|fdL0f e]udf j9L /x]sf] /fli6«o hgu0fgf n] b]vfp―5 . d'ntM s[lif k]zfdf cfl>t o;
If]qdf pBf]u, snsf/vfgf cflbsf] ljsf; vf;} w]/} gePsf] sf/0f o; If]qsf] xfjf / kfgLsf] u'0f:t/nfO{
/fli6«o dfkb0x leq} /x]sf] dfGg ;lsG5, oBlk zx/L If]q d'Vo tyf ;8s j/k/sf j:tLx?df eg]
;jf/L;fwgx?af6 x'g] jfo' k|b'if0f s]xL dfqfdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . Wjlgsf] dfqfsf] xsdf u|fdL0f If]q eGbf
zx/L a:tL, ahf/ tyf ;8s If]q cf;kf; a9L /x]sf] cj:yf 5 .
ª_ e" pkof]u (Land Use)
lhNnfsf] s'n If]qkmn @)@%)) x]S6/ dWo] jg If]q [email protected]!^*@ x]S6/, s[lifof]Uo hldg &%))) dWo] ^)!))
x]S6/ hldgdf dfq v]lt ul/Psf] 5 . ;fd'bflos jgn] !*[email protected]%=)* x]S6/ cf]u6]sf] 5 . /fli6«o lgs'~hn]
*&,(#^ x]S6/ hldg cf]u6]sf] 5 . dWojtL{ If]qsf] jgn] !!(&) x]S6/ cf]u6]sf] 5 . pkof]usf] lx;fan]
o; lhNnfsf] e"ldnfO{ lgDgfg';f/ juL{s/0f ul/Psf] 5 .
tflnsf %=!M e" pkof]usf] l:ylt
qm= ;=
!
@
#
$
%
^
&
*
ljj/0f
v]ltof]Uo hldg
v]lt ul/Psf] If]qkmn
l;+lrt If]qkmn
jg hËn
;fd'bflos jg
Wfld}s jg
gLlh jg
/fli6«o lgs'~h
If]qkmn -x]_
&%,)))
^),!))
[email protected],!!#
!,@!,^*@
!*,[email protected]%=)*
!#=^%
@&=(^
*&,(#^
%[email protected]= h}ljs jftfj/0f (Biological Environment):
o; If]qdf ;fn k|hflt afx]s hfd'g, l;dn, ;fGbg, sdf{, af+; cflb h:tf jg:kltx? k|z:t kfO{G5g\ .
k|:tfljt pTvgg If]qx? dWo] s'g} klg If]q ;+/lIft If]q leq kb}{gg\ .
s_ ag:klt
k|:tfljt pTvgg\ If]q j/k/sf jgdf kfO{g] d'Vo jg:kltx? lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ .
tflnsf %=#M ;+sng pTvgg\ If]q j/k/ kfOg] d'Vo jg:kltx?
If]q
If]q !
gbL
Dfgvf]nf
d'Vo jg:kltx?
;fn (Shorea robusta), l;;f} (Dalbergia sisso), af―;
(Dendrocalamus spp.), hfd'g, l;dn, ;fh, a]n cflb
kfO{G5g\ .
16
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
v_ jGohGt'
k|:tfj k|efjLt If]qdf kfOg] jGohGt'x?df
(Golden Jackel, Canis aureus), lrt'jf (leopard,
Panthera pardus), af―b/ (Monkey, Macaca mulata), v/fof] (Indian hare, Lepus migricllis), nf]vs]{
(Squirrel, Funambulas spp.), /t'jf d[u (Barking deer, Muntiacus muntjak) cflb x'g\ .
u_ r/fx?
k|:tfj k|efjLt If]qdf kfOg] r/fx?df 9's'/ (Streptopelia tranuebarica), n'O{+r] (Gallus gallus)
sflnh (Lophura leucomelanos), sf]sn] (Dendrocitta vagabunda), h'/]nL (Phcnonotus cafer),
nfDk'R5«] (Urocissa erythrorhyncha), ;]tf] as'Nnf (Casmerodius albus), sfnf] lra] (Dicrurus
macrocercus), d'h'/ (Houbaropsis bengalensis), /fhxf; cflb x'g\ .
3_ df5fx?
k|:tfj If]qdf kfOg] df5fx?df a'b'gf (Garra annandalei), ltt] (Psilorhynchus pseudochenius),
l;¨] (Heteropneustes fossilis), af]r] c;nf (Schizothorax richardsoni), kf]lyof (Puntius conchonius)
cflb /x]sf 5g\ .
k|:tfj k|efljt If]qdf kfOg] b'n{e, nf]kf]Gd'v Pj+ ;+/IfLt k|hfltx?sf] ;'rL lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ .
tflnsf %=$M ;+sng pTvgg\ If]q j/k/ kfOg] b'n{e, nfkf]Gd'v Pj+ ;+/lIft k|hfltx?
jg:klt jf
a}1flgs gfd
jGohGt'sf] gfd
;fn
Shorea robusta
l;dn
Bombax ceiba
af―b/
Maccaca mulata
Canis aureus
Muntiacus muntjak
Panthera pardus
/t'jf d[u
lrt'jf
;fOl6;
cfOo'l;og /]8 lni6
g]kfn ;/sf/
–
–
–
Pk]lG8S; I
Pk]lG8S; III
Pk]lG8S; I
–
–
eNg/]an
–
–
–
;+/lIft
;+/lIft
–
–
–
–
%=!=#= ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf ;f+:s[lts jftfj/0f (Socio-economic and Cultural
Environment):
s_ k|:tfj If]qsf]÷k|efljt uf=lj=;=sf] hg;+Vof
(Population):
/fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* cg';f/ alb{of lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof [email protected]^,%&^ /x]sf] 5 . s'n *#,!&^ 3/w'/L
/x]sf]df 3/w'/Lsf] cf}ift hg;+Vof %=!# tyf hg3gTj @@&=)@ k|lt ju{ ls=dL= /x]sf] tYofÍ 5 .
lgDg tflnsfdf k|efljt g=kf=sf] /fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* cg';f/sf] hg;f+lvs ljj/0f k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 .
k|efljt gu/kflnsfsf] /fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* cg';f/sf] hg;f+lvs ljj/0f
17
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
gu/kflnsf
3/w'/L ;+Vof
af;u9L
hg;+Vof
dlxnf
@[email protected])&
k'?if
@$$!)
&([email protected]
s'n
$*^!&
k|:tfj k|ToIf k|efljt If]q ! df dfgj a;f]af; /x]sf] 5}g .
v_ k|:tfj If]qsf] wd{ ;DalGw ljj/0f:
/fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* cg';f/ alb{of lhNnfsf afl;Gbfn] dfGg] Uf/]sf]
tflnsfdf hg;f+lvs ljj/0f k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 .
wd{ ;DalGw ljj/0f
hgu0fgf lxGb'
af}4
@)^*
$)!&)@ [email protected]((
k|ltzt ($=!& !=)!
h}g
)
)=))
O:nfd ls/ftL
!!)*$ [email protected]
@=^)
)=)!
lqmlZrog lzv
(@$!
)
@=!&
)=))
axfO{
#$
)=)!
lgDg
cGo
!&$
)=)$
/fli6«o hgu0fgf @)^* cg';f/ alb{of lhNnfsf clwsf+z afl;Gbf -($=!& k|ltzt_ n] lxGb' wd{ dfGb5g\
eg] tTkZrft @=^) k|ltzt O:nfd tyf @=!& k|ltzt lqmlZrog wdf{anDaL 5g\ . o;sf ;fy} s]xL
;+Vofdf cGo wd{ h:t} af}4, ls/ftL, axfO{ cflb 5g\ .
u_ lzIff Pj+ ;fIf/tf
(Education and Literacy):
alb{of lhNnfdf s'n hg;+Vofsf] hDdf @#=&@ k|ltzt hg;+Vof c;fIf/ 5g\ . ;fIF/tfsf] cfwf/df
k|:tfljt pTvgg If]q cjl:yt lhNnfsf] ljj/0f lgDgfg';f/ 5g\ .
alb{of lhNnfsf] ;fIf/tf ;DalGw ljj/0f
lhNnf
alb{of
k9\g / n]Vg ghfGg]
k9\g dfq hfGg]
k9\g / n]Vg hfGg]
gv'n]sf]
hDdf k'?if dlxnf hDdf k'?if dlxnf hDdf k'?if dlxnf hDdf k'?if dlxnf
3974
2
3_ hft÷hghftL
13190
26552
4038
1966
9954
2
2072
5226
7
47275
156
46
110
(Caste and Ethnicity):
alb{of lhNnfdf a;f]af; ug]{ hg;+Vof dWo] ;a}eGbf a9L yf/m -%#=)) k|ltzt_ 5g\ eg] tTkZrft If]qL !!=$% k|ltzt_, a|fDx0f kfxf8 -*=&@ k|ltzt_, sfdL -%=&@ k|ltzt_ 5g\ .
2440
7
12545
11072
9984
8083
7679
7521
33014
hDdf
cGo
dNn
bdfO{
ofbj
7s'/L
37180
d';ndfg
48835
du/
22608
9
sfdL
a|fDx0f kfxf8
alb{of
If]qL
lhNnf
yf/m
k|efljt lhNnfdf a;f]af; ug]{ ljleGg hft hftLx?sf] hg;f+lvs ljj/0f
426576
18
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
k|ltzt
53.00
11.45
ª_ phf{, ljh'nL Pj+ ;+rf/
8.72
5.72
2.94
2.60
2.34
1.89
1.80
4.74
7.74
100.00
(Electricity, Energy and Communication):
vfgf ksfpgsf nflu alb{of lhNnfdf d'Votof bfp/f sf] k|of]u cTolws ePsf] kfO{G5 . ahf/ tyf ;x/L
If]qx?df PnlkhL Uof;sf] ;d]t k|of]u pRr /x]sf] 5 . cGo phf{df ljleGg gu/kflnsf tyf uflj;x?df
a}slNks phf{sf] xsdf ;f]nf/, uf]a/Uof; cflbsf] lgdf{0f tyf k|of]u eO/x]sf kfOPsf] 5 .
lah'nLsf] xsdf /fli6«o k|;f/0f nfO{gsf] ljh'nL aQL tyf ;f]nf/ pmhf{sf] k|of]u ePsf] b]lvG5 .
r_ wfld{s, ;f+:s[lts Pj+ P]ltxfl;s :ynx?
(Religious, Cultural and Historical Sites):
-s_ wfld{s :yn M– afu]Zj/L dlGb/-u'n]/Lof_, ;Gtf]lif dlGb/-u'n]/Lof_, sf]6xL dlGb/-u'n]/Lof_, /fwf s[i0f
dlGb/-u'n]/Lof_, 7fs'/hLsf] dlGb/-7fs'/åf/f_, /fdhfgsL dlGb/-/fhfk'/,d6]l/of_, u0f]z dlGb/-/fhfk'/_, lzj
dlGb/-7fs'/åf/f, du/ful8, /fhfk'/, afF;ul9 cflb .
-v_ ko{6sLo :yn M– alb{of /f=lg=, a9}of tfn, s0f{nL k'n, kG6'g la|h, s[i0f;f/ If]q, u]?jf d'9L, r]kfË
ufpF,7fs'/åf/f cflb .
pTvgg IF]q cf;kf; k|d'v wfld{s, ;f+:s[lts tyf P]ltxfl;s :ynx? /x]sf 5}gg .
5_ cGo ef}lts ;+/rgfx?
(Other social structures):
ef}lts ;+/rgfx?sf] xsdf d'Votof pTvgg\ If]q j/k/ s'g} klg ef}lts ;+/rgfx? /x]sf] kfOPg .
19
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo 5
(CHAPTER 6)
^=k|:tfj sfof{Gjogsf ljsNkx? (Alternatives for the Implementation of the Proposal):
9'Ëf, lu§L, afn'jf cflb ;+sng sfo{sf] k|fljlws÷cfly{s ;+efJotf Pa+ jftfj/f0fLo :jLsfo{tfsf] cfwf/df
ljsNk ljZn]if0f ubf{ lgDg a'bf+x?sf] ;dLIff dxTjk'0f{ c+usf] ?kdf lnO{Psf] 5 .
^=! k|:tfj sfo{fGjog gug]{ (No Proposal option)
k|:tfj sfo{fGjog gug]{ lasNk eGgfn] k|:tfljt If]qdf ePsf 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng tyf pTvgg g}
gug]{ / ;f] If]qnfO{ k'0f{ ?kdf lgif]lwt If]qsf] ?kdf ljsf; ug]{ eGg] a'leG5 . o; k|sf/sf] ljsNkn] u}/
sfg"gL ?kdf ;+sng u/]df k|rlnt P]g sfg"g adf]lhd b08 ;hfo ug'{ kg]{ / If]qsf] k"0f{ /]vb]v
lh=la=;= af6 ug'{ kg]{ x'G5 h;sf] sf/0f /fh:j >f]t 36\g'sf ;fy} >f]t ;+sng gx'―bf >f]tsf] ;b'kof]u
geO{ v]/ hfg] 8/ x'G5 . 9'Ëf, lu§L, afn'jf cflb ;+sng gubf{ gbLsf] ;tx a9g uO{ af9Lsf] kfgL a:tL
/ v]tdf k;L wghgsf] gf]S;fgL x'g], gbLsf] ;tx a9L af―w / k'nx?nfO{ aiff{tsf] ;dodf Iflt k'Ug],
sRrf kbfy{sf] cfk"lt{ gx'―bf pBf]u aGb x'g] jf csf]{ b]zsf] e/ kg'{ tyf :yfgLo ljsf; lgdf{0f sfo{df
k|lts"n c;/ kg]{ b]lvG5 .
^[email protected] k|:tfjsf ljsNkx? (Proposal Alternatives)
^[email protected]=! j}sNkLs If]q (Alternative Site)
lasf; lgdf{0fsf sfo{x?df cfjZos kg]{ 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf cflb h:tf lgdf{0fdf k|of]u x'g] >f]tx?
Vff]nfgfnf jf vlghaf6 dfq k|fKt x'g] ub{5 . t;y{ ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] cToflws rfk v]lk/x]sf] o;
lhNnfdf 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf cflb ;+sng tyf pTvgg\ ug'{ afx]s c? s'g} lasNk 5}g . o2lk o; sfo{ ub}{
ubf{ cj}1flgs / clgolGqt ?kaf6 ;+sng tyf laqmL ljt/0fsf] lgu/fgL, cbIf dflg;x?af6 ;+sng
gug]{ / Joj;foLs ?kdf sfd ug]{ JolQmx?nfO{ dfq laqmL ug'{ kg]{ x'G5 . >f]t ;+nsg ug]{] dflg;x?nfO{
;f] sf] dxTj, d'No, ;+sng ljlw nufotsf s'/fsf] klg hfgsf/L lbg] / h}ljs ljljwtf / kfl/l:yltsLo
k|0ffnLsf] ;+/If0fsf] dxTj a'emfpg' k5{ . o;y{ jftfj/0fLo tyf ;fdflhs cfly{s b[li6sf]0faf6 kfos kg]{
:yfgnfO{ dxTjsf ;fy lnOPsf] 5 .
^[email protected][email protected] j}sNkLs ;do tflnsf Pj+ ljlw (Alternative schedule and process)
9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng tyf pTvgg ug{ ljxfg ;'o{bo af6 j]n'sf ;'of{:t ;Ddsf ;do l;df /flv
pTvgg ug]{ u/fpg] / y]lu|Psf a:t' lgsfzsf] nflu c;f]h b]lv h]i7 dlxgf;Dd, aif{sf] @&) lbg pko'Qm
/xg] ;'emfj lbO{Psf] 5 . ljutdf ePsf] ;+sng ljlwdf 5nkmn ubf{ cJojl:yt lsl;daf6 ;+sng tyf
pTvgg ul/Psf] hfgsf/L cfPsf]n] cfufdL lbgx?df ;+sng ubf{ hxf― kfof] ToxL ;+sng gu/L tf]lsPsf]
If]qaf6 dfq ;+sng sfo{ ug]{÷u/fOg' k5{ .
20
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
^[email protected]=# j}sNkLs ;Dkbf (Alternative Resources)
9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng tyf pTvgg, lgsf;sf] nflu c? lasNk 5}g t/klg lul§ / 9'Ëfsf] 7fp―df O{§f
/ vfgLaf6 9'Ëf lemSg ;lsg] b]lvG5 . tyflk O[+6f tyf 9'+uf vfgL pBf]u :yfkgf ubf{ cltl/Qm nufgLsf]
cfjZostf kg]{ tyf vfgL tyf O{+6f pBf]ux?sf] jftfj/0fLo k|b'if0fsf] dfqf klg a9L x'g] ePsf] sf/0f,
:yflgo IF]qdf k|fKt l;ldt >f]t ;fwgaf6 gbLsf] t6Lo IF]qaf6 9'uf lul6 ;+sng ug{ ;lsg] x'―bf o:tf
>f]t ;fwg pkof]uL x'g];fy} gbLhGo k|sf]k klg Go'g x'g] b]lvG5 .
21
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo ;ft
(CHAPTER 7)
&= k|efj klxrfg, cg'dfg Pj+ d'NofÍg (Impact Identification, Prediction and Evaluation):
tflnsf &=!M k|efj klxrfg, cg'dfg Pj+ d'NofÍgsf] Dofl6«S;
s|=;
ljifo j:t'
k|efj
k|efjsf] k|sf/ Type of Impact (*)
k|s[lt cfsf/ lj:tf/
cjwL
tl/sf÷ljlw
Nature Extent Magnitude
s_ ef}lts jftfj/0f
!_
!_
(Physical Environment) :
;sf/fTds k|efjx?
hnpTkGg k|sf]k
36\5 a}1flgs / Aojl:yt ljlwåf/f 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf pTvgg
-;sf/fTds_ ubf{ To:tf gbLsf] j]8 n]en gj9\g] x'gfn] gbLjf6
kflg jflx/L j:tL tyf v]tL ul/Psf] j/k/sf] If]qdf
dWod
k|ToIf
ghfg] / y]lu|P/ a;]sf] :yfgaf6 dfq pTvgg\ sfo{
[email protected])_
ul/g] x'bf To;af6 gbL lsgf/ ;'/lIft eO{ ;f] If]qsf]
jt{dfg cj:yfdf ;d]t qlds ;'wf/ x'g] .
gsf/fTds k|efjx?
ef}lts ;+/rgfdf gsf/fTds gbL lsgf/df ef}lts ;/rgfx? gePsfn] k|ToIf
k|ToIf
x'g] c;/
c;/ sd .
@_ kfgL tyf ;/;kmfO{ k|b'if0f j95 kfgL wldnf] x'g], vf]nfsf] kfgLdf
-gsf/fTds_ hg;d'bfonfO{ ;/;kmfO{df c;/ kg{] .
#_
w'nf]kg Pj+ WjgL
Duration
s'n
of]ukmn
cfl>t
k|ToIf
:yfgLo
[email protected])_
sd :yfg ljz]if
-!)_
-!)_
bL3{sflng
[email protected])_
cNksflng
-%_
^)
@%
sd :yfg ljz]if
cNksflng -%_ @%
-!)_
-!)_
k|b'if0f j9\5 9'jfgL ub{f k|of]u ug]{ slRr af6fsf] j/k/ /
dWod :yfg ljz]if
-gsf/fTds_ ;+sng sfo{ ug]{ :yfgdf ;jf/L ;fwgsf] a[l2n] k|ToIf
cNksflng -%_ #%
[email protected])_
-!)_
w'nf]kg Pj+ WjgL j9\5 .
22
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
$_ ;+sng÷pTvgg
;fdfu|Lsf]
e08f/0fsf] k|efj
gsf/fTds gbL hGo kbfy{x?nfO{ lglZrt 7fpFdf lgsf; ug{'
cl3 cyjf oL kbfy{x?nfO{ k|zf]wg ug{' cl3 y'k|f]
dWod :yfg ljz]if dWod ;do
nufpg' h?/L x'G5. o;/L 9'Ëf, lul§, afn'jf tyf k|ToIf
$)
[email protected])_
-!)_
-!)_
df6f] w]/} ;do;Dd y'lk|bf jftfj/0fdf gs/fTds
c;/ kb{5 .
%_ kmf]x/d}nf
Pj+ k|b'if0f j9\5 9'Ëf, lu§L, jfn'jfsf];+sng÷pTvgg\
sfo{sf]
sd :yfg ljz]if
v]/hfg] ;fdu|L
-gsf/fTds_ ;dodf gbL lsgf/df sfdbf/sf] j[l2n] kmf]x/d}nf k|ToIf
cNksflng -%_ @%
-!)_
-!)_
Pj+ v]/hfg] ;fdu|Ln] k|b'if0f j9\g ;S5 .
^_ l;rf{O{ gx'g] cj:yf gsf/fTds ];+sng÷pTvgg If]qdf l;rf{O{sf] ef}lts ;/rgfx?
sd :yfg ljz]if
k|ToIf
cNksflng -%_ @%
gePsfn] k|ToIf c;/ sd .
-!)_
-!)_
v_ ;fdflhs cfly{s Pj+ ;f+:s[lts jftfj/0f (Socio-economic and Cultural Environment):
;sf/fTds k|efjx?
!_ cfo>f]tsf]
Pj+
j9\5
gbLhGo j:t'x? pTvgg\ / ;+sng sfo{n] ;f] If]qdf
/f]huf/Lsf] cj;/ -;sf/fTds_ /x]sf] :ylgo hg;d'bfonfO{ /f]huf/sf] cj;/ k|bfg k|ToIf
ug]{5.
@_ kx'―r
dfu{sf] ;sf/fTds k|:tfj sfof{Gjog x'g] :yfg ;Dd 9'jfgLsf] nfuL 6\ofS6/,
:t/f]Gglt
tyf
6|s, l6k/ cfjt hfjt ug{sf] gof― 6|ofs vf]Ng],
ck|ToIf
lgdf{0f
:t/pGgtL x'―bf cGo k|of]usf nflu ;d]t pkof]u ug{
;lsg]
#_ lh=lj=;=
sf]
j9\5
lh=la=;=n] 9'Ëf, lu§L, jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\sf]
k|ToIf
cfo>f]t
-;sf/fTds_ 7]Ssf 4f/f >f]t >[hgf ug{ ;Sg] .
$_ ljsf;
;fdfu|Lsf]
pknJwtf
pRr
-^)_
:yfgLo
[email protected])_
dWod ;do
()
-!)_
pRr
-^)_
:yfgLo
[email protected])_
bL3{sflng
[email protected])_
!))
pRr
-^)_
:yfgLo
[email protected])_
bL3{sflng
[email protected])_
!))
:yfgLo
[email protected])_
dWod ;do
()
-!)_
lgdf{0f cf}Bf]lus 9'Ëf, lu§L, jfn'jfsf] ;+sng÷pTvgg\n] :yfgLo
ljsf;df pBf]unfO{ lgodlt ?kdf sRrf kbfy{ k|fKt x'g] .
pRr
k|ToIf
6]jf k'Ug]
-^)_
-;sf/fTds_
gsf/fTds k|efjx?
23
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
!_
v]tLof]Uo hdLg Pj+
sdL
v]tLhGo hUuf ;+slnt
s[ifLhGo ;fdfu|L -gsf/fTds_ k|of]hgdf cfpg ;Sg] .
;fdfu|Lsf]
e08f/0fdf
k|ToIf
@_ gbLsf] j/k/ j:tL x'G5\
afXo sfdbf/n] a;f]af; sf] nflu lzlj/ :yn
lj:tf/ Pj+ gbL -gsf/fTds_ lgdf{0f tyf ;/ ;fdfu|L :yflkt ubf{ .
ck|ToIf
cltqmd0f
#_ >f]tsf] xsdf x'g x'G5\
>f]t ;DaGwL ljjfb x'g ;Sg]
k|ToIf
;Sg] ljjfb
-gsf/fTds_
sd :yfg ljz]if
cNksflng -%_ @%
-!)_
-!)_
sd :yfg ljz]if
cNksflng -%_ @%
-!)_
-!)_
dWod :yfg ljz]if
[email protected])_
-!)_
bL3{sflng
%)
[email protected])_
sd
-!)_
bL3{sflng
[email protected])_
u_ h}ljs jftfj/0f (Biological Environment):
!_
gsf/fTds k|efjx?
df5f Pj+ cGo gsf/fTds WjgL, w'nf] / kfgL k|b'if0fsf sf/0f df5f Pj+ cGo
hnr/df kg]{ k|efj
hnr/ df x'g ;Sg] c;/ .
k|ToIf
@_ u}/sfg'gL l;sf/
#_
jGohGt'
jgk}bfj/sf]
u}/sfg'gL Jofkf/
:yfgLo
[email protected])_
^)
;Dejfgf 5 ;+sng sfo{If]q jl/kl/ hËn /x]sfn] sfo{/t 6f]nL
dWod :yfg ljz]if dWod ;do
ck|ToIf
$)
-gsf/fTds_ hËndf lzsf/ ug{ k:g ;Sb5g\ .
[email protected])_
-!)_
-!)_
Pj+ ;Dejfgf 5 ;jf/L ;fwg cfjt hfjtdf j[l2 x'gfn] .
dWod :yfg ljz]if dWod ;do
-gsf/fTds_
ck|ToIf
$)
[email protected])_
-!)_
-!)_
3_ /;folgs jftfj/0f (Chemical Environment):
gsf/fTds k|efjx?
!_ OGwg, n'a|Ls]G6;, x'Gf ;S5
;jf/L ;fwg cfjt hfjtdf j[l2 x'gfn] .
cDn tyf cGo -gsf/fTds_
/;fogx?sf] r'xfj6
@_ w'nf] Pj+ w'jf x'Gf ;S5
;jf/L ;fwg cfjt hfjtdf j[l2 x'gfn] .
pT;h{g
-gsf/fTds_
ck|ToIf
sd :yfg ljz]if
cNksflng -%_ @%
-!)_
-!)_
k|ToIf
sd :yfg ljz]if
cNksflng -%_ @%
-!)_
-!)_
24
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo cf7
(CHAPTER 8)
*= k|efa j9f]QLs/0f Pa+ Go'lgs/0f ug]{ pkfox? (Impact Mitigation and Enhancement Measures):
tflnsf *=!M ;sf/fTds k|efjsf] a9f]Q/Ls/0fsf nflu …Dofl6«S;Ú
;sf/fTds
s|= ;=
k|efax?
!_
@_
#_
hnpTkGg
36\5
;DjlGwt
;sf/fTds c;/x?
k|efj j9fpg] pkfo
pkfo sfof{Gjog ug{
nfUg] vr{{-g]=?=_
lhDd]jf/L
-jflif{s_
 ;+sng sfo{ ubf{ gbLsf] axfjnfO{
k|fs[lts /xg] u/L ug]{ .
 lglZrt dfqfdf sfdbf/ nufO{g] /
gbL j/k/ y'lk|Psf >f]t
ltgLx?nfO{ tflndsf] Aoa:yf ug]{ .
k|sf]k a:t' ;+sng ubf{ gbLsf]  tf]lsPsf] df}Hbft kl/df0f dfq ;+sng ug{]
wf/ kl/jt{g gx'g], :ylgo
hfgsf/L lbg k|To]s ;+sng If]qx?df
j;f]jf; ;'/lIft x'g] .
b}lgs ;+sng df}Hbft, aflif{s ;+sng lbg
tyf ;do :ki6 pNn]v x'g] ul/ xf]l8{Ë
af]8{sf] Joj:yf ug]{ .
:yflgo
/
lk5fl8Psf
+
 clgjfo{
?kdf
:ylgo
lk5fl8Psf
cfo>f]tsf]
Pj+ hg;d'bfox?nfO{
+
hg;d'bfox?nfO{ sfdbf/sf ?kdf nufO{g]
/f]huf/Lsf] cj;/ lhljsf]cfh{gdf
;xof]u
Aoa:yf ug]{ .
k'Ug] .
kx'―r
dfu{sf] :yfgLo ;d'bfonfO{ cfjt
 k|:tfj sfof{Gjog k"j{ kx'―rdfu{sf] :t/f]Gglt
:t/f]Gglt
tyf hfjtdf ;xh x'g] .
tyf lgdf{0f sfo{
lgdf{0f
@),)))
lh=lj=;=
lh=lj=;=
7]s]bf/
@),)))
7]s]bf/
25
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
$_
%_
lh=lj=;=
cfo>f]t j9\5
lh=lj=;=
nfO{
jh]6
ljlgof]hgdf s]xL dfqfdf ;xh
sf]
x'g] / uf= lj= ; sf] cfo>f]t  dfkb08, lgb]{zg cg';f/ 7]Ssf lbg] /
;d]t j9\gfn] :yflgo ljsf;,
lgoldt cg'udg ug]{ .
lgdf{0f sfo{ j9\g] .
Zfx/Ls/0fnfO{ 6]jf k'Ug],
ljsf;
lgdf{0f :yfgLo ljsf;, lgdf{0f sf  dfkb08, lgb]{zg cg';f/ 7]Ssf lbg] / lgoldt
;fdfu|Lsf] pknJwtf sfddf k/lge{/tf 36\g] .
cg'udg ug]{
!))))
lh=lj=;=
lh=lj=;=
26
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
tflnsf *[email protected] gsf/fTds k|efjsf] Go"lgs/0fsf nflu …Dofl6«S;Ú
gsf/fTds
s|= ;= k|efax?
!_
@_
#_
;DjlGwt
gsf/fTds c;/x?
Go'lgs/0f ug]{ pkfox?
pkfo
sfof{Gjog ug{
lhDd]jf/L
nfUg] vr{{ g]=?=_
 kSsL k'nsf] xsdf tndfly b'a} tkm{ slDtdf %)) dL= sf]
b"/Ldf ;+sng sfo{ k"0f{ ?kn] lgif]lwt ug]{ .
;+/rgf eTsg uO{  jf6f]nfO{ c;/ ug{] :yfgdf cfjZostf cg';f/ Uofljg
ef}lts ;+/rgfdf
d"Vo ;8s cj/f]w x'g
jfn lgdf{0f ug]{ .
gsf/fTds c;/
;Sg], wghgsf] Iflt  9'jfgLsf nflu lh=la=;= n] tf]lslbPsf] -;+sngstf{;+u
x'g]
x'g ;Sg] .
7]Ssf ;+emf}tfdf ;dfj]z ug]{_ ;8sx?af6 dfq ug]{ .
 uN5Lx? aGg glbg gbLsf] kfgL au]sf] ;tx eGbf d'lg
;+sng pTvgg sfo{ gug]{ .
 ;+sng sfo{ ubf{ :yflgo afl;Gbfsf] ;xeflutf nfO{
kfgL
tyf kfgL wldnf] x'gfn] k|f]T;fxg lbg] .
+
;/;kmfO{df
vf]nfsf]
kfgLdf  v'Nnf ?kdf lbzf ug{ lg?T;flxt ug]{ .
gsf/fTds c;/ cfl>t hg;d'bfonfO{  zf}rfno k|of]u ug{ k|f]T;fxg ug]{ .
x'g]
;/;kmfO{df ;d:of .  sfdbf/x?4f/f v]/ 5fl8Psf kmf]x/x?sf] plrt
Joj:yfkg ug]{ .
 9'jfgL ub{f k|of]u ug]{ slRr af6f] ;do ;dodf kfgLn]
w'nf]kg Pj+ WjgL j/k/ a;f]af; ug]{ lehfpg]
k|b'if0f j95
dflg;x?df x'g;Sg]  9'jfgL ubf{ ;+slnt >f]ta:t'x?nfO{ k"0f{?kn] lqkfnn]
5f]k]/ dfq 9'jfgL ug]{ .
:Jff:Yo ;d:of
 ljBfno h:tf ;+j]bgzLn IF]qdf xg{ ahfpg lgif]lwt ug]{
^),)))
lh=lj=;=
lh=lj=;=
7]s]bf/
27
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
$_
%_
&_
*_
(_
w'nf] lgDTofpg] tyf
;+sng÷pTvgg jiff{ x'Fbf glhssf]  y]lu|Psf a:t'x? vf]nfsf] 5] p 5fp y'kf{g lgif]w ug]{ /
;fdfu|Lsf]
v]tLof]Uo
hdLgdf
;+slnt >f]ta:t'sf] 9'jfgL @ lbg leq ul/;Sg] .
e08f/0fsf] k|efj o:tf j:t'x? ju]/  lghL hUuf k|of]u ubf{ Ifltk"lt{ lbg' kg]{ .
uO{ c;/ lgDTofpg] .
 ;/f]sf/afnf tyf sfdbf/sf] jftfj/l0fo ;r]tgf a[l4
%),)))
tflnd ug]{ .
 sfdbf/x?nfO{ ;|f]t ;+/If0f ;DjGwL tflnd ug]{ .
kmf]x/d}nf
Pj+
/f]u nfUg ;Sg]
 ;|f]t ;+sng u/]kZrft pTkfbg ePsf v]/ hfg] ;fdu|L
v]/hfg] ;fdu|L
h:t} cg'kof]uL ;+slnt a:t', w'nf], u]u|fgx?nfO{ vfN6f
vfN6L k'g]{, kx'r dfu{x?sf] dd{tdf ;Dofpg] cflb sfo{df
k|of]u ug]{ ul/ tx nufpg] .
 gbL lgoGq0f ;DaGwL of]hgf sfof{Gjog ug]{ .
:yflgo k|;f;g /
hUuf pkof]udf
hg;d'bfo
jLr  gbL lgoGq0f ug{ cfjZos k/]df Uofljog jfnx?sf] $),)))
x'g ;Sg] km/s
lgdf{0f ug]{ .
c;dembf/L
>F]t xsdf
;Sg] ljjfb
x'g jg tyf lh=lj=;= jLr
c;dembf/L
gbLsf] j/k/ j:tL
hnpTkGg
lj:tf/ Pj+ gbL
;DefJotf
cltqmd0f
7]s]bf/
7]s]bf/
lh=lj=;=
 lhNnf jg ;+u ;dGjo u/L ljjfb x6fpg]
 :yfoL 3/ tyf 6x/f lgdf0f{ ug{ a}Bflgs lgif]3 ug{] .
 lgod sfg'g ldr]df k|rlnt sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL ;hfo
k|sf]ksf]
lbg] .
 c:yflo ;+/rgfx? agfpg cfjZos eP sfo{ ;dfkg
kl5 x6fpg] .
lh=lj=;=
lhlj;
28
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
df5f Pj+
!)_ hnr/df
k|efj
df5f Pj+ cGo hnr/  sfdbf/x?af6 df5f 8'8'jf]{] sfo{ jGb]h ug{] .
cGo
df x'g ;Sg] c;/ tyf  9'jfgLsf nflu k|of]udf cfpg] ;jf/L ;fwg vf]nfdf k:g
kg]{
jf;:yfg kl/jt{g ug]{
lgif]w ug{] .
 sfdbf/x?nfO{ jGohGt'sf] lzsf/ ug'{, 8'8'jf'{ tyf c? s'g}
k|sf/sf sfo{nfO{ a}BfgLs ?kn] k|ltaGw nufpg], cled'vLs/0f !),)))
tflndsf] Joj:yf ug]{
 ;do–;dodf cg'udg ug]{
jGohGt'
Pj+ b'n{e aGohGt' tyf  lzsf/ ;DjlGw sfg'gL sfjf{xLsf] jf/]df cled"lvs/0fdf ;r]t
!),)))
ug{] .
[email protected]_ jgk}bfj/sf]
la?jfx?df nf]k klg
 ;do–;dodf cg'udg ug]{ .
u}/sfg'gL Jofkf/ x'g;Sg] vt/f
u}/sfg'gL l;sf/
!!_ sf] ;Dejfgf 5 jGohGt'sf] ;+Vofdf sdL
7]s]bf/
lhlj;
lhlj;
OGwg, n'a|Ls]G6;,
 OGwg, n'a|Ls]G6;, cDn tyf cGo /zfogx?sf] k|of]u ubf{
cDn tyf cGo n'la|s]G6\; / lu|h n] ubf{
;fawfgL ckgfpg] / o;sf] e08f/0f ug]{ .
!#_
/;fogx?sf]
k|b'zif x'g] .
 clt cfjZos If0fdf dfq vf]nf lsgf/df dd{t tyf ;+ef/ ug]{
r'xfj6
.
29
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo gf}
(CHAPTER 9)
(= jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkg of]hgf (Environmental Management Plan):
s'g} klg of]hgf lgdf{0f jf ;+rfng ubf{ o;sf ultljlwx?jf6 jftfj/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] c;/ / To;nfO{
Go"lgs/0f ug{ ul/g] k|:tfljt Plss[t k|of;x?sf] of]hgf jftfj/0f Joj:yfkg of]hgf xf] . o; cfof]hgf
;+rfng k"j{ / ;+rfng r/0fdf kg{ ;Sg] ljleGg jftfj/0fLo c;/x? tyf Wofg k'¥ofpg' kg]{ jftfj/0fLo
;jfn, cfof]hgf nfej[lWbsf pkfox?, gs/fTds k|efj Go"lgs/0fsf pkfox?, To;sf sfof{Gjog tyf
jftfj/0fLo cg'udgsf nflu ;+:yfut lhDd]jf/L, jftfj/0fLo ;Daw{g tyf gs/fTds k|efj Go"lgs/0f nfut
;d]t ;dfj]z x'g] ul/ jftfj0fLo Joj:yfkg of]hgf tof/ kfl/Psf] 5 .
(=!= jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkgsf nflu lhDd]jf/ lgsfox?
jftfj/0f ;+/If0fsf nflu k|:tfj ul/Psf] s'/fx?sf] sfof{Gjog tyf kfngf eP gePsf ;DaGwdf / k|efj
Go"gLs/0fsf pkfox? cjnDag ul/Psf] gul/Psf] ;DaGwdf cg'udg ug]{ p2]Zon] /fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj
d'Nof°g lgb]{lzsf @)%) / jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ n] klg jftfj/0fLo cg'udgnfO{ clgjfo{
u/]sf] 5 / ;f] sfo{sf nfuL k|:tfjs g} lhDd]jf/ /xg] 5 . jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkgsf nflu lhDd]jf/
lgsfox? lgDg pNn]v ul/P adf]lhd x'g]5g .
(=!=! lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt, alb{of
gbL, vf]nfjf6 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg\ / 9'jfgL ug{ :jLs[t k|bfg ug]{ ;+:yf lhNnf ljsf;
;ldlt xf] . gbL vf]nfjf6 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng sfo{sf] sfof{Gjog / cg'udg ug]{ lhNnf ljsf;
;ldlt, lhNnfs} ;a}eGbf pRr ;+:yf xf] . 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng ;+jGwL of]hgf / gLltx? cfkm\gf]
cg"s'n jgfO{ sfof{Gjog ug]{ / of]hgf / gLltx? cg'?k jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkg / cg'udg lhNnf ljsf;
;ldltsf] bfO{Tj leq kb{5 .
([email protected] lhNnf cg'udg tyf ;dGjo ;ldlt
k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/Lsf] ;+of]hsTjdf /x]sf] lhNnf cg'udg tyf ;dGjo ;ldltn] gbL vf]nfjf6 9'+uf,
lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg ubf{ kg]{ cg's'n tyf k|lts'n k|efjx?sf] lgoldt cg'udgsf] lhDd]af/L
x'G5 . o;sf nflu lhNnf k|fljlws sfof{nosf] k|d'v ;+of]hs, lhof]nf]lhi6 jf dfOlgË OlGhlgo/ tyf
lhNnf cg'udg tyf ;dGjo ;ldltn] tf]s]sf] jftfj/0fljb ;b:o /xg] u/L pk;ldlt u7g u/L cg'udg
ug'{ kg]{ 5 .
30
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
(=!=# ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno cGtu{t kg]{ x'+bf s]lGbo|:t/sf]
cflwsf/Ls ;+:yf ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfno xf] . g]kfn ;/sf/sf gLlt lgodx?sf]
sfof{Gjog af/]df ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnon] lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltnfO{ lgb]{zg lbG5 /
To;sf] cg'udg ub{5 . g]kfn ;/sf/sf] of]hgf th'{df sf] nflu 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng tyf pTvgg
sfo{sf] cg'udg ;+3Lo dfldnf tyf :yfgLo ljsf; dGqfnosf] lhDd]af/L xf] .
(=!=$ lhNnf jg sfof{no, alb{of
lhNnf jg sfof{nosf] jg If]q leq kg]{ gbL, vf]nfx?jf6 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg\ sfo{sf]
:jLs[t lbg ;Sg] cflwsf/Ls ;+:yf lhNnf jg sfof{no klg xf] . lhNNff leqjf6 jUg] vf]nfx?sf]
lsgf/jf6, jg If]qleq kg]{ 3f6x?jf6 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng sfo{ lhNnf jg sfof{no / lhNnf ljsf;
;ldltsf] cg'dltdf ug{ kfO{G5 . To;sf/0f gbL vf]nfjf6 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg\ sfo{sf]
jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkgsf nflu o; sfof{nosf] ;dGjosf/L lhDd]af/L x'G5 .
(=!=% uf=lj=;= tyf :yflgo u}/ ;/sf/L tyf ;d'bfodf cfwfl/t ;+:yfx?
uf=lj=;= tyf ljleGg :yfgLo Snjx?, u}X ;/sf/L ;+:yfx?, ;fd'bflos jg pkef]Qmf ;d"xx? cflb ;+3
;+:yfx?n] 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng, 9'jfgL sfo{ / jftfj/0f ;+/If0fdf cu'jfsf ?kdf e"ldsf v]Ng
;Sg]5g\ . o:yf ;+:yfx? gbL vf]nfjf6 9'+uf, lu§L, jfn'jf ;+sng÷pTvgg ubf{ kl//x]sf] k|lts'n
k|efjx?sf] lgoldt cg'udg / ;'rgf k|jfx ul/ jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkgsf nflu lhDd]af/ x'G5g\ .
31
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
([email protected] cg'udg tyf jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkg of]hgf / ;do tflnsf
/fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj d'NofÍg lgb]{lzsf @)%) n] ca:yf cg';f/ cfwf/ /]vf cg'udg (Baseline Monitoring), lgodkfng cg'udg
(Compliance Monitoring) / k|efj cg'udg (Impact Monitoring) u/L # k|sf/sf cg'udg x'g ;Sg] s'/f cf}NofO{Psf] 5 . o; 9'Ëf, lu§L,
afn'jf cflb ;+sng sfo{sf] cg'udg tyf jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkg of]hgf / ;do tflnsf o; k|sf/ 5 .
tflnsf (=!M k|efj If]qx?sf] cg'udg, ;'rs, tl/sf tyf ;do tflnsf
s|=;=
!
cg'udgsf] k|sf/
cfwf/ /]vf cg'udg
#
$
%
^
lgodkfng cg'udg
ljifo j:t'
vf]nf lsgf/sf] cj:yf
l;kmfl/; ul/Psf
Go"gLs/0fsf sfo{ eP
gePsf]
;+sng ;DjGwL tflnd
eP jf gePsf]
;+sng O{hfht cg';f/
sfd eP gePsf]
hgr]tgf clea[l4 sfo{
eP gePsf]
&
;'/Iff, :jf:Yo
tf]lsPsf] kl/df0f jf
a9L ;+sng u/]sf] jf
gu/]sf]
;+j]bgzLn :yfgdf
;+sngsfo{ eP gePsf]
*
(
!)
k|efj cg'udg
e" ;+/If0f sfo{ u/]
;'rs
tl/sf÷ljlw
gbL, vf]nf lsgf/sf] pTvgg\
:yfgx?
:ynut lgl/If0f
pTvgg\ sfo{ tf]lsPsf] :yfg
/ dfkb08 / dfqfdf ;+sng
u/]sf] x]g]{
:ynut lgl/If0f
;do tfnLsf
;+sng ;DjGwL tl/sf x]g]{
Jfflif{s
!),)))
Jfflif{s
%,)))
Jfflif{s
%,)))
^.^ dlxgfdf
!),)))
:ynut lgl/If0f
:ynut lgl/If0f /
kl/ro kq, rnfgL k"lh{ cflb rnfgL k"lh{ cflb
:yfgLo hgtfx?df ePsf]
hfgsf/L
5nkmn
cfw'lgs cf}hf/sf] k|of]u,
lj/fdL /]s8{ / ;f]wk'5
:ynut lgl/If0f
s'n /sd
k|To]s # dlxgfdf !),)))
k|To]s # dlxgfdf !%,)))
lhDd]jf/L
lh=lj=;=
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
;+sng tyf pTvgg ePsf]
k}bfjf/sf] lgl/If0f
;+slnt >f]t hf+r /
:ynut lgl/If0f
k|To]s dlxgfdf
!),)))
;+j]bgzLn If]qsf] ljj/0f
:ynut lgl/If0f
^.^ dlxgfdf
!),)))
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
lh=lj=;=÷7]
s]bf/
uN5L lgdf{0f, 5]sjfFw, af6f]
:ynut lgl/If0f
k|To]s @ dlxgf
!%,)))
lh=lj=;=
32
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
gu/]sf]
!!
[email protected]
gbL lsgf/sf] ;+/lIft If]q,
ef}lts ;+/rgfsf] ;+/If0f ef}lts ;+/rgf tndflysf]
eP gePsf]
If]q, gbLsf] axfj cflb
;+sng ug]{ tl/sf tyf
9'jfgLdf k|of]u x'g] ;jf/L
jfo', w'jf, WjgLsf] k|b'if0f ;fwgsf] hfFr
!#
:yfgLo /f]huf/
sfdbf/sf] gfd 7]ufgf cflb
:ynut lgl/If0f
:ynut lgl/If0f,
:yfgLo dflg;;Fu
;f]wk'5
:ynut lgl/If0f, 58s]
hf+r
k|To]s ^ dlxgf
!),)))
lh=lj=;=
k|To]s ^ dlxgf
sfd z'? ubf{
Psk6s
!),)))
lh=lj=;=
!),)))
lh=lj=;=
33
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
(=#= cg'udg / Go'lgs/0fsf] vr{sf] ljj/0f M
tflnsf ([email protected] cg'udg / Go'lgs/0fsf] cg'dflgt nfut
l;=g+=
!
@
cg'udg / Go'lgs/0fsf ul/g]
s[ofsnfk
lkmN8 lg/LIf0f tyf cg'udg
Go'lgs/0fsf s[ofsnfk
hDdf
cg'dflgt /sd
!,@),)))
!,&),)))
@,(),)))
cg'udg ug]{ lgsfo
lh=lj=;=
lh=lj=;=
(=$= jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkg of]hgf sfof{Gjogsf nflu lhDd]jf/ lgsfox?sf] ;+u7gfTds :j?k M
lrq (=!M jftfj/0fLo Joj:yfkg of]hgf sfof{Gjogsf lhDd]jf/ lgsfox?sf] ;+u7gfTds :j?k
jftfj/0f dGqfno
gLlt, lgod tyf of]hgf
jg dGqfno
;+l3o dfldnf tyf :yflgo
ljsf; dGqfno
/fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u
jftfj/0f Joj:yfkg zfvf
cg'udg
lhNnf jg sfof{no
lhNnf :t/Lo
cg'udg tyf
;+dGjog ;ldlt
;+dGjog
lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf]
sfof{no
;+dGjog
cg'udg
NGOs, CBOs, Line
Agencies, ;/f]sf/jfn,
uf=lj=;, :yflgo ;d'bfo
tyf cGo ;/f]sf/jfnf
JolQm jf ;+:yf
lgl/If0f
glb hGo a:t'sf] pTvgg\ tyf
;+sng sfo{df ;+nUg 7]s]bf/,
;d'bfo tyf cGo ;+3 ;+:yf
34
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cWofo bz
(CHAPTER 10)
!)= lgisif{ Pj+ k|lta4tf (Conclusion and Commitment):
>f]t ;+sngsf] of]hgf agfO{ sfo{ ;+rfng ul/Pdf jg ;Dkbf / >f]tsf] plrt pkef]u dfq geO{
Joj:yfkg tkm{ 7"nf] ;xof]u k'Ug] 5 . lgdf{0fsf nflu cfjZos kg]{ 9'Ëf, lu§L, afn'jf cflb ;dod}
j}1flgs tl/sf4f/f ;+sng x'bf >f]tdf cfwfl/t pBf]ux? / lgdf{0fsf of]hgfx? ;+rfngdf /xL
:yfgLo:t/ b]lv /fli6«o :t/;Dd cfk"lt{sf] Joj:yf x'g ;S5 . ;+sng sfo{n] jftfj/0f ;+/If0f,
kl/l:yltlso k|0ffnLsf] ljsf;, hgzlQm ljsf; / ;Dkbfsf] plrt k|of]udf ;xof]u k'/\ofpg] dfq geO{
gbL s6fg, s[lif of]Uo e"ld, d?e"lds/0f, hnfwf/ If]qs]f ljgfz h:tf kof{j/0fLo ;d:ofx?nfO{ lgoGq0f
u/L /fli6«o cy{tGqdf ;sf/fTds of]ubfg k'/ofp5 .
jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%#, jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL @)%$ / jg P]g @)$( tyf lgodfjln @)%!
adf]lhd sfof{Gjogsf nflu of] k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f lgtfGt cfaZos / ;fGble{s b]lvPs]f 5 .
of] k|:tfjsf] sfof{Gjogaf6 :yfgLo:t/df 7"nf] dfqfdf /f]huf/L >[hgf x'g'sf ;fy} :yfgLo lhNnf ljsf;
;ldlt nfO{ k|ToIf ?kdf /fhZj k|fKt x'g]5 . o;sf ;fy} :yfgLo If]qdf jfn'jf h:tf k|fs[lts k}bfjf/df
cfwfl/t pBf]ux?sf] k|j4{g x'g], o:tf k|fs[lt ;+kbfsf] j}1fgLs Joa:yfkgåf/f pTkfbgzLn ljsf; eO{
To;af6 ;d'Ggt / ljsl;t ;dfhsf] l;h{gf x'gdf 6]jf k'Ug] 5 . o; k|:tfjsf] sfof{Gjog x'g] If]qdf
/x]sf] ef}lts, /f;fogLs, h}jLs, ;fdflhs, cfly{s tyf ;fF:s[lts jftfj/0fdf k'Ug] k|efjsf] ljZn]if0fåf/f
pQm If]qsf] lbuf] ljsf;df hf]8 lbPsf] 5 . of] k|:tfj sfof{Gjog x'bf kg]{ jftfj/0fLo k|efjnfO{ ljrf/
ubf{ k|lts"n k|efjx?sf] t'ngfdf cg's"n k|efjx? a9L /x]sf] b]lvG5 .
k|:tfjx?sf] lasNk ljZn]if0f ubf{ j}1fgLs Aoa:yfkg k|0ffnL cg';f/ ;+sng ug{ k|:tfljt k|:tfj
sfof{Gojg ug'{ kg]{ :ki6 b]lvPsf] 5 . ljsNkx?sf] ljZn]if0f kZrft of] k|:tfjdf ;'emfO{Psf Go"gLs/0fsf
pkfox? cjnDag ub}{ Go"gLs/0fsf sfo{qmdx?sf] sfof{Gjog u/L tL pkfox?sf] cg'udgsf] ;'lglZrttf
u/L pk/f]St cg';f/sf 9'+uf, lu6L, jfn'jf h:tf >f]t ;+sng tyf laqmL ljt/0f ug{ lhNnfsf] of]hgf
sfo{fGjog ug{ of] k|:tfj sfof{Gjogsf nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ ;lsg] :ki6 ?kdf b]lvPsf]n] l:js[ltsf nflu
k|:tfa ul/Psf] 5 .
35
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
;Gbe{ ;fdfu|Lx? (References):
!=
@=
#=
$=
%=
g]kfn ;/sf/, jftfj/0f ;+/If0f P]g @)%# tyf jftfj/0f ;+/If0f lgodfjnL, @)%$
/fli6«o of]hgf cfof]u tyf cfOo'l;og, /fli6«o jftfj/0fLo k|efj d'Nof+sg lgb]{lzsf, @)%)
lhlj;, alb{of, lhNnf kfZj{ lrq
s]Gb|Lo tYofÍ ljefu, /fli6«o hgu0fgf, @)^*
g]kfn ;/sf/, k|fljlws ;ldlt, /f]8f, 9'+uf, lu§L tyf jfn'jf lgodg\ ;DaGwL k|ltj]bg,
@)^&
36
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cg';'rL !
:jLs[t sfo{;"rL
37
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cg';'rL @
Duduwa Khola Google Earth Images
pTvgg If]q ! M 8'8'jf vf]nf - zflGtk'/3f6_
pTvgg If]q @ M 8'8'jf vf]nf - zflGtk'/3f6_
38
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
Man Khola Topographical Map
pTvgg If]q ! M 8'8'jf vf]nf - zflGtk'/3f6_
pTvgg If]q @ M 8'8'jf vf]nf - zflGtk'/3f6_
39
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
pTvgg If]qsf tl:j/x/m -8'8'jf3f6_
40
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cg';'rL #
;fj{hlgs ;"rgf
41
k|f/lDes jftfj/0fLo k/LIf0f k|ltj]bg
lh=lj=;= alb{of
cg';"rL $
;"rgf 6f―;sf] d"r'Nsf tyf l;kmfl/;
42

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